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Human Anatomy Review: Tissuesi

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4 main types of tissues........................................................................................................... 1   Functions of 4 main types of tissues ................................................................................ 1   Ten different epithelium tissue cells and one location:............................................ 1   Three types of fibers (which can make up connective tissue) ................................. 2   Three types of connective tissue proper ......................................................................... 2   Functions of osseous tissue ................................................................................................. 2   Types of Cartilage ................................................................................................................... 2   Elastic Cartilage ...................................................................................................................... 2   Fibrocartilage Cartilage........................................................................................................ 3  

4 main types of tissuesiii1iv Epithelial Connective Muscle Nerve Functions of 4 main types of tissues Epithelial: secretion and absorption Connective: Binds and supports, protects. Muscle: Attaches bone to skin, and propels blood. Nerve: transmits electrical signals, sends messages Ten different epithelium tissue cells and one location: 1. Simple squamous a. Blood vessels 2. Simple cuboidal a. Ovary surface 3. Simple columnar a. Digestive tract 4. Pseudostratified columnar a. Trachea 5. Stratified squamous a. Vagina

6. Stratified cuboidal a. Mammary glands 7. Stratified columnar a. Pharynx 8. Transitional a. Bladder 9. Endocrine glands, such as the thymus.1 10. Exocrine glands, such as the sweat glands.2 Three types of fibers (which can make up connective tissue) 1. Collagen 2. Elastic 3. Reticular Three types of connective tissue proper 1. Loose a. Areolar b. Adipose c. Reticular connective tissue 2. Dense Regular 3. Dense Irregular Functions of osseous tissue 1. Provides levers for muscular interaction 2. Stores calcium, minerals, fat. 3. Site of hematopoiesis. Types of Cartilage Hyaline Cartilage 1. Supports, reinforces, cushions, and resists compression. a. Found in the embryotic skeleton Elastic Cartilage 1. Maintains shape and structure while allowing flexibility a. Supports the external ear (pinna) and epiglottis.                                                                                                                 1  Endocrine  glands  release  hormones  inside  the  body  (learning  target:  created   footnote)   2  Exocrine  glands  release  substances  out  of  the  body  (like  sweat,  oil,  etc.)  

Fibrocartilage Cartilage 1. Provides tensile strength and absorbs compression and shock. a. Found in the pubic symphesis, and in the discs of the knee joint. b. Very similar to elastic cartilage.

Image  of:  Reticular  Connective  Tissue  1v  

 

                                                                                                                i  Used  the  outline  view  to  see  the  main  headings  and  their  contents  by  promoting   and  demoting  headings.   ii  Created  and  index  and  table  of  contents   iii  Tissues  are  groups  of  cells  similar  in  function.  (this  was  an  inserted  endnote)   iv  Inserted  a  cross-­‐reference   v  Inserted  a  caption