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Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take

positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half of the court. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. A rally ends once the shuttlecock has struck the floor. The shuttlecock (or shuttle) is a feathered projectile whose unique aerodynamic properties cause it to fly differently from the balls used in most racquet sports; in particular, the feathers create much higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly than a ball. Shuttlecocks have a much higher top speed, when compared to other racquet sports. Because shuttlecock flight is affected by wind, competitive badminton is played indoors. Badminton is also played outdoors as a casual recreational activity, often as a garden or beach game. Since 1992, badminton has been an Olympic sport with five events: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles, in which each pair consists of a man and a woman. At high levels of play, especially in singles, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic stamina, agility, explosive strength, speed and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racquet movements.

Equipment

Badminton racquets

Racquets
Badminton racquets are lightweight, with top quality racquets weighing between 70 and 95 grams (2.4 to 3.3 ounces) not including grip or strings.[8][9] They are composed of many different materials ranging from carbon fibre composite (graphite reinforced plastic) to solid

high performing strings in the range of about 0. typically between 80 and 110 N (18 and 25 lbf). Strings Badminton strings are thin. racquets were made of light metals such as aluminium. This is in fact incorrect. Neither view has been subjected to a rigorous mechanical analysis.72mm. Before the adoption of carbon fibre composite. Ashaway Micropower is actually 0.62 to 0. in this case. Professionals string between about 110 and 160 N (25 and 36 lbf). nanomaterials such as fullerene and carbon nanotubes are added to rackets giving them greater durability. An alternative view suggests that the optimum tension for power depends on the player:[8] the faster and more accurately a player can swing their racquet. Nowadays. a drying agent may be applied to the grip . Carbon fibre has an excellent strength to weight ratio. It is often argued that high string tensions improve control. Recreational players generally string at lower tensions than professionals. but many players prefer the feel of thinner strings. racquets were made of wood. which may be augmented by a variety of materials. but wooden racquets are no longer manufactured for the ordinary market. A player may build up the handle with one or several grips before applying the final layer. The most common choices are PU synthetic grips or towelling grips. is stiff. although the laws limit the racquet size and shape.steel. because of their excessive mass and cost. Thicker strings are more durable. There is a wide variety of racquet designs. the higher the tension for maximum power. Cheap racquets are still often made of metals such as steel. such as claiming that a lower tension string bed is more bouncy and therefore provides more power. The most effective way for a player to find a good string tension is to experiment.[10] The arguments for this generally rely on crude mechanical reasoning.73 mm thickness. Earlier still. for a higher string tension can cause the shuttle to slide off the racquet and hence make it harder to hit a shot accurately. Grip choice is a matter of personal preference. whereas low string tensions increase power. Players often find that sweat becomes a problem. The traditional oval head shape is still available. and gives excellent kinetic energy transfer. Some string manufacturers measure the thickness of their strings under tension so they are actually thicker then than specified when slack. Players may choose between a variety of grip materials. Grip The choice of grip allows a player to increase the thickness of his racquet handle and choose a comfortable surface to hold. Different racquets have playing characteristics that appeal to different players. String tension is normally in the range of 80 to 160 N (18 to 36 lbf). but an isometric head shape is increasingly common in new racquets.7mm but Yonex BG-66 is about 0. nor is there clear evidence in favour of one or the other.

Replacement grips have an adhesive backing. The cork is covered with thin leather or synthetic material. Shuttlecockswith feathers A shuttlecock with a plastic skirt Shuttlecock Main article: Shuttlecock A shuttlecock (often abbreviated to shuttle. These nylon shuttles may be constructed with either natural cork or synthetic foam base. Replacement grips are thicker. Overgrips are thinner (less than 1 mm). whereas overgrips have only a small patch of adhesive at the start of the tape and must be applied under tension. and are often used as the final layer. overgrips are more convenient for players who change grips frequently. prefer to use replacement grips as the final layer. Synthetic shuttles are often used by recreational players to reduce their costs as feathered shuttles break easily.or hands. also called a birdie) is a high-drag projectile. however. and a plastic skirt. because they may be removed more rapidly without damaging the underlying material. and are often used to increase the size of the handle. Many players. Shoes . the player may choose another grip material or change his grip more frequently. There are two main types of grip: replacement grips and overgrips. Towelling grips are always replacement grips. sweatbands may be used. with an open conical shape: the cone is formed from sixteen overlapping feathers embedded into a rounded cork base.

Area of play. For this reason. Clear . and therefore result in fewer injuries. Compared to running shoes. A highly built-up lateral support will not be able to protect the foot in badminton.A shot hit deep to the opponent’s back court. which can cause sprains. that runs parallel to the net. with the knee and foot in alignment on all lunges. non-marking materials.Area between the back boundary line and the long service line for doubles.Back boundary line at each end of the court. however. lower a person's centre of gravity. it will encourage catastrophic collapse at the point where the shoe's support fails.Badminton shoes are lightweight with soles of rubber or similar high-grip. in which the shuttle is caught and held on the racquet and then slung during the execution of a stroke. High levels of lateral support are useful for activities where lateral motion is undesirable and unexpected.An illegal tactic. Bird or birdie . as defined by the outer boundary lines. Baseline . because proper badminton shoes will have a very thin sole. Back Alley . and the player's ankles are not ready for the sudden loading. Badminton Terms Here is a list of some of the terminology used in the sport of badminton • • • • • • • • • • • Alley . Players should also ensure that they learn safe and proper footwork.A fast and low shot that makes a horizontal flight over the net. requires powerful lateral movements. in the area of the back boundary lines. Court . also called a sling or throw.another name for the shuttlecock Carry .the back third of the court. Drop . Center Line .side-extension of the court by l½ feet on both sides that is used for doubles play. This is more than just a safety concern: proper footwork is also critical in order to move effectively around the court.A shot hit sohly and with finesse to fall rapidly and close to the net on the opponent’s side. badminton shoes have little lateral support. . Backcourt . Drive . Badminton.Line perpendicular to the net that separates the left and right service courts. players should choose badminton shoes rather than general trainers or running shoes. instead.

Instrument used by playerto hit shuttlecock Weight:About3 ounces.Front third of the court. Net Shot . Shuttlecock .The middle third of the court. receiving.Shot hit from the forecourt that just clears the net and drops sharply. Short Service Line .Shot made from below and very close to the net with the shuttle rising. to determine a winner. Made of: Ceramic. Rally – this occurs when the players hit the bird back and forth several times before one side scores a point Serve or Service – players put the shuttlecock into play for points by “serving” it to opponents. either in serving.A quick wrist and forearm rotation that surprises an opponent by changing an apparently soft shot into a faster passing one. usually from net or midcourt to the opponent’s midcourt.The line 6 l/2 feet from the net which a serve must reach to be legal.A series of games (at U.Gentle shot played by pushing the shuttle with little wrist motion. used primarily on the serve and at the net.A shot hit low and to midcourt. and then dropping sharply down the other side. The shuttle’s flight approximates the shape of a hairpin. Different for singles and doubles play.In singles. or during play (see common faults listed below). • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • . just clearing the net. Push Shot .Area into which the serve must be delivered. used effectively in doubles against the up-and-back formation. Olympic Festival-’93 it is three out of five).S.• • Fault . In doubles a line 2 l/2 feet inside the back boundary line.thje name for the object that players hit. Flick . made of a ball of cork or rubber with a crown of feathers in an open conical shape. Racquet . a "putaway.A legitimate cessation of play to allow a rally to be replayed. Long Service Line . Length: 27 inches. Match .A violation of the playing rules. Halfcourt Shot . Midcourt ." Let . between the net and the short service line. Forecourt . the back boundary line. Cost: $60-$175 (unstrung). beef-gut string. Hairpin Net Shot . downward shot that cannot be returned. halfway between the net and the back boundary line.Fast. hitting it over the net into a special part of the court near their opponent Service Court . Kill . or boron frame. The serve may not go past this line. graphite.

In 1873.Shot that results when the base of the shuttle is hit by the frame of the racquet. history in the 5th century BC. A direct translation from this word 'ti jian zi' is kicking the shuttle. this shot was ruled acceptable by the International Badminton Federation in 1963. As the name suggest. This game is much like the Battledore and Shuttlecock but with an added net. a player has time to unleash a powerful overhand shot straight to the floor of the opposing court Wood Shot .England .Wales . Japan. Badminton. Whether this sport has anything to do with the History of Badminton is up for debate. This is a game where you use the Battledore (a paddle) to hit the Shuttlecock back and forth. the Bath Badminton Club was formed and developed the first official set of rules. it has become a popular game among children in England. It was however the first game that uses a Shuttle. the people in china then played a game called ti jian zi. The new party sport became known as "the Badminton game". About five centuries later. India and Greece. The International Badminton Federation (IBF) was formed in 1934 with 9 founding members. a game named Battledore and Shuttlecockwas played in china.• • Smash – when a shuttle is floated high into the air. the objective of the game is to keep the shuttle from hitting the ground without using hand. Once illegal. . A game of Poona was played on that day and became popular among the British society's elite. By the 16th century. the Duke of Beaufort held a lawn party in his country place. a game named Poona was played in India. In 1877.Denmark .Scotland .Ireland . In Europe this game was known as jeu de volant to them. In the 1860s. The British army learned this game in India and took the equipments back to England during the 1870s.

. IBF now have over 150 member countries.Canada . The future of Badminton looks bright indeed. From 9 founding members. major international tournaments like the Thomas Cup (Men)and Uber Cup (Women) were held. Badminton was officially granted Olympic status in the 1992 Barcelona Games.France Since then.New Zealand . .Holland .