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HOME AUTOMATION AND SECURITY FOR MOBILE DEVICES ABSTRACT As mobile devices continue to grow in popularity and functionality

, the demand for advanced ubiquitous mobile applications in our daily lives also increases. This paper deals with the design and implementation of HASec, a Home Automation and Security system for mobile devices, that leverages mobile technology to provide essential security to our homes and associated control operations. In particular, with the help of mobile devices, HASec operates and controls motion detectors and video cameras for remote sensing and surveillance, streams live video and records it for future playback, and finally manages operations on home appliances, such as turning ON/OFF a television or microwave or altering the intensity of lighting around the house. The proposed home security solution hinges on our novel integration of cameras and motion detectors into a mobile application. For instance, when motion is detected, the cameras automatically initiate recording and the iOS device alerts the homeowner of the possible intrusion. HASec has two main components interacting with each other: the iOS application that executes on the mobile device and server-side scripts that run in a cloud. Although HA-Sec is implemented for Apple's iOS devices such as iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad, it can be easily ported to other mobile platforms. Furthermore, our application is not only limited to smart-phones but also can be used by feature phones through their browsers. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF MICROCONTROLLER BASED ELECTRONIC QUEUE CONTROL SYSTEMS ABSTRACT In this work, low-cost, portable microcontroller based electronic queue control (EQC) systems have been

developed for the purpose of controlling queue in banking, hotel reservation counter, ticket counter, insurance company, customer service center etc. The aim of the designed systems is to maintain a queue with order and efficiency. Two different queue control systems have been implemented with slightly different features. In EQC system-1, a general display has been used for displaying token number and service counter number whereas in EQC system-2, each token number has been displayed individually in each service counter with separate displays. In the both systems, each customer has to collect a token and then will be served whenever the token number is displayed. The systems were designed around a 16F72 IC, a low-cost 8-bit PIC microcontroller and entirely software controlled. The control programs have been developed using the PIC assembly language. Finally, the systems have been tested under different conditions to evaluate their performance. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PYROELECTRIC INFRARED SENSOR BASED SECURITY SYSTEM USING MICROCONTROLLER ABSTRACT This paper evaluates the development of a Low-cost security system using small PIR (Pyroelectric Infrared) sensor built around a microcontroller. The low-power PIR detectors take advantage of pyroelectricity to detect a human body that is a constant source of Passive Infrared (radiation in the infrared region). The system senses the signal generated by PIR sensor detecting the presence of individuals not at thermal equilibrium with the surrounding environment. Detecting the presence of any unauthorized person in any specific time interval, it triggers an alarm & sets up a call to a predefined number through a GSM modem.

This highly reactive approach has low computational requirement, therefore it is well-suited to surveillance, industrial applications and smart environments. Tests performed gave promising results. ACCELEROMETER ASSISTED HIGH BANDWIDTH CONTROL OF TIP-TILT MIRROR FOR PRECISION POINTING STABILITY ABSTRACT Pointing stability that defines acceptable displacement of an observation target on the optical detector during the exposure time in a satellite telescope system largely dominates the quality of the image. This research proposes a new control approach to improve pointing stability using a tip-tilt mirror. While conventional control systems for a tip-tilt mirror use feedback error signals obtained from the optical detector, the signal loses enough bandwidth to compensate for high frequency disturbances when pointing at a dark reference guide star. This paper presents a control system subsidiarily using accelerometers to generate high bandwidth feedforward control references to a tip-tilt mirror by properly identifying transfer function between acceleration and pointing displacement. The numerical simulation and experiments using a disturbance source and a tip-tilt mirror verifies feasibility of this method. CONTROL OF BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR WITH AN AVR MICROCONTROLLER ABSTRACT This paper illustrates the basic work principle of a brushless DC motor and presents its control method. According to the method, a control system of a brushless DC Motor is designed using an AVR microcontroller. Design of the control system includes hardware circuit designing and software programming.

initialization program.The hardware structure of the control system consists of a microcontroller ATmega64. calculate the real-time values of vehicle parameters and give output and (3) user interface. LCD display program. (2) processing unit that will take input from the sensors and signal conditioners. MICROCONTROLLER BASED ON-BOARD DIAGNOSTIC (OBD) SYSTEM FOR NON-OBD VEHICLES ABSTRACT This paper proposes the development of On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) system for automobiles. The software includes main program. System will be able to diagnose faults in parameters. and in some cases indicate the cause of fault. The experiment result shows that the system is with an excellent dynamic and static performance. It is user friendly system with LCD and keypad interface though which user can view parameter values. warning . Its operation is reliable. abnormal abrupt changes. display circuit and keyboard circuit and so on. interrupt service program. and can be easily fitted without major modifications to the vehicle. The software is developed by c program language. notify user of any abnormal condition. power driving circuit. PWM duty ratio reload program. keyboard program etc. This system is designed basically to be implemented on vehicles that do not have factory installed OBD systems. closed-loop PID regulation program. current chopper circuit. power supply circuit. The proposed OBD system has a microcontroller based processing system and consists of (1) sensors installed at different parts of vehicle to observe various parameters. position detection circuit. speed calculation program.

one needs to keep the panels aligned with the sun.notifications and define custom limits for different parameters according to vehicle (other than default values). This is definitely a more cost effective solution than purchasing additional solar panels. In order to maximize power output from solar panels. this system realizes the design of hardware system by being around its periphery. A MICROCONTROLLER BASED MULTI-FUNCTION SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM ABSTRACT Renewable energy solutions are becoming increasingly popular. The maximum power point tracking (MPPT) data can be transmitted in real time to other solar systems in need of this data. a means of tracking the sun is required. Maximizing power output from a solar system is desirable to increase efficiency. this paper will exploit a controlling system which is basing on the ARM9 embedded boiler combustion controller. ARM9-BASED EMBEDDED CONTROLLER OF THE BOILER COMBUSTION ABSTRACT Mainly based on a research of controlling the boiler combustion system with the boiler steam pressure. Photovoltaic (solar) systems are but one example. Using the ARM920T kernel 16/32 RISC embedded microprocessor. In this paper. for achieving a more accurate control to the burner. a prototype for a microcontroller-based multi-function solar tracking system is described. which will keep the solar panels aligned with the sun in order to maximize efficiency. With . As such. It has been estimated that the yield from solar panels can be increased by 30 to 60 percent by utilizing a tracking system instead of a stationary array.

Through the test. The functions of the system are implemented. there has been a growing interest in using . Achieved sampling channel priority dynamic scheduling. in which task competition exist.embedded operating system for Linux environment resume and QT/Embedded for GUI support system. system security. the slow implementation of peripherals. real-time parameters acquisition have been set up here. An ultrasonic obstacle avoidance system of fruit-transportation gyro car based on ARM embedded system is introduced in this article. POWER HARVESTING FOR SMART SENSOR NETWORKS IN MONITORING WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM ABSTRACT Recently. it has its application development. the ultrasonic obstacle avoidance system performs well and reliable. Peripherals operation which constraints of the system performance on the were time optimized. There briefly illustrated the system frequency limit tests and detail sampling data display on user interface. ARM9 MULTI-TASK DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM INTELLIGENT IMPROVEMENT ABSTRACT In this paper the improvement plan has been proposed to deal with such shortcomings exists in ARM9 and ?C/OS-II real-time multi-tasking data acquisition system. and task synchronous. It could make the gyro car stop when detect an obstacle and sends the information of obstacle to the monitoring client through GPRS. improved the system efficiency. avoiding the obstacle on the rail is the prerequisite of its safe working. WEIGHING SYSTEM OF FRUIT-TRANSPORTATION GYROCAR BASED ON ARM ABSTRACT The pilot less fruit-transportation gyro car works in the economic forest. in time update cannot be made.

One of the challenges is limited power resources for operating the smart sensors and sensor networks. The user receives the encoded light information through a photoreceiver. fluorescent light is used as the medium to transmit information. The paper will review and discuss the potential of using power harvesting techniques for monitoring water distribution networks and the work done in the area of monitoring water distribution systems using smart sensor networks. Current common used power supplies for sensor node are batteries.wireless sensor networks for monitoring water distribution infrastructure to help drinking water utilities to have better understanding of hydraulic and water quality statement of their underground assets. Energy harvesting of ambient energy in the water pipeline and powering wireless sensor node including sensing. A NOVEL LIGHT-SENSOR-BASED INFORMATION TRANSMISSION SYSTEM FOR INDOOR POSITIONING AND NAVIGATION ABSTRACT This paper describes a novel light-sensor-based information transmission system for indoor positioning and navigation with particular benefits for mobile and wearable computers. . which is encoded by using a pulse-frequency modulation technique. processing. It can seamlessly extend outdoor GPS tracking to the indoor environment. In a novel manner. and communications would be particularly attractive option because the life time of the node will be potentially infinite for supporting wireless sensor networks. Batteries have many drawbacks such as short life time and need to be replaced on regular basis which is uneconomical and unmanageable in hard access environment such as buried underground water pipelines.

drivers' behavior and sensor accuracy are studied in experiments carried out by manual driving. AUTONOMOUS PEDESTRIAN COLLISION AVOIDANCE USING A FUZZY STEERING CONTROLLER ABSTRACT Collision avoidance is one of the most difficult and challenging automatic driving operations in the domain of intelligent vehicles. although the optimal maneuver would. more frequently. The proposed system can be used in indoor guidance and navigation applications. with experimented results detailed. Exemplary applications are included in the paper. The detection component involves a stereo-vision-based pedestrian detection system that provides suitable measurements of the time to collision. This information allows positioning information to be given to indoor mobile and wearable computers. This statement suggests the use of automatic steering as a promising solution to avoid accidents in the future. focusing on pedestrian collision avoidance. which provides the information needed for the autonomous navigation. The collision avoidance maneuver is performed using fuzzy controllers for the actuators that mimic human behavior and reactions. We design an economical transmitter circuit by adding a few components to a commercial electronic ballast circuit for fluorescent lamps with a price of less than 10 USD. The objective of this paper is to provide a collision avoidance system (CAS) for autonomous vehicles.The information is passed into the wearable or mobile computer after the data are decoded. The proposed system is evaluated in two steps. along with a high-precision Global Positioning System (GPS). In emergency situations. human drivers are more likely to brake than to steer. This study will . First. be steering alone.

the pedestrians can virtually know if the vehicle is backing up or not only by seeing the permanent bright reverse lamps. As a matter of fact. luminosity and distance so as to read the voltage value of the sensor and transferring them into actual values and followed by using 27 fuzzy logic rules to carry on the fuzzy logic deduction. Therefore. This embedded system uses Microsoft Win CE operating system and matches with the Mini2440 developing board. therefore their warning function for pedestrians seems to be still insufficient eventually. And then. THE INTELLIGENT EMBEDDED CONTROL WARNING SYSTEM FOR CAR REVERSING ABSTRACT Most of the car drivers used the reverse radar or a reverse camera to detect the road situation behind the vehicle when it is engaged in reverse gear. this research tries to design a set of embedded intelligent car backup warning system so as to promote the safety of the walkers or the other drivers on the road. The performed field tests provided encouraging results and proved the viability of the proposed approach. It also uses the Visual Studio 2005 for developing the intelligent touch panel operating mode.be used to define the parameters of the second step. And as there is not much change with the reverse lamp to be seen. connecting to the sensors of angle. To . And the angle of the LED reverse lamp bracket is adjusted and driven automatically according to the results of this logic deduction eventually. This research tries to do the simulated test by using a mobile frame in the same height as a real automobile. The UART interface on the Mini 2440 developing board controls the frequency converter. RC server and LED by using PIC16F877 to transform the signal of the sensors. in which automatic pedestrian collision avoidance is carried out at speeds of up to 30 km/h.

Apparently. from th. low-cost method for measuring multiple physiological parameters using a basic webcam. CLOSED-LOOP ANESTHETIC DRUG CONCENTRATION ESTIMATION USING CLINICAL-EFFECT FEEDBACK ABSTRACT This letter presents a novel closed-loop approach to anesthetic drug concentration estimation using clinical effect measurement feedback. Compared with the openloop prediction used in current target-controlled infusion .. we extracted the blood volume pulse from the facial regions. We found out that the warning lamp bracket installation angle will be changed correspondently with the distance between test mobile frame and obstacle and being declined automatically from 90 degree to 0 degree.52 Km/h.) the let the test mobile frame to stop at 40 cm in front of the obstacle.e test results. High degrees of agreement were achieved between the measurements across all physiological parameters.let the test mobile frame being located 240 cm away from the obstacle and then start the driven motor and set the frequency of it to be with 60 Hz. its speed is approximately in 2. it has been proven that this system can reach the goal of automatically controlled car back-up warning function truly. an index for cardiac autonomic activity) were subsequently quantified and compared to corresponding measurements using Food and Drug Administration-approved sensors. MULTIPARAMETER PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS USING A WEBCAM ABSTRACT We present a simple. This technology has significant potential for advancing personal health care and telemedicine. ADVANCEMENTS IN NONCONTACT. and HR variability (HRV. Heart rate (HR). (in other words. By applying independent component analysis on the color channels in video recordings. respiratory rate.

and clean ECG reconstruction. median absolute percentage. including baseline-drift removal. This ECG signal-processor chip achieves low area and power consumptions. and is highly suitable for wearable applications of long-term cardiac monitoring.18 ?m CMOS technology. which processes drug administration and clinical-effect measurements to estimate the plasmaand effect-site drug concentrations. Utilizing the novel low-cost hardware architecture. . and maximum absolute percentage drugconcentration errors compared to open-loop prediction. Closed-loop estimation results in statistically significant reductions in median percentage. MULTIPLE FUNCTIONAL ECG SIGNAL IS PROCESSING FOR WEARABLE APPLICATIONS OF LONG-TERM CARDIAC MONITORING ABSTRACT In this paper. Using a systematic wavelet transform algorithm. this signal-processing scheme can realize multiple functions in real time.systems. the proposed ECG signal-processing scheme is implemented in application-specific integrated circuits with 0. Initial proof of principle of the closedloop estimation is demonstrated using the Monte Carlo simulation of surgical procedures with a wide range of patient models. closed-loop estimation exploits the discrepancy between the measured and predicted clinical effects to make corrections to the drug-concentration estimate. heart beat rate prediction and classification. an integrated electrocardiogram (ECG) signal-processing scheme is proposed. A robust estimator. noise suppression. QRS detection. is designed using synthesis theory. achieving improved robustness against variability in the patient pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.

HEARTBEAT CLASSIFICATION USING FEATURE SELECTION DRIVEN BY DATABASE GENERALIZATION CRITERIA ABSTRACT In this paper, we studied and validated a simple heart beat classifier based on ECG feature models selected with the focus on an improved generalization capability. We considered features from the RR series, as well as features computed from the ECG samples and different scales of the wavelet transform, at both avail able leads. The classification performance and generalization were studied using publicly available databases: the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia, the MIT-BIH Supraventricular Arrhythmia, and the St. Pe tersburg Institute of Cardiological Technics (INCART) databases. The Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation recommendations for class labeling and results presentation were followed. A floating feature selection algorithm was used to obtain the best performing and generalizing models in the training and validation sets for different search configurations. The best model found comprehends eight features, was trained in a partition of the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia, and was evaluated in a completely disjoint partition of the same database. The results obtained were: global accuracy of 93%; for normal beats, sensitivity (S) 95%, positive predictive value (P+) 98%; for supraventricular beats, S 11%, P+ 39%; and for ventricular beats S 81%, P+ 87%. In order to test the generalization capability, performance was also evaluated in the INCART, with results comparable to those obtained in the test set. This classifier model has fewer features and performs better than other state-of-the-art methods with results suggesting better generalization capability. MONITORING OF POSTURE ALLOCATIONS AND

ACTIVITIES BY A SHOE-BASED WEARABLE SENSOR ABSTRACT Monitoring of posture allocations and activities enables accurate estimation of energy expenditure and may aid in obesity prevention and treatment. At present, accurate devices rely on multiple sensors distributed on the body and thus may be too obtrusive for everyday use. This paper presents a novel wearable sensor, which is capable of very accurate recognition of common postures and activities. The patterns of heel acceleration and plantar pressure uniquely characterize postures and typical activities while requiring minimal preprocessing and no feature extraction. The shoe sensor was tested in nine adults performing sitting and standing postures and while walking, running, stair ascent/descent and cycling. Support vector machines (SVMs) were used for classification. A fourfold validation of a six-class subjectindependent group model showed 95.2% average accuracy of posture/activity classification on full sensor set and over 98% on optimized sensor set. Using a combination of acceleration/pressure also enabled a pronounced reduction of the sampling frequency (25 to 1 Hz) with out significant loss of accuracy (98% versus 93%). Subjects had shoe sizes (US) M9.5-11 and W7-9 and body mass index from 18.1 to 39.4 kg/m2 and thus suggesting that the device can be used by individuals with varying anthropometric characteristics. A WEB-BASED SYSTEM FOR HOME MONITORING OF PATIENTS WITH PARKINSON'S DISEASE USING WEARABLE SENSORS ABSTRACT This letter introduces MercuryLive, a platform to enable home monitoring of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using wearable sensors. MercuryLive contains three tiers:

a resource-aware data collection engine that relies upon wearable sensors, web services for live streaming and storage of sensor data, and a web-based graphical user interface client with video conferencing capability. Besides, the platform has the capability of analyzing sensor (i.e., accelerometer) data to reliably estimate clinical scores capturing the severity of tremor, bradykinesia, and dyskinesia. Testing results showed an average data latency of less than 400 ms and video latency of about 200 ms with video frame rate of about 13 frames/s when 800 kb/s of bandwidth were available and we used a 40% video compression, and data feature upload requiring 1 min of extra time following a 10 min interactive session. These results indicate that the proposed platform is suitable to monitor patients with PD to facilitate the titration of medications in the late stages of the disease. MAPPING AND PURSUIT-EVASION STRATEGIES FOR A SIMPLE WALL-FOLLOWING ROBOT ABSTRACT This paper defines and analyzes a simple robot with local sensors that moves in an unknown polygonal environment. The robot can execute wall-following motions and can traverse the interior of the environment only when following parallel to an edge. The robot has no global sensors that would allow precise mapping or localization. Special information spaces are introduced for this particular model. Using these, strategies are presented to solve several tasks: 1) counting vertices, 2) computing the path winding number, 3) learning a combinatorial map, which is called the cut ordering, that encodes partial geometric information, and 4) solving pursuit-evasion problems.

The resulting system is compact and has been successfully integrated into three different humanoid robots. This is a critical advantage as it reduces the number of wires. which allow them to absorb energy during impact and make them controllable in order to limit the force applied during contact. Each module scans locally a limited number of tactile-sensing elements and sends the data through a serial bus. In this paper. it is not trivial to incorporate them into a robot. We have developed a compliant ³skin´ for humanoids that integrates a distributed pressure sensor based on capacitive technology. most humanoid robots lack tactile sensing.METHODS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF LARGE-SCALE ROBOT TACTILE SENSORS ABSTRACT Even though the sense of touch is crucial for humans. TWO-FLEXIBLE-FINGERS GRIPPER FORCE FEEDBACK CONTROL SYSTEM FOR ITS APPLICATION AS END EFFECTOR ON A 6-DOF MANIPULATOR ABSTRACT Flexible manipulators have many advantages over rigid robots when used in grasping tasks. a twoflexiblefinger gripper with a simple sensory feedback system is . owing to the characteristic flexibility of the materials used in their construction. The skin is modular and can be deployed on nonflat surfaces. While a large number of sensing technologies exist. We have performed tests that show that the sensor has favorable characteristics and implemented algorithms to compensate the hysteresis and drift of the sensor. Experiments with the humanoid robot iCub prove that the sensors can be used to grasp unmodeled. fragile objects.

The interface is a powerful but simple way of accessing the multiple functions of modern TVs. The experimental results indicate that the system proposed is able to manipulate different types of objects (both rigid and flexible) in an industrial environment by perfectly controlling the applied contact torque. UNICURSAL GESTURE INTERFACE FOR TV REMOTE WITH TOUCH SCREENS ABSTRACT We propose a new gesture interface based on unicursal figures for TV control via touch-screen personal devices.proposed. Unicursal figures are made without lifting the thumb from the screen and sequences of commands can be issued without needing to confirm the thumb's position. we present a novel contactless gesture recognition system using proximity sensors. without touching the screen or wearing/holding any additional device. A set of infrared signal feature extraction methods and a decisiontreebased gesture classifier are proposed. while eliminating the need for derivatives of system output. The performance of this force feedback control system is investigated when mounted on a 6-degree-of-freedom (6DOF) manipulator and grasping different objects. Trial use confirms the feasibility of this interface. Evaluation results show that the system is low-power. and able to recognize 3D gestures with over 98% precision in . The system allows a user to interact with mobile devices using intuitive gestures. A generalized proportional-integral controller is implemented to acquire high control accuracy. CONTACTLESS GESTURE RECOGNITION SYSTEM USING PROXIMITY SENSORS ABSTRACT In this paper.

which makes use of B/S mode to realize the browsing of the remote data. However. One of the trends which are ³en vogue´ in our days is the control of computer applications and/or computer controlled devices using human gestures and/or body movements. provides the authorized access mechanism based on Web secure access control.real time. TOUCH-SCREEN TERMINAL APPLICATION FOR REMOTE DATA BASED ON AUTHORIZED ACCESS ABSTRACT Touch-screen all-in-one-machine is the simplest. this paper proposes a common software interface. most convenient and most natural human-computer interaction method as a new kind of computer input devices. GESTURE CONTROL AND THE NEW AND INTELLIGENT MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE ABSTRACT Summary form only given. little or few are of value. For the disadvantages of the current touch screen systems such as the relatively simple function of the system and the lack of security features. More recently. as the computer based control via gestures has to be robust and in real -time. Human-computer interfaces (HCI) have evolved from mouse-keyboard based interaction using text and mouse events to multi-touch screens and other exotic approaches such as using special gloves or other devices to translate human actions into application controls. 3D IR cameras provide a promised path to . and achieves classification access of the remote data. There were and still are a series of attempts to produce computer control scripts via gesture based interfaces. and research literature is abundant in papers on this subject. Any lag in the result can lead to users abandoning it.

a biologically inspired saliency detection approach for feature biasing is presented which is able to detect the salient features through top-down task specific guidance. This image is finally interpreted by image processing suites. A demonstration. of a 3D IR camera system will be presented and applications related to gaming. 3D IR cameras use near-infrared illumination. First. confidence-based auto labeling for self-supervised learning is introduced which identifies and eliminates the input samples with low confidence level that are susceptible to be mislabeled. The depth information extracted by the 3D IR camera is mapped to different grey levels in a black and white image. learning. In this talk. even in complete darkness. Then.produce depth images. we will discuss various technologies to be used to build a 3D IR Camera. Based on data provided by the 3D IR Camera a series of related image processing applications will be discussed. allowing objects that are closer to the camera to appear brighter than the rest. review which will be finalized with a discussion of the 3D IR Camera designed and implemented by our group. This means that computer vision software modules can much more accurately distinguish hands and fingers from the rest of a person's body. . and immersion in a 3D virtual reality space will be given at the end. COMPUTATIONALLY EFFICIENT NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR UNMANNED GROUND VEHICLES ABSTRACT This paper proposes to enhance the existing methods of Self-Supervised Learning (SSL) with application to autonomous navigation systems through efficient computational approaches that are the principal requirements in a practical system.

low-cost scanning range finder for collision avoidance on systems with limited processing power. The paper also discusses the realtime embedded implementation of this obstacle mapping system on a small Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) to support realtime obstacle avoidance. and present a sensory sampling strategy based on the needs of this trajectory planner. We present a modified version of Trajectory Rollout which takes into account the limited sensory. Finally. Our range finder is made low cost and computationally efficient by taking into consideration the actual planning needs for local obstacle avoidance algorithms to dynamically select the area to sample range measurements from. Finally.The proposed methods are general and can be applied to a variety of applications. - . experimental results on real datasets from the DARPA-LAGR program are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches. CONSTRUCTION OF AN OBSTACLE MAP AND ITS REALTIME IMPLEMENTATION ON AN UNMANNED GROUND VEHICLE ABSTRACT This paper presents the development of an obstacle mapping system based on the concept of a Probabilistic Threat Exposure Map (PTEM). These activities are a part of a larger effort to establish a theoretical foundation for autonomous and cooperative multi-UxV guidance solutions in adversarial environments. we present the construction and deployment of the sensor on a robot in both telepresence and autonomous operation. we present an intelligent. AN INTELLIGENT LOW-COST SCANNING RANGE FINDER ABSTRACT In this paper.

foldable and easy to operate. The prototype met and exceeded predetermined design specifications based on standard industry test procedures. The power-assist components could be attached to a wide range of manual wheelchairs with only minimal modifications.DESIGN OF A POWER-ASSIST WHEELCHAIR FOR PERSONS WITH HEMIPLEGIA ABSTRACT Persons with hemiplegia often require a one arm drive wheelchair. It is located between the industrial robot controller and the control units. A control system analyzes wheel and steering positions and responds to the motion of the hand-driven wheel. For the purpose of a flexible manufacturer-independent access to the robot controller we define an object -oriented . Current designs exhibit substantially degraded performance when compared to a standard manual wheelchair. encoders on both rear wheels track wheel positions and a rotary heel interface mounted on a footrest controls steering. one arm drive wheelchair was developed that was maneuverable. CONTROL LAYER FOR MULTI-VENDOR INDUSTRIAL ROBOT INTERACTION PROVIDING INTEGRATION OF SUPERVISORY PROCESS CONTROL AND MULTIFUNCTIONAL CONTROL UNITS ABSTRACT Based on recent industrial needs for a flexible integration of supervisory control systems and novel intuitive manual control units a new control layer is introduced. A power-assist. A motor powers the wheel on the user's affected side. The control layer affords adaptive behaviour in terms of process and motion planning as well as flexible manual control of arbitrary robot controllers.

DYNAMIC MODELING AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION ANALYSIS OF CRAB WALKING OF A SIX-LEGGED ROBOT ABSTRACT In this paper. stroke. are presented and discussed. Two approaches.programming interface. The effects of walking parameters. namely velocity. Wave gait with a lower duty factor is found to be more energy-efficient compared to that with the higher duty factor at the highest possible velocity. The set of robot commands is manufacturer-independent and includes all basic robot functions regarding motion and program control. we aim for a media-independent communication solution. two applications. Finally. An energy consumption model has been derived for statically stable wave-crab gaits after considering a minimum of dissipating energy for optimal feet forces distributions. duty factor and crab angle are studied on energy consumption during crab walking. The performances of these approaches have been compared with each other for different values of duty factor. such as minimization of norm of feet forces and minimization of norm of joint torques have been developed. . a smartphone robot control and a distributed robot control system. different communication standards of industrial automation are implemented. In order to cover a broad range of robotic applications. an attempt has been made to develop a detailed dynamic model of a realistic six-legged robot during its crab motion. With an emphasis on the development of a flexible control layer. An inherent capability of the control layer is the transformation of neutral object-oriented robot commands to manufacturer-specific robot languages.

the wind magnitude and direction can be estimated from the geometrical relation between the wind and the measurements. However. Finally. the geographic information ahead of the vehicle is obtained by the principle of plane induced parallax. an intersection line of the obstacle and the level ground is found by the way of image processing. such as in banking turns or circle maneuvers.INTELLIGENT OBSTACLE AVOIDENCE SYSTEM DESIGN OF AN UNMANNED GROUND VEHICLE WITH STEREO VISION ABSTRACT The main theme of this paper is to develop a navigation vehicle system without GPS. With stereo vision. WIND ESTIMATION AND AIRSPEED CALIBRATION USING A UAV WITH A SINGLE-ANTENNA GPS RECEIVER AND PITOT TUBE ABSTRACT This paper proposes a method that uses an aircraft with a single-antenna GPS receiver and Pitot tube to estimate wind speed and direction and to calibrate the airspeed. The profiles of left and right vision are acquired by Canny Edge Detection algorithm. This sensor combination alone does not determine the true attitude of the aircraft. the position and distance of the obstacle is calculated by the homography matrix method. so the wind parameters cannot be obtained directly from the measurements. if the aircraft flies at different headings. Experimental results show that the proposed navigation and control methodology are practicable. Integrating the above-distributed schemes unmanned vehicle can avoid collisions with obstacles and arrive at the target in difference scenario. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) is applied to estimate wind . Then.

Simulations and flight test results show that the proposed method is effective. To realize the human-like expressive speech production. A TALKING ROBOT AND ITS HUMAN-LIKE EXPRESSIVE SPEECH PRODUCTION ABSTRACT A talking robot which adaptively learns the vocalization skill by an auditory feedback learning is being developed. In vocalization. To test the effectiveness of the proposed method. Simulations are performed for a constant 2-D wind. A human generates speech by controlling their own vocal organs for changing the speech expressions such as the volume and the intonations. a human-like expressive speech production by the talking robot is introduced. and then the control method for producing human-like speech with various expressions will be introduced. the construction of the talking robot and the acquisition of the vocalization will be described. - . flight tests of a small UAV are conducted.parameters. and then the sound wave is led to a vocal tract. a control method for the mechanical organs has to be established. which works as a resonance filter to determine the spectrum envelope. The talking robot is constructed by the mechanical vocal systems. which respectively correspond to human organs. This is useful for the operation of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) because of difficulty in determining the airspeed scaling factor of a low-cost UAV. In the first part of the paper. the vibration of vocal cords generates a source sound. The talking robot autonomously learns the vocalization by applying auditory feedback. The EKF can also estimate the scaling factor used to convert dynamic pressure to airspeed. In this study.

that is. Inspired by the pheromone-based communication among ants. We begin by reviewing the basic DVR problem: demands for service arrive at random locations at random times and a vehicle travels to provide on-site service while minimizing the expected wait time of the demands. we introduce the concept of digital pheromones and propose a digital pheromone-based patrolling algorithm. robotics and networking. speed of robots' handling events. The main purpose of this algorithm is to lead robots to handle more events with higher priorities. As events have different importance. We consider a rich variety of scenarios relevant for robotic applications.. for the automatic planning of optimal multi-vehicle routes to perform tasks that are generated over time by an exogenous process. etc. Next.. vehicles (e.g. This paper surveys recent concepts and algorithms for dynamic vehicle routing (DVR). we refer to them as having different priorities. we treat different multi-vehicle scenarios based on different models for demands (e. Simulations demonstrate the impact of robots' patrol speed. demands with different priority levels and impatient demands). . robots efficiently handle as many high priority events as possible. we design a bio-inspired patrolling algorithm based on digital pheromone. DYNAMIC VEHICLE ROUTING FOR ROBOTIC SYSTEMS ABSTRACT Recent years have witnessed great advancements in the science and technology of autonomy.g. In our patrolling schemes. Digital pheromones are introduced to denote the priority of an event.A PATROLLING SCHEME IN WIRELESS SENSOR AND ROBOT NETWORKS ABSTRACT In this paper.

and they may step aside when pedestrians are approaching in narrow corridors. have been proposed. communication and sensing capabilities). caregivers often accompany them. we establish fundamental limits on the achievable performance. we have proposed a robotic wheelchair that can move with a caregiver side by side by observing his/her behaviors such as body position and orientation. The performance criterion used in these scenarios is either the expected wait time of the demands or the fraction of demands serviced successfully. First. This way of motion enables easy communication between the wheelchair user and the caregiver. caregivers cannot always move with the wheelchair side by side.motion constraints. they may step forward of the wheelchair to open a door. To cope with these situations we propose a new robotic wheelchair that can move with a caregiver collaboratively . In each specific DVR scenario. SITUATION-DRIVEN CONTROL OF A ROBOTIC WHEELCHAIR TO FOLLOW A CAREGIVER ABSTRACT Recently. we adopt a rigorous technical approach that relies upon methods from queueing theory. Therefore it is important to consider reducing caregivers' load and support their activities. we design algorithms. Second. including limits on stability and quality of service. However. combinatorial optimization and stochastic geometry. and provide provable guarantees on their performance with respect to the fundamental limits. Although it is desirable for wheelchair users to go out alone. several robotic/intelligent wheelchairs that have autonomous functions to get to some goals or userfriendly interfaces. For instance. and tasks. Hence.

When the caregiver stops at a door. For input data.depending on the situation. the wheelchair gives up moving with the caregiver side by side and follows him/her behind. When any obstacles are found in its travelling direction. the wheelchair waits for him/her to open the door and follows him/her while avoiding obstacles. The empirical results show the effectiveness and the validity of the obstacle avoidance behavior of Neural Network control strategy. which enables the wheelchair to take an appropriate position with respect to the caregiver depending on the situation. sonar and laser range finder are two main sensors for passing on information of environment. This paper proposes a Neural Network control system that is able to guide the mobile robots (AmigoBot and P3DX) traverse through a maze with arbitrary obstacles. the system . the remote control of mobile robot has broad prospect of application. We propose a motion control method based on the potential field method. OBSTACLE AVOIDANCE IN MOBILE ROBOT USING NEURAL NETWORK Investigate mobile robot's history. With the continuous development of embedded system. The pattern is trained by using Matlab toolbox and Aria library for motion control. A laser range sensor is used for observing the environment around the wheelchair. obstacle avoidance is one of most important research area and also the foundation of building robot's successful behaviors. There are 256 specific patterns defined to help robot organize the situation. The wheelchair returns to move side by side with the caregiver when it enters wide space. THE REMOTE CONTROL OF MOBILE ROBOT BASED ON EMBEDDED TECHNOLOGY ABSTRACT Along with the development of society.

This low signal-to-noise ratio and low spatial resolution of the data can degrade the translational . SELF-PACED BRAIN-CONTROLLED WHEELCHAIR METHODOLOGY WITH SHARED AND AUTOMATED ASSISTIVE CONTROL The consistency and reliability of the brain computer interface (BCI) system is often questioned to be safe for controlling a wheelchair as BCIs characteristically experience a low signal-to-noise ratio and low classification accuracy. The robot basic action involves the robot movement and ball throwing.0 operating system. thus providing a rather blurred image of the brain activity. and Bluetooth modules to communicate with the central controller. The experiments had proved the embedded mobile robot has low power consumption and strong real-time control. It also had proved the validity of this method. Robot itself is equipped with DC and servo motors in order to drive the wheels and arm. This paper put forward a kind of remote control method of mobile robots. The demonstration shows robot's autonomous basketball throwing and target hitting capability with high precision. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A BALL-SHOOTING ROBOT WITH IR-BASED EMBEDDED VISION ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to design and construct an entertainment robot with sports skills. With embedded WinCE5.provides excellent hardware platform for embedded mobile robot. Electroencephalogram (EEG) acquired non-invasively consists of multiple time-series which are highly correlated because of volume conduction and ambient noises. the Wiimote for sensing the IR target. The desired tasks can be achieved through vision and motors coordination.

It's common that the elders forget the way to the different rooms in house and the physically challenged people find it hard to move the wheel chair without external aid. These methodologies involve a shared control methodology between the BCI/user component and the automated assistive control (AAC) component. we propose an Intelligent Home Navigation System (IHNS) which comprises of a wheelchair. a synchronous BCW and a self-paced BCW. It can be used by an elderly or physically challenged person to move inside the home without any difficulty. dining room etc by just speaking a word which is predefined to that particular room. To overcome the low classification accuracy and the uncertainty in commands of the BCI systems. elderly and the physically challenged can go to different rooms in the house like kitchen. The results show that the proposed methods not only reduce the concentration time but also provide a safer and reliable control compared to other BCWs. By making use of IHNS. AUTOMATED VOICE BASED HOME NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR THE ELDERLY AND THE PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED ABSTRACT In this paper. living room.performance of the BCI. Two BCW approaches are investigated in this work. . The proposed BCW strategies are compared to state-oftheart BCW control methodologies available in the literature. the user has to impart additional concentration and time to navigate the wheelchair to the desired location. voice module and navigation module. This paper presents a brain-controlled wheelchair (BCW) control strategy that reduces the total time required to complete a task and the concentration effort imparted by the user.

through performing Bank to Turn (BTT) maneuvers. the destination is automatically understood and the wheelchair moves according to the route which is predefined. weight. Payload space. . The controller principally works by driving the cross-track and course angle errors of the UAV flight. to zero. Thus the above proposed system can be used by elderly and physically challenged people in day to day life even if they are alone at home. relative to the desired path. It is also equipped with obstacle avoidance technique. The path following control is designed such that the UAV is able to follow smooth flight-paths within its maneuvering capabilities. According to the received voice. while it is still required to be able to perform its mission within a predefined measures. where the person may not be able to provide proper voices at the right time. The control scheme is intended to be able to steer the UAV flight close to a predefined path and control its heading angle accordingly.The voice of the person is detected by voice capture module which will be compared by voice recognition module with predefined voices loaded in to the system. The system generates corrective commands based on the error information and transforms it into a heading change via roll maneuver. The wheel chair can automatically navigate from one point to the other in the home as per predefined route based on the voice received. and power source constraints dictate the system to be designed with limited application of sensors and actuators. PATH FOLLOWING SYSTEM OF SMALL UNMANNED AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE FOR SURVEILLANCE APPLICATION ABSTRACT A path following flight control is developed to be implemented in a small UAV system.

carbon monoxide and such gas simultaneously. flood. good selectivity and fast response. Otherwise. The advantages of this kind of hazardous gas detecting are: simultaneously and rapidly detecting methane. Simulation results will be presented and analyzed to investigate the performance of the proposed system. it is easy to be taken by robot due to its simple and light structure. The principle of gas survey meter of infra-red spectrum is according to the selectively absorption of infrared radiation by the mash gas. IMPLEMENTATION OF CAN BUS IN AN AUTONOMOUS ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLE ABSTRACT The main purpose of this effort is to design an autonomous all terrain vehicle which uses a CAN bus. Coal Mine Detection Robot can be substituted or partial substituted for emergency workers to enter the mine shaft disaster site and detect hazardous gas and do some environmental exploration and surveying task. China is also one of the related accidents occurred frequently countries such as gas explosion. CO and high sensitivity. The . breaking out of fire during the exploitation of coal mine. CO to achieve the detection of their concentration. Coal Mine Detection Robot uses infra-red spectrum absorption way to detect methane. have a lager detection range and probe is not easy failure to be poisoning and aging. HAZARDOUS GAS DETECTING METHOD APPLIED IN COAL MINE DETECTION ROBOT ABSTRACT As one of the largest coal production and consumption countries in the world.The roll maneuver controller is designed using LQR technique such that it can provide an appropriate roll dynamics of the UAV.

dining room etc by just speaking a word which is predefined to that particular room. living room. BIOMETRIC ATTENDANCE SYSTEM ABSTRACT This research work has application for attendance system of employer's and students in general. By making use of IHNS. voice module and navigation module. The Renesas RX62N microcontroller is used as a CAN controller which creates a single two wire bus through which electronic control units (ECU) in the automobiles communicate. The working of the CAN protocol on the RX62N has been explained with the help of pseudo code. The ATV used for this design is a Honda Four Trax Rancher AT and a brief explanation of the parts in the ATV is provided. The system will facilitate institutions/ organization to make attendance individual in time along with data information thumb impression will be taken as a signature for the system entry. Main design and challenge in this system is the design of database architecture and its business logic. It can be used by an elderly or physically challenged person to move inside the home without any difficulty. we propose an Intelligent Home Navigation System (IHNS) which comprises of a wheelchair. It's common that the elders forget the way to the different rooms in house and the physically challenged people find it hard to move the wheel chair without external aid. The voice of the person is detected by voice capture module which will be compared by voice recognition .paper describes the operation and advantages of the CAN protocol in automobiles. elderly and the physically challenged can go to different rooms in the house like kitchen. AUTOMATED VOICE BASED HOME NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR THE ELDERLY AND THE PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED ABSTRACT In this paper.

the destination is automatically understood and the wheelchair moves according to the route which is predefined. Thus the above proposed system can be used by elderly and physically challenged people in day to day life even if they are alone at home. According to the received voice. --A TRANSFORMERLESS MEDIUM-VOLTAGE STATCOM TOPOLOGY BASED ON EXTENDED MODULAR MULTILEVEL CONVERTERS ABSTRACT A new transformerless four-leg topology is suggested for shunt compensation. The wheel chair can automatically navigate from one point to the other in the home as per predefined route based on the voice received. the modular multilevel converters (MMC) based on the half-bridge converters. Also. voltage regulation. and harmonic cancellation. It is also equipped with obstacle avoidance technique. One interesting application for the EMMC-based STATCOM could be the improvement in power quality and performance of the electrified railway traction power .module with predefined voices loaded in to the system. where the person may not be able to provide proper voices at the right time. an extended MMC (EMMC) is proposed in order to manage more accurate compensation for high-power applications. Further. to achieve higher performance as a STATCOM in a distorted and unbalanced medium-voltage large-current (MV-LC) system. Both proposals can be controlled for various purposes such as reactive power and unbalance compensation. related control strategies are also suggested for both the MMC and the EMMC to ensure that the source-end three-phase currents are sinusoidal and balanced. the dc-link capacitors of the half-bridge converters are regulated. Moreover.

The half-controlled single-stage rectifier is proposed to replace the widely used two-stage converter for improving the current total harmonics distortion (THD) as well as the efficiency.and the EMMC-based STATCOM along with their proposed control strategies were simulated. it can be seen that the current THD is reduced to around 5%. . further. Both the MMC. and the total efficiency is increased by about 12%-15% depending on the wind speed variations. This blind rod can detect and analyze the situation on road and warn the blind to avoid obstacles by ultrasonic measurement. Moreover. the dynamic response of the wind turbine and the extracted wind power are enhanced by the integrated dynamic MPPT control. these proposals were also implemented on a 30-kVA modular laboratory prototype. from the experimental results. The analytic expressions of the duty ratios for controlling the rectifier are also derived. AN INTELLIGENT BLIND ROD AND NAVIGATION PLATFORM BASED ON ZIGBEE TECHNOLOGY ABSTRACT This article introduces an intelligent blind rod and navigation platform based on ZigBee technology.supply system. The proposed interface is mainly composed of a dynamic maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control and a half-controlled single-stage rectifier with an integrated control. a novel ac/dc interface with an integrated controller is proposed for the microscale wind power generation system (WPGS). Experiments and simulations confirm the predefined objectives. Finally. to verify the suggestions. AN INTEGRATED-CONTROLLED AC/DC INTERFACE FOR MICROSCALE WIND POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS ABSTRACT In this paper.

fingerprint recognition system is the most visible one due to its wide range of successful applications in many disciplines such as computer systems security. it is decreased by diverting a part of the current to the output side with coupling inductance. there is a current stress on the auxiliary switch. This paper presents a note on fingerprint recognition systems. This PFC converter has simple structure. health and social services. A NOTE ON FINGERPRINT RECOGNITION SYSTEMS ABSTRACT Among all the techniques developed for personal authentication. A NEW SINGLE-PHASE SOFT-SWITCHING POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CONVERTER ABSTRACT In this paper. Auxiliary switch is turned ON and OFF with zero-current switching (ZCS) without additional voltage stress. credit cards. secure access to buildings. a detailed steady-state analysis of the new converter is presented. and this theoretical analysis is verified exactly by 100 kHz and 300 W prototypes. This intelligent blind rod can better serve for the blind's independent travel. This . In this study. mobile phones. low cost.The navigation platform based on ZigBee technology can help the blind know different directions the path leads to. etc. This active snubber cell provides zerovoltage transition turn ON and zero-current transition turn OFF for the main switch without any extra current or voltage stresses. The output current and voltage are controlled by the proposed PFC converter in very wide line and load range. and ease of control as well. Although. secure electronic banking. single-phase soft-switching power factor correction (PFC) circuit is developed with a new active snubber cell.

because multiple local maxima can be exhibited on the power-voltage characteristic curve. The output voltage . The proposed system incorporates additional batterybased energy storage and a dc-dc bidirectional converter to support instantaneous load changes. The performance of the proposed MPPT method is analyzed according to the RMPP position and is verified by simulation and experimental results. etc. In this paper. these MPPTs can fail for real MPPT (RMPPT). However. In this paper.99 power factor with sinusoidal current shape. the methods have some drawbacks in terms of complexity and requirements for additional circuits.prototype has 98% total efficiency and 0. the boost-inverter topology that achieves both boosting and inversion functions in a single stage is used to develop an FC-based energy system that offers high conversion efficiency. two stages are required: a boost stage and an inversion one. a novel MPPT method capable of RMPPT under PSCs is proposed. low-cost. and compactness. under solar irradiance mismatching conditions [partially shaded conditions (PSCs)]. A REAL MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING METHOD FOR MISMATCHING COMPENSATION IN PV ARRAY UNDER PARTIALLY SHADED CONDITIONS ABSTRACT Conventional popular maximum power point tracking (MPPT) methods are effective under uniform solar irradiance. A MINIMUM POWER-PROCESSING-STAGE FUEL-CELL ENERGY SYSTEM BASED ON A BOOST-INVERTER WITH A BIDIRECTIONAL BACKUP BATTERY STORAGE ABSTRACT When low-voltage unregulated fuel-cell (FC) output is conditioned to generate ac power. Although some researchers have worked on RMPPT under partial shading conditions.

The analysis and design are validated by simulation and experimental results. we propose a bidirectional buck-boost converter as the ripple energy storage circuit. pursuing high power density in converter design is a very important goal in the aerospace applications. Then. A HIGH POWER DENSITY SINGLE-PHASE PWM RECTIFIER WITH ACTIVE RIPPLE ENERGY STORAGE ABSTRACT It is well known that single-phase pulse width modulation rectifiers have second-order harmonic currents and corresponding ripple voltages on the dc bus. the feasibility of the active capacitor's reduction schemes is verified. The minimum ripple energy storage requirement is derived independently of a specific topology. Based on the minimum ripple energy requirement. The load low-frequency current ripple is supplied by the battery. However. This paper studies methods for reducing the energy storage capacitor for single-phase rectifiers. INTELLIGENT ONLINE MEASUREMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF ENERGY METER DATA THROUGH ADVANCED WIRELESS NETWORK ABSTRACT Recently the Electrical supply companies are trying to . The lowfrequency harmonic current is normally filtered using a bulk capacitor in the bus. Analysis.of the boost-inverter is voltage-mode controlled and the dc-dc bidirectional converter is current-mode controlled. which minimizes the effects of such ripple being drawn directly from the FC itself. which results in low power density. simulation. which can effectively reduce the energy storage capacitance. and experimental results are presented to confirm the operational performance of the proposed system.

adopt the electronic measurement of energy consumption data because of reduced manufacturing cost, improved measurement accuracy, increased timely information, miniature size and many other benefits that go well beyond the traditional rotor-plate energy meter type. In this paper with the help of an energy chip, an improved energy metering solution is developed, where automating the progression of measurement through digital wireless communication technique is adopted to get the above benefits along with smooth control. The developed energy meter calculates the total average active power mainly for residential consumers. The hardware circuit accepts single phase voltage and currents as its inputs and provides the output in the form of logic data proportional to the average real power. This data is fed to a remote computer server through the wireless ZigBee network that represents the concept of distant wireless metering, practically involving no manpower. This paper also presents a software solution developed for total electrical energy billing and data management system. HYBRID WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING ZIGBEE AND WIFI TECHNOLOGY IN THE COALMINE TUNNELS ABSTRACT Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) used under the coalmine tunnel is an emerging area of research that promises to provide reliable and flexible communication. This paper first discussed the best working frequency about the WSN in coalmine. Then, according to the actual circumstances of coal mine, the network structure should adopt cluster-tree topology. We also develop a multifunction communication wireless system using ZigBee and WiFi technology, which can achieve the functions of gas monitoring, wireless

communication, personnel management and video surveillance, etc. Practical applications showed that the multifunction communication system can satisfy the need of dispatch communication and safety monitor in the coal mine tunnel. FAULT-TOLERANT TORQUE CONTROL OF BLDC MOTORS ABSTRACT Fault tolerance is critical for servomotors used in high-risk applications, such as aerospace, robots, and military. These motors should be capable of continued functional operation, even if insulation failure or open-circuit of a winding occur. This paper presents a fault-tolerant (FT) torque controller for brushless dc (BLdc) motors that can maintain accurate torque production with minimum power dissipation, even if one of its phases fails. The distinct feature of the FT controller is that it is applicable to BLdc motors with any back-electromotive-force waveform. First, an observer estimates the phase voltages from a model based on Fourier coefficients of the motor waveform. The faulty phases are detected from the covariance of the estimation error. Subsequently, the phase currents of the remaining phases are optimally reshaped so that the motor accurately generates torque as requested while minimizing power loss subject to maximum current limitation of the current amplifiers. Experimental results illustrate the capability of the FT controller to achieve ripple-free torque performance during a phase failure at the expenses of increasing the mean and maximum power loss by 28% and 68% and decreasing the maximum motor torque by 49%. FINGERID: A NEW SECURITY MODEL BASED ON FINGERPRINT RECOGNITION FOR DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS

ABSTRACT The current practice of password based security for distributed systems in general and the Internet in particular is inadequate. Besides, remembering a plethora of long passwords and pass phrases sometimes as many as 15 or 20 is cumbersome. This raises the need to introduce a better and more reliable authentication mechanism which is not dependent on a series of characters, but rather on a technology that is unique and only possessed by the individual. Similar services already exist, and they are good in some situations, but prove to be inadequate under other circumstances. Overall, three main requirements of the everyday Internet user remain unaddressed ± freedom from memorizing many passwords and pass phrases; convenience and ease of use; and security. The present paper attempts to offer an answer to all these problems by just one solution, named FingerID. The contribution of this study is of considerable significance, as it would revolutionize the way Internet security is managed. HIGH-EFFICIENCY REGULATION METHOD FOR A ZEROCURRENT AND ZERO-VOLTAGE CURRENT-FED PUSH± PULL CONVERTER ABSTRACT A new high-efficiency regulation method for a zero-current and zero-voltage current-fed push-pull converter is presented. The method proposed is based on the use of a controlled transformer as a post-regulator, which adds or subtracts an additional voltage to the output filter of the converter. An auxiliary regulator, which only handles a percentage of the output power, controls this transformer, and therefore,

Various approaches are available in the literature to obtain energy-efficient gaits of multi-legged robots DEVELOPMENT ON GAS LEAK DETECTION AND . underground mining to recover natural resources. with today¶s technologies.and large-signal models of the converter have been developed and a low-power prototype has been simulated and implemented. Small. Long duration missions are also subjected to power supply constraints. extinguishing fires. between the experimental simulations and theoretical results. validates the theoretical developments. The minimization of energy consumption plays a key role in the design of an autonomous multi-legged robot. An autonomous walking robot cannot function satisfactorily with a poor energy efficiency. Six-legged robot might be used for locating and disarming bombs. However. The good agreement. explorations of ocean floors and planets. and others. The novelty of the presented converter is that regulation is achieved without affecting the zero-voltage and zero-current switching in any working conditions. where a human cannot sustain or which would be dangerous for him/her. the legged systems have the disadvantages of pay load to weight ratio. and poor energy efficiency.results in much higher efficiency than a normal preregulator would have. due to the fact that it has to carry all driving and control units in addition to payload and trunk body. DYNAMIC MODELING AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION ANALYSIS OF CRAB WALKING OF A SIX-LEGGED ROBOT ABSTRACT The superior terrain adaptability and maneuverability characteristics of multi-legged robots compared to wheeled or tracked vehicles for off-road locomotion motivated the development of six-legged walking robots.

online feedback test sessions. The experimental procedures consisted of offline training sessions. During the offline training sessions. BRAIN-ACTUATED HUMANOID ROBOT NAVIGATION CONTROL USING ASYNCHRONOUS BRAIN-COMPUTER INTERFACE ABSTRACT Brain-actuated robotic systems have been proposed as a new control interface to translate different human intentions into appropriate motion commands for robotic applications. . The Intentional Activity Classifier (IAC) and the Motor Direction Classifier (MDC) were hierarchically structured and trained to build an asynchronous BCI system. amplitude features from the EEGs were extracted using band power analysis. and the informative feature components were selected using the Fisher ratio and the linear discriminant analysis (LDA) distance metric. collect the data of a leak accident and locate the leakage point. it can collect the data of monitoring sites wirelessly and sent to the computer to update values in the location software. However the former systems can not react in time.LOCATION SYSTEM BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS ABSTRACT Develops a gas leak detection and location system for the production safety in Petrochemical Industry. and then provides the approaches on both hardware and software to achieve it. The paper has three parts. Consequently. The system is based on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). and real-time control sessions. This study proposes a brain-actuated humanoid robot navigation system that uses an EEG-BCI. gives the overall system design. first. it can give a real-time detective of the potential risk area. even can not obtain data from an accident and locate accurately.

and establish joint attention by repeating its head turns from the person and the target object. However. If the robot would like to communicate a particular person. it should turn its gaze to that person and make eye contact to establish mutual gaze. only such a turning action is not enough to set up eye contact when the robot and the target person are not facing each other. However.During the navigation experiments. the subject controlled the humanoid robot in an indoor maze using the BCI system with real-time images from the camera on the robot's head. Therefore. the robot should perform some actions so that it can attract the target person and meet their gaze. Effective and efficient ways of delivering a cost-effective and affordable wheelchair to . we present a robot that can attract a target person's attention by moving its head. make eye contact through showing gaze awareness by blinking its eyes. it is not easy task for a robot to shift a particular human's attention if they are not in face-to-face situation. In this paper. The results showed that three subjects successfully navigated the indoor maze using the proposed brain-actuated humanoid robot navigation system CONTROLLING HUMAN ATTENTION THROUGH ROBOT'S GAZE BEHAVIORS ABSTRACT Controlling someone's attention can be defined as shifting his/her attention from the existing direction to another. Experiments using twenty human participants confirm the effectiveness of the robot actions to control human attention DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF A HAND-GLOVE CONTROLLED WHEEL CHAIR ABSTRACT Wheelchairs are a way of reincarnating the purpose of life in the lives of disabled people.

Replacement of the popular joystick stick controlled wheel chair with a hand-glove control system for easier maneuvering by bending the fingers. Initial design results are also presented in this paper. and the monitoring data can be used as the foundation of traffic light control. Structure. In this paper. The technologies presented in this paper suggest a wide domain of possibilities to a wide variety of users. by people with disabilities. and the sensor nodes used in traffic flow surveillance are developed. The results of experiments show that WSN has the ability to collect traffic flow information quickly and transmit the datum to the processing center in real time. but is much easier to use are presented herewith. Intended users control the system by wearing an instrumented glove fitted with flex or bend sensors for controlling the movement and direction of the wheelchair. In addition. The stability experiment and the actual environment experiment are carried out in the last of the paper.the common masses. a traffic information and transmission system based on Zigbee and wireless sensor network is built. is discussed in this paper. it also aims at making a cost-effective chair so that more hi-tech wheelchairs are made use of. hardware and work flow of WSN nodes are designed. Uni-directional wireless communication exists between the instrumented gloves and the controller which is sandwiched between the user's seat and the wheels. which is not only at par with the present day technology. widely. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE WIRELESS SENSOR NODE FOR TRAFFIC FLOW SURVEILLANCE ABSTRACT Wireless sensor network is expected to be deployed in intersection to monitor the traffic flow continuously. .

it triggers an alarm & sets up a call to a predefined number through a GSM modem. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PYROELECTRIC INFRARED SENSOR BASED SECURITY SYSTEM USING MICROCONTROLLER ABSTRACT This paper evaluates the development of a Low-cost security system using small PIR (Pyroelectric Infrared) sensor built around a microcontroller. brake actuator. The low-power PIR detectors take advantage of pyroelectricity to detect a human body that is a constant source of Passive Infrared (radiation in the infrared region). digital image processing technology is used to realize the autonomous driving system which can achieve multi-mode of lane-keeping. therefore it is well-suited to surveillance.DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTELLIGENT VEHICLE DRIVING CONTROLLER ABSTRACT The goal of this paper is to implement the control and design of an intelligent vehicle based on an embedded DSP platform (eZdspΠF2812). . lane-change and obstacleavoidance. The system senses the signal generated by PIR sensor detecting the presence of individuals not at thermal equilibrium with the surrounding environment. throttle driving circuit and the sensors are equipped in a golf-car as a platform. the overall system has been examined on campus roads. industrial applications and smart environments. Detecting the presence of any unauthorized person in any specific time interval. The overall system including steering wheel AC serve motor. Otherwise. Tests performed gave promising results. This highly reactive approach has low computational requirement.

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEM FOR THE REAL-TIME ROADSIDE ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION TRANSFER ABSTRACT The paper proposed a novel system ³RTCS (Real-Time Control System for road environment)´ to prevent accidents of drivers. The goal of the system is to provide the ITS with local environmental data gathered by the USN nodes. and etc. In the higher rank terminal. For your example. the developed IP-based set-top box application provides information such as the traffic information. First. The paper presents architecture to connect a USN (Ubiquitous Sensor Network) with the ITS (Intelligent Transport System) consisting of connected OBU and RSU. environmental sensor station error. THE INTELLIGENT EMBEDDED CONTROL WARNING SYSTEM FOR CAR REVERSING . This system also distributed events into different priority due to the different damages. RSU collects and analyzes the roadside information for the driver's safety and which provides to an OBU and a management system according to the service priority. Second. This paper deployed sensors on roads and used these sensors to collect information to coordinators. it collects local environmental data and passes it to a central facility to further process it and pass it to vehicles. The system has a high potential to improve traffic in two ways. road environmental information. Vehicles are equipped with OBU (On-Board Unit) and use the OBU to query information if the coordinator or RSU (Road-Side Unit) is located in its communication range. How to use sensors to prevent accidents in vehicular environment is an interesting issue. it takes care that urgent local information is passed directly and thus quickly to local vehicles which increases traffic safety.

And as there is not much change with the reverse lamp to be seen. luminosity and distance so as to read the voltage value of the sensor and transferring them into actual values and followed by using 27 fuzzy logic rules to carry on the fuzzy logic deduction. To let the test mobile frame being located 240 cm away from the obstacle and then start the driven motor and set the frequency of it to be with 60 Hz.52 Km/h. the pedestrians can virtually know if the vehicle is backing up or not only by seeing the permanent bright reverse lamps. connecting to the sensors of angle. (in other words. It also uses the Visual Studio 2005 for developing the intelligent touch panel operating mode. this research tries to design a set of embedded intelligent car backup warning system so as to promote the safety of the walkers or the other drivers on the road. The UART interface on the Mini 2440 developing board controls the frequency converter. This research tries to do the simulated test by using a mobile frame in the same height as a real automobile. its speed is approximately in 2. Therefore. therefore their warning function for pedestrians seems to be still insufficient eventually.ABSTRACT Most of the car drivers used the reverse radar or a reverse camera to detect the road situation behind the vehicle when it is engaged in reverse gear.) the let the test mobile frame to stop at 40 cm in front of the obstacle. We found out that the warning lamp bracket installation . This embedded system uses Microsoft Win CE operating system and matches with the Mini2440 developing board. RC server and LED by using PIC16F877 to transform the signal of the sensors. As a matter of fact. And the angle of the LED reverse lamp bracket is adjusted and driven automatically according to the results of this logic deduction eventually. And then.

e test results. it has been proven that this system can reach the goal of automatically controlled car back-up warning function truly. from th. temperature. and underground environment (such as gas. safety management to provide a good basis for decision making. GPRS and Web Services technology.. ZigBee-based Mine Safety Monitoring System can achieve a variety of safety factors of production. Apparently. effectively resolves the disadvantages of wired communications. And the system is a complete set of wireless sensor . humidity and other environmental indicators) for monitoring. low power consumption. THE RESEARCH ON ZIGBEE-BASED MINE SAFETY MONITORING SYSTEM ABSTRACT In this paper the research method of Mine Safety Monitoring System based on ZigBee is elaborated. Adopting the technology of wireless sensor network based on Zigbee. flexible automatic networking temperature humidity monitoring system of soil. -THE TEMPERATURE HUMIDITY MONITORING SYSTEM OF SOIL BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS ABSTRACT This design uses a wireless sensor network as information acquisition and processing platform. The coverage is big. we design a set of low cost.angle will be changed correspondently with the distance between test mobile frame and obstacle and being declined automatically from 90 degree to 0 degree. controlling mine production. The self-organizing routing algorithm for ZigBee networks and the gateway design and systems integration are also studied. and the hardware design of ZigBee sensor node and system software design are discussed.

has a good man-computer exchange interface. low harmonic distortion. it has the advantages of simplifying both the power circuit and control circuit. a zerosequence transformer set. it shows that the system can meet the requirements of the temperature and humidity of soil environmental monitoring and unified management. solution. application. which will pass through the zero-sequence transformer set and build a single-phase voltage with high power quality for the single-phase load. The output currents of the power converter are divided into two parts. storage. The other is a set of zero-sequence currents. acquisition. One is a set of positive-sequence sinusoidal currents.network induction. and a filter capacitor. The positivesequence sinusoidal currents are employed to absorb a real power from the three-phase power source. The proposed three-phase to single-phase (3?/1?) powerconversion system comprises a power converter. reporting. and unity power factor when the single-phase load is used. Through commissioning in the demonstration base of soybean in Northeast Agricultural University. In addition. the power converter can perform the functions of three-phase balance. Since the proposed 3?/1? power-conversion system contains only one power converter. THREE-PHASE TO SINGLE-PHASE POWER-CONVERSION SYSTEM ABSTRACT A power-conversion system for converting three-phase power into single-phase power is proposed in this paper. A . whose phases are in phase with the voltages of the three-phase power source.

After receiving alarm information.prototype is developed and tested to demonstrate the performance of the proposed 3?/1? power-conversion system. in order to reach the scene of accident in the first time. When the accident occurred . THE FLEXIBLE BUS SYSTEMS USING ZIGBEE AS A COMMUNICATION MEDIUM ABSTRACT This paper describes a research on The Flexible Bus Systems (FBS) using Zigbee as a communication medium. after receiving related alarming information. The real time synchronization of The Flexible Bus System makes it information rich and unique as compared to other . the treatment centre will display this information on its map. the manual and automatic alarm can be realized. The experimental results show that the proposed system can achieve the expected performance. THE DESIGN OF THE SCENE OF THE ACCIDENT ALARM SYSTEM BASED ON ARM AND GPS ABSTRACT This system designs the scene of the accident alarm system based on ARM and GPS. the treatment Centre staffs who are on duty will notice the handler who is the nearest to the scene of the accident in time. Vehicles state and user information as well as alarm locations will be transmitted to the Pre-set of treatment centre. as well as reduce incidents impacting time on the traffic. and lower the accident mortality. The Flexible Bus System is a demand responsive transit (DRT) but it is more efficient and convenient in a sense that it entertains passenger's demands and gives bus locations in real time. and gain more treatment time for the accident injured.

MPPT BASED STAND-ALONE WATER PUMPING SYSTEM ABSTRACT Renewable energy sources are becoming a viable substitute for conventional energy sources due to increases in world's energy demand and scarce resources. INTERLEAVED SOFT-SWITCHING BOOST CONVERTER FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER-GENERATION SYSTEM ABSTRACT In this paper.2-kW prototype. Inverter drives the motor coupled to the water pump. A detailed mode analysis of the proposed topology is presented. dc power from solar panel is boosted and fed to an inverter which gives ac output.28% efficiency is achieved under the full -load condition. The feasibility of the proposed topology is experimentally verified for a 1. ruggedness. it is confirmed that the overall efficiency is increased by about 1. Consequently. Solar pump operated with AC drive offer better choice in terms of size. a interleaved soft switching boost converter (ISSBC) for a photovoltaic (PV) power-generation system is proposed. and it minimizes switching losses by adopting a resonant soft-switching method.DRTs. efficiency and maintainability. The experimental results imply that 97. . In this work. The topology used raises the efficiency for the dc/dc converter of the PV power conditioning system (PVPCS).5% compared with the conventional hard switching interleaved boost converter. The Flexible Bus Systems is a system that can replace the Traditional Bus Systems with its flexibility and efficiency. This paper discusses the use of wireless technologies in The Flexible Bus Systems and how to make it more reliable using short range wireless technology Zigbee.

zero-voltage switching turn-ON of switches and zero-current switching turn-OFF of diodes. A generalized converter is configured such that the boosthalfbridge (BHB) cells and voltage doublers are connected in parallel or in series to increase the output voltage and/or the output power. and flexibility in device selection resulting in optimized design. the proposed converter has the following features: high-step-up voltage gain with significantly reduced transformer turn ratio. . MULTIPHASE DC±DC CONVERTERS USING A BOOSTHALFBRIDGE CELL FOR HIGH-VOLTAGE AND HIGHPOWER APPLICATIONS ABSTRACT In this paper. low-input current ripple due to interleaving effect. Simulation results are also presented. These MPPT controllers are compared based on the power obtained from the boost converter. high-component availability and easy thermal distribution due to the use of multiple small components.To get the maximum power available at any instant an MPPT controller is used to control the converter. Of different types of MPPT algorithms artificial intelligence (AI) techniques are popular. multiphase dc-dc converters are proposed for high-voltage and high-power applications. the MPPT controller gives optimized duty cycle. In this proposed work. Neural network and fuzzy logic are two MPPT controllers. no additional clamping and start-up circuits required. In addition to reduced device voltage and current ratings by the connection. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) & fuzzy logic (FL) two different types of AI techniques that are used to design the MPPT controller for PV system. simulated to give optimum duty cycle. depending on solar radiation and temperature.

The scheme uses images as cover objects for Steganography and as keys for Cryptography. Experimental results are also provided to validate the proposed concept. The result of this process produces a stego image which looks quite similar to the cover image but not detectable by human eye. A theoretical analysis shows that the SCRC can reduce its inductor volume compared with a conventional buck . we try to provide Biometric as well as Password security to voter accounts. The basic idea is to merge the secret key with the cover image on the basis of key image. The proposed phase-shift control realizes zero-voltage switching operation. PERFORMANCE OF A HIGH-EFFICIENCY SWITCHEDCAPACITORBASED RESONANT CONVERTER WITH PHASE-SHIFT CONTROL ABSTRACT This paper presents operating performance of a switchedcapacitorbased resonant converter (SCRC) using a phaseshift control method. and thus achieves a high-conversion efficiency. The key image is a Biometric measure. ONLINE VOTING SYSTEM POWERED BY BIOMETRIC SECURITY USING STEGANOGRAPHY ABSTRACT Using Cryptography and Steganography at the same time. such as a fingerprint image.A design guideline of determining the optimum circuit configuration for given output voltage and power level is presented. Proper use of Cryptography greatly reduces the risks in these systems as the hackers have to find both secret key and the template. The system targets the authentication requirement of a voting system.

Wye-Delta. ground fault. the paper will discuss the starting control of low voltage motors and review the different starting types (Full Voltage Non-Reversing. It will review principles of low voltage motor protection (thermal overload. Full Voltage Reversing. Soft Starter). Zigbee network.converter when the output voltage range is within 19%81% of its input voltage. This paper will also discuss several different starting/stopping controls using communication protocols. when implemented the zigbee network .). Inverter. PROTECTION AND CONTROL OF LOW VOLTAGE MOTORS USED IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS ABSTRACT As low voltage motors are critical assets in today's industrial applications this paper will review the applications of microprocessor-based protection and control on low voltage motors less than 600 V AC in industrial facilities. Communications play a key role in the starting and stopping of low voltage motors. Experimental results verify the operating characteristics of the proposed method and show the improved conversion efficiency of more than 99%. such as Profibus. zigbee Applications and the results are given. etc. Two Speed. In addition. unbalance. REAL TIME PADDY CROP FIELD MONITORING USING ZIGBEE NETWORK ABSTRACT Sensors are the essential device for precision agricultural applications. Protocol stack. DeviceNet and Modbus. In this paper we have detailed about how to utilize the sensors in paddy crop field area and explained about Wireless Sensor Network (WSN).

This paper proposed idea about monitoring the crop field area without human interaction.experimentally in real time environment. current. Field condition is monitored by voltage. This paper is focus on the sensing and monitoring of the crop field and gives various sensing analyzes in the paddy crop field. irradiance. The web-based software developed in this paper offers stable remote access to field conditions and real-time control of the power points . The communication data for remote monitoring and distributed control are successfully transmitted using a low-cost ZigBee wireless network. This paper describes details of the design and instrumentation of smart photovoltaic modules. The power point is controlled by a integrated DC-DC converter. and temperature sensors distributed across the photovoltaic field. REMOTE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ABSTRACT Efficient energy yield is a major concern in photovoltaic systems in solar energy supply. The reference voltage is calculated based on a neural network model. The output voltage in the converter is regulated by a digital controller. and software for real-time sensing and control of a photovoltaic system with maximum power point tracking at module level. The fundamental concept of this paper is to provide a highly enabled monitoring of crop field. which is used to identify maximum power point. Smart photovoltaic modules offer a potential solution to allow solar generators to maximize their productivity. a wireless sensor network. The sensory data are periodically sampled and transmitted to a base station.

such . SINGLE-PHASE BACK-TO-BACK CONVERTER FOR ACTIVE POWER BALANCING. In this scheme. Although there are still some problems to be solved for RFID and ZigBee technologies. Setting up an RFID and ZigBee based manufacturing monitoring system is a good approach to improve monitoring efficiency so as to improve management efficiency in enterprises. APC connects the balance transformer between feeding phase for power supply and another phase for compensation. The architecture of the RFID and ZigBee based monitoring system is presented in this paper.in the smart photovoltaic system. RFID AND ZIGBEE BASED MANUFACTURING MONITORING SYSTEM ABSTRACT Traditional methods of monitoring production in enterprises by humans on site are unable to meet the expectations for efficiency. which is called cophase power supply scheme. their unique features still make the monitoring system based on them a promising system in manufacturing enterprises. accuracy and cost as product lifecycles are shortened continuously. It has some characteristics. REACTIVE POWER COMPENSATION. AND HARMONIC FILTERING IN TRACTION POWER SYSTEM ABSTRACT An active power compensator (APC) based on singlephase back-to-back power converter is proposed in this paper to solve problems of power quality of electric railway power supply system. This system adopts a singlephase feeding connection.

and harmonics filtering. A cophase system with APC based on field programmable gate array (FPGA) and YNvd balance transformer is also designed and evaluated. a multifunctional control algorithm is proposed to realize every conceivable model. and lower the accident mortality. THE DESIGN OF THE SCENE OF THE ACCIDENT ALARM SYSTEM BASED ON ARM AND GPS ABSTRACT This system designs the scene of the accident alarm system based on ARM and GPS. and the power quality of a substation with distorted loads can be improved integrally.as active power balancing. In this paper. after receiving related alarming information. After receiving alarm information. The experimental results obtained from this prototype illustrate that the compensating ability is extremely high in steady-state and dynamic responses. as well as reduce incidents impacting time on the traffic. reactive power compensating. the treatment centre will display this information on its map. Vehicles state and user information as well as alarm locations will be transmitted to the Pre-set of treatment centre. and gain more treatment time for the accident injured. When the accident occurred . In order to achieve these characteristics. the manual and automatic alarm can be realized. the treatment Centre staffs who are on duty will notice the handler who is the nearest to the scene of the accident in time. the control scheme requires seven combination models. in order to reach the scene of accident in the first time. HIGH-EFFICIENCY REGULATION METHOD FOR A ZEROCURRENT AND ZERO-VOLTAGE CURRENT-FED PUSH± PULL CONVERTER ABSTRACT .

and therefore.A new high-efficiency regulation method for a zero-current and zero-voltage current-fed push-pull converter is presented. FAULT-TOLERANT TORQUE CONTROL OF BLDC MOTORS ABSTRACT Fault tolerance is critical for servomotors used in high-risk applications. The novelty of the presented converter is that regulation is achieved without affecting the zero-voltage and zero-current switching in any working conditions. even if one of its phases fails. validates the theoretical developments.and large-signal models of the converter have been developed and a low-power prototype has been simulated and implemented. which only handles a percentage of the output power. controls this transformer. The distinct feature of the FT controller is that it is applicable to BLdc motors with any back-electromotive-force waveform. which adds or subtracts an additional voltage to the output filter of the converter. between the experimental simulations and theoretical results. . results in much higher efficiency than a normal preregulator would have. robots. An auxiliary regulator. even if insulation failure or open-circuit of a winding occur. This paper presents a fault-tolerant (FT) torque controller for brushless dc (BLdc) motors that can maintain accurate torque production with minimum power dissipation. an observer estimates the phase voltages from a model based on Fourier coefficients of the motor waveform. First. These motors should be capable of continued functional operation. such as aerospace. The method proposed is based on the use of a controlled transformer as a post-regulator. Small. and military. The good agreement.

Two approaches. The effects of walking parameters.The faulty phases are detected from the covariance of the estimation error. DEVELOPMENT ON GAS LEAK DETECTION AND LOCATION SYSTEM BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR . an attempt has been made to develop a detailed dynamic model of a realistic six-legged robot during its crab motion. DYNAMIC MODELING AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION ANALYSIS OF CRAB WALKING OF A SIX-LEGGED ROBOT ABSTRACT In this paper. namely velocity. the phase currents of the remaining phases are optimally reshaped so that the motor accurately generates torque as requested while minimizing power loss subject to maximum current limitation of the current amplifiers. duty factor and crab angle are studied on energy consumption during crab walking. An energy consumption model has been derived for statically stable wave-crab gaits after considering a minimum of dissipating energy for optimal feet forces distributions. The performances of these approaches have been compared with each other for different values of duty factor. such as minimization of norm of feet forces and minimization of norm of joint torques have been developed. Experimental results illustrate the capability of the FT controller to achieve ripple-free torque performance during a phase failure at the expenses of increasing the mean and maximum power loss by 28% and 68% and decreasing the maximum motor torque by 49%. Subsequently. stroke. Wave gait with a lower duty factor is found to be more energy-efficient compared to that with the higher duty factor at the highest possible velocity.

gives the overall system design. healthcare. and telecommunication services. one of telecommunication value-added services. In this paper. especially those who live alone. this is fuelled by the need to provide supporting systems for the elderly and the disabled. The system is based on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN).NETWORKS ABSTRACT Develops a gas leak detection and location system for the production safety in Petrochemical Industry. VOICE RECOGNITION BASED WIRELESS HOME AUTOMATION SYSTEM ABSTRACT Home Automation industry is growing rapidly. even can not obtain data from an accident and locate accurately. we present a voice transmission system. it can collect the data of monitoring sites wirelessly and sent to the computer to update values in the location software. the world population is confirmed to be . it can give a real-time detective of the potential risk area. and then provides the approaches on both hardware and software to achieve it. first. VOICE OVER ZIGBEE NETWORKS ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING ABSTRACT ZigBee technology is being embedded in a range of applications up to smart energy. based on the low-rate ZigBee networks. We design a model to perform a sensor role as a member of ZigBee networks in addition to providing the costeffective voice transmission function. Coupled with this. However the former systems can not react in time. Consequently. The paper has three parts. collect the data of a leak accident and locate the leakage point.

getting older. Home automation systems must comply with the household standards and convenience of usage. This paper details the overall design of a wireless home automation system (WHAS) which has been built and implemented. The automation centres on recognition of voice commands and uses low-power RF ZigBee wireless communication modules which are relatively cheap. The home automation system is intended to control all lights and electrical appliances in a home or office using voice commands. The system has been tested and verified. The verification tests included voice recognition response test, indoor ZigBee communication test, and the compression and decompression tests of DPCM (Differential Pulse Code Modulation) speech signals. The tests involved a mix of 35 male and female subjects with different English accents. 35 different voice commands were sent by each person. Thus the test involved sending a total of 1225 commands and 79.8% of these commands were recognised correctly. A GSM, INTERNET AND SPEECH CONTROLLED WIRELESS INTERACTIVE HOME AUTOMATION SYSTEM ABSTRACT The home automation today needs to make use of the latest technological components available. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of a home automation system where communication technologies GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication), Internet, and speech recognition have been used. All these techniques are successfully merged in a single wireless home automation system. This system offers a complete, low cost, powerful and user friendly way of realtime

monitoring and remote control of a house VOLTAGE-SOURCE PWM RECTIFIER±INVERTER BASED ON DIRECT POWER CONTROL AND ITS OPERATION CHARACTERISTICS ABSTRACT This paper describes a novel control strategy of direct power-control-based voltage-source pulsewidth modulation (PWM) rectifier-inverter. The key of this strategy is direct selection of a switching state of the PWM rectifier-inverter on basis of instantaneous power errors. A relationship between the instantaneous power and the switching state of the PWM rectifier-inverter is theoretically analyzed, which is essential to compose a switching-state table. Effectiveness of the proposed technique is examined through several experimental tests, using a 1.6-kW prototype. As a result, unity power factor operation is achieved by the proposed method, and the output currents are confirmed to be sinusoidal waveforms without large distortion under balanced and unbalanced power-source condition. ZIGBEE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING SYSTEM ABSTRACT This paper presents a Information system for ZigBee Energy Dispenser (ZED), with onsite Charging Hotspot subsystem (Z-key, Z-Charger and Data Hub) and backend Web portals subsystem (i-Plug), over wireless transmission by using ZigBee module and wired transmission on internet network. ZED is an AMI solution dedicated to electrical vehicle charging for both private and public car parks. It is a platform which aimed to coordinate the data flow among customer, Utility information system (e.g MDMS, billing) and Charging Hotspot.

ZIGBEE/GPS TRACKING SYSTEM FOR ROWING RACES ABSTRACT In this paper a ZigBee/GPS Tracking System for Rowing Races is presented. The system provides real-time monitoring of boat position. Potential applications includes, race monitoring, aided-training and safety systems. The system is composed of two main types of modules, Mobile Units equipped with a GPS receiver (in the boat), and a fixed one composed by the Central Unit and the Race Manager, located in the operations room. The communication between the Central and the Mobile units is provided by a point to multipoint ZigBee wireless network. At the current development stage a system prototype was developed and used for testing purposes. Preliminary tests, in order to make a first assessment of system functionalities, were performed in a simulated land environment and the obtained results were promising. HYBRID WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING ZIGBEE AND WIFI TECHNOLOGY IN THE COALMINE TUNNELS ABSTRACT Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) used under the coalmine tunnel is an emerging area of research that promises to provide reliable and flexible communication. This paper first discussed the best working frequency about the WSN in coalmine. Then, according to the actual circumstances of coal mine, the network structure should adopt cluster-tree topology. We also develop a multifunction communication wireless system using ZigBee and WiFi technology, which can achieve the functions of gas monitoring, wireless communication, personnel management and video

The reasons are offset and drift components in the acquired feedback signals. A further improvement is a novel method for online adaptation of the stator resistance. New modeling and identification techniques are proposed to overcome these problems. voltage distortions caused by the nonlinear behavior of the switching converter. etc. . improved measurement accuracy. Practical applications showed that the multifunction communication system can satisfy the need of dispatch communication and safety monitor in the coal mine tunnel. Compensation of the drift components is done by offset identification. increased timely information. and the increased sensitivity against model parameter mismatch. Experiments demonstrate smooth steady-state operation and high dynamic performance at extremely low speed. The nonlinear voltage distortions are corrected by a selfadjusting inverter model.surveillance. A pure integrator is employed for stator flux estimation which permits highestimation bandwidth. SENSORLESS VECTOR CONTROL OF INDUCTION MOTORS AT VERY LOW SPEED USING A NONLINEAR INVERTER MODEL AND PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION ABSTRACT The performance of vector-controlled induction motor drives without a speed sensor is generally poor at very low speed. INTELLIGENT ONLINE MEASUREMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF ENERGY METER DATA THROUGH ADVANCED WIRELESS NETWORK ABSTRACT Recently the Electrical supply companies are trying to adopt the electronic measurement of energy consumption data because of reduced manufacturing cost.

For that reason a buck converter in DCM was used to realize the DC to DC converter. The hardware circuit accepts single phase voltage and currents as its inputs and provides the output in the form of logic data proportional to the average real power. However. This data is fed to a remote computer server through the wireless ZigBee network that represents the concept of distant wireless metering. The DCM operation was used in order to shrink the magnetic components. as described in the paper. an improved energy metering solution is developed. DCM converters are not inherently bi-directional. This paper also presents a software solution developed for total electrical energy billing and data management system. In this paper with the help of an energy chip. practically involving no manpower.miniature size and many other benefits that go well beyond the traditional rotor-plate energy meter type. The unique controller developed here allows for the DCM converter to seamlessly direct power from low voltage side to high voltage side and from high voltage side back to low voltage side. so size becomes a pressing design parameter. . where automating the progression of measurement through digital wireless communication technique is adopted to get the above benefits along with smooth control. The converter was designed for hybrid electric vehicles. BI-DIRECTIONAL DCM DC TO DC CONVERTER FOR HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES ABSTRACT This paper presents a bi-directional DC to DC converter with a unique concept in control. The developed energy meter calculates the total average active power mainly for residential consumers.

A NEW ADAPTIVE WEIGHT ALGORITHM FOR SALT AND PEPPER NOISE REMOVAL ABSTRACT A new adaptive weight algorithm is developed for the removal of salt and pepper noise. low power consumption. It consists of two major steps. reporting. has a good man-computer exchange interface. flexible automatic networking temperature humidity monitoring system of soil. solution. . we design a set of low cost. And the system is a complete set of wireless sensor network induction. Through commissioning in the demonstration base of soybean in Northeast Agricultural University. effectively resolves the disadvantages of wired communications. The coverage is big. Adopting the technology of wireless sensor network based on Zigbee. The technology developed here offers the designer the option to utilize the benefits of a buck converter in DCM while still maintaining a bi-directional power flow.A power management technique was also developed to handle a wide array of conditions present in hybrid electric vehicle applications. acquisition. it shows that the system can meet the requirements of the temperature and humidity of soil environmental monitoring and unified management. application. then use different methods based on the various noise levels. first to detect noise pixels according to the correlations between image pixels. storage. GPRS and Web Services technology. THE TEMPERATURE HUMIDITY MONITORING SYSTEM OF SOIL BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS ABSTRACT This design uses a wireless sensor network as information acquisition and processing platform.

and Progressive Switched Median Filter (PSMF). the demand for the indoor robots has increased. Therefore. increased opportunities for many people to . This proposed algorithm shows better results than the Standard Median Filter (MF). The proposed algorithm is tested against different grayscale and color images and it gives better Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) and Image Enhancement Factor (IEF). Experiments show the proposed algorithm has advantages over regularizing methods in terms of both edge preservation and noise removal. REMOVAL OF HIGH DENSITY SALT AND PEPPER NOISE THROUGH MODIFIED DECISION BASED UNSYMMETRIC TRIMMED MEDIAN FILTER ABSTRACT A modified decision based unsymmetrical trimmed median filter algorithm for the restoration of gray scale. and color images that are highly corrupted by salt and pepper noise is proposed in this paper. OPERATION IMPROVEMENT OF INDOOR ROBOT BY GESTURE RECOGNITION ABSTRACT Recently. it still can get a significant performance. even for heavily contaminated image with noise level as high as 90%. 0's and 255's are present in the selected window and when all the pixel values are 0's and 255's then the noise pixel is replaced by mean value of all the elements present in the selected window. and for the high noise level.For the low noise level. an adaptive weight algorithm is used. neighborhood signal pixels mean method is adopted to remove the noise. Modified Decision Based Algorithm (MDBA). The proposed algorithm replaces the noisy pixel by trimmed median value when other pixel values. Decision Based Algorithm (DBA).

and dynamic loads. and a voltage and frequency controller are modeled and simulated in MATLAB using Simulink and Sim Power System set toolboxes. The proposed system utilizes two back-to-back-connected pulsewidth modulationcontrolled insulated-gatebipolartransistorbased voltage-source converters (VSCs) with a battery energy storage system at their dc link. ISOLATED WIND±HYDRO HYBRID SYSTEM USING CAGE GENERATORS AND BATTERY STORAGE ABSTRACT This paper deals with a new isolated wind-hydro hybrid generation system employing one squirrel-cage induction generator (SCIG) driven by a variable-speed wind turbine and another SCIG driven by a constant-power hydro turbine feeding three-phase four-wire local loads.and reactive-power flow. The main objectives of the control algorithm for the VSCs are to achieve maximum power tracking (MPT) through rotor speed control of a wind-turbine-driven SCIG under varying wind speeds and control of the magnitude and the frequency of the load voltage. it is often difficult to operate a robot using the conventional methods like remote control. for many people. Our method pays attention to the direction and movement of the hand.operate the robots have emerged. To solve this problem. We were able to recognize several gestures in real -time. and under varying . and different aspects of the proposed system are studied for various types of linear. nonlinear. by which it controls the magnitude and the frequency of the load voltage. The proposed electromechanical system using SCIGs. The proposed wind-hydro hybrid system has a capability of bidirectional active. we propose a robot operation system using the hand gesture recognition. an MPT controller. However.

VSC HVDC is a rather new technology with promising characteristics for offshore wind transmission. voltage and frequency control (VFC). and has to be transported over very long distances to make a connection with the main supply grid. Result show that the SVC HVDC transmission system with SCIC could get a cost-efficient. a techno-economic analysis for VSC HVDC with SCIG was proposed. But placing wind farms offshore rises a lot o challenges related to construction. The performance of the proposed system is presented to demonstrate its capability of MPT. TECHNO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SVC-HVDC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM FOR OFFSHORE WIND ABSTRACT One of the trends concerning offshore wind farms is to increase the distance from the wind farm to the shore. The possible structures for offshore wind farm and some feasible turbine topologies for offshore wind were introduced in the paper. Based on the grid code requirements. and load balancing. And the techno-economic value analysis for VSC HVDC is necessary as all projects require a maximal effort in order to make the offshore wind farm viable. harmonic elimination.wind-speed conditions. GRID INTERCONNECTION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AT THE DISTRIBUTION LEVEL WITH POWERQUALITY IMPROVEMENT FEATURES ABSTRACT Renewable energy resources (RES) are being increasingly . This HVDC system is compared to the main variable-speed topologies (DFIG and DDPMSG) in combination with HVAC and a typical wind farm is put upfront to investigate. installation and nevertheless with the energy transmission.

With such a control. This paper presents a novel control strategy for achieving maximum benefits from these gridinterfacing inverters when installed in 3-phase 4-wire distribution systems. In this paper. load current harmonics. Also. The inverter is controlled to perform as a multi-function device by incorporating active power filter functionality. emergency control in distribution systems is discussed by using the proposed multifunctional DVR control strategy.connected in distribution systems utilizing power electronic converters. the combination of grid-interfacing inverter and the 3-phase 4wire linear/non-linear unbalanced load at point of common coupling appears as balanced linear load to the grid. All of these functions may be accomplished either individually or simultaneously. This new control concept is demonstrated with extensive MATLAB/Simulink simulation studies and validated through digital signal processor-based laboratory experimental results. and 2) shunt APF to compensate current unbalance. the multiloop controller using the Posicast and P+Resonant controllers is proposed in order to improve the transient response and eliminate the steady-state error . load reactive power demand and load neutral current. The inverter can thus be utilized as: 1) power converter to inject power generated from RES to the grid. A NEW APPROACH TO MULTIFUNCTIONAL DYNAMIC VOLTAGE RESTORER IMPLEMENTATION FOR EMERGENCY CONTROL IN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS ABSTRACT The dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) is one of the modern devices used in distribution systems to protect consumers against sudden changes in voltage amplitude.

respectively. From grid reactive voltage control target and practical operation routine. that is. Reactive voltage is the most outstanding and one of the most concerned problems. The innovation here is that the DVR acts as a virtual impedance with the main aim of protecting the PCC voltage during downstream fault without any problem in real power injection into the DVR. the capability of the proposed DVR has been tested to limit the downstream fault current. and a three-phase short circuit fault. The current limitation will restore the point of common coupling (PCC) (the bus to which all feeders under study are connected) voltage and protect the DVR itself. and validates its efficiency with the case study. RESEARCH ON THE WIND FARM REACTIVE POWER COMPENSATION CAPACITY AND CONTROL TARGET ABSTRACT Wind generation rapid development has brought challenge to the grid.in DVR response. gives the simplified approach to estimate reactive power compensation capacity. wind turbines reactive . Simulation results show the capability of the DVR to control the emergency conditions of the distribution systems. the paper analyses and compares the impacts of two reactive power control targets. constant voltage and constant power factor. This paper introduces the concept of wind farms reactive power compensation and wind power grid code with respect to reactive power regulation all over the world. hierarchical reactive power balance. The proposed algorithm is applied to some disturbances in load voltage caused by induction motors starting. The conclusion shows that the reactive power compensation control target of wind farms should be determined by the robustness of the grid integrated. Also. on the grid steady-state operation.

a static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) is used to investigate the effect of this device in . the 12-pulse D-STATCOM configuration with IGBT is designed and the graphic based models of the DSTATCOM are developed using the PSCAD/EMTDC electromagnetic transient simulation program. In this paper. such as Line-to-Line (LL) and Double Line to Ground (DLG) faults and supplies power to sensitive loads under islanding condition. that be able to both mitigate all types of faults and operate as a Distributed Generation (DG). it is under islanded operating condition). when it supplies power to sensitive loads while the main utility source is disconnected (i.e. FLEXIBLE D-STATCOM PERFORMANCE AS A FLEXIBLE DISTRIBUTED GENERATION IN MITIGATING FAULTS ABSTRACT This paper proposes a flexible D-STATCOM (Distribution Static COMpensator) and its new controller system. and the reactive compensation device applied in wind farms. The reliability and robustness of the control schemes in the system response to the voltage disturbances caused by LL and DLG faults and islanded operating condition are obviously proved in the simulation results. POWER SYSTEM STABILITY ENHANCEMENT USING STATIC SYNCHRONOUS SERIES COMPENSATOR (SSSC) ABSTRACT In this study.voltage control characteristic. Thus D-STATCOM operates same as a flexible DG (FDG) and consequently. This paper validates the performance of FDSTATCOM system to mitigate power quality problems and improve distribution system performance under all types of system related disturbances and system unbalanced faults. it is called Flexible D-STATCOM (FDSTATCOM).

the MC-based UPFC (MC-UPFC) has reduced volume and cost. Theoretical principles of direct power control (DPC) based on sliding mode control techniques are established for an MC-UPFC dynamic model including the input filter. As a result. Simulation results obtained for selected bus-2 in two machine power system shows the efficacy of this compensator as one of the FACTS devices member in controlling power flows. MATRIX CONVERTER-BASED UNIFIED POWER-FLOW CONTROLLERS ADVANCED DIRECT POWER CONTROL METHOD ABSTRACT This paper presents a direct power control (DPC) for threephase matrix converters operating as unified power flow controllers (UPFCs). together with ac supply reactive power. achieving the desired value for active and reactive powers. Matrix converters (MCs) allow the direct ac/ac power conversion without dc energy storage links. reduced capacitor power losses.controlling active and reactive powers as well as damping power system oscillations in transient mode. Compared to an MC-UPFC using active and reactive power . and damping oscillations appropriately. The SSSC equipped with a source of energy in the DC link can supply or absorb the reactive and active power to or from the line. zero steady-state tracking error. Simulations have been done in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. therefore. line active and reactive power. can be directly controlled by selecting an appropriate matrix converter switching state guaranteeing good steady-state and dynamic responses. and fast response times. together with higher reliability. Experimental results of DPC controllers for MC-UPFC show decoupled active and reactive power control.

According to the analysis results. analysis. a double loop control scheme is designed: the inner loop utilizes the inverse system control technique plus a switchable phase-lead compensator. and the outer loop implements an ordinary propotional-integral controller. ANALYSIS. AND CONTROL FOR THE RECTIFIER OF HYBRID HVDC SYSTEMS FOR DFIG-BASED WIND FARMS ABSTRACT In order to improve the dynamic performance of the hybrid HVdc system for doubly fed induction generator wind farms. and control methods for its line-commutated rectifier. First. the state variable model of the rectifier subsystem on the reference frame is derived considering different control modes of the current source inverter subsystem. Finally. MODELING. PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF LCL-T RESONANT CONVERTER WITH FUZZY/PID CONTROLLER USING STATE SPACE ANALYSIS ABSTRACT A closed loop series parallel resonant converter with LCLT configuration has been simulated and presented in this . presenting no crosscoupling in dynamic and steady-state responses. the ac current dynamic of the rectifier subsystem is quantitatively analyzed based on the eigenvalue analysis method. this paper presents the modeling. the validity of the quantitative analysis method and the superiority of the proposed control scheme are verified by Simulink / SimPowerSystems simulations. the experimental results of the advanced DPC-MC guarantee faster responses without overshoot and no steady-state error. Then.linear controllers based on a modified Venturini highfrequency PWM modulator.

a class-B power amplifier. IEEE Transactions on ABSTRACT A 2. The digital processor automatically compensates preset frequency variation with process.paper. The proposed approach is expected to provide better voltage regulation for dynamic load conditions. and nonvolatile memory (NVM). The fuzzy/PID controller has been used for closed loop operation and the performance of proposed converter has been estimated with the closed loop and the open loop condition. and temperature.4-GHz energy-efficient transmitter (TX) for wireless medical applications is presented in this paper. The frequency presetting technique can accurately preset the carrier frequency of the voltage-controlled oscillator and reduce the lock-in time of the PLL synthesizer. The Harmonic Spectrum and steady state error for various load condition have been obtained to validate the role of controllers. further increasing the data rate of communication with low power consumption.3 mm 2. The design is implemented in 0.4-GHZ ENERGY-EFFICIENT TRANSMITTER FOR WIRELESS MEDICAL APPLICATIONS Biomedical Circuits and Systems. a digital processor. The NVM stores the presetting signals and calibration data so that the TX can avoid the repetitive calibration process and save the energy in practical applications. It consists of four blocks: a phase-locked loop (PLL) synthesizer with a direct frequency presetting technique. voltage. The mathematical model using state space approach has been developed and simulated using MATLAB.18.m radio-frequency complementary metal-oxide semiconductor process and the active area is 1. . The performance of the converter has been found to be better when the fuzzy controller has been considered. A 2.

A DECISION-SUPPORT MODEL FOR FILTERING RFID READ DATA IN SUPPLY CHAINS ABSTRACT The introduction of radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags in supply chains engenders the need for incorporating and utilizing the additional generated data.4-mA current from a 1.2 nJ/b·mW and 4. Common errors observed in these data include false positives and false negatives. are complete and rife with necessary information for making decisions. once generated. the errors in read rate cannot be completely eliminated.The TX achieves 0-dBm output power with a maximum data rate of 4 Mb/s/2 Mb/s and dissipates 2. The reality is. We implement the proposed models and illustrate their performance.7-mA/5. respectively. We present and illustrate few algorithms that can be used to reduce false read rates.8-V power supply for on-off keying/frequency-shift keying modulation. A HYBRID WIRED/WIRELESS NETWORKING INFRASTRUCTUREFOR GREENHOUSE MANAGEMENT This paper appears in: Instrumentation and Measurement. IEEE Transactions on . and decision makers are left to deal with such data while managing the supply chain.8 nJ/b· mW when normalized to the transmitting power. Given that these data are among the set of primary inputs for decision-making purposes. The corresponding energy efficiency is 1. We consider models for filtering data that are already being gathered in RFID systems and utilize it to improve read-rate accuracy. however. the read-rate accuracy is of paramount importance for effectively managing supply chains incorporating such data. It is generally assumed that these data. that these data are not error free. Although there are means by which the RFID tag read rate could be improved to a certain extent.

There have been independent solutions in increasing the harvesting efficiency either on the mechanical harvester or on its power management circuitry. In particular. In such contexts.ABSTRACT In this paper. even though the replacement of the wired system with a fully wireless one can appear very attractive. and environmental monitoring. such as a fieldbus. A SELF-SUPPLIED INERTIAL PIEZOELECTRIC ENERGY HARVESTER WITH POWER-MANAGEMENT IC ABSTRACT Harvesting energy from ambient vibrations is a promising technology for fully autonomous wireless sensor nodes. porting of Smart Distributed System services on ZigBee. The management of this kind of farms requires data acquisition in each greenhouse and their transfer to a control unit which is usually located in a control room. Moreover. where Controller Area Network and ZigBee protocols are used. the problems related to the management of a farm made up of several greenhouses are discussed. allows one to access the network resources independently from the network segment they are connected to. A solution based on a hybrid wired/wireless network. the data transfer between the greenhouses and the control system is mainly provided by a suitable wired communication system. is presented along with all the related problems that this integration involves. industrial. in order to integrate at the Data Link Layer the wireless section with the wired one. At present. a suitable multiprotocol bridge has been implemented. Recently. a fully wireless system can introduce some disadvantages. a piezo electric MEMS harvester using AIN was . separated from the production area. called ZSDS. at the Application Layer. which can give birth to new applications in biomedical.

The concept is based on an object carrying an RFID reader module. and/or ultrasound. or efficient rectification of low-voltage outputs. Meanwhile. to realize an efficient stand-alone energy generator platform. hospitals. where Global Positioning System devices generally do not work. which includes a MEMS harvester hybridly integrated with its power management circuitry for autonomous charging of an energy reservoir. A positioning system using a Kalman filter is proposed. factories. The proposed algorithm first estimates the . and have been tested with commercial meso-scale piezoelectric beams. Most available systems apply wireless concepts.demonstrated to generate enough energy to autonomously power a wireless temperature sensor with a full-bridge rectifier built with off-the-shelf components. This paper presents a self-supplied energy generator. optical tracking. This paper presents a standalone IPS using radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. The inputs of the proposed algorithm are the measurements of the backscattered signal power propagated from nearby RFID tags and a tag-path position database. IEEE Transactions on ABSTRACT Indoor positioning systems (IPSs) locate objects in closed structures such as office buildings. and warehouses. AC-DC converters for piezoelectric harvesters have been designed to enable efficient power extraction. which reads low-cost passive tags installed next to the object path. A STANDALONE RFID INDOOR POSITIONING SYSTEM USING PASSIVE TAGS This paper appears: Industrial Electronics. However. stores. it is necessary to integrate these efforts into a single low-volume system.

an iterative procedure is implemented. Based on the location estimate. illustrating the high performance of the proposed positioning system. false alerts and effectiveness of the protection techniques. The testbed is also used to evaluate the detection rate. where the latter is iteratively compensated from the received signal strength information measurement.location of the reader. neglecting tag-reader angle-path loss. Most significantly impacted are the industrial control systems through replacement of old electromechanical systems with advanced computing and communication technologies. We present preliminary results on using the testbed to detect a selected set of cyber attacks and the impact of the protection techniques on the operations of the system. A TESTBED FOR ANALYZING SECURITY OF SCADA CONTROL SYSTEMS (TASSCS) ABSTRACT The critical infrastructures of our society are in the process of being modernized. as these control systems were not designed with security in mind. Experimental results are presented. Securing critical infrastructures is a challenging research problem. This modernization has introduced new vulnerabilities to those infrastructures. This paper presents a testbed designed to study and simulate the various available techniques for securing and protecting Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems against a wide range of cyber attacks. A VIBRATION-BASED ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY HARVESTER USING MECHANICAL FREQUENCY UPCONVERSION METHOD ABSTRACT . targeting the estimation of the tag-reader angle-path loss.

The obtained power density is 184 W/cm3. The effect of scaling down the device dimensions is investigated through the developed model and fabricated prototypes.This paper presents a new vibration-based electromagnetic energy harvester using a mechanical frequency up-conversion method for harvesting energy from external low-frequency vibrations within a range of 110 Hz. AN INTELLIGENT LIGHTING SYSTEM FOR EXHIBITION APPLICATIONS ABSTRACT This paper presents the design and the implementation of a lighting system which is able to detect the approach of the visitors and then turn the lighting onto the normal intensity to let the exhibition be bright enough. hence increasing the efficiency of the system.6 mV and 544. The model predicts the performance parameters of the structures within 5% error range. and a mechanical barrier which converts low-frequency vibrations to a higher frequency.96 cm3. It is shown that the power density of the energy harvester is increased as its dimensions are scaled down. a polystyrene cantilever carrying a pick-up coil. The structure consists of a magnet placed on a diaphragm.7 W rms power output by upconverting 10-Hz external vibration to 394 Hz. An analytical model is developed to analyze the behavior of the energy harvester prototypes with various dimensions. with a device volume of 2. The tested structure proved to generate 88. proving that the proposed structure is a good candidate to be used in low-power wireless microsystems operating at lowfrequency vibrations. .

second. it provides greater agreement with an expert scorer .31) in a clinical study. fourth. This paper combines and improves these methods to give a method for the automated. AUTOMATED OFF-LINE RESPIRATORY EVENT DETECTION FOR THE STUDY OF POSTOPERATIVE APNEA IN INFANTS ABSTRACT Previously.All lightings are equipped with the energy-saving function which will turn itself to the dimming level automatically after the visitors' leaving. PIR (Passive Infrared) sensors are utilized in the system instead of a video camera for the purposes of both cost-down and privacy issue. movement artifact. A comparison of the events detected with the automated method to those visually scored by an expert clinician demonstrated a higher agreement (? = 0. we presented automated methods for thoracoabdominal asynchrony estimation and movement artifact detection in respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) signals. third. it is fully automated. The new procedure was successfully applied to cardiorespiratory signals acquired postoperatively from infants in the recovery room. the analysis is repeatable and standardized. off-line detection of pause.52) than that amongst several human scorers (? = 0. The method provides the following advantages: first. and asynchrony. it is more efficient than visual scoring. Simulation studies demonstrated that the new combined method is accurate and robust in the presence of noise. The lightings are also designed to have network interface to let them be able to be connected together to form an intelligent lighting system which can not only collect the exhibition information but also help the administrators to secure the exposition.

The complete SCADA system for water distribution enable .driven Decision Support System. The water theft can be best monitored by the flow variations given by the flow sensors mounted on the channels. The system uses HMI implemented on PC to ensure the process supervision and remote control functions based on OPC technologies and wireless communication components for WAN data transfer. Examples of applications include respiratory monitoring of postsurgical patients and sleep studies. it is applicable to uncalibrated RIP signals.RTU.compared to the agreement between trained scorers. Along with this one more problem is identified in the water supply channels. AUTOMATED URBAN DRINKING WATER SUPPLY CONTROL AND WATER THEFT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM ABSTRACT The rapid growing of the wide urban residential areas imposes the expansion as well as the modernization of the existing water supply facilities. fifth. The reliable instrumentation connected to PLC or RTU assure real time monitoring of the main technological parameters of large water distribution networks. and lastly. Process automation system based upon utilization of an industrial PLC and PC systems including all the network components represents the best way to improve the water distribution technological process. The data acquired of SCADA system (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) represent the support for optimization of the process and data. The system includes Remote Terminal Units . it is amenable to online detection. specific transducers and actuators distributed on a wide geographical area and control and power panels for the pump stations. some people use ½ HP to 1 HP pump to suck the water directly from the channel of their home street.

Our sensing experiment shows that we reduce the system's power consumption. This paper designs some wireless sensor monitoring nodes distributed on the hillside. Traditional surveillance systems suffer from an unnecessary waste of power and the shortcomings of memory conditions in the absence of invasion. the frequent occurrence of landslide disasters. a cost effective use of equipment. This state transition method saves a large number of sensors required for the alert power. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A HOME EMBEDDED SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM WITH ULTRA-LOW ALERT POWER This paper appears in: Consumer Electronics. We also use the Majority Voting Mechanism (MVM) to manage the sensor groups to enhance the probability of multiple sensors sensing. caused great harm to people's lives and properties.the user to get a high operation safety of the network. the program starts the Web camera. IEEE Transactions on ABSTRACT In this paper we design and implement a home embedded surveillance system with ultra-low alert power. After the MCU sends the sensor signals to the embedded system. they construct a wireless data collection network based on the . In this design we use Pyroelectric Infrared sensors (PIR) and pressure sensors as the alert group in windows and doors where an intruder must pass through. These low-power alert sensors wake up the MCU (Micro Controller Unit) which has power management for the ultrasonic sensors and PIR sensors indoors. DESIGN OF LANDSLIDE WARNING SYSTEM ABSTRACT In recent years. energy efficiency and optimize the daily operation and maintenance procedures.

. we select the ring laser gyro (RLG) strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) as the core navigation system. This design can collects the depth of water in the mountain and the slope angle of the hillside. This design combines GSM wireless communication technology and wireless sensor network. and provides the monitoring center with warning information in time. continuous and reliable navigation of the system. the multisensor integrated navigation system for land vehicle based on the multi-sensor information fusion technology is designed and accomplished in this paper.ZigBee protocol. The theoretical analysis and experiment results show that the designed system takes on higher accuracy and reliability and satisfies different application demands. Thus it can realize the high-accuracy. so related departments can take effective measures rapidly to protect people's lives and properties DESIGN OF MULTI-SENSOR INTEGRATED NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR LAND VEHICLE ABSTRACT In order to improve the accuracy and reliability of the vehicle navigation. according to the actual work condition. and the centralized Kalman filter algorithm is adopted to estimate and correct the errors of the system. in this system the sensors information is rationally selected as measurements. The result proves that each node works stably and the status of network communication is good. With respect to the advantages and disadvantages of all the sensors. it have completed the work from the system solution to the whole process of software and hardware design. so it is more suitable for practical application. and select GPS and odometer as the navigation aids.

DEVELOPMENT OF A DISTRIBUTED DATA COLLECTION SYSTEM BASED ON EMBEDDED ETHERNET ABSTRACT We describe a low cost distributed data collection system based on embedded Ethernet. Embedded Ethernet is nothing but a microcontroller. Low cost microcontrollers have memory limitations. The model transmitted the information fed by the sensors distributed over various body parts to the computer through wireless transmission devices for further analysis and judgment. the impact acceleration and normal (habitual) acceleration can be compared to determine the level of injury. after a fall accident occurs. The model can determine the possible occurrence of fall accidents. which is able to communicate with the network. have limited connectivity options. In addition. when an accidental fall occurs. and therefore. and employed cognitive adjustment method to adjust the acceleration range of various body parts in different movements. when the acceleration significantly exceeds the usual acceleration range. so that more information can be provided for medical personnel for more accurate judgment. Enabling a microcontroller to communicate to a data communication network would allow greater flexibility and enhance their usage in several applications that require .DETECTION OF COGNITIVE INJURED BODY REGION USINGMULTIPLE TRIAXIAL ACCELEROMETERS FOR ELDERLY FALLING ABSTRACT This paper aimed to use several triaxial acceleration sensor devices for joint sensing of injured body parts. This study also implemented a sensing system for analysis. The area of the body parts that may sustain greater impact force are marked red in this system.

As a result. Experiments in a real-world environment and performance comparison with state-of-the-art techniques are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed technique. IEEE Transactions on ABSTRACT We examine user-friendly voice interface that requires the hands-free speech acquisition in the continuously listening environment. monitoring or controlling such applications. In this paper. we remove the acoustic event sounds and make decision of the explicit utterance boundary from the input audio stream. This makes the speech recognition system frequently or incorrectly activated. FAULT LOCATION IN UNDERGROUND POWER NETWORKS: A CASE STUDY This paper appears in: Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT). 2011 IEEE PES ABSTRACT The present paper addresses the topic of fault location in power networks with cable lines. In the classification module. the proposed technique enables the efficient operation of speech recognition in the continuously listening environment without any touch and/or key input. ENHANCED VOICE ACTIVITY DETECTION USING ACOUSTIC EVENT DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION Consumer Electronics. The traditional voice activity detection (VAD) algorithms cannot successfully identify potential acoustic event sounds from speech. in the detection module. we propose a novel voice activity detection technique that consists of two major modules: 1) classification and 2) detection module. we label the successive audio segments based on the training models. Then.distributed data collection. In the era of smart-grid .

Some commercial instrumentation is also available on the market for this purpose. This paper presents the experimental results of a measurement campaign carried out in the MV power network in the city of Milan (Italy). The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of using accelerometers to characterize the postural behavior of early mild PD subjects. For this purpose the local Utility (A2A SpA) is using a commercial distributed measurement system (the ALTEA FLS) for locating both faults and also fast transients due to customers' loads operation. wearing an accelerometer on the lower back. . They have been better analyzed in order to investigate over the reliability and the accuracy of such measurement system. and displacement of body sway. Many proposals can be found in literature relevant to different approaches. Twenty PD and 20 control subjects. Preliminary experimental results have shown good performance. acceleration. were tested in five conditions characterized by sensory and attentional perturbation. IEEE Transactions on ABSTRACT Posture analysis in quiet standing is a key component of the clinical evaluation of Parkinson's disease (PD).the demand of intelligent measurement systems capable of providing quickly and with high accuracy the right location of faults in power networks is growing fast. A total of 175 measures were computed from the signals to quantify tremor. postural instability being one of PD's major symptoms. FEATURE SELECTION FOR ACCELEROMETER-BASED POSTUREANALYSIS IN PARKINSON¶S DISEASE This paper appears in: Information Technology in Biomedicine. Protection relays implementing this feature can either be found.

It was based on different classifiers and on a nested cross validation. a postural measure in the frequency domain. and a postural displacement measure. where automating the progression of measurement through digital wireless communication technique is adopted to get the above benefits along with smooth control. Several subsets of three features achieved misclassification rates as low as 5%. improved measurement accuracy. miniature size and many other benefits that go well beyond the traditional rotor-plate energy meter type. The hardware circuit accepts single phase voltage and currents as its inputs and provides the output in the form of logic data proportional to the average real power. The developed energy meter calculates the total average active power mainly for residential consumers. an improved energy metering solution is developed. This . Results suggest that quantitative posture analysis using a single accelerometer and a simple test protocol may provide useful information to characterize early PD subjects. In this paper with the help of an energy chip. to maximize robustness of selection with respect to changes in the training set.Feature selection was implemented to identify the subsets of measures that better characterize the distinctive behavior of PD and control subjects. Many of them included a tremor-related measure. increased timely information. This protocol is potentially usable to monitor the disease's progression INTELLIGENT ONLINE MEASUREMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF ENERGY METER DATA THROUGH ADVANCED WIRELESS NETWORK ABSTRACT Recently the Electrical supply companies are trying to adopt the electronic measurement of energy consumption data because of reduced manufacturing cost.

Preliminary result demonstrated that it is very helpful for athletes and coaches to monitor the fitness level of athletes and regulate their exercise training regime in a more effective and safer manner MODEL-BASED OPTIMAL EFFICIENCY CONTROL OF INDUC-TION GENERATORS FOR WIND POWER SYSTEMS ABSTRACT In this paper. LED INDICATOR FOR HEART RATE MONITORING SYSTEM IN SPORT APPLICATION This paper appears in: Signal Processing and its Applications (CSPA). 2011 IEEE 7th International Colloquium on ABSTRACT This paper presents a current invention for monitoring the athletes' heart rate during training or exercise session. Our works investigate the used of Zigbee and ANT+ as a transmission medium from transmitter (chest strap) to receiver (bracelet). a novel control algorithm for optimal operating efficiency of induction generators for wind power generation is presented. where the flux level is computed from the machine model for the optimum d-axis current of the generator. practically involving no manpower. Different colors signify different ranges of heart rate. The proposed method is based on the flux level reduction. . A bracelet with different color code of Light Emitting Diode (LED) is designed as a wrist heart rate monitor. This color-coding makes the heart rate easier to monitor and enabling the user to know their heart rate range at a certain moment. This paper also presents a software solution developed for total electrical energy billing and data management system.data is fed to a remote computer server through the wireless ZigBee network that represents the concept of distant wireless metering.

The complete procedure of calculating motion deviation in image display plane (IDP) from the raw roll angle rate and accelerations measured in body frame has been presented. the d-axis current controls the excitation level in order to minimize the generator loss while the q-axis current controls the generator torque. Experimental results are shown to verify the validity of the proposed scheme MOTION COMPENSATION WITH ONE-AXIS GYROSCOPE AND TWO-AXIS ACCELEROMETER FOR AUTOMOTIVE SAR ABSTRACT On the basis of a previous one-axis accelerometer motion compensation system for automotive SAR. by which the speed of the induction generator is controlled according to the variation of the wind speed in order to produce the maximum output power. According to the outfield measurements. An experimental setup has been implemented in laboratory to validate the theoretical development. The requirement for extra Degrees of Freedom (DoF) leads to a new motion signal model. the improved motion compensation system can cope with worse road conditions.For the vector-controlled induction generator. which contains a oneaxis gyroscope and two-axis accelerometer. an updated scheme is presented in this paper. The requirement for the Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) has been analyzed quantitatively. The experimental results show that the loss minimization process is more effective at low wind speed and that the percent of power saving can approach to 25%. ON-LINE RECOGNITION OF DRIVING ROAD CONDITION USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE ABSTRACT A person operating a mobile robot in a remote environment receives a realistic visual feedback about the .

and a Support Vector Machine (SVM) is used to classify the surfaces. In a previous research. The proposed power management circuit has two distinct features: 1) an active rectifier using MOSFETs for rectifying the low amplitude ac voltage generated by the wind turbine generator under low wind speed condition efficiently and 2) a dc-dc boost converter with resistor emulation algorithm to perform maximum power point tracking (MPPT) under varying wind-speed conditions. As compared to the conventional diode-bridge rectifier. By experiments. Moreover. SVM is calculated on-line. the operator is given visual and force feedback about road condition. For this purpose. The friction is estimated by a reaction torque observer. the mobile robot should be capable of recognizing and classifying the condition of the road surfaces.condition of the road on where the mobile robot is moving. A categorization of the road condition is necessary to evaluate the condition for safe and comfortable driving. and multi-class classification is realized. it is shown that the efficiency of the active rectifier with a . OPTIMIZED WIND ENERGY HARVE STING SYSTEM USING RESISTANCE EMULATOR AND ACTIVE RECTIFIER FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NODES ABSTRACT This paper presents an optimized wind energy harvesting (WEH) system that uses a specially designed ultra-lowpowermanagement circuit for sustaining the operation of a wireless sensor node. the operator is given feedback of haptic information by using mobile-hapto system As a result. the validity of the proposed method is confirmed. author proposed a method to recognize the type of the road surfaces on the basis of the friction between the mobile robot and the road surfaces. In this paper.

we propose clipping scheme and equalizer as methods to reduce the effects of impulsive noise and channel attenuation in power line communication (PLC) system. resulting in an efficient power conversion. PERFORMANCE OF POWER LINE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS WITH NOISE REDUCTION SCHEME FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS This paper appears in: Consumer Electronics. an average electrical power of 7.15 V) across each pair of MOSFETs used.2 V has been increased from 40% to 70% due to the significant reduction in the ON-state voltage drop (from 0. The equalizer compensates for effects of PLC channel.low input voltage of 1. From the experimental test results obtained. From simulation results. The proposed robust low-power microcontroller-based resistance emulator is implemented with closed-loop resistance feedback control to ensure close impedance matching between the source and the load.6 to 0. PHYSICAL MOVEMENT MONITORING USING BODY SENSORNETWORKS: A PHONOLOGICAL APPROACH TO CONSTRUCT SPATIAL DECISION TREES .86 mW is harvested by the optimized WEH system at an average wind speed of 3. IEEE Transactions on In this paper. it is confirmed that the proposed clipping scheme has slightly better performance than conventional PLC system.62 m/s. Clipping is cutting off the amplitude of the received signal over threshold level without its phase change in order to reduce noise effects. The results of the paper can be applied to PLC systems for smart grid. The performance is evaluated in terms of bit error rate (BER). which is almost four times higher than the conventional energy harvesting method without using the MPPT.

battery lifetime and communication bandwidth make efficient use of these platforms crucial. Finally. we demonstrate the effectiveness of our distributed algorithm on data collected from five healthy subjects. In this paper. We pose an optimization problem for finding a minimal set of sensor nodes contributing to the action recognition.3% classification accuracy. Our action recognition model uses a decision tree structure to minimize the number of nodes involved in classification of each action. AN INTELLIGENT BLIND ROD AND NAVIGATION PLATFORM BASED ON ZIGBEE TECHNOLOGY ABSTRACT This article introduces an intelligent blind rod and navigation platform based on ZigBee technology.This paper appears in: Industrial Informatics. This blind rod can detect and analyze the situation on road and warn the blind to avoid obstacles by ultrasonic . IEEE Transactions on ABSTRACT Monitoring human activities using wearable sensor nodes has the potential to enable many useful applications for everyday situations. we introduce a novel classification model that identifies physical movements from body-worn inertial sensors while taking collaborative nature and limited resources of the system into consideration. In particular. Limited computation. The decision tree is constructed based on the quality of action recognition in individual nodes. A clustering technique is employed to group similar actions and measure quality of per-node identifications. our system achieves a 72.4% reduction in the number of active nodes while maintaining 93. We then prove that this problem is NP-hard and provide fast greedy algorithms to approximate the solution.

an improved novel three phase energy metering solution is developed. ZigBee-based Mine Safety Monitoring System can achieve a variety of safety factors of production. The self-organizing routing algorithm for ZigBee networks and the gateway design and systems integration are also studied. temperature. The developed energy meter calculates the total average active power mainly for industrial and commercial applications. This intelligent blind rod can better serve for the blind's independent travel. The navigation platform based on ZigBee technology can help the blind know different directions the path leads to. safety management to provide a good basis for decision making A NOVEL THREE PHASE ENERGY METER MODEL WITH WIRELESS DATA READING AND ONLINE BILLING SOLUTION ABSTRACT Measurement of data electronically leads a combination of benefits that go well beyond the traditional rotor-plate energy meter design. humidity and other environmental indicators) for monitoring. and the hardware design of ZigBee sensor node and system software design are discussed. In this paper with the help of an energy chip. and underground environment (such as gas. controlling mine production.measurement. The hardware circuit accepts three phase . THE RESEARCH ON ZIGBEE-BASED MINE SAFETY MONITORING SYSTEM ABSTRACT In this paper the research method of Mine Safety Monitoring System based on ZigBee is elaborated. smooth control and better reliability. Automating the progression of measurement through digital wireless communication technique is done to get high accuracy.

humidity. This technology has ample potential to change the way we live and work. quality of life. luminance. In this system design included sensors of temperature. This serial data is fed to a remote personal computer through the wireless ZigBee network that represents the concept of distant wireless metering. and power detector (smart outlets) in addition to designing backend intelligent agent technology to quickly response to the feedback control system through hybrid net-work of ZigBee and Bluetooth technology which would sensor the running parameters and environment factors of energy-saving system TRIAL & EXPERIMENTATION OF A SMART HOME MONITORING SYSTEM FOR ELDERLY ABSTRACT Smart home monitoring target to improve comfort. practically involving no manpower. It has been observed that the population of the elderly people is in a steady raise throughout the world. The paper also presents a software solution developed for total electrical energy billing and data management system DESIGN OF SENSOR MODULES OF ACTIVE & INTELLIGENT ENERGY-SAVING SYSTEM ABSTRACT This paper presented new methodology of intelligent energy-saving system to accomplish the goal of real energy-saving from the view-point of system-orient strategy instead of materials. The wireless sensors in a network are capable of performing various tasks and sense many types of information for different applications. and safety by monitoring mobility and physiological parameters using wireless sensors. And the elderly wish to live in their own home as . CO2.voltages and currents as its inputs and provides the output in the form of serial interfaced data equivalent to the average real power.

however if they prefer to live alone they do however require constant monitoring. Instead of using huge number of sensor to monitor smart home. zigbee radio frequency (RF) communication has been tested. Also the requirement of the sensor for making a smart sensor network will be reviewed. FLEXIBLE STRUCTURAL POWER MONITORING DEVICE WITH CLAMP TYPE CT SENSORS ABSTRACT We propose the ZigBee-based clamp type power monitoring system to be applied in various environments. Performance of the smart home monitoring system. Simple affordable sensors can be used to monitor the power consumption of appliances in buildings to implement smart algorithms in order to conserve energy. This paper will focus on the characteristics of the sensors for this type of application. Surely with the help of wireless sensors based home monitoring there is a better way for these people to resolve this problem. The ARTEMIS Joint Undertaking project eDIANA (Embedded Systems for Energy Efficient Buildings) funded by the European Commission aims to improve energy efficiency in buildings by using embedded technologies. A typical in-house developed system for home monitoring for elder-care application will be presented. In . so that medical help can be provided immediately in times of dire needs.long as possible. With these properties. an approach of deploying a few but highly accurate numbers of inexpensive smart sensors will be discussed. it is expected to provide users the intelligent and detailed power management A ZIGBEE SMART ENERGY IMPLEMENTATION FOR ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS ABSTRACT Energy efficiency in buildings is one of the promising fields of application of wireless sensor networks.

Moreover we provide latency statistics and packet error rate obtained through our test-bed in different monitoring scenarios FLOOD MONITORING OF DISTRIBUTION SUBSTATION IN LOW-LYING AREAS USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ABSTRACT In this paper. The sensor node is as compact as 8 cm × 6 cm and a low power consumption of 860 mW. VOICE RECOGNITION BASED WIRELESS HOME AUTOMATION SYSTEM ABSTRACT Home Automation industry is growing rapidly.4 GHz communication and flood detection with 0. This paper details the overall design of a wireless home automation system (WHAS) which has been built and implemented.02 volt/mm sensitivity is presented for flood monitoring of distribution substation of electrical utilities in low-lying area. The automation centres on recognition of . Coupled with this. this is fuelled by the need to provide supporting systems for the elderly and the disabled. especially those who live alone. In this paper we describe the prototype that we have developed by using ZigBee Smart Energy Profile in order to realize the eDIANA application scenarios. a novel wireless sensing network node with 2.4/Zigbee-compliant devices. It may reduce the risks of damage of the substation and subsequently ensure the power supply safety.the eDIANA platform the energy consumed by household or office appliances is monitored by using IEEE 802. a signal can be transmitted in 115 kbps via a Zigbee module to a control center. Home automation systems must comply with the household standards and convenience of usage. When a liquid level detector detects an abnormal water level near the substation room. the world population is confirmed to be getting older.15.

simple and configured based on the available resources in the laboratory. aided-training and safety systems. The developed system is portable. indoor ZigBee communication test. Thus the test involved sending a total of 1225 commands and 79. The system is composed of two main types of modules. 35 different voice commands were sent by each person. The fabricated system has been used for our research and very satisfactory results are obtained. The system can be extended for wide range of solar cells for material research and development activities. The system provides real-time monitoring of boat position. The verification tests included voice recognition response test. The tests involved a mix of 35 male and female subjects with different English accents. and the compression and decompression tests of DPCM (Differential Pulse Code Modulation) speech signals. race monitoring. The home automation system is intended to control all lights and electrical appliances in a home or office using voice commands.voice commands and uses low-power RF ZigBee wireless communication modules which are relatively cheap. ZIGBEE/GPS TRACKING SYSTEM FOR ROWING RACES ABSTRACT In this paper a ZigBee/GPS Tracking System for Rowing Races is presented. .8% of these commands were recognised correctly. Potential applications includes. MEASUREMENT AND MONITORING OF PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS OF DISTRIBUTED SOLAR PANELS USING WIRELESS SENSORS NETWORK ABSTRACT This paper has reported the design and development work of a wireless performance monitoring of distributed solar panel along with automated data logging. The system has been tested and verified.

Such a warning system is possible because of energy wave released at the epicenter of the earth quake travels slower than light. and a fixed one composed by the Central Unit and the Race Manager. At the current development stage a system prototype was developed and used for testing purposes. Cell phone services or a combination of these. Earthquakes strike without warning. The warning signal from the earthquake epicenter can be transmitted to different places using satellite communication network. The communication between the Central and the Mobile units is provided by a point to multipoint ZigBee wireless network. . a seismic alert system using the global system for mobile communication network spread throughout the state is proposed here.Mobile Units equipped with a GPS receiver (in the boat). The resulting damage can be minimized and lives can be saved if people living in the earthquake-prone area are already prepared to survive the strike. The satellite-based network is ideal when an alert system has to cover a large country like India. located in the operations room. For earthquake-prone states like Gujarat. Preliminary tests. fiber-optics network. were performed in a simulated land environment and the obtained results were promising SIMULATION OF EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMI THROUGH GSM NETWORK ABSTRACT Every year thousands of people die because of earthquake occurs in a dangerous place or during a defenseless sleep. pager service. in order to make a first assessment of system functionalities. Here's a GSM-based seismic alert system that could warn before an earthquake strikes. This requires a warning before strong ground motion from the earthquake arrival.

Optimal path planning is done by a server that communicates wirelessly with the portable mobile unit that can be pushed by the blind person. . The system uses a wireless mesh network to provide the first level localization.This system does not try to find the epicenter or fault line caused by the earthquake. It also incorporates additional components to provide more refined location and orientation information. IEEE Transactions on ABSTRACT This paper presents the development and characterization of a surveillance robot with automatic docking and recharging capabilities for home security. It communicates with the general wireless home router through WiFi. The proposed system is composed of a surveillance robot and a docking station. The blind person issues commands and receives direction responses using audio signals. BLIND ASSISTANT NAVIGATION SYSTEM ABSTRACT This paper presents the architecture as well as the implementation of a system that helps blind person navigate independently within an enclosed environment such as the home. The palm-sized surveillance robot has a triangular shape with three wheels. It simply monitors the earth vibrations and generates alert signal when the level of earth vibrations crosses a threshold. The docking station has a trapezoidal structure with an arc-shaped docking interface. It communicates with the docking station through ZigBee and serves as a mobile wireless sensor network gateway. AUTOMATIC DOCKING SYSTEM FOR RECHARGING HOME SURVEILLANCE ROBOTS This paper appears in: Consumer Electronics.

This work investigates the feasibility of using the ZigBee embedded technology in health-related monitoring applications. our design contains an integrated lighting controller based on an embedded system. The robot can return to the docking station for recharging operations when the on-board battery is too low. MONITORING PATIENTS' SIGNS WIRELESSLY ABSTRACT Recent developments in off-the-shelf wireless embedded computing boards and the increasing need for efficient health monitoring systems.A docking method based on the self-localization of the robot and the infrared detectors of the docking station is proposed. fueled by the increasing number of patients. DIGITAL CONTROL FOR HOME LIGHTING SYSTEMS WITH ZIGBEE COMMUNICATION ABSTRACT For the digital control of fluorescent. has prompted R&D professionals to explore better health monitoring systems that are both mobile and cheap. The experimental results show that the prototype robot achieved a success rate of 90% after 60 different docking attempts. . ZigBee communication and a user-friendly GUI on a handheld device. A prototype system has been developed and tested with encouraging results DESIGN OF A WIRELESS MEDICAL MONITORING SYSTEM ABSTRACT This paper provides the design of a Medical Monitoring Terminal use C8051F021 MCU and CC2420 RF chip based on Zigbee technology. Selected vital signs of patients are acquired using sensor nodes and readings are transmitted wirelessly using devices that utilize the ZigBee communications protocols. in candescent and LED lamps. interface circuits.

low-power. In this paper we have detailed about how to utilize the sensors in paddy crop field area and explained about Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). REAL TIME PADDY CROP FIELD MONITORING USING ZIGBEE NETWORK ABSTRACT Sensors are the essential device for precision agricultural applications. Protocol stack. This paper introduces a new robust RFID system with enhanced hardware-enabled authentication and anticounterfeiting capabilities that relies on the near-field RF effects between a 5 × 5 antenna array and the uniquely modified substrate of the RF-CoAs. RF FINGERPRINTING PHYSICAL OBJECTS FOR ANTICOUNTERFEITING APPLICATIONS ABSTRACT Rendering typical RF identification (RFID) tags physically unique and hard to near-exactly replicate by complementing them with unique RF certificates of authenticity (RF-CoAs) can prove a valuable tool against counterfeiting. The fundamental concept of this paper is to provide a highly enabled monitoring of crop field. when implemented the zigbee network experimentally in real time environment. and low-cost reader is used to accurately extract the near-field response (³RF fingerprint´) of the certificates meant to complement . A microcontroller-enabled. zigbee Applications and the results are given. This paper is focus on the sensing and monitoring of the crop field and gives various sensing analyzes in the paddy crop field. and transmit them to the control center. Zigbee network. This paper proposed idea about monitoring the crop field area without human interaction.The Monitoring Terminal can detect the patient's real -time body temperature. heart rate and other physiological informations.

especially on the roof of the houses for feeding domestic electrical appliances in recent times. There is a need of a low-cost monitoring system to get information of the defected solar panels for timely repair and maintenance. The design. The system can be extended for wide range of solar cells for material research and development activities. In many situations the expensive solar panels stop working due to some external nuisances which goes unnoticed to the users. with an emphasis on the accuracy provided. development and trial work of a performance monitoring system of distributed solar panels along with automated data logging based on a lowcost wireless sensors network has been reported to help the current situation. The state diagram of the fast and accurate reader operation is outlined. Rigorous performance and security test results are presented and verify the unique features of this technology. The RF characterization of all the reader's components. TORSIONAL-VIBRATION ASSESSMENT AND GEARFAULTDIAGNOSIS IN RAILWAY TRACTION SYSTEM . FIELD TRIALS AND PERFORMANCE MONITORING OF DISTRIBUTED SOLAR PANELS USING A LOW COST WIRELESS SENSORS NETWORK FOR DOMESTIC APPLICATIONS ABSTRACT Use of solar panel is gaining an ever increasing foothold in society. The fabricated system has been used for field trials and very satisfactory results are obtained.5A solar cell systems with automatic selection of best resolutions. The developed system can be used up to 146 V and 15. has been performed.typical RFID tags in the 5-6-GHz frequency range.

Previous studies on a simple gearbox-based electromechanical system have shown that the influence of gearbox torsional vibrations on the torque and on the stator-current signatures are obvious. such as radio frequency identification (RFID). The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that the traction motor can be considered as a torque sensor through its electromagnetic-torque estimation for torsional-vibration monitoring without any extra mechanical sensor. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION FOR AMBULANCE ROUTE SEARCH BASED ON THE INTERNET OF THINGS ABSTRACT The internet of things (IoT) is a network to realize interconnects between almost any object and web services. The results of the estimation are compared with the measured mechanical torque and validated through a reduced-scale RTS in both stationary and nonstationary conditions. we propose a new IoT application framework to search the optimal routes for the ambulances with taking into account the effects for the traffic in the . In this paper. The application of IoT brings us the higher efficiency and the more convenient life. This paper deals with torsional-vibration assessment and gearfault diagnosis in the mechanical transmission of a highspeed RTS by a fully noninvasive technique.ABSTRACT The diagnosis of mechanical faults in railway traction systems (RTSs) has a significant importance on both safety and reliability. wireless sensor network(WSN) and so on. The effects of both tooth-damage and surface-wear faults at the output wheel on the stator current and on the estimated electromagnetic torque have been investigated. which can avoid train crashes. It can be applied in many domains.

the ultrasonic obstacle avoidance system performs well and reliable. the control center will ignore some information from the nodes. the dispatch control center in the hospital can collect the real-time traffic conditions where wireless sensor nodes locates. the control center forecasts the optical path to provide the fastest route for the ambulances. Based on the information coming from sensor nodes. VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE INTEGRATION SYSTEM USING VISIONSENSORS TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS IN TRAFFIC FLOW ABSTRACT This study describes the development of a vision sensor for detecting shock waves which is one of the main factors of accidents in highway traffic flow. Through the test. In this decision process. The functions of the system are implemented. which have higher traffic jam than the average. The major contributions of this research are development of vehicle . Experimental results show that our system can provide the best route to the ambulances. An ultrasonic obstacle avoidance system of fruit-transportation gyro car based on ARM embedded system is introduced in this article. The report messages are sent to the control center by the multi-hop method. It could make the gyro car stop when detect an obstacle and sends the information of obstacle to the monitoring client through GPRS.ambulance running time. In this system. WEIGHING SYSTEM OF FRUIT-TRANSPORTATION GYROCAR BASED ON ARM The pilot less fruit-transportation gyro car works in the economic forest. And it also has the more potential applications in wide areas. avoiding the obstacle on the rail is the prerequisite of its safe working. with the help of the RFID tags in the ambulances and wireless sensor nodes on the roads.

there are. The rapid development in wireless communications and in satellite navigation systems also contributed to the popularity of location based services. The experiment on the analysis of the propagation with the developed image sensor has shown that an error might occur in the arrival time information of the propagation provided to the driver. This paper presents a contribution developed in an European research project called LocON that implements a . Moreover. Therefore a prediction technique at the arrival time of the propagation is integrated in the authors' system. however different ways to look at these services to provide location awareness. Although advantages in location based services have opened up new perspectives at validating safety and security requirements in environments such as airports. The location technologies when properly combined can provide valuable event driven services to notify users about ongoing occurrences. LOCON: A LOCATION BASED SERVICES PLATFORM TO IMPROVE AIRPORT SAFETY ABSTRACT Location and context awareness services have generated a lot of interest in the recent years. harbours.tracking and detection of shock wave in saturated traffic. realisation of a vehicle infrastructure integration (VII) system for providing arrival information of such propagation to drivers is proposed. the experimental results show that prediction success rates are improved by about 5%. This is particularly relevant for operational environments where surveillance of surface movement's through electronic means represents a major challenge. or industrial plants. By using this prediction technique and taking the error tolerance of drivers into account. becoming a key feature to many applications of mobile devices. creating important advances in surveillance activities.

but also designs the control strategy of charging and discharging system in detail. The location awareness provided by the LoCON platform relies on multiple location-based technologies which cooperate at providing the data to a middleware layer. LocON is being tested at Faro airport in Portugal to validate how well it can improve airport safety and security procedures. Design of the control system includes hardware circuit designing and software programming. The hardware structure of the control system consists of a . CONTROL OF BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR WITH AN AVR MICROCONTROLLER ABSTRACT This paper illustrates the basic work principle of a brushless DC motor and presents its control method. Through modeling and simulating by PSCAD platform. to provide users with quality and reliable electricity. a control system of a brushless DC Motor is designed using an AVR microcontroller. micro-grid will strongly shows a good effect on improving power quality. Based on a data fusion process the positioning data are passed to the application layer enabling operational decision makers to monitor and track events according to business logic. PV POWER SYSTEM ENERGY CONTROL RESEARCH IN MICRO GRID ABSTRACT Micro-grid technology can integrate the advantages of distributed generation power system. According to the method. This paper designs the photovoltaic system which is short for PV based on the energy storage structure which not only analyses the energy flow direction of the charging and discharging circuit.generic platform to provide a set of location based services using different wireless location technologies.

SML protocol is adopted to design the format of the data frame to create a unified data structure for data procurement. closed-loop PID regulation program. current chopper circuit. LCD display program. The software includes main program. power driving circuit. A SCHEME FOR THE APPLICATION OF SMART MESSAGE LANGUAGE IN A WIRELESS METER READING SYSTEM ABSTRACT In order to solve the problems of the communication among various metering devices in the traditional wireless meter reading system. with the monitoring terminal of the hardware platform made up of Marvell 88W8686. The software is developed by c program language. HARDWARE±SOFTWARE CODE SIGN OF AUTOMATIC . The experiment result proves that this type of data structure improves the transmission efficiency and the performance of the system and is suitable for implementation in low-power embedded systems. using ?C/OS-II operating system and LwIP protocol. interrupt service program.microcontroller ATmega64. the ARM7 processor and peripheral circuits. display circuit and keyboard circuit and so on. the Wireless Meter Reading system is developed based on WI-FI. In this paper. Smart Message Language (SML) which is the definition of the German national standard for Automatic Meter Reading System is introduced. VC++ and MDB database is used to develop a management software. PWM duty ratio reload program. initialization program. keyboard program etc. This system archives the function of reading meter data from hardware. position detection circuit. The experiment result shows that the system is with an excellent dynamic and static performance. data processing and storage. speed calculation program. I ts operation is reliable. power supply circuit.

As a part of the recognizer. a ³real world´ project is always used as . while the word accuracy rate is preserved at 93.33%. a new adaptive beam-pruning algorithm is also proposed and implemented. The proposed speech recognizer is suitable for integration in various types of voice (speech)-controlled applications. one of the Level 7 courses in the Bachelor of Engineering Technology programme offered at Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology. which is about three times faster than the pure software-based baseline system.62. Experiments on widely used benchmark data show that the real-time factor of the proposed system is 0. IMPLEMENTING ZIGBEE PROTOCOL AS ASSIGNMENTS IN TEACHING EMBEDDED SYSTEMS ABSTRACT In Computer Engineering 2b. The system consists of a standard microprocessor and a hardware accelerator for Gaussian mixture model (GMM) emission probability calculation implemented on a fieldprogrammable gate array. The GMM accelerator is optimized for timing performance by exploiting data parallelism.16%. which further reduces the average real-time factor to 0. In order to avoid large memory requirement. the accelerator adopts a double buffering scheme for accessing the acoustic parameters with no assumption made on the access pattern of these parameters.54 with the word accuracy rate of 93.SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM FOR EMBEDDED REALTIME APPLICATIONS ABSTRACT We present a hardware-software coprocessing speech recognizer for real-time embedded applications.

Therefore. microprocessors. COMPARISON OF EMBEDDED SYSTEM DESIGN FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS ABSTRACT This paper presents a survey on embedded systems design and applications.assignments for teaching and assessment. Hence they must be accessible to all users. Web applications from one side and industrial automation systems from the other side have become a standard part of people's daily life and more user groups have to deal with them. In the recent years. Unfortunately. and application-specific integrated circuits are discussed . which is proposed in the context of a research project funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)a. digital signal processors. has been a growing area during the past decades. Several platforms for embedded systems. often by the development of such systems. a systematic concept is required to support the development of industrial automation systems and Web applications. certain user groups are being neglected. including microcontrollers. we will present the concept. We will discuss the suited methods to effectively assess accessibility requirements. In this paper. also known as technical devices. Involving emerging technologies of the wireless sensor control network in the assignment has stimulated students' interest. one of these assignments is to implement the ZigBee protocol in the in-house developed micro controller training kit. not only in embedded systems but also in other areas such as wireless communications. field-programmable gate arrays. DISCUSSIONS ON ACCESSIBILITY IN INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION SYSTEMS ABSTRACT Importance of industrial automation systems [1].

It can be a network. The carefully selected three design case study examples include industrial control of wind tunnel with emphasis on actuator control. This system uses ARM9 Processor portability with Real Time Linux operating system (RTLinux RTOS) it makes the system more real time and handling various processes .. DESIGN OF ON-LINE INTERACTIVE DATA ACQUISITION AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR EMBEDDED REAL TIME APPLICATIONS ABSTRACT Design of on-line embedded web server is a challenging part of many embedded and real time data acquisition and control system applications. Single chip IDACS method improves the processing capability of a system and overcomes the problem of poor real time and reliability. intelligent and digital distributed control system. Industrial automations and safety measures etc. Examples of real -life design decisions specific to development of such systems are also presented. The World Wide Web is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billion of users worldwide and allows the user to interface many real time embedded applications like data acquisition.and compared. This paper approached towards the design and development of on-line Interactive Data Acquisition and Control System (IDACS) using ARM based embedded web server. A survey of embedded system-based industrial applications is presented. and optimized implementation of computationally intensive control system on a small microcontroller system. a mobile robot navigation system with emphasis on integration and synchronization of several subsystems.

ATM networks and more. A SYSTEM FOR THE DYNAMIC CONTROL AND THERMAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ULTRA LOW POWER GAS SENSORS ABSTRACT This paper describes a system for the simultaneous dynamic control and thermal characterization of the heating and cooling phases of an ultralow-power (ULP) micromachined sensor. Three operating modes. over an insulating membrane. Objectives of the research were to analyze the relation . combines with the database design on embedded home gateway using SQLite architecture. constant heating power. Mission critical applications. Web server is successfully ported. and embedded Linux operation system is ported to home gateway platform. constant target heater resistance. were implemented. Web server application is ported into an ARM processor using embedded `C' language.e. A pulsewidth-modulated (PWM) excitation system has been realized using a microcontroller featuring an ARM7 core to characterize the thermal behavior of a device formed by a Pt microheater and a Pt temperature sensor. featuring thermal characteristics that are quite similar to those of innovative ULP semiconducting metal-oxide gas sensors.based on multi tasking and reliable scheduling mechanisms. DATABASE DESIGN ON EMBEDDED HOME GATEWAY AND WEB SERVER IMPLEMENTATION ABSTRACT This paper analyzes database requirement of embedded development and embedded Web server. and implements the SQLite embedded database on home gateway. Web pages are written by Hyper text markup language (HTML). and cooling phase monitoring. i.. it is beneficial for real time IDACS.

and to measure the total thermal conductance.. to observe the thermal time constants of the device during the heating and cooling phases. This time constant decreases during heating in a range of 2. and integrated in vehicle gateway through in-vehicle or vehicle-to-vehicle communications. repeatability of experimental results was assessed by guaranteeing that the standard deviation of the controlled temperature was within 5. the thermal conductance is a linear function of ?T.3-2 ms as a function of an increasing temperature rise ?T between the ambient and the operating temperature. in the chosen operating temperature range. Experiments indicated that an approximately constant heater temperature in the constant target heater resistance regime (i. All vehicle signals and information are acquired by several in-vehicle sensors on ECUs or surrounding vehicles. Constant power experiments show quantitatively a unique time constant ? for both the heater and the temperature sensor (T-sensor) in the heating phase (with a known applied power) and the cooling phase (with zero power).e.between the time period and duty cycle of the PWM signal and the operating temperature of such ULP micromachined systems. The information exchanged among the host and .5°C in worstcase conditions. we observed that. Moreover. much faster than the time constant of the device. IMPLEMENTATION OF IN-VEHICLE MULTI-SENSOR INFORMATION FUSION GATEWAY FOR COOPERATIVE DRIVING Active safety is an important feature of a modern vehicle to provide precaution warning or compensatory control before the pre-crash stage of vehicle safety.. i.e. after the initial thermal transient due to the heating algorithm) can only be obtained if the time period of the heating signal is smaller than 50 ?s. Finally.

so a driver can be aware of the dangerous situation and also be suggested an adequate response earlier. which is based on a heterogeneous multi-core processor. The demonstration system consists of a vehicle gateway. trajectory prediction and risk assessment. location mapping. so the driver can drive more safely with the cooperative driving mechanism. The acquired sensor data and received vehicle information are time aligned and fed into PAC DSPs for information fusion.surrounding vehicles provides comprehensive vehicle and driving status of each vehicle. The cooperative driving is fulfilled by sharing the vehicle information and emergency warning through wireless communication. THE RESEARCH ON OPTIMAL PARKING SPACE CHOICE MODEL IN PARKING LOTS ABSTRACT In order to deal with the parking guidance issue of the parking guidance and information system in the parking lots. After summarizing the key factors which may influence drivers' . signal processing. if the risk level is raised beyond a threshold. Based on the specific situation of the parking lots. The risk assessment evaluates the probability of car crash and broadcast the warning message to its surrounding vehicles. which consists of four phases. the habits and preferences of the drivers when parking their cars were all taken into consideration in this model. consisting of one ARM core for I/O control and system management and two DSP cores for intensive computation of information fusion. the vehicles set up time synchronization and then exchange vehicle information. After reaching within the communication limit. the behavior of choosing parking space was analyzed to build the optimal parking space choice model in the parking lots.

Meanwhile.parking space choice. A case is presented to verify the proposed model. control and transmit data by wireless communication. The rational design makes it easier to operate. It describes how the hardware platform works and how to accomplish the design with software. which is proved to be available by tests. The system can obtain monorail car's speed and position information by rotary encoder. this paper introduces a monorail car's wireless control system used in orchard which is based on smart phone and GPRS wireless communication technology. a multiple attribute decision parking model is proposed to help PGIS in the parking lots choose the optimal parking space for drivers. it tests the data transmission time and makes improvement. A SMS module on Windows Mobile Embedded OS 6. Smart phone can receive car's initial information and send orders to the on-vehicle controller for operating the car by GSM message.1 is developed based on GSM protocol system. The results show that the model can choose the optimal parking space and provide effective guidance for drivers. too. MONORAIL CAR¶S WIRELESS CONTROL SYSTEM BASED ON SMARTPHONE PLATFORM ABSTRACT To meet the mountainous districts situation in China. a driver support system that uses . MEASURING NEUROMUSCULAR CONTROL DYNAMICS DURING CAR FOLLOWING WITH CONTINUOUS HAPTIC FEEDBACK ABSTRACT In previous research. It can also take the drivers less time to find the parking space and it will take great help to the intelligent management for the parking guidance and information system.

continuous haptic feedback on the gas pedal to inform drivers of the separation to the lead vehicle was developed. first. Although haptic feedback has been previously shown to be beneficial. the haptic feedback would encourage drivers to adopt a ³give way to force task. The goal of this paper is to experimentally determine the biomechanical properties of the ankle±foot complex (i. Both perturbations were separated in the frequency domain to allow the simultaneous estimation of frequency response functions of both the car-following control behavior and the biomechanical admittance. where ten participants were instructed to follow a lead vehicle. An experiment was conducted in a simplified fixed-base driving simulator. thereby separating driver responses to visual feedback from those to designed haptic feedback. The main experimental hypotheses were that. second. For comparison to previous experiments. drivers needed less control effort to realize the same car-following performance. with and without the support of haptic feedback.´ resulting in larger admittance compared with other tasks and. The developed methodology allows quantification of the range of admittances that a limb can adopt during vehicle control or while performing a variety of motion control tasks.and frequency-domain analyses provided evidence for both hypotheses. During the experiment. the admittance was also estimated during three classical motion control tasks (resist forces. and small stochastic torque perturbations were applied to the pedal. It thereby allows detailed computational driver modeling and provides valuable information on how to . the admittance) while performing a car-following task. the lead vehicle velocity was perturbed. and give way to forces).. the influence of the underlying biomechanical properties of the driver on the effectiveness of haptic feedback is largely unknown.e. Time. relax.

The suspender arm includes the straight line synchrostrap rail bar for mobile in breadth. Every suspender arm can move in three right-angle coordinate direction through the motor with a photoelectric coder. which is composed of three suspender arm with the three-coordinate rolling wheel machine. The controlling system can realizes the whole robot machine rolls along the powerline in a long distance and avoids obstacles automatically by driving relevant motor for suspender arm's three-coordinate moving based for program after analyzing the inputting sensors' signal including the sensors for detecting the obstacles and photoelectric coders.design an. line clamp and down-lead etc.. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEM FOR THE REAL-TIME ROADSIDE ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION TRANSFER ABSTRACT The paper proposed a novel system ³RTCS (Real-Time Control System for road environment)´ to prevent . MOBILE ROBOT FOR OVERHEAD POWER LINE INSPECTION AND A CONTROLLING METHOD FOR OBSTACLE AVOIDANCE ABSTRACT This paper designs a mobile robot for overhead powerline inspection and a controlling method for obstacle avoidance. the synchro-strap rail bar for moving vertically and the driving machine with a rolling wheel. the gear-rack machine for moving horizontally.d evaluate continuous haptic feedback systems.in which the sensors are built for the purpose of detecting the obstacles such as the quakeproof bar. threenode CAN bus system and wireless image transmission with CCD.

it takes care that urgent local information is passed directly and thus quickly to local vehicles which increases traffic safety. The system has a high potential to improve traffic in two ways. In the higher rank terminal. zigbee Applications and the results are . This paper deployed sensors on roads and used these sensors to collect information to coordinators. For your example. First. In this paper we have detailed about how to utilize the sensors in paddy crop field area and explained about Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). RSU collects and analyzes the roadside information for the driver's safety and which provides to an OBU and a management system according to the service priority. The paper presents architecture to connect a USN (Ubiquitous Sensor Network) with the ITS (Intelligent Transport System) consisting of connected OBU and RSU. Vehicles are equipped with OBU (On-Board Unit) and use the OBU to query information if the coordinator or RSU (Road-Side Unit) is located in its communication range. Protocol stack. REAL TIME PADDY CROP FIELD MONITORING USING ZIGBEE NETWORK ABSTRACT Sensors are the essential device for precision agricultural applications. This system also distributed events into different priority due to the different damages. Second. it collects local environmental data and passes it to a central facility to further process it and pass it to vehicles. Zigbee network. the developed IP-based set-top box application provides information such as the traffic information. environmental sensor station error. road environmental information. How to use sensors to prevent accidents in vehicular environment is an interesting issue. and etc.accidents of drivers. The goal of the system is to provide the ITS with local environmental data gathered by the USN nodes.

This is the fundamental issue that we deal with. while someone has to read it for them. A PRAGMATIC APPROACH TO AID VISUALLY IMPAIRED PEOPLE IN READING. They feel it very difficult. VISUALIZING AND UNDERSTANDING TEXTUAL CONTENTS WITH AN AUTOMATIC ELECTRONIC PEN ABSTRACT Blindness is an obstacle that is not even comprehendible for the non-blind. This paper is focus on the sensing and monitoring of the crop field and gives various sensing analyzes in the paddy crop field. and try to solve. T his paper proposed idea about monitoring the crop field area without human interaction. The proposed solution facilitates the automatic service discovery from ZigBee medical sensor network and also the doctor could adjust the monitoring configuration by uploading a new service profile to telemedical platform. One of the major problems they face is understanding visual or text information which are not in the Braille form. A blind cannot read any of the handwritten documents. when implemented the zigbee network experimentally in real time environment. It is believe that the proposed solution could achieve winwin situation for both patient and doctor. A ZERO CONFIGURED HOMECARE GATEWAY USING ZIGBEE ABSTRACT This paper presents a zero configuration HomeCare gateway which enables the remote patient monitoring. with . Not every written or printed document that a blind person would like to read is available in Braille.given. complicated and may require much more labor for those with eye-sight problems or blindness. Many day-to-day activities may become challenging. The fundamental concept of this paper is to provide a highly enabled monitoring of crop field.

Without VANET infrastructure. it is very convenient to use and is also portable.a new piece of technology. This audio signal is transmitted to the person's ears through wireless technology such as ZigBee. Since this technology is in the form of a pen. The functions of the system are implemented. Critical video clips in the black box are hashed to provide data integrity before being transmitted to the police server. the ultrasonic obstacle . which is essentially an automated text-to-audio converting pen. EVIDENCE COLLECTION FROM CAR BLACK BOXES USING SMART PHONES ABSTRACT This demonstration shows a process to collect critical video clips from car black boxes using smart phones. any piece of text that a person would like to read/understand is converted to an audio signal. An ultrasonic obstacle avoidance system of fruit-transportation gyrocar based on ARM embedded system is introduced in this article. smart phones are very useful communication media for car black boxes. According to this keynote concept. It could make the gyrocar stop when detect an obstacle and sends the information of obstacle to the monitoring client through GPRS. and can be helpful in relieving them of their frustration of not being able to read whatever they want. DESIGN OF ULTRASONIC OBSTACLE AVOIDANCE SYSTEM OF FRUIT-TRANSPORTATION GYRO-CAR BASED ON ARM ABSTRACT The pilotless fruit-transportation gyrocar works in the economic forest. Through the test. avoiding the obstacle on the rail is the prerequisite of its safe working. This instrument is radical and can definitely be a empowering force in a blind person's life. thus making their life easier.

external RAM. ARM has advantages of high integration and powerful information processing capability. capabilities and applications. This paper describes a low cost and low power pH sensing and data logging system using a Renesas microcontroller and pH sensor. The system is composed of LPC2138 processor. SMART CARD WITH IRIS RECOGNITION FOR HIGH SECURITY ACCESS ENVIRONMENT ABSTRACT Smart cards are increasingly being used as a form of identification and authentication. Current options for securing smart cards against unauthorized use are primarily restricted to passwords. Flash. This paper describes the sensor data acquisition and data logging system including details of its construction. is the possibility of loss or theft. One inherent problem with smart cards. LCD and With DM9000A interface chip for system configuration network communication interface. however. A kind intelligence monitoring system based on 32 bit ARM processor LPC2138 and information fusion technology was provided. In many of these applications an inexpensive hand-held unit is needed.avoidance system performs well and reliable. Its OS is embedded in Linux operating system DESIGNING A PH DATA ACQUISITION & LOGGING DEVICE USING AN INEXPENSIVE MICROCONTROLLER ABSTRACT Accurate measurement and analysis of pH data is required for a multitude of applications ranging from the agricultural sector to clinical laboratories. INTELLIGENCE MONITORING SYSTEM BASED ON ARM AND INFORMATION FUSION ABSTRACT Since some of the ARM not directly connected with the Internet system. .

Template on card (TOC) category has been employed. It is protected from the environment. accuracy and consistency compared with other published technology. DESIGN OF A WIRELESS MEDICAL MONITORING SYSTEM ABSTRACT This paper provides the design of a Medical Monitoring Terminal use C8051F021 MCU and CC2420 RF chip based on Zigbee technology. due to its unique biological properties. stable over time. The goal of the project is to design a smart card system . Hence.Passwords are easy enough for others to steal so that they do not offer sufficient protection. unique in shape and contains a high amount of discriminating information. exceptionally suited for identification. The Monitoring Terminal can detect the patient's real-time body temperature. including iris recognition. In this study. The proposed algorithm has superior performance in terms of security. the extracted iris features stored in smart card are compared against the data acquired from a camera or database for authentication. heart rate and other physiological informations. a secure health care smart card system was designed and simulated. This paper proposes a method to integrate iris recognition with the smart card to develop a high security access environment. The iris is. SYSTEM LEVEL DESIGN OF A SECURE HEALTHCARE SMART CARD SYSTEM ABSTRACT Smart card-based healthcare system has several advantages over conventional paper-based systems in terms of security. and transmit them to the control center. privacy and portability. An iris recognition system and smart card programming circuit with its software have been designed. This has promoted interest in biometric identification methods.

Main features of the proposed system are data storage and secure data transfer. time consuming process that can result in critical medical errors such as documents being mislaid or prescriptions being misinterpreted due to illegible handwriting. RSA and AES are used for key share and encryption. An LFSR is employed to generate pseudo-random numbers which are used for calculating keys. . We have used Aldec ActiveHDL Student Edition to develop the system and perform mixed-language simulations. The system is a heterogeneous system with hardware and software components and it was designed using electronic systemlevel design methodology (ESL) with a top-down approach.which will meet the major requirements of a healthcare identity system. It consists of cryptographic primitives. a central processing unit and memory blocks. access and update important patient information using paper charts. respectively. Disparate patient data (clinical information. laboratory results and medical imagery) is entered by different caregivers and stored at different locations around the hospital. Hospitals everywhere are moving to integrate health data sources using Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems as well as taking advantage of the flexibility and speed of wireless computing to improve the quality and reduce the cost of healthcare. COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY USED IN RETRIEVAL OF PATIENT¶S RECORD ABSTRACT The majority of healthcare workers in hospitals continue to record. This is a cumbersome. We have functionally verified the system using Active-HDL. We are developing a mobile application that allows doctors to efficiently access accurate real-time patient information at the point-of-care.

BLIND CONSTELLATION ESTIMATION AND DETECTION USING CLUSTER ANALYSIS ABSTRACT This paper presents a blind soft-output modulation decoder for signals transmitted wirelessly using any constellation configuration. The system performs computational prognosis by providing decision support for pre-screening of medical diagnosis. A presenting patient's symptoms can be input to a portable device and the application can quickly retrieve the most similar profiles with known diagnoses from large databases which can be used to compare treatments. combining teaching practices. a teacher-student interaction system based on ZigBee and RFID technology was designed and implemented for the application of . From the perspective of improving teaching methods. test results and other information. THE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A TEACHERSTUDENT INTERACTION SYSTEM BASED ON ZIGBEE AND RFID ABSTRACT Based on analysis of features of ZigBee Wireless sensor networks and RFID technology.The system can assist caregivers in automatically searching through very large repositories of previous patient cases as increasingly large hospital databases are making manual searches of such information unfeasible. we implemented a protocol stack of ZigBee using method of module dividing. The receiver algorithm operates by classifying the received symbols into probabilistically alike clusters which are ultimately used to estimate the underlying modulation constellation points and also soft information about the received signal. diagnosis.

which is realized by modbus protocol. THE SOLUTION OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFORMATION SYSTEM BY MODBUS PROTOCOL ABSTRACT This paper introduces the hybrid electric vehicle information system. XGATE can reduce the load on the host processor. most of serial communication controllers support the protocol. according to the actual circumstances of coal mine. and it improves the requirements of real-time in hybrid control system. Results show that the system achieved the basic functions of a teacher-student interaction system.actual teaching. Therefore. and it finishes the task of human-machine exchange. Hybrid electric vehicle control unit uses dual-core processors: the host processor and the coprocessor XGATE. the system achieves the communication between electronic control units (ECU) and the RTU by means of the modbus protocol at the baud rate 38400kb/s. because modbus protocol has opening characteristics. In addition. the system can be applied in the serial communication with modbus protocol. . Then. which makes the host processor timely response to a number of hybrid control tasks. This paper first discussed the best working frequency about the WSN in coalmine. the network structure should adopt cluster-tree topology. HYBRID WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING ZIGBEE AND WIFI TECHNOLOGY IN THE COALMINE TUNNELS ABSTRACT Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) used under the coalmine tunnel is an emerging area of research that promises to provide reliable and flexible communication. Using a remote terminal control unit (RTU) with EVEW touch-screen.

with the CC2430 chip and THS11. Practical applications showed that the multifunction communication system can satisfy the need of dispatch communication and safety monitor in the coal mine tunnel. humidity and diagnostic results. etc. The sorts of data are the intensity of illumination. DEVELOPMENT OF ROAD LIGHT GATEWAY WITH SENSOR NETWORK ABSTRACT In this paper. In the system. can collect and upload temperature and humidity data to the Management Centre. we have developed the gateway for multi information convergence system in ubiquitous sensor network. The gateway gathers the various sensor data from a road light device. which displays and processes the data. regulating . the temperature and humidity of surveyed area can be automatically monitored and controlled. wireless communication. which can achieve the functions of gas monitoring. personnel management and video surveillance. The monitoring nodes. DESIGN OF MONITOR-AND-CONTROL SYSTEM FOR SUPERMARKET FRESH AREA BASED ON ZIGBEE ABSTRACT According to the status that most of supermarkets can't effectively monitor the temperature and humidity around food of fresh area in our country Currently. it automatically starts the alarm system and the regulating system.We also develop a multifunction communication wireless system using ZigBee and WiFi technology. If the collected data exceeds the threshold. through the central node and the RS-232 interface. the thesis designs a hierarchical topology central monitoring system based on ZigBee wireless sensor network (WSN). while the data is lower than the standard value. and the data is transmitted into an energy management system.

?C/OS. A High-voltage pulse power supply controller based on ARM7 is present in this paper. Experiments have shown the feasibility and reliability. The results reveal that this WSN system has the potential for field applications due to its low cost. Which can output pulse width modulation in frequency of 20~50 KHz with the duty cycle of 12% to 50%. In this paper. Power is obtained from button cells conversion through MAX687. healthcare.system could be automatically shut down. A TEST BED FOR ANALYZING SECURITY OF SCADA CONTROL SYSTEMS (TASSCS) ABSTRACT The critical infrastructures of our society are in the . we present a voice transmission system. HIGH-VOLTAGE PULSE POWER SUPPLY CONTROLLER BASED ON ARM7 ABSTRACT High-voltage pulse power supply technology is a new effective improvement in electric dust precipitation. and telecommunication services. The implementation of hardware and operation system is introduced. low power and flexible networking construction.operation system was applied. Nodes work in the regular query power saving mode. one of telecommunication value-added services. based on the low-rate ZigBee networks. We design a model to perform a sensor role as a member of ZigBee networks in addition to providing the costeffective voice transmission function. VOICE OVER ZIGBEE NETWORKS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING ABSTRACT ZigBee technology is being embedded in a range of applications up to smart energy.

SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE BASED DATA CLASSIFICATION FOR DETECTION OF ELECTRICITY THEFT ABSTRACT Most utility companies in developing countries are subjected to major financial losses because of nontechnical losses (NTL). this paper discusses the problems underlying detection of electricity theft. previously implemented ways for reducing theft. as these control systems were not designed with security in mind. it presents the approximate energy consumption patterns of several customers involving .process of being modernized. This paper presents a testbed designed to study and simulate the various available techniques for securing and protecting Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems against a wide range of cyber attacks. These losses affect quality of supply. false alerts and effectiveness of the protection techniques. It is very difficult to detect and control potential causes of NTL in developing countries due to the poor infrastructure. In addition. electrical load on the generating station and tariffs imposed on electricity consumed by genuine customers. We present preliminary results on using the testbed to detect a selected set of cyber attacks and the impact of the protection techniques on the operations of the system. Securing critical infrastructures is a challenging research problem. The testbed is also used to evaluate the detection rate. This modernization has introduced new vulnerabilities to those infrastructures. In light of these issues. Electricity theft and billing irregularities form the main portion of NTL. Most significantly impacted are the industrial control systems through replacement of old electromechanical systems with advanced computing and communication technologies.

which can accelerates energy supply source expansion. energy diversification will redistribute the labor force among different sectors. Energy consumption patterns of customers are compared with and without the presence of theft. support vector machines (SVMs) are trained with the data collected from smart meters. Propelled by the specialized energy R&D. Then. offset the adverse effects of diminishing marginal return of factors. In this paper we develop an endogenous growth model and analyze some major relationship between the energy diversification and sustainable economy growth. and help economy step into sustainable growth e entually. The classification results of electricity consumption data are also presented. A dataset of customer energy consumption pattern is developed based on the historical data. The dynamic optimization results of the model show that the technology progress will make great contributions to the energy diversification and the specialized energy R&D plays an important role in the energy diversification process. This data is classified based on rules and the suspicious energy consumption profiles are grouped. more . DEVELOPING AND INSTALLING SUBSTATIONS FOR OIL AND GAS FACILITIES IN VERY COLD AND REMOTE LOCATIONS ABSTRACT Oil and gas companies are venturing into colder.theft. ENERGY DIVERSIFICATION AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMY GROWTH ABSTRACT Energy diversification is very important to the sustainable economy growth. that represents all possible forms of theft and are tested on several customers.

remote monitoring and control. and cost effectiveness. In many instances. oil and gas companies are using electric power at higher voltage levels and installing their own transmission and distribution substations and. with emphasis on a few key criteria: personnel safety and environmental issues. CONTROL LAYER FOR MULTI-VENDOR INDUSTRIAL ROBOT INTERACTION PROVIDING INTEGRATION OF SUPERVISORY PROCESS CONTROL AND MULTIFUNCTIONAL CONTROL UNITS ABSTRACT Based on recent industrial needs for a flexible integration . low maintenance. equipment and material suitable for cold environment. A methodology incorporating the aforementioned factors will be offered for selecting a substation solution for a large oil and gas facility in a cold and remote location. drill rigs. To supply these large loads.remote locations in their search for attainable oil and gas reserves. reliability and availability. and other exploration and production equipment required for the exploration and production operations can amount to hundreds of megawatts. substation designs were based on previous engineering experience and knowledge. qualified labor resources. extracting these ³harder to reach´ reserves requires power intensive unconventional methods. Other considerations such as unique end-user requirements. This paper discusses different aspects to consider in the development and installation of remote high-voltage substations in very cold conditions. and cost optimization will also be discussed. compressors. defaulting to traditional designs may be a flawed approach. Given the challenges associated with frontier extreme weather locations. Heaters. their own transmission and distribution network. Historically. in some cases. logistics challenges. pumps.

In order to cover a broad range of robotic applications.of supervisory control systems and novel intuitive manual control units a new control layer is introduced. are presented and discussed. developed in a Computer-Integrated-Manufacturing (CIM) Laboratory. The control layer affords adaptive behaviour in terms of process and motion planning as well as flexible manual control of arbitrary robot controllers. The Internet development. With an emphasis on the development of a flexible control layer. leading to a variety of new interfaces and methods. we aim for a media-independent communication solution. The set of robot commands is manufacturer-independent and includes all basic robot functions regarding motion and program control. Finally. two applications. we consider a remote-learning interface. a smartphone robot control and a distributed robot control system. An inherent capability of the control layer is the transformation of neutral object-oriented robot commands to manufacturer-specific robot languages. It is located between the industrial robot controller and the control units. EVALUATION OF TELE-ROBOTIC INTERFACE COMPONENTS FOR TEACHING ROBOT OPERATION ABSTRACT Remote-learning has been an increasingly growing field in the last two decades. In this work. as well as the increase in PC's capabilities and bandwidth capacity. The evaluated components . has made remote-learning through the internet a convenient learning preference. For the purpose of a flexible manufacturer-independent access to the robot controller we define an object -oriented programming interface. and evaluate the contribution of different interface components to the overall performance and learning ability of end users. different communication standards of industrial automation are implemented.

The results provide guidelines for a better design of an interface for remote-learning of robotic-operation. The number of steps required for completing the task. The Flexible Bus Systems is a system that can replace the Traditional Bus Systems with its flexibility and efficiency. THE FLEXIBLE BUS SYSTEMS USING ZIGBEE AS A COMMUNICATION MEDIUM ABSTRACT This paper describes a research on The Flexible Bus Systems (FBS) using Zigbee as a communication medium. the number of errors during the execution and the improvement rate during the execution were measured and analyzed. The Flexible Bus System is a demand responsive transit (DRT) but it is more efficient and convenient in a sense that it entertains passenger's demands and gives bus locations in real time. This paper discusses the use of wireless technologies in The Flexible Bus Systems and how to make it more reliable using short range wireless technology Zigbee. A Teleoperation task was given to 120 engineering students through five semesters. The main contribution of this paper is in the introduction of a new teaching tool for laboratories and the supplied guidelines for an efficient design of such tools. The real time synchronization of The Flexible Bus System makes it information rich and unique as compared to other DRTs. An experiment is designed and executed. comparing alternative interface designs for remote-learning of robotic-operation.are the control method of the robotic arm and the use of a three-dimensional simulation tool before and during the execution of a robotic-task. A NEW INTELLIGENT CONTROL TERMINAL OF SOLAR STREET LIGHT ABSTRACT .

The system is capable of receiving a serial stream of data and extracting relevant packets from the measurements of the patient's vital signs. A ZIGBEE-BASED TELECARDIOLOGY SYSTEM FOR REMOTE HEALTHCARE SERVICE DELIVERY ABSTRACT Patients with heart disease suffer much to have diagnostic ECG sessions especially in rural areas and areas with high population. In this paper we describe the design and implementation of a telecardiology system using ZigBee.The new intelligent control terminal of solar street light was carried out in this paper. as well as traffic congestion. so it ensures the stability of the system. Our proposed system will provide doctors with the ability to monitor. Doctors also need a fast and reliable way to be able to check on their patients and provide a diagnosis irrespective of where they are. The terminal has the feature of running on the network and off the network independently. and diagnose their patients remotely over the Internet. This is mainly due to the remoteness of distance between patients and the medical units. The implemented software allows patients to easily connect with their doctors and to send their data via Internet. A PARKING GUIDANCE AND INFORMATION SYSTEM BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ABSTRACT This paper introduces a parking guidance and information . It combines of current general street light charge and discharge management controller and wireless communication technology. The ECG signal is monitored in a real-time mode with the ability of keeping records through SCP-ECG (Standard Communication Protocol) standard. It employs fuzzy control theory to control the uncertain system to achieve reasonable battery charge or discharge.

system based on wireless sensor system. and intention sharing with the operator. parking guidance display and an information and management center. we discuss the monitoring system of a tele-operated robot and human interface based on visual information and distance information from the tele-operated mobile robots. the information and management center would distribute the parking information by LED screen and displays for the drivers. Next. there are many critical problems in tele-operated system. The nodes transmit the information through wireless sensor network by tree-like topological structure with nonstandard protocol we developed. Especially. MULTIFEATURED VISUALIZATION AND NAVIGATION IN TELE-OPERATION OF MOBILE ROBOTS ABSTRACT Recently. we propose a method of a navigation system based on multi-featured visualization. And the results of the experiment show that the performance of the system can satisfy the requirements of parking guidance. and show several experimental results of the proposed method. However. After analyzing and processing the data. . we propose a teleoperated system using iPhone. This system consists of parking space monitoring nodes. the expectation to tele-operated mobile robots has been increasing much in order to perform the monitoring in various scenes. In this paper. the usability of human interface. routing nodes. we must improve the restriction of visual range. sink node. Finally.