You are on page 1of 6

Asia 300/History 355: Art and Power in Japan, 1600 to the Present Prof.

Julie Oakes, juloakes@umbc.edu Class: Tu/Th 1:00-2:15 (Academic IV, Room 014) Office Hours (History Dept., Room 713): Tu 12:15-1:00, Th 2:15-3:00 (or by appointment)

The aim of this course is to view art and architecture as instrumental to change in pre-modern and modern Japan. Rather than restricting art to the realms of cultural attainment and leisure, we will emphasize its ability to serve as a visual placeholder for political motivations. The Tokugawa regime (1600-1868) used its temple and mausoleum construction to stake a claim to the ideological and literal landscape; by allowing in so-called “Dutch studies” in the early 18th century, the shogunate was aligning itself with the perceived advancements of the west. We witness similar manipulation of visual culture in the Meiji period (1868-1912), where photography and the creation of museums drove the final transformation of religious icons into “art” or bijutsu—a word actually created in the 1870s. This course will utilize a variety of primary and secondary material, and will conclude with a brief look at the ways art remains central to politics in Japan until the present day.

Required Materials Karen Gerhart, The Eyes of Power: Art and Early Tokugawa Authority (1999) William H. Coaldrake, Architecture and Authority in Japan (1996) Patricia J. Graham, Faith and Power in Japanese Buddhist Art (2007) Nicole Rousmainere, Reflecting Truth: Japanese Photography in the 19th Century (2004) Okakura Tenshin, Ideals of the East (2007, first published 1904) Kim Brandt, Kingdom of Beauty: Mingei and the Politics of Folk Art (2007)

Course Requirements/Grading • • • There will be a midterm and a final exam (30% each) There will be a final art-or architecture-based research/analysis paper, (and perhaps a brief presentation of your research to the class) (25%) Discussion Board/Class Participation (15%). I will be asking you to respond to both images and your readings for the Discussion Board postings.

1

No. II Coaldrake. Ch. Make-Up and Attendance Policy I will offer—one time—either a make-up for the midterm exam or an extension on the paper. Klein. Vidler). Art Bulletin. 2/7) Pre-1600 Shinto Art and Culture.UMBC Policy on Academic Integrity By enrolling in this course. Finally. Cheating. Vol. and helping others to commit these acts are all forms of academic dishonesty. pp. C. 3 (Sept. plagiarism. please ask your instructor for specific sources. 2 (“The Grand Shrines of Ise and Izumo”). L. 1 (“Authority in Architecture”). attendance counts as part of the Discussion Board/Class Participation grade 1. O. Freedberg. 16-51 2 . 394-410 *JSTOR Historical Background 3. but not limited to. as long as I am notified prior to 10:00pm the night before the test/due date. pp. To read more about this policy. A.” (contributors D. Higonnet. fabrication. suspension or dismissal. each student assumes the responsibilities of an active participant in UMBC’s scholarly community in which everyone’s academic work and behavior are held to the highest standards of honesty. 76. 2/2) Pre-1600 Shinto Art and Culture. pp. and they are wrong. (Th. 4. and there will be a Discussion Board question to follow. I Coaldrake. (Tu. 1-15 *Blackboard: foundation of Shinto. A. 1/31) Theory of the Object (or…”What is art?”) *“The Object of Art History. 1/26) Introduction 2. Ch. Grabar. Tickner. 1994). Academic misconduct could result in disciplinary action that may include. (Tu. Wei Records We will see a DVD today on Shinto. Also please note that you must complete all three major assignments in order to pass the class. (Th.

417-440 *JSTOR 11. 3 (“Great Halls of Religion and State”). 73-105 Tokugawa Period (1600-1868): Diffusion of Control 9. 2/21) Nikkô: Memorial to the Great Ieyasu Coaldrake. “The Meaning of Western Perspective in Edo Popular Culture. 47 (1994). pp. Ukiyo-e. 58-69 *JSTOR *Blackboard: Sugita Genpaku *(Recommended) Alice Tseng. no. Ch. pp. “Kuroda Seiki’s ‘Morning Toilette’ on Exhibition in Modern Kyoto. 2/16) Nijô Castle and Subtle Persuasion Gerhart. 2/9) Pre-1600 Buddhist Art and Culture Coaldrake. Ch. 7. 2/14) Nijô Castle and the Political Landscape Coaldrake. 3/1) Merchants. 1 (“Pine Trees as Political Iconography”). pp. (Tu. Vol. 138-162 We will see a background video on the Tokugawa period today. 52-80 *Blackboard: foundation of Buddhism Tokugawa Period (1600-1868): Creating a Center 6. (Th. 90. (Th. Ch. pp. and Ch. 6 (“Nijô Castle and the Psychology of Architectural Intimidation”).” Archives of Asian Art. (Th. Gerhart. 2/28) Representing “Dutch Learning:” Sugita Genpaku and Shiba Kôkan *Timon Screech. 2/23) Localized Power: Temples and Deities for the People Graham. “Nikkô Tôshôgû. (Th. 3 (Sept. 2008).” pp. 4 (“Depictions of Popular Deities and Spiritual Concerns”) 10. Ch. 3 (“Nikkô’s Yômeimon: Sculpture and Sacred Landscape”). (Tu. pp. 3 (“Temples for Commoners”). (Tu. pp.5. and Edo City Life 3 . 180-192. 1-33 Whose approach to Nijô do you find more compelling? 8.” Art Bulletin. Ch. Vol.

Ch. 66-85.” from Art of Edo Japan.(Th. 4/3) Disseminating Japanese Culture Abroad: Art as Mediator 4 .*Blackboard: Christine Guth. (Tu. “Packaged Tours. (“Introduction: ‘Faint Traces and Hints of Color’”). 8 (“From Icon to Art. 3/6) Midterm Exam Meiji Period (1868-1912) and the Development of the National Treasure System 13. 4 (“Treasured Objects.” pp. (Tu. Ch. (Th. Contestation and the Japanese National Treasure System (Dissertation. (Tu. Treasured Images”) 18. 40-65. (Tu. Ch. 3/15) The Power to Name: Japan’s “National” Treasures (kokuho) *Blackboard: Oakes. 17. “Development in Woodblock Prints. 1868-1945”) 14. 2 (“Dispersion from Within: The Treasure Investigation Process”) SPRING BREAK: 3/17-3/26…Have a great time! 16. Himeno. 3/27) “Reflecting Truth:” The Advent of Photography in Japan In Rousmaniere. 3/8) The Power of Destruction: haibutsu kishaku and the Attack on Buddhism *Blackboard: either James Ketelaar or Martin Colcutt. Hockley. on the destruction of Buddhist idols Graham.” pp. pp. (Th. 1868-1945”) 15.” pp. Gartlan. Dec. article on government censorship of prints (TBA) 12. Ch. “Encounters with Foreign Photographers. 2009) Graham. “Changing Views: The Early Topographical Photographs. 3/13) From Destruction to Creation: Meiji Treasure Surveys *Blackboard: Julie Oakes. 1. 18-29. 3/29) Furthering Whose Agenda? Ogawa Kazumasa and the Publication of Treasure Photographs *Blackboard: Oakes. 99118. 7 (“Buddhist Institutions after an Era of Persecution. Ch.

4/12) Meiji Architecture and Authority: Museums *Alice Tseng. 35. 1893.*Thomas Kim. 2004). 472-497 *JSTOR *(Recommended) Steven Conn. 379-406 *JSTOR [students A-L] *Blackboard: Bunkio Matsuki “A Pleasing Novelty”: Bunkio Matsuki and the Japan Craze in Victorian Salem (The Peabody and Essex Museum. Vol. 58. Challenging Past and Present: The Metamorphosis of Nineteenth-Century Japanese Art (2006). 7-123 24. pp. 4/5) Securing Japan’s Place in the World: The 1893 Chicago Columbian Exposition *Ellen Conant. No. 4 (Dec. 2/3 (Summer-Autumn 2000). “Styling Japan: The Case of Josiah Condor and the Museum at Ueno. Chapters 1-3. I Start reading Brandt. “Being Modern: The Circulation of Oriental Objects. No. 208-250 21. 2 (June. (Tu. 7-123 5 . pp. 4/19) Contestation and the Japanese Folkcraft Movement. 63. “Where is the East? Asian Objects in American Museums. Vol. Vol. (Tu. Winterthur Portfolio.. pp. No.9 (“Building the Meiji State”). pp. 2006). ed. (Tu. “Japan ‘Abroad’ at the Chicago Exposition. 254-280 20. II Finish Brandt. from Nathan Dunn to Charles Freer. 1993) [students M-Z] 19. Ideals of the East *Blackboard: excerpts from Ernest Fenolloa’s Epochs of Chinese and Japanese Art Expanding the Canon 23. 4/10) Meiji Architecture and Authority Coaldrake. Chapters 1-3.” American Quarterly. pp. 4/17) The Power of Discourse and the Creation of “Japanese Art History” Okakura. 4/24) Contestation and the Japanese Folkcraft Movement. 157-173 *JSTOR 22. pp.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. (Th. (Th. pp.” in Conant.(Th. Ch.

31. 62.. “The Blood Stained Doll: Violence and the Gift in Wartime Japan. (Tu. (Th. 4/26) Monuments and Memorials to War: The Power of Yasukuni Shrine *John Nelson. ed. (Th.25.” pp. 2 (Summer 2005). Mourning.” Nation and Religion (1999) [students M-Z] (Recommended) Ellen Schattschneider. 5/3) Research Paper Presentations 28. and National Morality: Yasukuni Shrine and the Reunion of State and Religion. (Tu.” Hiroshima Traces (1999) Rousmaniere. *JSTOR 26. “Memory. “Evocation of Buddhism at Nondenominational Sites. No. “Portraying the War Dead: Photography as a Medium for Memorial Portraiture. 5/8) Research Paper Presentations 29.” Journal of Asian Studies Vol. 5/10) Research Paper Presentations FINAL PAPERS DUE HERE Our Final Exam is HAVE A FABULOUS SUMMER! 6 .”Ethnic and Colonial Memories: The Atomic A-Bomb Memorials. pp. Vol. 443-467 *JSTOR [students A-L] *Blackboard: Harry Harootunian. (Th. 86-97 Graham.” pp. “Social Memory and Ritual Practice: Commemorating Spirits of the Military Dead at Yasukuni Shinto Shrine. pp. 329-356.” Journal of Japanese Studies. No. 2 (May 2003). 245-250 27. 5/1) Monuments and Memorials to War: Hiroshima and Nagasaki *Blackboard: Lisa Yoneyama. Kinoshita Naoyuki.