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South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela Level 3

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Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. transition warder 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. euphoria veteran bitter-sweet mundane squalid tarnished rife astounded

A period of ____________ is the process of changing from one situation, form or state to another. (para 1) If you are ____________, you are extremely surprised and shocked. (para 3) A ____________ is someone whose job is to guard prisoners in a prison. (para 3) A ____________ occasion is one on which you feel happiness and sadness at the same time. (para 4) ____________ is a feeling of great happiness that usually lasts for a short time only. (para 4) If something is described as ____________, people have a worse opinion of it than they did before. (para 4) If something bad or unpleasant is ____________, there is a lot of it. (para 5) A place that is ____________ is dirty and unpleasant. (para 5) A ____________ is someone who was in the armed forces, especially during a war. (para 7)

10. If something is described as ____________, it is ordinary and not interesting or exciting, especially because it happens too regularly. (para 10)

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

What do you know?
Nelson Mandela was released from prison in 1990. He spent more than 30 years in prison. Mandela was South Africa’s first black president. South Africa is not a democracy. Jacob Zuma is the third president in the post-apartheid age in South Africa. South Africa is the first African country to host the football World Cup.

Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). Then check your answers in the text.

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 NEWS LESSONS / South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D •

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Race relations are on a knife-edge. Nine days later. mainly the warders and their families. When one looks at the personal morality of the current leadership. There’s no way we can say it’s all South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela David Smith in Johannesburg 11 February. 4 The 20th anniversary of South Africa’s equivalent of the fall of the Berlin Wall has focused a debate on whether the promise of that euphoric day has been fulfilled. Andrew Feinstein. Mandela walked through the prison gates holding his wife Winnie’s hand with his right fist raised. That’s now gone and I suppose I look at it with a sense of sadness. The modern state is founded on a spirit of reconciliation. Pessimists argue it is the most unequal society in the world. I had imagined there would be several dozen people. Professor Jonathan Jansen. an Afrikaner academic who liaised between de Klerk’s government and the ANC in the run-up to the end of apartheid. violent crime and political corruption rife and the majority of black people living in squalid townships or settlements little different from two decades ago. 2 Mandela himself was not present. This anniversary is bitter-sweet. “I was astounded and a little bit alarmed. they worsened. de Klerk signalled it was imminent in a dramatic address to parliament on 2 February. said.” The Mandelas climbed into a silver Toyota Cressida and were driven to the centre of Cape Town to address a huge crowd outside city hall. W. with about one in four people unemployed. but made a rare public appearance in parliament later the same day to hear the fourth post-apartheid president. Mandela pulled out his speech and realized he had forgotten his glasses. ushering in a transition from apartheid to multiracial democracy and his rise to become the country’s first black president. is about to become the first African nation to host the football World Cup. It was the centrepiece of commemorations to mark the moment that Mandela emerged after 27 years behind bars. 1990. “We should be thankful on this anniversary but I don’t think we should rejoice too much. “I truly had not expected such a scene.or 20-year timespan. a former African National Congress MP who resigned in protest over alleged government corruption. you feel the euphoria of the triumph over apartheid does feel tarnished. but the longer the inequalities exist. A huge crowd awaited him. When the management of these problems didn’t make the grade. but Winnie gave him hers. The socioeconomic issues were just ghastly to deal with in a 10. said.” Some veterans of the struggle have a profound sense of disappointment. the level of corruption. But that hope did not really materialize because the problems were too big. But this proved to be only the beginning. and has witnessed a healing of race relations unthinkable in the 80s.South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela Level 3 Advanced South Africa have fallen from the heady days of Mandela’s years in office. Professor Willie Esterhuyse. President F. has the continent’s biggest economy. the delays in meaningful delivery of basic services. 2010 1 Thousands of people gathered near Cape Town in South Africa to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s release. 3 Mandela’s release followed years of political pressure against apartheid. It was an inspiring example of occupying the moral high ground. “Mandela captured the hopes of whites and blacks. At most. deliver a state of the nation address. the more desperate people become and the greater the risk of a crack in race relations. The prison where Mandela spent his last months in captivity was yesterday named a memorial site by South Africa’s National Heritage Council.” 5 Optimists say South Africa is a stable democracy with a strong liberal constitution.” He added. Jacob Zuma. the first black rector of the historically white Free State university.” he recalled later. “It’s going to take a Mandela II if we’re going to claw our way out of this moral crisis. said. “My overwhelming sense when I look at South Africa today is just how far we as the ANC and © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 6 7 8 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela / Advanced N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .

b. South Africans have been left to get on with it. 6. 7. b. It is the most violent country in the world. from time to time. liberal government. He is responsible for the problems of the country today. We can reflect on what we’ve achieved but then let’s see if we can fix the problems we’ve created. It is a stable country with the biggest economy in Africa. c. 2. Its problems are increasingly mundane. “We’ve all realized to a lesser or greater extent that South Africa is in fact just another normal society. said. an adjective meaning shocking in a way that frightens or upsets you (para 7) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 NEWS LESSONS / South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela / Advanced CA •P H O . Zuma is facing the biggest crisis of his presidency after being forced to apologize for an adulterous relationship in which he fathered his 20th child. 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. stronger or more important than anything else in a situation (para 4) an adjective meaning very exciting and making you feel you can achieve anything you want (para 4) an adjective meaning impossible to imagine (para 5) a five-word expression meaning to reach a particular place. How is South Africa “just another normal society”? a. Its problems are increasingly mundane. 1. deputy director of the South African Institute of Race Relations. because we’ve created some really serious political problems. state or situation as a result of great effort or despite great difficulties or opposition (para 6) a four-word expression meaning in a situation where success and failure are equally likely (para 6) a noun meaning a new and friendly relationship with someone you argued with or fought with (para 6) N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Find the following words and phrases in the text. It is a racially harmonious society. Most people are unemployed. It is the most unequal society in the world. 11/02/10 wonderful songs. 5. 3. But the fact that sex scandals dominate the headlines could suggest that the country bears an increasing resemblance to its western counterparts.South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela Level 3 Advanced 10 Frans Cronje. The country bears an increasing resemblance to its western counterparts. It has a strong. b.” 9 Whereas Mandela remains a quasi-saint to most South Africans. 4 1. 8. 3. Find the word a two-word phrasal verb used mainly in journalism meaning to make a process or activity begin (para 1) an adjective meaning much larger. b. c. 4. International attention has gone to other issues: the Middle East and. He no longer occupies the moral high ground. c. c. 2. What is the pessimistic view of South Africa? a. What do most South Africans think of Nelson Mandela? a. other crises like Haiti.” © Guardian News & Media 2010 First published in The Guardian. Sex scandals dominate the newspaper headlines. He is almost a saint. What is the optimistic view of South Africa? a. 4.

There have been delays in the ____________ delivery of basic services. 3. d. 3.South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela Level 3 5 1. 5. 2. [RECONCILE] Some of the problems have ____________. [MEAN] The healing of race relations that has occurred in South Africa was ____________ in the 1980s. [WORSE] President Zuma has apologized for an ____________ relationship. [ADULTERY] South Africa bears an increasing ____________ to its western counterparts. [RESEMBLE] 7 Discussion Are you optimistic or pessimistic about the future of South Africa? Why? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 NEWS LESSONS / South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 4. 6 Word building Complete the sentences by filling the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets at the end of each sentence. 6. 1. e. 4. 5. f. Advanced Verb + noun collocations occupy fulfil host deal with make bear a. 2. a resemblance to the moral high ground a promise the grade issues a sporting event Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns or noun phrases in the right-hand column. [THINK] The modern state is founded on a spirit of ____________. b. c. 6.

6. 2. 5. 5. 9. 3. 2. 3. c b a c © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 •P CA NEWS LESSONS / South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela / Advanced O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • H N O T . 5. 4. 2. 2. 2. 5. 7. 4. usher in overwhelming heady unthinkable claw your way out of on a knife-edge reconciliation ghastly 5 Verb + noun collocations 1. 3. 3. 7. meaningful unthinkable reconciliation worsened adulterous resemblance 3 Comprehension check 1. 4. 4. transition astounded warder bitter-sweet euphoria tarnished rife squalid veteran mundane Advanced 4 Find the word 1. 6. 5. 10. 6. 6. 4. T F T F F T 6 Word building 1. 8. b c f e d a 2 What do you know? 1. 3. 8.South Africa celebrates 20 years of freedom for Nelson Mandela Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. 6. 4. 3. 2.