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Global  Day  of  Action  on  Military  Spending   GDAMS  2.0     Organizer’s  Packet  

  Read  This  First.  
Welcome  to  GDAMS  2.0,  our  second  Global  Day  of  Action  on  Military  Spending  on  April  17,  2012.    We’re   very  excited  that  you  joining  people  all  over  the  world  to  protest  the  mind-­‐boggling  amount  of  money   that  we’re  wasting  on  military  spending.  In  2010,  the  world  spent  over  $1.6  trillion  on  preparing  for  and   fighting   wars,   and   we’re   expecting   that   figure   to   rise   in   2011   as   well.   That’s   why   we’re   calling   on   people   everywhere  to  Occupy  the  Military-­‐Industrial  Complex  on  April  17.   Thanks   to   you,   we’re   beginning   finally   to   see   change.   Some   countries   have   actually   reduced   their   military  budgets,  and  there’s  now  bipartisan  support  in  the  United  States,  the  world’s  leading  spender,   to   cut   back   on   the   military.   We   have   to   make   sure   that   this   trend   continues   so   that   we   can   see   real,   serious   reductions.   If   they   don’t   hear   from   us   –   and   hear   from   A   LOT   of   us   –   government   leaders   will   go   back  to  increasing  military  spending  when  the  economy  improves  or  they  think  we’re  no  longer  paying   attention.   This   organizers’   packet   will   take   you   step-­‐by-­‐step   through   the   process   of   organizing   an   event   for   our   Global  Day.  We  ask  you  to  do  two  things  on  April  17:   1) Highlight  last  year’s  figure  for  global  military  spending,  which  the  Stockholm  International  Peace   Research  Institute  will  release  on  April  17.  We’ll  be  able  to  share  this  figure  with  you  one  week   before  the  release.   2) Do  something  public  and  visible  and  eyecatching.  We  want  to  maximize  media  coverage  of  our   events  worldwide.   Beyond   that,   the   focus   of   your   action   is   up   to   you.   You   can   build   your   event   around   the   amount   of   money  your  government  is  spending  or  the  relationship  between  the  huge  amount  spent  on  the  military   and   the   pennies   devoted   to   development.   You   can   focus   on   military   bases   or   arms   exports.   You   can   protest  existing  wars  or  conflicts  that  threaten  to  break  out.  We  want  this  day  to  be  an  opportunity  for   you  to  raise  awareness  about  the  issues  that  matter  to  you.   In  the  organizers’  packet,  you’ll  find:     1) A  letter  to  send  out  to  your  networks  to  expand  your  action   2) Fact  Sheets  on:   a. International  Military  Expenditure   b. U.S.  Budget  Control  vs.  Military  Spending   c. The  2012  National  Defense  Authorization  Act     d. Tax-­‐Dodging  War  Profiteers   3) Examples  from  GDAMS  2011  to  help  you  plan  your  action  for  GDAMS  2.0     On   April   17,   you   will   be   joining   with   thousands   and   thousands   of   people   around   the   world   who   are   saying  NO  to  the  military-­‐industrial  complex  and  YES  to  a  peaceful  and  prosperous  planet.    

 

Letter  for  your  Networks  
  [Location,  Date]       Dear  ____________,     In  2010,  global  military  spending  surged  to  an  all-­‐time  high  of  US  $1.63  trillion.  The  United  State  was   responsible  for  nearly  half  that  amount,  spending  $698  billion.     Given  the  numerous  crises  facing  the  planet  -­‐-­‐  economic,  environmental,  health,  diplomatic  -­‐-­‐  it  is   imperative  that  we  create  a  global  movement  to  shift  this  money  to  human  needs.  We  know  that  there   are  thousands  of  organizations  and  millions  of  individuals  who  support  this  point  of  view.  We  need  now   to  begin  a  serious  mobilizing  effort  to  make  it  visible.     As  part  of  this  campaign,  we  are  organizing  an  event  as  part  of  the  Global  Day  of  Action  on  Military   Spending  for  April  17.  We  will  gather  in  [place,  time],  where  we  will  [describe  action].    On  this  day,   people  all  over  the  world  will  join  together  in  joint  actions  to  focus  public,  political,  and  media  attention   on  the  costs  of  military  spending  and  the  need  for  new  priorities.  Such  events  will  help  us  to  build  the   international  network  around  this  issue.     Please  join  us  on  April  17  so  that  we  can  make  our  voices  heard,  here  in  [country]  and  globally.     Sincerely,   Local  organizer  for  the  Global  Day  of  Action  on  Military  Spending  

International  Military  Expenditure  2010  
  In  2010,  global  military  expenditure  rose  to  $1,630  billion,  a  1.3%  increase  from  last  years  figure  and  a   50%  increase  since  2001.  The  total  expenditure  translated  to  2.6%  of  the  world  GDP.   The   United   States   remained   the   leader   in   military   spending   accounting   for   $19.6   billion   of   the   $20.6   billion   global   increase   in   2010.   U.S.   spending   was   responsible   for   43%   of   the   world   total   followed   by:   China  –  7.3%;  UK  –  3.7%;  France  and  Russia  –  3.6%.   The  list  of  top  military  spenders  in  2010  is  as  follows  (figures  in  billions  of  dollars):     1. 2. 3. 4.   Between  2001  and  2009,  Chinese  military  spending  has   increased   189%,   but   remains   a   small   fraction   of   U.S.   spending.     2010   also   saw   some   annual   decreases:   UK   -­‐   0.8%;   France   -­‐   8.4%;   Russia   -­‐   1.4%;   Germany   -­‐   1.3%;   India   -­‐   2.8%.   Regional   spending   figures,   according   to   the   2010   SIPRI   report   are   as   follows:   Africa   measures   the   lowest   at   $30.1   billion,   followed   by   the   Middle   East   at   $104   billion,   Asia   and   Oceania   -­‐   $314   billion,   Europe   -­‐   $382   billion,  and  the  Americas  at  a  combined  $791  billion.     Sub-­‐regionally,  Eastern  Europe  had  the  most  rapid  growth  in  military  expenditure,  increasing  88%  from   2001-­‐2010.   In   2010   alone,   South   America   and   Africa   experienced   5.8%   (to   $63.3   bn)   and   5.2%   (to   $30.1   bn)  increases  respectively,  the  largest  regional  growths  of  the  year.   Total   arms   deliveries   from   the   U.S.   to   developing   nations   in   2010   were   over   $21.9   billion,   the   highest   total   since   2006.   The   U.S.   and   Russia   continue   to   dominate   the   arms   market   in   the   developing   world   accounting  for  60.8%  of  all  arms  transfers  from  2007-­‐2010.  In  2010  alone,  the  U.S.  ranked  first  in  both   arms  sales  worldwide  and  to  developing  nations  making  up  52.7%  ($21.3  billion)  and  39.2%  ($8.6  billion)   respectively  of  the  global  total.  Also,  U.S.  based  companies  held  four  of  the  top  five  and  eight  of  the  top   ten  spots  in  the  SIPRI  list  of  top  100  arms  producing  companies.         U.S.  -­‐  $698   China  -­‐  $119   UK  -­‐  $59.6   France  -­‐  $59.3   5. 6. 7. 8. Russia  -­‐  $58.7   Japan  -­‐  $54.5   Saudi  Arabia  -­‐  $45.2   Germany  -­‐  $45.2   9. India  -­‐  $41.3   10. Italy  -­‐  $37    

Budget  Cuts  vs.  the  Military  Industrial  Complex  
Obama’s  speeches  touting  decreases  in  military  spending  do  not  reflect  any  real  cuts.  At  least  not  now.            The  Budget  Control  Act   In  his  speech  at  the  Pentagon  on   January  5th,  Obama  cited  the   Budget   Control   Act,   which   requires   a   decrease   in   federal   spending.   He   allayed   the   military’s   fears   that   cutting   the   budget  would  require  cuts  to  military  spending:   “…   [over]   the   past   10   years…our   defense   budget   grew   at   an   extraordinary  pace.     Over  the  next  10  years,  the  growth  in  the   defense  budget  will  slow,  but  the  fact  of  the  matter  is  this:     It   will   still   grow….In   fact,   the   defense   budget   will   still   be   larger   than  it  was  toward  the  end  of  the  Bush  administration”.     America’s  military  spending  will  not  be  cut  to  any  degree  of  real  significance,  but  will  simply  grow  at  a   slower  pace.   Funding  for  the  Defense  Department  will  be  decreased  only  in  specific  areas  such  as:    14%   drawdown   in   troops   from   the   armed   forces,   which   result   from   America’s   de-­‐escalation   in   military   involvement  in  Iraq  and  Afghanistan.    In   response   to   the   troop   deductions,   in   August   2011   the   Wartime   Contracting   Commission   released   a   report   stating   that   despite   the   decrease   in   troops,   there   are   now   more   than   260,000   private   military   contractors  in  Iraq  and  Afghanistan.     So   as   the   military   replaces   soldiers   with   private   contractors   and   the   White   House   claims   its   extending   budget   cuts   to   the   bloated   Military-­‐Industrial   Complex,   once  again  the  truth  is  that  working  people  who  pay  their   taxes   are   stuck   with   the   bill   for   the   biggest   military   on   earth,   with   a   budget   slarger   than   the   next   seventeen   countries  combined.    According  to  the  Fiscal  Times,  “If  defense  cuts  are  limited   to   $489   billion….the   administration   will   have   to   impose   major   new   cuts   in   domestic   programs,   to   avert   the   much   larger  cuts  in  the  Pentagon  budget.”    

Source:  http://battleland.blogs.time.com/2012/02/14/the-­‐proposed-­‐2013-­‐ defense-­‐budget-­‐shaving-­‐the-­‐balloon/    

The  2012  National  Defense  Authorization  Act:   What  Spending  Cuts?  
  President  Obama  signed  the  2012  National  Defense  Authorization  Act  (NDAA)  at  the  end  of  2011.  While   Civil  Rights  groups  are  outraged  at  the  Act’s  legalization  of  indefinite  detention  without  trial  of  citizens   and  non-­‐citizens   alike,   the   defense   industry   is   up   in   arms   because   Obama   claimed   the   Act   would   reduce   the  military  budget.  In  fact,  his  claim  was  not  entirely  true:  military  spending  is  set  to  increase  over  the   next  decade.     Table:  Pentagon  Base  Budget  Spending  Plans  Compared  –  2012  Budget  Versus  2013,  in  $billions    Year   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017   2018   2019   2020   2021   2022   FY-­‐2012  Request   553.0   570.7   586.4   598.2   610.6   621.6   632.8   644.1   655.7   667.5       FY-­‐2013  Request   527.6   525.4   533.6   545.9   555.9   567.3   579.3   592.4   605.4   617.9   634.2     The  2013  Pentagon  base  budget  request  was  $525.4  billion,  which  is  about  1%  less  than  the  base  budget   for   2012.   The   “Overseas   Contingency”   request   for   the   wars   in   Iraq   and   Afghanistan   decreased   from   $115.1  billion  to  $88.5  billion  for  a  combined  military  budget  of  $613.9  billion.       This  total  doesn’t  reflect  the  Department  of  Energy’s  (DOE)  nuclear  weapons  programs  or  other  defense   programs.   The   DOE   requested   $17.7   billion   for   nuclear   weapons   activities   and   $7.2   billion   for   additional   defense  related  activities.  This  brings  the  total  up  to  $639  billion.  The  amount  is  $30.7  billion  less  than   the  previous  year,  but  higher  than  spending  at  the  height  of  the  Cold  War.       After   the   Korean   War   ended,   the   defense   budget   dropped   twenty   percent.   After   both   the   War   in   Vietnam   and   the   Cold   War   it   plummeted   by   thirty   percent.   After   the   Iraq   war   has   supposedly   ended,  the  US  defense  budget  continues  at  historic  highs!       On   January   12th,   Defense   Secretary   Leon   Panetta   claimed   7,000   troops   would   be   removed   from   Europe,   and   conventional   weapons  programs  would  also  face  cuts.       As   Panetta   complained   about   dwindling   ship   and   plane   stocks,   he   failed   to   mention   that   the   trend   toward   increased   technological   capabilities   has   reduced   the   need   for   less   efficient   ships   and   planes   and   that  these  numbers  have  been  declining  for  several  years.       Washington  wants  to  sell  the  idea  that  the  Pentagon  faces  the  same  fiscal  austerity  as  social  programs,   which   is   just   plain   false.   On   April   17th,   we’ve   got   to   send   the   message   to   the   government   and   their   friends   in   the   Military   Industrial   Complex   that   we   don’t   buy   their   propaganda.   We   know   military   spending   cuts   when   we   see   them.   What   need   to   change   are   the   government’s   priorities:   the   U.S.   is   not   broke,  but  that  doesn’t  mean  we  don’t  need  to  fix  it.  

Global  Day  of  Action  on  Military  Spending   MILITARY  CONTRACTOR  RAP  SHEET  
Four  military  contractors  who  take  your  tax  money  but  dodge   their  own  obligations.    

Raking   in  well  over   $50  billion  in  U.S.  government  contracts  in  2010-­‐2011,  the  Bethesda,  Maryland-­‐based  Lockheed   Martin  remains  a  giant  in  military  contracting.  But  deep  pockets  don’t  come  cheap.  In  2011,  the  year  of  our  first  Global   Day  of  Action  on  Military  Spending,  Lockheed  and  its  subsidiaries  shelled  out  over  $15  million  on  lobbyists.  So  far  in   2012,  the  company’s  employee  PAC  has  dished  at  nearly  $1  million  directly  to  the  campaigns  of  members  of  Congress,   with  over  60  percent  going  to  congressional  Republicans.     The  Project  on  Government  Oversight  estimates  that  Lockheed  has  had  to  pay  over  $590  million  in  various  penalties   for  fraud,  misconduct,  and  worker  abuse  over  the  years.  The  company  has  apparently  also  cooperated  with  lobbyists   for   the   repressive   Gulf   monarchy   of   Bahrain,   where   Lockheed   has   done   hundreds   of   millions   of   dollars   worth   of   business  over  the  years.   One   of   the   most   notorious   tax   dodgers   in   the   world,   General   Electric   has   been   making   lemonade   out   of   lemons   for   decades.   Its   contract   to   construct   the   controversial   (and   unnecessary)  “second  engine”  for  the  F-­‐35  Joint   Strike   Fighter   was   cancelled   in   2011   shortly   after   GDAMS,  but  not  before  $3  billion  was  sunk  on  it.     However,   in   return,   GE   received   another   long-­‐term   contract   to   research   “alternatives”   for   the   second   engine,   already   widely   considered  unnecessary.  In  2010,  GE  CEO  Jeffrey  Immelt  took  home   $15   million,   but   the   company   paid   an   astounding   negative   64.1   percent   corporate   tax   rate,   receiving   over   $3   billion   from   the   IRS.   Astoundingly,  Immelt  was  tapped  in  2011  to  head  President  Obama’s   advisory  council  on  jobs,  even  as  GE  relocated  thousands  of  U.S.  jobs   to  China  that  year.    

Although   currently   implementing   a   five-­‐ year,   $75-­‐million   contract   with   the   U.S.   Army   –   among   other   lucrative   deals   –   Honeywell   hasn’t   let   its   considerable   earnings  (over  $33  billion  in  2010)  drive  up   its  tax  bill.  Thanks  to  its  five  subsidiaries  in   offshore  tax  havens,  the  New  Jersey-­‐based   contractor   actually   received   $471   million   back  from  the  IRS  in  2010.  

Boeing,   the   world’s   leading   aircraft   manufacturer,   is   also   a   contracting   giant.   After   the   company   secured   billions   of   dollars   worth   of   new   government   contracts   in   2010-­‐2011,   Boeing’s   vice   president   appeared   before   Congress   in   2011   to   lobby   against   future   defense   cuts.   And   even   though   the   company   pulled   in   nearly   $10   billion   in   profits   from   2008-­‐2010,   Boeing   nonetheless   took  $178  million  back  from  the  IRS  during  that  same  period.    

INSULT  TO  INJURY  
 
It’s  bad  enough  that  billions  of  dollars  are   funneled   away   from   social   priorities   at   home   to   U.S.   military   contractors.   But   worse  still,  according  to  a  U.S.  government   report,   U.S.   taxpayers   lost   more   than   $1   trillion   to   contractor   fraud   in   the   first   decade   of   the   2000s.   It’s   time   to   redirect   our   tax   dollars   away   from   fraudsters,   tax   dodgers,   and   war   contractors—and   back   to  nation  building  at  home.    

 

GDAMS  2011:  The  World  Says   “NO”  To  Excessive  Military  
Rallies,  Displays  and  Demonstrations  

Spending  

Athens,   Greece   –   In   the   iconic   Syntagma   Square   in   front   of   the   Greek   Parliament,   protestors   set   up   a   visual   display   showing   world   military   spending,   and   comparing   those  figures  with  the  estimated  costs  to  achieve  the  Millennium  Development  Goals.   Fairfield,   California   –   At   Travis   Air   Force   Base,   activists   from   Code   Pink,   Veterans  for  Peace,  the  San  Francisco  AFSC  and  Military  Families  Speak  Out   delivered   their   message   directly   to   members   of   the   U.S.   Air   Force   as   they   commuted  to  work.  They  displayed  banners  outside  the  base’s  entrance  and   handed  out  leaflets  with  information  on  military  waste,  and  on  alternatives   to  military  spending.   Augusta,   Maine   –   400   activists   from   Veterans   for   Peace,   the   Union   of   Maine  Visual  Artists  and  Raging  Grannies  filled  the  statehouse  where  a   local   mayor   spoke   out   against   forced   local   budget   cuts   on   account   of   the   soaring   costs   of   war   that   leave   cities   and   towns   underfunded.   Another   theme   was   unity:   “It’s   time   we   showed   the   links   between   all   the  issues  and  put  out  an  alternative  sustainable  vision  for  the  future.”   Seoul,  South  Korea  –  Peace  activists  set  up  a  display  and  held  a  rally  featuring  pro-­‐ peace   parliamentarians   outside   the   Parliament   building.   They   called   for   an   end   to   militarization,  and  a  more  peace-­‐oriented  foreign  policy  towards  other  countries   in  the  region.   Seminars,  Conferences  and  Film  Screenings   London,   UK   –   The   Movement   for   the   Abolition   of   War   brought   dozens   of   people   together   for   a   2   hour   public   meeting   entitled   “Welfare   of   Warfare”   with  presenters  from  groups  such  as  Scientists  for  Global  Responsibility,  War   on  Want  and  Uniting  for  Peace.     Dadabari   Kota,   India   –   The   Rural   Development   and   Youth   Training   Institute   invited   budget   specialists   to   discuss   advocacy   issues   and   development   needs   with   rural  villagers.     Virtual  Advocacy   Religions  for  Peace  incorporated  GDAMS  into  their  campaign  to  petition  the  UN  Security  Council  seeking   a  10%  reduction  in  military  spending  among  member  states.   Britain’s   Campaign   Against   the   Arms   Trade   launched   a   Twitter   Campaign,   asking   followers   to   tweet   alternatives  to  military  spending  to  the  Treasury  Department.    

Don’t  Have  the  Time/Resources  to  Mount  a  Big  Action?     Don’t  Worry!  Check  out  these  Easy  Actions!  
  1) Find  a  high-­‐traffic  spot  in  your  city,  gather  a  couple   of  people  and  hand  out  informative  tax-­‐day  flyers:   This   one   comes   from   the   War   Resisters   League,   and  it  shows  where  your  tax  dollars  really  go:       2) Create   a   graphic   representation   and   set   it   up   somewhere  where  many  people  will  see  it.  Use  the   pie   chart   from   the   War-­‐Resister’s   League,   or   use   this   chart   based   on   a   recent   study   from   the   Political   Economy   Research   Institute   at   the   University   of   Massachusetts,   Amherst.   It   shows   that   we   don’t   need   the   military   to   provide   jobs,   we’d   be   much   better   off   using   that   money   on   green  jobs,  healthcare  and  education!       3) Get   your   mayor   to   sign   on   to   Code   Pink’s   Conference   of   Mayor’s   Anti-­‐ War   Resolution,   available   at:   http://codepink.org/article.php?id= 5774   4) Occupy   the   Military   Industrial   Complex  in  your  area!  Pay  a  visit  to   defense  contractors,  military  bases,   or   lobbyists   with   offices   in   your   area.  Ask  them  why  they  deserve  to   profit   off   our   tax   dollars   and   catch   them  on  tape!  

    5) Ask  Us!  Email  GDAMS  organizer  Noah  Gimbel  at  the  Institute  for  Policy  Studies:      

ngimbel@ips-­‐dc.org