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OPEN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

G Ab A Bb B C Db D Eb E F Gb
D Eb E F Gb G Ab A Bb B C Db
A Bb B C Db D Eb E F Gb G Ab
E F Gb G Ab A Bb B C Db D Eb
X X R X X X
X X X X X R X
X X R X X X X X
X X X X X R X X X
X X R X X X
X X X X X R
X R X X X X
X X X R X
X X X R X X X X X
X X X X X X R X X
X R X X X X X X
X X X R X X X
X R X X
X X X X R
R X X X X X
X X X R X X
X X R X X B X
X X X X R X
X R X X X X
X B X X R X X
X R X X B
X B X X R
R X X B X
X X R X
R = Root
PATTERN 2 PATTERN 4
PATTERN 1
PATTERN 4 PATTERN 2
PATTERN 5
R
E
P
E
A
T
PATTERN 1 PATTERN 3
PATTERN 5
Minor Scale Patterns
Minor Pentatonic Scale Patterns
PATTERN 3
B = ADD TO CREATE BLUES SCALE
1he Bass Cheat Sheet
by James Ryan neo@floodcity.net
PATTERN 2 PATTERN 4
Major Scale Patterns
FRETBOARD
PATTERN 5
PATTERN 1
PATTERN 3
Chord Type Formula
Major 1, 3, 5
Major 7th 1, 3, 5, 7
Major 9th 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
Major 11th 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
Major 13th 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13
Chord Type Formula
Minor 1, b3, 5
Minor 7th 1, b3, 5, b7
Minor 9th 1, b3, 5, b7, 9
Minor 11th 1, b3, 5, b7, 9, 11
Minor 13th 1, b3, 5, b7, 9, 11, 13
Chord Type Formula
7th 1, 3, 5, b7
9th 1, 3, 5, b7, 9
11th 1, 3, 5, b7, 11
13th 1, 3, 5, b7, 9, 11, 13
Chord Type Formula
sus2 1, 2, 5
sus4 1, 4, 5
12 Sounds the same as the fretted note
7, 19 Sounds an octave above the fretted note
5, 24 Sounds 2 octaves above the open string
4, 9, 16 Sounds 2 octaves above the fretted note
3.2
2.7
2.2
2
1.8
The formula for the chords in key is
M m m M M m o M = chord quality
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 = chord degree
M = Major Chord m = Minor Chord o = deminished
Suspended
All the above formulas are created
using the Major Scale
Chord Formulas
Major
Minor
Dominant
Harmonic Notes
10 common chord progressions
ii-v-I
I - IV
Sounds 3 octaves above the fretted note
Sounds an octave higher than the 4th fret harmonic
Sounds an octave higher than the harmonic at the 7th fret.
Sounds down a whole step from the open string, and 3 octaves higher than that
Sounds 3 octaves higher than the open string
I - vi
I - ii - V
I - vi - ii - V
I - vi - IV - V
I - vi - ii - vii
I - vi - IV - vii
I - vi - V
I - IV - V
SCALES
Natural Major Scales Natural Minor Scales
C D E F G A B C A B C D E F G A
G A B C D E F# G E F# G A B C D E
D E F# G A B C# D B C# D E F# G A B
A B C# D E F# G# A F# G# A B C# D E F#
E F# G# A B C# D# E C# D# E F# G# A B C#
B C# D# E F# G# A# B G# A# B C# D# E F# G#
F# G# A# B C# D# E# F# D# E# F# G# A# B C# D#
C# D# E# F# G# A# B# C# A# B# C# D# E# F# G# A#

F G A Bb C D E F D E F G A Bb C D
Bb C D Eb F G A Bb G A Bb C D Eb F G
Eb F G Ab Bb C D Eb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C
Ab Bb C Db Eb F G Ab F G Ab Bb C Db Eb F
Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C Db Bb C Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb
Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F Gb Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb
Cb Db Eb Fb Gb Ab Bb Cb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb Fb Gb Ab

• To derive the Harmonic Minor scale from the Natural Minor scale, raise the
7th note of natural minor ½ step.
• To derive the Melodic Minor scale from the natural minor, raise 6th and 7th
notes ½ step ascending
PENTATONIC SCALES
• To derive the Major Pentatonic scale from the Major scale, use the 1st, 2nd,
3rd, 5th and 6th notes of the major scale. This scale provides a sweet country
sound.
• To derive the Minor Pentatonic scale from the Natural Minor scale, use the
1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th notes of the minor scale. This scale provides a bluesy
rock sound.
• To derive the Minor Blues Pentatonic scale from the Natural Minor scale, use
the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5bth, 5th and 7th notes of the minor scale. This scale provides a
bluesy rock sound.
|-----|-----|--3--|-----| |-----|-----|-----|--1--| |--3--|-----|-----|--5--|
|-----|-----|-----|--1--| |--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |-----|--1--|-----|-----|
|--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |-----|--1--|-----|-----| |-----|--5--|-----|-----|
|-----|--1--|-----|-----| |-----|--5--|-----|-----| |-----|-----|-----|--3--|
|-----|-----|-----|-----| |-----|-----|--1--|-----| |-----|-----|--5--|-----|
|-----|-----|--1--|-----| |-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--|
|-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--| |--5--|-----|-----|-----|
|--1--|-----|-----|--3--| |--5--|-----|-----|-----| |-----|--3--|-----|-----|
|-----|-----|--3--|-----| |-----|-----|--7--|--1--| |--3--|-----|-----|--5--|
|-----|-----|--7--|--1--| |--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |--7--|--1--|-----|-----|
|--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |--7--|--1--|-----|-----| |-----|--5--|-----|-----|
|--7--|--1--|-----|-----| |-----|--5--|-----|-----| |-----|-----|-----|--3--|
|-----|-----|-----|-----| |--7--|-----|--1--|-----| |-----|-----|--5--|-----|
|--7--|-----|--1--|-----| |-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--|
|-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--| |--5--|-----|-----|--7--|
|--1--|-----|-----|--3--| |--5--|-----|-----|--7--| |-----|--3--|-----|-----|
Note Rest
whole
4 per beat
8 beats
4 beats
2 beats
eighth
1 beat
2 per beat
sixteenth
thirty-second
half
quarter
MAJOR ROOT 2nd POSITION
MINOR ROOT 2nd POSITION
value Name
Arpeggio of Major Chords
Arpeggio of Minor Chords
MINOR ROOT 4th POSITION MINOR ROOT 3rd POSITION
MAJOR ROOT 3rd POSITION MAJOR ROOT 4th POSITION
8 per beat
Arpeggio of Major 7th Chords
MAJOR ROOT 4th POSITION MAJOR ROOT 3rd POSITION MAJOR ROOT 2nd POSITION
Arpeggio of Minor 7th Chords
MINOR ROOT 4th POSITION MINOR ROOT 3rd POSITION MINOR ROOT 2nd POSITION
double whole
OPEN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
X X C X X X
X X X X X C X
X X C X X X X X
X X X X X C X X X
OPEN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
X X C X X X
X X X X X C
X C X X X X
X X X C X
1
2 You will be able to play a scale in different keys in the same position
3
PATTERN 2
PATTERN 1
you will be able to play a scale in the same key in multiple places
on the neck
Learning these patterns has three great advantages, will improve your
bass playing considerably
you will quickly learn to use the whole neck when playing a scale
Instructions on using scale patterns:
PATTERN 5
PATTERN 4
Harmonic Major Scale Patterns
These Patterns are all of the same mode. For example the Major scale's
patterns are of the Ionian Mode. The different patterns are just of that
mode played in different parts of the neck. All the patterns contain the
same notes. The benefit of learning the different patterns of the same
mode is that you can easily move all over the neck using all the
patterns.
Here is an example of how to use these patterns. The example uses the
key of C Major. Notice how the patterns inter-connect to fill out the
neck.
PATTERN 3

b7. This scale provides a bluesy rock sound. raise 6th and 7th notes ½ step ascending Chord Type 7th 9th 11th 13th PENTATONIC SCALES • • • To derive the Major Pentatonic scale from the Major scale. 3. 2.7 2.IV . 19 5. 11 1. 5. 5 All the above formulas are created using the Major Scale Harmonic Notes 12 7. Suspended Chord Type Formula sus2 1.IV . To derive the Minor Blues Pentatonic scale from the Natural Minor scale. 3. 9. b7 1. b3. 24 4. 5th and 7th notes of the minor scale. 3. 4th. 3. 13 Dominant Formula 1. b3.V I . 5.SCALES Natural Major Scales C D E F G A B C G A B C D E F# G D E F# G A B C# D A B C# D E F# G# A E F# G# A B C# D# E B C# D# E F# G# A# B F# G# A# B C# D# E# F# C# D# E# F# G# A# B# C# F G A Bb C D E F Bb C D Eb F G A Bb Eb F G Ab Bb C D Eb Ab Bb C Db Eb F G Ab Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C Db Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F Gb Cb Db Eb Fb Gb Ab Bb Cb Natural Minor Scales A B C D E F G A E F# G A B C D E B C# D E F# G A B F# G# A B C# D E F# C# D# E F# G# A B C# G# A# B C# D# E F# G# D# E# F# G# A# B C# D# A# B# C# D# E# F# G# A# D E F G A Bb C D G A Bb C D Eb F G C D Eb F G Ab Bb C F G Ab Bb C Db Eb F Bb C Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb Fb Gb Ab Chord Formulas Chord Type Major Major 7th Major 9th Major 11th Major 13th Major Formula 1. 11. Sounds down a whole step from the open string. b3. and 3 octaves higher than that Sounds 3 octaves higher than the open string Sounds 3 octaves above the fretted note Sounds an octave higher than the 4th fret harmonic 10 common chord progressions ii-v-I I . 5. b3.vi . This scale provides a sweet country sound. 13 Minor Formula 1. use the 1st. 7 1.vi . 7. b7. 4.vii I . 3rd. 5 1. 2nd.V I . 5bth. b7.V I . 5. 5.2 2 1. 11 1. 3. 5. 5.vii I . 9. b7 1. 9. 7. 3. 5. 5. 9. 5 sus4 1. use the 1st. 7. 3rd. 3. 9 1. 9.vi .IV .vi I .2 2.ii .ii . 9. To derive the Melodic Minor scale from the natural minor. 9 1.V The formula for the chords in key is M 1 m 2 m 3 M 4 M 5 m 6 o 7 M 1 = chord quality = chord degree M = Major Chord m = Minor Chord o = deminished .IV I . 11. 4th. 5th and 7th notes of the minor scale. 3. use the 1st. 5th and 6th notes of the major scale. b7. 3rd. This scale provides a bluesy rock sound.V I . 5 1.ii . 16 3. 9 1. b3. b7. 3. raise the 7th note of natural minor ½ step. 11. b7.8 Sounds the same as the fretted note Sounds an octave above the fretted note Sounds 2 octaves above the open string Sounds 2 octaves above the fretted note Sounds an octave higher than the harmonic at the 7th fret. 13 Chord Type Minor Minor 7th Minor 9th Minor 11th Minor 13th • • To derive the Harmonic Minor scale from the Natural Minor scale. 5.vi . 5. 11 1.vi . To derive the Minor Pentatonic scale from the Natural Minor scale. 5.

Arpeggio of Major Chords MAJOR ROOT 4th POSITION |-----|-----|--3--|-----| |-----|-----|-----|--1--| |--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |-----|--1--|-----|-----| MINOR ROOT 4th POSITION |-----|-----|-----|-----| |-----|-----|--1--|-----| |-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--| MAJOR ROOT 4th POSITION |-----|-----|--3--|-----| |-----|-----|--7--|--1--| |--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |--7--|--1--|-----|-----| MINOR ROOT 4th POSITION |-----|-----|-----|-----| |--7--|-----|--1--|-----| |-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--| MAJOR ROOT 3rd POSITION |-----|-----|-----|--1--| |--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |-----|--1--|-----|-----| |-----|--5--|-----|-----| Arpeggio of Minor Chords MINOR ROOT 3rd POSITION |-----|-----|--1--|-----| |-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--| |--5--|-----|-----|-----| Arpeggio of Major 7th Chords MAJOR ROOT 3rd POSITION |-----|-----|--7--|--1--| |--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |--7--|--1--|-----|-----| |-----|--5--|-----|-----| Arpeggio of Minor 7th Chords MINOR ROOT 3rd POSITION |--7--|-----|--1--|-----| |-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--| |--5--|-----|-----|--7--| MINOR ROOT 2nd POSITION |-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--| |--5--|-----|-----|--7--| |-----|--3--|-----|-----| MAJOR ROOT 2nd POSITION |--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |--7--|--1--|-----|-----| |-----|--5--|-----|-----| |-----|-----|-----|--3--| MINOR ROOT 2nd POSITION |-----|-----|--5--|-----| |--1--|-----|-----|--3--| |--5--|-----|-----|-----| |-----|--3--|-----|-----| MAJOR ROOT 2nd POSITION |--3--|-----|-----|--5--| |-----|--1--|-----|-----| |-----|--5--|-----|-----| |-----|-----|-----|--3--| Name Note Rest value .

Instructions on using scale patterns: ! " ( #! # * +% & # #. #! % #! #) #$ % & & ' Harmonic Major Scale Patterns 1 2 PATTERN 1 X X X X X X X X OPEN 1 2 X X X OPEN 3 4 5 C X X X 5 C X X X X C X 3 4 X X C X PATTERN 2 6 7 8 9 PATTERN 3 X X X X X C 6 7 8 9 X X X X X X X C PATTERN 4 10 X C X X 10 X C X X 11 12 PATTERN 5 X X X X X 11 12 1 2 You will be able to play a scale in different keys in the same position 3 .