Aeta Peoples

Aeta peoples

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The Aeta (pronounced as ³eye-ta,´), Agta or Ayta are an indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of Luzon, Philippines. They are considered to be Negritos, who are dark to very dark brownskinned and tend to have features such as a small stature, small frame, curly to kinky afro-like textured hair with a higher frequency of naturally lighter hair color (blondism) relative to the general population, small nose, and dark brown eyes. They are thought to be among the earliest inhabitants of the Philippines, preceding the Austronesian migrations. The Aeta were included in the group of people termed "Negrito" during Spanish colonial rule as Negritos. Various Aeta groups in northern Luzon are known as "Pugut" or "Pugot," a name designated by their Ilocanospeaking neighbors, and which is the colloquial term for those with darker complexions. In Ilocano, the word also means "goblin" or "forest spirit."

see also History of the Philippines (pre-1521) The Aeta people in the Philippines are Australo-Melanesians. Today other groups of Australo-Melanesians are the Aborigines in Australia, Papuans and theMelanesians of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, New Caledonia etc. The history of the Aeta continues to confound anthropologists and archaeologists. One theory suggests that the Aeta are the descendants of the original inhabitants of the Philippines, who, contrary to their sea-faring Austronesian neighbors, arrived through land bridges that linked the country with the Asian mainland about 30,000 years ago. Unlike many of their Austronesian counterparts, the Aetas have shown resistance to change. The attempts of the Spaniards to settle them in reducciones or reservations all throughout Spanish rule failed. The Aeta are an indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of the Philippines. Aetas are considered as the earliest inhabitants of the Philippines, preceding the Austronesian migrations. They are nomadic and build only temporary shelters made of sticks driven to the ground and covered with the palm of banana leaves. The well-situated and more modernized Aetas have moved to villages and areas of cleared mountains. They live in houses made of bamboo and cogon grass. Aetas are found in Zambales, Tarlac, Pampanga, Angeles, Olongapo, Panay, Bataan and Nueva Ecija. But because of the Mount Pinatubo eruption, some of them moved to resettlement areas in Pampanga and Tarlac. Nel Mathiasan was the first explorer to rule the Aetas. Mining, deforestation, illegal logging, and slash-and-burn farming has caused the indigenous population in all parts of the Philippines to steadily decrease to the point where they number in the thousands today. The Philippines affords them no protection. In addition, the Aeta have become extremely nomadic due to social and

The mission agency provided education including pastoral training for natives to reach members of their own tribe. Abellen. [edit]Demographics The life expectancy at birth of the Aeta is just 16. .5 years. Elder women wear bark cloth. hill. the Pinatubo Aeta believe in environmental spirits such as anito and kamana. The Aetas are also animists.[1][2] with only a third of children surviving to adulthood at 15 years[2][3] ± at which point life expectancy is still only 27.[1][2] [edit]Culture [edit]Language All Aeta communities have adopted the language of their Austronesian Filipino neighbors. The young women wear wrap around skirts.economic strain on their culture and way of life that had previously remained unchanged for thousands of years. valley and other places. with the Aeta of Mt. in order of number of speakers.[citation needed] [edit]Religion There are different views on the dominant character of the Aeta religion. sea. they perform a dance which is partly an apology to the fish and partly a charm to ensure the catch. a large percentage of Agtas/Aetas of Zambales and Pampanga are Evangelicals. Today most Aeta who have been in contact with lowlanders have adopted the T-shirts. (See 1993 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses) [edit]Clothing Their traditional clothing is very simple. mountain.[citation needed] Jehovah's Witnesses also have members of the Aeta people. These include. The old women of the Agta wear a bark cloth strip which passes between the legs. The Aeta dance before and after apig hunt. and is attached to a string around the waist. Those who believe they aremonotheistic argue that various Aeta tribes believe in a supreme being who rules over lesser spirits or deities. Today. such as the spirits of the river.Mag-indi. Ambala. In the mid-60s missionaries of the American-based Evangelical Protestant mission group New Tribes Mission. They believe that good and evil spirits inhabit the environment. and Mariveleño. Pinatubo worshipping "Apo Na". in their effort to reach every Philippine tribal group with the Christian Gospel reached out to the Agtas/Aetas. sky. which have sometimes diverged over time to become different languages. No special occasion is needed for the Aeta to pray.[2] Young women reach full adult height (average 140 cm) at age 12 or 13. although there is a clear link between prayer and economic activities. The night before Aeta women gather shellfish. Similarly. the men hold a bee dance before and after the expeditions for honey.3 years. pants and rubber sandals commonly used by the latter. For example. Mag-antsi. while elder men wear loin cloths.

[edit]Practices The Aetas are skillful in weaving and plaiting. the Dumagat modify their teeth during late puberty. [edit]Music The Aeta have a musical heritage consisting of various types of agung ensembles ± ensembles composed of large hanging. Iriga is strategically located in the Bicol region. with more than thirty natural springs providing a rich source of drinking and irrigation waters. Flowers and leaves are used as earplugs for certain occasions. from June to December. The Aetas generally use ornaments typical of people living in subsistence economies. Terrain : Iriga's topography varies from flat to rolling terrain with elevation ranging from 10 to 60 meters with Mt. Women exclusively weave winnows and mats. [edit]Medicine Aeta women are known around the country as experts of herbal medicines. Location : 478 kilometers south of Manila . With the use of a file.400 hectares (78% is Seasons : The city's climate is tropical. hands. necklaces. Iriga City Profile General Land Area : 17. and neckbands of braided rattan incorporated with wild pig bristles are frequently worn. Other "decorative disfigurements" include the chipping of the teeth. Iriga . from January to May. 16% built-up and 6% forest area. calves and abdomen. and then they irritate the wounds with fire. The teeth are dyed black a few years afterwards. arms. and dry. Iriga reaching 1. Girdles. suspended or held. bossed/knobbed gongs which act as drone without any accompanying melodic instrument. Only men make armlets. Mt.149 meters above sea level. . [edit] Art A traditional form of visual art is body scarification. breast. legs. situated as it is between Naga in the North and Legazpi in the south. Its most prominent natural landmark. They also produce raincoats made of palm leaves whose bases surround the neck of the wearer. with two spelled Information agricultural. is a favorite mountain climbing destination of local moutaineers and hikers. and whose topmost part spreads like a fan all around the body. Natural Resources : Iriga is called the City of Springs . lime and other means to form scars. seasens: wet. The Aetas intentionally wound the skin on their back.

With the presence of colleges. Like any other Local Government.21 persons per household. universities and Vocational and Technical schools that contribute to the high literacy rate of 95. is only utilizing three of its 22 natural springs. trained workers who are highly disciplined with an excellent command and technical English. The main thoroughfares and streets are provided with streetlights. manpower resources are more than adequate to meet the manpower requirements for trained and highly effecient wokers. Smart. To link up with the Information Highway. The city. Sanguniang Panglungsod members and appointive City Officials.Electric Plant in the nearby municipality of Buhi and Geothermal plant in Albay. namely: The City mayor. internet providers and local internet cafes are available in the city proper. propping its enviable position as the region's most peaceful city.893 (2000 NSO Survey) with a growth rate of 1. Digitel.UTILITIES CASURECO III Iriga City is serviced by the government-owned National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) through the Camarines Sur Electric Cooperative III (CASURECO III). LABOR Iriga City's labor force numbers 50. Mobiline. The Barit Hydro. 249. Visayans.949 which is 62. Iriga City has both elective and appointive officials.061 household and an average household size of 5. while knows as the city of springs. Muslim and foreigners and the dominant dialect is Rinconada. The city's population is a conglomerate of Bicolanos. It draws its supply from two sources namely. COMMUNICATIONS Providing modern communication facilities in Iriga City are: Iriga Telephone Company. Vice-Mayor. Pampangos. . ICC-BayanTel. Ilocanos. Tagalogs. DEMOGRAPHY IRIGA CITY has a total population of 88. POLITICAL STRUCTURE The City of Iriga is classified as third class by the Department of Finance pursuant to Executive Order No. but the same are already adequately providing the water needs of its constituents and of its neighboring municipalities.9% of the total population.81 per annum.6%. PEACE and ORDER The Iriga City Philippine National Police has been awarded as the "Best Police Station" for three consecutive years now. They extend state of the art communication technology to local and international clients. Water requirements are being provided by Iriga City Water District (ICWD). contributing to the attainment of an ideal peace and order in the city. This consists of skilled. PT&T and RCPI. The city has an aggrerate of 17.

SOIL MAP B. SLOPE MAP .Physical Data A.



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