y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

3G : Third Generation AAA : Asian Athletics Association AAFI : The Amateur Athletics Federation of India AC : Ante Christum (Before Christ), Ashok Chakra, Air Conditioner ADB : Asian Development Bank AFI : Athletics Federation of India AFMC : Armed Forces Medical College AI : Artifical Intelligence, Air India AICTE : All India Council for Technical Education AIFF : All India Football Federation AIIMS : All India Institute of Medical Science AITUC : All India Trade Union Congress ALGOL : Algebric Oriented Language AM : Ante Meridiem, Amplitude Modulation APEC : Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation ARPANET : Advanced Research Project Agency Network ASCII : American Standard Code for Information Interchange ASEAN : Association of South East Asian Nations ASLV : Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle AT&T : American Telegraphic and Telephone Co. Ltd. ATC : Air Traffic Control ATM : Automated Teller Machine AVSM : Ati Vishisht Seva Medal B2B : Busines to Business B2C : Business to Consumer BARC : Bhabha Atomic Research Centre BBC : British Broadcasting Corporation BBS : Bulletin Board Service BC : Before Christ BHEL : Bharat Heavy Electri-cals Ltd BIOS : Basic Input Output System BPL : Below Poverty Line BPO : Business Process Outsourcing BPR : Business Process Re-engineering bps : bytes per second BSE : Bombay Stock Exchange BSF : Border Security Force BSNL : Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited C2C : Consumer to Consumer CA : Chartered Accountant CAD : Computer Aided Design CAT : Common Admission Test CBI : Central Bureau of Investigation CBSE : Central Board of Secondary Education CDAC : Centre for the Development of Advanced Computing CDMA : Code Division Multiple Access CEO : Chief Executive Officer CFSL : Central Forensic Science Laboratory CGI : Common Gateway Interface CIA : Central Intelligence Agency

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

CID : Criminal Investigation Department CISC : Complex instruction set computing CITU : Centre of Indian Trade Unions CNN : Cable News Network COMSAT : Communications Satellite Corporation COPRA : Consumer Protection Act CORBA : Common Object Request Broker Architecture CPI : Communist Party of India CPWD : Central Public Works Department CRIS : Centre for Railway Information System CSIR : Council of Scientific and Industrial Research CTBT : Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty CYMK : Cyan, Yellow, Magenta, Kinda D.Litt. : Doctor of Literature D.Phil. : Doctor of Philosophy D.Sc : Doctor of Science DC : Direct Current DIG : Deputy Inspector General DMA : Direct Memory Access DMK : Dravida Munetra Kazhagam DNA : Deoxyribo-nucleic Acid DTP : Desktop Publishing DVC : Damodar Valley Corporation DVD : Digital Versatile/Video Disc E & OE : Errors and Omissions Excepted EDI : Electronic Data Interchange EIS : Executive Information System E-MAIL : Electronic Mailing EMI : Equated Monthly Instalments ENIAC : Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator ENT : Ear, Nose and Throat EOF : end of file EOT : Eastern Daylight Time EPABX : Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange ERNET : Educational and Research Network FAQ : Frequently Asked Question FBI : Federal Bureau of Investigation FBT : Fringe Benefit Tax FBTR : Fast Breeder Test Reactor FBW : Fly-By-Wire FCI : Food Corporation of India; Fertilizer Corporation of India FDI : Foreign Direct Investment FEMA : Foreign Exchange Management Act FICCI : Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry FIFA : International Football Federation (Federation Internationale de Football Association) FIR : First Information Report FM : Frequency modulation FRCP : Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians FRCS : Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons

Italy. Indian Forest Service IGNOU : Indira Gandhi National Open University IIPA : Indian Institute of Public Administration IISCO : Indian Iron and Steel Company IISS : International Institute of Strategic Studies IIT : Indian Institute of Technology ILA : Indian Library Association ILO : International Labour Organisation IMAP : Internet Mail Access Protocol IMF : International Monetary Fund INA : Indian National Army INTUC : Indian National Trade Union Congress IOC : Indian Oil Corporation IP : Internet Protocol IPC : Indian Penal Code IPCL : Indian Petro-Chemicals Corporation Ltd IPI : International Press Institute . HVAC : Heating. Germany. International Finance Corporation IFS : Indian Foreign Service. France. japan and Canada) G8 : includes G7 plus Russia GATE : Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering GATS : General Agreement on Trade and Services GDP : Gross Domestic Product GMAT : Graduate Management Admission Test GMT : Greenwich Mean Time GSLV : Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle GSM : Global System for Mobile Communications GSP : Generalised System Preference GUI : Graphical User Interface HAL : Hindustan Aeronautics Limited HIV : Human Immunodeficiency Virus HMI : Himalayan Mountaineering Institute HTML : Hyper Text Markup Language HUDCO : Housing and Urban Development Corp.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y FRCS : Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society FRS : Fellow of the Royal Society G7 : Group of Seven(US. UK. Ventilating and Air Conditioning IAAI : International Airport Authority of India IAEA : International Atomic Energy Agency IARI : Indian Agricultural Research Institute IAS : Indian Administrative Service IATA : International Air Transport Association IBM : International Business Machines ICSE : Indian Certificate of Secondary Education ICU : Intensive Care Unit ICWA : Indian Council of World Affairs IDA : International Development Agency IDBI : Industrial Development Bank of India IEEE : Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers IELTS : International English Language Testing System IFC : Industrial Finance Corporation.

Industrial Training Institute ITU : International Telecommunication Union IVF : In-Vitro Fertilisation IVM : In-vitro Maturation JCO : Junior Commissioned Officer JEE : Joint Entrance Examination JPEG : Joint Photographic Expert Group LASER : Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation LCA : Light Combat Aircraft LCD : Liquid Crystal Display. Least Common Denominator LCM : Lowest Common Multiple LIC : Life Insurance Corporation (of India) LLB : Bachelor of Laws LMC : Large Megallanic Cloud LTTE : Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam MA : Magisiter Artium (Master of Arts) MD : Doctor of Medicine MBA : Master of Business Administration MBBS : Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery MCC : Marylebone Cricket Club MCI : Medical Council of India MICR : Magnetic ink character recognition MIDI : Musical Instrument Digital Interface MIPS : Million Instructions per Second MIT : Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Inter Services Intelligence ISKCON : International Society for Krishna Consciousness ISO : International Standards Organisation ISRO : Indian Space Research Organisation IST : Indian Standard Time ITBP : Indo-Tibetan Border Police ITES : Information Technology enabled services ITI : Indian Telephone Industries. Inter Press Service IQ : Intelligence Quotient IRC : International Red Cross IRDP : Integrated Rural Development Programme IRS : Indian Revenue Service ISBN : International Standard Book Number ISDN : Integrated Services Digital Network ISI : Indian Standards Institution. Madhya Pradesh MPEG : Motion Picture Experts Group MRCP : Member of the Royal College of Physicians MTCR : Missile Technology Control Regime MVC : Maha Vir Chakra NAAC : National Assessment and Accreditation Council NABARD : National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development .y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y IPO : Initial Public Offering IPS : Indian Police Service. Master Instruction Tape MLA : Member of Legislative Assembly MNC : Multi-National Corporation MODEM : modulator demodulator MP : Member of Parliament.

: Doctor of Philosophy (Philosophiae Doctor) PIL : Public Interest Litigation PIN : Postal Index Number PSLV : Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PWD : Public Works Department R&D : Research and Development RADAR : Radio Detecting and Ranging RAM : Random Access Memory RAW : Research & Analysis Wing RBI : Reserve Bank of India RDX : Research Department Explosive (Cyclotrim-ethylin Trinitrate) RISC : Reduced instruction-set computing RNA : Ribonucleic acid ROM : Read Only Memory RPM : Revolutions Per Minute RTI : Right to Information SAIL : Steel Authority of India Limited SARS : Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome SCSI : Small Computer Systems Interface SEBI : Securities and Exchange Board of India SENSEX : Sensitivity Index (of Share Price) SEZ : Special Economic Zone SGPC : Siromani Gurudwara Prabandak Committee SIM : Subscriber Information Module SLV : Satellite Launch Vehicle SMS : Short Message Service . National Computer Security Association NDA : National Defence Academy NOC : No Objection Certificate NPA : Non-performing Assets NPT : Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty NRF : National Renewal Fund NSUI : National Students Union of India NTPC : National Thermal Power Corporation OBC : Other Backward Classes OCR : Optical Character Recognition ONGC : Oil and Natural Gas Corporation OOP : Object Oriented Programme OPEC : Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries OSCAR : Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio PAN : Permanent Account Number Ph. NASA : National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASDAQ : National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation NASSCOM : National Association of Software and Service Companies NATO : North Atlantic Treaty Organisation NAV : Net Asset Value NCERT : National Council of Educational Research and Training NCSA : National Centre for Supercomputing Applications.D.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y NAFED : National Agricultural Co-operative Marketing Federation NALCO : National Aluminium Company Ltd.

Other Abbreviations. Scientific and Cultural Organi-sation UNI : United News of India UNICEF : United Nations International Children¶s Emergency Fund (now. Transmission Control Protocol TELCO : Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company TFT : Thin-Film Transistor TIFR : Tata Institute of Fundamental Research TISCO : Tata Iron and Steel Company TOEFL : Test of English as a Foreign Language UAV : Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UGC : University Grants Commission ULFA : United Liberation Front of Asom UNESCO : United Nations Educational. Computer Abbreviations. Leave a Comment » Computer Abbreviations July 16. µUnited Nations Children¶s Fund¶) UNU : United Nations University UPA : United Progressive Alliance UPSC : Union Public Service Commission URL : Uniform Resource Locator VAT : Value Added Tax VCR : Video Cassette Recorder VIP : Very Important Person VIRUS : Vital Information Resources Under Siege VRML : Virtual Reality Modelling Language VRS : Voluntary Retirement Scheme VSSC : Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre WHO : World Health Organisation WMO : World Meteorological Organisation WTO : World Trade Orga-nisation WWF : World Wildlife Fund WWW : World Wide Web WYSIWYG : What you see is what you get XML : Extensible Mark-up Language YMCA : Young Men¶s Christian Association ZIP : Zone Improvement Plan Posted in Abbreviations. Sexually Transmitted Diseases TADA : Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act TCP : Transfer Call Protocol. Important Abbreviations.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y SMTP : Simple Mail Transfer Protocol STD : Subscriber Trunk Dialling. 2011 ² sdeducare Computer Abbreviations y y y CDAC : Centre for Development of Advanced Parallel Computing C-DOT : Center for Development of Telematrics HTTP : Hyper Text Transfer Protocol .

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y ROM : Read Only Memory RAM : Random Access Memory BIOS : Basic Input.Output System MODEM : Modulation Demodulation CAD : Computer Aided Design PSTN : Public Switched Public Data Network PSPDN : Pocket Switched Public RABAN : Remote Area Business Message Network LAN : Local Area Network WAN : Wide Area Network MAN : Metropolitan Area Network CDMA : Code Division Multiple Access GAIS : Gateway Internet Access Service E-Mail : Electronic Mail CD : Compact Disc LDU : Liquid Display Unit CPU : Central Processing Unit CAM : Computer Aided Manufacturing CATScan : Computerized Axial Tomography Scan COBOL : Common Business Oriented Language COMAL : Common Algorithmic Language DOS : Disk Operating System DTS : Desk Top System DTP : Desk Top Publishing E-Commerce : Electronic Commerce ENIAC : Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator FAX : Far Away Xerox FLOPS : Floating Operations Per Second FORTRAN : Formula Translation HLL : High Level Language HTML : Hyper Text Markup Language IBM : International Business Machine IC : Integrated Circuit ISH : International Super Highway LISP : List Processing LLL : Low Level Language MICR : Magnetic Ink Character Recognizer MIPS : Millions of Instructions Per Second MOPS : Millions of Operations Per Second MPU : Micro Processor Unit NICNET : National Information Center Network OMR : Optical Mark Reader PC-DOT : Personal Computer Disk Operation System PROM : Programmable Read Only Memory SNOBOL : String Oriented Symbolic Language UPS : Uninterpretable Power Supply VDU : Visual Display Unit VLSI : Very Large Scale Integrated WWW : World Wide Web WLAN : Wireless Local Area Network .

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Wi-fi : Wireless Fidelity TIFF : Tagged Image File Format e-SATA : External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment WiMAX : Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access JPEG : Joint Photographic Experts Group GIF : Graphics Interchange Format ATX : Advanced Technology Extended UATX : Ultra Advanced Technology Extended FATX : Flex Advanced Technology Extended MATX : Micro Advanced Technology Extended EEATX : Enhanced Extended Adva y DDR SDRAM : Double-Data-Rate Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory y DDR RAM : Double-Data-Rate Random Access Memory y GUI : Graphical User Interfaces y CUI : Command User Interfaces mportant Abbreviations of all categories y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y AVES : Acute Viral Encephalitic Syndrome BCTT : Bank Cash Transaction Tex BCSBI : Banking Codes and Standard Board Of India CIC : Central Information Commission CSTO : Collective Security Treaty Organisation CNLU : Chanakya National Law University DII : Domestic Institutional Investor DTH : Direct To Home ECGC : Export Credit Guarantee Corporation FDI : Foreign Direct Investment FII : Foreign Institutional Investor GUAM : Georgia. Azebaijan and Moldova GAGAN : GPS Aided Geo-Augmented Navigation IMO : Instant Money Order IBSA : India. Ukraine. South Africa MRO : Mars Recconnaissance Orbiter NADT : National Authority On Drugs and Therapeutics NCCE : National Council for Clinnical Establishments NEIA : National Export Insurance Account NMDP : National Maritime Development Programme NREGA : National Rural Employment Guarantee Act NJC : National Judicial Council OCI : Overseas Citizen of India . Brazil.

Threats SYL : Sutlej. Weakness.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y PURA : Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas PHFI : Public Health Foundation of India RLDA : Railway Land Development Authority SCRAMJET : Supersonic Combustion Ramjet SIM : Subscriber Identification Module ITGI : IFFCO Tokio General Insurance IITF : India International Trade Fair IAEA : International Atomic Energy Agency HPAI : Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza NCH : National Consumer Influenze SPA : Seven Party Alliance VAT : Value Added Tex QIB : Qualified Institutional Buyer QIP : Qualified Institutional Placement RTA : Railway Territorial Army RTC : Round Table Conference RTG : Radio-isotope Thermo-electric Generator SWIFT : Society for World-wide International Financial Transactions SWOT : Strength. Opportunities. Resource and Monitoring OGL : Open General Licence IMB : International Maritime Bureau .Yamuna Link (Canal) YWCA : Young Women¶s Christian Association ZSI : Zoological Survey of India ZUPO : Zimbabwe United People¶s Organisation ESOP : Employee Stock Option PRP : Performance Related Payment ICA : Irrigated Crop Area FEMA : Foreign Exchange Management Act RFID : Radio Frequency Identification PERDA : Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority RED : Result Framework Document TERM : Telecom Enforcement.

P.S.S.A = Arms control and disarmament agency A.M = Agricultural Prices Commission A.R = All india Radio .F = Anti Norcotic Force A. = Ante maridiem : before noon .S = Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( a disease ) A.I.F = Air port security force A.C.N.A-bomb = Atom bomb A.A = Amateur Athletics Association A.D.C.S = Airborne Warning and control system Abp = Archbishop Ad = Advertisement .C = Army medical corps .A.H.S = Anglo-Saxon .C. At sight A.F = Admiral of the Fleet .N.A.C.D.A.W.D = Asian institute of rural development A.P = Associated Press A.A = Asian Agricultural jounalists and writers association A.R.L.F = Auxiliary Air Force A.C = American oil company A. before mid day a.T.I.S.Q = Army head quarters .D.E = Atomic energy research establishment A.R. Automobile association A. Audio Frequency A.O.E.H = Adreno-Cortico-Trophic Hormone A.B = Associate of the institute for bankers A.T = Advisory council on technology A.C. Scientific and Cultural Organization a.J.A = Anti-aircraft . Air headquarters A.m.D = Agency for internation development ( u.A.D = Anno Domini .W = Atomic Weight A.A = Associate of the chartered accountants A.R = Advanced gas-cooled reactor A.E.P = Air Raid Precautions A.L = American federation of Labour A.C.D = Agency of Barani Areas Development A.O.I.s ) A.O = Afro-Asian Peoples Solidarity Organization A.D.I = Amnesty International A.F.d = After date .A.B.P. in the year of our lord A.A.F = Anti-Norcotic Task force A.T.W.S.S = Associate of the faculty of Architects and surveyors A.M = Anti-Ballistic Missile A.F.R.I. ante diem : before the day A.O = Arab League Educational.B.M. All india reporter ( law ) A.P = Annual development programme A. American muslim council A.E.I = Anti-submarine detector Indicator A.I.G.A.C.A = Atomic energy authority A.V = Authorised Version A.

T.D = Computer Aided Design C. Burning point B.V = Closed Circuit Television C.B.H.S.E.C. Basic Democrat B.P = Blood Pressure .F.D.B.C = Central Board of Film Censors C.O.I.P = Brake Horse-Power B.Us = Basic Health Units B.P.A.S = Chief of Air staff .A.C.I = Board of investment B.M = Caribbean Community and Comon market C.M = Board of industrial management B.B.B = Citizen Advice Bureau C.O.S.A = Conference on the Application of science and technology to the development of Asia C. Boiling point .A = British and south asian trade association B.H.I.T.F = Brought forward (accounting) B.I.L = Bankers Equity limited B.B = Caught and bowled C.S.L = Bill of Lending B.A = Business Software Alliance b/o = brought over Bar-at-law = Barrister -at-law bde = brigade brig = brigadier C = Centigrade C.R = Camera Cassette Recorder C.int = Ad interum : in the meanwhile Adjt = Adjutant Adm = Admiral amp = Amphere (s) anc = Ancient atm = Atmosphere av = Average B.A.A.A. Country Assistance Strategy C.A.S = Basic Pay Scale B.A.S.C = British aircraft corporation B.A.B.U = Complete build-up Unit C.S.I.A.Ad.A.W = Chemical and biological warfare C.C.R.M = Computer Aided Manufacture C.C = Beginner All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (computer) B.C = Before Christ B. = Basic Document .A.T.U = Coronary Care Unit .C = British broadcasting corporation B.C.

S. = Civil defence C.O.D = Central Excise Duty C.T.P.U = Central Processing unit C.B = Economic Advisory Board E.D.D.D = Crime investigation Department C.O.G = Compressed Natural Gas C.O.B.C.T = Communications Satellite Corporation C.V.S. Calf Cm = Centimetre Crystl = Crystalline CT-Scan = Computerised Axial Tomography Scanning Cu = Cubic Cum = Cumulative E & O.C.I.R.C = Civil Procedure Code C.D.R = Council of Scientific and Industrial Research C.M.S.T = Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty C.A.S = Central Depository system C.R = Call Deposit Receipts C.E = Errors and Omissions Excepted E.S.P = Community Development Program C.E.K.G.R.A.C = Chloroflouro Carbon C.D = Completely Knocked Down C.B = Ehtesab Bureau .D = Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament C.C = Carry over charge (stock exchange) C.D. Comon metre C.P.G.H = OIC standing Committe on Scientific and technology Cooperation C.S = Centimetre-gram-second (system of measurement in science) C.L = Casual Leave C.P = College of physicians and Surgeons of pakistan C.M = Chief minister .R = Committe on Space Research C.T.B.O = Custom general order C.S.M.D = Chemical Vapour Deposition Cal = Calorei Cd`A = Charge d`Affair Cent = Centum : A hundred Centi = One hundreth part Cf = Confer .P = Candle Power C.E.N.N. Ehtesab Bench (high court) .C = Common wealth Development Corporation C.D.E.P.P.O.N = European Organization for Nuclear Research C.C = Chashma Right Bank Canal C.F.A.I.

C.E.M = Extra ordinary General Meeting e.G = Electro-encephalogram E.P.F.G.N.C.O = Economic Cooperation Organization E.C = Fuel Adjustment charge .R = European centre of Nuclear Research E.N.F = Export Credit Guarantee Facility E.N.F = Electromotive force E.I = Employees Old Age Benefit Institution E.C.C = Exchange Earner Foreign Currency E. Fellow F.S = European monetary system E.P = Extra Sensory Perception E.C.O.N.I = Federation Aeronatique International f.R = Export Compensatory Rebate E.T = Ear .E.R = Foreign exchange REserves .R.s.C.R.M.O.U = European Currency Unit E.O.T = Emergency Operation Theatre E.R.O.A = Education For All E.E.C.C.C.E = Electronic Random Number Indicator E.R.O.C.G. Food Aid Convention F.L = Exit Control List E.M = Exchange rate mechanism E.s = free along side F.P.C = Economic Coordination among developing countries E.G.A.E.A = Environment Protection Agency E.S.A.O.R = Electric Video Recording Esq = Esquire F = Fahrenheit .C.I = Extended Programme of Immunization E.F.V.C.g = example gratia E.G = Electric Cardio Graph E.B.O.C.G = Electromyograph E.N.P.N = Energy Conservation Centre E.M.C.S. Nose and Throat E.E = Electronic Random Number Indicator Equipment E.C = Economic and Social Council ( UN ) E.N.D.C = Executive Committee of the national economic council E.B = European central bank E.T = Electroconvulsive Therapy E.M.B.S = Earth Observation Satellite E.A.I = Expression of Interest E.E.S = Employees Old Age Benefit Scheme E.S = Electro Plated Nickel Silver E.I.O.N.

D.T road = Grand Trank Road. G.o.B = First women bank Fl.S = Housing Income and Expenditure Survey H.F.A.C.T = Forum for International Relation.T = General sales Tax G.E.T = Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty f.S.T.F.M = Field Marshall .C.M.S.F = Fianna Fail F.A = General Assembly (UN) G. Frequency Modulation F.T = Greenwich Mean Time G.I.I = Human Development Index H.S = Harkat al-muqawana al-Islamiyaa ( Islamic Resistance Movement) H.E.V = Thousand million electron-volts gr = Grain(s) H.I.T.F = High Frequency H.p = freezing point F.D.C.C = Housing building finance corporation H.A.A = Ground Control Approach G.S = Global Environment Monitoring system G.Strategic and Technical Studies F.C.M.R.S = govt transport Service G-77 = Group of 77 gal = gallon (s) Ge.b = free on board f.F = Greatest Comon Factor G.M.r = free on rail f.P = Gross National Product G.D.N.P = Global system of trade Preferences G.V = Human Immunodeficiency Virus .I = Gross Domestic Income G.I.F = Highest Common Factor H.S.As = Fuel Supply Agreements F.C = Heavily Indebted Poor Countries H.I.P.W.P = Gross Domestic Product G.C = High court H.R = First information report F.B. Sgt = Flight-Sergeant fo = Folio ft = feet .o. foot g = gram(s) G.S.M.I.

R = International Relations I.C = Higher Secondary Certificate H.P = High Speed Diesel H.A.T.C.T.C = International Trade Centre ICBM = Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile .M = International Business Machines I.J = Hilal-i-Jur`at ( an award ) H.E.M = Human Rights H.O = Head Office H.H.H = International Commodities Clearing House I.I = Imperial Chemical Industries I.B = Intelligence Bureau I.J = International Court Of Justice I.L.S.D.S = International College of Surgeons I.R.A.C.T.S.P = Harmonic Progression H.R = High Temperature Reactor (type of nuclear reactors) hecto = One hundred times hons = honours hp = horse power hr (hrs) = Hour (hours) I I.I = Internet Research Institute I.M = Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile I.R.C = International Telecommunication Satellite Consortium I.A.Q.U = International Council of Scientific Unions I.T.C.R.C.U = Intensive Care Unit I.A = International Air Transport Association I.I = Inter Services Intelligence I.E.C.P.T = International Computer and Tabulators I.N.S.S.C = International Chamber of Commerce I.B.B = International Association of Islamic Banks I.A.C.C = International Agency for Research on Cancer I.I.B = Islamic Development Bank I.T = High Tension H.C.C.D = International Conference on Population and Development I.E.S.A.A = International Energy Agency I.A = International Atomic Energy Agency I.P.F = Indian Air Force I.Y = International Quet Sun Year I.C.A.S.B.C.D = Housing and Physical Department H.

G = Letter of Guarantee L. thousand K.D = Light Emitting Diode L.F.B.P.V = Lady Health Visitor .G = Kinder Garten (school) K.E.U.C.A.P = Karachi Nuclear Power Plant K.E.P.D = Liquid-Crystal Display L.C = Junior Cadet Corps J.c = lower case (in printing) L.E = Knight of British Empire K.M = Lowest Common Multiple L.N = Local Area Network L.M.S.A.R = Light Amplification by radiation L.B.C.N.P = Justice of Peace J.R.J = Jet (air craft) J.H.A.A. Latin L.C.C = Journalists Resource Centre K K = Kilo .C = Letter of Credit L.B = Local bodies L.S = Licentiate in Dental Surgery L.V = Kilovolt Kc = Kilocycle (s) Kg = Kilogram (s) Km = Kilometre (s) Kw = Kilowatt L L = Leaner .T = Koumintang K.W = Leg before wicket (cricket) l.L = Japan Air Lines J.D.O = Legal Framework Order L.T = Karachi Port Trust K.Cpl = Lance Corporal L.

S = Master in Dental Surgery M. Mark M.F = Multilateral (nuclear) Force m.Kilogram.A.m. Mass Observation m.D = Magneto Hydro Dynamic M. metres M = Monsieur .A = Member of National Assembly (pakistan) M.T.C. Librae (Pounds) Log = Logrithm Long = Longitude LSD = Lysergic acid diethylamide Ltd = Limited m = maiden .P.R = Missile Technology Control Regime M.N.C.S = Mutual Broadcasting System (USA) M.B.I.R. Member .G = Liquefied Petroleum Gas l. miles .C = Military Appellate Court M.T.B.C.T.A = Monopoly Control Athority M.C = Medical Research Council M.B = Motor Toredo Boat M.p = melting point M.R.K.S = Metre.d = Pounds .N.M = Medium Range Ballistic Missile M.A.s.S = Master-General of Ordnance Supply M.S = Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery M. Shilling .O.G = Machine Gun M.V = Light Transport Vehicle Lat = Latitude Lb = Libra (pound) .B.W = Million Watts .L = Martial Law M.D.H. Phil = Master of Philosophy M.D. Mega Watt M/s = Messrs Mc = Million Cycles Mev = Mega electron volt (s) mg = milligram (s) micro = One millionth part .B.U = Mobile Information Unit M.I = Magnetic Resonance Imaging M.D = Mutually Assured Destruction M.Q = Multiple Choice Questions M.L.G = Liquefied Natural Gas L.L.I = Maximum Demand Incubator M.f = Magneto motive force M.G.Second M.R. Pence L.O = Money Order .

P = Office of Energy Planning O.F.H.A.C = No Objection Certificate N.V.H.N.M = Non Aligned Movement N.Q.E.A = National Highway Authority N.E = North East N.O.O = Non-Governmental Organization (s) N.A = Official Development Assistance O.D = National Institute for Cardio-Vascular Diseases.E.R.A.C.N = National Tax No N.P.C = Optical Fiber Cable O.A.C = Organization of Islamic Conference O.G.I.P. nominative N = north .A.C.E.D.T.S = National Environment Quality Standards N. N.I.D = Nationwide Direct Dialing System nano = one-thousand-millionth part O O.T = National Investment Trust N.O = North Atlanic Treaty Organization N.E.M = National Association of Software and Services Companies N.E = Order of British Empire (an Award) O.S.C = Overseas Employment Corporation O.A = National Electric Power Regulatory Authority N.W.P = Normal Temperature and Pressure N.Bs = Nationalised Commercial Banks N.C.T.A.E.A = Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD) N.C = Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries O.R = National Council of Human Rights N.G.T.I.D = Over Draft (banking) O.S.E.P. Nitrogen N.C.L =Agency for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in Latin America .C = National Identity Card .A.A = National Aeronautics and space Administration N.B.B.S = National Bureau of Standards (US) N.L = Open General License O.O.Misc = Miscellaneous mm = Millimetre (s) n = neuter .D.E. National Insurance Corporation N.I.C = National Economic Development Council N.S.A.W = North West N.P = Observation Post O.

C.N.I.W = Pacific Century Cyberworks P.C.C = Pakistan Environmental Protection Council P.O.D.I = Press Asia International P.S.C.S = Pak Academy of Sciences P.C.T.A.I.M = Quantum Mechanics (Branch of Physics) .W = Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons o.F = Pakistan Air Force P.O = Pakistan State Oil P.D = Press Information Department P.O = Power take-off P.C.P.B.I.O = Pacific Economic Outlook P.z = Ounce (s) ob = obit (died)# P P = Penny .C = Pakistan Energy Conservation Council P.C = Per cent .C. Personal Computer P.S.E.I.H = Peace Be Upon Him P.E.G.TECH = Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology P.I.A.S.P = Poverty Alleviation Programme P.P.E.E.C.m = Post meridiem (afternoon) .A.R.U.S = Provincial Civil Service .C = Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation P.C = Paper Under Consideration pa = Per Annum P.A.A.O = Pak-Arab Refinery Company P. post mortem P.R = Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrail Research P. Punjab Civil Service P.C.U .I = Post Graduate Medical institute P.O = Principal Information officer p.T = Physical Training P.L = Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited Ph. Penco P.D = Quod Erat Demonstrandum Q.M.D = Philosophiate Doctor Phys = Physics Q Q.T.

O.A.R = Remittance Transfer Receipt R.S = Red Cresent Society R.L = Structural Adjustment Loan S.C = Supreme Court .A. Second S.S = Quartermaster-Sergeant Quot = Quotation R R = Rear-Admiral R.C.L.m.A.P = Social Action Programme SARS = Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (A viral Disease) S.N.A.W = Research and Analysis Wing (Ind) R.M.A.R.C.Angle.V = Revised Version Radar = Radio.A = Small Arms Ammunition S.A.A = Ribonucleic Acid R.S = Sub Assistant Surgeon S.s = round mean square R.C = Resource Development Corporation R. Security Council (UN) S.A.G.A.R = Side-Looking Airborne Radar S.E = South Asia Regional Institute of Energy S.N.T = Scholastic Assessment Test S.A.A.C = Reinforced Cement Concrete R.Direction And Range (to determine an object) ROM = Read Only Memory S S = Solidus (shilling) .L.B.T.I.M = Revolutions Per Minute R.A.M = Sea Launched Ballistic Missile S.R.A = Radio and General Appliances Factory R.R.C.P.O = Reserve of Air Force Officers R.V = Satellite Launch Vehicle S.D = Regional Co-operation for Development R.R = Sound Navigation and Ranging .M = Sub Divisional Magistrate S.E.A.C = South Asia Association For Regional Cooperation S.T = Strategic Arms Limitation Talks S.A.R = Raw Material Replenishment r.D.M.B = Regional Electricity Board R.C.L.A.F.Q.D.P = Salinity Control and Reclamation Projects S.L.I = Site Association of Inventory S.A.

N.P = superintendent of Police S.C = United Nations Atomic Energy Commission U.B = Textile Monitoring Body T. Technology temp = Temperature U U.C = Science Research Council SUPARCO = Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commitee (pak) S.S.T = Trinitrotoluene (High Explosive) tech = Technical .E.D = Theatre Missile Defence T. Surgery T T.F.C.P = Saturated Vapour Pressure sergt = Sergeant Sq = Square Surg = Surgeon .S = Union Central Africa States U.E = United Arab Emirates U.N = United Nations U.M = Short Range Ballistic Missile S.S.M.A.D.M.D = United nations Conference on Science and Technology Development U.K = United KingDom U.A.P = United NAtions Drug Control Programme .N.R.S = Tax Amnesty Scheme T.E.O.H.B = Tuberculosis T.P.N.A.C.F = Ultra High Frequency U.K = Society for Promoting Scientific Knowledge S.M.A.O = Tele Graphic Money Order T.R.C.B.O = Unidentified Flying Object U.A.D.N.A.R = United Arab Republic U.A = Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act T.A = Traffic Engineering and Town Planning T.V.T.P.B.C = Tank Corps T.D = Torpedo Boat Destroyer T.S = Save our souls (wireless appeal) S.S.

B = World Bank W.A.D = Venereal Disease V.U.U = Visual Display Unit V.A = United States Of America U.E.C.P.R = Video Cassette Recorder V.C = Victoria Cross (an award) V.D.D.R = United Yemen Republic V V = Volt (s) V.S = Veterinary Surgeon .P = Video Cassette Player V.I.N.R = Video Tape Recorder Vol = Volume W W = Watt (s) W.W = World Wide Web Wt = Weight X.R.Y & Z .G.S.E.C.N.F = United Nations Emergency Force U.S = United States U.A = Water And Power Development Authority W.D = Weapons of Mass Destruction W.D.U = Western European Union W.D.F = Very High Frequency V.H .Y.B.B = Urdu Science Board U.A. Vital Statistics V.O.O = United nations Disaster Relief Organization U.T.C.N.A.P = Wireless Application Protocol W.N.N.A.I = United States Of Indonesia U.N = Wide Area Network (computer) W.S.W.C = White Blood Cell W.F = Women Action Forum W.L = Vertial Take-Off and Landing (aircraft) V.S.P = United Nations Development Programme U.D = Video Compact Disk V.C = United Nations Information Centre U.T.M.A = United Nations General Assembly U.

U = Zimbabwe African National Union Z.G = Zero Population Growth .H.L = Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (com language) X`mas = Christmas Y.T.T.R = Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) Z.L.A = Zero Energy Thermo-nuclear Assembly Z.T = Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics Z.E.C = Zila Council Z.M.A.N.X.P.A.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful