You are on page 1of 26


Compiled & written by: AMNA AKBER (204)

Democracy comes from the Greek word, ³demos´ meaning people. In democracies, it is the people who hold sovereign power over legislator and government. OR Democracy is a form of government in which supremacy of power is vested in the people of the voters collectively, and it is administered by them or the officers appointed by them. OR Democracy means a state of society characterized by recognition of equality of right and privileges political, social and legal equality. OR Democracy is Government of the people, for the people, and by the people (Abraham Lincoln).

i. Citizen partnership: One of the most basic signposts of a democracy is citizen participation in government. Participation is the key role of citizens in democracy. It is not only their right, but it is their duty. Citizen participation may take many forms including standing for election, voting in elections, becoming informed, debating issues, attending community or civic meetings, being members of private voluntary organizations, paying taxes, and even protesting. Participation builds a better democracy. Equality: Democratic societies emphasize the principle that all people are equal. Equality means that all individuals are valued equally, have equal


They are responsible for their actions. In a democracy. One goal of democracy is to make the best possible decision for the society. the press and the people are able to get information about what decisions are being made. Democracy insists that these elected officials are chosen and peacefully removed from office in a iv. This means that while the majority of the people rule in a democracy. individuals and groups still maintain their right to have different cultures. In a democracy. Free and Fair Elections: One way citizens of the country express their will is by electing officials to represent them in government. People who are not in power must be allowed to organize and speak out. iii. and may not be discriminated against because of their race. religious and ethnic groups who have viewpoints different from the majority of the population. languages and beliefs. gender or sexual orientation. vi. Political tolerance: Democratic societies are politically tolerant. elected and appointed officials have to be accountable to the people. Transparency: For government to be accountable the people must be aware of what is happening in the country. the rights of the minority must be protected. Minorities are sometimes referred to as the opposition because they may have ideas which are different from the majority. Individual citizens must also learn to be tolerant of each other. v. by whom and why. Accountability: In a democracy. If the majority deny rights to and destroy their opposition. Officials must make decisions and perform their duties according to the will and wishes of the people. A transparent government holds public meetings and allows citizens to attend. Regular. religion. not for themselves. This is referred to as transparency in government.opportunities. then they also destroy democracy. A democratic society is often composed of people from different cultures. personalities. A democratic society is enriched by diversity. ethnic group. .

Participation in elections should not be based on a citizen's wealth. One of the most common abuses of power is corruption. Control of the Abuse of Power: Democratic societies try to prevent any elected official or group of people from misusing or abusing their power. The role the government should play in the economy is open to debate. Economic freedom: People in a democracy must have some form of economic freedom. but it is generally accepted that free markets should exist in a democracy and the state should not totally control the economy. most adult citizens should have the right to stand for government office. This means that the government allows some private ownership of property and businesses. Corruption occurs when government officials use public funds for their own benefit or exercise power in an illegal manner. When a bill of viii. corruption and threats to citizens during or before an election are against the principles of democracy. Bill of Rights: Many democratic countries also choose to have a bill of rights to protect people against abuse of power. A bill of rights is a list of rights and freedoms guaranteed to all people in the and fair manner. For free and fair elections to occur. . to allow for citizen participation and elections. Some argue that the state should play a stronger role in countries where great inequality of wealth exists due to past discrimination or other unfair practices. vii. obstacles should not exist which make it difficult for people to vote. Intimidation. In a democracy. Additionally. ix. elections are held regularly every so many years. and to check for police abuse of power. Frequently the government is structured to limit the powers of the branches of government: to have independent courts and agencies with power to act against any illegal action by an elected official or branch of government. and that the people are allowed to choose their own work and labor unions. Various methods have been used in different countries to protect against these abuses.

rights becomes part of a country's constitution. Human Rights: All democracies strive to respect and protect the human rights of citizens. It may even result in violence which is also against democracy.Democracy also insists that the law be equally. x. xii. Human rights mean those values that reflect respect for human life and human dignity. This is called the rule of law. STRUCTURE OF DEMOCRACY: The constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan provides a federal parliamentary system of government. fairly and consistently enforced. with the president as the head of state and the popularly elected prime minister as head of government. . Democracy emphasizes the value of every human being. there are winners and losers. xi. This is against democratic principles. that they refuse to accept the results of the election. not even a king or an elected President. the national assembly and the senate. The constitution also provides for the president to address the two houses assembled together at the commencement of the first session aftergeneral elections. freedom of association. The Rule of Law: In a democracy no one is above the law. Accepting the Results of Elections: In democratic elections. Examples of human rights include freedom of expression. The federal legislature Majlis-e-Shoora (parliament) is composed of two legislative bodies. Often the losers in an election believe so strongly that their party or candidate is the best one. It means that everyone must obey the law and be held accountable if they violate it. freedom of assembly. the courts have the power to enforce these rights. the right to equality and the right to education. This is sometimes referred to as "due process of law. The consequences of not accepting the result of an election may be a government that is ineffective and cannot make decisions.

Despite the revival of the democratic process from time to time.which are deemed by them as major impediments to the establishment of a successful democratic process. . and inability of the government to run the state of affairs. and vested interests are major hurdles in strengthening the democratic process. democratic norms and values are still in the nascent stage of development. The military generals toppled the democratic government by propagating the corruption. inefficiency. after which they must face the electorate again in a free and fair election that will decide their retention in or their dismissal from office DEMOCRATIC PROCESS IN PAKISTAN: The democratic practices have usually been disrupted by the military takeovers or some other form of civil-cum-military government supported by undemocratic forces. Some observers stress constitutional and electoral provisions amongest institutional factors that have undermined a fair democratic process and other observers have pointed out the quality of leadership which has undermined the democratic process in the country.The parliamentary system includes the right of the people to select in free and fair elections. These two bodies enact laws under a constitutional arrangement that enables those representatives to act in the interest of the people as they perceive them. According to their point of view. Therefore. material gain. Many observers have identified several pitfalls in the democratic process. their representatives for the provincial assembly at the provincial level and the national assembly at the national level. Throughout the 64-year history of Pakistan. it always has been seen with an eye of suspicion and untrustworthiness in solving the problems of the masses. four military generals have cooped against the democratic government on one or other pretext and the rest of the democratic governments have been dismissed by their civilian presidents. These representatives are to be selected for a set term of 5 years. a political leadership led by unprincipled figures and motivated by raw ambition.

the peopls s representatives. In other words we have not proved worthy of the freedom achieved after immense sacrifices and constant vigilance as the price of liberty. Your job is to only obey the decisions of your civillians masters. It is we. Never forget that you are the servants of state. women and children has not thrived in the country. Pakistan blossomed in the soil of democracy. It is imperative to have constitution when a country starts fresh. the spirit of freedom movement died down and selfish interests and political intrigues dominated the national scene. who decide how the country is to be run.DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN: Quaid-e-azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. You do not make policy.who spoke elequoently about democracy when he told to millitary officers. Pakistan came into being before 65 years almost but still endeavoring to develop the institutions of politics in its society. It is indeed very unfortunate and a sad testimony that the plant planted by Quaid-e-Azam and watered by the blood of millions of Muslim men. Pakistan was conceived on the basis of Islam.which is democratic both in letter and spirit. The Draft Resolution was thrown into cold . After the sad demise of Quaid-e-Azam and Shaheed-e-Millat Liaqut Ali Khan. Sudden and unexpected events within the body politics of Pakistan not only delayed the making of a constitution according to the needs and ideology of the country but also thwarted the process shaping the opinion in favour of democracy as a modern political necessity.

They did not seem interested in developing of the democratic norms in the country. rose on the political horizons and started ganging their own gait. What followed is the darkest chapter in the history of the country. though it ought to have been so to make it a lasting document. As no country can run without Constitution. Four General elections in the 1990¶s brought each of them twice to power. the second constitution was drawn in 1962 to give a semblance of democracy in the form of Basic Democracy. Nothing had been provide in 1973 Constitution to secure this. This is what happened in Pakistan. People came out into the streets and again power was used to suppress the public. Power was used to prolong power. The elections were far from being fair and had been rigged as accepted by the then government. Prime Ministers Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif also failed comprehensively. Anyhow. 1970 Elections were held in free atmosphere on party basis to put the country on road to democracy. Otherwise democracy becomes a force. The country was on the verge of civil war. the country had a Constitution in 1956 that was strangled and killed after military coup by General Ayub Khan in 1958. which provides checks and imposes certain limitations. Constitution is an instrument by which government can be controlled but it was otherwise. Neither .storage. the Army Chief General Zia stepped in and the country was again thrown into the lap of Marshal Law. right hand men to the despotic rulers. Some ambitious politicians. sense of compromise and undemocratic attitude on the part of some political leaders. broken shred were put together. The next elections were held in1977. The war of 1971 maimed Pakistan. The breaking of the country necessitated making of a fresh constitution and the result was 1973 Constitution democracy in Pakistan. In the late 1980¶s democracy was again at the crossroads in Pakistan after the demise of General Zia due to natural calamity. Wide based political parties are essential for running democratic government by the elected representatives of the people. The representatives should not only enjoy the support of the people or the voters but they should also be answerable before them. Thousands lost their lives for the sake of democratic rights. The cloud of disintegration had already assumed dark colour. The country was dismembered as a result of lack of political foresight.

Like the fragrance of a spring flower. Bhutto is often addressed as the Quaid-e-Awam . It is a melody of librerty . Richer in sensation than a tangible touch. He was the founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP). free press.democratic parliamentary government system was introduced. independence of the judiciary. and other related conditions. Their behavior brought ruin to the democracy. supremacy of the legislature. DEMOCRATIC ERA OF ZULIFQAR ALI BHUTTO« First democratic election held in 1970 and a constitution was passed by parliament in 1973 in which. Quaid-i-Awam deeply cherished the democracy and democratic value. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was a Pakistani politician who served as the President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 and as the Pakistan from 1973 to 1977. It also brought the military back to power. So here started first democratic phase (1970-1979) under the inspiring leadership of Zulifqar Ali Bhutto. democracy is certainly«like a breath of fresh air.respected constraints on the use of power rather they trimmed and amended the constitution for their personal convenience. free association. it is adult franchise the secrecy of the ballot. which is one of the largest political parties in P akistan. My Lords. But. more than a feeling. democracy is a fundamental rights. He stood in Lahore high court defending the lofty ideals of democratic rights for his fellowmen. .which are conspicuously absent in the present regime¶s system. ³Yes. controls on the executive.

making them realize they werr the legitimate fountain head of political power. . a member of the PPP. with the PPP (led by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's daughter.the industrial worker. groomed under Zia as the head of the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI). Farooq Leghari.the student. the country's largest city. with Benazir Bhutto elected prime minister for her second term. which was operating under a cloud of corruption allegations.the women and the rest of people of common importance and of their right if franchise. is elected prime minister. is elected as the country's president. He awa kened the masses. 1991 The National Assembly adopts the Shariat bill.He opposed the military rule considering it as cancer eating up a society. Fresh elections are held.which is definite means of bringing changes for the betterment of lives of the common people. Benazir) winning a majority of seats. General elections are held. a political party with its base in the city. DEMOCRATIC ERA FROM 1989-1999: 1988 General elections are held. and Nawaz Sharif. 1992 Nawaz's government initiates a military operation against violence in Karachi. The operation is largely seen to target members of the Muhajir Qaumi Movement (MQM). 1990 President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolves the National Assembly. 1996 President Farooq Leghari dissolves the National Assembly. 1993 President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dismisses Sharif's government for alleged corruption and incompetence. Bhutto is sworn in as prime minister. codifying elements of Islamic law into Pakistan's legal system. He enlightened the farmer. He himself resigns later in the year. dismissing Benazir Bhutto's government. dismissing Bhutto's government on charges of alleged corruption and incompetence.

and that BB (whom he refers to as his ¶leader¶) will be back. A corrupt person wouldn¶t have taken on the establishment. But he is confident that the governmentwill have to call for early elections. The international community imposes strict economic sanctions on the country in response. there¶s been no deal. and kept them happy -. The President was elected following a period of decline in democratic institutions and a worsening of security conditions for the people of Pakistan. 1998 Pakistan conducts nuclear tests in the Chaghai Hills of Balochistan. "is a state of mind. the fourth time such polls have taken place since 1988." No. Asif Ali Zardari. which is buzzing with men. One of the greatest challenges facing President Zadari has been to create transparent and enduring democracy. was elected by the people of Pakistan and assumed office on 9 September 2008. under a shamiana. "INSHALLAH!" We¶re at Bilawal House -. in the courtyards. no. Rafiq Tarar is sworn in as President the next year. as some call it -in Karachi (the one in Lahore is a rented premise).1997 General elections are held." pronounces Asif Ali Zardari. in the living room next to the book-lined study where we meet him. he repeats.that¶s what would have benefited me most. DEMOCRATIC ERA OF ASIF ALI ZARDARI: The President of Pakistan. The President broke with tradition in Pakistan by creating a coalition government and including opposition parties in key positions in the government. . "Corruption. in response to similar Indian tests days earlier. There is an air of expectancy about the place. a few days before his departure to Dubai. and he is elected prime minister for the second time. no. wouldn¶t have sacrificed eight years of his life in prison. I could have accepted a deal and got out. outside the gates. Nawaz Sharif's PML-N party wins in a landslide.or Bilawal Fortress.

During the ensuing discussion one thing becomes clear: Zardari isn¶t going to complain about his prison stint or political and personal adversities. he was still a prisoner.. And yes. deprived of home andfamily. was just eight when Zardari was imprisoned by the Nawaz Sharif government. "I did it for the sake ofdemocracy. We¶re expecting an informal meeting. and worse (remember the tongue incident?). we have to demand them. I didn¶t need to. I didn¶t know how long it would take.having an easy time of it.the strength it provides is temporary.he could either sit on the hard wooden bench. Civil liberties are never given voluntarily." This was a ¶considered decision¶. and we have to educate them against the prevalent defeatist attitude.Wondering if it¶s always like this. but the seating arrangement -. nudge. it was like this even when he was in prison -. undemocratic government. we must be positive. one learns that yes. one heard. wink. all kinds of visitors. And we must each do what we can. wink. We can¶t wish away those who believe in a militant approach. I am doing what I can. and we believe that a martial thought process is not the answer -.. Instead." . despite the cane. This is why he has to walk with a cane and undergo physiotherapy. for the people. flashed along with a V-sign in every newspaper photograph or television shot taken during his prison days) ± "Convert weaknesses and adversity into strength. The only regret is not being able to see his childrengrow up -. we must assert our thought process. but I didn¶t.implies an interview. I knew that one day I would win. Any luxuries would have been countered by such moments -. Musharraf can¶t step out of the umbrella of democracy. or stand all the way. for all our children. I have chosen politics. Bilawal." "There is an unrepresentative. I am fighting and I will continue to fight. A reporter later mentions that he developed spondalitis because of this mode of transport -.he sits behind the large wooden desk facing the four of us -. I could have taken the easy way out. it could not have been that easy.and rides in the back of rickety police vans charging along from Karachi to Lahore for court hearings. He comes into the room briskly. there were some pretty rough moments. denial bail. and the West will eventually have to stand with the democratic forces. PPP is not in a rush to get into governance. nudge. Even if he was given preferential treatment. including solitary confinement. he repeats what appears to be his mantra: positive thinking (reflected in that wide.the eldest. That process has started. But this is not a complaint. somewhat cheeky grin. but the real strength comes from the people. air-conditioned rooms. And yet.

"They haven¶t proved one case against me. "Perhaps it was not. So I wasn¶t entirely isolated." There were times when no one would come to see him." And then. My graph went up.and converting this into strength. I couldn¶t counter it because I didn¶t have a political image. So I might as well try and shine. about Pakistan. I did have a personal political history. The only people I¶d see would be the court reporters. and if Bilawal is learning to shoot. We will monitor everything with moderntechnology. Invest a billion dollars in our people instead of planes." He disagrees that she is arrogant and unapproachable What about the contention that the Peoples Party should have sat in Opposition in 1988.its burgeoning population -. my family has always been in politics that people chose to ignore. he believes. instead of ¶toys for boys¶. So they created this image of me. dreaming about how we can change Pakistan¶s destiny for the better. he says.He dismisses the allegations of corruption. will they (the establishment) let her return? "They? Who are they to stop her? She has chosen to stay away because the world has gone mad. I believe thatwomen are twice as hardworking as men." Then he makes a startling revelation: "We are working to export nurses. You know how it started? It was Gen." he answers. The emancipation of women is the future of Pakistan." His own children are treated equally. but he never lost faith. is utilising what is considered Pakistan¶s weakness -. She is working nine hours a day." The answer. and the people who were looking after me -. as an Achilles heel of PPP. Zia¶s martial law). so does his younger sister. to use the old trick: give the dog a bad name and hang him. Bilawal and Bakhtawar are both karate black belts. "Nawaz Sharif left. we will ensure it is given only to women. The trouble is that we train our sons but not our girls. I¶ve spent these eight years thinking. some unexpected philosophy ± ³History will redeem me. but prison was a new experience for me. What am I? I am just a bleep in the universal picture. to change world opinion about us. If we give land to anyone. instead of coming into power with their hands tied? "The circumstances then were such that that seemed the only choice.I learnt a lot from interacting with these downtrodden people." . "We must invest in manpower. Mujibur Rehman¶s brainchild (information minister during Gen. What about Benazir Bhutto. but we are saying that with hindsight.

is environmentminister. Whatever decision she makes will be correct and we will abide by it. its grin being the last thing to fade out. I¶d like to change that. "That¶s my passion. that wide grin reminds one of the Cheshire Cat in Alice in Wonderland. "She¶s the leader. "We are portrayed as a lawless society. Who are the people who indulge in crime? Who supports them?" He answers his own question: "From political parties like the MQM.. I can¶t believe that the people responsible for that oil spillnear Clifton beach are still around. FAILURE OF DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN« . And you wonder who will have the last laugh. what he would like to be if in power again.. who every now and then would slowly vanish. would his party accept power with similar compromises? Zardari refuses to say. Her wisdom is more than mine. There is so much apathy." But speaking for himself. from the jagirdars and the sardars. Asif Ali Zardari¶s grin lingers on too. The average person is hardworking and honest and law abiding. that the environmentalists have not picketed KPT and so on." But he has full faith in the people.So if there were fresh elections and a similar situation developed. and as he exits the room. but it¶s not true. all crime stems from these roots!" His minders finally prevail upon him to leave for his next appointment.

In this way they provide handle to the opposition to stir up the angered public opinion. Therefore. lack of democracy. self ± imposed leaders and inherited politics are a few salient features of this system. The aim of the opposition is always to bring down the government. and his ministers become to self serving. Every government comes with great slogans to serve the nation but once it gets charge. The P. the character of Pakistan has been blackening in the world comity and putting the national integration at stake. General Ayub Khan¶s overarching domination in state-affairs and the civil-government¶s malfunction . Bad governance: Bad governance is the first and the foremost reason responsible behind the non delivering of the democracy in the country. it forgets it forgets its promises of serving the people.Feudalism. it forces the Army to intervene often cutting the lifetime of the government and democracy. It is the bad governance that had been paving the way for the emergence of military regime after the establishment of Pakistan. All such actions lead to political instability. Due to weak democracy.political system. illiterate and apathetic people. includes in his cabinet the ministers of his own choice and grabs all the powers while managing the national affairs.M.Lack of democracy has pushed the country into a vicious circle by landing it into the state of quandary and arising multidimensional crises on the surface. Despite this. When the situation gets totally out of control. Pakistan inherited the British legacy of civil-military relations that entailed the military function in subordination to civil rule.M.Causes of failure of democracy in Pakistan lies in bad governance. eats up into the vitals of the nation by plunging it in the state of uncertain. It seeks to underline the need of good governance which in turn would yield political stability in the country. our socio . good governance should be restored to deliver democracy or true democratic system in the country. Every P. it has remained a praetorian state with direct military rule persisting for 33 years of the state¶s existence. In short. Lack of Political Background: The 1958 coup was a defining event for Pakistan.

Feudal system stops the way of new leadership which comes from gross root level by perpetuating its hold and rule. A vicious cycle of military coups has resulted in a dysfunctional government. Feudalism has been leading towards the traditions of inherited politics as well in this country. Institutions can not work freely or independently in the presence of feudalism. in feudalistic societies democracy represents a specific group of society that is ruling class that is why democracy never delivers in Pakistan. Almost 70% population of Pakistan leading life in such feudal and rural traditions.led President Iskander Mirza to dissolve the constitution and welcome the coup. . went on stunt the slow and gradual growth of democracy. The challenges faced by Mirza¶s government were foreseeable. so the existence of workable and true democracy in the presence of feudalism is not at cards. But it would be rather unjust to ignore the shortcomings of Mirza¶s government that galvanised the military¶s intervention in 1958. As the military has continued to become involved with state administration it has weakened it. So during election. such community is supposed to express the will of the feudal lords. millions of people are landless and illiterate peasants and their social status is not more than a slave. Succumbing to military influence so early. May be due to their lack of knowledge or the fear of the landlord.The essence of democracy lies in the general will of the public. Feudalism: Furthermore. It's a feudal state where we are living and most of our political leaders are just feudal lords and they and have assumed and established their identity as political leaders. Moreover. In addition to this. feudalism is one of the greatest barriers responsible behind the failure of democracy in Pakistan to a large extent. In the 1950¶s. landless peasants do so. such landless peasants community is living in acute poverty. Auctoritas of this community is not even accordance with the minimum standards of human rights. Pakistan was in the youthful stages of organising its statehood. In this feudal culture.

Literacy is the very first and the most important pre ± requisite for democracy. literacy rate of Pakistan was 43. Illiteracy also leads to poverty. illiterate masses can hardly select a solemn candidate for themselves on the confidence of their own. So maximum part of our population is still suffering in the vicious cycle of illiteracy and they are unable to contribute anything towards the development of Pakistan.92%. ³To neglect the education of the young ones. Similarly. general election becomes a selection of a few based upon the will of a few who are powerful and leading a privileged life.Consequently.and literacy rate among rural community of Pakistan was 33.64% in 1998. such community gives guns in the hands of monkeys by electing irrelevant persons who are not competent enough to cope with the contemporary national and international challenges. mass illiteracy reduces the standard of the democracy by choosing shaky leadership. On the other hand. Therefore. democracy has been reduced to oligarchy and aristocracy in our country. An illiterate and economically impoverished community has only concern with bread and butter and they cannot comprehend and follow the true spirit of democracy. In this way. They hardly think out of the four walls of their village so that they choose the leader what their landlord chooses often. Aristotle has rightly said. But these are official and manipulated statistics which are unable to paint the real picture of our population. Actual literacy rate is even below than these figures particularly in rural areas. Illiteracy: So far as illiteracy is concerned. In fact. . illiteracy fosters mediocrity. As a result. Accordingly the Census of 1998. it is also a major root cause behind the failure of democracy in Pakistan. democracy is reduced to an empty show if the citizens or the multitudes behave like dumb driven cattle and develop crowd mentality of being driven which every way the leader direct.

Attitude of leaders: In our democratic set up. Under the constitution. Pakistan does have the British legacy of functional institutions such the nation's military and the bureaucracy which have been able to sustain the state. As a result. flats in London and Saray Mahal only. for training them to do their jobs. firstly they don't want to know about community problems at grass root level and secondly. such as a number of staff colleges and academies. no such training exists for the politicians who get elected to the highest positions of leadership in the executive and legislative branches. It can not be managed effectively and justly without sound education of the voters and their high level of information. Our leaders assert that they are for the people but actually. The members of the civil and military services have the basic educational facilities. However. The priorities of our gluttonous leadership are to secure Swiss Bank Accounts. Democracy is a function of education. the military and civil service officers are reasonably competent in carrying out their assigned responsibilities. Provision of social welfare. they are unable to find out solutions of to weaken the constitution of the country´. they entertain their vested interest only. Yet. most of them lack the basic competence to understand and appreciate their responsibilities Role of media: . As a result. our elected leaders even visit their constituencies for a for a few times as they have no any concern with the welfare of the deprived communities. they are charged with appointing judges and making and executing laws and policies to solve the nation's problems. Unfortunately such attitude has become modus operandi of our politicians. education and justice is not their priorities.

1970 Elections were held in free atmosphere on party basis to put the country on road to democracy. But imbalance role of media has not put any good show to make Pakistan a democratic state by favoring the rulers frequently. The representatives should not only enjoy the support of the people or the voters but they should also be answerable before them. It is therefore reasonable to require that the media perform to certain standards with respect to these functions. Some ambitious politicians. and our democratic society rests on the assumption that theydo. had been held in the country. in our country it is always utilized as a weapon. second Marshal Law was imposed in 1969. Wide based political parties are essential for running democratic government by the elected representatives of the people. However. Since the birth of the Pakistan it has been dancing to the tune of ruling regime. right hand men to the despotic rulers. Otherwise democracy becomes a force. The masses can not express themselves according to their wants. They are also the watchdogs that we rely on for errors and wrongdoings by those who have power. The cloud of disintegration had already assumed dark colour. . Thus. No direct elections. This is what happened in Pakistan.The mass media constitute the backbone of democracy. rose on the political horizons and started ganging their own gait. Experimentation in Politics: Experimentation in politics is always dangerous because it kills continuity of democratic convention and gives rise to instability in the country. That is why democracy is merely named here not in working. democratically process is there hardly experienced. When the experiment failed. They identify problems in our society and serve as a medium for deliberation. The media should supply the political information that voters base their decisions on. that are essential for healthy democratic process and to change the government according to the choice of the people. All of that have made democracy ineffective in Pakistan. What followed is the darkest chapter in the history of the country. It is only a strong constitution that is always above the ordinary law and gives stability and inspires sense of nationhood among the people.

Such leaders have no any guidance & information about politics. the judiciaryhas with rare exceptions been facilitating the military regime. Voting Based on Caste: High education and incomes weaken sub-national identities (for better or worse) and help democracy. they were retired before tenure or detained and dismissed as General Mushharraf had done in 2007. they give more emphasis to identities than issues in voting. Where these are low and people are trapped in unequal traditional relations. the judiciary has been a part of undemocratic forces. . Fake Degrees Issue: Our some leaders having fake degrees . This cooks the goose of democracy.Poor judiciary:. constituents and laws. Judges have been sent on leave by force. Unfortunately. In fact. A free and independent judiciary is indispensable for parliamentary democracy to work within the limits of law and constitution.appears in politics. resulting in the rise of ethnic/family politics. So to hold the leadership to these hands is same as handing over ythe guns to monkeys. Judiciary is identified as powerbroker. Poor colonial style judiciary can control anything and just let the elected criminals commit their crimes. It has been facilitator under the cover of the Law of Necessity. The acceptance ofthe doctrine of necessity has on critical occasions undermined the judiciary from working as the guardian of the constitution and protector of the soverignty of the parliament. People depend on the position of the biradari in political structure rather than a well-functioning governing structure.They keep administrative structures weak so that people remain dependent on informal power networks.Whenever judiciary refused to obey the ruler both civilian and military it hasbeen suppressed. In Pakistan.

The practice of political aggrandizement led to side spread administrative and social corruption. Even coming government is shackled with its interests of own and no any relief delivers to the poor or indigents. The political profession is much to be blamed for playing the game for political gains and for seeking power instead of serving the people and the country.´ Political ideologies: Another reason for the break up of the democratic rule had been the contending political ideologies propagated by the political parties. justice. . are weak or do not affect people¶ s political choices. which are based on policies. it can be analyzed that it is not democracy that has failed but the politicians who have failed to run the country on correct democratic principles of equality. Democracy works best in societies with atomistic families where sub-national identities between national and family levels. the name of democracy is reduced to its name only. Representative ruler ship could not uphold these values due to favoritism. the electorate has been unable to check and control the professional politicians that have changed colour like a chameleon. Moreover..g. civil liberties and equality of opportunities. The remedy lies in the words of Lord Beveridge.³Sociologists say that political systems derive from social structures. Democracy can never exist without rule of law. justice and fraternity. based on community and religion. In conclusion. We have still to see real rule of law in the country. The very purpose of creating Pakistan has been thrown into the background. e. nepotism and obstructing the curse of law. Therefore.

It was lack of democracy that separated the right arm of Pakistan and held it into meager small holdings. Influence as a means of getting things done appeals to that which distinguishes men from brutes. A democratic government is required to do provide justice. Poverty line instead the showing signs of diminution had been swelling upward. to enthrone influence over power and to make power revocable´. government has not perceived or made any such integrated package for the nation. power leads those who wield it to desire it for its own sake. social welfare and security to the public. to fear and greed. y y Corruption was let loose in every profession of life. Various socio economic sins stand firmly entrenched in the home soil. not for service it am render. . y The first and foremost effect of derailing of democracy is that it had seceded East Pakistan from this Pakistan.³Power as a means of getting things done appeals to that men share with brutes. But in the present setup. Democracy is here now but in a failed and a flopped form. it has been failed comprehensively to deliver as well. It has become just a slogan of exploitation in Pakistan and nothing else. EFFECTS OF FAILURE OF DEMOCRACY« So far as current democratic government is concerned. The way out of worlds troubles today is to treat men as men. and to seek its continuance on their own hands.

y y y y y The weakness of Pakistan lies in having emaciated institutions which have not been allowed to grow and sustain themselves overtime. maximum population comprising youth. military government not only separated our organs but also thrown national integration on the horns of dilemma. The sovereignty of our country and land has been simply auctioned to the Uncle Sam and Pakistan has been reduced to a colony of Ammerica. All of that has made Pakistan hollow from within and like a malnutrition body. then sometimes they propagate that there was enough prosperity during previous military regimes and there is no doubt. But there is no jobs and employment for them and they are being underutilized. all the state departments and institutions have been failed from bottom to top When Pakistani public is fed up with the governance of corrupt democratic government. y On the other hand. corruption and embezzlement are in full swing now. In short. in Pakistan. military coups of the past were the consequence of failed democratic governments.y Moreover. y . Suicide due to poverty and unemployment has become so common now. There is no security for the citizens and people are being killed like rats on the name of target killing. Now in 2011. by the rulers. the smaller provinces stand fort the true kind democracy while the military government rather dividend the gulf between the provinces by arising certain misgivings on the surface. In such a way.especially by military rooftops.

on the part of Pakistan. it has become an orphan child and its dependence on foreign funds and it has become a hub or centre of terrorists activities of outlawed outfits are all the effects of failure of democracy and are the gifts of bad governance. terrorism. favoritism in politics and other social injustice have reduced the confidence of the masses and the classes from ruling class.y Besides. Therefore. y y Moreover. y y y FRAMEWORK FOR STRENTHENING THE DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM: Pakistan¶s democratic system requires greater decentralization and a better enabling environment for the strengthening of its civil society. In order to . economic inequality. One of the reasons of constitution¶s weakness in Pakistan is vast uneducated and uniformed electorate Besides all of these. Non existence of the democracy in the Pakistan has made it a beggar country in the eyes of the world and has loss its reputation that has been built by our ideals in the world. corruption. unemployment. might governs the country. Pakistan is not safe place to live and to do business in. lack of sense of responsibility and self aggrandizement among the politicians and the ruling class. the foreign investors and traders do not want to invest in the Pakistan to launch any business so that all has weakened the economy of Pakistan. the general public has been becoming the victim of fire started by the terrorists.

the improvement and modification of the following factors provided in the framework could be helpful in strengthening the democratic process of the country. It is this good governance that can make democracy at cards in the successive futures.In this study. It should be had equal for the rich and poor one all alike as education is the only becoming means through which we can attain our cherished goal by making prosperous developed and progressive Pakistan. SOLUTIONS: To make the country vibrant. viable and burgeoningand to promote the efficient democract drastic measures should be applied. the parliamentary conduct of political parties must be re-modified in the manner that each political party must obey that conduct.  The media of radio press or television should play its key role to aware the people about democracy by airing news. The arbitrary restrictions on constitutional rights and fundamental freedoms may be withdrawn to let people follow the principle of freedom of expression. the true democracy and an effective democratic political process would be dispensed. All of the realities and facts can be supplied . not by force or threat. views truthfully. A culture of tolerance and practicing democratic norms may be adopted by the political parties and allow common people to exercise their freedom of expression by their own will. It should ever support and second the truth and justice by delivering the reality to the classes of society. our nation can not establish its supremacy in the world comity.  Good governance should be restored to make institutions stabilized and to dig roots of democracy deep in the corners of the countries.  The education should be circulated from the topmost corner to the bottommost corner of the country. As the literary ratio is increased in the country. Bereft of good governance in Pakistan. feudal system should be razed by the roots to make fair and square elections and whole of the rural and urban inhabitants can choose the confidant able candidate for themselves.  Moreover.strengthen the democratic system.

Therefore.´ Compiled & wriiten by: AMNA AKBER(204) . ³When our nation will be literate . all the citizens should be considered equally accountable of their deeds. Irrespective of their social status and level of wealth. it should play its part as best as it can. we can put Pakistan out of the hole which had been digging its back by military regime in the remote past. then genuine and competent leadership will emerge from bottom of our society and it will focus on the social welfare and security of public and sovereignty of our land.  There should be social equality.  CONCLUSION« According to the door step by the means of effective media in the country. liberate and social freedom will be there. it is the only democracy through which. It can be said thsound lines. energetic and educated people should be encouraged in every sphere of life. justice and rule of law across the country. Youth must be promoted and young.