bluebrain UNIV | Brain | Taste

A PAPER PRESENTATION ON

Blue brain
SUBMITTED TO UNIQUEST2K12

UNIVERSAL COLLEGE OF ENGG & TECNHNOLOGY

PRESENTED BY

P.R.N.Sailaja

K.Swapna

Mail.id:sailajasherai@gmail.com Mail.id:kasuswapna21@gmail.com Ph.no: 9885140491 ph.no: 9948345514

personalities. Introduction ³Blue brain´ ±The name of the world¶s first virtual brain.Some people . It would be the world¶s first virtual brain.Abstract The Blue Brain Project is the first comprehensive attempt to reverse-engineer the mammalian brain. Technology is growing faster than every thing.But today it is possible due to the technology. After the death of the body. With in 30 years. intelligence. The first phase of the Blue Brain Project therefore started after 15 years of systematically dissecting the microanatomical. Computer simulations in neuroscience hold the promise of dramatically enhancing the scientific method by providing a means to test hypotheses using predictive models of complex biological processes where experiments are not feasible. intelligence of anyone can be kept and used for ever.If possible. The main aim is to upload human brain into machine. Intelligence is the inborn quality that can not be created . It is complex than any circuitry in the world. genetic and electrical properties of the elementary unit of the neocortex ± a single neocortical column. and response as the natural brain can.It can think like brain. in order to understand brain function and dysfunction through detailed simulations. processing power and an interface between the human brain and this artificial one . Is this the beginning of eternal life? What is Virtual Brain? We can say Virtual brain is an artificial brain. with a huge amount of storage capacity. this would be the first virtual brain of the world. it was a big question for all . feelings and memories of that man that can be used for the development of the human society. take decisions based on the past experience. which is a little larger than the head of a pin. Because what ever man has created today always he has followed the nature. When man does not have a device called computer. So that man can think. take decision. IBM is now in research to create a virtual brain. and keep anything in memory. It is called ³Blue brain ³. So. response.So. Basic No one has ever understood the complexity of human brain. Why we need virtual brain? Today we are developed because of our intelligence. That means a machine that can function as human brain. question may arise ³Is it really possible to create a human brain?´ The answer is ³Yes´. It is possible by using a super computer. take decision without any effort. simulations are only as good as the quality of the data and the accuracy of the mathematical abstraction of the biological processes. Of course. What is blue brain? The IBM is now developing a virtual brain known as the Blue brain. which does not actually the natural brain.So the brain and the knowledge. even after the death of the person. Today scientists are in research to create an artificial brain that can think. even after the death of a person we will not loose the knowledge. the virtual brain will act as the man .Through this interface the data stored in the natural brain can be up loaded into the computer . we will be able to scan ourselves into the computers. but can act as the brain .

their birthdays. We often face difficulties in remembering things such as people¶s names. and the spellings of words. This action of getting information from your surrounding environment is called . could then continue to function as us. The actual mystery of how we achieved consciousness in the first place. also known as Neurons. the nervous system is quite like magic because we can¶t see it. important dates. however. interpret and even see is controlled. For this we have to first know how the human brain actually works. But the intelligence is lost along with the body after the death. How the natural brain works? The human ability to feel. send a message straight to your brain. and etcetera. we were simply aware of a computer. Raymond Kurzweil recently provided an interesting paper on this topic.so that they can think up to such an extent where other can not reach . 1) Sensory input: When our eyes see something or our hands touch a warm surface. he describes both invasive and noninvasive techniques. is a separate discussion. Is the pattern and state of neuron connections in our brain truly all that makes up our conscious selves? Many people believe firmly those we posses a soul. But we have to now think technically. integration. to transfer it to a computer. All that is required is a computer with large enough storage space and processing power. To understand this system. proper grammar. or maybe. We need only know the media and contents. one has to know the three simple functions that it puts into action: sensory input. Working of brain First. they will be able to monitor the activity and structure of our central nervous system. What if we upload ourselves into computer. while some very technical people believe that quantum forces contribute to our awareness. In it. The virtual brain is a solution to it.have this quality . They will be able to provide an interface with computers that is as close as our mind can be while we still reside in our biological form. Not even engineers have come close to making circuit boards and computers as delicate and precise as the nervous system.Human society is always need of such intelligence and such an intelligent brain to have with. Traveling into the spine and brain. when entered into a computer. motor output. Nanobots could also carefully scan the structure of our brain.Can not we use any machine to assist for all these? Virtual brain may be the solution to it. in computer like calculations. These robots will be small enough to travel throughout our circulatory systems. One of the worlds most ³intricately organized´ electron mechanisms is the nervous system. Yes. The most promising is the use of very small robots. providing a complete readout of the connections between each neuron. but its working through electric impulses through your body. Note. The brain and intelligence will alive even after the death. the sensory cells. or how we maintain it. what if we lived in a computer as a program. by the magical nervous system. history facts. They would also record the current state of the brain. Really this concept appears to be very difficult and complex to us. This information. In the busy life every one want to be relaxed . that we need not know how the brain actually functions. it is helpful to describe the basic manners in which a person may be uploaded into a computer. or nanobots.

How we see. and sweet. The vibrations of the pitches in the cochlea are measured by the Corti. salty. 2) Integration: Integration is best known as the interpretation of things we have felt. where it is interpreted to be understood and memorized by the body.sensory input because we are putting things in your brain by way of your senses. then our brain sends a message through neurons to effecter cells. the thalamus. or using any other sense. The word motor output is easily remembered if one should think that our putting something out into the environment through the use of a motor. The nerve impulses travel through the olfactory tract. and take decision? 1) Nose: Once the smell of food has reached your nose. providing a complete readout of the connections. and touched with our sensory cells. which bends and rotates an image against the retina. our brain classifies the different kinds of taste. either by touching. which actually work to perform our requests and act upon our environment. These buds have taste pores. around. This is how we can refer the taste of one kind of food to another. the sound waves are divided into pitches. which is lined with hairs. muscle or gland cells. The retina is at the back of the eye ball where rods and cones structure along with other cells and tissues covert the image into nerve impulses which are transmitted along the optic nerve to the brain where it is kept for memory. tasted. Nanobots could also carefully scan the structure of our brain. located between our eye and ear. Uploading human brain The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the Nanobots . Thus the data stored in the .These robots are small enough to travel through out our circulatory system. in a circular way. This cherished action primarily conducted by the lens. which translates the image and light by a set of cells. They will be able to provide an interface with computers that is as close as our mind can be while we still reside in our biological form. 2) Eye: Seeing is one of the most pleasing senses of the nervous system. when entered into a computer. tasting. Traveling into the spine and brain. they will be able to monitor the activity and structure of our central nervous system. many neurons work together to understand the environment. sour. Upon receiving the message. and finally to the smell sensory cortex of our brain. could then continue to function as us. it goes to a large structure called the cochlea. into responses that the body recognizes. 3) Tongue: A set of microscopic buds on the tongue divide everything we eat and drink into four kinds of taste: bitter. vitreous disc. a set of sensory nerves. 4) Ear: Once the sound or sound wave has entered the drum. it travels to an olfactory bulb. also known as neurons. This information. like a muscle which does the work for our body. which magnifies a seen image. In this snail like structure. 3) Motor Output: Once our brain has interpreted all that we have learned. which sends it to the brain for interpretation and memory. This organ transmits the vibration information to a nerve. This process is all accomplished in the brain where many. hear. which convert the taste into a nerve impulse and send the impulse to the brain by a sensory nerve fiber. feel. smell.

their thinking can be understood easily. 3. Mindlin told the weekly science magazine he was surprised that simple instructions from the brain change a constant signal into a complex series of bursts to produce the intricacies of birdsong. The model brain can accurately echo the song of a South American sparrow. The electric impulses from the brain that force the lungs had been recorded and when the equivalent impulses were passed to the computer model of the lungs of the bird it begins to sing like the bird.´ a PC-based database that holds a record of an individual¶s complete life experience. 2) Researchers at Microsoft¶s Media Presence Lab are developing a ³virtual brain. The activity of different animals can be understood. Called MyLifeBits. 3) According to the new scientist Magazine report Rodrigo Laje and Gabriel Mindlin of the University of Buenos Aires in Argentina have devised a computer model of a region of the brain called the RA nucleus which controls muscles in the lungs and vocal folds. These include cognitive functions such as language. shed light on the relationships between genetic. 4. learning. Advantages: 1. perception and memory in addition to brain malfunction such as psychiatric disorders like depression and autism. if successful. in partnership with scientists at Switzerland¶s Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne¶s (EPFL) Brain and Mind Institute will begin simulating the brain¶s biological systems and output the data as a working 3-dimensional model that will recreate the high-speed electro-chemical interactions that take place within the brain¶s interior. Gordon Bell. almost all information will be in cyberspace including all knowledge and creative works. Even after the death of a man his intelligence can be used. Mr. He hopes it might one day be possible to use similar models to map the neural [brain] circuitry of animals without distressing lab experiments ± just by recording their calls and movements. 2. Decision can be made without the presence of a person. the project aims to make this database of human memories searchable in the manner of a conventional search engine. . He plans to add more brain power to his model which might reveal how birds improve their songs and learn them from other birds. ³By 2047. said one of the project¶s leaders. We can remember things without any effort. The bird sing by forcing air from their lungs past folds of tissue in the voice box. the modeling will expand to other regions of the brain and. the magazine said.entire brain will be uploaded into the computer. molecular and cognitive functions of the brain. From there. Current research work 1) IBM. That means by interpretation of the electric impulses from the brain of the animals.

Computer viruses will pose an increasingly critical threat.e/us _tec_ibm_brain_mapping 3. 2.5. and vice versa. Others may use technical knowledge against us. Will consciousness emerge? We really do not know. 5. They are either simple minded. and also be helpful for many psychological diseases. 4. 3.http://bluebrain. then it may be possible. Processor with a very high processing power. so it is difficult to say. http://bluebrain. 1.ch/Jahia/site/bluebrain/o p/edit/pid/19085 . which is to be received by the computer. 3. we will be able to transfer ourselves into computers at some point. Memory with a very large storing capacity. A very wide network. Disadvantages: Further.yahoo. But we really do not understand what consciousness actually is.ch/ 2. Very powerful Nanobots to act as the interface between the natural brain and the computer Conclusions HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIRMENT 1. there are many new dangers these technologies will open. 2. REFERENCES: 1.. or simply require further time for technology to increase. It would allow the deaf to hear via direct nerve stimulation. A program to convert the electric impulses from the brain to input signal.http://tech.. If consciousness arises because of some critical mass of interactions.epfl. A super computer. The only serious threats raised are also overcome as we note the combination of biological and digital technologies.com/news/ap/2009. 6. We become dependent upon the computer systems. Most arguments against this outcome are seemingly easy to circumvent.epfl. In conclusion. We will be susceptible to new forms of harm.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful