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Introduction

Information Technology (IT), a knowledge-based industry, has the tremendous potential of becoming an engine of accelerated economic growth, productivity improvement for all sectors of the economy and means of efficient governance. It enhances access to information,

protects consumers, provides access to government services, makes skill formation and training more effective, improves delivery health services, and promotes transparency. It provides tremendous employment potential and linkages between government and the people both at the rural and urban level.

Information Technology is changing the face of contemporary World. The IT has not only connected the World at one single platform but it is also helping in the integration of various traditional societies into modern societies. Information systems raise new and often perplexing security and ethical problems.

Concept of Ethics
In the last decade, dozens of ethics centers and programmes devoted to business ethics, legal ethics, bioethics, medical ethics, engineering ethics, and computer ethics have sprung up. These centers are designed to examine the implications of moral principles and practices in all spheres of human activity on our lives. Ethics can be viewed from two angles, normative and prescriptive. First, ethics refers to wellbased standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, and specific virtues. Ethical standards also include those that enjoin virtues of honesty, compassion, and loyalty.

And, ethical standards include standards relating to rights, such as the right to life, the right to freedom from injury, the right to choose, the right to privacy, and right to freedom of speech and expression. Such standards are adequate standards of ethics because they are supported by consistent and well-founded reasons.

Ethics in IT
Globalization and digital convergence in the emerging knowledge society has raised complex ethical, legal and societal issues. We are faced with complex and difficult questions regarding the freedom of expression, access to information, the right to privacy, intellectual property rights, and cultural diversity. Every, advancement in information technology is accompanied by at least one ethical quandary. From Facebook to email updates, computer users are unaware of the fine balance between ethics and profit struck by providers. Software

developers, businesses and individuals must think about the rights and wrongs of using information technology every day. The fundamental issues underlying the world of information technology are the end user's expectation of privacy and the provider's ethical duty to use applications or email responsibly.

Ethical Issues Relating To Various Stakeholders

Relating To Customers (Users):(1) Social Networking The social networking craze may allow people around the world to speak with each other but it has also brought up several IT ethics issues. Facebook initiated a program called Beacon in 2007 to turn each user's personal information into an

advertisement, allowing a greater amount of connectivity between the website's members. Facebook's developers failed to create an opt-in system that gave willing users the chance to participate of their own accord. Beacon came under fire for pulling information from Facebook profiles and breaking down privacy boundaries common in the real world. Another ethical issue for social networking websites is the amount of security they should use when registering members. Several abductions in recent years have been connected to MySpace, bringing up concerns that social networking sites aren't doing enough to protect young users.

(2) E-Mail Spam Spam is defined broadly as emails with commercial or profane messages that are sent blindly to hundreds and thousands of users. Aside from the content of spam email, the major ethical issues for service providers and individuals alike involve identifying spammers. Email programs through AOL and Yahoo! may identify some spammers who are brazen enough to send out millions of emails but their spam programs rely largely on user feedback. While some users will identify legitimate spammers carrying viruses and pornographic messages, there is the potential for users to identify legitimate companies as spammers. (3) Hacking Hackers break into, or hack into a system. Hacking can be undertaken for a variety of reasons, such as the wish to damage a system or the wish to understand how a system works, so that money can be made out of it. Alternatively, there might be a desire to alert people to the fact that a system is insecure and needs improving.

Relating To Society:(1) Computer Crime Many different computer crimes are committed, which clearly poses ethical questions for society. Various illegal acts are performed on computers, such as fraud and embezzlement. This includes, for example, using imaging and desktop publishing to create, copy or alter official documents and graphic images. There are also various ethical dilemmas, such as whether copying such files is as bad as stealing something. (2) Viruses Clearly writing and spreading virus programs are unethical acts; they have very serious consequences, and cause systems to crash and organizations to cease operating for certain periods. One of the most concerning consequences of such actions is when viruses interrupt the smooth functioning of an organization such as a hospital, which could in extreme cases even cause people to die. Logic bombs are also sometimes planted. (3) Loss of privacy Transactions are transmitted and recorded in databases at banks, hospitals, shopping complexes, and various organizations, in the public or private sector. The contents of electronic communications and databases can provide important and private information to unauthorized individuals and organizations if they are not securely guarded.

(4) Errors Information input into the databases is prone to human and device error. Computer program that process the information may contain thousands of errors. These errors can create wrong and misleading information about individuals and organizations. Information and program errors might result in financial loss, or even the loss of lives.

(5) Intellectual property Millions of dollars of software is illegally copied each year all over the world. This phenomenon has a great impact on the software industry in the region. Local and foreign software industries need consumers support all over the world to maintain the progress of technology. Most importantly, for the sake of growth in indigenous ICT innovation and invention, local software industries in Asia-Pacific need

Relating To Employee:-

(1) Job Pressers:Computers are changing the face of the work scene. For some people, their jobs are becoming redundant or they have to play quite different roles, and others are suffering increasing levels of stress from work pressures. Others are, obviously, reaping the benefits of having more rewarding jobs, and there is certainly more emphasis on knowledge, information and I.T. skills than ever before. However, this all clearly poses various ethical issues. Should those that lose their jobs be compensated? How can the pressure be eased on those that are suffering stress? Is it acceptable for computer programmers to be made redundant on the spot etc?.  Case of Wipro Wipro is one of the largest IT services company in India and employs more than 112,925 people worldwide as of June 2010.[4] It has interests varying from information technology, on 31st December 2010 one of the employee of Wipro has committed suicide. The main reason behind Vishal Yadavs suicide is every time increasing targets of the employee. So he has stress of the performance. Worry about the losing job.

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Technology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).htm