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TE1

NT2 S

NT1

TE2

TA
EU

US

Mask CIDR Net Host Rng HTTP Ports 80: TCP 443: 252 /30 6 2 4 HTTPS 21 22 248 /29 5 3 8 TCP 23 240 /28 4 4 16 25 224 /27 3 5 32 Both! 53 192 /26 2 6 64 69 128 /25 1 7 128UDP 110 0 /24 0 8 0 119
161

Protocol
FTP SSH Telnet SMTP DNS TFTP POP3 NNTP SNMP

Protocol Type EIGRP Hybrid IGRP OSPF RIPv1 DistVector Linkstate DistVector

Admin Dist 90 100 110 120

Metrics
Multiple 32-bit composite

Notes
Classless, VLSM, DUAL, RTP, PDMs (1x table set per prot), multiple AS#s, mult L3 prots, summarization Cisco prop, 255 max-hop-ct (100 default), AS#, updates @90 sec, invalid @270 sec, hold-down 280 secs, flush 630 secs, classless, VLSM Dijkstra alg, classless (VLSM), wildcard mask classful, 30 sec updates,180 sec route invalid,240 sec route flush, max. 15 hops (Bellman-Ford alg), round-robin load balancing (max. 6 links)

Bandwidth, Delay Bandwidth Hop count

7 6 5 4 3 2 1

OSI Layer Application Presentation Session Transport Network Data Link Physical

PDU Data Data Data Segment Packet Frame Bits

Internet Layer 4 Application 3 Transport 2 Internetwork 1 Network Interface

Internet layer Protocols SNMP, Telnet, FTP, TFTP TCP, UDP IP, OSPF, RIP, ICMP lower-layer protocol standards

IP Classes A 1 126 B 128 191 C 192 223

Private IPs 10.0.0.0 10.255.255.255 172.16.0.0 172.31.255.255 192.168.0.0 192.168.255.255

Dialer map steps: 1. dialer 2. map 3. <protocol> 4. <next-hop-address> 5. dial-string


DDR dialing sequence: 1. route determination 2. ID interesting traffic 3. Dialer info lookup 4. Traffic txn 5. Call terminated/timed out

Blocking Listening Learning Forwardin g

STP States Preventing use of looped paths Prep to forward w/o populating MAC table Populate MAC table, not forwarding Sending/rcving data frames
DDR Configuration BRI (min config, switch-type and spid) RT#isdn switch-type basic-ni1 Defining Interesting Traffic RT1#access-list 101 permit tcp any host 172.16.3.1 eq 80 ! RT1#dialer-list 1 protocol ip permit ! RT#dialer-list 2 protocol ip list 101 RT#int bri 0 RT#(conf-if)encap ppp RT#(conf-if)ip address 172.16.2.2 255.255.255.0 RT#(conf-if)isdn spid1 555555522222202 (if required) !use this one if all IP is considered interesting RT#(conf-if)dialer-group 1 !or use next statement to trigger web to RT#(conf-if)dialer-group 2 NOTE: only one dialer group per interface!! Dailing: RT#(conf-if)dialer string 17067924567 !or if using broadcast names/ip map RT#(conf-if)dialer map ip 172.16.2.2 broadcast name LA 17212345555 DDR Configuration PRI Must configure: switch-type, DSO channels, encoding & framing, Configure a Default Route ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.1.1.6 ip route default-network 10.0.0.0 (used to reach another Class A,B, or C network by default) Frame-Relay Static Mapping no frame-relay inverse-arp frame-relay map ip 199.1.1.2 570 broadcast frame-relay map ip 199.1.1.3 571 broadcast Dynamic frame-relay interface-dlci 570 [lim type]

Standard ACL: Cisco(config)#access-list <1-99> <deny|permit> <source IP> <WC mask> Cisco(config)#access-list <1-99> permit any Extended ACL: Cisco(config)#access-list <100-199> <deny|permit> <protocol> <source IP> <WC mask> <dest IP> <WC mask> eq <port> Cisco(config)#access-list <100-199> permit any any To apply ACL: Cisco(config-if)#ip access-group <#> <in|out> Applying IP address to 2950 switch: (config)#interface vlan1 ip address <ip address> <mask> no shut Configure a new switch SW2#Vlan database SW2#vtp domain fred SW2#exit set-up Client Trunking SW2(conf)#int fa0/11 SW2(conf-if)#switch mode dynamic auto SW2(conf-if)#^Z SW2# Trouble Shooting Domain name must be the same One switch must be server (switch mode dynamic desirable) The others must be clients (switch mode dynamic auto) Simulation Tips 1. Id Problem/Understand Topology 2. Watch the time 3. Use organized Troubleshooting 4. Things to look for: - Network Statements - IP addressing/Mask - VTY Passwords

Point-to-Point (inverse ARP not needed) interface serial 0.3 point-to-point ip address 123.45.6.7 255.255.0.0 frame-relay interface-dlci 570