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Dhyanahita High School Shabad, Ranga Reddy District, Andhra Pradesh - 509 217 Class X -- Mathematics -- Key to Review

Test -- Pass I - Part IX Date: 06-December-2011, Time: 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm Student Name: _______________ Roll No: ___________

Functions Statistics
Mathematics -- Paper - II -- Part - A -- Section - I -- Group - B (Statistics)
1. Short Answer Type Questions. Answer any three questions. 3 2 points each 6 points 1.1. [Understanding Mean and Median; SSC -- 1999March] The observations of an ungrouped data are x, y and 2x and x < y < 2x. If the mean and median of the data are each equal to 6, find the observations of the data. The three data items are : x, y, 2 x. They are given to be in ascending order. The mean is : sum of elements count of elements x y 2x 3 x y 3 which is given to be equal to 6. x y 3 6 I Since the three elements x, y, 2 x are in the increasing order, the median is the second element. Since the median is also given to be equal to 6, y 6. Substituting this in I and solving for x we get : x 4. Hence the data items are : 4, 6, 8. 1.2. [Empirical Formula Relating Mean, Mode, Median; SSC -- 2003March] For a given data mean is 39, median is 38. Find the mode. The empirical formula relating mean, mode, and median is : Mean Mode 3 Mean Median mean 39, median 38 39 Mode 3 39 38 Mode 39 3 1 36. 1.3. [Finding the Missing Datum; SSC -- 2005March] If the arithmetic mean of 9, 11, 13, p, 18, 19 is p, then find the value of p. The arithmetic mean of the numbers 9, 11, 13, p, 18, 19 is : sum of elements This is given to be equal to p.
9 11 13 p 18 19 6

count of elements

9 11 13 p 18 19 6

p 18 19 6p

9 11 13 p 70 p 6 p 5 p 70 p 14

Mathematics -- Paper - II -- Part - A -- Section - II -- Group - B (Statistics)


2. Very Short Answer Type Questions. Answer any three questions. 3 1 point each 3 points x x x x 2.1. [Finding a Parameter; SSC -- 1999October] The median of the data 4 , x, 5 , 3 , 2 x 0 is 5. Find the value of x. When x 0, the data 4 , x, x
x x x x , , 5 3 2

when arranged in increasing order will be :

x x x x , , , , 5 4 3 2

The median of the five elements is the middle element.

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When x

0, the data 4 , x, x

x x x , , 5 3 2

when arranged in increasing order will be :

x x x x , , , , 5 4 3 2

The median of the five elements is the middle element. x Hence the median is 3 , which is given to be equal to 5.
x 3

5 x 15.

2.2. [Finding the Mean Corrected; SSC -- 2002June] The mean of 11 observations is 17.5. If one observation 15 is deleted. Find the mean of the remaining observations. Let x1 , x2 , ..., x11 be the 11 observations. The mean of the data is :
x1 x2 ... x11 11

17.5

x1 x2 ... x11 11 17.5 One of the observation is 15. When it is deleted, there will be ten observations. The mean of the remaining ten elements
x1 x2 ... x11 10 15 11 17.5 10 15

17.75

2.3. [Merits and Demerits of Arithmetic Mean; SSC -- 2010March] Write the merits and demerits of Arithmetic Mean. Merits : 1. It is uniquely defined, i.e., it has one and only one value. 2. It is based on all observations. 3. It is easily understood. 4. It iseasy to compute. DeMerits : 1. Since it is a descriptve measure, the mean summarizes the information in the raw data. But it does not communicate all this data in the measure it computes. 2. Since each and every value in a set of data is used in the computation of the mean, it is greatly affected by the extreme values.

Mathematics -- Paper - II -- Part - A -- Section - III -- Group - B (Statistics)


3. Long Answer / Essay Type Questions. Answer any two questions. (2*4 points each = 8 points) 3.1. [Finding Mean; SSC -- 2002March] Find the mean of the following frequency distribution by shortcut method. "Class Interval" "019" "2039" "4059" "6079" "8099" "100119" "Frequency" 9 16 24 15 4 2

t 0, 19, 9 , 20, 39, 16 , 40, 59, 24 , 60, 79, 15 , 80, 99, 4 , 100, 119, 2 ; Grid t, Frame All

0 19 9 20 39 16 40 59 24 60 79 15 80 99 4 100 119 2

Test P.I-P.IX - Key - Statistics - 06-December-2011.nb | 3

arithmeticMean t 0 20 40 60 80 100 19 39 59 79 99 119 9 16 24 15 4 2 0 19


1 2 39 2 19 2

20 39
39 2 79 2 59 2

40 59
79 2 119 2 99 2

60 79
119 2 159 2 139 2

80 99
159 2 199 2 179 2

100 119
199 2 239 2 219 2

9 2 18

16 1 16 99

24 0 0

15 1 15

4 2 8

2 3 6

A 2

, C

20, N A

70 i .fi .C N 673 14

Arithmetic Mean

3.2. [Finding Median; SSC -- 2003March, 2001March, 2000March, 1999March] Marks scored by 100 students in a 25 marks unit test of Mathematics are given below. Find the median. "Marks" "05" "510" "1015" "1520" "2025" "No. of Students" 10 18 42 23 7 0 5 10 15 20 5 10 15 20 25 10 10 18 28 42 70 23 93 7 100 3, Lower Bound of the Median Class 265 C f 21 10, C 5, N 100

Median Class Index Median l


N 2

3.3. [Finding the Mode; SSC -- 2009June] Find the mode of the following frequency distribtion. "Class Interval" "1524" "2534" "3544" "4554" "5564" "6574" "Frequency" 8 20 28 30 10 2

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15 24 25 34 35 44 45 54 55 64 65 74

29 2 49 2 69 2 89 2 109 2 129 2

49 2 69 2 89 2 109 2 129 2 149 2

8 20 28 30 10 2 89

Model Class Index

4, Lower Bound of the Model Class, l 2

, C

10

Frequency of the Model Class, f 30 Frequency of the class preceding Model Class, f1 Frequency of the class succeeding Model Class, f2 f f1 999 Mode l C 2f f1 f2 22

28 10

End.