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Q.1.

Attempt ANY SIX of the following : 6


(i) Sides of triangle are given below. Determine whether it is a right
angled triangle : 9, 40, 41.
(ii) In the adjoining figure,
point P is centre of the circle
and line AB is the tangent to the
circle at T. What is the measure of ZPTB ?
(iii) If the angle u = 60, find sin u.
(iv) Write the slope of each of the line stated below : y + 3 =
1
2
(x 5).
(v) Using Eulers formula, find V, if E = 30, F = 12.
(vi) In the adjoining figure,
if m ZBAC = 80,
Find m (arc BQC)
(vii) If cot u =
7

24
then find the values of cosec u, u is in IV quadrant.
Note :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Use of calculator is not allowed.
Time : 2 Hours (Pages 4) Max. Marks : 60
Seat No.
Q.P. SET CODE
2011 ___ ___ 1100 - MT - w - MATHEMATICS (71) GEOMETRY - SET - A (E)
P
A
T
B
B
A
C

P
80
SET - A
2 / MT - w
Q.2. Solve ANY FIVE of the following : 10
(i) In the adjoining figure,
seg DH seg EF and seg GK seg EF.
If DH = 12 cm, GK = 20 cm and
A (ADEF) = 300 cm
2
then find
(a) EF (b) A (AGEF).
(ii) In the adjoining figure,
two circles intersect each other
in two points A and B. Seg AB is
the chord of both circles. Point C
is the exterior point of both the
circles on the line AB. From the
point C tangents are drawn to the
circles touches at M and N.
Prove that CM = CN.
(iii) Draw a circle of radius 3.6 cm, take a point M on it. Draw a tangent
to the circle at M without using centre of the circle.
(iv) Prove the following : sec
2
u + cosec
2
u = sec
2
u . cosec
2
u.
(v) If (1, 2),
1
, 3
2
| |
|
\ .
and (0, k) are collinear points find the value of k.
(vi) The radius of the base of a right circular cylinder is 3 cm, height is
7cm. Find (a) curved surface area (b) volume of the closed right
circular cylinder.
22
Given =
7
| |
|
\ .
t
Q.3. Solve ANY FOUR of the following : 12
(i) In the adjoining figure,
if LK =
6 3
find MK, ML, KN, MN
and the perimeter of MNKL.
D
E
H
K
F
G
A
B
M N
C
N
M
L
K
45
30
6 3
SET - A
3 / MT - w
(ii) Construct tangents to the circle from point B with radius 3.5 cm
and centre A. Point B is at a distance 7.3 cm from the centre.
(iii) Prove the following :
tan A tan A + sec A +1
=
sec A 1 tan A + sec A 1
(iv) Point (m, 2m 1) lies on the line
3x 2y
= 1
5 3
find m.
(v) Construct AGHI such that GI = 5.4 cm, ZGHI = 75. HR is median.
HR = 3.2 cm.
Q.4. Solve ANY THREE of the following : 12
(i) Prove that : If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio,
then the line is parallel to the third side.
(ii) In AABC, midpoints of sides AB,
AC and BC are P, Q and R respectively.
AS BC. Prove that PQRS is a
cyclic quadrilateral.
(iii) AAMT ~ AAHE, In AAMT, MA = 6.3 cm, ZMAT = 120, AT = 4.9 cm and
MA
HA
=
7
5
, construct AAHE.
(iv) Adjoining figure depicts a racing track
whose left and right ends are
semicircular. The distance between two
inner parallel line segments is 70 m
and they are each 105 m long. If the
track is 7 m wide, find the difference
in the lengths of the inner edge and
outer edge of the track.
A
P
Q
B
S R
C
SET - A
4 / MT - w
Best Of Luck

Q.5. Solve ANY FOUR of the following : 20


(i) Two poles of height a meters and
b meters are p meters apart.
Prove that the height h drawn from
of the point of intersection N of the
lines joining the top of each pole to
the foot of the opposite pole is
ab
a + b
meters.
(ii) If two circles are internally touching at point P. A line intersect
those two circles in point A, B, C, D respectively then prove that
ZAPB ~ZCPD.
(iii) A person standing on the bank of a river observes that the angle of
elevation of the top of a tree standing on the opposite bank is
60. When he moves 40 m away from the bank, he finds the angle of
elevation to be 30. Find the height of the tree and the width of the
river. (
3
= 1.73)
(iv) Find the equation of the line passing through ( 3, 5) and parallel
to x 2y 7 = 0.
(v)
A toy is a combination of a cylinder, hemisphere and a cone, each
with radius 10cm. Height of the conical part is 10 cm and total
height is 60cm. Find the total surface area of the toy. (t = 3.14,
2
= 1.41)
S
N
a
b
h
x
y
T
B A
R
p
A.1. Attempt ANY SIX of the following :
(i) (41)
2
= 1681 ......(i)
(9)
2
+ (40)
2
= 81 + 1600
= 1681 ......(ii)
(41)
2
= (9)
2
+ (40)
2
[From (i) and (ii)]
The given sides form a right angled triangle. [By Converse of
Pythagoras theorem] 1
(ii) Line AB is the tangent to the circle
at point T and seg PT is the radius.
m ZPTB = 90 [Radius is perpendicular
to the tangent] 1
(iii) u = 60
sin ( u) = sin u
sin ( 60) = sin 60
sin ( 60) =
3

(iv) y + 3 =
1
2
(x 5)
Comparing with the equation of a line in slope point form,
y y
1
= m (x x
1
)
m =
1
2
Slope of the line y + 3 =
1
2
(x 5) is
1
2

(v) F + V = E + 2
12 + V = 30 + 2
V = 32 12
V = 20
Time : 2 Hours Prelim I Model Answer Paper Max. Marks : 60
A.P. SET CODE
2011 ___ __ 1100 - MT - w - MATHEMATICS (71) GEOMETRY - SET - A (E)
P
A
T
B
SET - A
2 / MT - w
(vi) m ZBAC =
1
2
m(arc BQC)
80 =
1
2
m(arc BQC)
m(arc BQC) = 80 2
m(arc BQC) = 160
(vii) cot u =
7

24
1 + cot
2
u = cosec
2
u

7
1
24
| |
+
|
\ .
2
= cosec
2
u

49
1
576
+
= cosec
2
u

576 49
576
+
= cosec
2
u
cosec
2
u =
625
576
u is the IV quadrant.
cosec u =
25
24
[Taking square roots]
A.2. Solve ANY FIVE of the following :
(i) (a) Area of triangle =
1
2
base height
A (ADEF) =
1
2
EF DH
300 =
1
2
EF 12 1
300 = EF 6
EF =
300
6
EF = 50 cm
(b)
A ( DEF)
A ( GEF)
A
A
=
DH
GK
[Triangles with common base] 1

300
A ( GEF) A
=
12
20
A (AGEF) =
300 20
12

A (AGEF) = 500 cm
2
B
A
C
80

P
[Inscribed
angle theorem]
D
E
H
K
F
G
SET - A
3 / MT - w
(ii)
Line CBA is a secant intersecting
the circle at points B and A and
line CM is a tangent to the circle
at point M.
CM = CB CA .......(i) [Tangent secant property]
Line CBA is a secant intersecting the circle at points B and
A and line CN is a tangent to the circle at point N.
CN = CB CA ......(ii) [Tangent secant property]
CM = CN [From (i) and (ii)]
CM = CN [Taking square roots]
(iii)
A
B
M N
C
N
M

L
(Rough Figure)

A
N M

L
A
mark for rough figure
1 mark for the circle and tangent
mark for congruent marks
SET - A
4 / MT - w
(iv) L.H.S. = sec
2
u + cosec
2
u
=
1 1
cos sin
+
2 2
u u

1 1
sec , cosec
cos sin
(
=
(

u = u
u u

=
sin + cos
cos . sin
2 2
2 2
u u
u u

=
1
cos . sin
2 2
u u
[ sin
2
u + cos
2
u = 1]
= sec
2
u . cosec
2
u
= R.H.S.
sec
2
u + cosec
2
u = sec
2
u . cosec
2
u
(v) Let, A (1, 2) (x
1
, y
1
)
B
| |
|
\ .
1
, 3
2
(x
2
, y
2
)
C (0, k) (x
3
, y
3
)
Points A, B and C are collinear
Slope of line AB= Slope of line BC

y y
x x
2 1
2 1
=
y y
x x
3 2
3 2

3 2
1
1
2
=
k 3
1
0
2

1
1

2
=
k 3
1
2
1 = k 3
k = 1 + 3
k = 4
The value of k is 4.
(vi) Radius of a right circular cylinder = 3cm
its height (h) = 7cm
(a) Curved surface area of a cylinder = 2 trh
= 2
22
7
3 7
Curved surface area of a cylinder = 132 cm
2

(b) Volume of the cylinder = tr


2
h
=
22
7
3 3 7
= 198 cm
3

Curved surface area is 132 cm


2
and volume of the cylinder is 198 cm
3
SET - A
5 / MT - w
A.3. Solve ANY FOUR of the following :
(i) In AMLK,
m ZMLK = 90 [Given]
m ZMKL = 30 [Given]
m ZLMK = 60 [Remaining angle]
AMLK is a 30 - 60 - 90 triangle.
By 30 - 60 - 90 triangle theorem,
LK =
3
2
MK [Side opposite to 60]

6 3
=
3
2
MK [Given]
MK =
6 3 2
3

MK = 12 units ......(i)
ML =
1
2
MK [Side opposite to 30]
ML =
1
2
12
ML = 6 units ......(ii)
In AMKN,
m ZMKN = 90 [Given]
m ZMNK = 45 [Given]
m ZNMK = 45 [Remaining angle]
AMKN is a 45 - 45 - 90 triangle
By 45 - 45 - 90 triangle theorem,
MK = KN =
1
2
MN ......(iii)
MK =
1
2
MN [From (iii)]
12 =
1
2
MN
MN =
12 2
units .....(iv)
KN = 12 units ......(v) [From (i) and (iii)]
Perimeter of MNKL = MN + KN + KL +ML
=
12 2 12 6 3 6 + + +
[From (ii), (iv) and (v) and given]
=
18 12 2 6 3 + +

Perimeter of MNKL =
( )
6 3 2 2 3 + + units
N
M
L
K
45
30
6 3
SET - A
6 / MT - w
(ii)
(iii) 1 + tan
2
A = sec
2
A
tan
2
A = sec
2
A 1
tan A . tan A = (sec A 1) (sec A + 1)

tan A
sec A 1
=
sec A 1
tan A
+

tan A
sec A 1
=
sec A 1
tan A
+
=
tan A sec A 1
sec A 1 tan A
+ +
+

[By theorem on equal ratios]

tan A
sec A 1
=
tan A + sec A + 1
tan A + sec A 1

(Rough Figure)
7.3 cm
B
C
A
D
M
3
.
5

c
m
3
.
5

c
m
M
7.3 cm
C
A
D
B
3
.
5

c
m
3
.
5

c
m
mark for rough figure
mark for drawing the circle of radius 3.5 cm
mark for drawing the perpendicular bisector of seg AB
mark for drawing the circle with centre M
1 mark for drawing both the tangents from point B
SET - A
7 / MT - w
(iv) Let, A (m, 2m 1)
Point A lies on the line
3x 2y

5 3
= 1
Co-ordinates of point A satisfies the equation,

3m 2 (2m 1)

5 3
= 1
Multiplying throughout by 15,
3m 2 (2m 1)
15 15
5 3
| | (
|
(
\ .
= 15 ( 1)
3 (3m) 5 (4m 2) = 15
9m 20m + 10 = 15
11m = 15 10
11m = 25
m =
25
11
The value of m is
25
11

(v)
A.4. Solve ANY THREE of the following :
(i) Given : In AABC,
line l intersects sides AB and AC at points
D and E respectively such that
AD
DB
=
AE
EC
To prove : Line l || side BC
Proof : (Indirect method)
mark for rough figure
mark for drawing centre O
1 mark for drawing the
perpendicular bisector
mark for locating point H
mark for drawing AGHI
R
G
H H'
I
15
75
3
.
2

c
m
5.4 cm
15
O
R
G
H
I
75
3
.
2

c
m
5.4 cm
(Rough Figure)
D
C
A
B
E
F
l
( mark for figure)
SET - A
8 / MT - w
Let us suppose that line DE is not parallel to side BC
We can draw a line DF parallel to side BC, such that A-F-C.
In AABC,
line DF || side BC

AD
DB
=
AF
FC
.........(i) [By B.P.T.]
But,
AD
DB
=
AE
EC
.........(ii) [Given]

AF
FC
=
AE
EC
[From (i) and (ii)]

AF FC
FC
+
=
AE EC
EC
+
[By componendo]

AC
FC
=
AC
EC
[ A - F - C, A - E - C]
FC = EC
F and E are not two different points.
Line DF and line DE coincide
line DE || side BC
line l || side BC
(ii) In AABC,
P and Q are midpoint of seg AB and seg AC
seg PQ || seg BC [By midpoint
theorem]
seg PQ || seg BR [B - R - C]
Similarly, seg QR || seg PB
PBRQ is a parallelogram [By definition]
In AASB,
m ZASB = 90 [Given]
seg SP is median to hypotenuse AB [Given]
SP =
1
2
AB .....(i)
But, PB =
1
2
AB .....(ii)
In APBS,
SP = PB [From (i) and (ii)]
m ZPBS = m ZPSB [Isosceles triangle theorem]
PBRQ is a parallelogram
A
P
Q
B
S R
C
SET - A
9 / MT - w
m ZPBR = m ZPQR .....(iii) [Opposite angles of a
parallelogram are congruent]
m ZPBS = m ZPQR .....(iv) [B - S - R]
m ZPSB = m ZPQR ......(v) [From (iii) and (iv)]
But,
m ZPSB + m ZPSR = 180 [Linear pair axiom]
m ZPQR + m ZPSR = 180 [From (v)]
PQRS is cyclic [If opposite angles of a
quadrilateral are
supplementary then it is a
cyclic quadrilateral]
(iii)
(iv) Diameter of inner circular edge (d
1
) = 70 m
Width of the track = 7 m
Diameter of outer circular edge (d
2
) = 70 + 7 + 7
= 84 m
The inner and outer edges of the racing tracks comprises of
two semicircles and parallel segments of length 105 m each
Length of outer edge =
1
2
td
2
+ 105 +
1
2
td
2
+ 105
= td
2
+ 210
= (84t + 210) m
T
E
A M
H
6.3 cm
4
.
9

c
m
120
A
1
A
2
A
3
A
4
A
5
A
6
A
7

1 mark for AAMT


mark for constructing 7 congruent parts
1 mark for constructing ZHA
5
A ~ ZMA
7
A
1 mark for constructing ZEHA ~ ZTMA
mark for required AAHE
SET - A
10 / MT - w
Length of inner edge =
1
2
td
1
+ 105 +
1
2
td
1
+ 105
= td
1
+ 210
= (70t + 210) m
Difference in the lengths of
= (84t + 210) (70t + 210)
inner and outer edge
= 84t + 210 70t 210
= 14t
= 14
22
7
= 44 m
The difference in the lengths of inner edge and outer edge of
the track is 44 m.
A.5. Solve ANY FOUR of the following :
(i)
AB = AT + TB [ A - T - B]
AB = (x + y) = p ......(i) [Given]
In AABR and AATN,
ZBAR ~ ZTAN [Common angle]
ZABR ~ ZATN [

each is 90] 1
AABR ~ AATN [By AA test of similarity]

AB
AT
=
BR
TN
[c.s.s.t]

p
x
=
a
h
[Given and from (i)]
a =
hp
x
......(ii)
In ABAS and ABTN,
ZABS ~ ZTBN [Common angle]
ZBAS ~ ZBTN [

each is 90]
ABAS ~ ABTN [By AA test of similarity]

AB
BT
=
AS
TN
[c.s.s.t]
S
N
a
b
h
x
y
T
B A
R
p
SET - A
11 / MT - w

p
y
=
b
h
[Given and from (i)]
b =
hp
y
......(iii) 1
Multiplying (ii) and (iii),
a b =
hp
x

hp
y
ab =
h p
xy
2 2
......(iv)
Adding (ii) and (iii),
a + b =
hp
x
+
hp
y
a + b = hp
1 1
x y
(
+
(

a + b = hp
+ (x y)
xy
a + b =
hp
xy
2
......(v)
Dividing (iv) by (v),
+
ab
a b
=
h p hp
xy xy

2 2 2

+
ab
a b
=
h p xy

xy hp
2 2
2

+
ab
a b
= h
h =
ab
a +b
metres
(ii)
Construction : Draw a common tangent
MN at point P.
C
B
P
M
N
A
D
(1 mark for figure)
SET - A
12 / MT - w
Proof : ZAPM ~ ZADP [Angles in alternate segment]
Let,
m ZAPM = m ZADP = x ......(i)
ZBPM ~ ZBCP [Angles in alternate segment]
Let,
m ZBPM = m ZBCP = y .....(ii)
m ZAPB = m ZBM m ZAPM [Angle addition proerty]
m ZAPB = (y x) .....(iii)[From (i) and (ii)] 1
ZBCP is an exterior angle of ACPD,
m ZBCP = m ZCPD + m ZCDP [Remote interior angles theorem]
y = m ZCPD + x [From (i) and A - C - D]
m ZCPD = (y x) .....(iv) [From (iii) and (iv)]
m ZAPB = m ZCPD
ZAPB ~ ZCPD
(iii) Let seg AB represents the tree
seg BC represents width of river
Let BC = x m
C and D represents the initial and
final positions of the observer
DC = 40 m
ZACB and ZADB are the
angles of elevation
m ZACB = 60 and m ZADB = 30
In right angled AACB,
tan 60 =
AB
BC
[By definition]

3
=
AB
x
AB =
3 x
m .....(i) 1
In right angled AADB,
tan 30 =
AB
DB
[By definition]

1
3
=
AB
40 x +
AB =
40 x
3
+
m .....(ii) 1
From (i) and (ii) we get,
3 x
=
40 x
3
+
3x = 40 + x
A
B
C
D
40 m
30 60
( mark for figure)
SET - A
13 / MT - w
3x x = 40
2x = 40
x = 20
BC = 20 m 1
AB =
20 3
m [From (i)]
AB = 20 1.73
AB = 34.6 m
Height of tree is 34.6 m and width of river is 20 m.
(iv) The equation of the line is x 2y 7 = 0
Slope of line x 2y 7 = 0 is
coefficient of x
coefficient of y
=
1
2
=
1
2

Slopes of parallel lines are equal,


Slope of line parallel to x 2y 7 = 0 is
1
2

The line parallel to the line x 2y 7 = 0 whose slope is


1
2

passes through ( 3, 5)
The equation of the line by slope point form is,
(y y
1
) = (x x
1
)
y ( 5) =
1
2
[ x ( 3)]
y + 5 =
1
2
(x + 3)
2 (y + 5) = x + 3
2y + 10 = x + 3
x 2y + 3 10 = 0
x 2y 7 = 0
The equation of the line passing through ( 3, 5) and parallel to
x 2y 7 = 0 is x 2y 7 = 0.
(v)
A toy is a combination of cylinder, hemisphere and cone, each
with radius 10 cm
r = 10 cm
60 cm
10 cm 10 cm
1
0

c
m
SET - A
14 / MT - w
Height of the conical part (h) = 10 cm
Height of the hemispherical part = its radius = 10cm
Total height of the toy = 60cm
Height of the cylindrical part (h
1
) = 60 10 10
= 60 20
= 40 cm
l
2
= r
2
+ h
2
l
2
= 10
2
+ 10
2
l
2
= 100 + 100
l
2
= 200
l =
200
[Taking square roots]
l =
10 2
cm 1
Slant height of the conical part (l) =
10 2
= 10 1.41
= 14.1 cm
Total surface area of the toy
= Curved surface area of the conical part + Curved surface area of the
cylindrical part + Curved surface area of the hemispherical part
= trl + 2trh
1
+ 2tr
2
1
= tr (l + 2h
1
+ 2r)
= 3.14 10 (14.1 + 2 40 + 2 10)
= 31.4 (14.1 + 80 + 20)
= 31.4 114.1
= 3582.74 cm
2
Total surface area of the toy is 3582.74 cm
2
.