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MACHINE FOUNDATION
Introduction:
The design of a machine foundation is more complex than that of a foundation which supports
only static loads. Foundations for machines have to be specially designed taking into
consideration the impact and vibration characteristics of the load, and properties of the soil under
dynamic loading conditions.
Types of Machine foundations:
Machine foundations are generally classified as:
Block type foundations: (Opening < 50% of Block Volume)
Consisting of a pedestal of concrete on which the machine rest or Cellular foundations consisting
of hollow concrete block supporting the machine on the top slab. (Voids may be filled with sand,
or any other suitable filler material, if required) or Wall like foundations, which usually consist
of two walls parallel to each other, resting on individual or combined foundations, and
supporting the machine.
Operating speed generally less than 1000 RPM
Inhouse package DYNAM is available on PC which can be used to find the frequency and the
related amplitudes. The program performs dynamic analysis for compressor, blower or any other
reciprocating or centrifugal machine on block foundation.
Frame foundations (Table Top):
Consist of a base slab, and a super-structure of columns with frame beams and slab. The machine
is supported on the deck formed by the beams and slab.
Operating speed generally greater than 1000 RPM
F.E.M. package COSMOS may be used to find the frequency and related amplitudes. It also
calculates displacements and forces in various members at specified time intervals due to
dynamic force.
General requirements of Machine foundations
The following requirements should be satisfied from design point of view:
Block foundations:
a. The foundation should be able to carry superimposed loads without causing shear or
crushing failure & the settlements should be within the permissible limits. This is
achieved by limiting the soil stress below foundations under dead loads to 80% of the
allowable soil bearing capacity, or safe load on pile, for static loading.
b. The combined centre of gravity of the machine and foundation system shall, as far as
possible, pass through the centre of area of the foundation raft or centroid of the pile
group. Where unavoidable, eccentricity shall be less than 5% for block foundations, and
3% for frame foundations. However, in highly compressible soils, no eccentricity shall be
permitted.

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c. No resonance should occur, hence the natural frequency of foundation-soil system
should be either too large or too small compared to the operating frequency of the
machine. For low speed machines, the natural frequency should be high, and vice-versa.
d. The amplitudes under service conditions should be within permissible limits. The
permissible limits are generally prescribed by the machine manufacturers.
e. All rotating and reciprocating parts of a machine should be so well balanced as to
minimize the unbalanced forces or moments. This is generally the responsibility of
mechanical engineers.
f. Where possible, the foundation should be planned in such a manner as to permit a
subsequent alteration of natural frequency by changing base area or mass of foundation
as may subsequently be found necessary.
g. Mass of the foundation block shall be greater than three times that of the machine. In
addition, centre-of-gravity of the machine and foundation shall preferably be located
below the top of the foundation block. Total width of the foundation raft shall be greater
than the distance from the centre-line of machine shaft to the bottom of foundation raft,
to ensure stability.
h. All faces of the foundation block shall be provided with surface reinforcement. Minimum
reinforcement diameter in horizontal and vertical directions shall be 12 mm, and
maximum spacing of bars shall not exceed 200mm.
Block foundations on piles:

Pile foundation are generally used where poor soil conditions exist, or when an increase
in the mass of the foundation block is either unduly wasteful or ineffective due to the
danger of resonance. The case where pile foundation is to be used is recommended by the
Geo-technical group.

Thickness of the pile cap shall not be less than 600mm or 2 times pile diameter
whichever is more.

Mass of the pile cap shall not be less than 2 to 3 times the mass of the machine in case of
centrifugal machines.

Frame foundations:
a. High speed rotary machines, namely, turbo generators, turbo-compressors etc. are
generally mounted on frame type foundations.
b. The geometric layout of top deck, and shape of the beam cross section arrangement. The
designer should carefully analyze equipment size and clearance requirements to ensure
that sufficient space is available for installation, maintenance, operation etc.
c. The location of beams and columns, and their reinforcement shall be arranged, as far as
possible, symmetrically with respect to the vertical plane passing through the longitudinal
axis of the machine.
d. The transverse frames (perpendicular to the axis of the machine) shall be located directly
under the bearings, wherever possible.

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e. Adequate haunches shall be provided at all inter-sections of beams and columns to
avoid concentration of stresses and increase general rigidity of the frame.
f. The minimum beam depth shall be one-fifth of the span and the beam width is normally
equal to the width of the column, consistent with anchor bolt requirements, embedded
depth, and edge distances etc.
g. Weight of base raft of the frame foundation shall not be less than the combined weight of
the machine and foundation superstructure above the base raft, including columns, topdeck slab/beams etc.
From the practical point of view, the following requirements should be fulfilled:
a. The ground-water table should be as low as possible and ground water level deeper by at
least one-fourth of the width of foundation below the base plane. This limits the vibration
propagation, ground water being a good conductor of vibration waves.
b. Machine foundations should be separated from adjacent building components by means
of expansion joints.
c. Machine foundation should be taken to a level lower than the level of foundations of
adjoining buildings.
Input from Geotechnical group on soil parameters:
The inputs on soil parameters are recommended by the Geotechnical group. The following
parameters are required for the static and dynamic analysis of the machine foundation:
a) For Machine Foundations Resting on Soil

Recommended depth of foundation.


Permissible bearing capacity of soil in t/m
Coefficient of Elastic Uniform Compression of Soil (Cu) in t/m
Damping coefficient of soil foundation system.
Location depth of Ground Water Table.
2

b) For Machine foundations on Piles

Type, length, diameter and reinforcement detail of individual pile.


Load capacity of individual pile in compression, tension and shear under static
loading conditions.
Horizontal and vertical stiffness of individual pile under dynamic loads.
Damping coefficient of soil pile system.

DATA REQUIREMENT FROM MACHINE MANUFACTURER

Operating speed of Machine

Detailed loading diagram, comprising of plan, elevation and sections showing outline
dimensions of concrete block, static loads, and their points of application.

Layout of foundation showing grout thickness, type of grout, anchor bolt, pipe sleeves,
pockets, chases and insert plate locations & details.

Layout of Auxiliary equipments and operating/maintenance platform.

Design unbalanced forces & moments and their points of application, and critical speed
of the machine.

Allowable amplitudes at the top of concrete pedestal.

Distance of main shaft of machine from top of machine foundation, and mass moment of
inertia of equipment.

Weight of rotor for the centrifugal machines.

References for reading:


Guideline for Design of Machine Foundations 8-1648-40005
Code of Practice for Design and Construction of Machine foundations IS:2974 Part I to V
Handbook of Machine Foundation by P. Srinivasulu & C. V. Vaidyanathan

Sample Calculation for Block Foundation:(A)

INPUT FROM M/c MANUFACTURER1. Operating speed of compressor


=
333 rpm
2. Static Load (Total weight of M/c) =
16.6 t
3. Dynamic Load -(At compressor speed= 333 rpm)
Lateral Force (Fh1) =
0.19 t
Pitching (Cv1)
=
0.0 t-m
Longitudinal Force =
0.0 t
Rocking (Cs1)
=
0.105 t-m
Vertical Force (Fv1) =
0.0 t
Yawing (Ch1)
=
0.465 t-m
Dynamic Load -(At compressor speed= 2x333 = 666 rpm)
Lateral Force (Fh2) =
0.04 t
Pitching (Cv2)
=
0.0 t-m
Longitudinal Force =
0.0 t
Rocking (Cs2)
=
0.0 t-m
Vertical Force (Fv2) =
0.0 t
Yawing (Ch2)
=
0.07 t-m
4. Allowable amplitude at top of pedestal =

(B)

100 microns

INPUT FROM GEOTECHNICAL DATA- (Refer Geotech. Document)


Minimum net safe bearing capacity at El. 96.000(0.8 times Static Net Safe Bearing
Pressure) = 7.2 T/sqm
Gross permissible bearing pressure = 7.2+ 3.65x1.8 = 13.95 T/sqm

(F)

(C)

SOFTWARE USED FOR DESIGN OF FDN.=

DYNAM

(D)

DESIGN CODE

IS : 2974 (PART-I)- 1982

SUMMARY OF DESIGN RESULTS & DETAILING

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(Refer Dynam output files-333K1.out & 666k1.out.)
Case 1: Operating speed of compressor is 333 rpm
Max. resultant amplitude at top of pedestal= 28.09 microns < 100 safe
Natural frequency of foundation:
Vibration along & about Z axis
Frequency of vibration along Z-axis in RPM = 753 (more than 20 % away)
Vibration in Y-Z plane
WN1 RPM = 1056 (more than 20 % away)
WN2 RPM = 373 (more than 12 % away)
In this case 12% frequency separation is acceptable, since displacement is within
limits
Vibration in X-Z plane
WN1 RPM = 997 (more than 20 % away)
WN2 RPM = 402 (more than 18 % away)
In this case 18% frequency separation is acceptable, since displacement is within
limits
Case 2: Operating speed of compressor is 666 rpm
Max. resultant amplitude at top of pedestal= 18.63 micrometer < 100 safe
Natural frequency of foundation:
Vibration along & about Z axis
Frequency of vibration along Z-axis in RPM = 753 (more than 13 % away)
In this case 13% frequency separation is acceptable, since displacement is within
limits
Vibration in Y-Z plane
WN1 RPM = 1056 (more than 20 % away)
WN2 RPM = 373 (more than 20 % away)
Vibration in X-Z plane
WN1 RPM = 997 (more than 20 % away)
WN2 RPM = 402 (more than 20 % away)
Output Results:
STRUCTURAL DEPARTMENT
PROJECT ENGINEERING DIVISION
ENGINEERS INDIA LIMITED
NEW DELHI-110066
************************************
*
DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF
*
*
BLOCK TYPE MACHINE FOUNDATIONS *
************************************
INPUT DATA FILE NAME - 333k2.txt

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COMP. FDN. FOR NET GAS COMPRESSOR(02-K2 A/B)333k2.TXT
-----------------------------------------------------------SOIL DATA
--------COEFFICIENT
COEFFICIENT
COEFFICIENT
COEFFICIENT

OF
OF
OF
OF

ELASTIC
ELASTIC
ELASTIC
ELASTIC

UNIFORM COMP. OF SOIL


NON UNIFORM COMP. OF SOIL
UNIFORM SHEAR
NON UNIFORM SHEAR

=
=
=
=

3200.00
5500.00
1600.00
2400.00

GEOMETRY OF BASE AREA


NUMBER OF RECTANGLES BASE AREA IS MADE OF= 1
-------------------------------------------------ELEMENT
LENGTH IN LENGTH IN X-COORD. Y-COORD.
NUMBER
X-DIRN.
Y-DIRN.
OF C.G.
OF C.G.
-------------------------------------------------1
10.000
9.500
.120
2.057
-------------------------------------------------BASE AREA IN SQ. MT. =
95.00
C.G. OF BASE AREA :
X-COORDINATE OF C.G. =
.12
Y-COORDINATE OF C.G. =
2.06
MOMENT OF INERTIA ABOUT CENTROIDAL X AXIS=
714.48
MOMENT OF INERTIA ABOUT CENTROIDAL Y-AXIS=
791.67
DISTANCE BETWEEN EXTREME EDGES OF FDN. BASE :
ALONG X-AXIS.....=
10.00
ALONG Y-AXIS.....=
9.50
THE FOLLOWING ARE THE
HORZ. STIFFNESS
VERT. STIFFNESS
ROTN. STIFFNESS ABOUT
ROTN. STIFFNESS ABOUT
TORZ. STIFFNESS ABOUT

SUBGRADE STIFFNESS
AKS =
AKZ =
X
AKTX =
Y
AKTY =
Z
AKXY =

CODE FOR FOUNDATION TYPE


DEPTH OF CENTRE OF ELASTICITY
OPERATING FREQUENCY OF MACHINE
WEIGHT DENSITY OF CONCRETE

ICS =
S1 =
OPER =
=

POINT OF APPLICATION OF UNBALANCED


X-COORDINATE ........
.117
Y-COORDINATE ........
2.069
Z-COORDINATE ........
7.798
UNBALANCED FORCES ARE :
FORCE ALONG Y-AXIS =
MOMENT ABOUT X-AXIS =
FORCE ALONG X-AXIS =
MOMENT ABOUT Y-AXIS =
FORCE ALONG Z-AXIS =
MOMENT ABOUT Z-AXIS =

COEFFICIENTS
152000.00 T/M
304000.00 T/M
3929636.00 TM/RAD
4354167.00 TM/RAD
3614750.00 TM/RAD

.0000
.6400
.0000
2.9300
.0000
3.7100

.00 M
333.00 RPM
2.50 T/M3

FORCE :
M
M
M

T
T-M
T
T-M
T
T-M

NO.OF POINTS AT WHICH TOTAL NET LINEAR


DISPLACEMENTS ARE TO BE CALCULATED.... 8
---------------------------------------POINT
X-COORD. Y-COORD. Z-COORD.
NUMBER
---------------------------------------1
-2.065
4.823
6.430
2
2.065
4.823
6.430
3
-3.707
.315
6.422
4
3.947
.000
6.281
5
-3.017
-.531
5.598
6
3.062
-.558
5.172
7
-1.800
-.707
7.000
8
1.800
-.707
7.000
---------------------------------------COMPUTATION OF MASS CENTRE
NUMBER OF ELEMENTS....16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------ELEMENT
LENGTH IN LENGTH IN LENGTH IN WEIGHT OF X-COORD. Y-COORD. Z-COORD.
NUMBER
X-DIRN.
Y-DIRN.
Z-DIRN.
ELEMENT
OF C.G.
OF C.G.
OF C.G.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
10.000
9.500
.800
190.000
.120
2.057
.400
2
.600
1.630
3.150
7.702
-3.657
.108
2.375
3
.600
1.730
3.000
7.785
3.897
.157
2.300
4
2.157
1.630
.800
7.032
2.878
.108
4.350
5
2.397
1.730
.800
8.294
2.999
.108
4.200
6
3.600
1.630
6.200
90.954
.000
.108
3.900
7
4.130
.550
5.873
33.351
.000
1.197
3.737
8
.900
3.350
5.630
42.436
-1.615
3.148
3.615
9
.900
3.350
5.630
42.436
1.615
3.148
3.615

10
2.330
3.350
.800
15.611
.000
3.148
6.030
11
.600
3.350
4.830
24.271
.000
3.148
3.215
12
.400
.700
1.672
1.170
-3.757
.315
5.586
13
.560
.352
.848
.418
-3.017
-.505
5.174
14
.400
.700
1.681
1.177
3.997
.000
5.440
15
.560
.300
.572
.240
3.062
-.558
4.886
16
65.413
.117
2.069
7.798
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------TOTAL WEIGHT OF SYSTEM.......
538.290 TONNES
THE FOLLOWING ARE THE COORDINATES OF MASS CENTRE
X-COORDINATE =
.1440
Y-COORDINATE =
1.8064
Z-COORDINATE =
3.0881
PERCENTAGE ECCENTRICITY IN X-DIRECTION =
-.24
PERCENTAGE ECCENTRICITY IN Y-DIRECTION =
2.64
ECCENTRICITIES ARE WITHIN 5% LIMITS. HENCE O.K.
MASS
MASS
MASS
MASS
MASS

M.I.
M.I.
M.I.
M.I.
M.I.

ABOUT
ABOUT
ABOUT
ABOUT
ABOUT

X-AXIS
X-AXIS
Y-AXIS
Y-AXIS
Z-AXIS

PASSING
PASSING
PASSING
PASSING
PASSING

THROUGH
THROUGH
THROUGH
THROUGH
THROUGH

MASS CENTRE
C.G OF BASE
MASS CENTRE
C.G.OF BASE
MASS CENTRE

VIBRATION ALONG & ABOUT Z-AXIS


FREQUENCY OF VIBRATION ALONG Z-AXIS IN RPM =
FREQUENCY OF VIBRATION ABOUT Z-AXIS IN RPM =
AMPLITUDES ALONG AND ABOUT Z AXIS ARE...
AMPLITUDE ALONG Z-AXIS =
.00 MICRONS
AMPLITUDE ABOUT Z-AXIS =
1.22E-06 RADIANS
LINEAR DISPLACEMENTS IN MICRONS
---------------------------------------POINT
DISP. IN DISP. IN DISP. IN
NUMBER
X-DIRN.
Y-DIRN.
Z-DIRN.
---------------------------------------1
3.668
2.686
.000
2
3.668
2.336
.000
3
1.814
4.683
.000
4
2.197
4.624
.000
5
2.842
3.844
.000
6
2.875
3.548
.000
7
3.057
2.364
.000
8
3.057
2.014
.000
----------------------------------------

=
=
=
=
=

609.237
1132.732
626.736
1150.231
463.630

710.63
843.19

VIBRATION IN Y-Z PLANE


COUPLED NATURAL FREQUQNCIES OF VIBRATION IN Y-Z
PLANE (IN RPM) ARE:
WN1 =
943.78
WN2 =
408.24
AMPLITUDES FOR COUPLED VIBRATION IN Y-Z PLANE ARE:
AMPLITUDE ALONG Y-AXIS =
1.72 MICRONS
AMPLITUDE ABOUT X-AXIS =
.31E-06 RADIANS
LINEAR DISPLACEMENTS IN MICRONS
---------------------------------------POINT
DISP. IN DISP. IN DISP. IN
NUMBER
X-DIRN.
Y-DIRN.
Z-DIRN.
---------------------------------------1
.000
2.760
.941
2
.000
2.760
.941
3
.000
2.757
.465
4
.000
2.713
.563
5
.000
2.500
.729
6
.000
2.367
.737
7
.000
2.937
.784
8
.000
2.937
.784
---------------------------------------VIBRATION IN X-Z PLANE
COUPLED NATURAL FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION IN X-Z
PLANE (IN RPM) ARE:
WN1 =
961.01
WN2 =
416.10
AMPLITUDES FOR COUPLED VIBRATION IN X-Z PLANE ARE:
AMPLITUDE ALONG X-AXIS =
6.57 MICRONS
AMPLITUDE ABOUT Y-AXIS =
1.19E-06 RADIANS
LINEAR DISPLACEMENTS IN MICRONS
---------------------------------------POINT
DISP. IN DISP. IN DISP. IN
NUMBER
X-DIRN.
Y-DIRN.
Z-DIRN.
---------------------------------------1
10.559
.000
2.636
2
10.559
.000
2.292
3
10.549
.000
4.596
4
10.381
.000
4.538

5
9.566
.000
3.772
6
9.058
.000
3.482
7
11.239
.000
2.320
8
11.239
.000
1.976
---------------------------------------SUM OF DISPLACEMENTS :
LINEAR DISPLACEMENTS IN MICRONS
-------------------------------------------------POINT
DISP. IN DISP. IN DISP. IN RESULTANT
NUMBER
X-DIRN.
Y-DIRN.
Z-DIRN.
-------------------------------------------------1
14.23
5.45
3.58
15.65
2
14.23
5.10
3.23
15.45
3
12.36
7.44
5.06
15.29
4
12.58
7.34
5.10
15.43
5
12.41
6.34
4.50
14.64
6
11.93
5.92
4.22
13.97
7
14.30
5.30
3.10
15.56
8
14.30
4.95
2.76
15.38
-------------------------------------------------NOTE: ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN TONNES & METRES UNLESS OTHERWISE MENTIONED

Sample Calculation for Frame Foundation:(A)

INPUT FROM M/c MANUFACTURER1.


2.
3.
4.

Operating speed of Turbine


=
680 rad/sec (6500 RPM)
Operating speed of Generator =
157 rad/sec (1500 RPM)
Total Static Load (Refer vendor drg.)
=
350.000 t
Mass of Rotor
Generator
=
9000 kg
Turbine
=
6006 kg
5. Maximum expected unbalance force in z direction
Generator
=
360 kg
Turbine
=
1041 kg
6. Allowable amplitude at top of Deck = 3.75 micrometer (6500 RPM)
(IS : 2974 (PART 1) : 1982, cl. 5.3) =
15.0 micrometer (1500 RPM)
(B)

SOFTWARE USED FOR DESIGN OF FDN.=COSMOSM GEOSTAR V1.80

(C)

DESIGN CODE

(D)

SUMMARY OF DESIGN RESULTS & DETAILING

SECTIONAL PROPERTIES:
Top Deck:

1000 & 1600 mm thick

Columns:

1000 x 1000 (6 nos.)

Foundation:

1800 mm thick

Mass Density: 0.2548 Tsec2/m4


Poissons ratio = 0.3
Assumption for modeling

IS : 2974 (PART 3) : 1992

The columns are assumed fixed at the base i.e. at top of base slab.
Columns and Beams are idealized as 3-D beam elements with six degrees of
freedom at each node.
Lumped mass approach is used for computing modal masses of foundation.
Sinusoidal forcing function of the form F(t) = Fo Sin wt is used for analysis.

Analysis Results
Case 1:Machine frequency = 680 rad/sec
Foundation fundamental natural frequency = 27.24 rad/sec (96% away)
Highest natural frequency calculated = 192 rad/sec (72% away)
Maximum amplitude peak to peak (Z direction) = 0.533 + 0.471
= 1.004 < 7.5 micrometer
Maximum amplitude (micrometer)
(machine is operating at 6500 RPM)
Time
0.054
0.169
Step no.
54
169
Value
+0.533
-0.471
Case 2:Machine frequency = 157 rad/sec
Foundation fundamental natural frequency = 27.24 rad/sec (82.6% away)
Highest natural frequency calculated = 192 rad/sec (22% away)
Maximum amplitude peak to peak (Z direction) = 3.94 + 4.35
= 8.29 < 30 micrometer
Maximum amplitude (micrometer)
(machine is operating at 1500 RPM)
Time
0.065
0.171
Step no.
65
171
Value
+3.94
-4.35
REINFORCEMENT (As per clause 12.5 of IS : 2974 Part 3 : 1992)
Check for base mat: Mass of the raft shall be greater than mass of the machine and
superstructure above the raft.
Mass of raft = 414 T
Mass of superstructure + machine = 403T (OK)
Results:****************************************************************
****************************************************************
**
**
**
**
** CCCC
OOOO
SSSS
M
M
OOOO
SSSS
/ M
M **
** C
O O
S
MM
MM
O O
S
/ MM
MM **
** C
O O
SSSS
M M M M
O O
SSSS
/
M M M M **
** C
O O
S
M M M
O O
S /
M M M **

10

** CCCC
OOOO
SSSS
M
M
OOOO
SSSS /
M
M **
**
**
**
**
**
VERSION: 1.80
**
**
DISTRIBUTED BY:
**
**
STRUCTURAL RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS CORPORATION
**
**
12121 WILSHIRE BLVD. SUITE 700
**
**
LOS ANGELES,
CALIFORNIA
90025
**
**
TEL. NO.
(310) 207-2800
**
**
COPYRIGHT 1988
S. R. A. C.
**
**
**
****************************************************************
****************************************************************
Problem name: FINAL6
Date
: 10/07/2004
Time:
10:33:31
Title
:
Subtitle
:
C O N T R O L I N F O R M A T I O N
NUMBER OF LOAD CASES . . . . . . . . . . . (NLCASE)
SOLUTION MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (MODEX)
EQ. 0, STATIC ANALYSIS
EQ. 1, BUCKLING ANALYSIS
EQ. 2, DYNAMIC ANALYSIS
THERMAL LOADING FLAG . . . . . . . . . . . .(ITHERM)
EQ. 0, NO THERMAL EFFECTS CONSIDERED
EQ. 1, ADD TEMPERATURE EFFECT
GRAVITY LOADING FLAG . . . . . . . . . . . .(IGRAV)
EQ. 0, NO GRAVITY LOADING CONSIDERED
EQ. 1, ADD GRAVITY LOADING EFFECT
CENTRIFUGAL LOADING FLAG . . . . . . . . . .(ICNTRF)
EQ. 0, NO CENTRIFUGAL LOADING CONSIDERED
EQ. 1, ADD CENTRIFUGAL LOADING EFFECT
IN-PLANE STIFFENING FLAG . . . . . . . . . .(INPLN)
EQ. 0, NO IN-PLANE EFFECTS CONSIDERED
EQ. 1, IN-PLANE EFFECTS CONSIDERED
SOFT SPRING ADDITION FLAG . . . . . . . . . (ISOFT)
EQ. 0, NO SOFT SPRING OPTION
EQ. 1, SOFT SPRING ADDED

=
=

1
2

T O T A L S Y S T E M D A T A
NUMBER OF EQUATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(NEQ) =
NUMBER OF MATRIX ELEMENTS . . . . . . . . . . .(NWK) =
MAXIMUM HALF BANDWIDTH . . . . . . . . . . . . (MK ) =
MEAN HALF BANDWIDTH . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(MM ) =
NUMBER OF ELEMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(NUME) =
NUMBER OF NODAL POINTS. . . . . . . . . . . . .(NUMNP)=
ADJUSTED BLOCK SIZE . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(MTBLK)=
EXTRA MEMORY AVAILABLE (in 8-byte words) . . .(XMTBLK)=
NUMBER OF STIFFNESS BLOCKS. . . . . . . . . . (NBLK) =

528
11388
96
21
97
94
11389
7868079
1

SAVE DECOMPOSED STIFFNESS MATRIX FLAG . . . (ISAVK)


EQ. 0, DO NOT SAVE DECOMPOSED K
EQ. 1, SAVE DECOMPOSED K
FORM STIFFNESS MATRIX FLAG . . . . . . . . .(IFORMK)
EQ. 0, FORM STIFFNESS MATRIX
EQ. 1, USE EXISTING DECOMPOSED STIFFNESS MATRIX

MAXIMUM DIAGONAL STIFFNESS MATRIX VALUE =


MINIMUM DIAGONAL STIFFNESS MATRIX VALUE =

0.116952E+08 (
0.192299E+06 (

121)
335)

------------------------------------------------------------------------|
M A S S
M O M E N T
I N F O R M A T I O N
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|MASS
0.262672E+02
|VOLUME 0.926499E+02
|WEIGHT 0.446317E+03
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| MASS MOMENT OF INERTIA W.R.T. C.G.
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|IX
0.399867E+03
|IY
0.592566E+03
|IZ
0.701771E+03
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| MASS PRODUCT OF INERTIA W.R.T. C.G.
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|PXY
-0.249878E+02
|PXZ
0.337966E+02
|PYZ
-0.125397E+02
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| RADII OF GYRATION W.R.T. C.G.
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|RX
0.390167E+01
|RY
0.474965E+01
|RZ
0.516881E+01
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| CENTER OF GRAVITY
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|CGx
0.486242E+01
|CGy
0.688240E+01
|CGz
0.230927E+01
|

|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| PRINCIPAL MASS MOMENT OF INERTIA
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|P1
0.706354E+03
|P2
0.595163E+03
|P3
0.392686E+03
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| PRINCIPAL RADII OF GYRATION
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|R1
0.518566E+01
|R2
0.476005E+01
|R3
0.386648E+01
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| PRINCIPAL AXES (DIRECTION COSINES IN ROWS W.R.T C.G)
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|N_11
0.102194E+00
|N_12
-0.867655E-01
|N_13
-0.990973E+00
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|N_21
0.138878E+00
|N_22
0.987678E+00
|N_23
-0.721485E-01
|
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|N_31
0.985022E+00
|N_32
-0.130251E+00
|N_33
0.112984E+00
|
------------------------------------------------------------------------S O L U T I O N
P A R A M E T E R S
NUMBER OF EIGENVALUES. . . . . . . . . . (NFR)=
10
MASS TYPE: 1-LUMPED,2-CONSISTENT. . . . (MASS)=
1
MODE SHAPE PRINT FLAG. . . . . . . . . (MPRNT)=
1
INTERMEDIATE SOLUTION PRINT FLAG . . . .(IFPR)=
0
STURM SEQUENCE CHECK FLAG. . . . . . . .(IFSS)=
0
MAXIMUM NUMBER OF ITERATIONS . . . . . (ITMAX)=
16
FREQUENCY SHIFT FLAG . . . . . . . . . (IFRSH)=
0
FREQUENCY SHIFT. . . . . . . . . . . . .(FRSH)= 0.0000000E+00
CONVERGENCE TOLERANCE. . . . . . . . . .(RTOL)= 0.1000000E-04
COMPOSITE MODAL DAMPING CALC. FLAG . . .(IMDC)=
1
MODAL ACCELERATION FLAG. . . . . . . . .(IMAM)=
0
S U B S P A C E

I T E R A T I O N

ITERATION

NUMBER

ITERATION

NUMBER

ITERATION

NUMBER

ITERATION

NUMBER

ITERATION

NUMBER

ITERATION

NUMBER

ITERATION

NUMBER

ITERATION

NUMBER

CONVERGENCE REACHED FOR RTOL 0.1000E-04


F R E Q U E N C Y
A N A L Y S I S
by
S U B S P A C E
A L G O R I T H M
FREQUENCY
NUMBER
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

FREQUENCY
(RAD/SEC)
0.2724391E+02
0.2759513E+02
0.3623990E+02
0.1031632E+03
0.1037750E+03
0.1157100E+03
0.1354762E+03
0.1838210E+03
0.1910888E+03
0.1918146E+03

FREQUENCY
(CYCLES/SEC)

PERIOD
(SECONDS)

0.4336003E+01
0.4391902E+01
0.5767759E+01
0.1641893E+02
0.1651630E+02
0.1841582E+02
0.2156171E+02
0.2925602E+02
0.3041272E+02
0.3052824E+02

0.2306271E+00
0.2276918E+00
0.1733776E+00
0.6090532E-01
0.6054624E-01
0.5430114E-01
0.4637851E-01
0.3418099E-01
0.3288098E-01
0.3275655E-01

M O D A L

D A M P I N G
R A T I O S
calculated for
C O M P O S I T E
M A T E R I A L S

FREQUENCY
NUMBER
1

MODAL DAMPING
RATIO
0.20000E-01

11

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

12

0.20000E-01
0.20000E-01
0.20000E-01
0.20000E-01
0.20000E-01
0.20000E-01
0.20000E-01
0.20000E-01
0.20000E-01

S O L U T I O N
T I M E
L O G (sec)
INPUT PHASE . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASSEMBLAGE OF THE STIFFNESS MATRIX . .
ASSEMBLAGE OF THE MASS MATRIX . . . . .
DECOMPOSITION OF THE STIFFNESS MATRIX .
EIGENVALUE SOLUTION . . . . . . . . . .
OUTPUT PHASE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TOTAL SOLUTION TIME . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

7
2
0
0
3
4
16

1
M O D A L

A N A L Y S I S

C O N T R O L

P O S T

P R O C E S S O R

I N F O R M A T I O N

NUMBER OF NODAL POINTS......................(NUMNP)


SOLUTION MODE...............................(MODEX)
EQ.0, DATA CHECK
EQ.1, EXECUTION
D A M P I N G

=
=

94
1

D A T A

DAMPING FLAG..................(IDAMP) = 3
EQ.1 , RAYLEIGH DAMPING
EQ.2 , MODAL DAMPING (USER DEFINED)
EQ.3 , MODAL DAMPING (CALCULATED FOR COMPOSITE MATERIALS)
Mode no.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
P R I N T O U T

Damping Ratio
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
0.2000E-01
F L A G S

DISPLACEMENT PRINTOUT........................(IDC)
VELOCITY PRINTOUT............................(IVC)
ACCELERATION PRINTOUT........................(IAC)
EQ.0, NO PRINTOUT
EQ.1, PRINT
P L O T

=
=
=

1
0
0

A S S I G N M E N T S

PLOT AT STEPS:
(no assignment)
XY-PLOT AT NODES:
(no assignment)
NUMBER OF FREQUENCIES INCLUDED . . . . . . . (NFREQ)

NUMBER OF TIME STEPS

10

. . . . . . . . . . . (NSTE)= 1000

TIME STEP INCREMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . (DT)


TIME AT SOLUTION START

= 0.1000E-02

. . . . . . . . . (TSTART)= 0.0000E+00

13
PRINTING INTERVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . (IPRI)=

TIME INTEGRATION CODE . . . . . . . . . . . (IOPE)


EQ.0, NEWMARK METHOD
EQ.1, WILSON-THETA METHOD

INTEGRATION PARAMETERS

= 0.50
= 0.25

. . . . . . . . . . (DELTA)
(ALPHA)

MODE ACCEL. METHOD (MAM) FLAG


EQ.0, MAM IS NOT APPLIED
EQ.1, MAM IS APPLIED

C U R V E

. . . . . .(MAMFLG)

D A T A

NUMBER OF DEFINED CURVES


=
1
MAX NUMBER OF POINTS IN CURVES
=
0
RESP. RESPONSE OUTPUT CONTROL
=
2
EQ.0, DISP. & VEL. Both Relative to Uniform Base Motions
EQ.1, DISP. Relative to Uniform Base Motions & Absolute VEL
EQ.2, All RESPONSES Absolute

L O A D I N G

C U R V E

I N F O R M A T I O N

N U M B E R =

Number of Equivalent Forces due to Element


Pressures
NODAL FORCES:
NODE
FX
3
8
9
14
24
28
31
34

0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00

FY

FZ

0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00

0.1300E-01
0.9000E-02
0.9000E-02
0.1300E-01
0.1700E-01
0.6400E-01
0.9000E-02
0.9000E-02

From t =

NODE
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

X1
-.54582E-08
-.14794E-08
0.00000E+00
-.74104E-07
-.54741E-07
-.38488E-07
-.25308E-07
-.15189E-07
-.80045E-08
-.34517E-08
-.10412E-08
-.13363E-09
0.00000E+00
-.92594E-07
-.15038E-06
-.18361E-06
-.19149E-06
-.17605E-06
-.14218E-06
-.97369E-07
-.51233E-07
-.14826E-07
0.00000E+00
0.36292E-07
0.36832E-07
0.37079E-07
0.35909E-14
0.27637E-14
0.19574E-14

F O R

X2
-.46925E-08
-.23488E-08
0.00000E+00
0.37593E-07
0.33459E-07
0.29311E-07
0.25149E-07
0.20975E-07
0.16792E-07
0.12601E-07
0.84037E-08
0.42028E-08
0.00000E+00
-.49654E-07
-.44198E-07
-.38721E-07
-.33225E-07
-.27712E-07
-.22186E-07
-.16649E-07
-.11104E-07
-.55533E-08
0.00000E+00
-.48062E-06
-.48123E-06
-.48143E-06
0.23673E-31
0.22866E-31
0.20501E-31

MX

X3
0.45099E-06
0.12506E-06
0.00000E+00
0.11985E-05
0.96065E-06
0.70854E-06
0.47622E-06
0.28548E-06
0.14643E-06
0.58978E-07
0.14977E-07
0.83017E-09
0.00000E+00
0.14908E-05
0.12740E-05
0.10235E-05
0.77070E-06
0.53842E-06
0.34167E-06
0.18852E-06
0.81587E-07
0.19775E-07
0.00000E+00
0.35967E-05
0.37609E-05
0.39439E-05
0.35909E-14
0.27637E-14
0.19574E-14

MZ

0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00

0.000E+00 ) +

0.000E+00

S T E P

MY

0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00

F(t) = ( 0.100E+01 * SIN ( 0.157E+03 * t +


0.000E+00 ) ) * EXP( 0.000E+00 * t)

D I S P L A C E M E N T S

to t =

0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00

0.000E+00 * COS(
0.100E+01

65
R1
0.42311E-06
0.25027E-06
0.00000E+00
0.22777E-06
0.26493E-06
0.25985E-06
0.22543E-06
0.17440E-06
0.11842E-06
0.67204E-07
0.27893E-07
0.48509E-08
0.00000E+00
0.19747E-06
0.25216E-06
0.26962E-06
0.25862E-06
0.22779E-06
0.18505E-06
0.13697E-06
0.88402E-07
0.42310E-07
0.00000E+00
-.15104E-06
-.18757E-06
-.19519E-06
0.87370E-15
0.86491E-15
0.82502E-15

R2
0.58668E-08
0.29334E-08
0.00000E+00
0.23023E-06
0.20465E-06
0.17907E-06
0.15348E-06
0.12790E-06
0.10232E-06
0.76742E-07
0.51162E-07
0.25581E-07
0.00000E+00
-.19391E-06
-.17236E-06
-.15082E-06
-.12927E-06
-.10773E-06
-.86181E-07
-.64636E-07
-.43090E-07
-.21545E-07
0.00000E+00
0.33210E-07
0.33210E-07
0.33210E-07
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00

R3
0.52624E-08
0.29935E-08
0.00000E+00
0.22075E-07
0.18727E-07
0.15491E-07
0.12253E-07
0.90709E-08
0.61076E-08
0.35644E-08
0.16245E-08
0.41588E-09
0.00000E+00
-.72798E-07
-.48268E-07
-.21535E-07
0.45862E-08
0.27051E-07
0.42928E-07
0.49698E-07
0.45472E-07
0.29079E-07
0.00000E+00
0.89892E-09
0.34221E-09
0.21957E-09
-.87370E-15
-.86491E-15
-.82502E-15

0.000E+00 * t +

81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94

0.12133E-14
0.59080E-15
0.16078E-15
0.00000E+00
0.15078E-06
0.19455E-06
0.21702E-06
0.21871E-06
0.19613E-06
0.15544E-06
0.10493E-06
0.54594E-07
0.15662E-07
0.00000E+00

0.16739E-31
0.11836E-31
0.61270E-32
0.00000E+00
-.52996E-07
-.46881E-07
-.43801E-07
-.37597E-07
-.31369E-07
-.25120E-07
-.18854E-07
-.12576E-07
-.62902E-08
0.00000E+00

D I S P L A C E M E N T S
NODE
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94

X1
-.18047E-08
-.71174E-09
0.00000E+00
0.82989E-07
0.49592E-07
0.21439E-07
0.68356E-09
-.11758E-07
-.16273E-07
-.14455E-07
-.88891E-08
-.28522E-08
0.00000E+00
0.18150E-06
0.25767E-06
0.30129E-06
0.30874E-06
0.28159E-06
0.22653E-06
0.15483E-06
0.81378E-07
0.23533E-07
0.00000E+00
0.25440E-07
0.36745E-07
0.49841E-07
-.54308E-14
-.41797E-14
-.29604E-14
-.18350E-14
-.89351E-15
-.24316E-15
0.00000E+00
-.11295E-06
-.15878E-06
-.18246E-06
-.18645E-06
-.16817E-06
-.13362E-06
-.90292E-07
-.47005E-07
-.13489E-07
0.00000E+00

0.12133E-14
0.59080E-15
0.16078E-15
0.00000E+00
0.11953E-05
0.94812E-06
0.68601E-06
0.44583E-06
0.25377E-06
0.11881E-06
0.39098E-07
0.41462E-08
-.23848E-08
0.00000E+00

F O R

X2
0.66129E-08
0.33097E-08
0.00000E+00
-.40073E-07
-.35680E-07
-.31267E-07
-.26835E-07
-.22387E-07
-.17926E-07
-.13454E-07
-.89736E-08
-.44881E-08
0.00000E+00
0.54557E-07
0.48568E-07
0.42553E-07
0.36516E-07
0.30460E-07
0.24387E-07
0.18302E-07
0.12206E-07
0.61048E-08
0.00000E+00
0.55419E-06
0.55496E-06
0.55522E-06
-.35705E-31
-.34489E-31
-.30922E-31
-.25248E-31
-.17853E-31
-.92412E-32
0.00000E+00
0.57843E-07
0.51191E-07
0.47836E-07
0.41071E-07
0.34274E-07
0.27451E-07
0.20606E-07
0.13746E-07
0.68758E-08
0.00000E+00

S T E P

X3
-.52268E-06
-.14560E-06
0.00000E+00
-.66353E-06
-.44220E-06
-.22538E-06
-.49632E-07
0.65262E-07
0.11530E-06
0.11016E-06
0.70194E-07
0.22996E-07
0.00000E+00
-.15946E-05
-.13497E-05
-.10702E-05
-.79246E-06
-.54221E-06
-.33551E-06
-.17967E-06
-.75105E-07
-.17497E-07
0.00000E+00
-.39249E-05
-.41275E-05
-.43534E-05
-.54308E-14
-.41797E-14
-.29604E-14
-.18350E-14
-.89351E-15
-.24316E-15
0.00000E+00
-.64143E-06
-.39569E-06
-.15360E-06
0.42159E-07
0.15926E-06
0.19649E-06
0.16836E-06
0.10184E-06
0.32377E-07
0.00000E+00

0.73091E-15
0.56707E-15
0.32466E-15
0.00000E+00
0.23348E-06
0.27646E-06
0.27181E-06
0.23012E-06
0.17268E-06
0.11183E-06
0.57917E-07
0.18616E-07
-.13806E-08
0.00000E+00

0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.23050E-06
0.20339E-06
0.18983E-06
0.16271E-06
0.13559E-06
0.10847E-06
0.81355E-07
0.54236E-07
0.27118E-07
0.00000E+00

-.73091E-15
-.56707E-15
-.32466E-15
0.00000E+00
0.60517E-07
0.31233E-07
0.16105E-07
-.11872E-07
-.34573E-07
-.49622E-07
-.54957E-07
-.49021E-07
-.30845E-07
0.00000E+00

R2
-.15114E-07
-.75569E-08
0.00000E+00
-.30396E-06
-.27018E-06
-.23641E-06
-.20264E-06
-.16887E-06
-.13509E-06
-.10132E-06
-.67546E-07
-.33773E-07
0.00000E+00
0.22973E-06
0.20420E-06
0.17868E-06
0.15315E-06
0.12763E-06
0.10210E-06
0.76576E-07
0.51051E-07
0.25525E-07
0.00000E+00
-.82070E-07
-.82070E-07
-.82070E-07
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
-.30607E-06
-.27006E-06
-.25206E-06
-.21605E-06
-.18004E-06
-.14403E-06
-.10802E-06
-.72016E-07
-.36008E-07
0.00000E+00

R3
0.81280E-09
0.12215E-08
0.00000E+00
-.36867E-07
-.32872E-07
-.26015E-07
-.17518E-07
-.87460E-08
-.10448E-08
0.44096E-08
0.67233E-08
0.53369E-08
0.00000E+00
0.94741E-07
0.64127E-07
0.27061E-07
-.11109E-07
-.44866E-07
-.69038E-07
-.79259E-07
-.72299E-07
-.46171E-07
0.00000E+00
0.98298E-08
0.13300E-07
0.14029E-07
0.13214E-14
0.13081E-14
0.12477E-14
0.11054E-14
0.85761E-15
0.49100E-15
0.00000E+00
-.64284E-07
-.32468E-07
-.17608E-07
0.84375E-08
0.28995E-07
0.42428E-07
0.47223E-07
0.42188E-07
0.26562E-07
0.00000E+00

171
R1
-.48763E-06
-.29074E-06
0.00000E+00
-.21807E-06
-.23851E-06
-.21155E-06
-.15501E-06
-.86232E-07
-.20896E-07
0.28047E-07
0.51140E-07
0.42632E-07
0.00000E+00
-.22429E-06
-.28321E-06
-.29871E-06
-.28156E-06
-.24250E-06
-.19142E-06
-.13665E-06
-.84319E-07
-.38214E-07
0.00000E+00
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