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Control and monitoring functions

Logic discrimination Closed ring network

Application
Closed ring network protection may be provided using Sepam S42, which includes the following functions:  2 units of directional phase (67) and earth fault (67N) protection functions: # a unit to detect faults located in the "line" direction # a unit to detect faults located in the "busbar" direction  doubled logic discrimination function, with: # sending of 2 blocking information, according to the direction of the fault detected # receipt of 2 blocking information to block the directional protection relays according to their detection direction.
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Block diagram: Sepam S42

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time delay settings for time-based discrimination

SSL tripping

direction of 67/67N protection functions direction of blocking signals

With the combination of the directional protection functions and the logic discrimination function, the faulty section may be isolated with minimum delay by the tripping of the circuit breakers on either side of the fault. Blocking information are prepared by protection functions 67 and 67N. Priority is given to protection function 67: when protection functions 67 and 67N detect faults in opposite directions at the same time, the blocking information is determined by the direction of the fault detected by protection function 67. The instantaneous output of protection function 67, activated at 80% of the Is set point, is used to send blocking information. This avoids uncertainly when the fault current is close to the Is set point.
(logic)

(logic)

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Schneider Electric

Control and monitoring functions

Logic discrimination Closed ring network

Example of closed ring protection function setting:


Case of a closed ring with two substations, each of which comprises two Sepam S42 relays, marked R11, R12 and R21, R22.

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substation 2

substation 1

direction of 67/67N protection functions direction of blocking signals

Starting at one end of the ring, the detection direction of units 1 and 2 of the directional protection functions should be alternated between line and busbar. Example of setting of the different Sepam with logic discrimination: Substation 1 Sepam S42 no. R11 Sepam S42 no. R12  Logic input/output assignment:  Logic input/output assignment:
I13: blocking reception 1 O3: send blocking information BI1 O12: send blocking information BI2  67, 67N, unit 1: tripping direction = busbar  67, 67N, unit 2: tripping direction = line I13: blocking reception 1 I14: blocking reception 2 O3: send blocking information BI1 O12: send blocking information BI2  67, 67N, unit 1: tripping direction = line  67, 67N, unit 2: tripping direction = busbar

Substation 2 Sepam S42 no. R22  Logic input/output assignment:


I13: blocking reception 1 I14: blocking reception 2 O3: send blocking information BI1 O12: send blocking information BI2  67, 67N, unit 1: tripping direction = busbar  67, 67N, unit 2: tripping direction = line

Sepam S42 no. R21  Logic input/output assignment:


I13: blocking reception 1 O3: send blocking information BI1 O12: send blocking information BI2  67, 67N, unit 1: tripping direction = line  67, 67N, unit 2: tripping direction = busbar

Schneider Electric

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