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CONTENTS

Vol.

35

2
3 2011
16

20

25

31

35

40

43

47

2011

1012

026632-8282023322-6666
106441895022322-5255022322-4088
www.laf.org.twE-MAILlegalaid@laf.org.tw
937

1083

2012 2011
114,871

400
550

2012 9


93 7 1

7 47

2
0
1
1

16
16

100
28,495 66,398

3,015
2,607

224 100
3,565 8
7
19
94
RCA
100

100 2,580

2011

2011

0318

0326

0914

0905

0711

0530

0810

0818

0817

17

08

0619

0723

RCA

2011

2011 1 1 12 31

2
0
1
1

114,871

(a=b+c+
d+e+f)

(b)

114,871

39,393

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

5,473

592

66,398

3,015

28,495

(a=b+c
+d+e)

(b)

28,495

24,334

(c)
1,079

(d)
475

(e)
2,607

(a=b+e+f+g)

39,393

(b=c+d)

(c)

(d)

(e)

24,334

23,640

694

12,519

(f)

(g)

2,227

313

24,334 12,519 66.03%

24,334

12,519

66.03%

86.29%

20,997

3,147

185

86.29%

12.93%

0.76%

0.02%

20,968

53.23%

13,031

53.55%

10,122

25.69%

5,862

24.09%

7,721

19.60%

5,295

21.76%

422

1.07%

137

0.56%

160

0.41%

0.04%

39,393

100.00%

24,334

100.00%

2011

2,534 369

2,534

369

346

343

271

1,019

511

433

405

100

65

1,513

1,472

1,101

262

251

21

17

10

3,873

1,492

1,470

980

936

2010 118
1.53

10,256

7,842

2,353

61

76.92%

1.
2. /

2011

7,631 55.70%
3,641 26.58% 2010

7,631

55.70%

3,641

26.58%

1,283

9.36%

886

6.47%

186

1.36%

64

0.47%

0.04%

0.02%

13,700

100%

12,519

2,345
66.56%



(a)
(b)
104

2,665

(c)
1,843

(c/(a+b))
(d)
66.56%

746

(d/(a+b))
27.99%

(e)

(a)+(b)-(c)-(d)-(e)

87

91

2011 1,732 9 7,339 3,537


973 4 5,779 800 2011 203
1 1,585 7,221

10

1,732

973,393,537

973

457,790,800

10,180

55.55%

4,102

22.38%

3781

20.63%

99

0.54%

165

0.90%

18,327

84.93%
14.51%

15,566

84.93%

99

0.54%

2,659

14.51%

0.02%

18,327

2,964 3,188 49 9,284


81

29.86%

699

885
234
58
10

454
456
168
2,964

1.

2.

2011

11

4.73%

954

151

171

1,116
288
388
4

116

3,188

25

2
19

49

627

4,152

275

329

3,064

105

5,054

3,498

732

9,284

12

(a)

(b)

(a/(a+b))

5,473

1,079

598

2,890

906

64.34%

(a=b+c+d+e+f+g)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(f)

(g)

1,079

690

59

278

46

100.00%

63.95%

5.47%

25.76%

4.26%

0.55%

59.50%

(a)
(b)
0

121

(c)

(c/(a+b))

(d)

(d/(a+b))

72

59.50%

44

36.36%

(e)

(a)+(b)-(c)-(d)-(e)

592

592

175

282

57

61

17

475 80.24%

592

117

12

437

26

2011

13

66,398

43,483

22,915

49.51%

11,663

26.82%

5,271

23.00%

16,934

25.50%

20,981

48.25%

11,893

51.90%

32,874

49.51%

9,701

22.31%

5,169

22.56%

14,870

22.40%

950

2.18%

476

2.08%

1,426

2.15%

31

0.07%

0.01%

34

0.05%

157

0.36%

103

0.45%

260

0.39%

43,483

100.00%

22,915

100.00%

66,398

100.00%

14

02-2322-5255 2007

2011 145 112


20 8

12

14

12

10

32

63

29

43

/
30

10

112

20

40

10

145

50.45% 58.03%

15.59%

31~50

8.66%

52.25%.

6.65%

31~40 42.82%

56.75%
25.47%

1,126

51.07% 13.81%

11.72%

6.31% 3.29%

1,495

17.12%

10.72%

2,716

4.35%

112

2011

15

99

94 3 11
0940001038

100 7 1

85.2
2,300
3.69% 31.6
1.37% 53.6
2.32%

16

2.3%

100 7 1

100 6

17

100 6

10 11 100 11

25 3 21

( )

18

28,000

23,000

22,000

38,000

33,000

32,000

48,000

43,000

42,000

400

( )

28,000

22,000

37,510

56,265

35,496

53,244

30,910

46,365

30,732

46,098

33,438

50,157

30,732

46,098

23,000

550
15

19

( )
()

36
1990

20

2009 9 12

2009

12

1993

2003

1990 2000

1990

to be

50

50 2000

21

22

subjectivity

95

to have to be

23

to have

1980

1990

30 20

10

to have

2000

2005

to
have to be

to

19701980

have to be

23

to be

2010

2005 2

2005

24

83 9
86

1980

90 1 17 11 2

Awi Mona

2 1

100
10 14

51 8829

85

87

25

15

88

21-1

15

94

23

30

98

10 11 12

26

1997

1997

2001

2001

Clifford

Geertz

native point of view

27

90

196

90 268

94 194

30

40

40

28

100

200

30
( )

97 2108 98
2563 99 2996
97 856 98 958 99
1170

97
174 98 187 99
181

21
99 2400

29

30

2009 8 8

500

31


32

2011 11 26

60

1000

68

2007

8 13

30

71

2011

12 10

33

2011 12 2

34

Austronesian

50

1980

2 2

454648

PangcahAmis

35

AtayalTayal Paiwan

BununRukaiTsou;

CouPuyumaSaysiyat
SaysiatTaoYami

Thao Kavalan

TarokoTruku Sakizaya

24

Sediq 14

Ketagalan

1988 1989 1993

Taokas Pazeh

PaporaPapura Babuza

HoanyaSiraya

Makatao

Afrmative Action

doctrines

of discovery and conquest

doctrine of terra nullius

treaty

36

1823 Johnson

1138 1

John Marshall

vusam

43

land title

1763 Royal

Proclaimation 1790

oral evidence

monkanian

lndian Nonintercourse Act

1840

The Treaty of Waitangi

1973 Calde

36

19 23

1966

37

knowledge

5052 19 1

13

96 12 26

6 1

13

21 1

DNA

traditional knowledge

sui generis

traditional cultural

expressions traditional

38

community dialogue
community consultation
community approval
community partnership

Traditional

Knowledge

2007 4 29

presumed consent

71 1

inherent right

39

40

40

7
100 11 1 4

101 9

40

40

40

40

1.
40
2. 40
3.

40

4.

5.

41

300

42

40

670
14 6
32

670

2 3

670

2 3

90 107

43

670 30

670

670

23

8 1

101

44

670

4 :

3000 5000

1000 3000 8

35 2

4 2

4 2

7 2

3000

13 2

45

5 2 3

2 3

2 3 2 2

100

100 101

100

100 18

18

2 3

39 2

100

12

38 2

670

39 2

46

1895

2011/ 10

9:0012:0013:30
18:001895

19858275

2011/09~11

200
100
500
100
500
100
200
500
500
600
1,000
1,000

500

100
100
5,000
1,000
200
100
5,000
1,000
600
1,786
100
100
1,000

1,000
1,500
1,500
500
1,000
2,000
500
500
2,000
1,500
5,000
1

2011/ 11

2011/ 09

2,000
100
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,500
1,000
2,000
5,000

no name

3,000
100
200
10,000
100
1,000
1,000
200
100
1,000
554
200
3,000

3,000

700

2,600

1,000

20,000

1,500

3,000

1500

5,000

1,000

5,000

500

117

12

death watch

The Pinheiro Prin-

ciples

peggycheng@laf.org.tw