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Introduction to Neogeography Alex Mandel

Feb 20, 2012 Linux Users Group of Davis

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

WhatisNeogeography?

Youare... Turner,A.2006.Introductiontoneogeography. OReillyMedia,Inc.

DataTypes

Vector

Raster

DataTypesII

Vector

Raster

PopQuizWhatisit?

CommonFormats

Vector(layers)

Raster(bands)

kml gml shapefile

GeoTiff MrSid Image(img)

shp,shx,dbf, (prj,xml,sbx...)

geojson postgis

Projections

ProjectedCoordinateSystem

Projection CoordinateSystem

Datum

WKT,Proj,EPSG

http://spatialreference.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Map_projection http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wellknown_text

EPSG4326

ImportantProjections

Lat/LonWGS84 Google/Web/PopularMercator CaliforniaTealeAlbersNAD83 CaliforniaStatePlaneZoneIIft.

EPSG3875,900913

EPSG3310

EPSG2226

UTMZone10EPSG32610&11EPSG32611 http://SpatialReference.org http://prj2epsg.org/search


GettingStartedDataExploration

DataSources

http://NaturalEarthData.com http://OpenStreetmap.org http://CalAtlas.ca.gov http://cityofdavis.org/gis/

Yoursmartphone,GPS,orgeotaggedPhotos

ToolsCommandLine

GDAL/OGRhttp://gdal.org

gdalinfo,ogrinfo+formats

GPSBabel etc...

ToolsGUI

QGIS(QuantumGIS) http://qgis.org

Cartography

Title

MapElements
Doestheenduserknowwhatthemapisaboutwithout havingtoaskyou? Isitclearwhat'sonthemap? Usefulness,canyoueyeballdistancesbasedonthescale. Bigenoughtofindwhenyouneedit,smallenoughyou canignorewhenyou'renotlookingforit.

Legend

Scale

NorthArrow

KISSkeepitshortandsimple

VisualHierarchy

Bigger roads are bigger and bolder than smaller roads, etc. But it's really about making what's important stand out.
OpenStreetMap contributors, CC-BY-SA

GeoWeb aka Web 2.0 for maps

WebServices

Web

WMS(Raster),WFS(Vector) xyzcornerorcenter+zoom Google,Bing,Yahoo,MapQuest,Cloudmade, OpenLayers,Leaflet,Mapstraction GeoExt,MapQuery(Geo+Jquery)


Tiling

APIs

JSaddons

HTML5canvas

Tonsofchoices

http://maps.ice.ucdavis.edu/compareamap/

Frameworks

GeoDjango MapFish MapBender SharpMap etc...

Tilesforspeed

mapnik,cascadenik tilemill mod_tile(Apache) tilecache geowebcache etc...

Combineitall

e.g.Geonode

Openlayers+Ext(GeoExt)+Django+Postgis+ Geoserver+Geowebcache+Geonetwork

http://maps.ice.ucdavis.edu/

Takingthetoolsforaspin

Wheretostart?TryOSGeoLivehttp://live.osgeo.org

Online,possiblyusefultools

Mapbox QGIScloud WalkingPapers Geocommons Indiemapper MapKnitter

Mapshaper ColorBrewer TypeBrewer

Links,linksandmorelinks

OpenSourceGeospatialFoundation http://osgeo.org OpenGeohttp://opengeo.org/ DevelopmentSeedhttp://developmentseed.org/ BayAreaGeomeetup http://www.meetup.com/geomeetup/ Cloudmadehttp://cloudmade.com/ StamenDesignshttp://stamen.com PublicLaboratoryhttp://publiclaboratory.org/