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# 1. Words, vocabulary, and language used to describe 2-D shapes and 3-D solids.

2D shapes: two dimensions, length and width, area, edge (two face meet), lying on a plane, lacking in depth, flat 3D shapes: three dimensions, can touch, length, width, height, volume, polygon, polyhedral, edge, line segment, vertices, volume, real solid shapes

**2. Similarities and differences between
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(a) cube, cuboid, cylinder and prism;

Differences: -A rectangle is a 4 sided figure in which each angle is a 90 degree angle. A rectangle is both a quadrilateral and a parallelogram. -A cube is a three dimensional shape in which all edges are equal and any two intersection edges form right angles. -A cuboids (rectangular prism) is a three dimensional shape with the same properties of a cube, except that only parallel sides in a cuboid must have the same length. (A cube is always a cuboid but a cuboid is not always a cube.) -A cylinder is a three dimension shape similar to a can of soda. A cylinder is a circle that is given depth in the three dimensional plane. A cylinder has two parallel faces that are circles and one face that wraps around the two circles at right angles to each (b) prism and pyramid; Similarities: Both of them have triangular faces. Differences: The difference between prisms & pyramids is: Prisms:-solid -they have faces -all edges are connected -they have vertices Pyramids:-have triangular faces -they have 5 faces -all the faces meet at a point(apex) -they have a square base

and the points where two edges meet are the polygon's vertices or corners. where all sides have the same length..square 8 sides . Classifications of polygons according to number of sides: 3 sides. An n-gon is a polygon with n sides. The relationship is the same as that between a square and a rectangle . Differences: -Cone only has 1 edge and a pyramid has a minimum of 6. by a closed polygonal chain). Similarities: -Both cone and pyramid have a bottom surface (base) and a height. b. 3.octagon 9 sides. In geometry a polygon is traditionally a plane figure that is bounded by a closed path or circuit.. Cube and cuboid A cuboid is a solid (3-dimensional) object with six faces that are rectangular and which meet at right angles. composed of a finite sequence of straight line segments (i. Cylinder and prism 4.has two bases -only has one base (c) Pyramid and cone. These segments are called its edges or sides.except that this is in 3D instead of 2D. The relationships between a. Definition of polygon and classifications of polygons according to number of sides. A cube is a special case of a cuboid.nonagon .triangle 4 sides.e.

B. A regular hexagon has all sides of the same length.5714286 degrees.pentagon 6 sides. The total of the internal angles of any hexagon is 720 degrees.it have three corners or vertices and three sides or edges which are line segments.5 sides. It has five lines of reflection symmetry and it has rotational symmetry of order 5 (through 72°. In a regular heptagon. • Properties of pentagon (5 sides) . . A triangle with vertices A.hexagon is a polygon with six edges and six vertices. • Properties of square (4 sides) .A regular pentagon has all sides of equal length and all interior angles are equal measure (108°). and all internal angles are 120°. Properties of n-sided polygons for 3 < n < 10. The internal angle at each vertex of a regular octagon is 135° and the sum of all the internal angles is 1080°.is a polygon with seven sides and seven angles. and its interior angles all right angles (90°).hexagon 7 sides. • Properties of triangle (3 sides) .The square is probably the best known of the quadrilaterals. It is defined as having all sides equal. • Properties of hexagon (6 sides) . 128.decagon 11 sides. in which all sides and all angles are equal. A regular octagon is a closed figure with sides of the same length and internal angles of the same size. the sides meet at an angle of 5π/7 radians. and C is denoted ABC. 216° and 288°).is a polygon that has eight sides.undecagon 12 sides. • Properties of octagon (8 sides) .heptagon 10 sides. It has eight lines of reflective symmetry and rotational symmetry of order 8.dodecagon 5. 144°. • Properties of heptagon (7 sides) . From this it follows that the opposite sides are also parallel.

having all sides of equal length and each internal angle equal to 144°.• • Properties of nonagon (9 sides) . and usually refers to a regular decagon. .a decagon is any polygon with ten sides and ten angles.a nonagon (or enneagon) is a nine-sided polygon. A regular nonagon has internal angles of 140°. Properties of decagon (10 sides).