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Cambridge • at the University Press J915


. I524) . It witnessed the publication of the first German Hymn-Book. Etlic/l Christlw/z kder Lo@esang. i5. which contained eight hymns. was issued at Erfurt. Walther direction. Another. Rechtsckaff en und kunstlic/z verteutsc/at. ]3acte ." Schweitzer calls it _. set to four melodies. Ernest Newman. _. and contained twenty-five hymns. published under Luther's his Geystliche 1 AlbertSchwmtzer.. Much of it was preReformation in origin. trans. Eyn Enchiradion oder Handbuchlein. In its development the year is the starting-point--the "crucial year for German Church-music.geystlic/zer gesenge und Psalmen. (i9ii). S. und Psalm (Wittenberg. vol.PREFATORY NOTE O other country can vie with Germany in wealth of hymnody./. Most of it was fruit of the spiritual exaltation of the Reformation and the Thirty 1524 Years" War. set to sixteen year Johann melodies. In the same at momentous Wittenberg..

SeeIen geistliches grand- Das ist vo]lstandz'ges Gesaltgbuch in ae/zt zozterschiedliche_z Theilen. of which "nearly one thousand are classical and immortalL" Bach 1 p. associated but no of them have become popular. contained two hundred and fortyeight hymns and melodies.733 German hymns! The Dictzo_zary of Hymnology (t9o8) estimates that about Io. musical later (I545) Valentin his Geystliche Lieder. It is a work the who possessed elght volumes and drew his hymns from them.Ogfei'. . Hymn-Book It contained and that received Luther's one hundred and twentyhymn melodies nine numbers ninety-seven Ninety-five years later Johann Cruger's Nea. Twenty-one years Babst published at Leipzig the last revision. I64o). which contained thirty-two and forty-three. Nearly one hundred )'ears later (T786) an incomplete hymnological index of first hnes revealed actually 72. mostly gesangk vol{komhches Gesa_zg&lch A ugspurgsc/zer Confession (Berlin. with Bach. contained more than five thousand closely hymns. settings. 4i_. Johann Bach wa_ twelve dacht@r one hundred and thirty-five Cruger's collection (1697)}'ears old then--entitled Anund Gantz. Buc]z@n. which remained in use in Berlin for nearly a century.

" Lobet Gott in seinen Reichen. ¥orwort (t898). of which he wrote actually 389 harmonisations. o But see p. and I85 were collected (Leipzig." Motetts. and for his choral works alone used 2o8 of the old melodies. presumably. ten for melody only. 44 vii. Cantatas. & Bach's Werke. Throughout the four works Bach makes use alto- gether of forty old hymns or hymn-tunes: twelve for words and melody. The Chorals annotated in the following pages occur in Bach's " Passions" and Oratorios. introducing into the "Passions. " Kommt." the "St John Passion. Choralgesange (Breltkopf & enumelatlon only includes Bach's . hymn-form." The Easter Oratorio." "Christmas Oratorio. remaining Bach's son Karl Philipp Emmanuel _784-87) and belonged. Motetts. Organ Preludes and Fantasias." contains no Chorals. or Cantata. These pages therefore exhaust the Choral material used by Bach outside the Cantatas. In three instances (" Christmas 1 See jr. eighteen for words only.4 by Parts. The the majority of them (204) Oratorios. to workq of his father which no longer are extant 1." the and the " Ascension Ora- torio. Haertel).vii drew lavishly upon this wealth of material. eilet und laufet. and Bach was precluded from introducing them into the Masses and Magnificat s. z e the " St Matthew Passion. qettmgs. The simple." or Cantata.

I. Jesu Christ. J. C. *f Vom Hlmmel hoch da komm lch her. 1. J Ermuntre dich. Hllf. Gott fahret auf gen Hlmmel. 3. C. C. The capital shows where he uses R. M. i. *+ O Lamm Gottes unschuldlg." his own. J. I. + Valet will lch dlr geben. M. J. M and J standing for the two "Passions. 40. 5. 2. C. A. 2. I. The words Nos. A prefixed * indicates that the melody is treated in Bach's Little Organ goo_ (Orgelbuchlan). M. *+ In dlch hab' ach gehoffet. mere schwacher Gmst. I. A Frohhch soil mere Herze springen. . Was mere Gott will. 2. M. C. J. Herr. Hmr Jesu Christ i. lass gehngen I. 1 The suffixed numeral indmates the number of t_mes Bach uses the hymn or melody. Werde munter. The words following only for the eighteen Chorals: hymns provide their Befiehl du deme Wege. and A for the Ascension Oratorio. 42) twelve he uses a melody provide of both °°° hymns * Chnstus der uns selig macht. A prefixed t indicates that Bach has illustrated the melody in his Organ Preludes. Ihr Christen auserkoren I. was hast du verbrochen. Herr Jesu. Variations. M. *+ Vater unser _m Hlmmelreich. M. C. following and melody1: 38. A. *+ Gelobet seist du. I." C for the Christmas. I. O Herr. C. Ich steh' an demer Knppen hmr I. mere Gemuthe. Herzhch Leb hab' lch dlch. C. Du Lebensfurst. 2.VllI Oratorio. Herzhebster Jesu. I. das g'scheh' allzmt. or Fantasias.

'" In the OrKelbuchlein as " Helft mlr Gott's (Jute preisen. lieben Christen O Welt. mere schwacher thut reich verlangen Jesu. A 3. O Haupt roll Blut O Mensch. + Nun freut euch. C I. verlangen. was hast du Herr. I. M." ." 2 In the Orffelbuchlewz as " 0 Mensch. 3. M. Schaut ! schaut! was 1st fur Wunder dar? \Vie Wtr The only * for soll lch smgen following the Choralq dich dlr empfangen. nun 1st es Zeit i. C. ich muss dlch lassen. I. I. bewem'. J. I.ix Ihr Jesu. I. hab' lch gehoffet. Leben. denn Chrlstenleut hymns of the or i. J. und der t/:rden. I. Leiden und Peln. their occur Oratorios" Gelst verbrochen. J. du mere ihr hohlen hebstes Peru und Lufte. C. in more " Passions" Ermuntre Herzhch Herzhebster In dlch dlch. Peru. C. hymns melody Es stud doch sehg Gott des Hlmmels + Helzhch thut mlch Jesu Kreuz. beweln' O Welt. Gestirn. M. C 7. 3. M. sieh _ hmr dem Leben. Lasst Furcht Nun liebe und Tod. C I. mlr. C. *+ Von Gott will lch mcht lassen. C provide their Immanuel ten : alle. C. C. 3. dem Sunde 4. 3. Warum *'_ Wlr Six than one sollt' lch mlch _. I. C. I. M 2. M 1 I. nach demer Gut' g'mem. Jesu Leiden. Seel'. J. Mach's mlt I. Gott. 1 Melody quoted as " Es stud do_h sehg alle. C und Wunden. gross. melodies and gramen I. J.

herausgegeben ). deutsc/ze Jalzrlzunderts Tumpd Zeit deutsc/zc fang K_rc]zenlied des X VII. 1575). The following Gottfried Albrecht. identified writers.x O Welt. der Runge Wllhetm Martin Schalhng Paul Stockmann Michael Georg Georg We_sse Welssel Werner Throughout Gesellschaft have been followed. (I 562-I627) Johann Valerms Heermann Herberger Sebald Heyden Martin Luther Adam Relssner. (I619-81). or Albert evange/isc. Johann Chnstoph Gottfned Rist (d. the hymn collated Das his zu . (I59o-i635). P. Verbal (Gutersloh. Paul Gerhardt (16o7-76). I56I). texts in following have every been case pages the BachThey E. Sacer. (I483-1546). contemporary" (1522-57) of Brandenburg-Culmbach Nlcolaus Decms (d. O Welt. words lch muss smh' hmr of the dich lassen dem Leben. with Carl van Wackernagel's a#esten (Leipzig.._e vollenclet Kirc/zenlied uncl I9O 4- sieb_el_nten yon D W. I864-77). Sacer (I635-99). 154I ) Johann Franck (I618-77). Jahrhunderts Fischer's des Das 5 vols. (I589-I643). or Reusner 0496-c. was hymns only Bach's one are of by the seventeen Wilhelm Margrave whom. (I6o7-67). (I585-I647). (I532-16o8) (16o2?-36) (I48o ?-I 534). discrepancies .

in addition contemporary" Helnnch Albert. or Albem (i6o4-51). I617) Matthaus Greltter (d. . Nmolaus Decms (d I54_). Johann Schop. melodies himself. or Schopp (d." No." The are. Helnnch Isaak (b. Caspar Fuger. 1529. The composers be identified : I. Johann Hermann Schem (I586-I63o). cerc. Melodien pages dezttschen 6 vols. Kzrchencannot known Johannes eva_zgelischen melodies I889-93). circ. Melchior Vulpms ( 1560 ?-I6I 5)' In the following in their Die lieder. 3I). fourteen the original The No. author texts and Bach's versions "St are John of the stanza in the 22. I55O or i552) Hans Leo Hassler (I564-I612). Passion. of the following Was _neln Got/ will. I44o). is not identified.. I665). or Kallwltz (I556-I615). earliest der Gutersloh. the form melodies (see are printed Zahn. daf _'scheh' allzezt (" St Matthew Passion. Johann Georg Ebehng (I637-76). I613). of by whom none of the the was Chorals following Bach's non-anonymous to Bach composers. the younger (d. Johann Cruger (I598-r662). or Fuger. whose secular parentage is not stated in Pierre Attmgnant's volume. Melchior Teschner (ft.xi between noted. Martin Luther (I483-I546). Seth Calvlsms.

Vater unser zm lgimmelrezch (" St John Passion. Nun freael euch. Vom Hzmmel hoch da komm zch ]zer (" Christmas Oratorio. hymns the following of Schweitzer's jr. Ge/obet seisl du. 9). not because at that time there but rather for. On the of musicians who wrote melodies not large. and probably moulded. I I)." No." No. attributed to Luther. Herzhch Lzeb hab' zch dich.." No. the name of it is difficult to decide and which composed adopted by the musicians whole the number for the Church was of the Reformation .xii n ill. I2). S. 59)." No. vm. would immediate .." first pubhshed by Mmhael Wrasse in I53I. Bac/_ are illuminating "Since before which which we rarely know it became attached it henceforth bears. v vl." No. vn. a pre-Reformanon tune pubhshed. Von Go# wzll *ch nacht lassen ("Ascension Oratorio. whtch was first pubhshed by Bernhard Schmldt m 1577. derived from a secular song extant in 1569 On tion the origin of the melodies passages : the history of a melody of the Reforma- w. attributed to Luther. For were no musicians capable of the work. 0 Herr (" St John Passion. pubhshed m 1539 and attributed to Luther. 7). Christus der uns seh_ macht ("St John Passion. melodies were to a hymn. because their services were not called a new of the melody kind that to become gain a true folk- melody." No 37). laeben Chras/en g'mein (" Christmas Oratorio. aresu Chrisl (" Christmas Oratorio." No. 5).. by Johann Walther m 1524. the proper melody of :' Patris Sapmntia.

when these did not suffice... That the object was conversion rather than simple borrowing appeared is shown by the title of a collection at Frankfort in 157I: 'Street that songs. and then.. The spirit. When the treasures of melody to be drawn upon were at last exhausted... While it brought the folk-song into religion. which dominated music about the beginning of the eighteenth century made it incapable of developing the true church-tune any .. transformed into Christian and moral songs.Any foreign melody that had charm and beauty was stopped at the frontier and pressed into the service of the [Church] . secular ones. the composer. however. sacred melodies at first. it wished to elevate secular art in general. and at home. cavalier songs.. requiring a long period of time. by substituting for them good.. there came spiritual the epoch poetry of The copious of the seventeenth century called them to the work . in fields. honest words.. was a difficult process..'. For the Reformation of much more than acquiring it was a serviceable melodies. sacred. The Reformed Church made the most abundant use of this latter question source . It was much more natural to impress existing melodies into the service of the Church. mountain songs. for the abolishing in course of time of the bad and vexatious practice of singing idle and shameful songs in the streets.xiii acceptance everywhere..

It could no longer achieve that nalvet6 which.vol. independent of. I. When Bach came on the scene.." and two in the " Ascension Oratorio. 23. into. chorus and orchestra Matthew Passion. an indefinable air of subjectivity pervaded them1." fourteen in the "Christmas Oratorio. ." Of that number the majority (33) are in simple hymn form suitable for congregational categories Oratorio" use. '' Bach's Oratorios and " Passions" contain fortythree Chorals: fifteen in the " St Matthew Passion. 9. unique tunes . ever since the Middle Ages. 42. 64 of the " Christmas may be termed Extended Chorals.. poem. 25 of the "St I Oj. had endowed it with those splendid. the great epoch of Choral creation was at an end." twelve in the "St John Passion. I of the " St Matthew Passion" the Choral melody is woven and surges above the doubled below. and fell further and further under the influence of the more 'artistic' Italian melody. the lines of thehymn being separated byorchestral interludes.xiv further. like that of the sacred melodies indeed were still written. (2) In No. Sacred but they were songs of the Aria type. The remaining ten fall into four : (_) Nos. German music got out of touch with German song. c_Z..." (3) No. I6-_2. not true congregational hymns.

as in the " Christmas Oratorio." and No. The author expresses his indebtedness to the Rev. 19i5 . The author reserves for a second Part the Chorals of the Church Cantatas and Motetts. most patient and skilled in Bach lore." No. He dedicates it gratefully to another helper. OLD October. thanks his fi'iend Mr Ernest this _tlsculum ill proof. 7.XV No. 7 of the the hymn Oratorio" are alike in this: (set to a unison melody in the last of them) is part of a dialogue. James Mearns and his erudite articles on German hymnody He also cordially Newman for reading in the Dictio_zary of I-tymnolog2k'. In the following pages the form and orchestration of every Choral are stated. I I of the "Ascension Oratorio" are Choral Fantasias. the Choral melody being uroven into a complicated musical scheme. 32 of the "Christmas "St John Passion. to its advantage. ABERDEEN. KING'S COLLEGE. (4) No 35 of the "St Matthew Passion " and No. either commenting upon the narrative of a solo voice. providing the solo voice with the subject of its reflexions. or.

Jesu Christ (I524) Gott des Hlmmels und der Erden (1642) Hetft mir Gott's Gute prelsen (1575 [1569] ) Herzhch Lleb hab' lch dlch. Ermuntre der uns sehg macht (1531) dlch. mlr. O Herr (I577) Herzhch thut reich verlangen (16Ol). das g'scheh' gllzelt 1572 [1571]) Werde taunter.CONTENTS PAGE Prefatory The "St The The The Note Matthew Passion" v I 24 4I 62 "St John "Christmas "Ascension Passion" Oratorio" Oratorio" MELODIES Chnstus. ich muss dich lassen (1539) Valet will lch dlr geben (1614). mein Gemuthe (I642) Wlr Index Chnstenleut' (1593) . Herzhebster Jesu. Herr (i58I) Jesu Kreuz. was hast du verbrochen In dmh hab' lch gehoffet. Gelobet selst du. heben Christen g'mein (1628) (I535) 1545) O Lamm Gottes unschuldlg (1542 and O Welt. Mach's mn Nun freut Leiden und Pem (I6O9). Vater Vom unser lm Himmelremh Hlmmel hoch da komm (I539) • mh her (I539) [157i]) (1666) (1529 Von Gott will lch mcht lassen (i572 Warum sollt' lch mlch denn gramen Was meln Gott will. mein schwacher Gelst (1641) "-9 45 14 42 57 63 38 8 (164o) 3 I6 27 32 58 . Gott. nach demer Gut' euch. I 5 34 25 44 63 49 and 12 19 5I 66 Es stud doch sehg aUe (1525) .

4elelc whmh century line i5.ERRATA P. 13. hne_ io-ii. for Johann Cruger read Paul Wagnm P. vL. hne 8. fop" of t55e J'eadm i552 .

THE ST MATTHEW (1728--I729) PASSION No. pubhshed by Novello & Co T..... O LAMB OF GOD MOST HOLY (O Lamm Goztes unsclzu/dig) 1 A[eZody: -" 0 LaJnm -_ Goltes ¢olscTa*_lda Z" Nicolaus -. t .. edmon of the 1 .. T._t-7--_-_L''= 1 The Enghsh titles are those m the Elgar-Atkms Oratorio. Decms I542 Nxcolaus Decms I545 :_j_ ] I / I I J--_-I.

" Probably Decius was a native of Hof in Upper Franconia." of the "Agnus Dei qui It was first published in Low German in Geystly_'e lede15 Rostock. The tune was published. "O Lamm Gottes unschuldig. with a Preface by Elisabeth Duchess of Bruns_.1 Hlgl_ German m Valentm S. Leipzig." was composed or adapted by Nicolau_ Decius (yon Hofe or Hovesch) for his translation of the " Agnus Dei. of which she was Regent. and in Johann Spangenberg's K irc/zcngcsenKc Dcudtsch (Magdeburg.'t. 1539 : . The words of the Choral are the first stanza of Decius' translation tollis peccata mundi. enemies. Ill 1526(? ) he was instituted Nicolas. In I519 he became provost of the Cloister of Steterburg.2 ST blATTHEW PASSION The melody. but. preacher 111the Church of St He died at Stettin in 154I.ec_ gcbesscrt ziled gemck. abjuring the Roman Catholic Church. for the use of the PrmctpaIitles of Calenberg and Gottingen. was appointed master in the St Katharme and Egidien school at Brunswick in 1522. m Anton (Erfurt. 285. by his Roman Catholic it was suspected. and 1. _545) Geeat/ac/ze lzeder aztffs .ick-Luneburg. near Wolfenbhttel. 1545). Corvinus' C/lristlic/lc A_rc/zetz-Ordnl/ng I542). No. Stettin poisoned. with the hymn. issued. Schumann's kd. There is another harmonisation of the melody in the Bach C/zoralgesalz_c. 153 I.

Johann u. 2 Oh. Strings NO. Oro_an. pp 3 I. Allzelt erfund'n 1 geduldlg. All' Sund' hast du getragen. O BLESSED JESU.G. Waewohl du warest verachtet. rtpzeno) is an of the Double The Choral (Soprano strand or ornament Chorus (Two Orchestras. 3. independent translations of the Hymn are noted 3 in the Dictzonary o/Hymnology. [550.NUMBER 3 o Lamm C-ottes unschutd_g. iv /last dlt ]64o vcrbroc. first 1 i539 gefunden.. Sonst mussten wlr verzagen . " Herzliebster Jesu. ]---2 . O Jesu T B. Am Stamm des Kreuzes geschlachtet. Erbarm' dmh unser.." composed Heermann's Hymn by Johann Cruger. and Contbmo)._en ) Melody" "HeJzhebs[er Cruger t for The melody. English Form. HOW HAST THOU OFFENDED (Herzlwbster Jesu" Jesu. eac/z 2 FI.

Strzllffs. and dmd in 1647. He became was born at Raudten. m was fur Mlssethaten Blst du gerathen _ 13G iv. Dass man em solch hart _ Urthml hat gesprochen? Was 1st dm Schuld. Berhn. (Fizzles. in the " St 25. was hast du verbrochen. English translations of the Hymn are noted the Dzctzona o' of Hymno[agLv. 163o._wd tlertz-il'Zztsica. in 1598. in 1622. He became Cantor of St Nicolas' Church. deacon of Koben on the Oder in I6I I. Hauss.oti AZztszca Cordzs.dac/zte< 1631 • Herzhebster Jesu. 517. _6so scharff. 164o. 55) and twice in the of " St John Passion " (Nos. was hast Its author. 1648." Bach uses the melody elsewhere Matthew Passion" (Nos. About 2o of his melodies are still in common use. in Brandenburg. Berlin.4 ST MATTHEW PASSION appeared in his Newes _. and. Leipzig. Form Simple alza1 Co_ztzmlo).oIlX'omlic/_es Gesang&tch. 4. . near Guben. and died in that city in I662. retired in 1638. the most familiar of them being " Nun danket alle Gott. in _583. in Oli_rall. Oboes. 23. The Hymn was first published in Heermann's Dez. "Herzliebster Jesu. pp. I5)" The words of the Choral are the first stanza the Passiontide du verbrochen" Hymn. with a melody by Johann Staden (i581-I634). in the latter'_ Hcrtzens A_. Silesia. Cruger was born at Gross-Breesen. Johann Heermann.

The tune has survived through its associatxon with Johann Hesse's t. 1539._ I. _." first published as a broadsheet at Nurnberg circ.2. but to the secular song. 16. "O Welt. "O H. He died before I53[. little Of Isaak.NUMBER I6 WHICH BINDS THEE 5 No._{Y SIN IT IS (Iclz bra's. Florence. . zch sollte bussen) 2_Idody." Innsbruck. ich muss dich lassen. Germany's first great He was born cam. and composer to the Emperor Maximilian I. [477-93. I555 and in the Nurnberg . I_ Heinrich Isaak's melody was first published in Georg Forster's Ezn auss.. was orgamst of the Medici chapel. ich muss dzch lassen" Hemnch Isaak i539 ____! i. Nurnberg._l . I44o.--]__1 I ___ i_ '. ]496-[515. ich muss dich lassen. --_--!_'_::I. perhaps at Prague. is known." composer.-_._lzg guter alter _z newer Teettsclzer Iiedleilz.'elt.149o-I547) Hymn for the Dying.

8). it also in three of meine Thranen" (No. He employs the Cantatas" " Meine Seufzer. 1598). for general use. for the Sixth Sunday after Easter. " Innsbruck. I569. It was not until sixty years after its publication that Isaak's melody appeared in association with Hesse's Hymn. 44). sieh' bier dein Leben. Geyst]ic_e Lieder. Nurnberg. 289. Darzmzen Psalmen mind Geistlzc/ze Lzeder (Eisleben. and in the Eisleben Gesa_tg_b2tc/z. m_d LobgeseJlge. " Sie werden euch in den Bann thun " (No. Lz_t/zer. In the latter work the tune virtually assumed the form in which Bach employs it. _tfart. They were first published together in David Wolder's New Catec/dsmus Gesangbucfilebz (Hamburg." and the melody is styled " Innsbruck" in Hymns A_wient and 3lodern (No. 290. I598 [1597]). " 0 Welt. D.6 ST MATTHEW PASSION Hymn-Book. for the Second Sunday after Epiphany. I3). The urords of Hesse's Hymn are a frank conversion of the travelling artisan's song. 97). ich muss dich lassen. In the C]zoralgesange there are four other harmonisations of the melody (Nos. Bach uses the melody Matthew Passion" (No elsewhere in the " St John 44). and "In allen meinen Thaten" (No. and in the "St Passion " (No. 86).298). The words of the Choral are the fifth stanza of Paul Gerhardt's Passiontide Hymn. Psalmen." first published in the 1647 (Berlin) . 291.

Form. Ebeling (see the " Christmas Oratorio. Paul Gerhardt was born in I6o7. lch sollte bussen. Simple (2 Oh. Berlin. during the reign of the Great Elector. which were collected and pubhshed in ten " Dozens " by Johann G.z (Berlin. 33). p. Gerhardt was deposed in I666. For refusing to obey the Elector's order to treat with moderation the differences between the Calvinist and Lutheran Churches. Three years later (1669) he became archdeacon at Lubben He died in 1676." No.. 42. of Hyms_ology. An Handen und an Fussen Gebunden mder Holl'. and .NUMBER I6 7 edition of Johann Crtiger's Praxis Pietatis 3[elica._te. Organ. I666-67): Ich bra's. Dm Gmsseln und dm Banden. After Luther German Gerhardt is the most popular of the hymn-writers. 853. near Wittenberg. Das hat verdmnet meme Seel' B.G iv. English translations of the Hymn are noted in the Dicteoua U. Strings. He was the author of 12o hymns. Und was du ausgestanden. at Grafenhainichen. Continuo). At the age of fifty (I657) he became third deacon of the Church of St Nicolas. under the title Pauh Gerhardz Geistliche A_Mac.

8 ST MATTHEW PASSION NO. however. and was organist and choirmaster at Nurnberg from I6oi to I(5O8. "Herzlich thut reich verlangen" (Harmoniae sacrae. 16I 3)." Hassler. and forty-three years later. was set to Paul Gerhardt's "O Haupt voll Blut" . set there to a secular love song. Nurnberg. Hassler's was pressed into the service of the Church. qtudied music at Venice. RECEIVE ME. Like so man)" other secular tunes. " Mein G'mut ist mir verwirret yon einer Jungfrau zart. MY REDEEMER (Er/cenne mic]6 _nan Iqnter) Melody: "I-Ierzhc]z lieu/ mzc]z verganffen" Hans Leo _ Hassler _ m_ _6ol -- 3_lr_ . 5. Gorlitz. 6 und 8 Ntimmen. In I6I 3 it was attached to Christoph Knoll's (i563I65o) Hymn. Gal/iarden und Intraden mit 4. I6OI It was. Ballettz. t_2 Hans Leo Hassler's melody was published first in his Lust_arten Neuer Teutsc//er Gesanff. 2I. He was called to Dresden by the Electoral Prince in I6o8. I656). who was born at Nurnberg in I564. and died in his service in T612. in Johann Cruger's Praxis Pietatis Me/ica (Frankfort.

"Schau. Frankfort. I53 ). Dem Mund hat mlch gelabet M_t Milch und susser Kost. iv.NUMBER 2I 9 The melody is the principal one in the "St Matthew Passion" and is employed again in Nos. Bach uses it also in the "Christmas Oratorio" (Nos. and 72 bzfra Erkenne mlch. Von dlr. I35) . Nos. wm meine Feind'" (No. Quell aller Guter. The words of the Choral are the fifth stanza of Paul Gerhardt's Passiontide Hymn." It appeared first in Johann Cruger's Prax'is Pzetatzs 3[elica. 158. 63. du susse Todesstunde_" (No I6I). Hymn are used in I656. 157 . I59). Other stanzas of the Nos. 31. and 72. 53. . Deln Gmst hat mlch begabet M_t mancher H_mmelslust BG. reich armen Sunder" (No. for the Third Sunday after Trinity. heber Gott. 63. for the Sunday after the Circumcision." a translation of St Bernard of Clairvaulx' (_) " Salve caput cruentatum. wlr geh'n hinauf nach Jerusalem" (No. mmm mmh an. Ist mlr vml Gut's gethan. 64). and in four of the Cantatas'"Ach Herr. mere Huter. 23. for Quinquagesima . "Sehet. "O Haupt voll Blut. 23. and " Komm. 5. for the Sixteenth Sunday after Trinity There are other harmonisations of the tune in the C/zora@sa_zge. mem Hlrte.

Strings. Organ. Form.IO English ST MATTHEW PASSION translations of the Hymn are noted in the Dictzo. Simple (2 FI. Wenn dlr dem Herze brxcht. No. pp." see No. 53Simple (2 Oh. The words of the Choral are the sixth of Paul Gerhardt's voll Blur" Passiontide Hymn.lary of tlymnology. Strings. iv. " Herzlich thut stanza Haupt mich verlangen. 2I supra. aHer Crtiger's ' Herzliebster see No. HERE WOULD I STAND BESIDE THEE ([c/z wi[! ]zzer &i dir stc/zen) For Hans Hassler's melody.. Organ.. "Warm dein Herz wlrd erblassen Im letzten Todesstoss. B. 835. 2 Oh. 2I): Ich will hier bei dlr stehenVerachte mlch doch mcht) Von dlr will lch mcht gehen. Alsdann will lch dlch fassen In memen Arm und Schooss. 23 .." Johann _st die Ursack' melody. Form. 25. Continuo). No. 168 I. . and Continzlo). WHY MUST ALL THIS ILL (Was BEFALL THEE ? so/c/zer Pgagen f) For Jesu. "O (see No.G. and MY SAVIOUR. 3 sz_ra.

] ¢J I a I d__4_'-. Ich.NUMBERS The Johann ster Jesu. me souafit" t. Tant de douleur et desconfort. words of the 23. (see 3 sztiPra)" 1st dm Ursach' meme Sunden aller so|char Plagenl? haben dlch geschlagen'-" habe dins verschuldet. B.6ao Was _st doch wol dm Ursach solcher Plagen _ = 16ao Ach Herr Jesu. Organ.B. i_. hast Passiontide du verbrochen" Hymn. Que voules Pour estre De douleur $1 ne vmt vous que le vous face en vostre grace mort cOeUl s1 est mint vostre face. O FATHER. da caccia.T. and interrupting The Choral (S. No. LET TItY WILL BE DONE (Was Melody: "ll mein Gott will) Anon. II of Heermann's was Was Ach. Fay endure peme et trauaulx. 2 Oh. Was du erduldet t Form. 3 I..-- .) is sung (Strzngs.G. Choral 25 are AND the 3t third stanza " HerzliebNo. Organ. . 55. I I I I I529'. ach Herr Jesu. and Continuo). mh hab dxes wol verschuldet a Sung to the words of the French chanson I1 rne souff_t de tous mes maulx Pros qu'fls m'ont hure a mort.A. Continua) in three detached phrases the Tenor Recitati..o (2 F].

. Trettte to was the melody. maulx. _ "I/as meiJl Gott will" J I I Anon. zlle/ody." cxl." is of French Attaignant's [1529]). It will.I2 ST MATTHEW PASSION :_ _-_ _ I I_--n-_ _" S . to Psalm mein and was published cdmnsons " I1 me in Antwerp to the Magdeburg's first in Pierre musicales de "Was Chrzstlic/w tous in I54O souffit Hymn. 5372 [i57I ] -----4--+-. et quatre song " Was mein Gott will." rues (Paris.----q--_--+ The origin. It was sung attached in Joachim Gott u_zd Yrosthche .

and "Ihr werd_t x_einen und heulen" (No. " Was mein Gott will " (No. Margrave of are the firbt stanza of Brandenburg-Cuhnbach's only Hymn. for Epiphany. 72). I I I ). " Sie werden aus Saba Alle kommen" (No. upon his refusal to accept the Interim After a wandering life he was living in I583. He was permitted to return. 65). In I549 he became pastor at Salzwedel in the Altmark. also for the Third Sunday after Epiphany. for Septuage_ima. for the Third Sunday after Epiphany . "Was mein Gott will. _o3). The )'ear of his death is not Bach use_ the melody elsewhere in six of the Cantatas "Nimm. mit Vier _C tzmmen ( Erfurt." He was born in 1522. from whence he was banished of I552. und gehe hin" (No. and died in . 1525 in the Altmark of Brandenburg. I44). "Beschaffens Gluck ist unversaumt" Magdeburg was born circ. It appears to have been sung also to the secular song. "Alles nur nach Gottes Willen " (No. 1572 [157 I]). As a soldier he gained for himself the name. for Septuagesima. in Austria known.NUMBER 31 13 2%schgesen_e. "the German Alcibiades" Being a member of the Evangelical Union he x_as driven from Germany in 1554. The word_ of the Choral Albrecht. was dein ist."Ich hab' in Gottes Herz und Sinn" (No. 92). for the Third Sunday after Easter.

Sere V_'lll' der 1st der bestel. .-. and 1556): Nfirnberg Lieder in trunff Was mein Gott will. . I I 1 . - 1 i554 allerbeste.-i-. bewebg gross) Greltter i5z 5 t --- _ge?ody : "Es sand doch sehg alle" -I Matthaus I -i If 7 . [ r-- F I 1 1 |'--I [ I -@ I J_ I _ -t) t . . Form. . Continuo). Fest auf ihn baut. Strings. PASSION as a broadNchone first published I554.G. Organ. ." _ i . Der fromme Gott. B.. 83. 37. Den will er mcht verlassen. Er hllft aus Noth. Die an lhn glauben feste. THY Simple (2 FI. \Ver Gott vertraut.. GRIEVOUS dein' Sunde SIN BEMOAN 3fensch. (Dresden. iv.I4 [557 sheet at Geistliche The ST MATTHEW Hymn was circ._L_----. Und zuchtlget 2 mit Maassen. No.Jll . --_-._d'l] I t I _ I "ll • I I 1 I I t i I JV-_--I" ' --' I I I _. (0 O MAN.35. and are indicated in the _)ictzonas 7 of Hymnology.. Zu helfen den'n er ist berelt.__ F['_ v _ l r. English translations of the Hymn p.. das g_scheh' allzelt.. 20b. 2 i554 Er ttost die Welt.

" Hymn.]eaZte*zze._esa*zge. I584 chiefly to Heyden's " O Mensch. heilger Geist. "Es sind doch seIig alle. The words of the Chorai are the first stanza Sebald Heyden's Sunde gross. containing 23 melodies. _56i) was organist of St Thomas' Church. In 15". c.erde. bewein' dem' of Nurnberg . Strassburg. :539) it was adapted to Psahn xxxvi. Heyden was a native of "O Mensch.NUM_EI< 35 The melody of "O Mensch. "En moy le secret pensement. bewein'." In the course of the sixteenth century it was sung to the Hymns. Strassburg. of which Greitter and his colleague Wolfgang Dachstein were the editors. His death is dated var:ously as I55o and I552 Dachstein (d. reprinted at Erfurt in r 848). It was first published in the third Part of the Teutsc/¢ Kz'rck_am2ht Jzit /obgsenge2z (Strassburg. I525. gebett etnd Kirclzenzlbung wag sic zu StYassDuzggc. " Als Jesus Christus unser Herr" and " Komm. bewein'" :5 most probably was composed by Matthaus Greitter. I526 ). (Strassburg.. a book of 64 pp. and later of St Stephen's Church.No.5-26 the melody was set to Greitter's version of Psalm cxix. He became a Protestant and m I528 was assistant pastor of St Martin's Church." Greltter was a monk and chorister of Strassburg Cathedral. in the same period There is another harmonisation of the melody in the C/zora4." and fl'om c." h: Calvin's Hymn-Book (Strassburg. 286. and in Psabnen.

Und legt' dabel all' Krankhezt ab. Den'n Todten er das Leben gab. NO. iv Io7. Strings.G. Form. He dmd as an in I525 : in 1561. Von emer Jungfrau rein und zart Fur uns er hm geboren ward. 2 Oh. Herr" Seth Calvlsms I58I t. d'amore. Bzs smh dle Zelt herdrange. Choral Fantasia (2 FL. 8-page (23 verses) broadsheet O Mensch. HOW FALSELY ACCUSE[(3:fir hat die lVdt trugNch gericht't) kIe/ady: "In dzch hay ich Eehoffet.t6 and rector of ST MATTHEW the school PASSION attached to The St Sebald's was Church there. 38 . Hymn first published at Nurnberg. und kam auf Erden. Trug' unsrer Sunden schwere Burd' Wohl an dem Kreuze lange. B. Dass er fur uns geopfert wurd'. Darum Chnstus sem's Vaters Schoos Aussert. Er wollt' der Mlttler werden. and Co_ltzuuo). beseem' dem' Sunde gross.j u _-- i } U - - . DOTH THE WORLD Organ.

I533. Adam Reissner was born at Mindelheim m Swabian Bavaria paign. 158 I). or Reusner'_. and in the Cantatas. I526-27. and became Cantor of St Thomas' Church. IO6.NUMBER 38 I7 The melody. Leipzig. He was born at Gorsleben (Thuringia) in I556. a revision of his Augsburg gsaltcrium ol I574. " In dich hab' ich gehoffet. Herr. 52). " In dich hab' ich gehoffet. Davids Himhsc/ze Harpffen yon _zeuwem aztdfgezogen (Nurnberg. 46). It was there and again in Calvisius's Hy_nni sacrz Latzni et ffcrmanici (Erfurt. associated with Reissner's Hymn. dir trau ich nicht" (No. which was first published in Form und Ordnung Gayst]icher Gesanff und Psabnen. I594). By I627 (Schein's Cantzolml) the melody had assumed the form. in which in the "Christ- (No. for the Twenty-third Sunday after Trinity. and "Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zelt" (No. The melody was first published by the Augsburg preacher Gregorius Sunderreitter in his Psalter. The words of Adam on Psalm xxxi). in I594. Bach uses the melody elsewhere mas Oratorio" "Falsche Welt. the Actus Tragffcus ). to a great extent. of the Choral are the fifth stanza Hymn (based Herr. Augsburg." Reissner's. T. Bach uses it. in I496. He died in I6I 5." was composed by Seth Calvisius (Kallwitz). He fought and in the Italian camof 2 was present at the sack .

Form. Herr. Organ. nlmli1 meln wahr In d_eser G'fahr. .2 i647 Ubelthaten. B. Vlel Netz und helmhch Stnkken. Wle wlr und unsre Kinder.G. B'hut' mich vor falschen Tukken. 46 WHO DARES TO SMITE THEE ? ( Wer hat dich so gesch/affen) For Heinrich dich Paul hier Isaak's melody. NO." see No 16 sut_ra. Strings. Strings. B G. . (2 Fl. " O Welt. of Hymnology. The words of the Choral are the Gerhardt's dein Passiontide Hymn. " O Welt. xSi. 20b. iv. Von Missethaten _ weisst du mcht. PASSION He died at Mindelheim circ. Mere Hed. Translations page and of Reissner's Hymn are noted on 955 of the Dictionary Simple (2 FI.. and Continuo).. Organ.. I64. O LORD. Form.. Simple 1 1_33 dlcht. 1575 Mlr hat die Welt truglich gencht't Mlt Lugen und lint falschem G'd_cht 1. I6): Wer hat dmh so geschtagen. Contimw).I8 Rome in the : ST MATTHEW latter year. 2 Oh. Leben" (see No. third ich muss stanza of sieh' lassen. und dlch mlt Plagen So ubel zugencht? Du blst ja mcht em Sunder. iv.

___. with the hymn.i ! v l i _-_'-: -L__ I The melody.. The tune was first published. Court. Luneburg. at Wolfenbuttel and the Danish Ratsmusik.NUMBERS 44 AND 48 NO.. I FALL BEFORE THEE (Bin iclz glezc]z yon dzr gewic]zeiz) Melody: "Werde taunter. _d : . "Werde munter. " Wir mussen durch viel Trubsal in das Reich Third Sunday Gottes after eingehen Easter. of the and. He was a talented Director instrumentalist. and organist of the Church of St James. or Schopp. Bach has used the melody elsewhere in four of the Cantatas._:_=_. became (I62I) Town Organist. in Johann Rist's H_m/isc/zcr Lzcder mzt _[elodcz'c_z. " (No I46). for the Mensch. _ Z9 LAMB OF GOD." was composed by Johann Schop. mein Gemuthe. The date of his birth is not ascertained. 1642. nzeilz Gemuthe" Johann Schop ]642 _-__ _=. at Hamburg. 2--2 " Ich armer . He died about I664 or I665. after and a career later.

. 2 Oh. Nos. Translations of the Hymn into English are noted in the Dictionary of Hymnology. Stew lch m_ch doch wleder era. Ich verleugne nicht die Schuld. Epiphany. was educated at at Rostock near and in _635 He pastor 1667 : Wedel.M. mein Gemuthe. Hat uns doch dem Sohn verghchen Durch sere' Angst und Todespein. There are two other harmonisations of the tune in the C_ora/gesange. I73. Rist. I47 )." which was first published in the third Part of Rist's HimEscher Lieder.20 ST MATTHEW PASSION (No. 55). Form. Strings. 363. and Contimw). in I6O7. 1642. " Werde munter. 364. Organ. died was He in became Bm mh glemh yon dlr gewichen. Luneburg. The words of the Choral are the sixth stanza of Johann Rist's Evening Hymn. born at Ottensen. Sunday ich Stindenknecht" Sunday verloren" after (No. iv. for the Twenty-second "Mein for the liebster First Jesus ist after I54). Aber deme Gnad' und Huld Ist vml grosser als dm Sunde. . and " Herz und Mund und That und Leben" (No. a most prolific hymn-writer. Trinity. p.V.G. Dm _ch stets in mir befinde. Hamburg. for the Feast of the Visitation of the 13. B. Simple (z FL. near Hamburg. I254.

t) LOVE." O diese Johann WONDROUS Strafe . 53. 21 supra. hoffe 5: "Befiehl auf dem Herren deine Wege und ihn. Lauf und Bahn. THIS doch For Jesu. . du COMMIT deine bVege) Hassler's THY 53 AND 55 21 (Befiehl WAY TO JESUS For Hans melody. The words of the Choral are Paul deine Crhger's Gerhardt's Wege.. B. der den Hlmmel lenkt. ( Wie THAT SUFFERS ist CORRECTION! Crhger's 3 supra. Da dem Fuss gehen kann. Der wird auch Wege finden." Prazis (see which No. 55. Continua). Organ.G. Frankfort. "Herzlich the first thut mich of du 1656. published " Befiehl in Johann Pietatis Mdica. Der Wolken. Strings. 125 Simple Form. I86. Hymn DictionaJy 2 Oh. Luft und \Vmden Gmbt Wege. on Luther's version of Psalm xxxvii." see No. wunderbarlich "Herzliebster melody. of the (2 FI.. Translations noted and on p. into English are of the of Hymnology. The Hymn is an acrostic. formed by the initial words of the stanzas. verlangen. see No. was I6) first stanza Hymn.NUMBERS NO. No. er wirds wohl machen"" Befiehl du deme Wege Und was dem Herze krankt Der allertreusten Pflege Dess. iv.

63. stanza " Herz- Heermann's " (see No. Vor dem sonst schrickt und scheut Das grosse Weltgerichte t. . Strings. 20: Haupt O Haupt roll Blut und Wunden.G. I92.22 The of Johann liebster Jesu Wm Der Die Fur Form. and words ST MATTHEW of the Choral PASSION are the fourth Hymn. 2 Oh. Organ. SURROUNDED Hassler's of melody. Schuld bezahlt der Herre. Simple (2 Fl.. der Gerechte. Passiontide 3): wunderbarlich ist doch diese Strafe! gute H_rte le_det fur die Schaafe. sonst schon gezieret M1t hochster Ehr' und Zier. "Herzlich the first thut and reich verlangen. the Choral are Paul voll Gerhardt's Blur" (see of Passiontide No. Wm b_st du so bespelt! 1656 Weltgenrichte. Voll Schmerz und voller HohnT O Haupt. _I supra." The words second Hymn.. stanzas "0 see No. ( O Hau2t For Hans O SACRED roll J3lut) HEAD. iv. zu Spott gebunden Mlt emer Dornenkron'! O Haupt. seine Knechte_ B. Continuo) No. Jetzt aber hoch schlmpfiret: Gegrusset smst du mir! Du edles Angeslchte.

.NUMBERS 6 3 AND 7 2 23 Wie bist du so erble_chet.teas Hammerschmidt's (i612-75).. So trltt du dann herfur] Wenn mir am allerbangsten Wird um das Herze sere. iv. (2 ill. Wer hat dem Augenhcht. Stmngs. It is No. Simple Continuo). of Paul voll Blut" Wenn lch emmal soll scheiden. 2Ol pnnts the original closing Choral of Part I of the Oratorio. 214. Form. WHEN DYING ic]_ einmal Hassler's sol[ sc/widen) melody.G. So scheide mcht a yon mLr! Wenn lch den Tod soll leiden. 7 2. 247 of the Choralgesange. and Simple _. and No..G. Continuo) 1 i6fi6 mich. " Herzlich ninth "O thut stanza Haupt Hans reich verlangen. LORD. So schandlich zugencht't ? B. Organ. 2I supra. 2 Oh. Strings. Passiontide 21): Hymn. iv 248. 20b.G. xll." see No. Organ. Dem sonst kern Llcht mcht glelchet. (Wenn For BE NEAR ME. So relss mxch aus den Aengsten Kraft demer Angst und Peru! B.." The melody is And. "Melnen Jesum lass xch mcht. (2 ill. The words of the Choral are the Gerhardt's (see No. the mxth and last stanza of Chnshan Kelmann's (16o7-62) Hymn. Form. 2 B.

3. Simple and Contznuo). version. . was hast du verbrochen. Orga. (2 Fl." No. 4 _. 1 No. J. r 5 z?zfra: O grosse L1eb'. O WONDROUS LOVE (Ogrosse Lieb')" For Johann Cruger's melody. 7 in Peters' edluon. Troutbeck's pubhshed by Novello & Co. Dm &ch gebracht auf diese Marter-Strasse! Ich lebte mit der Welt m Lust und Freuden. was hast du verbrochen" (see " St Matthew Passion. Und du musst leiden_ B. Two more stanzas of the Hymn are sung in No. ForJ..THE ST JOHN (I723) PASSION NO. " Herzliebster Jesu. -_The English t_tles are those of the Rev. Strings.l.." see "St Matthew Passion.z. The words of the Choral are the seventh stanza of Johann Heermann's Passiontide Hymn. xii. " Herzliebster Jesu." No. 3). (I) I7.G. 2 Oh. O Lmb' ohn' alle Maasse.

for the Tenth Sunday after Trinity. 9o). (Dein THY Will' WILL. 1539 Melody: " Valet -9 J 1 i The by an Valentin melody. There is a No. inadequate auffs new gebessert. du treuer Gott " (No.NUMBERS 4 AND 5 25 No. Leipmg. IO2). deine Augen sehen nach dem Glauben" (No. 5_. " Es reifet euch ein schrecklich Ende" (No. Io1). . O LORD. been attributed evidence." unknown composer. appeared first in S. Schumann's (d 1545) GeistIic/ze heder I539. and " Herr. for the Twenty-fifth Sunday after Trinity. Bach uses the melody elsewhere in three of the Cantatas : "Nimm yon uns. Herr. but The on tune has to Luther. for the Tenth Sunday after Trinity. " Vater unser im Himmelreich. BE DONE gesche/z') unser im ttimmelreictz" Anon. 9. Peters' edmon.

8a. 15. The words of the Choral are the third and fourth stanzas of Paul Gerhardt's Passiontide Hymn. ST JOHN PASSION harmonisation No. "O Welt. Herr Gott. Organ." No. Form. sieh' hier dein Leben " (see the a No. zugleich Auf Erden wie im Hlmmelreich. Simple and Continuo). are noted in the Dictionary of Hymnology. Dein Will' gescheh'. I6. Schumann's of the Lord's Prayer. Leipzig. WHO DARES TO SMITE THEE ? ( Wer hat dich so ffescMaffen) For Heinrich Isaak's melody." see the " St Matthew Passion. Gieb uns Geduld in Leadenszeit." The words of the Choral are the fourth stanza Luther's versification was first published. Hymn p 12o5. which of the tune in the Bach used for the Choral earlier of performances of the "St John Passion. " O Welt. S. which with the tune.26 another gesange. ich muss dich lassen. xii. (I) I8. Peters' edition. (2 Pl. . English translations of the 20b. in Valentin 1539 : Gezstliche lieder. O LORD. Gehorsamsein in Lleb' und Leld. Das wider deinen Willen thut. 316.. Wehr' und steur' allem Flelsch und Blut.G. NO. Strings. B.

and No. Wie wir und unsre Kinder. das dmh schlaget. Simple Contbtuo). _o. _ No.i i i. 44 there): Wet hat dmh so geschlagen. Ich.2____::_--e'_#_-t I-loj_ '* . Von Missethaten 1 welsst du nicht. fra _ _ __- JJ2-J. ich und meine Sunden. PETER. si_ . das betrubte Marterheer. Mere Hell. L Im _ I. Die Des Die Das Und Form. der FAITHLESS. und dmh mit Plagen So ubel zugencht't? Du bist ja nicht ein Sunder. haben dir erreget Elend.°h I _____c_. xli. slch wm Kornlein finden Sandes an dem Meer.. (I) 3 I.. I6. . Organ. nicht detzkt THRICE DENIES zuruck) Vulpms I6o 9 3lelody: "]esu Kreuz.J "'l! '. is used by Bach in No.NUMBERS "St Matthew also Passion. _ "_-d-_-W: . Strzngs.G. (2 Yl. (Petrus. II2. B. II Stanza 27 iii." 8 AND No. Peters' edltmn. Leklen und Pezn" Melchior _-_d______-. a 1647 Ubelthaten. 20b.

"Jesu in his Stock- mann was born at Lauchstadt in I6o2 or x6o 3. This. Leipzig. He served under Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden as a Lutheran field preacher. By I7I 4 (the Weissenfels Und Kirc. I633.28 The melody. Leipzig. published at Jena in I6O9." it was included in Johann Hildebrandt's Geistlieher Zeit.Uertreiber (Leipzig. sei willkommen" (No." Adjusted to Paul Stockmann's "Jesu Leiden. 156o and became Cantor at He died there in I6I 5. tune appeared in his Ein schon ffeistlich Cesanffbztch. The words of the Choral are the tenth stanza of Paul Stockmann's Passiontide Hymn. 1596. for Palm Sunday. circ. an enlarged edition of his Kitchen Geseng und Geistliche Petrus Lieder. ST JOHN PASSION "Jesu Kreuz. The melody may be regarded as the principal one of the " St John Passion. 16o4. Herbert's (d." where it appears again in Nos. and after residing at . 1656). for Quinquagesima . He was born circ. Pein und Tod. It is there "Jesu set to Kreuz. Leiden und Pein. and "Himmelskonig." which first appeared Aller Christen Leib-Stucke. Leiden. his most notable. wir geh'n hinauf nach Jerusalem" (No. I571 ) Hymn Leiden und Pein._enbuch) the tune had in great Gesangmeasure assumed the form Bach employs." was composed at Wasungen Weimar by Melchior Vulpius. I82). Bach uses it also in the Cantatas " Sehet. Pein und Tod. 30 and 32. 159).

Wenn Ruhre ich Boses hab' mere Gewissen. Continuo). .._. 2 Oh. Peters' edltmn.G. and NO.-_-'_--__ x No. 39. el. xn. Der doch auf em'n ernsten Blick Bltterhchen wemet : Jesu. (i) Strings. blicke mlch auch an. Melody: "Christus. Wenn lch mcht will bussen. der uns seh'g macht) der uns selig macht" " Paths Saplentia" 153 x _----_-_--_-_- _ _ --2_--__ _ _ _-_ . B.NUMBER I2 29 Wittenberg and Leipzig. Form. Organ.. SEE THE LORD OF LIFE AND LIGHT ( Christus. Petrus. I21.. Semen Gott vernemet. der mcht denkt zuruck. He died there in 1636 : became pastor of Lfitzen. Simple (2 Fl.. gethan.

Kein Bos's hat begangen. Der ward fur uns m der Nacht 1 Als em Dleb gefangen." a free translation of the Latin " Patris sapientia.30 The melody. Calvisius. No. He became a monk at Breslau. which contained t57 hymns written or translated by Weisse himself: Chnstus. He also edited their Gcse_zgbuclzle_z of 1531. der uns selig macht. There is another harmonisation of it in the C]zo_. with the tune. Eitz New Geseng3ucMen. The words of the Choral are the first stanza of Michael Weisse's Passiontide Hymn. With slight variations Bach uses one of his predecessors'. I53I. 35). and acted as their preacher in Bohemia and Moravia. entered the Bohemian Brethren's House at Leutomischl. Bach uses the melody elsewhere in the "St John Passion" (No. adopted Lutheranism. ST JOHN PASSION "Christus. version of the melody. He died in 1534. in Ein 2Vezv Gese_agbuclzleJ_ of I53I. Michael Weisse was born circ." was first published by Michael Weisse in the earliest German Hymn-Book of the Bohemian Brethren. "Christus. veritas divina. 148o at Neisse in Silesia. ." It was first published. der uns selig macht. 1 153i Wart fur uns zur Mltternacht. 4 8. Jung Bunzlau." proper to the Latin hymn " Patris Sapientia. published in his Harmonia Cantionztm ecclesiasticarum (I 598). der uns selig macht.a[g'esange.

Organ. was hast Passion. Wm denn die Schrift saget. 886. grosset melody.. verhohnt und verspelt. Contbmo). Wle kann lch g'nugsam diese Treu' ausbrelten? Keln's Mensehen Herze mag indess ausdenken _. : No. and Simple (2 FI." Ach. Passion. xu. Strings. NO. 2 Oh. 151." are the Heermann's Konig) Criiger's " St Matthew of the of Johann " St Matthew " Herzliebster No. grosset Komg. Ich kann's mlt memen Smnen nlcht erreichen_ Womlt doch dem Erbarmen zu verglelchen. For Jesu. Translations noted and of the Hymn into English p. Was dir zu schenken. Wm kann lch dir denn deme Lmbesthaten Im Werk erstatten? B G.. Strings. chen" O MIGHTY Johann KING (A ck. es auszudenken. Form. 2 163o 27. 2 Oh. B. FI.. of Hymnology. gross zu allen Zelten. Organ. (i) 43." The ninth Hymn. Form.. (I) 52. are in the Dictzonary Simple (2 Continuo). Peters' ed:tlon. 3. vermag . Verlacht. and eighth see the words stanzas (see the Choral Passiontide du No verbro3) : " Herzliebster Jesu. xii.G.NUMBER 15 31 Gefuhrt vor gottlose Leut' Und falschhch verklaget.

Peters' edmon. .-v." composed and written by Johann Hermann broadsheet Schein. and was one of the most distinguished musicians of the period.32 ST JOHN PASSION SON NO. THY BONDS. of which the second edition was published at Leipzig in 1645 _first edition. The melody and Hymn (stanzas i. a INo. He held the post until his death in 163o. The melody is generally known as "Eisenach. 22 I. 1627). he succeeded Seth Calvisius as Cantor of St Thomas' Church. In 1616. Of the 237 Choral melodies in his Cantional. 81 are by him.) were included in Schein's Cantional Oder Gesang-t_uch Augsburgischer Confession. 1628) as a "Trost- Liedlein" for five voices. 0 (Dutch OF GOD MOST HIGH Cortes Sohn) dein Gefangniss. having recently been appointed Kapellmeister at the ducal court of Saxe-Weimar. Saxony." Schein was born at Grunhain. " Mach's mit mir. Gott.4o. Go& nach demer Gut'" Johann Hermann Schem I628 The melody and Hymn. 3[elody: "A[ach's mat mir. form were first published together in (Leipzig. nach deiner Gut'. in 1586. Leipzig.




Bach uses the melody elsewhere " Wohl dem, der sich auf seinen for the Twenty-third " Ich steh' mit einem for the Third Sunday another harmonisation gesan_e, No. 237. The words of the

in the Cantatas, Gott" (No I39),

Sunday after Trinity; and Fuss im Grabe" (No _56), after Epiphany. There is of the tune in the Cdzora/Choral are from an un-

known source. Their workmanship does not suggest the "delicate unknown poet " who revised Brockes' text of the " Passion" for Bach, whom Schweitzer (vol. ii. 175) conjectures to be the author of the text of the Cantatas " Sie werden aus Saba Alle kommen " (No. 65), " Mein liebster Jesu ist verloren" (No. I54 ), and "Du wahrer Gott und Davidssohn" /No. e3). The stanza is discoverable neither in Brockes' hbretto (set to music by Handel and others), nor in the _697 (Leipzig) eight-volumed Hymn-Book, Bach chiefly drew his Choral texts
Durch dem Gefangmss, Gottes Ist uns die Frelhmt kommen, Dem Kerker Dm Frelstatt Denn gmgst Musst' unsre 1st der Gnadenthron, aller Frommen, du mcht die Knechtschaft Knechtschaft ewlg sere G. Xll, (I) era, 74 Sohn,

from which


Form. Simple Contbzuo).



2 Oh.,

Strbzg_s, Organ,






28 I.







lllelody ---: "Valet _,

will I I ich dir geben" Melchior m_ I t ,i Teschner mm_ I614 , :


) I ' _ I--


I) I ' ' t I i


The melody, "Valet will ich dir geben," composed by Melchior Teschner, was first published, along with the words of Valerius H erberger's Hymn (see iJcfra), ab a broadsheet, at Leipzig, in I6I 4. A second melody was printed in the broadsheet, also by Teschner, which has fallen out of use The surviving melody is familiar in Hymns A ncielzt and 2)foder/z as " St Theodulph," No. 98. It bears a striking resemblance to the air of the anonymous t6th century " Sellenger's Round" (see Grove iv. 4o9). But Teschner's authorship is attested as early as I656 (Johann Hildebrandt's Geistlicher Zczt- Vertrdbcr, Leipzig, I656). Of Melchior Teschner little is known beyond the fact that he was Lutheran Cantor at Fraustadt, in the seventeenth century.
No. 52, Peters' edition.





Bach uses the melody in the Cantata "Christus, der ist mein Leben" (No. 95), for the Sixteenth Sunday after Trinity. There is another harmonisation of the tune in the C/zoralo_esange, No. 314 . The words of the Choral are the third stanza of Valerius Herberger's Hymn for the " Valet will ich dir geben." It was written Dying, during

the Silesian plague in I613, appeared first as a broadsheet (see supra) in I614, and later in the Gotha Cantio_ea/e sacrum of 1648, whence it passed into common use. Vaterms Herberger was born at Fraustadt in 1562. In 159o he became deacon and in I599 chief pastor of St Mary's Church, Fraustadt, where Teschner was Cantor Ejected in I6o4 as a Lutheran, Herberger on Christmas b._'e opened a meeting-house at Fraustadt, the " Kripplein Christi." He died in 1627. The Hy'mn is an acrostic on his name, Valerius, formed by the initial "Vale" initial letter of the opening four stanzas. of stanza i and the line of the following

In memes Herzens Grunde, Dem Nam' und Kreuz allem Funkelt allzmt und Stunde, Drauf kann lch frohhch sere. Erschem' mlr m dem Bllde Zu Trost m memer Noth, Wie du, Herr Christ, so mllde Dlch hast geblut't zu Tod. B.G. xn (I)95. 3--2

Simple Contznuo). Strzngs. 2 Oh.(I) lo 3 St_rb darauf ohn' alles Und dlch mcht betrube B. t'etets' edIUon .36 English the Dzct. (Er For Leiden The stanza " Jesu r_VHILE HIb PARTING SPIRIT SINKS ha/ira Alles Melchior und Pein. Leld.' of words of Paul wold in Ac/zt) melody x I supra are the twentieth Hymn. Simple (2 FI.. Er nahm Alles wohl m Acht In der letzten Stunde.. 56.. SO'HiES. hebe. Organ. _ \n. 51 I. Orphan. No. _Form. O Mensch. 3O1. Seine Mutter noch bedacht' Setzt lhr em'n Vormunde. 2 Oh. Choral Stockmann's Pein und Tod PassiontLde " (see No Leiden.. I I) : Vulpius' see the No " Jesu Kreuz. J No (2 FI.onaly ST translations JOHN of PASSION the Hymn p. mache Gott und Menschen Rlcht_gke_t. are noted in of Hymnology.G and For/J:. and Contzlzuo).


32 AND 35



321. (fesu,






der du warest todt)

For Melchior Vulpius' melody, "Jesu Kreuz, Leiden und Pein," see No I I supra The words of the Choral are the thirty-fourth stanza "Jesu of Paul Leiden, Stockmann's Passiontide Hymn, Pein und Tod " (see No. 11 ) : Jesu, der du warest todt, Lebest nun ohn' Ende, In der letzten Todesnoth Nlrgend mach hmwende 2 Als zu dlr, der mlch vmsuhnt. O mere trauter Herre! Grab mlr nur, was du ver&ent, Mehr lch mcht begehre
}3 G Xll. (I) IO8.


The Choral (S.A T.B ) is sung in eight the Bass Arm

detached phrases accompanying (Organ and Contznuo).


35 a.






(0 hi'lf

C,_riste, Gottes Sohn) "Christus, der uns selig macht,"
'-' T633 hm m_ch _ende

For the melody, see No. 12 sllxhra.

No. 60, Peters' edmon. a No. 65, Peters" edmon.

38 The words

ST JOHN of the macht"

PASSION are the eighth stanza

Choral (see No.

of Michael der uns selig



Hymn, 12) :


O hill, Christe, Gottes Sohn, Durch dem blttres Leiden, Dass wlr, dlr stets unterthan, All' Untugend melden; Demen Tod und sein' Ursach' Fruchtbarhch bedenken, Dafur, wlewohl arm und sehwach, Dn Dankopfer schenken. B.G. xh.(1) I2I. Form. Simple Contznuo). (2 F/., 20b., String, s, Organ,



371. (Ach

LORD Herr,/ass "fferz/ich

JESUS, dcin




lieb' Engelezn) Anon. I577


Lzeb /mb' zc/z die/z, 0 Herr'


-_ I ' _7

, ---w_


_ t t I '

,I I


-- ,.-77c-n,. No. 68, Peter_' edition.



The melody, " Herzlich Lieb hab' ich dich, O Herr," was first published in Bernhard Schmidt's Zwey Bz_cher Einer Ne_cn Kunstlic/zen Tabzdatur auf Orgel und l_zstrument, Strassburg, I577. In Paschasius Reinigius' Halts Kirchen Ca,ztorei (Bautzen, I587) it is associated with a Tenor, which moves almost uniformly in sixths below Schmidt's treble, and is treated as the melody in Geist/zch Kleanod (Leipzig, 1586), The melody is used elsewhere by Bach in two of the Cantatas: " Man singer mit Freuden yore Sieg" (No. I49 ), for Michaelmas; and " Ich hebe den Hochsten" (No. I74 ), for Whitsuntide. There is another harmonisation of the tune in the Choral gesange, No. I 52. The words of the Choral are the third stanza of

Martin Schalling's only known Hymn, " Herzlich Lieb hab' ich dich, O Herr" (for the Dying). The Hymn was written circ. 1567 and was first published, with the germ of the melody, in AYwe S?mbo/a etlicher Fztrsten, Nurnberg, I57I. Schalling was born at Strassburg in 1532, educated at \¥ittenberg University, and in _554 became deacon at Regensburg. Later he settled at Amberg in Bavaria, and was appointed General-Superintendent of the Bavarian Oberpfalz. In I585 he became pastor of St Mary's Church, Nurnberg. He died at Nurnberg in I6O8-

Peru und Tod" is set to Melchmr Vulpms' melody (see No. Simple aJzd Co_ztznelo) a. lOO4. it suJora). Org'acz. Mere Helland und2 Genadenthron) Herr Jesu Christ. ohn em'ge Qual und Pem. e _57_ und mere a Appendix A of the Bach-Gesellschaft Kull-Scme _qa movement (Ane und Choral). English the translations of the Hymn pp. O Gottes Sohn. . are noted in Dzctzonau. of Hfmlzolo_y. Form.4° ST JOHN PASSION Ach Herr. Dass meme Augen sehen dmh In aller Freud'. Ruhn bls am jungsten Tage' Alsdann vom Tod erwecke mmh.. i648. erhore mmh. J I57i An memem End mere Seelelem. 2 Oh. The movement xx discarded by Bach m the later versmns of the as Oratorm. (2 ill. m whlch the 3ard stanza (Jesu. xn (I) I3I. Stfw(W. Ich will dmh prelsen ewlgllch ) B G. lass dein heb' Engelem Am letzten End' dm Seele mem I In Abrahams Schooss tragen : Den Lelb in sem'm Schlafkammmlem Gar sanft.. deme Passlon Ist mlr laute_ Freude) of Paul Stockmann's "Jesu Linden.

" Wie are the first stanza of (see "St Matthew empfangen.oT"ne/zJtee_a ffeislreic/zen _l_ld ge/elzrte_ Ma_l_ler Gczsilic/lc LzcJc_" . O memer Seelen Zler_ O Jesu." oll St Matthew xxi.v. It was first printed in Christoph Runge's D. Jesul setze Mlr selbst die Fackel be1. . J. Und wle begegn' ich dlr > O allel Welt Verlangen.G." see the " St Matthew Passion. Troutbeck's vers. L¢_tleers U_ld ande_'er z. I61 soll lch d.lied Psalmetz Berhn. Damit_ was dmh ergotze. T-9.THE CHRISTMAS (I734) ORATORIO NO 5. I653. llI. " Herzlich thut mich verlangen. 21 sztpra." No. by Novello & Co. and presumably during the Thlrty Years' War." No. Mlr kund und wlssend SeL B. The words of the Choral Paul Gerhardt's Advent founded written Hymn. (2) 36 1 The Enghsh pubhshed titles are fiorn the Rev.on. to which Gerhardt's Johann Hymn Cruger : contributed a melody for \Vie soll mh dmh empfangen. HOW SHALL I FITLY MEET THI_E 1 (Wie soil ic/e dzc/z eJ_zpf_zgen) For Hans Hassler's melody.

Jesu Chrzst" . Form. Strings. /_ ' I I -. Simple (I FI.. was published at Wittenberg in I524 by Johann Walther in his collection of 32 hymns and 38 melodies. with Conrad Rupff. mostly in five parts. after serving as Sangermeister at Torgau. ) .. and Continua). 2 Oh. _ _." a tune clearly derived from a pre-Reformation source. He held the post until I554.. was appointed (I548) Kapellmeister at Dresden by the Elector Maurice of Saxony. to Luther's hymns .42 English CHRISTMAS ORATORIO translations of the Hymn are noted in the Dzctzonary of Hymnology. FOR US TO EARTH HE COMETH POOR ist auf Erden kommen arm) Anon. and.. I _ I 1--[ ____--_m_I i I i I ' Li ]. I t Melody: "Gelobel sezst du.. Jesu Christ. . "Gelobet seist du. --4---_---_ II The melody.. 7(Er Organ. under the title G£vstliche gesangk _ucldeyn Johann Walther was born in Thuringia in ]496. p. [524 _. In x524 he spent along three weeks with Luther at Wittenberg. and returning to Torgau dmd there in 157o. 1280. No. .. old and for the Geys_liche gesangh new. fitting tunes.. ./m I .

Dass er unser slch erbarm'. 91).. and Colztznuo). I Fagotto.' first published in broadsheet the melody) form at Wittenberg in Walther's in I524. Another harmonisation of the tune is in the ChorMgesa_ge.NUMBER _]uc/deyn.o (I Oh. handiwork. I Oh. The words of the Choral are the sixth stanza of Luther's Christmas Hymn. . Jesu Christ" (No. 408 . and (to Buc/z[eylz: Er 1st auf Erden kommen arm." a version of the Latin sequence "Grates nunc omnes reddamus. 64). and "Gelobet seist du. " Gelobet seist 7 du" probably 43 is his Bach uses the melody elsewhere in No. IO7." and in the Christmas Cantatas. No. Und semen heben Engeln glelch Kynele_s B G v (2) 37 English translations of the Hymn are noted in the Dzctionary of f_r3. " Gelobet seist du. 28 of the "Christmas Oratorio. 1 I5_4 Und nun. d'amare. "Sehet ! welch' eine Liebe hat uns der Vater erzeiget" (No. Form Five unison (S@rmzo) phrases inter- rupted by Bass Recztatiz. Orgatz. Uns in1 dem Hlmmel mache reich. Jesu Christ.m_zologA'p.

Thereby he imposes upon the First Part of the Oratorio a clear impression of unit}. with the Hymn. I545). HOLY CHILD (Ac/6 mein lze_liebes yreszdein !) Jfelocl)' "Uom 2qlmmel hoch" ?Martin Luther x539 -- _mB -- The melody.44 No. 17. and in two cases (Nos. 9 the same orchestral tone as in No. CHRISTMAS ORATORIO AH ! DEAREST JESUS. 185o-65 A . 9 and 23) is ornamented by stately orchestral interludes. I539) in the GezstZic." with probato Martin Luther._e lieder auffs new gebessert of the Leipzig bookseller. 2 vols . 9. It will be noticed that Bach employs in No. while the brilliant trumpet and tympani interludes in both are similar in design. Valentin S. 9. The melody is used by Bach in the "Christmas Oratorio" three times (Nos. 23). Schumann (d.. bility attributed "Vom Himmel hoch. 298of Ludwig Erk'_ Chora/ffesanffe und gezsthche rzen (Peters). I. was first pub- lished (Leipzig. Bach wrote a four-part arrangement of the melody which was sung at Christmas (1723) after the t_t exultavit spirztus meus in the five-part " MagnificatL" 1 It is printed as No. .

v (2) 47." whose ribald associations compelled its abandonment for that of 1539' Ach. 1227. Zu ruh'n m rnemes Herzens Schrem.w dzc/l.. Yo_m. but to the melody of the riddle-song. 2 F/. Timpani. published at Wittenberg in 1535. I _Fagotto. " Aus fremden Landen komm ich her. mere herzhebes Jesulem ! Mach' &r eln rein sanft Bettelem. mczn sc/zwac_er Gezsl" Johann Schop i64i ." which first appeared in the Wittenberg printer Joseph Klug's Geist/ic/zc Lieder. and Contmuo). 0 SC]IO_leS'fOl'_en/ic. B. NO. Dass lch rammer vergesse dem. O BEAt_'fLOUS HEAVENLY LIGHT (_ric/l an.llt) _ . pp.NUMBER5 9 AND 12 The words of the Choral are the 45 thirteenth stanza of Luther's Christmas Hymn. 2 Oh. BREAK FORTH.. 12. 5trilz_s. Extended (3 Trombe.G. in English translations of the Hymn are noted the Dzctzona U' of Hymnology. "Vom Himmel hoch da komm ich her. 1722._Idody: "Ermunt. Organ.

Soll unser Trost Dazu den Satan Und letzthch Frleden . I i64i du. I I).eder mit _:e/odewlz. seln. 48). Bach uses the melody in both in two of the Cantatas. for Ascensiontide .v. 2. published at Luneburg in I64I." No.46 The CHRISTMAS ORATORIO melody. 43). " Ermuntre dich. mein schwacher Geist. dlr dm Engel sagen : dmses schwache Knabeleln und Freude zwlngen brmgen. and in the "Ascension Oratorio. with the tune. Well I)ass Hlmmel tagen ! erschrecke mcht. (2) 59. " Ermuntre dich." " Lobet Gott in seinen Reicheu " (No. 0 1 schones Und lass den Du Hlrtenvolk. B.G.l of his Prawis Pietatzs Melwa. at Luneburg an.. of Johann Rist's HimEscaer L. It was first published." founded on Isaiah ix. auf mit cases in _ measure : " Gott fahret Jauchzen " (No. The words of the Choral are the ninth stanza of Johann Rist's (see the " St Matthew Passion." was composed by Johann Schop (see the " St Matthew Passion." No. and appeared in Part I.7. mein schwacher Geist. Morgenhcht. in the first Part of Johann in I64I : Rist's Bnch tlimlzsc/zer Lzeder. 48) Christmas Hymn. Bach follows Johann Cruger's remodelling of the melody in the 1648 editio.

17. " Vom Himmel hoch.G. Simple (2 F]. 9 supra." see No.NUMBER 17 47 Translations of the Hymn into English are noted in the Dictiona_ 7 of Hymnology. A translation Dzctionary Form. and C_ontinuo). 2 Oh. I667 : Schaut hm T dort hegt lm finstern Stall. 2 Oh. . and Continuo). Berlin. 965. caccia. Da ruhet jetzt der Jungfrau'n Kind.." No. B. p. d'amore. 41 I. da of Hymnology. p. Organ. v (2) 66. d'amore. Dess' Herrschaft gehet tiberall Da Spmse vormals sucht' em Rind. I6) Christmas Hymn.. The words of the Choral are the eighth stanza of Paul Gerhardt's (see the " St Matthew Passion. "Schaut! schaut! fur Wunder dar?" It was first published was ist in the fifth " Dozen " of Johann G Ebeling's (see No. \¥ITHIN YON GLOOMY MANGER (Schaut bin ! dort lzest ) For the melody. da No. caccia. Organ. Form. of the Hymn is noted in the 2 Oh. Strings. Simple (2 Fl. 33 z3*fra) edition of Gerhardt's Geistliche AndachteJe. Strings. 2 Oh.

2 Oh.ris Pietatzs Jffelica.(z) 9o." which was first published Cruger's Pra. 9 supra. Passion." see melody. 2 Oh. 23) with its opening one (No. BG v. cla caccza. Dlch nunmehr emgestellet hast. I6) Christmas (see the " St Matthew Hymn. IO) The employment of the same tune for the concluding number of both Parts also. Ntri_zgs. Dass du. a?zd Contznuo). Bach is at pains to link the concluding number of the Second Part (No. O lang 8ewunschter Gast. 23. English translatiot_s of the Hymn are noted in the Dictionary of Hy_nnologj.48 CHRISTMAS ORATORIO NO. p. No. Form. . xo) by weaving into it the rhythm and _ubject of the Pastoral Symphony (No. "Wir stanza dir. d'anzore. Extended (2 F/. Berlin \V_r smgen dir in demem Heer Aus aller Kraft Lob. no doubt. was intentional . The words of the Choral are the second of Paul Gerhardt's No. for their action is simultaneous-the birth of Christ in Part One and its announcement to the shepherds in Part Two. As in the First Part. 1288." singen in Johann I653 : Immanuel. Orgalz. For WITH the ALL THY HOSTS (Wit "Vom Himmel szplgen dir) hoch. . Prels und Ehr.

G. and du. seist are words seventh seist stanza Christ" of Luther's (see No. 33.NUMBERS 23. Slrings. melody. 28. 7 melody. Georg " Warum Ebeling }i i . Simple Uontinuo). 7): " Gelobet Dies Seln' Dess Und hat er Alles uns gethan.v. 28 AND 33 49 NO. Form. 20b. of " Gelobet the Choral Hymn. Organ. gross' Lieb' zu zmgen an. dank' xhm dess in Ewlgkmt." the see No.. "i sollt' ich. Kynelms ! B. (2) IIO. freu' slch alle Chnstenhmt. THE LORD HATH ALL THESE er Al/es WONDERS WROUGHT For the The last Jesu (Dies/eat uns gethan) du. and No.. ([ch THEE WITH TENDER CARE I'LL CHERISH zvilI dich mit Fleiss " Warum bewahren) I666 Melody' solll' zc& mic]t denn fframen" Johann Georg Ebehng U'." was composed in 4 and was first published . (2 FI.! The by Johann T.

"Furchte at Stettin in the Motett. Kirch- I713) tune. ORATORIO Berlin. Pielatis I6) Gerhardt's Christmas (Berlin. Ich will dir Leben hler. Mit dlr will ich endhch schweben Voller Freud'. Music He died and in in the t668 was appointed Gymnasium Bach Caroline in I676. Pt II." Melica : Crtiger It was to a melody by Johann Ich will dlch mlt Flelss bewahren. 334The words of the Choral are the fifteenth and last stanza Passion. Bach except Hymns. B.. dich nicht. No. Dlr will lch abfahren. the first col- lection in of Gerhardt's . Berlin. (see the "St Hymn. first 1653). .v. (2) I24. He became Director of the Music at the Church of St Nicolas.G. Matthew soll in " Frohlich published Herze springen." mein Pray:is of Paul No. Ebeling was born at Liineburg in I637. uses the melody in of I662. t666. Ohne Zelt Dort lm andern Leben. Professor at Stettin." See also the Choralgesange.50 his Geist/iche CHRISTMAS _ndachten. (Musicalische Leipzig. uses only issued the in IO "Dozens" first half of the Vetter's HaussEbeling's 1666-67 and. follows reconstruction Ergotzlichheit. melody in the second half of his fourth Daniel und of and first half of his fifth bars.

The authorship of the words of " Wir Christenleut'" has been attributed to both . lived at Dresden in the sixteenth century." Caspar Fuger. Simple (2 F[. REJOICE. 397. AND SINe. "Wir Christenleut'." was published in Martin Fritzsch's Gesangbudz. 2 Oh.. Darinnen C/zristlicke Psalmen unnd Kirc/zen Lzedcr D. "Wir Christenleut'. Tune and hymn are found pastors.r_UMBER 35 English translations of the Hymn are noted 5 in the Dictionary of Hymnology. &ezvei D 3Ielody : " l/Vzr C]zristenleuf" Caspar Fuger the younger I593 I I I I -23" z_j__ _ } i i } ' _i I i t __ I I i---E_-_p___:_- The melody. Two Lutheran father and son. and may be attributed to the son of the author of the Hymn. 1589 . Organ. or Ftiger. or Fuger. _[artinz Lutheri und andrer /foremen Christen. together apparently in MS. and Continuo). It is one of seven new melodies in that collection. named Caspar Fuger. (Seidfro/z. I593. Form. 35.. No. Strings. p. first published in the Drey schone 2Vewe Gcistlidze Cesen_e (I592). Dresden.

dmwefl Dass euer Hell Ist hie 1 em Gott und auch em Mensch geboren. von Vmlen auserkoren. . is not the case. I592 The CHRISTMAS elder was ORATORIO Court was Preacher co-Rector In his and of died the The and Gesenge younger died Kreuzschule Verss und states music that in I617.G. uses the melody elsewhere in the Christmas " Dazu ist erschienen der Sohn Gottes" Mund of the sei voll Lachens" geboren" Choral (No. '" Unser and " Uns The words ist ein Kind Ckoralgesange second stanza clerte. (2) I26. Bach Cantatas (No. stanza This. Jungfrau zart Mutter ward Gott dem Herren selbst dazu erkoren Bach uses here are these: words Seld froh. to be the star/_ veranThe second Wir Christenleut' " is as follows: Wunder fremdt: selbst wird heut wahrer Mensch yon Mane geboren. I58O ) the elder his son had (in five parts) for his Hymns. B.52 of them. 38I). I42).v. composed C/zristlic/ze Fuger the (Dresden. circ. 1 i653 heut. Erk. 4o). of" Em Gott Em Em Sere Von The (No. are stated (No. following of "Wir Christenleut'" however. Der welcher 1st Der Herr und Christ In Davids Stadt. by the I IO).

md_ze Freud' und V/onne) In both movements the Soprano A rzoso is a quasi Choral tune. with its opening " Seid froh. . Organ. The text of No. published in Johann Crtiger's Praxis Pietatis 2V[eliea (Berlin. 38 & 40. THOU THAT FOR ME LIVEST (]esu du." exactly fits the situation. mein liebstes Leben) JESU. "Alleluia ! gelobt sei Gott !" Form. by Bach himself and. The words of the two movements together form the first stanza of Johann kist's (see the " St Matthew Passion. 36 of this Oratorio. Bach's choice of a stanza here was circumscribed." by Christoph Runge." Runge's stanza. obviously derived from No. "Jesu. like No. was in business as a printer there. So also. I653 ).NUMBERS 38 AND 4o 53 They are the fourth stanza of the Hymn " Lasst Furcht und Pein Fern von euch seyn. JEsus. 34 compelled him to treat Choral No." No. 35 as the utterance of the returning shepherds "praising and glorifying God for all the things which they had heard and seen. 48) Hymn. and died in :68I. 2 Oh. it may be observed. Runge was born at Berlin in :6:9. 42 infra. THOU StY JOY AND PLEASURE (Jesu. does the fifth stanza of Fuger's Hymn. Simple (2 FL. Nos. Strings. which begins.. and Continuo).

No. (4o) Form (both movements).54 du Part mein CHRISTMAS liebstes Leben. mere liebstes Leben. Schatz und Theil. 158. JEsus Ariosa Organ. Meiner Seelen Brautigam. Schmuck und HeiL . Hlrt und Komg. Licht und Sonne ! Ach." ORATORIO first Lieder published in 1642 : in v. (2) I5o . wle sotl lch wurdlgllch.G. of his Himhsc/wr (38) (Lfineburg) Jesu du. s. meme Freud' und Wonne. Schutz und Hell _. and Contimlo).v. WHO DIDST EVER GUIDE ME (dreszc$ J. Mein Herr Jesu. preisen dmh? B. _ I64e Mere Erlosung. Der du dlch fur reich gegeben An des bittern Kreuzes Stamm! Jesu. Mere Erloser. A Soprano accompanying a Bass Recitativo (Strings. 42. Bach 1734 richte mezu Aeginnen) 1 I64e All mein. Meine 1 Hoffnung.

an Aria rather than a hymn-tune (cf. II. nchte blelbe mere stets I642 : Begmnen. and III Bach rounds and 55 off connecting its opening closing movements (Nos. Organ. Jesu.NUMBER 42 As Part in Parts IV by I. Jesus Jesus Jesus Jesus Jesus Jesu. Strings. 1 x642 me mich. bel mlr." first published in the third Part of Rist's Himl_sc]zer Lieder.. 36). The words of the Choral are the of Johann Rist's (see the clearly derived Him" (No. Form.G. the concluding Choral of the Motett " Komm. lasse mmh mcht 1 wanken ! B. zaume m_r dm Smnen. lass gelingen. from the Chorus "Come and thank and by repeating the orchestral number. 523. Extended (2 Corni. colour of that fifteenth stanza " St Matthew Passion." No. English translations of the Hymn are noted in the Dictionary of Hymnology. p. He does so in this case by inventing a melody. Luneburg. (2) i66. 2 Oh.v. sel mtr m Gedanken. and Continuo). 48) New Year Hymn. "Hill. sei nur mere' Begler. . komm"). Herr Jesu. 36 and 42).

Konigsberg. Herr. and in I623 became pastor of the newly bmlt Altrossgart Church at Konigsberg. 38. Pt II. Lelt' uns auf 1 demen Wegen. 1 i642 in. ALL DARKNESS FLIES (Dein verzehrt) G[anz all' Fimterniss For Seth Calvisius' melody. The words of the Choral are the sixth and last stanza of Georg Weissel's Hymn. v (2) I9o." see the "St Matthew Passion.. I642. Elbing. nun ist es Zeit." No. (2 Oh." \Veissel was born at Domnau in I59O . "Nun liebe Seel'. d'amore. 46. "In dich hab' ich gehoffet. " Nun in Pt I. Strilegs.56 CHRISTMAS ORATORIO NO. Dass dem Geslcht Und herrhch's Licht Wlr ewig schauen mogen! B.G. I644). He held the post until his death in 1635. Organ." appeared Dem Glanz all_ Fmstermss verzehrt. He was one of the best of the early Prussian hymn-writers. . of the Festlieder: liebe Seel'. Form. The Hymn. His writings were published in the Preussischen Fest/ieder (Pt I. Simple and Continuo).. Die trube Nacht m Lcht verkehrt.

." melody. 1638-5o ). or Alberti. 53. THIS PROUD HEART WITHIN US SWELLzst so/clue Herzensstube) und der Erden" Hemnch Albert 1642 ING (Zwar 3[el6dy: " Gott des _mmels ----_-p-a--x__. of that collection in 1642.. The Hymn " Gott des Hlmmels" was first published in Part v. -. and in I63I became organist of Konigsberg Cathedral. I t . For all but the closer to the Darmstadt last two bars (which are Cantional of 1687) Bach gives the tune (with modifications necessitated by the rhythm of the words) as it appears in Daniel Vetter's Leipzig Hymn-Book (1713). "Gott was composed des Himmels und der by "Heinrich Albert. -- The Erden. Bach has not used the melody elsewhere. for the Hymn. lished He died at Konigsberg in eight Parts in I651 .NUMBERS 46 AND 53 57 No. of whose words also he was the author. He pubhis Arien oder 3[c/odeyen Etlichcr thetis Gezstlicher thczIs WeltIicher (Konigsberg. He was born at Lobenstein in I6O4.

Form. at Konigsberg. Sonnen dunken. sobald dem Gnadenstrahl In d_eselbe nur Wird sie voller wlrd bhnken.i _ : .L_'LI _ i J ' _ _-_J -LI -- I i I i i ] ' I _ ] - . " Ihr Gestirn.. I Io in number.i_i-!7---T-.58 CHRISTMAS ORATORIO The words of the Choral are the ninth stanza of Johann Franck's ihr hohlen Lufte. Strings. NO. Kr_en heben bier) g_mein" Anon. Simple and Continuo). Morning Hymn. BESIDE (20b. Wohl kein schoner Furstensaal.G. THY CRADLE HERE I STAND (Ich steh' an deiner Melody: "Nun freul euch. Franck was born at Guben in became a lawyer. of Guben. and its representative in of Lower Lusatia. ] 535 Christen it3. were collected in his I674): Herzensstube Zwal ist solche Geistliches Sion (Guben." I618./ f _I _ i aP' L# _ .(2) 2o8. _ _J- [__I__ILt____.. B. educated Burgomaster the Landtag His hymns. Organ. 59. _ _u IL)_-- _.v. He died in I677. d'amore. Doch. Sondern eine finstre Grube.

and is generally known as "Luther's Hymn. 59 first lieben and is said to have been written down by Luther after hearing a travelling artisan sing it. Both melodies to Luther. 26I of the Clwralgesange 1. The tune was first published in the Wittenberg printer Joseph Klug's Geist/icke Lieder (Wittenberg. I524). ." An earlier melody to which the Hymn was sung appeared in the so-called Acktliederbuch. are improbably attributed Bach has not used either melody in the Cantatas. . to a stanza of Bartholomaus Hymn. I535). There is another harmonisation of the 1535 tune in the C/zoralgesange. the small collection of eight hymns (along with four melodies) entitled Etlich Ckristlic]_ lider Lobgcsang.." whose melody (I588) bears a close resemblance of The words of the Choral are the first stanza Gerhardt's (see the Hymn. " St Matthew " Ich steh' No. proper to it. Paul 262. where it is set Ringwaldt's Advent " Es ist gewisslich an der Zeit. the name "Nun of Luther's freut euch." bears Hymn. und Psalm (Wittenberg.NUMBER 59 The melody congregational Christen g'mein.tit. oP." an deiner I Erk. z6) Christmas Passion. and is No. No 272 prints the sameversionin A major. The tune is familiar as No. 293 of Hymns Ancient and Modern. No.

Now VENGEANCE HATH BEEN TAKEN (Nun seid ihr wahl gerochen) For Hans Hassler's melody. Ich komme. Berlin. mein Leben. 41o." which was first published in Johann Praxis Pietatis Melica. Herz. p.60 Krippen Cruger's CHRISTMAS ORATORIO hier. " Ihr Christen auserkoren. are noted in Organ. Simple (2 Ob. and in 162I was appointed He died deacon of the Lobenicht Church there. Form. O Jesulein. (2) 245. and No. es 1st mein Geist und Stun. at Konigsberg in 1643. Und lass dlr's wahl gefallen ! B." Werner was born in I589 at PreussischHolland.v. "Herzlich thut mich verlangen. Was du mir hast gegeben. 64. In I614 he became master in a school at Konigsberg." No. 1653 : Ich steh' an deiner Krlppen hmr." see the "St Matthew Passion. Continua). mmm Alles hin. He edited the . bring' und schenke dlr. 21 supra. Seel' und Muth. English translations of the Hymn the Dictionary of Hymnology.. Strings.r Elbing. Nnnm hm. ne_. The words of the Choral are the fourth stanza of Georg Werner's Hymn.G.

v. Strings. auserPraxis [I643]). vo[[st_nd_ges and 64 Gesangbuch Geistliche Christen Cruger's 61 (KonigsHymns to Lieder. Tzmpani. Sund' und Holle Sind ganz und gar geschwacht. contributed A usserlesene The Hymn "Ihr koren " was published in Johann Pietatis Meliea (Berlin.. Continuo). Denn Christus hat zerbrochen Was euch zuwider war. 2 Oh. (2) 256. Tod.NUMBER 2Vew Preussisc]zes berg. Bel Gott hat seine Stelle Das menschhche Geschlecht B.G. 165o Bernhard Konigsberg. . I647)" Nun seid ihr wohl gerochen An eurer Feinde Schaar. and (3 Trombe. Form. Derschau's I639. Extended Organ. Teufel.

" It was first published in Rist's Himlzscher Lzeder. Herr Jesu Christ. 2 Oh.. 48) melody. I736 ) AT THY FEET CREATION LIES 1 (NctT¢ NO. mein Oratorio. Luft. Dm Fursten stehn auch auf der Und sind dar w11hg unterthan." see the "Christmas No. Simple (2 Fl. " Du Lebensfurst. I2. 11. dich. . NOW lieget alles unter dir) For Johann Schop's (see " St Matthew Passion. 48) Eucharistic Hymn. Lfineburg. "Ermuntre schwacher Geist." No. Nun heget alles unter 164I : dlr. \Vasser. Dmh selbst nur ausgenommen. 1 The titles are those of Paul England's version (Novello & Co.32.. Form.)." No. 6." stanza The words of the Choral are the fourth of Johann Rist's (see the " St Matthew Passion. Die Engel mussen fur und fur D]r aufzuwarten kommen. Strings. Continuo).. Feu'r und Erden Muss d]r zu Dlenste werden Bahn. B. Lobet Gott in semen Reiclwn) (circ.THE (Cantata ASCENSION ORATORIO I r. Pt I.G.

" a common origin and are practically identical...-_ _'- I. 1575 [I569] _. " Helft • "Von mir Gott's Gott Gute will ich nicht have preisen. ." to which Ludwig Helmbold (1532-98)wrote his Hymn "Von Gott" . ( Warm Melody: WHEN WILL 6 AND THE II BE 63 OVER? NIGHT sell es dec/z gesc]zehen) " Von GoH wzll zch mcht lassen" Anon. I572 [I57I ] ll. 3/[elody: " Helft mzr Gotfs Gute preisen" Anon.. . I I. IT __. _-_.NUMBERS No.-_---4-4-_ • melodies. Their source is the tune of the secular song " Ich ging einmal spazieren. _-_-_-H * A syllable is wanting m the third period of the melody.---_. _22_ -_ L I i t7 "_lThe lassen" two and [3 t I .

and "Was "Herr. for the Seventh Sunday after Trinity. In the same period Wolfgang Figulus (c. Trost/ic/ze ASCENSION ORATORIO In Joachim Tischgesenge Magdeburg's (Erfurt. 420) attributes (Der evangelische the tune to Johann Eccard (I553-I6I I). 73). 28). published two versions of the melody in his Weynac]zt Liedlein (Frankfort on the Oder. I6). at that time Cantor in the Furstenschule at Meissen. lO7). Bach uses the melody "Von Gott" in the putative and unfinished Cantata. " Lobt ihn mit Herz und Munde. 325. Christliche I572 und [1571])the tune was printed in association with Helmbold's Hymn. Nos. :83). 152o-91)." and in the Cantatas. for the Feast of the Circumcision. Carl yon Winterfeld Kirc]zenffesang. Sunday so schick's mit mir" (No. 1575 [I 569]) in association with Paul Eber's ( 15 I I--69) Hymn. i. and 326. wie du willt. for the Third after Epiphany. willst du dich betriiben" (No. for Christmas. dich loben. 1563. "Gottlob! nun geht das Jahr zu Ende" (No. In the Choralgesange there are three other harmonisations of the tune." The second of them was in four-part harmony.64 c. . 324. for the Sixth Sunday after Easter. and " Sie werden euch in den Bann thun" (No. wir" (No. whose Tenor has been represented as the true melody. " Helft mir Gott's Gute preisen. The melody "Helft mir" appears in the Cantatas "Herr Gott.

Timpani. wann w:rst du seln. Form. 1714): Wann soll es doch geschehen.. Dass wlr den Helland kussen ? Komm. and died there in I699. liebliche Lieder.G. Contimw). are noted in issued the Dictionary of HymnoIegy. Dass wlr den Helland grussen. 2 Fl. Wann kommt dm hebe Zelt. : i714 w:r xhn werden. He abandoned a military career for the law. stelle dmh doch eln T B.. " Gott fahret aufgen Himmel. Choral Fantasia (3 Trombe. 984." Sacer was at born at Naumburg in I635. Dass lch _hn werde 1 sehen In semer Herrhchke:t Du Tag.NUMBER I I 65 The words of the Choral are the seventh and last stanza of Gottfried Wilhelm Sacer's Ascension Hymn. 2 Oh. and was educated Jena University. which he began to publish in I661. 5 . n 4o English translations of the Hymn p. were collected and posthumously ( Geistliche. settled at Wolfenbtittel in I683 as Kammer-und-Amts-advocat. His Hymns. Gotha. T. Strings.

NOTE. mein herzliebes Jesulein ! C 9 Agnus Dei qui tollis 1)eccata mundz. COMPOSERS." "St John Passion. C 9 "Ausserlesene Gelsthche Lieder" (Konigsberg. AUTHORS. M3I . HoO' Child. J 37 Acta. C 64 "Ausszug guter alter fm newer Teutscher lledlein" (Nurnberg. 1638-5o). Johann Sebastian (1685-I75O). gross zu allen Zeiten. C 53 Attaignant. grosrer Konig. MELODIES. C. M 3 l Aus fremden Landen komm ich her. stand respectively for the "St Matthew Passion. A. or Alberti. C 46 "Aller Christen Lelb-Stucke" (Leipzig. Aeh.ngelezn. The letters M. C 9 Albert." The numerals indicate the Number In the Oratorio." " Chllstmas Oratorio. C 53 Albrecht. SOURCES. M I6 Bach. Biographical details will be found at the first entry after an author's name. I539). J. M I Ah / dearest Jesus. lass dein lieb' P_." and "Ascension Oratorio. I639). I633).411 darkness flzes before Thy face. J I 5 Aeh Herr. Hemrich (i6o4-5I). Pierre (1529). J I I "Arien oder Melodeyen" (Konigsberg. C42 .INDEX OF FIRST LINES. Margrave of Brandenburg-Culmbach (I522-57).

J35. M I CalvlNs Hymn Book _Strassburg. M 3. Anton (I542). M 53 l_eschaffens Gluck ist unversaumt. C5. J 28 "Christhche Klrchen-Ordnung" (Erfurt. stanza Vlll. Johann (I598-t662). I58O). M 53 Corvmus. J22 " Cantlonale sacrum" (Gotha. C 35 . I54I). Ehsabeth Duchess of. M38 . when dying. Nlcolaus (d. C 28 Dresden "Gesangbuch '_ (I593). C64 "Devotl Musica Cordis" (Lelpzig. I542). C 46 Debt l/Vzlf ffesche]?. I648). stanza l. i56I). C35 "Christhche und Trosthche Tlschgesenge" (Erfurt. M3 I Beside Thy cradle here I stand. I627 and I645). I687). Woffgang (d. C I2 Brich an. JIS. C I2 Brunswtck-Luneburg. J 12. 1539). Seth (I556-I615) . zuffletch. Herr Got/. C35 Chrisms der uns seh_ macht. M I "Chrlsthche Psalmen unnd Klrchen Lieder" (Dresden. 1593). C23. M 16.AII "Christhche Verss und Gesenge" (Dresden. M 72 geflehl du deine IUeffe. M 35 " Davids Hlmhsche Harpffen" (Nurnberg. CI2. C 53 "Cantlonal Oder Gesang-Buch Augsburglscher Confession" (Leapzxg. I58I). C 59 Bzn zch ffleich yon dzr ffewichen. I63o). melody. M 53. M I Dein Glanz all' Fmsterniss vemehr[. M 25. J I27 C46 "Cantlonal" (Darmstadt. J 5 Derschau. 0 schones Aforffenhcht.INDEX 67 ge near me. Bernhard (I639). J4. J35 Commit thy way to Jesus. M I Cruger. M 35 Calvlsius (Kallwitz). M 38 Decms. Lord. M 21. C64 Dachstem. stanza 1. M3I . 0 beauteous heavenly liffhl. M55. M 48 J_reak Jorlh. C59. I572 [I57I]). J 12. c. M 38. C33. C 35 " Drey sch6ne Newe Geisthche Gesenge" (I592). M 3 Dzes hat er Alles uns gethan.

C9. Caspar Caspar (d. I556). mem melody. A II "Era New Gesengbuchlen" (Jung "Era schon gelstlich Gesangbuch" Ein VVunder fremdt. Wolfgang (c. C33. C 33 Lieder" (Dresden. C 7 Er nahm Al/es _vold in Acht. C 59 1524). hebhche Lieder" lieder" Lieder M 16. mere Huter. (Leipzig. I52O-9I). . C 12. Gottes Sohn. M I. stanza ix. A 6 Dutch dein Gefangniss. Flgulus. Franck. Forster. Ebehng. LebensfiLrst. C 59 Geist. Herr INDEX M 63 Jesu Ckrzst. C35 C 35 M 3I "Gelsthch "Gelsthche "Gelsthche. J 5.53I). an der Es sznd doch sehg aIle. C9 und Psalmen" (Berlin.68 Du Du edles Angesichte. A II For us to earth tie cometh iOoor. M 35 Er ist auf Erden kommen arm. J I2 (Jena. I656). I653). I617). C33 A Ii C 59 C 5 Lieder" (Gotha. J ii Eccard. Paul (I511-69). Frltzsch. C 17 All Bunzlau. J 11 Zelt-Vertrelber" . 1714). I586). s_brzngen. I666-67). Georg Johann Martin I533) . stanza iv. I592). stanza xv. J 22 (I637-76). I539) . czrc. (d. M 35 "Ethch Chnsthch hder" (Wittenberg. M 16 (I618-77). (Wittenberg. C 7 "Form und Ordnung Gaysthcher Gesang (Augsburg. melody. C 53 (I593). J 3° Erkenne mzcA. I6O9). C 35 und Psalmen" Fro]zlzc]z soll mezn lierze "Funff Schone Gelstllche Fuger. J 37 Andachten" (Berlin. "Gelsthche "Gelsthche "Gelsthche "Gelsthcher Klemod" (Leipzig. (Leipzig. Johann Georg Eber. C I7. C I2. Fuger. M38 (I539). C 35 En moy le secret 15ensement. A6 Es ist ffewasshch schwacher Zezt. M 21 Ermuntre dicA. Johann (I553-I61I). I535). M I6.

C28 Gerhardt. Johann (x49o-1547) . 5I 25. stanza 5. C 7. M 3. A i i Help us. J 37. M 3. C 7 Greltter. C 53 Gogt fahret auf Ken Hzmmel. I6X3) . M 72 note " Harmoma Cantmnum eccles_astmarum" (I59S). M 55. stanza vm J 4. M I6 " Geysthche gesangk Buchleyn" (Wittenberg. C64 " Haus Klrchen Cantorel" (Bautzen. 5144. Andreas (I612-75). J 35 Herberger. M 25. Hesse. stanza w. J 37 Herzhch thut reich ver[angen. M 53. c33. A ii Grates nuJw oinJzes reddamus. melody. 1587). ix. _I 21 Hassler. Hans Leo (I564-I612). J 15 Helfl mzr Golf's Gute prezsen. bi72. c5. C 7. C5. stanza vn. Paul 06o7-76). melody. M 2I. Matthaus (d. C 53 Gelobel sezst du. stanza m. melody. M 55. J 4. M 2I. M 3 Herzlich Lieb hab' zch dich. AII Helmbold. Psalmen und Lobgesen_e /Nurnberg. was hast dzt 2. M 23 " Hertzens Andachten Gmsthcher Gesanglem" (i63i). stanzas wil. melody. I55O or I552). Johann (i585-i647). melody. C64 Herzhebsler Jesu. M 63. Ludwlg (I 532-98). c59 " Gesangbuch. M 3: stanza m. C 7 " Geysthche Lmder. I569) . Ahnz_hly Son. I674). M 35 Hammerschmldt. M 16.INDEX 69 "Geisthches Slon" (Guben. Christ. M 23. M 53. 5II Gott des Himmels und der Erden. c23. Jesu Chr_st. J 4. M 2I. C5. J II Here would I sga_Id beside Thee. 1524). M63. J 15 . M J6 5--3 . I53i) .erbrochen. J 28 Herbert. 3I I6 "Geystlyke leder" (Rostock. c i7. Darmnen Psalmen unnd Gelsthche Lmder ' (Elsleben. M23. 5I 63. M -"3. melody. stanza vn. Valenus (I562-I627). Petrns (d I57I). j 12 " Harmomae sacrae" (Gorhtz. stanza vl. J 15 5. M72. M72. M "2_ M 55. J8. _598). M 53. C28. J 37 Heermann.

A sI errezchen. J _I. M48._. J 37 xx. M 38 . Herr Sebald (d. C4o. C 46 melnes Herzens Grunde. stanza xv. C 33 ].-Z' will hzer bei dir stehen. melody. Jesu. J 8 Ich harm's mzt manen Sinnen i594) . Pezn stanza xxxm. racine Freud' und PVonne. J 32. J 15 Iunsbruch. C 4° Jesus Chrzstus unser Herr. I56I). J 30. Hlldebrandt. "H1mhscher Lieder mlt Melodelen" (Luneburg. note Leiden und Pein. niein aeasees Leben. Herr. circ. melody. stanza ix." Gestlrn. stanza J 37 note. C 42 .7° Heyden. J 37 note 1. M 16 Isaak. J 32 Jesu du.. bitter Passion. melody. Helnnch dezne lb. A6 How fJrely Hozv shall doth I fitly the world accuse. .oh und mane Siozden. C 59 Ich wall dzch mit Fleiss be¢vahren. stanza Jesu Jesu Kreuz. J xI . M I6 L h <gza_f e*nmal @ameren. J 32 Jesu.35 C 42 I641-42). melody. stanza iv." du warest lode. de. INDEX 5I . laJs gelzngen. und Tad. M I6. M 35 Jesus rlchle mean geff*nnen. stanza x. "Hymm sacn Latin1 et germamcl Ich ben s. I/ me soi_l In In ihr hohlen Lufle. C 5 M 38 " (Erfmt. I44o). C 4° Jesu Thou my joy and pleasure. J 30. zch muss dzch lassen. stanza xxxav. C x2. M 23 lhr Chrzslen auserkoren. C42. stanza 1. J 28 In l/zzs T_I. M 3I v. Jesu. meet Thee. C 38 J 1I. M 38 nicht J r5 Ah steh' an dezner Krl)@en hzer. M 44. dzc/a hab' zch gehoffe/. J 8 Passion. Igzlf. C 64 Ih. Ic. Johann (i656). J 28 Jesu. M 63 Iu vain on Thy perfections. C 53 de tous rues mauZx. Lord. stanza M 38. zch sollte bussen. C38. Leiden.

J 37 (Berhn. I fall before Thce. nach dezner Gut. Gold. . Jesus Thou that for me h'vesA C 38 71 Thou who knewesd deal/z. melody. C35 Gesang" (Nurnberg. M 72 note M 38 Hauss-Ergotzhchkelt '_ (Leipzig. C 5. C 53 und w. 1'_1 I. M I Kelmann. C9. Jesus. AII 3 Mean G'mul zsl **ear verz_Jarre¢. " Newe Symbola" (Nurnberg. M 2I . Thy " Luneburg_sches "Lustgarten 5I 2_ dear Angel Gesangbuch" Teutscher M 48 iv. _. Zasst trurcht und Pain. "K1rchen Geseng "Klrchengesenge Klug._leznen Jesum lass zc. C 59 Knoll. 16o4). M 53. M 7z note und Gmsthche Lmder" (Leipzig. J 22 A[ac. Chnstoph (I563-I65O). J 3° who didst ever g_ide me. M2I A'omm hezhger Geisl. I598 " New Preusslsches C 64 (Komgsberg._ly Savzour. stanza Leapzlg "Gesangbuch" U68e). J I r Deudtsch" (Magdeburg.Vow at Thy feet creatzon has. C 9. Joachim (arc. I57x). Js. I545). A 6 Now Nun venffeance hath been tah'en.INDEX Jesus. I6oI). " Newes vollkomhches Gesangbuch" . "Muslcahsche KlrchI713) . C 35 J Ii send. J 37 (I686). I525-83) . M 3 C 64 . M 3 r64o). Magdeburg.hy must all lhas all b@d/ _ly san it as whzch &nds TAee._ inch/. Joseph (I535). C 42 Christian (I6o7-62). C 7._'s mat mar. C33. C 28. danket alle Gold. x65o [I643]). Neuer Luther. M 35 Lamb of God. M _6 "New Catechlsmus [I597]). Martin C 59 (I483-I546). stanza 3[zr hal dze lUdt trughch fferlcht't. Lord Jesus. M I6 Gesangbuchtem" Gesangbuch" thee "-'M 25 (Hamburg.

melody.72 INDEX g_mezn. :656). my Redee_zer. melody. M 2I. C33. has sounded. M 35 0 Alensch. or Reusner. J 37 Re:ssner. of God most l/Vunden. Paschasms (:587). stanza Gottes Sohn. M "2-3 stanza . C23. 1653). J 8 0 _[an. I526). Nun ke_et alles unter dzr. M35 0 lmghty 0 sacred 0 0 bewezn' dein' Sitndegross_ stanza J 15 M 1 1. 0 wondrous Love. C35. J 1I Petrus. (Berhn. melody. M 38 . I647). A_n_. who dares to smzte Thee e M 44. J 11 "Praxls Pietatls Mehca" (Berhn. J 8 stanza m. M I6 that suffers melody. zch muss dzch lassen. (Berhn. M 72 yon 25"Zut und v. _x. v. J 35 M I 0 hzlf 0 Lamb Chrzste. let Thy will 0 <urosse Lieb'. C64. M 44. J 8 . M i . stanza vl. C 46 C 59 _Vun freu[ euch. 0 Lamm Golles unschuldig. t. n. gebett und Klrchenubung" M 35 Recezve me. holy. surrounded. M 2I . eternal zs Thy glory. I575). C 64 0 blessed Jesu. M 3 J 4 :. lzeben Christen Wun hebe SeeY. (Frankfort. how hast T_ou ojfended? 0 Father. thince denies. 0 Lzeb' 0 Haul! stanza be done. der nzcht denier zuruck. stanza 1. Festheder" (Elbmg-Komgsberg. stanzas w. szeh' hzer dezn Leben. M 35 . nun zst es Zal. A 6 Nun sezd ihr _. 0 Lord. M 63 Well. M 31 ohn' alle l_Iaasse. melody. M x6. C 59. (Strassburg. M 55 J4 :v. J 8 . fizathless. C I2. stanza 0 wondrous Love. w/lose Patris Sa2_zentza. Head. Adam (I496-c._y _rievous sin bemoan. M63. J m. M 53 " Preussmchen C 46 "Psalmen. I642-44). Uerztas depths no heart dzvzna.ohl gerochen. M 2I Rmmgms. 14Zelt. J 35 Peter. stanza thzs correclzon. I648). M I6. M44.

Daniel Fore Hzmmel (I7i3). C33. stanza A II xm. I665) . M 21 Schalhng. stanza m. C I2. M3 Stoekmann. C 35 Spangenberg. melody. I545). stanza iv. I525). M35 The Lord hath all these _. C 35 Gottfned Wilhelm (1635-99). C 33 This _roud Thy bonds. M 35 Sunderreltter. Scha2t[ ! schaut] was zsl fur Wunder CI7 Schem. J II. C 35 Rmgwaldt. melody. J 37 Schaut bin! dorl liegt zm flnslern Stall. M 48. C 4o. C 12.onders wrought. Schop. C 28 1525). (I586-q63o). A 6 Chnstoph (I619-8I). Johann (I545) . Valentm S. J 5. Johann (I6O7-67). Thee wzlh lender care I'll cherzsh. M 48. M 38 Teschner. J 28 . C9. circ. Bartholomaus (I532-czrc. Gregorms (I 58 I). J 3o. . hearl wilhzn us swelh_z_.INDEX Rejmce. 73 16oo). and sing. J 22 Thy wzll. C 53 0 Son of God 3lost Hzgh._l. 0 Lord. Johann Hermann Schmldt. J28 "Teutsch KlrchOampt mlt lobgsengen" (Strassburg. M 3 I Valet wzll zch dzr leben. C9 See the Lord of lzfe and hg. J 5 "Trente et quatre chansons musicales" (Pans. C 53 boca da komnz ich her. J 37 C I7 dar'2 J 22 stanza viii. C 42. J 32. C 23 Von Golf will ich mchl lassen. AlI Salz. Bernhard (I577). C9. Paul (I6o27-36). be done. M I. Rlst. dieweil. Melchior (I614). Martin (1532-I0O8). J 37 note " Strassburger Klrchen ampt" (Strassburg. M I Staden. J 5 Vetter. C 5. J I2 Sezd froh. Johann (I58I-I634). J 5 . (d. [1529] ).e catgut cruenlalum. or Schopp. melody. C 17. J 28 Vater unser zm Hzmmelrezch. Johann (d. melody. Runge. C59 C 38. Sacer. A 6 Schumann.

"Zwey Bucher Emer J37 Neuen burg. melody. melody. WINs all 7"by hosts. I577). IVann soll es doch geschehen. J37 note Walther. melody. David (I597) . M I6 Zwar ist solche Herzensstube.74 Vulpius. J 8 kVerde taunter. C35 . J II Weassel. Melchior INDEX (I56O?-I615) . C 23 C 23 wzr 67tristenleut'. C33 147as ist die Ursach' alger solehe Plazene M 25 mein Gott will. J32. M 3I . M 3I Welsse. C 17 Wolder. C 64 A II "Weynacht When will IUhNe His Lledlem" the night flat/raft (Frankfort. Georg (I 59o-1635). C 53 Kunsthchen Tabulatur" (Strass- CAMBRIDGE PRINTED BY JOHN CLAY_ M A AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS . C 7. 0 Lord. Michael (i48o?-i534) . M 44. C 46 _Uean zch eznmal soll scheiden.underbarlzch _st doc]_ dzese Strafe ! M 55 If:it Christenleut'. Immanuel. stanza u. C 23 Heer. Why cloth the Saviour languish ? J 8 Wie sol! zch dich empfangcn. stanza 1. mere Gemuthe. Georg (I589-I643). J I2. M 72 Wer hat dich so geschlagen. 1575 [I569]). J II. Within our inmost being. C 5 IVle u. C35 Wit Wir sznffen sinffen dir. we sznff. M 48 Werner. C28 A II H'arum sollt' zch mlch denn gramen. IUas stanza 1. dzr in demem stanza n. be over? A I I s_imt sinks. M 48. J 33 \Vetssenfels "Gesangbuch. stanza vi. das g_seheh' allzeit. J 28 Within yon gloomy manger lies. Johann (I496-I57O). J 3° . J 3° melody." the (i714) .

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