National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

KEY NOTE ADDRESS

SUSTAINABILITY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: ETHNO BOTANICAL APPROACH
Prof. Ashok K. Jain Hon. Director Institute of Ethnobiology Jiwaji University, Gwalior -474011 (M.P.) E.Mail: asokjain2003@yahoo.co.in The sustainability of medicinal plants is essential for the livelihood of a large number of people on this earth. Millions of rural households still use medicinal plants in a self-help mode. Medicinal plants are living resource, exhaustible if overused and sustainable if used with care and wisdom. In various Indian systems of medicines over one and a half million practitioners use medicinal plants in preventive and curative applications. Medicinal plants are potential renewable natural resources. Therefore, the conservation and sustainable utilization of medicinal plants must necessarily involve a long-term programme. As per the data, around a 1000 species of medicinal plants are facing threat to their existence in the wild. In India over 8000 herbal product-manufacturing units are working with a combined annual turnover of over Rs.4000 crores/year. While the demand for medicinal plants is increasing, their survival in their natural habitats is under growing threat. Several medicinal plants have been assessed as endangered, vulnerable and threatened due to over harvesting in the wild.A scientific and systematic approach envisaging interaction between social, economic and ecological systems will be a more desirable one. The threatened medicinal plant species could be best conserved and multiplied by using in situ and other methods.In situ conservation thus serves the purpose of long term survival and evolution of a species, in association with other plant, animal & microbial associates in the Ecosystem. Besides adopting various methods for the conservation of medicinal plants, we have to look in to their intricate relationship with rural and folk people. Since time immemorial a large number of medicinal plants are being conserved by tribal people of India by way of faith, taboos and beliefs. Exploring this ethnobotanical relationship can certainly help in maintaining their sustainability. A good number of germplasms of threatened species are also conserved in various parts of the country.

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National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

A through and scientific study in this regard can certainly help in enhancing the availability and unrupted trading of a large number of species. INVITED LECTURE

MEDICINAL PLANT WEALTH OF SIMILIPAL BIOSPHERE RESERVE (ODISHA): PRESENT STATUS AND FUTURE STRATEGY FOR CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE UTILIZATION
Arun K. Pandey1 and S.D. Raut2 Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007 2 Department of Wild life & Biodiversity Conservation North Orissa University, Baripada, Mayurbhanj, Odisha-757003 Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR), located in the tribal dominated Mayurbhanj district of Odiha, is spread over an area of 5569 sq. km. SBR is inhabited by a number of tribes such as Kol, Santal, Bhumij, Mankidias and Khadias who depend on the forest for their food to medicine. The tract of Similipal hills is an inclined plateau which has risen abruptly from the low coastal plains of the district. Similipal is one of the most natural abodes of a large number of medicinally important plants. viz., Rauvolfia serpentina, Aspargus racemosus, Abrus precatorius, Helicteres isora, Holarrhena pubescens, Hemidesmus indicus, Costus speciosus, Curculigo orchidoies, Centella asiatica, Andrographis paniculata, Terminalia species, Pterocarpus marsupium, Emblica officinalis, Helicteres isora, Dioscorea spp., Cisssus quadrangularis, Curcuma spp. etc. Traditionally the local tribal communities use medicinal plants for the cure of various diseases. During our survey of SBR, we have gathered information about 600 plant species of which 267 plant species are used by the tribal for medicinal purposes. While the demand for medicinal plants is increasing, their survival in their natural habitats is under growing threat. SBR is under intense biotic pressure like shifting cultivation, illicit felling of trees, loss of regeneration potential, and over exploitation of medicinal plants. Energy of the tribal’s may be channelized for cultivation and propagation of medicinal plants that would help in socio-economic development of the tribal communities living in and around SBR.
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National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

INVITED LECTURE

HAEMORRHOIDS (PILES) – A HERBAL SOLUTION
J.N. Govil Ex- Principal Scientist, Division of Genetics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi – 110 012 (India) Haemorrhoids are the commonest of all anorectal conditions accounting to 38% of the people world over and limited to 8% visits to OPD. It is thought that certain normal vascular cushions exist in the rectum. It is only when they produce some pathological symptoms; they are referred to as haemorrhoids. Several treatment options are available which aim at relieving the symptoms, reducing/ destroying the haemorrhoidal mass. These are associated with several adverse effects and reoccurrence. On the other hand, Natural drugs/ or Herbal medicines are having prolonged history of frequent use and documentation in texts of established systems of medicine indigenous to particular country. There is a great demand for these medicines in the developed as well as developing countries because of their wide biological activities, higher safety margin than the synthetic drugs and lesser costs. In this paper, a number of plant species based on phytoconstituents and their mechanism of action are reported for anti-haemorrhoidal activity. They are more effective due to presence of major phytoconstituents (upto 50-70%), which are helpful by way of haemostasis, wound healing, bowel regulation, anti-inflammation activity, antimicrobial activity, vascular toning, hypolipidaemic activity, immunnomodular activity and regulating constipation and dietary habits. Phytoconstituents like bioflavonoids strengthen the microvasculature and antifibrinolytic activity. Anti-inflammation provides relief in pain, burning and itching due to inflammatory effect. Its component inhibit 5-HT, eicosanoids and prostaglandins. Anti-infective activity due to the presence of tannins, glycosides, flavonoids, saponins and phenolic compounds kill bacteria, fungi, protozoa without disturbing the natural intestinal micro-flora of the host. Wound healing activity accelerates the healing process in anal fissures and other wounds by enhancing collagen turn-over in damaged mucous and tissues. Constituents like anthraquinone and mucilage contents exert laxative action by enhancing and increasing intestinal mucous contents. Emblica offiicinalis (Amla) inhibits hepatic lipid peroxidation and resulted in decrease in the markers of hepatic dysfunction like alanine amine aminotransferase. Thus, they bring dramatic improvements in the treatment of haemorrhoids that check bleeding, improve the bowel function, reduce constipation, improve liver functions, improve the tonicity of blood vessels and hasten the healing process. Also, the present paper is based on literature survey and clinical trials on the ingredients of medicinal plants, used to cure hemorrhoids and related problems

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INVITED LECTURE ACCESS TO BIORESOURCES AND IP PROTECTION: LEGAL ASPECTS OF BIO-PHARMA RESEARCH Surya Mani Tripathi PTTC. Several countries and institutions are implementing bio-prospecting/benefit sharing agreements with the private and public sector. These effects are being felt throughout the world in academic. are of particular importance for the success of national programs. Andhra Pradesh. there is concern that traditional knowledge is sometimes misappropriated. adapted to local needs and environment. government and industrial communities. and other nature-derived products with the sustainable use of biological resources Sponsored by University Grants Commission. New Delhi [4] . the application of intellectual property law and biodiversity law to bio-pharmaceuticals has changed the way that scientists exchange materials and ideas and continues to have an increasing impact on the way that scientific research is performed. adapted or patented with little or no compensation to the custodians of this knowledge and without their prior informed consent. Patancheru-502324. The global regime on IP protection and access to bioresources is governed by international legal instruments including the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS. major chemical constituents of the herbs and their mechanism of action in relation to haemorrhoidal management have been presented. The successful application of biotechnology tools has had and is having dramatic effects in some areas of pharmaceuticals. the global herbal market and industry are growing rapidly and access to these plant resources and the associated traditional knowledge has immense commercial and research potential to companies and research institutions. genes. the definition of policies on access to genetic resources by governments and nations.However. due to biodiscovery. can provide a viable environmentally sustainable path to economic development. In this process. in modern biotechnological revolution has enabled the engineering of desirable genetic traits from useful local species.National Seminar on “Conservation. Today. which are rapidly generating new tools and bioproducts. This impact is substantial in the context of institutional research and international research collaborations. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 In brief. and on the new developments in biotechnology and molecular biology. India Traditional technologies and innovations. Further. These activities integrate the search for compounds. as bio-prospecting frameworks. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT). At the same time an increasingly significant economic value of biodiversity. Lawful and sustainable appropriation of medicinal plants has become important concerns for both scientific community and the public. based on the opportunities and obligations offered by the Convention on Biological Diversity.

P. Pipariya (M. The World Health Organization estimates that 80% of the worlds population on traditional medicine for their health needs. This report states that 8 countries then belonging to the EEC imported 80 738 tons of 'vegetation plant materials used in pharmacy' in 1980. Conservation issues arise if the trade threatens conservation of biodiversity or is not sustainable. There is also growing interest in obtaining samples of plant material. there is an urgent need for equitable partnerships to be developed between those involved in developing new commercial products from plants and those responsible for conservation of biodiversity. Biodiversity may be threatened if the trade endangers survival of the species. Geneva. the biggest importer being Germany with 31 452 tons. INVITED LECTURE MEDICINAL PLANTS FROM VINDHYA -SATPURA REGION PRESENT STATUS AND THEIR CONSERVATION Ravi Upadhyay Professor of Botany Government P.National Seminar on “Conservation. because of a paucity of reliable statistics and trade secrecy.) Plants were the first medicines. medicinal plants remain an important tool for treating illness in most cultures. along with scientific and socioeconomic development of source countries and local communities. to explore for new commercial medical products. but it is growing rapidly. used both for herbal medicine and for the manufacture of pharmaceutical drugs.College. The available report dealing with European imports appears to be by the International Trade Centre. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 and their conservation. . New Delhi [5] . It has been said that as many as 35 000-70 000 species of plants have been used at one time or another for medicinal purposes (Farnsworth & Soejarto 1991). which is the case for the great majority of species. Conservation issues in international trade in medicinal plants for existing products mainly concern those plants which are harvested from the 'wild'. or traditional knowledge about plant uses. and even as modern humans have developed sophisticated pharmaceutical chemicals to treat illness. Following the Biodiversity Treaty. In 1980 India was the biggest exporter of medicinal plants to Europe (10 055 tons out of the 80 738 imported). followed by France. There is large-scale international trade in medicinal plants. in 1982. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. erodes its genetic diversity or causes loss or degradation of important natural or semi-natural ecosystems. The scale of international trade in medicinal plants is difficult to assess.G.

and a continuously high demand for plant material and extracted natural products can be observed. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.National Seminar on “Conservation. Bioreactors are the key step towards commercial production of secondary metabolites by plant biotechnology. decocts or extracts with easily accessible liquids such as water. Sengar. Genetic transformation may be a powerful tool for enhancing the productivity of novel secondary metabolites.com Medicinal plants are the most important source of life saving drugs for the majority of the world’s population. Cryopreservation is long-term conservation method in liquid nitrogen and provides an opportunity for conservation of endangered medicinal plants.). Meerut (U. or alcohol. In-vitro regeneration holds tremendous potential for the production of high-quality plant-based medicine. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 INVITED LECTURE APPLICATION OF PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICINAL PLANT R.sengar77@gmail. approximately 80% of the world’s population currently uses herbal medicines directly as teas.P. Although modern synthetic drugs are mostly used in developed countries. According to the World Health Organization (WHO). In-vitro production of secondary metabolites in plant cell suspension cultures has been reported from various medicinal plants. the use of herbal drugs in the western world is well accepted. especially by Agrobacterium rhizogenes induced hairy roots. The biotechnological tools are important to select. This article discusses the applications of biotechnology for regeneration and genetic transformation for enhancement of secondary metabolite production in-vitro from medicinal plants. and Kalpana Sengar Tissue Culture Lab.S. multiply and conserve the critical genotypes of medicinal plants. New Delhi [6] .250 110 Email: rakesh. The use of medicinal plants is increasing worldwide. SVP University of Ag & Technology Modipuram. milk.

In the present study hairy root culture has used as source of explant for regeneration of transformed plants of Picrorhiza kurrooa. Owing to their stable and high productivity. Shoot tip explants of P.National Seminar on “Conservation. respectively). Transformed shoots were obtained after the callus phase. The transformed plants were of similar morphotype having higher number of leaves with increased dentations. This gram negative soil bacterium transfers a DNA segment (TDNA) from its large root-inducing (Ri) plasmid into the genome of the infected plant. There was a significant difference in the frequency of adventitious shoot formation for each hairy root line. Recent progress in the scaling-up of hairy root cultures is making this system an attractive tool for industrial processes.6 µg/g DW and 49. hairy roots have been investigated as a biological system for the production of valuable compounds from medicinal plants. The transformed plants showed positive results in terms of their transformed nature. an important medicinal plant of Himalaya. called hairy roots that emerge at the wounding site. Amount of picrotin and picrotoxinin content was almost similar to A 4 induced hairy roots (8. This T-DNA carries a set of genes that encode enzymes which control auxin and cytokinin biosynthesis. Recent progress allows a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the transfer of T-DNA into plants. and the integration of new genes into hairy roots has opened the way for metabolic engineering. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.kurrooa produced hairy roots in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium after infection by Agrobacterium rhizogenes (Strain A4). Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Hairy roots disease is caused by the infection of wounded higher plants with Agrobacterium rhizogenes. The new hormonal balance induces the formation of proliferating roots. on MS medium supplemented with 10 µM 6-benzyladenine and 5µM αnaphthaleneacetic acid. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 INVITED LECTURE AGROBACTERIUM RHIZOGENES MEDIATED HAIRY ROOT CULTURES: A PROMISING APPROACH FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ACTIVE INGREDIENTS Janhvi Mishra Plant Biotechnology Division. New Delhi [7] . rhizogenes mediated hairy roots produced adventitious shoots when cultured on MS basal medium with various plant growth substances (PGSs) supplementation. Plants derived from hairy roots exhibited prolific rooting and had bigger leaf size. Hairy roots were used as explants to get adventitious shoot formation. hairy roots offer promise for phytoremediation because of their abundant neoplastic root proliferation. PCR and Southern blot analysis revealed that plants derived from hairy roots retained the Ri TL-DNA. hairy root cultures have been investigated for several decades for potential to produce the valuable metabolites that are present in wild type roots. High stability of the production of secondary metabolites is an interesting characteristic of hairy root cultures.8 µg/g DW. highly branched root system and absence of leaf wrinkling. In addition. Phytochemical analysis was carried out to assess the amount of bioactive compounds. These A. Callus formed on hairy root gave rise to adventious shoots at a frequency of up to 80%. The hairy root phenotype is characterized by fast hormone-independent growth. For 25 years. lack of geotropism and lateral branching.

Primary health care usually requires comparatively milder medication and the acceptability of herbal medicines for such conditions is also much more. India is rich in traditional knowledge in treatment of diseases. growth promoters and coccidiosis etc . genetic diversity and habitat diversity. These include the distribution of flora. There is urgent need to document this fast disappearing precious knowledge system. hence. analysis of raw materials for authentication. reproductive disorders.. extractive values. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. In present situation . mastitis. inflammatory diseases. Several factors help in determining the priorities. availability of modern animal health care etc. Siddha and Unani make use of only about 2000 plants in various formulations. In addition we have to keep in mind the global priorities in developing new drugs so as to get a good financial return. which are prioritized by animal scientists such as haemato-protozoan diseases.National Seminar on “Conservation. Hence. Network efforts are required to validated ITks and standardization of developed phyto-pharmaceuticals. the classic systems of medicines like Ayurveda. long term toxicity and adverse reactions may not be noticeable by traditional healers. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 INVITED LECTURE IMPORTANCE OF QUALITY FOR EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF HERBAL DRUGS IN INDIA Ashok Kumar Principal Scientist Central Institute for Research in Goat (ICAR) Makhdoom Farah Mathura UP Interest in medicinal plants as a re-emerging health aid has been fuelled by the rising costs of prescription drugs in the maintenance of human and animal health both . There are some of very important area . foreign matter. heavy metal detection etc. pesticides residue. immuno-stimulation . organoleptic evaluation. it may be first started with preclinical trials to study the important efficacy and safety data before actual clinical trials. It is often stated that prolonged and apparently uneventful use of traditional medicine. All known types of agro climatic and ecologic conditions are met within India. Standardization starting from production of quality materials.000 plants. ectoparastic infestation. marker studies. chromatographic profiles.India is rich in medicinal plant diversity. There is no fixed protocol for validation. wound healing. India is rich in all the three levels of biodiversity-such as species diversity. lack of toxicity and ease of formulation. hence their scientific validation is to be taken up with modern technologies for their acceptance /rejection. The main considerations should be adequate availability or possible cultivation on required scale. In such cases. most of herbal drugs are in market have no scientific standardization for quality control . national or regional disease pattern. New Delhi [8] . is necessary for standardization of drugs. haematinics . there is urgent need that Indian pharmaceuticals have to stress on various standardization processes to establish their products in the global markets. microscopic examination. may be a taken as a proof of safety. bacterial diseases . Out of 17. It is necessary to priorities the thrust areas to obtain the output of research efforts and other resources. helminthic infections.

Agra Department of Mechanical Engineering.Hindustan College of Science and Technology.Agra Department of Physics. Raja Balwant Singh College.S. Raja Balwant Singh College.Farah. The nucleation property of peptides can be used as tool for bottom-up fabrication. triangles and spheres. Manish Dubey1 Department of Botany .National Seminar on “Conservation. New Delhi [9] . Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 INVITED LECTURE ORIGIN OF SILVER NANOMATERIALS BY BIOMOLECULES Seema Bhadauria1. Here we demonstrate the formation of silver nanoparticles in the presence of silver-binding peptides. Agra 1 2 4 The use of biomolecules in the creation of inorganic materials offers an alternative to conventional synthetic methods.Faculty of Engineering and Technology. The peptides serve to reduce the silver ions in the aqueous solution to metallic silver as well as control crystal growth. Examination of the silver nanoparticles by transmission electron microscopy revealed a variety of crystal morphologies such as hexagons.Gaur2. Pankaj Gupta5. Ramvir Singh Chauhan3.Kushwah4. B.Raja Balwant Singh College. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. M.Mathura 3 Department of Physics.S. Biomolecules are currently used to control nucleation and growth of inorganic nanoparticles.

21 %( OPG-09). Ex. thus maximizing the use of such available germplasms as genetic resource materials for breeders. Bundelkhand University. Jhansi-India. Rathore2 1. Genetic diversity. New Delhi [10] .Institute of Basic Sciences. wild accessions formed one cluster and the cultivated accessions formed the other.S. biochemical and molecular marker systems. 2. In the protein patterns. Biochemical and Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analyses were used to access the genetic diversity among five accessions of Withania somnifera L.88% polymorphism. The polymorphism generated by the primers were 84. Identification of specific markers in wild as well as cultivated accessions was performed in the present study. RAPD. Tawseef Mohsin 1And R. Rajdeep kudesia1. Head.K.B.National Seminar on “Conservation. 24 out of 27 peptide bands were found to be polymorphic with 88. In conclusion Withania somnifera showed genetic diversity useful in facilitating development of large number of new varieties through hybridization and transfering of useful genes. 40. UPGMA. Agra. UPGMA Dendrogram obtained from cluster matrix revealed two main clusters. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 INVITED LECTURE ASSESSMENT OF GENETIC DIVERSITY AMONG ACCESSIONS OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA L (DUNAL) THROUGH BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR ANALYSIS. 45. Selected 4 RAPD primers generated 156 DNA fragments. 89 of them were found to be polymorphic. R. College. Molecular markers. Biochemical markers.90 %( OPH-03).5% (OPG-19). Department Of Botany. Department of Botany. Keywords: Withania somnifera. A strong correlation was observed between morphology. (Dunal).S.23 % ( OPC-08) and 62.

Azadirachta indica. Aligarh-202002 Chickpea. incognita with gradual increase in plant growth parameters. MELOIDOGYNE INCOGNITA AFFECTING CHICKPEA. Ashraf Ganai. Chickpea infected with root.knot nematode has been reported in various states of India. Azadirachta indica was found to be most effective followed by Melia azedarach. Aligarh Muslim University. Usman A. Ricicinus communis in reducing infestation caused by M.Fabaceae. This crop is highly vulnerable to plant parasitic nematodes especially with Meloidogyne spp. or root knot nematodes. A glasshouse experiment was conducted to control root-knot nematode.National Seminar on “Conservation. Mohd. Melia azedarach. Increase in yield was observed with increase in concentration of each respective extract.76 mt (as per record 2010). New Delhi [11] . is an edible legume of Family. Cicer arietinum L. 40%. Ricinus communis at different concentrations 20%. and Mansoor A. It is chief source of proteins of millions of vegetarian population. A HIGHLY PROTEINACIOUS CROP Bushra Rehman1. Kavita Parihar.. incognita. This experiment assure for the promising enhancement of chickpea yield. Aqueous extracts of 100g leaves of different plants viz. Meloidogyne incognita 1000 (J2) second stage juvenile per kg of soil affecting chickpea variety ‘Avarodhi’. leprosy and other skin diseases.66 million tons (mt) from 14. Seeds of chickpea are used in diabetes. 80% and 100% per kg of soil were used to control the activity of (J2) of Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood. Siddiqui Section of Plant Pathology and Plant Nematology Department of Botany. This crop has an advantage over other crops with an ability to fix free atmospheric nitrogen and thus reduces the cost of soil fertilizers. This year total pulse production goes down to 14. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 MANAGEMENT OF ROOT KNOT NEMATODE. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. All concentrations showed lethal effect on M.

Tyagi1. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Bichpuri. R.).National Seminar on “Conservation. Degree College Abidgarh Agra (U.168846 and Rs.S.B.S. Jaspal Singh2. cultivation of MAPs has now become popular and economically viable proposition.78 and Rs. natural source of raw material for industrial products offer a great scope to achieve net higher returns. 297286 being about Rs. Agra (U. With ever increasing demand of natural products in food.P) 4 Research Scholar. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 ECONOMIC POTENTIAL OF MEDICINAL PLANT ‘SAFED MOOSALI’– A NEW DIMENSION FOR CROP ENTERPRISE D. although the cultivation of safed moosali is very expensive accounted for overall per hectare cost of cultivation of Rs. pharmaceutical.1.B.V. flavour and cosmetic industries. The study reveals. perfumery.P.S.372294 on small and medium farms respectively but provide the net returns of Rs. Jhansi Medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs). Buldelkhand University. 2. 2 CCS. Singh3 and Dhiraj Mohan Singhal4 Shri M. Safed moosali is one of the important MAPs which can be grown successfully in the agro-climatic conditions of Rajasthan and has been gain popularity among the farmers because of high returns as compared to any other field crop. New Delhi [12] . Bichpuri. Agra (U. College. D.15 for the investment of each rupee by the small and medium farmer. R. College. The present study highlights per hectare cost and returns from the cultivation of safed moosali on the farms of different sizes.B.P) 3 CCS.

The combined use of flavonoids with artemisinins might increase effectiveness of artemisinins. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. falciparum. also present in the tea. Agra KVS Institute of Engineering & Technology. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 COMPOUNDS ISOLATED FROM ARTEMISIA ANNUA AS POTENTIAL ANTIMALARIALS Mohd. New Delhi [13] . sulfadoxine. The whole family is recognized as a rich source of terpenes and artemisinin is certainly a distinguished example of an important sesquiterpene found in A. Faculty of Engg. although artemisinin has also been found in small concentrations in A. Every year there are more than 500 million clinical cases of malaria and several millions of them are children. called falciparum malaria. and lumefantrine. Phytomolecules and their derivatives are currently used as ligends against various targets in parasite to circumvent problem of malaria. apiacea and A. The malaria parasite has developed resistance to most available antimalarial drugs. Emerging drug resistance and the lack of a functioning vaccine are two main reasons behind the failure to control and eradicate the disease. UP. Among these. Several compounds derived from plants (phytomolecules) have been found to be very important antimalarials. Leaf flavonoids. but the genus is also a rich source of hydroxylated and methoxylated flavonoids. & Technology R.B. lancea. have shown a variety of biological activities and may synergize the effects of artemisinin against malaria and Cancer. Bichpuri. annua. Dharmendrapal Singh2 Department of Biotechnology. College. falciparum. The four species of Plasmodium are responsible for different forms of malaria.S. India Malaria is still one of the most widespread and lethal diseases in the world. rapidly killing all asexual stages of P.National Seminar on “Conservation. Plasmodium falciparum causes the most fatal form of malaria. recommended by the WHO. would still be needed to circumvent malaria recrudescence issues. Artemisia annua (Asteraceae) is one of over 300 species of the genus Artemisia and the major source of artemisinin. affecting the tropical parts of the globe. Tabish Qidwai1*. but the combination of artemisinins with pyrimethamine. Artemisinin was found to be a potent antimalarial drug against P. Artemisinins are most potent antimalarials available.

now successfully grown in Gwalior region. Agra. Jain College Gwalior. New Delhi [14] . The plantlets were collected from Dayalbagh Educational Institute. The plant can easily grow in local gardens with proper drainage.National Seminar on “Conservation. India Artemissia annua (Sweet worm wood) which is native of temperate Asia. These plantlets were settled in the garden soil rich in organic fertilizer. It is also used to treat some breast cancer cells. heat and cold. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 CULTIVATION OF ARTEMISSIA ANNUA IN GWALIOR (MADHYA PRADESH) Abhishek Kumar Dwivedi . Soil moisture was maintained by proper drainage. It has an active ingredient Artemisinin. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. which is a sesquiterpene lactone used in antimalarial drug. It has camphor like scent and successfully used in parasite treatment. It is considered as ten times effective than any other drug used against malaria. This exercise is considering most useful issue so that the Artemissia annua plant can be available to all in their kitchen gardens. The plant requires five to six months for proper growth. Supply of organic fertilizer was maintained in springs. The plant can tolerate draught. Artemissia tea which is prepared from Artemissia annua leaves is effective in treating malaria. some forms of prostate cancer and leukemia. The plantlets were planted 20 inch apart from each other.474001.Garima Bartariya and Pragati Sani Department of Life Science. The people suffering from malaria can get good result by a descent cup of Artemissia tea. Best growth was observed in fully sunlight exposed plants.

Neeraj Sharma2. Khandari Campus Agra Dr. fuel.R. B. and Rajendra Sharma1 1 Department of Botany. Bamboo manna used for respiratory diuretic and many other diseases. how the vegetative growth of Bambusa arundinacea can be influenced by applying various plants growth regulators IAA. feed and house constructions but it also has medicinal properties. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.Agnihotri1. GA3.National Seminar on “Conservation. An experiment was undertaken with an objective to determine. However.com Bambusa arundinacea is economically important herb and distributed throughout the moist part of India. Aniat Ul Haq1. New Delhi [15] .K. R. Bamboos are used in Chinese medicine for treating infections and healing. IBA. Important uses of bamboos include paper. pulp industry. School of Life Sciences. Bambusa arundinacea is the source of bamboo manna (tabashir).N. Two concentrations of PGRs (10µm and 100µm) were used.Cytokinin exogenously. food. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 INFLUENCE OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS ON THE VEGETATIVE GROWTH OF BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA: (AN ECONOMICAL HERB) Rashmi Vamil1. Both concentrations (10µm and 100µm) of all PGRs enhanced the shoot growth. Ambedkar University Agra-282002 2 Department of microbiology S. Medical College Agra Email id: rashmivamil85@gmail. 10µm concentrations of GA3 showed better results. Plant growth regulators are the chemical compounds which enhance the plant growth when applied in very minute quantity.

which promotes plant growth when sprayed on plants in its irradiated (depolymerized) form. M. M.202 002. Foliar spray of ISA significantly enhanced the growth. Khan2. 120 ppm of ISA also increased the seed yield and crude opium per plant by 83% and 41%. Masroor A. Sodium alginate is natural polysaccharide.National Seminar on “Conservation. Department of Botany. respectively. The highest applied dose (120 ppm of ISA) proved the best for most of the parameters studied. Sodium alginate was irradiated using Co-60 gamma rays at 520 kGy. KHAN2. YIELD AND ALKALOID PRODUCTION IN OPIUM POPPY (PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM L. Aligarh. Aligarh. 100 and 120 ppm). 60. Aligarh Muslim University. New Delhi [16] . M. 40. Idrees2. physiological and biochemical parameters as compared to the control. India 2 Plant Physiology Section. Naeem2 and Tariq Aftab2 Botany Section. thebaine. papaverine and noscapine. Women’s College. Zeba H.3%. HPLC analysis of opium latex (crude opium) revealed that application of 120 ppm of ISA increased the content of morphine by 54. and activity of NR and CA by 32 and 28%. ISA was sprayed on the foliage of plants at different concentrations (20. respectively. 80. Aligarh Muslim University.) Moinuddin1.) is a significant medicinal plant that produces medicinally important alkaloids such as morphine. while that of codeine was just doubled. codeine. It increased the total content of chlorophyll and carotenoids by 43 and 31%.202 002. 1 Sponsored by University Grants Commission. India Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L. A pot experiment was conducted at Aligarh in the natural conditions of net house to explore the effect irradiated sodium alginate (ISA) on physiological and biochemical attributes of opium poppy. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 IRRADIATED SODIUM ALGINATE ENHANCES THE GROWTH. Control plants were sprayed with distilled water.

Sponsored by University Grants Commission. an experiment was carried out in the Net house of the Department of Botany. Aligarh-202 002. 10-4 M). Zeba Haque Physiology Section. fresh and dry weights). Department of Botany. Aligarh. Aligarh Muslim University. On the basis of data obtained from the present work. A foliar spray of TRIA at 10-6 M significantly enhanced growth (shoot and root lengths. and Aligarh. & ‘b’ total chlorophyll. Khan. physiological and biochemical (Chlorophyll ‘a’. the second and third sprays were applied one and two weeks later. U. AMU. M. nitrate reductase activity. Keeping the medicinal as well as economical importance of this herb in mind. is of high value medicinal and essential oil bearing crop which is used in pharmaceutical. number of fruits per umbel.P.National Seminar on “Conservation. 10-6. it may be concluded that foliar spray of TRIA at 10-6 M is highly effective for growth with increased essential oil yield and active constituent of fennel. The first spray was carried out at 40 days after sowing (DAS). Aligarh Muslim University. New Delhi [17] .) Nadeem Hashmi*.6 – 6. food and cosmetic industries. Masroor A. leaf nitrogen and leaf phosphorus content except leaf potassium content) attributes. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 TRIACONTANOL INFLUENCES PHYSIOLOGICAL. YIELD AND ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS OF FENNEL (FOENICULUM VULGARE MILL. Plants were sprayed three times with deionised water (control) and three concentrations of TRIA (10-8. and fenchone (3.3%). Among the treatments. carbonic anhydrase activity. BIOCHEMICAL ACTIVITIES. 100-seed weight and seed yield) including the essential oil yield and active constituents of fennel.The experiment was arranged in a randomized block design with four replications under the greenhouse condition. Department of Botany. 202 002 India Physiology Section.. yield attributes (number of umbels per plant.GLC analysis revealed the major constituents of EO of fennel were trans-anethole (70%). India Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) belongs to family Apiaceae.

It was found that modified medium i. Govt. phycocyanin etc.e.9.a and other accessory pigments i. subtropical and temperate regions for use in human food. Singh and Navdeep S. Cow Dung Ash Extract supplemented with CFTRI medium shows great potential for cultivating Spirulina platensis. vitamin B12. P. Raj. phycocyanin.carotene and essential fatty acids like gamma linolenic acid. β. U. Dunger College Bikaner.0. Agra-282002.e. Harvesting was done after 28 days of inoculation and growth was measured in terms of Chlorophyll. Bains Department of Botany. Spirulina platensis has been cultivated for mass production in many countries in tropic. New Delhi [18] .e. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. carotenoids and phycobliproteins i. Photosynthetic cyanobacterium. minerals. It was found that the Spirulina platensis grown in CFTRI medium have high growth and biopigment (Chlorophyll-a. Spirulina platensis grown in Cow dung ash extract in different concentrations from 10% to 50% in triplicates at pH. G. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 CULTURE AND GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF SPIRULINA PLATENSIS IN COW DUNG ASH EXTACT AT DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS TO MINIMIZE PRODUCTION COST Mohammad Yasin Sofi. light intensity 1700 Klux and temperature 35oC under 12/12 light dark period. It is one of the most prominent microalgae for the extraction of valuable pigments such as. St. animal feed and for colorimetric use.carotene. allophycocyanin and phycoerythrin) concentration in comparison to prescribed medium. John’s College.National Seminar on “Conservation. Department of Botany.P. β. carotenoids and Phycobiliproteins. It is rich source of proteins. Samuel G.

New Delhi [19] .P. Narmada P. College. The Panchmarhi Biosphere reserve occupies the major portion of Hoshangabad District.The treatment pot(T6) showed 65% better yield of tuber than control. Six types of experimental pots were prepared where T1 was kept as control and five others were treated by different category of fertilizers (T2-Chemical fertilizers. number of branches and number of tubers per plant from other fertilizers treated plants. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANTS OF HOSHANGABAD DISTRICT Ravi Upadhyay. Besides.National Seminar on “Conservation.) *Retired Scientist CDRI.G.in Hoshangabad has the privilege of being one of the biodiversity rich regions of India.co. Dheeraj Mohan Singhal Uttam Institute of Science and Management.N. T5 and T6. Lucknow. Mehrotra* Department of Botany Govt. and the species exploited and their status in the forest region.FYM supplemented with chemical fertilizers and vermicompost supplemented with chemical fertilizer respectively). Sharad Trivedi Upadhyay & N. The present paper reports the potential of medicinal plants available in this district along with their regions of availability and cultivation. vermicompost supplemented with N. (M. T3-Farm Yard Manure (FYM). Agra An experiment was conducted using chemical fertilizers and vermicompost having equal concentration of nutrients to determine their impact on different growth parameters of potato plants. T4-Vermicompost. Email-drru12000@yahoo.P.K treated pots (T5) showed better results with regard to fresh weight of leaves. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The paper also reports the state of art report on procurement and trade of medicinal plants from this region. THE EFFECT OF VERMICOMPOST AND CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS ON CULTIVATION OF POTATO PLANTS Deveshwari Singh. Hoshangabad.

B. School of Life Science. economical. Naresh Dixit & Rajendra Sharma Department of Botany.0 μM BAP + 2. commercial and academic value. In view of all above consideration. Therefore. Dr. Many medicinal plants are facing extinction. Non-edible oil used in making biodiesel. the current investigation has been undertaken for improvement in the in vitro shoot establishment of plant using different phytohormones. Maximum callusing was recorded in 2. Agra Salvadora oleoides decne commonly known as pilu.00 μM BAP and 1. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.0 μM IAA. there is a great extinction risk to much medicinal plant and obviously the loss of genetic diversity. therefore. it can be used in erosion control.R. which is used in rheumatic pain and often in child birth. Salvadora oleoides is also seeking attraction of various researchers due to the presence of abnormal or anomalous secondary growth in the stem. Agnihotri.K. Ambedkar University. New Delhi [20] . Plant tissue culture is very potential technique for quick large scale multiplication of existing stock of germplasm and for the conservation of commercially or medicinally important rare plant. Multiple shoot induction was obtained in the MS medium supplemented with different concentration of BAP + NAA. Most of the medicinal plant either don't produce seeds or the seeds are too small & don't germinate in soil.0 μM NAA. β . Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 IMPROVED IN VITRO SHOOT MULTIPLICATION OF SALVADORA OLEOIDES DECNE: A RARE MEDICINAL PLANT OF AGRA REGION Roshita Shrivastava. Maximum percentage of response was observed in 5. is a important plant having high medicinal. R. This plant is highly salt tolerant and grows in coastal region and on inland saline soil. The market and public demand has been so great. This plant contains alkaloids.sitosterol and elementally monoclinic sulfur. Green oil obtained from the seeds of Salvadora. Callus induction was also made for large scale production of elite plants for industrial purpose. There is a growing need to preserve these plants either in vivo or in vitro. which is very important material for plant anatomy in the laboratory practicals. trimethyl amine. Seed cake could be used as a rich organic fertilizer in place of chemical fertilizer.National Seminar on “Conservation.

Sana choudhary. early maturing etc. A. EFFECT OF WASTEWATER AND NPK APPLICATION ON GROWTH RESPONSE OF WHITE MUSTARD (SYNAPSIS ALBA L. Aligarh. New Delhi [21] . Sponsored by University Grants Commission.National Seminar on “Conservation.05. phosphorus and potassium fertilizer with wastewater treatment and was compared to groundwater (control). Evaluation of data reveals that all parameters significantly increased in wastewater treatment with N80P30K30fertilization in comparison to groundwater treatment. Growth parameters such as shoot and root length. shoot and root fresh weight. Induced mutations are useful not only for cultivar development but also as research tools for basic studies since they provide unselected variability by nature and man. The different variants obtained such as high yielding. For the experiment nitrogen. shoot and root dry weight were significant at p<0. tall variant. Thus it was concluded that wastewater application may decrease the fresh water scarcity and environmental pollution by use of wastewater in agriculture. This mutagenesis programme aimed at developing plant types and cultivars suited to sustainable agriculture. seeds/pod. AkhtarInam. Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (an alkylating agent) is used in different concentration to create variation in the genotype of Lens culinaris. days to maturity. are useful for the development of new promising genotype. ArifInam. days to flowering. Aligarh. Aligarh 202002 Induced mutations are useful to create variations in a particular genotype without affecting the environment.) Seema Sahay. 30 P kg/hac and 30 K kg/hac respectively was taken into experimental pots. pods/plant.202002 In the present study a pot experiment was carried out to observe and evaluate the growth parameters of Synapsis alba L. Khan. Department of Botany AMU. Rumana Aslam. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 IMPROVEMENT OF AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF LENTIL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT BY INDUCED MUTATION *Irfana Haneef. Cytogenetics and Mutation Breeding Laboratory. plant height. under the effect of nitrogen. Muslim University. Saba Iqbal Plant Physiology Laboratory. The result of M1 generation showed that lower concentrations of mutagenic treatment exhibited stimulatory effects on mean values of various agronomics traits i. 100-seed weight and yield/plant. branches/plant.H. phosphorus and potassium combination with soil 80 N kg/hac.e.

Cyandan dectylon. Ashish Tejasvi and Shyam Govind Singh Department of Botany. Agra Human have been fighting against a variety of diseases since prehistoric periods.P revealed that the local community and traditional doctors called Baidhya have been using different parts of plants for the treatment of 20 different diseases viz.P India. Tribal in this northern District of U. burns.National Seminar on “Conservation. A survey in Firozabad District has been done for documented ethanomedicianl plants. asthma. fuel. diabetes. Heteropogan Contortus and Imperata Cylindrica are generally used as a medicines for the cure of some intestinal diseases and ulcers.L Degree College Mathura U. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. dysentery. Rhododendran arboretum. Biotic stresses like grazers. fodder. soil erosion and fire affects drastically the cultivation of these medicinal plants. which is used for various diseases. Nitin mittal Department of Botany S. dandruff. pleasant winter and general dryness except during rainy season. This study is very useful for those who working with herbal plants. New Delhi [22] . medicine etc. fever. cold. Chrysopogan montanus. Arundinella nepalensis.440 species of plants. The study area selected in Firozabad lies between 27°00’ and 27°24’ north latitude and 77°66’ and 70°04’ east longitude. diuretic. cough.B. diarrhea. Sesamum indicum (Til). Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF BIOTIC STRESSES ON THE CULTIVATION OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS OF GARHWAL HIMALAYAN REGION Anuradha Negi.P. The Garhwal Himalayan region have a wide range of herbal products as this region supports approximately 18. For health care species like Aconitum atrox. U. Agra College. carried out the survey in remote villages of District Firozabad to identify the common and cultivated medicinal plants of Fabaceae and their utilization. The climate of Firozabad is characterized by hot summer.P. in east by Etawah and Mainipuri. The important plants of Fabaceae have been reported. It is bounded in north by Etah district. which tries to resist the effect of the diseases. Eventually he developed an indigenous pattern of medicines. Ethno botanical study of family Fabaceae in Firozabad district of U. The Himalayan people have close relationship with nature for their basic needs such as food. in south by Yamuna River and in the west by Agra district. hepatitis.. ETHNOMEDICINAL STUDIES OF FAMILY FABACEAE IN FIROZABAD DISTRICT. Curcuma domestica (Haldi) for cuts and burns.

weitherhin). diterpenes.01 mg/disk. At 1 and 0. and eugenol. trans-cinnamic acid.. New Delhi [23] . rheumatism. kidney stone. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Manish Dubey. Department of Botany R. vomiting. The constituents of cinnamon are volatile oil (Cinnamaldehyde.g. malaria. Staphylococcus aureus & Escherichia coli. In a test using 1 and 0. cinnamaldehyde revealed potent inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus & Escherichia coli. anodyne and cytotoxic effects. These results may be an indication of at least one of the pharmacological actions of C. anesthetic. swelling.B. tetracycline and chloramphenicol significantly inhibited growth of all test bacteria as low as 0. whereas weak or no inhibitory activity was obtained against Staphylococcus aureus & Escherichia coli.National Seminar on “Conservation.5 mg/disks. proanthocyanidins and posses antioxidant actions which may prove beneficial against free radical damage to cell membranes. The strains that showed resistance against the maximum number of antibiotics tested were selected for an antibacterial assay.S. In contrast. Cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia) were analyzed for determination of antibacterial activity against pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus & Escherichia coli. Cinnamaldehyde and cinnamon oil vapors are potent anti-bactirial compounds. EVALUATION OF EXTRACTS OF CINNAMOMUM CASSIA FOR POTENTIAL ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Kapil Kumar.This study concludes that Cinnamomum cassia may be effective in reducing the number or preventing the growth of pathogenic bacterial flora e. Salicylaldehyde exhibited moderate growth-inhibiting activity. worm and wounds. mucilage. Eugenol exhibits the antiseptic. eugenol. growth of was significantly inhibited. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 jaundice. but little or no inhibition was observed from treatments with cinnamyl alcohol. Cinnamic acid. cassia bark . College Agra. scabies. Seema Bhadauria Microbiology Research Laboratory. India The present effort was made to evaluate the antibacterial activity of bark extract of Cinnamomum cassia against human pathogens.5 mg/disk.

Tinospora cordifolia (L. (P. Ex DC.202001 The ability of human beings to exploit natural resources to its advantages has been the main factor that made humans the most successful organism in the planet. By trial and error. Ocimum tenniflorum L.) Nees.) R.) and cold. human communities have developed knowledge and practices for utilizing the bioresources. Musa sapientum L.. Musa sapientum L. Barleria prionitis L. Melilotus indica (L..).S.f. Bronchitis (Ocimum tenniflorum L.K. Salvia plebeia R.) College.Br... Bombax ceiba L.) Del.207001 ** D.National Seminar on “Conservation.. RAJASTHAN Shailendra Kumar* and A.N.Br.S. Aligarh.. Etah. Psidium guajava L. Croton bonplandianus Baill. It has been nourished and nurtured by the community and freely exchanged among the communities for generations. Martynia annua L..) Merr. New Delhi [24] . Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. Justicia adhatoda L. Croton bonplandianus Baill... Rungia repens (L. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.. Chauhan.) Wight & Arn. Solanum surattense Burm. cough and whooping cough (Acacia nilotica (L.** *J. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 SOME TRADITIONAL HERBAL REMEDIES USED BY LOCAL INHABITANTS IN BHARATPUR DISTRICT.) Chiov. Pergularia daemia (Forsk. Such knowledge and practices are known as traditional knowledge.L.) All.) and Coronopus didymus to kill and remove the germs from wound.. Tinospora cordifolia (L... College. The present paper includes 20 angiospermic plants used by local inhabitants tradionallly in the treatment of asthma (Datura metel L.. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.G.) Merr.. Calotropis procera (Ait. experimentation and even by intuitive methods..

Plant based antimicrobials have enormous therapeutic potential as they can serve the purpose with lesser side effects that are often associated with synthetic exploration of plant derived antimicrobials. It can be concluded the plant species is found to be more antifungal at its higher concentration.42% inhibition in the mycelia weight of Trichophyton mentagrophytes and 58. A maximum of 71. John’s College. saponins. phenols. however the lower concentration also shows promising results. St. New Delhi [25] . flavoinoids.National Seminar on “Conservation. Results obtained revealed that the maximum number of phytocompounds were found to be present in the n-hexane extract. Javid Iqbal Pandith and B. terpenoids and steroids etc for its application in modern system of medicine. Whereas a minimum of 42. and showed the presence of eight phytocompounds among nine tested and the least four phytocompounds were found in aqueous extract. tannins. glycosides. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIDERMATOPHYTIC ACTIVITY OF ECLIPTA ALBA L. Agra. was taken for studying the presence of active principles like alkaloids. anthraquinones. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. U.88% inhibition in the mycelia growth of Tricophyton mentagrophytes and Microsporum gypseum at 2:5 concentration ratios has further being observed respectively. In the present study Eclipta alba.85 and 34. Geetha Singh Department of Botany.P.13% inhibition to Microsporum gypseum at 2:5 concentration ratios has been observed. The potential for developing antimicrobials from plants appear rewarding as it will lead to the development of a phytomedicine to act against microbes.

Biosynthesis of nanoparticles by plant extracts is currently under exploitation. the mechanism of bactericidal actions of silver nanoparticles is still not well understood. hydrothermal method. diagnostic biological probes and display devices. However. R.B. silver (soft acid) has a greater tendency to react with sulfur. Agra. RS or PR3. Thus. Microbiology Research Laboratory. SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) with Energy Differection Patern (EDX) and Transmition electron microscopy (TEM). XRD (Xray diffraction). such as R-S-R. Department of Health Research & Director General ICMR. in particular Ag. Among the above four.. Nanoparticles are being viewed as fundamental building blocks of nanotechnology. Metal nanoparticles have tremendous applications in the area of catalysis. College.R. Pt. bio-based protocol etc. Agra. In the present study we report that a excellent antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticle against Grampositive and Gram-negative bacterial strains by zone of inhibition method. chemical precipitation.M. Among the various methods like sol-process. optoelectronics.S. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF NANOSILVER SYNTHESIS BY GREEN EXTRACT OF MEDICINAL PLANTS Manish Dubey1.National Seminar on “Conservation. micelle. India. B. R-SH. New Delhi. Khandhari campus. Dr. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The most important and distinct property of nanoparticles is that they exhibit larger surface area to volume ratio. Secretary to Govt. India. New Delhi [26] .K. Ambedkar University. R. SEM imaging studies revealed that silver nanoparticles physically damaged the bacterial cell and ultimately led to cell death. 2. School of Life Sciences. pyrolysis. India 3. Au and Pd. The bioreduction behaviour of various plant leaf extracts in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles was investigated employing UV/Visible spectrophotometry. Department of Botany.or phosphorus-containing soft bases. of India. chemical vapour deposition.Katoch3 1. Seema Bhadauria1. Gautam2 and V. sulfur-containing proteins in the membrane or inside the cells and phosphoruscontaining elements like DNA are likely to be the preferential sites for silver nanoparticle binding. silver nanoparticles play a significant role in the field of biology and medicine. sol-gel process. In a previous report. biobased protocol is the most important and eco-friendly production method. The most effectively studied nanoparticles today are those made from noble metals.

S.5. of tillers per plant and dry matter recorded significantly higher in RSC 5 and 2. respectively. Singh and S. 7. plant height. The experimental soil was sandy loam having pH 8. Shefali Poonia Department of Botany. The oil content (%) and oil yield kg/ha was recorded at 0. Tomatoes constitute an important agricultural crop and are an integral part of the human diet.9 lg/ha in RSC 5 and 2. including a decrease in the percentage of household income spent on food and an increase in food quality. Agra during 2009-10 and 2010-11. The experiment comprising five levels of RSC i.e.K.5 and 10 me/l. Meerut. Bichpuri.5 me/l compared with control (no RSC).5 and 10 me/l was conducted in randomized block design with four replications.32%.5 me/l. EFFECT OF RSC OF IRRIGATION WATER ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF LEMON GRASS.2 and organic carbon 0. Manoj Pratap Singh. control 2. New Delhi [27] .5 me/l and oil production 72.S. Chauhan Department Of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science R. College. The results revealed that the all growth characteristics i.B. A. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.61 in RSC 5 and 2.64 and 0. They are the second most consumed vegetable after potatoes.1.e. College. Effect of different concentrations of endosulfan on different varieties of tomato was determined by comparing the growth of tomato plant grown under controlled supervised field trials. D.National Seminar on “Conservation. 5. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF PESTICIDE TREATMENT ON GROWTH OF TOMATO Manisha Gautam. College.7 and 78. ECe 2. The other treatments reduced the yield in application of RSC water 4 7. A field experiment was conducted at the experimental Research farm R. E-mail: gautammanisha06@gmail. Bichpuri. Agra-283105.B. N.com Pesticide use in agriculture in the second half of last century has produced certain benefits. no.P.

skin and beauty care massages. The emergence of this concept lead to the development of health resorts or beauty farms in India. R. These centers are offering cure against many diseases. However. 09027741544 Plants/herbs are the sources of medicine from the very ancient times. B. New Delhi [28] . People are increasingly coming under this practice of treatment and getting positive solutions in an effective way.com. which resulted to emergence of ‘a new form of Ayurveda’.National Seminar on “Conservation. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 AYURVEDIC (HERBAL) HEALTHCARE OPPORTUNITIES AND TOURISM PROMOTION. that emphasis on more adequate practices of healing and attention to wellness and spirituality.kasibtz73@gmail. refinement and transformation practices. yoga and meditation classes. Agra. It also brings on the comparison of India with US and UK with respect to the treatment procedure costs. institutional. In India it has been under practice since Vedic period and is fast growing tourism factors in India. Ayurveda treatment is one of the oldest forms of remedies. social and political reasons. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. E-mail: lone.INDIAN PERSPECTIVE Altaf Ahmad Lone Institute of Tourism & Hotel Management. This paper focus on the available medicinal treatments and procedures for which oversea patients pursue ‘Medical Tourism’ in India. Dr. Ambedkar University. and more. the old practices have been reconfigured due to various cultural.

Hisamuddin And Merajul Islam Robab Department of Botany Aligarh Muslim University. In the sample of carrot four pesticides. Institute of Basic Sciences. dry weight of shoot . Multiclass pesticide residues. monocrotophos and chlorpyriphos have been extracted in carrot (Daucus carota) and turnip (Brassica rapa) vegatables by using gas liquid chromatography. The concentration of the detected pesticides were well below the maximum residue limit ( MRL) values but continuous consumption of such vegetables even with moderate contamination level can accumulate in the receptor’s body and may prove fatal for human in the long term. Aligarh -202002 Email: daniaahmed7@gmail. Agra. EFFECT OF PAECILOMYCES LILACINUS AND TRICHODERMA SPP. ON MACROPHOMINA PHASEOLINA INFECTING ANTIRRHINUM MAJUS Dania Ahmed. fresh weight of shoot . Trichoderma viride and Paecilomyces lilacinus improved the plant growth parameters and suppressed infection caused by M.dry weight root and chlorophyll contents. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EXTRACTION OF MULTICLASS PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN CARROT (DAUCUS CAROTA) AND TURNIP (BRASSICA RAPA) VEGETABLES Devendra Kumar*. cypermethrin. **Neelam College of Engineering and Technology. Application of all the three biocontrol agents Trichoderma harzianum. endosulphan. phaseolina. The concentrations of the detected pesticides were determined from the area of the peaks.R. root length.National Seminar on “Conservation. Dr. Ambedkar University. B. Khandari.com An efficacy test of Trichoderma spp and Paecilomyces lilacinus was conducted against root rot fungus Macrophomina phaseolina on Antirrhinum majus (dogflower) .In the absence of biocontrol agents there was a reduction in growth parameters viz. shoot length. monocrotophos and chlorpyriphos and in turnip two pesticides endosulphan and cypermethrin were detected. Agra-282002. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. New Delhi [29] . cypermethrin.fresh weight of root. endosulphan. Neelam** and Virendra Pal Singh** Department of Chemistry. viz.

com A pot experiment was conducted during winter season of 2009-2010 in the net house of the department of Botany. Department of Botany. and nitrate reductase activity. 100ppm. Wastewater irrigation resulted significant increase in plant fresh weight and dry weight. chlorophyll content. The pots were filled with 2. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 BALANCE USE OF PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZER IN INCREASING THE GROWTH AND PHYSIOLOGY OF CHILLI IRRIGATED WITH WASTEWATER Sayma Samreen. EFFECT OF VARIOUS CONCENTRATIONS OF NAA ON SEEDLING GROWTH OF COWPEA AND CLUSTER BEAN IN SALINE CONDITION Neha Sharma and Udai pal Singh Department of Seed Technology. Thus it may be concluded that wastewater reduce the demand of fertilizers and it may be used profitably for the cultivation of chilli.U. Out of all tested varieties only variety Kamini of Cluster bean could be rated as salinity tolerant as treated with 50ppm NAA. Agra A pot experiment was conducted to assess the germination percentage of Cowpea (Variety – Ammul . Aligarh Email: samreensayma@gmail. Crop was supplemented with four basal doses of phosphorus with the rates of 0. 150ppm and 200ppm in saline condition. 60 and 75kgPha1 with a uniform basal doses of nitrogen and potassium with the rates of 60kgNha1 and 50kgKha1 respectively.M.National Seminar on “Conservation.51) and cluster bean (varieties Moco and Kamini) at different levels of growth regulator NAA as 50ppm. There was 24 treatments and were replicated three times. Aligarh to study the comparative effect of wastewater and groundwater on the physico-morphological characteristics of chilli cv. The results revealed that the percentage germination was delayed and declined with increasing levels of NAA. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.3 pH. Among phosphorus doses P60 along with wastewater proved best for growth and physiology. R. S. A. College. leaf area and leaf number. Arif Inam Environmental and Plant Physiology Section.U. Data recorded at 30 and 60 days after sowing. A. Saba Iqbal. 45. New Delhi [30] . B. Pusa Jawala. shoot and root length.M.0 kg of saline soil having 8.

The data recorded 30. A. to study the comparative effect of wastewater and groundwater and three different rates of nitrogen (0. being well within the permissible limit. A. Most of the growth parameters increases from first to last sampling stage but physiological parameters were slightly decrease from 60 to 90 DAS. 60 and 90 DAS. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. shoot and root dry weight.iqbal5067@gmail. 30. Aligarh Email: Saba. Wastewater irrigation resulted significance increase in shoot and root length.com A pot experiment was conducted during khareef season of 2008 in net house of Plant Physiology. Among the nitrogen doses N30 along with wastewater proved best for the growth physiology and yield. and 60 kgha1) along with a constant dose of phosphorus (60kgha1) and potash (50kgha1) on growth photosynthesis and yield of chilli cv. Arif Inam and Seema Sahay Environmental and Plant Physiology Section. Wastewater met the irrigational characteristics. Aligarh Muslim University. Thus it may be concluded that wastewater reduced the demand of fertilizers and it may be used profitably for the cultivation of chilli. chlorophyll. Department of Botany. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF WASTEWATER IRRIGATION AND NITROGEN RATES ON GROWTH PHYSIOLOGY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF CHILLI (CAPSICUM ANNUUM L. Pusa jawala.U. fruit length and yield.U.) Saba Iqbal. New Delhi [31] . shoot and root fresh weight.M. water use efficiency. department of botany. photosynthetic rate. stomatal conductance.National Seminar on “Conservation. fresh and dry weight of single fruit.M.

Fresh chopped leaves were mixed with soil before inoculation of bottle gourd with second stage juveniles (J2s) of M. is one of the practical approaches for sustainable management of root-knot nematode. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 NEMATICIDAL POTENTIAL OF ORGANIC ADDITIVES FOR THE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE MELOIDOGYNE JAVANICA IN BOTTLE GOURD Kavita Parihar1.. diuretic. Molina Standl.javanica. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.plant parts can reduce root-knot diseases.) Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria.Thus. under glasshouse conditions. the use of organic additives viz. antioxidant. nematode multiplication and enhance the plant growth. belongs to family Cucurbitaceae is a popular vegetable grown almost all the year around and having medicinal value. Most of these losses are attributed by genus Meloidogyne spp. Bushra Rehman. New Delhi [32] . the antagonistic effect of organic additives on infection of bottle gourd caused by Meloidogyne javanica. fresh weight and chlorophyll content. Aligarh (U. length. Aligarh Muslim University. being a good substitute of hazardous pesticides. Parthenium hysterophorus and Withania somnifera were also effective and significantly reduced the root-knot development as compared to control.. the other plant species viz. Ashraf Ganai and Mansoor A. the objective of study was to evaluate. antibilious in curing various diseases.P. However.. The pulp of the fruit is considered emetic. The use of organic additives.javanica and increased plant growth parameters viz. Lantana camara. Soil treated with Datura stramonium (100g) leaves were found most effective in reducing the reproductive potential of populations of M. Argemone mexicana.National Seminar on “Conservation. Chemical control of nematodes is often used but it is a costly method and most of the nematicides withdrawn from the market in lieu of environmental risk. purgative. Therefore. Mohd. Siddiqui Section of Plant Pathology and Plant Nematology Department of Botany. immunomodulatory and cardio tonic agent and works as coolant. Plant parasitizing nematodes are attack on bottle gourd and causes huge yield losses.

KEETHAM (AGRA) Devendra Pal Singh L. (ROOT AND LEAF) FRACTIONS AGAINST ESCHERICHIA COLI Renu Verma and Ashish Rawat Department of Botany. R. The whole plant contains a number of medicinally important compounds. structure and use of medicinal plant were known earlier as the time of the Vedas. The aqueous and methanol extracts showed maximum antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli. It has a variety of medicinal plants like herbs shrubs and trees.National Seminar on “Conservation. Agra (UP) Cichorium intybus L. DIVERSITY IN MEDICINAL PLANTS IN SUR SAROVAR. such as inulin. In the present study. The methanol and acetone root and leaf fraction of Cichorium intybus L. flavonoids and vitamins. School of Life Sciences Dr. Chicory root is reputed to be a blood detoxifier.S College Ishra Nagar. Sur Sarovar Wild life Sanctuary is a very close to Agra.0 to 1. Information about the occurrence. B. The large number of medicinal and herbal plants should be conserved in this area. It is a perennial herb of 1.8 m height with a deep dandelion type root and bright blue flowers. we evaluated the antibacterial activity of the root and leaf extracts of chicory against pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli) by in vitro agar well diffusion method. was found to be the most effective against the tested pathogen. and also micronutrients. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Ambedkar University. Sakit (Etah) India exploration was started even before the publication of “Species Plantarum” by Linnaeus in 1753. and decongestant of the internal organs. The present study was carried out the study of medicinal plants of Sur Sarovar of Agra. tonic. volatile compounds. Chicory is one of the earliest known and most widely used raw materials for manufacturing of coffee substitutes. New Delhi [33] .M. esculin. The leaves of chicory plant can be used as salad as they are rich source of vitamin A & C. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EVALUATION OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CICHORIUM INTYBUS L. is a medicinally important plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae and it is a small aromatic perennial herbs.

Meerut College.17cm). But these were found in lower concentration in older diseased leaves. New Delhi [34] . nitrite nitrogen. Free amino acids like valine. EVALUATION OF LEAF EXTRACT OF SOME MEDICINAL WILD PLANTS ON THE GROWTH AND SPORULATION OF PAECILOMYCES LILACINUS Rushda Sharf.8 x 106) and minimum in Stellaria media (2.National Seminar on “Conservation. and arginine were observed in higher concentration in young diseased leaves. Diseased leaves of pigeon pea had higher level of total nitrogen then healthy leaves.khan09@gmail.For the purpose five medicinal wild plants were selected.K. Meerut Pigeon pea (Cajanus Cajan) is an important crop of family Leguminaceae.The maximium number of spores/cm2 was observed in Eclipta prostrata (8. In diseased leaves at all stages both free and bound amino acid levels were found to be increased.com A test was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of leaf extract of some plants on the growth and sporulation of Paecilomyces lilacinus . amide nitrogen and protein nitrogen were observed but ammonical nitrogen and non-protein nitrogen were found to be decreased. Ambreen Akhtar Department of Botany Aligarh Muslim University. Aligarh -202002 Email: rush.After 120 hrs the maximum colony formation was observed in oxalis (9. Effect of leaf extract was assessed at different time intervals. Abbasi. Singhal and Anjali Dutt Department of Botany. Growth and yield of the crop is greatly affected by mosaic virus. In diseased leaves increased levels of nitrate nitrogen. After 24 hrs no mycelial growth was observed in oxalis corniculata while the maximum in Stellaria media(1. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.6 x 106). Lucien.17cm) and the minimum colony formation in Euphorbia pulcherima (8. Hisamuddin and Merajul Islam Robab.13cm) and minimum in Chenopodium album(0.5cm). Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 STUDY THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN METABOLISM ON PIGEON PEA STERILITY MOSAIC DISEASE R.

The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with four replications under the greenhouse condition.) UNDER GROWTH REGULATOR TREATMENTS Zebah. carbonic anhydrase activity. At 30 days after sowing. Aligarh. physiological and biochemical attributes. an experiment was carried out in the Net house of the Department of Botany. New Delhi [35] . food and cosmetic industries. ENZYME ACTIVITIES AND ESSENTIAL OIL PRODUCTION OF FENNEL (FOENICULUM VULGARE MILL. AMU. Aligarh Muslim University. Aligarh .National Seminar on “Conservation. photosynthetic attributes. The plants were sprayed with either TRIA or different combination of TRIA and GA3. fresh and dry weights). Keeping the medicinal as well as economical importance of this herb in mind. Department of Botany. a foliar spray of 10-6 T + 10-6 G significantly promoted the values for most of the growth (shoot and root lengths. number of fruits per umbel. PHOTOSYNTHETIC CHARACTERISTICS. 1000-seed weight and seed yield). Among the treatments. On the basis of data obtained from the present work. essential oil content and yield of Fennel. it may be concluded that a combined spray of TRIA and GA3 (10 -6 T + 10-6 G) on fennel plant is highly effective for productivity with increased essential oil content. including the essential oil content and yield characteristics (number of umbels per plant. 202 002.This study was conducted to assess the effects of triacontanol alone and in combination with gibberellic acid on growth attributes. & ‘b’ total chlorophyll . Khan. nitrate reductase activity. leaf nitrogen and leaf phosphorus content except leaf potassium content) attributes. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 CHANGES IN GROWTH. Nadeem Hashmi Plant Physiology Section. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) belongs to family Apiaceae. India. is of high value medicinal and essential oil bearing crop which is used in pharmaceutical. M Masroor A. YIELD. Khan. physiological and biochemical (Chlorophyll ‘a’.

and to a differential extent. however. In order to evaluate the response of different abiotic stresses. was very effective in mitigating metal toxicity and improving artemisinin production in Artemisia annua. Masroor A. artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are recommended by the World Health Organization. However. Aligarh Muslim University.110 012. Salicylic acid was proved effective in reverting the negative effects of salt stress and increasing artemisinin concentration too. Idrees2 and Moinuddin2 1 Division of Germplasm Evaluation. Aligarh. India 2 Plant Physiology Section. biomass production and photosynthetic rate but increased artemisinin concentration in the affected plant. Abiotic stresses influences survival. Different ecosystems are affected by different abiotic stress factors. is a sesquiterpene lactone containing an endoperoxide bridge and its derivatives are effective against multi-drug resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains. Department of Botany. it was noticed that boron toxicity negatively influenced the growth and photosynthetic capacity but increased antioxidant enzymes and artemisinin content. salinity. M. Artemisinin. Exogenous nitric oxide. isolated from Artemisia annua L. New Delhi . without any reputed cases of resistance. Since 2001. Likewise. Naeem2. Pusa Campus. and secondary metabolite formation of most of the plants. Stresses like heavy metal.National Seminar on “Conservation. Heavy metals like aluminium and cadmium were also tested and results showed that they also increased artemisinin content apart from reducing growth and biomass of the plants. drought are the most common of them all. New Delhi [36] ..202 002. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. In one experiment. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources. malaria causes more than a million deaths and 500 million cases annually. India Being the world’s most severe parasitic infection. salt stress also reduced the growth. M. TO VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES Tariq Aftab1*. Khan2. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 RESPONSE OF ARTEMISIA ANNUA L. experiments were conducted on Artemisia annua during 2007-2011. exogenously applied methyl jasmonate counteracted the ill effects of boron toxicity and further enhanced artemisinin content. biomass production and accumulation.

Arka Anamika. Merajul Islam Robab. Athar and Udai Pal Singh Department of Seed Technology. R. 202002. Seed size and seed coat colour appears to play an important role towards its seed quality. Normal size seeds with light green colour. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF SEED SIZE AND SEED COAT COLOUR ON SEED GERMINATION AND SEEDLING VIGOUR OF ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS (L) MOENCH Mohd. Growth parameters in terms of shoot length. PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS AND BACILLUS SUBTILIS AND ITS EFFECT ON PLANT GROWTH OF GLYCINE MAX L. (E) Small seeds with dark green colour and (F) Small seeds with light green colour. INTERACTION BETWEEN MELOIDOGYNE INCOGNITA. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Ambreen Akhtar.. Maximum inhibition of root knots (42. College.79 per plant) was observed in plants inoculated with M. (C) Normal size seeds with dark green colour(D). root length. (A) Big seeds with dark green colour. incognita and simultaneously treated with 20 ml of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus subtilis. New Delhi [37] . U. A and B graded seeds seemed to be more vigorous as indicated by their higher germination percentage and larger shoot and root length than the other graded seeds.e. Parvani Kranti and Hari Rani of Okra are graded into following six grades according to their size and seed coat colour. Among A and B graded seeds the first one is significantly better than the later one. Seeds from each one of the four varieties. shoot fresh and dry weights. Hisamuddin. B.P. and Bacillus sp. i. Application of Pseudomonas sp. (B) Big seeds with light green colour. Aligarh. Aligarh Muslim University. India Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are known to enhance growth and vigor of various plant species.National Seminar on “Conservation. Vijeata. S. root fresh and dry weights and numbers of nodules per plant were found significantly increased in the plants treated with the two bacteria as compared to control. Agra. significantly reduced infectivity rate of Meloidogyne incognita on Glycine max. Abbasi and Rushda Sharf Department of Botany.

51 of Okra was the best performer. R. METAL STATUS OF MSW REFUSE SOILS OF MEERUT CITY Yashwant Rai & A.N. Cd -1. Therefore. Sewage sludge increases the solubility of metallic ions.28) might be due to the cause of excess application of chemical spray of fungicides. it was observed that toxic heavy metals are already present in control soil sample. It has been reported in experiments that organic matter is one of the factor that govern the solubility of metals in soils. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.20-24.S .30. College.(Ni. weedcides.00.83 in Pb. Pb.National Seminar on “Conservation. Shukla D. insecticides. 1. CEC.60. Results indicates that in all the parameters studied i. 10. Meerut The metal concentration in sewage sludge and municipal solid waste compost depends on several factors such as origin and treatment processes of Bio solids with ions (cations / anions). an effort was made to study the presence of heavy metals with organic matter and other physiochemical characters of MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) soils of different sites of Meerut city.98. K. can be reported from the organic compost in soil properties. Ni and Cd in moderate toxic soils).S 54 and Sungrow. in industrial sites of Partapur soil much higher metallic contents were significantly reported might be due to the heavy deposition of toxic waste of industrial activities. EC moisture / water holding status etc.25. However. College. seedling length and seedling fresh and dry weight.30-2. P. S. New Delhi [38] .73. such as pH.51) and Tomato (Varieties Rupali and Vaishali) were investigated under the influence of different concentrations of Magnesium Sulphate and Sodium Sulphate individually as well as in combined form. redox potential. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF MAGNESIUM SULPHATE AND SODIUM SULPHATE ON GROWTH OF OKRA AND TOMATO Rajeev Lochan and Udai Pal Singh Department of Seed technology. Agra Seed germination and early seedling growth of Okra (Varieties Laxmi. B. among all the varieties Sungrow . 2.G. e. The availability of these toxic elements was significantly found much greater in Urban waste sites of studied samples (12. 0. seed germination percentage. improve soil fertility and increase plant production with the availability of metals. In Atomic Absorption studies of toxic soils of different sites.S .

roots. Its leaves. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 GROWTH AND DRY MATTER PRODUCTION OF ASHWAGANDHA (WITHANIA SOMNIFERA L. SMS (Hort. diameter of main stem. M. Bichpuri. carried out to ascertain the effects of GA 3 treatments on this valuable crop at Raja Balwant Singh College. The experimental plan consisted of 0. number of primary branches and their length. applying each at 30. plant spread.P. Agra and Punnet Kumar. Datia.B. 40 and 60 days after transplanting as foliar spray on 30 days old transplants.S. fresh weight of plant biomass and root systems were recorded the highest with GA3 sprayed at 45 days after transplanting. the dry matter contents of leaves stems and roots were also the maximum with 200 ppm GA3 sprayed at 45 or 60 days after transplanting. Likewise. Dunal) is an important medicinal herb cultivated in several regions of India on about 4000 ha land. therefore. New Delhi [39] . DUNAL) IN RELATION TO APPLICATION OF GIBBERELLIC ACID Rajkumar Department of Horticulture. College. The growth parameters viz. and seeds are used in number of ayurvedic and unani medicines.) Krishi Vigyan Kendra. The GA3 has been found having varies uses in regulating plant growth and dry matter. number of green leaves per plant. Ashwagandha or Asgandh (Withania somnifera L. 100 and 200 ppm concentrations of GA 3. plant height. Bichpuri. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.National Seminar on “Conservation. R. Agra during 200405. An investigation was.

Results showed that increasing concentrations of Ga3 promotes all the parameters studied and variety Royal Nepal was the best one among them.B. S. R. P.8 and 8.6 and 8 dS/m over BAW was 96. Sishodia. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The ECe (010cm) was monitored to be 1. Indo Japan and Laxmi – S54) were treated with three different concentrations i. Meena Devi Yadav and Udai Pal Singh Department of Seed Technology. respectively marigold and the respective values were 2. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF GIBBERELLIC ACID AND INDOL ACETIC ACID ON SEEDLING OF ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS L. The evaluation their tolerance to saline water irrigation and Stalinization pattern in sandy loam soil.5 dS/m with .National Seminar on “Conservation. R.4. Chauhan R.B. The salinity levels of irrigation water were BAW (best available water).4. 20 ppm and 30 ppm of growth promoter (GA3) and growth inhibitor ( IAA).5 and 3.The relative yield reduction in the crop was same in two consecutive years The average relative yield at Eciw 2.1.6.2. The soil salinity (ECe) increased with Eciw levels because of higher addition of salts through irrigation.S.7. Bichpuri Agra (UP). 2. College.com A field experiment was conducted during 2002-2004 in Saline Water Management Project experimental farm R. e.7. The significant reduction flower yield was observed at Eciw>4dS/m. New Delhi [40] . IAA showed the inhibitory effect in the case of all the three varieties but variety Indo Japan was the poor performer as all the growth parameters studied are concerned.73 and 61% respectively. and R. 10 ppm. Chauhan. B.85. College. Agra Three different varieties of Okra ( Royal Nepal.K. Singh.6 dS/m at harvest time of crop. MANAGEMENT OF SALT AFFECTED SOILS AND USE OF SALINE WATER IN AGRICULTURE (ICAR) S.K. Bichpuri. Agra.College. India Corresponding authors email: coolyash 40@ yahoo.S.4.283105.S.B. 4. 6 and 8dS/m.2.

Datia. thus.National Seminar on “Conservation. 20.P. J. seedling fresh and dry weight are investigated. Agra 2 Krishi Vigyan Kendra. PS-564. Its leaf paste is used externally against the boils and carbuncles.S. Marigold is one of the most commonly grown flowering herbs holding medicinal importance.S. S. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. the most luxuriant plant canopy and flowering were attributed to the combination of 200 kg N and 80 kg P2O5 per hectare. holds vital significance for marigold growers. M. Results indicated that among all the varieties variety Pant Soya – 1092 showed the best performance when the growth parameters such as germination percentage. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 A STUDY ON NP NUTRITION ON GROWTH AND FLOWERING OF AFRICAN MARIGOLD (TAGETES ERECTA) CV PUSA NARANGI GAINDA 1 Anand Swaroop and 2Punnet Kumar 1 Department of Horticulture. seedling length. Pant Soya. A study on nutrition of this crop. therefore carried out during 2004-05 on N and P2O5requirements of Pusa Narangi Gainda under field conditions at Raja Balwant Singh College. B. 150 and 200 kg ha-1. However. while the leaf extract is a good remedy for earache. College.16)of soyabean under influence of different concentrations (10. R. EFFECT OF GIBBERELLIC ACID AND KINETIN ON EARLY SEEDLING GROWTH OF SOYABEAN Lakhendra Singh and Udai Pal Singh Department of Seed Technology. The flower extract is a good purifier to cure bleeding piles. An experiment was.B. R. Agra A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the early seedling growth of five different varieties (PK-472. The crop has been significantly responsive to inorganic nitrogen @ 100. New Delhi [41] . Agra. 30 and 40 ppm) of gibberellic acid and kinetin. Among all the treatments 20 ppm concentration of gibberellic acid had influenced all the varieties to show good performance in early seedling growth experiments.44. College. eye disorders and ulcers. Bichpuri.1092 and Pusa. not only individually but in combined form also.

T. EC. water status.W etc. metal. JRN. effluents of factories etc. a thousand tons of wastes are being produced in open waste land areas known as ‘refuse’.National Seminar on “Conservation.K. electroplating. Ni& Cd in refuse MSW-sludge organic compost.N. P. College.com Urban waste production has been increasing with the pace of population and urbanization. JRN. Moderate toxicity increases PH. K. Toxicity pattern was statically signified in order of moderate <Medium> High. T.) PH level decline to acidity.. lower CEC. Meerut E-mail: yrbotany@gmail.G. industrial waste have been considerably increasing in the of industrial units including tanneries. heavy metals may act as productive manure to nourish field soils. medium. CEC.R region. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. In India.N. organic matter contents and toxic metallic ions present in refuse soils inferred to support the relative toxicity pattern is high. However. Its have a major potential for generating hazardous waste of which 5. In N. Refuse contain a considerable amount of organic compost matter.C. Organic compost produced from urban waste after containing the relative low amount of mineral elements. organic metallic contents (I. It is obvious from the results of physic-chemical properties. (IW.N. cyanides. in the excessive toxic sites (IW.W etc.W.2 million tones are still disposed on land. Shukla D.P. water status.Industrial waste along with MSW refuse is responsible for environmental pollution in NCR region.). TPNW) were apparently quite high in comparison with moderate sites. Total organic matter and a considerable accumulation of heavy metal ions – Pb.P. C. paints.N. battery waste.P. However. dyes. New Delhi [42] . Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TOXICITY STATUS OF SOIL COMPONENTS OF MUNCIPIAL SOLID WASTE ‘REFUSE’ Yashwant Rai and A.

Ashish Tejasvi and Anuradha Negi Department of Botany.66 % respectively at different concentrations.S. Thuja and Neem were used to find out their effect on infectivity of the tomato spotted wilt virus in vitro. Agra College. 2.4 dichlorophenoxy acetic acid and Gibberellic acid) and aqueous extracts of some plant species lke Ocimum.Hygrophila spinosa and Andrographis paniculata. AN ETHANOBOTANICAL GARDEN TRANSFORMED INTO HOME KITCHEN GARDEN Beauty Saha Das. Ashok K.63 %. Bacopa monnieri. The percentage reduction of TSWV by IAA. minerals and antioxidants. Recently five herbs of different provinces have been grown in the kitchen garden at Mathura District. Aqueous plant extracts showed a reduction in the infectivity of the virus ranges from 10. These herbs keep the people healthy and cure from different ailments. IBA. It was also observed that all inhibitors show an increased inhibitory effect with the increase of their concentrations. After three years trial it has been observed that these herbs can be cultivated profusely in this region. of Botany. 99. Mathur Deptt.06. Agarwal. 2. B.National Seminar on “Conservation.14 and 94.K. They can be grown easily without any efforts in the home kitchen garden. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. P. 7534. Mathura Indian history tells us there are many magical herbs which have marvelous medicinal properties. Traditionally these herbs are used throughout the country especially in tropical regions. They can be used as house hold medicine as well as a source of rejuvenation. Hydrocotyle asiatica. Guava. The antiviral activity was tested on indicator plant Chenopodium amaranticolor. Agra The present study was taken up to evaluate the effect of some plant virus inhibitors like growth regulators (Indole acetic acid. These herbs are namely-Enhydra fluctuans. Indole butyric acid. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF DIFFERENT INHIBITORS ON THE INFECTIVITY OF THE TOMATO SPOTTED WILT VIRUS Shyam Govind Singh. Garlic. All inhibitors responded differently on indicator plant and they were effective in reducing the infection of TSWV.4-D and GA were 86. New Delhi [43] .A.96. They are good source of iron. Onion.20. College.

Aspergillus flavus and Trichoderma lignorum. terreus and A. terreus and A.5 % and 20. Eucalyptus leaf extract was found to have a positive effect on in vitro decomposition of wheat straw by A. priming was found to cause significant enhancement of vigour and planting value. For the medium vigour seed lot (tomato) and high vigour seed lot (Okra). Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EUCALYPTUS CITRIODORA HOOK. Agra. A.7). lignorum respectively for wheat straw decomposition. niger and T. STUDY THE PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF PRIMING IN VEGETABLES CROPS Birendra Singh and Udai Pal Singh Department of Seed Technology. flavus. A percent inhibition of 6. lignorum was found best decomposer of wheat straw in vitro followed by A. On the other hand eucalyptus extract showed an inhibitory effect on in vitro decomposition of wheat straw by A. S.National Seminar on “Conservation. Four test fungi taken for wheat straw decomposition were Aspergillus niger. leaf litter aqueous extract on in vitro decomposition of wheat straw by four test fungi was studied under present investigation. The stimulation of 7.5 % was recorded by A. Agra College. owing to development of fungal growth. Brinjal (Variety. T. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.B.4 % and 38. The physiological evaluation of seed quality parameters indicated osmopriming to be superior to hydro priming in effecting seed invigoration. lignorum. niger. flavus. niger and T. New Delhi [44] . Hence Brinjal seeds which were of poor quality recorded unfavourable results during priming.1 % was observed by A. Shyam Govind Singh and Anuradha Negi Department of Botany. Aspergillus terreus. flavus respectively for wheat straw decomposition. LEAF LITTER EXTRACT ON IN VITRO DECOMPOSITION OF WHEAT STRAW BY CERTAIN MICROFUNGI Ashish Tejasvi. The extent of enhancement was subjected to the initial vigour of the seed lot. R. Seeds of Tomato (Variety – SL. terreus and A. College. Agra The effect of Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.Kashi Sandesh) and Okra (Variety-VRO – 6) were evaluated to study the physiological effect of hydro priming and osmopriming.

There is great demand for genuine true-totype planting materials in order to optimize production of quality fruits by micropropagation. refrigerant. Micropropagation of Emblica officinalis var has been developed by using nodal explants.01 mg/l NAA and 0. Amlika.0 mg/l IBA. Dhotri. Plantlet survival after transfer to soil was more than70%. It is also the richest source of pectin which is mostly useful in making jam and jellies.0 mg/l kinetin. It is the basic constituent of Chyavanaprash and Amrit Kalash.National Seminar on “Conservation. it is called by various names such as Aonla. Department of Botany. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The shoots rooted best on MS medium supplemented with 1. The fruit is highly nutritious and is the richest source of vitamin C among the fruits next only to Barbados cherry. No growth regulators were required for shoot growth and elongation. R. the Ayurvedic It is also used in tannin and dyeing industries. Micropropagation is the growing of plants from meristematic tissue or somatic cells of superior plants on nutrient suitable media under controlled aseptic physical conditions. Emblica and Usuri. belongs to the family Euphorbiceae is one of the important minor fruit crops of our country. diuretic and laxative. Amla.The area under aonla is increasing day by day due to its popularization as a medicinal plant and also its potential for better adaptation to diversified soil and climatic conditions. New Delhi [45] . It is the best media for shoot proliferation.B. Medicinally.1 mg/l IBA or IAA and 1. it acts as coolant. In vitro shoot multiplications were obtained successfully from shoot tips of Emblica officinalis by placing explants into solidified medium (MS medium) supplemented with 0. Nelli.S. Agra Aonla.) Vishnu Singh and Seema Bhadauria Microbiology and Nanotechnology Research laboratory. College. It was concluded that lower concentrations of all cytokinin studied were better for lateral bud proliferation and that IBA was better than kinetin in the production of lateral branches. The nodal explant has been observed by using MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium. In India. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 MICROPROPAGATION OF AONLA (EMBLICA OFFICINALIS VAR.

the methanol extract showed maximum activity against E. Farah. mode of action and synergistic and antagonistic effects are evaluated.College. eugenol. New Delhi [46] . thymol.B.National Seminar on “Conservation.com Preservative agents are required to ensure that manufactured foods remain safe and unspoiled. Thus. Bacillus cereus. having minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) at higher dilutions in vitro. R. A number of EO components have been identified as effective antibacterials.. the present study suggests that the best antibacterial activity was found in aqueous extract as compared to methanol extract. coli with (15mm) zone of inhibition. Agra Present investigation carried out on antimicrobial potential of aqueous. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Methods employed for estimation of inhibitory activity. cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic acid. methanol extracts of Emblica officinalis (amla) against human pathogenic bacteria viz. are reviewed in this article. ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF EMBLICA OFFICINALIS Prabhat Rai Department of Botany. Staphyllococcus aureus and Escherchia coli. India E-mail: surendrapalcirg@rediffmail. carvacrol.S. Central Institute for Research on Goats (CIRG). EOs comprises a large number of components and it is likely that their mode of action involves several targets in the bacterial cell. e. Antimicrobial properties of essential oils (EOs) reveal that Gram-positive bacteria are more vulnerable than Gram-negative bacteria. Uttar Pradesh.g. ranges of microbial susceptibility and factors influencing antimicrobial action and their antioxidative properties. However. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 USED OF MEDICINAL PLANTS AS A FOOD PRESERVATIVE AGENTS REMAIN SAFE AND UNSPOILED Surendra Pal Singh and R. aimed at food preservation.B. Sharma Division of Nutrition Feed Resource & Products Technology. The potency of naturally occurring antimicrobial agents or extracts from plants. The potential value of these agents as natural and biological preservatives is considered. Bacillus fusiformis. Aqueous extract of Emblica officinalis exhibited potent antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus with (17mm) zone of inhibitory growth. The well diffusion technique was employed.

) is a significant medicinal plant that produces medicinally important alkaloids such as morphine. Aligarh Muslim University. Department of Botany. 60. 80. Khan2. and activity of NR and CA by 32 and 28%. Control plants were sprayed with distilled water. which promotes plant growth when sprayed on plants in its irradiated (depolymerized) form. ISA was sprayed on the foliage of plants at different concentrations (20. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 IRRADIATED SODIUM ALGINATE ENHANCES THE GROWTH. HPLC analysis of opium latex (crude opium) revealed that application of 120 ppm of ISA increased the content of morphine by 54. Aligarh. 100 and 120 ppm). New Delhi [47] .202 002. Women’s College. Zeba H. Masroor A. Sodium alginate was irradiated using Co-60 gamma rays at 520 kGy.) Moinuddin1. papaverine and noscapine. respectively.3%. M. Aligarh Muslim University.202 002. The highest applied dose (120 ppm of ISA) proved the best for most of the parameters studied. KHAN2. while that of codeine was just doubled. codeine. 40. Sodium alginate is natural polysaccharide. Naeem2 and Tariq Aftab2 Botany Section. India Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L. Foliar spray of ISA significantly enhanced the growth. 1 Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Aligarh. YIELD AND ALKALOID PRODUCTION IN OPIUM POPPY (PAPAVER SOMNIFERUM L. physiological and biochemical parameters as compared to the control. 120 ppm of ISA also increased the seed yield and crude opium per plant by 83% and 41%. A pot experiment was conducted at Aligarh in the natural conditions of net house to explore the effect irradiated sodium alginate (ISA) on physiological and biochemical attributes of opium poppy. It increased the total content of chlorophyll and carotenoids by 43 and 31%. M. respectively. India 2 Plant Physiology Section.National Seminar on “Conservation. M. thebaine. Idrees2.

using Cephotaxime as positive control. and also causes other blood infections. Agra Pseudomonas aeruginosa an opportunistic. R. wounds. Khandari Campus. aeruginosa at different concentrations. School of Life Sciences. Rajendra Sharma1. urinary tract. Agra Department of Microbiology. burns. The aqueous and ethyl acetate bark extract of Holoptelea integrifolia was tested for its effectiveness against an opportunistic human pathogen. nosocomial pathogen of immune-compromised individuals. Surabhi Mahajan2. P. typically infects the pulmonary tract. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 HOLOPTELEA INTEGRIFOLIA AS A POTENTIAL ANTIBACTERIAL AGENT AGAINST AN OPPORTUNISTIC HUMAN PATHOGEN.750 respectively. PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA Showkat Ahmad*1. The antibacterial potential of the extracts was evaluated by Disc diffusion method. The results reveal that studied plant is potentially a good source of antibacterial agents & support the traditional applications of the tested plant. The Activity Index (AI) for aqueous and ethyl acetate bark was found to be 0. Khandari Campus.National Seminar on “Conservation. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The plant bark extract showed considerable activity against the test pathogen at 200 and 100mg/ml concentration. School of Life Sciences. The activity decreased with the decrease in concentration of the extracts.625 and 0. The findings revealed that ethyl acetate was the best extractive solvent for antibacterial properties of the bark extract.K. Ankur Gupta2 1 2 Department of Botany. New Delhi [48] . Agnihotri1.

seedling length. white spackled fruits that actually in morphology resembles with snake and is widely grown as a vegetable in India. Agra Seeds of four different varieties (HD.2329. The cultivated variant with elongated. anguina. subtribe Trichosanthinae. T. 30 and 50 ppm) of three different growth regulators (Salicylic acid. Abscisic acid and Ascorbic acid) under saline and normal condition. Trichosanthes anguina (snake gourd or serpent gourd) is usual cucurbits with long. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Data from the results showed that hormonal priming with 50 ppm Ascorbic acid and 50 ppm Salicylic acid increases the ability of wheat to grow successfully under saline conditions whereas hormonal priming with ABA was not effective in inducing salt tolerance. family Cucurbitaceae include 100 species. T.National Seminar on “Conservation. LOK-1. New Delhi [49] . The geographic distribution of the genus indicates either an Indo-Malayan or Chinese Centre of origin. cucumerina is a wild variant with short fruits and resembles with T. B.College. Roots and seeds are used to expel worms and to treat diarrhea and syphilis. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF HORMONAL PRIMING WITH SALICYLIC ACID. snake-like fruits and used for treatment of various stomach diseases. Seed germination percentage.S. of tribe Trichosantheae.cucumerina (wild) found in Agra region. S. Agra Genus Trichosanthes L. College. MORPHOLOGY OF TRICHOSANTHUS SPECIES IN AGRA REGION Omprakash Verma Department of Botany R. R.B.e. ABSCISIC ACID AND ASCORBIC ACID ON GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH OF TRITICUM AESTIVUM UNDER NORMAL AND SALINE CONDITION Udai Pal Singh Department of Seed technology. vigour index as well as seedling fresh and dry weight were the growth parameters which were investigated. The present investigation revealed that there are two species of Trichosanthes i. PBW-343 and PBW154) were hormonal primed with three different concentrations (10.anguina (cultivated) and T.

tannins. murex has been traditionally used for the treatment of puerperal diseases. digestive tonics. murex were studied using aqueous and methanolic extracts against gram positive bacteria (Bacillus cereus. The results were analyzed by using zone of inhibitions and it was observed that gram positive bacteria showed more antibacterial property as compared to the gram negative bacteria. P. fruits 4 angled with horizontal spines from the angles. New Delhi [50] . flowers bright yellow. Bacillus fusiformis and Staphyllococcus aureus) and gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli) using standard (Tetracycline). College. Antibacterial activity of fruits of P. The trichomes are generally globular head. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 INVESTIGATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL. essential oil tannins and callose. solitary and axillary. The trichomes were responsible to secrete histochemical compounds like starch. fleshy. The trichomes were present on the upper as well as lower surface of leaf. The preliminary phytochemical screening of methanol fruit extract revealed the presence of various phytocompounds including. HISTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES OF PEDALIUM MUREX IN RELATION TO THEIR BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION Vinay Daboriya Department of Botany.S.com The present study was carried out on Pedalium murex plants growing at Agra and their adjoining area. serrate or crenate. R. alkaloids. Leaves simple. Phytochemical studies facilitate new discovery for the synthesis of more potent drugs. terpenoids. fevers. wounds other ailments and general debility.National Seminar on “Conservation. pectic substances. cellulose. Antibacterial agents are effective in the treatment of infections of their selective toxicity that is they have the ability to injure or kill an invading microorganism without harming the cells of the host. steroids. flavonoids. Agra E-mail: vianydbr@gmail. cardiac glycosoides and saponins. Pedalium murex is a branched succulent herb grows up to 40 cm in height.B. nonglandualr or glaundular and straight. opposite. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. ulcers.

82% latex and 2. asteraceae. 29. Kalpana Singh and S K Kataria Department of Botany.com In view of current food production we must accept the fact that small quantities of pesticides residues will be present in our food supply. Plant species are also used to prevent abortion. The significance of minute quantities of these chemical residues in food over an extended period of time is a much debated question and has become a problem for man to face in controlling the total insult to his environment.82% oil. B. 4. poaceae. 2. 8. New Delhi [51] . these have aroused considerable concern for the authorities responsible for its check and control. out of these 43. The doses are prepared by using extract of leaves. liliaceae.45% seeds and 8. 11. Mathura A survey on the ethnomedicinal plant of district Firozabad was done and plant species belonging to 62 genera and 71 species were reported.National Seminar on “Conservation. To protect human and animal population from the toxic effects of these pesticides and their breakdown products and to keep the environment free from them.mail: gautammanisha06@gmail. 5. papaveraceae.47% creepers.S. root. which are being used by the local people for the treatment of various elements. sun stroke. euphorbiaceae. The studies are useful for those who are working with medicinal plants. 22.27% bark. 45. Majority of the plant sps belonging to family mimosoideae. College. 1. Shefali Poonia Department of Botany.23% flowers. cough. Since some of the pesticides and their terminal products are reported to be hazards therefore. apocynaceae. ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTS OF DISTRICT FIROZABAD P K Mathur. papilioneaceae and myrtaceae.23% whole plant and4. gastric and respiratory problems. brassicaceae.54% shrubs. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 IMPACT OF PESTICIDE RESIDUES Manisha Gautam. D. jaundice and sexual impotency. N. dysentery. antidote for scorpion and snake bite. 12.54% fruits. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.60% roots.63% juice. fever. Detection of large number of residues in food. Meerut E.45% stem.41% buds. water. soil and by develop countries have caused deep concern for everyone. The %age of plant parts used is 22.0% leaves. Among these 60 plant sps belongs to dicot and 3 to monocot.58% herbs and 2.A College. fruit. strict surveillance and monitoring at national level and for export is urgently needed.66% are tree species. bark and whole plant.

INDIGENOUS LOCAL PLANTS USED AS TRADITIONAL FOLK MEDICINES P. increased accumulation of proline content at all concentrations was also observed. Giloy. They generally depend on the traditional folk medicines for curing disease. 60 mM of lead nitrate. R. Soil contaminated with lead decreases in crop productivity.P. New Delhi [52] . Ambedkar University. the root. Moreover. Ginger. UPADHYAY Department of Genetics & Plant Breeding. School of Life Science Dr.R. The results showed that germination Time. Satavari. The medicinal and herbal plants: Aloe. Lahson. Tehsil. Achhnera. 10. Agra (U. School of Life Science Department of Botany.K. and seedling dry weight decreased with increasing doses of lead nitrate.B. Agra The survey on indigenous uses of local medicinal plant has been undertaken in a five villages of Bichpuri Block. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Ashwgandha. B. This investigation was carried out to determine the effects of lead nitrate on germination and physiological characteristics of wheat seedling. The traditional knowledge of villagers is very high as compared to the Ayurvedic doctors. 30.) Lead is one of the major heavy metal and is considered as one of the dangerous environmental pollutant. Germination percentage. therefore. Chirchita. A questionnaire was prepared regarding enquiry for home treatments of various discussions on the basis of their acquired traditional Knowledge. shoot growth and chlorophyll are also affected.U. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 "LEAD INDUCED ALTERATION OF PHYSIOLOGICAL AND SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN TRITICUM AESTIVUM" Swati Shrotriya*.National Seminar on “Conservation. Biochemical studies revealed that seedling protein content and carbohydrate content at all concentrations variable as compared to the control.S. The survey revealed that there is no qualified Doctor in these villages and the majority of the population is very poor. Collage Bichpuri. Udita Tiwari. Isabgole. root and shoot. However. Bel. Wheat seeds were grown in the pots in the concentrations viz. District Agra. Sada Bahar and their parts are used in the various forms for the medicines.P. causes a serious problem for agriculture. root and shoot length.* Rajneesh Agnihotri** and Rajendra Sharma *Department of Biochemistry. Safed musli. plant growth and some biochemical parameters were studied in response to lead nitrate in both seedlings and plants.

Bacillus cereus. More accumulation of cadmium of different concentration (viz 10. Rajneesh Agnihotri2. proline reducing power assay. cadmium different concentration( viz 10 . However. Sachin Kumar Department of Botany. Plant growth. The present study investigates the antibacterial activities of aqueous.e. aqueous leaf extract performed least antibacterial activity against all the tested bacteria. Cadmium is non essential element that negatively affects plant growth and development. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. 20. College.20.pigment compostion.R. carbohydrate . enzyme estimation and uptake of heavy metal were determined for Hordium vulgare in response to cadmium stress at different concentration(viz 10 . 30mM ) were observed in roots than in shoots or leaves in Hordeum vulgare by atomic absorption method . methanol and ethanol leaf extracts of Nicotiana tabaccum L. The antibacterial activity of leaf extracts of N.S. chorophyll content . Agra-282002. 30 mM) .National Seminar on “Conservation.20. tabaccum were evaluated by disc diffusion diffusion method. Ambedker University Agra. The plant showed significant antibacterial effect against all the tested bacteria. Udita tiwari 1. The plant exhibits a decline in growth.B. tabaccum leaf can be used in treating infectious diseases caused by the above tested bacteria. Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus.B. Bacillus fusifomis. The methanol extract was more effective against Bacillus fusiformis. 2 Department of Botany School of Life Sciences DR. R. 30 mM) stress was observed by proline estimation. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 “CADMIUM INDUCED ALTERNATION OF PHYSIOLOGICAL BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN HORDEUM VULGARE ’’ Ravinder kaur1. protein and carbohydrate with cadmium. The results in the present study suggest that the methanol extract of N. ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF LEAF EXTRACTS OF NICOTIANA TABACCUM L. protein. against four pathogenic bacteria i. New Delhi [53] . Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhimurium. Rajendra Sharma2 1 Department of Biochemistry School of Life Sciences.

C College. S. Acampe praemorsa. CURE AND WOUND BY KOKANI TRIBES OF DHULE DISTRICT.The contribution of this study is towards the understanding. malaria and gonorrhea etc.N.National Seminar on “Conservation. PG. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 ETHNOMEDICINAL ASPECTS OF CAPSICUM ANNUM OF AGRA REGION Lokendra Yadav and P. Powdered chilies are mixed with palm oil in treating cuts. Dhule. frutescens is to be taken for five days. This species belonging to Solanaceae family was found to have varying applications in ethnobotany and ethnomedicine. a mixture of hot soup and powdered mixture of unripe fruits of C. Mathura. Maharashtra *Department of Botany B. For the treatment of gonorrhea. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. College. A. Kusumba-424302. Kataria* Department of Botany. A was study made through questionnaire. They are used as stimulants and enhancing the circulation of blood especially in cold conditions. Maharashtra. New Delhi [54] .K. observed that the several Plants like. Agra The ethnomedicinal applications of the Capsicum annum used primarily as spices and condiments among the indigenous peoples of the Agra were examined. O. dysentery. personal interviews and conversation of villagers. Tridex procumbans Euphorbia hirta and their parts and leaf extracts were used in to cure cut and wounds. using and conserving these valuable plants and their products. Smt N . Synadenium grantii. processing. Ziziphus oenoplia. Yadav Department of Botany Agra College. (U. The fruits and seeds of capsicum are highly pungent. Chaudhari and S . MAHARASHTRA Govinda. The studies indicate that the indigenous people have also developed different methods for collecting. documentation and safeguarding of indigenous knowledge. Mangifera indica.P) The present study was carried out by field trips in Konkani areas especially in Sakri taluka of Dhule District. Leonotis nepetifolia. PLANTS USED FOR CUT. fever.K. The indigenous people used this species as ethno medicine for the treatment of cold. Xanthium indicum. wounds and dog bites.

sub-sessile. hypotension. The plant is reported to be a prominent memory-improving drug. It is used as a psycho-stimulant and tranquilizer and reduces mental tension. anxiety neurosis. Shikohabad-205135 Institute of Home Science. confoline. This plant is also used in the treatment of disorders. subhirsine. Some species of Convolvulus are problematic weeds. which is cosmopolitan in distribution. such as hypertension. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. convoline. small. but some are also deliberately grown for their attractive flowers. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 MEDICINAL IMPORTANCE OF CONVOLVULUS MICROPHYLLUS (CONVOLVULACEAE) Sweety Singh1 and Shipra Sharma2 1 2 Department of Botany Narain College. The plant contains alkaloids convolvine. however some other species are globally threatened. Convolvulus microphyllus is a small prostrate herb with whitish pinkish flowers.National Seminar on “Conservation. New Delhi [55] . The whole plant of Shankhapushpi possesses medicinal properties. This is also helpful in fighting ulcers that are formed in the body due to glycolproteins and mucous secretions. Khandari Campus Agra-282002 Convolvulus microphyllus commonly known as “Shankhapushpi” belongs to the family Convolvulaceae comprises about 200 species. flowers are funnel-shaped. convolamine. phyllabine. convosine. which can swamp other more valuable plants by climbing over them. The leaves are linear to oblong. convolidine. axillary and pedicellate. and convolvidine along with scopoline and ß-sitosterol. improving the nerve tissues and bone marrow quality. stresses etc.

Humming bird and Parrot. It is belonging to family Ceasalpinaceae and found in most tropical and subtropical areas. These insects belong to different orders viz. the present study suggests that the floral morphology is played an important role to attract variety of insects that helps in pollination and enhances the fruit-seed set percentage. variegata invites a variety of insects during flowering period. style and ovary.5cm in size. New Delhi [56] .5x2. attains a height up to 10 meters and commonly known as Kachnar. Lepidoptera. pollen loads on their body parts honey bees were found to be the most significant pollinators.. The plant produces flower in the month of March and extended up to September. Hymenoptera. The average length of pistil is 5. The flowers are 5. Aligarh Bauhinia variegata L is a large.0 cm size of anther with 3.National Seminar on “Conservation. green in colour and corolla consists of five petals which are white or pink in colour. The pistil is well differentiated into stigma.5cm long stamens having 1. The insects were mainly honey bees. Hawk moth. conspicuous. actinomoprhic. College. On the basis of visitation rate.0 cm. (CEASALPINACEAE) GROWING AT AGRA Anil and Prabodh Shrivastava Department of Botany D. The white or pink flower of B. Therefore. There are five sepals. pedicellate.4 cm long filament. bright pink or white in colour. moderate sized deciduous tree. bisexual. Mormon butterfly. Wasps. and hermaphrodite and arranged in auxiliary raceme type of inflorescence. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The present investigation deals with floral morphology and pollination biology of this tree. There are 4. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 FLORAL MORPHOLOGY AND POLLINATION BIOLOGY OF BAUHINIA VARIEGATA L.S. complete. Coleoptera and Hemiptera. Bamboo Carpenter bee.8cmx4.

National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

SCREENING OF PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF AZADIRACHTA INDICA (NEEM) Prerna and R.S. Sengar
Department of Agriculture Biotechnology, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology. Meerut-250110(U.P) One third of the world population relies mainly on plants and plant extracts for health care. Azadirachta indica known as a neem in the Indian subcontinent is widely grown traditional and useful medicinal plant. Biologically active ingredients such as Nimbidin, Nimbin, Nimbolide, Gedunin, Azadirachtin, Mahmoodin, Gallic acid etc. make its each and every part useful in all kind of skin diseases and other illness. Minimum Bactericidal Concentration value of 5 mg/l was obtained with Azadirachta indica against S. Typhi when it was subjected to in vitro antibacterial assay against human pathogenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella paratyphi, Staphylococcus aureus Klebsiella pneumoniae,, Pseudomonas aeruginosa employing cup diffusion method. A qualitative phytochemical analysis was performed for the detection of alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, tannins and reducing sugars. Thin layer chromatography was also performed using solvent system chloroform, methanol and water (10:10:3) to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of Azadirachta indica leaves against certain bacterial strains causing dental carries . The phytochemical screening of the leaf extracts was performed. The strains of four human pathogenic bacteria causing dental caries are Micrococcus albus, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aerogenosa. Disc diffusion method was performed to check the antimicrobial activities of petroleum ether extract, chloroform extract, methanol extract of neem leaves. significant inhibition was shown by all the leaf extracts. Comparative study of the results obtained from both the methods indicates that the Chloroform Extract shows better antimicrobial activity against desired strains. All the extracts showed concentration dependent activity comparable with the reference Drug Streptomycin.

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National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

NMR METABOLOMICS AND ANTICANCER POTENTIAL EVALUATION OF AN AYURVEDIC FORMULATION ON LIVER CANCER CELL LINE
Gaurav Sharma1, Rama Jayasundar1, Shyam S Chauhan2, Thirumurty Velpandian3 1 2 Departments of NMR, Biochemistryand 3Ocular Pharmacology & Pharmacy, Dr. R. P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. E-mail: gauravsharma.aiims@gmail.com NMR based metabolomics is emerging as an important tool for comprehensive profiling of phytochemicals. Ayurveda, the indigenous medical system of India, has a long history of usage of medicinal plants and its formulations are usually polyherbal in nature. KanchanaraGuggulu (KG) is a polyherbal formulation which is indicated and used for treatment of cancer in ayurveda. The present study aims at NMR metabolic profiling of aqueous extract of KG and also evaluate its cytotoxic effects using MTT [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay. The latter was carried out on both the conventional hydroalcoholic (water: ethanol) extract and the aqueous extract of the formulation. Both the extracts showed significant cytotoxicity with inhibitory concentration (IC50) 81.47µg/ml (hydroalcoholic) and 78.17µg/ml (aqueous). 1D proton and 2D TOCSY spectra were obtained on 700 MHz NMR spectrometer (Varian, USA). Deuteratedtrimethylsilyl propionate (TSP) was used as an external reference. The spectrum showed resonances from sugars (α-glucose, β-glucose), fatty acids, glycerol, amino acids (alanine, glutamate, glutamine, proline, threonine, tyrosine, valine), organic acids (citric acid, formic acid, γ-amino-butyrate, malic acid, succinic acid, lactic acid) and also metabolites such as choline, glycerol, inositol, β-hydroxy butyrate, indoxl sulphate and p-hydroxy benzoic acid. Further studies are in progress to evaluate the anticancer potential of this formulation using flow cytometry.

Sponsored by University Grants Commission, New Delhi

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National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

NEW APROACH OF RETROELEMENTS IN THE MEDICINAL PLANTS
Sugandha Singh Lecturer, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, R.B.S. College, Bichpuri, Agra Genomes have been considered stable but with the advent of newer molecular techniques, it is deduced that considerable amount of fluidity exists within the genome of almost all the organisms. This fluidity is contributed by the presence of mobile genetic entities present within the genome called transposons. They affect the expression of the gene in which they are inserted and also affect the gene expression of nearby genes. The transposable elements on the basis of their molecular structure and mechanism of transposition can be grouped into Class I and Class II elements. Class I elements have similarity with retroviruses, hence, also called as retroelements or retrotransposons. They transpose via an RNA intermediate utilizing “copy and paste” mechanism, hereby, increasing the copy number of the element in the gene. Class II elements transpose via DNA intermediate using “cut and paste” mechanism, hence, copy number does not increase in the gene. Considering the large fraction of retroelements in plant genomes, these elements might have played an important role in evolution and organization of genomes.

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leaves. antipyretic. In spite of the medicinal uses. It has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for more than 4000 years due to its medicinal properties. Salmonella typhi. The seeds. E. It has post digestive effect and hot potency. The present study investigated the effect of aqueous leaf extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica) and neem leaf powder on scale insect (Abgrallaspis narainus). Based on the local importance & uses of the plant an attempt has been made to assess the antibacterial property of the plant. bark and roots contain compounds with proven antiseptic. Furthermore. seeds. A variety of biologically active compounds have been isolated from the leaves including ursolic acid. Jain College. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The intensity of effect was higher against Bacillus and Staphylococcus species as compared to others. B. Abhishek Kumar Dwivedi.P. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF OCIMUM SANCTUM L. Agra The neem is a tropical evergreen tree native to Indian sub-continent. Tulsi is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes and for its essential oils. anti-inflammatory. Most of the plant parts such as fruits. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis. pesticides and agrochemical. The high quantity of leaf extracts significantly reduced thepopulation of scale insect. For the experiment ethanol extract was prepared by soxhlet method. leaves and roots of tulsi have great medicinal value both externally as well as internally. which was applied on selected bacterial species viz. the aqueous leaf extracts having high activity to control the scale insects. Applications were in two stages: one at leafy stage and other at flowering stage.coli. Gwalior (M.thuriginesis. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF SCALE INSECT ABGRALLASPIS NARAINUS (HOMOPTERA: COCCOIDEA: DIASPIDIDAE) IN RLATION TO THE CONSERVATION OF ALOE VERA RajVir Singh Ojha Department of Zoology R. New Delhi [60] . Neem is a natural source of eco-friendly insecticides.B.National Seminar on “Conservation.S. This result support the view for the potential use of the antibacterial property of the foliar extract of the plant to improve healthcare. The present review suggest the therapeutic value of Ocimum sanctum and the use of this plant for human & animal disease therapy & reinforce the importance of the ethnobotanical approach as a potential source of bioactive substances. antiulcer and antifungal uses.College. Both the leaf extracts and leaf powder sprayed on Aloe vera at regular interval up to 10days with different concentrations. Garima Bartariya. antiviral. Staphylococcus aureus. Department of Life science. The leaf extracts of neem inhibits the growth of scale insect as well as their life cycle.) Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) is an aromatic plant belongs to family Lamiaceae. it has great potential in the fields of pest management and environment protection. apigenin & luteolin ect.

Under the agroclimatic conditions of Agra region. 4.S.K.B. FYM (T2). 6.1. India Corresponding authors email: coolyash 40@ yahoo. New Delhi [61] .4. Sishodia and R.6 dS/m at harvest time of marigold crop. 85. 2.K.283105.7. Bichpuri Agra (UP) .College.B. growth and flowering behavior of safed musli. Bichpuri. R. The components under comparison were ordinary soil (T1).7. 4.The relative yield reduction in the crop was almost same in two consecutive years. P.B.P.com A field experiment was conducted during 2002-2004 in the experimental field of Salinity project. Chauhan Management of Salt Affected Soils and Use of Saline Water in Agriculture (ICAR) R. THE INFLUENCE OF EDAPHIC FACTORS ON REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY OF CHLOROPHYTUM BORIVILIANUM Bulbul Kaushal Department of Botany. 2. S. The present experiment was done in the baked earthen pots of 25cm size to study the effects of 5 varying components of potting mixture on sprouting. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 RESPONSE OF MARIGOLD CROP UNDER SALINE WATER IRRIGATION CONDITION OF WESTERN PART OF U.5 dS/m respectively and the respective values were 2. NPK (T3).S. Vermicompost is most favorable for enhancing the reproductive characters of it.5 and 3. Chambal sand and humic acid (T4) and vermicompost (T5).P. College. The soil salinity (ECe) increased with ECiw levels because of higher addition of salts through irrigation. chambal sand and humic acid are the most favorable components in the potting mixture for cultivating safed musli. Chlorophytum borvilianum Santapau & Fernandes is as important herbaceous medicinal herb and its naturally occurring in the in the forests of M.Singh.S. The significant reduction of the flower yield was observed from ECiw4 dS/m. Chauhan.B. the average relative yield at ECiw 2.S. The salinity levels of irrigation waters were BAW (Best available water). and Gujarat states of India. 4. 6 and 8 dS/m. College Agra. It belongs to family Liliaceae. R. 6 and 8 dS/m over BAW was 96. The ECe (0-10cm) was monitored to be 1. Agra for the evaluation of crop tolerance to saline water irrigation and Stalinization pattern in sandy loam soil. It is perennates by fleshy roots attached in the soil for about 7 months. 73 and 61% respectively.8 and 8. 2. R.National Seminar on “Conservation.

Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Mostly foreigner tourists are demand in especially organic poultry product viz. Bichpuri. 33. Raja Balwant Singh College. Therefore. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 DEMAND OF ORGANIC POULTRY PRODUCT IN AGRA CITY SATYENDRA PAL SINGH AND SAYANIKA BORAH SMS (AH&D). If taken into account the domestic requirement of organic poultry products (egg and broiler meat) in Agra city. eggs and chicken. only about 1.P. etc. there is a need for about 4 times increase in egg production and six times in meat production. increased per capita income. In this area is also increase in population growth. In the study area current market scenario. New Delhi [62] .) Research Scholar. Agra (U. Ludhiana (Punjab) Corresponding author e-mail: singhsatendra57@gmail. against the yearly per capita requirement of 11 kg of meat. This increased demand of organic poultry products is expected to create more self employment rural and urban areas in the district. there is a need for head. Krishi Vigyan Kendra.. increase in size of young population. There are many hotels and enormous tourists come around the year comprising local and foreigner tourists. The poultry sector contributes about Rs. increased awareness on health. 60. shifting of food habits. Therefore. there exists huge gap between availability of egg is 46 against the requirement of 180 eggs. to meet the domestic requirement. PAU. this sector provides direct and indirect employment to over 3 million people in the country and has great potential to create employment opportunities. In spite of spectacular growth in poultry sector in the last four decades. Similarly. Agra district of Uttar-Pradesh was proposively selected for the study as it has the more profitable of poultry farming business.000 crore in the next five years.. are contribution towards more demand on poultry products in Agra city. With a turnover of more than 352 billion rupees. There is existence of huge production gap of organic poultry products in the district.8 kg poultry meat is available per head. India is now the world’s 3rd largest egg producer (next to China. to meet the domestic requirement.000 crore to national GNP and likely to reach to about Rs. Brazil and Mexico). the poultry products are cheapest source of animal protein of high biological value. China.com Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India with an average rate of 8 to 10 per cent per annum. rapid urbanization. changing life style.National Seminar on “Conservation. India and USA) and 5 th major producer of broiler chicken meat (after USA. Department of extension education. As a result. The Agra city most popular for Taj Mahal a world monument and also other monuments.

National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

“MEDICINAL VALUE OF CAPSAICIN OBTAINED FROM CAPSICUM PLANT”
Harsh Deep Yadav and P.K Yadav Department of Botany, Agra College Agra Capsaicin is the active component of chilli peppers, which are plants belonging to the genus Capsicum. It provides a variety of health and medicinal benefits. Plants contain capsaicin as a protective mechanism to ward off predatory animals and protect the fruits. It is an irritant for mammals, including humans and produces a sensation of burning in any tissue with which it comes into contact capsaicin and several related compounds are called capsaicinoids and are produed as a secondary metabotites by chilli peppers, probably as deterrents against certain herbivores and fungi. Capsaicin is present in large quantities in the placental tissue (which hold the seeds), the internal membranes and to a lesser extent, the other fleshy part of the fruits of plants in the genus capsicum. The seeds themselves do not produce any capsaicin, although highest concentration of capsaicin can be found in white pith of the inner wall, where the seeds are attached.Because of the burning sensation caused by capsaicin when it comes in contact with mucous membranes, it is commonly used in food products to give them added spice or ‘heat’(piquancy). In high concentrations capsaicin is also cause a burning effect on other sensitive areas of skin .it is corrently used in topical ointments, as well as a high-dose dermal patch (trade name Qutenza), to reliene the pain of peripheral neuropathy such as postharpetic neuralgia caused by shingles. It may be used in concentration of between 0.025% and 0.075%. it may be used as a cream for the temporary relief of minor aches and pains of muscles and joints associated with arthritis, simple backache, strains and sprains. Capsaicin cream is used to treat psoriasis as an effective way to reduce itching and inflammation.

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National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

MONTHLY AND SEASONAL VARIATION OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SEWAGE WATER SAMPLES, DAYALBAGH, AGRA, UP
Pragati Saini 1 (*), Ajay Kumar2 Garima Bartariya1, Abhishek Dwivedi1 and J.N.Shrivastava3 Department of Biotechnology Jain College, Gwalior (MP) India Department of Microbiology, School of Sciences, ITM University, Gwalior (MP) 3 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, DEI, Dayalbagh, Agra (UP) India
2 1

In present study, an attempt has been made to study the pollution level of waste water by analyzing the physico-chemical parameters of collected sewage water sample. The water samples were collected over a period of one year from March 2006 to February 2007. Sewage water samples were collected from Prem Nagar, Dayalbagh, Agra. The physico-chemical characteristics {colour, turbidity, pH, acidity, alkalinity, hardness, total solids (TS), total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solid (TDS), DO, BOD, COD, organic carbon & ammonical nitrogen} of the samples were studied monthly & seasonally. The colour of sewage water was observed dark yellow and other physicochemical parameters except DO showed maximum values 44 NTU, 8.9, 110.0, mg/l, 260.0 mg/l, 868 mg/l, 2675.0 mg/l, 865.0 mg/l, 1810.0 mg/l, 93.0 mg/l, 244.0 mg/l, 178.8 mg/l and 40.32 mg/l in June respectively but DO was maximum (9.6 mg/l) in February. The minimum value of acidity, alkalinity, hardness, TS, TSS, TDS, organic carbon & ammonical nitrogen were observed 72.5 mg/l, 190.0 mg/l, 840.0 mg/l, 2081.0 mg/l, 822.0 mg/l, 1259.0 mg/l, 144.0 mg/l and 21.28 mg/l respectively in October respectively. The value of turbidity & pH were minimum (14.0 NTU & 8.0) in February, BOD (72.0 mg/l) & COD (226.0 mg/l) in September and DO (3.6 mg/l) in June. As well as in seasonal distribution, the maximum value of physicochemical parameters except DO, turbidity and pH were observed in summer followed by winter and minimum in monsoon. DO was recorded maximum in winter followed by monsoon and minimum in summer. Turbidity & pH were found maximum in summer followed by monsoon and minimum in winter.

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National Seminar on “Conservation, Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTAIL OF BARK EXTRACT OF TECTONA GRANDIS AND KIGELIA PINNATA USED IN AYURVEDIC SYSTEM OF MEDICINE
Manoj Kumar and Lalit Pal Singh Department of Chemistry R.B.S. College, Agra, U.P., India Tectona grandis is a large, deciduous tree up to 40 m tall with grayish bark and belonging to family Verbenaceae while Kigellia pinnata is a medium to large tree, up to 45m tall with dark grayish bark and belongs to family Bignoniaceae. The timber value has been well known from decades. The bark of both trees used in the treatment of human ailments i.e. piles, leucoderma, dysentery, anemia, wounds and sores. The present study was meant to characterize antibacterial potential of bark extracts against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonieae by well agar diffusion method. The methanol bark extract of T.grandis inhibited the maximum growth of S.aureus with (15mm) zone of inhibition while minimum activity was observed on K.pneumonieae (10mm). The methanol bark extract of K.pinnata inhibited the maximum growth of K. pneumonieae (14mm) while minimum activity was seen on S.aureus (9mm). The values were higher than standard used in this study. Thus, the bark extract of these plants can be used as novel drug.

PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATIONAND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF FRUIT EXTRACT OF TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS
Vinay Daboriya Department of Botany R.B.S.College, Agra The antibacterial activity of various fruit extract of Tribulus terrestirs was tested against four human pathogenic bacteria: Bacillus cereus, Bacillus fusiformis, Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus by using paper disc agar diffusion method. The methanolic and aqueous fruit extracts showed significant response to all the pathogens, while acetone and hexane extract showed poor activity against the tested bacterial pathogens. The methanolic and aqueous fruit extracts were found to contain phytochemical compounds such as flavonoids, saponins, steroids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoids, tannins and phenols. The acetone and hexane extracts were showed the presence of some phytochemical compounds viz., tannins, phenols, and alkaloids. Thus, the present study suggests that the aqueous and methanol extracts were more active in comparison to other extracts and can be used for the treatment of various human diseases caused by the tested bacteria.

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88 and 78%. 2.National Seminar on “Conservation. And the respective values were 4. 95. ETHNOMEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF MORINDA CITRIFOLIA Mahesh Singh. high blood pressure. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 CHRYSANTHEMUM GROWN UNDER SALINE WATER IRRIGATION CONDITION S. tuberculosis.4 and 3. Avinash Jain. 6 and 8dS/m over BAW was 99. deep cuts and sores. 4. As we know that herbal medicine has provided a mode of healing in a wide range of ailments and has been shown to be a cheap and effective source of medicine. 2. boils.1 and organic carbon 0. The soil of experimentl field was sandy loam having pH 8. 6 and 8 dS/m. Agra. 4.31%. 4. broken bones. R.283105.K. P. New Delhi [66] .4 dS/m with Eciw 2. College. The ECe (0-10cm) was monitored to be 1. Renu Sharma. The juice from fruit was found to be high in vitamin C.com A field experiment was conducted for two consecutive years 2002 to 2004 in Management of Salt Affected Soil and Use of Saline Water Project (ICAR) at Research farm Raja Balwant Singh College. Poonam yadav.B.6 and 12. Sarita tyagi. It is believed to be native of Southeast Asia and widely distributed throughout the Indian subcontinent and Pacific islands.4. Kumar Mukesh and Preeti Department of Botany. College.2.Singh Management of Salt Affected Soils and Use of Saline Water in Agriculture (ICAR) R. The chrysanthemum flower yield significant reduction observed in Eciw>4dS/m in two year as well as pooled data. The rural or folklore peoples are continuously used this plant for the treatment of various local diseases. The average relative yield at Eciw 2. Bichpuri.3. ECe 2.Chauhan.1.B. 2. India Corresponding authors email: coolyash 40@ yahoo. vitamin B-complex contents. menstrual difficulties. Sishodia and R. respectively. 9. The fruit and leaves have been used for treating arthritis.S. Agra Morinda citrifolia is a tree belongs to family Rubiaceae and commonly known as noni. 6 and 8 dS/m.S. 6 and 8dS/m respectively at harvest of chrysanthemum crop showed higher yield potential even through it faces higher salinity stress. respectively. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Bichpuri. 6. diabetes. The plant has been known for its therapeutic properties throughout the India. 4.B. The soil Stalinization increased with Eciw levels because of higher addition of salts through irrigation given by the crop.1 dS/m with Eciw 2. The salinity of irrigation water were BAW (Best available water). Agra (UP) .K.8. Rohit Sharma. Jyoti Gurjar.

in order to protect India’s biodiversity it is high time.K .Yadav 1 Department of Botany. conservation of biowealth and genetic resources is essential for providing security to the food system of any country. Agra Conservation has the management for the benefit of the life of the plants and animals. adequate steps are initiated to protect and conserve the biological species. preferably with in the conservation of biological diversity. Harsh Deep Yadav. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN PROTECTED AREAS OF INDIA Poonam Yadav1.National Seminar on “Conservation. such as a national panel on biodiversity conservation. Different goals have different implications for the elements and extent of biological diversity that must be maintained : (i) the present and potential use of elements of biodiversity as biological resource. We may not be able to foretell today as to which species may be needed when and for what purpose . Sponsored by University Grants Commission. New Delhi [67] . AnuradhaYadav. Agra College. Establish a mechanism. in particular of all presently living species. (ii) the maintenance of the biosphere in a state supportive of human life and (iii) the maintenance of biological diversity perse. and P. Definitely then our nation (India) will achieve a desirable target as a regulation designated by the General Assembly of the United Nations the “Year 1994-2003 is the international Biodiversity Decade”. It has been recognized through the world. Agra Department of Zoology. Agra College.

Bichpuri. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF SALINE WATER ON FENNEL CROP GROWN IN SEMI-ARID CLIMATE CONDITION S. Bichpuri. The significant yield reduction was noted at Eciw 6 dS/m in cluster bean in one year and Eciw 4 dS/m in fennel.4. and R.67 and 58% .80.K.College. Agra (UP) .6and 8dS/m. That fennel is more sensitive to saline water irrigation than cluster bean.2. The average relative yield at Eciw 2. The fennel crop adversely affected by saline irrigation. ECe status in channel and ridge was determined. decreased with depth and was quite low in lower depths. which resulted in low leaching and also forced to provide saline irrigation to meet the crop water requirement.B.B. 6 and 8 dS/m over canal were 96.respectively.S. 4.283105. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.K. Agra. India Corresponding authors email: coolyash 40@ yahoo. Chauhan Management of Salt Affected Soils and Use of Saline Water in Agriculture (ICAR) R. The soil salinity build-up increased with salinity of water and number of irrigations.Chauhan. The salt status at bed was higher because of movement of salt to dry zone.com A field experiment was conducted for two consecutive years 2005 to 2007 in Management of Salt Affected Soil and Use of Saline Water Project (ICAR) at Research farm Raja Balwant Singh College. Since fennel was grown with bed method. during crop period.National Seminar on “Conservation. In channel the ECe at surface was almost same because of rains few days ahead of harvest but it increased in lower death with the salinity water. The salinity of irrigation water were BAW (Best available water) . New Delhi [68] . P. R. Sishodia.S.Singh. The fennel crop was grown in winter season . whereas in 2006 the salinity was high through the profile probably because of less rain fall.

250 110 Email: rakesh. including aspects as transport and compartmentation. but requires the understanding of the regulation of the secondary metabolite pathways involved on the levels of products.National Seminar on “Conservation. Shalini Gupta and Kalpana Sengar Tissue Culture Lab.S. In vitro propagation of medicinal plants with enriched bioactive principles and cell culture methodologies for selective metabolite production is found to be highly useful for commercial production of medicinally important compounds.sengar77@gmail. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 ROLE OF TISSUE CULTURE IN THE PRODUCTION OF MEDICINAL PLANT R. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.P. Sengar. SVP University of Ag & Technology Modipuram. enzymes and genes. but requires the understanding of the regulation of the secondary metabolite pathways involved on the levels of products.com Plant cell and tissue culture play important roles in the production and genetic manipulation of medicinal plants for improved varieties. To improve yields metabolic engineering offers promising perspectives. To improve yields metabolic engineering higher plants offers promising perspectives.). New Delhi [69] . In vitro propagation of medicinal plants with enriched bioactive principles and cell culture methodologies for selective metabolite production is found to be highly useful for commercial production of medicinally important compounds. enzymes and genes. Meerut (U. including aspects as transport and compartmentation.

60 and 90 kgha -1) on the basis of data recorded during experimentation . Shishodia Management of Salt Affected Soils and Use of Saline Water in Agriculture (ICAR) R. In view of above facts an investigation was carried out at agricultural farm of Shri FH (P.25%. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 TULSI CROP GROWN UNDER SALINE WATER IRRIGATION CONDITION OF AGRA REGION.College. VishwaNath . Chauhan. P.8 kgha-1 and available K174 kgha-1. College.G. Agra (UP) . lever troubles enlarged spleen and Jaundice.B. It may be noted that the yield reduction in the tested range of salinity was not very steep for tulsi crop. The plant growth root yield as well as quality of radish is very much affected due to nutrients application. Bichpuri. Agra. New Delhi [70] . 4.A thiamine nicotinic acid and vitamin. The experimental field soil was sandy loam having pH 8.283105. Etah during the year 2007-2008. Bichpuri. The edible roots and leaves are rich source of fiber carbohydrates. Agra (UP) during kharif 2005 and 2006 for Tulsi crop. Radish (Raphanus sativus Linn ) is one of the ancient root vegetable crop grown all over the country.) College Nidhauli.100 and 150 kgha -1 ) and phosphorus ( 0. India A field experiment was conducted on Research farm of Management of Salt Affected Soils and Use of Saline Water in Agriculture (ICAR). R. The average relative yield of tulsi was 97. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. available N 185 kgha-1 available P 14.S. It is native to china and comes under family roots which are eaten raw as salad or cooked as a vegetable. respectively. 6 and 8dS/m. organic carbon 0. 89. Both roots and leaves are prevents constipation increase appetite and are also useful for patients suffering from piles. 6 and 8dS/m.National Seminar on “Conservation. Bichpuri.30.S. R. 4. College.B.2. RESPONSE OF NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS LEVELS ON ROOT YIELD AND DRY MATTER SYNTHESIS OF RADISH (RAPHANUS SATIVUS L) Jagvir Tiwari . Calcium phosphorus. The fresh biomass yield of tulsi declined with saline water irrigation and the significant yield reduction was recorded at ECiw 4 dS/m with increasing salinity levels. potassium sodium and vitamin .K. S. it was concluded that maximum root yield (328.67%) found in N1P2 (50kg nitrogen with 60kg P2O5 perha) treatment combination. 2. 83 and 77% at ECiw 2.C etc.K. the maximum root dry matter (6.S. Brijesh Kumar Department of Horticulture.B. The experiment was laid out in Randomized block Design (RBD) consisting 16 treatment combinations including 4 levels of nitrogen (0. However. 50. Singh. R.B. The salinity levels applied in the experiment were BAW.23 q/h ) was recorded with application of 50kg nitrogen along with 90kg P2O5 per ha.2 dS/m. ECe 1.

Agra. whereas in 2006 the salinity was high throughout the profile probably because of less rain fall. Bichpuri.National Seminar on “Conservation. Singh. during crop period. which resulted in low leaching and also forced to provide saline irrigation to meet the crop water requirement.S. 6 and 8 dS/m over best available water were 96.K. Shishodia and R. decreased with depth and was quite low in lower depths. 67 and 58%. respectively. The salinity levels of irrigation water were BAW (Best available water). In channel the ECe at surface was found almost same because of few days ago rains came at the time of harvest. India Corresponding authors email: coolyash 40@ yahoo. Chauhan.B.B. 80. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.K.com A field experiment was conducted for two consecutive years 2005 to 2007 in Management of Salt Affected Soil and Use of Saline Water Project (ICAR) at Research farm of Raja Balwant Singh College. 4. The average relative yield at ECiw 2. Agra (UP) . Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF SALINE WATER ON FENNEL CROP GROWN IN SEMI-ARID CLIMATE CONDITION S. Since fennel was grown with bed method. but it increased in lower depths with the salinity water. College. ECe status in channel and ridge was determined. Chauhan Management of Salt Affected Soils and Use of Saline Water in Agriculture (ICAR) R. 6 and 8dS/m and the crop was grown in winter season. The salt status at bed was higher because of movement of salt to dry zone. The results showed that fennel crop was adversely affected by saline irrigation and the significant yield reduction was noted at ECiw 4 dS/m in the crop.S.283105. P. Bichpuri. The soil salinity build-up increased with salinity of water and number of irrigations. 4. 2. New Delhi [71] . R.

31%). of spike /plant.P.e. Singh and S. College.K.5. A field experiment was conducted at the experimental Research farm R. The experiment was conducted in Randomized block design with three replications.B. New Delhi [72] .1. Gujarai-1 (G-1). low in organic carbon (0.B. respectively. Chauhan Department Of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science R. 7.5 me/l and oil production 72.National Seminar on “Conservation. A. College. Vishuanath and S. No.S.7 and 78. No.32%. The experiment comprising five levels of RSC i. R.e.64 and 0.Singh.e.9 lg/ha in RSC 5 and 2. 20.61 in RSC 5 and 2. The experimental soil was sandy loam having pH 7. A field experiment was conducted during 2007-08 at Agricultural Research farm R. The experiment consisted three varieties i. Agra during 2009-10 and 2010-11.5 and 10 me/l was conducted in randomized block design with four replications.e.Agra. no.5 me/l. The results reveled that the all growth characteristics i. seed weight/ spike (gm) and test weight (gm) were significantly higher in application of 40 kg/ha Sponsored by University Grants Commission.S. to evaluate the effect of potash levels on Isabgol varieties. length of spike (cm).B. 5. and available N(186 kg/ha) .0 kg/ha).8 kg/ha) and K (220. Agra-283105.B. ISABGOL (PALANTAGO AVATA FORSK) AFFECTED TO VARIETIES AND POTASH LEVELS IN SANDY LOAM SOILS OF AGRA REGION S. of tillers per plant and dry matter recorded significantly higher in RSC 5 and 2. ECe 2. Bichpuri.5 me/l compared with control (no RSC).2 and organic carbon 0. plant height. Of Agronomy.5 and 10 me/l. of spike/m row length.B. Bichpuri. The oil content (%) and oil yield kg/ha was recorded at 0. Chauhan Deptt. Bichpuri. No of seed /spike. control 2. The experimental soil was sandy loam having pH 8. College. Agra-283105. 40 and 60kg/ha). medium in available P (13. Gujrat-2 (G-2) and Haryana-5 (H-5) and four levels of potash (Control. The yield attributing characteristics of isabgol i.S. College.S. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF RSC OF IRRIGATION WATER ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF LEMON GRASS Manoj Pratap Singh.K. The other treatments reduced the yield in application of RSC water 4 7.9. Bichpuri.

biological Demand Oxygen. alkanity. -282002. It is concluded that the methanol solvent was better solvent for the extraction of natural substances which cure various human remedies. total solids and chemical conductivity. Therefore. The leaf extracts showed significant activity on fungal pathogens. sodium and phosphate. Agra The present investigation was carried out during 2008-09 to study the antifungal activities of Withania somnifera against C.2q/ha) and H-5 (7. bicarbonate. PHYSICO-CHEMICAL STUDY OF MAARKANDESWAR RESERVOIR. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 potash compared with 0 and 20 kg/ha. Prashant Mishra. New Delhi [73] . albicans and A. U. Agra College.P. The yield of isabgole significantly higher in (11. The maximum zone of inhibition (20 mm) was recorded in methanol solvent extract on Candida albicans however. This study was carried to determine whether this reservoir safe point for local medicinal plants and migratory water birds and other animals also who depend on it. The parameters analyzed include the physical parameters such as temperature. The fresh leaves were collected. the minimum (12mm) activity was recorded in ethanol solvent extract on Aspergillus niger. India Studies on the physico-chemical characters of the Maarkandeswar reservoir were done for a period of one year from January to December 2008. The other parameters estimated are pH.National Seminar on “Conservation. The plant is found in wild form and declining in natural habitats due to various agro climatic factors. The plant has been used ethno medicinally for the treatment of various human diseases. washed and dried for three weeks under shade. MAINPURI DISTRICT.niger. colour. chloride.P. Presence of nutrients such nitrate. iron. methanol and ethanol for the determination of antibacterial activity by measuring of zone of inhibition. U. magnesium.8 q/ha) respectively. silicate. sulphate. dissolved oxygen. calcium. the present study suggests that there is need of advanced studies Sponsored by University Grants Commission. STUDIES ON ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITIES OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA AGAINST CANDIDA ALBICANS AND ASPERGILLUS NIGER USED IN AYURVEDIC SYSTEM OF MEDICINE Arun Kumar and Samaypal Singh Sisodiya Department of Botany Agra College. carbonate. Amita Sarkar and Arun Kumar Singh Department of Zoology.19 q/ha in G-1 compared with G-2 (10. The leaf extracts were prepared using two solvent i.e. Agra.

3.B.31%. The trend of the results showed that more inhibitory effect on mitosis with more pronounced chromosomal aberrations. ECe 2. The ECe (010cm) was monitored to be 1.K. P. 0. 2. R.4.1 dS/m and at the harvest of chrysanthemum crop showed higher yield potential even through it faces higher salinity stress. College. The average relative yield at ECiw 2.K. Bichpuri.283105. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 for the conservation of threatened and rare medicinal plant at Agra.S.B. CHRYSANTHEMUM CROP GROWN UNDER SALINE WATER IRRIGATION CONDITION IN AGRA REGION S. The salinity of irrigation water were BAW (Best available water). 2. Singh Management of Salt Affected Soils and Use of Saline Water in Agriculture (ICAR) R. Sanjay Kumar Dixit Department of Seed Technology. The results are encouraging but scientific scrutiny is absolutely necessary before being put in practice.S.B.8. logging chromosome and stick bridges. The soil Salinization increased with ECiw levels because of higher addition of salts through irrigation given in the crop. Chauhan. 6 and 8 dS/m. 6 and 8dS/m over BAW was 99. respectively. College.6 and 12. respectively. 4.8%. 6. The results of this study showed that several chromosomal abnormalities including stickness of chromosomes (both at metaphase and anaphase). 95. 88 and 78%. The soil of experimental field was sandy loam having pH 8.4 and 3. Raja Balwant Singh College. 9.National Seminar on “Conservation. CYTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF THE ROOT EXTRACTS OF PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS ON ROOT TIPS OF PISUM SATIVUM L.4 dS/m with ECiw 2. The significant yield reduction in the chrysanthemum crop was observed at ECiw >4dS/m in all the two years as well as pooled data.2%. Bichpuri. New Delhi [74] . Agra. and the respective values were 4. The root extract of P. c-metaphase. India A field experiment was conducted at the research farm of Management of Salt Affected Soil and Use of Saline Water Project (ICAR).1%. 2.1 and organic carbon 0.4% and 0. 0. Agra (UP) . hysterophorus was found effective at concentrations of 0. Agra The mitotic effects of the root extracts of Parthenium hysterophorus on the root tips of Pisum sativum were investigated. 6 and 8 dS/m. The extract was Sponsored by University Grants Commission. 4.1.2. Shishodia and R. 4.

B. anti-hyperlipedemic and anti-microbial etc. garlic may be used successfully for treating food poisoning causative agent like S. Methanolic extract of garlic was prepared by maceration method.National Seminar on “Conservation. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was performed by using 7H9 middle brook broth dilution technique. Conclusively. India Garlic (Allium sativum) has an important dietary and medicinal role for centuries. The use of garlic against Staphylococcus aureus may be of great importance regarding public health. Garlic has antimicrobial properties against S. New Delhi [75] . College Agra. The present study tested the methanolic extract of garlic in vitro for its antibacterial activity. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 found to accumulate metaphase and could thus be of immense help in cytological work. It is a large annual plant of the Liliaceae family. Kapil Kumar. More importantly there is need for detailed scientific study. Department of Botany. R. MIC of garlic extract was ranged from 1 to 3 mg/ml. Garlic (Allium sativum) is one of natural plant which possesses variety of biological properties like anti-tumor. aureus. Seema Bhadauria Microbiology Research Laboratory. STUDIES ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM) Anjana agnihotri. The extract showed concentration dependent antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. It has both a bacteristatic and bactericidal activity when tested in vitro using crude preparation of garlic. Alternate medicine practices with plant extracts including garlic should be considered to decrease the burden of drug resistance and cost in the management of diseases.S. aureus. showing inhibitory effects of garlic against Staphylococcus aureus. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Further in vivo studies are necessary. Also another study will be needed to establish the exact component or pharmacological standardization and clinical evaluation in garlic. Therefore.

The vigour index was also calculated to evaluate the promotive effect of all three varieties of wheat. College. R. The positive response on seed germination was recorded in three different varieties i. College. The mutagens caused dose dependent decrease in seed germination. seed germination and seedling vigour. 20ppm. 30ppm. seedling survival and mitotic index. New Delhi [76] . Agra The present investigation was designed to evaluate the effects of different concentrations (100ppm.S. The control plants were normal while as treated ones showed significant alterations. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.(FABACEA) Subash Kumar and Sanjay Kumar Dixit Department of Seed Technology. precocious separation laggards.e.B. The minimum % of seed germination i. Pusa-44 and PBN343 of wheat. The cytological study revealed various types of mitotic aberrations among them the dominant were fragments. disturbed anaphase etc. seed-germination. R. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 STUDY THE EFFECT OF GIBBEELLIC ACID ON THE GROWTH OF WHEAT Chander Sekar and Sanjay Kumar Dixit Department of Seed Technology. RR-21.S. 30% was recorded in 100ppm where as 35% seed germination in 1000 ppm and 90% seed germination was recorded as higher in 500ppm as compared to the control.e. 500ppm and 1000pm) of Gibberellic acid on the growth parameters i. stickiness. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MOISTURE ABERRATIONS INDUCED BY TWO HERBICIDES (METREBUZIN AND GLYPHOSATE) IN VICIA FABA L. stickiness and fragments were more frequent as compared to other types. variety major.National Seminar on “Conservation.e. seedling survival and mitotic index in Vicia faba L. bridges. Agra The present investigation provides a comparative account of different concentrations (10ppm. 50ppm and 100ppm) of metrebuzin and glyphosate on mitotic aberration.B.

B. STUDY THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN METABOLISM ON PIGEON PEA STERILITY MOSAIC DISEASE R. Free amino acids like valine. amide nitrogen and protein nitrogen were observed but ammonical nitrogen and non-protein nitrogen were found to be decreased. Lucien. decreased the germination percentage and deleterious to carry seedling growth (root and shoot length). R. nitrite nitrogen. Agra This study was carried out to determine the effects of heavy metals (Pb and Ni) on seed germination and seedling survival in Vicia faba. In diseased leaves at all stages both free and bound amino acid levels were found to be increased. a similar tendency was determined with seedling growth. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 TO STUDY THE COMBINED EFFECT OF HEAVY METALS (LEAD AND NICKEL) ON GROWTH PARAMETERS IN BROAD BEAN (VICIA FABA) Virendra Upadhyay and Sanjay Kumar Dixit Department of Seed Technology. Meerut Pigeon pea (cajanus cajan) is an important crop of family Leguminaceae. But these were found in lower concentration in older diseased leaves. Meerut College. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Growth and yield of the crop is greatly affected by mosaic virus. The results showed that enhanced concentrations of heavy metals.S. In diseased leaves increased levels of nitrate nitrogen. Diseased leaves of pigeon pea had higher level of total nitrogen then healthy leaves. Singhal and Anjali Dutt Department of Botany.K. The most toxic effect on seed germination was seen with the application of Ni (20ppm)was observed and only 40% germination recorded. College. New Delhi [77] . and arginine were observed in higher concentration in young diseased leaves. while 95% germination was seen in control on the other hand.National Seminar on “Conservation.

474001. It is also used to treat some breast cancer cells. It has camphor like scent and successfully used in parasite treatment. This exercise is considering most useful issue so that the Artemissia annua plant can be available to all in their kitchen gardens. It is considered as ten times effective than any other drug used against malaria. Jain College Gwalior. Best growth was observed in fully sunlight exposed plants.National Seminar on “Conservation. some forms of prostate cancer and leukemia. The plant requires five to six months for proper growth. The people suffering from malaria can get good result by a descent cup of Artemissia tea. Garima Bartariya and Pragati Sani Department of Life Science. Soil moisture was maintained by proper drainage. India Artemissia annua (Sweet worm wood) which is native of temperate Asia. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The plantlets were planted 20 inch apart from each other. Agra. It has an active ingredient Artemisinin. which is a sesquiterpene lactone used in antimalarial drug. now successfully grown in Gwalior region. Supply of organic fertilizer was maintained in springs. Artemissia tea which is prepared from Artemissia annua leaves is effective in treating malaria. These plantlets were settled in the garden soil rich in organic fertilizer. The plant can tolerate draught. New Delhi [78] . heat and cold. The plant can easily grow in local gardens with proper drainage. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 CULTIVATION OF ARTEMISSIA ANNUA IN GWALIOR Abhishek Kumar Dwivedi. The plantlets were collected from Dayalbagh Educational Institute.

-282002. calcarata have high iron content with a moderate and balanced content of carbohydrate. R.U. tubers. Zn. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.B. Mn.. yellow avalanche lily. A. galanga. bitterroot. blue camas. Study shows the biologically important metals Cr.. spring beauty. All these studied materials have a moderate to good antimicrobial activity. balsamroot. springbank clover Rhizomes of certain Ginger like species.P. India Department of Botany. have high medicinal value belonging to family Zingiberaceae. A.calcarata Rocs and Kaempferia galanga Linn. viz.-282002. silverweed. but low in fat.50 cal per 50g) and are quite rich in protein and carbohydrate. Rhizomes of A. corms. Cu. These rhizomes have a good nutritive value also(150. bulbs. calcarata is lowest Mn. rhizomes and true roots) include such root foods as wild onions. fat and crude fibre. Alphinia officinarum Hance. New Delhi [79] . College Agra. U.e. protein.P. officinarum and A. Rhizomes of A. A. galanga willd. Ca and Na to be sufficient in rhizomes of K. Ni and K but richest in Ca and Na. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 NUTRITIVE AND MEDICINAL VALUE OF SOME INDIGENOUS ROOT VEGETABLE Arun Kumar Singh and Arvind Kumar Singh* Department of Zoology.India* The root vegetables (i.S. Agra College Agra. galanga are lowest in fat content but richest in carbohydrate.National Seminar on “Conservation.

40. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The seeds of coriander are generally chewed to correct foul breath. A poultice with barley meal added to it the seeds of coriander are applied to chronic ulcers and carbuncles. It is also helpful to synthesis of certain growth hormones. 30. D. Vitamin A and C.4% and 4 stages.S. 60. soft and fragrant leaves and mature seeds.2%. Iron. days after sowing) which was replicated 4 time. The result indicates that significantly maximum plant height (170. Vishwa Nath and Brijesh Kumar Department of Horticulture R. Agra. The juice of the fresh plants is used as an application to erythema. The leaves and seeds are rich source of minerals and vitamins such as Calcium. of ZnSo 4 viz.) Anuj Kumar Pachauri. S. tonic. Roasted seeds are useful in dyspepsia. zinc is most important for proper vegetative growth. Keeping these facts is mind an experiment was conducted at the agriculture farm of R. FLOWERING AND FRUITING OF CORIANDER (CORIANDRUM SATIVUM L.4% Zn So4 at the 60days after sowing. keeping.National Seminar on “Conservation. Bichpuri. Rathore. 0. stomachie. 16 treatment combinations. Agra. (4 conc. 0%.09cm) and fresh weight of plant biomass (101.S College Bichpuri. College.B.S. The trial was laid out in R. Phosphorus. It is cultivated in all parts of India for its green.B. 50. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L) is most important spice comes under umbellifereae family. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF ZINC SULPHATE ON GROWTH.B. it is also important for medicinal purpose.31gm/plant)) were recorded with application of 0. It is useful as carminative and antipillious diuretic. refrigerant and aphrodisiac. New Delhi [80] .V. flowering and fruiting . 0. Beside all other essential elements for plant growth and development.3% and 0.

Flavored milk. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 UTILITY OF HERBAL PLANTS IN HEALTHY FOOD PRODUCTS Vishwa Nath. these products helps in curing of physiological disorders. Some edible medicinal plants like Stevia. etc. Brijesh Kumar. Mint and Cardamom etc. many kinds of herbal beverages. Recently.. Neem.) together with folklore system continue to serve a large portion of the population inspite of the advent of modern medicines. Unani and Homeopathy etc.S. Ginger based Ice cream. Lemongrass. Brhami. Herbal candies. Tulsi.National Seminar on “Conservation. The main sources of herbal ingredients are only the edible medicinal plants. Ginger. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Herbal tea. Various dairy products such as salted buttermilk. The production of such type of food product is more economical and profitable in the interest of health. Singh R. New Delhi [81] . Safed musali. It was natural.B. Sidha. which are available in rural areas. therefore that plants have been used since ancient times for the treatment of ailments. young ones and old person.B. College Bichpuri. punchamrit. In recent years the growing demand for herbal products has led to a quantum jump in volume of plant materials treated within and across the country. Mulhathi. certain diseases and other inborn defects of metabolism in children. can be used to manufacture food products. the development of food products by supplementing with herbal ingradients is important from nutritional and therapeutic viewpoint. Manoj Pandey and S. The traditional systems of medicine (Ayurveda. Agra India is endowed with rich flora because of the extreme variation in geographical and climatic conditions prevailing in the country. whey Vit. Medicinal ghee.

2412@gmail. Several aberrations were noticed and these were directly or indirectly related to malformation of nuclear or cellular proteins leading to chromosomal anomalies. These affect the vigour and vitality due to production of free radicals in cell system. Adaptogens cause adaptive reactions to disease. are useful in many unrelated illnesses. immunomodulatory hemopoetic and rejuvenating properties.National Seminar on “Conservation. New Delhi [82] . widely used herb in ayurvedic medicine. Studies indicate that ashwagandha possesses anti-inflammatory. cardiopulmonary and central nervous systems. In ayurvedic medicine there is a class of herbs. and appear to produce a state of non-specific increased resistance (SNIR) to adverse effects of physical. including WS. It also appears to exert a positive influence on the endocrine. the excessive uses of herb cause fatal effects. anti-oxidant. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. antitumor.com The objective of this paper is to review the literature regarding Withania somnifera (commonly called ashwagandha). Bareilly E-mail-mukta. Its mutagenic efficacies were studied on root meristems of Lilium candidum. known as adaptogens or vitalizers. Although ashwagandha has been used successfully in ayurvedic medicine for centuries. chemical and biological agents. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 RADIOMIMETIC EFFICACIES OF SOME AYURVEDIC MEDICINES ON THE ROOT MERISTEMS OF LILIUM CANDIDUM Mukta Gangwar Department of Botany Bareilly College. anti’s tress. The metabolic behavior of the herb is studied to create awareness among the society and to stop an undue application of these medicines unless they are required essentially.

Ca and Mg lower in the shoot tissues of lemongrass irrigated with the sodic water than with the tube well water . New Delhi [83] . Mainpuri. herbage yield and quality of lemon grass was the total herb and oil yield of lemongrass was significantly reduced by the application of sodic water as compared to tube well water. cosmetics.S. Chitragupta Degree College.The result indicated that RSC water adversely affected Sponsored by University Grants Commission. RESPONSE OF LEMONGRASS (CYMBOPOGAN FLEXUOSUS) UNDER SODIC ENVIRONMENT Manoj Pandey. pharmaceuticals and beverages etc.P. Bichpuri. cryopreservation. Lokendra Yadav and Arun Kumar *Department of Botany. Agra. there are a large number of threatened species. The present paper describes the recent advances of biotechnology in the conservation of endangered plants. However. and molecular markers offer a valuable alternative to plant diversity studies.P. it is limited in time and space and it has to overcome acclimatization and accommodation problems. The loss of plant genetic resources has made necessary the development of new ex situ conservation methods. Yogesh Singh. College. To study the effect of RSC water on the growth.B. Agra (U.S. Agra. . U. management of genetic resources and ultimately conservation. Agra College. The field experiment was conducted during rainy seasons in 2010 at R. Bichpuri. Although cultivation in botanic gardens is an efficient way to conserve endangered species ex situ. which produce immature. The concentration of Na was significantly higher and that of K. Javed Ali and Kirti Chaubey* Department of Agriculture Chemistry and Soil Science R. seed storage. Biotechnological tools like in vitro culture. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 RECENT ADVANCES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR ENDANGERED PLANT CONSERVATION Jyostana Yadav*.National Seminar on “Conservation. Shikohabad Lemon grass (Cymbopogan Flexuosus) is an important aromatic crop and has gained considerable economic importance as its essential oil is being used in the formulation of different blends of perfumes. College.D. College.)-283105 *Department of Botany. sterile or recalcitrant seeds that quickly lose viability and do not survive desiccation.B. Department of Botany. Among ex situ conservation methods the most common are cultivation in botanic gardens. hence conventional seed storage strategies are not suitable.P. U. N.

Agra to test the suitability of different integrated nutrient management options involving NPK ( 50 % and 100 % recommended) FYM (10 t/ha) and Azotobacter for garlic production. Garlic plant has germicidal properties and excises an inhibitory influence on gram-negative germs of typhoid –Para typhoid enteritis group. Bichpuri. It also relieves rheumatism. There was consistent improvement in the fertility status of the soil with the addition of higher nutrient inputs through organics and inorganics. Agra. The bulbs (rhizome) serve as a condiment as well as flavoring substance. taken internally. herbage yield oil content.National Seminar on “Conservation. recorded higher garlic bulb yield over control. Shikohabad Garlic is a good export crop. Garlic is strongly antiseptic.9 t/ha was obtained with 100 % NPK + FYM + Azotobacter which was at par with 100% NPK alone. The garlic bulb yield in 50% NPK was at par with that of 10 t FYM/ha with or without Azotobacter. All the treatment combinations with organic and inorganic expect treatment where garlic seedlings were inoculated with Azotobacter. Garlic embodies antibacterial properties and is hence made use of both to cure intestinal disorder and various infectious diseases. Azotobacter inoculation. P. although improved soil N status.S. All integrated nutrient management options resulted in higher fertility status of the soil in terms of available N.7 and 35. It is used a carminative and gastric stimulant in the preparation of various medicines. Garlic bulb is used as a medicine to cure cough as well as fever. it destroys worms and externally. New Delhi [84] . College. College. rids the skin parasites. clears chest and augments lungs. Its powder makes excellent condiment used extensively.B. It can be concluded from the study that FYM @ 10 t/ha can substitute 50% NPK requirements of the crop without affecting the bulb yield. could not improve the garlic bulb Sponsored by University Grants Commission.283105 *Department of Botany. A field experiments were conducted during rabi season of 2009-10 in an alkaline (pH 8. Manoj Pandey. In general higher RSC (15me/l) showed more detrimental effect on plant growth.1) alluvial soil at farmers field. The juice is used as rubefacient in dermal ailments. N. K and S over control. as ear-drops in ear-ache as well as in colic and flatulence. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 the response of lemongrass. EFFICACY OF INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT FOR GARLIC ( ALLIUM SATIVUM ) IN AN ALLUVIAL SOIL Javed Ali. The highest garlic yield of 36. Panwari. Brijesh Kumar and Kirti Choubey* R. Azotobacter inoculation has not resulted any significant increase in yield over 50% NPK treatment.D. thus indicating that addition of organics over and above 100% NPK did not improve yield.

Allium sativum and Vicia faba as test assays. The seeds are also utilized in the treatment of dysentery.500 ppm. dyspepsia. New Delhi [85] . polarity abolition and tetra polar anaphase were observed during the study.National Seminar on “Conservation.750 ppm and 1000 ppm) has been tested on root meristems of. Maximum decline in mitotic index was recorded in A. Bareilly (243001) E mail ID . Disturbed metaphase. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 yield. Now a day’s fenugreek seeds are used as antihyperglycaemic. of Cytogenetics. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. The aqueous seed extract of Fenugreek (100 ppm. Metaphase and anaphase were highly affected phases of the division. As a part of safety evaluation of novel ingredients for use in blood glucose control. cepa followed by A. Aqueous seed extract of fenugreek also induced many chromosomal aberrations. rickets and gout. CHROMOTOXIC BEHAVIOR OF TRIGONELLA FOENUM GRAECUM Dr.250 ppm.com The seeds of Fenugreek are used as spice in India as well as in Middle East counties very commonly. The results revealed that the aqueous seed extract of Trigonellafoenumgraecum was mitodepressive in all the used concentrations and durations of the treatment in the entire three plants. 4 and 6 hours. the potential genotoxicity of fenugreek seeds extract has been evaluated using Allium cepa. diarrhea. sativum and V. enlargement of spleen. Bareilly College.Somesh Yadav Lab. faba respectively. Allium sativum and Vicia faba with a treatment period of 2. and cough. Above results indicate that there is a need of awareness before using fenugreek seeds as antihyperglycaemic agent or as a folk medicine and a scientific dose must be prescribed to check its overdosing. Alliumcepa. There was slight improvement with Azotobacter only when it was applied along with FYM.someshyadav28@gmail. Shalini Saxena and Dr.

A field experiment carried out with three levels of potassium (0. 100 and 150 Kg N/ha ) to evaluate their response on the Yield. Manoj Pandey and Vishwnath Department of Agriculture R. College. 50. Agra-283105 Turmeric is one of the five most important spice of India. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 RESPONSE OF NITROGEN AND POTASSIUM ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF TURMERIC (CURCUMA LONGA) IN ALLUVIAL SOILS Javed Ali. Bichpuri. Result revealed that application of 100 Kg nitrogen and 90 Kg of each potassium per hectare under alluvial soils of Agra increased the productivity of turmeric with enhanced accumulation of N. Turmeric is use for flavoring and coloring of various dishes on domestic scale as well as in food and agriculture industries.9 q/ha and curcumin increased from 4. R. Result revealed that application of 80 Kg of each potassium and 100 Kg nitrogen per hectare under alluvial soil of Agra increased the productivity of Sponsored by University Grants Commission. It is also used in preparation of cosmetic goods and medical drugs.2 to 440. The fresh rhizome yield of turmeric increased from 219. Agra. P and K in turmeric Cv. It is cultivated mainly for its aromatic and medicinal underground rhizomes. College. New Delhi [86] . Manoj Pandey and Uday Kumar* Department of Agriculture Chemistry & Soil Science. 50. 100 and 150 Kg N/ha) and three levels of potassium (0.B. Agra with four levels of nitrogen (0.S. Turmeric is use for flavoring and colouring of various dishes on domestic scale as well as in food and agriculture industries. RESPONSE OF TURMERIC TO POTASSIUM AND NITROGEN APPLICATION IN ALLUVIAL SOILS Javed Ali.10 percentage with the application of 100 kg N and 90 kg K2O /ha. * Department of Agronomy. During 2010. quality and uptake of N. It is also used in preparation of cosmetic goods and medical drugs. 45 and 90 Kg K2O/ha) and four levels of nitrogen (0. P and K contents as well as cur cumin contents in rhizome. It is cultivated mainly for its aromatic and medicinal underground rhizomes.National Seminar on “Conservation.B.283105 Turmeric is one of the five most important spices of India.S.86 to 7. Bichpuri. A field experiment was conducted during rainy season at farmers field Nagla Mirzapur. 45 and 90 Kg K2O/ha) to evaluate their effect on the yield and quality in turmeric.

Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 turmeric with enhanced accumulation of N. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. harvesting time. variety. planting time. Artemisinin is found to be effective medicine for the treatment of malaria.National Seminar on “Conservation. Reasonable planting density and fertilizer application could improve the vegetative growth and yield of A. annua. bronchitis. and fertilizer requirement. herbal tea prepared from dried leaves is widely used for treatments of malaria. N. Furthermore. Besides.S. The present study revealed that the relationship of Artemisia annua yield with density. The productivity of the crop is known to be affected by numerous factors such as soil fertility. temperature. P and K contents as well as curcumin contents in rhizome. effect of location and drying condition should be studied for obtaining high yields of Artemisia. bilharzias and various type of cancer. New Delhi [87] . CONSERVASTION AND CULTIVATION OF ARTEMISIA ANNUA L IN SEMI ARID ZONE OF AGRA Pragati Dixit Department of Botany R.) is an aromatic and medicinal herb of family Asteraceae. College Agra. Moreover. geographical condition. irrigation requirement. it has great potential but its production is not supported by research recommendations carried out in India. and population density and fertilizer application. It is grown for its aromatic and medicinal leaves that yield artemisinin. Artemisia (Artemisia annua L.B. P and K fertilizer applied amount was studied in climatic conditions of Agra.

The present study showed a strong inhibitory effect of methanol extracts of E. phytosterols.com Evolvulus alsinoides L. (Convolvulaceae) is a morning glory plant and commonly known as shankhapushpi.National Seminar on “Conservation. The preliminary phytochemical screening of methanol leaf extract showed the presence of alkaloids. enhance memory and retention. especially for school going children. alsinoides on most of the gram positive bacteria and gram negative bacteria. The diameter of zone of inhibition was taken as an indicator of antibacterial effect. Agra E-mail: bhavanaphd@rediffmail.B. College. terpenoides. tannins. This plant is widely used in Indian herbal medicine generally in Ayurveda and useful to promote intelligence. cardiac glycosoides and essential oil. flavonoids. Disc diffusion technique was used to assess the antibacterial potential of plant from different sources against gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus) and gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aureuginosa). Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION AND ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTIAL OF EVOLVULUS ALSINOIDES USED IN INDIAN HERBAL MEDICINE Bhavana Department of Botany. It is therefore suggested that there is need of advanced studies to the conservation of this medicinal herb in this region. New Delhi [88] . R.S. Leaf extracts were prepared using aqueous and methanol solvent for the determination antibacterial activity. However. aqueous leaf extract failed to show any phytocompounds.

R. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. RAPD-based genetic similarity varied from 0.2000 TO 0. glabrous. using one primer (OPC-6) gave a total of 37 clear polymorphic bands which showed genetic diversity. Mathura and Etah) of U.cordifolia observed by using the highly polymorphic markers obtained by RAPD. Firozabad. climbing succulent shrub. Agra Tinospora cordifolia (Menispermaceae) is large. It has been traditionally used in Indian Ayurveda system of medicine. The random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) method was used to study the genetic diversity and relationships of T. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 GENETIC DIVERSITY IN WILD POPULATIONS OF TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA Yugal Pratap Singh Department of Botany. RAPD analysis of four accessions collected from four districts (Agra.B. Cluster analysis using genetic similarity divided the accessions into two main groups suggesting that there are genetic relationships among all the accessions. Estimates of genetic similarities were obtained by the Jaccards similarity coefficient. New Delhi [89] .209.P.National Seminar on “Conservation. which were found to be an efficient tool to characterize the genetic diversity.60000. deciduous.S. College. So we need to conserve this important plant using ex situ as well as in situ method. abundantly found in hedges and spread over the trees.cordifolia accessions in the germplasm collection of various districts Uttar Pradesh. with a mean of 0. and a final dendrogram was constructed with the un-weight pair group method using arithmetic average. The diversity in T.

The flower consists of five sepals which are green in colour. the Pyrostegia are used as a general tonic as well as a treatment for diarrhea.S. A gorgeous climbing plant with vibrant orange trumpet shaped flowers. Pyrostegia venusta belongs to family Bignoniaceae is native to the Brazilian Cerrado. the two types of stigma are present in plants like dry and wet stigma. and common diseases of the respiratory system related to infections. The Orange Trumpet Creeper originates in South America and will grow well in most areas of Australia. The wet type of stigma is observed in this plant with hollow style. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 ETHNOBOTANICAL USES OF PYROSTEGIA VENUSTA R. The corolla consists of five petals which are white to yellowish in colour. flu. Agra Adhatoda vasica Nees (Acanthaceae) is commonly known as vasaka or adulsa. The present study shows that the leaves are glabrous. hypogynous and sessile. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of a methanolic extract of flowers of Pyrostegia venusta. green with axile placentation.K. such as flu and cold. The flowers are small. Merrut College. Thus. lanceolate and 10-16 cm in size. The stamens are five in number usually antipetalous and dehiscence of pollen grains through longitudinal slits. style and ovary. cough and cold. as long as it frost free. The ovary is superior. The pistil is well differentiated into stigma. It is small. zygomorphic. cough. results supported previous claims of the usefulness of these plants in traditional therapies and suggest that these plants may be useful in the treatment of disorders that induced sickness behavior. R. vitiligo. sub-herbaceous bush and grows abundantly in open plains. opposite. bracteate. Generally. hermaphrodite. New Delhi [90] . Sponsored by University Grants Commission. evergreen.College. especially in the lower Himalayas upto 1300 meters above sea level. The flowering occurs during a period between Octobers to April. Merrut.B. Singhal and Anjali Dutt Department of Botany. The flowers are arranged in spike terminal type inflorescence. perfect.National Seminar on “Conservation. DIVERSITY OF ADHATODA VASICA NEES (MEDICINAL HERB) Saroj Singh Department of Botany. Flowers hang down in mass trusses creating a stunning effect. In traditional Indian medicine. such as bronchitis.

of course. B.5% and almost one-fourth that of China. Eighty percent of the industry’s requirement is sourced from the forests. Agra.R. This has already placed certain medicinal species at risk. It is also possible to preserve propagules variety of depositories broadly referred to as ''gene banks''.P. Long term preservation is possible under liquid nitrogen in cryobanks.. School of Life Sciences. there is a growing realization that demand is fast outstripping supply. India The present study deals with the role of biotechnology in conservation of our medicinal plant resources. accounts for over 60. In situ measures are. When so. U. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 BIOTECHNOLOGY AND THE CONSERVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANT WEALTH Akhilesh Kumar Chauhan Department of Botany. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. herbal drug formulations and nutraceutical industry.000 plant species representing 12% of world’s known botanical diversity and 8% of flowering plant diversity. with its diverse ecological conditions. Ongoing conservation efforts in the country are directed towards both in situ and ex situ approaches.National Seminar on “Conservation. New Delhi [91] . Ambedkar University. The global plant based drug trade is projected around US$ 62 billion with a 7% annual growth rate but India’s share is just 2. Dr. ideal. Collection is mostly unscientific and destructive. The gene banks specifically devoted to the conservation of medicinal and aromatic species of the country. More than 9. There is no reliable assessment of the volume or value of the herb-related trade in India. putting an unreasonable pressure on our wild phytoresources. India.000 species are employed in the preparation of herbal drug formulations. causing irreversible damage to the precious natural resources. rich ethnic diversity and a strong traditional knowledge base. Additional demands are being made by the cosmetic.

Department of Botany. U. New Delhi [92] . Aligarh Muslim University. using synthetic seeds has opened new vistas in the field of agriculture. Cryopreservation of encapsulated germplasm has now been increasingly used as an ex vitro conservation tool with the possible minimization of adverse effects of cryoprotectants and post-preservation damages. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Synthetic seed technology is a highly promising tool for propagating transgenic and seedless plant species.. Plant propagation. encapsulation and germination) can enhance the pace of synthetic seed production. polyploid plants with elite traits and plant lines that are difficult to propagate through conventional methods of propagation.National Seminar on “Conservation. This technique brings the advancement of biotechnology to the farmers in a cost effective manner by shortening the conventional selection procedure of recombination breeding. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 SYNTHETIC SEED TECHNOLOGY-A POTENTIAL APPROACH FOR PLANT CONSERVATION Shiwali Sharma and Anwar Shahzad* Plant Biotechnology Laboratory.bt@amu. Aligarh.202 002. forest trees and other important plant species.com.in Progress in the biotechnological research during the last two decades has provided a great scope for the improvement in crops. ashahzad. harvesting. Through this technique germplasm exchange between countries could be accelerated as a result of reduced plant quarantine requirements because of the aseptic condition of the plant material.ac. Delivery of synthetic seed also alleviates issues like undertaking several passages for scaling up in vitro cultures as well as acclimatization to ex vitro conditions. India * Corresponding author: shahzadanwar@rediffmail.P. Optimization of synchronized propagule development followed by automation of the whole process (sorting.

For further elongation of shoots and decrease in leaf fall GA in combination with optimized BA concentration gave best results. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. were acclimatized successfully and transferred to green house conditions. Best response was achieved on higher concentrations of 6. Department of Botany Aligarh Muslim University Email: ashahzadbt@amu. turnery and toys. New Delhi [93] . undulata leaves have oleanolic acid. carvings. known as ‘desert teak’. Explants were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various concentrations of different cytokinins either singly or in combination with various concentrations of different auxins. using the optimized protocol. Its wood. Biochemical analysis indicated that T. compounds that are strong HIV prohibitors. is durable and highly valued for engraved furniture. Traditionally in Musakhel.Benzyladenine (BA) where direct regeneration of axillary shoots with a high frequency was observed. Rooted plantlets produced.ac. cardio tonic and chloretic activities.in Tecomella undulata commonly known as rohida belonging to the family bignoniaceae is a deciduous or nearly evergreen tree species of arid or semi arid regions of India. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 DIRECT SHOOT REGENERATION FROM MATURE EXPLANTS OF TECOMELLA UNDULATA (SMITH) SEEM – AN ENDANGERED MEDICINAL PLANT Anwar Shahzad and Arjumend Shaheen Plant Biotech Lab.National Seminar on “Conservation. undulata through direct shoot regeneration from mature explants of ten year old tree species has been developed. Pakistan its flower is used for hepatitis. In the present study a new protocol for micropropagation of endangered T. ursolic acid and betulinic acid. Plant parts are used for the cure of syphilis and eczema and the bark possesses mild relaxant.

Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Department of Botany Aligarh Muslim University. Considering its medicinal importance an attempt was made for its multiplication under in vitro conditions. it is considered as an antidote against all type of poisons. macrocyclic alkaloids. The plant contains saponin. anti-diarrhoeal.5 µM).in There are so many herbal medicines either individually or in combination which are being used in various medical treatise for the cure of different ailments.P. Albizia lebbeck commonly called as “siris” tree is one of them used in ayurvedic and unani system of medicines. Kn and TDZ. A. Nodal segments derived from 25 year old tree were inoculated on MS medium supplemented with various concentrations of BA. Best rooting was obtained on half strength MS medium supplemented with IBA (2. Rooted shoots following acclimatization in green house were successfully transferred to soil. In Ayurvedic medicine. Aligarh (U. New Delhi [94] . Maximum number of shoots (8 shoots per explant) was observed on BA (10 µM). anxiolytic and nootropic activity. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 MICROPROPAGATION STUDIES ON ALBIZIA LEBBECK THROUGH NODAL EXPLANTS DERIVED FROM AN OLD TREE Anwar Shahzad and Taiba Saeed Plant biotechnology laboratory.) 202 002 E-mail: ashahzad.ac.5 µM). lebbeck has number of therapeutic uses. phenolic glycosides and flavonols. anti-inflammatory. Further multiplication was obtained on MS medium augmented with BA (10 µM) + GA (0. It also has analgesic.National Seminar on “Conservation.bt@amu.

New Delhi [95] . favourable environmental conditions are required as temperature. on the basis of occurrence of new bands and disappearance of old bands in combined RAPD profiles. multivalent. light conditions etc. Alka. Meerut College. Aligarh-202002-India. We investigated the effect of 6-AP on induction of variations in (Trigonella corniulata L) Fabaceae in three consecutive generations (M1 to M3). which differentiate the variants genotypically. First seed should be viable and non-dormant second seed must be planted under suitable conditions. EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION ON SEED GERMINATION OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANT Suman Verma Department Of Botany. Towseef Mohsin Bhat*. For the successful germination of seed. These variants were subjected to cytological analysis where 6-AP induce chromosomal aberrations such as univalent’s. MYK Ansari.8% concentration were generated. Mutation Breeding Laboratory.National Seminar on “Conservation. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 INDUCTION OF VARIATIONS IN TRIGONELLA CORNICULATA BY BASE ANALOGUE 6-AP (6-AMINO PURINE) AND THEIR DETECTION WITH RAPD ANALYSIS. These variants were further analyzed using RAPD profiles. Few medicinal plants are taken for experiment Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Meerut Seed germination is important factor for the survival of all plant species which requires so many environmental condition. Department of Botany Aligarh Muslim University. The results clearly indicate that high concentrations of 6-AP induce base addition and substitution. Three distinct variants at 0. bridges etc which reflects in its potency to generate point mutations. stickiness. resulting in variations in Trigonella corniculata which are used to increase the genetic diversity. laggards.

Ambreen Akhtar and Rushda Sharf. vulgare. * Merajul Islam Robab. vulgare and smallest in S. Stevia rebaudiana and Foeniculum vulgare plants were selected to find out the comparative histopathological studies after inoculation with Meloidogyne incognita. Department of Botany. From the study it is revealed that there were fewer galls on S. The number of giant cells complex of F. nigrum followed by S. Glasshouse experiment was conducted to study the abnormalities in root anatomy of three different medicinal herbaceous plants in the department of botany. rebaudiana and least in S. It was found that the second-stage juveniles of M. proliferation of vessel elements of xylem strands.M. STEVIA REBAUDIANA AND FOENICULUM VULGARE INFECTED WITH MELOIDOGYNE INCOGNITA. nigrum it ranged from 2-7. COMPARATIVE HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDIES ON SOLANUMNIGRUM. results optimum growth is takes place at temperature between 30-35 degree Celsius. Solanum nigrum. Aligarh.Ricinus. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 eg. Withania are cultivated in lab at different temperature ranges between 20-40 degree celcius and in variable light conditions. U. New Delhi [96] .P. vulgare ranged from 5-12 where as on S. cortical and xylem parenchyma cells. Increase in the size of giant cells. nigrum. Jatropa.. A. The giant cells abnormalities in structure of vascular elements were more pronounced in F.National Seminar on “Conservation. The gall size was largest in F. Aligarh Muslim University. nigrum. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Aligarh-202 002. Abbasi. Hisamuddin. repeatedly dividing parenchyma and pericycle were observed more or less in all the three plants. vulgare and were not so much apparent in S.U. incognita penetrates the young roots of all the three plants in the zone of differentiation and induced giant cells in the regions of vascular differentiation. rebaudiana and F.

Ashok Kumar Singh and Sandhya Agarwal Deptt.National Seminar on “Conservation. Agarwal. Mathura Ethno medicine is a sub field of medical anthropology and deals with the study of traditional medicine: not only those that have relevant written sources (e.A. It has been observed in the villages that the use of herbal medicine for curing certain diseases is quite common and besides medicine-men. Indian spices offer significant health benefits and contribute towards an individual’s healthy life.A HUB OF ETHNOMEDICINE Bineet Chaudhary. Ashok. Normally.K. about these medicinal plants and their uses have been learnt from ancestors. many elderly persons know about the use of herbal medicines. Kataria and Bineet Chaudhary Dept. The release of Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 SOCIAL AWARENESS OF ETHNOBOTANY. In the Indian kitchen they add flavors’ and nutrients to dishes or recipes without fat or calories. Mathura Spices and aromatics are the very heart of Indian cooking. of Botany. The growing disinterest in the use of the ethno medicinal plants and its significance among the younger generation will lead to the disappearance of this practice. Many researchers have attempted to explain why hot spices are pleasant to taste. New Delhi [97] . HOUSE HOLD KITCHEN.g. before they get lost due to the impact of modernization and growing use of allopathic medicines.A. but especially those. of Botany. College. K. whose knowledge and practices have been orally transmitted over centuries. This system depends heavily on herbal products.S. B. Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine). Spices have always been believed to have healing and magical qualities.S. S. Thus it is the need of the hour to take necessary steps on scientific basis by which educated younger generation should be encouraged and made aware to protect.A NEED OF THE DAY IN INDIA Ashok K. Agarwal. cultivate these valuable herbal plants and their potential usage in treatment of different ailments. College. Several millions of Indian households have been using through the ages nearly 8000 species of medicinal plants for their health care needs. India is a home of several important traditional system of health care like Ayurveda. Stimulatory sensation of nerve ending on the tongue is being provided to cooked food and perhaps this property motivates their wide usages. B.

Ambedkar University. Khandari Campus. Andaman Islands. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Department of Zoology. (India) E-mail : rbsinghugc@gmail. Pakistan. Eastern & Western Ghats. Rauwolfia. Malaysia. Rescinnamine. thus provides pleasurable and even euphoric sensation.p.5-trimethoxycinnamic acid ester of methyl reserpate. Dr. Indonesia. m. HYPOTENSIVE AND SEDATIVE ACTIVITY FROM THE MEDICINAL PLANT OF RAUWOLFIA SERPENTINA BENTH. It occurs in Northern Himalayas. bradycadic and sedative activity similar to that of Reserpine alkaloid.com Plant of Rauwolfia serpentina Benth. the 3. yielded Rescinnamine alkaloid as fine needles. Assam. Singh Research Scientist ‘B’ UGC. Ajmaline and Ajmalicine alkaloids extracted from roots of plant. B. R. School of Life Sciences. Vietnam. Sri Lanka. etc. Java. Sarpagandha plant has been used for the treatment of snake bite. The Rauwolfia therapy for the treatment of hypertension has promoted extensive chemical investigation. Sikkim.P. Now we report on another highly active alkaloid. belongs to Apocynaceae family and commonly called as Sarpagandha. Thailand. Indole. (SARPAGANDHA) Dr. 2382390C. New Delhi [98] . Recently the isolation and structural elucidation of Reserpine alkaloids possessing pronounced hypertensional and sedative activity. Agra – 282002. Bhutan. evergreen shrub about 15-45cm in height and found in moist deciduous forest. Rescinnamine. Myanmar. B. Isolation of Rescinnamine from its natural sources was effected by benzene soluble portion of the alkaloidal extract after removal of Reserpine by crystallization from methanol and separated by paper chromatography on acid washed alumina. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 endorphins (the body’s natural painkillers). Pharmacological tests on Rescinnamine shows it to have hypotensive. China. control of hypotensive and sedative blood pressure. U. Nepal. mental illness.National Seminar on “Conservation. An amorphous fraction was obtained which was crystallized from benzene. Reserpine.4. Lao. Pharmacological and clinical comparison between Reserpine and an alkaloidal extract indicated that Reserpine could not account for all the hypotensive and sedative activity of this fraction. R. It is an erect.

M. Geographical Information System (GIS) is a rapidly expanding and evolving tool used for spatial (shape. But the plant conservation programme is a complex process that requires several sets of studies. concerning their conservation. their future seemingly.I. It has been an important part of conservation and habitat rehabilitation efforts all over the world. land protection status classes.Robab. Despite increasing use of medicinal plants. Now days. legislatively designated areas.National Seminar on “Conservation. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM IN PLANT CONSERVATION Abbasi. Aligarh Plants have been a great source of survival for mankind. Ambreen Akhtar And Rushda Sharf Department of Botany. Aligarh MuslimUniversity. Besides being source of food. is being threatened by complacency. fodder and shelter. spaces and arias) analysis for many different and varied fields. New Delhi [99] . cover type and locations of rare plants and also in the study of geographical distribution of species in space and time. It is to be estimated that 25000 effective plant based formulations used in folk medicine and known to rural communities all over India. Hisamuddin. they are used in virtually all cultures as a source of medicine. GIS used to asses conservation boundaries.

National Seminar on “Conservation. Department of Botany. Aligarh 202 002. Moinuddin1 and Lalit Varshney2 1 Advanced Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory. elicits plant growth promoting response in various plants. Need of its escalated oil production is increasing. 90.This experiment was conducted under controlled condition. Masroor A. Biologically active oligosaccharides. India. Eucalyptus citriodora is a medicinal tree having an important source of essential oil with biological activities such as antimicrobial. derived from gamma irradiated polysaccharide such as sodium alginate. Sodium alginate. Idrees1. and 120 mg L-1 . Naeem1. IR (irradiated) 30.93%) among various tested concentrations of ISA. seedling fresh weight(62. M. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. Nadeem Hashmi1. Aligarh Muslim University. 2 ISOMED. M. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. New Delhi [100] . Un-irradiated sodium alginate gave equal value to the control for all the studied characteristics. deionized water (control) and UN (un-irradiated 30). An experiment was carried out to elucidate the effect of irradiated sodium alginate (ISA) on germination characteristics of Eucalyptus citriodora . Mohd. irradiated by Co60 gamma rays.) Akbar Ali1. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 PROMOTIVE EFFECT OF GAMMA IRRADIATED SODIUM ALGINATE ON SEED GERMINATION OF EUCALYPTUS (EUCALYPTUS CITRIODORA HOOK. Therefore. Of the four ISA concentrations.07%). vigour index I(184. Khan1. Of the four ISA concentrations. India. we developed a new technique. percent seed germination (44.44). Seed vigour is an important aspect of seed quality. 90 mg L-1 proved to be the best concentration compared to the other concentrations of ISA. shoot length (108. The experiment was assessed on the basis of various germination characteristics.63%) and vigour index II (149. Seeds of Eucalyptus citriodora were treated with different concentrations of ISA viz. 90 mg L-1 showed the best response and gave the increased value for most of the parameter studied viz.44%). 60. Masidur Alam1. antifungal and antiinflammatory. have been known to act as signal molecules that regulate growth and development as well as biochemical reactions of plants by regulating gene expression. Mumbai -400085. The genus eucalyptus (Family Myrtaceae) is a large genus of evergreen aromatic trees.

A.1 kh/ha) and minimum S1( 535. S. College. A field investigation was conducted during kharif season 2009-10 and 201011 at Agra region at Nidhoili Kalan Etah.R.e. F.Chauhan and S.8 and ECe 1. New Delhi [101] .sanctum and O. D1. Etah (UP).K. D2. (PG) College. The aqueous as well as organic (ethanolic) extracts of the leaves and stem were found to possess strong antibacterial activity against the range of pathogenic bacterial strains as revealed by agar disc diffusion method. these plant species can be used in the treatment of infectious disease caused by resistant microorganisims Sponsored by University Grants Commission.of Agronomy. B. ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF OCIMUM SPECIES: A MEDICINAL PLANT OF AESTHETIC IMPORTANCE Uma Sharma. D3 and D4 and three seed rates S1. Hence. Ambedkar University.Sawarkar Deptt.H.Shiroti. Ashok K.National Seminar on “Conservation. Rajendra Sharma* . of Botany.S. The seed rates so significant the maximum root yield was produced in S3 (828.K.M.38% and well drained. Khandari campus Dr. The soil was sandy loam having pH 7. The leaf extract shows high degree of inhibition against pathogenic bacterial strains in comparison to stem extracts.basilicum against pathogenic bacterial strains Citrobacter freundii and Micrococcus luteus. B. O. The study the effect of sowing dates and seed rates were carried out in Randomized Block design with four replications. Agra In the present study the antibacterial activity in the leaf and stem extracts of two species of Ocimum were evaluated. School of Life Sciences. Mathura *Dept.5 dS/m and organic carbon 0. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF SOWING DATES AND SEED RATES ON PRODUCTION POTENTIAL AND ECONOMICS OF ASHWAGANDHA IN AGRA REGION S. S2 and S3. Agarwal and Surbhi Mahajan* Deptt. viz.1kg/ha).1 kg/ha) and minimum D4 (551. The interaction of seed rate and date of sowing was not significant in two years as well as pooled data.2 kg/ha) respectively. of Botany. The results obtained that the maximum root yield was found in D1 (877. The ethanolic leaf and stem extracts shows wider zone of inhibition in comparison to aques extract. In the experiments four date of sowing i. Nidhoili Kalan.

S. fresh weight.H. The interaction effects of vitamin B2 with 500ppm proved most effective.S. Mathura Fruits and vegetables are important protective food and highly beneficial for the maintenance of health and prevention of diseases. 500. An attempt was made to test whether improvement in seed germination percentage and seedling growth in Withania somnifera (Linn) Dunal. and productivity index were recorded in maturation (150 days after sowing)of plant. Bineet Chaudhary Dept. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. attained by us in an earlier in vitro experiment.250. Antioxidants are chemicals which block the aging effects of free radicals unstable molecules (linked with heart diseases) naturally occurring in the human body that damage living cells. college Mathura. recorded at weekly intervals up to 28 days after sowing root length. could be confirmed in pot culture by Pre-sowing seed treatment with vitamins B1B2 B6 and vitamin each five concentration (0. vitamin B2 proved slightly superior all three vitamins (B1. B6 and vitamin C). Considering all the studied parameters. Ashok K. Among the concentration 500ppm proved optimum for most parameters.Afaq*P. carrot. shoot length. P. dry weight.G Dept. Antioxidants are the chemicals that can delay or inhibit the oxidations of lipids or other molecules by inhibiting the initiation or propagation of oxidizing chain reaction. total length. 750 and 1000ppm) According to a factorial randomized design most of data signification (P=.K. Vitamins improved seed germination percentage in general. tomato.National Seminar on “Conservation. Plant phenolics have primary anti oxidant activity. They contain valuable various medicinal and therapeutic agents. B. of Microbiology. Agarwal. College. pomegranate and peanuts show strong antioxidant activity. Phenolic compounds from food plants of spinach.Mathur Department of Botany *Department of Ilmul Advia Tibbiya college.05).A.A. Sudha Rani. of Botany B. New Delhi [102] . EFFECT OF PRE-SOWING SEED TREATMENT WITH VITAMINS B1B2 B6 AND C ON GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA (LINN) DUNAL.S. Shradha Gaur. Researchers have found that food plants are high in wide variety of helpful antioxidants.. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF SOME COMMON FOOD PLANTS Shalini Sharma. beetroot.

New Delhi [103] .National Seminar on “Conservation. Tamarind Mahua chutney.com Madhuca longifolia plant belongs to family. Singh* Department of Biochemistry. Mahua flowers are widely used for the preparation of alcohol liquor and the activity which is prohibited by the Government. Agra-282002 *Department of Zoology. Khandari Campus. Mahua flowers are contributing its sweetness and also enhance the texture and flavor. Dr. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.Sapindaceae are commonly called as Mahua. R. Ambedkar University. B. R. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 CONTRIBUTION OF MADHUCA LONGIFOLIA (MAHUA) FLOWERS USES IN FOOD ITEMS OF GARHWAL REGION OF NORTHERN HIMALAYAS Santosh Kumar Rajput and R. It provides soluble fibers. etc.P. School of Life Sciences. On the festivals. These rural and tribal peoples were collecting the Mahua flowers during the seasons and store for culinary purpose. B. Mahua recipies are delicious low cost and have low glycemic index than sweet preparation made out of sugar. Such type indigenous recipies are needed to be popularized to sensitize people with this locally available natural food and remove the misconcept about this golden asset of the region. Dr. Present study mainly deals by the observation method that the Mahua flowers are available in households of rural and tribal peoples of Garhwal region of Northern Himalayas. Agra – 282002. Khandari Campus. micronutrients and anti oxidant. the Mahua flowers uses as a sweetener in stuff roti and pumpkin sweet pakoda. (India) E-mail : rbsinghugc@gmail. School of Life Sciences. Ambedkar University. B. U. sweet sauce. The uses of natural resources are need for the hour for sustainable livelihood.

dyspepsia .National Seminar on “Conservation.NASIK-53 in Randomized Block Design with four level of nitrogen (0. grown widely in India. Agra to find out the effect of level of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth. It is consumed as salad. fresh weight of tops per plant (30. YIELD AND QUALITY OF ONION (ALLIUM CEPA L. Observation on various parameter revealed that vegetative growth and quality of onion were significantly increased with level of nitrogen and phosphorus. chutney and cooked form besides being used as flavoring agent in several processed edible product. Bichpuri. Shiv Kumar.50.fresh weight of bulb (68.100 and150Kg/ha) i.100. malaria fever.B.50cm ).43cm) was obtained under 300kgN along with 50kg P2O5/ha Sponsored by University Grants Commission.81gm). Bichpuri. It has tremendous medicinal uses like against in rheumatism some throat cases. However. yield and quality of cv. protein and vitamins. The maximum plant height (56. New Delhi [104] .200 and 300Kg /ha) and four level of phosphorus (0. Ajay Singh and Balwant Singh Department of Horticulture Raja Balwant Singh College. carbohydrate.S. is one of the commercially important bulbous vegetable crop. The bulbs are also dehydrated to produce onion flakes and powder.33q/ha)were recorded by level of 300kg N /ha along with followed by 100kg P2O5/ha. Department of Horticulture. The present investigation was conducted during Rabi season at Research farm. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 EFFECT OF LEVEL OF NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS ON GROWTH.length of bulb (5. Yatendra Singh. It is rich source of minerals.) a member of family Liliaceae.55gm).Agra(U.e.49cm)and yield of bulbs (328.P) Onion (Allium cepa L. pickle. R.16 treatment combinations replicated thrice. jaundicspleenic enlargement. the maximum diameter of bulb (7. College.

Idrees. Naeem*. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 BRASSINOSTEROID-MEDIATED ENHANCEMENT IN GROWTH CHARACTERISTICS. Masroor A. 1 M. 10-6 M was slightly inferior to 10-7 M of HB. but it always proved significantly better than the control. Foliar application of HBR enhanced growth and other physiological attributes. Masidur Alam.com 28-homobrassinolide (HBR) has recently been established as potent plant growth promoting substance. Next higher concentration of HBR (10-6 M) exhibited no further increase in the values of the attributes studied. Whereas. New Delhi [105] . Aligarh Muslim University.National Seminar on “Conservation. Out of a large number of essential oil bearing plants. 202 002 India * Email: naeemgaur@gmail. AMU. L-methone. and active constituents at 100 and 120 days after planting (DAP). herbage yield and the yield and content of the active constituents (menthol. content and yield of essential oil by 40. ESSENTIAL OIL PRODUCTION AND ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS OF MENTHA ARVENSIS L. 10-8. Aiming at enhancing the growth. 1M. Aligarh. 2Moinuddin 1 Plant Physiology Section.6%. 1Mohd. mint (Mentha arvensis L. Khan. This treatment significantly increased herbage yield by 60.) constitutes the most important source of therapeutic agents used in the alternative systems of medicine. a pot experiment was conducted under natural net house conditions at the Botany Department. Mint plant has marvelous medicinal and aromatic values. yield and quality of this medicinally important plant.6% and 105. Aligarh Muslim University.5% over their respective control at 120 DAP. The effect of various concentrations of HBR [10-0 (control). Department of Botany. Botany Section. Aligarh. 202 002 India 2 Women’s College. content and yield of essential oil. It enhances growth. productivity and quality of plants via improving various physiological processes both under stressed and normal conditions. 1Tariq Aftab. PHYSIOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES. isomenthone and menthyl acetate) of mint at both the stages. with 10-7 M of HBR proving the best. herbage yield. 1M. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Aligarh. 10-7 and 10-6 M] was explored on growth and other physiological attributes.

CROP PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY ATTRIBUTES OF ZINGIBEROFFICINALEROSC. P and K content and rhizome carbohydrate and protein content analyzed at 120 and 180 days after planting (DAP). New Delhi [106] . This treatment also produced positively significant effect on oleoresin and essential oil contents as well as on number of primary and secondary fingers per plant and rhizome yield per plant. at the highest concentration applied (10-5. especially at a concentration of 10-6. leaf density. leaf and rhizome N. a medicinally important spice plant and one of the most heavily consumed dietary substances in the world. However. Minu Singh Plant Physiology Section. Department of Botany.5. Among the applied treatments.National Seminar on “Conservation. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 TRIACONTANOLAMELIORATES GROWTH. foliar application of TRIA at 10-6. However. NUTRIENT ASSIMILATION. productivity and quality attributes including essential oil content of ginger. 10-6. fresh and dry weights of shoot and rhizome. India Triacontanol (TRIA) is a saturated long-chain alcohol that is known to have a growth promoting activity in a number of plants when applied exogenously. 0. Aligarh Muslim University. total chlorophyll content. a hypothesis was designed to address whether foliar application of TRIA could enhance the growth. the information is meagre and no work has been done so far regarding its effects on Zingiber officinale Rosc.0 and 10-5. 10-7.0.0 M proved optimum and significantly enhanced plant height.0 M might be considered suitable for promoting the production and quality of ginger crop. all the parameters were significantly inhibited. ESSENTIAL OIL CONTENT.5 M at 25-day intervals. The plants were sprayed with five concentrations of TRIA viz. (ginger). number of tillers per plant.5 M TRIA). 10-6. Thus. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. With this in view. the use of foliar application of TRIA. Aligarh 202002.

salt stress also reduced the growth. Heavy metals like aluminium and cadmium were also tested and results showed that they also increased artemisinin content apart from reducing growth and biomass of the plants. Khan2. In one experiment. it was noticed that boron toxicity negatively influenced the growth and photosynthetic capacity but increased antioxidant enzymes and artemisinin content. artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are recommended by the World Health Organization. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 RESPONSE OF ARTEMISIA ANNUA L. exogenously applied methyl jasmonate counteracted the ill effects of boron toxicity and further enhanced artemisinin content. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. biomass production and accumulation. Since 2001. Stresses like heavy metal. New Delhi . was very effective in mitigating metal toxicity and improving artemisinin production in Artemisia annua. Department of Botany. however. Likewise. In order to evaluate the response of different abiotic stresses. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources. without any reputed cases of resistance. Salicylic acid was proved effective in reverting the negative effects of salt stress and increasing artemisinin concentration too. M. and to a differential extent. Masroor A.National Seminar on “Conservation.202 002. malaria causes more than a million deaths and 500 million cases annually.110 012. New Delhi [107] . experiments were conducted on Artemisia annua during 2007-2011. Idrees2 and Moinuddin2 1 Division of Germplasm Evaluation. Naeem2. isolated from Artemisia annua L. Pusa Campus. TO VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES Tariq Aftab1*. Abiotic stresses influences survival. salinity. and secondary metabolite formation of most of the plants. Aligarh. Exogenous nitric oxide. biomass production and photosynthetic rate but increased artemisinin concentration in the affected plant. Artemisinin. drought are the most common of them all. India 2 Plant Physiology Section.. is a sesquiterpene lactone containing an endoperoxide bridge and its derivatives are effective against multi-drug resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains. India Being the world’s most severe parasitic infection. M. Different ecosystems are affected by different abiotic stress factors. Aligarh Muslim University. However.

there is a need for head. there is a need for about 4 times increase in egg production and six times in meat production. changing life style. In spite of spectacular growth in poultry sector in the last four decades. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Therefore. Krishi Vigyan Kendra. there exists huge gap between availability of egg is 46 against the requirement of 180 eggs. Raja Balwant Singh College. If taken into account the domestic requirement of organic poultry products (egg and broiler meat) in Agra city. this sector provides direct and indirect employment to over 3 million people in the country and has great potential to create employment opportunities. With a turnover of more than 352 billion rupees.. This increased demand of organic poultry products is expected to create more self employment rural and urban areas in the district. There are many hotels and enormous tourists come around the year comprising local and foreigner tourists. Agra (U. In this area is also increase in population growth. eggs and chicken.National Seminar on “Conservation. Therefore. to meet the domestic requirement. In the study area current market scenario. shifting of food habits.8 kg poultry meat is available per head. increased awareness on health. PAU. to meet the domestic requirement. etc. Brazil and Mexico). rapid urbanization. increased per capita income. India and USA) and 5 th major producer of broiler chicken meat (after USA. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 DEMAND OF ORGANIC POULTRY PRODUCT IN AGRA CITY Satyendra Pal Singh and Sayanika Borah SMS (AH&D). the poultry products are cheapest source of animal protein of high biological value. are contribution towards more demand on poultry products in Agra city. P. only about 1. There is existence of huge production gap of organic poultry products in the district. increase in size of young population. 33. Bichpuri. New Delhi [108] . Department of extension education. Ludhiana (Punjab) Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India with an average rate of 8 to 10 per cent per annum.) Research Scholar. As a result. The Agra city most popular for Taj Mahal a world monument and also other monuments. against the yearly per capita requirement of 11 kg of meat.. Agra district of Uttar-Pradesh was proposively selected for the study as it has the more profitable of poultry farming business.000 crore to national GNP and likely to reach to about Rs. China. Mostly foreigner tourists are demand in especially organic poultry product viz. 60. Similarly. India is now the world’s 3rd largest egg producer (next to China. The poultry sector contributes about Rs.000 crore in the next five years.

fodder and other agriculture commodities.B (PG.Chauhan and Seema Chauhan* Management of Salt Affected Soils and Use of Saline Water in Agriculture R. The trade in aromatic and herbal medicinal products is estimated to involve about Rs.B.S. Good quality water is also. Agra In arid and semi-arid areas where rainfall is very little and soils are also. not available and ground water too is brackish containing high salt levels. the utilization of these type of lands and water can be promoted by growing salttolerant crops.National Seminar on “Conservation. 600 crores per annum in India. New Delhi [109] . The main problem however. problematic in nature. College) Woman Campus.College. To meet the internal consumption and for earring foreign exchange.K. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS GROWN UNDER SALINE WATER IRRIGATION CONDITION IN SEMI-ARID ARES S. lies in sparing fertile lands for cultivation of aromatic and medicinal crops due to the simultaneous high pressure to produce more food fiber. unsuitable for conventional crops. the production of these commodities is required to be increased. Bichpuri. KalindiVihar. The possibility of raising medicinal plant species in such soils could be viable as some of these may have adaptability to soil salinity and sodicity of wide range. Agra-283105 *R. therefore. A viable alternative could be the utilization of cultivable wastelands including the salt-affected soils to raise these crops Sponsored by University Grants Commission.

that is. it is also used as a diuretic. herb rooting at nodes. monnieri was placed second in a priority list of most important Indian medicinal plants evaluated on the basis of medicinal importance. 100% in vitro rooting was obtained when shoot clusters were cultured on MS medium supplemented with 0. commercial value and potential for further research and development It is also well known to contain steroidal saponins Bacoside A and steroidal saponins Bacoside B. B. enlargement of spleen. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 IN VITRO AND MASS MULTIPLICATION OF HIGHLY VALUABLE MEDICINAL PLANT BACOPA MONNIERI (BRAHMI) Sudhir Sharma.15 mg/l IBA. A protocol has been developed for micropropagation of Bacopa monnieri (L) Wettst. commonly growing in damp and marshy places throughout India.) Wettst (Scorphulariaceae) commonly nown as ‘Brahmi’ or Nirbrahmi has originated from India. *Plant molecular Biology Laboratory. It possesses antiinflammatory. ascending up to an altitude of 1320 m. eczema and ring worm. Jugendra Singh. leprosy. Barkha Kamal*. Nodal segments containing axillary buds were surface sterilized with 0. Balawala. axillary bud break was achieved in 100% of cultures in semisolid MS medium supplemented with 0.1% solution of mercuric chloride for 5 min and were inoculated aseptically on culture medium. Botany Division. The rooted plantlets were hardened. rheumatism. appetitive and cardio tonic. Dehradun (Uttarakhand). Sardar Bhagwan Singh Post Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences and Research. Sudhir Chauhan and Sarita Arya** Tissue Culture Discipline. ‘Brahmi’ is found to be effective in cases of anxiety and neurosis. In the traditional system of Indian medicine (Ayurveda). hoarseness. It is a genus of spreading herbs. snake bite. ‘Brahmi’ is classified as medhya rasayana. Some other constituents present in Brahmi are alkaloids brahmine. analgesic and antipyretic activity.National Seminar on “Conservation. New Delhi [110] . Sponsored by University Grants Commission. acclimatized and successfully established in field. a medicinal plant of high commercial potential with legendary reputation as a memory vitalizer. and it is a small creeping. Dehradun (Uttarakhand) **Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Division. succulent. Jodhpur (Rajasthan) Bacopa monnieri (L. herpestine etc. It is also used to treat asthma. Forest Research Institute. epilepsy.2 mg/l BAP for shoot multiplication. Arid Forest Research Institute. It is an ancient and renowned medicinal plant with legendary reputation as memory vitalizer. a drug that is supposed to counteract the effects of mental stress and improve intelligence and memory function. In a recent study. insanity. glabrous.2 mg/l BAP. These proliferated in vitro axillary shoots were excised and cut into groups of shoot clusters and subcultured on MS medium supplemented with 0. Department of Biotechnology.

and torque and haulage rates as conventional diesel. It is reported to be abortifacient. The seed oil contains about 21% saturated fatty acids and 79% unsaturated fatty acids. fever. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. needs minimum input and management . parturition. Forest Research Institute. dropsy.Being rich in nitrogen . eczema.National Seminar on “Conservation. cough. carbon monooxide and smoke in curcas oil exhaust gas. Its unique feature is that it is 10 % built in Oxygen which helps it to burn fully. Jugendra Singh & Sarita Arya* Tissue Culture Discipline. physic nut is a folk remedy for alopecia. inflammation. It is a shrub or small tree commonly known as Ratanjot or physic nut with stem upto 20 cm diameter and upto 6 meter height. syphilis and tetanus etc. ascites. Bio-diesel is pollution free & in this way open new dimensions for employment. sciatica. Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Biodiesel is better in fuel consumption.its seed cake is excellent source of plant nutrient acting as biofertilizer. dyspepsia. Arid Forest Research Institute. The oil is present mainly in the kernel. rubefacient. cicatrizant. dermatitis. The seed oil productivity is very low at present since it has never been improved for oil crops and the basic knowledge for domestication is quit limited. rapid growth . erysipelas. emetic. incontinence.com Jatropha curcas of family Euphorbiaceae is today viewed as a challenge species that can reduce the burden of importing diesel for the country. Biodiesel can be used in any automobile brand which has been approved for its use by the manufacturers without any modification to the engine or accessories. scabies.(Uttarakhand) *Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Division. antiseptic. pneumonia. dysentery. Reetu Sharma. Jatropha curcas oil has been reported as an efficient substitute fuel for diesel engines. diarrhea. New Delhi [111] . The oil content varies from 38 to 45 %. and vulnerary. rash.The extracts are used in folk remedies for cancer. Neelima Rathi. horse power. depurative. It is a tropical species. narcotic. Dehradun. carbuncles. pleurisy. purgative. anodyne. burns. There is no emission of sulphur dioxide. styptic. neuralgia. Botany Division. convulsions. hernia. Sudhir Sharma. lactagogue. vermifuge. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 IN VITRO SHOOT MULTIPLICATION THROUGH SHOOT TIP OF JATROPHA CURCAS L: A POTENTIAL BIO-FUEL AND MEDICINAL PLANT Sudhir Chauhan. rheumatism. anasorca. not browsed by animals . gonorrhea. Email: sudhirfri2005@gmail. In short we can calculate the suitability of Jatropha as biodiesel & its uses as it thrives on all type of soils . diuretic. stomachache. paralysis. has many medicinal properties as well . has naturalized in India in several areas and is only cultivated as hedges around cultivated fields in a semi-wild condition. jaundice. low gestation period . hemostat. sores.

INDIA ** School of Life Sciences. These parts are commonly applied to regulate equilibrium among Vata.sudha85@gmail. strength and vigour. Pitta and Kapha in Ayurvedic system while the stem bark is used to promote the appetite and to decease the secretion of the bile in unani medicines. Solanum.B. stem bark and Root bark.S.com Crataeva religiosa is one of the herbal drug in urolithiasis. Cichorium. edema. lithonotriptic. fever vomiting and gastric irritation. and Cassia seeds is used against hepatitis. wound healing. antiemetic. The bark is contraceptive and cytotoxic and useful in kidney bladder stones. Arjuna. a triterpenoid which is mainly involved in the pharmacological activities of this plant. AGRA. University. antioxaluric. and calculous affections and as an antidote in snakebite. bitter tonic. The drug is well known for its various pharmacological properties like diuretic.(fever and metabolic disorder) and Kapha (joint lubrication. contraceptive. religiosa is valuable in treating vata (blood flow. Picrorrhiza. hepatoprotectant. antiinflammatory. Dr. laxative. lithonotriptic. skin moisture. C. Achillea.P. antiperiodic. The plant part used for the medicinal purpose includes Leaves. A preparation called 'Varunal' contains Crataeva in combination with Eclipts. The bark of the Crataeva religiosa is useful in the urinary disorders and kidney stone remover. Leaves are used as externally rubifacient and used in rheumatism. antiperiodic. R. Jawaharlal Nehru University. belongs to the family capparidaceae. laxative. Delhi E-mail: bhadauria. Roots and bark are laxative and lithontipic and increase appetite and biliary secretion. The bark is used in the urinary disorders including kidney and bladder stones. rubifacient and vasicant properties. ascites. antimycotic. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 MEDICINAL PROFILE OF A SCARED DRUG IN AYURVEDA: CRATAEVA RELIGIOSA A REVIEW Sudha Bhadauria*. antirehumatic. B.R. Jugendra Singh** and K. memory loss. heart and lung weakness and weak immune system. New Delhi [112] . antipyretic. antioxidant. rubifacient and counterirritant. antihelminthic. Singh Department of Botany. A.National Seminar on “Conservation. urinary stones and arthritis. College. Leaves are given internally febrifuge and tonic. Plant is used ethnopharmacologically as diuretic. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Pitta. antirehumatic. waste elimination and breathing). The crude drug contains an active principle lupeol. antilithitic.

Bark decoction is given to woman after delivery as a tonic and also used for bath to check the infection. appearing profusely in fascicles of 3-8 from leafless branches. Leaves very large.Root decoction (20-25ml) is given in case of body pain twice daily till cure. Leaf powder is given to woman for the treatment of breast cancer twice daily till cure.D. one teaspoon bark powder with water is given three times a day for three months. Fruits are cooked as vegetable and also used for making chutney. Forest Research Institute. fistula. Leaf paste is applied on cuts and wounds twice daily and is also applied on bone fracture once a day till cure. lateral veins very prominent.5-2 cm across. In case of diabetes. It is applied on head once a week for hair growth and to check baldness. strongly serrate. Arya Tissue Culture Discipline.National Seminar on “Conservation. New Delhi [113] . viz. Bark powder is also given for the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery. Neelima Rathi and I. A cot or bed is made from the wood which is used to reduce body pain but the cot should be prepared in one day. delivery (bark). carbuncle. A medium-sized deciduous tree with ascending branches and fluted stem. Fruit globose. body pain (root). Bark is used for blood dysentery.Plant is used in tuberculosis. piles (leaf). etc.Various parts of this plant are used by the tribal and folk communities of Vindhya region of Madhya Pradesh for the treatment of different ailments and diseases. The plant is found almost throughout India. diabetes (bark). three times a day till cure. 0. Dehradun (Uttarakhand) Dillenia pentagyna Roxb belonging to family Dilleniaceae is a medium sized. deciduous endangered tree species. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 DILLENIA PENTAGYNA ROXB: AN ENDANGERED MEDICINAL TREE Reetu Sharma. oblanceolate. Barks and leaves are used for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery in RemaKalenga. pleurisy and pneumonia. The leaf poultice is used in bleeding piles two times a day. In skin diseases and body pain decoction of leaves is used to bath once a day till cure. diarrhea and dysentery (bark). very acidic. neuralgia. coriaceous. Flowers yellow about 4 cm across.Botany Division. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. acute. sores. Sudhir Chauhan. bone fracture (leaf).

S. cost effective and Renewable source of non conventional energy as a promising substitute to hydel power. R. dull brownish black and the oil is an environmentally safe.College. The tender green leaves are fed to tasar silk worms sustaining a small scale silk industry in rural India. The best seed germination and seedling growth shown in vermicompost treated seed. kerosene. 3-4 meters tall. It is believed to be a native of South America and Africa. Sponsored by University Grants Commission. Vishnu Singh and Seema Bhadauria Department of Botany. In India Jatropha curcus is found in almost all the states and generally grown as live fence for protection of agricultural fields. FYM. Thus. diesel. LPG. It is found in almost all the tropical and subtropical regions of world. Fruit is usually a capsule. Azotobacter. New Delhi [114] . It is small evergreen. Considering its wide spectrum of utility and prospects of this growing in wastelands without competing with other crops J. It produces flower from April to May. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH OF JATROPHA CURCUS IN REALTION TO COMMERCIAL VALUE Uday Pratap Singh. The bark is rich in tannin and yields a dark blue dye. coal and firewood etc.B. organic adjustment.0 cm in diameter. Agra Jatropha curcus is commonly known as Ratanjyot belongs to family Euphorbiaceae. curcus was selected for cultivation practices with different nitrogen supplemental sources like vermicompost.National Seminar on “Conservation. it is also an ideal plant for afforestation of wasteland under both irrigated as well as rainforest condition. The oil has been used by rural areas as fuel for cooking and motive power. nearly glabrous tree or soft wooded shrub. Seed is ovoid-oblong. The leaves also yield a dye and latex which has many medicinal used that could support potential pharmaceutical industries. 2. The treatment applies with seed of this plant.55. the present study suggests that the cultivation of this valuable plant may be possible in the climatic condition of Agra with above organic fertilizers and it’s provide more number of seeds for the commercial as well as medicinal value.

School of Life Sciences Dr. Dr. New Delhi [115] .The methanol extract was found to have both antibacterial and antifungal activity whereas the aqueous and ethanol extracts possess only antibacterial activity. cancers. Sponsored by University Grants Commission.R. which is widely cultivated for use as an ornamental plant known as American Arbor Vitae. paralysis. These activities of plant were due to the presence of various phytochemical compounds. Agra Thuja occidentalis is an evergreen coniferous tree. The plant. inflammation. is used in folk remedies for benign skin tumors. malaria.National Seminar on “Conservation. identification and characterization of phytocompounds for the new and effective drug formation. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF NYCTANTHES ARBORTRISTIS: A MEDICINAL PLANT Radha Singh and Gunjan Dhakre Department of Botany. neoplasms. in the cypress family Cupressaceae. gout. belonging to family Oleaceae is a well known medicinal plant. and laxative. furrowed and peels in narrow. Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 MEDICINAL AND DECORATIVE IMPORTANCE OF THUJA OCCIADENTALIS (CUPRESSACEAE) Kashmir Kumari Ojha. arbor vitae is a folk remedy for burns. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans. there is needed to be isolation.R. longitudinal strips. and warts. polyps. It is cultivated for the purpose of decoration in gardens and historical places. An evergreen tree with fan-like branches and scaly leaves. fungous flesh. The test organisms were Staphylococcus aureus. excrescences. Reported to be anaphrodisiac. lactagogue. It is thought to be the first tree of that region to be cultivated in the area in and around Europe. fever.Ambedkar University. It is commonly used as an externally applied for the treatment of warts ringworm and thrush. consumption. dysentery. colds. Further. condylomata (of penis and vulva). The stem bark extracts of the plant were tested for their antimicrobial activity by disc diffusion method. toothache. plantar warts.B. distemper. diuretic. Escherichia coli. School of Life Sciences. B. cough. usually as a tincture. headache. The bark is redbrown. Seema Bhadauria and Rajendra Shrama Department of Botany. diaphoretic. Agra Nyctanthes arbortristis Linn. The tree is often stunted or prostrate. tumors. and worms. swollen extremities. rheumatism. The endemic occurrence of this species is a northeastern distribution in North America. debility.Ambeadkar University. dysmenorrhea. papillomas.

Cultivation and Sustainable Utilization of Medicinal and Herbal Plants” 2012 Sponsored by University Grants Commission. New Delhi [116] .National Seminar on “Conservation.

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