Wooden furniture: Wood has had the longest relationship with humans apart from stone.

Our ancestors used it to clothe themselves, to shelter themselves and to feed themselves. With different ways of cutting and using different types of wood, people started to recognize such skills as necessary for the survival of mankind. So various types of carpentry such as wood carvers and furniture makers came into being.

India has a very long woodcraft history with its prime time during Vijayanagar Empire southern India (1336AD). Wood craftsmen then were highly respected by the royalty because woodcraft was considered an art and a trade. Woodcrafts can be found everywhere in India, on wooden doors, posts, walls, in remote villages, in cities, in modern buildings, in temples, and one will be impressed by the wide variety of styles of this craftwork.

Woodwork carries several important implications in India. Being heavily influenced by art and literature, ebony wood was the symbol in the south, particularly among the royalties, whereas walnut was the symbol in the north. With woodcraft, legends and folklores are kept for many years. It is this element of continuity which ancient art and culture are preserved.

It is well-known that Indian craftsmen can turn wood into many other amazing wooden inventions in the world. They use wood locally found and change it into decorative objects such as cabinets, screens, tables, candleholders, boxes, trays and even toys or in a different scale houses and rooftops. The wide variety of wood sources such as sesham wood, Indian rosewood, teakwood, sandalwood and coconut tree also encourages the wide range of wooden creations in the region. With sandalwood in particular, it is considered by most Indians to be a gift from God because of its fragrance which lasts for years.

Contrast to the present rapid developments in information and technology, Indian wooden furniture still maintains its traditional way of using simple tools and processes in its production. Because of this, there is still much ethnic flavour to be found in the furniture. And also due to the way the furniture is made, Indian wooden furniture is the symbol of durability and elegance.

Western influence made a big impact in India s furniture style. Byzantine. . Most are handmade and imperfections add character Some of the furniture is complemented by hand forged iron work known as Jali. Empire and Art Deco. many people in India commission pieces to their own design. Indian craftsmen fashion timber to make elegant. Use of ivory and mother of pearl inlay various furniture pieces most are lacquered Indian craftsmen also like to work on specific patterns. Beds and Storage Units are one of the most important furniture pieces. unfortunately did not consider much of comfort It is made mainly from Sheesham. a very durable and dense hardwood which has a beautiful grain with many colour variations. durable.With a few exceptions.influences : Victorian. furniture in India tend to be influenced by European designs. Modern. etc. Edwardian. intricate carving and inlay bulky and heavy pieces hand-made using only wood nails. Anglo-Indian. enhancing the natural and traditional look of the wood. Period Style Chairs Due to the colonial history of India. . furniture.CHARACTERISTICS They usually use dark-colored wood for their furniture pieces. pegs and mortise & tenon joinery symbol of durability and elegance Traditional Indian woodcarvers still use the simplest tools and follow the style of their ancestors. .

ornate .turned and twisted legs BAITHAK .floor-level seating arrangement . and luxurious trends and. mirror-worked. painted or encrusted w/ tiny sequins. They were designed so that the weary plantation owner could stretch his legs out on the arma of his chair as he rested on the veranda w/ his gin and tonic TERMS TARKASHI . not the least. India is a land of wonderful and marvelous artistic work of wood which is being appreciated world wide.(Edwardian) The settee is adorned by Edwardian patterns. Imperial and Indian elements in its combination of European structure and highly colored Indian motifs of peacocks and tigers . The seat was designed so that two ladies could sit and gossip w/o creasing their skirts.(Victorian) Sociables .. mixing Empire. The rich Indian handicraft and beautiful traditional attributes of art and design have established a reputation of Indian Furniture Industry in the nation and worldwide to be appreciated by people.(Modern) this chair is based upon a 20th century cubist idea by Rietveld .(European) This Planter s Chair is now found throughout India.this comprises a thick soft mattress w/c is placed against a wall to support the sitter s back. Tradition in making lots of developments in the Indian furniture market is to make a luxury lifestyle statement. the supreme quality have given elegance to the furniture segment in the traditional as well as modern aspect. handcrafted almaris (cupboards). rich. covered w/ a decorative fabric and scattered w/ cushions of different shapes and sizes that are either embroidered. . . The old charpais (string beds).(Empire) the chair. compact. inlaid door jambs . They are indicative of European colonial influence. There are exceptional designs.inlaying with fine brass wire JALI complementing hand-forged iron work on some furniture pieces TORCIDOS E TREMIDOS . such as this are typical of the Victorian legacy which still resides in India s old colonial mansions. attests to years of family use by its wellworn velvet cushions. from a house in the north of India is a typical example of Indian Eclectic Style.

All Indian furniture has thousands of years of history. While Indian furniture is for its beauty. and the types of furniture available today are almost as exquisite and beautiful as their predecessors. our ancestors firmly believed in waste-not-want-not. .jhulas (swings) and grandfather s wooden kursi (chair). rosewood became popular in the south and walnut in the Kashmir valley. but it is actually a part of one of the oldest. therefore all furniture was as subtle balance between form and factor.and in homes as well. Often wood is recycled. Indian furniture is not just a kind of furniture. One such furniture is the sandook. most vibrant and vividly remembered cultures. Later. wooden takht (divans). Densely carved ebony wood furniture was made in southern India in the 19th century for royal furnishings. culled from old discarded furniture and crumbling havelis (traditional Indian mansions) in the villages and former princely chiefs that are being pulled down by real estate developers to make way for high rises. old-fashioned round tables with bloated legs and ornamented master beds are back in furniture stores .

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