# I.

If an open box has a square base and needs to hold a volume of 150 cm3, what are the dimensions of the box that can be constructed from the minimum amount of materials? What is that minimum surface area? If an open box with a square base is to be made from 125 cm2 of cardboard, what are the dimensions of the box with the largest volume that can be made from these materials? What is that volume? An open box with a square base is to have a capacity of 125 cm3. If the base costs 0.04 JD per square centimeter and the sides cost 0.02 JD per square centimeter, what dimensions would minimize the cost?

II.
The postal service places a limit of 84 cm on the combined length and girth (distance around) or a package to be sent through the mail. What dimensions of a rectangular box with square cross-section will contain the largest volume that can be mailed? The postal service places a limit of 84 cm on the combined length and girth (distance around) or a package to be sent through the mail. What dimensions of a cylindrical box that will contain the largest volume that can be mailed? You need to send a package of volume 5000 cm3 through the mail. What is the minimum length and girth of a rectangular box with square cross section that you can use? You need to send a package of volume 5000 cm3 through the mail. What is the minimum length and girth of a cylindrical box that you can use?

III.
Every tree in an apple orchard has an average yield of 36 bushels of apples when there are 22 trees per acre. For every extra tree planted per acre, the yield decreases by 2 bushels per tree because the trees get crowded and have to share nutrients. How many trees should be planted per acre in order to maximize the number of apples? The owner of a luxury yacht charges \$600 per person per day if exactly 20 people sign up for the cruise. However if more than 20 people sign up (up to the maximum capacity of 90 people) for the cruise, then each fare is reduced by \$4 for each additional passenger. How many passengers will result in the maximum revenue for the owner of the yacht? What is the fare per passenger and revenue? The proprietor of a vineyard estimates that the first 10,000 bottles of wine produces this season will fetch a profit of \$5/bottle. However the profit from each bottle beyond 10,000 drops by \$0.0002 for each additional bottle sold. Assuming at least 10,000 bottles are sold, how many will be produced/sold for a maximum profit and what is the maximum profit?

IV.
A can company has determined that it doesn’t want to use more than 100 cm2 of tin for every can it makes for a certain buyer. What are the dimensions of the can with the maximum volume that can be made from these materials and what is that volume? A can company has determined that every can that it produces needs to hold 100 cm3 of materials. What are the dimensions of the can with the minimum surface area that can be made with this volume? A cup company has determined that it doesn’t want to use more than 100 cm2 of glass for every open topped glass it makes for a certain buyer. What are the dimensions of the glass with the maximum volume that can be made from these materials and what is that volume? A glass company has determined that every glass that it produces needs to hold 100 cm3 of water. What are the dimensions of the open topped glass with the minimum surface area that can be made with this volume?

V.
In the following diagram, S represents the position of a power relay station located on a straight coast, and E shows the location of a marine biology experimental station on an island. A cable is to be laid connecting the relay station with the island station. If the cost of running the cable on last is \$1.50 per meter, and the cost under water is \$2.50 per meter, locate the point P that will result in a minimum cost.

E 3,000 m x P 10,000 – x r S

10,000 m The accompanying figure depicts a racetrack with ends that are semicircular in shape. The length of the track is 1600 m. Find L and r so that the are enclosed by the rectangular part of the racetrack is as large as possible.

L

A wooden beam has a rectangular cross section of height h cm and width w cm. The strength S of the beam is directly proportional to its width and the square of its height. What are the dimensions of the cross section of the strongest beam that can be cut from a round log of diameter 24 cm? w

24 cm h