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Nature vs.


There has always been a large controversy over whether inherited genes or the environment influences and effects our personality, development, behavior, intelligence and ability. This controversy is most often recognized as the nature verses nurture conflict. Some people believe that it is strictly genes that effect our ways of life, others believe that it is the environment that effects us, and some believe that both of these influence our behavior. Either way, social scientists have been struggling for centuries deciding whether our personalities are born or made. Tests are done often on identical twins that were separated to see how they are each influenced by their separate environments.

In the past twenty years, it has been discovered that there is a genetic component to every human trait and behavior. However, genetic influence on traits and behavior is partial because genetics account on average for half of the variation of most traits. Urie Bronfrenbrenner, who studies genetics, said, "It is not nature vs. nurture, but the interaction of nature and nurture that drives development." Researchers are finding that the balance between genetic and environmental influences for certain traits change as people get older. Also, people

may react to us in a certain way because of a genetically influenced personality and, we may choose certain experiences because they fit best with our instinctive preferences. This means that our experiences may be influenced by our genetic tendencies. One way researchers study the development of traits and behaviors is by measuring the influence of genetics through out ones life span, and it is found to be that the genetic influence on certain trait increase as people age. A research was done to see whether a trait would show up in a child if it was environmentally influenced or genetically influenced. A child was given more negative attention than another was, and it increased the chances of the child having depressive symptoms and anti-social behavior. But these symptoms disappeared when accounted for genetic influences and how parents treat their children.

There are three types of gene/environment relations. The first one is called a passive correlation. It is to be explained as, for example, if a musical ability was genetic, and a child was passed a musical ability trait, than the child would most likely have musically inclined parents. Their parents then would provide them with the genes and environment to promote the development of that ability. The second one is called evocative. This happens when genetically distinct people

and how they give and carry out rules. The list of characteristics is endless. it is found to be that a loss of a parent during childhood promotes alcoholism in women. how they are involved with a group. It also involves how people make decisions. because.' Heritability is what is found to make up a lot of one's personality. It is also shown that genetics play a big role in influencing people within society. and how they inspire and respect others. This is when people actively select experiences that fit with their genetically influenced preferences. Heritability is what researchers call 'the degree to which behavioral variations within a population can be accounted for by genes. Leadership is a big quality that everyone has and there is a wide range of variations. for example. Anyone who has enough will or a strong enough experience could effect the way they act . Even intelligence can only go so far with leadership. Although genes seem to play as a map for a person's life.evoke different reactions from peers and parents and others. This doesn't mean that there are no environmental influences on behavior. For quite some time scientists have been trying to draw a line between heredity and leadership also. And the third association is called an active correlation. researchers caution that genes act only as an influence. There is no single leadership personality.

The paramedics have . it is safe to say that the role of genetics and the environment equalize people's traits and behavior. Genes effect a lot of your personality and behavior but the environment mutates and molds the way people are going to act. are not instituted within this first hour after the injury the mortality rate increases exponentially every fifteen to twenty minutes. Two examples are the automobile and the gun.or react for the rest of their life. the other would not be activated. The state of emergency medical care currently practiced in this community involves an excellent prehospital phase under the jurisdiction of Los Angeles City paramedics. If measures to treat shock and the cause of the shock. In other words. In conclusion. and is often less. This will always be an ongoing controversy because it is nearly impossible to pin point accurately where the role of genes and the environment steps in. You cannot blame either one because without one. the amount of variation that is due to genetics can change. We Need Trauma Centers Due to the advanced state of industry a number of devices and machines have come into common use which. if an environmental background is changed. Usually this period of time is not longer than one hour. often through intentional misuse. result in very serious injuries. When a serious injury results from something such as an automobile accident the victim usually has a very short period in which to obtain emergency medical intervention before the shock resulting from his or her injuries is irreversible. massive internal bleeding for instance.

By providing a higher quality of care without duplicating the services of an emergency room only a few blocks away. bug and crashes into a telephone pole. received the results of the lab test and XRays. twenty-four hours a day. and is confident in his diagnosis of a ruptured spleen. having seen eight or ten cases similar to this in the last few weeks recognize the few possible causes of the patients shock and prepare to take her to the operating room while continuing to treat the shock. The cost of maintaining an operating room on fifteen minute standby day and night would put hospitals out of business. The patient load would not support the very high cost of this service. In the San Fernando Valley. this level of care is met at less than six hospitals. The cause of her shock has been treated within forty five minutes. To provide the best possible emergency care at the hospital. . the shock reverses. and bring her to the closest trauma center. First.m. if this accident had occurred between 10 p. but not the unknown underlying cause. Within fifteen minutes a surgeon has evaluated his patient. A young woman falls asleep at the wheel of her V. the staff must work on at least two to three severely injured patients daily to maintain their technical skill at top level. Second. although she is showing no evidence of external blood loss the paramedics begin to treat the shock. The cost of this to her has been about two thirds of the old system and her chances of recovery. This entire argument can probably be summarized by considering a hypothetical case study. The emergency room team. Within thirty minutes of her arrival the patient has been taken to the operating room. In greater Los Angeles. had her abdomen open and explored for injuries. The best remedy to this situation would be to designate "Trauma Centers". Paramedics arrive finding her unconscious and in a sever state of shock. The problem involves too many emergency rooms for the population. This is where the problem occurs. The overall asset of this newer system to society is obvious. and 8 AM are twice that of the old system. the rate of rising health costs could probable be effectively checked in the area of emergency medicine. this level of care is not met anywhere.W. The laboratory has twelve units of cross matched blood ready within twenty minutes of the patients arrival to the hospital. surgeons and operating rooms must be available within 15 minutes notice.jurisdiction of about thirty-five emergency rooms to which their patients can be transferred after beginning medical treatment at the scene of the accident. the morbidity and mortality rates from serious accidents would be decreased because the equipment and staff would be available to immediately treat a patient's shock as well as the underlying cause of the shock. Instead of having thirty five emergency rooms taking care of the critically injured patients three or four selected emergency rooms would be geographically designated to receive all of the critical patients. two factors play an important part. since even the busiest hospitals only receive three to four severely injured patients each week. 365 days a year. This would provide enough of a case load to justify the special equipment and staff that is required for such system. and the patient now has about a ninety five per cent chance of recovery. and her damaged spleen removed. Most importantly however.

Furthermore. If there are more computers. there are already several snack bars on campus. It is the tradition of this school to promote education and to be at the vanguard of new technology.Argument for Additional Computers Dear College Dean: It is my understanding that this college has received a large donation to be used to enhance the quality of life for students: expand the bookstore or add computers to the computer lab. so students do not depend on the college bookstore for these things. Many professors expect students to use computers to do homework or to complete projects. while scanning the room for an empty . we have to think about a greater goal and a more practical way to enhance the quality of life for students. As a learning institution. and a snack bar will give a nicer look to the college. those who have limited access to computers are at a great disadvantage. and there are music stores nearby. gifts. While they are in college. or as a place where the students can explore and research in their field using the best tools provided by technology? In addition. No more will they have to wait in line. Since students are competing for good grades. students will also be able to complete their work more efficiently. We live in a highly technological world and computers play an increasingly important role in how we live. this college has the responsibility to offer its students the best technology to help them prepare for their future. Although expanding the campus bookstore to include CD's. students find they are expected to use computers. What do we want for our students and our college? Do we want our college to be known as a place with a great bookstore where you can find CD's and gifts. Many students will be expected to be familiar with the latest software and other tools when they go on to work or to graduate school. That is why I strongly argue in favor of the addition of more computers to the computer lab. Students are asked to create PowerPoint presentations and use spreadsheets and database programs. paper and disk in hand. giving students the opportunity to find the information without a computer would be much more difficult to find. as well as to research many topics on the internet. being able to do projects using the computer enhances the process of learning.

They require detailed information about the life of the child. No longer will they have to sit and wait while an outdated computer struggles to follow their commands. Any illegal action. which is a medical report. ect. more interesting. he must not require a written statement from the child or must not make the child repeat the allegation in front of other teachers or adult people. The more computers are used in society the more colleges will depend on them as a tool of teaching and learning. Only a small amount of people have access to the report details – and they always are designated reporters such as CARE Program SCAN Team members. The teacher is completely responsible for any information that he conceals. The main role of the teacher is to make the report legally right. The response and the actions of the child protective agency following the reports may have a wide range. Making computers more available to students facilitates their learning process by making the process easier. This confidentiality in case of its violation may result in 6 month of jail. including the name of the possible perpetrator from the contact person. A personal opinion of the reporter has no legal value. A fax report is an interchangeable form of a written report. for the person violating it. incorrect information that does not coincide with the reality and is subjective attitude is a law violation and the teacher takes responsibility for false evidence. The teacher has to be ready in case the parent requests details about the reasons the child abuse report was made. Afterwards all the details must be repeated by the contact person and approved by the reporting teacher. injury. special needs. so it cannot be done anonymously. but report immediately by the means of telephone and support it with a written report within the next 36 hours. according to the local abuse-reporting plan. Having more new and faster computers available will enable students to finish their work more quickly. reporting the fact of child abuse and by the form DOJ 900.chair and computer. The teacher takes individual responsibility for the report. The teacher must not wait until the end of the school day. suspected of being a victim of abuse: location. The telephone report should include detailed information about the person making the report and detailed information about the child. The next step after the telephone report is the written report. and in the process enhancing their quality of life Child abuse Essay Child abuse is an immense problem that does require immediate help provided to the child from the side of specialists. By no means a teacher should contact the child’s parents and a teacher should not make an investigation. . Copies should be made and saved by the reporter for further organizational process. Once a teacher gets an allegation of abuse from a child. more engaging. required by the “Department of Children and Family Services”. The information of both written and telephone report is confidential. The identifying information provided by the reporting teacher should be clear. The teacher may feel free to contact the child protective agency for any questions that may occur throughout the process of reporting the abuse or neglect. The written reports are made through the forms: SS 8572 or SS 8572(2). Both the telephone and the written report are subjects of certain legal procedures. his needs and other information. All the information in the forms must be full and as objective as possible. Generally all the forms if needed are provided by the child protective agency.

China’s market Essay China’s politics in the world market has always been rather “open”. Collapse of the Soviet Union Essay .95 :) Companies that want to co-operate with China should restrict their company’s politics on technological divulgence and get the major advantages from their joint work. At the same time China gets to know the technology of creation of the company’s product. Western people will not start buying the Chinese equivalent of the products they trust and have been purchasing for years. Does this mean that the original company looses? In a way – yes. And by these means form favorable circumstances for business. And in addition to that technologies do not stand on one place. Constantly adding something technologically new will make it safer to work with other companies. “Open” in a way that China always tries to be the pioneer in the technological battle between global western companies and at the same time its communist government tries not to hold up this process by giving all the required conditions for companies that tried to work with China. Still its popularity among western companies is quite high and many of them seek for establishing manufacturing operations in China. But… The main point is that China gets way more. Modern progress makes its input in their quick irrepressible development. It is absolutely obviously that each market has its own particularities and for a successful work it is necessary at least to know these particularities and take them into account. Another Chinese company starts producing the same product. The rate of the return of their investments is very high and everybody seems to be in gain. This risks deal in the first place with the position of China in the world’s political relations and the functioning risks of its market. but on the other hand it is a healthy economical competition. earlier embedded in creation of their product and use China’s market experience. The reason of this level of popularity is very simple – if the company stars producing something in China it automatically gets high demand on its products. Let us suppose that there is one very well known company that decides to start manufacturing in China. They have to conquer the world’s market and whether or not to deal with China depends in the first place on the kind of product the company produces and is very individual. If they ever take this risk this is to happen only in a critical situation for the company. Greater companies. China provides all the conditions and the company’s sales rise to the sky. get the real return of investments. such a Boeing should go at the minimum risks and not exchange industry knowledge for sales. Do You Like this Sample? Order now Custom Essay $9. The realization joint projects with China can allow different. Though China has a very potential market owing to its size and quantity of consumers it is connected with several risks. China is a place for young companies that need support and experience. Do You Like this Sample? Get 50% off Lifetime Discount :) Chinese companies get western technologies and this becomes the leading power of their economics for the moment. especially young enterprises to realize their research potential. Such companies as Boeing already have a wide world known name and are trusted by thousands of consumers.

culture and any of its manifestations at all. 3. Gorbachev was confident that the country needs two major components to become truly democratic “perestroika” and “glasnost”(when all the facts concerning anything happening in the country become known to the citizens of the country). And the period from 1985 to 1991 became the critical period for the existence of the whole gigantic powerful country. the right to strike and have multicandidate elections. 4. economy. 2.Introduction The collapse of the Soviet Union was one of the most scandalous events of the XX century. For this reason Gorbachev introduced a new political process called “perestroika”. political and social formations of the country. What was Soviet Union before 1985? It was a country completely that was ignoring the West with its lifestyle. market economy and free enterprise. choice of religion. The norms of life lost their value and had no proper substitution – this resulted in clashes. There was no one general attitude to the new reforms. that the Party had to change along with the society. Soviet people were used to live in the fear for their lives and were “taught” to obey the ruling system or otherwise were “withdrawn”. It is common knowledge that each nationality needs to have order and feel that the development of their state is more or less predictable. technological development. During 1985 – 1991 the Soviet Union lost this feelings and did not know what exactly they are supposed to do with the with of speech. The foundation of this wall was set by communism and totalitarian Russian people lived under in those times. Some of them wanted to come back to Stalin’s totalitarian because they at least knew what to expect from it. after all those years of having no contact with the West striated experiencing its influence and not all of them enjoyed it. And thought .Table of contents: 1. This man was like a fresh air for the room that has never been ventilated. and society but did not replace them entirely”[1]. economics and politics. strikes and growing crime rates. Soviet people were very confused. Soviet Union from 1945 till 1985 was a country surrounded by wall made of stone that no one was able to break. 2. In 1985 the Soviet Union faced a new leader in the face of Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev. Introduction The reasons of the collapse Yegor Gaidar on the Soviet Union matter Conclusion “A totalitarian system leaves behind it a minefield built into both the country's social structure and the individual psychology of its citizens” Anatoly Sobchak 1. What Gorbachev wanted was the integration of the Soviet Union into the modern life through democracy. In other words. Gorbachev realized that something in the country was very wrong. Soviet people. The reasons of the collapse Though Gorbachev made the Soviet Union Change: the Soviet forces were withdrawn from Afghanistan. the Cold War came to its end and other event still something went wrong. Gorbachev took away the “traditional power bases in the party. as they did not know what was better for them at that time. basically was a special program designated to reconstruct the economical. People felt as if they had to compete with the West and were simply confused. “Perestroika”.

milk. For Arkadiy Gaidar. Among the bourgeois theories Adam Smith’s theory with its “concept of the market. Describing what was the situation in the country like in October 1991 Gaidar says that it was absolutely impossible to understand “what was do-able in this type of situation” and no one was able to take full responsibility for this very situation. He concluded with saying that Russia will try its best. It’s the normal work of the market mechanism”[3]. The name of his grandfather Arkadiy Gaidar is known to every single person coming from any of the ex-Soviet Union countries. The task of the rebuilding of the economy was ”in a very short period of time…to reintroduce efficient money in the economy and to make a market mechanism work”[3]. As no one wanted communist dictatorship anymore it became the beginning of the end. as two of his grandfathers were writers and war-heroes. as in spite of all the hardships there have been stories of success. When the system and therefore the market is collapsed no one has interest in coordinating all this procedures and a crisis happens. with an increasing part of the population experiencing the living standards of the middle class”[3]. According to this example. the country was not ready for this dramatically rapid changes and the Soviet Union collapsed for it did not have its base anymore. One of the economic theories that influenced him the most was orthodox Marxism as he grew up in the Soviet era. When a person comes to a gasoline station he is sure to get gas there. Yegor Gaidar himself got his Ph. had the most influence on Yegor [3]. And he sees a big perspective in it. It became the time when conservatives decided that they can build a new communist dictatorship and imprisoned Gorbachev on his Crimean summer cottage. his liberal picture of the world of course”. The crisis began and by 1991 it had serious consequences. Yegor has a very creative family. what place they are supposed to send the grain to and what to do with the grain. No vested interest and no efficient orders and people stay hungry. He gives one bright example how the mechanism of the market works . or anyone else. Russian future is optimistic.all of these were good. Gaidar shows what happen in the Soviet Union when it collapsed. For in this situation money will not help no matter how much money you have. Yegor Gaidar on the Soviet Union matter Yegor Gaidar is known as a famous Russian politician that put a lot of forces into the development of both the Soviet Union and Russia. That is what Arkadiy Gaidar point out to be one of the primary reasons of the collapse – incorrect power management.when a contemporary person comes to a retail store he can be sure to get anything he will need: bread. meat and so on. Gorbachev had many hopes that did not realize in reality and the spiritual rebirth of the nation did not happen as it could not happen so fast. Arkadiy Gaidar pays special attention in his interview to the discussion of the process of rebuilding the economy. of the market world. The light in the room will turn on as soon as the person switches it on.D. 4. The processes of economic and social changes in Russia from the words of Arkadiy Gaidar has one big peculiarity – Russia has become a country “with an increasing middle class. but still a lot of its future depends on the capability of the leader-nations to accept Russia and make it a full member of the industrial family. Conclusion . Liberals with Boris Yeltsin propagandized even more modern changes compared to Gorbachev. workers will not know where they are supposed to produce and send milk and where they are supposed to get the components for the milk. When the system is collapsed no orders will be given to grain producers indicating what exactly they need to produce. at Moscow State University. 3. This is according to Arkadiy Gaidar “it’s not because you depend on the charity or good view of the baker.

3. nevertheless if it especially goes about capital crimes people start talking about the death penalty for such juveniles. Introduction Juvenile death penalty pre-history Peculiarities of children under 18 The rights of children Lionel Tate’s case The case of Christopher Simmons and other cases Conclusion. other people can easily influence children and the psychic process are not stable yet. Nevertheless the . The collapse of the Soviet Union was unstoppable as no one could provide “silk and soft” adjustment of the country to the open channel with the West. 4. 6. If the aim of the prison is to change criminals for better then children under 18 should become the “material for changes” of the highest priority.. Juvenile death penalty pre-history The year of 1988 was an extremely important year of the United States of America in terms of the death penalty for adolescent criminals. Years ago the majority of the criminals were male over 20.. Under these conditions a child should never be sentences to death or a life sentence for they still have a chance to change and reevaluate their life. Death Penalty for Children Essay .Introduction The death penalty issue has always been one of the most important issues of the contemporary system of justice. Along with that it is common knowledge that the period of 11 through 17 is a period of an especially intensive changes both in the organism and the mind of a child..Soviet Union was one of the most solid countries in the world but its time came to its end in 1991. That is why it is not fair to put a child in the same line with a grown up that can be completely responsible for his actions. A child is not mentally capable of comprehending the crime he or she commits. It is a misfortune of not having anybody to love and truly support them and lead them in the correct direction. The system of values needed to be substituted by new ones. 5. It is not the guilt of the children. The Supreme Court in 1988 refused to use death penalty over those criminals that were under the age of sixteen. but their big misfortune. Before that time even a fifteen year old could be a subject to a death penalty for capital crimes. a young criminal is not applied the same restrictions for his crime as a grown criminal is. Table of contents: 1. 7. Not only grown-ups but also by children who are under 18 years old nowadays commit murders and other terrible crimes.1. Thee previous regime was collapse but still Russia has a great potential and is never ignored by other countries. but nowadays the situation has quite changed. The system of values in the age under 18 is not built yet. Ordinarily. Do You Like this Sample? Get 50% off Lifetime Discount :) 2. A child always remains a child and if he commits a crime it is not because he has had a good life.. 2.

the state of Texas1conducted its last death penalty over a juvenile in 2002. controlling the impulses and is responsible for abstract thinking. The death penalty of children fewer than eighteen years old is immoral. According to the Wall Street Journal the prefrontal cortex is the management center of the human brain as it is the part responsible for the most important function – planning. the probability of the fact that an eighteen-yearold is as guilty as a grown-up criminal starts being completely neglected. the American Society for Adolescent Psychiatry. the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the American Psychiatric Association have claimed that facts against the death penalty for children under the age of eighteen. Nowadays 19 out of 51 state allow the conduction of the death penalty over children who are sixteen and seventeen years old.S. situated in the frontal lobe of a human being whish is responsible for the formation of the most important functions of the brain finished its completely formation after everything else.95 :) 4. 3. As each society tends to be more humanistic. as the capital crimes they commit are sometimes even worse then those committed by the grown criminals. anticipation of the consequences. The second vital piece of information is that the decision –making process in adulthood is controlled by amygdala. Do You Need a Good Essay ? Order a Custom Essay $9. Even if a child knows what is not right to do. known as the most primitive part of the human brain and therefore is the center of impulses and emotions. Children should not be sentences to death as the development and therefore the functioning of the brain is not the same for teenagers and adults. where a child is every person under the age of eighteen years old. The main reason of such statement is the fact that the researchers reveals: the prefrontal cortex. Supreme Court has always called the execution of children a violation of the Constitution. and the other side was that death penalty for juveniles is completely unconstitutional and absolutely immoral as they are only children and not mature grown ups able to be fully responsible for their actions. so is the part that forms the longest amount of time [3]. These facts emphasize the notion that the change of the brain during the period of adolescence is immense and this is the reason young people reveal a big deal of the irrational behavior of the humanity.1988 decision did not influence many states and for instance. Peculiarities of children under 18 The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Simmons. One of the main cases of the modernity was the case of 2004 of Roper v. for killing a child implies killing a weaker human being that simply required supervision and attention from the side of his parents. The rights of children . And the most important fact is that this part of the brain is a subject to continuing formation until a human being is twenty-years-old. This was a fight between two completely opposite opinions – one was that death penalty for juveniles is completely normal. but he or she may still perform a behavior that would not be socially appropriate and may even damage the lives of other people because of the their mental incapability to evaluate their behavior properly. The U. The line for death penalty should be drawn at age 18 because at these age the majority of the processes stabilize and rich the state of full brain formation.

Lionel Tate. aggression. In case the Congress approved such legislation as a reaction the protests would have been tremendous. The death penalty is meant to make criminals scared of committing serious crimes. The competency of a fourteen-year-old child to stand the trial was very questionable. The girl was Tate’s playmate. is not accepted and guided by his parents. a teenager was born 1987. At the age of fourteen he was accused of a murder he committed when he was twelve years old. treatment and punishment. and violence against other people. The fact of giving a life sentence to a fourteen-year old shocked the society because everybody understood that a child in his twelve years couldn’t be judged as a mentally developed adult. but in reality this does not work this exact way.So. according to the age peculiarities a teenager under the age of eighteen by no means should become a subject of death penalty. Such proposed legislations are truly inhumane and break all the moral laws and the rights that every child possesses. It has been announced that the boy was only copying the wrestling moves. as killing people that have not even reached their mental and physical development potential means killing a person that is not able to take full responsibility for his or her actions. A juvenile is NOT an adult criminal and should never be treated alike. The punishment for that is a life in prison. According to this very article the offenders that are below eighteen years of age cannot be sentenced to life in prison or become subjects to death penalty [5]. The Court found the boy guilty and accused him of a first-degree murder. 5. This convention also states that a child that has committed a crime and is under 18 needs to go through rehabilitation. Such rehabilitation gives the second chance for the child and his family. The details of the case are the following: at the age of twelve Lionel Tate killed Tiffany Eunick who was six years old. because a child can change due to the fact that the development of the functions in his brain has not stopped yet. These deformations may have the harshest forms: emotional instability of the child. but no matter what it was the boy was imitating something that he has seen before either on TV or in real life. Lionel Tate was only twelve years old when he committed this murder. and especially be a subject to death penalty. For instance it is obvious that if a child is abusive he has a deficit of tactile contact and gentleness. Each human being is born innocent and it is important not to forget that 2/3 of the negative manifestations are acquired from the way parent bring their child up and the child’s social environment. It is more important to prevent children from committing crimes and to remember that children do not commit crimes on the basis whether the crime in accordance with the punishment for it put simply reflect what the family and the society have put into his “head”. The possibility for the child being rehabilitated is recognizes a child being a human being and provides that possibility for the child to start his or her life for new. not supported by his teachers then the child’s personality deforms. Lionel Tate’s case Lionel Tate’s case may without any doubt be called the most well known criminal case of the beginning of the XXI century. It was for the panel of the 4th District Court of Appeal that a new trial was set in order to identify if Tate comprehended the proceedings held against him. There is not secret that the United Nations Organization has signed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and especially its Article 37 whish states that a child should never be a subject to cruel. The reveled the understanding that such a child cannot be mentally capable of taking . for which he obtained a life-long sentence. Some congressmen still tried to apply death penalty through lethal injection to guilty juveniles sixteen years of age. If the child has only aggressive and violent examples in his social environment. The details of the murder are awful – the body of the girl has numerous signs of brutality such as injuries one of which is the skull fracture.

Such states as Arkansas. three for Florida and South Caroline. It is obvious that Lionel Tate has committed a serious crime and the consequences of his actions are simply terrible because the life of another child was taken away. Christopher Simmons was convicted and set for death penalty.responsibility for his own actions. This issue is often forgotten. Other factors gave them the example of how the crime can be committed but their inability to evaluate the consequences and the lack of functionality of the decision-making process lead to a sad end. Charles Benjamin was sentences to life in prison. Delaware and New Hampshire do allow juvenile execution but at the moment do not have any juveniles on death row at the moment [6]. They all should be punished. Mr. Simmons committed the whole crime with a fifteen-year-old friend Charles Benjamin.S. 7. The moment he got in the house he met face to face with the owner of the house whose name is Shirley Ann Crook. fourteen for Alabama. Constitution that is against cruel and unusual punishments and another statement was that Christopher Simmons was not old enough when he was 17 to take full responsibility for his own actions. a seventeen-year-old teenager who in 1993. but not with death penalty or life in prison. As a consequence. Idaho. The majority of people would say that a seventeen-year-old boy must take full responsibility for his terrible crime. Kentucky. Lately the Supreme Court of Missouri brought up the Eights Amendment of the U. It is the problem of the contemporary society to start considering children to be grown ups. Oklahoma. When a child is in need of anything starting with attention and ending with a child having a stress because of financial troubles he may step on the wrong path but is still not able to be completely responsible for his actions. The artificial acceleration of the process of growing up results in the growing number of juveniles all over the world. It is twenty-nine for Texas. but people do forget one essential thing. The modern society creates the need for little children to become mature faster. but only cover its consequences. five for Mississippi. None says that the boy should not be punished. That is the reason this example should always be kept in mind by congressmen before they make another juvenile lethal injection suggestion. four for Arizona. Being under eighteen great changes were happening in the brains and bodies making this people emotionally instable. as he was not old enough for death penalty. A child and no more than that. To make sure that Shirley Ann Crook will not recognize him the boy bound her with an electrical cord and a duct tape. transported her in a car and threw her into the river of Meramec. All these “criminals” were children under eighteen when their crimes were committed. in order to firmly understand that committing crimes against other human beings is immoral but their . The decision of home arrest and probation is right for Lionel Tate. Shirley Ann Crook died from drowning. The case of Christopher Simmons One of the most terrifying cases concerning the issue of juvenile death penalty is the case of Christopher Simmons. 6. when he was seventeen years old broke into the house of his neighbor.Conclusion According to the Death Penalty Information Center 72 juveniles on death rows were under 18 when they committed the crime they were accused for. but the psychological and physiological cannot go faster than the nature has set them. so killing will not solve the problem. Utah. Louisiana and North Carolina. two for Georgia and Pennsylvania and one for Nevada and Virginia. Correspondingly. who was forty-six years old at the moment of the crime. This boy truly was a CHILD when he committed a crime. Lionel Tate deserves being punished but not made to spend his whole lifetime in a prison for a crime he committed when he was twelve years old and could not take full responsibility for his actions and completely realize the consequences of his actions for the little girl and himself.

physical punishment can be a useful method of discipline. 71 persons were on death row for juvenile crimes. Opponents of corporal punishment claim that the children will grow up to become delinquents or even beat their wives. Time to Change our Minds! .487. and we must teach our children to be responsible. However. The biggest problem with physical violence is when it is not appropriate to the age of the child. If we want to build a world with less violence we must begin at home. their current ages range from 18 to 43.death is not best way out of the problem. There are definitely concerns about physical punishment. In this case. for they do not know what they are doing! 1 “As of December 31. fearful and anxious and will not learn to distinguish right from wrong. Another point often made is that physical punishment teaches children that you can use force to make others do what you want. Others prefer to use different methods to reward good behavior or punish misbehavior. This essay will look at some of the arguments for and against physical punishment of children. holding 29 (40%) of the national total of 72 juvenile offenders Should parents use corporal punishment to discipline children? Effective when used wisely Many parents use physical punishment to discipline their children. It is often claimed that physical punishment will damage children in later life. Although all were ages 16 or 17 at the time of their crimes. it is not effective to beat a 16-year-old who is late for school once again. This is clearly wrong. Finally. 317 words Should we physical force to punish children? This essay says no. Others can use violence excessively or as the only method of discipline. the child will be hurt. In fact children brought up well soon learn that force by itself is nothing – it must be associated with right. Some parents lose control and can injure children – even breaking bones or causing bruises. It can be very effective to quickly smack a two-year-old who is screaming. 2004. These 71 condemned juveniles constituted about 2% of the total death row population of 3. many happily married adults today were slapped when they were younger but have never hit their spouses. However it should be the last choice for parents. some people say that punishing a child by smacking him will damage the relationship between the child and the parents. In conclusion. Children who understand the reasons for rules will be happier than children who are not given clear guidelines. Texas had by far the largest death row for juvenile offenders. Forgive them. They were under death sentences in 12 different states and had been on death row from 4 months to 24 years. However.

Governments have a responsibility to spend money on art for their citizens. parents have to change some of their beliefs and ideas about how children should be raised. banning physical punishment in the home will allow people to change their habits and break a cycle of violence. They do not have enough resources or choices to handle the situation. In the same way. Physical punishment is banned in schools in most countries. but we need to protect all our children. Another point is that unless people are challenged or forced to change their beliefs they may keep following negative habits. 474 words Should governments spend money on art. However. when they have so many other important issues and concerns? Art is a basic human need. It is possible to avoid the use of physical force in the home. As a result. whereas years ago the idea of using safety belts was strange to most people. There are several reasons however why we should stop using physical punishment even in the home. many parents still believe that they have a right to use some physical punishment to deal with certain misbehavior at certain ages. even if there are other solutions to the problem. It is easy to find reasons to allow some physical punishment. Parents argue that this was the way they were brought up themselves and that it didn’t do any harm to them. In conclusion. they immediately react by smacking or hitting the child. However. and very very few would ever consider hurting their children by using unnecessary physical force. some parents will go too far and will inflict severe emotional and physical damage on their children. . and will ask how parents can know what the limits are. If all parents are allowed to hit their children in the name of discipline. and in many countries. One point is that most parents are not trained to deal with misbehaving children. One issue is that many parents find it very difficult to abandon physical punishment completely. This essay will ask if some physical punishment is acceptable today. An example is seatbelt use – now most people wear seat belts without thinking.There have been big changes in the attitudes of most parents over the last few years. Finally. there are moves to ban all corporal punishment of children even in the home. most parents are reasonable and fair. and doing so will help us move closer to dream of removing violence from our society. It may only be a small minority of parents. A second point is that corporal punishment can be quick and effective: there is not much point reasoning with a screaming child in the supermarket. the most obvious reason for banning all physical punishment of children is to prevent child abuse. Very few parents would agree with using force regularly as a way of dealing with discipline problems in their children. including using corporal punishment. They believe that for the child’s sake that they have the right to discipline the child in any way they see fit.

They spend money on art not because a picture is good or a museum is needed. but then it is often inaccessible to ordinary people. Creative people have always tried to look at things in a new way and to make the world a better place through painting. and composers cannot survive without financial support. Painters. Too often. This essay will examine the conflict between those who say art is important and those who feel it is a waste of money. and tastes in art can change very rapidly. However. the most important reason why governments should support the arts is because an appreciation of art is one of the things that makes life worthwhile. While art may not make us immortal. musicians. I firmly believe that spending money on art is a vital part of a government’s responsibility. billions of people still live in . music. and I am confident that my country will be able to contribute its share to the richness of the world’s art and creativity. particularly when there are so many other demands on it. They should make sure that they pass on beauty. such as housing and medical care. However some people feel that government money spent on art is wasted. It seems to be a basic need of humans to surround themselves with art. In conclusion.Throughout the ages. man has tried to create beauty through painting. Governments have a duty to make this art available to everyone. although people do need to be provided with the necessities of life. governments also have a duty to provide their citizens with something more. music. Trade has increased and the movement of people between countries is greater than ever before. poetry. calligraphy. the world is becoming more and more closely linked. governments spend unwisely. 447 words Should rich countries help poorer ones? Tagged with: aid • development • international relations • politics Does foreign aid work? Or does it only help the rich country by keeping the poorer country dependent? Today. It can be wrong for governments to spend large sums of money on art. sculpture. Rich people or large companies do finance art. but for political reasons. it would be wrong to say that governments should not spend any money at all on art. The city gets yet another statue of the leader or an ugly monument to national aspirations. ideas and expression to the next generation and make art available to all instead of being the possession of only the few. and numerous other forms of expression. sculpture and other artistic expression. it does make the world a richer place for future generations. Another point is that the artworks are often chosen to represent social or political rather than artistic ideas. Humans do not need just shelter and food. A third point is that governments often respond to fashions. However. Cities end up with huge statues or empty expensive buildings that are used only by a few people or the elite. Without careful advice an expensive collection of worthless paintings or tasteless productions can be the result. However. dance.

some suffer injury or pain. inevitably. many countries feel it is their religious. Furthermore.poverty. and in many places. There are many reasons for helping poor countries. Another is to remove subsidies so that imported goods from poorer countries can compete fairly. so that poor countries can sell their goods is one way. billions of dollars of aid often goes missing. Many agencies build huge dams or industrial projects that fail after a few years or that do not involve the local people. we must examine the real needs of poor countries and implement solutions that will benefit both them and us. the richer country may want to ensure markets for their own products. 373 words Dangerous Sports: No Tagged with: ban • danger • freedom • health • sport Should dangerous sports such as boxing or motor-racing be banned? Millions of people play sport every day. water. A further reason why many countries help poorer ones is for economic reasons. The donors may want to control the supply of commodities such as oil. However. or disease. The needs of the poorer countries may seem obvious. into corrupt governments or inefficient administration. Alternatively. For one thing. although our humanity makes us want to help eliminate poverty and suffering. This essay will examine some of the reasons for banning certain sports. some people would like to see dangerous sports such as boxing banned. This can be in the form of expensive specialized equipment and experts from the donor country. the gap between rich and poor is widening. computers or shoes. Many poor countries have huge interest repayments on old loans. However. whether these are planes. war. . and. A second point is that many foreign aid projects are unsuitable for the target country. First of all. drought. Like individuals who give to charity. much aid returns to the donor. However. Most players and spectators accept this risk. social. or moral duty to help people in other countries who are suffering from famine. or wheat. aid is not necessarily the best way to help a country. or simply to influence the government and direction of the country. A third method is to forgive debts. However. there are humanitarian reasons. This essay will look at the arguments for and against helping poor countries. There are many other ways we can help poor countries. Opening up trade barriers. many rich countries also donate money for political or diplomatic reasons. They want to maintain a relationship of dependency with the recipient.

They are lured by money or by social or peer pressure and then cannot escape. Young children learn their own limits and strengths through play with others. and they would rather see some dangerous sports banned completely. and other games are being targeted by sports bodies and medical organizations in an effort to improve safety standards and to reduce injuries. However violence and aggression should not be permitted in the name of sport. and games seem to be natural to humans. In this essay. sport acts as a safety valve for . In fact it is more likely that apart from the many friendships created in playing. claiming that playing will improve the students’ character (or the school’s reputation). such as American football or rugby. with faces ripped open. but a mental and social one. mountaineering. this is not enough. they sometimes need to be protected against themselves. I will examine some arguments against banning dangerous sports. physical outlet for aggression. rugby. soccer. The sight of two men (or even women) bleeding. Most people approve of governments’ efforts to reduce smoking. Sports. for some people.Some sports are nothing but an excuse for violence. Some people argue that the players can choose to participate. Boxing. or motor-racing. There is very little evidence to show that people who take part in dangerous sports become violent as a result. Many boxers. Boxing is a perfect example. competition. come from disadvantaged backgrounds. The last thing an increasingly violent world needs is more violence on our television. but they also learn valuable social lessons about what acceptable behavior and the rights of others. for example. Even in richer social groups. Challenging sport provides a healthy. many sports are becoming increasingly regulated. In the same way. However. 272 words Save our Sports! Tagged with: ban • freedom • health • sports Should dangerous sports be banned? Today. Governments and individuals must act to limit brutality and violence. Sport therefore is not just a physical phenomenon. are also barely-concealed violence. I accept that all sports involve challenge and risk. However this is not always the case. governments need to act if there are unacceptably high levels of injuries in sports such as football. schools force unwilling students to play aggressive team sports. but in fact increasing the risk of injury. Other sports. Even where people can choose. trying to obliterate each other is barbaric. largely safe. diving. so that children and adults can enjoy and benefit from sport.

But the role of government should be reduced. We should continue to try to prevent accidents and injuries. are forced to retire in their or even earlier because of company or national regulations. we should also ensure that sports are challenging. leading to increased injury and illegal gambling. But if boxing is banned. would motor racing follow. and. above all. then what sport would be next? Boxing is the most common target of opponents of dangerous sports. training. Moreover. exciting. However. Young rugby players are paralysed every year in scrums. and these safety regulations have been welcomed by players. Medical bodies have introduced safety rules in boxing. Without some elements of risk or challenge. Almost all sports involve some risk. in soccer. running families. There is therefore no sport without danger. then rugby. People should be free to participate in activities with others as long as it does not affect the safety of non-participants. There also should be limits to the power of governments to ban sports. In conclusion. If one sport is banned because of alleged danger. 454 words When Should People Retire? Tagged with: old people • retirement • work When should people be made to retire? 55? 65? Should there be a compulsory retirement age? Many old people work well into their 70s and 80s. This essay will examine whether people should be allowed to continue working for as long as they want or whether they should be encouraged to retire at a particular stage. wrestling. There is also the issue of freedom. Without a wide range of sports. sport becomes meaningless. or a sky-diving team defying gravity – all are trying to push themselves to their maximum. many sports would go underground. however. Other people. and respect for the rules – valuable lessons in any society. Scubadiving accidents can lead to brain damage or death.a society by reducing stress. basketball players fiercely battling an opposing team. or weightlifting? Furthermore. . sport teaches and requires discipline. fun. despite being fit and highly talented. countries or corporations. Nobody denies that regulation is needed. Even golf or jogging can lead to pain or injury. our society would be healthier if more people took part in sports of all kinds. A marathon runner trying to improve his time. many people would feel trapped or limited.

Even their playmates force them to become better at computer games or to read Harry Potter novels faster. 370 words Who learns faster? Tagged with: adults • children • learning Do children learn more quickly than adults? Small children seem to learn very quickly. In this essay. Having compulsory retirement allows new ideas in an organization. while adults sometimes appear to lose the ability to pick up new subject such as languages. A second point is that older employees are often extremely loyal employees and are more willing to implement company policies than younger less committed staff. many people would continue to work purely because they did not have any other plans or roles. Schools force them to take many subjects. . First of all. It is undoubtedly true that children seem to learn very quickly. a more important point is regarding the attitudes in society to old people. In summary. Age alone is no guarantee of ability. children may enjoy learning. however arbitrary. In just a few years. They even have time for sports and hobbies. speak one or even two new languages. or computer programs. this can affect the older individual’s freedom – and right – to work and can deprive society of valuable experience and insights. they can learn how to play a musical instrument. To force someone to resign or retire at 60 or 65 indicates that the society does not value the input of these people and that effectively their useful life is over. I feel that giving workers more flexibility and choice over their retirement age will benefit society and the individual. and become experts in their favorite pastimes. However. much of their achievement is because of social pressure. how much of this is social pressure and how much is genetic? I am convinced that while children’s brains have a natural ability to absorb new information as part of their developmental growth. older employees have an immense amount of knowledge and experience which can be lost to a business or organization if they are made to retire. there are often calls to compulsorily retire older workers. without age limits. games. However. I will discuss whether children or adults make the best learners. A third point of view is that older people should be rewarded by society for their life’s labor by being given generous pensions and the freedom to enjoy their leisure. but their environment also is a big motivating factor. With many young people unemployed or frustrated in low-level positions. Parents force them to practice new sports or to learn music. However. In addition. and deal with many subjects at school. Allowing older people to work indefinitely however is not always a good policy. Many younger employees have more experience or skills than older staff. music. who may have been stuck in one area or unit for most of their working lives.There are several arguments for allowing older people to continue working as long as they are able.

However a significant number of parents believe that it is much better for their children to be educated at home by the people who know them and their needs best. This essay will examine the question of home schooling and discuss which the best option for the child is An increasing number of parents are deciding that home schooling is the best option for their children. I feel that we cannot generalize about children or adults being better learners. and the level of enthusiasm he or she has for learning. Subjects such as the family’s religion or language may not even be available in the school. They can organize their learning by setting times for reading or practice. and some adults may feel that further learning is pointless. They believe that the good behavior they have taught the child will be lost in school. They are unhappy with the quality or depth of education offered in the schools. society does not encourage many adults to learn. However. and staffed by teachers without sufficient knowledge of their subjects. The first is that the children will be exposed to other children. some children with special needs may need particular parental care. governments require children to attend schools in which trained teachers are responsible for educating the children using an approved curriculum. but even despite these physical challenges. Another reason is concern over the quality of schooling available. their motivation can often be higher than a child’s. Adults have many skills that compensate for the decline in the ability of the brain to grasp and remember new material. One reason is social factors. Unfortunately. However. Adults usually cannot learn to do ballet or to play the violin. but in either case the children will interact with each other and . preferring for academic. People are busy with families and work. They can build on skills and experiences they know already. since they have already achieved many goals at work or in their personal life. Schools frequently have large classes. These children may represent either a crosssection of society or a narrow group. They are often under-funded. or have other reasons why they feel that traditional schools are not suitable for their children. It depends on the situation and the motivation of the person. Other parents may disagree with the aims of the school curriculum. social or cultural reasons to keep their children separate. 360 words Home Schooling Tagged with: children • education • home schooling • school • students Should children be educated at home or in school? Are parents really helping their children by teaching them at home? In most countries in the world. Finally. I disagree with people who say that adults cannot learn quickly.Adults on the other hand are supposed to be poor learners. there are many arguments in favor of sending children to conventional schools. Parents worry that their children will suffer from bullying or will be forced into antisocial behavior by peer pressure. In conclusion.

security cameras are far from being a perfect solution. police forces and governments are increasingly using security cameras in public places. stadiums and transport. Some people are opposed to this. Authorities do not need to spend large amounts of money on police. This will make the streets safer for ordinary people. They will not be tempted to carry out crimes. as they eventually will. A third point is that the children will find it easier to integrate when they finish school. However. saying that it invades our privacy. Many people feel that they should be free to travel or move around a shop. while many parents work hard to teach their children at home. cameras and computers can make mistakes. Surveillance cameras have several benefits. we need to balance the need for security with respect for the individual’s privacy and freedom. The biggest objection concerns privacy. They will not be dependent on their parents for their educational. but they seem to be a proven way of preparing our children for the real world. streets. although there are definite advantages to using surveillance devices such as cameras. Cameras are also cost-effective and unobtrusive. In conclusion. and that ordinary people are losing their freedom because of these devices. thus reducing crime. conventional schools are still the right choice for most children. An obvious benefit is that the police can catch criminals in the act. This essay will examine whether the advantages of these cameras outweigh their negative impact. Thirdly. particularly young offenders or petty criminals will be deterred. when they start work or college. and thus society will be a lot safer. a situation like George Orwell’s “1984″ could be the result. Corrupt authorities could use information in the wrong way or twist it to victimize some groups.develop social skills. Overall. 392 words Security Cameras and Privacy In the fight against crime. If we do not trust the members of society. Another point is that although the police say that only criminals have something to fear from the cameras. A more important point is that criminals. street or country without being photographed or recorded. Schools are not perfect. 297 words . they are now entering public places such as malls. many people do not trust governments with too much information. They feel that being watched constantly is like being in a jail. Whereas before they appeared only in banks and at high-security areas. emotional and social needs. A second point is that the children will learn to function outside the family. mall. Many people feel this affects their privacy. What do you think? The individual has a right to privacy! Security cameras have become ubiquitous in many countries.

we need to examine our emphasis on education for the sake of a piece of paper. diplomas. and finding their own personality and strengths. However. Some of these activities are more challenging than perhaps the assembly lines of the past. Similarly. and degrees are held up as a status symbol. In fact. However. Instead of thinking for themselves. These people are found in every part of society. the truly powerful are not those who have taken degrees. or those who have an interest in stopping people thinking for themselves) say that increased levels of education will open doors for students. research. Einstein was a weak student at math. They have seen opportunity and followed dreams. These are the people who shaped our century. The greatest religious teachers do not have letters after their name. they are fitted like square pegs into round holes. the longer years of schooling make the job of brainwashing even easier. despite the increased level of education. Like many inventive and creative people. a passport to a private club of money and power.Education: Less Valuable Now Tagged with: college • degrees • education Is a college degree less valuable or respected now than it was in the past? Today. Supporters of education (usually teachers or educators. Thousands of colleges and millions of students spend vast amounts of time and money chasing pieces of paper. Like many successful businessmen. the world’s political leaders do not have master’s degrees or doctorates. but people who have stood back and looked at what is really important in life. but still the ultimate purpose is equally uninteresting. and to learn the real meaning and revolutionary challenge of knowledge. but have looked into their hearts for meaning. But what is the value of these qualifications? This essay will discuss whether education has been devalued. Bill Gates never completed college. Like many brilliant people. More worryingly. it seems to be universally accepted that increased education is a good thing. 395 words Education: Too Many People with Degrees! . They are made to believe that self-understanding and society approval will come with the acquisition of a piece of paper. There is still a role for study. and they are too busy with real life to spend time in the paper chase. people are still not genuinely expected to think for themselves. Certificates. Students in college are being sold an illusion. The role of education is to prepare masses of people to operate at low levels of ability in a very limited and restricted range of activities. and education. Edison never went to school.

Students in college are being sold an illusion. or those in the business of education) say that increased levels of education will open doors for students. and to learn the real meaning and revolutionary challenge of knowledge. in so-called professional jobs. and degrees are held up as a status symbol. The greatest religious teachers do not have letters after their name. and education. Like many successful businessmen. Like many brilliant people. a passport to a private club of money and power. research. 376 words Is Education Still Valuable? Tagged with: colleges • degrees • education • students Is a degree less important now that everybody has one? . it seems to be universally accepted that increased education is a good thing. and they are too busy with real life to spend time in the paper chase. More worryingly. Edison never went to school. Supporters of education (usually teachers or educators. In fact. they are fitted like square pegs into round holes. Thousands of colleges and millions of students spend vast amounts of time and money chasing pieces of paper. many of the world’s political leaders do not have master’s degrees or doctorates. but the ultimate purpose is equally uninteresting. we need to examine our emphasis on education for the sake of a piece of paper. the truly powerful are not those with degrees. despite the increased level of education.Tagged with: college • degree • education Is a college degree less valuable nowadays? Today. These are the people who shape our lives. Similarly. diplomas. but people who stand back and look at what is really important in life. But what is the value of these qualifications? This essay will discuss whether education has been devalued. However. Like many inventive and creative people. and finding their own personality and strengths. Instead of thinking for themselves. people are still not genuinely expected to think for themselves. Some of these activities are perhaps more challenging than the assembly lines of the past. There is still a role for study. the longer years of schooling make the job of brainwashing even easier. Certificates. These people are found in every part of society. Einstein was a weak math student. Bill Gates never completed college. However. The role of education is to prepare masses of people to operate at low levels of ability in a very limited and restricted range of activities. They are made to believe that self-understanding and society approval will come with the acquisition of a piece of paper.

However. Finally. Another point is that studying for such a long time leads to learners becoming inflexible. They say that having so many graduates devalues a degree. in comparison five of my brothers and sisters have degrees. I remember the day my uncle graduated. and time management. some people think that this increased access to education is devaluing degrees. Now it is available to everyone. a highly educated workforce is good for the economy of the country. its biggest effect will be in the area of individual freedom. and for many years my mother called him “the genius” and listened to his opinion. In this essay. instead of being forced to take a job they dislike. degrees were very unusual in my family. A further point is that people with degrees have many more opportunities. In the past education was only for the rich and powerful. It is also claimed that education has become a rat race. because people will be able to discuss and exchange ideas. I feel strongly that this move to having more qualifications is a positive development.In the past. responsibility. but are unable to apply their skills. it is impossible to be overeducated. Graduates have to compete for jobs even after years of studying. They can take a wider variety of jobs and do what they enjoy doing. We had a huge party. Employers prefer more flexible and adaptable workers. . In conclusion. Today. First of all. I will look at some of the arguments for and against the increased emphasis on degrees in our society. People have several arguments against the need for degrees. although there are undoubtedly some problems with increased levels of education. The more people are educated. and two are studying for their masters’. However. the better the world will be. It attracts foreign investment. People lose respect for the degree holder. They know a lot about one narrow subject.How do you think society will be affected by this growth of telecommuting? Telecommuting will have major effects in the worlds of work and family life. However. 339 words Telecommuting and Work Tagged with: change • freedom • science and technology • society • work Telecommuting is increasingly common: Workers do all or part of their work from home and communicate with their office or colleagues by computer. I feel strongly that the country can only progress if all its people are educated to the maximum of their ability. and this will have many advantages for the country and the individual.

There will be greater need for high-bandwidth connections to link the office and the home. or insecure about decisions. Telecommuters may feel isolated or unmotivated. the effects are difficult to predict because they depend on the extent to which telecommuting becomes popular. and even homes to other homes. Hours spent commuting. Workers may feel less loyal to a company and more inclined to change jobs or work part-time or on contract. However. households will also have to set aside areas for work – particularly if both spouses are telecommuting. In conclusion. as other employees and supervisors also begin working at home. A major change will be in the way people think about work as a place or an institution. traffic jams. both husbands and wives. Instead. 305 words . and may even work longer or more unsocial hours. People may feel unable to escape their work. leisure activities. Workers. There may be delays if other workers are not immediately available. possibly as big as the Industrial Revolution which created our present ideas of work. Family life will also change. there are some drawbacks to telecommuting. telecommuting could be the start of a major societal shift. Offices may become smaller. and fights for parking should diminish.Work and workplaces will alter dramatically. However. they will focus on the task or product. cooking. However. etc. as fewer desks are needed. although the ideas of more time at home and less time traveling are attractive. as workers make fewer journeys or work staggered hours. The quality of work may suffer because of the reduced face-to-face interaction with other employees. can arrange their work around family commitments such as taking children to school.