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SECRET

AUSTRALIAN MILITARY roRCES

EO 5520

E in
L H

C
Q

DISTRIBUTION:
All
All

CEs and CsRE.. Bombdisposal

~ Pls and HQ AA and Frt Coys. to :-

(2 copies)
~each
8) 1)

RAE Fd S~ns, Fd Coys, A Fd Coys, A Tps Coys, Div & Corps Fd Pk Coys~

1)

LHQ SUE (Fd) 1 RAE Trg Centre.

Copies for 'information

LHQ: PA to C in C (1), CGS(1), DSD (1), DDMO (1), ADMI {3), DMT(1), MGRA\46) MOO (1) D of Armament RAAF USAEngineer Liaison Officer. Chief Ordnance Officer, HQ, USASOS USN Liaison Officer, MELBOURNE
CO MEIU No 1 NZ Liaison Officer.. RJ.ICand SS.. D of Torpedoes and Mines RJ.N

2 1 150) 4)
3) 20)

4 51

Canadian Military Attache, CANBERRA. Superintendent MSL, MELBOURNE. Overseas Aust Army staff, LONDON. E in P, War Office (through
SME RIPON (through AAS AAS LONDON) ...2"

2) 1)

131 2

LONDON)

E in 0, INDIA...

Aust JAil Mission,

iYASHINOTON

6

3

E IN C BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS 1. Technical cause of
2. ceived

Issued herewith are revised Bomb Disposal Instructions. The revision was necessary beextensive new information received.
Acla1owled~ent RAE and Allied is made for information Forces thus enabling the re-

from

Manual to be kept up-to-date, and it is pointed out that the future value of these instructions will depend upon further new data received fram the field. 3. contained directly Details of techniques, special appliances, herein will NOT be conmunicated to anyone not entitled to such information. previous cancelled by fire. E in C Bomb Disposal py the issue of this Technic~ Manual, etc

4. All Instructions are will be destroyed

and

11 li1ar 44.

Maj or General Engineer in Chief'

(c.e.STEELE)

~

J

TABLE

OF

CONTENTS

A

:- INTRODUCTIONSec.
1 -General Instructions

B

: -JAPANESE

BOMBS A'ND COMPONENTS

Sec.

2 -H.E. Bombs 3 -Anti-personnel Bombs 4 -Incendiary Bombs 5 -Miscellaneous Aerial Missiles 6 -Fuzes, Serial A 7 -" " B 8 -" "C
9..." "D

10 -Gaines, Booster 11 -Anrnuni tions CHAP. C
: -GERMAN

Systems and Magazines

BOMBS AND COMPONENTS

Sec. 12 -H.E.
15 16

Bombs
Bombs Bombs
Aeria~ Missiles

13 -Anti-personnel 14 -Incendiary
-Miscellaneous -Fuzes

17 -Disposal

Tectmiques

18 -Mif)ellaneous
CHAP. D

Data

: -MISCELLANEOUS TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS

Sec. 19 -Destruction
20 -General
CHAP. E : -EQUIPMENT AND PLANT

of Bambs,Ammunition, etc.

Sec. 21 -General

Use

22 -Anti-Japanese 23 -Anti-German

CHAP. F

: -CONCERNING CIVIL DEFENCEORGANISATION Sec. 24 -Function in Bomb Disposal, Co-operation etc.

(See also Reverse side.

.r

FILING

AND

REFERENCE

SYSTEM

EXAMPLE -B/2/76

~et1x

oa-oita11etteI' to CHAPrER -(2) SECTION
-(76 )

-(B)
See

Ref'ers First

TABLE OF numeral to
CONTENTS

Refers

Su:f':f'ix numera1

Number allotted

a specific

BDTI

(Except in several instances only, the original BDTI number has been

retained)

IMPORTANT

When issued,

insert

new BDrIs in

Manual under correct CHAPl'ER and SECTION, and in appropriate se~uence. In filing, disregard the suffix numeral.

2.

eta.,

Indespatahing

ALWAYS USE THE COMPLETE REFERENCE

messages, telegrams,

(as Example above).

1.

I

N D E X.

IN NUMERICAL SEO.UENOEOF BIYl'Is

No.

Issued
20 Deo 43 / General Instructions

Subject

ls/1/1 B/5/2 B/3/3
B/2/4

20 Deo 431 Japanese Smoke Signal
20 Deo 43 Japanese Anti-personnel -15 Kg

(Airoraft)-l
HE Bomb,

Kg
Type

20 Dea 43 20 Deo 43

Japanese GP, HE Bomb, Type 94 -50 Japanese GP, HE Bomb, Type 97 -60
GP, HE Bomb, Type GP, HE Bomb, Type 98 -60 94 -100 type) -

Kg Kg
K~ Kg

B/2/5 B/2/6 B/2/'7
B/2/8

20 Deo 431 Japanese 20 Deo 43 I Japanese 20 Dec 43

Japanese GP, HE Bomb (Early 250 Kg

B/4/9 B/4/10 B/4/11 B/4/12 B/5/13 B/5/14 B/6/15 B/e/16 B/7/17 B/6/18 B/7/19

20 Deo 43

Japanese Incendiary Bomb Type 97 -50 Kg (Phos/Rubber pellets) Japanese Incendiary Bomb Type 97 -60

20 Dec 43

Kg (Electron fire-pots)
20 Deo 43

Japanese

Incendiary

Bomb Type 98 -60

Kg (Solid oil)
20 Dec 43

Japanese Inoendiary

Bomb Type 0 -50

Kg (Phos/rubber pellets)
20 Dec 43 20 Deo 43
20 Deo 43 20 Deo 43 20 Deo 43 20 Dec 43
20 Dec 43

Japanese Bomb Container
Japanese Gas Bomb, Type

-60

Kg
Kg

92 -50

Japanese Bomb Fuze -A.3(A) Japanese Bomb Fuze -C.l(A) Japanese Bomb Fuze -B.l(A) Japanese Bomb Fuze -A.2(A)
Jap~ese Bomb Fuze -B.3(A)

f

~Re.t'.

2No.1 Issued Subject
43 IJapanese Bomb Fuze -A.4(A)

B/6/20 B/7/21 B/6/22
D/20/23

Deo

120 Deo 43 I Japanese

Bomb Fuze

-B.4(A)

,20 Deo 43 /Japanese
120 Deo 43 IDisposal

Bomb FUze -A.l(A)
of Gas Bombs and Missiles

D/20/24
'Pi 6 /25
13/6/26 E/22/27

20 Deo 43 I Treatment
11 Mar 44 j Japanese

of Inoendiary
Bomb Fuze Banb Fuze -A.1(a)

Agents

I, 11 Mar 44 I Japanese j 20 Deo 43

-B.3(B) and Esetc.

,

sential Bomb Disposal Common Hand Tools Tools,

(Anti-Japanese)
D/20/28 D/20/29 120 Deo 43 I Safety 120 Deo 43
I Types 0 aut

Precautions
of Cronouflets ions

Summarized
and Safety Pre-

B/2/30
D/20/31

20 Deo 43 I Summary 120

of Japanese

HE Bombs

Deo 43

1preoautions in out Equipment

the

Use

of

Steaming-

F/24/32

120 Dec 43
\

IReporting
Services

UXBs through

01 v11

Defence

F/24/33

120 Deo 43

IBamb Categories

and Priorities

F/24/34

\20 Deo 43 ~BambCemeteries
,20 Dec 43 jAbandon1ng of Bombs

A/1/35
E/21/36

j20 Dec 43

lJ1:xoavating

and Timbering

E/22/37

j 20 Dec 43 sterilization

!

Use of' Thermit Eqpt.

of' Japanese

Bombs-

I /38 / /39

ISpeoial ;20 Ref.

-3 Rei'. No.
/ /40
Issued Subject

/ /41 I
/ / /
/42

/43 /44 /45
20 Deo 43 , Banb Data -Tables

D/20/46 / /47

B/5/48
D/20/49

20

Dec

431

Japanese

Practice

Bomb

-31

Kg

20 -Deo

43

Precautions

when Handling Explosives
Precautions in

D/20/50 F/24/51
B/2/52

20 Deo 43

Elementary Safety Bomb Disposal Safety Precautions near UXBs

20Deo

431

for

Rail

Traffic

20 Deo 43,1 Japanese

GP, HE Banb,

Type

98-250

Kg

I
/
/ /

/53 /54

/55

/56
20 Dec 43
Explosives Used in Bombs

D/20/57

/

/58

I 159
B/2/60
20 Dea 43 I Japanese SAP. HE Bomb Type 99 -63 K~

4

No. I /61
D/20/62

Issued

Subject

20 Deo 43

Preoautions when Trepanning and Stemning-out Piorio Fillings
of a Bomb by Detonation

D/19/63

20 Dec 43 \ Destruction

I /64
B/2/65 A/1/66
B/7/67 B/8/68
20 Deo 43

Japane se SAP, HE Bomb Type 99 -

250 Kg
20 Deo 43 I Re~orts and Returns

20 Dea 43 \Japanese 20 Dea 43 I Japanese

Bomb Fuze

-B.2(A)

Bomb FUze -a.2(A)

I /69
I
/70
20 Deo 43 I Japanese 20 Dec 43 Smoke Float (Yellow Smoke)

B/5/7.1.

B/l1/72
B/6/73

Japanese Aircraft
20 nun

Cannan Ammn -

20

Dec

43

j Japanese

Banb

Fuze

-1..2(B)

D/19/74
B/5/75

20

Deo

43

I Destruotion

of

Bofors

Arnrnn 40

mm

20 Dec 43 20 Dec 43

Japanese
Japanese

Float

Flare,

Type 94,
1 -3 Kg

Modification AP, HE Bomb -800

B/2/76

20

Deo

43

I, Japanese ' I Japanese Flare

Bomb

Fuze

-B.2(B)

B/5/7B

20 Dec 43

Illuminating

Float

D/20/79

20 Deo 43 I Making 20 Deo 43

Camouflets

Safe Marker ("card-

B/B/SO

JaI>anese Navi~ation board tY1'e")

20 Deo 43

Evacuation

cf Danger Areas and
I

Safety Distances

IF/24/81 I B/'7/'7'7 Ref.

5

Ref'. No.
B/6/82
D/20/s3 B/6/84

Issued
20 Dea 43

Subject Summary of Japanese Bomb Fuzes
Works Bomb Fuze -A.3(B)

20 Dec 431 Protective 20 Dec 431 20 Deo 43 Japanese

E/2:1/85

Apparatus Reviving structions
Japanese Bomb Fuze

-Operating

In-

B/6/S6
E/23/87

20

Dee

431

-A.5(A)

20 Dec 4::;

stevens' Stopp,er Design II ing Instns

-Operat-

/ /

/88 /89
20 Dec 431 PrObee, Bamb, 6 ft.
20 Deo 431 Japanese Bomb Fuze -D.l(A)
20 Deo 43 Japanese craft) Pat:nphlet Container (Air-

E/21/90

B/9/91 B/5/92 B/l0/93
B/l0/94

20 Dee 43' Gaines, Boost~r Systems -Japan~s~
20 Dec 43

Magazines, Fuze, Incendiary Bomb Japanese

B/8/95

20 Dec 431 Japanese 20 pea 43

Bomb Fuze

-C.3(A)

B/2/96 B/6/97
B/9/98

Japanese GP, HE Bomb, Type 94 -50 Kg (InooI'porating Fuze C.3(A)
Japanese Bomb Fuze -A.2(C)

20

Dec

431

20

Deo

431

Japanese

Bomb

Fuze

-D.2(A)

B/4/99 B/2/100 B/7/101
9'.

20 Deo 43

Japanese Incendiary bomb, type 2 250 Kg (Electron/Steel Cylinders)
HE Cluster Bomb -1/3 Kg

20 Dec 431 Japanese

20 Deo 431 Japahese

Bomb Fuze -B.5(A)

-6 No. Issued
20 Deo 43 I Japanese 20 Deo 43 120 Deo 43

Subject
GP HE Bomb, Type 99 -30 K~

B/2/102
B/9/103
E/23/104

Japanese Parachute Flare ~'uze-D.3(A)
stethoscope, Operating Electrical, Instns Design IVB

B/7/105 B/5/106
//107

20 Dec 43
:20 Deo 43

Japanese Bomb Fuze -D.l(B) Japanese Parachute Flare (Aircraft) Illuminating

/

/108
120 Deo 43

E/21/109

1Trepanning and steaming-out Plant Des. III (Operating Instns) Detectors
IJapanese 32 Kg

E/21/110

120 Deo 43
20 Deo 43

ITP (Operating
Incendiary Bomb, (Phosphorous/Steel

Instns)
Type 99 Pellets) -

B/4/111

B/6/112
B/9/113

20 Deo 43 I Japanese 20 Deo 43 I Japanese 20 Dec 43 I Japanese 20 Deo 43
120 Dec 43

Bomb Fuze Bomb Fuze HE Cluster

-A.l(B) -D.2(B) Bomb -1 Kg

B/2/114 B/7/115 B/5/116

Japanese
Japanese

Bomb Fuze -B.5(B)
1/3 Kg HE Cluster Bomb

Container
120 Deo 43 r!ethods of Removal of Bomb Fillings Mixtures (Interim In-

E/22/118

120 Dec 43

Solidifying structions)
1 Principles diary Materials

D/20/119

120 Dec 43

f'or

Treatrent

of'

Incen-

B/9/120

120 Deo

43

Japanese Bomb Fuze -D.2(C)
Bomb Canister Fuze -D.4(A)

20 Deo 43 I Japanese

,B/9/121 D/20/11'7 Ref.
I

-7 No. Issued
20 Dee 43

Subject
RAE Responsibilities in Bomb Dis-

A/l/122 B/7/123
F/ 22/124 D/20/125

posal
13 Jan 44

Japanese Bomb Fuze -B.6(A) Fuze Extractor Artificial Design III (AUST)

20 Deo 43 20 Dea 43 20 Deo 43

Respiration lliarker, Type 0

B/5/126
D/19/127 B/5/128

Japanese Navigation

Modell

20 Deo 43 20 Dec 43

Demolition
Japanese

of Bombs in Dumps
Flare, TY1)e 94- 1 Kg

Float

/

/129

1 1.130 / /131

I 1132
/ / / /133 /134 /135

/ /136
/ / /137 /138

I /139
/
I

/140 /141

/ /142
II

Ret.

CHAP. A,

SEC.1.

A

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

J3

Em C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

GENERAL

INSTRUCTIONS

1.

SECURI~.
(a) This Manual will be kept a personal issue. Officers sible for its safe custody contents are disclosed only ted. by the unit. It is NOT holding it are responand will ensure that the to those who are affec-

(b) It used nnlst

is essential (including at all times

that British) ensure

the methods and apparatus in the disposal of unex-

ploded

bombs are denied imparted
persons. through the

to the enemy.
that knowledge

All

ranks
or

gained

1nf'o~ation
authorised (c) Publication

to

them is
press,

not di ~ged
or over the

to unair, of

any of the following
den

particulars of bombs
lack
to

is

STRICTLY forbid-

(i (ii
(iii
(iv)

~

Precise location Size of b(Xnbs
Difficulty or

of

difficulty
before

in
recovery

recovering
is at-

unexploded
Time tempted ~ Nature

bombs
elapse

allowed

(v (vi
(vii (viii)
(ix)

of

fuze

assemblies

T1nle and method of' removal
Use or existence of before
than

of fuzes
traps action
used

booby delay
digging,

in

fuzes bombs
to

or ex-

other
Time ~lode (x)
(xi)

parts

of' unexploded
other

bombs
recover

elapsing

Methods, bombs

Demolition

of

unexploded
of

bombs
bomb

in

situ
tech-

Degree niques

of' efficiency in use

disposal

(xii) tus

Any indication in use or

of about

the nature to be used

of'

special

appara-

(xiii)

Photographs

of

any of'

the

above

items.

2.
(a)

DISPOSAL PROCEDURE.
Wherever troyed in This will realized. possible, unexplOded bombs should be dessitu without handling or disturbance. be possible more often than is generally In such cases the fuze assembly should

be

destroyed

with

the

b(Xnb.

(b) When destruction
should be def'uzed f'or the particular

in

situ

is NOT permissible,

UXBs

at the fuze/s

site by methods laid down found fitted however long

ao'tothe bomb ma.v have fallen
(c)

viays be observed when destroying fuzed or unfuzed bombs in situ, or at a bomb cemetery or other suitable open area for destruction. to which they have been transported

Safety

Precautions

and Safety

Distances

must

al-

.

3. cavation

SAFETY PERIODS. -do\vn to
NO 1nlexploded

it

commenced, until

bomb should

a per~od of -

bed~sturbed,

or

ex-

IS'"

-2 125 hours 96 hours has elapsed from the time immediate disposal of the tor Japanese bombs, ~or German bombs the bomb actually bomb is essential or

fell UNLESS when

(ii
(iii

(i

~ Operations

are

The wareftort

at'f'ected is affected,

or

Invasion is either imminent or in progress locally, in wh:!-ch case no time limits will be observed and all unexploded bombs, mines, etc., will be dealt with immediately as they fall (any Category given merely indicates the priority of task)

4.

QAm.
work the

RELAXATION OF THE S~YWODRULE

IN -CERTAIN

which within

At the discretion of the CRE, the rule under may not be started on CATEGORY B and C bombs Safety Per,iods abovementioned maybe waived

in

the

following (a)

cases

lying' on the surface, an,d

bombS round

(b) bombs partially covered with debris, or which have penetrated underground but some portion of the bomb case isvis.ible

PROVIDED that
(i)

the responsible
the r~mb which is

RAE officer
is NOT ticking, fitted or

who carries

out

the reconnaissance
that fUze

can definitely and

ascertain

with a clockwork with a chemical long

delay
(ii) (iii)

type

fuze,

the disposal of other UXBs of higher ity is not thereby delayed, and early disposal is desirable.

prior-

5.

NON-~ENTIONOFSPECIMENS.
The retention of bombs and/or components as
forbidden. CEs tor instructional and CaRE may, howor other special

personal souvenirs is ever, retain specimens

purposes.

6.

S&VAGE.
Before bombs are handed over as salvage, they

must be COMPLETELY EMPTIED of' explosive
rem0ved. terior of sure that

and the

fuze/s

A visual inspection should be made of the inthe case, With a torah if necessary, to make every trace of the explosive has been removed.

No explosive finally

must be left down with

on the outside an oxy-acetylene

of the case as
imis

may occur after steaming-out. These precautions are portant as accidents have occurred when the bomb case

broken

torch.

7.
tions

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS -TRAINING.
Instruction in bomb disposal Safety Precauo~ and

should

be re~larly

undertaken.

Unit

Commanders

will ensure that all ranks are thoroughly alw~vs made to observe these Precautions.

aware

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TEcrHNICAL INSTRUal'ION ~

RAE RESPONSIBILITIES

IN BO~m DISPOSAL

by its

The text of ENGINEER IN CHIEF'S TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONNO 43 issued under EO 2275 of 16 Nov 43 is repeated below for information of those probably not reached

original

distribution.

"BOMB DISPOS~
1. ~REWORD. This Tech Instn defines the responsibilities of RAE Units for bomb and ammunition disposal, and conforms with GRO's : G257 31 Jul 42, G341 30 Apr 43 and G407 28 May 43. 2. BOMB DISPOSAL PLS. (a) Bomb disposal Pls are LHQ Tps, but when allotted to a Formation or L of C Area they come under command of the HQ Formation or L of C Area, and being, RAE would came under the CE or CRE. When Bomb Disposal Pls are not required for thei~ primary
role of bomb disposal, them on engineer work, quickly resume disposal the CE or CRE should employ but arrange that they can duties if' necessary.

(b) Bomb Disposal Pls are responsible
(i (ii (iii

!

f'or :-

(iv

breaking-down of' service quested b'Y' an I 0 O.

full technique of' bomb disposal disposal or breaking-down of' enemy ammunition destruction of' blind rounds
annnuni tion when re-

3.

OTHER UNIT§. RAE
(a) The f'ollowing RAE Units as detailed in para 3 (b) will :have responsibilities

Fd Sqns, Fd Coys, A Fd Coys and A Tps Coys, Div and Corps Fd Pk Coys, HQ AA and Frt Coys. (b) The above units (ii (iii are responsible for:-

(i

~

fUll

technique of' bombdisposa~

disposal of' enemy ammunition destruction of' blind rounds.

Army Tps Coys have certain additional responsibilities as derined in GRO G257 of 31 Jul 42.

4.

EQUI~1ImNT.
The RAEUnits of para 3 (a) do not hold as
Pls, but use when required.

mUch special equipment as the Bomb Disposal should be made of' Bomb DisPQsal Pl equipment

RAE Units other than Bomb Disposal Pls do not hold Trepann;i.ng nor Steaming-out apparatus. Scme special appliances for electrically fUzed bombs, although on the
W.E.T., til the will NOT be issued necessity arises; from AOD's but all thi6 (where now held) 'Inequipnent is issued

to,

and held

by Bomb Disposal

Fla.

/1

-2 6. TRAINING.
(a) CEs and CsRE are responsible This should be supervised by tended a Bomb Disposal Course. for officers unit training. who have at-

(b) CEs and CsRE should ensure that each unit detailed in para 3 (a) possesses at least 2 of'f'icers and 3 senior NCOs, who have qualified at a Bomb Disposal Course, as only personnel so qualified should defuze a bomb. (c) In Bamb Disposal Pls, only officers geants nornlally attend a Bomb Disposal are therefore the only personnel fUlly and serCourse, qualified and

to defuze
Tech for Instns passing

a bomb. issue
di~ect these to Instns

(d) E in C will

periodically
units. between OsC

Bomb Disposal
are officers responsible and NCOs

who have qualified
(e) A Bomb Disposal ally visit units ficiency, or will by a CE or CRE.

at a Bomb.DispoSal
SORE from E in to assess their be made available

Course.

C will periodictechnical efwhen requested

6.

ENEMYBOMBINTELLIGENCE.

New or varied types of enemy bombs and canponents will be despatched to E in C for examination. Before disposal an enemy bomb should, if possible, be examined by a ~alified office~ to determine if it is a new type. CEs and CsRE are responsible for sending bomb intelligence to E in C by fastest mail or by signal if ~portant.7.

.OTHER SERVICES.
Forces are. The ~esponsibilities of Allied understood to be as follows :Naval and Ai~

(a) ~
Naval mines, The disposal establishments are Naval shells and enemy bombs in or ships, and the disposal responsibilities. of of

(b) A1.rForce
(i) The disposal of bombs and shells in Force establishments, is an Air Force sibility Air respon-

(ii)

The disposal of Allied bombs in crashed ai~craft, or jettisoned Allied Bombs, is an Air Force responsibility."

(Sgd)

C. S. STEELE
Maj or General Engineer in Chief

3

NOTES ON SERVICE RESPONSIBILITIES

The division
alized in follovting para 7 above circumstances:-

of Service
may be subject

responsibility
to variation

generin the

"Mines" lrentioned in para 7( a) means parachute mine, German 'G' type mine or similar mine, and marine weapons whether -laid by ship or aircraft.
RAE may be emergency. called upon to dispose or these in

all
an

2.

the sive

Normal Navy method of disposal "mine" safe and subsequently charge.

is to first burn out the

render explo-

Assistance (a) perform

of the the the

RAE may be required latter work in situ, with

toor the same object,

(b) remove or (c) remove The

"mine" carcase. of the

elsewhere

3.
4,

consent

local

Commander

must

be obtained

before a "mine" is destroyed by explosion in situ. When this course is decided upon any beach and antitank mines in the proximity (up to 100 yds radius for a parachute or sea mine) should first be disarmed. When there is any difficulty in ascertaining whether it is an unexploded bomb or mine which has fallen in a harbour basin, wet dock etc., it should always be assumed to be a mine for disposal, whenever possible, by Navy.

5.

It

has been

agreed

between

the

three

Services
by

that the closest tained and that another will be

co-operation will always be mainassistance demanded of one Service readily given whenever possible.

"I

1.

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

RE;PORTS

AND

RmURNS

1.

GENERAL.
(a) The number 01' Reports and Returns required of Units RAE by E in C has been kept down to the necessary minimum for the central collation of operational and
technical statistics. that these statistics, against those received All when from Officers should realize examined as a whole and Allied Forces in other

theatres (i) (ii)

-

may have. a definite

bearing

on disposal

tech-

niques

which may be laid

down, and
of enemy methods RAE and Allied

enables a better and munitions 1'or Forces generally.

understanding the bene1'i t of

(b) While it is not to be expected that Units RAE only occasionally engaged in bomb disposal should render UXB WORKREPORTSas regularly as Bomb Disposal PIs in
operational so over areas, a suitable it is period most and desirable in the that they 1'orm prescribed. do

2.
also

~~g~AL REPORT§.
refers) (a) in officer who has

(E in C Tech Instn
~alified at

No 43, :para 6

a Bomb Disposal

Course should
technical (b)

assist

in drafting

signals

of a spec~al

nature

A complete report, accompanied by detail drawings and photos (if possibre) of new or varied types of bombs, etc. must alway~be forwarded by fastest mail

even though the Specimens often 3.
duties

spec-imen itlfelf is to be consigned. get lost in transit. engaged in bomb disposal
will render through usual

REGULAR mURNS. Units RAE continually
(e.g. Bomb Disposal PIs)

RAE Channels to E in C fortnigtltly prescribed manner. (Form BD[). used for NIL returns. 4. UXB VfORK REPORTS.
These a;erequired for should be as complete and accurate will be completed in triplicate by

UXB WORKREPORTSin the Form AAF A.87 should be

statistical as possible. Units: the

purposes Form original

and BDl copy

forwarded
one copy passed to

by fastest
retained relief Units.

ma11 to E in C, one copy for from penetration

CRE and be

by unit.

Average figures 5.
ever the

data should

UNIT UXB RECORD. -Form BD. 2'~will
UXBs are other reported to for

be completed
disposal.

in duplicate
The original

whencopy

should

be retained
forwarded

by the

Unit

for
his

own record
information.

purposes

and

CRE for

6.
ing will probably
attack

DAILYREPORTS.
be made under arrangements of GEs. They would be necessary only durin~ periods of continuous air
(e.g. against Civil areas). Form BD.3 may be foundsuitable. Da1lyreports of bombs disposed of, or outstand-

Zl

...

~
I~ I~
C/J

.
~ .8 r:t: CU
c8
A

g ~
m

~

~ ~ ~~p
~O@ fll

§~ 00

A

~

~i
~8 ~S

~

Q) OJ

.
p..

m

g
!O

.
~
N
01-' r;;: Pot

a

F;J ~

~ ~
0

'FIt

~
fJ ~
0
I-.
r-I m cIS G> A bD ~ G> (Q ~

tI)

E-i

~ E
z
0

~
~
C)

~

.
Q)

~ ~-I
~ tJ:!

~

a

~ ~ ~
3 ~
2u"tPtm~s~no

~

re

~

I7J ..bO ---d

..
~ ..:rJ
Old ~

~& ~
~ 0
oroI~ -td PI

..
I7J Q)

..

.pod ~ ~ C) ..~

aI 'rot ~ (d ~od(dG>

P9.r9,AOO9H
n':j.1"S U1"

'P9POTdX!if

~oroIoroI ~~(dC)

~~td~ ':;;!~~'«1

O~.p8.

17J,aG>17J

A

~~~ re~2

~~
..-I Q

2 ~
~
::I

~ ~
~

. . !
""
~

t:~~~ ~
G> CI)

~~~

~
H 0

"'"

In

.n

boo

re
CI)

2.

3.
SER
1
Disposal Instns ceived from :-

UNIT U.X.B.
re-

RECOR~

FORMBD.2 Bomb

Serial No.

2

Date of'Message

(Date) I (Date)

I
/

(Time) (a) (b)
hrs (True) I

3

Date

of Bomb falling

/

hrs(Approx)

4 5

Location

Bomb Category lotted Report Verified

Al-

6 7

(Date) (Date)

/
I

I (Time)
/

Operations menced Operations
out by

ComI

(Time)

8

Carried

Size
9

(Name &~:~--

Type of Bomb Bomb Data How Fuzes dealt with How Bomb disposed
01'

10 11

a/set

ft.

12

13

I Operat1ons

Com(Date) Given

pleted

/
I

I
I

(Time)

14

Clearance

(Date)

(Time)

15

Special Remarks (Sketches oveI'leaf if neoessary)

Reoord entered
(Name & Rank)

by

'-'"

"" 'Rule ~gonally

'" "'in RED'when Se~.

Designation
21

14A's completed. -'

"

~ ft. Pen. I hrs. I hrs.

4.
FORM BD. ~
As at 1800 brs.

DAILY REPORT

Date

(Unit)
UXBs

NO.

REMARKS

Daily 'all
Dealt with

Discredited

Delay Action

Category

Ai

A2

~

B 0 D

i
~
0
IQ

TOTAL

SPECIAL

REMARKS

-(Name

&. Raiik)

E IN C., AM F.
BOJ.ffi DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ABANDONING OF BOMBS

1.
fallen,

INTRODUCJrION. --Cases may arise
cannot be reached

in which a bomb, knoim to have
after excavating.

pen when the bomb has penetrated

into

running

This

sand,

may hap-

alluvial soil or waterlogged ground. The question will then arise whether the bOlnb may properly be abandoned, or it is necessary to take special steps (e.g. employment of special equiIJnent) to discover the bomb. Factors to be taken into consideration will include the size of the bomb,

when it
property

.t'ell,

nature

o.t' the ground, it
and the

importance
possibility

of nearby
of vibra-

tion affecting sumed.

and installations,

the bomb if

is

abandoned and traffic

re-

2.

~

NOTAFFECTED OPERATIONS. BY

For areas on the Australian mainland not aff'ected by operations, the f'inal deoision as to whether the bomb should be abandoned is normally given by the Civil Def'enoe authorities after a teohnioal report has been submitted by the responsible RAE Of'f'ioer, and all relevant f'aotors have been oonsidered.' When an unexploded bomb is thus abandoned, of' the f'aot should be made in the usual Bomb DisReport and oare taken to keep a proper unit reoord

mention posal

of' the 3. usual which

site

and oiroumstanoes

f'or

fUture

ref'erenoe.

AREAS AFFECTED BY OPERATIONS. In areas of' aotive operations it will be unto take any aotion in respeot of unexploded bombs do not interfere in any way with the conduct of' oper-

ations.

As a Base Area is developed later with L of C installations and c<mnunications, unexploded bombs may come to light. These should be dealt with as newly fallen bombs. In no case must it be assumed that a bomb becomes progressively safer to handle as time elapses, and the

usual precautions

laid

down will

always be observed.

When work on the recovery of a bomb is abandoned in Base Areas, precautionary measures should first be taken which will ensure a reasonable presumption that the bomb will not be exploded at a later date by any nomal traf'.t'ic or building operations. These measures are (i) the explosion of a charge as near as practicable to the estimated position of the bomb and (1i) the establishment of a permanent record of the estimated position and size of the bomb. A suitable charge is 20-50 lbs of explosive according to the type of soil. The usual Safety Pe~iod and precautions should be observed against the possibility of a fuze being rendered active. After this period the work of making good the excavation can be undertaken. The permanent record should preferably be a concrete pillar inscribed "UXB". If the bomb lies in an area likely to be developed for-Military use, a record should also be made by the local ORE on his plans or maps.

.:IS"

CHAP. B.
SECS; 2-11

B

JAPANESE
BOMBS, AMMUNITION,
Sec. 2: 3: 4: 5: 6:
7: 8: 9:

ETC.

H.E. Bombs. AI:lti-personnel Bombs Incendiary Bombs Miscellaneous Aerial Missiles Fuzes, Serial A
" " " "B "C "D

10: 11:

Gaines, Booster Systems & Magazines Ammunition

27

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESEH.E.
CHARACTER! STI CS. (a) (b) The bomb utilizes

CLUSTERBOMB-1/3

Kg

the

body

01' Fuze

B.5(A) is

as part employed

01' its

own construction
01' a hollow-cone charge

The principle

2.

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Lengths -overall. body incl. tail tube tail unit 01' barrel.. 1~" nose ..~" 2" 4" 1*"

Diameter

Barrel Wei~hts: Burster
Booster Total

\iall

thic1aless -TNT/RDX
RDX RDX

3/100" ..104
4.6 5.7 114.3

charges
charge charges

grams
" " "

Colour :
Markinr;.s:

BLACK body and nose ALUMINIUM -like tail YELLOWi"

tube and fins

band around barrel.

3.
cluster

j!§!.
of ARMY Airforce '76 bombs in bomb which is a container (see carried in a B1J!'I B/5/116).

Bomb is mainly
and grounded. constructions. Other suitable

for

AA usage,
targets

both airborne
AFVs and

include

4.

DESCRIPl'IO!.

(See diagram) 3 main structural for ballistic portions: purposes is

The banb comprises (a) ~ose Die£~. Attached

a hollow dcmed-cone constructed of 1/50" thickness sheet steel. (In UXBs, the nose will tend to collapse on impact with hard surfaces.)

(b)~. The barrel wall is of pressed steel 3/100" thickness, ,and bent over to retain the nose piece. Located in the body is a hollo\v-cone of thin pressed steel. The main burster charge of TNT/RDX is cast in the space between the cone and the body walling. Cast in the neck of the body is a smaller burster charge of RDX which serves as a subsidiary booster. .(c) Ta!l ~ss~mblY is constructed duralumin (aluminium-like in prises (i) Tail screws tube over (or the tail neck wholly of appearance) anodised and com-

extension piece) which of the body and is

threaded at the rear end to receive the body of fuze B.5(A). The septum. is perforated centrally to take an initiator. A cup containing a burster charge or RDX (5.'7 gr6ms) fits 1ne1do a cardboard cylinder, both sliding into the tube below the septum.

2"

1.

(iii)

Tail conical

wi th hexagonal-strutting

fin un~~. fuze body

3 fins and are

of shape and length
closes descent.

are screwed to the braced mid-length

as shown. A hexagonal-shaped plate their extreme end to ensure vertical

5.
bomb. 6. plete

FUZIN~.
Tail For fuze B.5(A) is a structural part of the description see BDTI B/7/101.

DISPOSAL. Wherever bomb (see

.-

possiblet

destroy

in

situ

the

com-

NOTES 1 and 2).

7.

:fRECAUTIONS ~ HANDL.I~.
In UXBs, the arming screw will generally be

found missing. In some cases it may be only partlY withdrawn. In both conditions the bomb is dangerous and the following precautions should be observed when
necessary to handle -

(a) Pick up bomb by the middle

and carry
it.

HORIZONT-

ALLY.
(b) Avoid jolting and,do NOT drop

~

: -If' f'or any special reason dismantling is necessary, do NOT attempt to unscrew the tail cone first. Instead, commence di3mantling "!:ram the nose end. Keep the bomb HORIZONTALuntil the booster container is f'inallyextracted.

~

JAPANESE

I

H.E. (CLUSTER) BOM B. 3 KG.
INCORPORATES FUz.E B. 5 (A).
USE -ARMY AIRFORCE
.La'

I REFER

EIN C. BDTI

B/2/100

t:"':\-~ ~

'-"

'"""
.--,-.' .

@~

0---L
~

Ji.
0.. 8DOSTt~
DE:TONATOR

"'@
/
/
/ TAIL FIHS NOT SIKIQ

DtTAIL
AND

-.:.;
ARMING

"- TRANSIT
SAJ'E'l'I WIRE

CUPS

~
"'"""

~

(TIllE SHAPE NOTIaWWN)

51ZDETAIL

Q!

(,

(

r

./

(5)--

@ ~-:;f::':",:"';:'.].~. 0~~~' :. x ".:; ~ :'.YELLOW
BlIND

1::':-:')

~

v
ELEVATION. SECTION

!

~

~ Soale in

1 Inche.

j

LEGEND
ITDi
1. 2. 6. 5. 6. lIOSE PIECK CDlTR.IL CONE CONE CAP ~AIL roBK BWY or FUZE

8UDIAL
S'rm. STmL

rra
LBAD AZIDZ ~AIRD alP HOLDER

I(a'QIAI. ;i1~. ALIIMIHmK i AL\JMINmK BRASS

~. BODY CASIlIG

15. 16. DURALUIIIIf 17.
STEEl. DURALUIIIIf

STmL

DETONATOR HOLDER CREE!' SPmIIG INERrIA FElJ.ET

STDL
STEEl. STEIl.
R.D.X./T.lI.T. (SO/50) ABD P.E.T."

18.

CAllDBOAmJ 8. BOOSTER GONTAINER ALUllIlfIUK 20. g .WASIIER ALUllIlfIUK I 21. 10. BLUE Sn.E GJWZE 22. J.L. 12. BLUE ~n.K GJWZE WASIIER ALUMINIUM 24 ;

7 .CYLIlIDER

CKlIDE scan18. INITIATOR
BJIiSTER

BJIiSTER
BOOS'rBR
TAn. rIBS

R.D~X.
I LXAD AZIDI R.D.X.

23. DE'rQNATOR
OORAI1lKm

SI

~
,I :
I 113.

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION. JAPANESE H.E. CLUSTERBOMB-1 Kg

Inoorporates Fuze B.5(B) 1.
this

REFERENCE~.
Tech Instn.
DETAIL§. Overall length (incl. fins). 16~ inB
Length of body (incl. nose). sf ins Diameter of body 1-13/16 ins Wall thicJmess of body.. ..0.0'7 ins V/idth of tail.. 1-25/32 ins ~eights: Total weight (excl. nose).. Fillin~(HEXANITE and ANISOL) Charge/weight ratio 1.01 Kg 313.5 grams 31%

BDTI B/7/115

should

be read

in conjunction

with

2.

Dimension§:

Colo)::,!::
Markin-"B:

Body -BLACK (aBS1]Jned) Tail unit -unpainted TIN
"Anchor" id~ograph stencilled tail denoting NAVY Airforce in purple type. on

~
(a) This bomb is one of a cluster (probably 40 in all) carried in a container which separates after release from the aircraft and scatters the cluster.
(b) Due to the application 1/3 Kg H.E. type) probable grounded aircraft, AFVs, tures. of the shaped charge (as in targets include airborne and oil installations and struc-

4.

DESCRIPTION. (See diagram) The bomb consists (a)~.
crimped of thin of thin
This face. ring

of 3 main structural

portions:-

A side-welded cylinder

of sheet steel is

near the nose to retain internally a cone made pressed steel. A hemispherical ballistic cap pressed steel is fitted at the nose end.

would tend to collapse on impact with a hard surThe rear end of the cylinder is crimped to a which screws into the base of the fuze body.

(b) Fuze bo~v.
(c)

For description

see BDTI B/7/115.

Tail unit. This consists of a light sheet tin cone secured to the fuze boay by 4 mnall screws, and 4 fins of s~lar material soldered to the cone. A tin cylinder li" wide braces the fins, protects the vanes from damage and assists their rotation. Extending the full length of the tail unit and passing through the cone is a reach rod terminating -at t he arming vanes,

5.

FUZING. The fuzing system, known as fuze B. 5(B), is inend of the bomb body. Refer to BDTI

corporated in the rear B/77115 for details.

33

3.

-2 -

6.

FILLIN~.

The ma1n r1ll1ng 1s HEXANITE and ANISOL (37/63 approx) cast in the space between the cone and the body casing. The rear end is rormed to take a small ga1ne. .

7.

DISfOSAL.
(a) Destruction:
Wherever situ

.destroy the complete bomb in

possible,

(b) H_@dlinp: Bomb: When the Safety Detent Pin and Reach Rod are missing in tfx.Bs, the striker needle is either held
off the or more detonator probably cap only by a light has pierced the 'cap. creep spring In both

conditions the bomb is dangerous to handle. If necessary to do so, pick up bomb by the middle, carry horizontally, avoid jolting and do NOT drop it. (c) Re~derin~ Before UXB the with an B/10/93, that the sG£2 (provisional)

handling, dismantling or transporting a fuze should be treated wher~ver practicable approved explosive neutralizer (see BDTI para 14) on the fairly certain assumption detonator is pierced.

~

JAPANESE

H. E. (CLUSTER) BOMB- I KG.
INCORPORATES USE;NAVY AIRfORCE FUZE REFER B.5(B) EINC B.D.1:I. B/2/114

/DBOauX

f-~

AlllING

VAKES

~
--ARIWIG WIRE

~

CYLINDRICAL TAIL BRACE

TAn. FINS 1L1g1it Sheet Tin)
IiXAC2l ROD

A

r
A ..TAn. CONE

/SAn:rY

D~

PIH

FUZE B.5(B)

WRiliQinAT

WALL mICKNJ25

BUIIBTJ:R ~E
BOKB BODY

0.07 1ndl""

~:~:.~;::~:. ..
, . "'.

(Sheet Steel 0.0'" thickness welded -unpaintsd) HOu.OW CONE

1

...
-.UOSE CAP

"-- --

'm
_REACH ROD

ELEVATI<JI

~aB

A-a

1

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRU~ION. JAPANESEG.P., H.E. BOJim, 'l"fPE 99 -30 Kg

-

1.

D~AILS.
Dimensions: Overall Dimneter

Wall thickness of body Length of body Length of tail.. Diameter over tail fins
Main filling Charge/weight TNT/RDX (50:50). ratio

length of body

9{32 ins 2'4"f" 1'14" 8;\- ins
11! Kg 3~&

2'9;}" 5~ ins

Wei~ht~:

Colour:
Mark.in~~:
2. force. USE. -

Painted BLACKoverall
YELLO\V and a vVHITE band, each ~" around body forward of suspension
General Purpose (GP) bomb for use by

wide, lug.
Aro~ Air-

3. tion BDTI

DESCRIprION. (See diagram). The general construcis similar to that of the 50 Kg H.E. bomb described in B/2/4. The bomb consists of the following portions :(a) Barrel (1), which is a cylinder of 9/32" thickness steel, is threaded at the fore end to screw on to the nose piece {2)t and is secured thereto with a single grub screw (10). A swinging suspension lug is

fitted at the point of balance. (b) Nose-piece (2) of' cast steel
a f;hreacl-for screw~ (9), thread of' (c) Tail unit, werded to tor (7) is of a tail Four fins cone and, type struts

machined

down to

f'o~

screwing into the barrel. Two grub diametrically opposite, engage in the the nose fUze and secure it. the cone (3) of' which is 3/16" steel, is the rear end of the barrel. A steel adapwelded to the apex of the cone for fitment fuze also secured by two grub screws. (4) of' sheet steel are spot welded to the at their extreme end, are rivetted to box(6).

5. MAINFILLI~. The nose piece, barrel and tail cone are se~aratelY' filled with a ccmbination of TNT and RDX (50: 50), which is of a hard nature and white in colour. The explosive is made up in block fo~ wrapped in a cardboard covering. A cardboard separating disc is placed at each

end of

the

barrel

f'illing.

6. ~. No~al fUzin~ will probably be both NOSE FUZE A.~\AJ and TAIL FUZE B.llA), together with exploder systems normal for each of these types. 7.
~a

DISPOSAL. (Bomb filled and fuzed as above) e r~oval : See appropriate BIYrIs. b JJemo1i~ioa f'a.zed or unfuzed) : Nomal methods. c i~~~~i~-r if' nose piece not removable) : Permissible, but see BIYrI D/20/62 for Special Precautions. (or boiling-out) : Pemissible, but by improvised methods -see BDTI D/20/31

~

(d)

Steami~-out

(e)

B~rnin~-ou~

:

Not pe~issible.

J7

2

JAPANESE

G. P. BOMB
U5E:ARMY AIRFORCE

TYPE
REF"ER

BoD.T.I. B/2/102

ELEVATION

SECTION

~ ~

~
1012:3456
1_& ~ ~ ~

TAIL

Scale

in Inches

E IN C., AM F.
TEcm~ICAL INSTRUCTION

BOMB'DISPOSAL

JAPANESE G.P.,

H.E.

BOMB, 'l'YPE 94 -50

Kg

D~AIL§. DiJnensions: Overall 1 engt Il. Lengtll of body. Diameter of barrel
Tilickness Tilickness of of barrel wall tail fins..

3'4~" 2'10!" 7i ins

(aver.)

7 mm (9/32" 2 rom

approx)

Weignts:

Filling " "
Total

-nose block... barrel block.. tail block...
weight of filling. I-atio

7 lbs 30 lbs 5 lbs
42 lbs

PICRIC " "
"

Charge/weigllt

39% approx.

Colour: !I\arkins~:

BLACK overall (a) RED band, -1" wide, on tip of nose piece

(b) One YELLOW and one ~mITE band, each about 1" wide, around barrel f'oNard of suspension
(c) "50 K" stencilled near nose piece. in white paint on barrel

2.
3.

~.
A Gen~ral Purpose (See (GP) bomb in comnon use by the DESCRIPTIO~. diagram) 3 separate portions:The bomb comprises

ARMY' Airforce.

(a) Barre}. (1)"/3'4 ws-)

A cylinder 7-lJ" external diameter of 7 Imn thiclmess steel. The fore end is threaded
screw lug on to the is fitted nose piece. at the point machined into the A swinging of balance. down and barrel.

internally to type suspension (b) Nos~ threaded

~i~ce of steel, (8 t.p.i.) for

which is screwing

(c) Tail unit. The cone is butt welded to the barrel and at the apex an adaptor, threaded internally, is welded on to take a tail fuze. Four fins, either "T" or spot welded to the cone, are braced at their ex-

treme end with

box-type

struts.

4.

FILLING.

The filling consists of 3 separate preformed blocks of PICRIC ACID. The nose block is pressed crystalline powder, the barrel block is cast whilst the tail block is pressed crystalline powder with a cast central core about twice the width of the exploder tube and extending from the closed end or the exploder tube to the rore end or the block.

Each block
thiclmess. placed A barrier The nose inside the

is wrapped in cardboard
consisting or a relt disc

approx.
1/4"

1/16"
thick

and a waxed cardboard the blocks

disc

3/16" is filled

thick

is placed paraffin

between wax.

eachblock.

block rits against a shaped wood block ruze opening. A space 3 Imn wide between

and the casing

with

19

1.

-2 A pocket 2i" Picric pellets formed in the deep (one tail is formed in a ring pellet). blook to take the an nose block A pocket exploder

to 5" tube.

take deep

2 is

5.

FUZIN~. Fuzes Nose Tail generally Fuze Fuze used A.2(A) B.l(A) are :-

and modifications " '! and fuzed as above)

6.

DISPOSAL. (a) (b) (c) ~zeremova!

(Bomb filled :

See appropriate or nose
BDTI

BDTIs. : Normal removable)
for Speoial

Demoli!iQB(f'uzed Trepannin;t.
but

unt'uzed) pieoe
D/20/62

methods. : Per-

(if
see

not

missible, tions.

Precau-

(d) Steam1n~-out by improvised

(or boiling-out) methods (see

BDTI

: Permissible. D/20/31).

but

(e) Burnin~-Qu!

:

Not permissible.

~

E IN C., A M F.
BOMB TECHNICAL DISPOSAL INS'l'RUC'l'ION. ~ REF. B/2/96 NO. ; j I

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

CHAP. BI Sec. 2

JAPANESE G.P., H.E. BOMB,TYPE 94 -50 InQoI-porates Fuze O.3(A)

Kg

1.
(a)

REFERENOE§.
BDTI which B/2/4 resembles -description subjeet bomb of 50 Kg, Type 94, bomb '

(b)

BDTI

B/S/95

-description

of

FUze C.3(A)

2.

DW;i'AILS.
~imens1ons: Overalllengthe. Length of body.. Diameter of baI'l'el. 3: 3-[:: 2 9! 7-1"

Wall ~i~ Wei~hts:

thiela1.ess.. nose fUze

opsatng

9l32" 2~"

Total weight (fUzed).. 110 lbs Bomb empty (inol~ fUze).. ~... 67 lbs Fuze C.3(A).. 9lbs Burster charge (PICRIC ACID) ..43 lbs Charge/weight ratio 39% BLACK (painted) A YEI.LOW and a WHITE band, each 1" wide around barrel forward of suspensione only ARMY Airforoe type for long delay. (See in diagt"am) with the 50 Kg Type EXCEPT for the folGeneral Purpose (GP)

Colour: Mark1n~s: 3. bomb, 4. y§!. fuzed

DESCRIPrIOn.

Construction 94 H.E. bomb described lowing differenoes :-

is identioal BJY1'I B/2/4,

(a) The nose is machined down 1" to provide a fUze opening 2itt diam. to take a C.3(A) fUze. This has reduoed the maximum 'Width of nose wall from i" to iff (b) The fins, at their extreme end, are fitted with a

closing plate.
5. FILLING:. oharge same as desoribed formed in nose blook will in BDTI PV2/4 take a C.3(A) Burster except that pooket fuze and booster.

s.

~.
at Only the ohemioal nose. long delay fuze type C.3(A) can

be fit1~ed

7.

DISPOS.!T:I.. (BOmbfilled
~a ~ Demolition:

and fuzed as. above)

Normal ~thods b ~ze removal: For ~ze O.3(A:1 see BIYl'I B/8/95 c 'l're'P~1n5 : May be tl'e:panned AF'l'ERfUze has
been immunized, to unscreW nose but normal :piece methOd is

(d) Steam1n&t-o2t: May be steamed-out AFl'ER ~ze has been imnunized, NEVER BEFORE ( e) Bu~1n&t-out : NEVER permissible.

"J

.
I

~
'-

,H

'." "

'

I!

'.,~

.:

..' .,

~!
@-\
: .:

.:?

,

'. .:'
"

.."'

@'

"".',

~o' ~::':'~,

0:: :

~
1'-.j

"

.'

..
-:.
, : .;.; ...,'

(f)--::J~~~~7-~
:.~:
:,.'. .' -" "

.' ',', , ,
,;, '"

0--

t"

@) 'yJ. .

(!)~ ~
~

@-@
PART
1001

(iY'

SECTION
;13

ELEVATION
10 2 4 6 8 10 I_" ~ ~ '"" -8cale in Inches

Sclile

in

Inches

~
~ *-

E IN C., A}II F. BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION'. JAPANESE G.P. H.E. BOMB, ~PE 97 -60 Kg

~~AIL§.
Dimensions: Diameter Length Overall or orbody.. length.. barrel.. ..

3t~II

Total Wall

thickness.. weight

(excl.

f'uze)

9'32ins
130 lbs
..

77 ins

2t8~11

Wei~ht§:
Fill1n~ Empty bomb(see para 4)..
GREY Charge/weight overall

80 lbs

(aver.)
II

50 lbs

II

ratio

38i% approx.
details
have

Colo~:
Markin~6: ~~,
"

Though structural
above, lows:colour markings

are unirorm
varied as

, as
rol-

Example A : (land use) HEXANITE and ANISO~ rilling 1" BLUE band around barrel aft Two thin RED lines diametrically
length of body.

or suspension opposite and :f'ull

GREEN tail Exanmle~
Same as A

fin
but

struts.
blue band is absent.

: Cast PICRIC filling

ExamDle C : HEXANITE and ANISOL filling Same as .\, plus 1" BLACK band two-thirds
barrel and above blue band.

around

Example D : HEXANITE and ANISOL filling -:f,r-BLUE band around barrel aft or suspension
GREEN tail rin struts

3" GREEl'lband on tip
Same as D plus standard

of nose
2 thin RED lines

Example E : HEXANITE and ANlSOL filling Ex~ple
No colcur

F : (land
mark1ngs.

use)

cast

PICRIC filling

2.
3.

~.
General Purpose
(see

(GP) type
diagram)

banb for

use by NAVY

Air.force.
DESCRIPrION. This (a) ~arrel.

bomb consists A cylinder

o.f 3 main o.f 9/32"

structural

portions steel.

thickness

Suspension is Navy type eye-bolt
(b) ~ose ~ie£~ the machined in 2 rows o.f tinuous weld. in the 'thread

\velded on.

o.f cast steel. The barrel ,slides over down portion and is secured by 20 rivets 10 each. The joint is sealed by a conA grub screw through the nose engages o.f the fuze.

1,5"

1.

-2 (c) Tail unit, comprising a coupling ring, tail cone and 4 fins. The shaped steel coupling ring is screwed t~ the barrel by 28 screws in 2 rows of 14 8s:ch. The tail cone, of 3/1611 th1claless steel, is secured ~ the coupling ring by a single row of 24 rivets and the joint sealed by a continuous weld. A steel disc is welded into the apex of the cone for sealing. 4 sheet steel fins are either spot welded or T-welded to the cone and braced at their ~xtreme end with box-type struts lightly rivetted to the fins.

4.

fILLIN_G.

Filling may be either cast PICRIC ACID or HEXANITE and ANISOL (see Examples, para 1). In each case, the barrel and the nose are filled in the one operation and the tail cone separately. The usual felt and paper discs fill the gap between the 2 fillings.

5.
6.

EUZIN_G.
only is fitted. and fuzed Fuze most comas above) ~ISPOSAL. (Bomb filled

A nose fuze monly used is A.3(A).

(a) fBze removal: (b)
(c)

See appropriate : Normal methods.
:

BDTI.

~emolition
Irepannin~

Permissible, but see for Special Precautions ~ing is PICRIC ACID.

BDTI D/20/62 if fil-

(d)
(e)

§te~-oqt
~urnin~-~t

: Pennissible.
: Permissible if BEXANITE and ANISOL filled. NOT permissible if PICRIC filled.

~

JAPANESE

G. P
USENAVY AJRF"ORCE

TYPE 97 -60
REFER E IN C

KG.
B.D. T I

8/2/5

WELD--pOSITION or RID LDiE

NOTE:FOR TYPICAL COLOR IlARKINGS SU PARA 1

TAIL jL-

-VIEW lO!f.n _"~

---smUT

TAIL FIN

.I WELD

..:.::, ~

SINGLEROW
OF 24 RIVE1B

:'::\;
:: COUPLINGRING

28 SCRrIIS
IN TiC ROWS .':

D.T DISC
PAPJ1i DISC

POSITION --01' BAND

';:'-.k1'
SUBP»IBION En-BOLT GREY BODY

~:'~':
:,'

4

":

",

I:"

'

Wn.D ao INRIvrrs TWO

~:" :,'!;
ROWS

:::,~';I
:~BURSTmI CHARGE

: ';,':R

GRUB SCREW

~
ELEVATION

'"
"POSITION OF RED LINE (,.L60 OPPOSITESIDE)

SECTION

Ifl

E IN C., AM F.
BOJ.mDISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESEG.P.,

H.E.

BOMB, TYPE 98 -60

Kg

DNrAIL§.Dimensions:
Overall length 386" Length of body 2'10" Diameter of barrel. gill. Th1claless of barrel wall. 5b6" Width of tail f'1ns gi" Diam over tail fins 1~" Thickness of' tail fin. ..1/16"Weights:

Burster (PICRIC ACID) ...821bs Total weight. 135 lbs Charge/weight ratio 60.6% Colour : Mark1n~~ : G~
(a) BLUE :pension band around barrel above sus-

(b) GREEN tail

struts

2.

Jl.§!.
NAVY A1rforce ~ESCRIPTION. type G.P. b~.3. (See diagram) b~ closelr (solid oil) structural por-

correspond bomb.

The with

external dimensions of this the 60 Kg Type 98 Incendiary 3 separate

tionB

:-

The bomb comprises

(a) Bar!:e!. A cylinder of gi" external diameter formed of 5/16" thickness steel. The nose end is threaded internally for screwing on to the nose piece. Dual suspension provided is normal Navy Airforce eyebolt type.

(b) Nose piece, of steel, is machined do\vn' and threaded for screwing into the barrel. The joint
is sealed on a boss with a continuous weld. formed at the nose end. The fuze seats

(c) Tail unit. A shaped coupling ring is securea to the barrel with rivets (or screws) in 2 rOV1S of 16 each. A tail cone fits over the ring and is continuous-welded to the barrel. Four fins of sheet steel are spot welded to the cone and are braced at their extreme end wi th box-type struts (for variations see NOTE 1 below).

4.

FILL~NG.

c The ,PICRIC ACID (Lyddite) burster charge is assumed to be in cast form. The nose piece and the remainder of the bomb case are filled in separate operations. The usual felt and paper discs are placed in the gap between the two fillings. The nose portion is formed to take a Navy type standard gaine (for variation in filling see NOTE 2 below).

#,

1.

-2 -

5.

FUZm~.
ProviSion is made for' a nose fuze only.
A.l(A), A.3(A) or A.3(B)

It

is probable used.

that

either

may be

6.

DISPOSAL.

(Bomb filled

and fuzed as above) B11l'I for fuze found

(a) Fuze rem~al.
(b) Demolit~on.
~

fitted.
Nonnal

See relevant
m3thods.

(c) Trepanni~~. (d) (e) Steamin~-ou~. Burnin~-out.

Permissible, but see BDTI D/20/62 .for Special Precautions. NOT permissible.

NOTE 1. :Variation in .fin bracinp:. Some recent types o.f above bomb have 4 sets o.f .fin bracing by way o.f an inner and an outer set at their extreme end as well as midlength. These struts are o.f 1/32" thiclmess sheet steel and It'! wide, bent .for welding to the .fins. In each case the outer struts are box-type and the inner struts are arranged cylinder-type.

NOTE 2 :Variation in .filli~. A bomb with
HEXANITE and as .fcllows:-

struts

as

in

NOTE
.for

1 above was .filled banbs so .filled is

ANISOL.

Disposal

(a) (b) (c)

Demolition. TrepanniBP:. Steaminlt-out.

Normal

methods

Permissible. Permissible, provided
.fuze,

a chemical
e.g. C.2(A)

long delay nose is NOT .fitted.

(d)

Burnin$t-out.

Permissible.

H.E
USE -NAVY

JAPANESE G.P BOMB. TYPE
AIRFORCE
GRED 1AIL SmuTS

REFER

E.IN C BDTI

B/2/6

it"

WELD

I

'(

/n~

~n

, ..'; "'" ' I ., .'

".'

.
,

'.I, .,. "
," ..

HI

EAaiROW
BAND

" ;' '. :"'~I , -:
.,' ,'" ,_.;,

';- :-~-;~~\ 7~
,. ..~
J

.' ---:--:-' 1 '. ;

:."', ' ,,'

,;

,

,,,",';.H " , /',
.:.

!JJSPENSlOO- Q.

KYKBOLT -xr",.
~.,' fi .'.

.,

..,

':

X

" .',

..'

DIA.,. . ~' " , ,~ ' ' ~

32 RInT HQLES (SPOT m.Dm> IFRIVE'mNG

-~::_~:::.

,.~..::'~~'

---"...";,,
""', ,:, '('."

ORIGINALLY INTENDED BUT NOT Usm>J

~:';(;..-;:',"-~:; -,/I] 'A ," ,'. ,...'
, , " ., ..' ':",v)
r , J " '/4

:.-

r- '..'"' .1,- .

WRLD

.r

-,

IF'

',',..M , J"'i

ELEVATION

SECTION

REAR

END ELEVATION
18
6 0 SCALE IN INailS
6

SECTION
12

X-X

S-I

~

E IN C" A 111 F. BO}.!B DISPOSAL TECImICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESE S.A.P.,

H.E.

BOMB, TYPE 99 -63

Kg

DNrAILS.
Dimnsions: Overall length.. 3'6i"
Length of' body 2'14" Diameter of' barrel. ..9" JAin wallthiclaless ...*" Width of' tail f'ins ...8-1" Diameter of' tail f'ins .12i"Wei~ht~: Total weight (UUfuzed). 138 lbs (62.6 Kg)

Filling: Colour:

Charge/weight ratio

(PICRIC ACID).

..50.7 %
,

70 lbs

GR:E.Y (painted)
GREEN'tail fin struts
dianetrically of body.

Ma~k1nflJ3: GREEN band on nose 3"
RED LINES (2) full length opposite and

2.
lightly

!!§I.
NAVY Airforce armoured targets S.A.P. ordinary (e.g; ships). bomb mainly for

3.

DESCRIPl'ION.
Bombcomprises 2 main structural portions:(a)~. The body and nose are of cast steel and maCEIne turned. Provision is made in the nose for fi tment of a fuze and a grub acrew to seCUI'e it
A base plate screws and is secured thereto engaging in the flange into the rear end of the body by a 3/16" diam grub screw thread

Suspension is normal Navy type eyebolt.
(b) Tail unit. fits ov~r the flange and is set screws A hollow tail cone of sheet steel upper portion of the base plate secured thereto with 20 -3/16" diam

Four fins are ri vatted to the cone and are braced at their extreme end with box-type struts secured by single rivets. The fins are distinguishable by their broadness.

4.

FILLING.
charge is PICRIC ACID (LYDDITE) one operation. The tail cone is

The bursting cast in the bomb in the empty of explosive.

5.
probably

FUZING.
Provision is used is A.1(C). . made for a nose fUze only. Fuze A.3(A) has also been Fuze foundfitted.

,1

1.

-2 -

6.

DISPOSAL.

(Bomb filled

and fuzed as above) BDTI for fUze

(a) Fuze removal. (b) Demolition. (0) Trepannins.
~

See relevant fitted.

Normal methods

Permissible, but see BDTI D/20/62 for (d) Steam1nJ1;-.2u~. Special Precautions. (e) BurninJ1;-QS~. NOTpermissible.

NOTE~ :- Colour variations The following variations in colour and colour
markings have been recorded. Construction ~orresponds exactly with bomb above described but type of burster charge is uncont'irme,ll. Colour:

GREYtail

GREENbody

uni t

nQ.m

E IN 0.,.

A M F.

BOMB DISPOSAL TEOImIOAL INSTRUCY£ION.

JAPANESE G.P. H.E.

BOMB, TYPE 94 -100

Kg

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Overall length 4'5" -, Length of body 3 10" Diameter of barrel. 9i" Barrel wall thiolaless ...13/32" Length of' tail.. ltgf" Width of' tail f'ins 91" Diameter over tail fins ..llf" Wei~hts: Total weight..
Fill~ (PICRIC ACID) ...51

100 Kg
~ a:pprox) K6 est.)

Charge/weight ratio
Col~ : BLACK (painted) (a) YELLO\Vand WHITE !"

51

% approx)

Markin~~:

barrel

forward of suspension

bands around paint on

(b) "lOOK" stencilled in white barrel above nose joint

2.
3.

Q§!.
ARMYAirforce DESCRIPrION. G.p. type bomb. (See diagram) 3 main structural portions

This bomb comprises

(a) ~arrel. A hollow o'$:linder of' 13/32" thickness steel and 9t'1 external diameter, threaded internally ing ror sorewing suspension, on to the nose normal f'or Army piece. types, is A swingf'itted

(b)

Nose piece. The cast steel nose piece is machined down and threaded f'or screwing into the barrel. A threaded fUze opening is provided, and 2 grubscrews f'or securing the fuze

(0) Tailun1t. A tail cone of' 5/16" thiclaless sheet steel is butt--jointed and welded to the barrel. A tail fuze adaptor is welded to the apex of the cane Four tail f'ins are welded to the tail cone and are braced both centrally and at their extreme end with box-type struts ri vetted to the fins. The twin

bracing 4. FI~LING.

is

a dist1n~ishable

f'eature.

The bursting charge PICRIC ACID possibly varying as G.P. bomb (see BMI. B/2/4, para

is in 4).

pref'onned the 50 Kg

blocks Type

94

of H.E.

, tain separate

The nose, blocks,

barrel and tail cone sections C(:Jneac~ block being wrapped in waxed
wax. !'ill the A thick f'elt gap between
a wood

paper and embedded oardboard disc are

in paraffin placed to

and a theblocks.

which

is

The. nose block perforated for the

f'i ts against booster tube.

washer

J"l

1.

-2 to take Pockets respectively are formed in the nose and a short and a long booster tail blocks tube.

5.

FUZIng,.
FUzes generally used are Nose fuze A.2(A)

Tail fuze B.l(A)
(Bomb filled

6.

DISPOSAL.

and fuzed as above)
BIYrr for :fuze/s fit-

(a) FUze removal.

See relevant ted

(b) Demolition.
(0) Trepannin;t..

Nonnal methods

but see ~ Permissible, BIYl'I D/20/62 for (d) Stea.Ining-out.~ Special Precautions

( e) Burnin~-out.

NOT pennissible.

~

1"9

E IN c.,

AM F.

BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESEG.P. H.E.

BOMB, TYPE

-250

Kg

~ 1.

:- Temporarily DmAI~S.

referred

to as "Early Type".

DiJnensioD2: Overall length Length of boa.y

Diam of barrel.. Thiolmess of barrel Width of tail fins.

wall.

13-!" 5/16" 13-!"

6'0" 4'~"

Wei~hts_:

Weight of filling Total weight.

(HEXANITEand

ANISOL)

Charge/weight ratio
Colour:
Markin~s:

%
wide, barrel. on nose tip

lbs

lbs

GREY" (painted)
GREEN band, about 6" BLUE 1" band around

GREEN tail

fin

struts.

2.
land

~.
targets. NAVY Airforce Suitable G.P. tYl'e bomb for use for demolition purposes. against

3.

DESCRIPTION.

(See diagram) 3 main structural portions:

The bomb comprises

(a) Barrel. A hollow cylinder formed thickness steel and of 13!" external The nose end is either (i) threaded nose piece, internally or for screwing

of 5/16" diameter.
on to the

(i1)

a slip fit an the machined down portion of the nose piece, the two portions being seaured wi th 1 row of 16 rivets and the joint continuous welded. NOTE 1 : -In same bombs the portions -, been found screwed 2together
(1) spot and with rivet holes welding.

have as in
by

sealed

At the rear end a plain coupling ring is fitted internally and secured with 1 row of 16 rivets. Suspension is normal Navy 'type eyebolt.

(b) Nose ~iece, of cast steel, is machined down for f1t~nt to the barrel by method (a) (i) or (ii) above. The nose opening receives a fuze and grub screw for securing it. (c) Tail unit. A cone constructed of sheet steel fits over the coupling ring and is secured thereto with 32 screws in 1 row. An ada~tor is welded to the apex of the cone to take a tail fuze.

/,/

Eaoh of the 4 tai1 fins is shaped on the internal edge to allow for the fuze arming vanes. The fins are braced at their extreme end with box-type struts.

4.

FILLING.

The burster charge is HEXANITE and ANISOL, the nose portion being poured separately. The two fuze pockets are formed with thin cardboard liners.

5.

FUZING.
Fuzes fitted
Nose -A.l(A), C.2(A)

may be selected
A.3(A), chemical

from impact

A.3(B) mechanical long delay

Tail 6. DISPOSAL.

-B.3(A) mechanical impact C.l(A) chemical long delay (Bomb filled with HEXANITEand ANISDL) BMI for t'uze/s

(a) Fuze~emQvaJ_. (b) Demolition. (c) Trep~in~. (d) §t,eaminJ1.-o~t.

See relevant found fitted.

Normal methods Permissible Permissible, provided a chemical long del~ type 't'uze is NOT fitted

(e) Burninfl.-o~t.

Permissible.

JAPANESE

G.P
USE -NAVY AIRFORCE

TYPE
('EARLY TYPE")

REFER
TAIL s~

EIN C
I'-I!"

B.D.T.I.
-I

B/2/8

r-,---

~
, ,

FOR JuZZ

!~~\"
", '".~
'. .MI

!::,::,":.'.\ Y,,~,:
I~
"' "',

GAINE

If ,p"

fI "p, ':
:

. 1 ",;

.',..'. , .'.. . '.' '.'.

...
'. :..~'.-/~,

RING

,.: .~' ~.~.-::o ..:
"::0'..:.':'. BLUE

I~"
,

".",.:. '. tt--,-O '.' ,..,.,. " ,
,

-:7. C',

'..
".

,

~:A
;

I~
I~

A

...,

, 0' .

'. ..
.,',

...

.~. '. .," :" .,'

."'"I

...' ,'.

'.~.": :..' :

...' '. . '. .
."

.

::~':~'~'~:'~ ..~ '-.:. '~' ...
...",

1

.....
.

.""

.'..,

" '. ."'

. ~
GBDI

.:". '. :... ..:

.., .

POCDTrOR

:-

BOSE

/'
ELEVATION

GAINE
.1'-11" -

"'-

TAIL
(;3

VIEW
10 2 .6 8 10 12

SECTION Scale in Inche8

A A

E IN C., AM F.
OOMBDISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESEG.p. H.Ji:. BOJffi, TYPE 96 -250

Kg

1. Originally referred to as "Later Type".

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Overall length.. Length of' body.. Diam of' barrel.. Thiclmess of' barrel Width of' tail fins. Burster charge..
ratio Total weight. Charge/weight

6'0" 4'101" 12" ..{all. ..,'. ..t" ..12" 183t
36%

Yieights:

lbs
lbs approx

Colour: Markin~s:

GREY (painted) Vary as f'ollowing examples and ANISOL).
te and fUll

~PLE A. (Burster GREENband 4"-6"
RED 1 ine s length

charge -HJ~iITE wide on nose tip
trio ally opposi

(2) diame of' body

GREENtail

f'in struts.
tip

~1PLE B. (Burster char~e -) GREEN band 6" wide on nose

RED lines

(2) as above -) No other colour markings

EXAMPLE C. (Burster charge RED lines (2) as above.

3.
Also 4. suitable NAVY Air1'oroe GP type bomb for land targets, for use against shipping (unarmoured). (See diagr'anl) DESORIPr.ION.

The bomb consists tions :-

of 3 main structural

P9r-

(a) Barrel. A dravm steel tube of t" thiokness and of 12" external diameter. J\ shaped ooupling ring is fitted internally at the rear end and is secured wi th set sorews in 2 rovls of 20 each. Suspension is normal Navy type eyebolt. (b) Nose "piece, of cast steel, is machined dmvn to receive the carrel. The joint bet'.-:een the 2 portions is continuous vrelded. The nose opening receives a fuze and a grubscre,'r to secure it. NOTE 1 :In some bombs the barrel and nose piece may be secured vlith rivets. VJhen rivettins is omitted, the holes are sealed with spot Yields.

(a) Tail

unit.

A cone constructed

of

steel

fits
(see or the

over the coupling ring NOTE 2). An adaptor cone to receive a tail

and is welded thereto is vlelded to the apex fuze.

/,s-

2.

-2 Each of
nal type

the

4 tail

fins
the at

is
fuze their

shaped

on the

inte~Box-

edge to struts

allow for are fitted

arming vanes. ext~eme end.

NOTE 2 :-

In to one the

some bombs the cone may be secured the coupling ring with 18 rivets in row. When rivetting is omitted holes are sealed with spot welds.

5.

FILLI1,!g..

The burster charge is HEXANITE and ANISOL. the nose portion being poured sepa~ately. The two fUze oavi ties are formed with thin cardboard line~s.
p~essed de~ l'6t" the tail A booste~ of Hexani te and Anisol in campowder form and contained in a waxed pape~ cylinlong by li" diamete~ is scxnetimes inserted in cone. A pocket is formed at one end to ~ece1ve

a Navy type

standard

ga1ne.

6.

FUZING.
Fuzes fitted Nose -A.1(A) C.2(A) Tail -B.3(A) C.l(A) may be selected fromimpact A.3(A). A.3(B) mechan1cal chemical long delay mechanical impact chemical long delay with HEXANITE and ANISOL)
BDTI for fuze/s

7.

DISPCSAL.
(a) Fuze

(Bomb filled

removal.

See relevant found fitted

(b) Demolition. (0) Trepanning.

Normal methods
Permissible, delay fUze BUT a chemical long must first be immu-

(d) ~teamin.~-out.
(e) Burning-gu~.

nized if fitted.

~

E IN C., A 11 F.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION. JAPANESE S.A.P., H.E. BOMB, TYPE 99 -250 Kg

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Overall length Length of' body Diameter of' bQdy Min. thic1a1ess of' body wall Width of' tail f'ins
Total wei~t Weight of' f'illing (ANlSOL)

5'81" 3'3i" 12" .~" 13;;"Wei~hts:
b46 lbs ..133 lbs

Charge/weight ratio
GREY (painted)

24%apprax.

\"01 our : Markin~s

: (Bon1b f'illed

with

ANISOL)opposite and

GREENband 6" wide on nose RED LINES (2) diametrically full length of' banb casing.

2. ~.
NAVY Airforce S.A.P. targets -lightly armoured ships (medium constroctions). 3. DESCRI?l'ION. type bomb. Suitaole and shore installations (See diagram) 3 main structural portions:-

The bomb comprises

(a)~. The barrel and nose are casting, and machined externally Provi sion is made in the nose for screw to secure it. Suspension type eyebolt.

a single steel. and internally. a fuze and a grub is normal Navy

(b) Base plate. A steel base plate screws into the rear end of the body and is locked thereto with a grub screw. The top flange of the plate is machine slotted for an a ssembly tool. Positioned centrally is a threaded hole to take a fuze. A conical-shaped booster container of steel screws on to a flange formed below this hole (c) Tail unit. The tail cone, made of sheet steel, is secured to the top flange of the base plate with 6 screws. Hinged doors are fitted to the 3 access openings. A steel adaptor is \7elded to the apex of the cone to receive the tail a~ing assembly of the tail fuze. Welded to the cone are 4 tail fins which are shaped on the internal edge to allo"il for the fuze a~ing vanes. Cylinder-type bracing is fitted at the extreme end of the fins. NOTE 1 : -In UXBs, the tail cone will :£'rom the body on penetration. often separate

&'.9'

1.

2

4.

FILLING.
(a) The burster charp:e 01' ANISOL is in the 1'orm 01' about 7 pre1'o~ed blocks 01' the pressed powdered explosive, each block covered with a layer 01' paper, a thin layer 01' para1'fin wax and a layer 01' cloth. The blocks are embedded in paraf1'in wax in the bomb case. The rear block is per1'orated
to take reduced the booster by li" so as container to fit and into its diameter is a cylinder made

of a composition material acting as a packing between it and the flange on the base plate. The recesses on the underside 01' the base plate are filled with a similar material. Between this and the filling are 2 wide cardboard discs. (b) The booster eX'Plosive is 330 grams of pressed povrdered PICRIC ACID wrapped in waxed paper. A poclret is forned to take a NaVy type standard gaine, A per1'orated cardboard washer 1'its over the top 01' the filling.

5.

PtJZINg.
Tail 1'uze B.2(A) is normal1'uzing. would be added i;(' dual :f'uzing is (Bomb filled and 1'uzed Nose desired.

.fuze A.1(O) 6.

DISPOSAL. (a)

as above).

Fu,ze removal (i) (ii) Fuze Fuze A.1(C) B.2(A) Normal -see -see BDTI B/6/25 BIYl'I B/7/67

(b) Demolition: (0)
(d)

methods is but not necessary removable. if

Tre~~in~:
steaming-out:

Permissible, base plate

Permissible, but not necessary if base plate is removable and blocks can be eased out (see BIYl'I D/20/117J para 3) If steaming-out is resorted to, an improvised hand attachment shoul d be used (see BIYl'I D/20/31, PART C)

(e)

Burning-out:

NOT permissible.

!Q.'!'!§.

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL TEcm;rrCAL II'TSTRUCTION.

JAPANESE A.P.,
JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

H.E. BOMB -800

Kg

2.

D~AILS.
Dimensions: Length -.-Diameter

Wall

(less tail unit). 48.3" (maxinnnn) o. 00'.0 00 o. 16.1" thickness ~Tapers i'rom 4" near the solid nose end to 2" at the tail end)Wei~ts:

Colour

. .
:

Filled (less tail unit). Burster charge. Charge/weight ratio.

0

746 Kg 30 Kg 4%

3.
4. banb-

!£.k~
!!§j8

NAVY Air:f"orce special tYIJe A.P. bomb (believed to be a aonvsrted projeotile) :f"or use where a high degree
of penetration is required, e.g. heavy :f"ortifiaations and

heavy armoured ships.
DESCRIPTION. (See diagram)

The tail
The PIECE

unit was missing from the specimen
of the of bomb, forged i.e. body machined and steel, nose,

is

of

ONE

remainder construction

heavily
at the b~lted

oonstructed
base to take to the body

at the nose, and threaded internally
a base plate. at the po~t of A suspension balance. lug is

8 indentations are out in the nose, presumably for the fitment of a ballistic cap when used as a projec-tile.
The twin :t'uzes. base plate is holed and threaded to receive

5.
plug

FIJ..LING.
Burster oharge is cast ANISOL as a oushion in the forward end.6. with an aluminium

~ZINGo
Twin fUZes of type B.2(B) are fitted in the

DISPOS~.
(a) ~e rem~.
See BMI B/7/77

(b) Steamil1l:t-out.

Pe~ss1ble

(after

removal or

baseplate)

~.l

baseplata.7. 1.

BOMBUSE -NAVY AI RFORCE

JAPANESE

800

KG.
!~

ITWIN nI ZE PO curs

1'-01" Dia,

~

HOLB ."
tor

'"

%." deep

SPANNER

I APPRO%
a T.P.I
IR.H.

LUG OR

edr
I'W!!

:.

"ti

PLUG

8 HOLES

~

.. . 'i
1'-4...c" Max. D1a.

T
SECTION
~
SCALE IN

I

ELEVATION
1 0
..I

10
INaiES

1~

20

~

.A.;

JAPANESE, ANTI-PERSONNELH.E.

BOMB, TYPE

-15

Kg

DETAILS.
DiJOOnsions: OverB.lllength Length of body Diameter of barrel. Thicmess of barrel Width Diameter of tail over fins. tail 2'1111 1'8~1I 3ill 17/3211 ..~"

wall. f'1rls

We1f1.ht~:

Weight Burster

empty. charge

26 (PICRIC ACID) ratio ...7

lbs approx " "

Total weight. Charge/weight

lbs 33 lbs 21.2%

Colour: ~ark1ngs:

BLACK

(painted) i"
barrel

RED band,
YELLOW around and

wide,
\VHlTE

on nose
bands, each of i" suspension wide,

forward

"15K" stencilled barrel.

with

white

paint

on

2. ~.
ARMYAirforce ty:pe bomb. 3. DESCRIPrION. (See diagram) 3 main struotural of an inner
a tube for a is of 5/32" length

Anti-personnel

(Fragmentation)

The bomb comprises (a) Barrel..
case. stee,l,

portions:
thickness ~" at

This consists
case externally

and an outer
of

The inner threaded

one end to screw into the nose piece, and at the other end for a length of 9/16" to take a threaded shrapnel ring. The threoaded parts are retained by grub screws as shown.

The outer case consists of 26 shrapnel rings, 25 of which are i" thick and awrox i" wide, whilst
the remaining normal Army ring is 1-3/16" type horizontal vlide swinging for fitment ~u6pension. of

The shrapnel the painted

rings surface

are not easily is scraped.

noticeable

until

(b) nose piece, of unifo~ thickness steel, is threaded for sorewing on to the barrel inner casing. The nose opening reoei ves a fUze and a grub screw to secure it.
(c) !ail unit. The tail cone, constructed of sheet steel, is welded to the end shrapnel ring. Four fins are rivetted to the cone, and to each other on the internal edges, and are braced at their extre-

mi ty with

narrOVI box-ty:pe

struts. by a

Alternative rigid fitment

vertical suspension is provided at the end of the tail fins.

7~-

1.

-2 -

FILLINq.
The burster charge is cast PICRIC ACID (Lyddite). The nose piece filling is cast separately and 4 cardboard washers are inserted in the gap between the 2 fillings.

5.
6.

FUZING.
Nose fUze A.2(B) DISPOSAL. (BCIllb filled only is employed. and fUzed as above) A.2(B) see BDTI B/6/73

(a) Fuze removal. (b) Demolition. (c) Tre:papn~g. (d) steaming-out.

For fUze

Normal methods Not applicable Simplest
steam opening jet through

to this
nose

size apply
fUze

banb a

method is to

(e) Bu~ing-out.

NOT permissible.

~

4.

JAPANESE[ANTI-PERSONNEL

H.E. BOMB TYPE
USE -ARMY AIRFORCE

REfER

E IN C

B. D. T

6/3/3

STE- FDiS

,." TBICKN~

@

t~"

~ '"
'-"
17' ft--

-g.','j' :...,',.',':,~.':: ...,~~-::'f,~;:-.~
...1 '. "

.."',

! ',;

~ ~.
-'., . .;; ....:.
.

@::
..~:::~:::.::.'.:;.:.' ..:~ .:..~.:.~~~t"

-<i)

. .,
~ --.

... :.','~.:. ; ,:~';:~'~~:: ~C',.' .
" ." ..

.. ...

":';':":'.:~::~'~. .."
~~

~

ELEVATION

@

4
"'@
SECTION

1

0 1

2 3 ~ 5 6 7 e 9 10 -

80al.

111 Inoh..

J,tif9

J,

1\

~

Scale

in

Inches

77

+ ""
~

JAPANESE INCENDIARY BOLffi,

TYPE 99 -32

Kg

(Phosphorous/steel JAPANESE DESIGNATION. Type 99, Model 3, No.3

pellets)

Incendiary

Bomb.

2.

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Overall length Length of' body (!ncl nose) Th1clmess of barrel wall. D1ameter of barrel. D1ameter over tail fins 2t~" ..1t1~" ..3/16" 5-J" 5$"Wei~hts:

Total we1ght, unf'uzed 70.4 lbs Burster charges (tail cane ..3.5 lbs (central tube 3/16 lbs Colour: Markin~s: GREY (painted) SILVER-V/HITE 2" band on nose
SILVER-wHITE 1" band on tip RED LINES (2) diametrically of' tail f'ins oppos1 te and

full

length

of' body and tail colour

cone. f'or phos-

NOTE 1 : -SILVER-VffiITE

is standard

phorous inoendiary

agent.

3.

y:§!.

NAVY Airforce type incendiary bomb mainly for AA use, both grounded and airborne. Also suitable for ~ound targets of inflammable materials. NOTE 2 : -This bomb was used on one a beach mine for disabling occasion in SPA as amphibious landing

craft, 4. tions DESCRIPTION. :-

possibly

as a substitute

expediency.

(See diagram) of 3 main structural por-

The bomb consists
(a) ~~. The barrel machined down portion joint machine 1'inished.
screws on to a sion is provided ally opposite.

casing is welded on to the 01' the nose piece and the At the rear end it
Twin suspendiametric-

shaped coupling ring. by 2 Navy type eyebolts

A cylindrical canister constructed 01' 3/16" thickness ste~l 1'its :f'ull length in the barrel. The annular space between its outer and inner walls houses the incendiary pellets and is sealed both endSWith steel discs. The central burster cnarge steel tube which screws into runs :f'ull length 01' barrel (b) Nosepiece, receive the nose :f'uze. is contained in a the nose piece and

01' solid steel, is machi~ed doym to barrel and hollowed out centrally 1'ar a

79

1.

-2 (0) Tail un1~. The truncated tail cone is in 2
sections. The lower section is constructed of sheet steel butt-welded to both the coupling ring and the upper section. The upper section is a shaped steel ring perforated and threaded to receive a tail fuze. 4 tail fins, each spot welded to the cone in places, are braced down from their extremities where shown with 3/16" diameter steel rods flattened at each end for single rivetting to the
fins. 4" down Each fin is bent 1"'rom their ends to an angle of so as to impart 30 deg rotation

4

at

to the bomb on release.

FILLINGS.
(a) B~s~~~g~~~~~. The tail cone burster charge is 3~ lbs of pressed powdered PICRIC ACID with a pocket formed for a Navy type saine. The central burster charge is a cylindrical plug of pressed powdered PICRIC ACID weighing 3 ozs with one end formed to receive a special type detonator (b) IncendiarY material (see detail drawings). 198 steel pellets in sticks of 9 lightly soldered together (i.e. 22 sticks) are packed vertically in the annular space in the canister. Liquid white phosphorous is poured in so as to fill the cavities in the pellets and interstices between the sticks. The phosphorous solidifies and binds thd mass.

6.

ACTION.
(a) ~ctionin~ of bomb. The bomb will revolve
RevoOn reachthe tail upon release due to the angled tail fins. lution speed will gradually increase. ing 1000 r.p.m. the safety mechanism of fuze assembly is freed.

ward.

When reaching the time-setting period during descent the tail fUze assembly will initiate explosion of the burster charges. The explosion will shatter the bomb casing, break up the sticks, and spray the individual steel pellets conically down-

Impact in the air or with ground surfaces before the time-setting is reached will cause the instantaneous nose fuze to initiate explosion and throw the pellets laterally within a less diameter (b) Inc~n~~ material. The phosphorous in the pellet will emit a flame through the flame ports on exposure to the air and ignite combustible material on which the pellet lodges.
Particles of loose phosphorous also have some incendiary effect ground surfaces. in the bomb may on combustible

7.

FUZmG.
consisting

Dual fUzing is normally employed, of Navy Airforce type fUzes as under:-

Nose fUze -A.l(B)
Tail fUze

mechanical impact
D.2(C)

-D.2(A) or D.2(B) or clockwork airburst.

38.
pellets,

TREATMENT. (Bcmb whioh has ftmotioned)
See BIYl'I D/20/119 for treatment resultant fires and preoautions to of ignited be observed.

9.

DIS£OSAL.

(Bomb which has failed

to ftmotiaa)
with the moved. tail

(a) ~zeremoval. If ~itted, deal fuze first and BEFORE the bomb is

For fUze D.2 A " "D~2 B
" " "D.B "A.l C B

!j

sse BDTIB/9/98 " II B/9/113
" " "B/9/120 "B/6/112

(b) D~struotion.
suitable site

Removebomb, if necessary,
where there is no risk of fire

to a
or

damage, plaae in an excavation and explode the tail burster charge. Do NOT attempt to dismmltle
bomb.

N~~.! :Modii'ioation
the one above pects :-

-(probably

a factory
ex~ned differs

variation).
wi tb res-

A bomb recently described but

conforms exactly in the following

(8.) The cYl!ndrigal canister narrows down su:f'f'iciently so as to extend to the end of the coupling ring, and its rear opening is sealed with a lid soldered on (b) Inoendiarymater!al. 21 lengths of 1" external diam. m.s.piping (an inner row of 7-10i" lengths and an outer'row of 14-9i" lengths) are packed vertically in the canister. Each inner and outer length of' piping i8 divided into 8 equal portions, the piping being out completeiy through except for *" of circumference left along one side. Width of' cut i85/64". That is to sQy, each length of piping breaks up into 8 individual pellets of equal length, those in the outer row being shorter than the inner ones, there being a total of' 168 pellets in all. 8 shaped inserts (see diagram) slide length of' piping and abut midway under The inserts in the outer row of' piping correspondingly shorter than those in into each each cut. are theref'ore the inner row.

Phosph~rous 5 (b) above
(c)

f'illing

is

same as described

in

para

Burster charfl.es are all PICRIC ACID. The tail cone chargers-Tn cast block fo~ with waxed paper covering. The central burster charge is in 2 lengths. The short length is pressed powder and hole!! for the detonator, and the long length is cast. Each length is wrapped in waxed paper with cotton cloth outer covering.

II

JAPANESE

INCENDIARY BOMB TYPE 99 -32
(PHOSPHORUS/~IEELPELLETS)
USE -NAVY AIRFORCE

KG
8/4/'11

REFER E.IN C. BDTI

~~~~
.SILVXR WHIT! BAND 1" ,STEm. TRANSIT PLUG LEATHm WASiER SCREW 1

..,

i

0
INCHES

.

SCALE IN

~I

--Wm.D

n.AIIK

PORTS

--WOODIN

TRANSIT PLUG

~AIL "SPOT Wm.D IIJRSTmI alARGE CONE ~ l' mICX

DIAMA"rRICALLY OfroSITE

~,

~;:;':

~m.D
RA'rAINm PLAn THRU Fm.T WAmms WHIn mOSPHOIIJS
CARDBOARD SPACD

# ~
~
BODY

omTRAL
BURSTKR alARGE

CAVITY

~OLT

~AINBR

/

~ ...
;.
I

CENTHALroBE

\

~

}Jour CRIY
_INC~IARY D~NATOR
WtlODIE SPACKII

Pm.Lft

Fm.T WAaIES

snVml MiITE
BAND 2"

~~OH

.eI~-~~
c

--J.i"

DIA. 10T.P.I.

PART SECTIONAL

ELEV.

n" f. 16 ~'

INCENDIARY

PELbEI

... ~~
'"

NOMINAL BORE BLA<It PIPE

RETAINER ~ t.

!;;,, oz ~
l83~
~~ """

Fn.I.ING

,

BODY SECTION

SAW CUT 16

1"

1
,

0
,

2
,

,

,

5

tic

5~

IN

IN(H~

~~

l ,5JJJ
PART !LEV

LEAVING i"
./

THROUGH PIPE

ARC OF IlETAL

FLAIIE POaT
~~ION
ASS~LED PELL&'r

OF RErAINER

MODIFIED INCENDIARY
ISooNoto3.(b).

PELLET

~
1

JAPANESE INCENDIARY BO!,m, TYPE 97 -50

lCg

(PhosphoroUs/Rubber Pellets) JAPANESE DESIGNATION. No 2 Incendiary bomb.

2.

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Overall length Length of body Di8Illeters ~barrelpiece. nose 3'9" 2'7" ..7:;" 7j"

\'lidth of' tail f'ins Thickness of' barrel "{all. Viei~hts: Colour:
r1arkin~s:

tail

fins

~"
~" .;" 46 Kg

Burster charges (2)
GRtY (painted)

Total weight.

2.5 Kg (5t Ibs)

YELLO'N and 'fIHITE 1" bands around barrel below suspension VlliITE DOUBLE CROSS ideograph on barrel above suspension

"50K" stencilled nose weld.

vlith white paint above

3.
for

!!§E..
AR~~ Airforce inflammable targets. type Incendiary bomb. Sui table

4.

DESCRIPl'ION.

(See diagram)
and especis.lly external resembles the 50 Kg type

(NOTE 1 :- Casing construction, appearance, closely
92 Gas bomb,

see BDTI B/5/14)

The bomb consists tions :(a) Barrel.
4 -(8:).

of 3 main structural

porpara

Swne as described in BDTI B/4/12, See BDTI B/4/12,para 4 (b).
as

(b) Nose piece.

(NOTE 2 : -Compare differences in cross section shovrn in the respective diagrams)

(c) Tail unit. A tr\Ulcated tail cone 1'its over the rear end 01' the barrel and the joint is sealed with a continuo~s fillet weld. Four fins are spot welded to the cone and braced with 2 sets of boxt~e struts made of 5/16'1 tubular steel welded to the fins.

5.

FILLIlTGS.
(a) _~~~~ter cha~~~s. B/4/12 , para 5 (a) ACID solid booster Swne as described except for anission pellets in of BDTI PICRIC charge

(NOTE 3 : -CompaFe diffeFences in shape of nose as shol'm in the respective diagrams)

Bi

1.

-2 (b)I!!cend1ary ma~er1al.
B/4/12, :para 5 (b).

Same descr1bed 1n BDT! as

6.

ACTION.
Same as described in BDTI B/4/12. ..,paras 6 ..7. (a)

and (b).

FUZING.
employed. Army Airforce Fuze A.2(A) t~1!e fuze A.2(B) is normally may be used if r:enetration of

light 8.
pellets,

to medium constructions TREATli~NT.

is desired.

(Bomb which has functioned)
of ignited be observed.

See BD1'I D/20/119 for treatment resultant fires and precautions to

9.

DISPOSAL.
(a) Fuze removal.

(Bomb which has failed
For " fuze A.2(B) "A.2(A)

to
see "

function)
BDTI B/6/73 "B/6/18

(b) Destruction. suitable site

Remove bomb, if necessary, where there is no fire risk,
nose ~harge; and explode to dismantle unconsumed

to place
or the re= scattered

in an excavation and explode the alternatively, detach nose piece central charge. Do NOT attempt mainder of bomb. pellets in the prescribed Finally manner. deal with

NOTES

-

,

JAPANESE

INCENDIARY (PH~Q!!JsB, RIJBIY~fLETs?7 -50
us E -ARMY AIRrORCE RErER E IN C B. D. 1: I.

K
B/4/9

g5"

JAPANESE INCEI'TDIARY BO1ffi. TYPE 0

.-50

Kg:

(Phos~horous/Rubber Pellets)
JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

"No 2 Incendiary banb".

2.

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Overall length.., Length of body.. Diameters ~barrel
nose tail piece. f'ins

3' 4" 2' 8'~" 7"
7f" 9~"

Thiclmess of' barrel Viidth of' tail fins

wall.

i" ,(II

Viei~hts:

Bombempty.. Burster charges (nose. (central
GREY (painted)
:

tube..

59 lbs 4 lbs 5 lbs

Colour:
Markin&!s

~
beon in "50K" "50K" \"iHITE YELLO\Vand \VHITE WHITE \'iHIT"'~ DOUBLE

(a) 1" bands around barrel lov{ suspension (b) Ideograph (for chemical) barrel above suspension (c) Size of bomb stencilled white above nose weld

CROSS CROSS

~.
(a) Bomb can be carried by bombers of a type to both NAVY and Aro,~ Airforces (e.g. Type "NELL") . (b) Bomb is of Incendiary classification able for inflammable targets. cammon 96 M/B suitand is

DESCRIPrION.

(See diagram) of 3 main st~ctural
tube constructed A steel carrying

The bomb consists

porof i" band en-

t1ons :(a) Barrel. thickness A side-welded sheet steel.

circles
swinging (i)

the barrel
suspension

for
(see

fitment
para

of ~ormal
3 (aJ to of

ARMYtype
The

above). receive the

nose end is welded to a shaped heavy bulkhead
is perforated central burster (ii) forms a base and and threaded container; for attachment the nose

which-

piece;

(i1i)
(b)

serves

as a "push"
of steel,

plate
is

(see para 6(a)
on the

belo\'l)

Nose piece, only.

retained

bulkhead and

by~wel-pins
piece (c)

which
The nose

screw partly
opening

into

the nose
a fuze

receives

2 grub screws to secure

it

II

Tail unit. A domed tail cone f1 ts over the 1't;cU,' en~of the barrel and the joint is sealed with a continuous fillet vreld. Four fins are welded to the cone and braced at their extreme end vti th boxtype struts.

4. 3. ~ 1.

-2 -

5.
(a)

FILLffiGS.
Burster charrr.es, and booster pellets, are all of' PICRIC ACID. ~e nose burster charge is in the f'orm of' a pref'ormed block, with a pocket f'ormed to receive booster pellets as shov.~ in diagram. The central burster charge is contained in a thin steel tube which measures 1'50:;\:" length by 2-5/16" diameter.

(b) incendiary material. Packed in the barrel and cone are 400-475 cylindrical pellets of' black rubber which measure 1" length by 1" diameter. A liquid solution (about 6 litres) of' white phosphorous (64.5%) in carbon disulphide is poured into the bomb and the rubber pellets became impreg-. nated with the mixtur~.

6.

ACTION.
(a) Functioning of bomb. On impact, the :fuze assembly initiates detonation of the burster charges. Explosion of the nose charge tends to give an upward lift to the bulkhead, shearing the nose \veld and separating the casing sections. Penetration before explosion is thereby somewhat counteracted. Explosion of the central charge shatters the casing and tends to scatter the pellets laterally. (b) Jncendiary. The pellets ignite on exposure to the air either immediately or within a minute or two. Each burns with a flmne 4-6 ins high for about 5-7 mine at comparatively low temperature, giving off a grey smoke and smelling slightly of

burning rubber.
Army both

7.
employed

FUZING.
by Airforce Services. tY!)e :f'Ilze k.Z(B) ].s noI'mally

8. !)ellets, 9.

'J!~ATMJ!;NT.

(Bomb which

has

:f'unct ione d) of ignited be observed. function)

See BDTI D/20/119 for treatment resultant fires and precautions to DISPOSAL. (a) (Bomb which For has failed A.2(B) to

Fuze remo~~l.

fuze

see BDTI B/6/73. to place
or the rescattered

(b) Destruction. suitable site

Remove bomb, if necessary, where there is no fire risk,
nose charge; and explode to dismantle unconsumed

in an excavation and explode the alternatively, detach nose piece ce~tral charge. Do NOT attempt maJ.nder of bOmb. ~~~= pellets in the prescribed Finally manner. deal

wi th

~

JA PAN ESE

INCENDIARY BOMB
(PHOSPHORO\!~-

RUBBER PELLETS!

TYPE C .,- 50 KG.
-

i USE

-NAVY

& ARMY

AIRF'ORCES
!Q!!: !im ~

i RtFER
-ErTE -WHITE"

t IN C.

BDTI

B/4/12

BAND Om.T YELLOWBAND

9t" DIA.,~

-

...@

L ~
...

'WELD

v

,/

-WELD-(As anown.) AB){Y MARlaNG

(White Double

Cross thus;

~
WHITE

POSITION OF
BAIID } SO NOTE

e
"

-=:::::=1' \,

POSITION OF ABJVB m.LOW BAND

-

---,

@

E
.;..;; \V

,_'to
EbEVATION

~
~

SECTION

~KR

,

PILLA'r
8

0

12

SCALE IN

INaIES

0,0

-~ @..

E IN c.,

AM F.

BOMB DI~POSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43 Kg

JAPANESE INCENDIARY BOMB, TYPE 97 -60

(Electron fire-pots)
JAPANESEDESIGNATION.

2.

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Overall
Length of

length
body

3'4t"
2 ' ~"

Thiclmess of barrel wall. Diam over tail i':\.ns Weights: Total weight. Electron fire-pots Burster charge (4)..

Diameter of barrel.

3 16" 100!" lbs lbs lbs

77"
86

,

Colour :
?ilarkin~B :

GREY (painted) REDTail fin struts.

3.
4.
tions

!!21j;.,..

NAVYAirforce electron type incendiary bomb. Best results obtained vlhen bomb penetrates constructions, oil ta,nkB, etc.

DESCRIPTION. (Seediagram)
The bomb consists :(a) Barrel. ness steel This is a hollO\'/ tube of' 3/16" thickscrewed at the rear end to a shaped steel
ylith 28 screy/s in 2 roy/s nonnal Navy type eyebolt. of' 14 each.

of 3 main structural

por-

coupling ring Suspension is

The barrel is partitioned by 2 loose f'it "push" plates of' steel, one immediately bela,/ the coupling ring and t he other bet,/een the nose and barl'el electron fire-pots. nutting hard against both these plates is tlIl 1mlel' casing fomed of' 4 curved pieces of polished steel. Running longitudinally bet,feen the inner and barrel casing are 4 "food l,aclting pieces. (b) Nose "piece, of' cast steel, is machined d~'rn to receiVetliebarrel aI:Jd is secured thereto .7ith 20 ri vets in 2 r~':s of' 10 each. The nose opening receives a fuze and either 1 or 2 grub SCreYlS to secure it. The nose houses a solid steel blocl;: which is perforated centrally for the fUze assembly and has a circular channel reoessed in the uppermost side filled with a burstel' charge of' black powder. The nose electron fire-pot is contained steel drwm open at the rear end. in a

(0) Tail unit. The tail cone fits over and is rivetted to the coupling ring ,-lith 1 rOVl of 24
ri vets. the cone 4 tail fins of sheet 6teel and braced at their extreme are vlelded to end \'1i th box-

type struts. D"

1.

-2 5. FILLINGS.
(a) Burster char~e. See para 4 (b) above.
(b) Incendiary material. Each o~ the 4 electron fire-pots consist o~ an electron body ~illed with pressed thermit and end-layers o~ a priming composition to assist ignition. The ~ire-pots are made so as to form a continuous tubular cavity passing along the central axis o~ the bomb.

The nose ~ire-pot is cylindrical fi ts snugly into a steel ~ It length by diam and weight full
The 2 barrel fire-pots are shape and fit in the boroo as Each "half" measures 9-3/16" width, and weight full is 10

in shape and measures is lbs ozs.

hemi-cylindrical in a complete cylinder. length by 6f" ma:x: lbs 6 ozs.

The conical-shaped tail ~ire-pot measures 7~" length by 5i" major diam and 3:1:" diam at tail end. Weight full is 12 lbs 2 ozs. 6. ACTION.

On impact, the nose fuze assembly ignites the quick match in the tubular cavity and side branches from it ignite the fire-pots. Simultaneously, t.he burster charge is ignited and explodes. The fo~oe of explosion is transmitted throughout the length of the body per medium of the steel ~ steel partitions and inner casing thus shearing rivets and screws and separating all sections of the bomb. If the fire-pots are not ejected, their own action will quickly free them of the casing.

7.

FUZING.
Normal fuzing a magazine. is Navy type nose fuze A.3(A)

incorpora~ing

8. fire-pots 9.

TRENrMENT.

(Bomb which has ~unctioned) for treatment of ignited to function) see BDTI B/6/15 fuze the bomb may

See BDTI D/20/119 and resultant fires. DISPOSAL.

(Bomb which has failed For fuze After A.3(A)

(a) Fuze removal. (b) Destruction.

removing

be dismantled and the fire-pots and explosive destroyed separately by ignition. Alternatively, place in an excavation where there is no fire risk and cause the bomb to function by inserting an igniting agent into the fuze cavity and firing.

~

JAPANESE

INCENDIARY .BOMB
(ELECTRON
USE -NAVY AIRFORCE

TYPE
FIRE -POTS) REFER

97 -60
B.D. T.I.

KG.
B/4/10

E IN C

RmTAn.1~TKDTS"" lot~

~

>--,.,

~
TAIL FIRE -POT

lORQUICKIIATCH .

/24 RIVXTB
/2 ROWSOl SCREWS
---IIILLBOARD

~

~

./

,

STm

PLATE

'-

"
{

A

4 WOOD PACKDlG

PIECFB

--mBmI

CASING

"'~
8 ~

~

STEEL PLATI
2 ROWS 01' RIVEiB

...
BARREL
FIRE -POTS ~)-

STE!:L DmJM

PORrHOL~
BLACK POWDER CHARGE

',
-1:1.-

STEm. INSERT
"-..CAVITr FOR FUZE

WOOD WASHER

'-..

AND 14AGAZINJ:
SCRER

'GIIDB

SECTIONAL

ELEVATION

WOOD PACKING

PIECES

NOSE FIRE -POT IN STEEL DRUM
THERMITE !'n.LING
CllANNJI. FOR

QJJICKl4ATCH

ISOMETRIC ELECTRON

or

VIEW

FIRE -POTS

SECTION

A-A

9.3

~ :

JAPANESE INCENDIARY

BOMB, TYPE 98 -60

Kg

(Solid Oil)
J"APAlJESE DESIGNATION.

2.

D~~LS.
Dimensions: Overall length

Length of' body exol. boss). Wall thickness barrel..
Diameters
~ barrel

!

inol.

c boss}.

..3'6-!"

..2'l()i" i"
3/16"

inner

container

9i"

inner container. over tail f'ins V/1dth of' tail f'ins \Vei~h~~:

..8a" 13" 8i"

Inner container
Burster

Solid

oil

filling.

empty..
(Black Povlder).

58 lbs 7 lbs 6 ozs
lbs

29 lbs

Ignition Colour:
Markings:

charge

charge (thermit)

GREY (painted) RED tail full
RED nose boss RED LINES (2)

fin struts
diametrically opposite and

length of' body.

3.
of 4.

~.
NAVY Airforce
combustible materials, DESCRIPl'ION.

type

incendiary

bomb for

targets

particularly (See diagram) of.1, main

constructions.

The bomb consists

structural

por-

tlons

:(a) Barrel. A hollo\v secured at the rear wi th 32 scre\vs in 2 is normal Navy type -tube of' i" thickness steel is end to a shaped coupling ring roy/s of' 16 each. Suspensi on eyebolt.

NOTE 1 : -In BODlebombs the barrel may be drilled f'or pivetting to the nose piece. The holes are sealed with spot welds v/hen rivetting is not adopted. (b) Inner container. This is made up of' 3/16" thickness steel except the base \"/hich is thickened to serve as a bullchead (or "push" plate). The annular space bet\"feen the central tube and the outer wall of' the container is divided vertically into 6 compartments. A strengthening partition wall is located vThere the container conmences to take the shape of' a truncated cone. The dividing \valls and partition are perf'opated with holes as shovm in diagram (c) Nose piece, the bal'pel. a fuze and is of' steel, is machined do',-:~ to receive The boss f'ormed at the nose receives drilled f'o!' a grub sc!'ew.

'If"

1.

-2 (d) T~il unit. ring and is of the cone are rivetted extreme end The tail cone rits over butt-welded to the barrel. is closed with a wood plug. to the cone and are braced with box-type struts. the coupling The apex 4 rins at their

FILLINGS.
(a) ~~~s~er char~e. v;hich is The nose burster the charge bulkhead is

BLACK POWDER pressed
container

into
screwed

a conical-shaped
to

metal
with 6

small
(b)

screws.

!~ition char~e. A cardboard cylinder filled with 7 lbs 6 ozs of pressed powdered THERMIT fits into the central tube. A Quantity of priming composition is added at the tail end of the cylinder.
ing I.n~~ndiarY 29 lbs, mater!al. consists of The main filling, an inflammable weighmixture of

(c)

petrol and kerosene held in the form of a gel by an alcoholic-soap mixture containing free Stearic Acid. Sodium silicate is also added to prevent excessive spreading of the burning mixture. 6.
explosion actions

ACTION.
On impact, the nose of the burster charge. happen simultaneously fuze The assembly following initiates separate

(a) The Quickmatch contained in the central copper tube is ignited and seQuence of fUrther ignition firstly priming composition, then thermit and finally the oil filling via ports in the wall of the central tube (b) Explosion of the burster charge forces the inner container upwards, splitting open the bomb body and allowing the burning mixture to escape. NOTE 2 :The wood plug at the apex of the cbne is

is

soon blown out by air is admitted. cape through this to separate.

internal.pressure and so The burning oil can esopening if the body fails

7.

~ZING.
Normal fUzing a magazine. is Navy ty~ Fuze A.3{B) nose may fUze also A.3(A) be used

incorporating

8.
oil,

TREAT~~
resultant See BurI fires

(Bomb which has fUnctioned)
D/20/119 for treatment of ignited and precautions to be observed.

9.

DISPOSAL.

(Bomb vlhich has failed

to fUnction)

(a) Fuze removal For fUze A.3(A) see BDTI B/6/15

"

"A.3(B)

"

"B/6/84

5.

-3 (b) ~struction
Remove bomb, if necessary, to where there is no fire risk, place insert an igniting agent into the explode the burster charge. a suitable site in an excavation, fUze cavity and

Alternatively, the bomb may be dismantled by removing the screws securing the rear end of the barrel and the bomb contents destroyed separately by ignition.

NOTE 3 :- Possible

substitute

fillln.'t.

It is possible for the compartments in the bomb to be close packed with wedge-shaped pellets instead of oil. Each wedge weighs

62.9

grams and the material

may be described

as

a modified thermit type incendiary agent with a rubber-like substance as a binder. Method of igni tion is not known but is assumed to be as for oil filling.
as Treatment of for an ele~tron ignited wedges should be same incendiary agent (see BDT~

D/20/119).

li-"

--~

~
.~ .I

~

i

'"1

'@
-31" -2f'l material of

F -Remainder

A B C D E

-Maj or radius of o\U'Vature -Minor " " It -Hole ft' diameter -:1/16" layer -1/8" " ~ Incendiary

varying mixtures.

~

'7

I.NCENDIARY
USE -NAVY AJRFORCE

60
REfER E IN caD.

KG

T I. 8/4/11

RED TAIL STmITS,,--

~OD

.
... ...

coppm
ro Q.U 'lHIN KETAL SHEET
SOLDER!]) OVER HOLE.j

c
-WXI,D-

"opm

fI/GRIY BODt

A

t
FnT PACKING

J!

~ A~

WXLD
CA

H.

..
0

~ ~ ~ ~

IdAGAZINE--BOSS PAIN= RDJ

THIN RED LINE

Ol"

g

Qr::L

Fl:LT PACKING

t" D1a HOLES
THIll RED~

LIlIE

If.,"

D1a HOLIS/

TAIL1 VIEW
10

SECTION

A-A

~

98 ~

E IN C., AM F.
OOJ.ffi DISPOSAL

TEcmrI CAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

JAPANESE INCENDIARY BOMB, TYPE 2 -250

Kg

(Electron/steel
:1. JAPANESE DESIGNATION. ' Type 2, No 25,

cylinders)

~~ III

bomb,

Modell.

2.

DETAIL§..
Dimensions: Overall length Length of' body Diameter of' barrel. Barrel wall thiclaless Diam of tail cylinder..
Cylindrical Burster incendiaries. charge

5111"' 416i" :12" ...7/32" ..
136 Kg (300 33 Kg (72! lbs) lbs)

Viei~ht~:

Total Colour: llilarkin$ts:
3. for USE. AA use,

weight.

254 Kg (560

lbs)

GREY"(painted). SILVER-WHITE RED circular band about fin struts 6" wide on nose
mainly sui t-

NAVY Airforce type particularly grounded

incendiary aircraft.

bomb Other

areas.

able

targets

include

dumps,

installations

and built-up

4.

DESCRIPTIO!!. (See diagram)
The bomb consists
A 12" diam

t1ons :-

of 3 main structural
steel cylinder in 2 rows

porwall

(a) Barrel.

of' 7/32" of

thickness
couplin~

is
ring

secured
with

at the rear Navy type

end to a shaped
20 each.

40 studs

Suspension

is normal

eyebolt.

Fitting loosely against the coupling r~ng is a perforated retaining plate of' 3/16" MS plate. A similar retaining plate fits into the nose piece

supporting
(b) Nose piece,

the bottom
of'steel,

tray
is

of incendiary
machined

cylinders.
receive and a

dovm to a fuze
sheet joint

the barrel
ous weld. grub screw

and the

joint

is

sealed
receives
of' 3/16" and the

In th a continu-

The nose opening to Ie cure it.
A tail coupling cone ring

(c) Tail unit. fits over the

steel is sealed

~/ith a continuous
welded to the to the apex Welded

weld.
of the are cone

A tail
cone.

fuze

adaptor
arranged

is
to

4 angled-fins

impart
flight. with

an anti-clockwise
The fins an outer set

rotation strutting

to the bomb in
their extreme end strutting and 2

are braced at of' cylinder-type

inner

sets

of box-type

arranged

as shown.

5.

FILLIN~S.
(a) Burster charges. All voids wi thin the bornh body (nose, barrel and cone) are filled vii th a burster
charge itiates of BLACK ignition POWDER, of the the flash incendiary fram which cylinders. in-

9'

2 (b)

forated celluloid

In~eBdiary

material.

traYB in 10 tiers are a total of
in
as a is tube

Packed

endwise

on per-

756 steel-pipe cylinders each \vrapped separately paper. Pressed into each cylinder are particles
of electron metal with a rubber-like substance binder. A thin layer of a priming composition added at each end. The charge weight of each

is
The

approx 65 grams and total
celluloid trays Navy fuze A.3(A)
D.2(A)

weight
normally

approx 180 grams
employed are -

are

highly

inflammable.

6.
7.

FUZING. Nose

type

fUzes

or A.3(B)
or D.2(B)

-mechanical
or D.2(O)

impact
clockwork

Tail fuze airburst.

ACTION. (a) Functionin~ of bomb. The bomb will begin revolving upon release due to the angled tail fins. Revolution speed will gradually increase. On reaching 1000 r.p.m. the safety mechanism of the tail fuze assembly is freed. \Vhen reaching the timesetting period during descent the tail i'Uze assembly will initiate explosion of the burster charge. The bomb body is shattered and the ignited incendiary cylinders are sprayed conically do'nnward. Impact
on aircraft in flight or on ground before time-setting is reached will cause the instantaneous nose fuze to initiate explosion. Explosion in mid-air will spray incendiary cylinders vrithin a diameter 325 yds. Ground impact bursts will throw cylinders about 110 yds.

of

(b) Incendiary material. The incendiary mixture burns with a fierae spluttering re-actioQ, the steel attaining a red heat. Each cylinder has incendiary action normally lasting 20 secs but sometimes reaches as much as 60 secs. A flame 6"-9" length is emitted out of each open end of the cylinder. 8.
cylinders

TREATMENT.
See BDTI and resultant

(Bomb which
D/20/119 fires. for

has

fUnctioned)
of ignited

treatment

9.

PI SPO SAL. (a) ~zeremoval. For " " tail " "
"

(Bomb which Deal fuze D.2 "D.2 "D.2
A.3 "A.3

has with

failed tail

to fuze

function) first

! B!
1\

c
A B

see BDTI B/9/98 " "B/9/113 " "B/9/120
" " "B/6/15 "B/6/84

"nose" " (b)

Destruction. Remove, if necessary, defuzed bomb very carefully to a bomb cemetery or other sui table open area, bury in an excavation (as deep as possible) and explode the burster charge rrith an igniting agent inserted into a fuze cavity.

NOTE.1

:-

Handle UXBs with care as the ignition charge is filled in among the steel-pipe cylinders and friction may cause explosion if the paper wrappings are damaged. MG fire will explode the bomb.

JAPANESE

INCENDIARY
USE -NAVY

BOMB

TYPE 2. -250
CYLINDERS)
REFER E IN C

KG

(ELECTRON /STEEL
AIRFORCE
Ra)

B.D.TI. B/4/99

CIRCtJLAR STBD'I

SHEET I

AR<n.m>-n.S

n- Tm ~

-T~

~za ADAProa

I~

..

POCD'l' lOa JUg AND ~/

: '.1,
, ,
"

",'

,

I"
q.I)

.",;.

,.

,

."

';

..,

.-z ,- ~

":;~~.' .',..~;, {:~:,.:' !. '" ...'
'.: : " ". ",',' --"-.it.-

; "".."'.:.. ;"'.;~';:'"'."':
TRAYS D ~

CmJ.ULOID-

(10 18 ALL)'...,..

.:.~;'i; :i:~.'.

GRIf BODY

EfEBOLT

-:- "-:-_.:.~
SPOT WD.DS

m.D

~ '"'

va :-::::;..0;,.,o.'FR
CHAmK

'"'I r-SUVU-WHITEI

12" ELEVATION

"-GmIB BCRD

~(J:ft

702 JUg

ANDKAGAZIBK

SECTION

\.
DIUCTIOB 01' ROTATIOB

TAIL
1 01 8~al8 in

VIEW
8 10 -= 12 Inch..

e ,_- =2 =~ -=

/11

~!

JAPANESE

INCENDIARY
USE -NAVY

BOMB

TYPE 2. -2. 50 KG
CYLINDERS)
E IN C B.D.l: REFER

(ELECTRON / STEEL
AIRFORCE

I. 6/4/99

.I

u."

.

SHEET 2.

0 0 \ 0 0000 Ii-:-e :e..-:e 0 0 ~~~o 0 0 0 0 \ 0 0 0 0 BOLm3 "" D1a
&" M S PLATZ

//~-;~~~""" 0 0 0

TOP
1 0

RETAI~ING
2
Scale

PLATE
8 10 12

4
in

6

111Gbee

3, R lIS RoAn

:.rCELLULOID
1 0 2
Scale

TRAY
8
Inches

4
in

6

10

12

HOLm It'

BOTTOM
1 0 2
Scale

RETAINING
~
111

PLATE
10 12

6

8
Inchee

3"
1I 2t" 2" a I -I
GRUB SCRJ;/I1

3
TAIL FUZE ADAPTOR

I

."

x i"
SCRB
S'lVI5

.Q1
MACHINED COUPLING RING
1 0 2
Scale

.0
111

e
Inches

10

12

1

O12~45

6

Scale in Inch..

"

E IN Co, AM Fo
BOAm DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION 0

JAPANESE :1/3 Kg H.E.

CLUSTERBOm CONTAINER

RE£:ER1i!NQ~.
bomb. 2e
Dimensions:

See BDTI B/2/100

-description

of 1/3 Kg H.E.

DETA!LS.
Diameter. Thickness Wall Overall thickness. length.of en~ plates.

3'5-k" 8"
0.050" 0.075" (16 gauge) (13 gauge)

Weight~

:

Container Filled

(bombs

empty..

&

packing)

35 Kg (78 lbS)
0010!!! :
Painted BLACK.

20.;1: lbs

3.
4.

~.
DESCRlprIO!. (See diagram)

Contains 76 ARMYAirforoe type 1/3 Kg H. E. bombs packed in 4 seotions each of 19 banbs.

The oontainer is formed by 3 interlocking lengths of corrugated sheet steel olosed at each end by hexagonal sheet steel plates. The 3 lengths are held in position by'4 encircling sheet steel bands and clips.

The clips
Bungee

are prevented

from opening

by 2 arming wires.
end plate are 3 at the end of' each.

cords

Attached externally to 7i" long with ,a steel

each hook

One of the 3 interlocking lengths servas as the upper portion of the horizontally suspended container. To this portion is ~pot welded a smooth semi-ciroular sheet steel pieoe 2'10" long, in the centre of which is locatsd a swinging type suspension lug.

On each side of the lug, between it and the inner steel bands is welded a small eye-bolt thl'ough whioh the a~ing wires pass. The 4 internal
group board of 19 packed disc between

sections,
formed

each containing
by a transverse

a
card-

bombs, are eaoh group.

5.

OPE~.I.ON (assumed).

The arming wires are made fast at their centre to the bomb rack. On release of the container the arming wires slip the eye-bolts and clips, the encircling bands

and end plates separate, thus

fall away and the interlocking releasing the cluster.

sections

/0.1

1.

JAPANESE

i KG H.E. (CLUSTER) BOMB
USE -ARMY AIRfORCE REFER E IN C B.D.TI. B/5/116

/

",~~O\J~

DiD PLAft

~QD

CORD

END

VIEW

BOOI CLIP

A ~c
RftAININU
n'1"rIRO PLAtS

BAND~
./

/
/

'SECTION
SHOWING BOMB

AA

...RRAN~EMENT.
PLATZ

t!ARDBOARD

~OD. (16 Gaua8) 1 K8 50118

'075" (15 oauc:e)E LEVA TION
PARTLY BOMB CUT AWAY

~

SHOWING
ARRANGEMENT

,~

,

J, 9 + 2

'.
in

8
Inches

10

1~

Scale

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.
JAPANESE PAMPm.ET

ISSUED
20 DEO 43
CONTAINER -50 Kg

(AIRCRA:D-!' ) JAPANESE DESIGNATION.
9

Dm'AILS. Dimensions: Overall length (exol. Diam. of body.. Diam. over tail fins. Width of fins.. '" Total
Wei$'ht

fUze)

..3'1" 7," ~" ~" 110 lbs
approx lbs"

Wei~ht~:

weight filled..
empty..

Oolou!:

:

LIG1f1' BROWN

g.
aerial lease AR1~ Airforce type container fitted with D.l(A) burst fuze whioh is designed to burst open and rethe load of pamphlets at a predetermined height

above ground. 4.
throughout

DESCRIPTION.
The canplete and consists
The BODY

(See diagram)
casing is constructed of a body and a tail
2 diametrically the sides and

01' cardboaro un1 t.
s~ots about

has down

opposite te~inatin~

running

horizontally

l-in. nose

from either is centrally

end. The per1'orated

1'lattened to I'eceive

end of its a flanged

r<amded ring,

the cylindrical portion 01' which fits into a solid wooden block suitably recessed to receive it. The ring is secured by 3 wire nails passing through its 1'lange. The wooden block is in 2 pieces ~plit to line up with the slots in the barrel.

A small
has ter

BURSTERCHARGEin a cardboard
the detonator flanged ring. of

container

a pocket to receive is screwed into the

the fuze when latThe charge is can-

posed of potassium
matter.

nitrate,

aluminium, swinging

sulphur suspension

and silioeous is fitted.

Normal ARMYtype

The TAIL UNIT oonsists of a conical portion secured to body by small bolts which fit into bayonet slots in the body. 4 tail fins braced with 2 sets of box-type struts complete the assembly.

5.

FUZING.
ARMY type fuze D.l(AJ is fitted (see BmI

6.

B/9/91J

ACTIQN.
When the fUze fUnctions the detonator explodes charge,-splitting the bomb into 2 halves and the pamphlets in mid-air.

the burster releasing

7.

DISPOSAL.

Deal with fuze as laid down in BDTI B/9/91. The casing will generally collapse on impact with any surface except very soft ground, and the carcase is harmless after removal of the fUze and burster charge.

/'$-

3. 1.

JAPANESE

CONTAINER
USE -ARMY AIRFORCE

REFER

E IN C

B. D. 1: I

6/5/92

~

II-

~I

~
~

,TAIL

at~

~!

VIEW

@

~

BJETEiI

-'),'

~:::=:=~ ~
~

~

roo

".

-

NOSE

VIEW

ELEVATION

"""', .-'

--

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DrSPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43 Kg

JAPANESE PARACHt1rE BOMB CONTAINER -60

(Provisional)

DmAIL§.
Dimensions: Overall Thickness ~ei~hta: ~olou!-: : MarkiDRs: length..
cylinder.. ..1

2'lt"
'lO!" 9:t"

Length of' body Max. diameter

of' body casing.

..0.08" Kg Kg

Total weight, incl. bombs ..60 Container, excl. bombs.. ..10 GREY body oylinder GREEN band on nose tip BLACK band on remainder of' nose.

2.
chute level

!!§.m.
NAVY HE flying bombs Airforce (each type approx personnel 10 container Kg) and and housing released aircraft. 5 at paralow against grounded

3.

DESCRIPl'IOB. (a) Bod.V c~siBe.
sheet

(See consists

diagram) 01' 2 hemi-cylindrical
internally normal NAVY with type 4 lugs eye-

pieces of and rivets. bolt.

steel joined Suspension is

(b)

No~~~.
steel and has a portion are

The nose
threaded below is weld jointed.

tip
made

is

machined
for a

solid
f'uze. and rim, by 4 fits lead The the

opening

hollow 2 parts welded inside strips (c)

of sheet steel A sheet steel hollow positioned portion,

around the base the body casing soldered to the

of and rim.

the is

Base cove£. IT IS ASSUMED that a conical shaped base cover of sheet metal fits into the rear end of the body cylinder in same manner as nose piece, and that nose piece and base cover are prevented from falling fixed outwards eyebolts by on rim 4 joining each wires end. attached to

4. 5.

FUZING. ACTIOli.

Airburst (Assumed) piece

type

nose

fuze

D.4(A)

is

fitted.

The nose
separated burster
and out allowing of the rear

and base
on fuze breaking
by cylinder. the

cover
D.4{A) the 4
parachutes,

are

probably
a
to escape

from charge
the

the container in mid-air,
bQmQs, end of aided the

initiating joining \vires

NOTE 1. bO@bs in (a) or

the

A container air will on

which probably impact

has failed either and the

to -

release

its

collapse

bombs

may

be

scattered,

(b) the driven

body casing may remain intact, the heavy nose inwards and the condition 01' the bombs innot fuze be known. D.4(A) by In such cases, normal method endeavour before at-

side will to remo~e

tempting removing t'#)'

to dismantle bombs.

container

with

the

object

of

1.

JAPANESE

BOMB CONTAINER
USE -NAVY AIRFORCE REfER E IN C B.D.1:!

60 KG.

YUZE

CAVITY

GRmI

BAND

;'

SECTION

ELEVATION

E IN 0., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TECiINICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

JAPAl'lESE

PRACTICE

BOMB

( AIR CRAbTl' )

-31

Kg

1.

DETAILS.
Dimensions:

--,~"

OveI'all length.. Length of body.. Length of tail unit BaI'I'el wall thickness. Diam. of baI'I'el.. Diam. aveI' tail fins Width of tail fins. Total weight (excl. smoke pI'oducing mateI'ial) WHITE (painted)
RED fUll LINES length (2) of diametrically bomb body.

2' lqt'. 1 ;1 1'54" ..t" 7" gr" 74" 68 lbs appI'ox.

Wei~h~ Colou!:
MaI'king~:

: :

opposite

and

2. bomb

USE. USedrOI'

NAVY AirfOI'ce sighting and

for

steel walled CONCRETE bombing exeI'cises.

FILLED

3.

DESCRIPTION.

(See diagI'am) of 2 main stI'uctUI'al parts -

The bomb consists

(a) Nose and BaI'rel aI'e in one piece, machined steel, with no provision foI' a base plate OI' coupling ring. A shaped wooden disc closes the base and projects
4" into tail cone for sion Navy type eyebolts securing are same. fitted. Twin suspen-

(b) Tail unit. A tail cone of sheet metal is secured to the barrel with B screws. 4 tail fins of sheet steel are spot welded to the cone and braced with box-type struts. The cone is slotted between the fins as shown for exit of smoke.

A metal
and This

container
to smoke

fits

neatly

inside
with

tail
A is into

cone

is secured holds a tube of

base closing producing

disc liquid.

4 screws. central inserted the in

booster the apex liquid.

filled with the container

PICRIC ACID and extends

4.

FILLIN~S.
(a) tic Nose and purposes body are filled and stability with CONCRm)J: for ballis-

(b)
5. tonation fractUI'ed.

Composition

of

smoke producing

liquid

is

unknown.

ACTION. On impact, the fuze assembly initiates deof the booster charge and the metal container is Heat from explosion causes the smoke material

to produce tail cone. 6. For

smoke which

escapes

through

the

slots

in

the

FUZING. description NO!~~.

Only tail fuze B.6(A) can be fitted. and method of removal see BmI B/7/123. after booster vii thdrawal tube. of

The bomb is ha~ess fUze with attached

,,°9'

31

KG.

-

USE

-NAVY

AIRfQRCE

REF"ER

E IN C

B.D.TI. B/5/48

ELEVATION

mJ.m

PLUG

--.
SHEET STEEL

CONTAINER It!. TAIL CONE

JAPANESE GAS BOA1B, TYPE 92 -50

Kg

DETAILS. ,
Dimensions: Overall length Diameters body Length of ~barrel
tail Width of ThiclOless tail of

nose piece.
fins fins. barrel wall.

..71"

3'9" 2' 7" 7~"

~j" ri" i
44 lbs 5iz lbs

Weights:

Liquid Burster

Ernptybamb

gas filling. charges

60 lbs (approx)
" "

(2)

Cglour

:

GRhYISH GREEN (painted) RED and BLUE narro\'7 bands on nose
YELLOfV and '.'mITE 1" bands below suspension around barrel

!'!arl{in~s:

YELLOW1" band around barrel above suspension (standard colour for vesicant ohemical in this position) roUBLE CROSS ideograph (colour probably YELLOVi) on barrel belovf tail cone weld.

2. 3.

~.
ARIJYA1rforce type gas bomb.

DESCRIPrION. (See-diagram)
(NOTE 1 : -Casing construc't100, and especially external appearance, closely resembles the 50 Kg Type 97 Incendiary bomb -see BDTI B/4/9.) The bomb consists of 3 main structural por-

tions

:(a) Barrel. A side-welded tube constructed of' ill thickness sheet steel. A steel carrying band encircles the barrel for fitment of normal AR1.~ type svnnging suspension. The nose end is \'lelded to a shaped he avy bulkhe ad which (i) is pel'forated
tainer for and burster

and threaded

to receive

a con-

the secondary system;

detonating,

booster

(ii) (iii)

fornlS a base for piece; and serves as a "push"

attachment plate

of the nose 5 belov..)

(see para

(b) Nose piec~, of by 3 screv.. studs.

steel, is retained The nose opening

on tILe bulkhead receives a

fuze

and either

1 or 2 grub screws to secure

it

(c) Tail unit. A truncated tail cone fits over the rear end of the barrel and the joint is sealed \'dth a continuous fillet weld. Four fins are spot welded to tl~e cone and braced vnth 2 s&ts of boxtype struts made of apprax 5/16" tubular steel welded to the fins
///

1.

-2 -

4.

FILLIl'IGS.
(a) Burster ACID. char~e~ The nose and boosters burster charge are is all in of the PICRIC fonn of

a preformed
a perforated ket formed cylindrical

block

of explosive

which fits

against

wood block at the nose and has a pocto receive a booster pellet. The shaped central burster charge is

pressed povrdered explosive \'/rapped in waxed paper which fits into a thin steel cylindrical container and also receives a secondary booster tube (b) Chemical contents. The body and cone cavities are filled with ~prox 13 litres of liquid hillSTARD and LmVISITE gases (50/50 mixture by weight).

5.

AafrON.

On impact, the fuze assembly initiates detonation of the nose burster charge. The shock overcomes the creep spring of the secondary striker vrhich
pierces booster an initiator and burster cap and systems. so initiates the secondary

Explosion of the nos~ charge tends to give an upward lift to the bulkhead, shearing the nose \'/eld and separating the casing sections. Penetration before explosion is thereby somevrhat counteracted. EXplosion of
the central liquid gas. charge shatters the casing and spreads the

6.
7.

FJ]ZING.
Normal fUzing DISPOSAL. is nose fUze A.2(B). intact) see BDTI B/6/73 (Bomb \vhich is

(a) Fuze removal. (b) Destruction.

For fUze A.2(B)

Refer to BIYrr D/20/23 -"Dispoaal of' Gas Bombs and ~!1ss1les".

~

~

JAPANESE

GAS BOM B, TYPE 92 USE: -ARMY AIRFORCE REFER E IN C BDT! S/~/.l4

I. ,. _!

t
IT
~

YElJ.OW BAND

rI'

LI~

LEWISITE GASBAND

WSTAJID ,\NI)

r--=-:I=-~-:
,-,.-

CARRYniG

CDlTRAL
" WHITE

BU~TER

alAmE

BAND

,YEl.LOW BAND

~
!

:;~
-DOWELS

CFllTRAL BU~TER BOOST!R -alAmE OOIi'fAIHER

-=...

SmONDARY SEX DETAIl.

STRIDR, Bm.OW

:!.t::~'.;,:.::~j4
NOSE CARDBOAlil BU~TER DISC alARGE/

---BLUE

BAND

BOOSTER PEl.LET

~~~~jQ~f
SECONDARY

""'Hm

BAND

SECTION
22

1_- ~__L_L_L 9~~ Soale 111 Inoh.. roBE

r--CDTaAI. BIEDa-t 0(87ADR~
CDlTRAL WmI_D

_.~
<--PERFO~
COIIPOSITI~
WASHER-L!:A'reD

CEARGI :::::=--r-

I~.

~lXLT"ASBZR

WLIBUD-

INli'lATOR

CAP

..~
u:.~v
CRDP SPBDlG /'
SAnTY SHEAR pm

~
/ & \ BOOSTER STRIKER

:';~':,DEQlA1'Oa SYSTEM

SECONDARY BTIXER

SECONDARY

/1'

1 '4~
~ .y;~.::.~ -r

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

JAPANESE SMOK3i:SIGNAL

(AIRCRA]Yf)

-1

Kg

JAPANESEDESIGNATION. --

2.

DE."l'AILS. Dimensions: Lengths
Max. Weights: Total Burster Smoke

~overall..
nose tail & piece. tail piece.

' 1~"
9" 6"

diameter.. weight producing charge. charge.. ..

3" 2.2 lbs approx

Colour

:

\VffIT~J ~rubber)
WHITE BLACK painted) painted)

ballistic
tail central piece

cap
and portion. fins

~.
ARMYAirforce
land target preparatory

type smoke bomb for
to bombing.

marking

a

4.

DESCR!PTION. (See diagram)
The bomb comprises
(a) Nose portion. This

2 main structural
i6 a one-piece iron

portions:
cast1ng

of comparatively heavy members to give the re~uired bal11stics. Three TRMTSVERSE BARS. support a central column which serves as the FUZE BODY. The
nose end is cap of white A steel closed sheet by a hemi-spherical rubber. through cap the ballistic centre the base this of the

STRIKER passes

fuze.
against a striker A brass

At one end it

has a mushroom head fitting
and at into the 1nto other of plug

the rubber ballistic needle screwed in. INITIATOR PLUG slides

the fuze

and is retained

'i;ly a SCREI'J PLUG.

The end

of the brass beneath the Safety

DETONATOR TUBE projects initiator cap. fitted are -

devices

(i)

A SAFETY PIN, which 1s inserted

through

the

external wall, passes through a hole in the fuze body and partly engages in a groove cut on the side of the striker. It 1s withdrawn on loading into the aircraft. (11) A SPRING-LOADED PLUNGER, the pin end of which passes through a hole in both fuze body and strilter. The plunger is Itept depressed (i.e. the pin end retains the str1ker) until the bomb is released.

(iii)

~\ thin
striker.

SHEARVIIRE through
After release,

the fuze
is the

head and
only

this

means by wh1ch the striker

i6 held.

ItS.

3. 1.

-2 (b) Tail piece. The TAIL CONEis made of thin
slotted for attachment The nose end is closed to 3 screws by a thin

sheet metal and on metal nose.

sheet metal BULKHEAD. and the rear end by a metal cap. 4 TAIL FINS (unbraced) are soldered to the
cone. where ~ shown. type swinging suspension is fixed

Screwed to the bullthead is ing an INNER TUBE, with linen two. The DETONATOR extends sliding through the cylindrical

a CENTRAL TUBE houspacking between the into the inner tube, burster charge.

BROWN WADDING (probably steeped in an inflammable mixture) fills the end of the inner tube.

5.

FILLINGS.
(a) Burster char~et A cylindrical plug of pressed powdered~WGRIC ACID wrapped in waxed paper and holed centrally for the detonator.
(b) Smoke material. pletely fi~~s~fie tail RED PHOSPHOROUSpowder comcone outside. the central

tube.

6.

AarION.

On impact, the fUze assembly initiates the detonator which detonates the burster charge. This bursts the bomb and at the same time the heat from explosion causes the red phosphorous to ignite and give off a dense cloud of wh1 te smolce.7.

FUZI!!G.
construction. Fuze A.5(A) is an integral For description, see

8.

DISPOSAL.
(a) Destruction. Wherever possible, destroy in
situ. To destroy, place charge a gainst mushroom head if the latter has not been driven in hard against fUze head; if it is, place charge on tail cone near joint with metal nose (b) Precautions when handling. In UXBs the thin shear wire will almost certainly be sheared and the striker has pierced the initiator, or is free to ~o so. In either condition the bomb is dangerous. If necessary to handle, pick up by the middle, carry HORIZONTALLY, avoid jolting and do NOT drop bomb.

..

part of the BIYrI B/6/86.

bomb

(c) Renderin~ .t'uze sa!:e.

See Burr B/6/86.

NOTE 1 :- If dismantling bomb is necessary, :first detach tail cone and withdraw together with burster ~lug. NEVER remove detonator WHILST it is pierced by the striker.

II?

E IN C., AM F.
BOMBDISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.
JAPANESE SMOKE

ISSUED

20 DEC 43
FLOAT -2 Kg

(Yellow Smoke)
JAPANESE DESIGNATION. -

2.

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Max. Overall diameter length. of body..

4!"
~e~~~hts: : Colour Total WInTE v/eight (painted)

1'61"

4! Ibs
(painted)

Markin~8:

YELLOW nosepiece

3.
4.

!!§!.
NAVY Airforce type smoke float for navigation

purposes

by d~'.
(See diagram) is cast brass weighted with lead and

DESCRIPTION. (a) Nose piece

soldered to-the BUOYANCY CHAMBER. The SMOKE CANDLEUNIT screws into the nose as shown. (b) Buoyancy Chamber (bo~)
constructedot-2~-gauge soldered to the tail end. plug

is
sheet

conical

in shape and by 3
end of

metal. 3 fins are An EMISSION TUBE passes into the tail

centrally
metal discs. the tube.

full

l~ngth
A cork

of body and is supported
fits

(c) Smoke Candle alloy containing the .(d) candle wit~

Unit consists or a casing of light a smoke producing composition. the IGNITER.

A

QUICKMATCH V1ICK and a length

of SAFETY FUZE connects

~~e I~iter cartridge casing houses a release pin, a spring loaded striker and an initiator cap pressed into a plug which screws into the end of the cartridge.

5.

ACTION.

After removing the safety pin, the release pin is withdrawn per medium of the pull cord and the striker is put under pressure of its spring. The striker is released when the end of the release pin is free of the cartridge case and impinges the initiator cap. The smoke composi-

tion is finally ignited by the safety fuze and quickmatch wick. The bomb is dropped by hand immediately after the
release 6. pin is pulled right out. has failed to function) prSPOSAL. (Bomb which

(a) Precautions in handling. ~Vhen release pin missing the bomb should be handled with care. necessary to carry, keep bomb TAIL DO\VN.
(b) d~ Destruction. in deep water; Puncture or the buoyancy alternatively,

is If

chamber and fill emission

tube with water, wait i hou~, then dismantle and
destroy parts separ~tely.

,,~

1.

SMOKE
(YELLOW
USE -NAVY AIRFORCE

FLOAT

-2

KG.

SMOKE)
'REFER EIN C

B.D.TI B/5/71

~
J
"S

CORK WASHER
SEAL!%) WIT!! WAX

GUSS!:r

/20::

/'

"1"-"")

1
IGNITD ;.

... I !' E

.

I

8EOJRm WITH
208m

ooppm WIRE-

8AFETr FUZE-_--J ~88ION ruBE SWG18
,SUPPORTING DISCS

~

. J
...

QUICKMATQI WICK-

WASHER BODY 22 SWG~

PAD/TED MiITE 'OUI(1Q4ATai CARDBOARD LININGs.lOKE CANDLE UNIT-

..~

CARDB~ WASIIER '"

~I
~An-

KOSE PAD/TEDLEAD ---

YELLOW

PACKING /
ELEVATION

/

'
SECTION

'B~

LEATHER WASBm

1" Dia BRAssRIlla,

TAIL

VIEW

],0123456

Scale

in

Inche.

IGNITER
~ i 0 Soale in ~ Inohes ?

J I ~ 8: ,FINS

E IN C.,

J\ 1;1 F.

BOMB DISI'OS,'IJ.,

TECln'rICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED 20 DEC43

PARACII1Jl'E ILLUMINATING (AIRCRAF'l1)

JAPANESE DESIGNATION. ,

2.

DETAILS (incomplete). Dimensions: Overall Leng th length . 0f' con t a~ner 2'10" V
2 ' 7 1"

Length of' barrel of' container Diameter of barrel.

..2'~" 6-1;-"

Colou£: Marking~:

,GREY (painted) NIL

3.
areas

:!l.§!.
for NAVY Airforce night bombing or type flare to reconnaissance illuminate purposes. target

4.
bal'rel

DESCRIPTION. (incomplete)
of The outer container 18 gaur~e ~I.S. plate.

see diagram.
consists of a cylindrical

1\ v/eighted nose piece of 16 gauBe 1J!.~. plate is lap-jointed to the barrel and houses "a wooden block \vhich apparently secures the nose weight and also serves as a distance piece.
end of Four the barrel. stabilizing fins are soldered to the rear

vided, and the barrel

A single NAVY type suspension is presumed to be located over at approx 12" from the nose.

eyebolt a band

is proaround

, The exact nature of the end cap is not knO\vn, but it is held in position by spot soldering in four places, and sealed against moisture with shellac or similar material.

The inner casing (of which no particUlars available) slides into the container, and houses the candle with attached parachute.

are flare

5.

FUZING.
-see BDTIB!9!103.
The flare is fuzed at the nose only v/ith fuzeD.3{A)

6.
" D.3(A)" ignites

ACTiON.
On release functions after a small po\7der of the a brief charge flare from the aircraft, interval of f'alling and v/hich propels the candle fuze

vrith attached parachute f'rom the container. sumed that the inner casing is also expelled self' fram the candle and parachute.) lnins, candle Flares observed a:nd the rate of'descent was consumed.

(It is asand frees it~ as the

have burned for approx. appeared to decrease

I~I

1. JAPANESE

-2 At descent an estimated appeared to height cease, of app~ox 1200 ft above and the flare hovered

ground,

at

this

height DISPOSAL.

until

the

candle

was vlholly

consumed.7.

(proviSional)
for in a nearby excavation if fire risk

should
(a)

be

as

Procedure follows
f'lare

disposal

of

an

un-ignited

flare

is

Place present.

(b) Deal with
B/9/103,
(c)

fuze
7.

D.3(A)

as' laid

down in BDTI
cavity and through the owing to

para

Insert an igniting agent into fuze destroy flare. (A method of ignition rear end of container is not sug~ested lack of details of construction.)

~

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DI SPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEO 43

JAPANESE 1.

ILLUMINATING

FLOAT FLARE TYPE ,
"Illuminating Flare Bomb".

JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

2.

DETAILS.
Dimensions: Overall length.. Length o.f body.. Max. diam. o.f body.
Illwninating Total weight. charge

l'lDt" 1'2" Bi"
5-1 lbs lbs

Weights:

ColQu_~ :
3. purposes ~. by

GREY (painted)
type .float flare .for navigation

NAVY Air.foroe night.

4.

DESCRIPrION.
(a) Nose. the"bOdy

(See diagram)
metal ballistic nose is welded purposes. to

The hemispherical and weighted .for

(b)~. The BODY CASING, made o.f sheet steel, is conical in shape. 2 hinged SPRING HANDLES .for carrying are .fitted midlength. Body and tail/casing are joined by 8 screws which screw into WOODEN SPACING DISCS through both these parts. A CENTRAL TUBE; containing the illuminating composition, slides into a WOOD RING at the nose end. A WATER INLET HOLE in the nose end o.f the BODY BUOYANCY CHAMBER is covered by a TEAR-STRIP.
(0) Tail unit. with '4 FINS TAIL soldered CASING on. is made A shaped o.f sheet steel METAL END CAP

is
The and ono

soldered
central i8 itsel.f

on to

seal

the

REAR BUOYANCY CHAMBER.
through a thin the metal end cap LEAD CAP soldered

tube projects sealed with

An IGNITER cartridge cap and the hole sealed o.f S~ FUZE connects QUICKMATCH which rests composition.

is

inserted through the metal with solder. A 10'1 length the :lgniter with a coil o.f on top o.f the illum.1.nating

5. J.CTION. Preparation .for hand launching is same as .for S1~OKE FLOAT BOMB described in BDTI B/5/71 para 5. The safety .fuze burns .for 35 seas and the quickmatoh ignites

the the 6.

illuminating opening. DISPOSAL.
(a)

composition
cap

which
.flame. and the

burns
Heat flame

.for

it

mine

with

a brilliant bustion

greenish-yellow mel te the lead

o.f initial oamissues through

(Flare

whioh

has

.failed

to

.funotion)

Preoautions in haDdlin~. When Igniter release pin is missing, the .flare should be handled with care as it burns with intense heat. I.f necessary to carry, keep .flare TAIL OOWN. Destruction. Puncture body case (or remove tear=str1p) and dump in deep water; or alternatively .flare may be expended by puncturing lead

(b)

cap

with

a kni.fe

end

inserting

an igniting

agent.

fl.}

JAPANESE

FLOA T
6/5/78
WIRE

TAn. rIll ~

QUICKl!ATai OOn.~ BUOYANCY CHAMBER-

c:..;
~~
;--~

METAL SHEAm
ASB~TU$ LmDMETAL TE PLA ~
WOODni IiPACING DISCo1

+

f t

j
"

INITIATOR IGNITER

CAB.

CARDBOARD SPACING STRIP
SA:nTr JU ZK

-WA'l'XR

C<8UNlCATIOB

HOLZ

--BA1IDLE

:,
I

---BODY CASING
"mOYANCY CI!AMBZR

...

-CDlmIJ.
~

cnDmD

CABDBOAllD CONTAmR

---ILLUMINATING

OOIlPOSITI(8

WOODmi RING

WELl}

--I
WEIGHTED NOSE ~

-DiD

PLAT!:S

~~~~~~~~
~ 0 1
Scale

i-

~;
2

:::j
3

-j
.,

~~

in Inche.

ELEVATION
1 0 2 4

_Sc~e in Inches

-~

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL TEaHNICAL INSTRUcrrION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

J APlINESE

FLOAT

FLARE ,

TYPE

94 -

1

Kg

JAPANESE DESIGNATIO!!~ Type 94, Aerial Indicator Flare.

2.

DmAIL§.
Dimnsions: OVerall length Dif' am. 0 casing. Diem. over tail f'ins Complete flare Empty of' charges. GREY(painted) 1'0" 24 ~" 4" lbs 1 lb.

!eish~ Colou!: :

:

.!!§.,rl.
n&yigational 4.
NAVY Air~orce

purposes.

type

float

~lare

for

night

DESCRIPrIO!!.
Apart

(See diagram)
the 3 Kg flare described is also soldered tinplate

o~ this ~lare BDTI B/5/75. throughout.
but

is simdlar to Construction
"'

from size

and minor details,

the design
in

The NO box-type

flare struts

herein as in

described the 3 Kg

has flare.

4 tail

fins

5.

~Q!!QE.

The preparation for dropping flare and the principle for generating acetylene gas and igniting it with phosph1negas are same as in the 3 Kg flare though the former gas emerges at the tail somewhat differently.6.

DISPOSAL.

(Flare which has failed

to function)

Ex:Pendin water. NOTE 1.
A1odification
cribed differs

oor Typ~. variation

(Possibly of the

ARMYAirforce flare
and action

use)
but

is similar as regards construction in the following respects :-

A factory

above des-

Overall length. Diem. of casing Colour ..o.

14" approx 3" " BLACK

Construction: -2 tinplate diaphragms, each perforated with 2 holes, are fitted internally, one immediately above and the other around top of nose water inlet tube. Calcium phosphide is contained in a single cylinder. An additional lead weight is soldered to the exterior of the nose about 1" from the end in such a manner as to cause flare to float at an angle.

1.2{"

3. 1.

KG
USE NAVY ArRFORCE
REFER E IN C B.D.1":I. B/5/128

4"
CALCnw PHOSPHmE nI

MF.SH CONl'AINm "'"

,RUBB~ /
/ JETS

alP
(.3)

rEARSrRIP

FnIE GAUZESCRmI
PREVmlr BAC¥ I'LASII

TOI
PBOSP!!INE GAB

CE2lTRAL'roBE

LABn

/

1;;::-

,-

2 CLOSED CYLINDEJI!

...

~I

,\-ELEVATION

X2..
FILLED WIlH r CALCIUI! PHOSPHIDE

~

r~p

TDiPLATE

ON EDGE

fJUOYANCY QiAllBIR

RID ARROW

~

niLm

ACm"ii.EIIE
GAS

SOLDERED

WIRELl!3H DISC-

CALCIUJ4 CARB~ IN Lma'8

WATER INLi'r

roBE

WATER JNLEr HOLE /

WEIGHT

SECTION x-x

PLAN

AT

NOSE
1 0 1 2

,PLAN
3 4

AT

TAIL

Scale

in

Inches

p-~ ~ I

E IN C., AM F. BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUarION.
JAPANESE FLOAT FLARE,

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

TYPE

94 -

3 Kg

~SE

DESIGNATIQ!!.
Type 94, Modification 1, Float Light.

2.

DNrAILS.
Di~noions:-:~. Overall length.. Max. diame t er
We1~ht~: Complete flare.. Calcium carbide charge

l'S!-" 48 3"
7 lbs 2 lbs

Colo~

:

BRIGHT YELLOVi

3.
navigational

~
NAVY Airforce type float flare for nignt vurposes.

4.

DESCRIPTIOrj.
The flare A lead

(See diagram)
18 of weight soldered in the tinplate nose and construction a buoyancy

throughout.

chamber in the rear
water. Internal (a) h

section

keep the flare
divides the

upright
flare into

in
2 parts.

construction

ere A WATER INLET a oentral WATER

INLET TUBE which is perforated
sealed at the rear end.

along

its

length
in Looated

and
a

Tinplate

diaphragms

divide

the cnamber into

2 compartments.

Lumps of

CALCIUM CARBIDE (2 lbs in all) are contained wire mesh oylinder in each compartment. (b) Buoyancy chamber an~ignitin~ system.

centrally

in the BUOYANCY CHAMBER a CENTRALTUBE is
on edge. Inside houses 3 TINP~E holes and filled

supported on a pieoe of tinplate this tube is an INNER TUBE which CYLINDERS each with gas emission

with lumps of CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE (li ozs in all) contained in cylinders made of wire mesh. At bottam of central tube a further quantity of calcium
phosphide is placed in a ball made of wire mesh. A second WATER INLET TUBE leads from interior of inner tube to a hole in side of outer casing and .sealed by tear-off strip.

5.
~ap are

ACTION.
Before removed. dropping, the 2 tear-off After impact with the seat strips water and end enters

through

the nose inlet

hole,

wets the calcium

carbide

and

aoetylene gas is generated. Simultaneously, through the side inlet hole, wets the calcium and generates phosph;ne. The acetylene gas
the annular space between emerges through 3 jets at the tail central and end and is

water enters phosphide passes along
tubes, ignited by

inner there

the phosphine

gas which is

spontaneously

inflammable

in

the air. Excess of production of acetylene increases internal pressure which lowers the water level in nose inlet tube. As internal pressure drops, more water will enter
and increase production fairly constant pressu1'& of acetylene. is maintained. By this means a

6.
11.7

DISP.OS~.
Expend

(Flare
in water.

Which has failed

to fUnction)

1.

FLOAT

JAPANESE

TYPE 94. MODIE
AIRFORCE

USE

-NAVY

REFER EINC B.D.TI.

B/5/75

RED ARROW

I

CALCIUIi PHOSPHIDEIN IIESH CONl'AINER

"'"

""

,JETS (3)

§

FINE GAUZE s~
PREVmlT BACK FLASH

---LABEL TINPLATE
CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE DI
13

II]SH CONTAINms INNER
CENTRAL

"
~

11

~~

LABm. BUOYANCY
CALCIUM PlIOSPHIDE II]SH CONTAINER w,oTER DlLET SEALING DISC ~ IN

,,~;-

RFJ)ARROW
TINPLATE WIRE )(mil DIAPIIRAQII ~ DISC

~
g ~

H:ELDDOWN BY RImED WASHmI 'BRI~T YELLOWBODY
WIRE )(mil CYLINDERS",,!

---

;
~

TINPLATE DIAPIIRAQII~j

INWIIPS WATERINL~ LEAD NOSE roBE

ELEVATION

SECTION

RED ARROW

NOSE

VIEW

TAIL

VIEW

-I

E IN C.,

AM F.

BOMB DISPOS&\I. TECHNICAL llfSTRUCTION.

JAPANESE NAVIGATION

MARKER, TYPE 0 ~ MOD&

1

1.
variations

JAPAl'lESE DESIGNATIOB-.
Type 0 ~Tavigation Marker, by diffel'ent factories are 1!'or convenience, and B. they are Modell described referred of vrhich herein. as tvro

to

VARIATION

A

2.

3,

4.
5.

VA.~IATION A -See

FIG 1

DETAILS.
Overall length.. Diameter of' body..
Colour -ALilliIINIUM sprayed

13" 3"

DESORIPfION. -.=-

The ALUAIINIU1J.

body

is

filled

,lith

finely

pOfldered

6.

ACTIO~T.
(a) The marker ls dropped from the aircraft by hand. (b) Impact "11th the sea thrusts the plunger hard against the \'Iood closing disc thus dislodging the tail unit and a1lovling the aluminium po\'lder to escape and foI'ln a film on the v/ater surface.

7.

VARIATIONB -see
D3TA!:L'1o
Overall lengtl1 00 00 00

FIG 2

12t"

Diameter 01' body 0 0 o. .0 ..'0 3" Total ,reigl1t 1'illed .0 o. 00 ..3 Ibs 11 ozs ';'lej.gl1t 01' filling. .0 00 00 00 11 ozs Colour -.~~IINI~1 sprayed

'Z9

-2

-

8.

DESCRIPTION.

A weighted NOSE PIECE of cast steel is perforated centrally to receive a turned v/ooden PLUNGER, the nose end of which is rounded in continuation of the nose curve. A wooden RA1II is glued into a hole in 1 ts rear

end.

and overlaps

A thin 3-ply the central

disc hole

is screv/ed to thus retaining

the plunger the plunger

and serving as a seal. the machincd do~m portion
thereto 7/16" short by C~1mping into A cylindrical BODY of thin 4 holes.

of the metal nose and is secured
A wooden CLOSING DISC

tinplate

fits

over

closes the rear end.

The central
throu~h of thin

ram 4-11/16'1 length by
the body to tinplate, just

diam extends centrally of the closing disc. A TAIL UNIT, all

consists

of a cone lightly tacked to the closing disc, and 4 fins soldered-on. Light box-type struts are singly rivetted to the fins. .

The body is filled

\7i th finely

p~.vdered

aluminium.

9.

ACTION.
(a) The marker is dropped from the aircraft by'hand in(b) Impact with the sea thrusts the plunger hard wards, the ram dislodges the tail unit and the aluminium l)owder escapes and spreads as a film over the ~'ater surface.

~

3

JAPANESE

MARKER.TYPEO. MODEL 1.
USE -NAVY AIRFORCE

REFER

E IN C

B.D. T.I.

B/5/126

lli-1
BIn T

-

f--

TDiPLA nNS m

TIN1'LATK BODI

;-'-

,,' ,':

I I ,.

_

I

ALIIKINIUK mJ.E

WUCD. PLUNGKII

SOLDmm

TO NOSE ~

BRASS ROSE CAP

ELEVATION
1 0 1 2 3

L~

nImlT

Seal.

in Inch..
--~

'"
SECTION I

PAPU COVDING GLUmJ ro .O~

1

.0

1
Scale in

as.
Inchee
!

TRANSLATION
I. OBL.ONG L.ABEL.

OF

ATTAC!;!ED

LABELS

IlANUFAC'lURDJDE~m 1941 t'YPE 0 NAVI~t'lON iIARKm, IiODn. 1. NAV;\L AIR ~<miICl\I. BRANai DEPOT
2 $QUARE L.ABEL.

1. z. 3.

THIS BULLET SlaVES lOR IllASURING DRIn BY MY. I*EDIATm.Y BEFOREDROPPING IT, RaOVE IT 1lIOII 1m PROTlCTlVE COvmuNO IN ~ PLAD 1HmI DROPIT JUST i.s IT IS; BIT BE CAREroL -DROPPIBG IT NOT ro n.w.\.GE mE TAn.. BU<mT AT WHICH 'DiIS WLLn SHOOLD BK IJIOPP~ IS FR,,", ~OO Ii to 11 K.

nl

~

JAPANESE

MARKER. TYPEO.
USE -NAVY AIRFORCE

,
B. D. T I

REFER

E IN C

6/5/126

VARIATION

B

lli-U
~
0I1

TAn. rIN ----STmJT

/

TAD. COliE-

WOODDI DISC --/ '-..;.I
~OBLONG LABEL SQ.UABr. LABEL OPPOSITX) POWDERm ALUllINIUK
~SEAK

~ .:-: It

-, \

-1-

~ .
-,-, ,
I
,

,~I 'j
'"

.,

"~

,

,

FI!LLIBG

~,,_\. ,
~/';' I "

',' , .

'I

~, ,- , i1

.'!~I -,I, :.
'", ~

.-'" !,
"
\'~
,

~ OIl
...

WOODDlRAK

'",1,'0

~

,~':!-,,:;.
:. ~";, /:
'/.', " \' ~, ~

BODYSCRD3 PLY ~AmI!/G

,:"." , ~"I
~~, ,

-DISC

',,', ";1

.- "
'"

,

-0-

~,~~':

OOD~ PLlJNGER (LOOSE lIT)

~

ELEVATION

STEIL-HOSE-

-

i\y

~

I

.a . 01 ..e.

\\1/

HOTX:-BODY. TAn. CONEAND !'IlIS CONSTmJ= O!' TINPLATE PAI1ITED AI.U)lINIUK.

,~-~=
I..-~
1. i 0 I-1.-

\..-

a2

~,

I
SECTION J.
Scale in

~.

Inches

TRAN§LATION OF ATTACHED LABELS
I. 08LONG LABEL MANUFAC'rol!!DDECDIBER 1~ 0 Tn'E SEAItARDR BOMBIIODEL 1. ASANOKARrrrO Co Ltd.

2.
1. 2.

SQUARE LABEL
THIS BULL!T 5:mVE lOR IlEASURING DRIFT BY DAY. DlllEDIATELY BEFOREDROPPING IT, IIDtOVE IT l'ROII ITS PROTECTINGCOVERING IN mE PLANE AND DROP IT JjJST AS IT IS; BIJ'r BE CAREFULWImI DROPPING IT NOT TO DAIIAGE mE 11AlL PIECE. 3. HEIGHT AT WHICH THIS BULLET SHOULDBE DROPPm IS !'ROIl 200 II to 3000 II.

cl --~..
~

JAPANESE NAVIGATION MARKER (Temporarily called "Cardboard type") JAPANESE DESIGNATIO!!.

Navigation Marker Bullet (?) Improvement1.

~.
BI:JHER Aluminium powder filled fuzinf!. system NOR ex"plosive seamarker, emP10yin~ constituen~~.

3.

DWl'AILS.
Di~nsions: Wei~hts: Overall length.. Diameter of body Aluminium filling.. Steel Nose Body and Tail.. Total.. ALUMINIUM SPRAYED 12i ins 2i ins 14.2 ozs 2 lbs 6.7 2.86 ozs 3 lbs 7.7 ozs ozs

Colour:

4.
5.

:!l§£I.. seamarlter :for navigational pm--

poses by day. NAVYAir:force '

DESCR.IPrION. (Seediagram)
Component parts are A hollow weighted NOSE PIECE o:f cast steel,

the nose end sealed by a paper cone secured vrith adhesivepaper.
A hbllow cylindrical paper BODY, reinforced"

by 9 -~ in. wide cardboard strips, the whole being glued together and the rear end closed by a cardboard disc. The body is joined to the nose and tail pieces with strips ot' adhesive p~per.

t'our t'ins
piece,

A TAIL UNIT comprising a cardboard glued to it, '~ut no struts. ALUMINIUM POWDER f111ing
a coverage on water of approx 4.2

cone with

in body and nose
sq ft/gram

having

6.

ACTION.
(a) The marker
(b) Shock of

is

dropped
with

from the aircraft
the water bursts

by hand
the paper

impact

nose tip and the paper body is broken open allowing the powder to escape and spread over the surface of the sea.

2. 1.
...f;S

2

JAPANESE
(TEMPORARILY

MARKER
CALLED "CARDBOARDTYPE")
E IN C a D,T REFER

USE -

NAVY

AIRFORCE

6/5/80

HOLLOW CONICAL

CARDBOARD TAILPIEC);

---!'IllS

~

ADHESIVEPAP:ER JODlDlG STRIPS -SQUitB7. LABEl. "'"

(OBLONG LABEl. OPPOSITE) "'"

CARDBOARD DISC

CARDBOAJll> STRIPS i. WID~-= COnRm> Wtm PAPER

ELEVATION

+01
Scale 1n

?~.
Inchee

,
'""'

/--~,
/"
STm. ROSEPI~ -t

\ ~/-,I
SECTION

'

\g CARDBOAlID $TRIPS ..WIDE
A A PAPrJ! CCIIE

L

--SPRAYm>

s-c8:fe~Ch88
COLOUr.: -ALUlaNIUK

TRANSLATION
I. OBLONG LABEL IIAN\1FA~ DE~R 1940. NAVIGATION IIARKER Btn.L1T (1) ABONAKARITTO Co Ltd.
2 SQUARE LABEL

OF

ATTACHED

LABELS

II!PRO~T

1.

1 .'MIS BULLET SERVESFoR KEASlJRING DRD'T BY DAY. 2. ~IATELY BEFOREDROPPING IT, RnlOVE IT FROMITS PAPER roBE IN 'DiE PLilNE THm DROP IT JUST AS IT IS; Bl!T BE CAREFULWIlD; DROPPINGIT NOT TU DA1I.A.GE '11iE TAlL 1'IECE. 3. HEIGHT AT Wl!IQI 'DiIS BULLET SHOULDBE DROPPED nOM 200 II to 3000 II. IS

",,\

~ I NAVIGATION

ISSUED
20DEC 43

SUMJIIARYOF JAPANESE

BOLlE

~ZES

MECHANICAL IMPACT NOSE FUZE§;

FUZE
A.l(A)

USE
INavy

Am'ION
Merely Pistol

DmONATING EQPl'

REF.

standard gaine B/6/22 or mag. inducing.ins
tan. or delay.

A.i(B)

INavy 'Navy

1Ilerely Pistol
Merely Pistol

Special elongated Detonator standard
or mag. instan.

B/6/112 B/6/25

gaine
inducing or delay

A.2(A) Arnly Fuze gives Cholce l standard Detona- 1 B/6/18
01' lnstan. cr del~
Pistol choice or de-'
i

tor

A.2(B)

ArrJrS' Merely

Standard Detona-I B/6/73
to!'

A.2(C) Army

Fuze gives of 1nstan. lay

:Spec1al
to!'

Detona-:

B/6/97

A.3(A) A.3(B)

Navy j Merely

Pistol

Standard gaine
or mag. inducing I instant or delay

B/6/15

Navy I }ilerely

Pistol

do

do

B/6/S4

A.4(A)

Army

Fuze gives
of instan. lay

choice
or de-

standard Detona-itorB/6/20
anq, a boo8-iter tube

A.5(8\) I Army I\Ierely

Pistol

Speo1a.1elongated DetoI:lator

B/6/86

/Jr

A.l(C)

-2 MECHANICALIMPACT TAIL FUZES.

FUZE

USE

ACTION Fuze
fuze

D~ONATING EQPl'
Standard Detonator and a booster tube

REF. B/7/17
B/7/105

B.l(A)
B.l(B)

Army Instan.
Arnw

Short delay

tube

Special Detonator and a booster

B.2(A)

Navy

Pistol arming

with tail extension

Standard inducing

gaine delay

B/7/67

B.2(B) Navy

do

do

Special gaine inducing delay

I

B/7/77

B.3(A)

I

Navy

I Merely

Pistol

Standard
mag. stan.

gaine

or
in-

inducing or delay

B/7/19

B.3(B) Navy

do Instan.

do fuze

do
Standard
tor and tube

do
detonaa booster

B/7/26 B/7/21

B.4(A)

Arnw

B. 5(A) I Al'Irr3'

Merely

Pistol

Special initiatorj detonator and booster Special gaine

B/7/101

Be5(B)INavy

do

B/7/115

B.6(A) I Navy

Pistol

Special holder for initiator plug

B/7/123

I

3

LONGpELAY

FUZES

1!-.uZE USE

ACTION
Tail pistol for long delay obtained chemically

DETONATING EQPr
Standard inducing gaine in-

REF

C.l(A) Navy

B/8/16

stan.

C.2(A) Navy

Nose long ally

tained chemic-

pistol delay

1'or ob-

standard inducing

stan.

gaine in-

B/a/58

C.3(A)

Army

rlose f'llze for long delay obtained chemically

Standard Detonator and a boos-

B/s/95

ter

cup

/11

4AIRBURST FUZES -~--"---"" FUZE USE ACTION
Nose fuze, barometric operation and firing electrically

DETONATING EQPT Special tor detona-

REF.
B/9/91

D.l(A) Arrrw

D.2(A) Navy

Tail f'uze with time setting olook

standard gaine or mag. inducing ins tan.

B/9/98

D.2(B) Navy

do

do

do

do

B/9/113

D.2(C)

Navy

do

do

do

do

B/9/l~O

D.3(A) Navy Nose pistol
erated ally

op,meobanic-

Initiator and del BY holder appended

B/9/103

D.4(A)Navy I

I

Nose

pistol

oper-

ated

mechanically

Initiator and delay holder appended

B/9/121

JAPANESE

BOJ.m FUZE

-A.1(A}

JAPANESE DESIGNATION,

~.
NAVY Air:f'orce mechanical impact nose fuze to

which- a NAVY type
3.

standard

saine

or magazine can be fitted.

BOMB~ IN \i/HICH USED. Details of fuze A.l(A) are INCOMPLETE but
in any of

it
the

can probably bombs listed

be in

substituted BDTI B/6/15,

for fuze para 3.

A.3(A)

4.

COLOUR.

Naturl'.l
5. DESCRIPrION.

BRASS.
(See diagram)

A sleeve (5) screws into the fuze body (7) and is secured thereto by a set screw (12). P. vane boss (3) fits into the upper end of the sleeve and is restricted to rotary movement by two opposite pins (4) \vnich engage in a groove cut around each part. Four-bladed arn\ing vanes are attached to the boss.

A spindle (6) passes through the centre or the fuze body, sleeve and boss, and is held against out\'lerd movement by a shoulder (8). Its rotary mov~ment is prevented by a locating pin (10) engaging in a keyway cut in the fuze body. The upper end of the spindle is lert-hand threaded to take a mushroom-headed cup (1) vlhich is restricted to vertical movement by t",O Ol~osite screw pins (2) engaging in keY\'lays cut partly along opposite sides, so limiting outward movement. whilst Method The spindle is restrained from inward movement in the armed condition by a shear ,':ire (11). by which fuze is made safe for transit is not knov.'I1.

6.
clockwise threaded

ACTION.
On release, the vanes cause so raising the mushroom-headed spindle to its limit or travel. the boss to rotate cup on the

On impact, the cup is rorced irnvards driving the striker spindle, the safety wire is sheared and the striker needle pierces the initiator cap (or detonator) the gaine or magazine.

in

7.

D~SPO3AIJ. (a) ~e~truct1on. ':Ihen the bomb is to be destro~red situ, the fUze should be destroyed \,ith the bomb.

in

(b) E~n~erinp:safe

for handlin~.

(1) If there is a space bety,een the mushroomheaded cup and the top of thc boss, sccW'e the cup against nJovement in JJ.fi direction \~'ith adhesive tape and thin pl:j.nble wire, and at the srune time bind the boss a~ain8t rotary movemep1;. /19

2. j..

-2

(11)

In many cases, however, the cup may be found jamnedhard against the boss and probably bent over 1t at the edges. In such cases adhesive tape should be used to prevent movement of any movable part, including the boss.

(c)

Fuze removal. (i) (11) (iii) Perform (b) (1) or (11) above fuze to the bomb

Remove grub

screw

secur1ng

Unscrew fuze by means of the remote led Fuze Extractor Design i11 (Aust), available

controlif

Alternatively, unscrew fUze a partial turn only with a-spanner or Stillson Vlrench and. complete removal by remote control
(iv) Destroy separating the complete the gaine or fUze assembly magazine. without

~

En'fc.,AJ.IF. BOI.1B DISPOSAL T~CI~rICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESE BOMB FUZE -A.l(B)

JJI.PANESE DESIGNATION.

2.
3.

~.
NAVY Airforoe action. mechanical impact nose fuze with BOMBSINWHIOH USED

instantaneous

32 Kg Incendiary

vomb.

4.
5.

COLOUR.
Natural
DESCRIPrION.

BRASS.
(See diagram) and protrudes beyond A vane boss (5) rits rotary movement there-

A sleeve (7) screws into the upper end or the ruze body (9). into the sleeve and is restricted to

in by two opposite
each part.

pins

(6) engaging
arming vanes

in a groove
are attached

cut around
to theboss.

Four-bladed

A striker spindle (8) passes through the centre of the fuze body, sleeve and boss. It is held against outward movement by a shoulder (12) and against rotary movement by a pin (13) engaging in a keyvray cut in the fuze body. Only a portion of the upper end of the spindle is threaded (left-hand). A striker needle (16) is fitted to

the lower

end.

A cup (1), with a mushroom-shaped head, scrc",;s on to the spindle and is restricted to vertical movement by two opposite screv; pins (3). These engage in keyways cut partly along each side of the cup and limit its outward movement. A groove cut around the lower end of the fuze body enables a detonator holder (18) to be secured by means of tVfO set screws (17). The cup end of the detonator (19) rests in the holder and its shank projects through fitting in a pocket fo~ned in the burster charge. The spindle is whilst in an armed condition by which f\lze is made safe restrained fr~a in"/ard movement by a shear wire (10). I,Jeans for transit is not knovm.

6.

ACTION.

On release, the vanes and boss rotate clocbvise causing the cup to unscrew outv!ards. After 5~ revolutions the cup is free from the threads on the spindle, i.e. the fuze is f\llly armed. On imyact,
ing the in the detonator striker is

the

cup is

forced

inwards

thus

drivand is

spindle, pierced.

shearing The travel

the safety of the

wire striker

7/16".

I'll

1.

7.

DISPOSAL.
(a) Destruction. in situ, the
(b)

fuze

II/hen the bomb is should be blovm

to be destroyed up with the bomb
a top in

Renderin~ safe for handlin.&!. If there is space between the mushroom-headed cup and the of the boBs, secure the cup against movement

ANY direction with thin pliable tape and at the same time bind rotary movement.

wire and adhesive the boss against

In many cases, however, the cup may be found jammed hard againBt the boss and probably bent over it at the edges. In such cases adhesive tape should be used to prevent movement of any movable part, including the boss. (c) Fuze (i) (1i) (11i) removalJ Perrorm (b) above screw securing fuze to the bomb

Remove grub

Unscrew fuze by means of the remote controlled Fuze Extractor Design III (Aust), if

available Al ternatively,
only with complete

unscrew fuze a partial
or Stillson Wrench remote control

turn
and

a-spanner removal by

(iv)

Do NOT attempt to detach the holder but destroy the complete

detonator fuze assembly

JAPANESE
TYPEUSE-

BOMB

FUZE
REf"ER 6.0.1:1.
ARMED POSITION

MECHANICAL IMPACT NAVY AIRFORCE

6/6/112

..
ELEVATION

~ Si.al~1" I~che; ~

SECTION ~!iiQ ~
Scale 1~ Inche~

a

III$'

JAPANESE

BOlJB

FUZE -A.2(A)

JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

Type 93, Impact Fuze, Mlc. II.

2.
selective of fUze 3.

m!.
ARMYAirforoe
instantaneous to the bomb. BOMBS IN '[fInCH
50 50 kg kg

mechanical
or delay action

i~act
set

nose fUze vlith
before fitting

U§E!2
bOOlb (Phosphorous Type 92 rubber pellets)

30, 50 and 100 kg H.E. bombs Anny types
nrCENDIARY GAS bomb,

4.
5.
(10)

COLOYR.
B..T?A.'3S (natural colour).

DESCRIPTION. (see diagram)
which The fUze body screv, together. consists of All parts 2 portions are brass (7) and except

steel.

striker

needle,

creep spring

and shear vrire

vrhich are

(a) Upper 'Portion (7) houses the coDlprising a spindle (5) vrhich shoulder, a striker needle (9) (8). Two-bladed arming vanes the boss (2) which is prevented against the fUze body by a stud assemuly tool holes are drilled opposite. The spindle is held

striker mechanism is retained by a and a creep spring (3) are soldered to frorn binding on each part. Two dironetrical;l.y against movement by

a steel safety wire (6). A transit safety fork (1) fits over the vanes and into two holes in the fuze body. This is withdrawn on loading into the bomb rack.

(b) Lov{~r 'Pgt!:!on (10) houses a slip-fit

initiator

cap plug {12) and a delay plug (13). A dE~tonator (18) containing a gtmpoyrder flash pluG (16) screvrs into its base. The delay plug (13) has tvro channels, one filled with a pyrotechnic mixture and the other open. A selector scre,v (14), slotted for a screvrdl'iver, engages in the ,'rall of the plug. The pal'ts are assembled so that \'rhen the slot is in the horizontal position the open channel is blocked and the l1Yl'otechnic train can burn through giving a delay. By turning the screvi to the vertical position the flash will pass directly through the open channel and initiate the detonator before the pyrotechnic train could burn through.

6.
falloff

ACTION.
On release,
thouGh the f'uze

the vanes
is

(3) rotate
six

ten tiDIes mid
revolutions.

On irl111Elot, the striker spindle (5) is forced inward shearj.ng the shear vrire (6), overcanes the creep s!)rin? (0) ana

armed after

the striker needle (9) pieross the initiator cap ll,g). The dctonat;or (18) i8 initiated via the 01JCn :t'J.ash channel or l1yrotecl1I1:Lo train as desir(~d. -.
Iii)

1.

-2

7.

DISPOSAL. (a) Destruction. in situ, the
(b)

fUze

When the bomb is to should be destroyed

be destroyed in the bomb.

Renderin~ sai'e f'or handliM. Secure the spindle aga-rn3trOf;iii:ry~d vertical movement I'li th thin pliable wire and adhesive tape. Speoial BD Tool No.2 may be applied to prevent invlard movement of' the spindle if' it projects ~" or more beyond the f'uze head.

(0)

Fuze removal. (i) (11) (1ii) Perf'orrn Remove (b) grub above screw securing fUze to the bcmb

Unscrew f'uze by means of' the remote controlled Fuze Extractor Design III (Aust) if' available.
Alternatively, only with Special Stillson Wrench, unscrevl fUze BD Tool Np. and complete a ~artial turn 3 (a-spanner) or removal by remote

control.
RQm

JAPANESEBOMB
TYPE -MECHANICAL IMPACT

USE-

ARMY

AIRFORCE

REFER

a DoT.I. 6/6/180

.,.1

3'j,C'

~

n!
)(

~---1

-(i)

I"

~

@-~ \V:,ji
@-c

(!)-j
@-'

~
@-:
ELEVATION
~ i
Scale

0
in Inches

~ /

~

@-j 0-=; ~
@-...

~
~ @-=

@tl:'":,' ':'ri U;~;~

PART
SHOWING IN "HORT

SECTION
SELECTOR DELAY SCREW POSITION SHOWING IN

SECTION
SELECTOR ~CREW POSITION INSTANTANEOUS

1/f9'

JAPANESE

BOMB FUZE

-A.2(B)

JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

~.
ARIE Airforoe
instantaneous action.

mechanical

impact nose ruze

wi ttl

3.

BOlIIBS IN WHIQH !;!SEJ2 15 Kg Ant i-pe r sonne 1- Army type 50 Kg Incendiary (phosphorous rubber 50 Kg Type 92 Gas bomb pellets)

4.
6.

O,°f.°:uE.
~ESORIPTI.ON.

Natural

BRASS.

(See diagrmn)

The fuze body (6) is machined out of the one piece. The striker spindle (6) is retained in the body by a shoulder and is restricted to vertical movement only by a

stud

sliding

in a groove

in the .t'uze body.
splayed vanes studs

Screwed into
to a point. The (2) are attached,

its base is a striker needle (7) vane boss (1), to which two-bladed binding with the into fUze the body by two

scre\vs on to the end of the spindle part.
on loading

and is prevented,from
(3) one on each

The U-shaped
A steel

t~ansit
bomb rack. creep

safety
(8)

fork
keeps

(4~ is
the

withdrawn
striker

spring

needle
striker base of 6. boss armed

off the

detonator

after

the boss has fallen
(11) screw

off.
into the

A

guide plug (9) the fUze body. Agr!ON.

and a detonator

on release,
falls after off.

the vanes rotate
between the vanes. the of

10 ttmes
striker

and the
point

The distance

and detonator

is

approx 3 I!In which means that

the fUze is

5 revolutions

On impact, the striker spindle is rorced inward overcomes the oreep spring and the needle pieroes the
initiator. 7. DISPOSAL. (a) Dea~ructign. When the bomb is to be destroyed

in situ,

the fuze

should

be blown up with

the bomb
spindle with

(b) Rendering safe for handlin~. Secure the against INWARD, OUTWARD and ROTARY movement

thin

pliable

wire

and adhesive

tape.

Special

BD

Tool No 2 may be applied to of the spindle ir it prajects fUze head (c) Fuze removal. i erform
(ii (iii Remove Unscrew

prevent inward movement i" Qr more beyond the

(b)

above
the fUze to remote the bomb controlled

grub sorew securing fUze by means of

Fuze ExtractoI: Alternatively, with Special

Design III (Aust), ir available. unscrew .t'uze only a partial turn BD Tool No 3 (O-spanner) or stillson

Wrench and comnl~te

removal

by remote control.

2. 1.

BOMB
TYPE -MECHANICAL 1MPACT USE -ARMY AIRFORCE

REFER

E IN C B. 0.1: I.

B/6/73

AIR

HOLE.

--~

~
~ ~

'~-~

,e

1=
IN

ENGAGING
GROOVE

... .

;I!
1'OOL I!OL~

~

r1

ELEVATION

~
SECTION
11110
--

1

Scal. in Inch..

LEGEND
1.
2. 3.

VANEBOSS
AIWING VARm STOP SroD SArm'Y FORK SPmDLX

7.

sTRiKERNEEDLE

8 .CREEP SPRING ~. S'mIKER GUIDE 10. INITIATOR CAP

..TRANSIT 5 .SmIKm!

11.

DETONATOR

6.

JUZEBODY

~

JAPANESE

BO~tB FUZE

-A.2(C)

JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

2.
either ally

~.
ARJ.!Y Airt'orce
instantaneous adjusted in the

~chanical
action during

impact nose fuze
chosen t'light. and mechanic-

vlith

or delay bomb rack

3.

BOlIBS 11'1" '{/HIGH USED 30, 50 and 100 Kg H.E. Bombs (Army Airforcetypes).

4.
5.

GOLOyg.
Natural BRASS.
DESCRIPTIQU. The fuze (See diagram) body consists of' two portions (2) and

(7) \vhich screw together.

(a) Upper portion (2) houses the s trilter mechanism. The end of "the striker spindle (3) is r. h. threaded to ta1t(~ the vane boss (91",) to \..'\lich t'iro-bladed

vanes (1S) are attached.
saf'ety fork (1) f'its

.\ U-shaped transit
vane~; this binding to

d.ra\m on loading bomb into the bomb rack.
and fuze head are prevented from stop studs, one on each part The base of' the spindle sprinG is

over

the

is

The boss

with-

by two take a steel shear

tawed (13)

strilter
cap by

needle (4) which is held of'!" the initiating
a stcel creep and a cormAr

\'rire (12).

(b) Lo\',cr portion (7) houses an Initiator cap plug, the~s-electfve~nstantaneous or delqy asselllbly, and the detonator Tho initiating cap ~)luG (5) scre;'rs into the ~uze body abovrj a slip-~it plug (6), ..,h1(::h has t\'lO channels, one ~illed with a pyrotechnic m1xture and the oth~r opcn. :~ selector 3\'litch (16) is let into one side o~ .~he fuze body and is retained by a grub screwengaginz in a groove (11». A hole drilled throuJ::;h the flash port re~lator (14) matches tile open channel in the plug (6). A detonator (10)' SOreYlS into body. j, knurled locking ring the base of: the fuze (8) tightens the

fUze in the bomb after the slot in the head of: the selector switch has been adjusted to suit the selector gear.

6.

,AQ.'!'lQ!!.
On rele~se, the vanes (18) rotate ten times though the ruze 18 armed after 51x revo:l.ut1ons

and falloff

/I"J

-2 On impact, the striker sp1nd}e is forced inward shearing the safety wire, overcomes the creep spring and the striker needle pierces the initiator cap.

Vihen the

slot

in the head of the

selector

switch is turned horizontally to obtain delay, the open channel is blocked and the flash ignites the pyrotechnic train which burns through and in turn ignites the black powder in the top of the detonator, finally initiating the detonator.
tically to When obtain the selector instantaneous switch slot is turned veraction, the flash passes

unobstructed is initiat~d
through.

through the open channel and the detonator before the pyrotechnic train has burnt

7.

~ISPOSAL.
(a) Destru,Qt1on. \Vhen the bomb is to be destroyed in situ, the fuze should be blown up in the bomb
(b) Rendering (i) If'the wire the the
(ii) If head

saf'e

f'orhandlin;r.. is projecting beyond the head No 2
body, secure it ROTARY movement against IN\VARD, with thin pliable

spindle

of' the fuze OUTWARD and

and adhesive spindle if' fuze head
the end of' of' the fuze

tape.

Special more

BD Tool than i"

may be applied

to prevent
it projects

INV1ARD movement of'
beyond
the OUT-

the spindle is f'lush with body, secure it against

WARDmovement with
NOT to (iii) If' apply the pressure the end of

adhesive
to spindle the

tape,
spindle is

taking
in

care
be-

driven
plaster over care

yond the head of' the fuze body. ment may be prevented by gently
thin solidifying l1~1d (e.g. to f1ll the space. Then bind head w1th adhesive tape taking

OUTWARD movepouring in a
of' paris) the fuze NOT to

transmit
(c) Fuze removal.
(i) Perform necessary

pressure

to the

spindle

(b)

(i),

(i1)

or

(1i1)

above

as

(11) (111)

Remove the

grub

screw

securing Spec1al

the

fuze

to No

the bomb
Loosen lock1ng ring 3 or St1llson Wrench with BD Tool

(iv)

Unscrew fuze by means of the remote controlled Fuze Extractor Design III (Aust), available

if

Alternatively,
with

unscrew fuze
BD Tool

a partial

turn
or

only control.
NOTE. 1.

Special

No 3 (a-spanner)

Stillson

Wrench and complete

removal

by remote
the but the with para

The detonator (10), pyrotechnic plug (6) and selector switch (16) may safely be detached NOT the initiator cap' (5) whilst pieroed by striker needle. In such cases f1rst treat an explosive neutralizer (see BDTI B/10/93, 14)

1__*

<1

1.

~

S..818 in

In..has

SECTION
FUZE SET FOR DELAY ACTIOB

80ale

in

Inohes

($"$""

E IN C., AliI F.
BO1\ffi DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESE BO~ roZE -A.3(A)

JAPANESE DESIGNATION. ,
Type 97, Mk il, Impact ~'uze, Model 2.

2.
v/hich

~
a Navy NAVY Airforce type standard mechanical impact gaine or magazine nose fUze to can be fitted.

3.
(a)

BO~!BS IN \VHICHUSED
Incorporating a gaine -

60 Kg, Type 97, GP -Navy 60 Kg, Type 913, GI' -"
63 Kg, Type 99, SAP"

type "
"

250 Kg, 250 Kg,
(b) Incorporating

Type, Type,
a magazine

GP -" SAP-

"

" "

60 60

Kg, Kg,

Type Type

97~ 98,

Incendiary

"

~

solid electron

oil)

fire-pots)

250

Kg,

Type,

"

eleotron/steel

4.

COL°!!B. Natural BRASS. (See diagram) (11) houses the striker

cvlindeI's)

-w ~---,

5.

DESCRIPl'IOn. The

:f'uze body

mechanism

only. A striker spindle (10) passing through the centre of the body is left-hand threaded at the upper end to take a pressure sleeve (6). The spindle is pre;vented from rotating by a set screw (13) and a safety shear w~re (8). A largeheaded screw (3) threaded right-hand scre\'rs into the top of the spindle to prevent the pressure sleeve unscrewing completely from the spindle. Four screws (2} pass througn the arming vanes (i) and the top of
into (.4) the and pressure (6) is free sleeve to (6), rotate. into body or the lovler is magazine.

the
(4)

4-bladed
and screw (1),

centre flat of the brass cap
thus the whole

assembly

end of threaded

the

A steel striker needle (12) sore\'IS spindle. The lower end of the fuze (15) to take a Navy type standard gaine

tation of bombraclt. the

A 3-pronged vanes.

transit This is

safety withdravm

fork on

.

(9) prevents loading into

rothe

Aa ~ing
side cap,

\vire

(5) is

soldered

at one end to the

of the brass cap (4), twten 1* turns around the brass then passed through the brass loop (14) ending in a loop

6.
their se:nbly sleeve

~qTIQ~.
initial On release, the affJUnci v:ire (5) gives the vanes start overcoming any binding bev:leen the brass

cap and fuze body.

The vanes rotate

clockl'iiae
until

and the asthe Dressure

(1). (4) and (6) is raised outv/ard is stopped by the large scre\v (3).

/-'"7

1.

-2 On impact, the brass cap and pressure sleeve
assembly foroes the spindle wire, and the initiator is inwards pieroed shearing the by the striker safety needle.

'7.

DISPOSM.
(a) ~estruot~on.
in (b) situ, the fUze Renderin safe cap and therefore

'ilhen the bomb is
should for be blown handlin. the spindle)

to be destroyed
up with the bomb the brass movement

Secure against

in WQv direction with adhesive tape and pliable wire. If' Special BD Tool No 1 is, used, apply so as to grip both the Cap and fUze body or, if possible, the fUze body immediately below the cap.
(0) Fuze removal.

.(i)
(i1) (1i1)

Perform

(b) above
grub screw securing fUze to the

Remove bomb

Unscrew fuze by means of the remote controlled Fuze Extractor Design III (Aust) if available. Alternative!y, unscrew fuze only removal a partial

turn

with

Special

BD Tool No 5 (spanner)
and complete

or

Stillson Wrench mote control.

by re-

~

JAPANESE

BO1.m FUZE

-A.3(B)

JAPANESEDESIGNATION.

2.
whtch may be NAVY fitted Airforce a Navy mechanical impaot nose fuze to Type standard gaine or magazine.

3. any of 4.

~rl«BS the

IN WHICH USED for A.3(A) para 3. 1

Fuze A.3(B) may be substituted bombB mcntioned in BDTI B/6/15,

COLOUR. Natural BRASS. (See dia~am) with portion assembly :f'uze A.3(A) of fuze is -see body is BIYl'I B/6/15 t" longer longer 28 t.p.1.
more heavily

5.

DESCRIPTIO!!. (a) ComParison (i) (11)' (i11)
(1v)

Upper Arming

correspondingly measures
body is

Striker spindle against 8 t.p.i.)
Lower portion oonstructed of

thread
fUze

(as

(b)
see

O:peratiQB.
BIYl'I Parts and B/6/15, operation para 5. s1m1l~ to fuze A.3(A) -

(0)

Special
The

f'eatur~.
extra length of upper fuze body (i.e. oerin the the

projection beyond nose of' bomb) tends to more tain action from low level bombing especially case of large bombs by reason of the curve of nose piece.

6.

ACTION.
0

Similar

to

fuze

A.3(A)-

see BIYl'I B/6/15,

para

6

7.

DISPOS~.
(a) (b) Destruction Renderinl{ safe for hand1in-'t

As for fuze A.3(A) see BIYl'I B/6/15,

(0) ~ze removal

para7.

~

It I

m!. 1.

REFER E.IN C. eDTI

B/6/84

SECTION
+ * 0
Scale in

1
Inches

1

11

E IN Cf A flI F. BOLm DISPOSAL TECI~TICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESEBO:;tB I.'tJZE -..;'.4(.\)

1. 2.
vrith

JAP:.NESE DESIGrTJ\TION
i

TYPE.
seIeOtive

ARI;IY Airforce
instantaneous or

mechanical imnact nose fuze
delay action. chosen before

fitting 3.

fuze in the bomb. BOMBS iVHICIIUSED. IN
--::c

4.
5.

COLOUR.
DESCRIPTIO~.

Natural BRASS.
(See diagram)

The fuze comDrises (a) fUze body housing the arming and mechanism, delay plugs (b) an extension piece housing and (c) the booster sy~tem. the initiating

(a) Fuze bod.v. 2-bladed armdng vanes {i)
vane boss (2) which is retained

are attached to the
in the fuze body (3)

by t~/O screw pins (4) engaging in a groove around the boss. Threaded to the vane boss and passing throU?h the centre of' the f'uze body 1s an am1ng spindle (5)
to near which the two saf'ety plungers spindle (6) are pivoted when the and move plungers plug

f'raely through two ~tide holes in a plug (7) scre'"ed into the base of' the fuze body. ~\ red setting mark

are withdravnl clear
A striker needle is

end of' the

(i.e.

the fuze is fUlly
to the underside

indicates

armed).

f'ixed

of' the

(7) .
(b) hzeextension This
diameter of' the as fUze

'Piece. is a brass cylinder (9) of' same external
into cap the (10) base is the booster tube body. A floating and screws initiator

held off' the striker
by the plungers (6) creep spring (11).

needle in the unarmed condition
and in the armed condition by the

Belo'.v the initiator
with ture
of f'lash powder. The parts
the head the

cap is a delay plug (12)
screw (13) so
screw blocked

two channels (one f'illed with a pyrotechnic mixand the other open) situated betvleen two layers
A selector are
of' the selector open channel

engages
is turned and the

in

and

regulates
channel.
slot in horizontally

a plug ':rhich has a port matching the open
assembled
is

that

when the

pyrotechnic mixture v..ill burn through giving delay. By turning the screv{ to the vertical position the
flash passes unobstructed through the open channel and port and ignites the bottom layer of' flash powder before the pyrotechnic train has burnt through.

A detonator
tension (c) Booster. piece below

(14) screV1Sinto the end of the exthe delay tube plug. containing a booster (15)

screVTS to the end of the extension piece on

A brass

/&'1

:3NOTE 1.
.§..g'..ety Fork~ A tr~s1t safety fork (probably ruze body) is withdrawn on loading
6. AI::rION. On release, the vane clockwise by the vanes so raising the drawing the two safety plungers ciear The .fuze is armed after j,O revolutions.

fitting

over the head of the vane boss and into the

into the bombrack.

boss is rotated spindle and withof the guide holes.

On impact,
due to inertia., by the striker curs :overcomes needle.

the

initiator

plug

moves
is

forvrard
pierced then oc-

the creep The follo\'Ting

spring and sequence

(a) The delay
(b)

.flash plug

ignites
or

top

layer

of

flash

powder

in
the

Bottom l~r open channel

of flash powder is pyrotechnic train

ignited via as desired

(0) (d)

Detonator initiated Booster detonated.

7.

DISPOSAL.
(a) in (b) Destruction. situ, the Renderinft
( i)

.fuze safe

When the bomb is shoUld be blo\vn for handling

to be destroyed up with the bomb

J:J:N;DAJiV'.GEDtuzes. Secure the vane boss against ROTARY movement by the best means using adhesive tape. If protruding, the spindle should be gripped with Special BD Tool No 2. Observe precautions as in NOTE 2 below (ii) ~A1~GE~~ze2. In UXBs. however. the vane boss will probably be distorted or perhaps broken off altogether. and conditions obtained as in NOTE 2 oelow. In such cases adopt best means. if possible. of preventing movement of any movable part and observe precautions as in NOTE 2 belovr.

(c)

Fuze removal. ,

(11
(iii

(i

!

Perform

(b)

(i)

or

(ii) securing

above fUze III to the bomb if

Vlork wi th bomb in HORIZONTALposition
Remove grub screw Extractor

(iv

Unscrew fUze by means of the remote controlled available. only control. with Fuze Design (Aust),

Al ternati Stillson NOTE 2 : -When
striker

vely,
Special

unscrew fuze a partial
BD Tool No 3 (C-spanner)

turn
or

Vifrench and complete safety
needle

removal

by remote the
initiator

the

plungers
has either

are withdrawn,
pierced the

cap or is held

off

it

only by a creep spring.
bomb is dangerous as cap in ANY direction For this reason :Avoid bomb jolting.

In either condition the movement of the initiator may cause detonation.
t a ~ Handle b Avoid bomb VERY transporting

CAREFULLY. a fUzed

c

A:f'ter extraction"
position until it is

keep fuze
destroyed.

in horizontal

JA PANESE BOMB FUIE TYPE -MECHANICAL IMPACT USE -ARMY AIRFORCE REF"ER BDTI B/6/20

~
ARIIING VANY.s

Q

f;i)

SHQ'eI RD4QVmJ

G)I
SCREW

sm-

~
/

DXLA'f

SPANliER---

ROLlS

0 ~STER ~I roBE .
@-ELEVATION
J. i 0 ). ~

~

@

3c!i).e in Inches

~
'-X
@
-c'- SECTION X-X
SHOWING IN SHORT SELECTOR DELAY SCRE!, POSITION

~

]".:'~;';;-;;:":: r:o.',",". .",

~;!f~t;r
SECTION

/(r

Ir!

~ ---~---'d1

BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

E IN C., AM F.

JAPANESE BOMB B'UZE A.5(A)
JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

2. ~. ARMYAi~force mechanical impact nose fUze incorporated within the nose portion of the 1 Kg smoke signal (see BmI B/5/2).

3.

DESCRIPTION.

(See diagram)

Three transverse bars inside the pos~ portion of the smoke signal support a central colunn which serves as the FUZE BODY. The nose end is closed by a hemispherical ballistic cap of white sheet rubber. A steel STRIKER passes through the centre of the fuze body, and has at one end a mushroom head fitting against the rubber ballistic cap and at the other end a striker needle screwed in.

A brass INITIATOR PLUGscrews into the base of the fUze body and is retained by a SCREWED PLUG.
into the The screwed end of a brass plug and abuts DETONATOR TUBE projects the initiator plug.

Safety devices fitted

are -

(a) A SAFETY PIN, which is inserted through the external wall of the nose portion of the smoke signal and passes through a hole in the fUze body and partly engages in a groove cut on the side of the striker. It is wi'thdrawn on loading into the aircraft. (b) A SPRING-LOADEDPLUNGER, the pin end of which passes through a hole in both fUze body and striker. The plunger is kept depressed (t.e. the pin end retains the striker)until the bomb is released.
(c) A thin SHEAR \nRE which head and striker. After means by which the striker 4. ACTION. On release from loaded pr~r is no longer held is ejected clear of the striker. striker initiator. passes through release, this is held. is the fUze the only

the aircraft the springdepressed and the pin end f:oroes the and pieroing

On impact... the mushroom-head inwards, shearing the shear vvire

the

5.

DISPOSAL.
(a) Destruction (b) Precautions when handling ) ) See BDTI B/5/2 para 8

(0) Renderin~tuze 6g£~. Using best jud~ent and discretion according to condition in which banb is f:ound, aim to secure striker against vertica1 and rotary movement by means of: adhesive tape.

...L,

1.

TYPE -MECHANICAL
USE -ARMY AIRFORCE

IMPACT

REF"ER

E IN C

B.D.T.I B/6j/86

SECTION

ELEVATION

RUBB£R CAP R£MOV£O ~
1 . 0 1 2

5.81e in Inohe.

--- -.-@

~
SECTION
1_9
Scale in

A-A
1
Inches

2

JAPANESE BOl.m FUZE -B.l(A)

JAPANESEDESIGNATION.

2.
includes

-

Type 98 Tail

Bomb Fuze.

TYPJ:1; .
AlUiff Airforce mechanical booster components. impact tail fUze which

3.

BOMBS IN v-ffilCH USEP. 30 Kg Type 99 G.P. 50 Kg Type 94 G.P. 100 Kg Type 94 G.P.
~

Army Airforce

bombs

4.
5.

COLOUR.
Natural DESCRIPTION. BRASS. (See diagram)

The fUze body (6) is turned in the one piece. A shaped adaptor (10) screws into its base.
threaded to The upper end of the striker spindle take the vane boss (1) to which are (4) is attached

four-bladed arming vanes (2). The boss is prevented binding on the fUze head by studs, one on each part.

from

The striker spindle (4) is restrained f'I'on rotary movement by a guide pin (3) engaging in a keyway cut in the fUze body. A splayed-pointed striker pin (9) screws into the base of the spindle. A steel creep spring (8) and a shear ;vire (5) restrains the striker s~indle fram inward movement whilst the fuze is in an armed-condition.
plug (11), fits A striker guide respectively plug, screwed throu{Sh and into against en initiator the per-

forated
tion
forming contains

septum in the adaptor
screwed
A booster an extension a ring and

(10),
the

both are held
base of' the

in posiadaptor.

by a detonator

into

tube (17) screws on to the adaptor of the lower fuze body. The tube a solid booster pellet of powdered

pic-

ric

acid

wrapped in '"axed paper. A transit safety fork fits over the vane boss the fUze body. This is withdrawn on loading into

and into
the

banb rack.

6.

ACTIO!!.
of the boss falls off the the vanes, though the as the travel between cap is only 4 m.m. spindle fuze is the striker

On release, after 12~ revolutions armed after 6 revolutions pin and the initiator

inertia, spring booster

On i~act, the spindle moves inwards shearing the safety wire, overcanes the and the striker pin I>ieroes the initiator is finally detonated by the detonator.

due to creep caI>.

The

'Cpo

1.

2

7.

DISPOSAL.
(a) Destruction. in~CBitu',the-fUze
(b) Renderin~ sat'e against movement

When the bomb is to be destroyed should be blown up with the bomb
t'or handl1n~. in ANY direction Secure the spindle with adhesive

tape and thin
may be spindle head. applied it' it

pliable

wire.

Special

BD Tool No 2

to prevent projects t"

inward movement ot'the or more beyond the fUze

(c) Fuze removal. (i) (il)
(111)

Pert'orm

(b) above ~ze to the bomb

Remove grub screw securing

Unscrew fUze by means ot' the remote controlled Fuze Extractor ~.ign III (Aust), it' available

Alternatively unscrew fUze a partial turn only with a-spanner or Stillson Vlre~ch and complete removal by remote control
(lv) Destroy ponents without separating the fuze com-

nm

: -If

for any reason dismantl.;J.ng is necessary (or as

an added precaution before-handling) the :f'uze should first be treated with an approved explosive neutralizer (see BrYl'I B/l0/93, para 14) injected

pin has pierced

down the keyway, should it
and is

held

appear that t he striker
in the initiator cap.

~

E IN C., A AIP. BOMBDISPOSAJ.. TECHNICALINSTRUCTION.
JAPANESE BOMB FUZE -B.l(B)

JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

2.
which

~.
includes ARMY Airforce mechanical special components for impact short tail fuze delay action.

3.

BOMBIN \'/HICHUSED. ~ --50 l.g Type 94 G.P~ bomb. -Army type.

4.

COLOUR. Natural BRASS.

5.

DESCRIPl'ION.

(See diagram)
Fuze B.l(B) closely by a vertical face resembles below the

In the fuze B.l(A) but is conical fuze head.

bomb, larger

parts

bloCk

Fuze B.l(B)

consists
(4).

of 3 main structural
This houses a stril~er
end. projecting

(a) Upper fU~QSLdy
t3) which

has

a ttu'eaded

ttu'ou~h

the top of the fUze body to take a vane
Two aIlti-binding and fUze head, studs (2) are fitted one on each part.

boss (1). to the boss

Four-bladed arming vanes are attached to the boss. A guide pin (12) engages in a keyway (13) cut do"ffla one side of the striker block so limiting the block
to vertical screwed to movement the base only. of the A striker block needle is

A steel

creep

spring

(8)

holds

the

striker

needle

off

the

initiator
safety

cap when the fUze is
fork fits over the

in the armed
boss and into

condition A transit

the fuze body. the bomb rack.
(b) Lower
(14). (7) and

This

is

withdrawn
This sorews

on loading
into the

into
upper

fUze

boQV (5).

fuze body and is
A delay a spring

secured
train steel

thereto

by a grub screw The depin (22)

ring (6) seats on the collar washer (15) is inserted

between the ring
lay ring (6) is

and the upper fuze body.
positioned by a locating

thus bringing drilled both
the other end flash channel
An initiator

into alignment the flash channel (10) through the ring and the fUze body, and
of the delay (11) leading
cap two are plug (9)

train over the slo~~~ to the relay plug (16)
screws its into The top the side with septum walls four

between the of this plug flash ports.

internal perforated

cavities. near

black powder screwed above 1t, screws into the base
of the fuze.
/7,

A detonator

(18),

with

a plug

(16)

containing

1.

-2 (0) Boostergssemb~y. to the lower f'uze booster explosive. and a solid pellet A hollow tube (17) screws on bOdy as a container for the The latter consists of a ring of powdered picric acid each

wrapped in waxed paper.

6.
vanes striker

ACTION.
On release, the vane boss is rotated by the until it falls off the threaded projection of the block. The fuze is armed, however, after 8 re-volutions.

On impact, the striker block moves inward due to inertia overcoming the creep spring, and the striker needle pierces the initiator cap. The flash produced escapes sideways through the ports in th~ initiator cap, travels through the horizontal flash channel and ignites one end of the pyrotechnic delay train. When this burns to its extreme end, the flash travels down the relay channel, ignites the black powder relay and the detonator is initiat,ed. ..

'7.

DISPOSAL. (a) Destruction. When the bomb is to be destroyed

in

situ,

the fuze

should be destroyed If

with

the banb

(b) Rendering

safe forh~dltn~.

the threaded

end of the striker block is projecting beyond the top of the fuze, secure it against movement in ANY direction with adhesive tape and thin pliable wire.

Special

BD Tool No 2 may be applied
end if

to prevent
1t projects

int"

ward movement of the threaded or more beyond the fuze head. (c) Fuze removal. (i) (11)
(ill)

Perform

(b)

above gi"Ub screw securing fuze in the

Remove the bomb

Unscrew fuze by means of the remote controlled Fuze Extractor Design III (Aust), if available

Alternatively,
only plete NOTE 1.

unscrew fuze
Stillson control.

a partial
Wrench

turn
and com-

with a-spanner or removal by remote

If dismantling of fuze is neoessa~y, the booster tube, picric pellets and detonator can be safely removed, but the initiator cap should NOT be unsorewed until it has been treated with an approved explosive neutralizer (see BDTI B/10/93. para 14) should it appear that the striker needle has pie~ced and is held in the initiator cap.

~

TYPE -MECHANICAL IMPACT USE. ARMY AIRFORCE

REFER 8.D.1:1 8/7/105

/1;

E m G.. AM F.
BO1,ffi DISPOSAL 'r:EOHNI GAL INSTRUC7rI ON .

JAPANESE BO~IB FUZE -B.2(A)

JAPANESE DESIGNATION.

2.

~.
impact tail fuze to and specially dea base plate and ac-

NAVY Airforce mechanical which a s~andard gaine can be fitted, signed far fitting to a bomb having cess doors in its tail cone.

3.

BaIlIE D'1\VHICH USED. 250 Kg Type 99 , S.A.P. bomb. -Navy type

4.
(a)

QOLOU~.
~ecognition
Outside tail BRASS arming Inside tail parts CADr~IIU1i!

and GALVANISED adaptor locking STEEL painted ring, vanes, BLACK. other

cone. barrel cone. PLATED.

(b)

BRASS

5.
separate

PE,SCRI?l'ION.
Fuze parts B.2(A)

(See diagram)
assembly consists of'the f'ollowing

(a) Tail

arm1n~ assembl~.

A shaped adaptor (1) is ~lelded to the apex of' the tail cone to house an arming barrel (5) secured by t\'IO screl'.. pins (6). A short arming shaft (3) passes through the barrel. Six-bladed a~g vanes are f'i tted at the upper end; the middle portion is left-hand threaded f'or screwing into the barrel (5); the slotted lov,er end f'i ts into and engages-over a pin through the central rod (7).
tail the A detachable central rod cone to connect the tail fuze proper in a similar (7) passes through anning assembly manner. the with

(b)
the in all

Fuze "prope£.
The fuze body .(8) screws into the base plate of' bomb. A loCking ring (14) ensures a tight f'it the bomb after adjustment has been made to suit parts during assembling.

A short arm~n~ spindle (9) passes through the retaining collar {10) and is screwed left-hand thread through a saf'ety collar (11) and into the inertia block (12). The retaining collar is secured by a set screw through the fuze body, and both the safety collar and the inertia block are prevented f'rom rotating by steel pins engaging in a keY\'lay in each pert as shown.

177 1.

-2 A steel creep spring (13) l'estziains inward movement of the inertia armed condition. weight whilst the fUze is in an Two transit safety forks, one through the arming assembly outsi'de the tail cone and the other through the retaining collar of the fuze proper, are both wi thdrawn on loading into the bomb rack.

6.

ACTION.

On release, the aming vanes rotate, turning and raising the arming shaft which transf'ers the motions to the arming spindle per medium of' the central rod. Owing to the respective lengths of' the shaft and the spindle, the shaft does not completely unsorew from the arming barrel until after the spindle has' been completely unsorewed from the inertia block. The fuze is then in an armed condition
On impact, ~he the creep spring, in the gaine. inertia and block moves inwards striker needle pierces

overcoming the initiator

the

7.

PISPQSAL.
(a) (b) Destruction. situ, the fuze Re.nderi.n~saf'e (i) J:ft_he~~il
often short be the arming

When the bomb is to be destroyed should be blown up \'l1th the bomb f'or
case, spindle

in

handlin~. is
and is

cone

m!~sins,
it can missing be

as will
seen from

most
that the the fuze,

it should be assumed that the striker needle has pierced and is held in the initiator cap. In this condition the bomb is dangerous and, BEFORE handling, the fuze should be treated with the explosive neutralizer or the solidifying mixture method (see BDTI B/10/93, para 14, and BDTI E/22/118 respectively).
(ii) If' bomb is com"Dlete aming assembly wiIl with t ail be either cone, present the or t,ail missing

If' the 1;ail aming assembly is present, it is probable that the arming spindle has NOT completely unscrewed from the inertia block. Bef'ore examining the fuze proper through the cone access doors secure with adhesive tape and/or thin pliable wire all movable parts against rotation. As an added precaution the fuze proper mgy then be dealt with through the access doors
by securing the arming spindle against'rotation with adhesive tape BEFORE dismantling the arming assembly and detaching the central tail rod.

If', the striker block guide may sometimes be advisable ject an explosive neutralizer into the fuze cavity. If' the tail arming

pin is accessible, it to remove it and inthrough-the hole is missing the
desf'or

assembly

fuze will no doubt be in the condition as cribed in ~"i) above and the method adopted treating the fuze will have to be applied

through the access doors.

-3

(c) Fuze remov~l.
(i)
(ii)

After performing (b) (i) or (ii) above, tail cone should be separated if' present
UnSCre\1 locking ring fUze bo~ with Special spanner)

the

whilst holding ma1n BD Tool No 4 llarge C-

(i11) Unscrew main fuze body by means of' the remote controlled Fuze Extractor Des1gn III

(Aust), if ava1lable

Al ternati vely, unscrew fUze a part~al turn VIi th the hand, or tool if' necessary, and canplete removal by remote control.

~

171

TYPE USE

-MECHANICAL -NAVY AIRFORCE

IMPACT

REFER E IN C BDTI

B{7/67

0~
S~UARE END 0r SHAn'SAF~ FOIOC-j (Rsnoyed
to show

ARIIING

VANES

(6BL\)

/'

slot)

LDT

HAND

(i)--

I

I

-.}
STDL PIN A' DIA

1" ..TAIL CONE OJ' OO)IB

if
BRASS CROSS pm \.

20~I LDTHAND,

~=
aRFACE

FORK
ExTERNAL'"
\

STEEL ~ BODY "" dia. FLUSH,
'Illi tODY SET SCREW

~
--0

'" '@
NEEDLE

~
16' T.P.L

~

Dia'.~ ~.I~
3!I' Dia.
ELEVATION

..

1.
,

SECTION
0 Scale in 1 In(i1ee
2 ,

.--~

EINc.,Ar,1F.

BOI,m DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESE BOMB FUZE -D.2(B)

JAPANESEDESIGNATION. Type 99, No 3 (probably Mk II) Bomb Fuze.

2. 3.
tl.
5.
(described detailed

~.
NAVY Airforce cloc~vork air-burst tail fuze.
BOMBS IN WHICH USED

250 Kg Incendiary 32 Kg "

bomb -see "-""

BDTI B/4/99 B/4/111

COLOUR.
WHITE METAL (cadmium-plated DESCRIPTIQN. (See drawings)
identical in all with respects fUze D.2(A) except those

brass).

Fuze D.2(B) is in BDTI B/9/98) as under :-

(a) Colour -~1h1 te metal colour. (Fuze is made of brass same as D.2(A) but is cadmium plated.) (b) Shape of Arminll Vanes -Blades of arming vanes are narrower than those of D.2(A). Compare the

diagrams.
(0) t~~~s~~~~n~_s~a~~ -The range 0 to 20 secs in ~-sec graduations (d) Clockwork Mechanism -There is stop as against-2-in---the D.2(A). in this fUze is from 5 to 20. only one pallet
in of lieu dif-

(e) Retaininll_go!l~£ of spanner flats, ferent form. (f) BodY tool. Casinll -has

-has 2 spanner holes and friction spring is

2 blind

holes

for

time-setting

(g) Se~tinll Piece bar in lieu of

-has 1.

2 blind

holes

for

capstan

6.

ACTIO~. As for fUze D.2(A) -(refer BDT~ B/9/98).

'7 ..DISPOSAL.

As for NOTE 1 : -This

f'uze D.2(A). fUze is apparently a predecessor

D.2(A) but a modification

of D.2(C).

to

~z..r

1.

TYPE- CLOCKWORK AIR-BURST USE -_~AVY AIRFORCE

REFER E IN C B. D.T I. B/9/113

~:EXTElmAL &!RI'ACm OF THIS FUZE ARE CADIIIUIdPLATE!>. FOR DETAn. OF CLOCKWOIIJt I4ECHANISII Am Lmnm SEE B.D.T.I. ~--B/9/98. -,~, ~-I

E IN 0., AM F.
001.m DISPOSAL TECHNI CAT..INSTRUmIQN.

I8SUED
20 DEC 43

JAPANESE BO~m FUZE -D.2(

C)

JAPANESE DESIGNATIOn.
Type Test MOdel99, No 3 (probably folk I) bomb fuze, 14

~.
NAVY Air~orce clockwork air-burst tail fUze.

3.
4.
5.
(described detailed

BOMBS IN WHICH USED

250 Kg Incendiary

32 Kg"

bomb -see

"

-"

Bm'I B/4/99

"B/4/111

COL°!!E.
\~TE METAL (cadmium-plated (See diagram)
identical in all with respects fuze D.2(B) except those

brass).

DESCRIPrION.
in as

Fuze D.2(C) is BDTI B/9/113) under :-

(a) Setting
(b)

Spindle holes
-is

-has for

no shoulder time-setting
with

above fuze tool
flats

body
in

lieu
of

BoQvCasina

of blind

provided

2 spanner

(c)

Reta1nin~_C~li~~ spanner holes, form.

-has also

2 spanner notches friction spring is

in of

lieu dif-

ferent

(d)

~1me-settinrz tions from oto

Graduations 20.

-are

in

l-sec

gradua-

(e) BQ!Q£ -is (f) Actuator
fuze. one. this with

of dif'.t'erent -This

shape not incorporated in

component is Ape~!ur~ -This

(g) C!ock-windinrz (h) Striker

.t'uze is NOT provided to a small
(6) in fuze

S~~ety Catch -is
whereas it abuts

connected
component

sprint?,' wire, D.2(B).

6.
'7

ACT!Q!!.
As for .t'uze D.2(A) -see BDT! B/9/98...DISPOSAL.

As for

.t'uze D.2(A).

NOTE 1 .-This
..t'uze

fuze is
D.2(B).

apparently

the predecessor

to

ZZ7

2. 1.

FUZETYPE -CLOCKWORK USE -NAVY AIR -BURST AIRFORCE

REFER E IN C

B. D.1: I. B/9/120

/AlalniG

VAN~

(C)

SAFElY

WIRE

HOLE (E)

.;.

---BPANNrJt

nAT

SCALE

-GRADUATm

0 -20

1
.. ...
~

SPANlIU NOTal

~
...
~ ~

~ '"

~

j 11-1AI n_~~~ T.P.I: 1a"_._T~~ 1-1-1 11"O.;i.18 ~ I -Ir
ELEVATION
1,tit9
Scale in
SPRING WIRE

1
Inctlee

2
,ROTOR (3)

"

'"

~6'/

PLAN Of
BOTTOM PLATE
CLOCKWORK MECHANISM
SJRl'Acm

T

S'mIKDI SAnrY CATaI

PLAN OF TOP PLATE CLOCKWORK MECHANISM

!i2m 'EX!r~Al. OF THIS lUZE AR!'. CADMIUM PLATED. AIID LEaD SKI B.D.T.I. B/9/~ FOR DErAIL OF CLOCKWORK Ja.cH.\NI~

11

Em C., AMP.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL mSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

JAPANESE PARACHUTE FLARE FUZE- -D.3(A)

~~ANESEDESIGNATIQ~.

~.
3. BOMBS WHICH IN U§E~.
Aircraft Parachute Flare Container -Navy type

(see BJJl'I B/5/106).

4.
5.

COLOUR. -.
Natural BRASS.

DESCRIPTIO~. (See diagram)
The fUze assembly comprises 3 portions t/hich

screw together.

(a) ~h:_J;~:::~r_~e body and engaging

bo4:~ houses. the arming mechanism.
to rotary holes in movement by the fUze

The AR1!ING BUSH is restricted 2 LOill{ING PINS inserted.through

in a groove around the arming

bush

The ARfvrING VANES screw on to the upper end of the arming bush and secured by a LOCK NUT. A ballbearing thrust race beneath prevents their binding

with the fuze head

2.z,

1.
~ 2.

-2

-

6.

ACTION.

On release of the flare container the arming bush is rotated clockwise by the vanes so causing the sleeve to move inwards until the 3 steel balls, under pressure of the spring-loaded striker, move away from the

striker into the recessed portion lower down in the fUze body. The striker, when freed, is driven inward under action of its O\'nl springs, the initiator cap is pierced,
and the several constituents
charge is to finally

in the delay
~lare

container
candles rrom

are
the

ignited
flare

in turn.
A container propel the initiated.

7.

DISPOSAL.

(For flare which has failed to function. This may be discerned by inspeotion through the rear end of the flare container.)

(a) Renderin~ safe for handlina. Seoure the vane loc1Cfn-g nut, threaded end of -arming bush and vanes (if still attached) against rotary movement with adhesive tape and/or thin pliable wire in the event that rotation of the arming bush in the air has been insufficient to release the striker (b) Fuze removal. sorew fuze using Loosen fuze locking a Stillson \7rench. reason soak in . the fuze kerosene ring and un-

NOTE 1 :-

If for any special dismantled, first least 2 hours.

is to be for at

JAPANESE

PARACHUTE FLARE FUlE
TYPE USE -MECHANICAL -NAVY AIR BURST AIRFORCE

REFER

E IN C

B. D. T I

6/9/103
~~-@

AHIIING

VANFB NOT ~OWN

~-@

~
RECESS FOR SAn.TY FORK ~

--@

--@

~
~

~I

LDT !WiD mBAD -

~
-:::::!-@

L
ELEVATION

~

(i)-

@'~ A-

@
@J'

A(i&\ ~

.--@

-@

1 .0 -

~

1

2

~Y

TRA.IB--

(ASSUMD) )

&

Scalein Inch..

JfY

2
SECTION
to. TO ELEVATION

-0
SECTION
1

A A
t t i 0 Bcale -1 in Inche. ~

LEGEND
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. B. 10. 11.
21/

RETUNINGSCREW LOQ{ NUT 'lmIUST~CE SPRING LOADmJ PIJI 4R11ING BUSH STOPsrore (2)
SLUVI

7 .ARJillIG

SmIKm SPRIJIGS (2) F\J~ LOQ{IJIG RING STDL ~ (3)

Q. £TRncm

la. SCRD GUIDI PINS (2) 13. INlTUroR CAP 1.. GASmCAPE 15. UPPm FuZXBODY 16. Lowm FU7ZBODY 17. GROOVE LOCXIllGPIlI FOR 18 .B~ mCAPI RlClSS 1W. LO<XIlIGPIlI 20. DILA.Y OOIlTADImi 21. !'LA.1ii pown12 PILLEr (ASSJIm>t

I[
~ ~

E in C., A MF.
BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNI CAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
FUZE -D.4(A)

20 DEC 43

JAPANESE

BOMB CANISTER

(PI'oY1s1onal) JAPANESE DESIGNATI-9l!.

2.
O. flying.

~.
-~

HOlIl USED.
As nose fUze 1ri bomb canister Suitable ruze for releaae described 1ri at low level

BDTI B/5/13.

4. 5.

COLOUR. --BRASS (natural).

~~scgIPl'I~~.
(a) ~e~ ~~s

(See diagram)
of 3 main structural
Actual arming

The fUze ~onsists known but it
~OQ~.

parts: of a
is not in

is

assumed that

it

consists

assembly

spindle threads secured
tached. vanes Two p~onged which

fitting to the in the head of in a vane boss
must holes The fUze rotate in the head clockwise fUze

striker cup, then engages the fuze and is finally which has arming vanes atis threaded to raise are so that the the spindle. for ppong or a 3-

head

probably

transit would rit

sarety into

fork, the vane

the third boss.

The threaded hole in the side of the 1"I1ze head is probably for a safety screw to engage in the s~indle

2.11

1.

-2 -

6.

ACTION.

On release of the container from the aircraft the arming vanes and boss rotate and raise the spindle. Due to pressure of the spring, the steel retaining ball will be forced into the striker cup cavity as soon as the end of the spindle clears it. The striker cup is now free to move and is driven inwards by the compressed spring. The striker needle pieroes the initiator cap and the delay train is finally ignited.

7.

DISPOSAL.
the complete fuze should is disturbed (see NOTE 1) as follows :-

Whenever possible, be removed BEFORE the container Suggested method of removal is

(a) Loosen locking Wrench

ring

with

a-spanner

or Stillson a-spanner by remote

(b) Unscrew fuze only a partial turn with or Stillson Wrenoh and complete removal control.
NOTE 1 :Canisters release collapse

which have failed to separate and the bombs in the air will probably on impact and the heavy nose, if

still
tainer.

attached,
The

may be driven
condition of the

into

the coninside

bombs

may not be lmO\'ffi.

E IN C .,

AM F.

BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICALINSTRUCTION.

GAINES,

BOOSTER SYSTEMS -JAPANESE

Boms

LA)

-EXPLANATO~

1.

DETONATING SYSTEMS.
detonating a burster the sequence set out

The JAPANES~ systems for charge generally follow in principle in BDTI D/20/27, para 4. 2. TWO SYSTEMSIN US_~.

Two distinct of NAVY and AR}~ design features are -

systems have been identified respectively. Distinguishing

as

(a) Na Desi -known as a "STANDARDGAINE" employs a standard type container to house ALL eX:{) osive constituents of a fUze (but see NOTE 2 below). The
container of the is fuze screwed hand tight into the main body

(b) wh dividUally

-kno,m as a "BOOSTERASSEMBLY" in ts of the sys em screw or fit into the main body Of the fuze

NOTE 1 : -Hence in 2 (a) above, unscrewing of the Standard gaine separates all explosives fran the
striker mechanism, components must be diszmntling fuze. NOTE 2 : -~;x~~~!on initiator but in removed 2 (b) the individually various when

-D.2 &erial in the fuze

fuzes body.

incorporate

an

3.

YARIATIONS WI~HIN THE SYSTEl1lS.

The £'unctions of components employed in both systems are identical though the number and design of canponsnts usecf are varied to suit the purpose for ",-hich a particular bomb is intended. Such variation is mainly concerned with the time lag desired between initiation of the initiator and detonation of burster charge. TABLE 1 shows the relation between TIME: LAG and PURPOSE BOAm. OF (B) 4. TAB
herein -

-USE

OF TABT..ES AND DIAGR~ consti tute a ready
and Component are summarised and

means for Parts. Particulars contained canpiled in the following fonn

(a) TABLE 1 -Relation Banb (0) TABLE 3 -Types their components (d) TABLE 4 -Types their components

between Tim

Lag and Purpose of
Plugs in Use,

(b) TABLE 2 -Types of, Standard and their £'unctions

Gaine

of Standard of Booster

Gaines

in Use,

and

Assemblies

in Use and

Z-'7

-2 -

5.

~ESIGNATION OF TYPE sYSTEMSAND COMPONENT PART§.
(a) For nated convenience, by SER NOS. these are Japanese temporarily designations desigare also

given where (b) For clarity,

la1O'Nn and to simplify classification-

(1) A KEY or common SER NO is given to each particular Standard Gaine or Booster Assembly and its component parts (ii) This SER NO denotes the purpose of use of the bomb and is derived from TABLE 1.
(c) Examples:

(i) '!Standard
the burst (ii) tetryl

Gaine Detonator
filled detonator

SER 1" refers
of a Standard

to

Gaine used in a Navy f'uze to obtain

a surface

"Booster Assembly Detonator SER 4" refers to the detonator used in the Booster Assembly of .Army f'uzes such as A.2(A), A.2(C) or A.4(A),

in a bomb where choice
action (iii) and fi'actional Gaine of it will "Standard tional From the delay above

between instantaneous
delay is refers desired to a complete

SER 3a" 0.014 be

Gaine used in a Navy Fuze to obtain
secs.6. seen that

a fi'acare com-

Tables

plementary,
standardise

and if
a quick

read

inter-alia

with

relevant

FIGS

means of

identification.

(cl7. f'uzes, The viz

liAVY
Standard -

srANDARDGAINES
Gaines are

-DESCRIPl'ION
units (see

self-contained

para 2 (a)

above) and are interchangeable
B.2 A.1

with
A.6(A).

all

NAVY

jA j
A

',

B.2 A.3

!

A B

j
.

, '

B.3(A). A.3(B),

0.1

D.2 A , D.2 B , D.2(0).
Type
these Standard

,0.2

A

NOTE

3

: -Navy
of type

Cluster
may employ Gaine

bom1:s
a (e.g.

are
small 1

excepted.
edition Kg H.E. of banb).

Some
SER 1

8.
(a)

Canponent

parts

are

as

follows-

CONTAINER, N~~3ay-Iacquered

of

tinned a

high greenish

strength yellow,

brass which

(see -

(1)

externallY having para 7 a (see standard

1s

of

standard male thread It has

shape to a fit painted

and

size, fUzes or of

FIG

I).

plain lay

tip, period

the of

colour the

denoting particular

the gaine

slight (see

deTABLE

3)
(ii) date TABLES internallY the 1, desired 2 and 3 the design combination and FIG III) is varied of plugs to acconnno(see

NOTE3a

: -An is

exception made of steel.

is

the

blue

tipped

Gaine

which

-3 (b) ~ (see FIG III) of tinned high strength brass which contain the explosive constituents leading up to detonation of the booster. These are located in the container in order from the top as follows:(i ~ Initiators (ii Delay Trains (iii Detonators
~sorewea

..Slip

in and staked) fit) Screwed in, or slip fit) and fUnctions
consists of a PICRIC ACID, end fits flush other end is tip.

TABLE 2 lists explosive constituents of various types of Plugs.
(c) BOOSTER PELLET (see FIG II). This cylIndrical plug of pressed powdered covered with waxed paper. The flat with the underside of detonator, the rounded for a snug fit in the container

Lengths vary with type of gaine, weights ranging from 27 gms to about 36 goos. Stuck unsymmetrically on the rounded end may be a small piece of cotton fabric about t-in diEm red or \vhite in colour. 9. Gaine TABLE 3 and FIG III lists recorded up to DEC 43. and illustrates type of

D

DESCRIPTION
components are

-ARJ,!':[ BOO

.

ES -

J.O.
brass

COMPONENTS.
The various and ccxnprise constructed of

(a) Initiator, a cylindrical shaped copper cap containing a detonant and flash poY/der. The cap usually fits into a plug which is positioned within the main fuze body immediately beneath striker point (b) Delay Train Plu~ (when used) which contains flash powder and the pyrotechnic delay composition It is usually cylindrical in sha~ and is normally positioned beneath the initiator (see NOTE 4(b) below) (c) Detonator, of tubular shape and varying length. It has a male thread for screwing into fuze body and is positioned beneath (a) or (b) according to whether induced delay is incorporated or not. It is screwed hand tight, but is securely stake~. Consti tuents are normally (i) (ii) Gunpo\'!der to build up flash Either Lead Azide (immediately beneath the gunpowder) and Oyclonite, OR Mercury Fulminate and Tetryl.

(d)

Picric Acid booster pellets, oonsisting of a long soTfaiCylindrrcarpellet of pressed powdered Picrio Acid, and a short ring pellet of the same explosive into which the detonator fits. The booster may be incorporated either in the f'uze or the bursting charge (i) In some fuzes the booster pellets are contained in a brass tube having a female thread whtch screws on to the f'uze body. This is normally hand tight

1."

-4

(11) Booster pellets which are NOT enclosed in a brass tube, slide into a pocket formed in the bursting charge. When the fuze is screwed into the bomb, the detonator fits into the short upper pellet as before. Conversely, on removal of fUze, the picric pellets do NOT withdraw but must be eased out separately.
NOTE 4 .(a) Fuze booster
(b) ring Fuze is

.

C.3(A)

has

a large
an

d1am brass

cu1>-shaped

B.l(B) is incor1>orated

exce1>tion. in fuze

body

A delay train and receives

flash
(c)

from initiator

horizontally
booster in the solid cylindrical fo~

Fuze B.5(A) has a cyclonite of a ring ~llet and a short

1>ellet

which are both contained

in the bomb.

COMPLETE ASSEMBLIES.

See TABLE 4 for
(a) a1>1>ro1>riate

lists -

SER NOS which

(i (ii (iii (b)

}

all 1>resent known Booster Assemblies com1>onent 1>arts fUzes in which incor1>orated BIYl'Is in which the 1>articular Booster

relevant

DRAWINGS.
(E)-

Assembly and its

Fuze are illustrated

by SCALE

REMOVAL AND DISMANrLING OF GAINES AND BOOSTER ASSEMBLIES

12.

CAUTION.
~fhen dealing with fUzed bombs that have point
opening likelihood caps must the Initiator. the edges of of striker :points being always be-b6i'ne~iiifna.-

failed to explode the embedded in Initiator is moved relative to

Ari-expIosfonfs-arways-a-possibility or gentle withdrawal may grind
of the explosive against and so cause initiation.

when a striker
Even slow

rotation

or crush flaked
the pierced

particles

13.

PROCEDURE.
(a) When the banb is to be destroyed in situ, the

fUze should be blown up with (b) When it
plete except (e.g.

the bomb a bomb, the
intact fuze

is neoessa~

to defuze
be for

com-

fUze assembly should as may be laid down Serial C fuzes)

destroyed a particular

(0)

When it

is

neoessary

to

strip

a fUze

for

any
cercap,

special
oonstantly tain that procedure

reason,

the warning

in para 12 must be
Unless absolutely clear of initiator -

borne in mind. striker point is will be as follows

NO attempt
Gaines, point
(i) as

should
interfere

be made to remove Standard
with unless any part of a fuze

or

to

so as to cause relative
and initiator,
a neutralizing described

movement betvleen striker
been injected

in

agent has first para 14 or-

(ii)

dismantling of parts done by remote control.

dangerous

to

move is

11.

-5 14. INJECTION OF NEUTRALIZING AGENT. (a) KEROSENE has a deadening
compositions, (b) It can be provided injected Luting or

effect
can,

on in1 tiator
can be and if ensured access

saturation by an oil suitable with

can be facilitated by careful removal of a screw, or other fuze component safe to move, this should
be done. plastic kerosene. SER 6) material

should
the (ref fuze

be used to
being filled

stop leaks
para 4,

and ensure

voids
Similarly

in

a leak-proof

method o~ injection

may be improvised

BDTI E/22/27,

(c) After treating T\VOHOURSshould
ceeds. practicable This up

as in (b), a periOd of AT LEAST elapse before dismantling probe if extended possible wherever

period should to 24 hours

(d) WARNING: -Although
garded as foolproof. as to penetration of same sensitive the circumstances.

saturated

initiator

composia re-

tions have been successfully hacltsaw, neutralization must

sectioned with by NO means be

Apart from of the kerosene, compositions is Hence observe

the uncertainty the behaviour not reliable in strict caution

and p:uard a~ainst 15.
SYSTEM&.

careies~!1es~.

mSPECTION OF COMPONENTS DISMANTLEDFUZING OF Before destroying
with they cotton be route detailed should wool

these

should

always be exissued. with a material If referand

amined and compared any appear to differ ence tag, packed in

information be labelled or other soft AND a copy of despatch

despatched
tion. separately

through
will

Engineer

channels

to E in 0 for

examina-

A report (adding

enclosed, and means

forwarded of specimen)

Al\'/ays state size and type of bomb and fuze covered, also place and date of dropping. ~ : -Strippin~ Improvised
threaded screwed picric

from which re-

ot: Standard 2-~in tools
(initiator tight. pellet plugs in very booster

Gaines: are required to remove
is staked) which are Slip-fit plugs and no~ally slide out easily.

Lilt

-6 TABLE 1 -TIME LAG AND PURPOSE OF BO1,m

BERNO
to detonatinS'

(Key

TIME LAG OF

PURPOSE A(,'TION Aohieves "sur-

OF

BOLm

system)
1

DETONATING SYSTEM
[Minimum time lag

OBJECT
I

possible
of fUll

detonatin;{!

by use

i

faoe burst"
little or no

with

Blast and i'ragrrentation

.1nit1ator cap Referred to as
'Improved

(only Instan-taneous") small

~netration

; danlage

forms and shal-

loworater)
2

aot1onal time lag inherent with f"lash type in1tia tor cap used (Referred to as

Permits penetration

limited

and :trag.
et'f'ects

(a) Less blast
than

"Ordinary In-

stantaneous")
3

SER 1 (b) Demolition o:t light constl9Uctions.

a and

(a, b,

t

d)

vidual
!see

sea (For
TABLE

layS -Less

fractional values
3)

than penetration 1nSER 2
!

Permits

more than

(a) Crate ring damage

(b) Demolish structures more than 1 storey (o) Underground installations (d) Shipping

4

-Ranges from timelag
of SER 2 to short delays ofup to 1.5 seas

and 3 -

As in

SERS 2

and 3 -.

As :for SERs 2

(according to time setting)

\ according to time setting)

5

3hort delays : about 9 seas)

Action delayed, e.g. to allow low-flying air-I craft to get

Aa f'or

SERa 1,

I

i

2 and 3 (b) and!

(d)

clear

NOTE 5 : -Long fitted

Dela.v Fuzes and some Aeri~ With SERs 1 or 2 Detonating

Bur~t fuzes Systems.

are In-

duced delays are obviously NOTneeded.

Selective IInduced

-7 TABLE 2 -PLUGS GAINES CONTAINED IN STANDARD -(NAVY) -~-

(REFER TO FIGS III

and IV)

SER

NO

VIDE
,TABLE 1

EXPLOSIVE CONSTITUENTS

FUNCTION

(a)

INITIATOR

CAPS

(b)

-DELAY

TRAINS

(0)

-DmONATORS

NOTE~: -Up
3.111

-

to date,

all

above have had right-hand

threads

I

-8 TABLE 3 -TYPES OF STANDARD GAINES -(NAVY)
(REFER TO FIG IV) i SER NO I
T A:RLR 1 EXPLOSIVE JAPANESE COLOmt

vide 1

Vide

COMPONENrS

TABLE 2 Cap Ser 1

(Translations)

DESIGNATIONS

TIP

OF

Initiator

I "Type 92 Land Use Bomb Fuze Improvement 2. Fuze cap explosive M26"

None

2

Initiator

Cap se~

" Ty pe 96

II

None

3(a)

Detonator Ser 2 Piorio Booster Initiator Cap Ser Delay
I Detonator P1orio

"Temporary

nWM Type

Brown

Train
Ser Booster

ser3?a~
3

99 Ordinary Special Bomb Fuze C. Fuze cap explosive M26"

Initiator

Cap Ser
3

3(b)

Delay

train

Ser

3 (b)

explosive

"'rY:pe 97 Land Use Bomb Fuze B. Fuze cap

Red

M60"

Detonator
3(0)
I

Picric Booster Initiator Cap Ser 3
Delay Train se
3

Ser 3

t

"Type A
I

97 Land

Use Fuze

Green

3{d)

Detonator Ser Picric booster Initiator cap Ser Delay Train ~e7d)
3

c)

Fuze Cap explosive

Wi"

"Temporary name Type 99 Bomb Fuze A. Fuz e cap explosive li121"

Blue

Detonator Ser ~ Picric Booster 4 Initiator cap Ser
4 Delay Train Ser 4 Detonator Ser 4

!'TypeNo 15

None

Picric

Booster

NOTE 7 :-

Up to

r. h. thread.

date

all

seines

screw

into

fUzes

wlth

a

I
I

-9

-\ ARMY )

~ABLE 4 -~~~ng;f;T~gQSTJ;;¥_~~EMBLIES &m
COMPONaTTS

F:~~ IN -Bm'I

REFNO

COMPONEl'1T
PARTS

-INQaRPORATED(F~I' DraWin~S) EMPLOYEDSER 1- (VIDE TABLE 1)

SER 2 -(VIDE

TABLE

1)

SER 4 -(VmE

TABLE

1)

SER

5 -(VIDE

TABLE

1)

B.l(B)

B/7/105

Initiator cap Delay Train Ring (incorporated in fuze body) GunpC1Nderrelay (screwed into detonator) Detonator Booster Tube right-hand threads have been used.

~OTE 8 : -Up

to date

all

.z~s:

JAPANESE

STANDARD GAl NES
USE -TYPE

NAVY AIRFORCE
BOMB

FUZES

REFER EINC.BDTI

B/10/93

EJ~~

SERIAL

5

CONTAINmI

HAS

~

---~~~~:~=~==

3 SLITS liPPOSITE

DIAllETRlCALLY

I ,

-, -

il,.

.

16 T.P.I

RXC!3S

fi!AlJ.OW M"NtJI.AR

MARKINaS

TYPICAL JAPRlF.sE ~ U~AIJ. y GIVn;G:PLACE OF MANU~ACTURE

WRmICE n.AT8

TYPE NU!l\BE:R LOT r.1JMBE:R DATE OF MANU~ACTURE
NAVY ~L (ANCHOR SIGN)

~ ,
..

'"

T
ELEVATION
J'ITS

i BLU .
SD

TIP PLAIN, OR PAINTmJ BROWN. RE GREDj OR

TAB-I 3

TYPICAL

..

SER~

SERTGAI"N~

FITS

ElG~

SKItT-mN1

am> OF WlnTK

COLOam>CO'l"rCJI /FABRIC BOB~ ON TIPS

TYPICAL BOOSTER PELLETS

JAPANESE

STANDARD GAINES
USE -TYPE

NAVY AIRFORCE
BOMB

FUZES

REFER E IN C BDTI

B/10/93

FIG. 111,
SHEET

1.

0
~.
INITIATOR

~

~IV. ~c
ASSEMBLED GAINE PLUGS REMOVED

PLAN

PELLI'r

QETONATOR

SER. '2

-ORDINARY INSTANTANEOUS

~.,

SCALK D

Dalla

JAPANESE

STANDARD GAINES
USE -NAVY TYPE AfRFORCE BOMB FUZES

REFER E IN C BDTI

B/10/'93

SERS. 3", 3 B -SLIGHT DELAY

E_~l11. SHEET
~2

40
~.
INITIATOR

@O
~

)

:~:. ';:.' :,.

(SOllETnIES

IN ONE pnCE

AS IN

SER 30)

~.
DELAY TRAIN
..~ ~ ,I

~

'j'.j-

;- --~m:JI~~
0 .0 m.EV.
DETONATOR
PELLET

.';:; :(ciI" 'PICRIC ASSEMBLED

aAN

GAINE

PLUGS

REMOVED

SERs. 3(, 3D- SLIGHT DELAY

/'

&.XV. -IN

ItlATOR (aljiErIlIF.s IN 2 .AS IN 3D 38.)

~

PLAN -

--lIilljl-: \~~~) @ HOLE
~.
DELAY TRAIN

PLAN

'" ~J"
ASSEMBLED

---'Dr
E[.EV .RoAN

~~'
DETONATOR

PELL~

PLUGS

REMOVED

~

~
'PICRIC

JAPANESE

STANDARD GAINES
USE -NAVY AIRFORCE

TYPE

BOMB FUZES

REFER

E IN C

BOT:

El.(ilU
SHEET

3

LOCI:ING aIBG

~

"

&no

;~
:~

INITIATOR DmoAT RIRG

& SELECTOR

~

-~~~IL~]:II} J~~::r:I]~~~~LY!I
!!,!!.
DELAY TRAIN

Eb!!

"'" PIcmc
PnL&T

c::
~.
PLAIi DETONATOR-

ASSEMBLED

~
1

PLUGS REMOVED t
s~

1 ,
nI niCHES

~

3

.21t1

MAGAZINES, FUZE, INCENDIARY BOMB-JAPANESE

INTRODUCTION.
(a) The term "!lL\GAZINE", when us~d in res~ct of' JAPANESE bombs, means the explosive component of a NAVY Fuze used for initiation of certain inoend1a~ bombs

(b) T!:):e ~otion
explosive ignition

of a tAallazine is to initiate
oharge, e.g.

a LOW

hence its use in the fuzing system of s~oh bombs as 60 K~ Type 98 (Solid Oil) and 60 Kg Type 97 (eleotrod) incendiary bombs is all to be the exa
initiated

BLACK POWDER;

(c) ~ ~;Iasa~ine is NEVER useg where H.E. (d) (e) It It is a self-containe~
constituents of

unit,
the

housing

plosive

fuzing

system

oan be screwed into

~

fUze vlhioh will

take
the

Na~ type Standard Gaine (see BDTI B/l0/93), upper portion of whioh it is a replioa.

NOTE 1 : -Specimens
in A.3(A)

reoovered
fuzes only.

to date have been found

2.
(a)

DESIGNATIONOF TYPES.
As for Gaines and Booster Systems, Magazines and

oamponent parts common SER NO.

are temporarily

designated

by a

(b) The particular SER NO is derived from TABLE 1 of BDTI B/l0/93, and thus denotes time lag in the initiating system, which in turn is a clue to purpose of the bomb in vlhioh used. NOTE 2 :Vfuen referring to abovementioned TABLE read fire damage as the ultimate objeot of the bomb and disregard all reference to cratering
(See FIGS I and II)

3.

DESCRIPTION.

Component parts (a)
a dull (i)

comprise high
whioh

:is -

CONTAINERof tinned
greenish externally of

yellow,

strength

brass

lac~ered
hav-

a standard

shape

and size,

ing a standard male r. h. thread into fuzes named in para 1 (e).
(ii) internallY of construction to accommodate the partioular plugs used. in all respects
Gaines they

for

sore,ving

shown in drawings combination of

(b)

INITIATOR CAP PLUGS of high
to
in NOS Standard of \'{hich (BDTI bear.

strength
the
B/l0/93, It is

brass

and
plugs
2), by the

identical
used SER

corresponding
TABLE actuated

piercing of a striker point.

2S'l

1.

-2 (c) DELAY ~~N ~#UG~ (when used) of: high strength brass and identical in all respects to the corresponding plugs used in Standard Gaines, SER NOS of

which they bear (see r,rOTE3).
flash (d) or from (b) high strength BOOSTER PLUGS of (c) above.

Is initiated
brass

by

containing

GUNPOWDER ONLY which is
Function

ignited
is to

by flash
boost flash container fit.

from
to with

(b)
ena

sure

initiation

of the black

powder charge

in the

bomb. The r.h. thread,

plug may screw into or it may be a slip

r,rOTE3 : -Actual

delay

has not been timed,
certain to

but is
part

practically of a second. 4.

be a fractional

TYPES OF 1lAGAZINES RECOVERED TO DATE.

See TABLE I and FIGS ~ and II.
5. DISPOSAL. See BDTI B/10/93,
which should Magazine is be followed with to be nemolished,

para

15,

giving

procedure
in vrhere a a pit

the EXCEPTION that it will be placed

and destroyed
ade~ate safety

by fire,

care being
are

taken to see that

precautions

observed.

T

L

I -TYPES OF lvIAGAZINES REFER TO FIGS I and II

JAPANESE

MAGAIINES, FUIE, INCENDIARY BOMB
USE -TYPE

NAVY AIRFORCE
BOMB

FUZES

REFER E IN C BDTI

B/IO/9'4

FIG.l

SEC. ELXV

PLAR

$E RIAL

I. INITIATOR

ASSEMBLED
MAGAZINE
'm'ICAL DlSCRIPTION ON CONTAINER TYPE: No. & DATE: KARCH 40 PLACb: OF AlANUFACiURI! -KURI.

!&ARK . 2.

.( -""'lfi~J-;~~: , , 1
PmI!'URAnONS GUNPOWDER

//

SEC.m.EV.

~/

...

1

"
sc,u,X IN INCHES

FLASH BOOSTER

1

PLUGS

REMOVED

SER.

-SLIGHT DELAY

El~ll

.z.r.!

E IN 0., AM F.
BOMB DI SPOSAL

TEOImIOAL INSTRUCTION.

JAPANESE AMMUNITION

20

nm

1.
a "safe"

PRELIM~. -=-condition,

Ammunition

or may possibly

of this

type may be encountered
have been fired

but

in

failed to explode, in which case it is then in, a very DANGEROUS state and methods laid down for handling must be strictly adhered to by RAE personnel when called upon to
dispose are 2. of it. '!'he weapons 1n wh1ch this anmun1tion cannon,AA guns and AA/A.Tk guns. is used

aircra.t't

TYPES OF AMMUNITION.

Owing to s1mi:e:ar1 ty in fuzing and construction a typical description applicable to all present known 20 nun ammunition will first be given, followed by tabulated details of the various types as illustrated by diagrams. 3. TYPICAL DESCRIPTION. (See diagrams)
brass of the means at' exare pressed which are case is

(a) C~rtri~e Qase!. These are solid rimless type, a recess providing the traction. The brass percussion caps into the cap chambers of the primers fitted to the cartridge bases. The

crimped

onto

the
there to

shell.
are Types 3 different 97, 98 and sized cases 99 weapons. in use

Note that corresponding

(b) ~ropellant. This is graphited powder in tubular or flake form. (c) ~r_o.iectile~. These comprise body fitted with a copper driving end, the diam. and wall thickness
end being increased and ceive the standard type are lacque~ed different of filling.
(d) for Fuzin~. screwing Fuzes into are of projectile.

nitro

cellulose

a cylindrical steel band near rear at the forward

internally threaded to refuze fitted. Projectiles colours according to nature

brass

having

a

male

thread

At the nose of the fuze a brass diaphragm is secured by spinning over the l1p of the fuze body. Beneath this 1s an aluminium stl'iker pin supported on a centrifUgal bolt and housed at the lower end in a striker gu1de. The centrifugal bolt is looked into the fUze body by a detent and spring; beneath the striker guide is the detonator. Both striker guide and gaine body with a left hand thread. (e) Gaines. short type, lead azide (f) screw into the fuze

Gaines comprise either a long and contain PETN or Cyclonite core On set spring which

or a with a

Action of fuze. tent compresses the the centrifugal bolt

back on firing the debeneath it and releases is then free to fly out

~

-2 radially under centrifugal force clear of the shell

wl;en acceleration ceases. The fuze is now armed and on impact the striker is free to drive into the detonator. For fuze variations see diagrams, Sers

4.

2, 3, 4.
recovered

PRECAUTIONS \VHENHANDLING. Unfired Rounds, such as may be
are relatively from a crashed aircraft,

(a) UNFIRED ROUNDS. safe (b) to handle

mustbe taken (i)
(ii)

FIRED ROUNDS.
To hold horizontal
To tion avoid

In handling

fired

rounds,

CARE

them by the middle or with the nose
jolting or sudden

and keep them slightly dovmward
change of direc-

(iii)
(iv) in

NOT TO DROPTHEM
When carrying, a small box, place not more than 2 shells etc., lined with a soft

material
material. 5.

and separated

by a wad of the same

PRECAUTIONS \'/HEN BREAKING DO\VN.

to break

When it is necessary for some special reason down this type of' ammunition, extreme care and
as the fuze extremelysensitive.

strict Safety Precautions must be exercised components are very delicate and the fillings

WARNING: -Yellow phosphorous incendiary filling vrill burn furiously whe~ EXPOSED TO AIR. The container must NOT be broken down where fire
damage will result.

6.

DISPOSAL.
Normal method of dispqsal
(a) UNli'rRED ROUNDS. (i) (ii) Drown in deep water, or -

should be -

In a safe area, place in close contact in an excavation about 3-ft x l-ft x l-ft deep, but

NOT more than four
tion and destroy

rounds

in any one excavaa filled splinters as

with

a demolition-charge.
the rounds with against flying special

If necessary, cover sandbag as protection (b) in FIRED para ROUNDS. Observing 4 (~) above, either-

precautions

(i)
be (ii)

Drown in deep water,
released until as the

but the round must NOT
hand 6 (a) holding (ii) it is under

water, orProceed

in para

above.

JAPANESE AMMUNITION - 2.0 m.m.
REFER E IN C B.D.T.I. B/II/72

H. E. .WITH

TR.ACER.

H. E. WITH

TR-ACER-

~

c

H.E. WITH TR.ACER.

-SfR1
IUZE Smt.3-

liED :::: :-.BAND
LONG GAINE---= GREENBAED -

YELLOW BAND;-::~ CYCLONlTE --~
DULL BLACK BODY TRACER COMPOBITICJI ~

-

2 LONG ~DIPS ~ PRIIiING COIdPOSITICJISTEEL SrBZW PLUG

(L.H.mREAD)

TYPE CASE ~ -

,I -L

H. E. WITH TRACER

H. E. WITH TR.ACER

.s.E..B.

E

H. E. -INCENDIARY

H.E.-INCENDIARY ga
PUZZS!2l.~ ~

K

H. E,-INCENDIARY
NOSE PI!CZ ~
PElW

SEE.
M

R!DBAND--Lm/G GADiX ---

FABRICWASllm~

YELLOW BAlI)--cra.m/I'r!:

1m)BAND-~
-~~
BRASS DISC -+='.~'t

--'
-I ;i

~

BLACK ---"-~ BODY
!';I,;~
INCDlDIARY
FABRICLONG 3 PAD CRIMPS-"

""

BLACK BODYIN CDIDIART III:rroRl:

KInVU

~

(Nm/-PBOSPHOIlJ5) -

Tn'E 97 CASE-

PROBABLE

mE

V'1 CASE

-:-if

JAPAN ESE
REfER
E IN C
BoDoTo

2() m. m
6/11/72

INC ENDIAR.Y

INCENDIARY
roZE SD.l (LOIIG)-

~

B

INCENDIARY
rum SER.l(LONG)-SHORr GADJ:E

~

D

alOE GAINE--GRmNISI!-1Z11.0W BODY""..J 1Z11.0WPHOSPHOmJS III WHITE BAND ~

YELLOW BODY ~
YELLOW~OSPHORDS DI Al,UJaNIml CAHIS'rmI
PYROTECIINI C JIIrruRE

PYROTmBNIC IIIXWRI-==-+ Jf¥j
TIrr DRIV1NG -BAIID

1m
LEAD SHOT 3 mORT C3D1PS-'-'--

3 SHORr CRDlPS-r
TIn ~~ CASE :i*-

TYPE ~~ CASE

-J-.JtI'J-'..6.-8.

A.P WITH

TRACER

~
JI

A. P -INCENDIARY
SOlT COPPER NOSE

~
I

EITE BODY
BLACX BODY ~

GRm! WHITE BARD BAND
mA<ZR

INCDiDIARr IIIX'lVB-

2 LOliG CRIIIPB-OOIlP08ITI~ CAIlDBOAla> DISC

SILK DISC(L.B.THREAD)

STm. SCRDPLUG~

mm ~ & ~ CASD

2
PRACTICE

WAX -~~:==-Jl DISC
SCREW PLUG TYPE 99 c.sx ~

I\--

ROUNDS

PRACTICE ROUNQ
(EXPLOSIVE)
L<IIGGAIHE FfJZ!

~

SER

SER.3

RmBAHD CARDBOARD (BOL! 15

DISIS~)

m.LOW BARD ~ BARD ---: -

m.ACK POWDSa -

BLA(J( -BODY
2 LONG C2IKPS
TRACER STm. (X)KPOSn'IDB saw PLUG

SJ:LJ'

D~TROYIBG

~

,

TYPB CAS e
Z/y

L,

1

t

0

1
in Inch..

.

,

80al.

-

20m.m.
REF"ER E IN C

B.D.T.!.. 6/11/72

TYPES OF CARTRIDGE CASES

TYPE -97

TYPE -98

TYPE- 99

scale

'-nInohes

--

TYPES

OF FUz.ES
I
NOSEm.OSING DISCSTBIKm! EITENSI~NOSE --ROTOR

~
NOTE:~ION

~

DO1"rEDLINES fiiOW
J'OR fiiORTER l'UZE

2

OJ' SAKE TYPE.

NOSE CLOSINB DISC-STRImi J'UZE BODY -

cmTRIJ'UGAL PIN(SLO=J

STRIKm SPRINQ'LOADm roZE BODY

--

DrrmT

PIN &. SPRIN~

DETDI .::.:::TS~~

STRIKER GUIDE/ GAINE (L.H.'lmIEAD)--

GAIN! (R.H.mREAD)-

~
NOS! CLOSniG DISC--

3 STRIKER GUIDE -

-~
WOODDISTRIKER EXTnISIai STRIKER -

I

~

NOSE CAP-

---~

~ 4

Si1iIKERSTRIDR DETDiT ~
AND SPRING

&,

STRIK!:R DMm'r

IUZE BODY

SCRBWPWG

SCREW PLU~:i::::::::;'"
JUZE BODY L

INITIA1'OR CAPCENTRIIUGAL

GAmE (L.R.'l1IREAD) --

n.ASH SEAL(C.u4 ACTION) ;,,:..~

---

GAIJiE

1
Scale in Incbes

~

CHAP. C.
SECS. 12-18

c
GERMAN BOMBS, AMMUNITION,
Sec. 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: H.E. Bombs Anti-personnel Bombs Incendiary Bombs Miscellaneous Aerial Missiles Fuzes Disposal Techniques Miscellaneous Data.

ETC.

261

CHAP. D.
SECS. 19-20

MISCE:LLANEOUS TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS
D;i Sec. 19: 20: Destruction of Bombs, Ammunition, Etc. General

263

E IN C" AM F.
BOMBDI SPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED

20 DEO43
A HE BOMB BY DETONATION

DESTRUCTION OF
1.
to

\VHENBOMBIS EXPOSE~.
detonate A s~le a charge way of destroying of explosive in a ruzed 1m bomb close contact withis

(a) the barrel 01' the banb, which would be usual END-fuzed bombs (e.g. most Japanese types), or (b) the fuze of SIDE-ruzed bombs if easily accessible, otherwise

for

(e.g. German types) as (a) above.

2.

WHEN BOMBHAS BEENDEFUZ~~.
(a) Detonation of most JAPANESE HE: banbs can be achieved by inserting through the fuze opening a CE primer (or e~iva1ent) in direct contact with the main filling and firing with a detonator

(b) In GERMAN type bombs when the fuze has been wi thdrawn but the picric pellets remain in the pockets (in a dry state), detonation of the bomb can be achieved by inserting a CE primer (or equivalent) in contact v/ith the picric pellets and detonating it. When a filled fuze gaine is available, the bomb can be detonated by inserting the gaine in its picric ring in the fuze pocket and firing with a detonator.

3.
Kg and

~VHEN BOMB IS NOT VISIBLE AND/OR FUZE UNIDENTIFIEJ2.
over If an which attempt is made to blow up a bomb of 50

(a) (b) and the

is the

not

visible, has to not

or been identified, there is a possibility

fUze

bomb fails

detonate,

that it is a CLOCKiVORK type fUze and the clock has restarted. This being so, always assume that such is the case and again apply the usual Safety Period (unless it

is

a CATEGORY A bomb). will be seen that, whenever possible, to uncover the bomb before adopting alternative methods for destroying Entry Method. it is either the

It far preferable of the following banb. (a) HoleQf' (i)

Instances sometimes occur, especially in clay s011s, where the hole of' entry is found to be clear right down to the bomb, the tail fins having remained attached to the bomb and probably crumpled up. In some of these instances it will be poss1ble to place a charge of' explos1ve touch1ng the ta1l cone or near enough to the bomb to cause detonat10n (but see' NOTE 1 and para 4 below) and exploding bomb w1th a charge as indicated in TABLE 1.
not sui table for those bombs cones empty of explosive. of'the type of bomb is there-

NOTE

1

: -This method is which have ,tail Clear evidence fore necessary.

.2""

DEMOLITION OF BOMBS IN DUMPS

1.

OBJEQ.'r..
To safely destroy dumps of bombs with maximum

speed and efficiency.

2.

PRELIMIN~.

When blmling
can ra~ely be in such

up bombs, the demolition
position as the

charge
booster

a favourable

wi th rega~d to proximity to main bomb filling. An exception is when the demolition charge can be placed in the fUze pocltet of the bomb, but normally fuzes will NOT be
removed for this purpose.

NOTE 1 : -The demolition of an individual wi th in BIYl'I D/19/63 NOTE 2 : -To
-ously,

banb is

dealt

demolish

a small

numbe~ of bombB Binnlltanecharges are placed be-

tween the ba11bs.

suitable

oontaot

3.

II];)J:THOD DEMOLISHINGBOllffiS IN STAC~. OF A STACK is defined
in height.
To demolish be taken in precautions a STACK order to are of bombs, special obtain reliable

(HE Bombs)

as a ~ow of banbs one o~
precauresults.

mo~e tiers
tions Such must special

(a) BOJ.'lBS MUST BE IN CONTACT.
stack, whether inone-or-more

All
tiers,

the bombs in a
}lIUST touch

their !!;ei~hbours. Vvhen bombs are gathered and st~oked, aim at "line" oon,taot rathe~ than "point" contact. Same ar~angement may be necessary i'or
bombs having parallel-sided at eaohfTring projecting should point rivet alternate must be
of

heads. head

Bombs not to tail.

(b) CHARGES MUSTBE ADE9llA~.
See TABLE 1 for various oases. quantities

The charge
of requisite
explosive

to be used
power.
required in

(c) LIMITATION OF NUMBER OF BO~JBS IN A STACK. number of bombs in-a-s-tack--shoUld.b~l~i~ed -, ...I , " " ,...

The by con-

-3 TABLE!
CHARGES REQUIRED FOR DETONATING TImOUGH

BO1i1B CASING

BOMB TYPES

VlHETHER FUZED OR NOT

CHARGE

REQUIRED

AND PLACEMENT One 1 oz CE primer (or e~uivalent) in oontaot with barrel of' banb

JAPANESE Small
Cluster Bombs

Fuzed

JAPANESE

GP

Fuzed or unf'uzed Two 1 lb slabs TNT (or
equivalent) wi th barrel in contact of' bomb

Types

JAPANESE
and

SAP

Fuzed or unf'uzed

AP TY1Jes

Four 1 lb slabs TNT (or equivalent) in oontaot with barrel of bomb
One 1 oz CE primer (or equivalent) in contact

GERl.iAN Small
Anti-Pers types

Fuzed or Wlf'uzed

wi th boIIiJ body

GERMAN S.C. (thin wall)
ty:pes

Fuzed

1 lb slab TNT (or e~ivalent) in contact with head of electric .fuze Two 1 lb slabs TlJT (or equivalent) in contact with barrel 01' banb
Tv/O 1 lb slabs TN:: (or equivalent) in contact with head of' electric

Do

(a) Fuze fitted
but (b) inacoessible Unf'uzed

GERMAN SD

Fuzed

types

(thick

wall)

f'uze Do
(a) Fuze fitted
but (b) inaccessible Unf'uzed

Four 1 lb slabs TNT (or e~uivalent) in contact wi th barrel of' bomb

.I.,,)'

E IN C., AM F. BOIIIB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.
-.

DEMOLITION OF BOMBS IN

D~tPS

1.
speed

OBJECT.
and To safely efficiency. destroy dumps of bombs with maximum

2.

PRELIMINAIrf. --

When blm,ing up bOmbs, the demolition charge can rarely be in such a favourable position as the booster wi th regard to proximity to main bomb filling. An exception is when the demolition charge can be placed in the fuze poolcet of the bomb, but normally fuzes will NOT be removed for this purpose.

NOTE 1 : -The demolition of an individual wi th in BmI D/19/63 NOTE 2 : -To
-ously, tween

banb is

dea1t

demolish

a small
contact

number of bombs simul tanecharges are placed be-

suitable the bOlnbS.

3.
more
tions Such

lI1)J:THOD DEMOLISHING;§;QlIn3S STAC~. OF IN A STACK is defined
tiers
must special

(1m Bombs)

as a row of banbs one or preoauresults.

in height.

To demolish
be taken in precautions

a STACK of bOlnbs, special
order are to obtain reliable

(a) B01;IBSMUST BE IN CONTACT. All the bombs in a stac~, whetherin-one-'or-more tiers, MUST touch their neighbours. V(hen bombs are gathered and stacked, aim at "line" oon,taot rather than "paint" contact. Some arrangement may be necessary f'or
bombs having parallel-sided at each firing cases. projecting should point rivet alternate must heads. head Bombs not to tail.

(b) C:H;A,RGES MUST BE ADEQUATE. See TABLE 1 for
various

The charge
requisite

to be used
power.

be of

quantities

of explosive

required

in

(0) LIMITATION OF NUMBER OF BOMBS IN A STACK. The number of bombs 1n-a-~t~~k--sho~ld.'b~' rfiiii~ed by consideration of the estimated blast and fragmentation effect in relation to available cover for personnel in the vicinity. The number of bombs recommended to be detonated together in one stack is given in TABLE 1 below.

(d) SAFETY DISTANCE. MINI}.~ distanoeof
be observed.
(e)

For stacks 1,000 yards

as per TABLE 1, a from a stack should
Several by pI'ima-

DE~iOLISHI~ SEVERAL STACKS TOGETHER. staq!Cs may De D1Own up togetheI' if' joined

cord

or

equivalent

inStantaneous

detonating

fuze.

.:If.7

-2 In such a case; or if' t~esize of' an fn4ivid~al increased.

stack is gre~teopthan thatreconunendedin TABLE 1,
the safety dJ.stance must be suitab:l;y (f') FIRING POINTS. The numbe1' of' firing points em-. ployed depends on the number a:nd type of' bombs. V{hen thJ.ck-v/alled, bombs larg'e'r than 50 Kg a1'e to
be detonated, smaller thin-walled bombs, if' available; should be placed over a row of' the thick... flaIled bombs at the firing points, and the Cha~ge placed bet\'leen th~ thick and thin walled bombS.

TABL:!!:1 gives the number of' firing stacl{ f'or cOllmlon t~'Pes of bombs.

points

pe~

(go) LOCATION OF CHARGES. (i) To obtain the best results the charges must be place4 as described below. The must N~
(i1 be concentrated If the stacks near the bottom a1'e higher than an two or IIddlen tie~s; the h

end.
(h)

charges should be placed below the top tier, and where tV/O charges must be used they a1'e normally placed at one qu~rter and three quarters the length of' the stack measured from one

STACKS MORE TtlAN 50 YARDS APART. If the stacks are looated at distances greater than 50 yds apart boosterein the form of C.E. primers or gelignite should be attached to the detonating fuze at intervals no greater than 100-ft.

NOTE 3 : -When necessary to demolish larger stacks than those given in TABLE 1, the weight of' charge8 used will be as given, but the number of' f'ir~~ .points will be inoreased. NOTE 4 : -The number of' f'iring be points for as ONE PER THREE bombs greater , than 500 Kg should reckoned

~.
NOTE , 5 : -Bombs of demolished weight singly. greater than 1,000 Kg should be

TABr.E1

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.
mSTRUCTION OF BOroRS AJn.'!N 40 m.m.

(Subjected to BombBlast)

1.

FORElVO@.
(a) RAE may be called upon to dispose of a quantity Bofors Ammn40 m.m. which has been subjected to
bomb should (b) Only blast. be in Instructions for the safe handling of

of

such damaged ammunition
STRICTLY the most adhered

is

therefore
to.

given

and
and

exceptional

circumstances

where it rendered
be that taken it

is obvious that the ammunition unserviceable and/or dangerous
and should then be NOT destroyed. until an 1.0.0. has

has been will action
certified

2.

SENSITIVITY The

OF possible

COMPONENTS. effects
~~

of

damage

to

this

type

of

ammunition
lows :(a)

resulting
This to

from bomb blast
might as a be rendered result

are assessed
a of portion little of

as folmore the

Primer. sensitive

shock

detonating
shaken free.

camposi tion
This does

fram the
not

cap having
a

been
source of

constitute

danger
,.

if

a damaged round
Stabilized

is
and

handled
relatively

carefully.
safe to

'-

(b)

Propellant. handle.

(c) the

IS2i~er Primer,

Shell. loose

No

12. CORlposition

Uk

I. in

As the

in

the cap

case might

of

cause careful

an

increase handling is

in

the necessary.

sensitivity

to

shock,

and

(d)

Shell if

FillinS.
constituting

The several
the shell subject sDecial explosion

high and lo\v explofilling are relatively

sives

safe
signs must (e)~.

handled

carefully,
been with

but

ammunition

showing
heat,

of having be handled A nearby

to considerable care. may be sufficient

to

release the armdng mechanism and set free the hanmer and needle. This constitutes the greatest
danger. shutter,

move.

Shock from thus leaving

explosion may the detonator

also pellet

release free

the to

3.

METHODThe OF normal DISPOSALmethod RECOl~EENDED. of disposal
~~

should

be

dump-

ing

in

deep

water. :-

The

following

precautions

must

be

STRICTLY

followed

PreQaut~~.
(a) Hold a damaged round at or near the point balance whilst raising, carrying or lowering. ALWAYS KEEP HORIZONTAL. (b) Avoid jolting, sudden change above all, do NOT drop it. or direction, or

and

127/

-2 (c) Fo~ trans~orting, s~read a layer of sand not less than 6'1 thick on floor ot' truck, separate the rounds and embed in sand to ~revent movement. The number ot' rounds which should be carried in any one tri~ is de~endent on circumstances, such as number to be dealt with, time available, etc., but minimum loadin~ should be aimed at. The back of the driver s cabin should be ~rotected by t'illed sandbags.

(d)

In lowering into water, do not release until the hand is under water.

round

(e) Employ only the minimum number of ~ersonnel.
DISADVANTAGES IN OTHER ME.-rHODS OF DISPOSAL. (a) Destrayin.tt sin~. RecOlIlIllended only it' small ~antities are involved. Destruction singly ot' large quantities means wastage ot'demolition stores, excessive handling and time involved.
(b) ~troYing -~ b~k. Because ta~ering shell case and smallness contact between shells is dit'ficult and ex~losion of all components Excessive handling is involved. the long of sqell, to.obtain, is uncertain. of close

(c) BurYin~.

Not permissible.

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL TECImICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEO 43

ELElvrENTARY

S,AliIETY PRECAUTIONS

FOR

BOI.ffi DISPOSAL

Men are safe (a) In a trench

against

bombs up to 500 Kg :-

80 :f't from the bomb wall, or 2'6" sandbag WalJ., 80
distances must

(b) Behind a 14" brick ft from the bomb
NOTE: -For bombs be doubled. over

500 Kg those

3. Tr."sport ."d pl."t sere dist."ce or behinds

not in usa must be parked st s suitabls intervening structure. from the

4. Excevations which may fall in must be tio;bered the start. TJJnbering o."not be done in safety after sideB Btart to oave-in.

5. CemoufletB. which are und,rground chamberefilled with poieonous gaB, are most liksly to occur with hombs up to 100 Kg, but 0." occur with larger bombs. Remamber thet :(a) A rope, fixed st the top and with the bottom, muBt bs kspt h."ging dation to B'rve aB e life-line a loop tied at in the excav-

(b)

The floor of the excevetion shoUld be frequently probed to Bes if there is e cevity below. Gas hiBBing out of a probe hole or the ,udden peteringout of the track are Bigns of a cemouflet. The NCO in charge of the digging party may use the probe for thiB purpose but must NOT use it in
placeB ,'here it iB likely tha leeB he hoe attanded a Course boo;b ""1 be met in BDisposal. un-

(c) if flet, (d) If

there ie the slightest suspicion of a cemoumen excaveting must WEAR 11fe-11nse a oemouflet ie deteoted,
orders

the exoavation
fran the

will

be quitted RAE officer

until further or NCO

responsible

(e) THE SERVICE IOJSPIRATOR GIVES NO PROTEarION AGAINST THE GASES IN A CAiIOUFLET.
6. pick or Men digging other tool. down to e banb must not hit it with s

'7. othsr

Before work is ster'ed e ech day (thie raters to than CATEGORY bombe) the NCO in char,e of the digA

.llJ

-2 ging p~ty must find out !Pam the pesponsible RAEorrioep
or NaO if, until the when fUze/s the bomb is are exposed. reached, work should continue 8. After c~leting ging party will retire ponsible ~ Officer the work ordered, to a safe distance or NCO arrives and the until takes whole the charge. digres-

9. officer

If, or

during the NOO, there

absence of are obvious

the responsible RAE signs that a Cate~ory
once despatch altered time a mesthe bomb

.:A: bomb is being neared and will be reached ahe-a:aOfliis expected time of return, the NCO or senior sapper in
charge of the digging party will at sage to that Officer or NOO stating is expected to be uncovered.

10. \Vhen exposing fuzes, the earth scraped away from around them, taking
the bomb, or undercut the..ground

must be carefully care not to move
it so causing it

beneath

to move of its

O\yn accord."

11. BOMBSWILL NEVER BE MOVEDUNTIL THE RESPONSIBLERAE OFFICER OR NOO GIVES THE ORDER.12.
V/hen 1t 1s intended of of to destroy a bomb 1n situ, only

sufficient
as 13. to enable

of the body of the bomb will
placement fUze a demolition a bomb is

be uncovered
charge. as being

so
of

When the

identified

OLOCroVORK type

and the bomb is

accidentally

moved, the
orders beis availlistening

digging party must retire to safety and await fore proceeding UNLESS an Electric Stethoscope able on the spot and NO ticking is heard when

with
a fUze

1t.
which

Similar
has not

action
been

should
identified.

be taken

in the case of

14. 'Nhen ordered to "expose the fuze", remember that some types of Japanese bombs are fUz~d at nose and tail,

and that
mediately party will orders of

both ends of such types
on exposing the at once retire the responsible base plate

must be uncovered.

I~

fuze or fuzes, the digging to safety and await fUrther RAE Officer or NCO~ or attached fins will be in-

No fUze,

terfered
Officer

?!i th except
,or Nao.

on the

order

of t he responsible

RAE

E IN C.,

A M F.

BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICALINSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

SAFm'Y ffiFOR

PRECAt1rIONS SUMMARIZED BOMBS OF ANY NATION~~~ for
be

1. Only the minimum number of men required work should be allowed near the bomb.
2. served. Safety Distances as laid down must always

the
ob-

3.
rendering before

All
the

special
safe bomb or is

equipment
disposal uncovered. of

likely
a bomb

to be required
must be on the

for
site

the

4. class

All order

special ready

equipment for instant

must use.

be

maintained

in

first

5. there

Excavations must is any possibility

be timbered that the

from the start '"hen sides may cave in. must laid be constantly do~m in BDTI

6. The possibility of kept in mind and precautions D/20/29, Part B.

a Camouflet taken as

ll
a b ,
iO. fuz, ar A bomb fuzaa must Oav,

'aU8e unne,eaaery vibration Oit tOa banb witO toola, tioWara, j=p into to, ex'avation.
never b'.n be moved ldenti"ied. or disturb'd until

at"
to.

11. N, metOod involving to, appli,etlon ," Oeat "or removing bomb "illinga muat be used on a bomb retaining ,08mi,al long d,lay type fuza, or on a bomb 'ontaining 8temmed -onal "illing. 12. When bomba be 'ontinuoue until

a

are being 't',,"'d-out, tOe pro,eas muet tOe filling ie ,omp"et,"y expelled. i, tou,Oed 'ont"'inated (preferably witO to, bara O,nds part must be w.",,) a' soon a, to tranaone man

13. "'Oen OigO exploeive or eettlea on tOe 'kin, to, waeOsd witO aoap and water pos,ible.

14. '" for any sps,ial r'ason it i, na'a"ary part a fuzsd bomb, "ired """'nition. st,., only aOould ""anpany tOe drlver in tOe lorry.

15.

Safety

Preoautlons

wlll

be stri'tly

ob'erved
bombs Alwaya

during
and d,spla,e

final dispOSal. troying banbs, tOe bomb, et,.,

eapeolally wOan burnlng-out amnnmition and explosiv.s. in an ex,avation.

VoS

-2

1,6.

It
can

must be constantly
be considered safe

borne in mind that no bomb,
until
Q

01'.

etc.,

it

is

finally

disposed

(B)

SPECIAL FOg JAPANESE BOMBS

17. When the bomb is being approached during excavation, and thereafter until it is dealt with, no pressure must be applied in the inmediate proximity of the bomb as might be transmitted to and cause a sensitive fuze to function.
18. bomb after Power it tools should not has been located be used ?li thin by probing.19. 2 ft of the

When attempting to expose a fuze in the end of a bomb which is slanting, remove only sufficient earth for the purpose, taking care not to undermine the bomb and so cause it to slide.

20. Before a bomb is moved or disturbed, the fuze or fuzes should first be rendered safe for handling by the method laid down for the particular fuze or fuzes found fitted. 21. Bombs should be defuzed before being brought to the surface unless there is a strong reason for acting otherwise.
22. When a fuze is extracted from a bomb the complete fuze assembly (including gaine, detonator or booster) will be destroyed remote from the filled bomb or expelled filling. The parts must not be separated unless there is special reason for doing so.

23.
it is clear gaine,

If

it

is necessary

to strip

a fuze

assembly

and

not absolutely certain of the initiator cap, detonator or booster (a) the fuze has sive neutralizer, first or
parts

that the striker do NOT attempt to unless been treated with
to

needle is unscrew the an explois done

(b) dismantling of by remote control.

dangerous

move

24. Never employ the burning-out method (especially where damage will result from an explosion) unless absolutely certain that the bomb filling is of a type which will not be instantly detonated thereby.

E IN 0., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

PRECAUTIONS WHEN HANm.ING EXPLOSIVES

REFERENCE. 1. (a) PRECAUTIONS If high

Refer

BIYl'I

D/20/57. SKIN filling DISEASES. fram

AGAINST explosive
~-~

-~---

bombs

and

mines

is

handled contact system if so,

for with (especially it may

any the

length akin, through produce Skin

of it

time may cuts be

or

allowed introduced and scratches)

to

came into and, or cause contrac-

in the

severe diseases of most

indisposition are Japanese very easily bombs if

dermatitis. ted tions from are fillings

precau-

neglected.

(b)

If hands wards the must handling. whenever and

DRY and with handling be

explosives forearms soap and extends repeated Rubber possible at

are must water over frequent gloves and the

handled be a washed (preferably period,

whilst

cold, w~). washing during should be

the afterIf as above the worn

inDnedlately

intervals as gloves issued

thoroughly

washed

dried

afterwards.

(c) or

Infection bombs whilst when handled "HOT". fragments and

may (especially

be

easily some gloves

contracted Japanese should exploded not to inhale

when types) always bombs t'wnes.

fragments are be are handled worn

Rubber of care freshly taken

being

(d)

When gloves gloves tection. tion mucous lungs, nature. cleaning worn Care other dried the where if to

banbs anti-gas (housewife

are

being should pattern) and

steamed-out, be worn. do Anisol have not an and

rubber Ordinary give erfect nose, painful

boots rubber adequate in upon and and on the the

and

proaddi-

Hexanite being membrane and In of the be are of poisonous, of

especially,

the an

mouth extremely

harmfUl during MUST space. and be

steaming-out apparatus work taken is to later, being see

operations the done that are As an added in the thoroughly precaution, up carried wind respirator a

and

closed respirator

must anti-gas

equipment

cleaned locate of out. the site

and

arterwards. boiJ.er, the wherever operation is

possible, being

(e)
and

Contact
hands

between
MUST is be

hand
washed

and
if

.t'ace
food

should
is taken

be

avoided
before

steaming-out

completed.

(f)

Splashes clothing should be

of

wet

explosive and as soon any as

should part possible.

be

wiped

off

inDnediately washed

contaminated

(g) ate

For (1

vlashing teaspoonful to in soap. each

any

part to 1

of pint

the

body, or warm

sodium water) should

bicarbonis be pre-

ferable carried

Sodium sterilizing

bicarbonate lorry.

(h)

When above

steaming-out must be taken.

mines,

rigid

~ecautions

as

(i) any the

Medical skin skin

attention irritation is noticed.

must or a

be deep

obtained yellow

immediately staining of

%77

-2 -

2.

SAFElY DISTANCES. c-.

Filled bombs (and fillings extracted from them) may detonate if they reach a detonating heat, either applied externally or from their own heat. Some types of explosives do so more readily than others. Full safety distances and precautions must always be observed when bomb fillings are being burnt in the open and when bombs are being burnt out. These rules should be impressed on all ranks and steps taken to ensure they are observed.

3.

BURNING EXPLOSIVES.

The greater the ~antity of explosives burnt at anyone time, the greater is the likelihood of detonation. For this reason, no more will be burnt at any one time than the quantities laid down in BDTI D/20/57 for explosives specially m~ntioned as able to be burned.

4.

BURNING WASHED-OUT EXPLOSIVES.

H.E. filling which has been expelled from a bomb by steaming-out or washing-out process must not be allowed to soak into the ground. Corrugated iron or other iron sheeting must be placed in the bottom of the pit or trench and the resultant mass (subjeot to para 3 ) burnt in situ the $amed&. A gaine or magazine must never be destroyed by the use of an explosive charge in the neighbourhood the whole or any portion of the expelled mass. of

E IN C., AM F.
BO},tB DISPOSAL TECmaCAL INSTRUCTION. PREOAtJl'IONS USE OF STEAMING-oUT EQUIPM!i:m' IN

1.
2.

REFERENCES.BDTlsE/21/109. D/20/62.
A -i'iIiEN STEAtlING-O1Yl'PLANT MUSTNEVER BE USED
ClOOi!IC.\L LONG DELAY FUZE§. or Bombs having Long Delay Fuzes of the &\CETONE ot~er c~crCAL type should NEVER be steamed-out
that heat vastly increases the rate of the

CELLULOID
for the chemical

reason action.

3.
the

GERMAN 17 Type
S~evens t Unless Stopper

FUZES.
of this BDTI type have E/23/87) been bombs irnmunised fitted with by

fUzes (refer

same should
melting the

NOT be steamed-out
detent pellet

as there
starting

is

danger
the

of heat

and thus

clock.

4.

STEMMED A},1rl!ONAL FILLINGS. Bombs containing stemmed AL1MONAL fillings
possibility ammonia (by

must acof

NOT be steamed-out on tion of a heat sensitive

account of the compound of

of formathe action

of moist
tion in

ammonia nitrate
the soil).

and aluminium,
BDTI

or by bacterial
for renloval

such fillings).
5. lowing

and ~NT (see

D/20/117

(B) -SPECIAL
To prevent procedure building must be

PR3Ci'-,.UTIQNS
high :temperatures, the fol-

up of adopted

(a) STE.A}.{PRESSURE (at Boiler must NOT exceed 50 lbs per
(b) Th~ Qo~ completely must be uncovered UNLAGGED,

end of sq-in
and

Steaming-out

!rose)

wherever

possible,

6.

Lm'iGT!r OF HOSEEMPLOYED. -This must NOT be less than 18D-ft.

7.
the filling

OONTlNUI'l'Y .
'l'ne steaming-out is completely process expelled. must be continuous until

8.

PICRIC FILLINGS.
For special LCJprecautions see BDTI D/20/62. BOMBSFILLED YvITH SEPARATELY WR.,\PPED BLOCKS using standard hose e~ipnlent as desis NOT satisfactory with bocdbs of
of the wrapping material such fillings come under emtrIo

9. cribed

Normal procedure in BDTI E/21/109

this type ~loyed.

headings: (a)

due to clogging action Methods of removal of

B~s~~D!a!e described

in

~~~ BDTI

b~~~, D/20/117,

~rocedure and-

in

which

case

is

(b) Non...]3ase-Dlate tvne bOlMS(v/hioh cannot be dismantled). --'.!,'h~semay-bedea1tVrith described in para 10 in be10vr. an emergency as

~19

-:3 I IPROVISED~m STE ,ID:rG-OUT..\T'i'AC ,!Elf].

(a) CAUTION: -This roothOd is NOT sui table for use in an excavation Md must only be used on b0l11bs which, fer same reason su~riciently important to justify the use of this method, must be dealt "lith by the steaming-out technique. (b) The improvised:.attachment should c<X!lprise the

following
(i) Short Albany with

(see sketch
length TY1>e Y pieoe ot' couplings ot' the with-

beloYl) :steam hose (A) fitted end hose, with (D), one main steam connecting the other

connecting

(ii)

A short a Vapour

length Nozzle

of steam pipe (D) and a Nozzle

(0) fitted Valve

with (E).

Bind

on Wooden Grip

E

I
I tII

C-ii'" bore
? ",',:, '\' -.

I----~~;~--~~=~~~~~~:~r -0"
D -l2"x or '", ,', , , " ,~ i" \, ,

BOT TO S~E (0) Procedure
ing

Length 12"x i"
:protective must vrear full
goggles

Substitute

Straight

is

as 1'ollo,{s

(1) The operator
including

cloth-

and g~oves.

(ii) (iii)

Ire nIUst worlc on the upviirid side

of the bomb.

The steam pipe jet is inserted through tlw trepanned hole, and/or fuze pocket, and the filling broken do\'nl by the action of the ste!lrl. and soda solution, 'will be ejected b;lr the pressure. From time to til.le virapping material fran the explosive must be removed by hand using a
wooden rod, during which operation the jet of

steam viill
(iv)

NOT be in action
precautions except that for

on the bomb.
apply as for northis operation

The same safety mal steaming-out,

cannot
its

be performed
use

by remote control. NOTE 1 below).

Hence

restricted

EMERGENCIES only~'vide

sub-para NOTE 1.

10 (a) above,"l:lnd

~.

REf1r1i.ICTED USE OF ATTACmIiEN'T DESCRIBED IN PARA 10 The only oircumstance (other
which

t ban that
this

of

para

10

(a)

above),

under

attachment

may be used, is if standard eqpt is NOT available, breaks dO\'m or parts are defective, and the work is of so urgent a nature that steaming-out rIlUst be atternQ)ted rri thout delay.

10.

E IN c.,

AM F.

BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.
PRECAUTIONS WImN TREPANNING AND STEAMING-oUT

PICRIC FILLINGS -(Provisional)

1. 2.

REFERENCES: BDTIs E/21/109, D/20/31, D/20/117. WARNING.
(a) A proportion of JAPANESE (and FRENCH) bombs are filled with PICRIC ACID explosive in cast (as Lyddite) Or powder form, or with an explosive containing various proportions of PICRIC ACID. (b) Dangerous are :characteristios of this type of filling

(1) During steaming-out, sensitive salts may be formed, vrhich could cause whole or part1al detonation (ii) If Picric Acid in a dry condi tion is ground between metal11c surfaces, explosion will result.

3.
ric can

ESSENTIAL PRECAUTION§.
be It has trepanned been found that and stewned-out bombs with filled vrith reasonable pic-

safety PROVIDEDthe following followed :(a) The lubrication of' the efficient and maintained

Instructions
cutter must

are

carefullY

be fully

(b) All surfaces coming in contact with the banb throughout these operations must be kept wet
(0) Before the trepanning or steaming-out units are removed from the bomb, the whole bomb and apparatus must first be flooded with one or more buckets of water (preferably hot water)

(d) While the cutting
water uni t

is proceeding,
to run over

a stream of
the trepanning

should be allowed and bomb body

(e) All picric displaced from the bomb and lodged either on the bomb body or the apparatus must be washed off first by the copious use of water and subsequently by the use of a soft cloth and warm water
(f) All metal surfaces, particularly those of nonferrous material, which are brought into contact with the picric or have picric deposited on themf must be thoroughly washed down and carefully

cleaned after use

(g) Precautions should be taken to exclude dirt, grit sand, etc. from all working parts or rubbing surfaces (h) Steaming-out should. be continuous until the filling has been completely removed from the bomb (i) The site, after removal of the filling from the bomb, should be kept damp until all operations are complete. Any accumulation of p1cI'1C should be destroyed by burning, but this must be done in
small much ~uantities as the chances greater than with TNT. of detonation are

2"

-2 -

4.
(a)

~M~V~QFFILLI!iQ.
To remove the filling, washing soda solution should be introduced into the steam supply. The solution is made up by dissolving 30 lbs washing soda crystals in every 10 gallons of water. About 10 gallons of solution will be needed for a 50 Kg b~b, and 50 gallons of solution for a 250 Kg bomb, ~see NOTE 1 below).

(b)

The

solution
hot by should

is

mixed

in

the

50 gallon

tank

of

the Trepanning
be kept solution

and Steaming-out
injecting be forced steam. into

Plant,
the

and should
soda pipe at

Washing steam

the rate of ten strokes of the hand pwnp per minute !'rom the time the main steam valve is
turned on until the bomb has been emptied. !'rom the The bomb in

picric
will the (c) It will

acid

vlill

not be melted

by the steam but

be broken down and ejected form of a Sludge is be estimated emptied in

that a 50 Kg thin-walled bomb about 1 hour, and a 250 Kg

thin-walled

bomb may take

3-4 hours

(d) Particular oare of these operations

should be taken on completion to see that the hoses are
traces and with

well blown through with pure steam and all of the washing soda removed from the hoses all appliances, as washing soda in contact picric acid forms sensitive picrates.

5.

SPECIAL CAUTION.

Any grinding
faces in a dry condition and almost certainly so

of picric
will if

between metal
to

sur-

tions picric

have to be suspended for any special reason after has been exposed, all surfaces, tool's and implebe cleaned down as stated above before work is

probably lead grit is present.

detonation If opera-

ments must resumed.

6.

ON BOARD SHIPS.

These operations are not normally suitable fo~ application afloat, un~ess the bomb has lodged in such a position that subse<1uent rel1\oval of all ejected picric can be ensured. On no account should picric acid be allowed to find its way into bilges, double bottom spaces. pipes or stop cocks.

NOTE 1 : -The large necessary
as the ejection

<1uantity of washing soda crystals is when steaming-out by remote control
small nozzle.

sludge must pass through the openings of the steaming-out

If

the

jet

method of steaming-out
a weaker God a solution

by hand is
will pro-

resorted to, bably suffice.

EXPLOSIVES USED m

BOMBS

1.

FOREWORD.
It i8

various explosives those responsible (a) Clearly
having posal sensitivity

used in bombs should be appreoiated for bomb disposal in order to understand
regard of the to various

important

~hat

the

Properties

of

the

by

treatment
risk due

laid
to

down for
the relative

dis-

explosives

(b)

Compute

the

probable

danger

from

detonants,

and

(c)

Identify

explosives

whioh may be encountered
notes d~scribe, the ~plosives in so far commonly

The following brief as bomb disposal is concerned, used in aircraft bombs.

LOW EXPLOSIVES -

2.
~

BLACK PO\YD~g.
Appearance: : Ignition f'uz!'s. Shiny or dull black grain and timing in

charges,

f'lash

relaying

mOTECImICS.
Tnese are of' 2 classes :(a) Tnose comnonly called Pyrotechnic delays which are simply black or smokeless powder trains compressed and possibly treated with powdered aluminium or magnesium to vary and control the burning speed
(b) Those and in used Smoke in Flares Signals. f'or illumination purposes,

HIGH EXPLOSI~S

4.
divided

INTRODUCTION.
into High explosives 3 classes :ror use in bombs may be

(a) Initiators, (b) Inte~ediary

Detonants or Primary Explosives or Booster Explosives

(c) Bursting Explosives. The explosive train in a bomb is a series or
steps by which energy is built up to explode the comparatively insensitive burster charge. The usual sequence is as rollovrs :(i) A DETONATOR containing a small quantity or sensi~ive detonant which is initiated either directly by pricking, or indirectly by the flash produced on pricking an ignirerous cap or detonator situated above it

Z'3

3.

-2 11OTEl :- Delays

introduced between the 19n1ferous c~ or
detonator and the detonant.
or BOOSTER EXPLOSIVE
These high initIated by are usually whose bulk the detonator. easily initiated is kept small for

in the explosive

train

are usually

(11)

An

INTERMEDIARY

whichls explos1ves explosives

safety reasons. They are much less sensitive to impact than the detonants but are
more sensitive than (111) below.

(1i1)

A BURSTER CHARGE. Bursting explosives are used as the main filling of bombs and
are relatively insensitive to impact, but are

initiated
intermediary.

by the impulse

transmitted

by the

(11.)

IN~TIATORS.

DETONANTS OR PRn~

E.,{PLOSIVE5.

5.
Chlorate tion of

DETONATING COMPOSITIONS and

CAP COllIPOSITIONS.

Mixtures of Mercury Fulminate, Potassium and Antimony Sulphide with or without the addiGunpowder, Sulphur or Powdered Glass.

Appearance:

Dark or light

grey crystalline

poINder.

Use: As these canpositions ---subjected to shock, either delay trains always pressed into cap. The flash is underlying gunpowder

produce a flash when they are used for igniting or detonants. They are some sort of percussion sometimes reinforced by an increment.

Sensitivity:

Very sensitive flame.

to friction,

shock or

6.

1IUJ:RCURY FULMINATE.

Appearance:
Use : ~!ainly ---becoming
Sensitivit~ :

White grey or brown crystalline
as an initiator in detonators less commonly used.
Extremely sensitive and friction. Will if exposed to flame. Stable Ignites

povlder
but is

to flame, impact always detonate and pressure.

Properties:

except for heat at 160 deg C.

Toxicity:

Extremely poisonous.

7.
~

LEADAZ1DE. AuP6arance : White to buff : An initiator crystalline powder. in detonators.

-3 Sensitivity: Sensitive to flame always of certain pact a striker. of and impact detonation ' but from not im-

Propertie~

: Very stable.

Explodes

at 320-390 deg C.

LEAD STYPmiATm. Appearance: ~ Pale yell~~ to red-brovm orystalline

powder.
: Commonly used, in oambination with Lead Azide, in gaine detonators under GeIman bomb fuzes. : Extremely Chemioally sensitive stable. to flame and impact.

Sensitiv!~~ Properties:

Ignites

at 255 deg C.

(B)

rnTER1tEDIARIES or

BOOSTER EXPLOSIVES.

9.
~

TETRYL (CE -Composition
Appearanc~

Exploding).
or pellets)

: Canary yellow cryst~line powder amorphous granules (pressed into

: Used in pressed form mainly as a booster because of its high detonating velocity and strength. (Sometimes used in Japanese detonator plugs.) Ignites and burns in small quantities but is readily detonated by Lead Azide and Mercury Fulminate
Insoluble boiling in water. water. Melting Does not point melt 129 under Deg C.

Sensitivity:

Properties:

Toxici~~ Remarks:

: Slight.

May cause

skin irritation. the best solvent. also suitable.

Acetone is probably Benzene and alcohol

POWDERED PICRIC ACID.

See para 14.

RDX (Cyclonite.
Appearance:
Use: -small As an

Hexa~en or T4).
finely crystalline appearance..
in 1/3

White chalky

substance
gaines banb).

with
and

intermediary bombs (e.g.

many Japanese Kg H.E. Cluster

Usually in the pressed form. SametUnes used in combination with TNT as a burster. Sensitivity:
Properties:

Acid or TNT.
Insoluble boiling in water.

More sensitive

to

1mpaot than

Piorio
melt 203 under deg C.

water. Does not Melting point

.tel"

8.

4

PET

N (Pentaerythritol

TetranitrateJ. crystalline powder.
in con-

A~earance
~

: Vvhite to greyish

: As an intermediary (e.g. by the Japanese sane shell gaines, and by the Germans in junction with a desensitising wax).

Sensitivity: Propertie~ Toxicity:

More sensitive : Insoluble des C.

to impact

than Tetryl. point 140

in vrater.

IHelt1ng

Not appreciable.

(C)

BURSTING

EXPLOSIVEfJ_8

TNT (Trinitrotoluene]. Appearance:
~

Usual colour

in the bomb is
in cast char~

light

straw

: May be used either (Cast -as a burster

or pressed f'orm. in same US,

Bri tish,
Sensitivity:

Gennan and Italian

bcmbs.)
to burns shock and quietly

Comparatively insensitive friction. If' ignited, in Bnlall quantities.
: Not soluble in water. 76-80.5 deg C. Melts liquid in boiling water. to

~roperties

Mel tinS point an oily

Toxicity:

May cause skin irritation in certain individuals. Inhaled fumes or dust produce a form of' jaundice.
(a) In the open it will burn without detonating ProVIDED that the quantity is NOT more than.would be extracted f'rom a 250 ~ bomb (i.e. 240-275 lbs of' explosive) and thinly spread. When f'illed can be END-fuzed entirely sometime bombs (fuzed) with TNT, the s almost wholly are filling burnt

Remarks:

(b)

out before detonated.

the

initiator

or booster (but

is

(c) Bomb may be trepanned (17) type fuze, if fitted, be inmunised).

a German should f'irst

(d) Bomb may be steamed-out
is NOT chemical softener should steam supply.

PROVIDEDfuze
soap into as a the

type. Soft be introduced

PICRIC ACID (Kn~m as LYDDITE vmen in cast
A"p"Pearance : A lemon Imparts yellovl crystalline a yellow stain to

form).

substance. everything

with which it

ccmes in contact.

13.

-5 ~ : In a bomb, may be used as a booster burster, or both. As a booster it or a is usually

in pressed powder form wra~~d in waxed pa~r. As a burster it may be in {i) preformed blocks of pressed powder, or (ii) cast in blocks, or (iii) cast in the bomb case. In (i) and (ii)

the blocks are usually wrapped in waxed pa~r and embedded in paraffin wax. Sensjtivi Properties: ty : More sensitive pact. -than TNT to direct Melting inhaled.
with all Es-

im-

Slightly soluble in water. point 120-121 deg C. and hamful if

Toxici t:v' : A weak poison
Remarks:

(a) :Forms dangerous netallic salts metals except aluminium and tin.

pecially dangerous with lead and iron. Most metallic picrates are pr1ma~ explosives; note sensitivity of Lead Picrate.
(b) In the open it may be burnt in QUANTITIES NOT EXCEEDING 25 lbs. SMALL Spread

in a ~

layer.

(0) Transport W$T when removing extracted explosi ve for destruction elsewhere.
(d) Bombs Lyddite) filled and with bombs Picric containing Acid (or a picric acid

core, should NEVER be burnt-out tion is p~actically certain.

as detona-

(e) Bomb may be trepanned PROVIDEDmethod laid down in BDTI D/20!62 is STRICTLY follOlved. (A German (17) type fuze, if' fitted, should first Qe inrnunised) (f) Bomb may be steamed-out by method laid down in EDTI D/20/62 and PROVIDED that a chemical type fuze is NOT fitted. Sodium oarbODate should b~ introduced into the steam supply.

HEXANITRODIPHENYLA}.cr~ ~d -T~1:!!*~~.ANISOL. (Abbrev:HEXANITE and ANISOL) Appearance: Distinguishable by its yellow colour imparted Stains the skin orange charge in the and 60% Anisol. intense by the yellow. orange Hexanite.

~

: As a bursting 40% Hexanite

proportion approx May be either bombs in operations between which have the waxed in

(a) Cast in the bomb case (Japanese the sections are cast in separate a felt and cardboard disc inserted fillings on assembly), or (b) In the paper.

form of pressed blocks wrapped in Sometimes ~he blocks are embedded

paraffin wax.

281

15.

6NOTE 2 :A booster, form, is consisting sometimes of a cylinder introduced as a of

this explosive in comppessed powder
tail core in some Japanese 250 Kg H.E. bombs. The cylinder is waxed-paper covered weighs 1 lb 15 ozs and measures 116t" length by li" diameter.

Sensitivity: Properties:
Ioxici_tx :

Slightly

more sensitive

to impact

than

TNT.
Vlill flow at 70 deg C and melts mush at about 80 deg C.
Contact with the skin causes severe titis to same individuals. Inhaled are harmfUl to the mucous membrane mouth and nose and to the lungs.

to a
dermafumes of the

Remarks:

(a) May be burnt in the TNT (see para 13).

open same as for
same as

(b) END-fuzed bomb may be burnt-out for TNT (see para 13).

(c) Bomb may be trepanned (a German (17) type fuze, if fitted, should first be imrmmised). (d) Bomb may be steamed-out
chemical softener type fuze is is necessary

PROVIDED a
No supply.

NOT fitted. in steam

!RINITROANlSOL. Appearance:

(Abbrev:

-ANISOL). substance in

A colourless
pure form. colour is

crystalline

As a burster in bombs, pale yelloVl and has a ory-

stalline ~

appearance.

: As a bursting charge usually in pressed block form (Japanese wrap blocks in waxed paper
with oloth, an outer layer and embed the of cotton-flannelette blooks in paraffin wax).

NOTE 3 : Anisol is also used as a constituent in Hexanite and Anisol. SeBsitivity:
Properties:

About same as Picric
Melts water. to an oily Melting liquid point

ACid.
under 68 deg hot C.

Toxicity: Remarks:

Is poisonous and g1ves'"rise to severe dermatitis in same individuals. (a) May be burnt in the open same as for Picric Acid (see para 14). (b) Burster charges should NOT be burntout. Will probably behave much the same as Picl'ic Acid. (0) Bomb may be trepanned (but a German (17) type fUze, if fitted, should first be inmunised).

16.

-7 (d) Banb may be steamed-out PROVIDED a chemical type fUze is NOT fi tted. No softener

is necessary in steam supply.

RDx.lTNT .
A~~earance : A whitish appearance. crystalline substance of hard

~:

RDX/TNT (approx. 50/50 mixture) may a burster in cast or block form (e.g. 30 Kg H.E. bomb in which tIle blocks paper wrapped).

be

used as Japanese are Wax-

Sensitivity: ~roJ;Jerties Toxicity: Remarks:

About equal : No details. As for

to

Picric

Acid

to impact.

TNT (see para 13). same as for
should fairly

(a) May be burnt in the o~n Picric Acid (see para 14).
(b) Bombs containing NOT be burnt-out certain. as

this filling detonation

is

(c) Bomb may be trepanned. Ge~an (17) type it must munised.
(d) Bomb may be is NOT chemical steamed-out type.

If first

fUze is be imfuze

a

PROVIDED

(e) No dangerous

reaction

with metals.

18.

A]!.OOOL§.

These are a group of explosives containing AMMONIUM NITRATE and TNT in various proportions.

AJ>Pearance : Colour varies
~a ~

according

to proportion:-

b c ~

50/50 -slightly 60/40 -slightly 80/20 -about

lighter than TNT darker than TNT the colour of bro\7n sugar. (same US, British and

: As a burstin~ charge GeI'Inan b anb s )

Sensitivity:

Less sensitive to shock than Picric Acid. Need e f'ftcient inteI'Inediary plosive to ensure full detonation. Softens or melts (depending on oonstitut:!.on) about melting point of TNT.

ex-

Properties:

(Boiling water will melt Ammonium Nitrate readily) Toxicit~ Remarks: : Same as for TNT (see para

TNT and dissolve 13) co~ounds

(a) The mixture forms dangerous with tin and copper (b) The mixture

becanes heat-sensitive

after prolonged contact with moi~ture. Bombs which ha~e been in the ground for so~ time should NEVER be heated.

1.99

17.

8

( c) May be burnt

in the

o~n

same as for

Picric Acid (see para 14)
(d) Will behave much the same as TNT (see para 13) when burning-out ~m-fUzed bombs

( e) Bomb may be trepanned ~OVIDED the method as laid down for PICRIC ACID (see BIYl'I D/20/62) is STRICTLY followed. If fUze is a German (17) type, it must first be inrnunised. (f) Bombs must NEVERbe steamed-out. They may only be washed-out as laid dO?m in BIYl'I D/20/117, para 4.

E IN C., AM F.
BOMBDISPOSAL TECHN"ICALINSTRUcrrION. Dl'HODS roR REMOvmG BOMBFn..LINGS

REFERENCES:BM'I s .
E/SS/37 E/S1/109 D/SO/31 D/SO/49 -Sterilization -Trepanning -Precautions -Precautions of Jap Bombs, Use of Thermit Eqpt. and Steaming-out Plant Des III in the use of Steaming-out Eqpt. when Bandl1ng Explosives

D/SO/57 D/SO/6S 1.
(a)

-Explosive -Precautions FOREViORD.

Fillings in Bombs when Steaming-out

Picric

Fillings

~erm1ssible cases in frOOl a bOOlb are when (i)

W~lch

fillings

may

be

removed

for some reason a bomb, either with or without fUze/a, cannot be moved but must be sterilized where it lies (11) for some sufficient reason it is NOT desirable to destroy the bomb by blowing it up (iii) salvage of bomb cases and/or fuzes, and samples of' filling are required for research or other necessary reasons

(iv)

training

purposes.
s for e in acas set

(b) Vlhen it is necessar to remove bomb fillin reasons stated above, method adopted should cordance with a number of governing factors

out in TABLE 1. I~THODS OF REliIOVALAND FA~ORS AFFECTING REMQVAL
2. TABLE 1 lists the approved methods and conditions under which each method applies. AnY method involvin~ the application of heat must NEVER be usedonao-OOlo retaining a chemIcal long delay type fUze, or on a bOOlb containing a stemmed ammonal filling.
to in The following Col 2 :methods are described in BDTIs referred

SER. SER. SER. SER. 3.

1 2 3 6

-Trepanning -Steaming-out -Steaming-out -Burning-out

and Steaming-out through a base filling with i~rovised eqpt. with therm1t.

hole

~~~-~ _;_SIMPLE1!ETHODS FOR BOIIIBSHAVING DETACHABL~ SECTION_S.

As a general rule, DEFUZED bombs having easy detachable sections (i.e. removable base-plates, or nose pieces) should be dealt with simply by unscrewing the detachable portion and then applying steam (or boiling water) externally around the metal of' the separated portions with the object of softening the outer skin of' a cast f'illing or, in the case of' block fillings, the paraf'fin wax packing, and so permitting the mass to drop out or be eased out. If'the mass fails to COOle out easily then methods (a), (b) or (0) below should be employed. Samettmes a base-plate or a nose section is difficult to budge. In this case a steam jet played on the bomb casing all around near the thread ivill soften the luting or cement on the thread.

.%.,/1

-2 Test from or section time to time with a wrench to see if the plate is eased in order to ensure that no more heat

is employedthan is necessary.
guiding
possible. (a) Cast fillin~s. Expel

In applying heat, the
down as low as
or meltby steaming-out

principle

is

to keep temperatures

inSFOu~1;helexplosive by suspending the ~ortion of the bomb in a drum of boiling lno fire under)
(b) B 00 fillin s in or dismantled by melting-out sections. the under)
type blocks. bombs,

separated water
Expel

by means of a je
hand attachment,

of steam us ng an portion
fire water
in

rovised
explosive

by suspending
a d~
(c) Block force to

the separated
(no
base-opiate complete

of the bomb in
using

of

boiling

fillin~s push out

the

ward, then playa jet of steam all round the bomb body to soften the paraffin wax packing. Through the nose fuze
only with the flat end

Temporarily wooden plug,

plug the nose fuze opening with tilt the bcrnb with nose slightly

a up-

opening

exert
rod

firm
of

pressure
slightly

of a wooden

less

diameter

than the fuze

opening

(a broom handle
and eject the If the blocks do the nose open-

is suitable) against the end blook blocks through the base opening. not budge or move with ease, re-plug infI and repeat the steam operation.

ON NO ACCOUNT must the banb be subjected
blows, ended 4. the blocks tapped wooden ram used. out or other than use

to
a flat-

S~5~-JMPROVISED WASHING-OUT (For having STEMr.rED IJ,IJ,IONAL fillings.

on bombs

STEMMED Al,1MONAL fillings
out (see BDTI D/20/31). Provisional

must NEVERbe steamed
methods of removal

are

:(a) \Vhere water
by washing-out water (b) Vfuere water the with

in sufficient
the supply filling is Boiling

quantity
with a jet

is
of

available,
COLD the

l1m~ted, water

by dissolving must

filling in WARM water. It must be possible to comfortably immerse the hand in the water as it
enters filling bcrnb. NOT be used.

(c) Where no vlater After

is

available,
spade

by removing
or scoop.

the

a wooden

the stemmed filling

has been removed by

one of the above methods, any cast TNT which has been in contact with the stemmed filling should be disposed of by removing the bomb to a suitable

safe

area and blowing

i t up.

TABLE .
tier I

No.

METHODS OF REMOVAL

TYPE OF

SUITABLE CONDITIONS FORM OF TYPE OF FIIJ..ING FILLING BOMB CASE

1

a hole in !bomb case and steaming-lout filling by remote control See E!21/109

All lalown types EXCEPr
I STEW/lED AMMONAL

the banb whic h are
not easily detachable (See NOTE

Cast

in

Casings

1)
As for
As for SER. 1

SER. 1

GERMAN type 'wi th easil.v
removable filling plug

3

ISteaming-out,

using improvised Hand Attachment See D/20/31

IAS for
Ser.

1

Separately wrapped blocks

Any type

4

methods for detachable bomb cases (para 3 rei'ere)

AS forSER. Any form 1

Base-plate type, or casings fairly easily dis mantled (See NOTE 2) lB for
!; only

5

ImprOViSed See para

4

\'{ashing-out and NOTE

4

below
6 IBurning-out with mit See E/22/37,
I

STEmmD IM.'I1I>NAL

rorm
Any form

Any

SER.

All known TherNOTE 3 JAP types EXCEPl' PICRIC ACID

I

type

belo'N

NOTE 1.
where

It

may be necessary
are method NOT easily SER.

to use this
removable,

method on bombs
and the if ~isk of

base-plates But

jarring
NOTE 2.

the bomb is NOT permissible.
1 may be necessary conditions

as in NOTE 1 obtain. NOTE 3.
pletebomb

For use on defUzed bombs. for recovery
at least

This

method does NOT allow
as partial detonation

of oommayooour.

oases,

For the same reason its use is restr1oted to tasks WHERE RISK OF FULL OR PARTIAL DETONATIONCAN BE ACCEPTED(See
para 1 (a) (1).

NOTE4.

For use on defuzed bomb$ only.

.1'13

I~ ! ,Simple I !Trepanning

E inc.,

AM F.

OOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION

DISPOSAL OF GAS BO1ffiS AND MISSILES

1.

ABBREVIATIONS US~~.
UXB -Unexploded UXGAS -Unexploded high explosive bomb gas bomb or missile

.OW
GIO AlGAS

-Chemical

Warfare
Of'f'icer (Civil)

-Gas Identification -Anti-Gas.

2.

INrRODUCTIOll.

3e

TACTICAL USE OF GA§..
(a) S~pr~se -Gas should cause NO casualties to bomb disposal personnel' unless they are taken completely by surprise. Heavy low spray or other contamination vrith blister gas may complicate disposal of UXBs but should not interfere seriously therewith. (b) Har~ssin!l effect on morale. Vlhen work is to be done in cont~inated areas, inconvenience and d1scanfort is bound to be caused by having to work in respirators and perhaps protective clothing. A high standard of training in the use of AlGas equipment will reduce inconvenience to a minimum.
Careful administration of the work and imaginative attention to detail can do much towards reduction of discomfort and ensure welfare of those working. The morale of bomb disposal personnel can be maintained by the RAE offic~r in charge understanding the effects and limitations of the use of gas.

(c) Delay~!lgas would
Gas not has would cause been

effe£1. be used

in

It is logical conjunction

to w1th

expect that HE bombs.
but if the should Unit

delay repair and rescue work, delay to disposal operations well trained in A!Gas routine.

4.

RESPONSIBILITIES. i...
(a) Gas missiles form of (i (i1 (iii dropped by aircraft may be in the

A canister without a fuze, A bomb fuzed to fUnct1~ in the air, A bomb fuzed to function on impact, charged with either blister or choking

}

or and gas.

a~r

-2

~

A canister

will

no~ally

burst

open on impact
very soft it will condition, o~ RAE. proits The

with the sur~ace except perhaps in ground, and even in the latter case bably be ~ound leaking. In either treatment is not the responsibility

same applies

to gas bombs from vrhich gas is
upon to

issuwith be

ing except that RAE may be called a fuze i~ necessary. (b) I~ whilst digging down to excavation and the i~ it De~ence by (i)

deal to

a bomb believed should incident be lightly reported if area, in

an unexploded finds that it

HE banb the responsible RAE Officer is a gas bomb which has fUnctioned,
toor a may

the bottan o~ the covered with earth (i) (ii) for be. HQ Formation, Local Civil Civil area further action

is a military Authorities, or (ii),

as the

case

Buried gas bombs may sometimes be diagnosed as having fUnctioned by signs o~ contamination at the mouth o~ or in the hole o~ entry, or by emission
o~ gas (c) ~rom the hOle the itsel~ as digging progresses. for dealing TABLE 1 defines responsibilities

with gas canisters and bombs under the several ditions in which they may be found. TABLE 1

con-

5.
content

IDENTIFICATION OF GAS CONTENTIN INTACT MISSILE. On occasions
in an intact

\~hen identification
is required, the

of the gas
responsible

missile

RAE officer should first remove or make safe any fUze which may be fitted and then pass the missile to the Technical Officer C\V or GIO (Civil), for fUrther action. 6. NOR!l1AL DISPOSAL OF UNBURIED INTACT GAS r,nS§ILES.
(a) Renderin~ safe. remove-the-I'\lzeor visable) in the For fuzed gas render it safe prescribed manner bombs, either (as deemed adfor the particu-

lar

fUze found

fitted.

-3 (b) Transportatio~. missile to a suitable
f'loor damp of the earth. vehiole If it

If
is

neoessary to transport site for destruction,
should be suspected oovered that

the the place

with 8" of its seams~

are

strained

and may leak,
attach a suitable handling. (Gas

if

practioable,

in an empty receptacle
otherwise facilitate

suoh as a 40 gl.

drum,
to a

rope or wire sling bombs too large for

40 gl. drum are not like ly to be used.) If leakage occurs during transit dump all contaminated
material bomb. into the excavation whioh receives the

The above applies to bombs charged with liquid vesicant. Leakage fran bombs oharged with ohOking gas (i.e. phosgene, oauses no contamination diphosgene but respirators or prussic must acid) be

worn during
(c) Destruction. excavation

handling.
Normal has been method filled of in. disposal is to

bury the missile burst the oasing
the

in an excavation with an explosive

8 ft deep and oharge AFTER

7.

NO
(a) Renderinr;. proceed safe

.
as in

F BURIED INTACT GAS MISSILES
transportation. If handling,

for

transpor{a'f:ion
sary,

and destructIon
para 6 (a),

elsewhere
(b) and

are neces(c) above

(b) Destruotion in situ. Only in open oountry may intact missiles be destroyed in situ with an explosive charge APTER the excavation has been filled in PROVIDEDthe lie and (ii) para 9, tained. (i) of the items bomb is (d), (e), at (f) least and 8 ft (g) deep, are ob-

8.

EMERGENCY DISPOSAL OF INTAaJ! GAS MISSILES.
Under emergenoy oonditions, the following steps

may be taken
measures (a) onlz.

to dispose

of intaot

gas missiles

as temporarY

BuryinJ1.. (i) (ii) Fuze (if .t'1tted) to to be removed. nearest uninhabited board inscribed

Remove missile

the

area and bury
(iii) Mark the later spot

it

3 ft
with

below ground.
a notioe

"UXGAS" and record
permanent

the

incident
(In

with
oivil

a view to
areas, a

disposal.

reoord
Defenoe (b) Dumpin~ Where

should
in the

also be kept by the local
sea. to (preferred the sea, to intaot (a)

Civil
above)

Authorities.)

convenient in

missiles

should
then

first

be defuzed
deep water.

(if

a fuze

is

fitted)

and river,

dumped

lake, harbour or other inland wate~.
will be STRICTLY followed in respect

They should

NOT be dumped in any oreek,
of

This Fule
the whole

of the mainland

of AUSTRALIA.

.1.17

-4 9. SUITABLE SITESFORDESTRUCTIONGAS OF ArrSSILES.

All the foll~ring points determine the suitabili ty of permanent sites for the destruction of gas bombs in civil areas. Most of them also apply for forvlard Base Areas:(a) Location too distant
(b) of up

to be outside inhabited areas (but not because of transportation problems).
a road (if track which weight). possible, will bear by the side vehicles

Accessible from a made road or to 4 tons laden

(0) Not liable difficulties
(d) At water least supply. 1/4

to flooding at certain
mile from

(beoause of excavation periods of the year).
a well used for domestic

(e) Not within reservoirs. (f)

1/4 mile

of

the

edge

of

storage

Sufficiently far no damage to mains bombs underground. ample safe distance.

from water mains to ensure that can be caused by exploding Normally, 50 yds should be

(g) 'Nhere a water supply is drawn ~rom underground sources, the site should not be immediately above the supply channels nor within 200 yds of known

or suspected
(h) Clay or the burial

fissures.
are more suitable than sandy soils. for

gravel subsoils of gas missiles

AlIIEND~NTS

E IN C., AM F.
BOMBDI SPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUarION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43 INCENDIARY !!.A'l'ERIALS

'l'REATMEl'iT

OF

IWI'l'ED

1.
for

~NTRODUOTIO~.
obtaining ~n~mai~_Incendiary incendiary agent actfon-rs-ganerallY used in bombs, eitheretc.,

~A ~ a metallic

B C

substance (e.g. electron) an inflammable oil, or white (or yellow) phosphorus

Though (A), (B) and (c) may vary as regards composition of mixture and form in which used, the incendiary reaction is always that of the ~ajn incendiary a~e~ and it is easily identifiable. Because var1ous
that first strange be form the identified, or shape of

of

used
is should some

to
essential

combat

the types
reaction

d1fi'erent methods of incendia~y
of especially missile. tbe main when

which materials,
incendiary encountered

must it

be
agent in

The following notes give a guide whereby the reaction of the main incendiary agent may be recognised, and describe basic principles proper for treating that particular agent and therefore employed to extinguish the ignited bomb, missile, material, etc., and localize its effectiveness. NOTE 1 : -These (a) special personnel (b) notes precautions attachment of do not for resultant take into account etc., with an anti-

bombs,

extinguishing iA)

conflagrations. SUBSTANCE~

.~.
..

-lvlETALLIC

ELECTRON METALC~INGS.

3.
(a)

~!l'ALLIC

SUBSTANCES INGREDIENTS IN MIXTURES. ~S
As a mixture (for binding of the an in:f'lannnable mass) and into rubberit is

How used. like material }>ressed either-

(i)

a modified thermit consisting o~ se}>arate particles of aluminium an~ magnesium (e. g. incendiary material described in BDTI B/4/11, NOTE 3)

or

(-i1) particles of' eleotron metal (e.~. material desoribed in BDTI B/4/99).

inCendiary

.2"

-2~

(b) Identif1Qat1Qll.
the but proportion will range

and kind of metallic ingredients between a slow and quiet burning

The mixtupe b~pns according to
as

for

(i)

above to a fierce
yellow light as for
to

spluttering
(ii) above.

Vfith a off but denn~

whitish

In all
sity the varies binding

cases a BLACK SMOKEis
according material. proportion

given
and

nature

4.

TREATMENT.
(a) Vlhenever possible, combustible material, (b)
(c)

gather up or rake otherwise/and

clear

of

Smother \vith
kept wet),
jet 2) of

sand, dirt
or
water with

or numerous wet mats
stirrup pump or hose

(and

Play on (see NOTE

(d)

Localize

its

effectiveness pavts

by removing

inflam-

mable material

frcxn the vicinity
to

and play
prevent merely

hose on

surrounding structural f'rcxn spreading. NOTE g :-

flames causes it

Water spra.ved on electron to burn more fiercely.

5.

PERSONAL PROTECTION.
thoroughly before approaching an fiercely throwing off burning a mat, hold it level with the is not necessary to approach nearer

Wet clothes electron body which is fragments. \Vhen using eyes as a shield. It than 3 ft.

~(B) -INFLAJ.rnABLE

OILS

6.
(a)

OIL MIXTURES.
How used. InflaImlable oil'mixtures are most likely to be contained within the casing of an ordinary bomb in jelly-like or semi-solid form bulk. Ignition occurs within the bomb

in

(b) Identification. The mixture is emitted as a burning oily liquid with a BRIGHT RED FLAME and gi ving off dense clouds of' BLACK SMOKE. It may
flow round out by of a burst explosion of bomb the case or bomb. be splashed all

7,

TREATMENT .
(a) A burning mass may quickly become a maj or conflagration, in which case fire fighting appliances will be required. If reached iduals should extinlJUisher dirt or mats. 9dges. (b) Splashes similarly flagration. in the early stages, hovrever, indivtreat the material with a band foam (if' available) or smother \vi th sand, For pools of oil, first tackle the oil link should be dealt with up and form a maj or

of burning before they

con-

(c) Localize its effectiveness by removing mable materials from the vicinity, and on the surrounding structural parts to

flames from spreading.

inflamplay a hose prevent

-3
8. PRECA!!r I ON.

-

Be carefUl
mixture cause as rlater spreading will of the

NOT to play
riot extinguish burning material.

water
it

on any burning
but will merely

oil

.LQ)

VmITE

(OR YELLOW) PHOSPHORU~

:i.
(a)

n

~]'1B CHARGED WHITE PHOSPHORU§..
How used. case may-~e A special charged white seam1ess phosphorus and sealed bomb in solidified

form.

(b) !-~~~ti~.iQa~.ioE.
charge, th~ to pnosphorus

On bursting
is scattered

of bomb by a burster
from small

pieces
posure material

to povlder.
the upon

It

spontaneously

ignites

on exwill

cause a dense CLOUDOF '{mITE S1i!OKE.

air and will ignite \\r!lichit lodges.

combustible The spread

~L

PELLETS \~IITH PIfOSPHORUS FIL~. The material may be used as a filler
missiles housed 32 Kg Incendiary withbomb)

(a) HOVI used.

innumerous small hollolv steel in, a bomb case (e.g. Japanese

(b) ~d~~,t!f!cation.

On bursting

of bomb by a sub-

stantial burster charge the missiles are scattered and penetrate as shrapnel. The phosphorus spontaneously ignites on exposure to the air, emits a

jet

of flame

from the missile,

gives

off VmITE SMOKE

and ignites

combustible

material

contacted.

Rt,J:BBER PELLETS IMPREGNATED PHOSPIfORU§.
(a) How used.
nated disulphide wIth a and

Numerous
solution housed of in

small
white an

rubber
ordinary

pellets
and bomb

impregcarbon (e.g. case

phosphorus

Japanese 50 Kg, Types 97 and 0, Incendiary
(b) ~d~ijt!ficatiQB. stantial burster On charge bursting of the pellets bomb are

bombs)

by a subscattered

and ignite immediately upon drying out. with a flame 4"-,6" high at low temperature,

Each burns gives

off' a GREY mrOKE, and a smell PISCS (OR LEAVE~t.

of burning

rubber.

(a) HO?1use~. Numerous discs (or leaves) ranging in size bet\'leen 4" x 3" to 9" x 6", and generally composed of a layer of soft rubber, coated one side VIi th \'lhi te phosphorus. These are normally carried in the aircraft packed in water within a container (b) Identification. The phosphorus rubber. spontaneously

ignites

a smell

on-drylng-out,
Of burning

giving

off a GREY ~iIOKE, and

TREATMENT.
(a) Gather otherwise/and up, or rake clear of combustible material,

(b) Smother 'i'rith sand, (c). Extinguish
a wet

dirt

or vIet mat, of' ?later,

or or beat out with

\vith

a spray

fire-beater-

301

13. 12. 11. 10.

4(d) Localise its effectiveness by removing inflammable material surrounding spreading, NOTE 3 :fran structural the vicinity parts to and play hose on prevent fire from

Effectiveness of isolated ignited phosphorus is somewhat less than electron as its combustion is campa~atively slow and ~uiet, enabling better opportunity to control the

fire

in the early

stages.

14.

PRECAUT IONS. (a) As phosphorus (i) btwns when dry -

after extinguishing, gather up and keep submerged in water until burnt in a safe place
water will flow phosphoru~ into cracks in floor boards, etc., and contaminated material may ignite same time after phosphorus has
been fore removed. necessary Continual inspection is there-

(ii)

(b) vVhen using a hose, phorus pellets, etc., the force of water

be carefUl not to into inaccessible

drive ~hosplaces by up

(c) Some contaminated surfaces can be cleaned with dirt or mopping. Inflammable material

should be washed with a solution of copper sulphate (t lb of copper sulphate, i.e. bluestone, to 1 gl of water) or scrub with paste of calcium carbonate, i.e. whiting.

(d) Use metal implements for preference. Keep inflammable implements wet V/hilst sweeping or gathering phosphorus. Thoroughly -wash them immediately after use ~nd temporarily leave in the open.

PERSONAL PROTECTION. As phosphorus will cause severe burns -

(a) Do NOT allovi it to contact the ski~ or clothing. If skin becomes contaminated, keep the effected surface wet until roodical attention is obtained. (b) Viear viet gloves, if available, and wet. Be carefUl not to contaminate faces per medium of the boots. (c) Keep contaminated removed and treated phate. keep boots other surit can be copper sul-

clothing wet until with a solution of

(d) V/ear the service

respirator

as protection
to work in long periods.

for
heavy

the eyes and lungs if necessary clouds of phosphorus smoke for

15.

E IN 0., AM F.
BObIB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED 20 DEO43

TYPES OF CAMOUFLETS AND SAli'mty PRECAUTIONS

lAJ

TYPES OF CMJOUFLE!g

1.

I~RODUCTIO1'!.
a a

A camouflet (underground chamber) may be formed v{hen a bomb penetrates the ground and explodes at depth too great to displace the grouno- above and so form crater. When a camouf'let occurs, it is nomally formed by a small bomb up to 100 Kg. Larger bombs generally

form craters
'!Jenetration (e.g. coral). is

but 250 Kg bombs often
very deep in ground of

form camouflets
a porous nature

v{hen

Camouflets 2. .n-PE ~. The (See most

are Fig

grouped 1)

in

3 types

(A,

B and

C)

related
this case

to the deepest
the shear

shallow

type

of

type

oamouflet

of'

oamouflet

(TYPE C) but
The

is

closely

in but

platforms

are

vertical.

ground
is formed colour in dia-

contained

between the shear platforms

may be disrupted

not completely ejected, so that a heap of debris The debris will normally be sub-soil, lighter in than the surrounding soil, in a heap up to 10 ft meter for a 100 Kg bomb. . "The heap may disclosing subsequently the vertical

chamber,

thus

collapse into shear platforms

the

which

up till

then

are obscured.

3.

TYPE ~.

(See Fig 2)

If the shaft of

the entry

bomb has may still

offset far be visible.

before exploding, but may be par-

tially collapsed and blackened. The camouflet mound will be of same texture as the surrounding ground (e.g. covered with grass). The mound caused by a 100 Kg bomb may be up to 10 ft in diameter and 2 ft high. Similar mounds may

be caused by some types of incendiary bombs vrhich have a comparatively high HE charge (e.g. German Sprengbrand C.50) 4. 'J.'YPEC. (See It'ig 3)

In the case of the deepest type of camouflet there may be no indication whatever on the surface that a camouflet has been formed. The shaft of entry of the bomb may still be visible but will be blocked with s011 at its lower end, probably to the point where the tail of the bomb broke off should this happen.

5.

DANGER CAVE-IN. OF
Dangerous gases
and these become trapped in the has been diagnosed, the g1'ound should be kept roped 01' lightly have been expelled and the

as the result of explosion chamber. Once a camouflet surface immediately above fenced off until the gases

(carbon

monoxide)

are

formed

JO,

-2
ground cave-in directly 6.

-

filled in and made good, in order to prevent a under weight of personnel or vehicles passing over it. , PROBING .AHEAD OF EXCAVATION.
(a) A suspected TYPE A camouflet may firmed by probing from the surface. often be conWhen doing

so, always a cave-in.

wear

a life-line

as there

is

danger

of

.

(b)

During excavation, early \1arning of a camouflet can be obtained by probing ahead of digging. The path of the bomb should be constantly probed. In addition, the base of the excavation should also be probed to avoid digging into, and collapse of, a camol'.flet roof. An earth auger might be found useful in some types of ground.

(B)
7.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

EVIDENCE OF A CAMOUFLET (DURING EXCAVATION).
When the bypresence of a camouflet is detected

during

!j
b a c d

excavation

blackening splinters

ofof bomb casing, soil, presence of CO gases, welling of water is noof probe, or

Detectors ITP indicating a noise of bubbling or ticed following withdrawal

then the Safety Precautions detailed below should be observed immediately, as there.is a definite danger to personnel. A little further excavation, carefully undertaken, may sometimes be necessary to establish the fact that a camouflet has actually been produced.

8.

SAFETYPRECAUTIONS DJi.VrAILED.
(a) IN EVERY EXCAVATION, and especially in the case of smaller bombs, a life-line secured at the surface and with a loop tied in its lower end, should hang down to facilitate escape or, if necessary, rescue work~ (b) ~lhen evidence indicates the presence of a camouflet all personnel should at once leave the excavation. Any man feeling the effect of CO gas must be iwnediately taken to the surface and there treated, NOT in the excavation (c) Before work is recmMrenced the air in the excavation should be tested with the Detector ITP to make sure that there is no danger to personnel. It may be sorne hours or days before it is safe to enter the excavation unless wearing APPARATUS BREATHING.

NOTE 1.

Remember protection

that the against

service respirator carbon-monoxide.

gives

NO

(d) If it is necessary to re-enter an excavation, all men in the excavation must wear life-lines and sufficient men must be at the surface to pull those working to safety if they are overccxne. Life-lines should be tied tightly round the chest immediately under the arm-pits with a bowline

-3
(e) An unconscious
(i)
side lashing,

man should
tied
with

be roped
a bowline,
belt or

either
round

his

with

a loop,

with
a

chest;
of

his
his or

arms sho~d
body

then be pinioned
short length

to the
of

(ii)

with a bowline on a bight, one loop arms and one behind the knees. (This

under the method is

not suitable
small 9. hole.)

if

a man is

to be pulled

through

a

fJY)IIPI'OMS OF CO POISONI~~.
First si~s vision of poisoning followed by are giddiness, vomitpal-

ing

and

indistinct

breathlessness,

pitation

and collapse.

Loss

of

muscular

power

often

prevents

a man from wi thdrawing

fr<Xn danger.

The face

may be leaden, pale, moist with perspiration or pink with vivid carmine lips. Loss of consciousness may be very rapid and death follows unless a man is removed quickly.

10.

FIRSTAID. --

10S

TYPICAL
REFER E IN C B.D. T I

D /20 /29

BErORE

AND ArTER

COLLAPSE

SHALLOW CAMOUFLET

lieU

£~Jl

AT

INTERMEDIATE

DEPTH

TYPE C

£&lll

DEEP

CAtviOUF"LET

ILGJY

PROBING
NOT

DURING
TO SCALE

EXCAVATION

E IN C.,

A M F.

BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

lEAKING

CAMOUFLETS

SAFE

1.

TO DESTROY V/ITH EXPLOSIVES.

for

shallow
the

The

oamouflets,

following

vihere the use of explosives
is permissible (see until

method

is

suitable,

espeoially Fig it

to
1).

destroy

camouflet

chamber

(a) Bore breaks valent)

a hole (e.g. ~iith earth auger) into the crO\'ffi of the camouf'let

(b) Sus~nd
in

a prepared
the bore
ror

charge
hole
every

of Gelignite
2 in.
1 ft

(or equithe

about

above
of

cro\~
1 lb. hole

of the cavity.
of explosive (see Fig 1)

The char~

\',eight
depth

should
bore

be

(c)

and fill

Tamp the

the camouflet
Fig 2)
distance be taken

charge

and fire.

chamber forming

This

should

a surface
for

collapse

crater
(d) The purpose

(see
safety may

for light as 30 yds.

buildings

this

2.

TO EXPEL CO GASES BEOORE EXCAVJ\.TIN~. ~lhere the use of explosives
to excavate. In order to avoid the men being gassed during the process it is to clear the camouflet ohamber or carbonThis can be effected as ro11ows :until it Then

it is necessary possibility of advisable first monoxide gas. (a) Bore breaks

is NOT permissible

a hole (e.g. with earth auger) into the orovm or the camouflet. with

bl~'i

out the gas 'Ni th compressed air,

and test
Detectors

for

absence of carbon-monoxide gas I.T.P. (Indicator Test Paper).

(b) 1\1terna~i~el~y

(see b'ig 3),

bore trio holes

into

the camouflet chamber. This should chamber and release most of the gas. can be accelerated by inserting two

ventilate the The process tubes into the

bore from
be

holes, one facing to\'/.ards and the other a\'/.ay the prevailing viind. The camouflet Bhould
for is absence started. of carbon-monoxide gas before

tested

excavation

3.

PRECJ\U'l' IONS.
(a) &\11 men working operations should over the oanlouflet vrear life lines. on the above

(b) Safety precautions when excavating for camouflets are detailed in BDTI D/20/29, and methods of artificial respiration in BIYl'I D/20/125

(c)

Camouflets
off and

and suspected
frequently

oamouflets
inspected until

should be
made safe.

roped

307

MAKING

CAMOUFLETS SAFE.

(Diagrammatic Sketches)

BEFOm;EXPLODmgCHARGE.
fiG 2.

PROBABLE CRA'l'ER FORMED --AFTER 'EXPLODING CHARGE Bends ~

--

Air Inlet
fiG 3.

Pipes
Auger Holes

Cavity

VENTILATION

OF CAVITY

!.

BOMB DISPOSAL
TECImICAL INSTRUCTION.

E IN C., AMP.

ISSUED 20 DEO43

A1?l'IFICIAL RESPIRA'l'ION

FORE\VQ~. , The 1'ollo\'ring notes refer to methods 01' artificial piration 01' personnel gassed by carbon monoxide (BDTI re1'ers) and in cases Of electrocution and dro,min,'l.

resD/20/29

~_RONE PRESSURE

(SCHAEFER)

lIIETHO~
direct1'ace the nose

1. Lay the patient on his belly, one al"rrl extended lyoverhead, the other aloin bent at elbow and with the turned out\7al'd and resting on hand or forearm so that and mouth are 1'ree 1'or breathing (see figure 1).

2. placed you to

Kneel straddling the patient's thighs, \vith your knees at such a distance from the hip bones as will allow asswne the posi tion sho\m in 1'igure 1.

Place the palras 01' the hands on the small 01' the back vii th fingers resting on the ribs, the little 1'inger in natural position, and the tips 01' the fingers just out of
sight 1,and with 2). the thumbs parallel and nearly touching (see figs.

3. Wi th arms held straight, svTinZ forv/ard slo\vly so that the \7eight 01' the body is graduall~r bl"ought to beal' ul1on the pa'tient. The shoulder should be dil'ectly over the heel 01' the hand at the end 01' the forvlard swing (see rigul'e 2). Do not bend your elbo\vs. This operation should take about t\VO

seconds. 4. Now inmediately SVTing back\vard pressure completely (see figure 3).
5. After deliberately movement of

so as to

remove

the

two seconds, svling forwara again. twelve to fifteen tinleS a minute compression and release, a canplete

the

Thus repea~ double respiration

in

four

or

five

seconds.
respiration is restored (if until a doctor WitQout interruption necessar~r for one declares the patient

6. Continue artificial until natural breathing two hours or lon~r) or dead.

or

7.
stal'ted loosen waist. whatever

J'l.S soon

as this

artificial

respiration

has

been

and while it is being continued, an assistant should any tight clothing about the patinet's neck, chest and KEEP TIIE PATIENT WARM. Do not give any liquids by mouth until the patient is fUlly conscious.

8. To avoid strain on the heart when the patient revives, he should be kept lying down and not allowed to stand or sit up. If the doctor has not arrived by the time the patient has revived, he should be given some stinIUlant, such as one teaspoon~l of aranatic spirits of anDnonia in a small glass
of water, be or kept a hot warm. drink of coffee or tea, etc. The pati~nt shOUld

9. Resuscitation should be carried on at the nearest possible point to where 'the patient received his injuries. lIe should not be removed !'rom this point until. he is breathing no~]lally of his own volition and then moved only in a ly1~ position. Should it be necessary, due to extreme weather r;; conditions etc. to move the patient before he is breathing no~nallY that he l resusoi s being tation moved. should be cul'ried on during the time

.lD,.

-a 10. A brief retllrn of natural respiration is not a certain indicat~on for stopping the resuscitation. Not inf're~uently the patient, af'ter a temporary recovery of respiration, stops breathing again. The patient lmlst be watched and if natural breathing stops, artificial respiration should be resumed at once. 11. In carrying out resuscitation it may be necessary to change the operator. This change must be made vrithout losing the rhytmn of' respiration. By this procedure no confusion !'esults at the time of change of operator and a regula!' rhythm is kept up.

NOTES.
(a) the AlternativelY patient the operator may kneel ~t the side of'

-

(b) Care must Or children
(c) If patient inclined at

be taken especially with very not to exert too much pres~re
is placgd about 30

Qld people

to

on a door 01' table which is the horizontal with head

lower than This will fluid from (d) Make sure

the f'eet it is advantageous. i~rove circulation and help air passages. air-way is not blocked

in

draining

by tongue

(e) If patient has recently had abdominal operation (or is a vroman in the later stages of pregnancy) or has other injury which would render prone pressure method dangerous, the supine (or back) method of'Silvester should be used In this method the patient is laid on the back with arms bent and elbows resting partly on the lower part of the chest. The operator, who kneels beyond the patient's head, grasps the patient's elbows and extends the arms beyond the patient's head through a vertical arc, (straight up and over) The patient's a!'ms are then ~eturned to the fo!'mer position by following the reverse direction, and expiration aided by moderate pressure of' the arms against the chest. (f') Patient should be lcept wa!'m
of

In severe poisoning body te~erature. tion should be given patient.

there may be great reduction In such cases artificial respirawith a blanket covering the

(g) Artificial slightest inade~uate (h)

!'espiration suspicion that

should be used if the!'e the patient's breathing

is is

the

Artificial respiration must be continued for hours (even up to 10 hours and the!'efore relief's for operators are necessary) or until patient is pronounced dead by a doctor

-3
ADMINIST~I!QN
12. value

QF OXYGEN COMBIW...,D WITH
utmost It

ARTIFICIAL RESPI~ION

in

The administration cases of carbon

of oxygen is of the monoxide gas poisoning.

drives
more

out the
~uickly

carbon monoxide from the blood
air.

five

times

than

13. The APPARATUS REVIVING is provided pose, so that \7herever this eqpt (together supply) is available, it should be used in

for this uurwith oxygen combination

with 14. after

the prone pressure
above.

method of artificial

respiration

described

Oxygen should still be administered for same time natural breathing has fairly begun and artificial
has been discontinued. ThiH bas the ertect

respiration

of lessening
poisoning will more

the

s.everity

of the after-ertects

of gas
patient

-headache, giddiness, etc., and the rapidly recover the use of his legs.

15.
tails
(a) tus

J.tETHOD USE. OF
of Apparatus
all are

(Refer

to BIYl'I E/21/85
connections of the

for

de-

Reviving)
joints and airtight in prone Schaefer Appara-

See that Revivina

(b) Place patient above describing

position method)

(see

directions

(c)

Making

sure

that

the

Fine

Adjustment

Valve

is

closed,
provided (d) Apply

open Main Cylinder
the Mask to Adjustment the

Valve

with
face,

the Key Wheel
securing fill (g) in

patient's Valve quickly

position

by means of the Rubber IIa»ness provided.
to as in Breath-

(.e) Open Fine see (f) that this

ing Bag, thus

admitting
valve is

oxygen to the patient
controlled Respiration as described

(but
below) above,

Commence Artificial

and continue
begun

same until

natural

bre~thing

has fairly
so through-

(g) See that Fine Adjustment that the Breathing Bag is

Valve is kept well

controlled distended

out the period (h) Continue
mins after and artificial NOTE (i):

during

which

oxygen is

administered about 10 to 15

to administer

oxygen for

natural breathing respiration Adjustment

has been fairly restored has been discontinued. Valve serves both as a

The Fine

control and as a r:1eter for estiltating the volume of breathing, so that tl1.6 supply of oxygen can be adjusted to any volume.

~II

E IN C.,

A }.! F.

BOMB DISPOSAL

TECImICAL INSTRUCTION.

PROTECTIVE

WORKS

INTRODUCTIO~.
yet been Japanese MTP 45 (1941) (re-printed 13 Apr 42) has not modified and re-published by AMP to include Aerial Jilunitions. Pending this being done, these

notes
by

are issued
Arms.

for

RAE instruction 3 of,above

and may be follmved reads :-

all

Seo 2, para

pamphlet

"3. Units of all arms are trained in bomb reconnaissanoe. This inoludes deteotion of the existence of an unexploded bomb, and ,the safety precautions to be
taken Units pending of all the arrival of arms also assist a bomb disposal bomb disposal party. parties

by providing

unskilled

labour

\vhen neoessary. only

Digging dovrn to bombs must be undertaken wi th RE assistance or under RE supervision."

~ENERAL.
(a) Unexploded bOmbs may rall rortifications or in places where their and cer-

explosion
buildings,

would cause great

damage to
installations

important be t~ten im-

tain

precautionary

Dleasures can often

mediately the bomb ralls with a view to minimizing the damage should explosion take place berore it has been rendered safe by the banb dis!,osal party. These measures consist or :(i) Preventive roundations,
~

(ii
(iii

trenching to buried pipes,

minimize etc.

damage

to

Packing Sandbag

basements walling

with

sandbags

(iv

Digging

dovn to the bomb to rorm a vent
carried out by the \7ork or
mark the In dig-

'It is most important that any work UnitR other than RAE shall not hinder the ultimate disposal or the bomb.
(b) It path is of neoessary the bomb carefUlly to as the digging

note and prooeeds.

ging

down to a bomb, great

care- must be taken

not

to move it, strike it, subject it t9 vibration or put pressure upon it. The uncovering of the bomb should be left to the bomb disposal party. (If it is intended to destroy the bomb "in sit!!, only
sufficient enable of the bomb body should placement of the demolition be uncovered charge.) to

(c) Although unexploded bombs may include both "duds" and time bODlbs, it must be assumed that every buried bomb of 50 Kg or over may be fitted with a time fuze
(d) Any of the rollowing proteotive works will only BEFORE

be found necessary
then when the work

for for

CATEGORY bombs aQd only A
can be com leted

involved

~h~ es1!~ted
(e) Some timating of the the

time

di~fl.in~
advoca~ed the bomb.

down to the bQ~.
below TI116 involve sl1ould esbe

methods depth of

done in.

as Ir

soon the

as possible hole has

before caved in,

the hole it should

has caved be pos-

1/J

1.

-2 sible by probing with flexible
rods, to 10 ft. personnel

rods, such as drain

assess whether the depth is over or under Probing should only be performed by RAE trained at a bomb disposal course.

2.
\vhich

PROTECTIVE TRENCHES.
pipes, The following TABLE I shows the distances cables, foundations, etc. are liable to

damage from

explosion

of a buried TABLE I

bomb.

Size

of'

Cast-iron
mains or concrete

Bomb

\vare or brio krs
sewe 40 1't,

Eart

pipes
50/60 Kg 100 Kg 250 Kg 261't

Elec trio cabl ea,1 stee pipe a 20
1't

Foundations

50 ft

500 Kg
1000 Kg

30 f't 401't 45 ft
651't

45 ft 65 ft

and over
If a buried

120 ft

80 1't

24 1't 30 1't 35 1't
50 1't

60 ft
100 ft 150 ft 250 f't

bomb is

within

the

above

dis-

tances

of vulnerable

objects,

damage can be minimized

by

digging a trench about 2 ft wide, 2 ft deeper than, as near as possible to, the object to be protected. a cast-iron pipe (Fig 1) buried 4 ft below surface

and Thus, 30 ft

from a 250 Kg bomb buried
trench width 6 ft deep. required for

15 ft,

would be protected

by a

Such trenches need only be of minimum excavation (about 2 ft) and should not

exceed 6 ft
which will proceeds.

depth.
not remain to

Trenches
in the repose size

should

not be dug in ground
as digging made by the

unrevetted of the crater

Owing

explosion
trench bomb,

of the bomb, no ~rotection

could

be given

by a

within 10 ft of a 50/60 Kg bomb, 20 ft of a 250 Kg bomb, and 30 ft

12 ft of a 100 Kg of a 500 Kg bomb.

3.

SANDBAG ABUTMENTS.
(a) The ~acking,of
building, de~th or the

basements,

cellars,

etc.

with

sandbags to avoid damage to foundations and walls may be useful in cases where the bomb is so near
the the of the foundations are so dee~, that ~rotective trench required would

be ~rohibitive. The method consists of ~acking sandbags into the internal s~ace against the outer wall so as to su~port it against the explosion (Fig 2). It is not ~ossible to lay down depth (d) to which sandbags behind the wall should extend, but generally speaking the tighter they are packed, and the deeper the pile, the more effective will be the support. In practice, a depth of 10 ft will probably be effective, but the sandbags should not extend as far as an internal weight -carrying wall, or bear against an internal column for fear

of damage by transmitted (b) Another
tions is can with method. given in advantage

force. damage to founda-

method of minimizing

para 5 whicilo, in certain cases, be combined with the above

hen-

3 -

4.

SANDBAG WALLS. (a) The building of sandbag wall s to minimize damage fran splinters, blast, etc., is applicable in the case of' a bomb which is buried or on the surface close to a building. It may also be used to isolate the effects of' a bomb inside the building. The basic principle is that the wall must be buil t just outside the crater which vlould be formed if' the buried bomb exploded. For practical purposes suitable radii from the hole of entry are ShO\VIl in TABLE II
TABLE

II

(b)

The build

circumstances a sandbag

wall

in which are as

it is follow

desirable :-

to

(i)

III.

Bombs falling in open ground usually penetrate at least. 'bo th~ depth given in TABLE III. In such cases there are no serious splinter effects, and there should be no danger due to falling debris outside the area given in TABLE The effect very serious, sandbag wall (TABLE II) of blast, hov{eve~, may still be and can be deflected upwards by a built outside the crater area TABLE

II:::

(ii)

At distances greater than those giv&n for foundations in TABLE I, little or no s.tructural damage to buildings is to be expected from a buried bomb.

In the case of an unburied bomb, damage will be limited to windows and roof if a sandbag
wall is provided.

vr

-4 (0) The follmv1ng points should be noted in the oon~

struction (i)

of' sandbag walls:invariablf be 2' 6" thick
high. This 4'2"). Open involves

vValls should

at the
f'aces a

top and not more than 100" should be sloped at 1/6. bas~ wider than 2'6" (say,

(ii)
(i1i) (iv)

Walls
than the Bonded For

must not be built
distances walling given gives

nearer
in

to the banb

TABLE II.

max1mum strength. constructed of a series

curved

walling

of straight
unbroken 5.

lengths,
at interseotion9.

ensure

that

the bond. is

~s~*g~¥ifJD~~~_AND OF A BURIED BOMB. When a shaft

DIRECT THE ;FORCE OF EXPLOSION iB excavated less earth to gain access to a

bomb, and the bomb is exploded
shaft, there is appreoiably

at the bottom
shook

of' the
and earth

movement than

it' the same banb had exploded

bef'ore

the

exoavation was made. result. On the other ably be greater where

Further, a small~r orater hand, damage by blast will a shaft has been exoavated.

would prob-

In oases where it is vitally important to diminish earth shook and movement, (e.g. railway lines, bridges, dams, important gas and water mains and foundations) and where the ef'feot of blast would not be serious

it
to

is
the

advantageous
bomb at once

to excavate
(Fig 3).

an 8 ft
in shaft is blast with

by 4 ft

shaft

down

obtained supported

A further reduction by covering over the on light planking.

effect can be 2 ft of earth to direct

the force

of' explosion

In

some caaes

away from the structure

it

advantageous

it

is

desired to protect. trench about 12 rt bomb then explOdes

This can be done by excavating a by 4 f't as shown in Fig 4. If the berore it can be dealt with by a bomb

disposal
structure.

party,

the minimum damage will

be done to the

this

In deoiding to use the methods described in paragraph, the damage likely to be done by clast,
windows and roofs, must be balanced against to be done to foundations, basements, eta.

chiefly to that likely

PROTECTIVE
TYPICAL
REFER
E IN C

WORKS
B.D.1:1 D/20/83

EXAMPLES

Il§~
SO'-O'
TRDCH ABOUT a'-o" WIDE

G~~~~~-:PKlBAm.Z CRA~
It BOMB EXPLODES'

.--"'"
BI.-/ I. M'_n-I

C.l. PxpX .'-0.

DEEP

PROTECTIVE

TRENCt1

,...

I

p~~

17 BOIIB Im.orzs

~~

~lli

.,..2

VENT TO

REDUCE EARTH SHOCK

ElG-1
GROUND LEVEL

y.~

~~,y...~

--T--

, BUn.DDlG

PROBABL! CRATER D BOMBEXPLOIi!S

OOTLDiI -~
OJ' TBDlCJI
B)K5

SECTION

I-' 121.00.!

TBBllai

~--~
B~

-WAU.

or BUn.DIJK}

~
TRENCH TO
111

LESSEN DAMAGE BY EXPLOSION

CHAP. E.
SECS. 21-23

EQ UIPMENT
Sec. 21: 22: 23:

AND PLANT
General Use Anti-Japanese Anti-German

E

319

11:IN C., A:M ~'. BO),IBDISPOSAL TECHNICALIl1STRUCTION.

PROBES, BOr.m, 6 l'WI'.

1.
piece, bomb

SCALE ISSYE. OF
The probe, is issued on a disposal duties. bomb, scale of 6 ft., and 6 ft. 2 sets per Unit screw RAE extension having

2.

OBJEal'S.

When used CAREFULLY, it constitutes aid to locating a bomb and by so doing it (a)

a valuable
of the probe

will

Speeds

indicate

up excavation.

when digging

(Continual

has to be proceeded

use

with

more cautiously.) (b) Reduces the danger of thereby causing possible striking explosion the bomb with a tool, of the bomb. possible

,

(c)

the bOlnb to the surface

Ascertains

from

the

surface

(knovrledge

the

of which affects

nearness

of

advice given as to estimates for time,
(d) of Serves to detect an excavation).

necessity labour,
a camouflet

of protective v/orks, also stores and plant re~ired)
(when testing the floor

3.
ment,

DESCRIPl'ION.
The is made of probe piping (Aust pattern), approx 3/4" which diam. is a rigid One end is implefitted

vii th a tapered and rounded brass point v/hilst the otlwr a screv/ed union to receive a hand grip or alternatively screVI extension piece also fitted to take the hand grip.
point is expressly of a sparlt should a camouf'let. made of brass so as to the probe strike a flint eliminate in the

has the The

the risk vicinity of

NOTE 1. The probe at present issued is N~ non-magnetic and nnlst never be used where a German type "G" or similar mine is suspected.

4.

,"lImrl TO USE.
-

(a) GE~\N bombs. The probe should alvlays be used as the bomb is approached in order to avoid strilcing it vlith a piclt, etc. ,vhich might cause fuzes of the 50 and "'i" types to function, or the clock of 17 type fuzes to restart (but see para 6 belo\,,). (b) JJ~ANESE bombs. At present there is Japanese using fUzes of the anti-handling there is a possibility of explosion if(i)

norecor(l of type but

Certain fuze heads or their projecting spindles are struck. (Tho risk is sorne~'hat lessened if the nose fuze ,is distorted or the tail fins have cul'led over t!"e tail fuze, both of which conditions often occur) The resistance soluble plug or is nullified by offered by a partially ring in chemical long the shock. softened delay fuzes

(ii)

(iii)
J.lJ

A clockrlork

type fuze is struck.

u

Jt

seeu~

00

pecIcIuoI~

JO

.~ueseoIcI S"}: ';j.eunoumo uotsotcIxe esnuo Aew ~d9cIs

s s~ ~ AtUO

peen eq Ptnoqs eoIn~~u A~UttJ

eqodcI pecIcI"}:~ uepOOM dO Sge~q u JO punoJ2 Ut ~u"}:qOdcI ueqM (q)

esnodoqcIsoqcI eq O~ pe~oedsns s~ ~Utt -ttJ qtUoq eq~ JO ~uen':J."}:~suoo ~ eoIeqM segeo u"}: ~tm~ -oIOcItUt AtJ9tno~~oI~cI s"}: deqwuqo e~~ AO~':J.sep o~ Ap~eoI tt~un pe~~ntcI ;~ ~u~cIee~ pue eqooIcI e~~ Jo T9MUJp~~~M UO Ate':J.~tpeUJIIrJ: etoq eqooIcI u ~u"j:~~ntcI Jo eo"j:~"13~cI tS~eu98 e~~ 'eqooIcI e~~ q~tM ~eUnoumo u ~Ut~~OO! UO e~eqtUBqo eq~ O~Ut d"}:U Jo uo~SSttUp~ uo ~utPo!cIxe ses~~ 00 pecIcI~d~ Jo A~"}:!"}:qtssocI ~ S"}: edeq~ '~ueseoIcI s"}: snodoqcIsoqcI pewnsuooun PUB ~Utt!"}:J sno~oqcIsoqcI ~u,.-u~~~uoo qwoq ~ Aq peUI.IoJ st ~e!Jnoumo ~ U9qM (~)

eSt[SV{) 00 ,[0 NOISO'Id~
-ep Jo setcIt°UtdcI t11Jesn ~ e'J{BtU !!';A\ eeAoq~ £ ~d~cI eq~ MOttOJ o~ P,Od !ee~s "Sit

,[0 R'.!I{)J)rrfcr

ee

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-8 -

E IN C., AM F.

BOLm.DISPOSAL
TECliNICAL I1'TSTRUCTION.
EXCAVATING AND TIMBERING

PART 1. (a)

I

-LOCATION

AND

EXCAVATION

LOCATION OF SI!A]Tl'. The excavation should be dug vertically over the

spot \':here it is estimated that the bomb is lying. The line and the angle of entry of the bomb coupled with a knowledge of the average penetration and offset of cerned, probable average the size Of b0l11b dia~oBed, in the soil conshould provide a fair indication of its position. As a guide, figures on the penetration of bombs from high level bocnbing

are :(i) (ii)

GE~IAN bombs dropped
18-ft

in UK -9-ft
for

for

a 50 KG,
22-ft

14-ft for a 250 KG, for a 1000 KG bomb'
The average one-half the offset depth

a 500 KG and

JAPANESE bombs dropped in NEVI GUINEA and DAffiVIN areas' -9-ft for 60 KG, 18-ft for 250 Kg.
lies to between which the one-third and bomb penetrates.

(b) of

Units RAE should penetration and

additionally offsets met

keep with

oareful records in pr~ctice in

their

OVI11 areas. to

These may var~r ap!Jreciably
on account of reculiarities Such records should in then

fl'OCl1
local be

average figures ground conditions.

available
area.

any other

Unit

trucin~

over vrork in that

2.
as far

§IZE OF EXCAVATION.
Shafts as possible, of ~tandard dimension should be adopted and it has been found that shafts about

6-ft
buried larger

x 6-ft

in plan

are generally

satisfactory
x 6-ft (FIGS

for B)

bombs
for the

up to 20-ft, and about 8-ft bombs at deeper penetrntions

in plan II A

3.

and II

EXCAVATING.
(a) Di~ging
trImming),

Eqpt :Tools

Mattocks

Piclcs,
(for

use

Shovels
in

clay),

RE, Spades (for
Miners'

PicY~

Pneumatic
provided.

(supplied

';rith

air

compressor)

are

(b) Snoil Removal :- The Sil;lplest 'Ilay of removing SpOll 1'r0l11t.!le bottom of the excavation is by thrO\'Iing it up on to successive platforrl1s or stagings. These stagings consist of planl~ supported by the

fr~les
spoil
Stages depth

Vli th a lip
from falling

on the

outer
be For

planlc to prevent
excavation.
a greater depths spoil used for greater

dovm into

the

should be 'removed by other methods (i) A small bucket, vii t h tripod and jenny vlhee1 or a \7indlass is suitable for use \'11 poling th (ii)
boards

should not normally than about 12-ft.

A light

or

in

s\'ling1ng

cramped

jib

locations

and latrine

in buildings.

buclcet

(see

FIG I) is particularlY

suitable for all outdoor locations when runners are used, since the

(111)

jib enables swung clear ~ound.
In large

the buclcet to be lifted over and of runners projecting above the
or deep exc~vations, e.g. 1000 Kg

bomb in clay, a pmver operated crane and large sldp used from the start vlill save valuable

time.

3.23

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(0)

-8 -

-3 Members
Short Long Long. \'lalings Vlal1ng~ \Va1ings

Lgth.
6' a" 8'0" 6'0"
9"

RecOllU11ended 9" x 4" x 4"
9" x 4" j 6" wet with X ground 6" runin

Scantling'

--

Min,

Sec.

Cross

Thiclt3" 3" 3"

Jolin.
neaR!

~*
24

CoI'neI' Boards Poling Boards RUMeI'S ','ledges Puncheons
Staging Planks
and based Spi'eadeT'A on the

3'9" 4'6" 10'0" l' a"
use of 5'4"

ninr;

sand

14 4" x 2" to 4" x i"
the above scantlings 4" x 3" :-

2"li"

12 12

lI"
3" 3"

3'0'T

4" x 4"

12
9

01' 3'9" 6'0"

9" X 2"

The mininum sizes should only be used J.n good gI'ound and additional struts or spreaders may be required ror the lighter walings. In the case or poling boards, ir the lighter sections are used, it may be necessary to provide two rrames in each length, i.e., reduce the spacing from 4 reet 6 inches to 3 reet 0 inches centres.
These considerations nnlst be governed by fjround conditions. vVith either system of timbering the framing members, i.e., long or short wa1ings and spreaders, are held in position by "folding" "'v'edges (i.e., twin ','/edges) inserted at one end only and at alternate corners (FIGS II A and II B) When driven , hane both wedges of a pair should have at 1eas,t two-thirds of the length of their adjoining faces in contact, but it should not be possible to drive them so far that the thin end of' one wedge projects beyond the thick end of' the second wedge. ALL \VEOOES SHOULD BE TIGHTENEP DAILY BEFORE vVORK BEGINS (more frequently in bad ground). In the case of all runners, and wherever necessary tn the ca.se of poling boards, wedges should be driven in between the board ana. the "/a1ing so that boards are forced. hard against the sides of' the shaft. This is of' the utmost importance because movement of the ground behind timber encou~ages progressive collapse very quickly.
If' the .sides have not been timbered properly ho110vv'S may develop behind ~he timber, and any such ho11~'v's should be stu~f'ed tightly v/ith excavated or other material or trouble is sure to result. To leave a hollow behind timber in wet ground is to invite f'ailure.

In most clays it is possible to excavate using poling boards, but if' the ground is wet, or if' the soil is grE!-vel", sand or "re.t sandy c11;!.Y, runners are best. If runners are deenwd necessary, it indicates that the shaf't should be close boarded v/hereas the use of' poling boards presupposes f'air1y '[':90\1 ground, in vlhich case, cJ,ose boarding ~,'il1 quite often not be necessary. For instance', open boarding "rill usually BUf'f'.ice in ~ertain clay soils. 1;/hen open boarding is employed the boards in successive stages should'be staGgered. If' there are patches of ,vet on any.wall of' the shaft it is advisable to close board that side. If possible, timbering should be completed bef'ore work ceases f'or the day, and if'a pit ever has to be left for more than 24 hours, the requisite timbering should alvrays be put in bef'orehand. If' the original bomb hole f'ills with water, the face of the pit nearest to tlie hole should also be tinlbered and vJ.atched Of\re:i'\111y.

,zr

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°9

-V -

-5 it to support the side of the excavation pending in-

sertion

of the corner board.

The second runnel'
of the cross be repeated depth is boards to be ends of the as

should then be driven over the end poling board. This process should excavation proceeds until suf'f'1o1ent reached f'or the next set of corner placed in position over the exposed

Cl'OSSpoling boal'ds. The next frame can then be erected in position, but until this can be done the runners will need temporary support. This can be
achieved foot of most the readily eornel' by the board. erection of temporary

walings held in position by Acl'OW Struts. Altel'nati vely, a temporary frame may be put in at the (e) Vihen the tops of the first
been driven be possible do\vn to ground to continue to last

set of runners have
it will usually them vr1th a second
For very deep exbe necessary to

level, drive
may

set of runners;

the bottom ends of iihese I'follovrset of method runners inside the of insetting should

ers" should not be chamfered. cavations in bad ground it

start dl'1v1ng a fI'esh bottOOlframe but this

not norrl1ally be necessary.

8. erratic

lIEADiliGS (FIGS V A and V B). it As the travel of a bomb through the ground is is freQ.uently not found to lie vrithin the vershort heading thus becomes necessary teDdency for the inexperienced to a man to work in properly, in vrhich take longer to l'each the bomb than

tical excavation. A and there is a strong mw~e it too small for case it will probably for the very short offsets

if a proper siz~ heading had been constructed.
of 1 foot or so, in same care as vertical excavations. -

Except

good

firm

ground, headings should alvrays be timbered v!ith at least (a) one method of' timbering a heading is described the R.E. Poolcet Book (1936) and illustrated at
Chapter VI Fig 1 Plate 4 thereof'. This illustra-

in

tion is reproduced at FIG V A. ~his method sho\'.n is a good one particularly in bad ground vlhere
there is followed reason by the
the may

to believ~ that the track heading will be straight.
horizontal have to or vertical be modified. planes

to be Freand so

quently,
either this in method

hovlever, bomb tl'acks do not keep stl'aight
var1ations are :-

Possible

(i) In good ground (e.g. dry clay) timbering vrith 9 inch x 3 inch frames only at about f'oot intervals (FIG V 13} In wet ground (e.g.

(11)

but close timbered,
other sandy soils

with fI'ames butting
a short

wet clay)

as

(i)

above

against
of,

each (111) In

and where

heading

say, 4 to 5 f'eet only is .expected -a modification of' FIG V A 1l1ethodbut driving one set of,
say, 5 foot chisel-ended zontally and supporting intervals of, say, 2 to headel' boal'ds hol'ithese vrith fl'ames at 3 teet

(b) The main principles

to bear in mind in"dr1ving

headings are :(1) Keep the heading large enoui;:h. Not less than 5 ft high and 4 1't wide {overall excavation)
{1i) Never scantlings use less than 9 inches for main frames or x 3 inches less than 2 inch

thickness f'or header boards (if used). (11i) The level at ",rhich the heading should be
driven out from the runnere ehould be such that the 1nit~al bomb tl'ack is slightly above the centre of the opening of the heading.

,~.,

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suo
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IITM PUB -~ ~ON

-9 -

-7 (d) Where all distance the of the timber nearest be side left of'the in place, shaft

£'rom a house is less
shaf't

than half'
should

the depth of' the in and thereby
If'the

otherw1se
a partial

the

shaft

may fall
of' the

cause

collapse

building.

ground
doubled.
(e) ¥fhere have to

is

at all

bad,
are in

the distance

should

be

shafts be left

excavated 1n place because

roads, timber may of the probable

proximity
services.

of water mains,

sewers and other

public

).29

enq

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(3dAl 13315 ~V1n8nl)

air

9NI9NIMS

EXCAVATIONS
TYPICAL
LAYOUTS

REFER.EJN.CB.D:t:I. E/21/36

ALL riALING8&'-0" 5'-4" SPRFADB!

x 4"

LONG WALDiGS8'-0" SlORT WALINGS 6'-0"

x 4" x 4" -I

,-

1_\

\10LDDlG

5'-5"

WEDG~=~

I

~

FOLDDlG WEDGIB, I ~

~'-5"

I~ ~ ~
0

H

~
J'

.
0 I

i " ~ H
"'
OJ

1

/

1-

6'-50\\

-~
D'-.~J6'-D~ ~READER \\DI-.-

6'-0" LONG WALINGS

6'-00 SlORT WALIN~

~-~_~ue~Mt~6'-D~D
c e D ee

~:-

AU. DIKENSIONS INCLUDE.oN iu.LOWAlIC! 1- rOR WEDa~or

USING
ALL lVALINGS 6' -0" 5' -4" SPRFADER

'2" RUNNERS
x 4" P..GINCI WEDGES

G
-0" x 4"

B

:;'-~"

'-0" X 4" 1'...oIN~' WEDG~

~ ~ ~

~ .-I

I

.I ' ~

~ ,.I
b I

'\J

~

I
"1
II)

( 6' -0. SHORTWALING'

11'-7" roLDING

3"OORNm
6'-0.

I..

6'.7"

I~I

-1

SHORT WAUli1

lOLDINGf!OOFB' -I

tqt'!~19
Scale 1n Feet
I!2n:5J/ ALL D~SlONS INCLUDE AN ALLOw.INCEor 1" rOR WUJGE5

II

..1-.£ ..o-.t

..£ x ., .:1 x., .£ ., ., .z x., x .6 x .6 x .6

SNI):iJl)IIIId
mtXmM

..o-.e ~o-

...O-,g
..0-.9
01101 ..g-,~

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sa~V'oe

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'I J. "0 oS

J NI 3

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I

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SNOIl.V~3dO

l..:1VHS
.:10

NI

3':)N3nO3S

9NI'ti38V'Jll (]~Y(]NY1S

' "~ ",,'

HEADING OUT FROM A VERTICAL

SHAFT

REFER. E.INC. BD:T.I. E/21/36

FIG VA

SPACI FOR DRIVING FORWARD LAOOING

4"x 2" WALIBG B~

DETAIL

AT @

101236 ..'

, , .I Baal. in r..t

JJf"

,
"AOLI!!\f'I:> HOL CDJ.LIJIO

A'NO

'IJ.V"ftVY~VIO

--3J.ON

'

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r t

3r\

i ') '\f H <1

r

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II I ' SYHd

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(lr~

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t~~-~--~-~~~

."
/" ..".

/

@

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9~/12/3 .1:L.o.a :>

3

~3j3~

':)NIOV3H NO Il.VAV jX3 ..iO

'v'

NI S3':)'v'l.S

~
~

TYPE

-TUBULAR

SCAffOLDING

REFE:R EIN C

B.D.T

E/21/36

HEAD CLIP"

EA<E SE

OF S0A7FOLDING WI1J. WN5IST 01:4 No. 4 No. 4 .0, 16 No. 4 No. B No. 4 No. 4 No. 2 110. CLIPS, HEAD WUR!RS, ~Oo WUPLERS, J)lD ro nm COU~S, snYm. PLATES, BASE BRACES, 10 Ft LEliGmS I!ORIZONTALS, 12-Ft LDiGmS UPRIGHm, 6-Ft LIIIG1HS Sl'Amms

'17

~

DETECTORS -mDICATOR

TEST PAPERS

(operating

Instns)

REFERENCES: The following this Instn :- BIYl'Is D/20/29

are to be read and D/20/79. I.T.P. Gas.

in

conjunction

vlitn

1.

OJ3JECTS PERFO~. AND
(a)

fo

The fUnction of Detectors resence of Carbon ~ionoxide

ovling objec

s :-

is to indicate Tnls acni~ves

tne the

Constitutes an aid to safety of perscmnel engaged on vlorlcs where tne presence of carbon monoxide is suspected. Its v~ue in this regard should be constantly borne in mind, full advantage being taken of it. (11) Assists in the diagnosis of camouflets as distinct from UXBs but see NOTE 1 below. (b) The performance of Detectors I.T.P:is reliable, provi'ded they are prepared, operated, and maintained as described in tnis Instruction. ~ be 1. The lim1 tations of this type of Indicator should clearly understood :(i) As co~ gas contains carbon monoxide, it should not be used in the ne1ghbourhood of gas mains. (ii) Some soils contain carbon monoxide, and other gases, which may s1mtlarly affect the palladium chloride of the test papers. (1i1) If the bClnb hole remains open to a good depth, carbon monoxide gas may remain present for about a week; but if it has partially caved in, all traces of carbon monoxide may disappear very ~uickly. Nevertheless, vmen used on new bomb holes, at a distance from leaky or broken gas mains, it will often afford useless confirmation as to whether a bomb has exploded or not.

(i)

2.
(a]

V;,HEN us],. TO
'\'llie-ii-Aor B tYUe camouflets are susuected, in an endeavour to obtainc onf'irmatoryev:[aenceoef'ore subse~ent necessary action is taken. Refer BDTI D/20/29.

(b)

Immedi tel

befol~e re-columencement

of vlorl

shaf, in which the probe has suddenly gone into a cavIty, and all personnel have been vlithdravm from the region of ~lhat has now become a suspected camouflet. Refer BIYl'I D/20/29.
(0) After action has been t cen to make a camouflet safe as descr bed in BIYl'I D 20 79, and BEFORE repairs to same are allowed to be commenced. This is to ensure that all carbon.monoxide has been expelled frall the cavity.

3.

DESCRIPTION.
(a) The e~uipment is packed in 2 small tin boxes, which are painted dark green with 2 red bands across tlwir lids. They are sealed \'lith adhesive tape. (b) The smaller Box is labelled IfBOX NO 1" and contains the follo..7ing : -Test Paper BooY~et (cellophane vrrapped), Test Paper Holder, Spool of Cord, Reagent Spotting Bottle, Printed Inst%~ctions. (c) The larger BOX is labelled IfBOX N021f and contains 2 spare Test Paper Booklets (cellophane wrapped), Stock Reagent Bottle with rubber cap, a glass Filter Funnel, and printed instructions.

~J1

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.~O!NN:[mI'ffl aNY :[avO

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-v

-8 -

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED
20 DEC 43

APPARATUSREVIVING -OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

1.

FOREWORD.
(a) Refer to BDTI D/20/125

(b) At this date ~eoial oxygen oylinders are being supplied to AUST BOMBDISPOSAL PLS RAE only, for
wham one by AODs additional in areas spare concerned. cylinder per PL is held

2.
oxide

OBJECT.
To poisoning administer (see BDTI oxygen D/20/29 to victims "Types of of' carbon Camou:f'lets monand

Safety

Precautions"

and D/20/79

"Making Camouflets

Safe")

3.
blood

PERroRMANC~.
f'ive times

Oxygen drives
more

~ickly

out the carbon monoxide
than air. This

apparatus

f'ran the

is

easily

applied

and operated

and administers

oxygen

eff'iciently.

4.
over

DESCRIPTION.
The main parts
the victim's mouth

consist

of' a ~~K
with

for

placing

and nostrils,

a ~ick-adjust-

ing

rubber

HARNESSfor

securing

same in position.

interposed

A rubber BREATHING BAG (2 gals oapacity) is as a reservoir between oxygen cylinder and mask

A FINE ADJUSTMENT VALVE f'or fitment

to the

oxygen cylinder serves both as a control and as a meter for estimating the volume of breathing, so that the supply to the victim oan be adjusted to any volume. It is

connected

to the breathing

bag by a short

length
to the

of' rubber
mask by

tubing.
a length weight hours of The breathing bag is connected corrugated rubber tubing,

The OXYGEN CYLINDER is about 30 lbs and is good for continuous use.

of 40 cu ft capacity a period of about 2!

See para 7 for detailed

parts list.

5.

w:ImNT°!lS~.
(a) As ~uicl~y as possible after patient has been removed from the vicinity of the polluted area, and simultaneous with the administration of artif1c1al respiration

(b) For a short period after normal breathirig has been restored, in order to lessen the severity of the after effects of the poisoning.

3ltl

ue'BG.xo

'.xe"pu~t.G.o

(ttx) (tx)
(x) (-xt)

09 R 09 R
J..t .r. eAtSA

xe~dS
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9t £t
t8

'&A NA
11A

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(titA) (i1A) (iA)
(A)
(Ai)

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8

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(iii) (ii) (i)
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-e -

INTRODUCTION.
(a) IMPORTANT REFS: wi~BDTIs-D72W62 (b) This and TI to be D/20/31 read in conj\Ulction

UNITS RAE GENERALLY. Only carry this eqpt. Other Units ledge o~ its operation as, in they may -

BOlvrn DISPOSAL PLS RAE req,uire a mowcase of emergency,

(i)

borrow and operate assistance, or assist tion of
select plant.

the

carnplete

plant

without

(ii)

a limited borrowed
and prepare

crew plant,
a

and control or suitable site

the

opera-

(1ii)

for

this

(c) CO}I!PARISON -BRITISH boilers and accessories Hovrever, per1'ormances ences in minor details

AND AUST BOILERS. Sane are of AUSTmanu1'acture. are identical. For di1'1'ersee APPENDIX F.

O~JEC1l'

AND

PERFORJ:1ANCE
!'ran a picric 01' safety

1. Tb,eobjec~ 01' this apparatus is to remove bomb various 1'orms 01' explosive 1'illing, including acid whether cast or pov~ered, under conditions for the operators.

2.
(a)

Per1'ormance.
A hole 4f-in. diem. can be trepanned in a bomb of 2" wall thickness 1n 30 mins, and of' t" wall thickness in 10 mins'.' The filling can then be steamedout through the hole thus made by remote control in 1 hour for 50 kg bombs, 1t hours for 250 kg, 2t hrs for 500 kg and 4 hours 1'or 1000 kg bombs, having

cast TNT fillings. bombs are not yet

Co~esponding available.

figures

for

JAP

(b) Alternatively, if the base of the bomb can be removed, the 1'illing can be steamed-out through the opening \vithout the necessity of trepanning a hole

in
(c)

the

banb casing.
A trained whan should the plant. leader and be trained, . 1'our others, are re-

C£ew ~eQuireg. at least one of q,uired to operate

E IN C., AM F.
BOJJBDISPOSAL TECInfiCAL INSTRUCTION.
TREPAI'mING AND STEAlAING-oUT PLANT -DESIGN (OPERATING INSTNS -PROVISIONAL) III

INTRODUCYrION.
(a) IMPg~~ wi ~BD'l'I ~~~~: This TI to be read s D{ ",O{ 62 and D/20/31 in conjunction

(b) UNITS RAE GENERl\J:.LY. Only carry this e~t. Other Units ledge of its operation as, in

they may -

BO!vrn DISPOSAL PLS RAE require a 1O1owcase of emergency,

(i) borro\v and operate the complete plant assistance, or(ii)
(iii)

without
operathis

assist a limited tion of borrowed
select plant. and

crew plant,

and control or site

the
for

prepare

a suitable

(c) COJ/iPARISON -BRITISH bol1ers and accessories Hov:ever, perfo~ances ences in minor details

AND AUST BOILERS. Some are of AUST-~ufacture. are identical. For differsee APPENDIX F.

OBJECYrAND PERFOR]JWijC~
1. The object of this apparatus is to remove from a bomb various forms of explosive fill inS, including picric acid whether cast or powdered, under conditions of safety for the operators.

2.

Perfo~ance.
(a) A hole 4i-in. diam. can be trepanned in a bomb of 2" wall thickness in 30 mins, and of ~" wall thickness in 10 mins'~ The filling can then be steamedout through the hole thus made by remote control in 1 hour for 50 kg bombs, 1~ hours for 250 kg, 2~ hrs for 500 kg and 4 hours for 1000 kg bombs, having

cast TNT fillings. Corresponding figures bombs are not yet available.

for JAP

(b) Alternatively, if the base of the bomb can be removed, the filling can be steamed-out through the opening without the neoessity of trepanning a hole

in the bomb casing.

(c) C~ew ~eauireg. A trained leader and four others, at least one of v/han should be trained, are required to operate the plant. .

3.

VI hen to use.

(Refer BDTI D/20/31)
for steaming-out is the banb cemeopen area, but the process may for dealing in s1 tu with those

b~s

Normal place teryor other suitable sometimes be necessary

which cannot be moved or ilmIunized.

NOTE1 : -Bombs fitted vIi th Clilll;!ICALLONGDELAY FUZESmust NEVER steamed out (see BDTI D/20/62) be NOTE2: -Bombs conta1ning STEl:wmD M,ThIONAL filli~ NEVER steamed-out (see BDTI D/20/31) be must

~IfJ

-2 DESCRIPl'IO!,!

The complete 4.
(FIG 1) comprising :-

Apparatus

consists

of :-

'THE STEAMDRIVEN TREPANNINGUNIT & ACCESSORIES, (a) A BASE PLATE which can be attached to the bomb 'by adjustable chains, tightened by turnbuckles and (b) A detachable TREPANNINGHEAD provided with a
built in pump for supplying lubricant from a separate container, and with disengaging the Cutter Spindle from drive. to the cutter a clutch for the geared

(c)

A STEAMMOTOR, which is governed, and which drives the cutter spindle at from 50 to 60 RPM
when the boiler per square :In. pressure is from 85 to 100 lbs

(d) Two types
for thin piece),

of detachable

CUTTERS, viz.,
with walled a distance bombs.

SHALLOW

walled bombs and DEEP for

(used thick

NOTE 3 : -The cutter advances .0015-in. per hence from figures given, the time through a bomb of lmown thiclmess timated, due allowance being made clearance and the curvature o:f' the NOTE 4 : -See
sories by Pls.

revolution, taken to cut can be esfor cutter banb. accespacked

APPENDIX B for
tools, spare

Packing
parts,

List
etc.

showing
normally

with this unit APPENDIX C for 5.

in the 2 boxes provided. additional spares normally

See held

STEAMBOILER & ACCESSORIES(FIGS II

and III)
6t

has a capaci yof 500 lbs 0 s earn per hour at 100 lbs per square in. pressure. It is oil fired, uses $bout to 7 gals of fuel per hour, rand at full load evaporates 50 gals of water per hour. The following acceSsories are provided:

(a) An auxiliarY (b) An Injector,
duotion of Feed (primus type) feed

Liqujd
water

Fuel Burner

for

starting the introwith Hand
attached

also a Hand Pump, for fitted
Pump (see
for (d)

(c)

A Boiler

Feed Tank (100 gal)
(b) above)

Boiler

(d) A Solution
(e) Carryin~ to items

Tank (50 gal)
insert~on above.

fitted
in

with
sockets

a Hand Pump

poles (c) and

(f)

A Steam Hose (60 yds) loading and unloading APPENDIX D for
parts HQ.. carried

on drum, and other Hoses.
to faoilitate

See APPENDIX A for details. (g) A Wheeled Carriage (or "Rickshaw")

from a lorry. list
with

NOTE 5 t -See
spare Unit

of aooessories
the Boiler.

and
See AP-

PENDIX E for 6.
remote
(a)

list

of spares

normally

held

at by
for

THE STEAMING-oUTAT!ACHMEn! which is
control,
A Saddle, attaohing

operated
Belt

and consists
it

of

:an adjustable and

incorporating to the banb,

(b)

A Hand Hose

Feeder,

which

sorews

into

the

Saddle

-3 NOIE 6 : -See
ing.

APPENDIX B Sec. 2 (11)

for

details consisting
lorry floor, travelling

and packof :to

7.
(a)

A SET OF LORRYFITTING§. (FIG IV)
Three plates hold the boiler for in fixing position to the when

(b) TvIO steel
(0) Bar with
and

channel
2 brackets

and unloading
for
for

ramps
to lorry,
lovlering

fixing

to

take

the unloading
(d) Bloclt on ramps

ramps
Taokle raising and boiler

(e) Wood fillets
when travelling.

to seoure

50 gal and 100 gal tanks be loaded on

8. the

NECES~ARYSTORES~2tc. which should lorry and aooompany the plant t a) Oil, type M220 for
(Dieseline) Unit b Paraffin 0 Fuel Oil

the Steam Motor and Trepanning

d
e f

Spare Hose Coupling
Spare Cotton

iVashers

gauge glass and rings waste, sandbags, eta.

g

Solvent

(Vlashing
(A)

Soda Crystals)

METHOD OF USE -OPERATING THE BOILER

9.

~RELIMIN~IE§..
(a) ~
site, quate

: -The
about oover

boiler

should

be placed
bomb, and crew exists

on a level
where adeor can

50 yds from the for boiler and

readily be provinAd sandbag wall. (b) Water: of-cfean
will (c)

by -the erection

of a suitable

-Arrangements should be made for a supply Y/ater. Approximately 60 gals per hour
UD :Connect
olear

be required. up the
and free

Connecting
all

boiler,
from grit,

and tanks
etc.,

andhosesas--sliown
that before hoses are doing so.

in FIG V, taking

care to ensure

(d)

Filling:(i) Fill the (Dieseline

Prooeed

as follows
tank

:with fUel oil and the 100 gal and

boiler fUel if procurable)

50 gal tanks
(ii) Close
less and

witb. clean
valves

water

(see NOTE 6)
(see FIGS II a,nd

all

and cocks

III) EXCEPT (a) the Top and Bottom Water Level Gauge Cocks (wb.ich sb.ould never be olosed un-

(iii)

Cooks.
Fill

the gauge leaks or the (b) the Upper and Lower

glass Water

is broken) Level Test

the Boiler,

using

the

hand feed

pump on

the 100 gal tank until the Lower Water Level should then be closed.

water issues Test Cock.

freel~ from This Cock

(e) Li~hting UD : -Light up the Auxiliary Burner in the same way as for a primus stove, place it in tt.e
fire box and direct the flame on to tubes by means of the sight hole.
Leave the esoape or it should Upper Water Level Test ai~ until steam issues be closed.

the

boiler

Cock from

open to allow the cock when

",r

4(If
wood used.

the
fire )

Auxiliary
in ~he

Burner
firebox,

is
but

out

of

action,
must

the
NOT be

boiler can be heated up in an emergencyby using a
coal

R~NG.
(a) When pressure the main burner on Boiler Gauge reads 12 to should be brought into use. 15 lbs (b) Open Blast Cock, open Fuel Valve about one-~arter turn to allow oil just to dribble out of burner, then open Burner Steam Valve fully. Regulate the valves so that the flame consists of a yellow ring with a blue cedtre; there should then be a faint brown haze at the chimney. If the flame is too yellow and gives off black mnoke, reduce fuel supply. Too blue a flwne means too little fuel or too muoh stewm, wi th danger of pbpping back and blowing out. Remove auxiliary burner when flwme is satisfactory.
(0) If Valve open. Main Burner and increase To re-light, blows oil out, olose Burner Stewm supply, leaving Blast Cock use a rod about 3-ft long

with a torch of oil-soaked as soon as burner re-lights, Valve as in (b) above.

rag or asbestos yarn; open Burner Steam

(d.) The Injeotor should be used to maintain water supply to the boiler; the Hand Feed Pump may be used in an emergency. To operate the Injector, wait until pressure reaches about 50-lbs, then :Firstly: Secondly: Thirdly: Fourt~y: Open Open Open Close until from level Injector Cock fully Injector Suction Cock fully Injector Steam Cock fully Injector Suction Cock gradually only a trickle of water issues overflow pipe. should be maintained at about

(e)

The water

half way gauge glass, but check water level ft'eQuentll by opening and closing Water Level Gauge Drain Cock, so ensuring that water level in the gauge is a true one.

(f)

If Injector fails, or stewm issues from overflow pipe, open Injector Suction Cook wide and so cool down the Injector. It' this fails, cover the Injector with a rag soaked in cold water, and replenish cold rags until Injector is cooled sufficiently to restart. Vlhen cooled adjust as before.

(g) If the Main B~rner is out for any length of time during operations, e.g., due to fuel shortage, the hose from the .Hand Pump feeder -&hould be disconnected at the Pump and left open to air. If this is not done, water may be drawn in as stewn in the boiler and condensed 1n1til the boiler is completely full of water. (h) When the pressure on the Boiler Gauge shows 95 lbs per sq-1n, check the Safety Valve to ensure that it is in working order. (j) Boiler pressure should be maintained as nearly as possible at 100-lbs per sq-in on both Gauges throughout the operation. One man will be required to act as Bo11erman during the whole time the boiler is working

10.

-5 -

11.

SOL~.

In oases where a Solvent is required (as in a Piorio filled bomb), steam should now be turned on to the 50 gal Solution Tank at the Solution Heating Steam Valve on the Boiler. Add the neoessary solvent to the tank and stir thoroughly ( 30 lbs washing soda crystals per 10 gals of water for Pior10 Acid).

12.

WN STE~.

~his should now be run out until it is near enough to the bomb to be attached to the Steam Power Unit or direct to the Steaming-out Hose, whichever may be re~ quired for subse~e.nt operations as described below. The near end of the Main Steam Hose should then be attached to the main ooup1ing on the boiler. NOTE Z : -Even when no solvent is re~ired the 50 gal tank should be connected up. It can then be used to supply hot water for cleaning the apparatus, washing hands, etc. On no account should any traces of oil, grease or explosive be allowed to get into the 100 gal food-water tank.

NOTE § : -The above operations (a-j) provide a supply of steam for steaming-out the filling. Subsequent operations will depend on whether the bomb is to be steamed-out by :(a) inserting the steaming-out filling hole of the bomb. hose through the

(b) trepanning a hole in the bomb and feeding the steaming-out hose into the bomb through the tre~nned hole.

(B)_;:_~~P~NG
PREPARATORY

A HOLE I~ A BO1!B
TO STEAMING-oLYl1

13. If it is i~ossible or undesirable to remove the baseplate of a JAP bomb, or the filling plug of a GERMAN bomb, a hole can be trepanned in the case of the bomb as follows :(a) Setting UP. Thoroughly clean the surface of the bomb andpTace the detachable base of the trepanningunit on it, preferably near the highest point of the bomb and in a position where the nozzle when fed into the bomb will not foul a fuze pocket. Pass the two chains round the bomb, attach them to the ohainh90ks at a convenient point, and tighten up the coupling boxes (turnbuokles) with the spanner provided until the base is securely held in position. Undu~ force must NOT be USED or the casting may be distorted and the trepanning head will not fit on its spigot.
(b) T~e~anne£ liead. (FIG I). Mount the trepanning head {oomple.te with Steam Power unit) on the base and secure with the three Quick Release Cramps. Great care must be taken not to jar the cutter, as it is made of hard steel and is easily dama~d by

inrPaQ~ (0) Adjustment

engagea, rotate the handwheelslowly in an ant1until the cutter gently Then withdraw the cutter handwheel for 2 complete

of Cutter.

With

the

feed clutch

dis-

clockwise direction the bomb surface. ly by rotating the

engages slightturns

,1"

-6 ~e~lec:ti°f' the cutter. '(d) thi~ precaution He-engage the will result clutch. in ' dama~e tg

~utte~ Lubricati~. Erect the cutting 011 cootainer in a convenient position so that it is level wi th or higher than the bomb. Attach the long petrof'lex oil tube to the container and to the lef't hand connector on the Trepanning Head, and connect the short petrof'lex oil tube between the right hand connector on the Trepanning Head and the connector on the base below. Turn on the eontainer oil tap and ensure that there is a small flow of' cutting oil even when the machine is not running. If' there is n,o f'low, clear the tube by blowing through it or if' necessary dismantling the couplings. When steam is turned on check that the supply of' oil is increased by the operation of' the automatic pump when the p~er unit starts to rotate.

NOTE: -ted

-The

soluble cutting oil is supplied in f'orm .94--4:e t'c be mixed wi th clean the rate of' one part of' cutting oil to parts of water.
Make f'illing able, sure that the filter is in position wi tG.. 9i+. If cutting oil is soapy water may be used.
Lubrication. head. Check oil coI'X'ect grade

concentrawater at twenty
before avail-

not

(e)

Trepanner trepanner

The

level in the is M220 and

the oil filler nipple of oil
(f') steam lubricator

level should be visible through the oil hole. Use 011 gun, with M220 on the oil below the hand wheel. Put a small quantity M220 in the cavity between feed screw and cap

.

Inlet firmly

~d

Outlet. to the

Screw body of

the the

"air steam

line" pO\ver

uni t. port of
(g)

Scre\v the the steam

exhaust pipe po'Ner unit.

into

the

exhaust

Power Unit Lubrication. Fill the "air line" lubricator unit vii th oii M220, through the filler cap. Screw,back the filler cap tightly. Use the oil gun, v~ M220, on the two oil nipples of ~he steam power unit.

(h)

Examine

the

cutter.
cutter No cutter

This
will attempt as this

must
strain should can

be sharp;
the be only

a
and by

bjL'imt cause sharpen expert

or chipped vibration. a blunt personnel.

machine made to be done

(j)oFit the cutter and secure witli the 3 "allon" capS(~reWS, tightenIng up with the special key provided When the short cutter is used (for S.C. or thin walled bombs), the distance piece is inserted between the cutter and the main shaft, the long oapscrews being used in this case. (k) Adjus'f2nent of Cutt~. The mainshaf't should nOW' be-fully withdrawn by rotating the handwheel in a clockwise direction, with the clutch disengaged. It il3 most important that the cutters should not foul the bomb when the trepanning head is fitted to the base.
Startin;r. UP. When a pressure .of' 85-100 lbs per square inch Is available at the boller, blow steam through the main steam hose untll all condensed water has been ejected. Then connect the hose to the "air line" Lubricator and open wide both the control cook and the drain cock on the steam power

(1)

unit.

-7
Turn and on alloy! rull the

the boiler unit to main steam accelerate valve to

steam at trepanning

ru1l speed (experience vall soon dete~ine the "note" 'lrhen rull speed i's reached). The run-up period vlil1 be sufficient to clear the driving end bearing of any water which has accumulated there. The drain cock should then be closed.
NOTE~ :If the valve machine on the fails stesm By obtained this and to power start, unit close for a the few control seconds

(leaving
it quickly. fect is to start.

steam

turned

at

the

boiler)
"v/ater cause

then

open

means a this will

hannner" efthe machine

(m) Q~ssation of Out. Because of the governor fitted to the steam power unit there is no noticeable change of note when the cutter has completed its operation. It should not be necessary to go back to the bomb until the cutting is completed unless the machine stalls. In this case the whine of the machine will cease and stesm should at once be turned ort at the boiler, the cutter cQmp1etely withdravm from the cutting face by disengaging the clutch and rotating the hand\vheel clockwise. At the same time the coupling boxes should be inspected to ensure that the base has not \vorked loose. The cutter toot~ will be broken if these instructions are disregarded when the machine stalls. If for any reason the machine is stopped tiefore the cutting operation is completed the cutter should be w!thdravin sl!ght1~ before the machine is re-started The maximum times normally taken for the trepanning of bombs are :-

(German) (German)

S.C. S.D.

bombs; bombs;

cases cases

up to i" thick -10 from t"-lt1" thick-50

mins It

(11) C~:!eti~ of' cBt. V/hen the times sho\"111 above have elapsed, shut off stesm at the boiler and inspect the machine. If the cut has been completed, open drain coclc on the steam power unit and blow through before shutting off steam, disengage the feed clutch and v/ithdravl the cutter to its rullest extent by means of the hand wheel. Turn off the cutting oil tap, twre off the flexible tubes, uncouple the engine hose, and remove the trepanning Head from the Baseplate, and the Baseplate itself from the banb. (The Trepanning Unit should subsequently be cleaned caref'ul1y, oiled, and repacked in the boxes provided.)

14.
(a)

CLEANING STE~j PO\VEB UNI~.
Unless the Steam Power within 48 hrs, it should Unit is to be be dismantled used after again use

and should be thoroughly dried out and lubricated with Oil M220 before being re-assembled and packed a\vay .
(b) for The following dismantling special the Stesm
for removing

equipment \'1111 Power Unit:
driving

be

required

(i
(ii

;

Vlheel

puller,

geal'

vlheel

Key

for

removing

governor

(iii (iv
(c) The lo\vs parts

t" gas plug (supplied Steel rod, 2-13/16"

with the machine) x~" diameter (to be made
be 6 . for dismantled nameclature as foland

up locally).
Steam PoTier Unit G and should FIG (see APPENDIX numbers)

1li'

-8 (i) Remove cock and the airline lubricator, exhaust piping and shake and (64191), steam control as much flange which driving (63374) is a end

water
(ii) (iii) (iv) Remove Inspect

as possible
the the oil for the driving steam and

out if

of

the

machine

pinion gland

push
Clean, except

fit

and replace
driving

necessary
true pinion

re-assemble

(v) Hold true Unit rotor case bolts
(vi)

vertically (54448)
on rod the in

and remove
the governor

the

.four
so

Place the 2-13/1611 that one end rests

steam inlet valve.

Screw true -1!:" gas plug into the steam bearing on true otruer end of the rod,
draw the casing oft' the governor valve, spring out the ball spring bearing. and rod as

inlet, and so
Catch they

(vii) (viii)

Remove the Remove the clockwise (ix) Lever ball
(x)

governor bOdY and balls ball housing by turning bearing out gently

anti-

Lit't out the rotor case lining and rotor and remove the blades (xi) Clean and oil all parts and re-assemble carefully in true reverse order. Ensure that the rotor is re-assembled with true recessed end down, and that the slot in plate 483726 corresponds with the inlet passage in the cylinder casing. Tighten the rotor case bolts evenly.
(xii) (xiii) (xiv) Be.fore that the RePlace replacing shaft turns the driving true driving freely gear, pinion ensure in all positions. and pack the Unit horizontally tit gas turn a

away When possible store the Unit exhaust downwardS, and with the sorewed in. From time to time times by hand.

plug .few

NOTElq:-

On no account should a screwdriver be used to break the j oint between inlet casing and rotor case as true latter is made of aluminium and is easily damaged.

(C) 15.

-STEM!ING

OUT BY REMOTE CONTROL Tffi?OUGH A TREPANNED HOLE :Place the saddle attachment trepanned hole, taking care
fed and and in

Proceed

as follows

(El) Saddle Attachment. in position over the

to ensure that t he steaming-out hose \vhen will not foul the edges of the bomb casing, secure by passing true belt round the bomb tightening up on ~ tensioning bolts.

(b)

Hand Hose Feeder. spr:nd1etO-t~e~-and tus into true socket

Fix the s pring pressure Hose Feeder, screw the apparaof the saddle and tighten up

wi th (0)

the

tommy bar Hose.

provided. Attach true steaming-out

Steaming-out

hose to the main-steam hose an,d, with true pretJsure adjusting spring slack, ~sh true nozzle through the hand hose feeder tube until the foISer is just clear of the bomb 1'111ing.
(d) Feed Adjustment. thereisJustenough sure that the the steaming-out tightened too Tighten the Wlng nut until pressure (and no more) to pressure rolle~s grip the armour hose. If the wing nut is much it ,..ill be dif'f'icul t to work

enof

the

feede!'

by !'emote

'control.

-9 (e)OP6ratintt

(e.g.

as used with a Fuze Extractor
and lead the cord

uoI'(:!,.

Attach

a 70 yard
back

Design
to

length
the

2) to the
boiler

or

cord

brass position.

thimble

(r)

Steamin~-out. Vlhen all personnel have been withdrawn under cover, turn on the steam at the
a light in

boiler;

the nozzle

do\'ll1 to the explosive.
the it first will half only

pull

on the

cord hour

will

A pull

then

every
that a apply

bring

few minutes

will

ensure to

the nozzle
but thereafter

works its

v/ay vlell

into

the explosive,

be necessary

light p,ull to the cord about once every .20 minutes. Too frequent or too heavy pulls on the cord v/ill
only out tend to completely bore a melting hole it. through the filling with-

(g) ~tyinf1. bomb are

the- 130mb. When the contents melted and have run out or the

of the bomb is

full of liquid only, steam can be turned off and the complete steaming-out attachment removed. If the bomb 'is partly full of li!2.uid, it should be
rolled If this
the which

over to allow all does not remove

the li~uid all traces
almost out as

to drain out. of the filling,

steam should
li~uid can in then

be left
the be

on for

some time
entirely before.

longer
water,

until

bomb is emptied

NOTE 11 :-

When the main steam valve is turned off always ensure that the relief opens, tapping down the
central vertical rod if necessary. If this

precaution is neglected the partial vacuum created as steam condenses in the main steam
hose into will the cause melted steaming-out explosive hose. to be sucked

lD) -STEAMING~UTTHROUGH THE FILLING HOLE OFA GERMAN BOlvIB
16. fioulty V/hen there the is filling usually plug can be removed without difno need to trepan a hole through

the bomb as th~ filling

oan be steamed-out

most easily

through the filling hole. In this Hose is attached direct to the main ing taken to ensure that the latter in para 12 above), so that there is

case the Steaming-out steam hose, care behas been run out (as enough slack at the
then proceed as

bomb for
point follows

the nozzle
the

ultimately
The

to reach the most distant
operations

inside :-

bomb.

(a)

When hose (i)

is

fed

by hand. be wedged L~ position

The nozzle

should

(usually with sandbags) so that steam ?lill blow on to the filling exposed at the filling plug. All personnel should be withdrawn to a safe distance and then steanl turned on for 5 minutes
Steam
after peated.

should
half It an

then
hour, should

be

turned
the not

of'f

and the

nozzle
be apre-

inserted as far as it v/ill go into the filling. Steam should then be turned on again, and,
procedure should be necessary to

proach
been

the bomb again
(See

until

all off,
ad~ted

the fillipg the
as in para

has

melted removed

NOTE 11).

(ii)

Steam can now be turned
hose

steaming-out

15 (g) above.

and procedure

.,rl

1

-10 (1» W~~"nho~~ !s ~o :t2e!ed When it is desirable
out ~eration entirely
drilled

by remote control. to complete the steamingcontrol
to

by remote
and

the
take

fillthe

ing plug

in the base of the bomb should be replaced
taPl'ed

by a special plug Hand Hose Feeder.

The Hand Hose Feeder 18 screwed in pos;i tion
p1"ocedure is the same as in para 15 (b) to (g).

and

NOTE 1~3 : -Once
.tinued

Steaming-out
until (E) all -CLOSING down Boiler

has comnenced it
the fi~ling has DOWNTHE BOILER -

MUSTbe conremoved.

been

17.

To close

(El) Turn off
the operation

Main Steam Valve
of Relief Valve)

(aner

having

checked

(b) Turn off ( (I) Disconnect
pressure to

Fuel Supply Valve Water Feed Pipe
drop) (F) -FINAL

and Burner (before

Steam Valve the

allowing

OPERATIONS

18. Clean all Eqpt; coil hoses and pack away in the 50 gal Solution Tank. Repack the items of the Trepanning MachinEt and Steaming-out Attachment after cleaning all parts carefully, and oiling as described. Return items to the Lorry, stowing away as shown in FIG 4.
SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

19.

(a) Attention

is

drawn to the Special

Precautions

which must be observed when Steaming-out Picric filled bombs (see BDTI D/20/62). Any and every portion of the Trepanning Unit and Steaming-out Attachments must be thoroughly washed down with clean water before removal from the bomb. (b) Before blowing up a filled which has been steamed out, fuze pocket the Officer in a bomb in charge

of the
explosive

operation
has, in

must make certain
fact, been removed

that
or

all
the

the
explo-

sion may otherwise
anticipated.

be mo~e violent p~obing
any of

than bad been the banb
explosive should

(0) Thorough and c areful
will that generally the Officer

inside
solid

show whether in charge

filling remains but if to salvage after being

a banb case is to be sent steamed out, it is essential
the operation

satisfy himself not only by probing but also by visual inspection I!!gOUGH THE FILLING HOLE that the bomb has been completely emptied, and also that no fuze or picric acid remains in the fuze pocket.

11
APPENDIX A

DETAIL OF HOS~ .~R_4~~~!~G
PLANT DESIGN III.

& STEAMING-O~

De~or11>t1on 1

I ~~~-~~~~ ~~~e~ ~8~:.x *,~r b~r~ Comprising one J.ength of r-emforced rubber hose, 180' long by 1" bor-e with Albany coupling cap and chain for 1" hose secured by 3 No Jubilee Clips on one end. To the other- end or the hose is secured by 3 No Jubilee clips the 1" branch of' a Y piece. One br-anch or the Y is employed as above, the remaining two being of~" bore and f'itted with Albany couplings caps and chains. Rubberand canvas washer-s, descr-ipti~ as below, are fitted to the thr-ee Albany couplings.

Albany

coupling

1"No.1. tIt

Albany coupling No.2. Y pieces. No.1.
Jubilee No.6. clips 1"

1 Hose 180'

No.1.

x 1" bore

Washers 1" couplingNo.1. No.2. do ~"

2

Engine Hose 12' X.}" bore. Oomprisingone length of reinforced rubber hose, 12' long

by ~" bore, with ~" Albany coupling cap and chain at each end. The couplings are fittec with rubber and canvas washers, and secured to the hose by Jubilee clips
3

Albany No.4.

coupling

t"

2

Jubilee No.4.
Hose 12' No.4.

Clips
x t"

t"
bore

Washers i" No.4.

coupling

steaminlZ out Hose.
With nozzle and flexible metallic hose. Two complete hoses are supplied, similar in all respects, each comprising one 15' length of.}" bore reinforced rubber bose, width:J;;" Albany coupling, cap and chain and washer at one end, secured by a Jubilee clip. To the other end is secured a rotating nozzle and a 8' length of metallic hose. See L.l. Drg. "F" Feed Pipe Mechanism.

2

Hose 15' x i" bore No.1.Viashers

Albany coupling ~" No.1.Jubilee clips i" No.2.

t" ooupling No.1.Nozzle No. 1. Metallic hose

No.1.

4

Screwed coupling 1
"Merryweather" No.1.
-doJubilee i'emale clips No.1. !"

male

Hose 8' x i" No.1.

No.2. Lead washer No.1.

bore

IS'"S

No.

-12 1

['10

Description

Schedule

of' parts,
hose

set

~~Ch__c~~ete

5

Water' Hose.
~~ore, from hand feed pump to boiler. Comprising one lengt,h of reinforced rubber hose 10' in length by in bore, wi th female "Merryweather" sore\Ired coupling at each end, each secured by a single Jubilee c:lip. Lead washers to each coupling. Part No. 459.
Screwed couplings "Merryweather" female No. 2. Jubilee Clips i"

1

No.2. Lead washers
Hose 10'

Boile,r Parts List.

No.2 bore

No.2.

x i No.1 J

6

§QJ,ill~_~eed~i~~ 10' :x: i" bore.

Comprising

OnE

lengt,h of reinforced rubber hose with male "J.terryweather" Scre~red coupling one end, female ditto, the other end, each secured by a single Jubilee c:lip. Lead washer in female coupling. Female end fixel to heLIld pump, male end to special £'i tting on boiler.

Screwed c oupl1ngs "Merryweather"

female No.1.
-doClips

1

male Jubilee

Lead Washers No.2. Hose 10' x i" bore

No.2.
No.1.

No.1. i"

Part
7

No 458. Boiler

Parts

List

I~;ionheatin~

-pi-pe -12'x{-"
of reinlong by

COIn:P]~ising one length It'oroEld rubber hose, 12'

Albany coupling
No.1. Jub1leec11:r i" No.1. Hose
111 x ~

i"
12

Ii" bore, with t" Albany couplI~g secured by Jubilee clip ga l 1
1~lnd

No. 1.

~L.

,gnllo Rubber

The other and canvas

end was-

Qer j~ coupling.Coupling
'LO sIleoial
8

f1xes
I

washer i" No.1.

Rubber

and canvas

1'1tt1ng

on bo1ler.

Number of washers employed to con-

nect all R &: C 1" R &: C i" Lead

hosee. No.2. No.8. No.6.

9

Lead washers for IIMerryweather' sore~ved 0 ouplings EJct dia 13/1611

Hole dia

5/811

Ttliolaless

3/3211

No»6;

-13APPENDIX B Detailso~

and steamina-out
is carried

~~oki!;!a

fgr_TrS:(2anninll

Attachment
three

Machine

1.

This ~ars~ Small

apparatus 2'4" 2'5"

in x 2' x 2'

wooden boxes

:-

~ox -A Box -B

X 2'6" X 1'3"

SmaIi Box ---q
2. low, which

(packed

inside

box A) 16~" X 9t"
is the

X 7t".
be-

A complete list of all parts supplied the letter after each item indicating the item is carried.

shown box in

( i)

TREPANNINGMACHINE
(a) (b) (c)
(d)

~
hooks (2) coupling boxes

Detachable base qhains (2),o~ain

A
A

(turnbuckles)
Petroflex
Tre"paIUlinll Head tance p1ec~ached

4
1 long,
wit,h shallow (with

tubing,

1 short
cutter and dissteam power unit

B
A

{e~
f

attached) 2 gal tin of cutting Cutting oil container

oil with No.2. No.2. No.2.

tap

and filter

g

Tool

lcit
hex i" "3/16" "5/16"

Keys, " "

B B B

Screwdriver, London Spanners D.E. 3/16" " "5/16" " "7/16" " 3.E. 1/3" " Box. 7/16" Tonnny " bar "extension

Pattern 4" blade x J " No~ 1 x "No.1 X 2" No.1 No.2 No.1 No.1 No.1

No

1

Oil
(h) Shallow

gun
cutters (3) 1 fitted

No.1
to machine 2 spare 3spare B B B B B B

1i
j k 1

Deep cutters (3) 7/16" xi" capscrews 7/16" X 2t" capscrews Split pins (12)

(6) 3 on machine (6) (spare)

m n
1 0 j

Steam "power unit Set rotor blades
(spare)
Set (4) rotor case

(attached to trepanning head) A for steam power unit head
bolts and nuts (spare) B

p

Grease

gun

B

q
r

Spare steam sealing

ring
unit

B
B (1)

Special tools for steam power Pinion \vithdrawal tool (1)

Box spanner \vi th tcmny bar
Key for governor ball housing

(1)

( ii)
a ,b \C ~d ,e

STEA}.1ING-oUT ACmIENT A'I"r
Saddle and belly band Hand hose feeder (i) Spring assembly (1) Rubber tyred rollers (4) Spri~g (1) (s are) A C C C C

f g

Vling Nut (1) Vlashers (2)
pins

r

(spare)

spare) spare)

C C
rollers (4) (spare) C.

~h

Taper

for

locating

Jrr

-14-

APPENDIX a Class A S ares for Pass Tre To be carried with t Part NO~. 6.
21.
24 Plug for Trepanning Petroflex oil

Mach1~e

Descr.1:ption
flller cutter, tube long

!!g.
1
6

32 3ei

Elbow i'l B. S.P. thread
female

4J/3

58

59' 61.

Petroflex tube Spring clip Oil Nipple i" Instantair coupling Clutch spring 011 sea:! 011 seal Cutter lubricant Filter ala ares
i" Instantair Trepanning

1 1
1 1 2

6" 71 7 ;:, '" 76

64

..'

coupling male cutter, short

tube Steam Pmver Unit

85/2

1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1

oarried
ring,

for

with the Unit

504413
5444S:

64191.

Rotor blades Rotor casing bolts

Sealing

nevI type

1
4 4

and nuts

APPENDIX D AccesSories and Parts Desoription. Tanks, G.I. 100 gals, with hand pump and
1 1 1 1 1 sockets for oarrying poles Tanks, G.I. 50 gals, fitted as above Hose, R. and C., hand feed pump to boiler Hose, Injector suction, with strainer Hose, Solution feed pipe

with

500 lbs.

Boiler [2.

Hosie, Solution Boiler fittings

heating pipe comprising :-

1 1

Safety valve Burner steam valves and pipes Puel tank, valves and pipes Oil burner Main etop valve and "Special Fitting" Blast cock and piIJe Boiler uptake Water gauge glass with protector and three cooks Upper and lower level test cocks Injector with steam and water valves, check valve and piping Hand feed pump check valve Blowdown cock Gauges pressure (2) Sockets for carrying poles Trunnions for carriage Mud plug and filler plug Lighting up set (auxiliary burner)
Carriage Carrying for boiler poles

1
1 2

-15
ares for carried

500 lbs Boiler with Unit

APPENDIX E

Part Ng.
302 303 354 394 409 418 420
423 471 328 337

Description
Bottom shell joint Top shell joint Strainer Test cock Gauge glass Gauge glass rings Connection for oil pipe Lead Washers Jubilee clips
Steam pipe Connection for steam pipe Oil Burner Fuel tanlt strainer

!,2.
2 2

1 1
1 1

12
1
6 1 1 6 4

6

452 455 472 480 part 480 part 458 459 460 -Washers,
-Vias
-Engine -steaming-out

12

1

Fuel pipe lower Lighting up set jets Cup washers Hose 10' solution Hose 10' water Hose 6' water Albany coupling
hers, Albany coupling
with hose hose,

lower

large
small
sheath

1 1 1
4

20
1 1 1 1 1
2

397
357-372

-Soap 461 462 463

Asbestos string
piece Albany

solution heating Albany coupling Albany coupling Coupling nut Hand pump complete
for main couplings

pipe

1
4

477
-fly" -~"

Leather washers
Albany

1
steam nose for hose

1

-111

couplings

for

hose

1

2

APPENDIXE (Aust LAIRD'S 500 LB STEAMBOILER equiwient to ENGLISH "Mer"!;we ather " Steam Boiler)
boiler regards differs £'ran the follO\ving the details :-

The AUSTRALIAN manut'actured ENGLISH "},tERRY'v'fEATlIER" as

1. 2. 3.

Has \velded tubes, Firing
tings fittings.

in lieu slightly iron
in place

of expanded tubes. in desi~. and steel
of copper

door differs
are used

Standard

gal v wrought

piping
steam

and fitpiping and

4.

Has a welded ket.

foundation

ring

at

bottom

of water

jac-

5. 6. 7.

Is fitted Has seating

with

2 x i"

safety

valves. welded to boiler. made by G.T.L.

pads to take fittings, type boiler,

Is marked "Merryweather and Co. Melbourne".

1$"7

-16AFPENDIXG

Parts List of ~

(See FIG §)

MR3S~POWER maT

Part No.
64177

DescriPtion

No.
Q.tt 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
6

~

i"

641'i'8
4072:2 49357 504412 493210 49175 60495 60492 60494 37671.1 483720 48372.6 54443 49335 504411 64179 M.S. 10. 6337'4 3'75£'5

Plug Cock complete with lever tIt Airline Lubrioator t" X *" Nipple Air Inlet Chamber

Spring Adjusting Screw Governor valve spring Governor valve bush Governor valve Governor body thrust bush Governor body

i" dia governor Governor plate Baok end plate Rotor oase liner Front end plate Front end
i" gas Ho.t":f'man grease Brg ~"

ball

1 1 1 1 1
x 1 If

nipple OlD

2

bore Flange

x *If
screw and nut

5444,8
493513 504413 49331.9 63372 5522:2 3754,3 37473 37343 493521 37372
641g11

ilf Whit hex set Rotor case bolt Rotor oaBe

1 1 1
4

50447L N677 49337 493520 37806 37796 64188

Rotor blade Rotor key Rotor shaft Rotor " spring washer " Whit bright nut "Whit stud Exhaust oover 7/16" Whit stud Gits oil seal i" gas looknut Hoff'man Brg. 1-13/16"

t

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
3

1
OlD
Non-

1

x i" wide oorroeive

x i"

bore

Bearing wing 1" gas exhaust pipe 1" gas socket 1" gas bend Set screw for i" gas lock

1 1 1

1
1

nut

1

REPANNINGAND STE
.NG

n
JT PLANT
E/2~O9 B.D.TI.

T .REPANNING
UNI

-REfER E IN C
w

DESIGNIII

~;:--r8
~
ICJ IJ§-1
"

~

~ "
g

~ '"

~

~~
,"~
':
I
H
Po

i
c', "

~ ~
! S -~"~,, ~, ~".c~
-3J

M

i

'

~
I
./

V i
~~
"

i
~ ~ Po

M

'

J

~
~ § ~

~
~ 01~
) 8 ~ ~ ~ 8 A

! ~
~i
~~ §

~ ~

I
~

~I
B"
0 ~ "-

!
'/

~ ~ ~
,

~
1
--

i~~
BE ~

:B 0)

~~

~,,\
,
1
!
/ I I

/ /

~

"I
j@
~

t
/
~ ~

~
~ -

/

I
'"
~ § ~ ~g

~

i

i
~ g

~ ~

~j

8 ~

~

" ~

;
I
§
~
[) 0 0)

'" ,

/
~

i
i
..,!t

~ m

~ ...
.. ..

-< ~

.

~

!I

W l-

I~
V

~
-J -J

..
J:

-<

J1"9

~
FI(J

DIAGRAM

:SHOWING

LOCATION

OF

FITTINGS

ON

STEAM

BOILER

IlG-11

CHIIINn,

"-'- "'\

'ONRrroIlN VAtVl
/PRmsuB GADG~

~

:.=>v--

/

/

SOLUTIONBlATING

SnAIlV VI At

-SOLUTION COOPLING

11"

-'""'
~JWN STDK VALn
:---BLAST COCK GiJJGE COCK (TOP)

~
INnCTOR SlJCTIOB

LEYn

mJXCTOR -'

&7ZZZ?4! norD LSVm. ~T COCK (UPPXR)

INJECTOR COCK-: INJICTOR CliXCK VALVX

~
~

~~ '"
m--

'WATD! LEVn TlST COCK

{LOWDj

Ln:EL GAlJG~ LIVEr. GAlJG~ COCK

(BOTTI*)
---LlYn GAlJG~ DRAIlI

COCK

-CATCH

INJICTOR OVDPLOW

PIn-,-..

8IOIIT ROLE

~

-BLOW
'i!IJD

0"

COCK
~UG

i\ND nLLlR

~-_J

-~ 1 !

DIAGRAMMATIC

PLAN

Of

BOILER

TO

SHOW

COCKS

8. fiTTINGS

P~SURE

GAUGK

WATD LriZI.

T~T

coco

"

"
BLAST COCK BLAST Pli'S-~2:
L

~
L~
(~ . )

GAlJG~ COCKS

[1§~.u
INJETOR SUCTION COCK

\

r -~

COCK
INJETOR
caKCK V AI. V:I

IWN~

"'..,

AND COCK
WRIIER STEAM

VALV:I

~~
Rm.ID

~
If'-

vALn /'
vAlIn

SOLUT10N~TIN STIAIi VALn G

~
l'LUG Q., (!.

"
I

# ,I

'SAn'rY

VALn

"

'BUliliD

reELPIP~
)IDp ;\HD J'ILLm

81 of

:,~
NON I!:rroD VALn

BLOW on

~ COCK~

"~" @ ,~

~
-rim. TANK

'"

JUm. VALn

---~
~", ~

20

DIAGRAM

SHOWING

LAYOUT

Of

BOILER,

TANKS

8. HOSES

~
MAIN STZAII HOSE,
SAF!.'l'Y VALVE SOLUTION rEED HOSE

lli-Y
",INJECTOR SUCTION COCK

SOLUTION HEATniG

HOSE, "'HJ\IiDPUMP

/

NJ(=
~
i ~!'UEL VALVE

/INJE~R

SUCTION HOSE

WA!rJ2i

~

,BAND ~

Q
~O OAL SOLUTIC8
TANK

ruE[.

SUPPLY

c;I; ~ F=~

q

Ii

-WI) COI% -=G::~::Q-WD PLUG I

BLOW-all

Ii II II II U

II II II

'I
100 GAL '/fAT§!
II

TANK

I!

'---

_I
STRAJNER

SPECIAL

PURPOSE

M.R.3.

STEAM

POWER

UNIT

8ft

8CIIP

DIUCTION OF ROTATION CLOCKWISE look1nS on Shaft

End

~~
22
4i~2l0 4i175

110 &'188

'1~407 r

01

.~

---~ ~4i~57 ~---: 504412
~ -~~

PmBm> 3E1UAL

WIm 3ft 3CIID AS BROWN nI ABOVE 3KETC1!. N1JJI!JCRS OJ' TOOLS AaJ'. AS J'OLLOW5:-

~
~

e04i5
eO4i2 e04i4 'B3720

..360M

35357 to 35360 Incl. 353i3 to 353i8 Incl.

to 36103 Inol.

Ml7i,

+
A

-(~-

,
Ir~
~

-4g337

---

'- N677

A

5~S
504411 64179

i~---493S~

--- It.S.10
37372

~~~~7~95

63374

37M3

-37M3

~
I~l

"

-

---63372 /54448 493513
504413

~9352l

~g331g ~5222

SECTION

A A

~

SPECIAL BOMB DISPOSAL TOOLS AND ESSENTIAL COMMONHAND TOOLS, ETC. -(ANTI-JAPANESE)

1. REFERENCES:- Chap B, Secs 6 to 10 (incl.) JAPANESE fuzes.
2. TABULATION: -TABLE 1 summarizes tools rendering safe and preparation for removal of

-

fuzes.
I ,qRJ) I

used for the JAPANESE

NOTE 1 :- Items I ~~~I I T (A) 1 E

are grouped
TAPLE 1

in probable J

order E C

of use.
'I

M

lOB

T

I

IDENTIFICATION

AND ACCESSinaccessible fUzes

SPECIAL TOOL NO 7

To identify

(Fuze mirror)
2 SPECIAL TOOL NO 6 TO straighten access to tail out tail fuzes ~1ns ~or I

(Slotted

Bar) (B)

TO HElmER FUZES

SAFE -

(0)

TO

REMOVE GRUBSCREWS

,I.J

I

-2 .(.D) TO LOO§EN FUZES AND LOCKING RINGS-

3.
4.

l)ESORIPTION.
See FIGS }!ETHOD OF USE. I to VII for details of Special Tools. (SER NOS as per TOOL NO 7 :TABLE 1 above). This tool is de-

SER 1 -SPECIAL

signed to facilitate stamped inscriptions FORE it is moved.
the bomb is reached fuze. Care should

recognition of a fUze by appearance or on the fuzels whilst in a bomb and BEThe tuze/s should be exposed as soon as
and the fuze be taken not for most mirror projected to dislodge the up to the bomb by

undercutting.
mirror are

Length
adjustable

o~ telescopic is switched

shaft

and angle
use in the and replace

o~
cirrun-

convenient

cumstan(~es.

The light

on by turning

knob at

rear end of shaft. (Test dov~ batteries and defective end of to the

light re~larly bulbs.)

SER 2SPECIAL TOOL NO 6:Apply the slotted bar to the obstructing tail finis and gently

lever c:Lear until safe or removal.
ensure that

the tail fuze is accessible for rendering This tool must be used with GREATCARE
of a tail fuze is contacted by the

NO part

tool

it:3elf

or the

tail

fins

during

the process.

SER 3 -SPECIAL TOOL NO 1 :(Usable only on A.3(A) type fuzes.) Open out the arms of the tool by pivotting the thumbscrew out of the slot and place the tool over the brass cap on the fUze. The top face of the tool must bear against the brass cap of the fuze be~ore the tool is clamped to the body. If this is not possible the

shoulde:t' of the body of the fuze
be clarrrped together. spindle, the wing nut (Prior should

and the brass tool

cap should
the

to clamping the tool over be set so tb.at only a ~ew

clockwilse

turns

are required

to clamp the

in position.)

NOTE 2 : -Be careful to impart NO ROTARY MOTIONto the spindle during the above operation.
SER 4 -SPECIAL TOOL NO 2 :spindle of Set the fuze. wing The nut

and open out the
and place the tool

tool
over

as described""1'Or
the

SPECIAL TOOL NO 1,
the

under'silie

of the

tool

must bear

against

the

top of the fuze

body be:f'ore clamping. of the spindle. Bear

This prevents in mind caution

inward movement only of NOTE 2 above.

NOTE 3 : -WARNING: This tool ONLY to be used where top --of spindle projects i" or more above top of fuze body in which case the striker needle is
not likely Otherwise to use have pierced adhesive tape the detonator, and/or wire \see

SER5 below).

3
NOT~.i :Use the small serrated recess on spindles of' diameter as in fUze B.3(A), and the large recess f'or spindles as in A.2(A) , B.l(A), C.l(A) and similar f'uzes.

For reasons
laid low)

SE gi

SIVE TAPE AND below NO spe
essential manner of' principles useimpact-

LE '!IIRE :ill can be
(see (b) be-

down; but certain must be adhered to (a) Factors (i) affecting

~x!:~nt

of' dama~e

due to

A~ing

vanes,

bosses

and/or

arming

spindles
f'uze,

aland

most invariably suf'f'er to a lesser extent in

damage in a nose a tail fUze

(ii)

Diversity There are
arming in mid vanes air

of' t:voesdif'f'erent
rotate

actions
of'f',

in various

types
the

of'
fUze

arming mechanisms employed,

e.g.

in some cases
from

separating

(b)

General (i)

principles-

The object to bear in mind is that movable parts of the $rm1ng mechanism must be securely bound in position so as to prevent IMVARD, OUTWARD or

ROTAJrI movement
(ii) To ~et ject NOTE 5 :fUze in conditions the most as in efficient to (a), cOmnon sense must

be used and some ingenuity exercised in the manip~ation of' this medium, so as to achieve the obmanner. para "Rendering Safe f'or As a guide under ref'er

Handling"

of the BD'l'I describing
consideration.

the particular :by an exploed that Conse-

SER 6 -OIL
(a) Initiato sive neutr saturation

CAN (and Kerosene)

of

the

former

can

be

assured.

quently this method is used vfhere striker points are suspected of' being embedded in initiator caps, in an endeavour to prevent functioning of the latter should
relative movement subsequently occur

(b) I.leans of' entry (i)
protected accessible (ii) In Accessibility

compositions
of' under initiator simple, tin foil case the is

JAPANESE initiator
by a covering in the to this

are normally
or copper,

which of' course

is punctured

and the
via as there

composition
the is fUze

consideration

body is

a problem depending clearances

upon the type

of fUze.
a
the be reSee

some cases

passage via
keyways, eta, initiator. moved giving

around spindles

and through

from the top 01' the fUze to In others a screwed stud can direct access to the ~nterior.

relevant
sideration. (c) Injection-

BD'l'I tor

the particular

fUze under con-

(1) All oil can is a convenient medium,and is desirable fram the point of view that the method used must NOT EXERT STRONG PRESSUREON THE LIQUID.

.r'r

-4 (11) Wbenus1ng the oil can it may be found
necessary injection 7 (also (d) to improvise a leak-proof and retention as prescribed see NOTE 6 below) precautions to be and effectiveness method for of SER

CAUTION -For taken to neutralize

observed, time of this tech-

Itlique refer
SER7
(a) After this is

to BmI
-OIL

B/10/93,

para 14.
mixture) :-

GUN (an~
access see

Soli9.!f;ling

gaining necessary,

to the relevant

fuze interior (if BDTI describing

the

particular

fuze),

prepare
nozzle care

the

solidifying

mix-

'ture
(b)

and load

gun
of gun into or against NOT to jar the fuze NOR

Carefully access hole,

insert taking

'to make contact (c) Inject mixture

with into

the internal fuze until

mechanism cavi tie s are conby or (see

]!lOTE 6).
,elapsed,

sidered to be filled to requirements specified 'the relevant fuze BMI. Replace screw studs otherwise seal access hole to prevent leakage

(d) Retire to a ~afe distance :less than the s'etting time
at the expiration

until a period NOT of the mixture has
of which the fuze should

'be incapable ~-2 : -According
of

of functioning to lie
hole in fuze,

in the

nomal

manner location
may

of the bomb and/or
some ingenuity

access

be required to inject the mixture and retain same in the fuze until solidification has taken place. Luting, putty clay or similar plastic substance may be used to improvise leak-proof method of injection and retention of the mixture.

a

~..1
(a)

:their setting fully described should be used in

Suitable solidifYing mixtures, 'times and method of' mixing are :BIYl'I E/22/118. These mixtures whenever possible

(b)

If' necessary to improvise a mixture, Portland Cement could be used (Q.uick-setting type if' available), but it takes longer to set. SERs 8.9. ot'ten f'ound !Q with :- Grubscrews securing i'uzes no slot to receive the blade in

bombs

of' a sc:rewdriver.

are

In such cases -

(a) If' grubscrew projects beyond, is f'lush with, or is slightly recessed belC111 sur-lace of' bomb case, make a cut across the end of' same with the Hacksaw slightly cutting into the bomb case if' necessary. 'rhis only takes a minute or so. (b) If' grubscrew 'banb case use (i) is vrell "Ezi-Outs" recessed below and drill surf'ace of'

Select a small drill about ~ diam of' grubscrew and drill a shallow hole endwise in latter

-5 (ii) Replace drill in size, insert latter brace anti-olookwise. thread ot' "ezi-out"
oomnence to unscrew.

bit in
r

by "ezi-out" drilled hole (As soon as
ips grub screw,

ot'suitable and rotatetapered
it will

NOTES:

-It

is not grubscrew.

necessary

to

completely

unsorew

NOTE 9 : -Width ot' screwdriver greater than i-in. SER 11
f'uze select and/or tool

blade

must

NOT be

-SPECIAL as t'ollows

TOOLS NOS 3 and 4 : -When
is and proviaea-Wfffi tool No 4 t'or tool larger holes,

f'uze locking ring No 3 t'or smaller

:f'uzes

and proceed

around the body ot' t'uze (or in tool hole. Upon turnlocking ring) should com-

FOB! tion C -shaped locking ring) and ing anti-clockwise, mence to unsorew.

portion insert lug f'uze (or

NOTE lQ

:-

It' f'uze (or lQOking rin~) SER 12 (Stillson Wrench).

is

too

tight,

use

NOTE 1~ : -CAUTION: Only just suf:f'icient NOTE !~ :Fuzes are and minus

unscrew a t'raction to loosen t'uze. t'ound hand-tight

ot' a turn only,
proand

sometimes grubscrews.

vided, t'nZes

SER v1z 18-~ having no
S

12STILLSON WRENCHES: -Two sizes are and 10-in t'or use 00 very tight f'uzes tool boles. See NOTES 10, 11 and 12.

case.

ot' spanner anti-olookwise.

to NOTES, 11 and.1

5 :Apply large end A) type f'uzes and turn also apply in this

The small end of the tool fits the spanner flats of the NaV7 Standard Gaine. Although lat~er is normally only hahd-tight, this tool is usefUl when improvising a remote control method of separating gaine .t'ran striker mechanism in cases where embedment of striker point in detonator cap is suspected (see BDTI B/10/93, paras 9- 10, 11).

1:!Qm

3-£:7

SPECIAL BOMB
USE -RENDERING rUZES SAFE

DISPOSAL
REtER EINC B.D.1:I. E/22/27

ANTI -JAPANESE

mESE IN7ERNAL
BE SERRkTElJ OR

D1a HOLE FOR

nlREAD]IiTO

", Ri\DIUS
I" RJ\DIUS

.
3'jli::Jl3-' ft OR .V.'.5HmS l'IECES n m ro SUIT
IlATmIAL:IIILD STEEL CASt-HARDlNm

.",

FIG' II -TOOL
J, i Q ScaJ.e in

N° I).
l~ Inches

~

BOMB DISPOSAL
ANTI- JAPANESE
USE -ACCESS, IDENTIFICATION, AND FUZE LOOSEN1NG.
-1-

REfER

EINC

B.D.TL

E/22/27

et'

a aE.'.

FIGsIII TOVII

10 8WGlIB PLAT!"

~mI;.L:-

MILD STEEL
CASE H.;RDDIU)
~T TIP

FIG III -TOOL

N° 3
~ ..

aJ.. RADIIJS TO SUIT, .;:t.
.-j

,..A

...

=-U:--.!"

"3.~ 'UCTIOB

'X Xi

I/ATERIAL: -

i

IlILDSTXEL

CASX BAJlDmIm> AT 'rIP

FIG IV -TOOL

N° 4

.u".,ALL ..~ BADII LOn '" DISCBEIc. 0' WORXSiOFO

~
H

~
~

~

~
~
~

a'~.~
KI. TIRIAL :MILD STEEL CA8J:\

SCREW LIGHT SWITCH

HARDmmJ INSIDE JAWS

I.LCi-.Y TOOL N° 5 J'9

FIG VII

TOOL 'N° 7

~

E IIi C., A 1;1 F.
noz,m DISPO;3i\L TECHNICAL Im3TRtrarIOlf.
STERILIZATION OF JAPANESE BOMBS

Use of TheI'1:1it EClUil'nJent REFEREliCES
I3D1'Is D/20/57, D/20/49, D/20/117, D/20/27

.

2.
(a)

OBJECT AlillPERB\Jg!iIANCE.
Q.pject: To sterilize" 19n1tlng the explosive normally burns away the relnainder occurs. a bODlb, as it filling, portion before a reduced lies, by 01' which detonation

of

(b)

PerfoI'lnance -~ (i)
(ii)

Method 1'illings

is useless (see para
a hole l~-in. lying

on certain 3(a) belov/)
awrox thick, i-in. in

types
diam vmatever

of
in

bomb

Will burn cases up to the bomb is

bomb position

(iii)

Nol~ally 50% of explosive filling v/ill burn a\vay, the remainder detonating (but see (iv) belpw) (iv) li\1ll and instant detonation, or occasional complete burning out without detonation, are possible variations in the behaviour of i~ited fillings.

3.

WHEN TO ~S~. (a) WARNING.
{ll-~ls teohn1~e identified as cast (Lyddite) must being or ~ fiIIea-w1th powdered be form, used on bombs PICRIC ACID or a mixture in

01' PICRIC ACID and any bombs having a central

other core

explosive, of cornpl'essed

or

on

PICRIC
(1i)

ACID powder

It will ONLY be attempted on such bombs or mine fillings which may burn away in a confined space, and v/h1oh should NOT produce instant detonation. (See BIYl'I D/20/27 for permissible cases) (b) Until instructed otherwise, this process n~y be used on bombs or mines de1'initeJ.y reco0lized by colour markings, eto., as having main fillings canposed of -

(1)
(1i)

TNT,

AMATOLS and mixture
and of

TNT/AMATOLS
AN1S0L, c~ressed provided PICRIC there ACID

Mixture or HEXANI~ is NOT a central core pa/{der -

(i11)
(iv)

but subject to the follCH/ing provisos That the bomb is of a type v/hich cannot be rendered sa1'e or defUzed before removal
That the detonation rislc 01' an instant, can be accepted fUll, or partial

(v) (vi)
(c)

That This

it is a CATEGORY A2 bomb method will NOT be used on GErodAN bombs.

To aid in awlying proviso (iv) above, recent tests have proved that the resultant explosion in many cases resembled more the bursting or a boiler than the detonation of a high explosive. Vlhere a fUze or plug had been removed allo\ving greater escape 1'or gases generated, complete burning out o1'ten resulted.

J7/

1.

-2 li!)Wever. always re.'la~ (1) (11) Risk Risk of of pa~t1al detonation fUll and instant as ALMOST CERTAIN. detonation as POS-

SIBLE.

4..

~SORIPTION OF EQP'l'.
(a) A special crucible, with sheet steel case, ret]:'acto~y lining and a i-in. diem ootlet hole; two t~~es are provided, one with base outlet, the other wJL side th outlet. (b) A disc ot outlet hole (c) A steel 20 gauge sheet ot the crucible. clamp steel or holder. tor covering the

crucible

(d) "Military" Thermit, a mixture ot alwn1nium and black i~on oxide, which burns when ignited by a special igniter charge. (See NOTES 1 and .2 below)
(e) A special dual methods safety fuze. Igniter charge, which is ot tiring, i.e. electrically (See NOTE 3 belovr) provided and ,vith by

(f)

Sandbags, bricks or other which to rest Holder. : -"Welding"

suitable

material

on

~u.

Thenni t must

NOT be used.

llQ.'!'1L@. :-

The "Military" Thermit required is supplied in 5 lb oans, hermetioally sealed tor tropical conditions. Igniter Bags supplied are each provided an electrio flash and a 6-ft length of safety fuze securely positioned in the
packed for in use. Bags hermetically are individually sealed tins.

~lJ§

:.ready

with bag

5.
Eqpt.

.§.!JALEOF-ISSUE.
Each unit RAE carries .~ "set" conlprises :a b c d

!

rour

sets

of

The~l1t

j

1 crucible and clamp 4-20 gauge sheet steel diSCS 2-5 lb charges of Thermit 2 Igni te~ bags

6.

litETHODOF USE.
(a) rQintsof used if the to use under tack should Attack. The prOcess would rarely be fuze had been withdrawn. If necessary these circumstances, the point of atbe in the centre ot the banb. In

fUzed bombs, the point of attack sh~ld be chosen as far away as possible front the fuze or fuzes. (See NOTE 4 below). Suitable points are described as follows :JAPBOMBS (with nose and/or tail fuzes) (i) If Nose EUze only, a point on the about 3-in forward of where the tail joins the barrel (ii) If Tail Fuze only, a point on the about 3-in back fran the nose ,veld
(iii) of If the both nose barrel. and tail fuzed, in the

barrel piece barrel
centre

-3

~

rrOTE

~

:-

Detonation of fuzed when the sensitive systems are h,eated

bombs can easily constituents of beyond a certain

occur exploder tempera-

ture,
burnt n no result.
(b)

hence the
depends ccount

amount of filling
deal on the metal

\vhich is
distance be allowe to

a great Unlst

betv/een the fuze

and the point
molten

of attack. etona ion Inay
Distances

_10:1'/ Qver a f'uz~ as instant
Safety Preo~ut.ions and PreoautTOns nnlst
~e~t~~~ point of g~ attackand Firin~:

: The always

usual Safety be enforced.
Set up orucible

(c)

above

(i)

With
frOm type. the

outlet
horizontal,

4 to

5-ins
and

above
using

point
the

of
base-outlet

attack

on bombs ly1nZ
(ii)
(i11)

hol'izontally
1 to 2-ins the side from

or up to 70 deg
point
the

With horizontal,

outlet

or attack
bottom (This of is

on bombs at an angle
using
sheet over Insert the the crucible

greater

than 70 des to the
pour crucible.

steel disc in the outlet hole.

essential as it delays the exit till the v/hole mass has properly
(iv} Charge the crucible {see NOTE 5 beIO\'l) :with Open thermit themUt

of mol ten foetal heated up.)
as follows container by

removing Vii thdra./
enwty

tear-off cambric

strip (see NOTE 6 belov/). bag containing the therlili t and
into the oonta1ner. Tip con-

same back

tainer.

enQv/ise several

times

to ensure

perfect

mixing of ingredients, ible letting the the~n1t gers (see NOTE 7 below).

then pour into run through

the oruothe fin-

Use 5-lb
thick,
but (v)

of

thermi t for
where
10-lb Bag

bomb cases up to 'l-in
greater thicla1ess,
outlet crucible. top surface of

and 10-lb

of

always use Insert Igniter

in a side under the

(vi)

the therm1t. To prevent

slag

unnecessarily

heating

the

bomb case,
slag into clear which

build

up with

earth

to throw
to

the
safety

of the case the slagoan

or scoop out a hollow drop clear of the case.

(vii)

Connect distance,

up electric leads, retire and fire (see NOTE 8).

NOTE 5 : -If themUt is ignited in a damp crucible, the crucible m~ burst owing to rapid formation of steam. Crucibles must be kept dry and sto~ed 1n a dry place. They can be dried out in an
oven.

NOTE 6 : -Do
until each

NOT open thermi t cans or igniter
required other. for use. Store them

bag tins
remote from

NOTE 7, :- Ingredients to segregate port and storage, tend resulting in
ing and excessive slagging.

during incomplete

transburn-

NOTE 8 :-

The safety
(i)

fuze

is

prov1dedflash misfires, Precautions will bomb is approached. 1n be which ob-

in case electric event full Safety served before the

(i1)

NOT ava11able.

in

case

means of

firing

electrically

are

"1'.1

-4 -

A!~.
(a) When experience of this method has been gained it

w:Lll be possible to judge from the colOUr of the smoke when combustion of the explosive commences. Tl:le stages are:First: Initial puff of ignit~r

Second:
Third:

White

smoke and sparks

from burning

theI'n1it Smoke of burning explosive, which varies v/ith the explosive but is distinguishable from Second stage being darker. vol~s of smoke are given off at first,

(b)

Large

but may die
again.

down f'or

short

periods

and then begin

PRECAUTIONS.
(a) It is difficult to judge from a distance vlhen
combustion is finished, and so, unless the banb detonates, it should NOT be ap'Proached for one hour ~~t~~ ~he ~heIm!~ ~s been§'PP!!ed, and only then iJ:' it is clear that combustion has ceased.

(b)

The heat of combustion will make the bomb red hot oo1d those defUzed bombs which do NOT detonate are normally f'ound with casings partially split. The pl'ooess should NOT therefore be applied in places where a conflagration might result.

8. '7.

E INC., A 11'1 F. BOMB DISPOSAL TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

ISSUED

20 DEC 43

SOLIDIFYING JAIXTURES (Interim Instruct.1on) 1

.~.

FOREI'JORD

This technique 1s in the developmental stage. Details covering a ~vider application will be given later; but surticient data is n~v available to serve as a guide for use in certain specific cases.

2.

OBJEal'.

3.

ACTIO~.
After form, (para injection into the the mixture rapidly 2) in the following
striker point is

thin paste the object

fUze in liquid or hardens, achieving manner NOT in contact with

(a) Cases Initiator.

where

(1) By interposition of filling space between and/or -.
(11) or in By 1mmobilising other working certain fuzes.

a solid strilcer

chock completely and initiator,
mechanism strikers

springsf cloc~vork parts which actuate

(b) :C~~~~..~~e~~ ~~~~l:e:__:Dg!!!t _is_im1?edd~!!!!! initiator. the striker.

By filling up space in fUze body immediately above arming spindle, thus preventing outward movement of

NOTE 1 :- There is also a general clogging action due to blocking of clearances, air passages, etc., and the tendency for moving parts to

be bound together.

4.
method

PER]'O~C~
of use This depends upon the type of mixture and the

(a) Mixtures whiQh depend upon cooling or air drying for solidification are dan~erous to use, because of(i) Doubt as to former type
Uncertainty type Suoh stitutes mixtures in oases should of ~ extreme be used urgency. as sub-

penetration

before

cooling

of

the

(li)

as

to

setting

time

of

the

latter

(b)

Mixtures for use in performance

described in paras 5 and the cases laid down, but is dependent on-

6 are suitable satisfaotory

17r

-2 (i) Preparation simple
(ii)

in strict

accordance

with

direc-

tions given (these howeverare of a V9pY
na turc)
technique, of certain which must ensure the spaces in the fuze. Injection rapid filling

5.

SPECIAL GLUE SOL1JrICN.
(a) Specially designed for use where the must be forced through fine clearances order of C.O8-in. (b) Howpa,ck;ed. (less water) sufficient to deal with packed as a self-contained unit in an sealed can. The main boa.y of the the glue, which is separated from a mixture of the

Exa.-n'Ple: Fuze C.3(A)

Ingredients one fuze are hermetically can contains

bottle containing formalin by an inner container also graduated as a water measure and connected
the sides strip. (c) Preparation (i) (ii) (iii) Note degrees of the for can by a soft use. (Takes soldered less than tear-off 1 min)

to

local shade FAHR (i.e. tear-off with

temperature 80, 90,100, strip

to nearest etc.) and water

ten

Remove lid,

measure ~ glue

from can.
Fill measure common dri~ing water

to

raduation

mark corres
for

ondin

to local
to the

Bruade temperature. stirring briskly (iv) Next add contents glue, again stirring

Add the wa er a few seconds.

of formalin bottle to the briskly for a few seconds

The mixture is now reaa.y for use, AND WILL sm AT THE EXPIRATION OF TEN MINUTES.
(d) 111,:lection in thef'uz~. When used on fuze C.3(A) tMTecalemite type grease gun, and the screwed ~lze head ada~tor are required

(e) Consistenoy. (i)
(ii)~. tough like

Pre-set. a heavy gear
At

A homogeneous liquid oil
tacky gel, rubber.

cOOl:parable to
becoming

first a un~oanized

rapidly

6.

~STER

OF PARIS MIXT~.
a vital A good springs,

(a) For use where there is direct access to cavi ty via an existing or a drilled hole. medium for the immobilising of compressed e.g. FUZE a.2(A)

(b) Hov{ -packed. (i) Suffioient pov/der to deal with one fuze is packed in an hermetioally sealed oan, whioh must on no account be opened until just before use

-3 (ii) The lid, seoured by a soft soldered tear-off strip, serves also as a water measure. for use. (Takes about 2 mine) mark

(0) Preparation (i) (ii)

Remove lid and fill wi th oommon drinking

same to graduation water tin

Add v/ater to the powder in the a thin smooth paste.

and mix to

The mixtUre is now ready for use, AND V/ILL Sm' HARD SUDDENLY THE EXPIRATION OF TEN AT

MINUTES.
(d) V/ARNING.
suitabJ:e as the (e) Inje~tio~ apparatus for C.3(A)

Plaster
grease

of Paris
gun injection

mixtures
into

are NOT
such fuzes

into for

fuze. injeotion

The oil through

gun is a suitable an opening.

7.

CLEANING JiPPARATUS I~IEDIATELY APrER USE. ALL apparatus used Imlst be cleaned out free mixture immediately after the operation has been completed. water
effective water being

of solidifying of injeotion

NO'l'E 1 : -Running
found warm

through
if

the

apparatus

will

be

done at preferable

an early stage, where the Glue

Solution

is employed.

NOTE 2 : -Once having set, Glue Solution CAmfOT be d1ssol ved, AND IT IS NOT SOE'rENED BY TIm APPLlCATIONOFimAT. out. --It wIll then-have to-b~-pick~d

117

E iN 0., AM F.
BOJimDISPOSAL TECImICAL INSTRUCTION. FUZE EXTRACTOR DESIGN III (AUST) (AND PNEUMATICSHEARS) IN'l'ERD.i INSTRUCTION

1.
(a)

]PREWO~.
As repeated references are apparatus, advance 1nfo~ation brief description is set out made herein to this in the fo~ of a belovr.

(b) Detailed operating BIYl'I at a later date.

instructions

will

replace

this

2.

ODJEOT.
To unscrew by remote control
or left

all
hand

knovm types
thread, in-

of JAPANESE fuzes, oluding fuzes with

whether locking
-

right devioes.

3.

PERFURMANCE.
The apparatue can be quickly and applies a torque oapable and seourely of overoaming

post tioned,

both a looking pin or a looking ball as used in present long delay type fUzes. The application of power is gradual and uniform with freedom fram impaot.

4.

DESCRIPl'ION.
-~-

The maohine incorporates a pneumatic engine operated by an air o~ressor supplying 80 lbs/sq.in. pressure. The design inoludes a compound piston which aotuates a pair of lever arms connected to a ratchet wheel through suitable pawls.
A to suit the sleeve reoeives shaped various fUzes. types of grip rings different

The sleeve is moved axially towards its engagement position by air pressure, thus extending the remote oontrol prinoiple to the fitting of the extractor grip

rings.
left hand direction In view of the possibility of the enemy using threads, provision is made for reversing the of rotation of the grip rings by remote control. After fUze has been unscrewed, a spiral by compressed air, slo\vly withdraws the the bomb fUze pocket. spring oomplete

oushioned fUze from

The
(a) A Spanner fUzes (b)

follo¥/ing
type,

grip
which

rings
engages

have
the

been
flats

designed
on certain

-

A Wedge type, existing tommy

in bar

which holes

headed in the

pins fUze

inserted are used

into as

"edges (0)

between Die

the type,

fuze
dies. parallel either of

faces is

and fitted

gripping with

rings. a right

A Thread

which

and left hand set for gripping plain faces of fUzes in tion.

a

Th.1.s tYI'e is intended or plain conical surright or left hand.direc-

J79'

-2 When mounted ~eady fo~ use, the engine is supported by a crank connected to the attachment
gear. The and accurate

suit bombs ranging from 6-in.
The attaohment t-o the gear bomb. anchors

object radial

of the crank adjustment

to l8-in.
the

ie to of the

enable ~ick grip ring to

diam.

apparatus

securely

A whistle progress of the engine.

for the operations

purpose is

of fitted

audibly indicating to the exhaust

of

Complete

weight

of

the

apparatus

is

50 to

60 Ibs

5.

A~IL~IAf(YEQUIPMENT -PNEUMATIC S~S.
These shears wi~l be supplied with the Fuze

Extractor Design move obstructing
of tail fuzes.

III tail

(Aust), their f'1U1ction being to refins preparatory to the withdrawal
steel sheet 80 Ib/sq.in.

up to 3/l6-in.

The shears will cut through mild thick with an air pressure of

Two cutting blades are welded to operating ~us linked to an hYdraulically driven piston ,~hich is connected to an operating plunger and cylinder. actuated operation that close slipping Operation by a finger is controlled or thumb. dual handles hand cutting plate to be cut by a trigge~ \vhich is

In addition
is controlled, right or lef't away from the

to the rear handle from v/hich the
are provided so can be effected.

Cutting blades are suitably
is

curved so that
obviated.

E IN C., AM F.
BOMB DISPOSAL

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION.

STETHOSCOPE, ELE<7l'RICAL,

DESIGN IVB

(Operating Instns)

1.

OBJE~.
(a) The objeot of' the Eleotrioal stethoscope certain whether the cloak or a German (17) lar clookwork bomb fUze is working or not.
(b) The DESIGN (i) portable IV To working listen B, be is taken near f'or a type Stethoscope f'or the use bomb can f'uze. to as shart be i~sued, :that quickly ~en

is to asor simiviz.

intended down

f'ollows so

the bomb ticking

themselves

(i1)

For listening the extra cable

by remote provided.

control.by

~a~s

or

2.

PERFORMANCE.

It is ~ite as sensitive as the El~ctrical Stethoscope Design ~I and, as it is fitted vdth a hand operated volume control, it is capable of better adjustment Vfith it a ticking (17) fuze has been heard 'through a 10-ft. metallic probe having a good metallic contact on the banb.

$.

DESCRI~ION. The Electrical
(a)

(See

diagrams) Stethoscope
set enclosed To the box the follo\ving

of :-

Design
in is

IV B consists
box, a fab-

A valve amplifying total weight 13-lb. ric pooket containing (i)

a metal attached :-

A pair of headphones on a 10-ft. lead connecto ternlinals in the instrument. (ii) A crystal type microphone, TYDe C, incorpor~ting a magnet for attachment to thebamb and connected to the terminals in the inst~ent by a 6-ft. lead. This lead is cut, one end being provided with a plug, and the other \vith a soclcet. The object of this is to enable an extension lead of cable (described in (c) below) ted

to (b)

be connected microphOlld

up to

microphone carried.

and instrument. SinQe

A second

'ryTJe B is

this microphone can be insulat8Q fran the magnet by two non-metallic distance pieces, it can be appl~ed to a bomb while it is being stewl1ed out without fear of dwnage by heat. ON 110 ACCOUNT must the mic~ophone TYPe C be used in conneQtion with steaming-out of' bombs. (c) Microphone drum. This extension cable is a concentric 50-yds. cable. long on a steel

NOTE.

:-A

cirouit diagI'amancl inside the removable

pertslist are pasted cover of the box.

1.if

~~

4.

inside the box. rrOmPARE1!~R USE.
on the set

: -A spare 2. 5V. tell-tale

.

2

l~

bulb is carried

(a:) Switch then glow).

(the

red

tell-tale

lamp

should

(b:) Test the set one end of" the ]~hone (magnet) ',olume control

by placing a \'1atch in contact IIlith metal stethoscope box and the microwith the other end. Adjust the to give the best signal.

~.A

: -Do not 'bring the microphone watch or damage may result

too near the to the watch.

5.

Vi'REN USE. TO
The electrical Stethoscope so :t'ull use should be made of" fuzes are suspected, it is a valuable aid ot' it. It' clocknnlst be used :-

to sa.t'e1iY, work ty]>es

(a) 'If~n.~he bomb. is c~~tacte_d by ~ !;!)~t~llio p!:obe. Place the magnet on the probe and listen4 Great care nnlst be taken to ensure that the probe makes clontinuous metallic contact with the bomb. It' the olock is ticking it should nol~ally be heard. It' no ticking is heard, this nnlst NOT be taken as de.1~inite proof" that the clock is NOT ticking.

(b) IrImlediatel
(c) Thereai'ter tlave been

;'.pply the m.
at_~~eQUent exposed. intervals until

osed.

n.

the

f'uze/s

(d) Immediatel been exposed
(e) til ~h~~e§tter the t"Uze

a 7 or and reco~ised.
~t has intervals been

similar

clockworlc

fuze

h s

and destroyed

by

remote or made

cont_~~Ql, permanently

un-

innocuous,

particularly:-

(i) (ii)

been applied.

Immediately Immediately

after after

any disturbance of" the banb the STEVENS STOPPER has

(f") Durin

and steamin

-out.
alonly one of" bat-

{Using
~.i : -In an emergency the set will f"unction, though not wi th strong signals, with L.T. batte17 ~rovided the second. pair te~J terminals is shorted across.

NOTE 5 :- H.T.

battery
Yellow Blue

leads

are coloured

:-

-positive -negative

: -"Vhen replacing L.T. batteries care nnlst be tal~n to ensure that they are properly seated in the container, bellind the lip, so as to prevent the batteries slipping down and shorting the terminals on the case.

6.
clean.
contact

Eo
"ith The the micr~hone bomb and

ro.!AJ."rCEUS. AND
nnlst be the points placed of" in contact good metallic should be

-3 The shorter the metallic path which separates the microphone from the fUze the greater will be the sensitivity of the instrument. Thus ticking heard through the headphones is normally louder flhen the microphone is applied at the fUze itself. Similarly the ticking may be only very faintly heard, if at all, through a metal probe 6-f't. long which is in metallio contact with the bomb (but refer to para 2). Should the fUze poo~et and fUze of a GER1VUN bomb be sheared off below the fUze head in such a way that the clockwork fUze is not in metallic contact with the case of the bomb, it has been found that the ticking can nevertheless be heard with the microphone on any part of the bomb itself.
In soope has the order best to ensure that possible performance, the electrical it is stethoessential

that batteries should be properly maintained, and that terminals and connections should be tight. Even so, performance of individual instruments may vary sl~ghtly and it is essential that every officer should frequently test out his own stethoscope under varying conditions.
Under certain a metal probe, the very weak. Hence practice, to these conditions, such signal strength it is necessary faint signals.

all the

throogh may be ear, by

as listening of the ticking to accustom the

oessive

Pram the foregoing stages for listening
(i) the Through banb a is metal gained

it as
probe

is work
as

clear that the sucprocee~ are :soon as contact with

(ii) (i1i)

Immediately any part of the bamb is exposed Again, when a f'Uze is exposed and identified If the olock is ticking, it MAY be heard through a probe, but if no tioking is then heard it is I1cot positive proof that the cloak is not ticking. S1m1larly, it is conceivable that under certain oondit1ons a ticking cloak might
not the be heard nose of vrhen the miorophone a very large bOOtb. was applied to

7.

~THO.DS US~. QF
CASE 1 : -Before and after fUze is exposed hereitThis is the perlod during in described is particularly oan be conveniently carried self at fre~ent intervals. whioh the portable set usefUl since listening out in the exoavation

CASE 2 : -When
to is see if normally

it

is

re~ired

to

listen

at

intervals
This

the clock done by

has stopped or remote control.

re-started.

CAS~~:out -As be used,

Vihen a bomb is being trepanned and steamedfor Case 2 above, but microphone T~B must and the extension pieces must be J:rttea to the Type wrlJ:be C be used irreparably when

miorophone. On no aco~t IInlst tnicrophone -s-te~fug-=ootthe bomb, or it dama~d by the heat. NOTE 7 : -See para microphone 8 (c) for Type B.

assembling

instructions

8.
(a)

OAR~ AND MAINTENjJJ'iQ~.
The chief care should and to replace run-dO\'/n be to batteries keep connections and worn tight CRlt

fi'J

valves are :-

which

are

Ordnance

supply.

Their

descriptions

-4 Battery,
0011, dry

dry,

X, Mk.

H.T.

11

60 V. No.1.

Ehg. Cat.
" II

No. W.B.
"~V.B.

1565
0200

Valves. \VT/A.R.P.12
(b) Rleotrical stethosoope

'."""
oan be put out of

Z.A. 7023
aotion

or rendered less sensitive if they are subjeoted to jolting. They should be carefully handled at all times and cushioned !'ram the lorry during transport. Sponge l'tlbber strips fixed to the batteries under the box proved successful for this ~rpose.

(0) Instructions

B.
ing.

for

the

assembly convenient

of

n11crophone of

Type

Figs

4 and 5 depict
note be prior

method

assembl-

Particularly rods must first iitl the magnet
box (under e:2Ctension no rods

that the bases of the extension plaoed in their respeotive slots to screwing on to the crystal
endeavour slots after to force screwing the on

oircumstances into magnet

t,:> crystal

box).

9.
diagnosing

XESTINgsTmHosCOPR :roRFAULTS.
The faults following :tests should be applied for

(:1) First test If this test the following
(ii) an. voltmeter, (ii:1) TEST batteI7 TEST neoting Listen tions mally socket THE if FOR the with in the attached. into TEST

f'or general performance with proves unsatisfactory proceed tests in the order given.
for 2.5 the BATTERY reading voltage. V are L.T. as is with sh~Nn on

a watch. with

L.T. BATTERY If' less than replace H.T. this

set switched a pocket

battery. above, lower and than replaoe 45 V. by disconthe

(i'I')

SUSPECTED

FAULTY

MICROPHONE

microphone and switohing on the set. the headphones and tap the connecset to which the microphone is norwhich !f,ap the one of microphone the holes cable in the plugs.

If clicks then- heard it proves that the rest of' the set apart f'rom the microphone is functioning. ('I') TEST THE HEADPHONES by touohing
connectionssimultaneeusly to any 2 V. battery.

the

two

head-

phone nected

with leads conMake the contacts

on the
block 1:r the

screw

terminals
case. are ili

on the
Clicks order.

valve
should

mounting
be heard

inside the headphones

(v:l)

TEST THE VALVES, with removilig the valve caps the valve terminal thus heard in the headphones,

th;e set switched on, by ONE AT A TIME and tapping exposed. If' a click is the valve under test is

in

order. The necessity f'or cheoking should not be overlooked. extension

NOTE.S. oables

STETHOSCOPE ELECTRICAL
DESIGN IVB
REf"ER

B. D.l:

E/23/104 SHEET NO]

MEmO!) or UBI TN SHA.",

~
JS"

STETHOSCOPE ELECTRtCAL
DESIGN IV B
REFER
Bo DoT:

E/23/104

SHEETN° 2

CABLE DRUM

£l§-1

CRYSTALIaCROPHONE '"

HLT INSUUTDIG
DISTANCE PIECF3

II.-GNET

.M£:THOD ~5EMBL

OF ING

STERILISING

MICROPHONE

TYPE

'8'

JJ!;L.!i

~

CHAP. F.
SEC. 24

CIVIL

CONCERNING DEFENCE ORGANISA TION

F

387

BOlm CATmORIES AND PRIORITIES

<;)

Immediate

dis~osal

of bomb essential

for

the

11',

1.

-2 p!la8e of 1nvas1on18 1nm1nentor 1n progress in which case
no 3afety P~riod will be observed in the area affected and all bo.llbs, etc. will be dealt with as they fall. The Category given roorely indicates the priority of tasks (see also para 5). 5. SUPERIMPOSED BOMB CAl'EGORIES. (a) CATEGORY M. This nevI category is brought into force in an area affected by invasion, either imminent or in progress. It is a priority superimposed by the 1iilitary upon the categories mentioned in para 2 above and refers to those unexploded bombs whose inlmediate disposal is essential for operational reasons. Category ~I bombs will be dealt with in preference to all others except P (see (b) below)
(b) CATEGORY P. mines are allotted Under to ordinary Categories conditions A, B and parachute C but
--.,.

The

~bove

order

of

disposal

remains

until

a

under conditions as in 5 (a) above they are allotted to Category P if affecting qperations of the Armed Forces. German type 'G' and s~ilar mines would be treated as parachute ntines. Category P bombs take an equal precedence with Category M bombs. 6. BO}IWS ON MILITARY PROPERTY.
bombs on military or Wardens' Serwhich should be atof view.

Under ordinary conditions, property are reported through the Police vice \vith an indication of the priority tached to them from the Military point

7.

ALLOCATION OF PRIORITIES

trnDER ABNORMAL CONDITIONS.

All the foregoing, except para 5, contemplates procedure and communications remaining uninterrtlpted under ordinary conditions, but under abnormal conditions as stated in para 5 above, a Commander may have Cause to decentralise his bomb disposal resources to a particular area. When
this is done, reports from civil Defence ploded bombs and mines in the area for transmitted through the most convenient eat to the Military HQ concerned, which priority. sources of unexdisposal would be civil channels dirv/i11 decide the

8.
the Civil

BOMB CATEGORIES IN PURELY MILITARY
The foregoing refers Defence Organization to exists

AREAS.
where

procedure in areas and co-operates.

In areas wholly under military control and where no Civil Defence Organization exists, all the above Categories and their application are followed in principle by the armed forces. The degree of UJ:'gency, i.e. a Category, is determined by a Commander.