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Math Internal Assessment G-force Tolerance Byeolah Henson The G-Force is the result of the acceleration and the

gravity. It is the force that is caused by the gravity when one goes through certain acceleration. G-force, especially the horizontal g-force, can be applied to everyday life. But the most common way to experience both horizontal and vertical g-force is the rollercoaster. When a rollercoaster is going in a fast and horizontal acceleration ones body tends to get pushed backwards due to g-force. This is often known as eye balls-in. On the other hand, eye balls- out is when the rollercoaster moves backward, ones body tend get pushed forward. The opposite movement of the body and acceleration also applies to vertical g-force. For example, when the rollercoaster shoots up, one experience blood towards feet. G-force is label with g. For example, 5 represent the five times the force of the gravity.

This data shows the a forward acceleration, Gx (g), where one experiences the eye balls- in, and the time that a human being can experience, Time (min) 001 0.03 0.1 0.3 1 3 10 30 +Gx (g) 35 28 20 15 11 9 6 4.5

In this data horizontal G-force, the human beings toleration time is dependent on the positive acceleration that one is experiencing in. By means, the time will vary from the change for the acceleration. Hence, the forward acceleration in the horizontal direction is the independent variable, or the X, and the Time (min) is the dependent variable, the Y. The parameter of this data that any positive variables. However, the limitation or constraints of this data is that time cannot be negative, which means that the dependent variables cannot be negative. Hence, the horizontal asymptotes can be predicted on 0. Also, since this only explains the positive acceleration, there cannot be any negative numbers for X, the independent variable.

X (independent) 35 28 20 15

Y (dependent) 0.01 0.03 0.1 0.3

11 9 6 4.5

1 3 10 30

According to the graph shown above, the time of one can experience reduces as the acceleration increases. This decrease is rapid in the beginning but, as it approaches near 0, it slows down with a curve. All of the variables of the data are only present on the first quadrant. Also as expected, the horizontal asymptote at 0 is very visible in this graph. Thus, the exponential function model seems to be appropriate for this graph. A lot like this graph, the exponential functions have rapid decrease in the beginning and a curve near the axis. Also, in the exponential function, y cannot be 0 or negative. Resulting the exponential model to have a horizontal asymptote at 0 like the graph. To create an equation using the exponential function model, pick two points of the data.

These two points seems to be most reasonable use, in order to fit the starting point of the rapid decrease or the highest point and the other one reveals the end of the curve.

In order to solve for a and b, plug these coordinates into the formula,.

By using the second equation,, solve for a.

4.5

Divide both sides with b

In order to solve for b, substitute to

Simplify.

Divide both sides with 30

To solve for , substitute to .

Plug the a and b to the function.

The red line represents the model function, and the green dots represent the original data.

The exponential function seems to fit fairly right with the original data. Most of the points of the original graph are included in the model. So there is going to be no revision of the function.

The model of the exponential function shows the decrease of time with the increase of positive acceleration. It shows that the less acceleration results higher toleration time.

The exponential regression line is in purple, exponential function is shown in red, and the green dots represents the original data.

Exponential regression line is used to show the best fitting model using technology. Although regression line shows the similar trend with the original data with the equation of , it does not support the original data as much as the exponential function. First of all, fewer points are included in the regression line than the exponential function. But more importantly, the regression line exceeds through 0 for x unlike the exponential function.

This table show the upward or positive vertical acceleration, +Gz(g), and the time a human being can tolerate revealing the vertical g-force and blood towars feet.

Time (min) 0.01 0.03 0.1 0.3 1 3 10 30

+Gz(g) 18 14 11 9 7 6 4.5 3.5

Like it was done previously, rearrange the table showing the independent (x) and dependent (y) variables.

X (independent) 18 14 11 9 7 6 4.5 3.5

Y (dependent) 0.01 0.03 0.1 0.3 1 3 10 30

The red line represents the exponential function and the brown dots represent the new data.

The first model, which is the exponential function, does not fit well on this new data as it did on the original data. This new data is shifted more to the left than the original one. A vertical stretch, a horizontal stretch, and shifts are needed.

The revised exponential function is shown in green, the original function model is shown in red, and the red dots represent the new data.

Whether it is a vertical acceleration or horizontal acceleration, there cannot be a negative in time. Also, in both vertical and horizontal g-force, there the time toleration decreases as the acceleration increases. This means that for human beings, the faster the movement or the acceleration is the less time one will experience. Although there is a limit or an asymptote on 0 on time, to some point with too much of acceleration, one can come to the point where the g-force endangers ones life.