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Potsdam Declaration: July 26, 1945 The Potsdam Declaration was a list of terms that called for Japan s unconditional

surrender in World War II. The announcement was issued by Chiang Kai-Shek of China, Josef Stalin of the USSR, Harry S. Truman of the United States, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The declaration called for all Japanese military forces to be disarmed, the elimination of those who mislead the people of Japan into world conquest, Japanese territory modifications, and punishing all war criminals. It also stated that the Japanese were not going to be destroyed or enslaved. Refusal of these terms would lead to prompt and utter destruction.

Casablanca Conference: February 12, 1943 The Casablanca Conference was held at Casablanca, Morocco. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and many French representatives were present at the meeting. The declaration created at the conference, the Casablanca Declaration, called for the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers. The Allies warned the Axis that extreme measures will be taken if they did not surrender. The warning was mainly issued to Japan.

Tehran Conference The Tehran Conference was a tactic conference held in Tehran, Iran, by Josef Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. It continued from the 28th of November to the 1st of December in 1943. The meeting was also the first World War II meeting hosted by the allies. The primary result of the assembly was that the Western Allies were to attack Nazi Germany. It also addressed matters in Turkey, Iran, Yugoslavia, and the war against Japan.

Cairo Conference Held in Cairo, Egypt, during November 22nd to 26th, 1943, it addressed the Allied position against Japan and Asia. The discussion was held by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-shek. The declaration of Cairo stated that original Chinese territories such as Manchuria, Formosa, and the Pescadores will be restored to the Republic of China and that Korea was to be an independent nation.

History of the Enola Gay: B-29 The Enola Gay was an aircraft used in World War II. Piloted by Paul Tibbets, it was the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

-The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki greatly influenced the Japanese military to surrender. and rape. -Hiroshima and Nagasaki were tactical targets for a nuclear explosion. Japan would have surely used their bomb against the United States. The estimated number of US troops that would ve died was 250. They even planned a coup to assassinate the emperor. The deaths of civilians during the bombings were an unfortunate occurrence. -At the time.000 Japanese soldiers and civilians would have died in the raid. the Americans were firebombing Tokyo and other cities.000. the atomic bombs had to be dropped. Ironically. which killed more people than an atomic bomb.Why was the bombing in Japan justified? -Had the bombing been called off. but the Japanese military refused to let that happen. Before both bombs were dropped. Luckily. Before. They were highly industrialized cities. America was neutral towards Japan. -The Japanese were not innocent in the war. Had the bombs been delayed. the US military would ve gone with Operation Olympic & Coronet which involved invading the island of Kyushu. -Japan was the first one to directly drag the United States into the war by bombing Pearl Harbor. Japan also had a secret project involving an atomic bomb. Other war crimes include mass killings. -The Allies in the war gave Japan an early warning of what was to come [Potsdam Declaration]. it did not make it past laboratory stage before the US atomic bombs were dropped. . Japan. and were also important military bases. human experimentation. cannibalism. Emperor Hirohito had considered surrendering. the atomic bombs quickened the pace of the war.000. The Japanese authorities obviously did not care for their citizens. Worse things were done BY the Japanese than TO them. -Overall. The Rape of Nanjing is an event committed by the Japanese. Since the Japanese had a higher death rate than the Americans. torture. but it ironically saved millions of other lives from being lost. -Dropping the atomic bombs did not violate any type of aerial warfare law stated in the convention respecting the laws of war on land. The United States did not bomb both cities just to kill civilians. Because Japan refused to unconditionally surrender. up to 1. the atomic bomb saved more Japanese lives by killing other Japanese citizens.