BMW

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6 Cor*lntt
Contents
Opwilllnga...:t ..apout of Coo.ihlo 7-11
Controls 7-8
Instruments 8
Hand control s, dampw,
absorter adjuet·
ment 10- 11
hlore riding tha II\8ChiM f2-14
Starting tilt engine, moving away
from a standatlli. gear shift, partclpg
motor cycle on atand 12-14
lnltructlon&

14
Fuel -
Spark plugs $7
Breal<er gap, lilnition timing $7-38
Cylinder hMd nuta 39
Valve cleanencee 39
Clutch, w!IMI lpOk-. rima 40
Trial ruJI. final Inspection 40
Rout.ine tightening of nuts and •-
tightening torquea 41
Lubrication points 42-43
W!Wiotlel ...
Removing and lnetalling front
wheel 44-<15
and inatallfng wheel 46
Fuel , engine engine oltrfl 15 Changing tlrM 47
Driving style, lmportent &afMy '\.. Bulbs, flasher unit, ru-, headlight
notes. preparing tor a journey 16-"' beam setting 46 48
faults end ramodiea 50-51
RoL•tlae e.re 18..... '
... in wlnllr? 52
Maintananca 19-41
.
Maintenance ec:hedule Technicll" deacr'lptlon .,.
on change 21-24
Play In steering and wheel bearings 25 Engine. system
Swinging arm pivot beatings 28 Cutawaiar..oltVot motot and
Throttle rwiat grip. brake and clutch geartox '·
\ lever pivots 'E1 Carburetors
' Battery, intake air cleaner 28 Clutch
lkakes, brake fluid 2SH!2 Geertox
c:..t>uretora • :D-aa Frame. rear wheel drive
Talaeeoplc front forks, rear au ..
.-.;on .,
Steering damper, dual M&l, wllaala •
Brakaa, eleotrlcal ayatam 5-70
8peclllc8ltona
Engine
C&lburetora
Acceleration through geere
Transmisai on
Frame
Exhaust ayatem. fuel and l ubri-
71--86
71-72
72-79
74
n
76-n
CMb n-n
Brake flui d, di mensions and weighta 78
Road ope...:t - engine speed 81
Elec1rical system. ciroult diagram 82--86
llervlclng 86-80
Warrantr 81
Flor-eeMclng 12
Why u.se genul no BMW parts? 94
''*"
83-QS
Alii eel-• WI
Operation and Layout
of Controls 1. Clutch lever
2. Ignition/light switch
3. lna1ruments with separate speedo-
meter and revoluUon counter, mil ..
- recorder, trip recorder and tell-
tale llghta for brake ll)'slem, neutral
Indicator, batt..y charge, oil pree-
sure and tum Indicators
,
5.. Main light control switch. headlight
- ~ l m m e r switch, hom button
Controlt 7
6. Adjuater ior hydraulic steering dam-
per
7. Steering lock - key also lod<a dual
-t
8. Fuel filler cap
9. Olrec1lonal s.tltch, .lllll button
10. Tension screw for throltte twist grip
11. Throttle twist grip
Fig. 1
,.
'
Uac715S
,
8 Controls
12 Fuel tap
13, Cold stan (choke) lever
Gear shitt pedal
15. Center stand - side
t
247745
18. Foot brake (real' whoet)
17 Loltrng
18. Ouol seat lock
19. Dual seat release button
20, Rear spring - &hod< nb9orber ad·
justong lever
21 Foldong, adjustable peesanger foot-
rasta
22. Hook ror helmet
Flga. 2-4
.... wtlltl
1. wt1h miiMQI lnd trlp
reconlen
2. Brake t.41181e IIQhl. red
3. -lllndiCIIOr, grMn
4. a.u.y 11411111 light. red
S. Oil P*turl 114HIM light. Ortngt
a. Tum lndlcelo< 11111111 IIQhl.
7. HM<IIIghl 111011 bMm 11111811 light.
blue
a. flelloj llllon CCKI01Ier
0. Cloc* (only on A 10 8, II A lOll -
A 00.1 opllonll ..w.)
10. Vollll_. (only on R to a. • " ..,.
- R oo.'l optlonal-.j
"" s


Combined Ignition/light twttdl 0

Key,....,,.,
1: Po- dlacon.-ted, U, be ,.
,_ld
2: Ptrl<lng Ught U, ctn be rtmowd
3: Ignition end 111..-rk: clrculte
curn!fll, Cl'tii'QI lnd oU Mil-
lilt ligh18 lllould .....,. on
"".

10 H8nd CQntrola
Main light control owttclt, headlight dim-
mer owllch, horn button
Position 1: Light switched off
PoeitlOn 2: Parking light
Position 3: All lights on
Position 4: High beam
Poei1ion 5: low beam
Position 8: High beam ftasher - switch
returns automatically to po-
altlon 5
Figure 7: Hom button
f'19. 7
Dl..ctlonal swllcll, kll buiiDn, mrter
button
Position 1: Left tum Indicated
Position 2: Right turn Indicated
Figure 3: In an emergency, you will be
able to atop engine by moving
awttch to either one of the
"OFF" positions.
Figure 4: Depress to operate starter.
Fig. I

2477411
Tenolon acr- lor lh--grip
The carburetor throttle closes automati-
cally when the twist grip Is released;
by turning the tension scr- 5 to the
right, the closing speed can be conti n-
uously varied until the throttle remains
open.
Fig..
Hydraulic: IIMrlng damJMr
Position 0: Disconnocted - for town
driving
Position 1: For high spoed highways
end good road aurfaces
Position 2: For winding roads and poor
surfaces
Flg. 9
Fuel Uip
Position 1: Fuel tap open
PosHion 2: Fuel tap closed
Steering damper, fuel te,p, shock absorber adjustment 11
Rear auapenalon unit edjuotlng levers
Position 1: For solo riding
Position 3: Fuel tap set to "'Reserve"
Position 2: For very heavy solo riders
with baggage
Fig. 10
Position 3: For 2-up riding
Fig. 11
,.
11
2
2471413
12 Starting the engine
Before you ride the machine
Before the mochl no lootutod ltobould be positioned upright wltll tile fuel taps open and the goer ohllt In neulrlll : the kill button
mull bo In pa.ltlon •RUN" .
Starting o cold engine
Pull out the choke ful ly, switch on tile ignition - the red, green end orange tellllle lights ahouid come on.
Keep the lllrottlo 1w1tt grip cla.od and pren tha etartar button. II nec•sary, open tllethrottie slightly when the engine begins to
fl ...
When tho ongino haa lllrlod, pu.h bock tho choke as far as lho warm-up position when the engine beglno to Nn unevenly.
When drtvlng With cokl motor tompetature. bring choke to middle poeltlon (cli ck stop).
Startlns a wann o"911M
Do not -Nte tt.. c:lhol<a. 6wllch on the lgnHion ond press tt.. starter button. Open tile throttle twlat grip slightly (max. '/• open).
A ctutdl operated awltdl prevents acci-
dental starti ng of the engine with a gear
engaged. In this case, the starter can
only be operated if the clutch lever is
pulled to di sengage the clutch.
Always avoid re-starting the engine be-
fore it has stopped completely, or else
the flywheel gear ring or starter pinion
teeth may be damaged.
When the engine hea alarted and i s
running at a fast idl e speed, the oil
pr8$Sure (orange) and dlarge (red) tell·
tale lights in the combined instrument
should go out. If the oil pressure tell-
tale light comes on while the madline Is
being ridden, de-clutdl Immediately and
switdl off the Ignition. Checl< engine oil
level: If the engine contains sufficient
oil. consult your nearest BMW deal er.
If the battery dlarge telltale light re-
mains on when the madline is being
ridden. consult your BMW dealer as
soon as convenient, or else the battery
may go flat.
Letting a warm engine Idle for extended
periods In neutral Ia harmful, since the
engine is normally cooled by air flow·
ing past the cylinders.
Starting the engine, moving away, gear shift f>J
To move away from a standstiiJ, de-
cl utch by squeezing the clutch lever,
press down the gear shift lever with the
left foot (the green neutral i ndicator
light will go out), slowly release the
clutdl and at the same time slightly
open the throttle. Careful treatment of
the cl utdl will increase its operating life,
so try to avoid sudden engagement at
high engine speeds.
To shift up from 1st into 2nd, 3rd, 4th
and 5th gears, de-clutch again, at the
same time closing the throttle. Pull the
gear lever up once with the toe of the
left shoe for each upward shift, then let
In the clutch again and open the thrott-
le as needed.
12
To shift down from 5th to 4th, 3rd, 2nd
and 1st gears, de-cl utch and press the
pedal down once per gear, then let i n
the clutdl again smoothly.
To oelect neutral with the motor cycle
standing still: Oe-clutdl and shift to 1st
gear from 5th, 4th, 3rd or 2nd gear by
pressing down the pedal the correct
number of tlmes. After this, lift the pedal
slightly (the green neutral indicator light
will come on).
A useful hi nt : letti ng the clutch drag
slightly by partly releasing the lever will
simplify down shifts when the motor
cycle Is standing sti ll.
Fig. 12
J
I
To lilt lilt motorcycle on lhe C410'1ter
Oland, puah down on the ac-b.-et
wM your right loot. AW'J your entire
weight with your right toot on lila pad
plate ollhe center al&nd and pull tll9 mo-
tor cycle upwards end to lilt rur by
mHnt of lhe gf11b handle. To lcMp the
machine belanced and guide It on to lhe
atand, hold lhe hAindleber wtlll the lett
hand,
)
Break-in Instructions
e .. n the rnoet carefully mactllned rota!·
lng end alldlng of lhe mo-
tor cycle can only -lop their final
ultr .... moolh flnlah durtng the Initial
b<Mk-in peo1od. It Ia largely up to you
II* breek.fn periocl Ia uaec1 to
lncreeM the operating lite of your ma-
ctllnt, by cereful and expert
The beet Way to ectl'-lllle objiCtlw It
10 v1ry engi ne spudl and loede In lhe
varlou1 wlltloutexcaedlng the ma·
ximum apeclfied si)Mdt. Winding roec1a
In hilly country ue partlc:ularty IUltable
tor brMking·in the mactllne. On atralght,
ftat roada. lt it bMt to run the mactllne
•-t up to lhe maxi mum permitted
brtak·ln apaacl. Ill"' 8110w lhe mactll ne
lo cover llle next 81ctlon ol road wllll
tht angina olf load.
The epecllled mulmum engine -de
ot - ....,,.,In up to 1000 km (liDO ml-
"'1. - - ....,,,.. up to _, kin
121110 _, elloulcl ftOibe axcntll f ...
..
A llnal word regarding lhe brakat: until
al letat 500 km (300 mUM) have been
covered, avoid repeated violent brake
appllc1tlons, eapeolally from high
aj)Md, and do not subject lhe breket to
contlnuoue high loa.dlnga. or alee lhe
brake Unlnga will lal&r fall to adlltYa
1haU r-t -.and trlctlon -
• engine oil 15
Every day use
Fuel: For correct operation. the engines
used in models R eo/6, R 7S/6, R 11018
and R 90 S muat aupplled with pre-
mium commercial gasoline with
a minimum octaM rati ng ot 98 by the
Reoeerdl method. tt you are forced to
run the MAI:hine on fuel with a lower
octane rating and therefore with redue·
ad knock '"istanee. you can a110ld pre-
Ignition and detonation In the engine to
a large extent by keeping engi ne speed
above 2500 ,../ min., alliltlng down In
good lime and opening the throttle
alowty and carefully.
hal• lulorlcatiool: We recommend
chec::l<ing engine oil """'' regular1y. Dur-
ing the break-ln period, check oil level
every 500 km (300 miles) and add more
oil If na-ry ot the same grade. All
only to the upper mark on the oil dip-
stick. Adding too much oil Ia polnU.a
and may even CIWM damage. The
apace between the two marka on the oil
dipstiCk repmenla 1 liter (1.78 Imp.
pts., 2.1 US pia.) of oil. Never allow the
oil level to drop below the lower mark
on the dlpetlek. DO not remove the fl ller
cap when the engine Is running. To
meuure Oil level correctly, pustl the
dipstiCk baCk Into ItS hole eltar cleani ng
but do not screw It ln.
Fig. 1S
Cllllnge to another grade of olt only on
the occatlon ot • complete engine on
change, Including oil tiller.
Our angl ,_ are dMigned to operate
with any modem high-gr..,_ brand na-
me lubricating oil. and require no oil
addlll,_ This alao appllea to the gear-
box, final drlw and dri ve lhaft housing.
For recommended oll gradee, - ape.
cificetlona.
Operattat ec:o- of your motor cycle
Is greetly lnlfuenoed by your atyle of rid-
Ing. Just aa the luteet aorta of public
transport cell for payment of a auppl e
mentary lee, so high apeeda, violent ac-
celerallon and audden heevy braking
not only lncra ... and oil conaump-
tllon but aM reault In mora rapid - r
on llrea. brakee and all tranamisaion
componenlll.
-
18 Ewry dey use
Driving style
The illustration on page 16 shows the
rider in what we consider to be the ideal
seated posit ion.
The knees are against the tank, the up-
per part of the body leans slightly for-
ward and the arms are slightly bent.
This riding position ensures maximum
safety and freedom from fatigue even
on lengthy journeys.
When climbing a long uphill gradient.
do not allow the engine speed to drop
too low. It is better to shift down to t he
next tower gear in good ti me.
On severe downhill gradients the brak-
ing eflect of the eng-ine can be Increased
by shifting down to the next lower gear.
but the maximum permitted engine
speed must not be exceeded. Never
coast downhills with the clutch disen-
gaged, the gearbox in neutral or - still
more dangerous - with the ignition
switched off. For all normal braking, try
to use both front and rear brakes to an
equal extent and apply the brakes
smoothly. Increase the pull on the lever
or pressure on the pedal slowly and
avoid locking the wheels.
Note thet If tho front disc brake Is not
used for a lengthy period In heavy rai n,
the braking eHect may be Initially a
little less than normal. For thls reason,
make a practice of applying the front
brake lever gently at Intervals.
After stopping, always select neutral
and do not ride the clutch for long pe-
riods. Keeping the clutch disengaged or
allowing it to slip can cause local over-
heating and unnec-Qssary wear.
Always stop the engine by switching off
the ignition. When parking the machi ne.
remember to close the fuel taps.
Important safety notes
For your own safetiness we advise you
Ia switch on the headlight even during
the daytime so that other drivers can
see you in time.
It Is also important to wear bright, flashy
motorcycl" clothing - especially as con-
cerns the color of your helmet.
In addition to regul ar maintenance of
your motorcycle, pay special attention to
the condition of the tires (use only BMW-
approved makes, minimum thread depth
0,12" recommended by BMW) and ob-
serve Tire Pressure Specifications (see
last page of Owner's Manual), as these
items affect the roadabil ity consi der-
ably.
Driving style, i mportant safety notes 17
If you Intend to Install accessories on
your motorcycle (your BMW dealer will
advise you). please note the followi ng:
First of all use a tank luggage bag. Tight-
en oaddlebage fi rmly (maxi mum load
per saddlebag 11 lb, maximum total
weight of one saddlebag 15,4 lb). Stow
only light luggage on the l uggage car-
rier behind the bench seat - no t runks
or heavy obj eciS.
Do not exceed maximum permissi ble
gross weight (877 lb) and maximum rear
axle load (595 lb).
Install only BMW-approved tairingo.
18 Prepertna lor a journey. general care of the motor cycle
Preparing lor a tourney
For long journeys, In parlicular abroad,
we recommend taking the following
spare parts with you:
1 air cl eaner element. 1 oil llHer. 1 set
spark plugs and light bul bs, 1 cylinder
head 1 cylinder base gasket, a
number of screws and 2 nuts of sizes
M 6 and M 8 mm, spring washers, wire
lor temporary repalra. rubber bands (ap·
prox. 0.2 ln. wide. lor Instance sectlons
cut out ol old motor cycle or car Inner
tubes) and 1 new Inner tube: replace
patmed inner tubea before startlng a
l ong journey.
II your motor cycle has already covered
a considerable mileage. we suggest In·
forming your BMW dealer of the Intend·
ad journey and allowing him to meek
over your maml ne thoroughly. Correct
operation and good condition of the
lighting and Ignition systems. cylinder
head, cylinders. plttons. ctutm. brakes,
control cables, car'Durelors. wheels end
tires should be mo$1 carefully checked
and these items replaced if necessary.
II you plan a trip lasting several months
through countries where riding condi·
lions are difficult. we recommend add·
i ng tho followi ng spare parts to those
al ready mentioned: 1 set breaker points,
1 centrifugal spark advance memanism
and 1 set control cables: these cables
can be attached parallel to the cables in
use on the motor cycle Dy means of
adhesive tape.
Many foreign countries still t he
i nternational ldentlftcation plate of the
licensing country to be attached at the
rear of the motor cycle, but aome cou,..
trias have addi tional regulations which
should be studied before the joumey is
undertaken. You can obtain the neces·
sary Information from automobile clubs.
consulates etc.
General care of the
motor cycle
Cleani ng
The engi ne-transmi ssion block and
the final drive housi ng are bast cleaned
with a special cold cleaner liquid. All
other painted or Chromium plated parts
have to be cleaned by water and a
branded car shampoo.
Carburetors, mutfler ends. instruments.
clutch and brake lever have to be COY.
ered Dy plastic loll.
Road dirt and dust contain a number
of chemical elements which can damage
the paint fi nish il not removed promptly.
For thi s reason, your motor cycle should
be washed as often as possible. espe-
cially when the paint is stilt new.
Tar stains, dead insects or minor paint
dam"lje caused by flyi ng stones should
be removed or rectified as soon as pos·
slble, in order to prevent paint discolor·
ation and areas of ruat.
Tar otalns should not be removed wi th
e sharp tool sum as a knife blade. but
treated with a commerci al grade of tar
remover. Rubber components should be
cleaned only wi th water. and may also
be given a protective coating of glyce·
rlne.
Maintenance
Maintenance work should be carried out
by an authorized BMW service agent.
because good mechanical knowledge.
BMW special tools and a repair manual
are essential to perform this kind of
work.
Standard tool kit:
Fig. 14
2477419
M•lnten•nce schedul e
Change engine oil [21 I
Renew oil filter element (21 1
Check gearbox oil level (22]
Change gearbox oil (221
Check oil level i n drive shaft housing [22]
Change oil in drive shalt hOusing (23]
Check oil level In linal drive [23]
Change oil in finaJ drive (23]
Change oil in telescopic fork (24]
Grease rear swinging arm bearing.
check play and adjust, if necessary [26]
Grease brake and clutCh pivots and
throttle twist grip [27)
Check battery acid level [28]
Chedc battery terminals, clean and grease•,
if necessary [28]
Clean Intake air cleaner (28)
Renew Intake air cleaner [28]
Ched< steering play, adjust•, If necessary (251
Check wheel bearing play, adjust•, if necessary (25)
Adjust clutch [40]
AdJust free travel of front and rear wheel
brake (29, 32]
Check brake fluid level (R 75/6 - R 90 S) (31 )
Maintenance schedule 19
Minor service
(every 7500 km
- 5000 miles)
x'
X
X
X
X
X
x•
X
X
X
X
Major service
(every 15000 km
- 10000 miles)
X
X
x'
X
X
x'
X
X
x'
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
----
c,_ drum- diM: b,..-opeoating •
'-al3l)
Cbeclcbraie- tw -IMka ( R 75Je - R m 8) 1301
AdjYit Cl ..... ', II nee Ill ary
Check deuance of c:ei>IM. edJuel,
II -••'Y 133-311
Qleen fuel 1apt [381
Clla • gap and l gnlllon tlmlng.
lldjuet, W ,,.. •••l'f 311)
a.._ plvo1 pin lor c:enlrifugal act.anc:e unit 1371
cr-llghWolng beed - PI!
. - -
A .. ,ror ser..tee
(""elY 7500 )(Ill
- 5000 mile&)
"


-
Major servoee
(I!Ye<Y 15000 . ....
- 10000 mnas)
ll
ll
ll
-
..... .
.A'"'' c ....
ll!llUIII. • P8l
CMck ""IIIIPOQe. tlgllten•, . 1181:1 y r-1 • I '
- I 9 -,
(«Jj .AL!_
Tighten nuls • _s -----""---
Trial Nn ano final inapochon [40J x
ll ""'*'botont<- ,...,o-w..._,_ ...........
• Cha·oect sop&ratt .,
A' Ml'l 1WefY I mO!Nht if rnotor cyctt Is radden only IOf at1ort .... or ill ou11 o• ._.
P*t'A"Wilt betO'Irl 0 C Q:1' Fi- c:han_oe C)jl 3 OK'fttfts or ihtr A rruudMum 01 "8) miiH
' lellll occe a rur
_. AlleMi OtlCe a moath.
Change engine oil and renew filter ele-
ment
Change engine oil only when the engi ne
is at normal operating temperature. Oil
changes are needed every 7500 km
(5000 miles), or not later than every 6
months. If the machine is ridden only
tor short distances, or at outside tem-
peratures below 0° C (32° F). change the
oil every 3 months or after a maximum
of 3000 km (2000 miles). ·
Remove the drai n plug (8 mm i nternal
hexagon), allow the old oil to drain out
and replace the drain plug tightly. Check
that the gasket Is in good condition. If
the oil filter is to be renewed duri ng the
oil change, remove the filter before
draining the oil. Fig. 15
15
Total oil capaclty: 2.0 liters (4.2 US pts.)
+ 0.25 liters (0.53 US pl.) if the oil filter
is changed.
011 level up to the upper mark on the
dipstick, but never higher than this. See
fig. 13
011 grade: See speci fi cations
Filler element:
Renew the element every 7500 km (5000
miles) duri ng an engine oil change. Take
out the 3 10 mm hexagon screws and
remove the end cover. Remove the 17
mm hexagon screw and lay asidetogeth·.
er with the filter cover and 0 ring. Pull
out the fitter element using a thin wire
hook and insert the new element, mak·
ing sure that the gaskets are i n good
condition. Fig. 16 ·
11
0
Oil change 21
011 pan:
After the first 1000 km (600 miles), re-
move the 10 mm hexagon screws and
take off the oil pan. Clean the oil pan
thoroughly together with the oil mesh
strainer and check condition of gasket
before re-attaching to the engine block.
Fig. 17
17
22 on cnange
GNrbolt oil c:henge end o1 1ew11
~ oil 1ew11 """<'! 71500 km (5000 mi-
l• ). " n_,.'lJ"I, add a b ~ e m e on
of the same gr11de a orlgonally Ulld
until the 1.,..1 readl• the lowat IUm
of the thread In the filler opening; flret
remove tha fUier plug (8 mm wrendl)
wi th an Al len lc.e'f and l'lll ghlen ftrmly
alter adding the oil.
Fig. 11
''

Change gMitloll 011 only when the mo-
tor eyelets at normal operating temper ..
ture and at l eeat e-...y 15 000 km (10 000
mileel or once a yeer. Remow the oil
drain pl ug (19> mm wrendl) followed by
the oil filler plug (8 mm wrendl). After
the old oil hat drained out, replace the
droln plug and lighten nmfly. Add ,_
oil .;, the ftl ler plug.
flo. It
0t1 c..,.olly: approx. 0.8 Iller (1.7 us
piS.)
01 1ew11 up to loweat threed In IUer
opening
011 grade: See tpeclficationt.
RNr -•1 drfM ollleNI and oil ..,.., ..
Chad< oM 1ew11 with the madline on Its
lland, ....,., 7500 km (15000 mllee). To
dlec:k leYII, lnaert a eultable rod -.
~ into the filler .,.,.nlng and al low II
to reel on the clutdl houelng. The oil
level should be 2 mm (0.08 lndl) up the
measuring rod. If ne.ausery, add a
brand._ all of lila " me gr11da •
that prevloualy uaad, and ra1lghten the
filler plug (17 mm wrench) tlrmly.
Fig. 211
ollll ............... ,,,.
on., ""- I I I>Of'lftel operetlng
ture, evwy 1& 000 km (10 000 mi._) or et
!Mat onoe • YM•· '*no .. the oil dnoltt
plug lollo--.cl by the oil 1111« plug (both
17 """ wrendl).. Aller the old oil 11M
drained ,_ ... chin plug end
retighten firmly. Add new oil hough the
filler opening.
Aa-21
01 ·-'"' epprox. 0.15 lltet (0.32 us
pl.)
011 ....,, 2 mm (0.01 Inch) above clutdl
llouaing wllh the rnechlne on 118 IIMcl.
011.,..: See apeclbllone.
,

ANI*Ioeoa'....,_.,. ... ,,,
a... ........ IWty 7500 krn (5000 ml-
••> ...., II r.t1118rf ldd 1
oil of the .. ,. gflde UMd
unUI Ihe...., rMchle N lo••l tts.-
in the I Her opening. RMtgm.n the llllt
plug (8 nom) w'otls an Alllll qy.
fll.22


011 chenge 23
Mt ••,. ... II In the llnel drt.. only
wt.. 11 normll
-rr 15 000 kin (10 000 mi._) or 11 ...;
once • yeer. RWISO' .. the oil drain plug
(18 mm w-) lolto .. d by the oil I l-
ler plug r• """ "'"" leer). Alt« lllowlng
the old oa to • ...,.. ,.,.,oe the drain
plugtlglstty. FlU wills ,_oil
fll.22
01 ClpiD .. : Appfox 0.21! liter (0_53 US
pc.)
011 ...,.., up to ro-t ll'lrMd In filler
opening
01• •e: See epec:Hieadone.
U Oil chenQe
Telaacoplc - - oil - - oil
dlange
a.ct o11 - by plecl llQ the madllne
on ha eantllr lltllnd and allowing the
lo<k 10 extend tully. RtoiiiOW lila upper
end eapa. Will> lila aiel of a piaea ol
s nvn (o.2 lndl) dlam- weldiniJ rod
t m ( 40 lndl) lollQ. CflaCk tllat the oil
~ Ia not mora than <137 mm (17.2
lndl) below the ftat lace ol the hexegon
on the upper epriflg mounting.
01 ......,,. fN8I'/ 15 000 km (10 000 ml-
lea), or atleell onea a year.
To dlange the oiL allow lila teleecoplc:
IOflt 1o axtand lui!J wf!Ha the mactllna 1e
on Ita atand. Ramo .. t he rubber eape
from lila bottom pluga of the wbular
fork alldet11 and unscrew the heXagon
..
nuta (13 mm Wl'lndl) while holding the
Internal hexagon (4 mm key) on the
damper tuba enda to prewnt turning.
Fit· 24
Unaeraw cape at lOP ol lo<k- with
a pin wrandl (from 11001 kit) to -.t the
tubal.
Flg.S
Pull both olldara down and al low the
oH to aacapa. Screw the bottom p i ~
bad< in and odd fnllh oiL
T.... • •p I c!lr of Mdl fork leg 280 em'
(lpj)rolt. 1.5 ft. oz.)
l'elll CIJIAJ pat fork lag, - dllllg-
lng on: 265 em• (approx. 9ft. OL)
01 gr-: Saa Spacllk:allono
•suring and Whlll bMrlnt play
Chad< ,._, after the flrat 1000
km (1100 miiM), 11*1 -v 7500 km
(5000 mil• ). Put the motor c:yc:le on Ita
center stand and pu&ll and pull the fori<
lege ..tgorou.ty. TMA alloold be no play
- if play to clet.cted, readj ust the -·
lng heed boerlng&
FIIJ.•
Adj ul1 the steeri ng head bearings by
removing the domed head screw on the
star handle and lifting oil the handle.
Loosen the <4 hou11on null of the han-
dlebar clamps so fer (13 mm wrendl) that
the ring wrendl (Included In tlle1001 kH)
can be fitted onto the centering nut.
Locoon the ceniOrtng nut - edju.t
U2477531
the bearing at 1110 atotted nut until no
play Is detected. then preload by IIPPf'OX.
•to tum (u.e the nook apan- troon the
100lldt).
.... 21
Re.....,.,.. In reverae order. Ptownt
the llolled nut from moving when tight·
enlng the centering nut to opprox. 12
mkp (117 lllb.).
Cfleck play 11111n; when property adjust·
ad, the fork shOuld loll to the lett or
right lull loGtc position by Its own weight
damper diMngoged).
The pracloo .. ,.. ol .... rtng blwlng
pnloed cen only be edl .. led by M
1111111orlzed BMW deolor, ullng • friction
-ICirlng II8UIO·
Steering and wheel bearing play 25
CMc* nut booflllg ,._, alter tho fi rst
1000 km (eOO miiM), than eYery 15 000
la'n (10 000 miles) by putting the modllne
on ito center atond wl1!l tho wheel oft
the ground - pulling - puthlng the
whllle vlgoroully In a lldeWaya direc:·
lion. No play should be nollcaobla.
......
Wl£111 be•f'li'9 lltlould be ....... d....,
., ... ·-ad·-..... .
Every 30 000 km (20 000 miles), died<
greaee content ot wheel hub bear1ngo
and rap- with gra- II necaasary. FO<
datalla of lila proper groeee, - opeclfl.
cations. Thla work ahould 1110 be per·
formed only by an authOrized BMW
wortclhop.
28
26 Swtnglngarm pivot ------------------ -
,._, .... , ......... .......
atd tor 1t111ae of ,._, at the ,...,
wttaol IWinglng Alll'l bearing _.,
15 ooo km (10 ooo mi ... ) t>r pumng and
PQ8hlng lhe COf!IClllte ewtng1ng .,...
while hokllng !he lnedllne lrm 81 !he
Mnclgrip on lhe main frame.
.... a
11 nec-.y, rMdjiiAI. Tw Off the
tic looun 1M loct nut wttll lhe
ring wrendl lnc:klcled In lhe motor cyele
1001 ld1. pre la.d bottl bearing pr. tiD
a torque Of 2 + Cl.2 mlq) (1 U + 1.4
IUb.) whll 1 IIUI111b11 Allen iwy and
....... egelft. finely, to 1 + 02
mkp (12 + U lllb.) and rMighten lhe
1oc1t nut (approx. 10 mkp/72 lllb.) .
fill.•
l.ubrlc:ale lhe _, Wheel twinging arm
beetlnga with the a..u. gun. uolng a
taper nozzle.
.... .,
Throttle twist grip, brake and clutd\ le-
ver pivots
Check the throttle twlet grip every 7500
km (5000 miles) lor lree movement; II
necessary, push back the waterproof
cap. unscfew and remove the cover,
IOOMn tension screw and pull off the
grip. Lubricate the inner gtip, gear
drive and chain. Note when reassem·
bllng that the slotted end " a" In the
twist grip should be In line with the end
Of cutout "b" In lhe housi ng. Put the
lower wire cable lnlc the double nipple
and Insert cam and chain in thai way
that tho matk "c" en the toothed end of
the grip is in one fine with the mark " d"
en the cam.
Unleas this precaution Is taken, move·
Throttle twist grip, brake and clutch lever pivots 27
mont of the throttle cables wil l be re-
stricted. Place the upper throttle cable
Into the double nipple, mounl the cover
and at the same time pull back the Ui>"
per outer cable until the end sleeve on
the outer cable can engage In the cut·
out on the cover. Tighten the cover and
push on the waterproof cap.
Fig. 32
Greaaa the plvota on the loot brake (item
5) and the clutch lever (Item 16) every
7500 km (5000 miles), using a grease
gun (see pages 42:, 43). Grease the pivot
poi nts lor the clutch and front wheel
brake cable nipples every 7500 km (5000
miles). Disconnect the clutch cable at
the clutch throwoul arm and loosen the
brake adjusting screw (at R 60/6 on the
2411438
lronl brake, at R 7516 - R 90 S on the
master brake cylinder). Loosen the lock
nuts on the clutch and brake lever pi·
vot &halts, unscrew the shafts and pull
the levers out of the pivot blocks. Dla-
ccnnecl the wire cables, allow a few
drops of lubricating oil to penetrate the
outer cables and grease the nipple re-
telnlng cutouts. Reassemble in reverse
order. Make sure that the wire cables
are not bent sharply. Fig. 33
Malter brake cylinder operating lever
Remove the brake pressure pin and
grease lightly at both ends with Moly·
kote BR 2. 0 11 the lever pivot slightly
every 7500 km (5000 miles).
Warning: No grease or oil must pene-
trate the master brake cylinder.
Fig. 34
,.
Intake air cleane_r ______________ _
Batt..,
Check the battetY acid level evetY 7500
l<m (5000 mllea), at least one. a monti'L
Take off the 8 plugs. The acid level
should be approx 5 mm (0.2 Inch.) above
the top of the platos In each cell. II acid
level is too low, top up with diatllled wa-
ter (not acid). Keep the top of the bat·
tery clean and dry. Protect the terminal
posts and clips against corrosion by
applying a thin coat of apeclel acid re-
sistent grease.
Warning: Never ' 'l'ttow battery acid or
lead oxide from tho tormlnala to get on
to your clothing. Do not Inspect bat-
tery acid tevol with a naked flame, or a
dangerous oxptoalon may result.
II the motor cycle Ia out ol Mrvlce for a
lengthy per1Cid, raohargalha battery once
a month In order to p.......,t sulphate
formation on the plataL For battery ca-
pacity, - apacollcatlona.
Warning : BaJora racharglrlg the battery.
always awftch off the angi na and dl$-
eonnect the termlnals. or else peak vol-
tages prOduced In the charger may de-
stroy the Ignition ayatam diodes.
lntalte air cleaner
Remove the alf Hhar .,...,_ every 7500
lan (5000 mllea) - mora often if the air
contains a hlgh propartlon of dust Care-
tully knock the element to remove loose
dust. and blow thrOIJgh from the
side with a compraua<f ai r jet
ing no oil.
If the olr eleanor element Ia severely
contaminated, and In any case a.fler
every 16 000 km (10 000 miles), renew
the element.
Running the onglne with o blocked ai r
cleaner elomont will lncroaso luol con·
sumptlon and wi ll reduce onglne power.
To remove air filter element. take off the
left hand air Intake tuba and remove
housing allen hoad screw (do not deteOh
choke control). Pull . housing outward
and turn aldawaya Remove element
When the aor element
place it over the 3 plna In the rear half
ol the housing, 11*1 place the left filter
housing hall &gall\lt the lower and side
gearbox housing jolnta and push in-
to posluon. the cylinder head
screw with the left hand to SJmplofy
section.
Fljj. 35
-Ched< the elflclency tnd le¥er tmrel ol
the br8k• Ill lntenela. or et
- ._., 7100 1cm (11000 mllft). 8ratc.
lining - r cen be cllec:tced visually u

OndNm br8kM.IIOUIIh
on t.11 aida of hub: on d!K br8k" by
lOOking dOwn on to Inner brake pad.
To pteftri cllt'MIIIIt WOI"'I br.U lhl•
eftCI pecf• mu11t .... ,. M •-••d In
good lima (min. lnlng ltlldul- 1,5-
(0,061ftdl).
Adj uellng front lltMie:
"IGit
I ---81--II-greet, tum
knurled ec:rew 1 .ner toouning took nut
M
8- 15mm
2477641
2 un111 ,_ -• et lhe .... r IS
&-15 mm (V.-'h lncll).
....
L- lode nut 2 (IS mm _ , on
adjuedng cam 1, turn 1111 lntemal heXa-
gon tully 10 - left wllll ., Allen ...,.
'*' 1um II bed! until h - lwMa
- ha 4 mm (O.IS lncfl) ot ,_ ,...,..
menl meaeuned at tha front of lhe cable
p1w1 pin 3. In IIIIa poehlon. took the ad-
J<.-dng AdJUII tree mo .. ,.,, at
lhe UCIPI' brake 1- to approa. 4 mm
(O.IS lnctl) by turning adju.Ung screw
4 (10 mm wr.ncll) on 1111 end of the loW-
e< call. w11111 nokllng 111e ...... with
a pair of noM ptlera 10 pr ... nl 11
lfom Wmlng.
.... 17
J7
8ralcel . 29
Adjual .. froM briM:
" 7S/I, flltJI, " ••
II cable atrelcll hal led 10 uQiolalwe
llancii><Ue 1- _, the -
must be ed)ueted. Thll can only be eet-
rled out 81 111e b<atc. cytlnder at-
* lheluellllnlt .... - ,_...,
Teke oil the duet cep and dledl pl8y
with e IMler toolkll).
AdJull by '-"lng the ldJuellng ec:rew
lock nut l """l ng the teeter geuge and
turning the adjuatlng acr.,.IO the right M
more pley hi ,.quined 0< 10 1M left to
reduce play. At the oorract aelllng the
IMler gauge et>ould Jull be capable of
,_ alter thll. tighten the
lOCk nut and Install the dual cap.
Fig..
30 Brakes
Renewing brake p-. adjusting brake
caliper:
The brake mu$1 b9 removed to
re.- tile bmko pods. Toke otlthe end
cap on tile e«antr.c pin and ""tract tile
pin W1th a long 8 mm eorew (to be scre-
wed In by oeveral complete turns). see
Fig. 39 Next. pull tho brake caliper to
the rear. remove tht lnnor pad rotaining
spring and take both broke pads out of
the caliper.
Before Inserting new pads. push the pis·
ton back Into the wheel brake cylinder
with a acrew clamp. lightly grease the
guido pin for tho outer brake pacl (with
' Moiykota BR 2'), then the 0 -ring
and the outer pad Secure the inner bra-
ke pad wttll tho relalnlng spnng. lhe
angled eno ol whooh mu$1 face down
(Flg. 398). instelf tho brake caliper grea·
se and Inset\ the eccentric pin.
To adJUst tile brake pads, tum the pin
w•th a untu the inner pad •s
parallel to the In- lace of the brake
dose (pu;l the brake eahper slillhlly cut-
wards).
Apply one or two heavy marks wolh a
rott·tlppod pen 10 tho IO$ldo of the broke
disc, working from tho lnsldo to tho out-
side edge. Turn the front wheel and
pull the brake eallpar outwards. Exa-
mine tho Ink marka to ensure that the full
aroa of the Inner brake pad Is louchlng
the disc
The outer pod Is opuroled by the bral<e
cylinder pla\on and Is aligned automall·
cally.
Grease tho spring, replace tne end cap
and llghlen 10 6 + 0.5 mkp (43 + 3.6
It lb.)
Flga.: 39 and 39a

When the front wheel Ia remo•ed the
handbrake lever must not be operated,
or else the brake piston wiU be pressed
out and brake nuld wlff •cape.
II presauro .. erted at the hlndbrake le-
ver 11 too low, lhe bra.ke •J•Iem must
be bled and chedcad for leakage.
-
31
_.,....,
It brake nuld level drope an atee1rlc
warning cllw1ce in lhe brake tlul d reeer·
voir cau- lhe tel- light In ltle com-
bined lnlltr\lment to come on.
&ldden violent braking may aH.ct nutd
level lind cau11 lhe noat to move up lind
down, 10 ltlat lhe telltlte light ftiC*ere.
II the brake ftuld telltale light remain.
on. mora braka fluid should be eddad.
Remove the fuel lri and un_ ... the
braka reservoir cap. FIJI aa far aa
the upper " max." martdng. Do not _.
111. or elaa lhe may overflow wllan
lhe ftoatlllnearted and damaQa lhe ,_.
tor cycle'a palntwo11L
Brllce Ia hygowoopic. lind Ia thus
.,_a,le o1 mcQ!ura from lhe
atrnolphara o- a conalderabla period
of l i ma. To enaure that ltle brake I)'"
stem remalna fully rellabll, lhe lwalcl
luld - be replac.cl anca a rear "'
an alllllo<bld BMW wor-p.
••••• tile bf ... .,. ....
If the action ol lhe braka lever fills
''lOft". lhe brake lyallm ano..ld be bled.
Firat remove the t8nlc. thin add ftllld to
lhe correct IIWII In the lwaka fluid ,...
IIM>Ir. Alter ltlla, l'ltn()W lhe cap pro-
tecting the bllld .amor. mount the
bleed hoee and lmmerM It In a ,.,.1
conlalning brake fluid. Apply lhe hand-
brake leYir a number ol tlm11 Willi
braking praaaure Ia dltec:lld. Hold the
,._ applied -ualnat thla sx-ra end
open lhe IMald acmor, t.1 the oa....ane

2477445
pulling firmly on lhe -r. Do not ,...
1- the leller until the bleed haa bien

lhla proceu until breka fluid
from the hole into lhe >lUll
entirely free from air bubblll. Tighten
IMald ICtiW.
W..,lftt: Do not pump tl'le brlke fluid
reeervolr dry, or .... air will again pen ..
Irate the brake eyatem.
Flgo.: 40 and 41
.... , ...... ..,.u
Ad)uet the IMC- by turning the wing
11111 on the end oC the pul rocl until lha
,.., wttul l>nlu Just begins to 11M.
Than tum the wing nut badt by 3 to 4
turne.
Wer.lrlg: II Illata Ia too Ntlle 1,_ mo-
1t1e btW III«Y 10c1t while the _.
chine Ia being rklden.


CMclk an bnlklng COfiiiiOMnle eotel'l'
15000 .... (10000 ...... ) ;
c ... n bnlu drume and -shoes; gtMM
bRice .,_ (at R 60 e front end ,.., ; 81
R 75/ll - R 00 S rear).
Do not aend eway the ahlny surtac. Of
the brake pada olf the adgaa.
Chedt movablan '"' ol brake aaddla
and c:ondlllon Of (R 75/ll - R 00 S).
•• -' on lha br.U ,, ..... ahould be
canted out oaJr by • IIMW MM<:a
WOfbllop.
The C81tlur.Wr ctaenlng lhould be car·
rled out by an eUlhorlad 8tiNI work·
shop, If poeeible.
In an -vancy. the carburetors UMd
on II rnodall can be reniO'Ied and Ill
luet and air paiNQel 11011
- 5, ,.n ill 4 - Idle jet
3 blOwn lflrough with OOmpt uud air.
Clean lha noat et the 111111
lima, making aura that lhl throttle elida
or thronla atop acrow 1 Ia not dlaturbecl.
Aller reoeeembllng tile carburetor,
screw In the Idle llr or Idle miXture re-
gulating acrew 2 ae tar u poaalble, than
un.craw ae foi.IOWI 10 the bulc
Mtllng for the •artoua 1Ypel o1
retor:
"• to 1 '"
'" 10 1
1
1-l'h
tuma (R eo/&) .... a
tum (R 751&) .... 44
111m (R 801&) .... 44
lllml (R 110 Sl .... 46

247 73 50
:W Carburetors
IMert Ill 1two111e lllcll (RI0/'1 In a dry
condition, and tighten the co- screw
flrmly by hand (without uelng pllel'l).
Make sure that the locating lug on tiM
cover Is correctly engaged In tho houa-
i ng.
11111 lllrOCIIe llllcll (fl to I ) and cover
(right and left) must not lnterd\ang-
ed, or else tile predetermined quantity
of fuel Injected within tiM cerburetor
may bl altered.
Tile vacu- plelon (R 7511, R 1011) with
diaphragm and jet needla lhould be In·
serted dry, with the locating IU{I on the
Pfl8eed Into the cutout In
tile tilling groow on the upper pert ol
tile elltluretor. Tbls will -ure lhel
prassure equalizing passogos In the va-
coum poston are on the throttle blrtter-
lly ••do Mount the vacuum houslng co-
ver ana sooure with the 4 screws,
lightened In a croaswisa pattern, ensur-
Ing thot the throtlle cablo odlusling
scraW11 ero on the same sldo as tho cold
start mechanism and throttlo bunerny
le""r It correctly installed, the vncuum
p•s•on should move by ots o· .. n ..,e,ght to
both llmot posotions i n the guldo pas-
sage
Connect t ile throt!le cebt• and c:IIICk
free movement with the rwlet grip fUlly
cfoled (0.6 to 1 mm/0.02 to O.o-4 Inch).
If neceaMry, loosen lod< nut 1 (9 mm
wrench) .,d turn the throttle cable ad-
juallng aerew to the right to lncr-
,_ play or to tiM left to reduce
This baalc setting of tiM throttle cable
muat In all cuee bl Identical on till
left and right aides of the engi ne.
Fig • •
...
Adjo•t engine .... epud wllen the In-
gino Ia at Ita normal operetlng tempera-
lure and with the twiet grip fully closed.
lnoart an adaptor (Beru EP 1 euppree-
sor unit) Into the spark plug cap and
connte1 to the Ignition lead. Thi s will
prevent the waterproof cap f rom burn-
Ing out wt>en the epettc plug lead 11 test-
ed by al loWing aparka to Jump from tiM
cap to tiiM cylinder.
Correct Idle speed is between 800 and
800 rev/ min. If the engine Idles 111 this
speed, cheek by removi ng each pl ug cap
In turn and consulting the revolution
counter to ensure that both cylinders
are working uniformly.
If the cyllnde,. ere not --
ly or the Idle epud II hlgiW or lo-
!Mn 1119 apeclled ... ed)uM 1119 car·
bo.raton •• folowa:
T'ppea II ..... II. I
Ad)usllll9 running ep 11 d o1 the cylinder
whldl clevialal moet from the
idle speed until It matd>aa the othe< cy-
linder. Tllll 11 dona by rumlng the thrott·
le elida 110p ecrew 2 to the right (to
speed up tha anglne) or to the left (to
slow clown the engine). In order to ob-
tain the moet favorable mixture eettlng
turn the idle air ad)uetlng eorew (on lhe
A 90 s. the Idle mixture edjuatlng ecrew)

1 carwflll ly In either direction and c:heclt
that angi na spud ri - atlghlly. When
!he canhal 101111ng 11M t>Mn lound, the
mixture Is OOtNC1I'f adj u&IICI. Rapeat
this po....-ra on the aec:ond cattlolre-
tor.
1'1g1.47...:141
If engine apead II now outalde the per·
milled l imit o1 eoo 10 eoo ...,/ min, tum
both throttle IIOP IC,_. 2 t'O the left
by an equal emount to raduca engine
speed or to the right It engine apeed
naedl to be lncr111ad. Repeat the final
adjullmlnt at the Idle air regulating
ecraw (on the R 90 S. Idle mlxlu,. regu·
lating ecraw).
ar uretor 36
Two- 1171/e. II 1111
Adjust the calllll of lhe oold etart de-
.;ce undl *'-lon Ia untfonn (play In
cable Q.5 to 1 mm/0.02 to 0.04 lftdl).
Unscrew !he cable edjultlng acraws on
both c:art>uraton QOmllllllly, "" the! the
throtlle bullltf1y - ... not 8UtiP""'
ded on the throttle calllll.
flg.41
Move the klla mixture regulating ecrew
1 and throttle bo.ltal'fly atop acraw 2 on
both carburatora to their baelo eettinge:
in the caaa of the Idle mixture regula·
ling eorew, tighten fully and unacraw by
1 turn. Tighten tha throttle etop acrew
until It juet toucttee the etop on the
throttle levef, tMn eorew In by 1 further
tum. Run 1119 angi na undl warm, ope<a·
ting 1119 cttoke It nac••••rv when etart·
ing. Tum 1119 Idle mtarura regulating
,..,._ on bolll carburatots 10 the left
and right urll•l tha moll aultable mix·
lure • lling Ia obtained (lndlcalld by
engine speed raadllng Ita maximum .,..
tua).
Continua carbo.retor adjustment altef·
nataly on the left end right cartluretOtL
tha thro"l• llop ecrew slap by
slap, and locate the ball •-"lng of the
i dle mixture raguladng acraw again alter
eam movamanL Rapaat this entire pro·
cedure until the cylinder being adjulled
ceasee to lire otter a few lurno of the
engine when working alone (spark plug
cap on oppoelll cylinder removed).
To ..- D••*-' troM tc1e •••II tGI
part !oM, open the twlt l grip slightly to
that engine Idle epaed le lncreMad.
Remove the _,k plug C8PS In tum to
tt.- that botll cyllftdera are
e...nly. II necenery. lldiwt tile lhrotlle
cable of tile cyllnclw which plcb up
oloww 10 that .... f- ...,_,t II
preaenL This ie done by turning the ad·
julllng screw to the left and locking wllh
the hex. nut (9 mm wrench).
We ..... : Donot-llleentl.,.llkle
....... _.. ... ,, •• t211£
..........
Every 15000 km (10000 miiH), remove
the ,_,. -•., lllor In the fuel tap for
cleaning.
1. CloM the lUll tap.
2. URICIIW the collar nut (17 mm
wrench).
3. Take olf hoee union and ocnaen, and
clean the tcreen In gasoline.
4. Do not re-uee guket II
Reatlmble ecreen.
Rtaa.,...,a.oz r'tte,_...,
1. Drain the fuel tank.
2. The quldc-lodcing nut (2-4 mm wrench)
has a normal rlght41and thrllld on the
fuel tank llde and a left·hand thnead on
the fuel tap tldl. Hold the full tap and
turn the nut lo the left. then nemo .. fuel
tap and nUL
3. Wblft -tumbling. do not r-
ga.ut Wl.... In pertect -.clition. The
wider lnd of nut fecee
both thneadl on nut wtlh the lhrllldl on
the fuel tank and fuel tap elmullanaoualy.
Spark pluga
Check the apark plug electrode gap with
a leeler gauge every 7500 km (5000 mi-
les) and also when installing new spark
plugs. If necessary, bend the side
(ground) elect rode to the specified gap
of a = 0.6 + 0. I mm (0.024 + 0.004
inch).
Fig. 50
Clean spark plugs by dippi ng in gaso-
line and brushing, but do not use a metal
brush. Before screwing lhe plug into the
cyl inder, apply graphite grease to the
threads.
Replace spar1< plugs after every 15 000
km (10 000 miles).
50
247 73 56
Spark plugs, breaker points gap, ignition timing 37
Breaker points gap, breaker lubricating
felt, lgnlllon timing
Check breaker gap every 7500 km (5000
miles): dlsconnecl the battery, remove
the 3 Allen screws (5 mm wrench) and
lake off the generalor cover. If no dwell
angle meier Is available, unscrew the
spark plugs and tum the engine clock-
wise .. looking lrom the front, by means ol
the Allen screw (6 mm wrench) holding
the distri butor rotor. Cont inue to turn un-
til the breaker arm lifts off fully. Replace
burnt breaker poi nts. Measure breaker
points gap with a feeler gauge (0.35 to
0.40 mm/0.014 to O.ot6 Inch). To adj ust
the breaker poinls gap: loosen the set
screw slightly, insert a screwdriver blade
between the 2 small pins and into the
51
slot on the breaker pl ate and turn the
screwdriver slightly until a gap of 0.35
to 0.40 mm (0.014 to O.o16 inch) is ob-
tained. Tighten the set screw and dleck ;
that the gap has not altered. >- ~
Fig. 51 1 . ~
Rub a small quantity of Bosch Ft 1 v 4 ~
grease i nto the lubricating felt every
15 000 km (10 000 miles), and check that
the felt is resting correctly on the cam.
Every 12 000 km (8000 miles). loosen the
hexagon nut (10 mm wrench) and ta.ke
off the centrifugal advance unit. Grease
the pivot pi n for the centrifugal ad.vance
unit lightly with Bosch Ft 1 v 26 grease.
Check for proper spri ng action.
Check Ignition timing every 7500 km
(5000 miles) or whenever the breaker
points gap is reset.
a) Connect one terminal of a teat lamp
to the condenser. the other to ground
with the ignition switched on.
Fig. 52
The test lamp must light up when the
" S" mark on the flywheel Is In line
with the mark In the i nspecti on hole as
the engine is turned clockwise (normal
direction of engi ne rotation). The cen-
trifugal advance weights must not be set
in motion.
Fig. 53
31 Ignition liminG
lgnitloo .liMed 10 •• piece 81 "' t..
""'- TOC. TM Olflerenc. MtweWI 1M
firq poUa ol 1M left and "CCht cylln-
001 --t 3"(11018-
CNer end undar ·s;
lt) •Co«wcC • Aata 11 14 lgW
- 8PUk 1'1118 up end 1M plug
and dlr.c;l lilt llgllt on 10 lilt llywtteal
rim thfO\Igh 1111 INI*)tlon hole while
the engine Ia rvMing.
N. engine Idle apud (800-100 r8Y/ min)
the ··a•• IIVWI*I mark (Ignition ralard·
eel) •lhould 1.1 1 bright line In
the Jnepec:tlon hOle. If lhl Una Ia above
- · IM lgntiOII 11 too far advanced:
If below center, till 19nlllon 11 too far
ra11rded. 1\a engiM aplld lncrauea the
" S" ....,k will - IIP"M'Oe out of 1M


l._alon hOle , _, alerts Ill
15150 ,...., .,.,). II englneapud Ia
inctMIId lilY 111r111«. 1111 " F'" tly61lul
mu1t (lgnltlotl .ctYIIIC*f) will IlPPI'' Ill
the - ol 1M IMI*)tlon hole, 8lld
alloukl rMdl 1111 fMr1l in 1M lnapec-
llon 11011 e1 an eng! neap a ad o1 3000 rwf
min (lull _,ltllugal ec!YaiMll).
R-Ille 1111 ...... , l.oosln the two
scr8W8 1 on 1M contiCI br'Mk.,. ball
plate. Tumlng the baM pilta In thlaame
direction 11 engine rotation wm ,.
lard the lgnlllon, and luming II agalnal
the direction ol engi ne rotation wtll ad·
vance the l9nltion (lhl angina crank·
a/loft and camallall rotata In tile same
dlr.cllon). Reelghtan the 2 acre- firm·
s !{ # I
1y - lhl .ctJu•-• h• been com-
p ... lld.
- ched<lng lgnlllon dming Wl 'lb •
- IMip. "m 1111 enolne lllrough 46"
Ill a' lit 1111 nonMl dl..cUon ol rolldloa
(1111 - w!M oo out). This wll en-
.... tha1 - tile engi ne Ia turned in
ila IIOf'IMI dllllollon ol rotallon. -
poaaitlle loot mollon wtll be ellmlnaled.
Ignition timing with 1M test
lamp.
Timing 1M Ignition with 1M atrobe light:
If Ignition adYance II Incorrect. clleck
runout on the drive a/1111 (max .. 0.02 mml
0.0008 InCh) and ' '" movement of 1M
centrllugol a.dvance cam on the ohal t.
Fig. 54
..
Cylinder he•d nute, v11ve clearance•
Evert 7500 km (5000 mil")· ched< the
tightening torqu" of the nuts on the •
through bolts and the 2 cylinder IMed
retai ning nuta. Remove the rod<er COYer
by loosening the cap nut ( t3 mm wrench)
and the 2 s>da nuts (10 mm wrench).
f19.56
ss
__________ nuts, valva clearances 39
If necessary. tighten the nuts with a
torque wrench In accordance with the
lightening aequenee ahown hare (3.5 +
o • mkp/25 + 2 a tUb ).
Flg. 58
..
---
I
®
Check valve claaranceo - this work has
to be carried out each time the cylinder
"UhroUQh bolt or cylinder hNd nuta are
retf{lhtened - with the engine stopt>ed
and cold, uotng a teeler gauge Inserted
belwean the valva stem and the rOCker.
Unoerew 1he apark ptugo and tum the
engJne with an Allen key (6 mm) el the
alternator rotor attachment screw until
the cylinder on which velva clearance is
being adjusted 11 at top dead center on
the compression alroke. Both valveo wi ll
then be closed. If naea ... ry. adjull val-
ve Of)erating clearanceo by loosening
the lOCk nut (1 2 mm wrench) and turning
the adjusting ecrew (12 mm wrench).
Afterwards, tighten the lock nut firmly
and recheck valve opef8Ung clearance.
f19.57
40 Cluldl, wheel epokee. rime
The cltllltl II correctly edjueled when
there 11 approx. 2 mm (0.08 lndl) Of play
at the cluldl throwout !eYer 3. P I ~ cen
be increaeed by ecrewlng In 11M !mulled
cable edj- on lhe eluldl opeoalirlg
leYer mounting. Of decreMed by un-
ae.-lng the edjueter. II the nenge o1 ed-
jua1ment provided 11 lnautnclant. play
can be decreeMd by looaenlng lock nut
1 (13 mm wrendl) and tightening edjuet-
ing - 2 (10 mm wrench) 11 the
throwout ~ e Y e r . Looeenlng the acrew
provldel lncreued plly. After adjuet-
ment tighten the loacnut on the eel
screw.
Fig • •

..._.......,_
Every 15000 lun (10000 mllee) dledc the
wheel apo- lor uniform '-ion. Strike
them with 1 ecrewdrfver one after the
other - 1 high or low note wiH lndlclle
exceMive or lniUI!Iclent epo1<e t-lon.
Flg..
II apokee are _.onod, always remo-
ve the tire, tube end rim tape and lile
away any epol<e endl protnudlng Into the
rim well to prevent damege to the tube
and thus rllk of aooldent.
II lateral or vertical rim runout Is detec-
ted, have the wheel centered and reba-
lanced.
Tl'llll run, IIMI iNpeclllft
cany out a trill run after eedl lnspe<>
lion to dleck lhl Nf.ty ol the motor-
cycle. Pay opeclal attention to .tftclency
of bnlkn, geerehlft, cluldl and lnetru-
menta. and f- mov..- of ltMring.
During ftnal l nepecflon. dleck lire con-
dillon and preuuree, lighting, hom, tell-
tale lampe, and ,..,. vi- mirrora.
Tightening nuts and bolts tightening torques 41
Ttghtenlng n u ~ and bolla
Check that the followi ng nuts and bolts are firmly tightened every 7500 km
(5000 miles):
l oc1tlon Wrench olz•
1 Front and roar axle nuts 22mm
2 Front and rear angina mounting acrews 19mm
3. Hexagon acrews securing center etand to tramo 17 mm
4. Carburetor hose clamps
5. Val.,. rocker cover attachment
1 cap nut 13mm
2 hexagon nuta 10mm
6. Rear shock absorber mounting (upper and lower) 11mm
Check at Initi al Service only:
7 Timing chain cover to engine
e allen head screws
smm
3 Internal hexagon nuts 5mm
Tightening T orqu"
Not e:
To convert to 'mkp', the 'Nm' values
listed below should be devided by 10.
fl. lb. Nm
Cylinder head
nuts 25 + 3 (S!i + 4)
Fi nned ex-
hauot pipe nut 118 + 14 (180 + 2.0)
Cantering nut,
teleecopic
fork 87 + 1:2 (12.0 + 10)
Hex. nut lor
oil drain,
telescopic
fork 18.8 + 2 (23 + 3)
Axle nuts, .
front and rear 32.5 + 2 (45 + 3)
Clamp screw
tor wheel
axle. front 10.8 + 1.5 (t5 + 2)
Clamp screw
tor wheel axl e.
rear 101 + 3 (14 + 4)
Swong arm
bearong pin 7.2 + 1.5 (10 2)
Nuts 72.0 (tOO)
All other nuta, acrewa 1nd bolta ere lo
be t ightened according to BMW eland-
ard apecil lcallon 800 02.0 (aee BMW
repair manual).
42 Lubrication chart
Lubrication chart
1 2 3 4 5 7
8
1. Filler plug for hnal d r ~ v e
2. Drain plug tor t1nal drive
3. Filler plug for dnve •halt housing
4. Drain plug tor drlvo shall housing
5. Grease nipple tor toolbrake linkage
6. Grease nipple tor swinging arm
bearing
7. Full·llow oillillor
8. 011 drain plug tor telescopic lork
9. Throttle cable moch3nlsm
10. Brake lever pivot
11. Engi ne oil dipstick
12. Engi ne oil drain plug
13. Gearbox oil drain plug
14. Gearbox oil filler plug
15. Grease nipple for clutch throwout
arm
16. Clutch lever pivot
17. Telescopic fork filler plug
Lubrication chart 43
17 16

8 11 12 13 l4 15 6
4ol Removal and Installation of front wheel
1

I ______ ...

U247 7566
What to do if .•.
R-vel - IMiallallon of fr- wllael
(R 10/1)
1. Put the motor cycle on Ita center
atand.
2. R<¥OOVG the axle nut 7 (22 mm
wrench) with washer.
3. Remove ltla upper atop nut 6 lor the
brake reaction arm 3 (13 mm wrench),
holding the Allan ecrew 1 (6 mrn Al-
len kay) to prevent It from turni ng ..
Dieconnect the brake reacUon arm 3.
4. LOOMfl axle clamp ecrewa 2 wlltl a
8 mm Allan kay and pull out the
wheel axle with mandral 5.
5. Pull the wheal torwatd allghtly, lift
brake back pl ata 4 out of the wh .. l
hub and remove the wheel forwards.
e. Before reassembli ng, clean and fighl·
ly grease the axle. Before Ughtenlng
axle clamp screws 2, Install the brake
reaction arm 3, tighten axle nut 7 and
compress the telescopi c forks firmly
several times to prevent distorhon of
the fork legs. Note correct tightening
torques.
Aemovat and lnlt811don of front ..,11t
(R 75/1, R toll, R to I )
1. P\ace the motor eyet. on Ita centM
stand.
2. Remove axle nut 1 (22 mm wrench)
with washer.
3. Loosen axle clamp acrowt 2 with a
6 mm Allen key. Remove wheel ula 3
with mandrel and take out the apao-
ing aleeve.
4. Pull the wheel out forwards.
5. Before reauembllng, clean and light-
ly greau the wheel axle. In order to
a110ld resetting the aell-ellgnlng ca·
llper, enaure lhet on the R 110 S (with
twin disc brake) the dl,.ctlon or ro-
tallon or the wheel 11 the ume ••
when remov.d. Do not tighten axle
clamp IC,.W11 2 until axle nut 1 has
been tightened o.nd the lalescoplc
fork compreaaed llrmly severo! times:
IIIIa will avoid distortion ol the fork
lege. Note correct tightening torques.
Removal and lnllallatlon of front wheel 4S
3
U24775 88
--·· encl IIINI .. Il9n of ,_ ......
1. Place IN motor cycle on ila center
stand and rnowo IN rar auapenaion
ad)u.tlng '-< to lhe 2-up riding po-
sition.
2. Unocrtw ule nut 2 (22 mm wrendl)
and put ulde together will> Ill
waaher. Looun IN clamp acrtw (13
mm wrench), rotate wtl eel aale 1 will>
mandrel until It paeoee OYer the elop-
Ing surface and draw out the ule.
3. Pull the whul ofl -atda the left
swinging arm. than remow to the
rear.
4. Aauaamble In the ,...,.. ordef.
CINn and lightly g.- the IIIII,
and rotate while lnMrtlng Into 1t1a
Wheel hub. Tlghtan the clamp -
IU1 of all. The hole through the and
ol the ule lhould ageln face to the
rear. Move the suspension adjuatlng
leYar back to the desired -lng.
Note correc1 tightening torqua
U247 il4 70
'"'·-.... To ..,._ a lira. clellate completooly and
prau dlt ti re aw8)1 from tho rim all
round on one aide. Unscrew the valve
nut and pr ... tho valve Into die ti re.
Puall the tire bead intc die rim well on
die side opposi te the safety noldlea,
and lilt over lhe edge of the rim on the
oppoelle oldo, uolng 2 tire levers. Re-
move the Inner tube and lilt the second
bead eway from t he rim In die oame
manner. Check condition of rim tape
and ,.new If neoes.ury.
Fig. 65
When tiling a now - ... - tllllo
and rfln tape ahould be ,. .... tel. We
rec:omm..,cl to u .. - anclt...,_ ol lho
ume manufac:twer.
IS
247 73 71
To -• the tire, prees the tire bead
Into the rim well on the aJde oppoeite
the safety no4ct>es; die red point on lhe
lire ahould be tclj acent to tho valve.
we die tire 0- die tclge ol die rim
on both sides with tire ,..,.,., maki ng
auns not to exert axcMalve Ioree.
To simplify mounting ol the Ure use a
commercial stkling component.
Insert the Inner tube and eecure die
valve with valve nut (acrew on by only
approx. 5 tuma). Inflate the tube alight·
ly.
Now push the second bead of die t ire
inlo the rim weU on the aide oppoeita
lhe aalety nolcheo; whi le doingao, push
l he valve back u let ao Ita nut wilt al·
low. Stoorting next to tho valve, , .. die
247 73 72
Tire changing 47
second tire bead over the rim lhoulder
wid\ tire levers.
Infl ate die llns end check that die mold·
ed line on the tlno wall ts die aame dta-
W.C:. from die rim all round. Have the
whMI balanced.
f19,11
48 Bulbe, ftMher u n l ~ fu-
a..,.,,. .......... unit .... "--
When cNinQing bulbe or petformk>g
other work on the electrical system, al-
waya a\IOid ahor1 clrculta by IM.Vlng the
Item of equipment concerned switched
oil or by dlaconnecllng the g"""nd IMd
from lha negative pole on the battery.
Do not hendle ,_ bulbe with tha fln·
gere but aJwaya uae a clean cloth,
pap8r handkerChief or aJmilar.
Lever the lln•eM rtrn off with a ac,_
d ~ - replacing lha bull or tlead-
lig 111 unit.
Datadl the multJ.i>in plug and hinge
back tha aprlng wi re cllp to remove the
H 4 ~ ,.._ ...... nha.
1'11-17
To replace the pMd.,. liglll - pull
the holder out of Ita aocket. Preaa the
bulb In and turn to the left to remow
from lha bulb holder.
Oetectt the lutler ..a from ita mount·
lng and puU off the multi-pin plug.
llle two Mea (8 Anlp) ere located on
the contact plate l naJde the headlight
~ ·
A blown fuM can be ....,ogniMd by the
melted melel atrlp. Pull the blown "-
out of the !lpl'lng cllpa and - • new
fuse of aultable rallng. Never attempt to
repair blOwn fu- with wire or any
other almller material (risk ol wiring
overheating and ftre). If a fuM biOwa
repeatedly, the fault ahould be traced
and repai red by a competent -rkahop.
Wilen rMaaembling the lln•lflt •R,
11 ahould be attaChed to the rim of the
heedllght housing at the top and pr•s.
ad In at lha bollom afttr the locating
clip haa been lneer1ad Into Ita alot. Make
aura that the retaining aprlnga have en-
gaoad.
Tellele llgltta end "'*-llgllllrog
To dto n 11 .,..., remove lha combined
instrument u follows: unscr- the
speedometer and revolution counter
drive ahaffa and loooen the 3 hexagon
retaining acrewa. Lift the lnatrument
allghtly, remove the Phllllpa acrew hold·
lng tile multl·pln plug, pull out the plug
and lift awll)' the lllatrument. After ••
moving the outer COW<' and end cap, all
the plr>obue bulbi can be r-..1 from
their aocUta.
R-owllll tum lndlcetOr 1M ,_ light
.......
The bulbs lor the front and rear turn
lndlcato,.. and the rear light (twin-fila-
ment bulb) can btl removed from their
holdere by preealng In and turning to
the left after the lenae has been detach·
ed (2 Phillip& head screws).
Fig • •
When Installing the lense glassos, make
sure that the Top' marking on the turn
indicator lenses Is aa the lop and the
transparent window for license plate
lighting on the rear light glaM Ia el the
bottom .

24775 75

HI I rNa"lt bent &ellli'l
Check lire pruaures and corr.ct If ,_
ceaaary. Set the rear suspension to the
position for HIP ridi ng. Place the motor
cycle on a nat surface, 6 m (18'/J It)
from a llghl·colored wall. The rider
should alt on the machine which ehould
not btl on Its stand. Measure the dl•
tance from the floor to the center line
of the headl ight glass and mark the
t
v
"'•
I
I
Bulbs, hMdllght beam telling 49
- height on the wall with a cross .
Mark another cross 5 em (2 Inch) below
the n,..t one. Switch on the low beam
and align the headlight ao that the light·
dark boundary p- from the left
through the center of the lower croos
and rlaea to the right aa far aa the cen-
ter of the upper croea before falling
away.
Flg.71
Engine dele eta .net euggeeled remedies
1. EfttiM .. ftOt --e1 ... Of .. clllflcollllo -
c ....
Fuel tank empty
Fuel tap cloeed
Twlet grip opened too far when engine It cold
Air c-bloc:ked
Fuel line leaking or blodted
Defective IUel feed valve In floal hOusing
Idle jet blocked
B......, polnta dirty
Looee or defective Ignition leada
Spark pluge - - water conden .. te or exceeelve fuel
BrMbr points ;.., or spark plug gepa 1oo large
Valve allddng open
oe.d bmlery
2. I!I\QIM-. but kllee IIM¥Iflly
carburetor eettinge too rldl or too lean
Velva ciHrances too small
Ve'-IMklng
Leek betwMn cyllnd!lr and cylinder hMd gukel or car-
buretor
Low compr-ion
3. Engllle lcllea unewaniJ whon --. ull-•esokaa
Fuel feed valve leeklng, Idle mixture selling too rich
4. Engl11e ,_ -anlf, ocullonelly -•
Sperl< plug gaps too large
Sperl< pluga oiled up or eooted
Add fuel to tank
Open fuel lap
CioN-grip
Cleen or replace air cleaner element
Seal or blow through fuel tine
Aepelr ...,.,.
Clean Idle Jet
Clean pointe
Check ..-. replace H n8CM8*Y
Dly tpll1l peuge
Adjuat to correct gap
Decart>oniU...,.,..
Have belllfY rwcharged in workahOp.
W...,.ng: recllarga beHary only with both + and - ••-
removed.
Adjuet carburetor aettlngt
Adj Ue1 velw clearencea
Haw valvea reground
Ch- tor '-Ill e1 cylinder and carburetor jolnta
~ piston r1nQ1 or ,...bore cyllndenl
Repair valve: reedjuat i dle mixture aettlnge
Ad)UIIIplrk plug gape
CleM or r ~ ~ > l e c e apatll pluge
'
Cause
Ignition leads - or defective
Spark plug cap short-circuiting (recognizable by sooted
bum marks)
Faull In Ignition eyatem
Blocked carburetor jets
Blod<ed fuel line
Water cond<!nsate In float bowl
5. Ellfllne -Nio, .,.,. on when Ignition Is switched off
Fuel mixture too lean
Ignition timing Incorrect
Breaker points gap incorrect
Engine cylinder cooling fins blod<ed with dirt
Thermal rating of spark plugs too low
6. ll!nglne.,.. lgn.1ea Ullderloed
Fuel octane rating too low
Heavy oil carbon residues In combustion chambers
Ignition advanced too far
7. Slerter - not work when button Ia prasaecl
Fault in starter button, or starter relay
Dead battery
Remedy
..... """
. . . .. · ~
,. '
Dry or replace leeds
Dry or replace spark plug e«ps
Replace defective parte
Clean jets
Clean fuallina
Clean float bowl
Engine faults and remedlea ~ 1
Check and adjust carburetor settings, check that the correct
jets are installed
Check and adjust liming
Adjust breaker points gap, check ignition and retime W neces-
sary
Clean cooling flns
Use spark plugs according to specification
Use only branG-name fuel of tile correct quality
(see specifications)
R8fl10¥8 cylinder heads and clean pistons
Correct Ignition Umlng
Replace defective parta
Recharge battery, H necessary correct acid level
52 . . . and In Winter?
and In Winter?
If the motor cycle Ia atored for tfle win-
ter period or e-. longer, the following
atopa will protect It agalnat oorroelon
and harmful climatic etlecb:
1. Drai n oil When engine 11 hot, clean
oil ,_h strainer and ollaump.
2. Add corrosion Inhibiting oil up to the
lo-r mark on the dipstick 1
tlterl 1.761mp. ptaf2.1 US pta),llhen run
the engine offload tor aboU11 mlnUle.
Remove the oil filter and repte.,. the
cap on lt1e filter chamber.
If the motor cycle Ia oU1 of service for
more than 6 months (up to a maxi-
mum of 3 years), drain the oil from
the gearbox, drive shall houelng end
final drive and add 0.4 liter Imp.
pt/0.8 US pt) of corrosion Inhibiting
oil to the gearbox. 0.0!5 liter (0.09 Imp.
pt/0.1 US pt) to the drive lhalt houalng
and 0.1 liter (0.18 Imp. pt/0.21 US pt)
to the final drive. Place the machine
on ita stand, engage 2nd gear and
run the engine at a feat Idle spud for
several oecol\ds.
3. Stop the engine, unocrew the -rk
pl ugs and pour 15-20 em• of upper
cylinder lubricant Into
lt1e aperk plug hole of aech cylinder.
Tum the engine over with the starter
and move the plstone to top dead
center. Screw the spark plugs back in.
4. Clean the carburetor and ciON the
fuel taps.
5. Remove the banery and arrange with
your dealer for It to be aervloecl end
atored.
6. Wuh end dry the motor cycle tho-
roughly. Spray the brake and clutch
lewr pivots and the center stand
baerlnga with 'Caremba' or a almllar
lubricant.
7. Coat all polllhed and chromium pla-
ted ateel parte with an acid-free
grease, and spray the complete mo-
tor cycle with protectlw oil.
8. Place the motor cycle on Its center
stand In a dry place (a room with
acid-laden air Is not sultallle). SUp-
port both fork ends and the rear
wheal swinging arm with wooden
blocka until the wheals are off the
ground.
For detelle of corroelon Inhibiting oil,
upper cylinder lubricant pr ... rvoU...,
acid-tree """" and protOCU... aaa
'PICiflc.llona.
Raatorlnglha mo4or cycle to_._
1. Drain on the corrosion Inhibiting oil
and add new oil In accordance with
the specification. Do not forget to In-
stall the full flow angina oil filler.
2. Fill the fuel tank.
3. Replace the battery, connect the
leads, tighten lha nuts and gr-tha
battery terminal polll with acld-retls-
tantgr-.
4. Clean the -rk plugs, check gape
and correct if -ry. Before
screwing back In, lubricate the
threads lightly with graphite gr-.
Technical descript ion
Engine
The engine ueed In the type A 8018, A
75/6, A 9018 and R 90 S motor cyclee Ia
an air-cooled twin cylinder 4 cycle _.k
ignition unll
Tllll ..,. ... blodl tekM !he form of a
1-plece tunnel houllng, ..rnforced by
i nternal webe. II contalna !he crankahalt
and cemallafl.
Tllll cra.-..otl Ia a ateel drop
forging. Great rigidity Ia adlkri..S by ge-
nerously dlmenaloned main bearing
joumala and a high degree of overlap
with lhe big .. nd bearing joumala. The
main and blg .. nd bearing eurfacee are
treated fOf maximum aurfaoe hardneea
and naalatence to abrallon.
The crankahllfl runa In 4-layer main
bearfnge preaeed dlnactly Into tha crank-
caee 81 the ttvwheal end and Into • drop
lorg..t light alloy bearing CliP at the al-
ternator end. Cenaful ""*"lc belancing
of the crenkahafl en.unaa a minimum of
Yibratlon. The drop forg..S connec-
ting roda run on the crripln In 4-layer
beari ngs, and heft ahalts.
The big-«<d bolla are aa.wed clrectty
into !he po&ltlwly 1ocatec1 big-end bear-
ing capa. The amaiHnd bearing ie a
presseO-In bronze bushing.
Tile.........,. Ia a caM harclenad plloa-
phatfzed die caot1n11 located below the
crankshaft, and running dlnactty In the
crankcllH at t he rear and In a flanged
aluminium bearing at tha f ront The rear
end of the camahaft carrlee the Inner
rotor of the oil pump, and the front end
the drive sprod<et, the worm wheel for
Engine 53
the revolution counter drive and the
centrtfuglll advance cam lor !he distri-
butor.
T'he off..canter pleto• are of cast alu·
minium el loy, wi th 3 platon rtn;a; the
top ring Ia a hard dlromed apheroldal
graphite ring, lhe aecond a cuWw&y ring
and the third a double chamfer oil sua-
par rlflll. The platon pin Is of ample ella
and of the fully floetlng type; It II lO-
cated In lhe platen on both aldea by
apring clrcllpa to p.......,t axial mow-
men!.
The cyllnclere are made from a combi -
nation of materlala. A cut Iron liner II
surrounded by a light alloy ftnned ber•
rei thua aaaurtng excellent heat dllll·
patfon, keeping rubbing aurtace tem-
peratures low and thua l mpno-.lng oil
adhealon. Two puahrod outer tubes are
preaeed Into the beae of the cylinder
and -lad egalnat the engine block
with rubber alee\181; they alto act as oil
return tubes from the cylinder head.
The cylinders are mounted on the
crankcase using a combination alumi-
nium/fiber gukel. end the cyli nder
head hu a gasket
The cylinder ..... ana of light alloy,
with carefully dealgned ftns and ahrunk-
in valve aeate (fine partltlc gnay call iron
for lhe Inlet valves, high alloy gray cast
Iron for the exhauet valves). The valve
guides are preaa flt1ed.
54 Engine, lubricating system
The cylinder are attached to the
crankcue by 4 through bolla on eedh
side, which alao locale and retain the
cylinder barTH. In eddltion the cylinder
h- Ia MCUred directly to tile cylinder
by 2 nuta. The through bolta
alao carry the Vllille rocker pivot blcdal.
The rockers the....tvae are on
n_,le roller bearlnga.
The use ol p<e&Md-ln push rod tubee an·
sum that cooling air can reedh those
parta ol the cylinder head which are
subject to tile hlgheat thermal loadings,
tlluo maintaining temperatur• at a sa·
lisfactorlty low level.
n.. ,.._ - op8r8IH from the cam·
ehaft by h&rdenlif cast tuppeta. push-
rocla and I'OCkera. The camohaft is dri·
'lin Ill half engine apeecl by a duplex
chain. Any 111'11tchlng of the duplex
chain Ia OOI!Ij)&n88tedlor by a chain ten-
slonar operated by a leaf eprlng.
The puahrocla are manutactured from
austenitic tube wt1ll the
same coelllclent of as the cy-
linder barNia; thla preyenta elteraliona
In Vlllve operating cleerencee.
The exhauet ....... oon14at of a
heat conducti .. t.<rltlc llem and a hlsh
alloy auslenltlc, .cala realetant heed; In
addition the val .. atama are hard chro-
mium plated and the vallla eeat Ia ar·
' mourod. The kHper arrangement per-
mits the valv" to rotate during opera-
tion.
The engi ne employs e high prusure ,..
circulating lubricating ayatam with a full
flow oil Riter. The lub<lcating oR pump Is
an Eaton trochoid gaer type pump driven
from the camahaft. tt drews Oil form the
oil pan through an lmmetM<I dome with
perforated metal ecreen, pumps It
through the main lubricating peHaga to
the lull flow oil ftller and from there to
an annular puaega In the camshaft
bearing flange to the oil gallery In the
main bearing cap.
From the annular gallery In the baartng
cap the oil first pa-• through a hole In
the left sidewall of the engine block to
the roar main bearing, and In addition
through 2 upward eloping puaagee in
ellher crankcue lldewllll 10 the upper
tle rod bolla. The hoi• for the upper cy-
linder tie rod bolla are used to convey
oil to the rookar pedeolab and ahalta,
and thus to lubricate the rOCker bearings
and other timing gMt compo-.
From the left and right eloping oilways
already mentioned, lnclned peaaages
lead to the ring groov. in the cylinder
llnere, from which point the cylinder
walls are lubricated.
The connecUng rode are lubricated
through paaaegea In the crankshaft,
using oil drawn from the anular grocva,
In the front or rear main bearing
bushing. The rear camahaft bearing Is
lubricated by oil leak from the oil pump.
The timing c:toaln dlpe In the oil sump
and has a lubrlcllllon by
the otl of the front crankahalt bearing
and the exceaa oil of the prauure relief
vallle.
c...... veatlldon Ia obt1ined by
drawing fumes ag1lnat the di nsction of
rotation through e 3eltling
chembar, In which the oil mist b depo-
sited, to a Checlc valve. From thla point
the fumes ere r4Hntroducecl Into the
combustion air Intake.
..
Cutaway drawing of motor and gearbox 55
ear-.tor.
Slide trPe corbuNtor - type R 110/t
R 60/6 models are equipped with 2 Bing
pl unger elide carburetors with a 26 mm
lhrcat and removable, centrally located
noat chamber. The carburetors are In·
ctlned and are attached to 1he cylinder
heods by a clamp ring.
Fuel no..r.. Jrrto 1he - ~ - - - <4
lhrough a feed holt, the correct level
being maintained In all driving attitude&
of the machine by a double plastlc float
5, which operates 1he float needle val ..
11 via a pivot pen. The float chamber Ia
vented to atmosphere, and suppll• rue!
to the main end Idle )eta.
The -• Jot s Is ecmoed lrrto the tow·
er end of miXIng lllbe a togather wlfh
main jet block 7. Needle jet 12, Into
which a conical jet needle IS Is lneert-
ed, is mounlld on the upper end of 1he
mixing tube. The jet needle togetiMf
wilh plunger piston 17 Is raleed or 1<>-
wered by throttle operating cable 18.
Thla enlergea or redoceathe fuel outlot
cro-tlon at the needle Jet end 1he
croea-aectlon of llr venlllrl. A propor·
lion of the Intake air by-peNes the need·
It Jet: lhle air supply Ia drawn from the
olr lntalle pipe 15 through p111ege 14;
and cau- pre-etomisalion of the tuet
emerging frcm the annular opening of
1he needle jeL In air venturi 15, lhe fuel·
air miX!IIre strikes the main air flow, and
a furlher lnt-1¥1 atomlalng PfOCIII
takes ploce before the mbtlllre p r 1111
into the cylinder combuotlon chomber.
Fuel drawn In frcm the float chember
through kle jet 3 is mbted wllh ai r emer-
ging from Idle air paaeage 1, the vo-
lume of which can be adju1ted with Idle
air regulating ecrew 13. Thla mixture en-
ters the air wnturl through a emlll
paNige 2 lmmedla•ly behind the
throttle slide. If lhe Idle elr regulaUng
screw Is ecrewed flJUy In, a rich mbtlllre
will be oCIIal ned; it eciW'ed ouL the
mixture will be weakened.
Idle epeed 11 regulated by meane of the
throttle .- ltop ..,,.., whereaa the
idle air regulating ecrew gover111 the
fuel-elr mbtlllra atrength.
On order to prevent hJel frcm flowing in-
to the cyllndere In the e ~ ~ e n t of a lllk·
ing hJel feed valve. exceea hJel 11 oon-
ducfed away to atmoeplllre by a pipe In
the float chember.
To prcvl<le a richer mixture. eopeclllly
when alerting a cold engine. lhe car-
buretor conteine a second, considerably
smaller and more simple elkle eyatem:
this Ia 1he cokl •rt o. choke .... If Its
slide (cold etart plunger) ia raised
agai nst &prli\Q pressure by the operating
cable, the ei\Qino will draw additional
fuel vta the cold ttert jet •nd riser pipe
while the main thrctile allde remeina
CIOIId.
The choke operating cable mull elao be
installed with lclequate free movetl*ll
so that the choke plunger can eloae
completely.
'
2
3
I
5

··- ··- --..

Carburetors 57
...
·13

58 carburetors
Conatent c:tu11u tl--
typH R 75/e. R tG/8
The R 75/6 and R 90/6 models -
equi pped with 2 Bing constant depres-
sion carburetors of 32 mm throat d iame-
t er, using a throttle butterfly and remo-
vable. centrally located float clhamber.
n-e carburetorw are Inclined and flex-
Ibly mounted on the cytlndtr heada by
means of rubber tl- and 2 clamp
111-.
Fuel enten the float chamber 8 via a
feed hose and Ia hera maintained at a
conatant level regardlaca of atti-
tude by a double plastic ftoet 13, which
open!tes float needle valve 9 via pivot 7.
The float chamber 11 vented at 2 polnl!l
to atmocphere.
Mtlft Itt ., .....
Fuel pes- from tilt float chamber via
main jet 10, main jet blodc 12 and needle
Jet 14 to Pnt4toml- 4, where it is
pre-mixed wt1h additional air drawn In
via p•caege e on tilt air lnlake pipe. The
tuel-elr mbmJre t11tn peaea 1o air wn-
turl 3 and strlkea tilt ,..In Intake air
flow, where 1111 lntenotv.ty ttomlled t.
fora tilt combUitlon chambert
on the
Air now Ia controlled by e vacuum
ger 20 II nkad parmanenlly to a ella·
phregm 22, and operellng aa follows:
When throttle butttrlly 21 1e opened, the
partial vacuum In air venturi 3 It ccn-
necttd to vacuum chambers 23, which In
turn are linked lilt 2 paaugea 19 In ••
cuum plunger 20 to tilt main llr venturi.
Space 1 below diaphragm 22 Ia conneo-
ted by pQUigt 2 directly with the Intake
manifold; for tllla reason pr-ure at
thla point Ia higher than In tilt air ven-
turi. Diaphragm 22 now ra- vacwm
plunger 20 aufftclanlly to reatora pre&-
aure below tilt vacwm plunger to the
original value (c:onatant depression car-
buretor ayatem). Any change In engine
speed or throttle butttrlly Is
thus related to a given plunger polltlon
and air venturi or<*HectfOn, c:orres-
pondll\9 to the loed which the engine is
called upon to exert
In addition to the partial vacuum In lhe
air venlurl, the quantity of fuel Is con-
trolled at full load by main jet 10, and
over the part load r111ge by the conical
jet needle 11 atttc:htd to vacuum plun-
ger 20; on the position of
the vacuum plunger, the annular crosa--
oectlon of needle Jet 14 Ia lncreaed or
reduced.
Tile Idle a,.ltno operaltl completely In-
dependently of tilt meln jet FUel
drawn througto kilt jet 16 11 mixed In
chamber 17 with air drawn In from Idle
air paeesge 5, and enltrw the air ven-
turi through a email hole behind thrott-
le butterfly 21. With the aid of Idle mix-
ture regulating acrew 15 tilt correct
mixture for engine Idling c111 be obtain-
ed, wt1h the throttle butterfly atop tcrew
btl !Ill uaed to adjuet the quantity of fuel
supplied l or Idling. Two by-paae
paoaagee 18 aleo convey fuel-air mix-
lura to the air venturi. This Ia Intended
to improve the traneltlon from the Idle
jet to the main jet eyetem. They act on-
ly when throttle butterfly 21 haa beM
opened allghlly.
The cold 1tttt • 'lice on the thrott.lt but-
terfly type carburetor Is an l nd-clent
rotary valve unit, which operates only
atartlng and while the engine Is
still cold. It can be engaged and cancel-
ltd by the rider, and Ia cablt operated.
Inside lht float chtmber a tpace Is pro-
vided as a colcl.etan fuel r nel"liOir, wt1h
a cold llart lmmerted tube
from above. The partial vacuum cW.oel
oped during starting eel!l on the outlet
aperture of the cold atart eyetem behind
the l hrottle butterfly alnce the throttle
butterfly Ia almoat cloaed (Idle poeltlon).
In this way, the vacuum aleo acta on the
Immersed cold alart tube, and fuel In the
cold etart r•ervolr apace Ia drawn into
the ar11 of the rotary valve houe-
lng togetlltr with addiUonal fuel aup-
plied from the float chamber aa the Ini-
tial aupply Ia conaumed. In the
clhamber the fuel Ia oon .. rted to an
emulsion with lhe aid of a COld-stan
air aupply entering through a callbreted
hole. Thla extremely rich atertlng emul-
sion Ia then conveyed to the air flow en-
tering through the throttle butterlly gap
and forma the mlxtuna auppty
In the air venturi. Thle proc111 enaurea
reliable even at very low tam-
paratur•.
When the engine hae atartad, en initial
emulalon Ia formed by means of a cali-
brated air holt In the cold atart lmmer-
eed lube, 111d the etarllng mixture Ia In
this way weakened eo that the engine
continues to run smoothly during the
l ntttial riding
The cofd.etert av-tem st>ould be disen-
gaged aa soon aa possible, In order to
prevent fuel consumption and
the oil 111m on the cylinder walla !rom
being washed olf.
3---+--
5
6
7
Carbtlretors 58
23
22
21
r---17
t ldi;J:::::::--16
15
14
60 Carburetol'8
Slide-type carburetors - Model R 90 S
The A 90 S models are equipped with
two Deliorto plunger slide-type carbure-
t01'8 with 38 mm throat and detachable
central float chamber. The carburetors
are Inclined and attached to the cylin-
der head by a clamp ring.
A hose union supplies fuel to the ftoat
chamber (14) which contains a twin
plastic float (13). This operates the float
needle vatve via pivot (8), so that the fuel
level remains constant under all ridi ng
conditions. The float chamber Is vented
to atmosphere, and delivers fuel to the
main and Idle jets.
Main jet (t 1) Is screwed Into the car·
buretor body In main ]at carrier (1 0). The
upper end of atomlser (9) takes the form
of a needle jet Into which conical needle
(6) is i nserted. The jet neodle is raised
or lowered together with the plunger
slide (16) by operating throttle cable
(t7), thus increasing or reducing the fuel
outlet cross-section In the needle jet
and the cross-section of the air venturi.
The jet needle Is pressed against the
needle jet by a small coil spring (4) in
the plunger slide, In order to ensure that
the fuel emerges uniformly. Part of the
intake air flow Ia drawn from air inlet
sub-pipe (3) by bore (7) and passes over
the needle j et, thus producing a pre-
atomlsi ng effect In the fuel emerging
from the annular outlet of the needle
jet. The fuel-air mixture then strikes
the main Inlet air flow In air venturi (3),
where a second. more Intensive atom-
ising effect Is achlovad before the mix·
lure passes into the cylinder combustion
chamber.
When the throltle ia opened, plunger
piston moves up and operates dia-
phragm (2) of the accelerator pump by
means of a dreg link (1). Pump jet (5)
then Injects additional fuel into the in-
take passage.
The Idle oyatem Ia entirely Independent
of the main jet system. Fuel drawn in
via idle jet (12) Is mixed with air emer-
ging from the Idle air bore end enters
the Intake passage directly behind the
throttle slide via a small bore (15).
Idle speed adjustment Is by means of
the throttle el de llop acrew, and the
proportions of fuel and air In the mix-
ture are regulated by means of the lcl1e
mixture acrew.
To provide a richer mixture, especially
when starting a cold engine, the car-
buretor contains a second, considerably
smaller and more simple slide system:
this Is the cold 1tert Of choke unit. If its
slkfe (cold start plunger) is raised
against spring presaure by the operating
cable, the engine will draw additional
fuel via the cold start Jet and riser pi pe
while the main throttle slide remains
closed.
The choke operating cable must also be
installed with adequate free movement,
so that the choke plunger can close
completely.
The carburetors are adjutted before
leaving the factory to oullalandard com-
mercial fuel. CNnges to jato or nHCile
Hltingo will be neceooary only in ex-
ceptional clrcumolanc• and ahould be
carried out by a apect.llot workshop.
Carburelora 11

62 Cl utch
Clutch
A single dry plate clut ch connects the
engine crankshaft and gearbox input
shaftS. When roo clutch 1c engaged, dia-
phragm spring 2 forces pressure plate
3 and clutch disc 8 against contact
ring 7 which Is bolted to flywheelS. This
establishes a rigid drive line between
the gearbox and the engine, since the
flywheel Itself Is connected to the en-
gine crankshaft and the cl ulchpl a\e to the
gearbox mput ahafl A diaphragm 4 is
spot wel ded to the pressure plate 3 bet-
ween the nywheel and the oontact rmg.
This diaphragm permits axial movement
of the prnsure plate and transmi ts pan
of the engtne torque.
The clutch plate has a bonded friction
lining and is mounted on the splines of
the gearbox i nput oholt 1n such a way as
to permit axial movement. Slots are pro-
vided betwoen liywhoel 5 and contact
ring 7, through which dust from the
clutch linings can escape; this also as-
sists In keeping the clutch plate cool.
To disengage tho engine from the trans-
mission, clutch throwout arm 10 Is ope-
rated by cable lrom tho clutch lover on
the handlebar, and compresses dia-
phragm spring 2 by means of thrust rod
12 acting on preasure plato 3. This dis--
contmues the friciiOn drive between
clutch plato 6 and contact ring 7, and
interrupts the d r ~ v e ltno from the eng1ne
to lhe gearbox
The clutch throwout arm pivots on a
mounting cast Into tho gelllbox cover.
When the clutch lever Is released,
spring 11 forces the throwout arm back
to its 10itlat position
11M fhoe epead OMrbox is mount&d at
the rear of the crankcase to form a sing-
le unll It eMblea the overall drive ra-
tio to be varied In such a wwy thot the
engine con operate under favourable
load conditions at all road apeeds. Tho
gearbox primarily cone1sta of the Input
shalt, layshalt and output shalt - all
three running In generously dimension-
ed ball at front and reer - to-
gether with the lhllt mechanism.
The hollow drilled Input lhafl. In which
the clutch thi'UI1 rod Ia locltecl, comes
the Input pinion at the front. This con be
tilted very allghtly on the 1t1a1t by a
spring loaded com, which eblorbe and
reduces Input shocks from the power
uniL The lwylhafl and output shaft each
have 5 paired helical gear wheeta In
constant mesh.
Gea,. ara aalected by pnaaalng down or
lilting up the loot a hilt laver.
When the gearahllt lever IS moved, a
tlooked laver rolates 2 cam diaca; ac-
tuating journals on the 3 Hlector forks
are located In slota stamped In the shift
cams. and raapond to the degree of
movement ol the comL
The - ~ Iorita In turn rnoYe the gear
pinions on 1M output and layU\afta (to-
per -fta). ~ gMt plnlofw ... pro-
vided with ciOga on lllelr end feces
whktl ~ g e In 1M reoeeua belw..,
co"-ndlng doge on tile edj _,t
lreHUnnlng pinion. In IIIIa way, the .pi-
nion tor 1M QMt aetected al any gl--.
"""'*'t Ia coupled rigidly to the lhall
The varioua 811111 poahlona are determi-
ned by a ept'lng-loedecl lever provided
wllh a roller whldl engaaa- In -••
on the periphery ot one aelector d isc .

" - ..11
.. ,_
If
1atgeer
2:nd QMt
In neutral. a cont.oct awheh aerewed ;,.
to lha baM ol tha geatbox houal ng clo-
ses an electric circuit and ceu111 a
gr_.. neutral Indicator light In the com-
bined inatrumentto come on.
.. r - -'1
..
r
w
.. 'b.il J
:Srdgeer
J
4th gear


• #·
s PV(J,. ro.:
-
...
-
""
5th goar
Frame
The twin loop tubular rr-• .. manu-
factured from welded oval section tube
of high strength. The cradle tubes crosa
owr the backbone tube jusl behind 111e
steering head. This provide& a degree
of longitudinal elaaticlty at the steering
head without affecUng the very high tor-
sional rigidity. In addition, the fuel tonk
center tunnel can be kept very shellow.
The reer oect1on of the fr-. a very
light triangulated structure, Is bolted to
the double loop main frame and can
easily be removed. The pa•••...- tooe.
••• can be folded up, and are ad-
justable to obtain the moat comfortable
position.
The engine le I'HUIIIed in the frame by
2 through bolts which alao connect the
two lower cradle members of the
frame.
The fuel tank Is mounted at the front on
a specially shaped nubber element and
at the rear on 2 nubber-metel blocka. In
this way. stresses are eliminated and
the tank can easily be taken off by r&-
moving two wing nuts.
2 f,... tape are screwed directly into the
tank and equipped with 2 fuel feed
tubes each. The longer tube Ia In each
case designed to trap a reserve supply
of approx. 2 lllen (0.65 US gal.) in the
tonk. Fuel level In each half of the
tank is kept constant by means of an
equalizer line puslng through the air
cleaner chamber. which at'- when both
tuel tapa are open.
For peJtdnt the molor cycle a center
stand and a side prop are provided. The
frame ia not suitable for the attachment
of a •d• car.
Rear wlleel drlwe
The rear wheel Ia driven by a cardan
shall nunning In an ollbatll In the right
rear swinging arm. The universal joint
on the gearbox end of the drive shaft Is
boiled to a drive flange mounted on a
taper on the gearbox output shaft. An
Internally apllned coupling Ia mounted
on another taper at the rear of the drive
shaft, and engages with a helical tooth-
ed coupling mounted on the taper
splined sheft of tile rear wheal drive
boval pinion, and retained axially by a
nut Thla helical toothed coupling com-
pensates for variation• In the length of
the drive shaft. The rear wheel drive pi-
nion nuns at the front in a double-row
taper roll er bearing with spill Inner race;
the crown wheel with which It engages
Is supported on the ou•lde by a needle
roller bearing and on tile wheal aide by
a bell bearing. The beval pinion and
crown wheel employ tile Pallold tooth
pattern, and are carefully broken In and
installed to ensure completely nolaeleae
running. The crown wheel Ia partly lm·
mersed In an ollbeth, and tranalaro lu-
bricating oil by thla meano to tile beval
pinion and bearlngo.
Power Is transmitted from the crown
wheel to the motor cycle's rear wheel
by a taper spline coupling. This form of
connection slmpllllea raar wheel ramo-
val. The rear wheal drive housing and
Frame, re.ar wheel drive 65
tile housing cover are manufactured
from a high-strength light alloy. and are
boiled together to form an oil tight aeal.
The final drive ia vented by way of a
labyrinth In a dome CB$1 onto tile top ol
tha housing. In order to prevent po&-
slble oil leakages through the radial
aeal ring In the housing cover from
reaching the brake linings. exceoe oil Is
directed away til rough a hole next to the
oil plug on the final drive houolng, and
leading to atmosphere. The final drive
gear ratio dependa on the size of en-
gine Installed ~ - specifications).
66 Cutaway drawing ol rear whool drive
The fork stem of the teleecoplc front
fork turns on 2 taper roller bearinga In
the steering hMd of the lreme, thus eor
suring tree mcwement, absence of play
and freedom from maintenance. The
- upper fork bridge and forged alu-
minium lower fork bridge connect the
fork guide tube rigidly to the 2 hard
chromium-plated heat treated steel fixed
fork tubes. A shock absorber nozzle Is
screwed Into the lower end of each ftxed
fork tube. Aluminium eliding fork tubel
are Installed over each ftxed fork tube,
and the bot1om acrewa on theee are
connected With a damper tube which
movee I nslde the ehocl< abeo<ber nozzle
on the fixed fork tube. Fork demping on
extension Ia thus provided by the
change In the annular damper noule
section In aacll fork. wlterMa calibrated
hoi .. In the damper tube provide tele-
scopic fork dampi ng on compnanton.
An important part is played In this pro-
cees by the damper chamber located
between the hydrsullo piston ecrewed
on to the shock absorber tube end the
damper nozzle. The damper valve at-
tached below the hydraulic p1eton clo-
ses the damper chamber off on exten-
sion of the tor1ca. so that the oil Ia forced
to flow through the damper nozzle. On
compression, the damper chamber 18
opened again. so that the oil can ae-
cape via the calibrated holea In the
damper tube and return from the spring
chamber to the damper chamber. Since
the outer diameter of the damper tube
expands conically at each end. the dam-
per nozzle provfd.. e hydraulic limit
atop at the extreme upper and lower po·
slllona of the fork.
A bell valve attached at the lower end of
the damper tube p,_.,ta the sliding
fork tubes from jamming If the fork ex-
tends beyond the hydraulic limit atop.
A prog,....oive rate coil spring in Nell
fixed fork tube Ia supported on a ftxed
spring plate at the top and reels on the
hydraulic piston at the bottom.
The 2 sliding fork tubee are connected
by a robust reinforcement hoop to pro-
vide the nee nury torsional rigidity and
tupport the mudguard. The turning
angle of the front fork Is 42" In either
direction.
Reerwllaet euepeMion
Tha rear wheel is held in a long, com-
fortably sprung swinging ann, supported
on the main frame by adjustable taper
roller bearings deelgned to operate
without play. This type of mounting en-
sures that the rear wheel can be aligned
with the front wheel to close limits.
Roed shocks are absorbed and damped
by 2 spring damper units mounted by
means of silentblock bushings to the
rear aectlon of the frame at the top, and
to the ftnal drive housing and swinging
arm at the bottom.
A progressive rate coil spring In each
unit is tupported et the top by the outer
tube and al the bottom by the adjusting
sleeve. The lower spring unit connect·
l ng lugs ara welded to the outer tubes of
Talaacoplc front forte. _,...,..ton .,
the hydraulic ehock abeort>ers. but the
upper lugs are screwed to the shock ab-
sorber piston rod.
The limit stop for compr ession move-
ment of the suspension Is formed by a
double taper rubber buller between the
upper spring unit mounting lug and the
shock absorber. Tha limit stop for exten-
sion movement of the suspension Ia pro-
vided by a plaallo buffer within the
doobl&-acting hydraulic lhocl< absor-
ber.
Pre-load of the progreulve rate coli
apringa can be adjuatlld to 3 poalllone
with the aid of an ed)usting sl- et-
tached to each spring unit and acting on
a cam.
••
68 s1Wrtng damper, d.-1 ..a. 11*1 wheels
Hydraulic -ring damper
A 3-posilion adjustable hydraulic steer-
Ing damper ensures that the handlebars
always remain steady while the machine
Is moving. The rear ol the damper cy-
linder Is plvot-mountoid to the main
frame, and the piston rod attached to
the fori< at a point outelde Ita axis of
rotation, so that the damper Is extended
and retracted as the steering Is turned.
The cylinder Is filled with shock absor-
ber fluid to slow down movement of the
piston and thua of the teleacoplc fork-
Tho more rapid the movement of the
forks, the more powerful the retarding
enact or the damper.
The hydraulic damper can be discon-
nected by turning the ad)uatfng grip an-
tlclockwlse to the 0 positiOn. This
brings the piYot point of the piston rod
Into line with the axis of rotation of the
Iori<, so that the piston rod Is no lOnger
extended or retnacted aa the steering Is
turned.
Dual aut
The dual seat hinges up at one side and
can be locked with the same key used
lor the steering lock. The removable tool
box and tire Inflator are kept beneath
the dual seat. In addition, tho R 90 S
has an additional storage compartment
lor goggleo and gloveo at the rear of
the dual seal
The dual seat Is not separately spNng,
eo ae not to Interfere with the canatully
balanced, long-travel front and mar sus-
penalon. Instead, It Ia provided with
thick foam-Nbber padding.
Roed .......
The road wheels employ light-alloy
safety well base rims of a pattem de-
signed to prevent the tire form flying off
In the event ol rapid deflation. Each rim
Is connected to the wheel hub by 40
straight spokes. Each wheel runs on 2
accurately pre-set. adjustable taper rol-
ler bearings providing free Nnnlng with·
out axial play. The bearings employ
multi-lip special shalt sealing rings to
keep out dust and water.
Brakes
Front wheel brake- R 60/6
Both front and rear wheels are equipped
with large area ribbed light-alloy full
width brake drums with cast-in gray cast
iron rings.
The f ront wheel brake is of the two l ead-
ing shoe type, in which each of the
brake shoes is applied to the drum by
its own brake lever. The two brake le-
vers are moved apart by a single cable,
so that they are applied wit:h equal force
regardless of the effort exerted by the
rider. Return springs of differing
strength ensure that the 2 brake shoes
can be adjusted to give uniform resul ts.
Front wheel brake - R 75/6, R 90/6,
R90S
The front brake used on the R 75/6 and
R 90/6 models is of the single disc type,
and that used on the R 90 S of the twin
disc type. It is possible for either the
R 75/6 or R 90/6 to be equi pped sub-
sequently with the twin disc brake unit.
The master brake cylinder and right
sliding telescopic fork tube must be ex-
changed and certai n additional compo-
nents installed.
The disc brake employs a swinging ca-
liper which is operated hydraulically via
a distri butor block and brake pipes. Disc
diameter i s 260 mm (10.37 i nch).
The brake master cylinder with contact
switch for the brake fluid level indicator
is mounted under the fuel tank on the
f rame and operated by cable.
Rear wheel brake - R 60/ 6, R 75/8,
R 90/6 and R 90S
The rear wheel is equipped with a lead-
i ng and !railing shoe drum brake opera-
ted by a linkage from the brake pedal.
The brake linings are bonded to the
shoes and consist of a material with a
coefficient of fri ction which does not de-
crease with heat.
All brake levers are aluminium forg-
ings.
When either the front or rear brake is
applied, a switch illuminates the stop
light in the rear light unit.
Brakes, electrical system 69
Electrical ayatem
The electrical system consists of an al-
ternator 3 driven from the crankshaft, a
centri fugal spark adva.nce unit wilh con·
tact breaker 4, driven from the camshaft,
a diode board 1 mounted above the al-
ternator, the Ignition condensor 2 and
the electrical components housed be-
neath the tank: starter relay 5, vol tage
regulator 6, starter 7 and 2 Ignition coils
8; in addition, the battery is located
beneath the tool box, and 2 spark plugs
together with the lighting, signal and
monitor equipment complete the elec-
trical system.
Figa. 71 and 72
The alternator consists of a claw-pole
rolor running i n the stator housing and
mounted on a taper at the front end of
the crankshaft. Exciter current is sup-
plied to the alternator by 2 sllprings. The
cast front stator ring carries the carbon
brush holder with 2 plug connections.
Opposite this is a plug board wi th 3
connections for 3- phase current takeoff.
The alternator begins to deliver current
at a fast Idle speed, so that ample pow-
er is available even if a very high load
is placed on the battery. The current
flowing through the battery charge Indi-
cator light ist used for pre-excitation of
the alternator; If the electrical system is
operating correctly the charge indicator
light should go out as engine speed
reaches a fast Idle.
70 Electrical system
T1le cllodeo on diode board 1 rectify 1lle
3-phase current produced by the alter·
nator.
The vo"- ,.gulelor 6 is of the media·
nicsl contact type, and ill et1adled to the
frame backbone below the fuel tank.
The centrlt,_. Ignition 8d¥11- mmocl1•o:t••·
nl8m advances the spark as engine
speed Increases.
T1le - .._ ... intenupts the pri·
mary current circuit In the coils at a gl·
wen momen1 on each engine revoiU11on.
This Induces a high voltage (8500 to
13 000 V) In the oecondary winding of
the coli, so that the aperk plugs can
Ignite the fuel-air mixture.
"
The lgnllloll concleneer Is primarily In·
landed to reduce sparking and erosion
at the breaker points.
T1le atartar consists of a series-wound
motor with starter pinion and engaging
system.
The t••ltlo• encl d ~ IWIIch
prevent the starter f rom being acclden·
tally operated if a gear is selected and
the clutch not disengaged.
The 12'wolt ... rter llllllllty of 25 Amp/
hour cspaclty Is mounted on a ftexlble
battery tray. It Is required for alerting the
engine and also supplies the energy
consumed by the electrical syatem when
the engine Ia Idling or at a standstill.
Specifications
Engine
Max. permissible engine speed rev/mi n
Max. continuous engine speed rev/ min
Idle speed rev/min
Max. engi ne speed duri ng break-In period
up to 1000 km (600 miles) rev/min
up 10 2000 km (1200 miles) rov/rnin
Mean plslon speed mlsec (It/min) al
rev/ min
No. ol cylinders
Cylinder arrangement
Cylinder bore mm (Inch)
Plslon stroke mm (Inch)
Ertective displacement em• (inch')
Capacity lor tax purposes em' (Inch')
Compression ralio
Breaker dwell angle
Valve liming at
2 mm (0.08 Inch) valve clearance
(Tolerance ± 2.5°)
Inial opens
Inial closes
Exhaust openo
Exhaust closes
Engine 71
R 60/ 6 R 75/6 R80/6 R90 S
Horizontally oppo$ed 4-<:ycle, with overhead valves In hemispherical combustion
chambers.
7000 7000 7000 7300
6500 6500 65150 7000
600-800 600-800 600-800 600-800
4000 4000 4000
400(
5000 5000 5000
500(
15.1 (2972) 14,6 (2874) 15.3 (3012) 16.5 (3246)
at 6400 al6200 at 6500 at 7000
2 2 2 2
horizontally oppo$ed
73.5 (2.894) 82 (3.228) 90 (3.543) 90 (3.543)
70.6 (2. 780) 70.6 (2.780) 70.6 (2.780) 70.6 (2.780)
S99 (36.55) 745 (45.46) 898 (54.60) 898 (54.80)
595 i36.31) 740 (45.16) 892 (53.52) 892 (53.52)
9.2 : 1 9.0 : 1 9.0: 1 9.5 : 1
78 ± 1°

:.
TOC 10° before TOC
40° after BOC SOO afler BOC
400 before BOC SOO before BOC
TOC 100 after TOC
72 Engine, Carburetors
Engine
Carburetors
Design
Carburetor type number, left
right
Carburetor throat dla. mm (Inch!
R60/& R 75/l R 90/ 1
0.15 (0.006)
0 .20 (0.008)
clod<wlse, looki ng al end lace of alternator
5.5 (42.3) 4.5 (52.3) 5.0 (47 .3)
(at110 km/ h = (at 110 km/h = (at110 kmlh =
69 mile/ h) 69 mile/ h) 69 mile/h)
Pressure wet sump system
Eaton system (hypotrochold teeth)
On engine oil filler pipe
R 60/6 R 76/1 R 90/1
2 inclined Bing 2 Inclined Bing constant
slid&-type car- depression carburetors
buretors wi th with needle j et, vacuum
needle jet and plunger. throttle butt er-
centre! lever fly and central lever
float float
11281123 64132/9 64/32/11
' t / 261124 64132/10 64/ 32112
26 j1.D2! 32 (1.26! 3211.261
R90S
5.0 (47.3)
(at1 10 km/h =
69 mile/h)
R90S
21ncllned Dellorto
alld&-type car-
buretors with needle
jet, central lever
float and accelera-
tor eume
PHM 38 BS
PHM 38 BD
38 (1.5)
C.n.ur.lors
Main jet
.. ,
!*
· b '
Needle jet
. .
.. t:-.
......
. . ....
- <
ce: 'p·' --
c 2Ui
mm (lndll diL
Intake alr cleMMor
A 80/8 A 75/1 A 110/ 8
140 1a 11!0
2.88 wtlll acce-

us
..
--!IUI!J)
.. an
2
40
2.011.210.7 (O.oN/D,00/0.1111)
1 "llllaro ,,.. dry 1ype Iller common to bo1ll
-
..
' ...... ..
l
•·
74 Acceleratoon through gears ----
Accolaratlon through gea,.
t&O
r-
teo
140
120
>
} ao
(J)
60
"
I •
• n ~ ~ ____ ,...,.
~
/
, ....
/ ~ '
/J
, ~ ,
r,.
!.'
I
'I
10 20
Time t (sees}
180
-
- 160
1'0
120
-
30
·-
~ -
....
- --- ·- L
...
'
'-
/7
~ - " ~
.;'
,:;;, - ~
h
~ '/.1
,.:.:... -
"
.
':;p
II!
.
.
.
.
• .
I.
.
,.
..
'
'
'
.
1D • 20
Time I (sees)
Clutch

Gaarbox ratloa
Transmission 1rom goarbox lo rcarwheel
TransmisSion 75
R IQ/1 R 7518 R80/l RtoS
Single dry plate, with diaphragm spring
. ·-
1
" s-spei,d gearbox with c'?at/.'fYpe ahilf. mountod to damp-
i ng of drove torque in all gears, hooked lever shift
1st geer
2nd gear
Srd gear
4th gear
5th gear
4;4 ; 1
2.11 : 1
2.07 : ,
1.87 : ,
I 50 : I
Enclosed cal'dan shaH in right swinging arm, universal joint at gearbox ond,
hetocat splined coupling at frnal drive ond.

Final dnve ratio
No. of teeth
Palloid pattern crown wheel and pinion.
1 :3.36 1 :3.2 1:309
11137 10' 32 11134

]I ••
- • • lt! :=t? 'iii t£p·al p 9
I : 3.0
11133
.9'
76 fi'IIM and auepenelon
Fr.,.•
Suapenalon, front wlleel
rearwlleel
Brakes
Front wlleei
Rear wheel
mm (Inch)
em' (lndl')
RIITill, f ront
rMr
Tires, f ront
rMr
Max. t ire Imbalance. measured at Inside
dia. of rim cmp
correspondi ng to g (oz}
LocatiOn of manulactu,....a plele
LocatiOn of II'IIM number
..
R80/l R 75/1 R !10/1 R 80 S
Duplex ateel t ube cradle '--: l r-ame --. -man --uf ::- a-ctu ::-- red --::-:- ,rom --w- a -:1:--: ded oval section tube.
with boMed>on rur aectlon; not auitable lor sidecar attac:tu'*lt.
T.teacoplo Iori< wi th large capacity double-acting hydraulic ahoc:lc abeoltlen,
200 mm (7,9 lnc:tl) traval
Swinging ann wftll 3-j)oenl on apring atnriS and doubl&-actlng hydraul ic shodc
abaorbers, 125 mm (4JI Inch) travel .
Full width light alloy Front: hydraulic disc brakes with awlnglng caliper
hubs with caat-ln Rear: lull width light alloy huba with caat·ln parlltlc caat
pertitlc cut Iron Iron rings
ringa
2 leading shoe Single disc Single dlac Twin disc
brake brake brake brake
Leading and trailing shoe brake
200 mm (7.0 Inch)
21!0 mm (10.2lndl)
«< (1.2) «< (11.2)
214 (3&2) 214 (33.2)
3.25810
4.00 s 18
at front or eteerl ng head
on of hNd
1.118 8 X 19
2.15 Bx 18
3.25 H 111
4.00 H 18
80 (12..4)
214 (33.2)
. .
- --- ---- ------- --- ---------...:... Fra = me =· • fuels and lubncanta 77
Frame
..
Tire pressures In atm (lblln'), up to 80 mph
front Wheel eolo
w1th pan anger
r-wheel. 804o

U(27)
2.1 (30)
1..8 {25)
2.1 (30)
lncr- prueu-whan tintS are hOI up to D.3 a1m
(4 lblln')
When drivmg at maxomum speed for lengthy periods. II is best to lncreese tire pressures by
0.2 otm (3 lb/ln').
Muttter dlemater
Exhaust pipe diameter
Fual
Tank capacity
lncludi"iJ
Engine oil
S ·
tor outaicle temperaturaa
mm (inch)
mm (Inch)
litera (US gala.)
litera {US gala.)
mostly abova + 30" C (ae<' F)
all the yeer I'OIInd above 00 C (32° F)
moatly below 00 C (32° F)
, (3.4)
38x 1.5 (1.5x 0.05)
Supar (premium), mfn. oelene number 98 (RM)
24 (d)
2.0(0.53)
78 Fuels and lubricants
• r•
.,
litera (US pta)
litera (US pts)
·-
. .
.. .
litera (US pts)
. .
. . . . .
ln.<a (US pta)
Capacity per fork leg litera (US pta)
Breaker felt lubricating pad and
centrifugal advance mechanism
C.nlrffugal eclvance pivot shaft
Sraka pressure studs on master cylinder
Wheel beerlngs and all other gr-lng
polnta
Conoslon lnhiblting oil
R80/ l R 7S/8 R 110/8 RIGS
2 (4.2)
.-.
2.25 i4.7)
.
0.8 (1.1)

.
!*ow SOC (41° F)
0.15 (0.32)
Brand-nama
Hypold gaar oil SAE 110 SAE80

0.25 (0.$1)
Shell 4001 shod< abeofber on, Shell Aero Fluid 4, Cestrol DB
Hydraulic Fluid, Caltrol Shod< Abeorber 1-318, BP Aero Hydraulic 1
0.28 (O.!ie)
Booc:hA1v4g,.....
eo.dl A1 v28g,_
Molykote BR 2
Brand-name multi-purpose gr- with 180° C (:li8" F) dri p point
SAE 20 engine COfrosion Inhibiting oil
Upper cylinder preeetV8.tlve for 4-qde spark Ignition englnee
Corrosion Inhibiting gr-
External vehicle bodywork pr-rvatlve, must not attack palntwork. rubber
components or pi utica and mutt be eaay to remove.
Brake ftuld
ltters (US pts)
Dlmenelont
Overall width (engine)
Overall height without mirror
(motor cycle unladen)
Seat height unladen
Overall length
Wheel base, with rider
weighing 75 kg (165 lb)
Ground clearance, with rider
weighing 75 kg (165 lb)
Welghta
Unladen weight wi th lubricants
mm (inch)
mm (inch)
mm (inch)
mm (inch)
mm (inch)
mm (inch)
but fuel or tools kg (lb)
Unladen weight with lubricants,
17 lite111 (4.5 US gal)
fuel and tools kg (lbl
Permissible gross weight "' unladen
weight + total of rider, passenger
and baggage kg (lb)
Permissible wheel loads, solo
front at1.9 aim (27 psi) tire preuure k.g (lb)
rear, at 2.0 atm (29 psi) tire pressure kg (lb)
Penmisslble wheel loads with passenger
front, et 2.0 atm (29 psi) tire pressure kg (lb)
rear, at 2.25 atm (32 psi) tire pre.ssure kg (I b)
Max. No. of persons including rider
Di mension•. weights 7S
RIIOI R 75
1
1 RIO I R90S
DOT No 3 disc brake IIUtd
0 15 (0 ------:0:-::::.20 (0 42)
740 (29.1) 740 (29.1) 740 (29.1) 740 (29.1)
1080 1080 1080 (42.5) 12:10 (47.6)
810 (31.9) 810 (31.9) 810 (31.9) 82:0 (32.3)
2:180 (85.8) 2160 (85.8) 2:180 (85.8) 2180 (85-8)
1465 (57.7) 1485 (57.7) 1465 (57.7) 1485 (57.7)
165 (6.5) 165 (6.5) 165 (6.5) 165 (6. 5)
200 (441) 200 (441) 200 (« 1) 205 (452)
210 (463) 210 (463) 210 (463) 215 (474)
398 (877) 398 (877) 398 (877) 398 (877)
160 (353)
245 (540)
178 (392)
270 (595)
2
80 Performance
R 60/6 R 7516 R 110/8 R90S
The top speed actually attained by tho motor cycle alter breaking In depends to a large extent on tho wi nd resistance offered
by the driver as a result of hls size, rid1ng attitude and clothing, and also road and weather conditions.
Top speed, rider seated km. h (mile h) 155 (97) 175 (102) 178 (111) 195 (121)
Top speed, rider crouched kml h (milelh) app. 187 (104) 1n 11101 188 (117) over 200 (124)
Acceleration
from 0 to 50 km./h (31 mile/h) sec 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.8
from 0 to 80 kmlh (50 mile/h) sec 5.0 4.4 3.7 3.5
from 0 to 100 km/h (82 mile/h) sec 7.7 6.4 5.2 4.8
from 0 to 120 km/ h (75' mile/ h) sec 10.8 9.1 7.-4 6.9
from 0 to 140 kmf h (87 milef h) aec 18.0 12.7 10.3 9.0
from o to 180 km/h (99 mllelh) sec 27.5 19.8 14.0 12.8
Standing start kilometer sec 28.1
Average speed thereby
attained km/h (mile h) 138 (86)
Speedometer gear ratio (km)
(miles)
IIC*I •peed - M ~ Q i n e 81l.llt ef
RoiHiapaed- ena1ne speed
1&0 ··1--+---'----1.--'- +--+-+-+-+-+-f-lf-1 -
1/
v
1-- --- 1110'1
- 1171/l
uo
~ • ICIOO eo 110 MilO
Engine •pnd n (ypm)
82 Electrical IYIItm
Ba!lery
lgnilion con1ac:1 breaker
Adjuatmont btu ina at engine opted rev/min
Adustmenl ends el engine speed r ev/min
Breaker pointe gap
Spark plug elecl rode gap mm (Inch)
Headlight
Varta, 12 v 25 Amp'h
BotKtl, type0001 157015 OF 12 V0.6PS (HP)
Slrlbel, type 1357 104.3 SA 8572
Boect1, typeD 120340002 G 114 V20A 21/280W;
R 80S: 0 120 s«l 003 81 14 V 17 A 22/240 W
Direct from crank.tlaft
Boect1 type 0 120 ~ 5 1 a 14 V Ill) A
lloectl type 0190801008 liD 1114 v
0.2 p F - 25'/o
with automatic centri fugal ed•ence, mounted on camshaft
1560
3000
0.35 to 0.40 mm (0.014 to 0.0181nch)
iO before TDC ± 3°
25° ± 2:"30' a1 crankshaft
Bosch W 230 T 30
Bosch W 200 T 30
Beru 23011413 A
Beru 200/1413 A
Cllemplon N 7 Y
Ch..,plonNSY
0 7 (0.028)
Reo/8
R 7518, R 8CIIe, R 80S
R 81118 •
R1llt,R90ft,R80S
R IIMI, R 75/8, R 9018
·fU0 8
Bosd1 type 0 303 850 t OO, 190 mm (7.1 Inch) dlarMter
Tum l ndlcatornasher unit Hella TBB 211 1-'x 21 W - 12V
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ ~
Headlight high and low boam H 4 Halogen double fllament bulb, 60155 w
Parki ng light 12 V/4 W
Indicator lights: Headlight high be&J'I
Olip,_re
N.Wel
Btttery c:llarge
Tum Indicator
Brake
F.-(2)
Tum Indicators, 2 Mc:ll !Toni and ,.,
blue
o r ~
gr_..
red
yellow
red
Rear and llcenae plate light
Stop light
double filament bulb
Horn Bosch type a 321l 1 <13 025, 12 v, 400 Hz
----
84 Wiring diagram
lifti;+
iiili :'
.. ":
.
lld7'f'l t
' If$
I

' .
. © ~
I
~ -·
r

-·--
Key to
wiring diagram
1" r a
... .., .• --t=:..,_
a"';; Z ~ 1---t=-
Cifllllllllt,.... ...
II-
....
... ..,., rl'"'
...... lin' . ...
....... . .....
....... . .....
..... ---
·-..- .
1 Turn lndlutor switch with ataner
button
2 Headlight
a) Flaaher unit
b) Hlghbeam
c) lowbeam
d) Parking light
e) Ignition/light switch
f) COntact plate with fusee
g) Light reley
3 Main tight control switch with dimmer
switch, high beam flasher and hom
button
4 Mach. operated front brake atop
awilch (only R 8016)
5 Front right tum Indicator
8 Ctulch operated switch
7 Front left turn Indicator
8 COmbined Instrument
a) Speedometer Illumination
b) Revolution counter Illumination
c) Braka ftuld level telltale (red}
d) Neutral lndlutor (gnaen)
e) Charge Indicator (red)
f) 011 pressure telltale (orange)
g) Tum indicator repeater (yellow)
h) Headlight high ba&m Indicator
(blue)
J) ConMCtion to combined lnstn.-
ment
9 Voltmeter } on R 90S only, otherwiH
10 Cto<* apecial equipment
11 Hom
12 Colla
13 Spark pluga with upa
14 COndenser
15 Contact bnaaker
16 Stanar relay with D + tarml nal
17 Starter ·
18 011 prMSUre switch
19 Break ftuld level awitch
20 Neutrallndlutor switch
21 Brake pedal atopllght switch
22 Ground on frame at coila
23 Battery
24 Connection 54 In wiring harness
25 Alternator
26 Diode board
27 Voltage regulator
28 Rear left turn Indicator
29 Rear light
a) Rear and licenoe plate light
b) Stop light
30 Rear right tum lndlcetor
Wiring diagram 85
31 Ground at DHrbo><
32 Connection 15 in wiring ham ...
33 Hydr. ope1'8ted f ront brake atop
switch (only R 75/6, R 9016, R 90S
86 Servicing
Servicing
Please have all the specified servicing
operati ons described in the Owner's
Manual on pages t9 and 20 carried out
regularly by an authorized BMW dealer,
and ensure that the work done is con-
fi rmed by rubber stamp and signature in
the appropriate space on pages 91 and
92. These details are required In the
event of a warranty clai m.
Before you receive your motor cycle
from the dealer he will have carried out
a free pre-delivery check. A schedule
descri bing this work is to be found on
page 89. Confirmation that the check has
been performed will appear on page 90.
After the Initial senlce at 1000 km (600
miles}. alternate minor and major ser-
vice procedures should be carried out at
7500 km (5000 miles) Interval s. starting
at speedometer reading 7500 km (5000
miles).
In order to obtain maximum reliability
and long service lffe f rom your motor
cycle, we recommend that at least 2 ser-
vices per year be carried out. even if the
prescri bed mileage shown on the ser-
vicing schedule on pages 19, 20 has not
been covered.
We have established work time ratee as
a guide to all service operations, and
BMW importers or their authorized dea-
lers will bill you at the rates current in
your country, using the offi cial times as
a guide.
All lubricants, gaskets, etc. used during
servicing, and any cleaning work need-
ed will be shown separately on the in-
voice.
Please keep thi s Owner's Manual in tt
toolbox of your motor cycle at all ti me
The Servi ce Voucher section of this m
nual is not t ransferable.
,,.. Pfl llllhWf ell•*
1. Chedt oil level i n engine, ge.rtloll, ft.
nat dm.e, rear wl1eel drive hOualng
and teleecopic fork.
On R 7518, R 90/S. R 80 S check
braka fluid level
2. Clwlc:k operation or headlight high
and low bNm, parking llghta, b<aka,
llcen.. plate and turn Indicator
llghlll, headlight high beam, betlery
charge. neutral Indicator, braka fluid
ancr o11 p,_r• l8mpe and
hom.
a. Clwlc:k tlghtl- o1 a11 bolts ancr nuta
aa daacribad on page 41 of IIIII ,...
nual, 1- 1 to 4 and 11.
Clwlc:k tightne 11 of the lour
bolll, MCUrtng tile cardan lhllft to
the gaarbox oulput lhalt flange
3.8 + 0,4 mkp, 111 ± 0,7 h. lb.).
Check tlghtn- of front and raar
wtiMI clamp ecrewa and
capa of t11a telescopic fOrk.
4. Taat r1de the motor cycle, Check ope-
ration of clutch, gear alllft.
meter, ateering, loot and hand
brakea. Check engine ldla Mltlnga.
6. Clwlc:k elCiamaJ appaaranee ol motor
cycla.
Servicing 87
....... _wtc.
at tOOO km (800 mllaa)
1. Change engine oil at normal opera-
ting temparatu,., renew oil fthar ele-
ment. ctean oil aump and mash
strainer.
2. Change ollln gearbox.
3. Change oil In _,Wheal hous-
Ing.
4. Change oil In final drive.
5. Servlca the batteoy.
s. Check ateanng and w11ee1 bNnngs
and adjuat If naceaaary.
7. R 11016: Adluel -.. and clutcto
R 7518 - R 80 8 : Adjuat brakes.
- ·If nacuury (charged...,.,.._
tely)
Adluat clutch.
s. Check tllrottle cable Mltlnga, adjuat
lfnac-ry.
9. Clwlc:k Ignition t iming and adjust If
neceasary.
10. Tighten cylinder haad nulll to cor·
rect torque of 3.5 mkp (25 lllb.),
tllen adjust valva claarancaa when
engine Ill cold.
11. Tighten all nuta ancr acrewa If .,.
cassary 1-page 41).
t2. Check wheel spokae, lighten, If -
cessary (charged
13. Test ride the molor cycla.
88 S.rvlcl ng
Free Pre-delivery Check
correctly carried out
on

. ·.
, ' •;
600 mi le (1000 km) Ini tial service
correctly carried out
on
I I mii H (l<m)
Servicing 89
5000 miles Minor Service 10000 miles Major Service 15000 miles Minor Service
(7 500 km) (15 000 km) (22 500 km)
'
Date Mileage Date Mll01go Dole UHeage
Stamp and signature Stamp and signature Stamp and signature
20000 miles Major Service 25000 miles Mi nor Service 30000 miles Major Service
(30 000 km)
(37 500 km)
(45000 km)
-
-
Date MIIMge Dole Ulleage Dote MIIMge
-
Stamp and signature Stamp and signature Stamp and signature
35000 mi les Minor Service 40000 miles Major Service 45000 miles Minor Service
(52 500 km) (60000 km) (67 500 km)
•'
Dolo Mileage Dale
Mileage Dole Mileage
Stamp and signature
Stamp and signature
Stamp and algnature
50000 miles Major Service 55000 mi les Minor Service 60000 mi les Major Service
(75000 km)
(82 500 km) (90 000 km)
-
Date Mileage Date Mileage Dole MIINge
Stamp and signature Stamp and signature Stamp and signature
90 Servicing
65 000 mileS Minor Service
(97 500 km)
Date
Stamp and algnature
80 000 miles Major Service
(120 000 km)
Date Mileage
S t ~ ; m p and algnatur&
95 000 mi les Minor Service
(1 42 500 km)
Date Mileage
Stamp and signature
11 0 000 mileS Major Service
(165 000 km)
Stamp and signature I
70 000 miles Major service
(105 000 km)
Data Mileage
Stamp end signature
85 000 miles Minor Service
(127 500 km)
Data Mileage
Stamp and signature
100 000 miles Major Service
(1 50 000 km)
Dolo Mileage
Stamp and signature
115 000 mileS Minor Service
(172 500 km)
I_
!)eta Mll01101o
' Stll!"P and signature
75 000 miles Minor Service .
(112 500 km)
DOlo Mil &age
Stamp and signature
90 000 miles Major Servi ce
(135 000 km)
Date Mileage
Stamp and signature
105 000 miles Minor Service
(157 500 km)
Date Mileage
Stamp and $ignaturo
120 000 miles Major Service
(180000 km)
Stamp and signature
Warranty
1. The vendor guarMteu that the new
article 1- 1M flctory ITH from
do!Kta In maleflele Of workmanohlp
In accordance wtlh 1M curr.nt !-'
of engl-ng Mdlnlq ..... T11e war-
ranty remai ns In force fOf a travelled
dlatance of 10 000 km (8000 mllea) or
a maximum of s montlla, wllldlewr
corMS ftt81, atartlng with the day on
whldllhe BMW motorcycle Ia offtclafly
licanMd lor the flrat time. No clalma
under warranty will be reoognlzed un·
•- to an ..,tllortzed BMW
dealer Immediately -n of
the alleged fault. IOgell.., with l•ue
for tile nec-ry repai r order at 1M
same lima.
2. T11e wuranty l l8blllty of the -r
alllll aiiO Include parto not ,.,...
lectured by BMW. Bulbe and aperk
ore excluded from the terms of
thll warranty.
3. Natural -r and IMr damage allrl·
butable to negligent or Improper treat-
ment ohafl be excluded from lhe ven·
dor'a lllblllty under thle w1rranty.
•· The vendor ohatl be parmlt1ed to ful-
fll the Ierma of tile warranty either
by repair of the purdllled article or
by replacement of detective parte.
Tile -. ohall datarmine Ita place
at whk:ll tile warran!y work le 10 be
carried out. taking 1M lntetnta of the
pU,.,._ Into Iecount.
5. If the ..,..,or eceepts e claim undet
thla warrenty, he lhall bear 1M coat of
rerum carriage by the moat economi-
cal me4hod and t1NIOtlllble lnelaflatlon
coeta, provided IIIII the rapalr Ia cat-
ned out by an luthortzed BMW d ...
fer In accol'dence with the lnotruo-
tione leoued by 1M BMW fec1ory.
Palla lllhl biUng dafecto In matartafl
or worilmanah lp wtll be raplaced, to-
gether with patta damaged 11 direct
raault of the failure of lllld par11.
Pana removed f rom the purdllled
article become the ptOparty of BMW
end h ... to be handed over to 1M
BMW dealer, who h11 carried out 1M
wotl<.
OefKD of II"" end be._... are ody
CO\'II1Id by -...nty In eo ..,. • the
vendor SUI'Nndet8 to 1M
lrt'f warranty c..m.. wlllctl tMY be
""tabliahed agel nat BMW Of the me-
nutactu,.,. oflllell producta.
6. No clafma tor the relmbu,..,.,.,t of
direct or Indirect damagee or clalme
lor dlangee of the purdl- contrac1
or reducllon or the purdlaoe price will
be entertained.
7. The warranty c111m shall be Invalid If
a) the purdllled article to whldl the
warranty eppllea haa b-. modi-
Warranty 111
tied by oulllde part111 or by the
lnatallallon of allen patti;
b) 1M pUrdlaler llee felled to com-
ply with the lnatructlono given In
the BMW o-.'1 Handbook. or
haa not had the lnlpaction work
aa apecffled In lila BMW Semce
lnalrUCiionl pertormed correctly;
c) the pu..- article will be eold
after It llceneecl;
d) the purdhaaer Ulll the pUrc:hlled
article In competltl'le .......
Every 1uthorlzed BMW dealer I• requ ...
ted to carry oiJI woril under
ITee of dlarge, on BMW veil lclll.
It will be appreciated that on long jour·
neys Of lbroed It ,.y not always be
_.ble to carry out woril Immediately
in accordance with 10U" requlnarnetita.
you 1MY rMeOnlblY expect
any authoriZed BMW dealet to glw prio-
rity to urgent repair -rk allectlng 1M
roed safety or opetatlonaJ reedi naaa of
your BMW.
112 Why use genuine BMW spare par1a 7
Fair deal servicing
High quality engineering Inspires conll·
den<a. You will have noticed this altar
ridi ng your new BMW only a short dlll.-
tanc..
Ho-. a high-quallly motor cycl e
needs to be eervlud and maintaiMd
with expert cans. so that the &Mer rtdlng
plaaaure It brtngs remains undiminished
for yeare to come.
Try to have your BMW Mrvlced and re-
paired by an authortzecl BMW dealer or
worlcahop at all timea. They poaun the
neceuary BMW opec:lel tools, and ere
obliged by contract with the factory to
lnstell only genuine BMW spare perle on
your machine.
You are entitled to be l\lll)lclous II you
are offered -re perta from another
.ourca. Since- are UMble to super·
YiN the quality of lheee parte, - CWI·
not always J ~ ~ M t wemsnty clai ms wllk:tl
IUbMquentty ariM.
In extrema ~ . you may evan an·
counter dtmcultlea with your lnourara or
become Involved In legal proceadlnga If
your BMW Is equipped with unsuitable
and no,....tandard components.
Genuine BMW .,. parts po,;.,OI8CI...,.. you
agalnat ptoblema of thlt kind end ,...
duca the risk which ltle motorcyclist In-
cure In today'l tramc. Genuine BMW
parte are more 1t1an Juat a replacement
detlgnad to keep ltla machine going: on
the contrary, they ana fully Identical with
the origi nal com-'- filled to your
new BMW motor cycle.
This meane: Replacemetll ol an original
component by a genuine BMW apara
part enauraa that all the BMW factory's
engineering end deolgn ouperlorlly Ia
available to you as a gua rant•• lor the
unchanging partonunc:e and baalc
oafety of your BMW machine.
Every BMW authorized dealer under·
takes to keop the followi ng genuine
BMW parts In stock:
BMW parte freq11811t!J required •
ope- or lor excha- purpo••
Ganulna BMW eec•-- (the IIIII -
taction on.red by the lactory)
Olher genuine BMW motor cycle parts
Which are required very rarely - and
please do not forget that the complete
list contains many thousands of parte -
will be obtalnod by the smaller BMW
dealer abroad from a larger collea,gue
or from the BMW Importer. The term
' genuine BMW parts' comprf- all
parts, assemblies and accessorlee aup-
plied by the Bayerlache Motoren Werke
AG, regardleaa of Whether these parts
were manufactured by BMW or obtained
from an approved sub-contractor.
In ltle lnterm of your own eafety -
recommend only ortginal BMW acoee-
aorfas.
Qulllty guaro n-
Genuine BMW parta are com-
pletely Identical with the
corresponding parta on new.
BMW vehlclet.
The Bayerische Motoren Werke
AG hereby gU8ran-• lhal
theaa parts are genuine and lnaa
from defects In materials or
workmaMhlp.
BMW - perfection In detail
Original
BMWTei/e
l ook for lhlolignl
Index
Aceelerallon 74, 110
Acid lftel (ballertl a
Air dlannel 73
AJr eta1ner • 73
Air ..,.turt 72
Alternator 119
Battery 28, 70, 82
a.tlery dlarglng lndlutor light 7, II, 13
Battery acid lftel 28
BUnker 11;11111 .a, 13
Blinker unit 4
Bowden cntl .. 'Z7
Brake ftuld 31
Brake light 49, 83
Brake linin;. 30
Brake pedal 32
Brake torque riiiCtlon ann 44
Bra- 211-31, 88
Breaker gap 37
Breaker lubrlutlng fell :rr
Breaking In the motor cycle 14
Breelher54
Bulba.S
lly-9eU bora sa. 73
C.bles24, 27
Camthalt83
C.rburator, co.-tant depresalon 58
carburetor. allele 1YJ11 58
Carden ahelt 65
C.tter, front - I 711
Center ttend I
Centrifugal advance fMdlanlam 37, 70
Chai n (tlmlngl 54
Chefnlen-54
Cholet I
Cl.-.lng 11
Clutch <40.12
Clutdl...,., 7
Clutdl operation 13
Clutch plate 12
Clutch tlli'owout ann 40, 12
Comp..-lon ratio 71
Condenaar ee. 70, 82
Cennecllng rodl 53
Constant depreealon oarburatora 511, 72.
73
Contact breaker 37, 70, 82
Cont act bneker gap S1
Continuous engi ne apeed 71
Contrail 7
Cooling, engi ne 54
Corroelon Inhibiting oil 52
Crankoaee breather 54
Cr8nklhalt 53
Cylinder bote 41
Cyli nder '-"• 53
Cyli nder head bolla - t ighteni ng torque
38
Cylinders 53
Dlmanalona 78
Dim,_ awhdl 7, 10
Dlodaa 70, 82
Di rection of rotation, engine 72
Di rectional awltdl 7, 10
Disc b"ke 30
Dflw ahalt 65
OrMng habib 17
Dual aall8.1!8
Dual Mit key 7. 88
Dwall 8ftgle 71
Index 9G
Eaton pump 54
Electrk:ll circuit diagram 54 M
Electrical aystem ee. 82-13
Electrode gap 37
Engine, dospfacement descri ption 53
Engine, specillcationa 71, 72
Englno lubrication 16. 54
Englno mountings 65
Engine number posiuon 72
E.ngl ne pn>blems 50-51
Engine lfllld, continuous 71
maxi mum 71
Anal lnapactlon 40
Flaaher unit .a
F1oal 33. se. sa. eo
Foot brake 27, az
Fork lOck 7
Frame 85. 16
Frame number 711
Front brake 1!8
Front brake lever 7
Front - 1 44, 45
Front wheel caster 78
Fuel 15. n. 71
Fuel consumption 72
Fuel filler cap 7
Fuel,...,... 11, 78
Fuel tank 65
Fuel tapa 8. 10. 38, M
Full now oU fi ller 21
Fu-41
Geerbox 22. 83, 711
Gear ahl ll 13. 83
Gear lhlfl cam 13
GenariiOr (altemGor) ee
Qra-78
04 lndalt
Hand brake lever 7
Headlight 48
Headlight adj<Jatmant 411
HMdlight b<llb 48
HMdllght flu/lar 7
High beam lndk:ator light 7, II
Hom 10.83
Hom button 7
Idling ad)ualmant 34-36
Idling air pueaga 33
Idling air regulating ecr.,. 33. 35
Idling Jet 33, 58, 58, eo
Idling regulating eorew 33, 35,
58
Idling apMd 34, 71
Ignition 37
Ignition ac1Yance38, 82
Ignition coil 70, 82
Ignition/light IWitcll 7, a
Ignition key 7,11
Ignition retard 38
Ignition lill*lg 37. 38
lllllnlment c11111er e. 48
lndiealot llghtl 7, I. .. IS
lnepaction 1._:110
lnetrumentl II, 48
Jet nee II" ee, 5I. •
Journey PNP..cion 11
Key, dual -• a
Key, IQnltlon 7, II
-dual-
- steering look 7
Kill b<ltlon 7, 1 0, 12
Ucanaa plata llghll41
Uftlng Mndle •
Llf1fng the motor cyc:l a on to the stand
14, 65
Lights, d im end hlgll bMrn heaclfighte,
parking lght I , 10
Ught relay 86
I.Jglrt twltcll 7. g
Lubricants 77, 71
Lubricating diagram 42. 43
Lubricating fell. lwMker 37
Lubricating eyllem 64
Main j et 58
Main light t wltcll 7, 10
Maker's plate 78
Maximum engine spaacl 71
Micro-star Intake ai r flltar 28, 73
Mileage recorcler 7, II
Mixture cllannel 73
Needle J•t 58, 58, eo. 73
Needle position 73
Needle roller bearing 114
Neutrallndlcal.or light 7, II
Octane rating 15
Oil additlws 15
Oil amount. angina 21. 77
- gearbox 22. 78
- ,...,. wheel drive 23, 71
- raar -1 wi nging arm 22. 71
- teleecopic fork 24, 78
Oil dlange. engine 21
- dflva lhaft "-1nt 23
- gearbolt 22
- -r wtlael drlw 23
- taJaecoplc fork 24
Oil filter, engine 21
Oil filter. lull now 21
Oil level, eno•ne 15, 21
- drive shalt 23
- geatbox22
- rear -1 drlw 23
Oil p,_re Indicator llilht 7. 8
011 PIIIIIP 54, 72
Oil 21
Olleurnp21
on IYPII n
()par8llorl 7
()pM ... ng controll 7
Parklr1g light 7, II
PerfOti!IMCe dMa 80
PilliOn IIUIIIIgef 11
Pi nking o11he engine 15
Platona 53
Piston speed, mean 71
Plug gape 37
Play In eteerlng head 25
Pr...tgnltlon 15
Pulhrocla 64
Rear light 48
Rear wheel•
Rear .,._I drl"' 23, IS
Rear wheal ewlo-,glng erm 22- 23
Rear MIUIIUI9Iflllon 87
Ractll*70
Regulator (vOltage) 70, 82
Raurw (Ianiel 11, 77
Revolution counter 7, 9
Rldlngllyla 17
Rime 40. ea. 78
Road speacl/anglne epaad diagram 81
Rocltarlll4
Running-In 14
Runout40
s.rvtcing 111, ao
Sllock abaorberl, adjuatlng 11
- dll CJi lpllon 17


Sidecar uM 85. 78
Side stand&
Slide type corturetors 56
Spark advance 37
Spark plug gaps 37
Sparkplugo 37
Speclftcatlona 71
Speedometer 7, 9
- gear ratio 80
- light 9
Spoke tension o40
Stand, use of 14, 66
Starter 70, 82
Starter button 7, 10
Startlr lmrMrslon tube 73
Startar relay 51. ee
Starting air Jet 73
Starting deviCe 56
Starting jel73
Starting the motor cycle 12
Steeri ng demper, hydraulic 7, 11
Steeri ng free motion 25
Steeri ng head 110
Steering lo<* 7
Stop light 48. 83
Storing when not In use 52
Stroke (plstono) 71
Swinging arm 87
SWinging arm beMlngo 28
Tall light 48
Tank..-11, n
Tappeto $4
Tlldlnlcal data 71
Tetesooplc fork 87
Tenalon eorew 7
Throttle butterfly 56
Throttle cable 27
Throttle ollde 56
Throttle .top ICt8W sa. 56
Throttle twlllgrlp 7, 27
~ 1 1 1 3 8 , $ 4
Tightening torqueo 97
Timing chain $4
Timing llght38
Tlra changing <47
Tire PI'IIIUrel n
Tool a Ul, ee
Transmlulon 75
Travel preparations 18
Trial roo o40
Turn Indicator Hghts 49, 83
Twist grip damper ocr- 7
Two-up riding 11
Upper cylinder preoervativtl52, 71
Vacuum dlamber 56
Vacuum pla1on 68
Valvel$4
Valva clearenc• 34, 72
Voltage regulator 70, 82
Weight of motorcycle 79
Wheels 68, 78
Wheel bearing• 2!i
Wheel bearing play 25
Wheel maintenance o40
Wheal removal and ln.talllng <4<4, 45, <48
Wheal spolt11 o40
Winter prec:autlone 52
Wiring dlogram 84, as
"

At a

Tire IJNUUrft atm (lblin• up 1o 80 mph)
with tires cold
front wheel solo
with passenger
rear wheel aolo
with passenger
t..oc;at10t1 olenglna No.
Locetlon ottrama No.
RIIOII-11108
1.9 {27)
2.1 (30)
1.8 (25)
2.1 (30)
on-engine Ooil {iller pipe
on rigllt of
Spark pluga
-·...--- -
Bose.'> VI 230 T .30

W 200 T'3ft . .,.;


R €1/6
3er.::-nJ;' 1.13 A
R 73,·:> - n ,:u1 s
Ghorrp:Qrt N "/ Y
R WFC - "'sc;;
i"JJ! ,,, N s v
A &
Valvo clearanceo with engine cold Electrode gap mm {':.ci>l tt.• (C.Q28)
lin-:b'] j"" • .. ....
Inlet 0.15 mm (0.006 inch)
Exhaust 0.20 mm (0.006 Inch) Breaker JXCir.t5 "}

___ _ ________ 0. (0.014 to o.o ;_Q
Onll
Fuel tank R 8018, R -1811ters Super (p:emium)
(-4:8 us
24
oil
Rear wheel
....
0.28 (O.e us pint)
petl'ork leg
Brake ayitam cu. in) Jlt75l8. R.90/e
20;) rH (Uil cu. In) l't-90 S
Breather lubricating tell I centrifugal advance m.ctlanfam
.Centrifugal advance unit be,nng ahaft
Wheel bearings and an other
greasing-pints
.,...
gear oil
C (41° F) SAE 80
5° C (41° F) SAE 80
Sllodc aM<>rber ollaee pago80
OOT No. 3 disc brake fluid
v4iriase
Boach A 1 v 26grNM
'
Brand-name multl-purpoee g._. .all
drtp point leo" C

BMW

............-....._ I ... .. .......:.(11 I co .... a> ::0 a> co a> ::0 ..1 --=-t---J~ : ~ . Q CJ) co ... .... I Q ... StGI<JAl.

.

ciroult diagram 82--86 llervlclng 76-n n n-n and inatallfng re~r 86-80 81 Warrantr Flor-eeMclng Why Maintenance ec:hedule 1~20 on change 21-24 Play In steering and wheel bearings 25 Swinging arm pivot beatings 28 Throttle rwiat grip. 71--86 Steering damper.on Talaeeoplc front forks. preparing tor a journey 16. ''*" Alii Cutawaiar. ~ dampw....-..ll~. 12 94 83-QS u.t>uretora • :D-aa . . Bulbs. brake fluid 2SH!2 c:. rear au.i hlo 7-11 Controls Instruments Fuel Spark plu gs ~ 7-8 8 St~erl ng Hand controls. di mensions and weighta 78 Road ope.. flasher unit...engine speed 81 Elec1rical system. .. final Inspection 40 Rout. intake air cleaner 28 lkakes. . engine oltrfl 15 Changing tlrM 47 Driving style. lilnition timing Cylinder hMd nuta Valve cleanencee Clutch. absorter adjuet· ment 10.6 Cor*lntt Contents Opwilllnga.:t .. brake and clutch \ lever p ivots 'E1 ' Battery.apout of Coo.re 18. ' ~ r: in wlnllr? 52 Maintananca 19-41 Exhaust ayatem..oltVot motot and geartox '· Carburetors Clutch ~!lca1illcl system eel-• WI Geertox Frame. rima 40 Trial ruJI.ine tightening of nuts and • tightening torquea 41 Lubrication points $7 $7-38 39 39 . fuel· .11 f2-14 hlore riding tha II\8ChiM Breal<er gap.. partclpg motor cycle on atand 12-14 B ruk~n 42-43 Frame lnltructlon& • 14 W!Wiotlel . moving away from a standatlli. eleotrlcal ayatam 5-70 8peclllc8ltona Engine C&lburetora Acceleration through geere Transmisai on 71-72 72-79 74 Starting tilt engine.. gear shift... wllaala • Brakaa..se genul no BMW parts? Technicll" deacr'lptlon Engine. w!IMI lpOk-. dual M&l... Removing and lnetalling front wheel ~moving 44-<15 wheel 46 Fuel .._. engine lubric.. rear wheel drive ..:t .." ' beam setting 46 48 -£~:tgine faults end ramodiea 50-51 RoL•tlae e. fuel and l ubriCMb Brake flui d. lmportent &afMy '\. ru-. headlight notes.

y charge.tltch.. Olrec1lonal s. . oil preesure and tum Indicators 5. Main light control switch. Tension screw for throltte twist grip 11. Ignition/light switch 3. Throttle twist grip . hom button 7.. neutral Indicator. ' Fig. Clutch lever ior hydraulic steering dam- 2. Adjuater per 1.Controlt 7 Operation and Layout of Controls 6. Fuel filler cap 9. Steering lock .. mil..key also lod<a dual -t 8. batt. headlight -~lmmer switch. lna1ruments with separate speedometer and revoluUon counter.recorder.lllll button 10. Uac715S . trip recorder and telltale llghta for brake ll)'slem. 1 . .

Hook ror helmet Flga..&hod< nb9orber ad· justong lever 21 Foldong.side ~tend 18. adjustable peesanger footrasta 22. Gear shitt pedal 15. Center stand . 8 Controls 12 Fuel tap 13. Dual seat release button t 247745 . Cold stan (choke) lever 1~. 2-4 17 Loltrng ~andle 18. Ouol seat lock 19. Rear spring . Foot brake (real' whoet) 20.

. . Cloc* (only on A 10 8 .... ctn be rtmowd 3 : Ignition end 111.. reconlen 1 : Po.R oo... . II A lOll A 00. .'l optlonal-. Sp11~ wt1h miiMQI lnd trlp Key. Vollll_.-ted.1 opllonll ..dlacon..j ""..) 10. • a. Brake t. Tum lndlcelo< 11111111 IIQhl. HM<IIIghl 111011 bMm 11111811 light. Ortngt a.Combined lnttNmen~ Ignition/light twttdl 0 ... ~ be .. U. "" s • • ... Oil P*turl 114HIM light. . Cl'tii'QI lnd oU ~NUN Millilt ligh18 lllould . a.. red S. . • " .-rk: clrculte ~ curn!fll.. (only on R to .u._ld 2: Ptrl<lng Ught U. wtlltl 1. ~-dl 2...41181e IIQhl. blue flelloj llllon CCKI01Ier 0. on a.lllndiCIIOr. grMn 4. .w. red 3. ~llow 7.y ~ 11411111 light.

5 to the right. you will be able to atop engine by moving awttch to either one of the "OFF" positions. horn button Position 1: Light switched off PoeitlOn 2: Parking light Position 3: All lights on Position 4: High beam Poei1ion 5: low beam Position 8: High beam ftasher . Fig.ctlonal swllcll. altlon 5 Figure 7: Hom button Fig.switch returns automatically to po- Dl. headlight dimmer owllch.10 H8nd CQntrola Main light control owttclt.lor grip The carburetor throttle closes automati- lh-- cally when the twist grip Is released. kll buiiDn. I f'19. Figure 4: Depress to operate starter. by turning the tension scr. Tenolon acr.. mrter button Position 1: Left tum Indicated Position 2: Right turn Indicated Figure 3: In an emergency. the closing speed can be conti nuously varied until the throttle remains open.. 7 • 2477411 .

shock absorber adjustment 11 Hydraulic: IIMrlng damJMr Position 0: Disconnocted .p.for town driving Position 1: For high spoed highways end good road aurfaces Position 2: For winding roads and poor surfaces Flg. 2 11 2471413 . 10 Rear auapenalon unit edjuotlng levers Position 1: For solo riding Position 2: For very heavy solo riders with baggage Position 3: For 2-up riding Fig. 9 Fuel Uip Position 1: Fuel tap open PosHion 2: Fuel tap closed Position 3: Fuel tap set to "'Reserve" Fig. 11 . fuel te.Steering damper..

od and pren tha etartar button.12 Starting the engine Before you ride the machine Before the mochlno lootutod ltobould be positioned upright wltll tile fuel taps open and the goer ohllt In neulrlll : the kill button mull bo In pa... Startlns a wann o"911M Do not -Nte tt..ltlon •RUN" .the red. II nec•sary. switch on tile ignition . c:lhol<a. green end orange tellllle lights ahouid come on. . When drtvlng With cokl motor tompetature. When tho ongino haa lllrlod. pu.h bock tho choke as far as lho warm-up position when the engine beglno to Nn unevenly. starter button.. Open tile throttle twlat grip slightly (max. '/• open). Starting o cold engine Pull out the choke fully. 6wllch on the lgnHion ond press tt. open tllethrottie slightly when the engine begins to fl. Keep the lllrottlo 1w1tt grip cla. bring choke to middle poeltlon (cli ck stop).

so try to avoid sudden engagement at high engine speeds. 2nd and 1st gears. at the same time closing the throttle. moving away. Always avoid re-starting the engine before it has stopped completely. decl utch by squeezing the clutch lever.Starting the engine. or else the battery may go flat. Careful treatment of the cl utdl will increase its operating life. Checl< engine oil level: If the engine contains sufficient oil. consult your nearest BMW dealer. de-clutdl Immediately and switdl off the Ignition. then let In the clutch again and open the throttle as needed. When the engine hea alarted and i s running at a fast idl e speed. 4th and 5th gears. then let i n the c lutdl again smoothly. the oil pr8$Sure (orange) and dlarge (red) tell· tale lights in the combined instrument should go out. 3rd or 2nd gear by pressing down the pedal the correct number of tlmes. de-clutch again. If the oil pressure telltale light comes on while the madline Is being ridden. the starter can only be operated if the clutch lever is pulled to di sengage the clutch. de-cl utch and p ress the pedal down once per gear. 4th. A usefu l hi nt : letti ng the clutch drag slightly by partly releasing the lever will simplify down shifts when the motor cycle Is standing sti ll. press down the gear shift lever with the left foot (the green neutral i ndicator light will go out). since the engine is normally cooled by air flow· ing past the cylinders. To move away from a standstiiJ. consult your BMW dealer as soon as convenient. 12 To shift up from 1st into 2nd. In this case. 12 If the battery dlarge telltale light remains on when the madline is being ridden. lift the pedal slightly (the green neutral indicator light will come on). To shift down from 5th to 4th. After this. slowly release the clutdl and at the same time slightly open the throttle. gear sh ift f>J A ctutdl operated awltdl prevents accidental starti ng of the engine with a gear engaged. or else the flywheel gear ring or starter pinion teeth may be damaged. Letting a warm engine Idle for extended periods In neutral Ia harmful. To oelect neutral with the motor cycle standing still: Oe-clutdl and shift to 1st gear from 5th. 3rd. Pull the gear lever up once with the toe of the left shoe for each upward shift. Fig. 3rd. J .

On atralght. Winding roec1a In hilly country ue partlc:ularty IUltable tor brMking·in the mactllne. AW'J your entire weight with your right toot on lila pad Break-in Instructions e... ftat roada.In -de ...moolh flnlah durtng the Initial b<Mk-in peo1od.. or alee lhe brake Unlnga will lal&r fall to adlltYa 1haU r-t -. lng end alldlng ~18 of lhe motor cycle can only .. elloulcl ftOibe axcntll f .l o p their final ultr..... avoid repeated violent brake appllc1tlons.. by cereful and expert b<M~ The beet Way to ectl'-lllle objiCtlw It 10 v1ry engine spudl and loede In lhe varlou1 ge~~ra wlltloutexcaedlng the ma· ximum apeclfied si)Mdt. up to _ .....n the rnoet carefully mactllned rota!· plate ollhe center al&nd and pull tll9 motor cycle upwards end to lilt rur by mHnt of lhe gf11b handle. ) lncreeM the operating lite of your mactllnt..To lilt lilt motorcycle on lhe C410'1ter Oland.-et wM your right loot. Ill"' 8110w lhe mactllne lo cover llle next 81ctlon o l road wllll tht angina olf load.and trlctlon - . - The epecllled mulmum engine up to 1000 km (liDO ml...dlnga. To lcMp the machine belanced and guide It on to lhe atand.fn periocl Ia uaec1 to •-t ot "'1.. kin 121110 _ . hold lhe hAindleber wtlll the lett hand. . I A llnal word regarding lhe brakat: until al letat 500 km (300 mUM) have been covered..b.. lt it bMt to run the mactllne up to lhe maximum permitted brtak·ln apaacl. puah down on the a c .. and do not subject lhe breket to contlnuoue high loa. It Ia largely up to you ~r II* breek. eapeolally from high aj)Md.

alliltlng down In good lime and opening the throttle alowty and carefully. All only to the upper mark on the oil dipstick. Adding too much oil Ia polnU. To meuure Oil level correctly.. Never allow the oil level to drop below the lower mark on the dlpetlek...r on llrea. .of your motor cycle Is greetly lnlfuenoed by your atyle of ridIng._ This alao appllea to the gearbox. pustl the dipstiCk baCk Into ItS hole eltar cleaning but do not screw It ln. For recommended oll gradee.:rleation.__-. Fig. and require no oil addlll. Operattat ec:o. I~ and oil conaumptllon but aM reault In mora rapid .../ min. so high apeeda. R 7S/6.. check oil level every 500 km (300 miles) and add more oil If na-ry ot the same grade. 2. you can a110ld preIgnition and detonation In the engine to a large extent by keeping engine speed above 2500 .78 Imp..:l::. hal• lulorlcatiool: We recommend chec::l<ing engine oil """'' regular1y.ub ::.=::.a and may even CIWM damage. During the break-ln period.. DO not remove the flller cap when the engine Is running. cificetlona.::=ln Ftl el. ape. final drlw and drive lhaft housing. eng .1 US pia.:.-------------------------~. Including oil tiller. R 11018 and R 90 S muat ~ aupplled with premium (au~r) commercial gasoline with a minimum octaM rating ot 98 by the Reoeerdl method.. Just aa the luteet aorta of public transport cell for payment of a auppl e mentary lee.. engine oil 15 - Every day use Fuel: For correct operation._ are dMigned to operate with any modem high-gr.. pts.:. brakee and all tranamisaion componenlll. 1S Cllllnge to another grade of olt only on the occatlon ot • complete engine on change.. The apace between the two marka on the oil dipstiCk repmenla 1 liter (1. tt you are forced to run the MAI:hine on fuel with a lower octane rating and therefore with redue· ad knock '"istanee. Our angl.._ brand name lubricating oil. violent accelerallon and audden heevy braking not only lncra. the engines used in models R eo/6.:•:....) of oil.

18 Ewry dey use .

Ia switch on the headlight even during the daytime so that other drivers can see you in time. . It is better to shift down to t he next tower gear in good time.still more dangerous . as these items affect the roadabil ity considerably. Stow only light luggage on the l uggage carrier behind the bench seat . Keeping the clutch disengaged or allowing it to slip can cause local overheating and unnec.4 lb). the upper part of the body leans slightly forward and the arms are slightly bent. flashy motorcycl" clothing .no t runks or heavy objeciS. 0. Do not exceed maximum permissi ble gross weight (877 lb) and maximum rear axle load (595 lb).Driving style. If you Intend to Install accessories on your motorcycle (your BMW dealer will advise you). Install only BMW-approved tairingo. the braking eHect may be Initially a little less than normal.ssary wear. pay special attention to the condition of the tires (use only BMWapproved makes. safety and freedom from fatigue even on lengthy journeys. On severe downhill gradients the braking eflect of the eng-ine can be Increased by shifting down to the next lower gear. the gearbox in neutral or . Q Always stop the engine by switching off the ignition. try to use both front and rear brakes to an equal extent and apply the brakes smoothly. When parking the machi ne.especially as concerns the color of your helmet. This riding position ensures maximum After stopping.with the ignition switched off. It Is also important to wear bright. When climbing a long uphill gradient. i mportant safety notes 17 Driving style The illustration on page 16 shows the rider in what we consider to be the ideal seated posit ion. For all normal braking.12" recommended by BMW) and observe Tire Pressure Specifications (see last page of Owner's Manual). remember to close the fuel taps. For thls reason. maximum total weight of one saddlebag 15. but the maximum permitted engine Important safety notes For your own safetiness we advise you speed must not be exceeded. minimum thread depth make a practice of applying the front brake lever gently at Intervals. please note the followi ng: First of all use a tank luggage bag. Never coast downhills with the clutch disengaged. In addition to regul ar maintenance of your motorcycle. always select neutral and do not ride the clutch for long periods. Tighten oaddlebage fi rmly (maximum load per saddlebag 11 lb. The knees are against the tank. Note thet If tho front disc brake Is not used for a lengthy period In heavy rai n. Increase the pull on the lever or pressure on the pedal slowly and avoid locking the wheels. do not allow the engine speed to drop too low.

ctutm. 1 cylinder head gaske~ 1 cylinder base gasket. in order to prevent paint discolor· ation and areas of ruat. dead insects or minor paint dam"lje caused by flyi ng stones should be removed or rectified as soon as pos· slble. your motor cycle should be washed as often as possible. we recommend taking the following spare parts with you: 1 air cl eaner element. In parlicular abroad. ered Dy plastic loll. All other painted or Chromium plated parts have to be cleaned by water and a branded car shampoo. General care of the motor cycle Cleani ng The engi ne-transmi ssion block and the final drive housi ng are bast cleaned with a special cold cleaner liquid. Many foreign countries still re<~uire t he i nternational ldentlftcation plate of the licensing country to be attached at the rear of the motor cycle. wide. cylinders. trias have addi tional regulations which should be studied before the joumey is undertaken. Correct operation and good condition of the lighting and Ignition systems. cylinder head. Road dirt and dust contain a number of chemical elements which can damage the paint finish il not removed promptly. spring washers. we recommend add· i ng tho followi ng spare parts to those al ready mentioned: 1 set breaker points. instruments. . 1 oil llHer. but treated with a commerci al grade of tar remover. 0. control cables. rubber bands (ap· prox. II your motor cycle has already covered a considerable mileage. we suggest In· forming your BMW dealer of the Intend· ad journey and allowing him to meek over your mamlne thoroughly. II you plan a trip lasting several months through countries where riding condi· lions are difficult. brakes. lor Instance sectlons cut out ol old motor cycle or car Inner tubes) and 1 new Inner tube : replace patmed inner tubea before startlng a l ong journey. car'Durelors. Carburetors. but aome cou. clutch and brake lever have to be COY. mutfler ends. 1 centrifugal spark advance memanism and 1 set control cables: these cables can be attached parallel to the cables in use on the motor cycle Dy means of adhesive tape. general care of the motor cycle Preparing lor a tourney For long journeys.. wheels end tires should be mo$1 carefully checked and these items replaced if necessary. consulates etc. Rubber components should be cleaned only wi th water. Tar stains. 1 set spark plugs and light bul bs. wire lor temporary repalra. especially when the paint is stilt new. You can obtain the neces· sary Information from automobile clubs.18 Prepertna lor a journey. For thi s reason..2 ln. Tar otalns should not be removed wi th e sharp tool sum as a knife blade. and may also be given a protective coating of glyce· rlne. a number of screws and 2 nuts of sizes M 6 and M 8 mm. plttons.

adjust•. if necessary [26] Grease brake and clutCh pivots and throttle twist grip [27) Check battery acid level [28] Chedc battery terminals. 14 X x' X Grease rear swinging arm bearing. adjust•. check play and adjust.5000 miles) .Maintenance schedule 19 Maintenance M•lnten•nce schedul e Major service (every 7500 km (every 15000 km .10000 miles) Minor service Change engine oil [21 I Renew oil filter element (21 1 Maintenance work should be carried out by an authorized BMW service agent. Standard tool kit: Fig. if necessary (25) Adjust clutch [40] AdJust free travel of front and rear wheel brake (29. If necessary (251 Check wheel bearing play. clean and grease•. because good mechanical knowledge.R 90 S) (31 ) X . X X x• x' X if necessary [28] Clean Intake air cleaner (28) Renew Intake air cleaner [28] Ched< steering play. BMW special tools and a repair manual are essential to perform this kind of Check gearbox oil level (22] Change gearbox oil (221 Check oil level i n drive shaft housing [22] Change oil in drive shalt hOusing (23] Check oil level In linal drive [23] Change oil in finaJ drive (23] Change oil in telescopic fork (24] x' X X X X x' X X X work. 32] 2477419 X X X X X X X X X Check brake fluid level (R 75/6 .

_s..tee . :. .---A ..:c·:.. 1181:1 ~ !liN («Jj y r-1 ' ~ 9 -... 311) ." " .ror ser......~ beed - •••l'f ~.. •I Tighten nuls Trial Nn ano final inapochon [40J ~..._ drum.:.. 3 OK'fttfts or ihtr A rruudMum 01 " 8 ) miiH ' ~· lellll occe a rur _. ..5000 m ile&) ... A' Ml'l 1WefY I mO!Nht if rnotor cyctt Is radden only IOf at1ort . AlleMi OtlCe a moath. ~'!•'Y P8l cr-llghWolng torqUe..... W....ay~tem tw-IMka R 75Je .anc:e unit 1371 PI! --~valve e~ranc:-.41:.:~"c ':. ~. .:.diM: b .. Cl. II nee Ill ary Check deuance of c:ei>IM....'_=:-·--------. or ill ou11 o• P*t'A"Wilt betO'Irl 0 C Q:1' Fi.o-w.... ...R ( AdjYit ~._.'.. .A '"' c .opeoating '-al3l) • " ll ll Cbeclcbraie. tlgllten•.10000 mnas) c..:... lldjuet. CMck ""IIIIPOQe. ll!llUIII.AL!_ ll ""'*'botont<- • Cha·oect sop&ratt .:.... . II 133-311 Qleen fuel 1apt [381 m8) 1301 -••'Y • • - ll Clla ~•et broel~« gap and l gnlllon tlmlng. .C• . .. Major servoee (""elY 7500 )(Ill (I!Ye<Y 15000.". I . ... .... a. x ...c:han_oe C)jl ~... ._ ._ plvo1 pin lor c:enlrifugal act.. edJuel._....

remove the filter before Fig. change the oil every 3 months or after a maximum of 3000 km (2000 miles).) 0. but never higher than this.53 US pl.2 US pts. remove the 10 mm hexagon screws and take off the oil pan. or at outside temperatures below 0° C (32° F). allow the old oil to drain out and replace the drain plug tightly. Fig. 15 + 011 pan: After the first 1000 km (600 miles). · Remove the drai n plug (8 mm i nternal hexagon). See fig.0 liters (4. Pull out the fitter element using a thin wire hook and insert the new element. Clean the oil pan thoroughly together with the oil mesh strainer and check condition of gasket before re-attaching to the engine block. 16 · 11 ment Change engine oil only when the engi ne is at normal operating temperature. Fig. 17 17 0 . er with the filter cover and 0 ring. Remove the 17 mm hexagon screw and lay asidetogeth·.Oil change 21 Change engine oil and renew filter ele- Total oil capaclty: 2. 011 level up to the upper mark on the dipstick. mak· ing sure that the gaskets are i n good condition. 15 draining the oil. If the machine is ridden only tor short distances. Take out the 3 10 mm hexagon screws and remove the end cover. Check that the gasket Is in good condition. 13 011 grade: See speci fications Filler element: Renew the element every 7500 km (5000 miles) duri ng an engine oil change.25 liters (0. If the oil filter is to be renewed duri ng the oil change.) if the oil filter is changed. Oil changes are needed every 7500 km (5000 miles). or not later than every 6 months.

. add a b~eme on of the same gr11de a orlgonally Ulld until the 1. ture and at l eeat e-..8 Iller (1 .. 0... replace the droln plug and lighten nmfly.08 lndl) up the measuring rod. 11 flo..... _ oil ....1 readl• the lowat IUm of the thread In the filler opening ..... If ne. Remow the oil drain pl ug (19> mm wrendl) followed by the oil filler plug (8 mm wrendl).olly: approx. The oil level should be 2 mm (0. After the old oil hat drained out.. 211 GNrbolt oil c:henge end o1 1ew11 ~ oil 1ew11 """<'! 71500 km (5000 mil• ). It 0t1 c. the ftller plug.nlng and allow II to reel on the clutdl houelng.._ all of lila " me gr11da • that prevloualy uaad. . ~ into the filler .a usery.. " n_. RNr . '' . Fig...'lJ"I. 7500 km (15000 mllee)..22 oncnange • Change gMitloll 011 only when the motor eyelets at normal operating temper..) 01 1ew11 up to loweat threed In IUer opening 011 grade: See tpeclficationt.y 15 000 km (10 000 mileel or once a yeer.7 us piS. To dlec:k leYII. Add .e'f and l'lll ghlen ftrmly alter adding the oil... add a brand. flret remove tha fUier plug (8 mm wrendl) wi th an Allen lc.• 1 drfM ollleNI and oil . lnaert a eultable rod . Chad< oM 1ew11 with the madline on Its lland. Fig..... . and ra1lghten the filler plug (17 mm wrench) tlrmly.

. evwy 1&000 km (10 000 mi... FlUwills . the oil dnoltt ANI*Ioeoa'.. ~·· ollll .. .. wt...22 01 ClpiD.. RWISO'._oil fll..... . chin plug end retighten firm ly._) or et !Mat onoe • YM•· '*no. 2 mm (0... . Add new oil hough the filler opening..._.' "' epprox...- (18 mm w .. on..... • • . 0.. -· • 011 ... 011.. ...cl by the oil 1111« plug (both 17 """ wrendl)..oe the drain once • yeer. II In the llnel drt...: See apeclbllone....I I I>Of'lftel operetlng ~ ture..) lolto.. . unUI Ihe..) 011 .... 11 normll Mt••. gflde •> the r. up to opening 01• ro-t ll'lrMd In filler •e: See epec:Hieadone. ....32 fll.. "".. Aller the old oil 11M drained ~ ..t1118rf ldd oil of a....... the oil drain plug -rr 15 000 kin (10 000 mi.d by the oil I lle r plug leer).. IWty 7500 krn (5000 ml~ UMd 1 ~ in the I Her opening.....22 plugtlglstty........n the llllt plug (8 nom) w'otls an Alllll qy. rMchle N lo••l tts.... .....01 Inch) above clutdl llouaing wllh the rnechlne on 118 IIMcl..21! liter (0_53 US us pc..._) or 11 . _ .. r• """ "'"" only operet~ng . RMtgm..15 lltet (0...011 chenge 23 plug lollo--..) · ... . II .pera~we Aa-21 01 pl.: Appfox 0..... Alt« lllowlng the old oa to • ... .

. 01 .weldiniJ rod t m (40 lndl) lollQ. Ramo.t the tubal. t he rubber eape from lila bottom pluga of the wbular fork alldet11 and unscrew the heXagon nuta (13 mm Wl'lndl) while holding the Internal hexagon (4 mm key) on the damper tuba enda to prewnt turning. Will> lila aiel of a piaea ol s nvn (o.with a pin wrandl (from 11001 kit) to -..2 lndl) dlam.. RtoiiiOW lila upper end eapa.. Flg. To dlange the oiL allow lila teleecoplc: IOflt 1o axtand lui!J wf!Ha the mactllna 1e on Ita atand. or atleell onea a year. 1. CflaCk tllat the oil ~ Ia not mora than <137 mm (17.5 ft.U Oil chenQe Telaacoplc dlange ..S Pull both olldara down and al low the oH to aacapa..) l'elll CIJIAJ pat fork lag... • •p I c!lr of Mdl fork leg 280 em' (lpj)rolt. OL) 01 g r -: Saa Spacllk:allono . fN8I'/ 15 000 km (10 000 mllea). Fit· 24 Unaeraw cape at lOP ol l o < k .oil - - oil a. oz.ct o11 by plecl llQ the madllne on ha eantllr lltllnd and allowing the lo<k 10 extend tully.. Screw the bottom pi~ bad< in and odd fnllh oiL T.. . dllllglng on: 265 em• (approx..2 lndl) below the ftat lace ol the hexegon on the upper epriflg mounting.. 9ft..

U2477531 . Cfleck play 11111n. Thla work ahould 1110 be per· formed only by an authOrized BMW wortclhop.II necaasary.· lng heed boerlng& -v the bearing at 1110 atotted nut until no play Is detected.. after the flrat 1000 km (1100 miiM). .. Loosen the <4 hou11on null of the handlebar clamps so fer (13 mm wrendl) that the ring wrendl (Included In tlle1001 kH) can be fitted onto the centering nut. 28 ....troon the 100lldt)..if play to clet.. cations.. ullng • friction -ICirlng II8UIO· Every 30 000 km (20 000 miles). d._... be•f'li'9 lltlould be .tgorou..• Adjul1 the steeri ng head bearings by removing the domed head screw on the star handle and lifting oil the handle...e the nook apan. readjust the ...ty.. FO< datalla of lila proper groeee. when property adjust· ad.. ...... .._. then preload by IIPPf'OX... CMc* nut booflllg .. 12 mkp (117 lllb. .t The pracloo . 11*1 7500 km (5000 mil• ). than eYery 15 000 la'n (10 000 miles) by putting the modllne on ito center atond wl1!l tho wheel oft the ground pulling puthlng the whllle vlgoroully In a lldeWaya direc:· lion. the fork shOuld loll to the lett or right lull loGtc position by Its own weight (~ring damper diMngoged)... Wl£111 ..led by M 1111111orlzed BMW deolor... •totum (u.... Ptownt the llolled nut from moving when tight· enlng the centering nut to opprox... Locoon the ceniOrtng nut edju. No play should be nollcaobla.cted..with gra.Steering and wheel bearing play 25 •suring and Whlll bMrlnt play Chad< oloeo'~og ... opeclfl. alter tho fi rst 1000 km (eOO miiM). TMA alloold be no play .). ·-ad·-. died< greaee con tent ot wheel hub bear1ngo and rap.. In reverae order.rtng blwlng pnloed cen only be edl.. Put the motor c:yc:le on Ita center stand and pu&ll and pull the fori< lege ... 21 Re. ol . FIIJ.

. at the . fill.-.y. . tiD a torque Of 2 + Cl. ooo 15 km (10 mi .) t>r pumng and PQ8hlng lhe COf!IClllte ewtng1ng . ~· to 1 + 02 mkp (12 + U lllb...) whll 1 IIUI111b11 Allen iwy and .. 11 nec-.... Tw Off the ~ tic c...• . ..4 ... .....) and rMighten lhe 1oc1t nut (approx... atd tor 1t111ae of . wttaol IWinglng Alll'l bearing _ ...._.l.-.. pre la...... a IUb.2 mlq) (1 U + 1. .._..-. 10 mkp/72 lllb... egelft...j~... looun 1M loct nut wttll lhe ring wrendl lnc:klcled In lhe motor cyele 1001 ld1.d bottl bearing pr. gun.. uolng a taper nozzle. finely.ubrlc:ale lhe _ ..u.26 Swtnglngarm pivot beartnga~---------- ..... . while hokllng !he lnedllne lrm 81 !he Mnclgrip on lhe main frame. ooo ... .. rMdjiiAI.. ..). Wheel twinging arm beetlnga with the a.... ..

unscrew the shafts and pull the levers out of the pivot blocks. Dlaccnnecl the wire cables. Loosen the lock nuts on the clutch and brake lever pi· vot &halts. brake and clutch lever pivots 27 Throttle twist grip. mounl the cover and at the same time pull back the Ui>" per outer cable until the end sleeve on the outer cable can engage In the cut· out on the cover. at R 7516 . Make sure that the wire cables are not bent sharply. Reassemble in reverse order. Unleas this precaution Is taken.R 90 S on the master brake cylinder). 0 11 the lever pivot slightly every 7500 km (5000 mile s). Fig. Grease the pivot poi nts lor the clutch and front wheel brake cable nipples every 7500 km (5000 miles). Lubricate the inner gtip. Disconnect the clutch cable at the clutch throwoul arm and loosen the brake adjusting screw (at R 60/6 on the lronl brake. Fig. 34 . Warning : No grease or oil must penetrate the master brake cylinder.Throttle twist grip. Put the lower wire cable lnlc the double nipple and Insert cam and chain in thai way that tho matk "c" en the toothed end of the grip is in one fine with the mark " d" en the cam. Fig. gear drive and chain. II necessary. unscfew and remove the cover. 43). Note when reassem· bllng that the slotted end " a" In the twist grip should be In line with the end Of cutout "b" In lhe housi ng. Place the upper throttle cable Into the double nipple. using a grease gun (see pages 42:. brake and clutd\ lever pivots Check the throttle twlet grip every 7500 km (5000 miles) lor lree movement. move· mont of the throttle cables wil l be restricted. 32 Greaaa the plvota on the loot brake (item 5) and the clutch lever (Item 16) every 7500 km (5000 miles). 33 Malter brake cylinder operating lever Remove the brake pressure pin and grease lightly at both ends with Moly· kote BR 2. 2411438 . allow a few drops of lubricating oil to penetrate the outer cables and grease the nipple retelnlng cutouts. Tighten the cover and push on the waterproof cap. push back the waterproof cap. IOOMn tension screw and pull off the grip..

at least one.mora often if the air contains a hlgh propartlon of dust Caretully knock the element to remove loose dust. a monti'L Take off the 8 plugs.t sulphate formation on the plataL For battery capacity.._ element place it over the 3 plna In the rear half ol the housing. and blow thrOIJgh from the i~ Check the battetY acid level evetY 7500 l<m (5000 mllea). renew the element. Supper~ the cylinder head screw with the left hand to SJmplofy 1~ section._ every 7500 lan (5000 mllea) . If the olr eleanor element Ia severely contaminated.. or else peak voltages prOduced In the charger may destroy the Ignition ayatam diodes.. take off the left hand air Intake tuba and remove housing allen hoad screw (do not deteOh choke control). In take air cleane _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _r Batt..2 Inch. raohargalha battery once a month In order to p. II the motor cycle Ia out ol Mrvlce for a lengthy per1Cid. apacollcatlona.. top up with diatllled water (not acid). and In any case a. Protect the terminal posts and clips against corrosion by applying a thin coat of apeclel acid resistent grease.~ Battery. Warning : BaJora racharglrlg the battery.) above the top of the platos In each cell... Warning: Never ' 'l'ttow battery acid or lead oxide from tho tormlnala to get on to your clothing. The acid level should be approx 5 mm (0.. housing outward and turn aldawaya Remove element When lnetal~ng the aor c~ae. Fljj. II acid level is too low. or a dangerous oxptoalon may result. always awftch off the angi na and dl$eonnect the termlnals. To remove air filter element.... Do not Inspect battery acid tevol with a naked flame.. 35 . Pull . Running the onglne with o blocked ai r cleaner elomont will lncroaso luol con· sumptlon and wi ll reduce onglne power.. side with a compraua<f ai r jet contai~ ing no oil.fler every 16 000 km (10 000 miles). Keep the top of the bat· tery clean and dry.. 11*1 place the left filter housing hall &gall\lt the lower and side gearbox housing jolnta and push into posluon. lntalte air cleaner Remove the alf Hhar .

greet. lining r cen be cllec:tced visually u 101~ : OndNm br8kM..5- M •-••d (0. Thll can only be eetrled out 81 111e mas~er b<atc.IS lncfl) ot .... the must be ed)ueted.15mm 2477641 ... Allen . 8ratc. At the oorract aelllng the IMler gauge et>ould Jull be capable of ..nl 11 lfom Wmlng.lode nut 2 (IS mm _ .Ung screw 4 (10 mm wr. . In good lima (min.8ralcel . _ ~t : alter thll. * I . Adjuellng front lltMie: "IGit M L . .... '*' un111 ....... cytlnder atlheluellllnlt . 1um II bed! until h lwMa ha 4 mm (O... w11111 nokllng 111e .11 aida of hub: on d!K br8k" by lOOking dOwn on to Inner brake pad.left wllll .r IS Adjual.ner toouning took nut Fig.. tighten the lOCk nut and Install the dual cap. or et . tum knurled ec:rew 1 .U lhl• eftCI pecf• mu11t ..... AdJUII tree mo.. ._.I I . Teke oil the duet cep and dledl pl8y with e IMler ga~froM toolkll).. In IIIIa poehlon..• &-15 mm (V....IO the right M more pley hi ...IS lnctl) by turning adju.. froM briM: " 7S/I. 7100 1cm (11000 mllft).. AdJull by '-"lng the ldJuellng ec:rew lock nut l"""lng the teeter geuge and turning the adjuatlng acr.061ftdl)..-dng ca~~~.ncll) on 1111 end of the loWe< call.... 17 J7 8 ... 4 mm (O.quined 0< 10 1M left to reduce play.. . on adjuedng cam 1.. To pteftri cllt'MIIIIt WOI"'I br. lnlng ltlldul. flltJI..-'h lncll).8 1 ...1. _ .. took the adJ<. " • • II cable atrelcll hal led 10 uQiolalwe llancii><Ue 1 _ .. et lhe . at lhe UCIPI' brake 1 to approa. with a pair of ~81 noM ptlera 10 pr._.. 29 - 2 Ched< the elflclency tnd le¥er tmrel ol the br8k• Ill ~ulet lntenela.IIOUIIh ~Mpectionllolee on t..._ . menl meaeuned at tha front of lhe cable p1w1 pin 3. turn 1111 lntemal heXagon tully 10 ...

see Fig.c pin and ""tract tile pin W1th a long 8 mm eorew (to be screwed In by oeveral complete turns). - . working from tho lnsldo to tho outside edge. lhe angled eno ol whooh mu$1 face down (Flg. Grease tho spring. lightly grease the guido pin for tho outer brake pacl (with ' Moiykota BR 2').. then ins~ll the 0 -ring and the outer pad Secure the inner brake pad wttll tho relalnlng spnng. 39 Next. replace tne end cap and llghlen 10 6 + 0. Examine tho Ink marka to ensure that the full aroa of the Inner brake pad Is louchlng the disc The outer pod Is opuroled by the bral<e cylinder pla\on and Is aligned automall· cally. To adJUst tile brake pads. Before Inserting new pads. Turn the front wheel and pull the brake eallpar outwards.tile bmko pods. Apply one or two heavy marks wolh a rott·tlppod pen 10 tho IO$ldo of the broke disc. or else the brake piston wiU be pressed out and brake nuld wlff •cape. tum the pin w•th a scre~drtver untu the inner pad •s parallel to the In.erted at the hlndbrake lever 11 too low.l the brake eahper slillhlly cutwards). adjusting brake caliper: The brake e~~hper mu$1 b9 removed to re.30 Brakes Renewing brake p -.) Flga.5 mkp (43 + 3. 398). instelf tho brake caliper grea· se and Inset\ the eccentric pin..6 It lb.lace of the brake dose (pu. II presauro . push the pis· ton back Into the wheel brake cylinder with a acrew clamp.: 39 and 39a • When the front wheel Ia remo•ed the handbrake lever must not be operated. Toke otlthe end cap on tile e«antr.ke •J•Iem must be bled and chedcad for leakage. lhe bra. pull tho brake caliper to the rear. remove tht lnnor pad rotaining spring and take both broke pads out of the caliper.

the braka IN~ reservoir cap. 1 the leller until the bleed haa bien ~ tecting the bllld . Irate the brake eyatem.cl anca a rear "' • • • • • tile bf. ._a..1 the oa." martdng.. If the action ol lhe braka lever fills ''lOft"..le o1 ~ng mcQ!ura from lhe atrnolphara a conalderabla period of lima.ane lhla proceu until breka fluid from the hole into lhe >lUll entirely free from air bubblll.. .. . mount the bleed hoee and lmmerM It In a . 2477445 . or elaa lhe ftu~ may overflow wllan lhe ftoatlllnearted and damaQa lhe . mora braka fluid should be eddad..... 10 ltlat lhe telltlte light ftiC*ere. Tighten IMald ICtiW. Alter ltlla. thin add ftllld to lhe correct IIWII In the lwaka fluid .p. Flgo..ld be bled. on. lind Ia thus ._. FIJI aa far aa the upper " max. or . air will again pen.. emerge~ ~~ W. t. Do not ..lftt: Do not pump tl'le brlke fluid reeervolr dry. Firat remove the t8nlc.1 conlalning brake fluid. IIM>Ir. Remove the fuel l r i and un_.... II the brake ftuld telltale light remain.--------------------------------------------------------------------~~ B rakll. Do not _ . &ldden violent braking may aH. tor cycle'a palntwo11L Brllce flu~ Ia hygowoopic....ct nutd level lind cau11 lhe noat to move up lind down.. Hold the ..: 40 and 41 o- • an alllllo<bld BMW w or.lhe tel...... l'ltn()W lhe cap pro- pulling firmly on lhe .. It brake nuld level drope an atee1rlc warning cllw1ce in lhe brake tlul d reeer· voir cau. To enaure that ltle brake I)'" stem remalna fully rellabll..IN~ 31 _.. brU.light In ltle combined lnlltr\lment to come on.r. 111... lhe brake lyallm ano. _ applied -ualnat thla sx-ra end open lhe IMald acmor. Apply lhe handbrake leYir a number ol tlm11 Willi braking praaaure Ia dltec:lld..amor. lhe lwalcl luld be replac.....

gtMM bRice .. chine Ia being rklden. ... ahould be canted out oaJr by • IIMW MM<:a WOfbllop. Of the brake pada or~· olf the adgaa. CMclk an bnlklng COfiiiiOMnle eotel'l' 15000 .. wttul l>nlu Just begins to 11M. Do not aend eway the ahlny surtac.......R 00 S rear).......n bnlu drume and -shoes.._ momen~ 1t1e btW III«Y 10c1t while the _ . _ (at R 60 front end .... • .R 00 S).U ..u Ad)uet the I M C . 81 e Than tum the wing nut badt by 3 to 4 turne. ..by turning the wing 11111 on the end oC the pul rocl until lha . •• ...) ..' on lha br. ..... Chedt movablan '"' ol brake aaddla and c:ondlllon Of d~ (R 75/ll . (10000 . ~42 R 75/ll ... Wer.. c ...lrlg: II Illata Ia too N tlle 1...

IOWI 10 ob~ln the bulc Mtllng for the •artoua 1Ypel o1 retor: "• to 1'" '" 10 1 1 1-l'h c:ar~M>­ tuma (R eo/&) . In an -vancy..The C81tlur. than un....Wr ctaenlng lhould be car· rled out by an eUlhorlad 8tiNI work· shop..Idle jet 3 blOwn lflrough with OOmpt uud air. 44 lllml (R 110 Sl ..n • 247 73 50 . 46 a .. 44 111m (R 801&) . screw In the Idle llr or Idle miXture regulating acrew 2 ae tar u poaalble. tum (R 751&) .. ill 4 ...craw ae foi. Aller reoeeembllng tile carburetor.11011 -~· 5. the carburetors UMd on I I rnodall can be reniO'Ied and Ill luet and air paiNQel ~.. If poeeible. Clean lha noat ~lng et the 111111 lima. making aura that lhl throttle elida or thronla atop acrow 1 Ia not dlaturbecl...

ght to both llmot posotions in the guldo passage Connect t ile throt!le cebt• and c:IIICk free movement with the rwlet grip fUlly cfoled (0.. or else tile predetermined quantity of fuel Injected within tiM cerburetor may bl altered. lightened In a croaswisa pattern. Make sure that the locating lug on tiM cover Is correctly engaged In tho houaing.d tu rn the throttle cable adjuallng aerew to the right to lncr . If neceaMry.6 to 1 mm/0.:W Carburetors IMert Ill 1two111e lllcll (RI0/'1 In a dry condition. Correct Idle speed is between 800 and 800 rev/ min. . R 1011) with diaphragm and jet needla lhould be In· serted dry. .. with the locating IU{I on the dlaphr~ Pfl8eed Into the cutout In tile tilling groow on the upper pert ol tile elltluretor... loosen lod< nut 1 (9 mm wrench) . _ play or to tiM left to reduce plt~Y.plelon (R 7511.e. ensurIng thot the throtlle cablo odlusling scraW11 ero on the same sldo as tho cold start mechanism and throttlo bunerny le""r It correctly installed. cheek by removing each plug cap In turn and consulting the revolution counter to ensure that both cylinders are working uniformly. Tile vacu. and tighten the screw flrmly by hand (without uelng pllel'l). lnoart an adaptor (Beru EP 1 euppreesor unit) Into the spark plug cap and connte1 to the Ignition lead. the vncuum p•s•on should move b y ots o·.o-4 Inch). Thi s will prevent the waterproof cap f rom burnIng out wt>en the epettc plug lead 1 test1 ed by alloWing aparka to J ump from tiM cap to tiiM cylinder. Fig• • Adjo•t engine .. If the engine Idles 111 this speed.. epud wllen the Ingino Ia at Ita normal operetlng temperalure and with the twiet grip fully c losed. Tbls will .ure lhel prassure equalizing passogos In the vacoum poston are on the throttle blrtterlly ••do Mount the vacuum houslng cover ana sooure with the 4 screws.. co- 11111 lllrOCIIe llllcll (fl to I ) and cover (right and left) must not ~ lnterd\anged. This baalc setting of tiM throttle cable muat In all cuee bl Identical on till left and right aides of the engine.. n ..02 to O .

. Tllll 1 dona by rumlng the thrott· 1 le elida 110p ecrew 2 to the right (to speed up tha anglne) or to the left (to slow clown the engine). 2 t'O the left by an equal emount to raduca engine speed or to the right It engine apeed naedl to be lncr111ad. ere not ~ling .47..ce undl *'-lon Ia untfonn (play In cable Q. tMn eorew In by 1 further tum. II 1111 Adjust the calllll of lhe oold etart de._.. tighten fully and unacraw by 1 turn. I mixture Is OOtNC1I'f adju&IICI........retor adjustment altef· nataly on the left end right cartluretOtL Un~CtWw tha thro"l• llop ecrew slap by slap. .. Run 1119 angi na undl warm. the Idle mixture edjuatlng ecrew) If engine apead II now outalde the per· milled l imit o1 eoo 10 eoo .. ed)uM 1119 car· 1 carwflll ly In either direction and c:heclt that angi na spud riatlghlly. Rapeat this po...1171/e.:141 Two.5 to 1 mm/0.raton •• folowa: T'ppea II . 1'1g1..04 lftdl)... tua). Tighten tha throttle etop acrew until It juet toucttee the etop on the throttle levef.. not 8UtiP""' ded on the throttle calllll../ min.41 bo...02 to 0.ar uretor 36 If the cyllnde. Unscrew !he cable edjultlng acraws on both c:art>uraton QOmllllllly.-ra on the aec:ond cattlolre- Ad)usllll9 running ep 11 d o1 the cylinder whldl clevialal moet from the ~fled idle speed until It matd>aa the othe< cylinder. "" the! the throtlle bullltf1y . II. and locate the ball •-"lng of the i dle mixture raguladng acraw again alter eam movamanL Rapaat this entire pro· cedure until the cylinder being adjulled ceasee to lire otter a few lurno of the engine when working alone (spark plug cap on oppoelll cylinder removed).ltal'fly atop acraw 2 on both carburatora to their baelo eettinge: in the caaa of the Idle mixture regula· ling eorew. the tor. Idle mlxlu. Continua carbo. In order to obtain the moet favorable mixture eettlng turn the idle air ad)uetlng eorew (on lhe A 90 s. When !he canhal 101111ng 11M t>Mn lound._ on bolll carburatots 10 the left and right urll•l tha moll aultable mix· lure • lling Ia obtained (lndlcalld by engine speed raadllng Ita maximum . Repeat the final adjullmlnt at the Idle air regulating ecraw (on the R 90 S. ope<a· ting 1119 cttoke It nac••••rv when etart· ing.... • Move the klla mixture regulating ecrew 1 and throttle bo.. tum both throttle IIOP IC.~.ly or the Idle epud II hlgiW or l o !Mn 1119 apeclled . regu· lating ecraw).. flg. Tum 1119 Idle mtarura regulating .

. . that engine Idle epaed le lncreMad..... 1....that botll cyllftdera are open~ llng e. 2... .. . Wblft -tumbling.nly.. then nemo. II necenery. .._._.D••*-' troM tc1e tGI part !oM. f .k plug C8PS In tum to tt.To . .llkle . 4. The wider lnd of nut fecee ~101.oz r'tte. Eng~~ge both thneadl on nut wtlh the lhrllldl on the fuel tank and fuel tap elmullanaoualy.. . Take olf hoee union and ocnaen. Every 15000 km (10000 miiH).ut In pertect -. We .. Do not re-uee guket II damaoe<~.... fuel tap and nUL 3. . and clean the tcreen In gasoline. Rtaa. r- .. .. .. remove the ._. 3. CloM the lUll tap. . .... do not ga. lllor In the fuel tap for cleaning.... URICIIW the collar nut (17 mm wrench).: Donot-llleentl.. Wl.... . nut (9 mm wrench). 1. Drain the fuel tank. lldiwt tile lhrotlle cable of tile cyllnclw which plcb up oloww 10 that . . _ .. .. Hold the full tap and turn the nut lo the left. The quldc-lodcing nut (2-4 mm wrench) has a normal rlght41and thrllld on the fuel tank llde and a left·hand thnead on the fuel tap tldl. Remove the _.clition.t II preaenL This ie done by turning the ad· julllng screw to the left and locking wllh the hex.• . open the twlt l grip slightly to •••II . 2.. . .a.... • • t211£ Reatlmble ecreen..

Fig. If necessary.o16 inch) is obtained. a) Connect one terminal of a teat lamp to the condenser. 50 Breaker points gap. Replace burnt breaker poi nts. and check that the felt is resting correctly on the cam. Measure breaker points gap with a feeler gauge (0. Cont inue to tu rn u ntil the breaker arm lifts off fully.ke off the centrifugal advance unit.35 to 0. loosen the hexagon n ut (10 mm wrench) and ta. Before screwing lhe plug into the cyl inder. the other to ground with the ignition switched on. Every 12 000 km (8000 miles).40 mm (0.40 mm/0. Fig. The centrifugal advance weights must not be set in motion. apply graphite grease to the threads. ignition timing 37 Spark pluga Check the apark plug electrode gap with a leeler gauge every 7500 km (5000 miles) and also when installing new spark plugs. b ut do not use a metal brush. Check Ignition timing every 7500 km (5000 miles) or whenever the breaker points gap is reset. To adjust the breaker poinls gap: loosen the set screw slightly. bend the side (ground) elect rode to the specified gap of a = 0. If no dwell angle meier Is available.014 to O. by means ol the Allen screw (6 mm wrench) holding the distri butor rotor. I mm (0. Tighten the set screw and dleck .35 to 0. breaker points gap.ot6 Inch). that the gap has not altered.024 + 0. Replace spar1< plugs after every 15 000 km (10 000 miles).014 to O. insert a screwdriver blade between the 2 small pins and into the 51 slot on the breaker pl ate and turn the screwd river slightly until a gap of 0.004 inch). 53 1. remove the 3 Allen screws (5 mm wrench) and lake off the generalor cover. looking lrom the front.Spark plugs. Check for proper spri ng action. 52 The test lamp must light up when the " S" mark on the flywheel Is In line with the mark In the i nspecti on hole as the engine is turned clockwise (normal d irection of engi ne rotation). unscrew the spark plugs and tum the engine clockwise. Fig. >- ~ Fig.vance unit lightly with Bosch Ft 1 v 26 grease. 51 Rub a small quantity of Bosch Ft 1 v 4 g rease i nto the lubricating felt every 15 000 km (10 000 miles).6 + 0. 50 Clean spark plugs by dippi ng in gasoline and brushing.~ ~ 247 73 56 . breaker lubricating felt. lgnlllon timing Check breaker gap every 7500 km (5000 miles): d lsco nnecl the battery. Grease the pivot pi n for the centrifugal ad.

oosln the two scr8W8 1 on 1M contiCI br'Mk..ltllugal ec!YaiMll). Timing 1M Ignition with 1M atrobe light: If Ignition adYance II Incorrect..31 Ignition liminG • l.... lard the lgnlllon.. 15150 . . _ .. MtweWI 1M firq poUa ol 1M left and "CCht cyllnden~ t 3"(11018CNer end undar lt) •Co«wcC • Aata 11 14 lgW bet~ 001-·s..cllon). N.c._alon hOle .). alerts Ill ~.l lilt llgllt on 10 lilt llywtteal rim thfO\Igh 1111 INI*)tlon hole while the engine Ia rvMing. II englneapud Ia inctMIId lilY 111r111«... ball plate..k will IIP"M'Oe out of 1M R-Ille 1111 .. This wll en. 54 . If lhl Una Ia above · IM lgntiOII 11 too far advanced : If below center.. timing with 1M test lamp.. 1\a engiM aplld lncrauea the " S" .1 1 bright line In ched<lng lgnlllon dming Wllb • ' IMip.dvance cam on the ohal t.. Reelghtan the 2 acre. Tumlng the baM pilta In thlaame direction 11 engine rotation wm . 1111 " F'" tly61lul mu1t (lgnltlotl .. 1111 enolne lllrough 46" Ill a' lit 1111 nonMl dl. till 19nlllon 1 too far 1 ra11rded.. engine Idle apud (800-100 r8Y/ min) the eel) •lhould ~ar 1.. - "m ··a•• IIVWI*I mark (Ignition ralard· the Jnepec:tlon hOle.ctJu•-• h• been com- ~ 8PUk 1'1118 up end 1M plug and dlr. and luming II agalnal the direction ol engi ne rotation wtll ad· vance the l9nltion (lhl angina crank· a/loft and camallall rotata In tile same dlr. 0..0008 InCh) and ' ' " movement of 1M centrllugol a.cUon ol rolldloa (1111 ~entp w!Moo out).. clleck runout on the drive a/1111 (max.. 1y lhl p.firm· ~ Ignition poaaitlle loot mollon wtll be ellmlnaled. Fig. 8lld alloukl rMdl 1111 fMr1l in 1M lnapecllon 11011 e1 an eng! neap aad o1 3000 rwf min (lull _.TOC. s !{ # I lgnitloo . - ...liMed 10 • • piece 81 "' t... TM Olflerenc.. tha1 tile engi ne Ia turned in ila IIOf'IMI dllllollon ol rotallon..... l.ctYIIIC*f) will IlPPI'' Ill the ol 1M IMI*)tlon hole. • .02 mml 0.lld.. ""'.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___::::!~:_::~d_:r :_ce~a~d nuts, valva clearances Cy ll n e:_h

39

Cylinder he•d nute, v11ve clearance•

Evert 7500 km (5000 mil")· ched< the tightening torqu" of the nuts on the • through bolts and the 2 cylinder IMed retai ning nuta. Remove the rod<er COYer by loosening the cap nut ( t3 mm wrench) and the 2 s>da nuts (10 mm wrench).

If necessary. tighten the nuts with a torque wrench In accordance with the lightening aequenee ahown hare (3.5 + o • mkp/25 + 2 a tUb ). Flg. 58

f19.56

ss

I

..
®

Check valve claaranceo - this work has to be carried out each time the cylinder "UhroUQh bolt or cylinder hNd nuta are retf{lhtened - with the engine stopt>ed and cold, uotng a teeler gauge Inserted belwean the valva stem and the rOCker. Unoerew 1he apark ptugo and tum the engJne with an Allen key (6 mm) el the alternator rotor attachment screw until the cylinder on which velva clearance is being adjusted 11 at top dead center on the compression alroke. Both valveo wi ll then be closed. If naea...ry. adjull valve Of)erating clearanceo by loosening the lOCk nut (1 2 mm wrench) and turning the adjusting ecrew (12 mm wrench). Afterwards, tighten the lock nut firmly and recheck valve opef8Ung clearance.

f19.57

---

40 Cluldl, wheel epokee. rime

The cltllltl II correctly edjueled when there 11 approx. 2 mm (0.08 lndl) Of play at the cluldl throwout !eYer 3. PI~ cen be increaeed by ecrewlng In 11M !mulled cable e d j - on lhe eluldl opeoalirlg leYer mounting. Of decreMed by unae.-lng the edjueter. II the nenge o1 edjua1ment provided 11 lnautnclant. play can be decreeMd by looaenlng lock nut 1 (13 mm wrendl) and tightening edjueting 2 (10 mm wrench) 11 the throwout ~eYer. Looeenlng the acrew provldel lncreued plly. After adjuetment tighten the loacnut on the eel screw.
Fig• •

..._.......,_
Every 15000 lun (10000 mllee) dledc the wheel apo- lor uniform ' -ion. Strike them with 1 ecrewdrfver one after the other - 1 high or low note wiH lndlclle exceMive or lniUI!Iclent epo1<e t-lon.

Tl'llll run, IIMI iNpeclllft cany out a trill run after eedl lnspe<> lion to dleck lhl Nf.ty ol the motorcycle. Pay opeclal attention to .tftclency of bnlkn, geerehlft, cluldl and lnetrumenta. and f - mov..- of ltMring.

Flg.. II apokee are _.onod, always remove the tire, tube end rim tape and lile away any epol<e endl protnudlng Into the rim well to prevent damege to the tube and thus rllk of aooldent. II lateral or vertical rim runout Is detected, have the wheel centered and rebalanced.

During ftnal l nepecflon. dleck lire condillon and preuuree, lighting, hom, telltale lampe, and ,..,. vi- mirrora.

Tightening nuts and bolts tightening torques

41

Ttghtenlng nu~ and bolla Check that the followi ng nuts and bolts are firmly tightened every 7500 km (5000 miles):

Tightening Torqu" Not e: To convert to 'mkp', the 'Nm' values listed below should be devided by 10.

fl. lb.
Cylinder head nuts 25 + 3 118 + 14

Nm (S!i + 4)

l oc1tlon 1 Front and roar axle nuts 2 Front and rear angina mounting acrews
3. Hexagon acrews securing center etand to tramo 4. Carburetor hose clamps 5. Val.,. rocker cover attachment 1 cap nut 2 hexagon nuta 6. Rear shock absorber mounting (upper and lower) Check at Initi al Service only:

Wrench olz• 22mm 19mm 17 mm

Fi nned exhauot pipe nut Cantering nut, teleecopic fork Hex. nut lor oil drain, telescopic fork Axle nuts, front and rear Clamp screw tor wheel axle. front Clamp screw tor wheel axl e.
rear

(180 + 2.0)

87 + 1:2

(12.0 + 10)

13mm 10mm 11mm

18.8 + 2 32.5 + 2

.

(23 + (45 +

3)
3)

7 Timing chain cover to engine e allen head screws 3 Internal hexagon nuts

smm 5mm

10.8 + 1.5

(t5 +

2)

101

+3

(14 +

4)
2)

Swong arm (10 bearong pin 7.2 + 1.5 72.0 Nuts All other nuta, acrewa 1nd bolta be t ightened according to BMW ard apecil lcallon 800 02.0 (aee repair manual).

(tOO)
ere lo elandBMW

. 3. 011 drain plug tor telescopic lork 9. 5. Throttle cable moch3nlsm 10. Full·llow oillillor 8. 6. 4. Brake lever pivot 2.42 Lubrication chart Lubrication chart 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 1. Filler plug for hnal dr~ve Drain plug tor t1nal drive Filler plug for dnve •halt housing Drain plug tor drlvo shall housing Grease nipple tor toolbrake linkage Grease nipple tor swinging arm bearing 7.

Telescopic fork filler plug 11. 11 12 13 l4 15 6 .Lubrication chart 43 17 16 • 8 Engi ne oil dipstick Engi ne oil drain plug Gearbox oil drain plug Gearbox oil filler plug Grease n ipple for c lutch throwout arm 16. 13. Clutch lever pivot 17. 15. 12. 14.

•. Remove ltla upper atop nut 6 lor the brake reaction arm 3 (13 mm wrench).l hub and remove the wheel forwards. holding the Allan ecrew 1 (6 mrn Allen kay) to prevent It from turni ng.. 4. clean and fighl· ly grease the axle.. Pull the wheal torwatd allghtly. Note correct tightening torques. 3. tighten axle nut 7 and compress the telescopi c forks firmly several times to prevent distorhon of the fork legs. Dieconnect the brake reacUon arm 3. ______~ ~0~~~ U247 7566 1. 2. R-vel (R 10/1) IMiallallon of f r . e.~". lift brake back pl ata 4 out of the wh. .. LOOMfl axle clamp ecrewa 2 wlltl a 8 mm Allan kay and pull out the wheel axle with mandral 5. Put the motor cycle on Ita center atand. R<¥OOVG the axle nut 7 (22 mm wrench) with washer. Install the brake reaction arm 3. Before Ughtenlng axle clamp screws 2. 5..:. Before reassembli ng.4ol Removal and Installation of front wheel What to do if .wllael 1 ' I(.

d. Before reauembllng. 4. on Ita centM stand.nd the lalescoplc fork compreaaed llrmly severo! times: IIIIa will avoid distortion ol the fork lege. 5. P\ace the motor eyet.. 3.11t (R 75/1. Remove wheel ula 3 with mandrel and take out the apao2.Removal and lnllallatlon of front wheel 4S Aemovat and lnlt811don of front . enaure lhet on the R 110 S (with twin disc brake) the dl..W11 2 until axle nut 1 has been tightened o. Note correct tightening torques.ctlon or rotallon or the wheel 1 the ume •• 1 when remov. Pull the wheel out forwards. Remove axle nut ing aleeve.. clean and lightly greau the wheel axle. Loosen axle clamp acrowt 2 with a 6 mm Allen key. R to I ) 1. Do not tighten axle clamp IC.. 1 (22 mm wrench) with washer. 3 U24775 88 . In order to a110ld resetting the aell-ellgnlng ca· llper. R toll.

CINn and lightly g .. _ ... The hole through the and ol the ule lhould ageln face to the rear. 2. than remow to the 4. Move the suspension adjuatlng leYar back to the desired -lng. rotate wtleel aale 1 will> mandrel until It paeoee OYer the elopIng surface and draw out the ule. Place IN motor cycle on ila center stand and rnowo IN rar auapenaion ad)u.. Looun IN clamp acrtw (13 mm wrench).. 3.· · encl IIINI... .the IIIII. Pull the whul ofl -atda the left swinging arm. U247 il4 70 . ordef.. Tlghtan the clamp IU1 of all. Unocrtw ule nut 2 (22 mm wrendl) and put ulde together will> Ill waaher.. Note correc1 tightening torqua rear. Aauaamble In the . and rotate while lnMrtlng Into 1t1a Wheel hub..Il9n of ..... 1.tlng '-< to lhe 2-up riding position.

ury... second tire bead over the rim lhoulder wid\ tire levers. while doingao. prees the tire bead Into the rim well on the aJde oppoeite the safety no4ct>es..• the tire... Insert the Inner tube and eecure die valve with valve nut (acrew on by only approx.. Puall the tire bead intc die rim well on die side opposi te the safety noldlea._ ol lho rec:omm.new If neoes... 65 To ... Inflate the tube alight· ly.tel.. f19._ a lira. push lhe valve back u let ao Ita nut wilt al· low.Tire changing 47 '"'·-.. we die tire 0 . To .die tclge ol die rim on both sides with tire . die red point on lhe lire ahould be tcljacent to tho valve. ume manufac:twer. . and lilt over lhe edge of the rim on the oppoelle oldo. tllllo and rfln tape ahould be . Fig. Stoorting next to tho valve. 5 tuma). Inflate die llns end check that die mold· ed line on the tlno wall ts die aame dtaW. . Unscrew the valve nut and pr. To simplify mounting ol the Ure use a commercial stkling component. making auns not to exert axcMalve Ioree..C:.. Check condition of rim tape and . IS Now push the second bead of die t ire inlo the rim weU on the aide oppoeita lhe aalety nolcheo.... We anclt. clellate completooly and prau dlt tire aw8)1 from tho rim all round on one aide.. from die rim all round. uolng 2 tire levers.. die 247 73 71 247 73 72 . ... tho valve Into die tire..11 When tiling a now ..... .. Remove the Inner tube and lilt the second bead eway from t he rim In die oame manner.. Have the whMI balanced.cl to u.

. nha.ogniMd by the melted melel atrlp.. all the plr>obue bulbi can be r-. remove lha combined instrument u follows: unscr. Oetectt the lutler .llgllllrog To dto n11 ....1 from their aocUta.. pull out the plug and lift awll)' the lllatrument.. ~· ._ . Never attempt to repair blOwn fu... Pull the blown " out of the !lpl'lng cllpa and • new fuse of aultable rallng.Vlng the Item of equipment concerned switched oil or by dlaconnecllng the g"""nd IMd from lha negative pole on the battery.the speedometer and revolution counter drive ahaffa and loooen the 3 hexagon retaining acrewa. ad In at lha bollom afttr the locating clip haa been lneer1ad Into Ita alot. the fault ahould be traced and repai red by a competent -rkahop.._ d~ replacing lha bull or tleadlig 111 unit.... . llle two Mea (8 Anlp) ere located on the contact plate l naJde the headlight A blown fuM can be . 1'11-17 To replace the pMd.i>in plug and hinge back tha aprlng wi re cllp to remove the H4 ~ Tellele llgltta end " ' * ... alwaya a\IOid ahor1 clrculta by IM.. Make aura that the retaining aprlnga have en- gaoad.48 Bulbe. _ bulbe with tha fln· gere but aJwaya uae a clean cloth...with wire or any other almller material (risk ol wiring overheating and ftre). remove the Phllllpa acrew hold· lng tile multl·pln plug. Preaa the bulb In and turn to the left to remow from lha bulb holder. " ... .... ftMher unl~ fu- a. If a fuM biOwa repeatedly. liglll pull the holder out of Ita aocket. unit ..... Lever the lln•eM rtrn off with a ac.... Wilen rMaaembling the lln•lflt •R... Datadl the multJ. Do not hendle . Lift the lnatrument allghtly..a from ita mount· lng and puU off the multi-pin plug.. pap8r handkerChief or aJmilar.When cNinQing bulbe or petformk>g other work on the electrical system.... 1 ahould be attaChed to the rim of the 1 heedllght housing at the top and pr•s. After •• moving the outer COW<' and end cap..

Measure the dl• tance from the floor to the center line of the headl ight glass and mark the height on the wall with a cross. Switch on the low beam and align the headlight ao that the light· dark boundary p . Place the motor cycle on a nat surface.. • t v I "'• I 24775 75 • . Check lire pruaures and corr.. Flg.from the left through the center of the lower croos and rlaea to the right aa far aa the center of the upper croea before falling away..t one. hMdllght beam telling 49 .ct If .. _ light HI I rNa"lt bent &ellli'l The bulbs lor the front and rear turn lndlcato.Bulbs.. The rider should alt on the machine which ehould not btl on Its stand. make sure that the Top' marking on the turn indicator lenses Is aa the lop and the transparent window for license plate lighting on the rear light glaM Ia el the bottom . Mark another cross 5 em (2 Inch) below the n.. 6 m (18'/J It) from a llghl·colored wall.71 When Installing the lense glassos.. Set the rear suspension to the position for HIP ridi ng. and the rear light (twin-filament bulb) can btl removed from their holdere by preealng In and turning to the left after the lenae has been detach· ed (2 Phillip& head screws).._ ceaaary... Fig• • R-owllll tum lndlcetOr 1M .

u l l . Engllle lcllea unewaniJ whon ... ..ng: recllarga beHary only with both removed. but kllee IIM¥Iflly carburetor eettinge too rldl or too lean Velva ciHrances too small Ve'-IMklng Leek betwMn cyllnd!lr and cylinder hMd gukel or carburetor Adjuet carburetor aettlngt Adj Ue1 velw clearencea Haw valvea reground Ch..... _ -anlf..te or exceeelve fuel BrMbr points ...... replace H n8CM8*Y Dly tpll1l peuge Adjuat to correct gap Valve allddng open oe...d bmlery Decart>oniU.... + and - ••- 2.. I!I\QIM-.. Engl11e .•esokaa Fuel feed valve leeklng. W.bloc:ked Fuel line leaking or blodted Defective IUel feed valve In floal hOusing Idle jet blocked B... clllflcollllo - c .• Sperl< plug gaps too large Sperl< pluga oiled up or eooted Repair valve: reedjuat i dle mixture aettlnge Ad)UIIIplrk plug gape CleM or r~~>lece apatll pluge ... ftOt . Of ..net euggeeled remedies 1..water conden.... Idle mixture selling too rich 4.....e1 . polnta dirty Looee or defective Ignition leada Spark pluge . ... Clean Idle Jet Clean pointe Check . ocullonelly . EfttiM ...bore cyllndenl 3. -.tor '-Ill e1 cylinder and carburetor jolnta ~ Low compr-ion piston r1nQ1 or .. Fuel tank empty Fuel tap cloeed Twlet grip opened too far when engine It cold Air c . or spark plug gepa 1oo large Add fuel to tank Open fuel lap CioN-grip Cleen or replace air cleaner element Seal or blow through fuel tine Aepelr .. Have belllfY rwcharged in workahOp.Engine dele eta .

. check ignition and retime W necessary Clean cooling flns Use spark plugs according to specification 6.. .. ll!nglne.' .. ' ·~ Engine faults and remedlea ~1 Cause Ignition leads or defective Spark plug cap short-circuiting (recognizable by sooted bum marks) Faull In Ignition eyatem Blocked carburetor jets Blod<ed fuel line Water cond<!nsate In float bowl Remedy Dry or replace leeds Dry or replace spark plug e«ps Replace defective parte Clean jets Clean fuallina Clean float bowl 5... Ellfllne -Nio.. on when Ignition Is switched off Fuel mixture too lean Ignition timing Incorrect Breaker points gap incorrect Engine cylinder cooling fins blod<ed with dirt Thermal rating of spark plugs too low Check and adjust carburetor settings.. . H necessary correct acid level Fault in starter button. """.. lgn. Slerter - not work when button Ia prasaecl Replace defective parta Recharge battery... . check that the correct jets are installed Check and adjust liming Adjust breaker points gap. or starter relay Dead b attery . .1ea Ullderloed Fuel octane rating too low Heavy oil carbon residues In combustion chambers Ignition advanced too far Use only branG-name fuel of tile correct quality (see specifications) R8fl10¥8 cylinder heads and clean pistons Correct Ignition Umlng 7...

pt/0. engage 2nd gear and run the engine at a feat Idle spud for several oecol\ds. 2. and In Winter? and In Winter? If the motor cycle Ia atored for tfle winter period or e-. unocrew the -rk plugs and pour 15-20 em• of upper cylinder lubricant ~live Into lt1e aperk plug hole of aech cylinder. 8. Raatorlnglha mo4or cycle to_. ptaf2. longer.. .09 Imp. Replace the battery. pt/0. 4.0!5 liter (0. pt/0. Screw the spark plugs back in. 3.llhen run the engine offload tor aboU11 mlnUle.. the following atopa will protect It agalnat oorroelon and harmful climatic etlecb : 1.52 ..tha battery terminal polll with acld-retlstantgr-.7 Imp.4 liter ~0. Remove the banery and arrange with your dealer for It to be aervloecl end atored. acid-tree """" and protOCU..1 US pt) to the drive lhalt houalng and 0.761mp. upper cylinder lubricant pr.1 liter (0. Add corrosion Inhibiting oil up to the lo-r mark on the dipstick (~x. . the cap on lt1e filter chamber. Coat all polllhed and chromium plated ateel parte with an acid-free grease. Stop the engine. clean oil . check gape and correct if ._ 1.. 2. and spray the complete motor cycle with protectlw oil. If the motor cycle Ia oU1 of service for more than 6 months (up to a maximum of 3 years). Spray the brake and clutch lewr pivots and the center stand baerlnga with 'Caremba' or a almllar lubricant. 0. Clean the . Tum the engine over with the starter and move the plstone to top dead center. 3._h strainer and ollaump. Fill the fuel tank.rvoU. Before screwing back In. Drain on the corrosion Inhibiting oil and add new oil In accordance with the specification.. Wuh end dry the motor cycle thoroughly. 1 tlterl 1.r y . Drain oil When engine 11 hot. Clean the carburetor and ciON the fuel taps.18 Imp. lubricate the threads lightly with graphite gr-.1 US pta)..llona.8 US pt) of corrosion Inhibiting oil to the gearbox. 7. 6. Place the motor cycle on Its center stand In a dry place (a room with acid-laden air Is not sultallle).. Place the machine on ita stand. 5. Remove the oil filter and repte. Do not forget to Install the full flow angina oil filler. drive shall houelng end final drive and add 0.r k plugs. For detelle of corroelon Inhibiting oil. . SUpport both fork ends and the rear wheal swinging arm with wooden blocka until the wheals are off the ground. tighten lha nuts and g r . ol~ aaa 'PICiflc.21 US pt) to the final drive. 4. drain the oil from the gearbox. connect the leads..

.. The opll~ drop forg.. Great rigidity Ia adlkri. Tile.t axial mowmen!.... blodl tekM !he form of a 1-plece tunnel houllng. The platon pin Is of ample ella and of the fully floetlng type..lng oil adhealon. A 9018 and R 90 S motor cyclee Ia an air-cooled twin cylinder 4 cycle _..wed clrectty into !he po&ltlwly 1ocatec1 big-end bearing capa.canter pleto• are of cast alu· minium el loy. It II lOcated In lhe platen on both aldea by apring clrcllpa to p.t light alloy bearing CliP at the alternator end. A 75/6. with carefully dealgned ftns and ahrunkin valve aeate (fine partltlc gnay call iron for lhe Inlet valves.. high alloy gray cast Iron for the exhauet valves)..unaa a minimum of Yibratlon. A cut Iron liner II surrounded by a light alloy ftnned ber• rei thua aaaurtng excellent heat dllll· patfon.... they alto act as oil return tubes from the cylinder head. The cylinders are mounted on the crankcase using a combination aluminium/fiber gukel..S by generously dlmenaloned main bearing joumala and a high degree of overlap with lhe big.nd bearing joumala. keeping rubbing aurtace temperatures low and thua l mpno-.. The valve guides are preaa flt1ed.......S connecting roda run on the crripln In 4-layer beari ngs. the worm wheel for the revolution counter drive and the centrtfuglll advance cam lor !he distributor. The big-«<d bolla are aa.. ""*"lc The cyllnclere are made from a combination of materlala..-. end the cyli nder head hu a metel-~e gasket The cylinder . T'he off.. Two puahrod outer tubes are preaeed Into the beae of the cylinder and -lad egalnat the engine block with rubber alee\181. the top ring Ia a hard dlromed apheroldal graphite ring.otl Ia a ateel drop forging. The main and blg.. .nd bearing eurfacee are treated fOf maximum aurfaoe hardneea and naalatence to abrallon. The amaiHnd bearing ie a presseO-In bronze bushing... II contalna !he crankahalt and cemallafl. wi th 3 platon rtn. and heft 1·11~ ahalts.a.. lhe aecond a cuWw&y ring and the third a double chamfer oil suapar rlflll..... The crankahllfl runa In 4-layer main bearfnge preaeed dlnactly Into tha crankcaee 81 the ttvwheal end and Into • drop lorg. and the front end the drive sprod<et. Ia a caM harclenad plloaphatfzed die caot1n11 located below the crankshaft. ana of light alloy. Tllll 1~ cra.rnforced by i nternal webe. .Engine 53 Technical description Engine The engine ueed In the type A 8018.. and running dlnactty In the crankcllH at t he rear and In a flanged aluminium bearing at tha f ront The rear end of the camahaft carrlee the Inner rotor of the oil pump..k ignition unll Tllll .. Cenaful belancing of the crenkahafl en.

cala realetant heed. which alao locale and retain the cylinder barTH. The puahrocla are manutactured from austenitic tube wt1ll ~xlmat. thla preyenta elteraliona In Vlllve operating cleerencee.. and the The engi ne employs e high prusure . tt drews Oil form the oil pan through an lmmetM<I dome with perforated metal ecreen.Ia MCUred directly to tile cylinder barr._ . n. From the annular gallery In the baartng cap the oil first pa-• through a hole In the left sidewall of the engine block to the roar main bearing. The rear camahaft bearing Is lubricated by oil leak from the oil pump.. atama are hard chromium plated and the vallla eeat Ia ar· ' mourod. . tlluo maintaining temperatur• at a sa· lisfactorlty low level.. vallle.op8r8IH from the cam· ehaft by h&rdenlif cast tuppeta. and In addition through 2 upward eloping puaagee in ellher crankcue lldewllll 10 the upper tle rod bolla. lnclned peaaages lead to the ring groov. The use ol p<e&Md-ln push rod tubee an· sum that cooling air can reedh those parta ol the cylinder head which are subject to tile hlgheat thermal loadings. pumps It through the main lubricating peHaga to the lull flow oil ftller and from there to an annular puaega In the camshaft bearing flange to the oil gallery In the main bearing cap. ..<rltlc llem and a hlsh alloy auslenltlc. In eddltion the cylinder h .. The lub<lcating oR pump Is an Eaton trochoid gaer type pump driven from the camahaft. c.. to a Checlc valve..54 Engine.. In the front or rear main bearing bushing. t. lubricating system The cylinder he~ are attached to the crankcue by 4 through bolla on eedh side. . The kHper arrangement permits the valv" to rotate during operation. in the cylinder llnere. Any 111'11tchlng of the duplex chain Ia OOI!Ij)&n88tedlor by a chain tenslonar operated by a leaf eprlng..ty the same coelllclent of ~nalon as the cylinder barNia. The hoi• for the upper cylinder tie rod bolla are used to convey oil to the rookar pedeolab and ahalta. In which the oil mist b deposited.. The rockers the. The exhauet . and thus to lubricate the rOCker bearings and other timing gMt compo-.. pushrocla and I'OCkera. From the left and right eloping oilways already mentioned... From thla point the fumes ere r4Hntroducecl Into the combustion air Intake.. The connecUng rode are lubricated through paaaegea In the crankshaft. circulating lubricating ayatam with a full flow oil Riter. using oil drawn from the anular grocva.. The timing c:toaln dlpe In the oil sump and has a eu~tary lubrlcllllon by the otl of the front crankahalt bearing veatlldon Ia obt1ined by drawing fumes ag1lnat the di nsction of cren~haft rotation through e 3eltling chembar. oon14at of a hi~ heat conducti.le roller bearlnga. exceaa oil of the prauure relief ..~ by 2 nuta. . The camohaft is dri· 'lin Ill half engine apeecl by a duplex chain. In addition the val.... from which point the cylinder walls are lubricated.tvae are ~nted on n_.. The through bolta alao carry the Vllille rocker pivot blcdal.

Cutaway drawing of motor and gearbox 55 .

ear-. Idle epeed 11 regulated by meane of the throttle . the correct level being maintained In all driving attitude& of the machine by a double plastlc float 5. . Thla enlergea or redoceathe fuel outlot cro-tlon at the needle Jet end 1he croea-aectlon of llr venlllrl. centrally located noat chamber. The . exceea hJel 11 oonducfed away to atmoeplllre by a pipe In the float chember.type R 110/t R 60/6 models are equipped with 2 Bing pl unger elide carburetors with a 26 mm lhrcat and removable. To prcvl<le a richer mixture. considerably smaller and more simple elkle eyatem: this Ia 1he cokl o. is mounlld on the upper end of 1he mixing tube. and suppll• rue! to the main end Idle )eta.• Jot s Is ecmoed lrrto the tow· er end of miXIng lllbe a togather wlfh main jet block 7. Jrrto 1he ~--.. and cau. a rich mbtlllre will be oCIIal ned.. which operates 1he float needle val... ..<4 lhrough a feed holt.. choke . .pre-etomisalion of the tuet emerging frcm the annular opening of 1he needle jeL In air venturi 15.. Into which a conical jet needle IS Is lneerted. lhe fuel· air miX!IIre strikes the main air flow. Slide trPe corbuNtor . eopeclllly when alerting a cold engine.. Needle jet 12.r. 11 via a pivot pen. and a furlher lnt-1¥1 atomlalng PfOCIII takes ploce before the mbtlllre p r 1111 into the cylinder combuotlon chomber. Thla mixture enters the air wnturl through a emlll paNige 2 lmmedla•ly behind the throttle slide. •rt . Fuel drawn In frcm the float chember through kle jet 3 is mbted wllh ai r emerging from Idle air paaeage 1. it eciW'ed ouL the mixture will be weakened. lhe carburetor conteine a second. the ei\Qino will draw additional fuel vta the cold ttert jet •nd riser pipe while the main thrctile allde remeina CIOIId. A propor· lion of the Intake air by-peNes the need· It Jet: lhle air supply Ia drawn from the olr lntalle pipe 15 through p111ege 14.. The carburetors are In· ctlned and are attached to 1he cylinder heods by a clamp ring. If lhe Idle elr regulaUng screw Is ecrewed flJUy In. Fuel no.tor. The jet needle togetiMf wilh plunger piston 17 Is raleed or 1<>wered by throttle operating cable 18. whereaa the idle air regulating ecrew gover111 the fuel-elr mbtlllra atrength.. The choke operating cable mull elao be installed with lclequate free movetl*ll so that the choke plunger can eloae completely. the volume of which can be adju1ted with Idle air regulating ecrew 13. On order to prevent hJel frcm flowing into the cyllndere In the e~~ent of a lllk· ing hJel feed valve. If Its slide (cold etart plunger) ia raised agai nst &prli\Q pressure by the operating cable. The float chamber Ia vented to atmosphere.ltop .

Carburetors 57 • ' 2 .--... • .. ·13 3 5 I ··• ··.

When the engine hae atartad.typH R R tG/8 75/e. which In turn are linked lilt 2 paaugea 19 In •• cuum plunger 20 to tilt main llr venturi. the vacuum aleo acta on the Immersed cold alart tube.. The tuel-elr mbmJre t11tn peaea 1o air wnturl 3 and strlkea tilt . which open!tes float needle valve 9 via pivot 7. main jet blodc 12 and needle Jet 14 to Pnt4toml4. using a throttle butterfly and removable. for tllla reason pr-ure at thla point Ia higher than In tilt air venturi.from tilt float chamber via main jet 10. and enltrw the air venturi through a email hole behind throttle butterfly 21 .. In the mlxl~~g clhamber the fuel Ia oon. Thle proc111 enaurea reliable atarll~~g even at very low tamparatur•. They act only when throttle butterfly 21 haa beM opened allghlly. This Ia Intended to improve the traneltlon from the Idle The cold 1tttt • 'lice on the thrott. wt1h the throttle butterfly atop tcrew btl !Ill uaed to adjuet the quantity of fuel supplied l or e~~glne Idling.l t butterfly type carburetor Is an lnd-clent rotary valve unit. fora enltrf~~g tilt combUitlon chambert on the e~~glne. wt1h a cold llart lmmerted tube entart~~g from above.vacwm plunger 20 aufftclanlly to reatora pre&aure below tilt vacwm plunger to the original value (c:onatant depression carburetor ayatem). where it is pre-mixed wt1h additional air drawn In via p•caege on tilt air lnlake pipe. and Ia cablt operated.. With the aid of Idle mixture regulating acrew 15 tilt correct mixture for engine Idling c111 be obtained. Two by-paae paoaagee 18 aleo convey fuel-air mixlura to the air venturi. Mtlft Itt . The float chamber 11 vented at 2 polnl!l to atmocphere. Diaphragm 22 now r a . and over the part load r111ge by the conical jet needle 11 atttc:htd to vacuum plunger 20. The partial vacuum cW.ltno operaltl completely Independently of tilt meln jet ~)'Stem. and operellng aa follows: When throttle butttrlly 21 1e opened.etan fuel r nel"liOir. and fuel In the cold etart r•ervolr apace Ia drawn into the mlxl~~g ar11 of the rotary valve houelng togetlltr with addiUonal fuel aupplied from the float chamber aa the Initial aupply Ia conaumed. Inside lht float chtmber a tpace Is provided as a colcl. The R 75/6 and R 90/6 models equi pped with 2 Bing constant depression carburetors of 32 mm throat d iamet er. c:orrespondll\9 to the loed which the engine is called upon to exert In addition to the partial vacuum In lhe air venlurl. Air now Ia controlled by e vacuum pi~ ger 20 II nkad parmanenlly to a ella· phregm 22. e Tile Idle a. where 1111 lntenotv. FUel drawn througto kilt jet 16 1 mixed In 1 chamber 17 with air drawn In from Idle air paeesge 5... 111d the etarllng mixture Ia In . which operates only durt~~g atartlng and while the engine Is still cold. jet to the main jet eyetem.and 2 clamp 111-. n-e carburetorw are Inclined and flexIbly mounted on the cytlndtr heada by means of rubber t l .. Thla extremely rich atertlng emulsion Ia then conveyed to the air flow entering through the throttle butterlly gap and forma the atartl~~g mlxtuna auppty In the air venturi.rted to an emulsion with lhe aid of a COld-stan air aupply entering through a callbreted hole..In Intake air flow. Fuel pes. en initial emulalon Ia formed by means of a calibrated air holt In the cold atart lmmereed lube. the quantity of fuel Is controlled at full load by main jet 10. In this way.. Space 1 below diaphragm 22 Ia conneoted by pQUigt 2 directly with the Intake manifold. clependl~~g on the position of the vacuum plunger. It can be engaged and cancelltd by the rider. Any change In engine speed or throttle butttrlly openl~~g Is thus related to a given plunger polltlon and air venturi or<*HectfOn.58 carburetors Conatent ~n c:tu11u tl . centrally located float clhamber. Fuel enten the float chamber 8 via a feed hose and Ia hera maintained at a conatant level regardlaca of rldl~~g attitude by a double plastic ftoet 13.. the partial vacuum In air venturi 3 It ccnnecttd to vacuum chambers 23.ty ttomlled t ..oel oped during starting eel!l on the outlet aperture of the cold atart eyetem behind the l hrottle butterfly alnce the throttle butterfly Ia almoat cloaed (Idle poeltlon). the annular crosa-oectlon of needle Jet 14 Ia lncreaed or reduced.

. In order to prevent ex~alw fuel consumption and 11m on the cylinder walla !rom the oil 1 being washed olf. The cofd. 23 22 21 3 ---+-- 5 6 7 r-.16 15 14 .17 t ldi.etert av-tem st>ould be disengaged aa soon aa possible.Carbtlretors 58 this way weakened eo that the engine continues to run smoothly during the lntttial riding ~riOd.J:::::::-.

the engine will draw additional fuel via the cold start Jet and riser pi pe while the main throttle slide remains closed. and the proportions of fuel and air In the mixture are regulated by means of the lcl1e mixture r~ulatlng acrew. The choke operating cable must also be installed with adequate free movement. so that the choke plunger can close completely. and delivers fuel to the main and Idle jets. . the carburetor contains a second. To provide a richer mixture. plunger piston moves up and operates diaphragm (2) of the accelerator pump by means of a dreg link (1). When the throltle ia opened. The jet needle Is pressed against the needle jet by a small coil spring (4) in the plunger slide. If its slkfe (cold start plunger) is raised against spring presaure by the operating cable. A hose union supplies fuel to the ftoat chamber (14) which contains a twin plastic float (13). where a second. The upper end of atomlser (9) takes the form of a needle jet Into which conical needle (6) is i nserted. In order to ensure that the fuel emerges uniformly. thus increasing or reducing the fuel outlet cross-section In the needle jet and the cross-section of the air venturi. The carburetors are adjutted before leaving the factory to oullalandard commercial fuel. considerably smaller and more simple slide system: this Is the cold 1tert Of choke unit. so that the fuel level remains constant under all ridi ng conditions. especially when starting a cold engine.Model R 90 S The A 90 S models are equipped with two Deliorto plunger slide-type carburet01'8 with 38 mm throat and detachable central float chamber. The float chamber Is vented to atmosphere. Fuel drawn in via idle jet (12) Is mixed with air emerging from the Idle air bore end enters the Intake passage directly behind the throttle slide via a small bore (15).60 Carburetol'8 Slide-type carburetors . The Idle oyatem Ia entirely Independent of the main jet system. thus producing a preatomlsi ng effect In the fuel emerging from the annular outlet of the needle jet. Part of the intake air flow Ia drawn from air inlet sub-pipe (3) by bore (7) and passes over the needle j et. Pump jet (5) then Injects additional fuel into the intake passage. The carburetors are Inclined and attached to the cylinder head by a clamp ring. Main jet (t 1) Is screwed Into the car· buretor body In main ]at carrier (10). The fuel-air mixture then strikes the main Inlet air flow In air venturi (3).llot workshop. The jet neodle is raised or lowered together with the plunger slide (16) by operating throttle cable (t7). more Intensive atomising effect Is achlovad before the mix· lure passes into the cylinder combustion chamber. CNnges to jato or nHCile Hltingo will be neceooary only in exceptional clrcumolanc• and ahould be carried out by a apect. Idle speed adjustment Is by means of the throttle el de llop acrew. This operates the float needle vatve via pivot (8).

Carburelora 11 • .

This dis-contmues the friciiOn drive between clutch plato 6 and contact ring 7. When the clutch lever Is released. and compresses diaphragm spring 2 by means of thrust rod 12 acting on preasure plato 3. clutch throwout arm 10 Is operated by cable lrom tho clutch lover on the handlebar. This establishes a rigid drive line between the gearbox and the engine. since the flywheel Itself Is connected to the engine crankshaft and the cl ulchpl a\e to the gearbox mput ahafl A diaphragm 4 is spot wel ded to the pressure plate 3 between the nywheel and the oontact rmg. diac phragm spring 2 forces pressure plate 3 and clutch disc 8 against contact ring 7 which Is bolted to flywheelS. spring 11 forces the throwout arm back to its 10itlat position . and interrupts the dr~ve ltno from the eng1 ne to lhe gearbox The clutch throwout arm pivots on a mounting cast Into tho gelllbox cover. through which dust from the clutch linings can escape. The clutch plate has a bonded friction lining and is mounted on the splines of the gearbox i nput oholt 1n such a way as to permit axial movement. When roo clutch 1 engaged.62 Clutch Clutch A single dry plate clut ch connects the engine crankshaft and gearbox input shaftS. This diaphragm permits axial movement of the prnsure plate and transmi ts pan of the engtne torque. this also assists In keeping the clutch plate cool. Slots are provided betwoen liywhoel 5 and contact ring 7. To disengage tho engine from the transmission.

The hollow drilled Input lhafl. In which the clutch thi'UI1 rod Ia locltecl. actuating journals on the 3 Hlector forks are located In slota stamped In the shift cams. This con be tilted very allghtly on the 1t1a1t by a spring loaded com. which eblorbe and reduces Input shocks from the power uniL The lwylhafl and output shaft each have 5 paired helical gear wheeta In constant mesh. and raapond to the degree of movement ol the comL . a tlooked laver rolates 2 cam diaca . layshalt and output shalt .. ara aalected by pnaaalng down or lilting up the loot ahilt laver. When the gearahllt lever IS moved.11M fhoe epead OMrbox is mount&d at the rear of the crankcase to form a single unll It eMblea the overall drive ratio to be varied In such a wwy thot the engine con operate under favourable load conditions at all road apeeds. Tho gearbox primarily cone1sta of the Input shalt.together with the lhllt mechanism. comes the Input pinion at the front.all three running In generously dimensioned ball bearing~~ at front and reer . Gea.

..._ If " . . • . provided with ciOga on lllelr end feces whktl ~ge In 1M reoeeua belw.: • •#· The -~ Iorita In turn rnoYe the gear pinions on 1M output and layU\afta (toper -fta). co"-ndlng doge on tile edj _ . the . """'*'t Ia coupled rigidly to the lhall The varioua 811111 poahlona are determined by a ept'lng-loedecl lever provided wllh a roller whldl engaaa.-'1 .. a cont..• s PV(J. to lha baM ol tha geatbox houalng closes an electric circuit and ceu111 a gr_.. 1atgeer ..11 . w r :Srdgeer 'b.- -"" J 2:nd QMt 5th goar 4th gear ...il J ... neutral Indicator light In the com- bined inatrumentto come on.r . ro. In neutral.oct awheh aerewed . In IIIIa way. t lreHUnnlng pinion...In .• • on the periphery ot one aelector d isc ..pinion tor 1M QMt aetected al any gl--. ~ gMt plnlofw ..

) in the tonk. and retained axially by a nut Thla helical toothed coupling compensates for variation• In the length of the drive shaft. tile housing cover are manufactured from a high-strength light alloy. exceoe oil Is directed away til rough a hole next to the oil plug on the final drive houolng. The rear wheel drive pinion nuns at the front in a double-row taper roller bearing with spill Inner race..Frame. 2 f. and are boiled together to form an oil tight aeal.. The longer tube Ia In each case designed to trap a reserve supply of approx. stresses are eliminated and the tank can easily be taken off by r&moving two wing nuts. The rr-• . and tranalaro lubricating oil by thla meano to tile beval pinion and bearlngo. pa•••.specifications).tooe. This form of connection slmpllllea raar wheel ramoval. tape are screwed directly into the tank and equipped with 2 fuel feed tubes each. a very light triangulated structure. Power Is transmitted from the crown wheel to the motor cycle's rear wheel by a taper spline coupling. which at'. For peJtdnt the molor cycle a center . The universal joint on the gearbox end of the drive shaft Is boiled to a drive flange mounted on a taper on the gearbox output shaft. The frame ia not suitable for the attachment of a car. and are adjustable to obtain the moat comfortable position. The final drive gear ratio dependa on the size of engine Installed ~. In order to prevent po&slble oil leakages through the radial aeal ring In the housing cover from reaching the brake linings. re. The cradle tubes crosa owr the backbone tube jusl behind 111e steering head. and engages with a helical toothed coupling mounted on the taper splined sheft of tile rear wheal drive boval pinion. Fuel level In each half of the tank is kept constant by means of an equalizer line puslng through the air cleaner chamber.. An Internally apllned coupling Ia mounted on another taper at the rear of the drive shaft. •d• Rear wlleel drlwe The rear wheel Ia driven by a cardan shall nunning In an ollbatll In the right rear swinging arm. In addition. This provide& a degree of longitudinal elaaticlty at the steering head without affecUng the very high torsional rigidity. The fuel tank Is mounted at the front on a specially shaped nubber element and at the rear on 2 nubber-metel blocka.. stand and a side prop are provided. The engine le I'HUIIIed in the frame by 2 through bolts which alao connect the two lower cradle members of the frame. the fuel tonk center tunnel can be kept very shellow. The crown wheel Ia partly lm· mersed In an ollbeth. and are carefully broken In and installed to ensure completely nolaeleae running.when both tuel tapa are open. 2 lllen (0. The rear wheal drive housing and ••• can be folded up. The final drive ia vented by way of a labyrinth In a dome CB$1 onto tile top ol tha housing.... The beval pinion and crown wheel employ tile Pallold tooth pattern. Is bolted to the double loop main frame and can easily be removed.65 US gal. The reer oect1on of the fr-. and leading to atmosphere. the crown wheel with which It engages Is supported on the ou•lde by a needle roller bearing and on tile wheal aide by a bell bearing.ar wheel drive 65 Frame The twin loop tubular manufactured from welded oval section tube of high strength. In this way.

66 Cutaway drawing ol rear whool drive .

and to the ftnal drive housing and swinging arm at the bottom. and the bot1om acrewa on theee are connected With a damper tube which movee I nslde the ehocl< abeo<ber nozzle on the fixed fork tube. A progressive rate coil spring In each unit is tupported et the top by the outer tube and al the bottom by the adjusting sleeve. wlterMa calibrated hoi.oive rate coil spring in Nell fixed fork tube Ia supported on a ftxed spring plate at the top and reels on the hydraulic piston at the bottom.... but the upp er lugs are screwed to the shock absorb er piston rod. A bell valve attached at the lower end of the damper tube p.. absence of play and freedom from maintenance. supported on the main frame by adjustable taper roller bearings deelgned to operate without play.ton . the damper chamber 18 opened again. _. The upper fork bridge and forged aluminium lower fork bridge connect the fork guide tube rigidly to the 2 hard chromium-plated heat treated steel fixed fork tubes. The damper valve attached below the hydraulic p1eton closes the damper chamber off on extension of the tor1ca. The 2 sliding fork tubee are connected by a robust reinforcement hoop to provide the nee nury torsional rigidity and tupport the mudguard. ment of the suspension Is formed by a double taper rubber buller between the upper spring unit mounting lug and the shock absorber. The lower spring unit connect· l ng lugs ara welded to the outer tubes of .. comfortably sprung swinging ann. A prog. The fork stem of the teleecoplc front fork turns on 2 taper roller bearinga In the steering hMd of the lreme. In the damper tube provide telescopic fork dampi ng on compnanton. Reerwllaet euepeMion Tha rear wheel is held in a long.. Pre-load of the progreulve rate coli apringa can be adjuatlld to 3 poalllone with the aid of an ed)usting s l .. Tha limit stop for extension movement of the suspension Ia provided by a plaallo buffer within the doobl&-acting hydraulic lhocl< absorber.. An important part is played In this procees by the damper chamber located between the hydrsullo piston ecrewed on to the shock absorber tube end the damper nozzle. the damper nozzle provfd. A shock absorber nozzle Is screwed Into the lower end of each ftxed fork tube. e hydraulic limit atop at the extreme upper and lower po· slllona of the fork. This type of mounting ensures that the rear wheel can be aligned with the front wheel to close limits. The turning angle of the front fork Is 42" In either direction.. Since the outer diameter of the damper tube expands conically at each end. the hydraulic ehock abeort>ers.. so that the oil Ia forced to flow through the damper nozzle. Fork demping on extension Ia thus provided by the change In the annular damper noule section In aacll fork. so that the oil can aecape via the calibrated holea In the damper tube and return from the spring chamber to the damper chamber..Talaacoplc front forte._.. thus eor suring tree mcwement.. Roed shocks are absorbed and damped by 2 spring damper units mounted by means of silentblock bushings to the rear aectlon of the frame at the top.ta the sliding fork tubes from jamming If the fork extends beyond the hydraulic limit atop. On compression.ettached to each spring unit and acting on The limit stop fo r compr ession move- a cam.. Aluminium eliding fork tubel are Installed over each ftxed fork tube.

Dual aut The dual seat hinges up at one side and can be locked with the same key used lor the steering lock.. and the piston rod attached to the fori< at a point outelde Ita axis of rotation. The rear ol the damper cylinder Is plvot-mountoid to the main frame.a. so that the damper Is extended and retracted as the steering Is turned. Instead.. adjustable taper roller bearings providing free Nnnlng with· out axial play. The removable tool box and tire Inflator are kept beneath the dual seat. The bearings employ multi-lip special shalt sealing rings to keep out dust and water. Roed . so that the piston rod Is no lOnger extended or retnacted aa the steering Is turned. long-travel front and mar suspenalon.. The hydraulic damper can be disconnected by turning the ad)uatfng grip antlclockwlse to the 0 positiOn. It Ia provided with thick foam-Nbber padding. Each rim Is connected to the wheel hub by 40 straight spokes.. The road wheels employ light-alloy safety well base rims of a pattem designed to prevent the tire form flying off In the event ol rapid deflation. .68 s1Wrtng damper. Each wheel runs on 2 accurately pre-set.. This brings the piYot point of the piston rod Into line with the axis of rotation of the Iori<. The cylinder Is filled with shock absorber fluid to slow down movement of the piston and thua of the teleacoplc forkTho more rapid the movement of the forks. 11*1 wheels •• Hydraulic -ring damper A 3-posilion adjustable hydraulic steerIng damper ensures that the handlebars always remain steady while the machine Is moving. In addition.-1 .. tho R 90 S has an additional storage compartment lor goggleo and gloveo at the rear of the dual seal The dual seat Is not separately spNng. the more powerful the retarding enact or the damper. d.. eo ae not to Interfere with the canatully balanced.

The master brake cylinder and right sliding telescopic fork tube must be exchanged and certai n additional components installed. . R 90/6 and R 90S The rear wheel is equipped with a leadi ng and !railing shoe drum brake operated by a linkage from the brake pedal. All brake levers are aluminium forgings. R 75/8. and 2 spark plugs together with the lighting. can be adjusted to give uniform results. the Ignition condensor 2 and the electrical components housed beneath the tank: starter relay 5. 71 and 72 The alternator consists of a claw-pole tact breaker 4. It is possible for either the R 75/6 or R 90/6 to be equi pped subsequently with the twin disc brake unit. signal and monitor equipment complete the electrical system. regardless of the effort exerted by the rider. Opposite this is a plug board with 3 connections for 3. The front brake used on the R 75/6 and R 90/6 models is of the single disc type. The brake master cylinder with contact switch for the brake fluid level indicator is mounted under the fuel tank on the f rame and operated by cable.Brakes. Front wheel brake R90S R 75/6.phase current takeoff. so that they are applied wit:h equal force Rear wheel brake . The disc brake employs a swinging caliper which is operated hydraulically via a distri butor block and brake pipes. in add ition. a centri fugal spark adva. The f ront wheel brake is of the two l eading shoe type.nce unit wilh con· a diode board 1 mounted above the alternator.R 60/6 Both front and rear wheels are equipped with large area ribbed light-alloy full width brake drums with cast-in gray cast iron rings. Figa. Exciter current is supplied to the alternator by 2 sllprings. driven from the camshaft.R 60/ 6. Electrical ayatem The electrical system consists of an alternator 3 driven from the crankshaft. in which each of the brake shoes is applied to the drum by its own brake lever. rolor running i n the stator housing and mounted on a taper at the front end of the crankshaft. If the electrical system is operating correctly the charge indicator light should go out as engine speed reaches a fast Idle. Return springs of differing strength ensure that the 2 brake shoes When either the front or rear brake is applied. a switch illuminates the stop light in the rear light unit. electrical system 69 Brakes Front wheel brake. starter 7 and 2 Ignition coils 8. The alternator begins to deliver current at a fast Idle speed. The two brake levers are moved apart by a single cable. Disc diameter i s 260 mm (10. and that used on the R 90 S of the twin disc type. so that ample power is available even if a very high load is placed on the battery. The brake linings are bonded to the shoes and consist of a material with a coefficient of fri ction which does not decrease with heat. The current flowing through the battery charge Indicator light ist used for pre-excitation of the alternator. The cast front stator ring carries the carbon brush holder with 2 plug connections.37 i nch). R 90/6. voltage regulator 6. the battery is located beneath the tool box.

. It Is required for alerting the engine and also supplies the energy consumed by the electrical syatem when the engine Ia Idling or at a standstill.._. The encl d~ IWIIch prevent the starter f rom being acclden· tally operated if a gear is selected and the clutch not disengaged.gulelor 6 is of the media· nicsl contact type. T1le atartar consists of a series-wound motor with starter pinion and engaging system. intenupts the pri· mary current circuit In the coils at a gl· wen momen1 on each engine revoiU11on. The lgnllloll concleneer Is primarily In· landed to reduce sparking and erosion at the breaker points.. so that the aperk plugs can Ignite the fuel-air mixture.70 Electrical system T1le cllodeo on diode board 1 rectify 1lle 3-phase current produced by the alter· The vo".mmocl1•o:t••· nl8m advances the spark as engine speed Increases.. The 12'wolt . T1le ... The centrlt. Ignition 8d¥11.. t••ltlo• " . This Induces a high voltage (8500 to 13 000 V) In the oecondary winding of the coli._. and ill et1adled to the frame backbone below the fuel tank.rter llllllllty of 25 Amp/ hour cspaclty Is mounted on a ftexlble battery tray. nator.

0: 1 898 (54.3 (3012) at 6500 600-800 4000 5000 15. continuous engine speed Idle speed rev/min rev/ min rev/min 7000 6500 7000 7000 7300 7000 6500 65150 600-800 4000 5000 15. ol cylinders Cylinder arrangement Cylinder bore Plslon stroke Ertective d isp lacement Capacity lor tax purposes Compression ralio Breaker dwell angle Valve liming at 2 mm (0.6 (2874) al6200 600-800 400( 500( Max.780) 90 (3. 10° before TOC SOO afler BOC SOO before BOC 100 after TOC .894) 70.52) 9.228) 70.1 (2972) at 6400 600-800 4000 5000 14.16) 9.2 : 1 • 745 (45.80) 892 (53. engi ne speed duri ng break-In period up to 1000 km (600 miles) rev/min up 10 2000 km (1200 miles) rov/rnin Mean p lslon speed mlsec (It/min) al rev/ min No.31) 9.543) 70.Engine 71 Specifications Engine R 60/ 6 R 75/6 R80/6 R90 S Horizontally oppo$ed 4-<:ycle.780) 2 90 (3.5 (2.52) 9.08 Inch) valve clearance (Tolerance ± 2.543) 70.5 : 1 ± 1° TOC 40° after BOC 400 before BOC TOC :.5°) Inial o pens Inial closes Exhaust openo Exhaust closes mm (Inch) mm (Inch) em• (inch') em' (Inch') 16.6 (2.60) 892 (53. permissible engine speed Max. with overhead valves In hemispherical combustion chambers.46) 740 (45.6 (2.0 : 1 78 898 (54.5 (3246) at 7000 2 73. Max.6 (2. 780) 2 2 horizontally oppo$ed 82 (3.55) 595 i36.6 (2.780) S99 (36.

5 (42.D2! 2 Inclined Bing constant depression carburetors with needle jet. Carburetors Engine R60/& R 75/l R 90/ 1 0.5) Carburetor type number.3) (at110 kmlh 69 mile/h) = 5.26! 3211.3) (at 110 km/h 69 mile/ h) = 5. central lever float and accelerato r eume PHM 38 BS PHM 38 BD 38 (1.72 Engine.261 .3) (at1 10 km/h 69 mile/h) = Pressure wet sump system Eaton system (hypotrochold teeth) On engine oil filler pipe Carb uretors Design R 60/6 2 inclined Bing slid&-type carburetors with R 76/1 R 90/1 R90S 21ncllned Dellorto alld&-type carburetors with needle jet.006) 0 . throttle butt erfly and central lever float 64132/9 64/32/1 1 64132/10 64/ 32112 32 (1. looki ng al end lace of alternator 5.15 (0.3) (at110 km/ h 69 mile/ h) = 4.0 (47.20 (0. vacuum plunger.5 (52. mm (Inch! needle jet and centre! lever float 11281123 ' t / 261124 26 j1. left right Carburetor throat d la.0 (47.008) R90S clod<wlse.

.. A 80/8 ' . .210...011.n. !* "~ ·. •· ... . -< ce: c 'p·' 2Ui -- .88 wtlll acce- 1a ~70 11!0 us .. l ' ~· ~ ~. . --!IUI!J) an 2 40 mm (lndll diL Intake alr cleMMor 2. -' .ur.....1111) 1 "llllaro ..00/0.lors Main jet Needle jet . t:-. A 75/1 A 110/ 8 . . .. b 140 2.......oN/D..7 (O. . dry 1ype Iller common to bo1ll ~.C..

' L . /7 ~- .-- Accolaratlon through gea.. . -~ 120 r.. . •n~~ I • ~ / / .... ~' ...':. !. ' 60 'I ... " 10 .... ..:. .74 Acceleratoon through gears . t&O rteo 140 ____ . .. I.--' ~-"~ '- ·h '/.p - II! > } ao (J) " ' . .....:..- 180 160 . . ' • .:.. 20 Time t (sees} 30 1D • 20 Time I (sees) ..1 /J 1 '0 ... .~ .' I 120 ~ .. .

with d iaphragm spring i ng of drove torque in all gears.36 ------------------~~--]I •• 1 :3.11 : 1 2.? ·? · . I 50 : I Transmission 1rom goarbox lo rcarwheel ------------------------~----. R 7518 R80/l mountod to RtoS . hooked lever shift o\i.1 s-spei.4 .. 1 :3.87 : . Palloid pattern crown Final dnve ratio Enclosed cal'dan shaH in right swinging arm.~:"shock damp- Gaarbox ratloa 4.9' :=t? 'iii . universal joint at gearbox ond. hetocat splined coupling at frnal drive ond. of teeth 11137 I : 3. O~nge " 1st geer 2nd gear Srd gear 4th gear 5th gear Single dry plate. ~·. 1 2.07 : .wheel and pinion.'fYpe ahilf. ·.d gearbox with c'?at/.2 10'32 • • lt! 1:309 11134 t£p · a l p 9 No.0 11133 .TransmisSion 75 R IQ/1 Clutch . 1.

25810 4.::--: ' --:.2) 214 (33..-:a-ctu red ..15 Bx 18 Tires. of rim cmp correspondi ng to g (oz} LocatiOn of manulactu.9 lnc:tl) traval Swinging ann wftll 3-j)oenl on apring atnriS and doubl&-actlng hydraul ic shodc abaorbers. with boM ed>on rur aectlon.118 8 X 19 2 . t ire Imbalance.rom . 200 mm (7.76 fi'IIM and auepenelon Fr.• Suapenalon. T.a1 ded oval section tube. f ront rMr «< (1. ..0 Inch) 21!0 mm (10. mm (Inch) R80/l Brakes Full width light alloy Front: hydraulic disc brakes with awlnglng caliper hubs with caat-ln Rear: lull width light alloy huba with caat·ln parlltlc caat pertitlc cut Iron Iron rings ringa Front wlleei Rear wheel 2 leading shoe brake Single disc brake Single dlac brake Twin disc brake Leading and trailing shoe brake 200 mm (7..2) 80 (12.00 H 18 Max. -man uf:.a plele LocatiOn of II'IIM number .::----::-:-.25 H 111 4. 125 mm (4JI Inch) travel ...-w ..2lndl) em' (lndl') RIITill. front wlleel rearwlleel R 75/1 R !10/1 R 80 S Duplex ateel t ube cradle l rame. f ront rMr 3....teacoplo Iori< with large capacity double-acting hydraulic ahoc:lc abeoltlen..2) 214 (3&2) «< (11.. not auitable lor sidecar attac:tu'*lt.2) 1. at front or eteerl ng head on of hNd . measured at Inside dia.00 s 18 3.4) 214 (33.

...whan tintS are hOI ~ up to D....3 a1m (4 lblln') When drivmg at maxomum speed for lengthy period s..5 (1.5x 0.-. st •~tem.= =· exha u... Frame Tire pressures In atm (lblln')..prueu.:.-..05) Fual Supar (premium)..=:.. up to 80 mph front Wheel eolo w1th pan anger r . mfn...wheel..:..0(0. : . oelene number 98 (RM) litera (US gala. II is best to lncreese tire pressures by 0. Fra me .-.53) +30" C (ae<' F) 00 C (32° F) 00 C (32° F) . fuels and lubncanta 77 . .1 (30) 1. U(27) 2. Muttter dlemater Exhaust pipe diameter mm (inch) mm (Inch) .c.8 {25) 2. (3... ..1 (30) wllh~Mnger lncr.. 804o .4) 38x 1.-...:..2 otm (3 lb/ln').) litera {US gala... .) Tank capacity lncludi"iJ ~ S · Engine oil tor outaicle temperaturaa mostly abova all the yeer I'OIInd above moatly below 24 (d) 2.

. .32) ~ Brand-nama Hypold gaar oil SAE80 ln.$1) Shell 4001 shod< abeofber on.78 Fuels and lubricants R80/l litera (US pta) litera (US pts) R 7S/8 R 110/8 2 (4. Shell Aero Fluid 4. BP Aero Hydraulic 1 Capacity per fork leg litera (US pta) 0.1) • . eo.with 180° C (:li8" F) d rip point SAE 20 engine COfrosion Inhibiting oil Upper cylinder preeetV8.8 (1. . . .28 (O. .25 i4.. .. 0. Breaker felt lubricating pad and centrifugal advance mechanism C.tlve for 4-qde spark Ignition englnee Corrosion Inhibiting g r External vehicle bodywork pr-rvatlve... must not attack palntwork.dl A1 v28g.<a (US pta) 0.7) '~5"C(41°F) SAE 110 RIGS ~ - • r• ..nlrffugal eclvance pivot shaft Sraka pressure studs on master cylinder Wheel beerlngs and all other gr-lng polnta Conoslon lnhiblting oil . !*ow SOC (41° F) litera (US pts) . Caltrol Shod< Abeorber 1-318. .. 0.25 (0._ Molykote BR 2 Brand-name multi-purpose g r .2) 2.. rubber components or piutica and mutt be eaay to remove.15 (0. . .!ie) Booc:hA1v4g. .-. Cestrol DB Hydraulic Fluid. ·.

9 aim (27 psi) tire preuure k.0 atm (29 psi) tire pressure kg (lb) rear.1) 1080 (~. 17 lite111 (4. with rider weighing 75 kg (165 lb) Welghta Unladen weight wi th lubricants but fuel or tools kg (lb) Unladen weight with lubricants.5 US gal) kg (lbl fuel and tools Permissible gross weight "' unladen weight + total of rider.ssure kg (Ib) Max. No.3) 2180 (85-8) 1485 (57. at 2.6) 82:0 (32.0 atm (29 psi) tire pressure kg (lb) Penmisslble wheel loads with passenger front.8) 1465 (57.5) 1080 (42. weights 7S Brake ftuld RIIOI ltters (US pts) R 75 11 RIO I R90S DOT No 3 disc brake IIUtd 0 15 (0 32~)------:0:-:1~5.1) 1080 ( ~.7) 165 (6.7) 165 (6. at 2.20 (0 42) Dlmenelont Overall width (engine) Overall height without mirror (motor cycle unladen) Seat height unladen Overall length Wheel base.Di mension•.5) 810 (31.25 atm (32 psi) tire pre. passenger and baggage kg (lb) Permissible wheel loads.9) 2:180 (85.9) 2:180 (85.5) 810 (31 .5) 12:10 (47. et 2.9) 2160 (85.8) 1465 (57.7) 165 (6. solo front at1.5) 740 (29. of persons including rider mm (inch) mm (inch) mm (inch) mm (inch) mm (inch) mm (inch) 740 (29.8) 1485 (57.1) 740 (29.7) 165 (6. with rider weighing 75 kg (165 lb) Ground clearance.5) 200 (441) 210 (463) 398 (877) 200 (441 ) 210 (463) 398 (877) 160 (353) 245 (540) 178 (392) 270 (595) 2 200 (« 1) 210 (463) 205 (452) 215 (474) 398 (877) 398 (877) .~ (0:-:32:::::-)------:0:-::::.g (lb) rear.5) 810 (31 .1) 740 (29.

5 4. Acceleration 155 (97) 187 (104) 2.8 28.0 4.0 9.4 6.-4 10.9 9.0 7.0 12. Top speed.8 3. rider crouched kmlh (milelh) app. rid1ng attitude and clothing.8 from 0 to 50 km.7 10.2 7.3 14.2 5. and also road and weather conditions.1 138 (86) Speedometer gear ratio (km) (miles) .4 178 (111) 188 (117) 1.8 3.5 175 (102) 1n 11101 2. h (mile h) Top speed.7 19.8 18./h (31 mile/h) sec from 0 to 80 kmlh (50 mile/h) sec from 0 to 100 km/h (82 mile/h) sec from 0 to 120 km/ h (75' mile/ h) sec from 0 to 140 kmf h (87 milef h) aec from o to 180 km/h (99 mllelh) sec Standing start kilometer Average speed thereby attained sec km/h (mile h) 5.7 195 (121) over 200 (124) 1. rider seated km.8 6.0 27.80 Performance R 60/6 R 7516 R 110/8 R90S The top speed actually attained by tho motor cycle alter breaking In depends to a large extent on tho wi nd resistance offered by the driver as a result of hls size.1 12.

IIC*I •peed .ena1 speed ne 1&0 ·1--+---'----1.--'1171/l 1110'1 +--+-+-+-+-+-f-l -1 f v 1 / 1-.M~Qine 81l.--- uo ~ • ICIOO eo 110 MilO Engine •pnd n (ypm) .llt ef RoiHiapaed.

25'/o lgnilion con1ac:1 breaker Adjuatmont btu ina at engine opted rev/min Ad ustmenl ends el engine speed r ev/min Breaker pointe gap with automatic centrifugal ed•ence. R 80S: 0 120 s«l 003 81 14 V 17 A 22/240 W Direct from crank. 190 mm (7.tlaft Boect1 type 0 120 ~51 a 14 V Ill) A lloectl type 0190801008 liD 1114 v 0.82 Electrical IYIItm Ba!lery Varta.014 to 0 .35 to 0.3 SA 8572 Boect1..40 mm (0.1 Inch) dlarMter .0181nch) iO before TDC ± 3° 25° ± 2:"30' a1 crankshaft Reo/8 R 7518. typeD 120340002 G 114 V20A 21/280W. type 1357 104. mounted on camshaft 1560 3000 0.R90ft.028) Bosd1 type 0 303 850 t OO. R 80S Bosch W 230 T 30 Bosch W 200 T 30 Beru 23011413 A Beru 200/1413 A Cllemplon N 7 Y R 81118 • R1llt.2 p F . R 8CIIe..6PS (HP) Slrlbel. 12 v 25 Amp'h BotKtl.R80S Ch. R 9018 ·fU0 8 0 7 (0.plonNSY Spark plug elecl rod e gap Headlight mm (Inch) R IIMI. type0001 157015 OF 12 V0. R 75/8.

-(2) gr_. red yellow red Tum Indicators. . 12 v . .Wel Btttery c:llarge Tum Indicator Brake F._re N.. 2 Mc:ll !Toni and .Tum l ndlcatornasher unit Hella TBB 211 1-'x 21 W .12V double fllament bulb. 400 Hz . Rear and llcenae plate light Stop light double filament bulb Horn ---- Bosch type a 321l 1<13 025. 601 w 55 ~~~~~~--------------------~~ Headlight high and low boam H 4 Halogen Parki ng light 12 V/4 W blue or~ Indicator lights: Headlight high be&J'I Olip.

": ' If$ I • ' . -· r • -·.84 Wiring diagram lifti. lld7'f'l t ..- .+ iiili :' . ©~ I ~ .

..ment 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1 Turn lndlutor switch with ataner button 2 Headlight a) Flaaher unit b) Hlghbeam c) lowbeam d) Parking light e) Ignition/light switch f) COntact plate with fusee g) Light reley 3 Main tight control switch with dimmer switch.... Z~ 1" ra ..... ...... high beam flasher and hom button 4 Mach. II -. ·-... 1---t=- Revolution counter Illumination Braka ftuld level telltale (red} Neutral lndlutor (gnaen) Charge Indicator (red) f) 011 pressure telltale (orange) g) Tum indicator repeater (yellow) h) Headlight high ba&m Indicator (blue) b) c) d) e) . lin' .. ...... . .. ope1'8ted f ront brake atop switch (only R 75/6... ---... J) ConMCtion to combined lnstn..... rl'"' Cifllllllllt... otherwiH Cto<* apecial equipment Hom Colla Spark pluga with upa COndenser Contact bnaaker Stanar relay with D + tarml nal Starter · 011 prMSUre switch Break ftuld level awitch Neutrallndlutor switch Brake pedal atopllght switch Ground on frame at coila Battery Connection 54 In wiring harness Alternator Diode board Voltage regulator Rear left turn Indicator Rear light a) Rear and licenoe plate light b) Stop light Rear right tum lndlcetor .Wiring diagram 85 Key to wiring diagram 5 Front right tum Indicator 8 Ctulch operated switch 7 Front left turn Indicator 8 COmbined Instrument a) Speedometer Illumination 31 Ground at DHrbo>< 32 Connection 15 in wiring ham... R 9016.. .. operated front brake atop awilch (only R 8016) 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Voltmeter } on R 90S only.. 33 Hydr... . ......_ a"'.. ........ . ..• --t=:. R 90S .

After the Initial senlce at 1000 km (600 miles}. All lubricants. etc. alternate minor and major ser- vice procedures should be carried out at 7500 km (5000 miles) Interval s. and BMW importers or their authorized dea- lers will bill you at the rates current in your country. gaskets. and any cleaning work needed will be shown separately on the invoice. and ensure that the work done is confirmed by rubber stamp and signature in Please keep this Owner's Manual in tt toolbox of your motor cycle at all ti me The Servi ce Voucher section of this m nual is not t ransferable. even if the prescri bed mileage shown on the servicing schedule on pages 19. 20 has not been covered. used during servicing. We have established work time ratee as a guide to all service operations. Before you receive your motor cycle from the dealer he will have carried out a free pre-delivery check.86 Servicing Servicing Please have all the specified servicing operati ons described in the Owner's Manual on pages t9 and 20 carried out regularly by an au thorized BMW dealer. starting at speedometer reading 7500 km (5000 miles). . using the official times as a guide. the appropriate space on pages 91 and 92. These details are required In the event of a warranty claim. we recommend that at least 2 services per year be carried out. A schedule descri bing this work is to be found on page 89. In order to obtain maximum reliability and long service lffe f rom you r motor cycle. Confirmation that the check has been performed will appear on page 90.

. lb. braka fluid ancr o11 p. nual..e. Check tlghtn. b<aka. renew oil fthar element. plate and turn Indicator llghlll. Clwlc:k tlghtl. R 90/S. headlight high beam. Tighten all nuta ancr acrewa If . ft.. R 80 S check braka fluid level 2. On R 7518.o1 a11 bolts ancr nuta aa daacribad on page 41 of IIIII . Change engine oil at normal operating temparatu. 2... Clwlc:k elCiamaJ appaaranee ol motor cycla..page 41 ).. 4.. neutral Indicator. . s. and clutcto R 7518 . Check ateanng and w11ee1 bNnngs and adjuat If naceaaary. tllen adjust valva claarancaa when engine Ill cold.. Check engine ldla Mltlnga.rtloll. Chedt oil level i n engine.. at tOOO km (800 mllaa) 1.. MCUrtng tile cardan lhllft to the gaarbox oulput lhalt flange 3. Clwlc:k Ignition t iming and ad just If neceasary..._r• ~ l8mpe and hom. Test ride the molor cycla._ tely) Adluat clutch.4 mkp. R 11016: Adluel . 7. a. 1 1 to 4 and 11.. t2. nat dm. parking llghta. gear alllft. 10. _wtc.).7 h... Taat r1de the motor cycle. If - cessary (charged ~).R 80 8 : Adjuat brakes. 13.Servicing 87 . Check wheel spokae.of front and raar wtiMI pu ll ~ut clamp ecrewa and capa of t11a telescopic fOrk. loot and hand brakea.. Change ollln gearbox. cassary 1 . lfnac-ry. Tighten cylinder haad nulll to cor· rect torque of 3. Clwlc:k operation or headlight high and low bNm.. apaa~ meter. Clwlc:k tightne 11 of the lour 1~ bolll. 9.. Pfl llllhWf ell•* . ge.. Check tllrottle cable Mltlnga.. lighten. 5. 3.Wheal driv<~ housIng. ctean oil aump and mash strainer. Change oil In _. 6. ·If nacuury (charged. s.5 mkp (25 lllb... ateering. betlery charge. 11. 4.. rear wl1eel drive hOualng and teleecopic fork. llcen.).. adjuat 1. Change oil In final drive. Servlca the batteoy. 111 ± 0. Check operation of clutch.8 + 0..

II miiH (l<m) .rvlclng Free Pre-delivery Check correctly carried out 600 mile (1000 km) Initial service correctly carried out on on • .. ·.88 S.' •.

Servicing 89 5000 miles (7 500 km) Date Minor Service 10000 miles (15 000 km) Date Major Service 15000 miles (22 500 km) Dole Minor Service Mileage ' Mll01go UHeage Stamp and signature Stamp and signature Stamp and signature 20000 miles (30 000 km) Date Major Service 25000 miles (37 500 km) Dole Minor Service 30000 miles (45000 km) Dote Major Service MIIMge - - U lleage MIIMge Stamp and signature Stamp and signature Stamp and signature 35000 mi les (52 500 km) Dolo Minor Service 40000 miles (60000 km) Dale Major Service •' 45000 miles (67 500 km) Dole Minor Service Mileage Mileage Mileage Stamp and signature Stamp and signature Stamp and algnature 50000 miles (75000 km) Major Service 55000 miles (82 500 km) Date Minor Service 60000 miles (90 000 km) Dole Major Service Date M ileage Mileage MIINge Stamp and signature Stamp and signature Stamp and signature .

90 Servicing 65 000 mileS (97 500 km) Date Minor Service 70 000 miles Major service 75 000 miles Minor Service .mp and algnatur& Stamp and signature Stamp and signature 95 000 mi les Minor Service 100 000 Dolo miles Major Service 105 000 Date miles Minor Service (1 42 500 km) Date Mileage (1 50 000 km) M ileage (157 500 km) Mileage Stamp and signature Stamp and signature Stamp and $ignaturo 11 0 000 mileS (165 000 km) Major Service 115 000 I_ !)eta mileS Minor Service 120 000 miles (180000 km) Major Service (172 500 km) Mll01101o Stamp and signature I ' Stll!"P and signature Stamp and signature . (105 000 km) Data M ileage (11 2 500 km) DOlo Mil &age Stamp and algnature Stamp end signature Stamp and signature 80 000 miles Major Service 85 000 miles Minor Service 90 000 miles Major Service (120 000 km) Date Mileage (127 500 km) Data M ileage (135 000 km) Date Mileage St~.

....... .. together with patta damaged 11 direct raault of the failure of lllld par11. No clafma tor the relmbu.. wllldlewr corMS ftt81.. No clalma under warranty will be reoognlzed un· • . Bulbe and aperk ph~ ore excluded from the terms of thll warranty... ohall datarmine Ita place at whk:ll tile warran!y work le 10 be carried out... or haa not had the lnlpaction work aa apecffled In lila BMW Semce lnalrUCiionl pertormed correctly.. who h11 carried out 1M wotl<. he lhall bear 1M coat of rerum carriage by the moat economical me4hod and t1NIOtlllble lnelaflatlon coeta. 5. 2.' of engl. .r alllll aiiO Include parto not . you 1MY rMeOnlblY expect any authoriZed BMW dealet to glw priority to urgent repair -rk allectlng 1M roed safety or opetatlonaJ reedi naaa of your BMW. Pana removed f rom the purdllled article become the ptOparty of BMW end h. 7. The warranty c111m shall be Invalid If a) the purdllled article to whldl the warranty eppllea haa b-. 3. tied by oulllde part111 or by the lnatallallon of allen patti. taking 1M lntetnta of the pU. T11e wuranty l l8blllty of the .m....r and IMr damage allrl· butable to negligent or Improper treatment ohafl be excluded from lhe ven· dor'a lllblllty under thle w1rranty.. modi- Every 1uthorlzed BMW dealer I• requ.nt ! . to be handed over to 1M BMW dealer.... Palla lllhl biUng dafecto In matartafl or worilmanah lp wtll be raplaced.. . If the .1M flctory ITH from do!Kta In maleflele Of workmanohlp In accordance wtlh 1M curr. Natural ... fer In accol'dence with the lnotruotione leoued by 1M BMW fec1ory.article will be eold after It has~ llceneecl._ Into Iecount. on BMW veil lclll. atartlng with the day on whldllhe BMW motorcycle Ia offtclafly licanMd lor the flrat time......ble to carry out woril Immediately in accordance with 10U" requlnarnetita.._. d) the purdhaaer Ulll the pUrc:hlled article In competltl'le .. It will be appreciated that on long jour· neys Of lbroed It .. provided IIIII the rapalr Ia catned out by an luthortzed BMW d . are ody CO\'II1Id by -.n ~ of the alleged fault.y not always be _.. b) 1M pUrdlaler llee felled to comply with the lnatructlono given In the BMW o-.. T11e warranty remai ns In force fOf a travelled dlatance of 10 000 km (8000 mllea) or a maximum of s montlla.. The vendor guarMteu that the new article 1 .. 1....or eceepts e claim undet thla warrenty..nty In eo .n g Mdlnlq...tllortzed BMW dealer Immediately ...t of direct or Indirect damagee or clalme lor dlangee of the purdl..au~ to an .Warranty 111 Warranty Tile . wlllctl tMY be ""tabliahed agel nat BMW Of the menutactu.. ~r. oflllell producta.. lectured by BMW. OefKD of II"" end be.'1 Handbook... •· The vendor ohatl be parmlt1ed to fulfll the Ierma of tile warranty either by repair of the purdllled article or by replacement of detective parte. c) the p u . ted to carry oiJI woril under w~rranty.contrac1 or reducllon or the purdlaoe price will be entertained. with l•ue for tile nec-ry repai r order at 1M same lima.. IOgell. ITee of dlarge. • the vendor SUI'Nndet8 to 1M po~n:n­ lrt'f warranty c.. 6...

.red by the lactory) Olher genuine BMW motor cycle parts Which are required very rarely . The Bayerische Motoren Werke AG hereby gU8ran-• lhal theaa parts are genuine and lnaa from defects In materials or workmaMhlp. Every BMW authorized dealer under· takes to keop the followi ng genuine BMW parts In stock: BMW parte freq11811t!J required ope. you agalnat ptoblema of thlt kind end .and please do not forget that the complete list contains many thousands of parte will be obtalnod by the smaller BMW dealer abroad from a larger collea.... Genuine BMW .. In ltle lnterm of your own eafety recommend only ortginal BMW acoeeaorfas. In extrema ~..(the IIIII taction on. assemblies and accessorlee aupplied by the Bayerlache Motoren Werke AG... BMW vehlclet. CWI· not always J~~Mt wemsnty clai ms wllk:tl IUbMquentty ariM..gue or from the BMW Importer. This meane: Replacemetll ol an original component by a genuine BMW apara part enauraa that all the BMW factory's engineering end deolgn ouperlorlly Ia available to you as a gua rant•• lor the unchanging partonunc:e and baalc oafety of your BMW machine.... they ana fully Identical with the origi nal filled to your new BMW motor cycle.perfection In detail Original BMWTei/e l ook for lhlolignl com-'- . They poaun the neceuary BMW opec:lel tools.tandard components. so that the &Mer rtdlng plaaaure It brtngs remains undiminished for yeare to come. .112 Why use genuine BMW spare par1a 7 Fair deal servicing High quality engineering Inspires conll· den<a..or lor excha.ourca. Genuine BMW parte are more 1t1an Juat a replacement detlgnad to keep ltla machine going: on the contrary. duca the risk which ltle motorcyclist Incure In today'l tramc.. you may evan an· counter dtmcultlea with your lnourara or become Involved In legal proceadlnga If your BMW Is equipped with unsuitable and no.OI8CI. parts po.- tanc. Try to have your BMW Mrvlced and repaired by an authortzecl BMW dealer or worlcahop at all timea.purpo•• • Genuine BMW parta are completely Identical with the corresponding parta on new. Since. The term 'genuine BMW parts' comprfall parts. BMW . . a high-quallly motor cycl e needs to be eervlud and maintaiMd with expert cans.are UMble to super· YiN the quality of lheee parte... You are entitled to be l\lll)lclous II you are offered -re perta from another . Ganulna BMW eec•-. You will have noticed this altar ridi ng your new BMW only a short dlll. regardleaa of Whether these parts were manufactured by BMW or obtained from an approved sub-contractor.. and ere obliged by contract with the factory to lnstell only genuine BMW spare perle on your machine. Qulllty guaro n - H o .

S lly-9eU bora 73 ee. 70 Front wheel caster 78 Fuel 15. specillcationa 7 1. Eaton pump 54 Electrk:ll circuit diagram 54 M Electrical aystem 82-13 Electrode gap 37 Engine. 83 Gear lhlfl cam 13 GenariiOr (altemGor) ee Qra-78 . 82 Di rection of rotation. 110 Acid lftel (ballertl Air dlannel 73 Chai n (tlmlngl 54 Chefnlen-54 Cholet I Cl..bles24.Index 9G Index Aceelerallon 74. 11 ..tlery dlarglng lndlutor light 7..11111 . 10 Dlodaa 70.n gl ne pn>blems 50-51 Engine lfllld. 70. C. 70. 711 Gear ahl ll 13.. 16 Frame number 711 Front b rake 1!8 Front b rake lever 7 73 Contact breaker 37. 10 Disc b"ke 30 Dflw ahalt 65 OrMng habib 17 Dual aall8..-tant depresalon 58 carburetor. 82 a. 'Z7 Brake ftuld 31 Brake light 49. 78 Fuel tank 65 Fuel tapa 8. Anal lnapactlon 40 Flaaher unit F1oal 33.-lon ratio 71 Condenaar 70. 82 Cennecllng rodl 53 Constant depreealon oarburatora 511.turt 72 Alternator 119 Battery 28. 88 Dwall 8ftgle 71 sa. 54 Englno mountings 65 Engine number posiuon 72 E.. front I 711 Center ttend I Centrifugal advance fMdlanlam 37. 10. sa.a.. 72 Englno lubrication 16.. az Fork lOck 7 Frame 85. 7 Clutdl operation 13 Clutch plate 12 Clutch tlli'owout ann 40....rburator. M Full now oU filler 21 Fu-41 Geerbox 22. engine 72 Di rectional awltdl 7.t ighteni ng torque . 12 Comp... 82 Cont act bneker gap S1 Continuous engi ne apeed 71 Contrail 7 Cooling." • 53 Cyli nder head bolla . n. 38. 13 Battery acid lftel 28 BUnker 11. a AJr eta1ner • 73 Air .. Front - 1 44.. eo Foot b rake 27. engi ne 54 Corroelon Inhibiting oil 52 Crankoaee breather 54 Cr8nklhalt 53 Cylinder bote 41 Cyli nder ' . 27 Camthalt83 C. 83 Brake linin. 72. 88 Breaker gap 37 Breaker lubrlutlng fell :rr Breaking In the motor cycle 14 Breelher54 Bulba. allele 1YJ11 58 Carden ahelt 65 C. 71 Fuel consumption 72 Fuel filler cap 7 Fuel.-.12 Clutdl. 83. 13 Blinker unit 4 Bowden cntl. co. II.lng 11 Clutch <40. dospfacement descri ption 53 Engine..a se.tter._ awhdl 7. continuous 71 maxi mum 71 ee.. 30 Brake pedal 32 Brake torque riiiCtlon ann 44 Bra.. 45 38 Cylinders 53 Dlmanalona 78 Dim.1!8 Dual Mit key 7.211-31.

04

lndalt

Hand brake lever 7 Headlight 48 Headlight adj<Jatmant 411 HMdlight b<llb 48 HMdllght flu/lar 7 High beam lndk:ator light 7, II Hom 10.83 Hom button 7 Idling ad)ualmant 34-36 Idling air pueaga 33 Idling air regulating ecr.,. 33. 35 Idling Jet 33, 58, 58, eo Idling ml~tture regulating eorew 33, 35,

Llf1fng the motor cyc:la on to the stand
14 , 65 Lights, d im end hlgll bMrn heaclfighte,

parking lght I , 10 Ught relay 86 I.Jglrt twltcll 7. g Lubricants 77, 71 Lubricating diagram 42. 43 Lubricating fell. lwMker 37 Lubricating eyllem 64 Main jet 58 Main light t wltcll 7, 10 Maker's plate 78 Maximum engine spaacl 71 Micro-star Intake ai r flltar 28, 73 Mileage recorcler 7, II Mixture cllannel 73

- geatbox22 - rear drlw 23 Oil p,_re Indicator llilht 7. 8 011 PIIIIIP 54, 72 Oil .era.~ 21 Olleurnp21
()par8llorl 7 ()pM ...ng controll 7

-1

on IYPII n

58
Idling apMd 34, 71 Ignition 37 Ignition ac1Yance38, 82 Ignition coil 70, 82 Ignition/light IWitcll 7, a Ignition key 7,11 Ignition retard 38 Ignition lill*lg 37. 38 lllllnlment c11111er 48 lndiealot llghtl 7, I. .. IS lnepaction 1._:110 lnetrumentl II, 48

Needle J•t 58, 58, eo. 73 Needle position 73
Needle roller bearing 114 Neutrallndlcal.o r light 7, II Octane rating 15 Oil additlws 15 Oil amount. angina 21. 77 - gearbox 22. 78 - ,...,. wheel drive 23, 71 - raar - 1 wi nging arm - teleecopic fork 24, 78 Oil dlange. engine 21 - dflva lhaft " -1 23 nt - gearbolt 22 - - r wtlael drlw 23 - taJaecoplc fork 24 Oil filter, engine 21 Oil filter. lull now 21 Oil level, eno•ne 15, 21 - drive shalt hou&~ng 23

Parklr1g light 7, II PerfOti!IMCe dMa 80 PilliOn IIUIIIIgef 11 Pi nking o11he engine 15 Platona 53 Piston speed, mean 71 Plug gape 37 Play In eteerlng head 25 Pr...tgnltlon 15 Pulhrocla 64 Rear light 48

Rear wheel•
Rear .,._I drl"' 23, IS Rear wheal ewlo-,glng erm 22- 23 Rear MIUIIUI9Iflllon 87

e.

Ractll*70

Jet neeII" ee, 5I. •
Key, dual - •

Journey PNP..cion 11

22. 71

Key, IQnltlon 7, II

a

Regulator (vOltage) 70, 82 Raurw (Ianiel 11, 77 Revolution counter 7, 9 Rldlngllyla 17 Rime 40. 78 Road speacl/anglne epaad diagram 81

ea.

-dual- steering look 7 Kill b<ltlon 7, 10, 12 Ucanaa plata llghll41 Uftlng Mndle •

Rocltarlll4
Running-In 14 Runout40 s.rvtcing 111, Sllock abaorberl, adjuatlng 11 - dll CJi lpllon 17

ao

"


Sidecar uM 85. 78 Side stand& Slide type corturetors 56 Spark advance 37 Spark plug gaps 37 Sparkplugo 37 Speclftcatlona 71 Speedometer 7, 9 - gear ratio 80 - light 9 Spoke tension o40 Stand, use of 14, 66 Starter 70, 82 Starter button 7, 10 Startlr lmrMrslon tube 73 Startar relay 51 . ee Starting air Jet 73 Starting deviCe 56 Starting jel73 Starting the motor cycle 12 Steering demper, hydraulic 7, 11 Steering free motion 25 Steering head 110 Steering lo<* 7 Stop light 48. 83 Storing when not In use 52 Stroke (plstono) 71 Swinging arm 87 SWinging arm beMlngo 28 Tall light 48 Tank..-11 , n Tappeto $4 Tlldlnlcal data 71 Tetesooplc fork 87 Tenalon eorew 7 Throttle butterfly 56 Throttle cable 27 Throttle ollde 56
~11138, $4

Throttle .top ICt8W 56 Throttle twlllgrlp 7, 27 Tightening torqueo 97 Timing chain $4 Timing llght38 Tlra changing <47 Tire PI'IIIUrel n Tool a Ul, ee Transmlulon 75 Travel preparations 18 Trial roo o40 Turn Indicator H ghts 49, 83 Twist grip damper ocr- 7 Two-up riding 11 Upper cylinder preoervativtl52, 71 Vacuum dlamber 56 Vacuum pla1on 68 Valvel$4 Valva clearenc• 34, 72 Voltage regulator 70, 82 Weight of motorcycle 79 Wheels 68, 78 Wheel bearing• 2!i Wheel bearing play 25 Wheel maintenance o40 Wheal removal and ln.talllng <4<4, 45, <48 Wheal spolt11 o40 Winter prec:autlone 52 Wiring dlogram 84, as

sa.

-·...--- At a glance ~
,~

Spark pluga
RIIOII-11108
1.9 {27) 2 .1 (30) 1.8 (25) 2.1 (30) on-engine Ooil {iller pipe on rigllt of steerin~d

Bose.'> VI 230 T . 0 3
R~~/6

Tire IJNUUrft atm (lblin• up 1o 80 mph) with tires cold front wheel solo with passenger rear wheel aolo with passenger

R7~16 -R9QS ~t3Q/1V3,.

S..~:h

W 200 T'3ft..,.;
.

R €1/6

t..oc;at10t1 olenglna No.
Locetlon ottrama No. Valvo clearanceo with engine cold Inlet 0.15 mm (0.006 inch) Exhaust 0.20 mm (0.006 Inch)

R 73,·:> - n ,:u1 s Ghorrp:Qrt N "/ Y

3er.::-nJ;'

1.13

A

R WFC - "'sc;;
cr:~

i"JJ!,,, N s v A ~\Q &
j"" • .. !'~~·e T~ ....

Electrode gap
~r i !Jon

lin-:b']

mm {':.ci>l

tt.• (C .Q28)

~

~~~!__ __
oil

Onll ~ ~~ _ ________RiiiOiiS,I~iii.;Jtjii;;e::=-i!liit;;:;;-----i~~~~~0~5~t~o 0.~ (0.014 to o.o;_Q 3.
R 8018, R

Breaker JXCir.t5 9~P n·.~ (~; " }

Fuel tank

(-4:8 us
24

-1811ters

Super (p:emium) i~,;>l

.,...
....
0.28 l~er (O.e us pint)
petl'ork leg
150"'~(0.9.0 cu. in) Jlt75l8. R.90/e 20;) rH (Uil In) l't-90 S

'

Rear wheel

gear oil C (41° F) SAE 80 5° C (41° F) SAE 80 Sllodc aM<>rber ollaee pago80 OOT No. 3 disc brake fluid

Brake ayitam

cu.

Breather lubricating tell I centrifugal advance m.ctlanfam .Centrifugal advance unit be,nng ahaft Wheel bearings and an other greasing-pints

~Ft1 v4iriase Boach A 1 v 26grNM
Brand-name multl-purpoee g._. .all drtp point leo" C ~·F)

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