Guided Reading Activity

Begin!
Copyright 2012 Douglas M. Uhlman

It is nonliving

It has a crystalline structure

It is a solid

It is formed in nature

It is a MINERAL!

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Copyright 2012 Douglas M. Uhlman

Copyright 2012 Douglas M. Uhlman

Is it a mineral?

• • • •

Made of: Fossilized wood resin. Produced: naturally Solid Organic, non crystal structure
Is it a mineral?

Yes!

No!

I am sorry!
• Amber is made of living material • Amber does not have a crystal structure Amber is a rock, but is not made of minerals!

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Copyright 2012 Douglas M. Uhlman

• Congratulations you are correct! • Because amber does not have a crystal structure • Because amber is made of living material Amber is a rock, but not a mineral.

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Copyright 2012 Douglas M. Uhlman

Yes! No!

Copyright 2012 Douglas M. Uhlman

Jawohl! German “Absolutely!”
Bonneville Salt Flats (Utah, USA)

• Salt has all of the properties of a mineral. • In nature it is called “halite.” • Sodium (Na) is important for muscle contraction and other body functions. • Too much sodium can cause high blood Copyright 2012 Douglas M. Uhlman pressure!

Continue…

Es tut mir leid… German “I’m sorry…”
Bonneville Salt Flats (Utah, USA)

• Salt has all of the properties of a mineral. • In nature it is called “halite.” • Sodium (Na) is important for muscle contraction and other body functions. • Too much sodium can cause high blood pressure!

Continue…

A mineral composed of only one element is called a native element.

Elements are pure substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by ordinary chemical means.

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Continue…

Sodium Chloride NaCl (Table Salt)

Compounds are substances made of two or more elements that have been chemically joined.

Water is a native element
(Page 5 paragraph 2)

Water is a mineral.
(page 4 paragraph 1)

Water is a compound.
(Page 5 paragraph 2)

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Continue…

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The video above does not show a mineral because the crystals did not form in nature.

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Silicate minerals make up more than 90% of the Earth’s crust. They are made up mainly of Silicon and oxygen. Nonsilicate minerals are made of other elements such as carbon, oxygen, fluorine, and sulfur. Calcite, Galena Elmwood mine, Carthage, Central Tennessee , Smith County, Tennessee, USA

Quartz from Tibet

• You have began to explore the world of rocks and minerals. • If you have questions remember to ask your teacher!

Acknowledgements
• • • • • • • • • http://www.flickr.com/photos/ilmungo/63965433/sizes/o/in/photostream/ obtained 1/31/2012 http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/outdoor-learning/resources/keep-texas-wild/awesome-ants/images/amber_ant.jpg obtained 1/31/2012 http://www.flickr.com/photos/fakhir/1478942367/sizes/o/in/photostream/ obtained 1/31/2012 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ilmungo/203992629/sizes/o/in/photostream/ obtained 1/31/2012 http://www.flickr.com/photos/rappensuncle/431362537/sizes/o/in/photostream/ obtained 2/10/2012 http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=1y3bKIOkcmk obtained 2/10/2012 http://www.flickr.com/photos/cobalt/579398597/sizes/l/in/photostream/ obtained 2/10/2012 JJ Harrison (http://www.noodlesnacks.com/) Obtained 2/13/12 Rob Lavinsky, iRocks.com – CC-BY-SA-3.0 Galena Mineral Photo Obtained 2/13/12

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