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Lecture Notes

1/13/2012 12:07:00 AM

Moral standard & society o One ought to tell the truth morality does not = law y do you equate morality as obeying the law? Humans have free will Ethical Relativism there are no universal moral standards y in ethics, the belief that nothing is objective right or wrong and that the definition of right or wrong depends on the prevailing view of particular individual, culture. Or historical period. o Different culture have different practices o Different cultures differ w/ regrets wrong actions o There are not universal moral standards ethical relativism there are no universal moral standards y cant criticize practices of other cultures y cant criticize practices of your own culture y cant account for moral pro responsibility often view as y accountability for past actions praise/blame y accountability for welfare of others based on socially define role o example: raising children/family relationship y capability to make rational moral decision o adults o children are learning this conduct based what should I do? character based what kind of person should I be? virtue based ethics y after virtue philosophy reading consequences: y conduct: o consequential list  utilitarianism: one ought to act to maximize social  Human happiness Pleasure hedonic calculus o Non-consequential list o Character:  Better to be a dissatisfied person than a satisfied pig

 Better to be a dissatisfied Socrates than a satisfied fool o Greatest good for the greatest number o Rule utilitarianism  An act is right if it follows a moral rule  A moral rule is one which produces greater social utility than an other rule

Friday January 13, 2012

Research Paper Due Wednesday January 18th, 2012 1. Keep the class awake 2. impart something about prof./bus. Ethics as it arises in the context of your case. Advertising Assignment Due Tuesday January 17th, 2012

Quiz 1 Study Guide

Quiz 1 Study Guide 1. Characteristics of moral standards

1/13/2012 12:07:00 AM

Moral standards: norms about actions that seem to be morally right, as well as values placed on objects believed to be morally good or bad. y Non-moral standards: standards which we judge good or bad and right or wrong in non-moral way. (the law) y 1) involved w/ serious injuries or benefits y 2) not established by law or legislature y 3) should be preferred to other values including self-interest y 4) based on impartial considerations y 5) associated with special emotions & vocabulary 2. Personal versus corporate responsibility y Personal responsibility is the obligation to your self and family. Also the person to blame. o Person morally responsible for injury or a wrong if:  Person caused or helped cause it; or failed to prevent it when he could and should have  Person did so knowing what he or she was doing  Person did so of his own free will 3. Ethical relativism and its problems y Objections to theory of ethical relativism o Some more standards are found in all societies o Moral differences do not logically imply relativism o Relativism is incoherent o Relativism privileges the current moral standards of a society y Ethical relativism; there are no ethical standards that are absolutely true and that apply or should be applied to the companies and people of all societies 4. Utilitarianism y Basic tenents y Act and rule of utilitarianism y

Advertising Project

1/13/2012 12:07:00 AM