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Gauged N = 2 Supergravity from Type II Compactied on Calabi-Yau 3-Fold

with Background Fluxes

Bobby E. Gunara

1)

, Freddy P. Zen

1)

, and Arianto

1,2)

1)

Theoretical High Energy Physics Lab, Department of Physics,

Institute of Technology Bandung

Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, INDONESIA

2)

Department of Physics, Udayana University

Jl. Kampus Bukit Jimbaran Denpasar 80361, Indonesia.

Email: bobby@.itb.ac.id

Abstract

We address some geometrical aspects of a special class of four dimensional N = 2 supergravity theory obtained

from Calabi-Yau compactication of the Type II supergravities with background Ramond-Ramond (RR) uxes.

In particular, several properties of the vector multiplet and hypermultiplet scalar manifolds determined by Calabi-

Yau geometry and its deformation are considered. Moreover, aspects of background magnetic and electric uxes

on Calabi-Yau 3-fold which imply that the scalar manifolds have to be gauged with respect to their isometries

related to the uxes. We nally investigate the arising scalar potential and their vacua.

Keywords: Supergravity, String Theory, Calabi-Yau Manifold

1. Introduction

Mathemathical interests in type II supergrav-

ity (string theory) are driven mainly due to the fol-

lowing developments over a decade. Firstly, the non-

chiral type of the type II, called type IIA, provides an

argument which leads to the existence of a mysteri-

ous eleven dimensional supersymmetric theory called

M theory. Until now its non-perturbative formula-

tion still not yet been found (for a review see for

example in

1)

). Secondly the Calabi-Yau compacti-

cations of the type II exhibit a duality called mirror

symmetry which has found far reaching applications

in mathematics. It has been noticed that in many

cases the compactication of type IIA theory on a

Calabi-Yau manifold leads to exactly the same eec-

tive theory as the compactication of type IIB the-

ory on a topologically dierent manifold, the mirror

Calabi-Yau

2)

.

Our interest in this paper is related to the lat-

ter development, namely the compactication of the

type IIA and type IIB superstring theory on three di-

mensional complex Calabi-Yau manifold (or Calabi-

Yau 3-fold) with turning on Ramond-Ramond (RR)

uxes. This further implies that the eective four

dimensional theory is a subclass of the most gen-

eral (gauged) N = 2 supergravity in four dimensions

in which the gauging is with respect to an isome-

try of hypermultiplet scalar manifold

3, 4)

. Moreover,

it shows that the mirror symmetry still holds when

the background RR uxes are turned on.

The organization of this paper is as follows.

In Section 2 we introduce the type IIA and the type

IIB theories. Then some geometrical properties of

Calabi-Yau manifold are discussed in Section 3. The

compactication of the type IIA and the type IIB

with background uxes we put in Section 4. In Sec-

tion 5 we carry out some computation to rewrite the

results in section 4 in the standard supergravity form

with discussion about mirror symmetry and vacua of

the arising scalar potential. Finally, section 6 is de-

voted to our conclusions and future works.

2. Type II String Theories

Let us rst consider the nonchiral type II

string theory, called the Type IIA string theory, since

the gravitinos in this theory have opposite chiral-

ities. The massless bosonic spectrum consists of

graviton g

MN

, 2-form

B

2

, dilaton

and odd-form

elds

A

1

dan

C

3

. The rst three elds come from the

Neveu-Schwarz-Neveu-Schwarz (NS-NS) sector while

the rest are from the Ramond-Ramond (RR) sector.

We collect them as follows

1, 5)

:

NS-NS : g

MN

,

B

2

,

,

R-R :

A

1

,

C

3

. (1)

Bosonic part of the (massive) type IIA supergravity

99

100 IJP Vol.15 No.4, 2004

action is given by

5)

S

10

=

_

e

2

1

2

R 1 + 2d

1

4

H

3

H

3

1

2

_

F

2

F

2

+

F

4

F

4

_

+ L

top

_

, (2)

with the eld strengths are dened as

F

2

= d

A

1

+m

B

2

,

H

3

= d

B

2

,

F

4

= d

C

3

B

2

d

A

1

m

2

(

B

2

)

2

, (3)

and the topological part is

L

top

=

1

2

_

B

2

d

C

3

d

C

3

_

B

2

_

2

d

C

3

d

A

1

+

1

3

_

B

2

_

3

d

A

1

d

A

1

(4)

m

3

_

B

2

_

3

d

C

3

+

m

4

_

B

2

_

4

d

A

1

+

m

2

20

_

B

2

_

5

_

,

where the constant parameter m is related to a ten

dimensional cosmological constant.

Now we turn our attention to the chiral Type

II string theory, called the IIB string theory, in which

the gravitinos have the same chiralities. The ingredi-

ent of the type IIB string theory in the NS-NS sector

is identical with the type IIA string but in the R-R

sector we have a collection of even-form elds l,

C

2

and

A

4

. The complete bosonic sector of the type IIB

string can be rewritten as

NS-NS : g

MN

,

B

2

,

,

R-R : l,

C

2

,

A

4

. (5)

Note that although at the level of the equation

of motion the eld equations the eld strength

F

5

of

the gauge eld

A

4

is self dual which follows that the

kinetic term

F

5

F

5

vanishes identically, one can

still write a covariant action of the type IIB string.

This can be written down as

5)

S

10

=

_

e

2

1

2

R 1 + 2d

1

4

H

3

H

3

_

1

2

_

dl dl +

F

3

F

3

+

1

2

F

5

F

5

_

1

2

A

4

H

3

d

C

2

, (6)

where the eld strengths are dened as

H

3

= d

B

2

,

F

3

= d

C

2

l d

B

2

,

F

5

= d

A

4

1

2

C

2

d

B

2

+

1

2

B

2

d

C

2

. (7)

3. Calabi Yau Manifold

A Calabi-Yau manifold is a Kahler manifold

with the vanishing rst Chern class c

1

= 0. This

implies that the holonomy of a Calabi-Yau manifold

should be in SU(n). In particular our interest is

a three dimensional complex Calabi-Yau manifold

with SU(3) holonomy called Calabi-Yau 3-fold

2)

.

This manifold is characterized by the Hodge number

which is the complex dimensions of its Dolbeault

cohomology group written as h

(p,q)

and related

to each other. For example, h

(3p,0)

= h

(3p,0)

,

h

(p,q)

= h

(q,p)

. Beside that for all complex manifold

we have h

(0,0)

= 1 which corresponds to a space of

constant function. For Calabi-Yau manifold with

exact SU(3) holonomy and not its proper subgroup,

it can be shown that h

(1,0)

= h

(0,1)

= 0.

All of the Hodge numbers from Calabi-Yau

manifold can be collected in a diamond called Hodge

diamond. Since we are interested in Calabi-Yau

3-fold the Hodge diamond are

1

0 0

0 h

1,1

0

1 h

2,1

h

1,2

1

0 h

1,1

0

0 0

1

with Euler Characteristic = 2(h

1,1

h

2,1

). This

Hodge diamond is vertically symmetric because of

complex conjugation, and horizontally symmetric be-

cause of Poincare duality. The nontrivial parts are

h

1,1

and h

2,1

.

Now we can discuss the relation between basis

of the Dolbeault cohomology group and the Hodge

diamond. In the case at hand the Dolbeault coho-

mology group is isomorphic to the space of harmonic

forms. This means that one suciently considers the

space of harmonic forms. For H

1,1

(Y ) the basis are

the (1,1)-harmonic forms

i

, i = 1, . . . , h

(1,1)

which is

dual to (2,2)-harmonic forms

i

that span H

2,2

(Y ).

Both satisfy the normalisation condition

_

Y3

i

j

=

j

i

. (8)

Basis of H

3

(Y ) are (

A

,

A

) with A = (0, a) =

0, .., h

2,1

which is normalized as

_

Y

A

B

=

B

A

=

_

Y

B

A

,

_

Y

A

B

=

_

Y

A

B

= 0. (9)

where A, B = 0, . . . , h

2,1

.

Compactications on Calabi-Yau 3-fold Y

IJP Vol.15 No.4, 2004 101

means that 10 dimensional spacetime can be split

into direct product M

10

= R

1,3

Y with R

1,3

is the

four dimensional Minkowski spacetime. Formally we

can write the metric as

g

MN

=

_

0

0 g

0

mn

_

, (10)

with

= diag(1, 1, 1, 1) and g

0

mn

is the metric of

Calabi-Yau manifold. Because of its Ricci atness,

this congurations satises the Einstein equation au-

tomatically if other elds are zero. To nd graviton

in four dimensions, we have to deform the metric of

M

10

in four dimensional direction of G

.

Moreover, decomposition of 10 dimensional

metric into 4 dimensional spacetime metric, g

, and

Calabi-Yau metric g

mn

causing Ricci scalar in 10 di-

mensions can be written as

R

10

= R

4

+g

R

m

m

+g

mn

(R

mn

+R

p

mpn

). (11)

The Calabi-Yau metric g

mn

is expanded around

background metric g

0

mn

by a small deformation g

mn

,

g

mn

= g

0

mn

+g

mn

. (12)

This deformation must satisfy the vacuum Einstein

equation

R

mn

(g +g) = 0. (13)

First order expansions of g results an equation

known as Lichnerowicz equation

p

g

mn

+ 2R

mpnq

g

pq

= 0, (14)

where g

pq

= g

mp

g

nq

g

mn

. Since the Riemannian

tensor of Kahler manifold has simple structure (only

R

nd that variation of the (2,0) metric g

and (1,1)

metric g

are

g

= z

a

(

a

)

,

g

= v

i

(

i

)

. (15)

where is holomorphic (3,0) form,

a

are (1,2)

harmonic form. From Calabi-Yau point of view z

a

and v

i

constant, but from four dimensional point of

view they are scalar elds.

4. RR Fluxes on Calabi-Yau 3-Fold

4.1. Type IIA on Calabi-Yau 3-fold with

RR Fluxes

So far we have discussed how to achieve the

graviton g

a

, v

i

from g

MN

.

Now we turn to consider other elds in the specic

model, namely the (massive) type IIA string with

background RR uxes. These elds are (

A

1

,

B

2

,

C

3

).

Since we are only interested in the low energy ef-

fective theory, thus the massive Kaluza-Klein (KK)

elds have to be integrated out.

The rst step is to expand the 10 dimensional

RR elds (

A

1

,

B

2

,

C

3

) on Calabi-Yau harmonic form

we obtain

A

1

= A

0

,

B

2

= B

2

+b

i

i

,

C

3

= C

3

+A

i

i

+

A

A

A

A

, (16)

where C

3

is 3-form,B

2

is 2-form, (A

0

, A

i

) are 1-form

and b

i

,

A

and

A

are scalar elds in four dimen-

sions. The Kahler moduli v

i

and scalar b

i

are com-

bined into a complex scalar eld t

i

= b

i

+ iv

i

and

together with 1-form A

i

belong to h

(1,1)

vector mul-

tiplets. The complex structure deformation z

a

and

the scalar

i

,

i

are members of h

2,1

hypermultiplets,

while

0

,

0

together with dilaton and B

2

form the

tensor multiplet. A

0

is a graviphoton, together with

g

multiplet.

Then the RR uxes come from the fact that

the eld strengths d

A

1

and d

C

3

are shifted according

to

5)

d

A

1

d

A

1

m

i

i

, d

C

3

d

C

3

+e

i

i

, (17)

where (e

i

, m

i

) are the ux parameters and

i

. As

these uxes and the elds expansion (16) enter in the

compactication the eld strengths (3) are replaced

with

F

2

= d

A

1

+m

B

2

(m

i

mb

i

)

i

,

H

3

= d

B

2

+db

i

i

, (18)

F

4

= d

C

3

B

2

d

A

1

m

2

(

B

2

)

2

+(dA

i

dA

0

b

i

+m

i

B

2

mB

2

b

i

)

i

+d

A

A

d

A

A

+e

i

i

(b

i

m

j

1

2

mb

i

b

j

)K

ijk

k

,

where K

ijk

denotes the triple intersection number on

Calabi-Yau 3-fold Y

3

K

ijk

=

_

Y3

i

j

k

. (19)

Inserting together (16) and (18) into the (massive)

type IIA action (2) after a tedious computation we

102 IJP Vol.15 No.4, 2004

nally arrive at the following form

5)

S

IIA/Y3

=

_

e

2

_

1

2

R 1

1

4

H

3

H

3

g

i

j

dt

i

d

j

+ d d + g

a

b

dz

a

d z

b

_

(ImM

1

)

AB

_

d Md

A

_

d Md

B

+

1

2

ImN

IJ

F

I

F

J

+

1

2

ReN

IJ

F

I

F

J

+

1

2

H

3

(

A

d

A

A

d

A

) B

2

J

2

(20)

1

2

M

2

B

2

B

2

1

2

M

2

T

B

2

B

2

V ,

where I = 0, .., h

(1,1)

and the matrix N

IJ

is given by

ReN

00

=

1

3

K

ijk

b

i

b

j

b

k

ImN

00

= K + (K

ij

1

4

K

i

K

j

K

)b

i

b

j

,

ReN

i0

=

1

2

K

ijk

b

j

b

k

ImN

i0

= (K

ij

1

4

K

i

K

j

K

)b

j

,

ReN

ij

= K

ijk

b

k

ImN

ij

= (K

ij

1

4

K

i

K

j

K

), (21)

with K is the Calabi-Yau volume. On the other

hand A = 0, ..., h

(2,1)

and M

AB

is dened by the

following relations

_

Y3

A

B

=

_

(ImM)

+(ReM)(ImM)

1

(ReM)

AB

,

_

Y3

A

B

=

_

(ImM)

1

AB

, (22)

_

Y3

A

B

=

_

(ReM)(ImM)

1

B

A

.

Both M

AB

and N

IJ

are the standard gauge cou-

plings in four dimensional N = 2 supergravity. g

a

b

is the metric of complex structure moduli space de-

noted by

g

a

b

=

a

b

K, (23)

where K is the Kahler potential given by

K = ln i(

Z

A

G

A

Z

A

G

A

), (24)

Z

A

(1, z

a

), (25)

G

A

G

Z

A

. (26)

where G(Z) is a prepotential of degree two.

The eects of turning RR uxes can be seen

from the arising of new couplings of the NS 2-form

B

2

and the quantities J

2

, M

2

, M

2

T

are found to be

J

2

= e

I

F

I

m

I

G

I

,

M

2

= m

I

ImN

IJ

m

J

, (27)

M

2

T

= m

I

N

IJ

m

J

+e

I

m

I

, (28)

where we have introduced the magnetic duals of

F

I

dA

I

by

G

I

= ImN

IJ

F

J

+ ReN

IJ

F

J

. (29)

Finally the scalar potential in the string frame has

the form

V =

1

2

(e

I

N

IL

m

L

)(ImN)

1IJ

(e

J

N

JK

m

K

)

(30)

4.2. Type IIB on Calabi-Yau 3-fold with

RR Fluxes

Now let us turning our attention to discuss the

type IIB case. Similar as before our starting point is

to expand the 10 dimensional RR elds in the Calabi

Yau harmonic form we have

B

2

= B

2

+b

i

i

,

C

2

= C

2

+c

i

i

,

A

4

= D

i

2

i

+V

A

A

U

B

B

+

i

i

. (31)

Self duality condition of

F

5

tell us that only half of

the degree of freedom of

A

4

are physical. From the 4

dimensional point of view this condition imply that

the 4 dimensional elds obtained from the expan-

sion, each has a Poincare dual. For example, 2-form

D

i

2

are duals of the scalar

i

, while the vector elds

(V

A

, U

A

) are related by electric and magnetic dual-

ity. Thus it is equivalent to keep either of the dual

elds. We will choose the scalar

i

, i = 1, . . . , h(1, 1)

and the vector V

A

, A = 0, . . . , h

(2,1)

as the physi-

cal elds. Taking into account the Calabi-Yau mod-

uli, we nd that the spectrum consists of gravita-

tional multiplets with bosonic component (g

, V

0

)

and double-tensor multiplet (B

2

, C

2

, , l), and h

(1,1)

hyper-multiplets (

i

, v

i

, b

i

, c

i

) and h

(2,1)

vector mul-

tiplets (V

a

, z

a

).

Furthermore self duality condition cannot be

obtained from the action, but it must be imposed

as a separate constraint, in order to obtain the cor-

rect equation of motion. We have to make sure that

the expansions of

F

5

satisfy

F

5

=

F

5

. This condi-

tion splits in the following two constraint for the 4

dimensional elds

G

A

= (ImM)

AB

F

B

+ (ReM)

AB

F

B

d

i

ijk

db

i

c

k

= 4g

ij

_

dD

j

2

db

j

C

2

dc

j

B

2

_

, (32)

IJP Vol.15 No.4, 2004 103

where

F

A

= dV

A

, G

A

= dU

A

. (33)

Before RR uxes are turned on let us rst per-

form the eld redenition A

4

A

4

+

1

2

B

2

C

2

which

aects that the eld C

2

appears in the action only

dC

2

. The form of the action (6) is not modied, but

now the eld strengths have a dierent form

H

3

= d

B

2

,

F

3

= d

C

2

ld

B

2

,

F

5

= d

A

4

+

B

2

d

C

2

. (34)

Turning on RR uxes is equivalent to shift the

eld strength of C

2

according to

5)

d

C

2

d

C

2

+m

A

A

e

A

A

, (35)

where (e

A

, m

A

) are the constant background uxes.

This implies that the expansion of the eld strengths

F

3

and

F

5

in the Calabi-Yau harmonic forms now

becomes

F

3

= dC

2

lH

3

+ (dc

i

ldb

i

)

i

m

A

A

e

A

A

,

F

5

= (dD

i

2

+b

i

dC

2

+B

2

dc

i

)

i

+

F

A

A

+

G

A

A

(d

i

+b

j

dc

k

K

ijk

)

i

, (36)

where we used the denitions

F

A

= F

A

+m

A

B

2

,

G

A

= G

A

+e

A

B

2

. (37)

As mentioned before one has to impose the self-

duality condition on

F

5

in order to get the correct dy-

namic in four dimensions. Imposing the self-duality

condition on the second equation in (36) one obtains

G

A

= (ImM)

AB

F

B

+ (ReM)

AB

F

B

, (38)

while the other self-duality condition involving D

i

and

i

is not modied. Now inserting (7) and the

above self-duality condition we nally obtain

5)

S

IIB/

Y3

=

_

e

2

_

1

2

R 1 + 2d d

1

4

H

3

H

3

g

ab

dz

a

d z g

ij

dt

i

d

t

j

_

+

1

2

Im(N

1

)

IJ

_

d Nd

I

_

d Nd

J

+

1

2

H

3

(

A

d

A

A

d

A

) (39)

+

1

2

ImM

AB

F

A

F

B

+

1

2

ReM

AB

F

A

F

B

1

2

B

2

(

F

A

+dV

A

)e

A

V

,

where we have used the elds redenition

0

= l ,

i

= lb

i

c

i

,

i

= 2

i

l

2

ijk

b

j

b

k

+

ijk

b

j

c

k

,

0

= h

1

+

l

6

ijk

b

i

b

j

b

k

1

2

ijk

b

i

b

j

c

k

, (40)

The string frame scalar potential V

is found to be

V

=

1

2

(e

A

M

AC

m

C

)(ImN)

1AB

(e

B

N

BD

m

D

) .

(41)

5. Relation to Gauged N = 2 Supergravity

5.1. The Standard Supergravity Form

To make a contact with four dimensional N =

2 supergravity, one has to rescale the actions (20) and

(39). This means that both theories are in Einstein

frame. Here we just look at the type IIA on Calabi-

Yau with uxes described by (20). As we shall dis-

cuss in the next subsection that these theories are

equivalent since they are related by mirror symme-

try.

Let us rst mention that it is a remarkable

fact of (20) is that it is inert under the following

Stuckelberg transformation

B

2

= d , C

3

= dA

0

, A

I

= m

I

. (42)

To dualize the two forms B

2

we have to introduce the

notation in terms of electric and magnetic potentials

A

I

and

A

I

5)

F

I

= dA

I

+m

I

B

2

,

G

I

= (ImN)

IJ

F

J

+ (ReN)

IJ

F

J

,

= d

A

I

+e

I

B

2

. (43)

The above denitions of

F

I

and

G

I

are guaranteed

by the transformation (42) and the equation of mo-

tion for A

I

. Now the equation of motion for B

2

sug-

gest that we can introduce a scalar eld such that

e

2

dB

2

= Da da 2m

I

A

I

+ 2e

I

A

I

. (44)

Finally the action ((20)) can be written down in the

standard supergravity form as follows

35)

S

IIA/Y3

=

_ _

1

2

R 1 g

ij

dt

i

d

t

j

h

uv

Dq

u

Dq

v

+

1

2

ImN

IJ

F

I

F

J

+

1

2

ReN

IJ

F

I

F

J

V

E

_

, (45)

104 IJP Vol.15 No.4, 2004

where

h

uv

Dq

u

Dq

v

= d d +g

a

b

dz

a

d z

b

+

e

4

4

_

Da ( d d )

_

Da ( d d )

e

2

2

(ImM

1

)

AB

_

d Md

A

_

d Md

B

.

(46)

The scalar potential V

E

can be written in the stan-

dard form as

V

E

=

1

2

(P

x

I

N

IL

P

xL

)(ImN)

1IJ

(P

x

J

N

JK

P

xK

),

(47)

where the triplet of electric and magnetic prepoten-

tial P

x

I

and P

x

I

are given by

P

3

I

= e

2

e

I

,

P

3I

= e

2

m

I

,

P

1

I

= P

2

I

=

P

1I

=

P

2I

= 0 . (48)

5.2. Mirror Symmetry and Vacua of the

Scalar Potential

As we mentioned in the previous subsection,

between the type IIA and the type IIB on Calabi-Yau

3-fold there exists a relation called mirror symmetry.

This means that if we are dealing with dynamics of

the type IIA on Calabi-Yau 3-fold, then on the other

hand we simply know about dynamics of the type IIA

on another Calabi-Yau 3-fold. In other words, the

mirror symmetry states that the type IIA on Calabi-

Yau 3-fold Y

3

is equivalent to the type IIB on dual

Calabi-Yau 3-fold

Y

3

. This mirror symmetry can be

seen via the following identication

z

a

t

i

,

N

IJ

M

AB

,

g

a

b

g

i

j

. (49)

This shows the existence of a mirror symmetry which

exchanges the moduli spaces of the type IIA with the

type IIB.

Using the above identication one can write,

for example, the scalar potential for the type IIB V

E

as follows

V

E

=

1

2

(P

x

A

M

AC

P

xC

)(ImM)

1AB

(P

x

B

M

BD

P

xD

),

(50)

where we also interchanged the electric and magnetic

charges

e

I

e

A

, m

I

m

A

. (51)

Finally we end this section by discussing the

possible supersymmetric vacua of the potential (50).

Let us rst consider the vacua which preserve full

N = 2 supersymmetry. As mentioned in sec-

tion 2, the only possible vacua are four dimensional

Minkowskian, that have zero cosmological constant

which correspond to the vanishing electric and mag-

netic uxes.

Another possibilities are BPS domain walls

which preserve half of supersymmetry in three di-

mensions. These solutions are nontrivial realization

of spontaneous N = 2 N = 1 supersymmetry

breaking studied in

4)

.

6. Conclusion

In this paper we have discussed several aspects

of the four dimensional gauged N = 2 supergravity

coming from ten dimensional type II supergravity

compactied on Calabi-Yau 3-fold with RR-uxes.

Moreover, the scalar potential was written down in

the standard supergravity form.

It has also been shown that the mirror sym-

metry between type IIA and type IIB on Calabi-Yau

still exists in the presence of RR uxes. However, it

is still unclear the relation between mirror symmetry

and bifurcation of BPS domain walls in these theo-

ries. This problem is our future work which will be

discussed in

6)

.

Acknowledgements

One of the authors, B.E.G would like to thank

Jan Louis, Andrei Micu, Thomas Mohaupt, and

Marco Zagermann for useful discussions.

References

1. B. de Wit and J. Louis, Supersymmetries

and Dualities in Various Dimensions, hep-

th/9801132;

Polchinski, J.,String Theory Vol II, Cam-

bridge: Cambridge University Press (1998);

M. B. Green, J. H. Schwarz, and E. Witten, Su-

perstring Theory Vol I, Cambridge University

Press (1987);

F.P. Zen, B.E. Gunara, Arianto, M Theory

Compactied on G

2

Manifolds with Background

Fluxes, to be published in Indo. Jour. Phys.

(2005).

2. S. T. Yau (ed.),Essays on Mirror Manifolds,

International Press (1992);

S. Hosono, A. Klemm, and S. Theisen, Lectures

on Mirror Symmetry, hep-th/9403096.

3. L. Andrianopoli, M. Bertolini, A. Ceresole, R.

DAuria, S. Ferrara, P. Fre, and T. Magri, N=2

Supergravity and N=2 Super Yang-Mills Theory

IJP Vol.15 No.4, 2004 105

on General Scalar Manifolds: Symplectic Covari-

nace, Gaugings and the Momentum Map, J.

Geom. Phys. 23 (1997) 111, hep-th/9605032.

4. B.E. Gunara, Spontaneous N = 2 N = 1

Supersymmetry Breaking and the Super-Higgs

Eect in Supergravity, Doctoral Dissertation

(2003), Cuvellier-Verlag.

5. J. Louis and A. Micu, Type II Theories Com-

pactied on Calabi-Yau Three-Folds in the Pres-

ence of Background Fluxes, Nucl. Phys. B635

(2002) 395, hep-th/0202168.

6. B. E. Gunara and F. P. Zen, Bifurcation of BPS

Domain Walls from N = 2 Supergravity with

Mirror Symmetry, work in progress.

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