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Chapter 2 The Gaseous State 2.1 The Gas Laws 1.

Boyle’s Law states that at constant ……………………,the volume of a mixed mass of an ideal gas is ………………proportional to its pressure. Mathematical expressions of the law includes…………………..and…………………. 2. Sketch the graphs for the following conditions at which Boyle’s Law is concerned.

pV against pressure

pressure against volume

pressure against 1/volume

3. Real gases obey Boyle’s Law only at ……..pressure and …………temperature. 4. Charles’ Law states that, at constant………………, the volume of a fixed mass of an ideal gas is …………………proportional to its absolute temperature. 5. The mathematical expressions of the law include………………….and……………… 6. The temperature known as absolute zero is ………..on a Celcius scale and ………..on a Kelvin scale. 7. Avogadro’s Law states that equal volume of all gases at the same ………….and ……. Contain equal number of atoms or molecules. 8. The molar volume of any gas at standard temperature and pressure is ………… while the conditions for s.t.p. are ……….(temperature)and …………(pressure). 2.2 Ideal Gas Equation 1. The general gas law has an equation……………….. 2. The ideal gas equation is …………………….where R has the value of ……………or ……………… 2.3 Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures 1. Dalton’s Law states that the total pressure of a mixture of ideal gases that do not react is the …………………………………………………………. 2. Mole fraction has the formula…………………….. 3. The partial pressure of a gas can be calculated if the total pressure of the gaseous mixture and the mole fraction are known. The partial pressure is the product of ……………………and ……………………. 2.4 The Kinetic Theory of Gases 1. The kinetic theory of gases explains the physical properties of gases.

to be less than RT and shows ………….deviation . The extent of deviation from ideal behaviour depends on………………. There is no loss of ………………. the ………………..in between them.to the absolute temperature.are still moving around the nucleus although the molecules have stopped moving. 3. at this temperature. ……………………….2.. 2. 4.it from the wall. Sketch the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve for two different temperatures..are perfectly elastic. And the presence of polar molecules.motion..and its peak is ……………… This indicates that at higher temperature. ………………………………do not exist between them mentions that gas particles therefore travel in ……………………and is not influenced by other particles. They are extremely compressible as there is a lot of …………….. The area under the curve is derectly proportional to the ………………………… 9. They collide with one another and with the ……………………………..5 Deviation from Ideal Behaviour 1. The average kinetic energy of the gas molecules is ………………………….. 8. An ideal gas has molecules that occpy negligible ………………. 2. The ……………………. the inward attaraction ……………the force exerted by the impact. The particles are separated at a great distance. 10. The molecules are in continuous ………….. The pressure of a gas is caused by the …………………of gas particles on the sides of a container. When a molecule collides with the wall. 6. the curve shifts to the …………. As the temperature rises. As a result. A molecule close to the wall has forces of attraction on one side only and that results in a resultant force tending to ……………. 5.will increase.of the container and there are no forces of ……………… between…………. the actual pressure exerted on the wall is ……………than that expected.to create pressure. Absolute zero is the temperature at which all the motions of a molecule stops. One of the five assumptions that make up the theory is gas consists of tiny particles that have …………………volume. 7. However. This caused the value of …………….compared with the ………. 3. the number of gas molecules with ………………….

This makes the value of pV to be ………. .than RT..4. The volume availabeld for he molecules is always ………….than the observed volume because the molecules occupy …………….