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There are three types of verbs, the helping verbs, action verbs and non-action verbs (feeling

verbs, mind verbs and belonging verbs). The following is the summary of all the verbs Helping verbs Is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, can, could, will, would, Action verbs Using your mouth: speak, said, talk, persuade Using your hand: complete, wave Using your body: twist, struggle Using your leg: run, go, Using your ear: listen, hear, Using your eyes: look, see Non-action verbs Know, understand, remember, enable, think Love, hate, prefer, enjoy, See, hear, smell Seem, appear, consider, satisfy, strengthen Belong, succeed

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

VERBS Read these sentences on the blackboard. 1. I understand now. 2. Bala prefers the colour blue. 3. Tina smells smoke. 4. Please consider my request.

What are the verbs in the sentences? They are understand , prefers , smells , and consider . Do they refer to actions? No, they don t. They refer to states. They are known as Stative Verbs. Stative verbs refer to states, not actions.

Here are some examples of Stative Verbs. Type Thinking Feelings/ Emotions Five senses Perception Possession Underline the stative verbs 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Stative Verbs Know, understand, remember, enable, think Love, hate, prefer, enjoy, See, hear, smell Seem, appear, consider, satisfy, strengthen, Belong, succeed,

I can see the blackboard from here. Do you know what he is talking about? Jenny could smell the cake her mother was baking. I hate vegetables. Please don t give me any This book belongs to Gopal

He could not sleep soundly if at least one piece of apple or orange didn t reach his lips. 4. He like to sees it. 1. 3. These fruits ________ripe.Fill in the blanks with stative verbs. Baker loves fruit. 2. 1. As far as I can remembered. But he know deep in his heart. . A story about a young man was murdered at the middle of the night. smelling it and touching it. Can you _________the teacher? Do you ________what happened when you were five years old? Do these clothes ____to you? Do you _____the red shirt or the blue one? Underline and Correct the stative verbs. It seems like his affinity for fruit had become an obsession. a secret was hidden beneath. 5. People even consider him the ultimate fruit eater.

Read what Nellie is saying.The Helping Verbs To be . They have a brown dog when they were young. Mother do the gardening once a week. did and does You can use do . 1. Underline the helping verbs and correct the mistakes. 1. The boys playing soccer yesterday. is . to do Read these sentences in the box. Paul. Minnie do not like housework. What are the helping verbs? The helping verbs are Do . I did. were. Do you know what the verbs are? They are have . was. are. They are running. has and had . she does. 11. 2. Was and were . She is walking to the car yesterday. They were out 2. To make the answers negative. has his dinner at seven. Yes. We have lunch together every afternoon. . I have my dinner at eight o clock every evening. A: Do you like chocolates?Did you buy some? Does your sister like chocolates? B: Yes. 3. 6. did and does to form questions. 4. They are good children and always keep their rooms clean. to have . 1. 9. They are forms of the helping verbs to be . have. are . They are forms of the helping verbs to have They can mean possess or eat Is. He was home What are the verbs? They are am . Saly watch television now. am. Sally is leaving. 4. 1. my best friend. Look at the dialogue. Billing talking on the phone a while ago. I am thirsty. Did you went out yesterday? 10. My aunt had her dinner at six o clock yesterday. 8. 7. has. 5. He have a small red car that he loves. had are forms of the helping verbs. you add the word not .

etc. animal. Thunder boomed in the distance.m. Because of the spoiled mayonnaise. look at every word in the sentence and ask yourself. therefore. occurrence ("to decompose" (itself). my poodle constantly pants and drools. Booming is something that thunder can do. Can you pant? Bingo! Sure you can! Run five miles and you'll be panting. for example: During the summer. Vomiting is something that Ricky can do--although he might not enjoy it. In other words. mood and voice. "stand"). Ricky vomited potato salad all day. because they are summering? Can you my? What does a person do when she's mying? Can you poodle? Show me what poodling is. aspect. Ringing is something that the telephone can do. sending my poor dog scrambling under the bed. The telephone rang with shrill annoying cries. Can you during? Is during something you can do? Can you the? Is there someone theing outside the building right now? Can yousummer? Do your obnoxious neighbors keep you up until 2 a. Depending on the language. or a state of being ("exist". gender. or thing can do. Know an action verb when you see one. "to glitter"). and/or number of some of its arguments (what we usually call subject.ACTION VERBS The action verb is the word or words that expresses action or says something about the condition of the subject. an action verb is a part of speech that usually denotes action ("bring". "read"). "live". If you are unsure whether a sentence contains an action verb or not. All the verbs on these 2 lines have been italicized. As a result.). "Is this something that a person or thing can do?" Take this sentence. words like these are called action verbs. force of nature. object. a verb may vary in form according to many factors. . "soak". It may also agree with the person. possibly including its tense. there are two action verbs: pant and drool. In the sentence above. Dance! Sing! Paint! Giggle! Chew! What are these words doing? They are expressing action. Look at the examples below: Clyde sneezes with the force of a tornado. Sylvia always winks at cute guys driving hot cars. Sneezing is something that Clyde can do. something that a person. Can you and? Of course not! But can you drool? You bet--although I don't need a demonstration of this ability. Winking is something that Sylvia can do.

14. 85. 48. 74. 88. 46. 54. 2. 45. 73. swim take teach tell think throw wake wear will write swam took taught told though t threw woke wore would wrote swum taken taught told though t thrown woken worn would written MOST IMPORTANT 76. 40. 16. 15. 78. 36. 20. 11. 84. 52. 43. 70. 22. 79. 87. Give gave given 66. 39. 51. 82. 44. 81. 6. 50. 5. 38. 75. 53. 77. 37. 24. Beaten Become Begun Bent Bound Bitten Blown Broken Brought Built Burned Bought Could couldn t Caught Chosen Come Dealt Done Drawn Dreamt Drunk Driven 34. 4. 23. 42. 9. 3. 72. arise beat becom e begin bend bind bite blow break bring build burn buy can can t catch choose come deal Do draw dream drink drive arose beat becam e began bent bound bit blew broke brough t built burned bought could couldn t caught chose came dealt did drew dreamt drank drove Grammar Survival Kits List 1: IRREGULAR VERBS (Longman Corpus) Arisen 33. is are am can will has have do does isn t aren t can t don t was were was could would had had did did wasn t was were was could would had had Done done wasn t weren t weren t couldn t didn t couldn t didn t . 80. 56. 7. 83. 86. 47. 10.1. 55. 17. 69. 8. 21. 41. 18. 19. 71. 13. 49. 35. Go grow have Has haven t Hold Hide know learn leave Lend Lie Lose make meet Ride Ring Rise Run Say See Sell send went grew had had hadn t held hid knew learne d left lent lay lost made met rode rang rose ran said saw sold sent gone grown had had hadn t held hidden known learne d left lent lain lost made met Ridden rung risen run said seen sold sent 67. 12. 68.

103. 27. 13. 60. 46. 32. 57. 48. 10. 11.25. 7. 5. (×) The defend of the camp was strong. DO NOT add ed to verbs when they are used as Nouns. LIST 2: REGULAR VERBS (Longman Corpus) IMPORTANT: Verbs marked (*) can be used as Nouns (which do not require past tense ed) according to their usage. 90. 102. 50. 16. 14. 55. 66. 52. show Sing Sit sleep speak stand steal strike swear Hurt showe d sang sat slept spoke stood stole struck swore Hurt shown sung sat slept spoken stood stolen stricke n sworn hurt 89. (×) 1. doesn didn t didn t t Verbs used as nouns too 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 show fight fly swim ride sleep dream bite Etc. 8. 33. 63. 26. 60. 58. 29. 18. 61. 64. ( ) Ali told us the right answered. Example: Ali told us the right answer. 20. 99. 31. 6. 59. 98. 105. 64. 97. 28. 91. 17. 93. 92. 4. 107. 65. 104. 101. *Mix Move *Murder *Offer Open Oppose Own Pack *Park Pass Persuade Pick *Play practise prefer prepare Produce promise Protect Prove mixed moved murdered offered Opened opposed owned packed parked passed persuaded picked played practised prefered prepared produced promised protected proved . die discover Discuss drop encourage enjoy Enter entertain escape examine *exchange explain explode express * face fail gather greet guess guide died discovered Discussed Dropped encouraged enjoyed entered entertained escaped examined exchanged explained exploded expressed faced failed gathered greeted guesses guided 89. 53. 54. 2. 62. 61. 108. ( ) The defended of the camp was strong. Admire Admit Advise Allow Announce *Answer Ask *Attack Believe *Blame Breathe *Brush *Call *Care *Carry *Cause *Change *Chase Cheat *Check Admired Admitted Advised Allowed Announced Answered Asked Attacked Believed Blamed Breathed Brushed Called Cared Carried Caused Changed Chased Cheated Checked 45. 100. 106. 96. 15. 34. 12. 3. 95. 58. 94. 9. 47. 63. 19. 56. 62. 59. 51. 30. eat fall feel fight find Fly forget forgive get Cut ate fell felt fought found flew forgot forgave got Cut Eaten Fallen Felt Fought Found Flown Forgotte n Forgiven Got Cut 57. 49.

Contain Contained 73. Marry married 131. my friend and I were very bored so we wanted to hear a ghost story. Consider Considered 72. +ing verbs and perfect verbs to change your verb forms. *defeat Defeated 83. *Treat Treated 146. *Return returned 39. *kiss kissed 124. Increase increased 116. Last week. After I tell you the story. 142. Ahmad s wife was pregnant. *kick kicked 122. Complain Complained 69. The doctor helped her to get to the Emergency Ward. *Jump jumped 121. *knock knocked 125. 2. Recognize recognized Tip: 2 28. Each of us decided to tella ghost story. My friend started to tell the story.21. 150. develop Developed 88. *Crash Crashed 77. 138. defend Defended 84. Involve involved 120. Her husband drove faster. Finally they arriving at the hospital . Listen listened 127. 1. kill killed 123. Her husband drive faster. Finally they arrived at the hospital . decide Decided 81. collect Collected 68. his wife say. Remind reminded 32. Connect Connected 71. deliver Delivered 85. 151. Provide provided 22. My stomach was so painful! She can t take it anymore. After I told you the story. One day. Touch Touched 140. Use past tense verbs when you are describing your past action. ( ) It is your turned to go. So the husband took his wife to the hospital but his wife felt very painful. Each of us decide to telling a ghost story. Use present tense in dialogue. Observe other grammar rules such as the boss words. Reach reached Extra 26. 145. 3. Talk talked IMPORTANT: Verbs marked (*) can be used as Nouns (which do not require past tense ed) according to their usage. *Turn Turned 152. . *harm harmed 110. Ahmad s wife was pregnant. The story is call Pontianak. describe Described 86. My stomach is so painful! She couldn t take it anymore. Inform informed 117. 139. *Taste Tasted 134. introduce introduced 118. 136. Thank Thanked 137. hate hated 111. Refuse refused 30. Replace replaced 36. DO NOT add ed to verbs when they are used as Nouns. you guys can t sleep. Complete Completed 70. *cry Cried 79. Received received 27. *Push pushed 25. The storywas called Pontianak. Improve Improved 115. *Reply replied 37. *Repair repaired 34. Clear Cleared 66. Match matched 132. Clean Cleaned 65. He said. (×) My last visit to Japan was June. Remove removed 33. *Help helped 112. Use *Visit Wait *Walk Warn Want *Wash used visited waited walked warned wanted washed 135. The doctor helping her to get to the Emergency Ward. *dance Danced 80. his wife said. 153. Seem seemed 42. Design Designed 87. Try Tried 149. Live lived 128. Pull pulled 23. Love loved 130. happen happened 109. you guys couldn t sleep. (×) 133. 144. *Waste Wave Watch *Work *Wish wasted waved watched worked wished The scariest ghost story I have heard is the story about the haunted house. *Cover Covered 76. Ignore Ignored 114. Example: It is your turn to go. Look looked 129. My friend start to told the story. Close Closed 67. *Hope Hoped 113. Repeat repeated 35. Remain remained 31. Save saved 40. ( ) My last visited to Japan was June. Invent invented 119. reduce reduced 29. Smile smiled 44. Last week. Punish punished 24. decorate Decorated 82. He said. *Crack Cracked 78. One day. 141. past feeling or past experience. Share shared 43. So the husband take his wife to the hospital but his wife felling very painful. Search searched 41. *Report reported 38. *Control Controlled 75. Travel Travelled 143. Continue Continued 74. 147. 148. my friend and I are very bored so we want to hear a ghost story. Laugh laughed 126. Tip 1: Past tense Verbs The scariest ghost story I heard was the story about the haunted house.

Do nt dis tur b me . ( ) -I enj oy my sel fa lot. (x) -I enj oy a lot. ( ) Sh e inj ure d he rse . (x ) Sh e inj ure d in th e for est . (x) We mu st rea ch to sc ho ol ear ly. (x) Yo u be ha ve he re. ( ) Yo u be ha ve yo urs elf he re. ( ) We mu st rea ch sc ho ol ear ly.Do nt dis tur b on me .

( ) -I wo uld ap pr eci ate it if yo u hel p me .(x) -I do nt lik e. (x) Sh e ga ze d th e sky . (x) -I wo uld ap pr eci ate if yo u hel p me . ( ) Sh e ga ze d at th e sky . ( ) -I arr ive d at my ho us e. ( ) -I do nt lik e it. . (x) lf in th e for est . (x) -I arr ive d my ho us e.

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watch. _________________________________________________________ . feel. get.. give. Yesterday I . hand. In active clause. g a z e Extra Tip: 3 Some transitive verbs have meanings which require two objects. ( ) -I saw someone fell down just now. charge. ( ) 1. (x) -I heard someone say the driver was drunk. buy. book.m e w i t h a n o b j e c t : a r r i v e .. leave. observe. I have . y We bought hats for all the children at the party. Ask. saw. promise.. overhear. fetch. make. throw. see. bring. heard must follow theoriginal verb. notice. take.. y I gave it to the policemen. write Extra Tip: 4 -I heard someone said the driver was drunk. hear. (x) -I saw someone fall down just now. Base Form Simple Past Past Participle Today I . tell. offer.. an indirect object (person) and direct object(thing) y I went up to the policeman and gave him the wallet I had found y She lent us enough money to get home. grant. teach..

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 be ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ catch cut ____________ eat fall go hit ____________ make run see ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ bring ____________ ____________ began broke ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ had ____________ ____________ bitten ____________ ____________ bought ____________ ____________ drunk ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ lost _____________ ____________ ____________ shot slept told written ____________ ____________ .