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Atoms and Molecules

Q 1 144 grams of pure water is decomposed by passing electricity. 16 grams of hydrogen and 128 grams of oxygen are obtained. Which chemical law is illustrated by this statement? Mark (1) Law of conservation of mass. Q 2 What do you mean by Molar Mass ? Mark (1) The mass (in grams) of one mole ofany moleculeis called its molar mass. Q 3 What is atomic mass unit ? Mark (1) It is the mass which is exactly equal to one-twelfth the mass of one carbon-12 atom. Q 4 What are molecules? Mark (1) The molecules are formed when two or more atoms of same or different elements combine chemically to form a stable substance which can exist independently. Q 5 What name is given to the number 6.023 x 10 23? Mark (1) Avogadro·s number Q 6 Name the building blocks of matter. Mark (1) Atoms are the buliding blocks of matter Q 7 How many metres are there in 1 nanometer (nm)? Mark (1) 1nm = 10 -9m. Q 8 Define atomicity. Mark (1) Atomicity is the number of atoms present in one molecule of an element. Q 9 Write the chemical formula of glucose. Mark (1) C 12H22O11 Q 10 Which subatomic particle was not present in Thomson·s model of the atom? Mark (1) Neutrons were not present in Thomson's model of the atom Q 11 Write the symbol of element lead and iron. Mark (1) Element Symbol Lead Pb Iron Fe Q 12 Write down the formulae of aluminium sulphate and ethanol. Marks (2)

Q 18 How many moles are there in 1 litre of water? Marks (2) 1L water = 1000 g 18 g of water = 1 mole of water ( molecular mass of water = 18) 1000 g of water contain = (1000/18) moles of water = 55. Marks (2) According to this law. Calcium. Sodium b.C 2H5OH Q 13 What is the atomicity of ² (a) Ozone (b) Nitrogen (c) Neon (d) Sulphur (a) Ozone = 3(triatomic) (b) Nitrogen =2(diatomic) (c) Neon =1 (Monoatomic)(d) Sulphur = 8 (Octa-atomic) Marks (2) Q 14 Write the symbols of the following elements : a.56 moles of water .That is. Iron Marks (2) a. They are building block for all types of matter around us. Gold .Al2(SO 4)3 Ethanol . Calcium c. Q 17 What is an atom ? Marks (2) Atom is the smallest particle which takes part in chemical reaction.Fe Q 15 What weight (in grams) is represented by (a) 2 moles of CO2 (b) 5 moles of NH3. the total mass of reactants is equal to total mass of products. in any chemical reaction.Na b. Gold d. mass can neither be created nor be destroyed when any chemical reaction takes place. Iron .Ca c. Marks (2) a)Molecular mass of CO2 = 12 + (16 1 mole of CO2 = 44 g 2 moles of CO2 = 44 2 = 88 g 3)gm = 17 g 2)gm = 44 g (b) Molecular mass of NH3 = 14+ (1 1 mole of NH3 = 17 g 5 moles of NH3 = 17 5 gram = 85 g Q 16 Define law of conservation of mass.Au d.Aluminium sulphate . Sodium .

An ion has either a positive or anegative charge. less electrons as compared to neutral atom. Q 21 What precentage of nitrogen is present in aluminium nitride? (Al = 27.023 X 10 23 = 2 moles (b)Mass of Heis 56g Atomic mass of He= 4u Molar mass of He(M) = 4g Number of moles = Given mass/Molar mass n = m/M = 56/4 = 14 moles Q 23 Write the formula of the following compound and name the elements present in them.023X 10 23 He atoms number of moles(n)= given number of particles/Avogadro number n=12.14% 100 Q 22 Calculate the number of moles for the following: (a) 12.046X 10 23/6.Sn (d)Mercury. Marks (2) Molar mass of aluminium nitride (AlN) = 27+14 = 41gm Percentage of nitrogen in AlN =(14/41) = 34. It has no charge.046 X10 number of He atoms 1 mole of He atoms= 6.Q 19 Write the chemical symbols of ² (a) Silver (b) Potassium (c) Tin (d) Mercury Marks (2) a) Silver.K (c) Tin.Ag (b) Potassium.046 x10 23 number of He atoms (b) 56g of He Marks (2) a) 12.Hg Q 20 Write two differences between an atom and its ion. (a) Ammonia (b) Sulphur dioxide (c) Ethanol (d) Methane Marks (2) 23 .Number of electrons in an atom is equal An anion has more electrons and a cation has to its atomic number. N = 14). 2. Marks (2) Atom Ion 1. An atom is neutral.

Marks (2) a) Cations e. Marks (2) The mass of a proton is 1840 times that of an electron. Marks (2) Molecular mass of nitric acid (HNO3) = Aromic mass of hydrogen atom + Atomic mass of nitrogen atom + Atomic mass of 3 oxygen atoms =1 + 14 + (3 = 63 16 ) .8 g 58.(They are atoms ofdifferent elements havingsame atomic masses. S 2Q 25 What is the mass of 5 moles of aluminium atoms? (Atomic mass of Al = 27 u) Marks (2) Atomic mass of Al = 27 u Mass of 1 mole of Al atoms = 27g Mass of 5 moles of Al atoms = 27 x 5g = 135g Q 26 How many times is a proton heavier than an electron? Write the absolute mass of a proton.5 g Mass of 1 mole NaCl = 58. Mass of 0. (b) more electrons than the normal atoms. Cl = 35.No. Argon.8 mole = 46. Deuterium Marks (2) Isotopes .) Q 28 Calculate the mass of 0.Calcium-40 and Argon-40. Mg2+ (b) Anions e.6 x 10-24 gram.Protium and Deuterium.5 g Hence.5 u) Marks (2) 1 mole of NaCl = Molecular mass of NaCl in g = Atomic mass of Na atom + Atomic mass of Cl atom = 23 + 35. Protium. The absolute mass of a proton is 1.5 = 58. Na+.g.) Isobars .S. Q 27 Which of the following are isotopes and which are isobars? Calcium.5 g mol-1 Q 29 Calculate the molecular mass of nitric acid. Cl -. (a) (b) (c) (d) Compound Ammonia Sulphur dioxide Ethanol Methane Formula NH3 SO2 C2H5OH CH4 Elements present Nitrogen and ammonia Sulphur and oxygen Carbon. hydrogen and oxygen Carbon and hydrogen Q 24 What do we call those species which have(a) less electrons than the normal atoms.8 mole of NaCl = 0.8 mole of NaCl. (They are atoms of same element having different atomic masses. (Atomic masses : Na = 23u.g.

P=31) Marks (2) (a) Molecular mass of H3PO4 = 3(At. . O=16. mass of H) +(At. then what will be the mass (in grams) of 1 atom of oxygen? Marks (2) Q 31 Write the chemical formula of: (i) Nitogen oxide (ii) Barium nitride Marks (2) i) Nitrogen oxide (ii) Barium nitride Formula: N2O3 Formula: Ba3N2 Q 32 (a) Calculate the molecular masses of (i) H3PO4 (ii) H2O2 (Atomic masses: H=1. Also write their valencies. mass of P) + 4(At. mass of O) = (3 x 1) + 31 + (4 x 16) = 3 + 31 + 64 = 98 u (b)Molecular mass of H2O2 = 2(Atomic mass of H) + 2(Atomic mass of O) = (2 x 1) + (2 x 16) = 2 + 32 = 34 u Q 33 Write the name of four elements which show variable valencies.Q 30 If one mole of oxygen atom weighs 16 grams.

Marks (2) Atomic mass of carbon is 12. Element Copper (Cu) Mercury (Hg) Iron (Fe) Tin (Sn) Valency in ¶ous· form Cuprous 1 Mercurous 1 Ferrous 2 Stannous 2 Valency in ¶ic· form Cupric 2 Mercuric 2 Ferric 3 Stannic 4 Q 34 Calculate the mass of 6. O = 16). It means 12g (1 mole) of carbon atoms has 6. (Atomic mass of Nitrogen = 14) Marks (2) The formula of Nitrogen molecule is N2.02 x 1023 x 0. Marks (3) Gram molecular mass of H2O = 18.75/18 = 25.0 grams 18.022 x 10 23 molecules Q 36 Calculate the number of molecules present in a drop of water weighing 0. (H = 1.022 x 10 23 atoms of carbon.Marks (2) Certain elements show more than one valency.75 g.022 x 1024 atoms of carbon.0 g H2O contains = 6.02 x 10 23 molecules 0. 1 mole = 6. The molar mass of Nitrogen = 2 x Atomic mass of Nitrogen = 2 x 14 = 28u We know.083 x 10 21 molecules Q 37 Write the formula of : . Q 35 Calculate the mass of 1 molecule of Nitrogen.75 g H2O contains = 6.

(Atomic masses of Zn = 65u. K=39u.(i) Ammonium sulphate (ii) Magnesium nitrate (iii) Aluminium bromide Marks (3) ) (ii) (iii) Q 38 What do you understand by Formula Unit Mass? Calculate the formula unit masses of K 2CO3 and ZnO. C=12u) .

022 Mass of 6. Formula unit mass of ZnO = 65u +16u = 81 u. Formula unit mass of K2CO3 = (2x39u)+(1x12u)+(3x16u) = 78+12+48u = 138 u. Marks (3) The molecule of an element consists of two or more similar atoms chemically combined together.The total sum of atomic masses of all atoms in formula of a compound is known as formula unit mass. (Atomic mass of N=14 u) Marks (3) Mass of 1 mole of N2 = Molecular mass of N2 in gm = Mass of 2atoms of nitrogen in g =2 14 g = 28 g 1 mole of Nitrogen molecules = 6.Marks (3) Formula Unit Mass.022 Mass of 3.011 10 24 / 6. Q 39 An element X has a valency of 4 (a) What will be the formula of its chloride ? (b) What will be the formula of its sulphide ? (c) What will be the formula of its bromide? Marks (3) Valency of Cl = -1 Valency of S = -2 Valency of Br = -1 (a) Formula of chloride of element X Symbols X Cl Valencies 4 1 The formula of chloride of element X = XCl 4 (b) Formula of sulphide of element X Symbols X S Valencies 4 2 The formula of sulphide of element X = XS2 (c) Formula of sulphide of element X Symbols XBr Valencies 41 The formula of chloride of element X = XBr4 Q 40 Calculate the mass of 3. .022 1023 1023 molecules of N2 =28 g 1024 molecules of N2 = 28 Q 41 Distinguish between the molecule of an element and the molecule of a compound with the help of suitable example.011 X 1024 molecules of nitrogen gas.011 = 140 g 10 23 molecules 3.

Marks (3) (i) It represents the compound carbon dioxide. Q 43 Write any four significances of symbol. (iii) It tells that carbon dioxide contains two elements: carbon and oxygen. H stands for one atom of hydrogen and 1. a molecule of oxygen element has 2 oxygen atoms combined together and is represented as O2. (v) It indicates that its molecular mass is 44g.5 mole of H2 = 1 g 1 gram of hydrogen will have the same number of molecules as present in 22 grams of carbon dioxide. Give one example also.g. (ii) It represents one molecule of carbon dioxide. (iii) It represents the atomic mass of the element. Whereas the molecule of the compound consists of two or more different types of atoms chemically combined together e. Atomic mass of H is 1.g.e. The molecule of carbon dioxide has two different types of atoms-carbon (C) and oxygen atom (O). For example. (iv) It represents 6. (ii) It represents one atom of the element.carbon dioxide is a compound. 1 mole of H2 = 2 g 0. Q 44 Give the significance of the formula CO2.5 mole of H2. (iv) It tells that one molecule of carbon dioxide contains one atom of carbon and 2 atoms of oxygen.5 mole It means 0. Oxygen gas contains O2 molecules and not ofindependent O-atoms.008 parts by mass of it.022 x 1023 atoms of the element.5 mole of CO2will have same number of molecules as in 0. (vi) It represents 1 mole of molecules of carbon dioxide.008. Q 45 Write the atomicity of the following: (a) Ozone (b) Chlorine (c) Helium (d) Sulphur (e) Oxygen (f) Phosphorous Marks (3) a) O3 : Atomicity 3 (b) Cl 2 : Atomicity 2 (c) He : Atomicity 1 (d) S8 : Atomicity 8 2)= 44 g . (i) It tells us the name of the element. Q 42 How many grams of hydrogen gas contain the same number of molecules as 22 grams of carbon dioxide gas? Marks (3) 1mole of CO2 = 12 + (16 44 g CO2 = 1 mole 22 g CO2 = 0. Marks (3) A symbol has qualitative as well as quantitative significance.

Marks (3) We know that. The element with atomic mass 32 is sulphur.022 x 10 23 atoms = Atomic mass (g) Hence.Aluminium chloride Q 48 The mass of an atom of element (Y) is 5.Magnesium carbonate (e) FeSO4 .Ammonium sulphate (d) MgCO3 .30 x 10 -23g. (i) Calculate its atomic mass.Sodium hydrogen carbonate (c) (NH4)2SO4 . .Ferrous sulphate (f) AlCl3 . the atomic mass of the element (Y) is 32u.Calcium phosphate (b) NaHCO3 .(e) O2 : Atomicity 2 (f) P4 : Atomicity 4 Q 46 What the following abbreviations stands for. 1 mole of atoms = 6. (a) C (b) 2H (c) N2 (d) 3N 2 (e) O3 (f) O2- Marks (3) (a) One atom of carbon (b) Two atoms of hydrogen (c) One molecule of nitrogen (d) Three molecule of nitrogen (e) One molecule of ozone (f) Oxide ion with valency -2 Q 47 Write the name of the following compounds: (a) Ca3(PO4)2 (b) NaHCO3 (c) (NH4)2SO4 (d) MgCO3 (e)FeSO4 (f) AlCl3 Marks (3) a) Ca3(PO4)2 . (ii) Name this element.

1 mole of oxygen atom = 6.022 x 10 23 atoms (ii) 7g of N2 molecules 1 mole of N2 molecules = 28g = 6.022 x 10 23 molecules 28g of N2 molecules = 6.1mole of oxygen atoms 1 mole of oxygen atom = 6.022 x 10 23 atoms 23g of Na atoms = 6.1 atoms = 6.Q 49 Calculate the number of particles in each of the following: (i) 92g of Na atoms (ii) 7g of N 2 molecules (iii) 0.022 x 1023 x 0.1 mole of oxygen atoms Marks (3) (i) 92g of Na atoms 1 mole of Na atoms = 23g = 6.022 x 10 23 molecules (iii) 0. Fe=56.022 x 10 23 atoms 0.5 of iron (iv) 6.022 x 10 22 atoms Q 50 Which of the following weighs the most? (i) 32g of oxygen (ii) 10g atoms of hydrogen (iii) 0.022 x 10 22 atoms of C (Atomic mass: O=16. C=12) Marks (3) (i) Mass of oxygen = 32g (ii) 1g atom of hydrogen = 1g 10g atom of hydrogen = 10 x 1 = 10g . N=14.

5 mole of iron = 56 x 0.65 g of Na 2CO3. what will be number of molecules in 4 g of carbon dioxide? . 32g of oxygen weighs the most.022 x 10 23 atoms of Carbon = 12g 6.5 = 28g (iv) 6.(iii) 1 mole of iron = 56g 0. Q 51 Calculate the number of atoms of each type in 2.2g Hence.022 x 1022 atoms of Carbon = = 1. Marks (5) Q 52 If 2 g of water contains z molecules.

O=16]. Cr=52.47 g of potassium dichromate (K2Cr 2O7) [Atomic mass: K=39.Marks (5) Q 53 Calculate the number of chromium atom in 1. Marks (5) .

Which chemical law is illustrated by this statement? In water hydrogen and oxygen are present in the ratio of 1:8 by massx/80=1/8x=10gThe law of constant proportion.Most Important Questions Q 1 State main points of Dalton atomic theory. water always contain hydrogen and oxygen in the ratio of 1:8 by mass. Find the value of X. a. H(1g) and S(32g) = (1 x 2) + 32 = 34g Q 6 If 6g of hydrogen combine with 48g of oxygen. Q 5 Calculate the molecular mass of the following: a. H2S a. Q 3 state the law of conservation of mass mass can neither be created nor destroyed . H(1g) and O(16g) = (1 x 2) + (16) = 18 g b. What mass of oxygen gas is required in carbon dioxide with 10 g of carbon? C:O = 3:8 C:O = 1: 8/3 = 2.5g) = 1 + 35. Atoms are indivisible and indestructible.g.5g c. b.666 If Carbon = 10 . Q 4 If 90g of pure water is obtained through 80g of oxygen and Xg of hydrogen. how many grams of water is obtained? 2g of H2 combines with 16g of O2 and gives 18g of water1g of H2 combines with 8g of O2 to give 9g of waterTherefore. Q 2 State the law of constant proportion. H2O b. H(1g) and Cl(35. That is atoms can not be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction All atoms of a given element are identical in mass and properties Atoms of different elements have different masses and different chemical properties. The number and kind of atoms are constant in a particular compound. A chemical reaction is a rearrangement of atoms. for e. in a chemical reaction total mass of reactant is equal to the total mass of products. The main points of Dalton atomic theory are: All matter is made of tiny particles called atoms. In a chemical substance the elements are always present in definite proportions by mass. 6g of H2 combines with 48g of O2 to give 54g of water Water = 54 g Q 7 If carbon and oxygen combine in a definite ratio of 3:8 to form carbon dioxide. Compounds are formed by combination of two or more different kinds of atoms. HCl c.5 = 36.

1666 u Q 10 Identify the anions. C=12)? 12 g of C = 1 u 14 g of N = (1 x 12) / 14 u Atomic mass of N = 1.Then Oxygen = 10 x 2. H c. Calcium carbonate a. Ammonia d.66 g Q 8 Give symbol of the followinga. O2 b. He c. Carbon dioxide c. NaCl Na+ Clc. NH3 d. SO2 e. O b. Sulphuric acid Helium c. CaCO3 Q 12 Give the names of the following compounds: a. CO2 c. cations and charge present on them in following molecules: HCl . 14 + (3x1) = 17 . Carbon monoxide b. NaCl . CO2 c. H2O H+ O2d. hydrogen c. H2O . carbon a. C Q 9 If atomic mass of carbon is 1u then what is the atomic mass of nitrogen (N=14. HCl H+ Clb. C12H22O11 a. Q 13 Write the formula unit mass of the following: a.666 g = 26. H2SO4 b. CO a. Al2O3 Cation Anion a. oxygen b. Al 2O3 Al3+ O2Q 11 Write the chemical formula of the following: a. K 2Cr2O7 d. Oxygen b. NH3 b.

612 moles Q 18 What is the number of molecules in a drop of water weighing 0.two moles of NH3 will have 6 moles of hydrogen atoms Therefore.022 x 10 23 molecules 20 g of water = 6. 18 g of water contains molecule = 6.6352 x 10 24 atoms Q 20 How many moles are there in 70g of potassium dichromate.022 x 1023 atoms 2 mole of S8 contains = 9. of moles = 0. One mole of CH4 contains 4 mole of hydrogen atoms b. a drop of water of 0. two moles of NH3 contains more hydrogen atoms Q 16 Calculate the number of molecules in 20g of water.2 g of water contains molecule = 6.b. d.2 g Molecular mass Q 15 In which of the following cases the number of hydrogen atoms is more? a.( K2Cr2O7)? .022 x 10 23 x 0. One mole of CH4 b. of moles = Mass in grams/Molecular mass Or. e.022 x 10 23 0.691 1023 molecules Q 17 How many moles are present in 6g of sulphuric acid? Molecular mass of sulphuric acid = 98g Number of moles = Mass/ Molecular mass = 6g/ 98g = 0. Two mole of NH3 a. No.022 x 1023 x 20 molecules 18 = 6. 12 + (2 x 16) = 44 ( 2 x 39 ) + (2 x 52) + (7 x 16) = 294 32 + (2 x 16) = 64 (12 x 12 )+ (22 x 1) + (11 x 16) = 342 Q 14 Calculate the mass in grams of 0.2/18 = 6. One mole of NH3 contains 3 moles of hydrogen atoms Therefore.Mass in grams = No.8 x 44 = 35. Q 19 Calculate the number of S atoms in 2 mole of S8 1 mole of S8 contains = 6.691 x 1021 Therefore.2 g contains 6.691 x 1021 molecules of water in it. c. 18 g of water = 6.2g? Molecular mass of H2O= 2+16 = 18g.022 x 10 23 atoms 2 mole of S8 contains =2 x 8 x 6.8 mole of CO2.

5 g Mass of 0.125 mole Mass of 1 mole of HCl = 36.022 x 10 23 molecules of water. of moles = Mass/ Molecular mass =5g/100g = 0.0 g of methane.5g Therefore. 6. 4.125 mole of HCl = 4. About Us | Contact Us | User Policy | FAQs | Careers | Site Map .238 Q 21 How many moles of calcium carbonate are present in its 5g ? Molecular mass of CaCO3 = 40 + 12 + 16x3 = 100g No.05 moles Q 22 What mass of hydrogen chloride.5625 g of HCl will contain same number of molecules as 2 g of methane.Molecular mass of K2Cr2O7 = 294 g Number of moles = Mass/ Molecular mass Number of moles = 70g / 294g = 0. 6. b.5625 g Therefore. 16 g of methane = 1 mole 2 g of methane = 2g / 16g = 0.022 x 10 23 molecules of water b. (HCl).5g of HCl contains same number of molecules as 6. 2. 36. will contain the same number of molecules as in a.022 x 10 23 molecules of water = 1 mole of water 1 mole of water contains molecules = molecules present in 1 mole of HCl 1 mole of HCl = 36. CH4 a.