You are on page 1of 5



In real this is how an LDR looks like..

A Light Dependent Resistor (aka LDR, photoconductor, or photocell) is a device which has a resistance which varies according to the amount of light falling on its surface.


. .Symbol for LDR Light sensor circuit Opposite is a simple light/ dark sensor. Wire 2 should always be connected to one of the inputs. This can be connected as an input or switch to another circuit. Functions of LDR. If wire 1 is also connected then the sensor acts as a dark sensor. 2 and 3).. The sensors has three green wires (1. If wires 2 and 3 are connected to the inputs then sensor operates as a light sensor.

An LDR and a normal resistor wired in series across a voltage. the sensor node voltage can be compared. if you connect a positive voltage source in series with the photocell and then connect the other end to the gate of a transistor. can be used to develop a signal. Depending on which is tied to the 5V and which to 0V. This voltage at the sensor node (between the components) will vary gradually with the light level. Working of LDR:- Typically. This result could be called a binary signal. call it the sensor node. To develop this. a signal with two states (perhaps about 4V and 0. will either rise or fall with increasing light. . indicating yes/no or 1/0. It doesn't really matter which way (rise or fall) because the designer has a choice of several simple circuits to invert the signal as needed for whatever function is to be performed. However. The result of the comparison would give a "DARK? yes/no" determination. you can use the transistor to drive the load. by an electronic circuit. If the LDR is the component tied directly to the 5V. photocells only operate at low current.5V). To use for security light control. so you don't want to use them to directly drive a load. they're more for sensors. the sensor node will increase in voltage with increasing light. say 5V DC. the voltage at the point between them. it's desired to develop a signal that switches level from one extreme to the other suddenly as light level goes from light to darker and darker. with some threshold voltage to determine whether the light level is more or less than the threshold.

That way. In the sources is a good graphical representation and explanation of this. if you shine a light on the photocell.density of toner · Colorimetric Test Equipment · Densitometer · Electronic Scales .dual cell · Automatic Gain Control ± modulated light source · Automated Rear View Mirror Digital Applications · Automatic Headlight Dimmer · Night Light Control · Oil Burner Flame Out · Street Light Control · Absence / Presence (beam breaker) · Position Sensor . Applications Photoconductive cells are used in many different types of circuits and applications. the LED will turn on.such as an LED.dual cell · Photocopy Machines . Analog Applications · Camera Exposure Control · Auto Slide Focus .