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An Overview of the Scope and Purpose of NFPA 25

Russ is the Chairman and CEO of Telgian, Inc. whose subsidiaries include Fire Materials Group and TVA Fire and Life Safety. He holds a degree from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas and a Level IV certification from NICET in Fire Sprinkler Layout. He is a licensed contractor in 40 states and has 25 years of experience in the design, installation, and testing of fire protection systems. Telgian provides a wide range of fire protection and life safety services including fire systems engineering and design, code consulting, loss control engineering, installation, and the inspection and testing. Russ has worked on projects throughout North America, Central and South America, the Far East, and Europe. He serves as a principal on the NFPA 25 technical committee and the NFPA 5000 (building code) correlating committee. Russ conducts seminars throughout North America for Authorities Having Jurisdiction, Contractors, and Engineers on a variety of subjects and is a member of AFSA, NFPA, NFSA, and SFPE.

Russ Leavitt, S.E.T.
Telgian, Inc 2615 S Industrial Park Ave. Tempe, AZ 85282 PH: (480) 753-5444 Email: Rleavitt@telgian.com

NFPA 13A First published in 1940 Last edition 1987 No mandatory language NFPA 25 Technical committee appointed in 1990 First edition 1992 .

LET’S REVIEW WHY .

80% of System Failures can be attributed to a lack of maintenance! .

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Leading causes of failures: System shut off (66%) Lack of other Maintenance (10%) Damaged Component (2%) .

NFPA 25 2008 Edition Two-thirds of all failures are because of a shut water control valve! Think about it—We could eliminate 2/3 of failures by simply keeping control valves open! .

NFPA 25 2008 Edition The Objective of NFPA 25 is to eliminate the failures that are caused by the lack of maintenance. .

NFPA 25 is widely misinterpreted by both contractors and jurisdictions.NFPA 25 is widely adopted. . NFPA 25 is not widely enforced.

The objective of this seminar to create a greater awareness regarding the scope and purpose of NFPA 25 .

Let’s take a Look .

Chapter 1 – Administration Chapter 2 – Referenced Publications Chapter 3 – Definitions Chapter 4 – General Requirements Chapter 5 – Sprinkler Systems Chapter 6 – Standpipe and Hose Systems Chapter 7 – Private Fire Service Mains .

Trim Chapter 14 .Impairments Annexes/Supplements .Chapter 8 – Fire Pumps Chapter 9 – Water Storage Tanks Chapter 10 – Water Spray Fixed Systems Chapter 11 – Foam-Water Sprinkler Systems Chapter 12 . Valve Components.Obstruction Investigation Chapter 15 .Water Mist Systems Chapter 13 – Valves.

Minimum requirements Water-based systems Coordinate with NFPA 72 Covers systems installed in accordance with generally accepted practices Not intended to reveal installation flaws or code of compliance violations Does not apply to 13D systems .

Ensure reasonable degree of protection for life and property .

Chapter 2 .

Chapter 3 .

NFPA Official Definitions (3.2) “Approved” “AHJ” “Listed” “Shall” “Should” .

3.18) Testing (3.34) Maintenance (3.Inspection (3.28) .3.3.20) Qualified (3.3.

Chapter 4 .

2 and 4.1) Owner responsible for maintaining system (4.2.1.2) Owner shall notify all parties as required before testing or shutting down system (4.2) Tasks performed by competent personnel (4.2.1.1.1.4.1) .3) Owner shall make repairs promptly (4.4) All tasks to be performed by qualified personnel (4.1.1.1.Owner shall provide ready access (4.

1. owner shall contract with qualified consultant and the AHJ to evaluate systems (4.7) Information signs (4. use.1.1.5) Where changes occur.2.1. or materials stored (4.1.Owner shall evaluate all changes to occupancy.6.6) Correct any deficiency found (4.8) Note: This is a retroactive requirement! When system is returned to service following an impairment is shall be verified to be working properly (4.2) .1) Owner shall ensure responsible occupants know how to shut system down (4.

4.4.1) Maintained by owner (4.Made available to the AHJ upon request (4.4.3) Original records kept for life of building (4.4.5) .4) Subsequent records kept for a period of one year after next scheduled task (4.

1.1) If water supplies.4) .1.Performance testing allowed if approved by the AHJ (4.6. including pumps are taken out of service during testing and maintenance impairment procedures must be followed unless under constant attendance by qualified personnel (4.6.3) Test results are compared to original test or most recent test results (4.6.

Chapter 5 .

1 Summary of Sprinkler System Inspection. and Maintenance . Testing.Table 5.

2.1.2.1.1.Inspection of Sprinklers From the floor (5.4) Condition of sprinklers (5.2) Painted Corroded or Loaded Damaged Orientation .2.1.1.1) Omit areas above ceilings (5.

2.2.1.1.Inspection of Sprinklers Glass bulbs (5.2) .3) Recalled Sprinklers (5.6) Obstructions limited to clearance below the sprinkler (5.1.1.1.2.

Inspection of Pipe and Fittings From the floor (5.2.2.2.3) Condition of pipe and fittings (5.2.2.1) Damage Leakage and Corrosion .2) Omit areas above ceilings (5.

Inspection of Pipe and Fittings External loads (5.2.2) .2.

3.2.3) Omit areas above ceilings (5.3) Condition of hangers and braces (5.Inspection of Hangers and Braces From the floor (5.2.3.2.1) Damaged Loose .

6) Hydraulic Nameplate (5.1.7) .2.2.2.4.5) Alarm Devices (5.2.) Buildings for freeze protection (5.3) Gauges (5.Inspection of other components Spare sprinklers (5.2.

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2) .3.Testing of components Sprinklers Gauges replaced or tested with calibrated gauge every 5 years (5.

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1.1) .4.1) Only new sprinklers shall be used (5.4.Maintenance Replacement sprinklers must have the required characteristics for the application (5.2.4.4.2) Dry sprinkler replacement (5.1.

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4.2.3) .Maintenance Dry pipe systems shall be kept dry at all times (5.2) Compressors maintained in accordance with manufacturers instructions (5.4.

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1 Summary of Component Replacement Action Requirements Main drain test required if upstream valves were operated (5.3) .5.Maintenance Component Action Requirements Table 5.1.5.5.1.2) Design review not required (5.

.All remaining system chapters are organized in a similar format.

Chapter 13 .

Table 13.1 Inspections Testing Maintenance .

General Provisions All valves shall be protected from damage (13.2.4) .2.3) Verify for adequate drainage before opening valve or drain (13.

5.2.5.2.2) .5) Main drain test shall be conducted quarterly where sole water supply is through a backflow preventer or pressure reducing valve (13.1) 10 percent reduction in residual requires investigation (13.2.General Provisions Main drain test shall be conducted annually (13.

CONTROL VALVES .

1) Retroactive .Control Valves Systems with more than one control valve shall have a sign on each valve referring to the existence and location of the other valves (13.1.3.

3.3.1 and 13.3.1) .2.3.2.5.1) Valve supervisory switches shall be tested semi-annually (13.Control Valves All valves shall be inspected monthly if supervised or weekly if not (13.1) All valves must be operated annually (13.3.3.1.

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Chapter 14 .

Inspection Internal inspection at 5 year intervals by opening the end of one main and removing a sprinkler toward the end of one branch line (14.2.2.1) When uncorrected conditions exist (14.3.2.2) the system shall receive a four point inspection every 5 years (14.2) .

1.2.3.Inspection Pipe passing into freezer or cold storage rooms shall be internally inspected annually (14.1 and 14.3) Alternative nondestructive examinations are permitted (14.1) .

Chapter 15 .

3) Preplanned Impairments (15.5) .Coordinator (15.2) Tagging (15.

6) Restoring the system to service (15.7) .Emergency Impairments (15.

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Questions and Answers .