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Ancient Science of Life

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Vol. IV, No.1, July1984, Pages 67-74

MERCURIAL, METALLIC AND MINERAL PRPARATIONS FOR THE AILMENTS OF ALIMENTARY CANAL THROUGH THE PERSPECTIVE OF “BASAVARAJIYAM”
P.H. MURTHY Ayurveda College, Coimbatore – 641 108, India

Received: November 11, 1983

Accepted: January 30, 1984

ABSTRACT: Basavarajiyam is one of the authoritative works on Ayurvedic treatment widely used in telugu region of India. The work describes the mercurial preparations and its efficacy vividly. The author scans here the work and highlights various mercurial preparations administered for the ailments of alimentary canal. Introduction Medicinal compounds prepared with the drugs of mineral resources have been renowned for their efficacy in rooting out any a number of diseases. While most of the drugs of the plant kingdom become important after certain period, the drugs of Mercurial kingdom are said to be retaining their potency even when they become older and older (Sarngadhara). Considering this virtue of Mercury and other associates, various zealots had drawn their attention towards this branch of medicine. Right from Nagarjuna, father of Indian chemistry and also a pioneer in Sanskrit language, upto vasudev Dwivedi Harisankarasarma etc, have brought out valuable works in the field of Rasa sastra. Though the practice of mercurial system dates back to the time immemorial in peninsular India, works in Sanskrit language are much less in number. Vaidya cintamani, Ananda Kandam. Basavarajiyam are among them. Of these, vaidya cintamani besides presenting the management of diseases, gives details of Karma Vipaka i.e. unrighteous behavior leading to the manifestation of the morbidity in the body. Ananda tandem typically following the style of Rasarnava, gives more weight to Rasa Siddhi. Basavarajiyam is the one which is well received by the practitioners of Kasthausadhi and those of Rasausadhi as well. This was first written in Telugu Script. Besides giving more importance to Rasausadhis in the management of various maladies, Basavaraja, the author specially allocates a chapter on the methods of exploration of Mercury, metals and minerals. It appears that he in bringing out this valuable book, sought the help of many other works of the field. About 46 books have been recorded in the bibliography. Nonetheless, this text is a bilingual. The expositions in Telugu are restricted to some

are of genuine experimental background. 12. Nevertheless. it is felt that this can be explored to still more extent. No. metals and minerals prescribed at the exact context of the diseases of alimentary canal are compiled and the tables are prepared accordingly. 3. 15. Atisara. 11. Aims and Objectives: 1. 16. 3. Chardi. Apparently. 4. Govardhana Sarma Changani came to know about the validity of this work and got it transliterated with help of Nallagunda vara Hanumanta sastri et al. This fact could be understood by practice of the vaidyas and government bodies as well in Andhra Pradesh particularly and other states in general. Pravahika Kaphaja Grahani Grahani Grahani Vatatisaram . same view is kept with regards this paper mentioning only about the compounds of mercurial kingdom. 9. Mandagni Vataja Grahani Vataja Grahani Pittaja Grahani. Svarabjhanga. Its first publication was presumably in totally telugu language with Sanskrit aphorisms transcripted in Telugu. 7.of the Anubhuta (experiences) compounds of herbal origin. 14. Agnimandya Gulma. Methodology: Prescriptions based on only mercury. the prescriptions given by Basavaraja. Grahani Amlapitta Amlapitta. 6. 2. the author. Ploiha. 1. Grahni. TABLE – I Table showing the compounds indicated in the diseases of Alimentary canal S. 8. Amasula. 5. Name of the Compound Kitamardana Rasa Sanjiva Rasa Pitta Bhanjana Rasa Lila Vilasa Rasa Pranesvara Rasa Mahapranesvara Rasa Amlapittantaka Rasa Tamradi Kalpa Purna Candrodaya Sinduram Badabamukha Rasa Vajrakapata Rasa Citrambara Rasa Arkalokesvara Rasa Grahanyankusa Rasa Ananda Rasa Kanakasundara Rasa Indications Krmi Roga Amlapitta Amlapitta. Even though very few of the scholars follow this work. The prescriptions suggested in Basavarajiyam are mostly from the works which can be heard but not to be seen . Certain compounds although prescribed for the diseases of other than the gastro intestinal tract are indicated in the ailment of this origin too. 13. However in late 20s of this century one of the stalwarts in Ayurveda and Sanskrit as well. Gulma. Grahani Amlapitta Amlapitta Aruci. Arsas.By popularizing this work it is hoped it can be of some contribution to the field of Ayurveda. It is opined that this fact can motivate the world of Ayurvedists in utilizing this book. 2. 10. This situation has restricted it from being popular in other parts of the country.

Arsas Ajirna Vatarsas Agnimandya. 32. Viucika. 60. Agnimandya. 34. Gulma. Gulma. Agni Mandya Pitta Gulma Slesma Gulma.17. Udavarta. Udavarta. Plihavrddhi Grahani. Sula. Grahani Grahani. Sula. Vistambha. Sula. 31. 54. Ajirna Agnimandya. Anaha. Gulma. Bhagandara Tridosajarsas Tridosajarsas Gulma. 52. Sula. Visucika Ajirna. 58. Tuni. 28. Plihodara. 48. Sula Trsna Trsna Ajirna. Prati Tuni. Agnimandya. Gulma. Mrtasanjivani Rasa Grahanika Madavarana Simharasa Lokanatha Rasa Kanakasundara Rasa Grahani Gajakesari Rasa Agnikumara Rasa Trailokya sundara Rasa Vahni Virya Rasa Vangesvara Rasa Yogasara Rasa Tamradika Rasa Rasadi Curnam Agnimukha Rasa Agnikumara Rasa Agnikumara Rasa Kravyada Rasa Agnikumara Rasa Agnimandya Vatika Ksaradi Vatika Tamrabhasma Yoga Cintamani Rasa Aditya Rasa Ajirna Balakalanala Rasa Sankha Dravakam Arsakuthara Rasa Raja Vallabha Rasa Vaikrantakhya Rasa Abhraka Haritaki Paradadi Vatika Sankhadrava Sikhi Vadava Rasa Sankhadrava Dandamara Rasa Vidyadhara Rasa Kancana Mohana Rasa Suladavanala Rasa Sulakuthdara Rasa Mustadi Manduram Gomutra Manduram Sanmukha Rasa Gajakesari Rasa Sulari Rasa Sulantaka Rasa Sulaga jankusa Rasa Sankhadrava Mahasankhadrava Bbhima Rudra Rasa Rasarat Amatisara. 47. 25. 41. Grahani. 19. Agnimandya Sula Gulma. Udara Agni Mandya Ajirna Agnimandya Agnimandya Ajirna. Gulma Grahadni. Kantha Roga Gulma. Sula Ajirna. Malabandha Ajirna. Udara. Udara Ajirna. 23. 36. 39. Sula Kantha Roga. 63. 20. 18. Gulma. Gulma. 56 57. Raktapitta Gulma. 26 27. Sula Vatagulma. 37. 43 44. Plihodara Vatasula. Anaha. Raktatisara. 33. 49. Gulma. Atisara. 35. Udara Garavisa Bhagandara . Atisara Atisara. Grahani. Sula Ajirna. 61. Agnimandya Vatodara. 45. 53. 51. Gulma Pittodara Jalodara Plihodara Anaha. Sula Sula. 40. 62. Agnimandya Ajirna. Visucika Arsas. Visucika. 46. Arsas. 29. 64. 30. 22. 50. Anaha. Vibandha. Agnimanda. Visuci. Gulma Sula Pittaja Sula Tridosaja Sula Amasula Sula Sula. 55. Agnimandya. 38. 42. 59. Gulma. 24. 21. Sula. Udara.

Arsas. Kantha Roga Udara. Krmi. Arocaka. 5. Krmi. 25. Gulma. Sula. Tract) Arsas Grahani Sula. Sula. 12. Gulma. 15. 17. 21. 11. 4. 22. Udara Grahani. Udara Atisara. 20. Sula Udara Amlapitta. Agnimandya. Krmi. 19. Vistambha Visuci. Gulma. 2. 29. Name of the compound Candabhanu Rasa Navajvarebha Simha Rasa Tripurabhairava Rasa Swacchanda Bhairava Rasa Suta Rajiya Rasa Kalpataru Rasa Cintamani Rasa Sannipata Bhairava Rasa Sitamsu Rasa Mrtasanjivana Rasa Srimadagni Kumara Rasa Mahadagni Kumara Rasa Jirna Mandura Curnam Kanta Vallabha Rasa Hamsa Manduram Agnimukha Manduram Siddha Manduram Mandura Vataka Purnacandra Rasa Sophari Rasa Vata Vidhvamsaka Rasa Kalagni Rudra Rasa Gandhaka Rasayanam Trivikrama Rasa Sudhanidhi Rasa Nilakantha Rasa Swarna Bhupati Rasa Vasanta Kusumakara Rasa Gunjabhadra Rasa Vadavanala Rasa Candra Kala Rasa Vijayagutika Indication (G. Arsas. 7. Grahani Amlapitta Arocaka. 27. Arsas Arsas Agnimandya. 23. 16. Sula Arsas. Plihodara Agnimandya. 31. 8. 3. Ajirna. 26. Atisara. Arsas Gulma Amlapitta Gulma Gulma. Sula. Vamana Gulma. Gulma Arocaka. 6. Arsas. Arsas Sula. 30. Grahani. Udavarta Mukharoga Gulma. Grahani Sula Arocaka. 18. Grahani Agnimandya. Sula Agnimandya Chardi. Agnimandya. 9. Sula. Grahani. 13. Sula Context Jwara Navajwara Navajwara Jwara Jwara Asadhya Jwara Jwara Sannipatajwara Sannipata Jwara Sannipata Jwara Ksaya Roga Ksaya Roga Ksaya Roga Ksaya Roga Pandu Pandu Pandu Pandu Pandu Sopha Sutika Vata Vataroga Carmaroga Vataroga Pitta Roga Jihwaka Kasa Kasa Prameha Hrdroga Kustha Asrgdara Unmada . Vamana Kantha Roga.TABLE – II Table showing the list of the Compounds indirectly indicated in the diseases of alimentary canal S. Agnimandya Amlapitta. Arsas. Udara Sula. 24. Atisara. Arsas Gulma. Anaha. Grahani.No 1. 28. I. Grahani. 14. 32. Udara Raktapitta Krmi. 10. Udavarta. Agnimandya. Atisara.

Sulantaka Rasa. Pita Bhanjana Rasa. and nearly 32 of the same origin are suggested indirectly in the diseases of Gastro intestinal tract the main context being some other disease. Preference is given for Bhavana also. Agnikumara Rasa. Agnikumara Rasa. Venkgeswara Rasa. Pujya Padiyam. Sikhi Vadava Rasa. Gomutra Mandura. Madhava Kalpa etc. Madhavanidana are also given as references for certain mercurial compounds which do not at all appear in these texts. S. Agnikumara Rasa. 5. Maha Praneswara Rasa.I. Kupipakva Rasayana 3. Sankhadrava.TABLE – III Table showing the various methods of Preparation of the compounds prescribed in the diseases of G. Ananda Rasa. Sula Kuthara Rasa. Kanaka Sundara Rasa. Yogasara Rasa. Ksaradi Vatika. Sulari Rasa. Tamradika Rasa. Badabamukha Rasa. Maha Sankhadrava. Siddha Rasarnava. Puta Paka 4. Arkalokeswara Rasa. Sankhadrava etc. In some places more number of herbal drugs are used than the mercurial drugs. Citrambra Rasa. 2. Sankhadrava. Agnitundi Vatika. Nityanathiyam. Tamrabasma Yoga. Vajrakapata Rasa. Amlapittantaka Rasa. Laghu Pacana Tiryakpatana Discussion About 64 compounds with drugs of mercurial kingdom as main ingredients are prescribed for various ailments of alimentary canal. Gajakesari Rasa. Tamradikalpa-Grahanyankusa Rasa. Vidyadhara Rasa. Ajirna Balakalanala Rasa. Cintamani Rasa. Certain names of the compound are repeated more than once. Sula Gajankusa Rasa. some prescriptions are taken form other works like. Surprisingly enough.No Mode of Preparation 1 Kharaliya Rasayana Names of the compounds Kita Mardana Rasa. Arsakuthara Rasa Sankhadrava. Dandamara Rasa. Kancana Mohana Rasa. Purna Chandrodaya Sindura. As mentioned earlier. Praneswara Rasa. Pardadi Gutika. Ama Kutara Rasa. The editor of . madavarana Simha Rasa. it may be opined that equal importance is given to the drugs of plant origin. Suladavanala Rasa. Kanaka Sundara Rasa. In these cases the contents of the compound and the modus operandi adopted for the preparation are not similar. Sammukha Rasa. Grahani Gaja Kesari Rasa. Lokanatha Rasa. Mrta Sanjivani Rasa. Bhima Rudra Rasa. Udayabhaskara Rasa. Sankhadrava. Sanjiva Rasa. Agnikumara Rasa. Grhanika. Trailokya Sundara Rasa. Abhraharitaki. Lila Vilasa Rasa. As far as the observation of the ingredients is concerned.T. Tamradi Kalpa. For example. Sudhanidhi Rasa. Caraka.

are used. Nearly eight are prepared in Puta Paka Vidhi in which. it is obvious that most of them can be categorised in Kharaliya Rasayana. BASAVARAJIYAM – Telugu edition. Gajaputa etc. 3. BASAVARAJIYAM – Sanskrit edition ed by Govardhan sharma changani (1930) 2. Madhavanidana is written. SARNGADHARA SAMHITA. Bhanda Puta. Regarding Caraka.the sanskritized version of Basavarajiyam says it is by mistake. instead of Madhava Kalpa. The fourth category may be termed as Laghu Pacana in which some heating process is needed. . it is opined that some of these yogas may be taken up for pharmaceutical and clinical studies and accordingly the conclusions may be drawn SELECTED BIBLOGRAPHY 1. The editor mentions about Yadavaji Trikamji Acarya. About seven preparation come under Kupipakva Rasayana. he justifies that caraka also had the knowledge of Rasa Sastra. who has got this work first transliterated to Sankrit. Coming to the part of the methods of Pharmaceutical preparation of the compounds suggested directly for the ailments of alimentary canal. Laghu Puta. The sankhadrava as known widely can be prepared in Tiryak Patana Yantra. Regarding the query of the validity of this work. Bhudhara Puta.