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INTERNET A worldwide network of networks. It is also the network of networks that connects millions computers (called hosts).

The Internet is the virtual space in which users send and receive email, login to remote computers (telnet), browse databases of information (gopher, World Wide Web, WAIS), and send and receive programs (ftp) contained on these computers. The origins of the Internet reach back to research of the 1960s, commissioned by the United States government in collaboration with private commercial interests to build robust, fault-tolerant, and distributed computer networks. The funding of a new U.S. backbone by the National Science Foundation in the 1980s, as well as private funding for other commercial backbones, led to worldwide

participation in the development of new networking technologies, and the merger of many networks. The commercialization of what was by the 1990s an international network resulted in its popularization and incorporation into virtually every aspect of modern human life. As of 2011, more than 2.1 billion people — nearly a third of Earth's population — use the services of the Internet. The Internet has no centralized governance in either

technological implementation or policies for access and usage; each

programs. a non-profit organization of loosely affiliated international participants that anyone may associate with by contributing technical expertise. the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Its applications grow exponentially and it would be impossible to outline everything in this booklet. the Internet Protocol address space and the Domain Name System. Whatever applies to you . are directed by a maintainer organization. The technical underpinning and standardization of the core protocols (IPv4 and IPv6) is an activity of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). The most important aspect of the Internet evolution however. websites and other services of the internet are multiplied every day. revolutionizing the technology being used.constituent network sets its own standards. is that its exponential growth allows it to ease and transform people’s life and increase their knowledge. THE PRECIOUSNESS OF TIME Some people say “time is money”. Some others say that time is precious and should not be wasted. USES OF INTERNET THE INTERNET (R) EVOLUTION The available material. Only the overreaching definitions of the two principal name spaces in the Internet.

THE INTERNET BANK The advanced technologies of the internet managed to free people from the hassles of losing an enormous amount of time waiting in the line to be served at the bank branches. and its worldwide application databases had made tasks much easier and less time consuming in almost every industry on the planet. its ability to calculate instantly almost anything. Internet banking is convenient also in that it is available twenty-four hours a day. The Internet enables you to buy anything . The appearance of the Internet saving matter came as a life saver for many tasks that would take days to complete before. The ability of the internet to store materials.however. Internet banking is the easy way of dealing with bank transactions safely and quickly. then the internet can solve your problem. Internet banking offers a wide range of transactions that can be done including bill payments and transfers. THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET Did you ever find yourself in a position that urgently needed to go out and buy something but was not in the mood or did not have the time to go out and do it? If your answer is yes. one thing is true: Today’s needs and demands of society have taken over our time that feels it’s not enough for doing everything we need to be doing every day.

computer technician and programmer. Almost every company nowadays. dealers and all sorts of professionals are needed to promote and help people over the internet. Many supermarkets take online orders and deliver the stock within the day at your doorstep. Many consumer stores offer online purchases about almost anything you can imagine (shoes. sellers. can now have a chance to work from their house and earn money that would otherwise be difficult to obtain. mothers and disabled people. are among the many that are found at their peak demand for employers. The training needed is of high education and career opportunities through the web are exquisite. consultants. clothes.you need from the comfort of your own house. needs to have a website that promotes its products and patents that web designers are among the most highly requested professionals needed. Web designing. Online shopping can save you time and money since it offers a wide range of specials in much cheaper prices than what you will find in the actual stores. accessories). new areas of jobs and careers have opened up to the public. THE UNEMPLOYMENT AGENT Another benefit that the internet has brought into our lives is that ever since the internet has been introduced. Housewives. apparel. Furthermore. .

are messenger the most services.THE TREASURE BANK The biggest benefit of the internet can be found in the educational sector. People can enjoy the benefits of . The internet managed to eliminate distances and provide people with a unique opportunity to talk. common emails uses and for programs communicating over the internet. SO CLOSE…YET SO FAR AWAY! One of the most important benefits offered from the wide applications of the internet is communication. For instructors it is a valuable source for referencing material and enhancing the knowledge of their students. friends or acquaintances. The Internet provides a great place for conferencing and collaborating with students from all over the world. conferencing Chat rooms. The resources available over the net cover almost every aspect of the school curriculum and students have a valuable machine for enhancing their knowledge and expanding their assigned work. Students can search for information regarding their school courses via electronic libraries who offer a great variety of journals and scientific articles. prepare courses online and deliver audio/visual information to students. Educators can obtain learning material from it. watch and have fun with their loved ones.

Sharing research and business data among colleagues and like-minded individuals. Marketing and publicizing products and services. Communicating with others and transmitting files via E-mail. . 4. 1. 5. 3. Requesting and providing assistance with problems and questions. 2. Gathering valuable feedback and suggestions from customers and business partners.the cheap communication and maintain close contact with loved ones from all over the world.

images. The user's application. also written as Web site. which may optionally employ encryption (HTTP Secure. All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute the World Wide Web. web site. or simply site. renders the page content according to its HTML markup instructions onto a display terminal. HTTPS) to provide security and privacy for the user of the webpage content. The pages of a website can usually be accessed from a simple Uniform Resource Locator (URL) called the homepage. The URLs of the pages organize them into a hierarchy. A webpage may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors. etc. audio. A webpage is a document. Webpages are accessed and transported with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). XHTML). although hyperlinking . video. typically written in plain text interspersed with formatting instructions of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML. including text. often a web browser. is a set of related web pages containing content (media). A website is hosted on at least one web server. music. accessible via a network such as the Internet or a private local area network through an Internet address known as a Uniform Resource Locator.WEBSITE A website.

gaming websites. parts of news websites. message boards. . Examples of subscription websites include many business sites. Some websites require a subscription to access some or all of their content. social networking websites. file-sharing websites. and websites providing various other services (e.between them conveys the reader's perceived site structure and guides the reader's navigation of the site. web-based email.. academic journal websites. files and so forth). websites offering storing and/or sharing of images.g. websites providing real-time stock market data.

Client-side scripting can make web pages more responsive to user input once on the client browser. scripts and images into their final presentation. The web server may restrict access only to a private network. e. Web pages may consist of files of static text and other content stored within the web server's file system (static web pages). a corporate intranet.g. or it may publish pages on the World Wide Web.WEB PAGE A web page or webpage is a document or information resource that is suitable for the World Wide Web and can be accessed through a web browser and displayed on a monitor or mobile device. or may be constructed by server-side software when they are requested (dynamic web pages). and may provide navigation to other web pages via hypertext links. . This information is usually in HTML or XHTML format. Web pages frequently subsume other resources such as style sheets. Web pages are requested and served from web servers using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Web pages may be retrieved from a local computer or from a remote web server.