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Time: 3 hours Maximum Marks: 70 The weightage of the distribution of marks over different dimensions of the question paper shall be as follows

Weightage to contentfsubject units Unit. Electrostatics Current Electricity Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism Electromagnetic 1 nduction and Alternating current Electromagnetic Waves Optics Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Atoms and Nuclei EI.ectronic Devices Communication Systems Total


08 08 03





Weightage to form of questions S.No. Form of QUestions
1. LongAnswerType

Marks for each Question 5 3 2 1

No. of Questions 3

Total Marks 15


2 Short Answer SA (I) 3. Short Answer SA.(I'I) 4. Very Short Answer (VSA) Total

20 08 70

10 8



1_ 2.

Scheme of Options There wil.1 no overall choice. be Internal.choices (either/or type) on a very selective basis has been given in five questions. This internal choice is given in anyone question of 2 marks, anyone question of 3 marks and all three questions of 5 marks weightage.

D. E.

A. of around 15 marks, has been assigned to
Weightage to difficulty level of questions level Marks Allotted


Estimated difficulty Easy Average Difficult

15 % 70 % 15 %

2. 3.

UNIT 1 2. 3. Eleclrostatics Current Electricity Magnatic effect of current, and magnetism Elsctrom agnetic induction and Allernati ng current EM waves Optics Dual nature of Radiation and Matter Atoms and Nuclei Electronic Devices Communication systems Total

VSA (1. ark) M 1 (1) 1 (1') 1 (1)

SAl (2 Marks) 2 (1)

(3 Marks)

LA (5 Marks) 5 (1)

8 (3)

6 (2)

2 (1)

5 (1)

7 (3)
8 (3)



1 (1) 1 (1') 2 (2) 1 (1)



5 (1)

8 (3)

5. 6.

2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) 4 (2) 2 (1) 20 (10)


3 (2) 14 (5) 4 (3) 6 (3)
7 (3)

3 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1) 27 (9)

15 (3)



8 (8)


5 (2) 70 (30)


Class XII
Time: 3hours Genera/Instructions:
(.i) M.M.: 70

All questions are compulsory. There are 30 questions in total. Questions 1to 8 are very short answer type questions and carry one mark each. Questions 9 to 18 carry two marks each, questions 19 to 27 carry three marks each and questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each.

(ii) (iii)

(iv) There is no overall choice However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks, one question of three marks and all three questions of live marks each. You have to attempt only one of the given choice in such questions. (v)

Use of calculators is not permitted. However, you may use log tables if necessary. You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary.


3 X 108 m/s

= 6.63

X 10-34Js

e= 1.6 X 10~19C

_1_ 4n E. 1.

= 9x1 0


Nm C2


A ray of light, incident on an equilateral glass prism of the prism inside it. What is the angle of incidence for this ray?

(ii~lass .J3) moves parallel to the base


A capacitor, of capacitance C,.is being charged up by connecting it across a d.c voltage source of voltage V. How do the conduction and displacement currents, in this set up compare with each other (a) (b) during the charging up process? after the capacitor gets fully charged?


Two electrically charged particles, having charges of different magnitude, when placed at a distance 'd' from each other, experience a force of attraction 'F'. These two particles are putin contact and again placed at the same distance from each other. What isthe nature afforce between them now?



A resistance R is connected across a cell, of Emf E, and internal resistance r. A patentianter naw measures the p.d, between the terminals af the cell, as V. State the express ian for 'r' in terms of E, V and R. Show, on a graph, the nature of variation, with the accelerating patential of the (associated) de-Broglie wavelength (A,s)'


(V), for an electron at rest.


The mean life of a radi aactive samp Ie is T .. What is the time in which 50% of thi s samp Ie wauld get decayed? m A narrow stream, af protans and deuterons, having the same momentum values, enter a region of a unifarm magnetic field d iractsd perpendicular 10 their common direction of mati an. What would be the ratio of the radii of the circular paths, described by the protons and deuterons? A proton, and an al pha particle, both initially at rest, are (suitably) accelerated the same kinetic energy. What is the ratio of the i r de - Broglie wavelengths? so as 10 have




Find the amount of work done in rotating an electric dipole, of dipole moment 3x1 0"' em, from its position of stableequ ilibriurn ,to the position of unstable equilibrium, ina uniform electric field of intensity 10 4 N/C Find the magnitude af the force an each segment of the wire shown belaw, if a magnetic field of 0.30 T, is appl ied parallel to AB and DE. Take the value of the current, flowi ng in the wire, as1 ampere. c









The intensity, at the oentral maxima {OJ in a Young's double slit set up is 10, If the distance OP equal sane th ird of the fri nge width of the pattern, show that Iheintensity, at point P., would equal 10/4.


o s,

12. 13.

An electric heater is connected, turn by turn, to a d.c and a.c sources of equal voltages. Will the rate of heat producti on be same in the two cases? Explain. Two students A and B prepare the following table about the el.ectromagnetic waves. Rewrite this table in its corrected form. Direction of Student Electric field Magnetic field A B Along X-axis Along Y-axis Along X-axis Along Z-axis Along Y-axis Along X-axis Propagation Peak Value of Electric field E E=cB Magnetic field B=cE B


light, of wavelength 2000 A, falls on a metal surface of work function 4.2 eV What is the kinetic energy (in €IV)of (i) l!hefastest and (ii) the slowest photo electrons emitted from the surface? Why is a photodiode operated in reverse bias mode? Figure shows reverse bias current, under different illumination intensities 11, 12, 13 and 14, for a given photodiode. Arrange the intensities 11,12, 13 and 14, in decreasing order of magnitude.






Block diagram of a receiver is as shown:Receiving Antenna

Received Signal



I ~ 0---


IdentifyX andY State their funcnon 59

.. -I ---1 ~?~~.-----.I Unit is becquerel (Bq): Howis this quantity related (i) disintegration constant. Draw the output wave form at X.te the equations for the two types of f3 -decay. The energy levels of a hypothetical atom are as shown below. and (iii) mean life of the radioactive element.--_ --_ _-- 60. A'-. (ii) half life.!. __ . lens offocallenglh 10cm.5eV oe v -2ev D -------------10eV Which of these transition corresponds to emission of radiation of (i) maximum and (ii) minimum wavelength? 21._~-~--- --.c source. Which of the shown transitions will resu It in the emi ssion ofa photon of wavelength 275 nm? -A-._-----!--+----4. Find the focal length of the a convex.. I I I " I I I I ..__ o~----r-~r---. B for . Name the physical quantity whose S. A . using the given inputs Also identify the (equivalent) gate.--l----.17.~ I I 1 1 'I I I I I I I I XJTUJi"~:.~-------7.__ 8__ A. equals by this combination is observed to coincide convex mirror. __j___J1L_j__J I I ~ .49 ampere find the (i) voltage across the resistor and capacitor (ii) value of inductanoe required so that voltage and ourrent are in phase. 20.. .--1----. to OR Wri. Why is it very difficult to detect the neutrino? 18. The image formed with the object itself. An object is placed at a distance of 15cm from other side of the lens. a convex mirror is placed the focal length of the lens.. . are connected in series to a 220V.. On the such that its distance. I I I I I I • • the logic circuit shown below. and a capacitor of reactance 200Q. a. 8 i:!:i: • I • I • I " I • I • I 19.-----------'---8--+--c--. t .' . 50Hz. A resistor of resistance 400Q.. from the lens. If the current in the circuit is 0.

- The transfer characteristic of a base ~ biased transistor in CE configuration is as shown.22. when it is operated in this voltage range? Name the source that results in a higher energy of the output of a transistor operated in Ihi s range? OUIPul1 VOltage VO v. in this set up. 23. -R Vc In the meter bridge experiment. si.. Name the region corresponding to the values (i) 0 to V1 (ii) V. to V2 (iii) greater than V2 of Ihe input voltage app Iied to the transistor. x A~------------~----------------~B The values of R and X are both doubled and then interchanged. Identify the voltage range that should not be used if the transistor has to work as a switch.. whereAJ=:i. Also draw thei r deta iled circuit diagrams. a student observed a balance point althe point J. An a. how will the balance point get affected? 61 . Name the circuits X and Y. What would be the new position of the balance point? If. - ~ U-c:=J OR . o\_) U _I ~ o \_) xl . What is the practical use of transistor.c. Draw the equivalent Wheat stone Bridge circuit diagram for this set up . the galvanometer and battery are interchanged atlhe balance point position.gnal is fed into two circuits X and Y and the corresponding output in the two cases have the waveforms shown below.

= 2£1 R=4!l E. in both the cases. Which one of the two telescopes should be preferred? Why? 26. Itis given that the field is normal to the plane of both the loops.=6V r.. A rectangular loop anda circular loop are moving out of a magnetic fiel d to a field free region with a constant velocity. in the shape of the two graphs? Two convex lenses. Give reasons for the foHowing:· (. converted The amplitude into an emwave.24. =1rl 28. of modulating signal is kept less than the am plitude of carrier wave. size of antenna ( e ) should be comparable length of signal l. in R Fi nd the potential difference across each cell and the rate of energy dissipation E. Audio Signals. State the pri ncipl e of a machine that can bui Id up high voltages of the order of a few mill ion volts Also explain the construction and working of this machine 62 . are used as the objective lenses inlwo astronomical telescopes having identical eyepieces.e ("'AlA to wave- Oi) (ii i) 27. are not directly transmitted as such.=12V r. Compare the ratio of their (i) resolving power (i i) (normal j magnifying power and (ii ijintensity of images formed by them. X X X X X X X (a) X :~~ X X X X X X X 0--: X X X X X X (b) X X Draw the expected shape of the graphs. but of aperture Aj and A2 (~<Ajl. showing the variation of the flux. of equal focal length.i) For ground wave transm lssion. with time. What is the cause of the difference 25.

(a) ~. What happens when the temperature of a paramagnetic sample is lowered? To which of the two . Name and define the 'magnetic element of earth's magnetic field associated with the difference between these two planes. (b) Draw the shape of the refracted/reflected wave front when a plane wave front is incident on (i) pri srn and (i i) convex mirror. Hence prove Snell's law. construct the refracted wave front using Huygens's principle. c. OR (a) Differentiate dearly between. the needle makes an angle a with the vertical direction at that place. (a) (b) (c) 'Diffraction ment defines the limit of the ray optics'. and the total ma. d 29.does a paramagnetic material correspond? Justify your answer. ~K. is free to swing in a plane of the magnetic meridian. BE' of the earth? (b) 63 . K1. Deri ve an expression for the angular width of the central bright maxima obtained on the screen. the geographic and the magnetic meridian. obtain the relation between the dielectric constants K. d A plane wave front approaches a plane surface separating two media. (b) 30.a polar dielectric or a non-polar dielectric . Give a brief explanati on for the construction (a) State the essential condition for the diffraction of light to take place. ~. Give a brief explanation of this state- H ow does a paramagnetic material behave in the presence of an external magnetic field? Explain with the help of an appropriate diagram. dJ2 OR d!2 . K3 and K4. The space between their plates is now filled with dielectrics as shown. perfeclly balanced about a horizontal axis.gnetic field.OR Three identical parallel plate (air) capacitors C" C2 C3 have capacitances Ceach. If medium one is (optically) denser and medium two is (optically) rarer. What is the angle of dip at the place? What would be the relation between the horizontal component. c. BH.. A parallel beam of monochromatic light falls normally on a narrow slit and Iight coming out of the slit is obtained on the screen. In its equilibrium position. still have equal capacitances.~ K. If all the three capacitors. Where does this 'magnetic element' have a higher value near equator or near the poles? A magnetic needle.

6. 8. 9.No.64 mJ 10. Time needed= Half life'" 0. repulsive 1 1 1 5. AS and DE are II to the magnetic field 2 = 0 (F = ISCsine) Fee = Itee B sin 90° F =0..4x1 O-lJ :: 0.593T m 7.024N F CiS:: ItCD B sin 300 2 :::0015 N 64 . 1 1 1 1 1 1:1 2:1 w"'pE(1-cos8) e = 180 =2pE 0 W=pE(-{-1)) = 2x32x1 0-!!x1 04J = 6. 2. 1. Value point {Expected 50' (a) equal (b) equal Answer Marks 1 Total 1 3.SAMPLE PAPER-I MARKING SCHEME (THEORY) PHYSICS Class XII Q. 4.

for 2 13.for a. c.!mv2 2 max =hc -$ A 0 65 . __.__ c Magnetic Field E 2 14.ll.. a.c will be less..2 + . Hence.2(2n) 3 % % % 2 The element of the healer is a coil having inductance L and resistance R.11 1 x=3~{given) :::. E Photon . . Correction for student 'A' Electric field Magnetic field Peak Value of Electric Field Along X-axis or AJong Z-axis No Correction Along Z-axis or Along X-axis for student B E B=. its effective resistance (impedance) ( =~R2 + (COL)2 ) wi II be greater than its resistance R for d.x=- AD 3d Yo: xd ll.for fastest electron 2 . for the same voltage.$ = 2mlp = 2n A 3 % 1=1 o cos2<D 2 = 10 14 Yo: = locos 12.mV max..c Hence rate of heat production. .p =--:- D ~ . ::::tl> 0 1 .

~e+~ ~X -7 Y2 Y2 Z~.Y+ .~e+v Neutrino is an uncharged particle which interacts very weakly with matter and hence escapes undetected.:. The K. E of the slowest emitted electron is zero Fractional change..N where 'h A is the decay constant Y2 R ~(0. reverse bias currenl.= [ 6... on the minority carrier dominated measurable bias current. X = IF Stage Y=Amphfier IF Stage· Carrier frequency is usually changed to a (standard) lower frequency AmplifierThe detected signal may not be strong enough to be made use of and is hence required to be amplified.Y+.34 x3x1 08 2000x1 0·'°x1.693)N T.. Activity or decay rate R=}.9 eV 42]ev 'h 'h 'h = 1.~ TY2 is the half life Y2 R=(T~)N /rdecay p'decay Tm is the mean life Y2 2 OR ~X . 1 2 66 .99 15. due to the photo effects..6x1 0..63x1 0. is more easily 2 than the fractional change in the forward 1 I4 >1>~>I1 3 1 'h 'h 'h Y2 2 16. 2 17.

49x400V Vc_1Xc = = 196 V % % o 49x200V 1 L=1 = 98V (ii) V and I are in phase . E=Ii. .. ... coincides with the object itself This implies that'l' is the centre of curvature of the convex mirror % % % 3 % ~ focal length of mirror f = MI m 2 % 67 .cdc 1 1 % s = 064H 3 20.. ~ 1 2 AND Gate 1 19.5eV to 1 Therefore transition B corresponds the emission of a photon of A. formed by the com bi nation. ~ t. =275nm Transition A emits maximum wavelength Transition 0 emits minimum wavelen9th 21.. t... The image. (i) VR=IR = 0..18.(i) (OC ...63X10·34 X3X10 275X 10.9 X 1. .... . L . 0·'9 6X1 Jev" 4. he E = [ 6..

i.Full wave rectifier o 1 ~ Step-down trar"lSformer Circuit diagram of Half wave rectifier 1 Circuit diagram of Full wave rectifier 3 OR (i) (ii) (i ii) 0 to Vt Cut off region V1 to V2 Active region greater than V 2 Saturation F or transistor region to work as a switch..= . from v.e. Y . Sir>gnal . it should not remain in active region.For lensu=-15cm f 1 f = --- 11 vu = +10 cm ~ ~ v=30cm MI = (30-10)cm . = 10cm rectifier 3 x .Hait wave InpUIO a. =20cm MI 20 f . 2 22.c. to V 2 T ran sister works as an amp Iifier in the active region (V 1 to V 2) 68 .= m 2.

3 1+1 In case of circular loop the rate of change of area during its passage out of the field. We then have 2X e 1 . 23. is not a constant 1 3 25.c power at 1 3 the output is supplied by the biasing battery.P)z A2 .221\ ( R. R.P '" _8_=> 1. for the higher a.P).2R = '( 1-. = -(norm a ladjustrn ent) f . M.) Also -=-- R X 100 -r P II fel. :: ~ (R . e = 1:1 69 . 1 After doubling R and X. and intercha ng.lows that No there will be no change in the balance point position. let the new balance point be at length e' .0-0 -_ --:e '"".The energy. P

! =7A 18 and -6 I = ~A 2 7 = ( --. need an antenna. (ii. therefore.Iight gathering power of telescope. The te lescope with objective of aperture be prefered for viewing as this would give a betler resolution. A1 should y.~=( 12 (i) (ii) 26. of audio signal frequency. B The amplitude of modulating than the amplitude Kirchoff's Laws 1 3 Applying c For closed loop ABCDA 12 = 4 (11+1) +211 = 611+41. 7 - 18-6) x4 volt == -volt . unattainable.2 For closed loop ADEFA (i) 6 = 4 (11+12) + 12 = 41. whose size would be practically 1 signal is kept less of carrier wave to avoid distortion. 7 48 70 .m. y" y" y" have a higher ..+512 Solving (i) & (ii) (ii) I. (i) A1) A2 > 1i y. When the size of the antenna is comparable wave length of the signal the time variation of the signal is properly sensed by the antenna to 3 1 (ii) An e. wave..i) 27. It would. would have a very high wavelength.

d across R :'h in R = 40 2 '" (11 +12/R =(17 )' x4J =_. The machine is the Van de . K =2k1k2 kl+k2 = k3 +k 2 29.75J 28.d across each cell Energy dissipated = p..Graff generator Principle of Vande graff generator construction working OR k£oA of C1 = -d-· of C2 of two Capacitors 576J 49 1 :'h 1:'h 1 2 New Capacitance New Capacitance :'h = Series Combination :'h 1:'h = ~~A( Elk::!] of C New Capacitance = Parallel 3 of two Capacitors Combination 4 ) :'h 1:'h £<>A(k3+k d 2 ..p. =11. (a) 4 :'h of refracted wave front 5 Construction 1 71 .

sin r c2 or y" ~J1 = S. c2 'h (b) 'h Explanation .1.t base 'h 'h ..... t.sinr=-- c.time taken by any disturbance to travel from incident wave front to the refracted wave front is same 1 5 OR size of aperture I Essential Condition for diffractionobstacle comparable to the wave 'length of light 1 2 Derivation of angular width of central maxima = ( Aa) 72 .1 sml=--· base sin c __ i =.

e saturation value at w:hi. and south poles.Expl anation of the lim it A .ch point all the dipoles are perfeclly alinged with the field (c) Paramagnetic polar dielectric.. have a non-zero dipole moment 1 5 OR (a) Geographic meridian ~ The vertical plane containing the longitude circle and the axis of rotation of the earth 1 Magnetic Meridian ~ The vertical plane passing through the imaginerylines the magnetic north. equals the angle between the geographic (magnetic) north as shown by a compass needle. Net dipole moment non -zero (b) As the temprature the magnetisation is lowered.. H B = BlOcos (1)2 -0::) = BE a %5 73 .er latitudes -. % (1)'2-0:) sin Relation . The declination (b) Angle of dip = north and the 1 has a higher value at high. joining 1 The magnetic element (associated with the difference between these two planes) is called the 'magnetic declination'. 0 for 30. or simply 'declination'. increases until 2% it reaches Ih. i... at a place.e. This is because the atoms/molecules of such material correspond to a 1 a material have non-zero magnetic moment A similar statement holds fora polar di electric where the atoms/molecules of the materi ai. near the poles... (a) ray optics to be valid of parallel alignment 2 5 Explanation of atomic dipoles. % The declination..

QUESTION PAPER PHYSICS . of Questions 3 9 10 8 30 Total Marks 15 27 20 8 70 08 07 08 08 03 14 04 06 07 05 70 74 .ation and matter Atoms and Nuclei Electronic Devices Communication Systems Total B. Weightage to contentfsubject units Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating current Electromagnetic Waves Optics Dual Nature of Radi. Electrostatics Current Eleclri. Short Answer SA (II) 4. Very Short Answer (VSA) Total Marks for each Question 5 3 2 1 No.II DESIGN OF THE. Short Answer SA (I) 3.SAMPLE PAPER . Weightage to form of questions RNo.~CLASS XII Time: 3 hours Maximum Marks: 70 The weightage ot the distribution of marks over different dimensions of the question paper shall be as follows A. Form of Questions 1. long Answer Type (LA) 2.

... 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) 6 (2) 3 (1) 5 (1) 3 (2) 14 (5) 4 (2) 2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) 5 (1) - 8. 10. has been assigned to nurnericals Weightage to difficulty level of questions. 1 (1) 3 (1) 6 (3) 8 (8) 3 (1) 27(9) 7 (2) 5 (2) 70(30 20 (to) 75 15 (3) . A Weightage. 2. 3.. Scheme of Options There wil.. 2.. VSA (1 Mark) 1 (1) 1 (1) SAl (2 Marks) 2 (1) TOTAL 8 (3) Electrostalics Current Electricity Magnetic effect of current and magnetism Electromagnetic induction and Alternating current Elsctrorn agnetic waves Optics Dual Nature of Radiation and Malter Atoms and Nuclei Electronic Devices Communication system Total 6 (2) 4 (2) 7 (3) 8 (4) 3. has been given in five questions. E.. 1 (1) 3 (1.C. anyone question of 3 marks and all three questions of 5 marks weighlage.BLUE-PRINT· Marks Allotted 15 % 70 % 15 % n SAil (3 Marks) LA (5 Marks) 5 (1) .._" UNIT 1. D. 1.No.. Estimated difficulty level Easy Average Difficult PHYSICS .) - 4. 9. 7. S. This internal choice is given in anyone question of 2 marks.. 1.1 no overall choke. of around15 marks. 6. 2. 1 (1) 4 (2) 3 (1) 8 (4) 5. on a very selective basis. be Internal choices (either/or type).

questions and questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each. one question of three marks and three question of five marks.II PHYSICS (THEORY) Class XII Time: 3hours M. Questions (ii) (iii) There are 30 questions one mark each. nR) respectively. Use of calculators is not permitted.tructions: (i) All questions are compulsory. an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks.SAMPLE PAPER . The velocity of propagation are denoted by ( ii" 11. in total. h=6. You have to attempt only one of the choice in such quest ions. and n'R compare with each other? 2. ""4nx1 0-7 Tm A-1 1. How do the values of (b) n. wherever necessary. (v) (vi) You may use the following values of physical constants.: 70 the Young's double slit experiment change. 1 to 8 are very short answer type and carry 19to 27 carry three marks each Questions 9 to 18 carry two marks each.63 x 10·34Js e= 1.6x1 0-19C u. How will the intensity of maxima and minima. However. you may use log tables if necessary. However. ) (in vaccum) and the frequency of (i) x rays and (ii) radio waves and ( !JR. (iv) There is no overall choice. if one of the two sl its is covered by a transparent paper which transmits only half of the light intensity? 76 .

in the hydrogen spectrum. in the orientation shown here.s respectively. What is the magnitude of torque experienced by this coil? 8. Taking the mass of a neutron and its associated de-Broglie wavelength as m and A. 0. (a) (b) (c) Water purification Remote Sensing Treatment of cancer 77 . is placed in a unitorm magnetic field B :: B k . 0. through concentric spheres of radii 2a and 8a centered at the origin. state the dependence of As 4. Charge s of magnitudes 2 Q & . 0) and (4a. are connected in (i) series and (ii) parallel with eaoh other Find the ratio of currents through a load of resistance R in the two cases? 6. on m and T. Two identical cells. Paschen and Balmer Series. carrying a given current I. 0). Ap and increasing order. The short wavelength limits of the Lyman. due to these charges. 9.Q are located at po ints (a. z N x A given rectangular coil OLMN of area A. An respectively.3. How does the mutual inductance of a pair of coils change. wilen (i) distance between the co iIs is increased (ii) number of turns in each coi Is is decrea sed? Name the electromagnetic waves used for the following and arrange them in increasing order of their penetrating power. may be taken as equal to kT. The most probable kinetic energy of thermal neutrons at a temperature of T kelvin. are denoted by A( . Find the rat io of the fl'uxof electric field. 7. Arrange these wavelengths in 5. of negligible internal resistance. where k is Boltzmann constant.

as shown in the figure_ 14. Obtain an expression for th.given below. Does this angle depend on the wavelength of light used? Calculate the half I ife period of a radioactive substance if its activity drops to initial value 'in30 years. Using Ihese relations. Complete the truth table . on the vertices of an equi Ialeral triangle.10 Alight beam is incident on the boundary between two transparent media.isangle of incidence. explain the fact that increasing the current sensitivity may not necessary increase the voltage sensitivity. 11. AS C. I nputs A & Bare appl ied to the Iogi c gate set up as shown below. of side 10cm. and name the equivalent gate formed by Ihis'set-up'. 1 Find the amount of work done in arranging the three point charges. 16 th of its 1 12. Write the relation for current sensitivity and voltage sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer. At a particular angle of incidence the reflected ray is perpendicular to the refracted ray. A' B-------I A 0 0 B 0 A' B' y 1 0 1 1 13. A --1. OR 78 .

obtain the expression for the work done in moving the planar loop from its unstable (equilibrium) position to its stable (equilibrium) position. with a constant speed' v. with 20 turns per cm.interference pattern in a double slit experiment? Explain. on the surface of earth? 17. X X XX X X xpx xxxxxx xxxxx 16. obtained on the screen. 'w' for an amplitude modulated wave. and speed v. R.Using the relation for potential energy of a current carrying planar loop. what iis the (average) induced emf in the loop while Ihe curren! is changing? Draw a plot of the variation of 'amplitude' versus Hence expla in the need for keepi ng. A straight conductor PO (Registance = R) is moving in a uniform and time independent magnetic field as shown below.on from each slit related to the . Hence draw the intensity experiment distribution curve. n. t he broadcast 18.2 second. in the double slit (i) when the width of each slit is comparable to wavelength of monochromatic light used (ii) when the width of each slit is relatively large compared to wave length of monochromatic light 20. Assuming that there is no loss of energy due to friction. the pattern on the screen is actually a superpositi on of sing Ie slit diffraction from each slit and the double slit interference pattern. In what way is the diffracti. in a uniform magnetic field. Which two main observations in photoelectricity led Einstein to suggest the photon theory for the interaction of I. Show graphically quantum number. intarrns of th e magneti c fiel d. to a place where it is minimum. deduce an expression for the power spent by an external agency to move the arm PQ. has a small loop of area 4cm2 placed i nsi de the solen oid norma I to its axis. (a) If the magnetic get modified? monopoles X xQ law of magnetism were to exist. In the double s lit experiment.ight with the free electrons in a metal? Obtain an expression for the th reshold frequency for p!hotoslactric emi ssion in terms of the work function of the metal Derive the expression for the radius of the 21. If the current carried by the solenoid changes steadi Iy from 4A to 6A in 0. frequenci es sutfici ently spaced out? 19. the (nature of) variation of the radi us of orbit with th. the length P Q.e pri nci pal 79 . how would the Gauss's (b) How will the angle of dip vary when one goes from a place. where the acceleration due to gravity is maximum. A long so Isnoi d. 15. nth orbit of hydrogen atom using Bohr's postulates.

Awire ABi!s carrying a current of 12A andis I.OR What is the frequency of radiation emitted when a hydrogen atom de-excites from level x to level (x-1). What is the average velocity of a free electron in the presence of an m electric field? Do all electrons have the same average velocity? How does this average velocity of the free electrons. The balance points. 0 (ii) Between two successive collisions each free electron acquires a velocity from to V eE where V=--T. in the presence of an electric field. when the two way key is completely switched off.1' A Scm long needle is placed 1Ocm from a convex m irror of focal length 40cm. show that thi s frequency equals the etas sical frequen cy of revolution of the electron in the orbit. 24.? For large x . Find the values of Rand X. the mode of propagation used in the frequency range from a few MHz upto 40MHz. Find the position. Another wire CD. is arra nged jlJ st above AS at a height of 1rnrn. vary with temperature? 25. A potentiometer circuit is set up as shown The potential gradient across the potentiometer wi re is 0. + F_{.- 26. Explain using a proper diagram. 22.tag. when the key between the terminals (i) 1 & 2 (ii) 1 & 3. 27. State various modes of propagation of electromagnetic waves.eby a phase angle '!fl' and when only the inductor is removed. presence of electric field absence of electric field. When only the capacitor is removed. are found to be at lengths 40cmand 100cm respective. the current lags behind the vol. What should be the weig ht. nature and size of the image of the needle.yingon the table.. Find the current flowing and the average power dissipated in the LC R circuit.)-'k. the current leads the voltage by the same phase ang'le.'-- ---' 80 . A series LCR circuit is connected to an a-c source of voltage V and angular frequency w. What happens to the size of image when the needle is moved farther away from the mirror? Write the nature of path of free electrons in a conductor in the (i) 23. per unit :Iength of this wire so that CD remains suspended at its position? Indicate the direction of current in CD and the nature of force between the two wires. is plugged in.025 VIcm and the ammeter present in th e circu it reads 0. "IF---M'--~. carrying a current of SA.

gnifying power when the image is formed at infinity. Would the electric field be necessarily zero at a point where the electric potential is zero? Give an example to illustrate your answer OR Find the expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor of area A and plate d if (i) a dielectric slab of thickness t. Draw the circuit diagram for this set up and briefly describe its working. shown below. (iii) How does an increase in the doping concentration affect the width of the depletion region? 81 . where (I<d) are introduced one by one between the plates of the capacitor. Find the expression for the electric field intensity. and (ii) reverse biased.28.= Vi I OR Explain the Iormatron of the depletion region fer a P-N Juntion. Why is the focal length of the objective lens of a compound microscope kept quite small? OR Derive the lens formula giving the relation between u. L Input Vi X ~-~---~-. Draw a ray diagram for a co mpound microsc. I I 1 11------ r--- v. and the electric potential. Derive an expression for the magnifying power when the final image is formed at the least distance of distinct vision. v and f for a thin convex len s Define the term 'linear magnification' and draw a graph shewing the vartation ot linear manginification with image distance for a thi n convex lens. due to a dipole at a point on the equiatorialline. output Y (3V. can produce an a-c output without any external input signal. How does the width of this reQ'ionchange when the junction is (i) forward biased. Identify the components X and Y of this set up. and (it) a metallic slab of thickness t. Stale the expression for the ma.ope. How can this graph be used for finding the foca I length of the lens? 30. In which case woul d the ca pacitance be more and wh y? separation 29. The set up.

U MARKING SCHEME (THEORY) PHYSICS Class XII Q No. 5. 7... (b) decreases 'J2+'J2 1 r rays power.V radiation>microwaves In order of penetrating 10. 1. yrays>U.l yes: 2 82 .SAMPLE PAPER . Inten sity of maxi ma decreases 'h+% 1 3.A£.Ap 2: 1 2: 1 zero (a) (a) (b) (c) decreases U. Value point I expected points (a) equal (b) nx > nil and that of minima increases Marks Total 1 2. ?aa- 1 . V radiation Microwaves 1 1 8. 6. 2 ==> Ian Dp ::: J. 9.Jmf 1 1 4. J.

0 1 2 AND Gate P. => 30years . A' % .5 years 8' 0 Y 0 0 0 0 0 13.4 I 2 % = 7.16 where N= No(ir NNo=(ir t = 30 years % % Tme of disinlegraion half life pericd No. of half lives n = 4 = => half life period 12.11. h a If life pena d . No N=. W1+W2+W3 % 2 % % 2 OR Calcu lation of Wand result (inJ}W=-324J Relation for Current Sensitivity Relati on for Voltage Sensitivity Explanlion Relation for P.E Calculation Work done % = -2IA B 83 = -2mB of work done 1% 2 .E of a pair of charges % U = kq1q2 r ": Total work done W = 14.

from 90 to 0° 0 2 rp = B.. P = Fv 'h v 'h = Bit =8 R (Bve) fv R where qm is the net (magnetic) charge = 2 enclosed by the dosed surface.nIA IEI= Cit = dIP d dt (. 4x10·5V 2 18.. the different stations can operate without interference 19. we get E = 50 .u. The pattern shows a broader diffraction peak in which there appear several fringes of smaller width due to the double s Iit interference..15.J W (f).nA dr dt Su bstituting val ues. 1 (w.A = .1 84 .uonIA) = ll.. In the Iimit of width of a sl it becoming very small. The number of interference fringes depend s upon the ratio of the distance between the two slits to the width of a slit. (b) 17.dians) .w. When the broadcast frequencies are spaced out. {inr.. the diffraction pattern will become very flat and we will observe the two slit interference patlern..

20. there exist a threshold frequency (of incident light) belowwhibh no emission takes place. 1 hO= CP. when Vms. +~m~ 2 max 3 (ii) Relation => hO. For each photoemilter.(ii) 1 3 . nh L =mVr=n2h2Ea r=-nmZe2 2n '0 1 3 OR 85 . Two main observations:(i) The maxim urnki netic energy of the emitted photoelectrons is independent of the intensity of light. = .= 0 21.rp.

.:. mode of propagation (explanation used-sky wave propagation and diagram).- 2n:f where V=2n:mr and This leads to - 3 which is same as iJ for large X 22..8 = u -v 1 'h When the needle is farther away from the convex mirror. orbital frequency nh V v...u f v v= Bcm m = . its image moves 86 . (a) (b) Different modes of propagation.0.. u = -tocrn 'h 'h 'h < f= +40cm 11 1 -=-+.for large x.::.. 1+1 3 23.

farther behind the mirror towards the focus and its size goes on decreasing. Curved path Straight lines eE average velocity =--t" 3 m No. there is a variation in the velocity for individual electrons. it appears almost as a point imaqe at the focus.i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) 25. (. Explanation 3 As magnetic force is ba lanced by the weight of wire W F p.._-)\.repulsive 3 tan 1/1= x. R 0JI.iti -=-=.--2 e e 2m Substitution and result W e = 12x10-2 N/m Oi rection of current in CD is opposite to that of in A8 Nature of force . __ R mc 1_· When capacitor is removed tan <p = R 1 COG 0Jl When inductor is removed Ian <p = R - ve sign indicates that current leads the voltage 87 . When it is far off. 24.

Ray diagram of compound microscope Derivation of magnifying power Formula of magnifying power for .-.. Derivation E. Solving we get Value of R Value of X '" 10Q 15Q 3 28.= ('r+ .imageformed at infinity Reason OR Ray d.' )).l= !k~ and..iagramof thin convex lens 2 1 5 88 . Pav '" Vrmo 4"'0 3 27" RxO.. illustrative example OR Derivation of Capacitance of parallel plate capacitor (i) (ii) with dielectric slab with metal slab Reason KP 2'12 1% %+% 5 2 2 1 5 29.:. . a" Derivation of V = 0 No.lllL=- 1 ruc W"'JLC 1 ~ LCR circuit is in resonance.= R R+X _!_ e e.

Feed back circuit Circuit Diagram Working 2 2 OR 5 Formation of Depletion layer Explanation of each case on width of depl €Ilion region 2 2 5 Effect of increase in doping concentration 89 .Derivation of -f ---- 111 vu 2 Definition of m graph Finding fo ca. X -Amplifier circuit Y .I length from graph 5 30.

Wei'ghtage to form of questions S.Answer SA (I) 3. Long Answer Type (LA) 2.No.lectrostatics Current Electricity Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism Electromagnetic Induction and Alternati ng current Electromagnetic Waves Optics Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Atoms and Nuclei Electronic Devices Communication Systems Total B. of Questions 3 Total Marks 15 27 20 9 10 08 30 08 70 90 .SAMPLE PAPER- III DESIGN OF THE QUESTION PAPER PHYSICS . Very short Answer (VSA) Total Marks for each Question 5 3 2 08 07 08 08 03 14 04 06 07 05 70 No. Weightage to content/subject units E. Short.CLASS XII Time : 3 hours Maximum Marks: 70 The weightage of the distribution of marks over different dimensions of the question paper shall be as follows A. Short Answer SA (II) 4. Form of Questions 1.

9_ - _ 2 (2) 8 (8) 6 (2) 3 (1) 3 (1) 27(9) _..G. 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) -. 4 (2) 3 (1) 5 (1) 8 (4) 4.. 2. UNIT VSA (1. has been given in five questions. has been assigned to numericals. anyone question of 3 marks and all three questions of 5 marks weiqhtaqe.111 Marks Allotted 1.. 1. Internal choice (either/or type). A weightage.BLUE-PR1NT. 1 (1) 2 (1) .No.. of around15 marks.._.. 6 (2) 7 (3) 5 (3) 70(30) 4 (2) - 10_ 20 (10) _ 15 (3) 91 . 2. on a very selective basis.. 8 (3) 5_ 6_ 7. Mark) SAl (2 Marks) 4 (2) 2 (1) SAil (3 Marks) 3 (1) LA (5 Marks) TOTAL 'i'. Weightage to difficulty level of questions S...ICS .. Estimated difficulty level Easy Average Difficult PHYS. 'Electrostatics Current 'Electricity Magnetic effect of current and magnetism 'Electromagnetic induction and Alternating current ElectromagneNc waves Optics Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Atoms and Nuclei Electronic Dsvices Communication Tota_1 system 1 (1) 1 (1) _ _ 8 (4) 7 (2) 5 (1) 3.. Scheme of Options There will be no overall choice. E. 8. D...... 3 (2) 14 (5) 4 (2) _ - 6 (2) 3 (1) 5 (1) . This internal choice is given in anyone question of 2 marks.5 % 70 % 15 % 2 3.

of radii rand 2r. one question of three marks and all the questions of five marks.ns truction s. remote sensing (iii) treatment of cancer be labetlsd as 2. However. questions 19 to 27 carry three marks each and questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each.7 TmA·l 9x109 Nm 2 u.6x 10. C2 1. 3. an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks.: (i) (ii) All questions are compulsory There are 30 questions in total. A" ~ and ~ . = an _1_:= ane. Two circular loops.. 34 Js e= 1. (v) Use of calculators is not permitted. (iv) There is no overall choice.19C x 10.Arrange A" ~ an d A3 in increasing order.:70 (iii) Questions 9 1018 carry two marks each. have currents I and 1/2 flowing through them in clockwise and antidockwi se sense respectively. You have to attempt on'ly one of the given choices in such questions. Questions l' to 8 are very short answer type and carry one mark each. You may. Let the wave Iengths of the electromag netic waves used quite often for (i) (ii) killing germs in household water purifiers. You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary: c = 3 x 1 Os ms' h = 6..III PHYSICS (THEORY) Class XII Time: 3hours Generall. 92 . If their equivalent magnetic moments are Ml and M2 respectively. use log tables if necessary.SAMPLE PAPER. however.63 x 10. state the relation between Ml and M2 .M. The motion of a copper plate is damped when it is allowed to oscillate between the pole pieces of a magnet State the cause of this damping. M.

of oscillating electric and magnetic fields. when frequency of hght falling on it is 'f '. is incident on an air-water interface and the correspondi ng refracted wavefront has a width Z as shown.4. of wi dth X. is 'V' . of the five capacitors. 1 c. of angular frequency {fJ. Another device Y can be regarded as a combination of a transmitter and a receiver Name the devices X and Y The maximum ve'locity of electrons. through its use as the rncdutatinq signal on a carrier wave of frequency Vc. emitted from a metal surface of negligible work function. and show these fields diaqramatically Justify that the electrostatic potential is constant throughout the volume of a charged conductor and has the same value on its surface as inside it. connected as shown? C2 . Express the refractive index of air with respect to water. in terms of V. What will be the change in (a) charge stored in the capacitor? 93 10 . State the ratio of the size of the transmitting antenna. Write the vector equations. is propagating with velocity c along the Z-axis. C. in terms of the dimension shown.Adevice X can convert one form of energy into another. that can properly sense the time variation of the signal. OR A capacitor is charged with a battery and then its plate separation is increased without disconnecting the battery. .I c. A plane electromagnetic wave. directly as such. What is theequivalent capacitance. 7. and Vo9. v 5 A plane wave front. What will be the maximum velocity when the incident light frequency is made '4f' ? An audio signal of frequency Va is to be transimitted as an electromagnetic wave (i) (ii) 8. 6.

OR Define an electric field Iins.. Draw the pattern of the field Iines around a system of two equal positive charges separated by a distance. at a point. due to an infinite plane sheet. The magnetic moment M now makes an angle of e with the field direction... Using Gauss law establ ish that the magnitude of electric field intensity. find theem itter current at Vco = 1OV and Ib = 60 PA. that ca n emerge out from the surtace. is d ~p2_1 r= 14. =l -.. Find the value of angle e.p . with uniform charge density 0' is independent of the distance of the field point._4ci~~ . of the base of the can e of light. How can the internal resistance of the cell be determined from this graph? 12 Two magnets of magnetic moments M and M. 7 6 5 4 3 2 ~ /' / II -- -f-=-15 .J3 are joined to form a cross...2u I I~ 1.loJrJ-k- III --~o I vrc« 5-=-10 -.- I I (a) (b) 15. M 13 A lurniniscent object is placed at a depth 'd' in a (optically) denser medium ofrefractive index' p '. Prove th at radius r.:. The combination is suspended in a uniform magnetic field B. find (3at this point. A certain n .(b) (c) (d) energy stored in the capacitor? potential difference across the plates of the capacitor? electric field between the plates of the capacitor? Draw the current versus potential difference characteri stics for a ce'll. from the object.n transistor has the common emitter output characteristics as shown I =~ ---:. . 94 .

is placed at a d istan ce r from the origin 0 with its axis parallel to x-axis as shown A small coil. has its two en ds hinged respectively. For the given combination of gates. An average induced emf of Q. . for A = 650 nm. A charged particle.eld S. Y. . 19. 18.40 second. of one turn. of the particle after 10s... and displacement. with a frequency about an axis passinq Ih rough the centre and perpend icular to the pia ne of the ri ng . circumference. Find the coefficient of self induction of the cui I. _ A 0 I B 0 I C 0 0 0 YI Y1 A s rna II magnet.16. moving with a velocity of 1000 ms entres a uniform electric field of strength 103 NC·1 directed perpendicul ar to its directi on of motion. with the axis of the coil coinciding with x-axis.4V appears in a coil when the current in it is changed from 1 OA in one direction to 10 A in opposite direction in 0. 17. The rod is rotated.___. obta in an expres sio n for the emf between th e centre and the circumference of the metallic ring. remains undetlscted? What is the direction of current in the coil? N 's 20 A slit of width 'd' is illuminated red light of bywhite light For what value of 'd'is the first minimum. of charge 2 J1 C and mass 10 mill ig ram. of a circular metall ri ng of rad ius R. 95 . For what value of current in the coil does a small magnetic neddle. located at point P? For what value of the wave length of . at the center and at th e 13.-------. parallel to the axis of rotation is present every where.A meta IIic rod of length L. is placed on the x-axis.light will maxima also fall at P? its first diffraction 21 . at the same distance from the origlin. kept at origin. of magnetic moment M. Fi nd the velocity.. Find the values of outputs below Identify the gates Gland G2. If a constant and uniform magnetic fi. and Y2 - in the table given : -: ------'::--)=>--1 ~ c .

What reasoning led de. It..Broglie wavelength associated with.a particle of 2Itmc mass'rn'. -VM I. with lower bi ndi ng energy per nucleon" transform to nuclei with greater bind ing energy per nucleon. The figure below shows the V -I characteristics of a semiconductor device. (i) (ii) The resultant intensity at any point on the screen varies between zero and four times the intensity.22.6 eV. 27 96 . are observed on the screen. cal cu late the frequency of photon emitted.times the kinetic energy of the particle.' (0) 26. due to one slit.. when the source of monochromatic light is replaced by while light in Young's double slit experiment.Broglie to put forward the concept of mailer waves? The wavelength. 23. If nuci ei..A few coloured fringes. and the de . . of a photon. in Young's double slit experiment. 24. l(mA) (iii) Briefl y explain how th is device is used as a voltage regu lator. (i) (ii) What are the potential and kinetic energy of an electron in the 3rd excited state? If theeiectron Jumps to the ground state from the thi rd excited state. say It Show that the energy of photon is -' -11. Give reason for each of the following observations. Draw the circuit diagram to obtain the given characters itics of th is device. (i) (ii) Identify the semiconductor device used here. (iii) The intens ity of light transmitted by a polaroid is half the intensity of the light incident on it 25. would the reaction be exothermic or endotherm ic? Justify your answer and write two examples to support your answer Complete the following block diagram depicting the essential elements of a basic communication system. around a central white region. has the same value..... The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is -13.

given below.. when it is placed in water (p =pJ. Which of these modes is used for telephonic communication? OR Is it necessary for the transmitting antenna and the receiving antenna to be of the same height for I. for a triangular prism is shown below.. 29 (a) Out of the two arrangements.l .. Use this information to derive an expression for refractive index of the material of the pri sm.between these two antennas of heights hTand hE' 28 A plot.-I.. Use the result to show that the focal length of a i1w (jig lens of the glass (IJ = J. has a focal length T. between the angle of deviation (8) and angle of incidence (i).. What happens when n > IJ._..·-+·~--~ . made of a material of refractive index IJ. Explain using appropriate ray diagram. I I I I . If the lens is placed in a transparent medium of refractive index 'n' (n<IJ ). for winding of primary and secondary coil in a transformer. ~----------~I~....-I PI I I o OR ---eo A thin lens.ineof siqht communication? Find an expression for maximum line of sight distance d"... which arrangement do you thi nk will have higher efficiency and why? 97 . Medium OR Channel . ) becomes ( _ 9 -1) Pg-Jiw ) times its focal length in air.Name the two basic modes of communication.. Explain why any given val ue of ' 8' corresponds to two val:ues of angle of incidence? State the significance of point 'P' on the graph.. obtain an expression for the change 'inthe focal length of the lens.

OR (c) (a) In a series LCR ac circuit.. when the voltage is stepped up bya certain factor. area of cross-seen on A. in a conductor vary with (a) (b) (c) increase in potential gradient? increase in temperature? increase in length? increase in area of cross-section? OR (d) (Assume that the other factors remain constantin each case. is the applied instantaneous voltage equal to the algebric sum of the instantaneous voltages across the series elements of the circuit? Is the same true for r.s.) 98 . in an ideal transformer. (b) 30. State any two causes of energy loss in a transformer.(a) (b) (b) Show that.rn. and number density of free electrons n. the power dissipated depends not only on the voltage and cu rrent but also on the cosine of the phase angle <p between these two. How does the current density. voltages? Prove that in a series LCR circuit. Is current density a vector or a scalar quantity? Deduce the relation between current density and potential difference across a current carrying conductor of length I. the current gets stepped down by the same factor.

red and orange. is zero.if the carbon resistor. Find the value of R. B D v 99 .Write the condition of balance in a Wheatstone bridge. In the given Wheatstone bridge. connected in one arm of the bridge. are now interchanged and another carbon resistance is connected in place of R so that the current through the arm BD is again zero Write the sequence of colour bands of this carbon resistor Also find the value of currenlthrough it. has the colour sequence of red. The resistances. of BC and CD arms. the current in the resi star 3R.

3 4. 1.RY) Class XII QNo. B =Bosin(O! j OR E =Eosin (011 B =Bosin (01 i x s or a 1 2 y 100 . y.... (a)Transducer 11 -+22 1 1 1 1 1 20 Vc 8 g.SAMiPLEPAPER ~III MARKING SCHEME PHYSICS (THEo.!~ 2 C::: C3 a W 1 1 1 1 1 IJ=--=- sin r sini w y 11 -+22 (b) Repeater 6. 7. OR y. Value point { expected points Marks 1 Total 1 1 A3<A1<A2 eddy currents 2. y. 5 ~ =-.. E:::Eosinwtl _ A y. t v.

This means thai. 4 slm=< i..J3 1 13 2 For total internal reflecti on . no work is done in moving a small test charge within the conductor or on its surface. 1 1 2 OR (a) (e) 11 decreases remains same (b) (d) decreases decreases 'h+'h 'h+'h 2 1 SinceV = E ~ if. there is no potential difference between any two points inside or on the surface of the conductor. tame =- . the internal resistance the slope of th is graph equals the negative of 1 2 12 MBsin8=-J3MBsin (900~8) = 5MB cos 8 1 => tan 8 =. r d 101 . Hence the potential is constant through out the volume of the conductor and has the same value on its surface.! also. Since electric field inside the conductor is zero and has no tangentia I component on the surface.10. from the figure.

0B = 100 mA Ie = 10 + V= (b) 15.. = "Ib 60IJA 6mA 1 2 Statement of Gauss law Di.= at =-20 40 40 E=-l- dl dt 0. dE= magnitude rod = B 11dr = B = of emf generated across length dr of the (rw) dr 2n11Brdr 102 . !3 = 1.J2_1 14. - 1 BmA+BOpA:=6.OOSH =SmH 2 17. (a) 2 =60 pA For Vee = 10 V andlb I -6mA 0. sini. r 2 J1- sin ie d d :.4 50 = O...agram Derivation 2 1 OR 1 1 -10-10 Definition of field lines Diagram 16 dl dt 2 =U.r=Jj.4=-l (-5Q l=O.

= nBt}R< 2 18 G. along the direction of field. = 1OOOms· . as seen from the origin.e at P: d sine d 2 1 = ~Al' 2 nm or X' = 21. At fi rst minimum n= 1 sense. after constant 1 The velocity of the particle.M _ l-Iola2 3 4m~ - 2r 2M ~I=-· --. 2 4TT a Current is in anticlockwise 20.R Required emf = dE = 2J't"B6 rdr o o J J fI. ~OR G2 ~ AND 11 -+- 22 1 2 Y. 3 d sin 30°= nX or -=1x650nm or d=1300 nm For 101maxima to li. normal to the direction of field. is g'iven by By = uy + ay 103 . Y2= 0 Th is happens when magnetic field of bar magneti s equa I and opposite to the magnet ic field of coil => IBMI = IBe I 1 1 IJ.=O 19. = 2dsi n e = 2x1300 x sili1300 3 3 4333nm 1 3 The velocity of the particle. 0.

must have symmetrical character. mailer and radiant energy. K =-andp=2m h X 104 . If radiation shows a dual nature. along the x-axis. after 10s X=1000 x 10m = 10000 m Displacement along y .x10 x10 1Ox10-6 6 3 =2000ms-1 The net velocity after 10s =1000 . de-Broglie put forward the bold hypothesis that moving particles of matter could d isplay wave-Ii ke properties under suitable conditions. y=U!+-af y 2 1 y =10000 m Net displacement r=-Jx2 +y2 = ~( 10000)2 + (10000)' =10000.axi s (in the direction of field) after 1Os.~ 2x10. so should matter.J5 m S-1 Displacement.J2" m 3 22. 1 p2 . He reasoned that nature was symmetrical and that the two basic physical entities.

t.. (ii) Thein!erference pattern due to d i. E4 = ~eV -13.75x1 . intensity varies between zero and four times the intensity.63x10-34 i 19 :::3x1 015 Hz 1 3 The resullant intens ily. n For Ihirdexciled state.6)] eV = 12 .6 == -O.85-( -13. KE= D. he K h . due to each slit. 5 eV 7 and 24.2Jr. 5n and so on ~ I = 0 for m inimu m .. and I = 41ofor maximumintensily Thus. at any point on the screen. in Young's double slit experiment.Also Ephoton '" --. (i) v = liE == h 12.oton 23 _-13. Ept.85eV and PE = 2E = -1_7eV 8E=E4 -E1=[ -0. 3n.fferent colours of white light overlap inooherently: The central bright fri nges for different colours 1 105 .ntersity. n=4 :.6· ~---e V 2 1:.A 2A me)K == ( -h3 :.6x1 06. is given by Forconslructive interference: r:p = D..85eV :.---E 2rn:.41t and $0 on F or destructive lnterterence: ~ = n.

transforms to nuclei with gfeater binding energy per nucleon. less is the total mass of a bounded system. on either side of central wh ite fringe. pases through a polaroid. Consequently. F or example in case of fission. there wi II be a net energy release. when light nuclei fuse into a heavier single nucleus.c. Channel. are red andlhe farthest will appear bl ue After a few fringes no cI ear fringe pattern is seen.nsmitter H. energy is released 1 3 1 27 Tra.ight.. This increases voltage drop across R without any change of vnltage across the Zener diode. 26. (iii) A polaroid consists of along chain of molecules aligned 'in a particular direction. The electric vector (associated with the propagating light wave) along the direction of the aligned malecules get absorbed Thus. Therefore the central fringe is white and the fringes closest.are at the same position.iver 106 . 2 1 3 M_e_g_W_m_ . (i) (ii) Circuit diagram in forward bias and reverse bias (iii) R Flctualing d. if the I. .. such as a nucleus.' _ H _ . Reaction will be exothermic. Rece. Voltage Output If the input voltage increases" the current through R and Zener diode also increases.. itis abserved that its transmitted intensity gets reduced by half ~ner diode 1 1 % 3 25. when a heavy nucleus decays into two or more intermediate mass fragments or in fusion. with less binding energy per nucleon. . from an ordinary source. Greater the binding energy. if a nucleus.

This is re Iated to the fact that the path of the ray. Point-to-point are (i) point-to-point and 11 -+1 22 3 mode is used for Telephonic communication. except for i = e. in fact.e.gible) o d. + 2hrR. i. In general.hR 1 3 where hRis the hei ght of the receiving antenna. := dT2+R~ _ (h~ is negli. resulting in the same angle of deviation. between the two antennae is dm:= ~2RehT + ~2R. can be traced back. For 0 := D"" i 1 1 = e ~ r. is expected from the symmetry of i ande as 15 = i + e -A. any given value of 0.Two basic modes of transmission (ii) broad cast mode. = f2 or 2r= A or r = ~ In the same way 1 107 . corresponds to two val ues of i and e Th is. 28. The maximum line-of -sight distance d". itis not necessary For transmitting to have the same height. 15 remains the same if i and e are interchanged. the refracted ray inside the prism becomes parallel to the base. antenna of height h. OR No. Poi nt P is the poi nt of minimum deviation. At the minimum deviation Dm. or (hT +Re)2:= 2 d~ +R~ hf 2 + R. is also called the radio horizon of the transmiting antenna. as shown in figure.

s values.O m = 2' 1- A at! '.rn.) For an ideal transformer Input power = output power when Es increases. The refractive index of the material of the prism is J1 = sin (A + Om)/2 sin A 12 OR 5 Derivation of M= RF2 '[~ __ 1_]: R2 -R u-n (1. V = VL+Vc +V. For r.s value V = J(Vl vel' + V 2 R This is due to phase relations between the different voltaqes.2 1 :.R for instantaneous values - It is nottrue for r.l corwex lens For n >). A+Om = -..rn. 2 (b) 30 Proof of: 3 5 Yes.l diver9 in 9 len s 1 1 5 Explanation 29 Arrangment (a): because leakage afflux is minimum (almost zero. Isdecrease in the same ratio 2 2 5 Any two (correct) causes OR (a) Yes. current density is a vector quantity 108 .1-1): 1•· 2 Proof of 1 1 For n<J.

1= neAVd Current density I -=neV Adm . 2R 2R In the given Wheatstone bridge.R = S = resistance of carbon resistor '" 22x10'n = 22 kG 1 o When the resistances areinlercharged.. X= 4R = 88kl1 109 . eE =ne--'t' 1 or J= ne'v. we have.. the bridge wi IIbe a balanced one if :. for balance. R = S B 'h : . (ne'' ) 'i e ml f = m 1 (a) (b) (c) (d) increases decreases decreases remains same OR 'hx4=2 5 The balance condition is- .

The sequence of colours will be grey. grey and orange. is given by 1 -=-+-=Req 3R 6R 1 1 1 2+1 6R :.x~ 3 2R v 6R 1 5 110 .of the balanced wheatstone bridge..'.:!. Also equivalent resistance. Current throughlhe (new) carbon resistor = ..