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Devin Capela Diet Cola Lab Project (Phase One) Stats 1510

Introduction

In this experiment, three different types of carbonated beverages were compared to one another in regards to weight. The three types of soda that were weighed were all diet sodas: Diet Coke, Diet Pepsi, and Coke Zero. This experiment was carried out in order to observe which type of soda, on average, weighed the least when compared to the other two. It was hypothesized that Coke Zero would weigh the least, because the name implies that is has zero calories, which might mean that it weighs the least out of the three types of soda.

Methods

In order to conduct this experiment, one simple random sample of 15 was taken from the three different populations of interest (one from each type of soda). TC Stats was used to generate 15 random numbers for each group; the cans to be weighed were selected by this procedure. Each can was weighed in grams out to the hundredths place, and recorded in TC Stats. The data collected from these simple random samples is representative of the population because 15 random cans from each type of soda were selected in the same manner, weighed with the same scale, and not tampered with in any way. Each of the cans used was checked for deformities (i.e. cracks, significant weight differences, etc.) before the weighing, and none of the

cans had any attributes that set them apart from the rest of its population (the type of soda in question).

Results

Upon completion of the experiment, the data that was collected was analyzed by way of graphical display and comparison of five number summaries. Figure 1.1, which is the summary statistics of the date for this experiment, illustrates the five number summaries of each random sample side-by-side so that they may be easily compared to one another in each aspect of the five number summaries. The sample sizes, mean, and standard deviation are also presented in the summary statistics, and allow for the viewer to easily make comparisons between each simple random sample. Figure 1.2 shows a graphical display of the five number summaries for each sample of soda. The graph shown in figure 1.2 is a box and whisker plot, which displays the five number summaries for each group on a number line. A box and whisker plot can be very helpful in many cases, and was used in this report to visually show which sample weighed the least in comparison to the other samples. However, a box and whisker plot often times makes the viewers mind perceive that there is a greater difference between the data in each sample, because the human eye sees each plot shifted significantly away from the others, when truly, the data in each sample isnt really that different from the data in the other samples. To ensure that the

box and whisker plot does not skew how the human eye perceives this data, the summary statistics is provided, which clears up any misconception about how closely related the data for each sample is to each other. At the conclusion of data analysis, it was shown that of the samples tested, Diet Pepsi had the lowest Median (physical center of the data), and the lowest Mean (the center of the data as a balancing point), which would mean that Diet Pepsi, on average of the samples tested, weighed the least amount out of the three different types of soda tested in the experiment.

Figure 1.1

Figure 1.2