No portion

of 'his, manual

Yaesu Musern

C o.,


111 ay

be reproduced

All rights


the permission of' Y.a.e':5"!J M' :_,usen r= 0 .,; 'td _• ~ ['
without Prin ed in Japan.


2 2 2
'3. oJ

Receiver Tran sminer

Aeeessorles & Options Llst

Controls & Connecters
To:p' Panel


Side & Front Panel s


Bauery Packs, Battery Cases '& Chargers
NC-29 ,5... 110.1.11 Q:wil(~k Caarger :P'A"ol Mobile :DC Adapter/Char g-:erfor fNB,-9" - ~O:~,14 & :FNB,..11 .~ :Dry-CeU B IlUcry Cases 'B aJuery Itemolv,a~ ,&, Replacement

7 7

7 18 :8 9

MH=12A2B & -.~H-18A2B Spe.ater/M:ic·,-ophones
Antenna Considerations



Preliminary Operating Information Squelch Setup Transmiuing Frequency & Step Selection Memory Storage & Recall Repeater Op erati on.
c S- an _"ocannmg
Non=S'tllJndard Repeater S.pU ts


12 13


Priori ty Channel Monitoring TOD,e Squelch Operation,




,In Case OfProblems G'C!'i',1The 'M'ost From Your' B~···te'ries
..... 'e'mory Clonin,g' al a. 0' ~/ ,-'-. "0- . , . OS.,:4Il. _ I .; 10.'f·':' 0' pt 1 ..'n ··S·'
.1. ..::... . ..... _ .' .'..

18 19

.PTS-I2 Tone Squelch Unit Installation
H'FIT 4, hJNor Installed If:FIT 4· ,]S .lMtarm~d

21 22

F , ',-4D'TMF Keypad' nstal arion


Yaesu F, -·2,3 ' ,2mHand-Held

Cpu-Controlled FM Transceiver
The FT =23R, is a compact f}d hand ... hemd for the 2-:m'et:er amateur band that offers the convenience of very small size and. light weight combined with the features and performance flexi bility only possible wi th 01 icro'.' .... '_,. [". -"[-- .._.... - 'IJ'-. ble a k processor conuot,'1 A- v ane ~y0f recth argea.... e b.. ttery p,ac,· s an d d ~""J' e','11 ',. aory c cases are available, providing' u'p '[0 five waas of RF power output
I ," '_' _.






I ', ... " .. ,'






•• '.




' .•





.~ '~~ '" A d'~ aU tran seer ver IS 'L, nousea..J ennrety In ztnc an~a1ummum ..•.le-c,a.s~: oys.~ '~:
i, ,. 'i'



and 'battery cases are cons tructed of thick high ..impact pol ycarb onate plastic, for professional-grade ruggedness required 'in the most demanding k d app 1~ tcanons.t 'RU bb'ex gasket sea'1-aroun d a l~externat'~. tro 1S ,m· .eonnec .. '. s ~ con tors keep 10'10 t dust and rain or spray, assuring 'y'lear~;of reliable operation even in barsb environments.




Stood ard microproce ssor-controlled features include len :01emory channels which each store repeater sbifts, ICTCSS (Continuous Tone Control,ed Squelch System) tone frequencies and tone encode/decode selections; * bu sy channel and. priority channel scanning; 1,-MHz u.p/do\-vn stepping: plus, a,top panel rotary dial for memory and frequency selection. Seven of the memories can also be programmed for non-standard repeater shifts .. The .LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) shows six, frequency digits, memory channel selectior:O,, and , ~C···'"S:·.,S'· frecuen c'v I~U' -e' tone selecrton," and.. rina ' . _"" ,u,~,un P.n LJ! ~v..... 1i;,i"'1 l ~..-.Ii,!iJi.
!!;,;i'\;,< ..
I ..







!AI ..

includes a bargraph SIPO meter,
The F'lT ...- DTMF' keypad uait is avai able as an option, along wm.tba. 4 full, line of battery chargers, soft cases, and acce 88 ones for mobile operafr~;,nin'. U,U.. ~

Please read this m mum carefully "togain. a cleat understanding of the features of' the IT... 23"R~

page 1

'",.'. ccessones e..•.... . nons A- .. ".'-'" S· & 0'- ",p_."ill' _








Cba:IllD e)


144 to 147.9995 (vl!rs,ions Ai C ,& B) 144 to 1.4,5.9815 (v'ersions B &t, D) 5 & ,no kHz. (vers. AID{E)~ 12.5 & 2:5'kfh (vers, B/C,)

FNB~9 ,f'NB-I0

'7 .2='V ~,:200=mAJUJ Nl·,C'd B,,3lttery Pack .,l' -2 "V:, 'uu.u~mA"" ,LW"N: ,~ CA ,Dlj~~.. I.L~<t P. !!Ii"'" t~ iIC,ii'lif!l . l.. ... ~'-" .'WI '11,(-. awl\..
Ii'':_;'' _



,FNB,-.12 ,PNB-14 ,PNB,-17
IFBA~ JF]B,A'~l 0 FB,,A ..l7

12-' V' '

,:.'.. · .' ii. E

~,if'li{'ljl IUIi..JU)": .'.~ " ._ ....l~"

rnA' h N" ~ C- A Ba IU,

U',Co;il"'V' 1()"G ..... I~. ~ l·:::~.~lIlj C·Q,VL

12-'V, SOll-mAb Nl~Cd Baue~y Pac.t
'7.2 ..V :1OOOi-'wAh. N] ..Cd BatterY' Pack 7 .2-'V 6CU}-mAh Compact :N'rn~CdBattery P~ct DQ'-'Ce]J B aLtery Case for 61 ,1\,1\ A'=StllJe ceirnls, Dry.,JUeU B,anery Case for tJi A.A,-s,ize ce,ns Com.pact D,ll1',Y- Case :ftor 16 AA,='sru 00 cells CeH 117='V,A'C Compact WaH Charger for FNB,-11/-1:2

St3lndl);rd, repeater !lbiEt.: Endssion t1pe~
Sup:ply volt~ge: Curnrent e1DD5Iunptio:n,'::
An leona (8 N C jack):
Case size I(WHD)I::

± 600 kHz G:3B (iO tD :~.5 'YDe ..o
19 rnA Sland'b:)' (.5 ave ON); 15'0 rnA. 'Receive: LS:OO~nA, ransMil (5W): 900' rnA, Tr,usmit (2W] T YHA,~16 ,rubber flex an tenna
55, x 122 x 32mm \V'~lh ·F,NB~JPB~A ..9~ 5S x 13,'9 x 32m;m. wwth. PNB ~1FB,A='~ 0 j:S, x 188 x 32:mrn. w',im:b F.N'B·..11 5), x 1S5 x '3'2mm with, F,NB ID,21-1,4


NC,-l8B NC ..18C·


.23-4-V AC Compact 'WaH C1uarger for FNB-l

m 1-' 1.:2

117~'V,A,C Compact Wal~ (!harger for 'FNB, ..91

N'C-27C' N'C~,28B, N'C-·28C N'C=2'9 NC=-34B



55 x ]33 x .32mm. w:i~, FNB~IFB,A-l.' 4,30,g' w'i[h :f.NB-IO~i .5-50g- w:w~ FNB=].~.

234- V AC Compact 'W'~l] 'Olu,g"er for FNB,..9 111",'Vi\,C Compact WaH Charger for FNE,-lOJ-17 220 ~ 234-'V A.C Compac~ 'W,an C]u~rge:rfor FNB,~lO/=11


(:~rr;uitype: t
DOtuib]e~conve1U's~om supme~erodyne

Des_k~op IQub:k. Ch.arger Jo]" ~U above F,ND picks 111-,V A:C ICom.,pac[ Wan ICharg;er :fOT FN,B,-14

220 ~ :234 ..V AC Compact 'WaH C1:u~wg~:r FNB-l4, .for


Sensid Yit,Y: Adj aeeut channel se]octivit,)f:

better 'than 0.25 ,~V for 12 dB SIN,AD' better. ttum 60 dB

CSC-22. CS-:-C:-''''3:''
.... ,,~


:1'Uoor,nlo d ulat&o:o,':' Audio output~:

OOLreJ.'than 65 dB
0.4 watts {g;8 n for 5% TOO (with, ~.2V,supply)


CSC~26 "-~.

'ow'er loutput: ,Frequency sta,bility,:
Modulation system: 'Mai(ilD'um, deriatJoD .. :

·· '. '",,'0 CS~ C'"--,~ja
, '-'~

~ 5W' ~ 12'",.'.:.; ""Ii ·ili:'W__ , V- k,..J.' ···'

~""JI I. ~.

2-'"-V": Oir ,C"D.A.. 1:fC1' A.

1'1 -2-W···· W,h.!!J, '.;t" B-'A- :_"~~fill ;1l.. Ii:' lUI
'I '.' -"lj

CSC~49 FIT-4


man. lO ppm
ea @ :1 kH'z
~I .l1J. _.

McbUe: DC ,Ad,apter/Cbarger fer 7.,Z·,.:Vpacks {FNB~91".} 14l~t 1) O/~ Soft 'Case,for Transcei ver w ltb FNB,=/FBA =9 son. Case for 'TraWlSlcetver wIth FNS,=/.f'B·A,=10 son CaBle: for TraMce~.ver with. FNH,- ~.1 Soft Case for Transceiver Wi1ih FIT -4 ,&. FNB,,./FB A~·l0 son Case ,for'Trlulscewver ww m..FIT ..4 &.FN B ..11 Sort Case 'for Transcelver \vl th 'P,N,[8,,-l2l-14 son 'CaJ~H~~Transcelver with :P'IT..4 &, FNB-], 21~-l4 :for son Case for Transceiver wIth :PN·B,~:fB,A~.}7 S(]it lease for Transceiver wiw FIT~· &.F.NB4FBA=17

'var,~mb:~e reectance


K,eypad :EnCod~f

,±_5' kH2; ben-at than. -40
bel~lerman. 60dB below cilrlier

'E"~M·'.= '-N'
• _"[ , I





- '.-"_=111,6· YHA" [WI'"'
• I .J I

S.puFi(lI.lS emissiOllS;: ,AudIo d,istortioD ~
'Micropbol,I!' type:::

iess 'u;~m j':m
] - - ·iill.. ~(fdc_







!. :l ,~
~ ....

·u ,. ..... ..,1

• "


Mobile, H'mger Bracket Ex,t,ema~ Hand Spe.aker/lVllcropbOlle Miniature Ex.lernru Hand. Speakem- Milcrophorne Rubbert flex an'~enna ercs S Subaudi'bl ! Tone Squelch U:rui.t


'Ihlrsl, ~one:

1750 fu {e:t.'cept version A)

A'Y'ailaJbil~t~ f eeeesseries may \fUJI: o

oocesrorieiil arto ,su.pplied ~ s,l.ali.dard ~r local1ieq~n:me;nts:! O'~er~ ma,j1 be l!l(lta,v;~.lab]e~~ ~ome :r-egi,Ofls.C:heGk Mth :your Y~IJ d~atLtt :for.~.uh:liliQIi1il;~(!i' the,~ve List

page: 3

Top " a'__ ,--P ·' ,irli~,. :0.81: ...
(I) ,EAR Jack

(1) Monitor (B urst) B utton

This 2~oonductor mlni phone jack pro-vides audio output for an exrernal earphone or opdonaM s:peaker1mlc~op'hof1Je~,'W hile disabling the -[n~em:al.~.ou.dspeaker ,.

version, this button opens the noise sque.k~~h. momentarily without d.isurrbing the settin,g of the 5qIL, control. In. the European version, 'this button activates the 1750- Hz burst tone generator when. pressed together with the Pll button,
(2), ,PlJ H, UnOJ!1

En the


,MI'e Jack.

This l-co:ntac~. micro-mini phone. jack accepts microphone input from a Ispeake1/ ... microphone, or otaer external Si01il.!Oe'~1 'while dh~abling:the in~emal:microphone,.

Pres 8, and hold rhls (Pu.s·h-to- Talk) bu tton to transmit T.he BUSY/IN A:I R Indlcater g'~owsred 'wtmile transmining.
(3) U nloek Lever

LOW Power

Output Button

Keep this bun an depressed whenever low power is;su:fnci~Pll for Communicadons. Low power is 20 0 to SOo.n1,'W ~ depending on. battery volli'ta,g,e~

~~nide mechanical lever u:pward 'to release the this ·tt -- tor . .. .. ,] lOa,. ery 'f'- remov.a_.~

DIAL. Rotary Selec·~m'

This .20=posi.tion, switch tunes the operating (or ICf,CSS tOD,e)fteque ncy or selects :m~m.ory channels ~according 'to the :fL1J:ncn,on selected 'by 'the front panel .keys,., This knob dup1icate~t'he functions of the A. and .. keys .fbI" convealence.

The display shows the' selected ,opermting condidons
following dlagram;

as indicated. in the

V'OllOFF' Control

This; COD'trolldju sts 'the votume of the recei VIU" Turni t; fully counrerclockwise (into the click sro.p) to turn the nnsceivl~ off.

SQ L.Conrrcl

TUB! kno b sees the thre sihold IDevem at w'.hic·b_recei ved. signals, (or noise) open the squelch, FlOC pro~o.n,led, batrer,]1'life and sq ueleh sensiti.vity ~set this control j'IJ.s~ 'to dle point where noise is, s,ilenced, (and the BU.5'10M. AIR lamp on the fran t panel b. oft) when the channel is clear,
(7) Antenna Jaek

(,5)1 Ke"ypad

Tba ·B,N·C~ accepts the supplied Y.HA,-lli 6 'rubber' flex antenna, or. ,any other ja!L~,k ,a-[l~enna designed to provide SO=onm impecanee on, the 2~meterband,

These eight :key s select tbe variou s operating features of the transceiver during reception, .A beep will sound whenever one of the keys is pres sed, The labels on the faces. of the key 8, iOO1cate tneir primary functiens, while the label s above six ,of the keys indicate al ternate functions ~which are activated 'by pressing the F key
. 't;

pag,e' 4

first, and thea the other 100,),' widdll four seconds. In this, manu al, we w'ill refer to

the se fu nction s by the ahem ate ~ abel (above the key), prefixed by "F +I'~'to remind you tO press F first For example, F + ,& indic ates that you should .pres s the r key, followed, by the ... key vrimin 'four'

B'attery Packs Batte'ry Cases & Chargers The Fr -n.R requires either the FNB·-ll or FNB ..12

seconds, AU key functions


desert be d

in. de,taj 1 in, the Operation. ch apter, and (summarized on the FT-23'R Operator's Q,uick R ff!e.','ence; Card~

twelve-vok rechargeable Ni-Cd barte.ry plack for the full 5"W,~lttpower output, However, where slightly lower POW e1" output (2.5 VillUS:) is pracdcal, the dry-cell battery cases and. ~.he FNB",·9" FNB-]O~ FNB,,-14and..FNE-lli7 Ni-Cd packs offer smaller size, we~ght or extended battery charge lite. Any oif the, Ni-Cd packs m,ay be recharged


attsched to

the lfansce.i.'v'e.ror se,paratc:_y·.,



pack should be

fuUy charjed before it .i 8, used wid] the, transeei ver f{R the first' time ~ 'Three types clf chargers are, available; IS-hour compact chargers, 'the .N'C... 9' 2 I-hour Desktop Qui,ck.Charger and the PA-6 Mobile Adapn~.r/Charger.
A diffmn.[

(6' BU.SY ION .'. I R Iadlcaror Lamp
Tillis lED' indicator glows green when the noise squelch is, open during reeeption, and :red. when nan:smi.[d~g.

cam pact cbarge r is. required for each modem pack:
Ca pa,cl'ty'

CompIle ..

FNIB..9 FN,IB-10 FNB-11' FNB~12



Ill; ._

600 600

N'C,·18 N'C~3,4 N'C-28


711, [I!~: 7'iI"'J


Make certain that you use the correct compact charger for each. pack, AIl of
the compact chargers are available with a ~;"B suffix. for opera-tion. from, ] 11-'VAC n

main$~ or with a '~C~~suffix, for operation from 220,0=,23+V.A!C maias,

N·C·,Z9 5..hour Qlliif·k. Charger

T.he NC·-29 is a universe AC mains battery chatger 'with quick and 'trickle charging mode s for all of the P-NB· series, .Hi-,Cd ,P'3'Cks r sted above, Mtcomes
wired for the maIDs voltage in. the area sold, The quick mode is, ~1Jtomatic;aU.y selected mitia1]y~ to lb:ring the batterypack I:!I.Pto full charge 2:S fast as safe),),' possible using an. internal timer. Three LBD indicators show elapsed charging time afte,r 1~~, and 5' hOUlrs,~ The charger then re vierts to [he trickle 'mode (green "

indica:tor)~ to' prevent self-discharge. 'Ihe quick mode recharges a completely discharged battery in about ,5hours, depending 0(1], temperature, page 7'

When using the NC-29, do not switch the charger off ana 00 or remove and then replace a, batte.ry from the charger wllile it is charging, as this wUl reset die timer ~ m.ay then overcharge the bauery.

... ,a._,ery,,-~,emOl',a "&.,.' R-'.:cepacemeH, ·t· . " '-'l-' B u R'
-, I.: .. _",


. I."







.' ..







sure that the ¥OILcontrol is SIe'[ in,to the tiff click-stop, land remove the protecrive :80.f£ Of' hard cage ~if u sed,

01 Grasp the transceiver

MUw your left hand, so
your palm is over the ,PA,.6 'MobUe D!e ,Ad,3"pter/Cbarger 'for FNB~9',..10, ..14 & :FNB,~l' . The P,A-6 is a ,DC~DC adapter for operating me transceiver mobi e and for charging the '1'.,2='vol~FN.B""9~, NB,=] o~ F FNB,-14 and FNB - 'm 7 Nil-led banery packs, The PA -6 recharges a oomplendy d'~s~barged :PNB -9 in about 5 hours, an FNB10/-17 ~uabout 15'_hourn" or trickle charges an FN8-14 (to full charge in aoout'3S hours ),.Be careful 'to avo~d overcharging, as, '~hePA:-6 does not include ,8, timer, The P,A-16, cannot be use-d for cbqing the FN,]3'~ or FNB-]l~ IS the chmging 11 voltage is toOl Iow, US,fJ' onty with 12-'",,0/r negative-Braund electricat systems.

speaker and. your 'mumb Il.. K' b .is on. me ~I~N'.u~_~.utton,
,. ,..'Ii;.. lU' AfJiI

0 Move the UN~CK button
in the direction indica- d'i .... th ._. -'--1-......... .r4 Ie_', b Y tie arrownean,

'while, using your right band to sl~~e battery the case toward the side with the IUM Il..DCIK:'bw,uon. The, bam~ery cas\€, should slide
SimiOOnl~'V' out r1

lof ili'~s 'track.

Dlry~Ce~~ 'Ba'ttery Cases
The :FlB"A,~9,j, FB,A-IO and FB"A,-l7' dry-cell oa;uery cases 'm,~Y'be used with six

To open. the FHA -9~ FBA -10 and FHA-I? banery cases, place y(nwrthumbs on the tracks on top of dle case and gently ,pry the tracks, apart, Alw ~y:s replace all six batteries, p;ayrun.,g atte ntion 'to the polaritY' indicated in side the CMC.
DIG not ,{Jue\mpt to open {l'n., ,of the' recharg eable Ni Cd packs.

", AA~' (UM'-4~ fOI' FBA,-9) or. AA ~ (UM... batteries", but 'these provide only A ,3) reduced power, and must IlLOt be used 'wi'th,r'f!ch(J']"g'fable. cells (becau se 'they' lack. the necessary s,af~'ty cireui ts p~ovided in the FNB series),

In, some countries, one or more of the above 'm,ay be supplled 'with the transcei ver. 'If 'you need :at battery, contact your. nearest Yae su dealer '~Opurchase the desired, battery pick or ease, 'We do not recommend 'm€: use of any OdlOC type. of baUeJEYwbh the ,FT-23R~ and using another type may ~Jfectyour w arranty,

To replace the ba'ttel:Y'case or N'i,-ICd pack, repeat the second and truro. steps above :simply sl~ding' the batte,lj' ease in ~be orher dir-ecdon a:fter aligning the sihoner ,side, of the battery ease with the 'Rack below the UINIL,D button, tIC:

Never allow the terminals of the ba',rlerypack or case to be shon-cfrcuited l'

MH,.. 1,A2B 1

&, 'MH:~18A2D ;SpeakeriMicrophones

,A,SpeHerlMic can increase operati D,g convenience and extend communications range" Bsch is equipped. wirh a dual p'~ connector which m ates w~.ththe ug EAIand M:ICjoo'ts on the top' panel of the transceiver ~dis ablin,g the intemal speaker
.... _.A ,i:.U,u;,J.

rnir» roehone~;, 'T': e ; 'W'''''\,;!',!r'"U''1iiJ.J , ,he

!ti~'''' O!!'r--aAr;.;, •. '

IJ!..·O;r'/n"l'~:"'" ble '" ,i:1J'1 low ,roo:l; ... '..•,,~., ~.u:'!;,;i Li~1lJ

ill' +:ll-;""", j;J'


tran ~~'!br,HI, a ~ e([ iL'!I,!L1.J


,,0 b - '~.i:'i!;'f:1I" £'! l'!' pped',', ,'e ,~~',IL ~;JL]'~' yr;,..

This, chapter describes ~heV',miOD s transceiver functions in, de taft After study'i,ng these descn ptiens, keep tne FT -23'R Ope rotor's IQ uick Rt;.fere nCB' Card' bandy in case yoru need to refresh you'r memory ~

'to :y our belt, or to be held overhead above obstructions for improved performance, ,Also, u sing a,alre1r/mmc for mobile operation allows the transcelver to be left in ~'h2M-:M:B..32 :Mo bile ]~larn1ger.
Hold the SlpeUerfly1:i!c close. to your' ear during reception; or ~fpreferred, connect an earphone to the plD,S on the S:pe:ak:erMic~ anenuadng the audio from its loudspeaker. To transmltjusr hold the SpeaikerflvlJ,ie close, to 'youm' mouth and close 'the PTT switch IOn. the, microphone.
n< ~t··· ""9 A-- nn- ,f:LJ
._,lEi .. ~
c' .:' ", . (J~' I"-d",:' . I . /PJlI:u'o,- ~ 1:" ...' ." #iI\kJ ilJ 0' ul'lJ. .. .".~

o Charge

the battery pack eompletely (if u sing N i-Cd baneries) as,described ion p8:ge 7. if IJ-sin;g an, FE A senes dry-cell banery case, install the banerie s as

deserited on page 9

1 ,


o Connect

'\¥hile the supplied YHA~16 rubber flex, ameuna is convenientfor short-range opera tlon, standard B,NC jack allows: for use of ~ higher gain antenna to extend TMgt! .in base, or mobile operation Any antenna used wi th the ,Ff -23 R, should have Jan impedance C lose to .50 ohms on the 2-me'tef' band. If ,8. feedline ru s used, it should 'be good quality ,50-a coax, Obtaining a proper fit with some ,BN'C plugs 'may require removing the rub ber gasket around the antenna j ac,k on the

the Y,HA= 16 rubber flex, antenna tal the amennajack on '[he top of the transcei ver ~Never operate the transceiver 'wi'thou,f'an ,Q1U',tfIU14 connected.



o Before proceeding, please

'&' Connectors chapter, if you, have not a'kleady ~ to familiarise yourself with, '~hef unctions of ~h~Connols,


me Ccntmls


When 'the fronr panel ke-ys are pressed during' reception, ,I beep win sound, If the keypad beeper 'begins to sound contlnuou s(~y the bau1ery pack should be
01' batterie

s replaced

transmission (those on the :Frr-4 :D'TM.F keypad, however, .only operate during

Except: rcnr.certain special cases 'men done d later, the keys are disabled during

transmi ssion) ~
If vo 1Il..,.-,. tt' ~ . b '~I-iI':hi ioiL\.".· - ,.. ,. you nave ',00.1' te gemng. - '1u ie ,transcei ,'., v,.e.r ,'to

ll... ' -

- ..ase as d escneee, see-!' n C~·: ~ __ . ··'II:-.. .....A' .

of Frob lem s~on page 1,S.,

Sque,lch Setup

o Set '~he SQIL, control
c] ick- S,~DPand adjU!u'
_ ._._ ..:',". . '-':1;:1' '--"

fuUy ceunrerclcckwise,


the ¥II L control

0 ut

of the

for ,R. comfortable violume on, the noise

01' received

01 'T~ I'I)JISI All g, indicator LED sh.ou ld g;liow green, indicating that the squelc h ION, is open, If a si on a1 is nre~ent, rotate t'.... D"iAII selector on 'the ton pane 1 0'" "l!I .,.. ~llC, _'EI·L ~... "_. " "_"_, _~' __ channel where only noise is heard,
.~\ .






110 I~.·.~.

page ,ll

o ,Adjus t t.he SQ Ii. control

just to the paint. w here the noi SCl.S silenced a nd Ute LED

is e"nnguished,;, (Iftbe"SQL centro is setfurther cl ekwise, sensitivity to weak si,gnms wi]]. be reduced)

"Dlal" and "Memory" Mod'es
mode" and
The Fr-23R bas two differenl operating stares. referted to as tlie "Dlal

N OW,!, whenever a, signal reaches the receiver mat.' s strong enough to open 'the 9 _uelch, the IUSY/OR All indicator wil~ glow green.


mode", which affect

N'orCfthat while receiving


one or more bargraph segments may appear along'

'the bottom [of the (tis~lay" ind~c;~uing signal strength of ,·'ndicalion Is not ,affe,ct,ed by the 'squelch setting, so even

received S.I,I:]1115. This squelched signals 'will

havre: some :inclieation, If YDU. notice more 'than one or ~WOI bargraph segments appearing while. die sque~,c~ closed, try reducing the. squelch control setting (if is

To select a new operating freque ncy, the transcei ver 'must be int e Dial mode (see box, above). If you s-ee a Mem[cu'-y ~he DlMRkey to switch to Dial mode, There HIe. two ways 'to select: ycn.w:r- operating: frequency: by the DI. .l


-clnmging frequencies ~v 'detei1l1ine which 'State 1 acu ve • look at the upper left comer of the display. When til Memor.y mOde IS a:ctiveli a Memory n mber appe •To switch operari B stares, press the IMR key.

conttols~ J[ is Important

e functions of most the to know which state is currently active when

you 'want to bear weak signals)"

'The Monitor switch. on the USA versl ens (just above the switch) allows you to check for channel activity beneath the squelch Ie vel and to .adjust the vol ume without h.a;"i.'W:lg to ,adj IJ.stt,he squelch: ju s t pre ss the MonHor :sw]l.'~hand t ~be noise squelch will open (tllis does not open '(he tone squelch, however, if the
FrS -12 Tone Squelch option 'is 'w nstalled and ac d:v11llred~ described later), as
The, F"'r:.,2:3IR includes an automadc power saver system, which. reduces bauery . consumptlon 'by turning the receiver on (for' 300 milliseconds) and. off (for 600 mllliseeonds) when [[he channel is clear and the squelch is closed. The power saver will no ~affect 'Voice,..mode operanon, ~ except to prole ng the c harge life of your batteries,
'f#J' Transmuang


selector on. the top, Of' with the &. and .. keys, Fer continuous tuning, press and bel the ,A or" key for more thM,~=second. one.. e gahertz giant steps are also M aVll.llable.: just press. F -t, A or ,F + 'Y (and held f e second key for repeated stepping), or press F and rotate ~'heDlAI.. selector,

Channel steps are, 5: or ] 0 :tHz in versions ,A ,D[ and. E~ and, 12\0,5or ~2Skllz in,

versions B and C~To change from one step size 'tothe other for your version, press

+ STEP,.~ In the 1~512,5-1dl'zversions


small .5·kHz digit is displayed



righJt end of the frequency.

select low : ower output When, you wish to transmit, 'WWl until [he channel is: clear ( BIlIS,IIONAIR LED off), and squeeee the pn switch

'Press the [LIN burton

9,. To

& Rl6',c,all

The FT'... 2)R offers ten programmable m.. emo!J} channels, num bered 0 '~hIough
8'COIe I

the side of the transceiver while peaking, imo the miemphene (just bello ~.the keypad 0.0. d:uefmnr panel), During transmis sian the IIUlSYfON AIR indic ator wUl glow red, and 'the bargraph wil~ show relative transmitter power output Release

'frequency m memory:

CJ S:e~eclthe desired frequency in the Dial mode as described above,
Press ,F + Ml(tbe Memory number 'will bU.nt) and se lec~ the desired memory Dum ber for sto[~ge u g;in,gthe DIAL selector 'or AI? keys,

~he rn' ,~rw'i~ch receive, to

If yon find that more,power is required set the LOWbu non to the undepressed (_) position. However, we recommend that whenever comm [ui,cation. is possible, wi'thlow power, you should keep the, [LLiN button depressed (_) to both conserve battery. life and minimize ,Possible interfe:rence '~O other srsdons

[0 Press DllM A to store the Dial frequency tnto the selected memory: The. mem Dry
number should disappear, and operatlon connnue in, the, Dial mode,
• If' nOlhing, happen! when ,)',0'1pre~, a key ~see if '~etie is a ,srrudJ L at the lewer Jefl comer of d~e dj;S.p~a,Y'.lf se, press F + LICK to unlock the ke(Y·s.

Once you pre ss IF' +, M, in the above procedure, wh.ile me :Memory ,number is 'bl~'nking,~ you have a maximum of four seconds between DI'AJ.. selections or keys;troke,s, until. you press B/MR, If yen] time cant a, memory number will be displayed aLfteryou press I~MII (and nothing new wiiU have, been stored in the

cUsplayed frequency will ,shift 600 kHz up or down, if in band, If the resulting transmit frequency is outside, [of the h run band" Err ~is disp layed inste ad~

memory). Simply start ag;ain, Remember '~htnwhen YO[l stcwe data in memory ~the data pr-eviously stored iln that channel (if any) is erased, Examp~e:' to store, 14$.52 M:Hz in channel 0

You can, cheek 'the fTeqllJ~'11CY 00 used for rransmission 'Without pressing the to :P swhc h; just press iREY to reverse transmit and. recet ve frequencies, H two beeps II sound and ~hefrequency dees notchange, the repeater sbif[ is our-of-band. If both frequencies are in band, the shifted frequeney will be,, and the ~+~ or

o Press D/:MR once if a, Memory
10 Press
upper' left corner,

number is displayed, to select the Dial mode, Then use the DIALselector or • and ... key s to select 145.520 on the eli splay,
F -t Mand 'then rotate tbe DIALknob until "[or" is displayed (bHnkin,g) at ~he.

upper right wUl blink~ slj,n.ifying that the tran smit Md receive frequencies me reversed. 'Using this reverse function 8J low S: you !O cheek the repeater input frequency to see :if :yau c an, work it particular statton direct (0..0 a. simplex frequency ~o:fcourse). Press [I'[i Ig;ai~ to return to the, original repeater :shjft
Once, standard repeater shift is aetivated in we Dial mode" it coo be stored in any memory along wi uh the frequene y (as. descrfbed in the preceding secuo n),
Then whenever th~t memory isrecalled, the stored shift. will be actlve (the, ~+~ or ~ -~'win be displayed), The reverse function cannot be storred in. memory, although

~,~,'~',at. the




There should now 'be 00, memory' num ber displ ayed, If ~her.els~

you timed out and should strut again

To recall prestored memories pre ss I/MR! if necessary, '~O ,se.:~,ec;~be Memory t mode (memory mnn bel' eli sp'la,yedJ~ and, then rotate the D:I_AL selector or pres s the ... and 'Y keys~which, select the memories 'when in the Memory mode (as. opposed 'to frequency se:~ection. in the Dial mode) ~'Only prestored memories are di splayed:
empty memories are akipped,
To ex'li~' Memories and ret urn to Dial mode, press ,I/Mllt the

both IPT and, IE," can be pressed to temp o.fmily change repeater operation on a memory that includes repeater shift" the n~w ,setung will not be stored. Repeater functions can 11$:0 be activated temporarily on simplex memories, jj required"

Non -Standard Repeater S:p,l~t'S
,M,emonres 0 'mrOU,~h6 can also store an independeat transmit frequency, for operation on repeaters with nen-standard shift To do this, first store the receive frequency as described in ,Memory 'storage' & Recall. Then retune, the Dial to the desired transmit frequency, and repeal the storage procedure, but this time hold the '1r s wi tcb. ,at the ~aLS;~step (w hen you press DIM Rthe las t time while lhe memory number is blinking)" N ow when you rec all the memory, ~+ wi 11be disp:la,,iyed together at: the, 'Upper right 'The RP'f ,key w:wH be disabled while operaung 0]1 the

Repeater Op',t:ratt,o,ft
Tune to the repeater s output frequency, and then press the ,IP1key: 0 IlC~ for ~+'shift (to transmit 600 kH'z ahove your receive frequency), and again for ~~~ shift (to transmit 600 :kHz below YOU!' recei ve 'frequency). Pre-ssing' A'T agai n will l1fJtJU[Il tosimplex A +,~' r ~-? displayed at the upperrightcorner when standard o is repeater 8hif~ is selected, and when the PTI sw,~.tchis, pressed EO transmit, the
t (J

cdd-spli t memory ~btu [he RE' key will still function as describ ed above,

Before starting the scanner, 'make sure the SfU-control is se t to squelch off the noise on a. clear channel. As with frequency selection, 'two differerl'[ modes of scanning an! available: band scanning or' memory scanning. In, b ota modes, scannin,g is manual ly aJC.~ivated and. detu;d.'V'a~ed the'" or .. key, JU!u press and by
hold the k,ey for more th an ~ -seeond ~ostart tthe scanner . If the transceiver is, in the 'Dial mode, band scanning will result, 'If a memory number is, displayed, ~be nansceiver is in tile Memory mode, and only pres toted memories 'will be scanned,

Call Channel Memory 0
Memory 0 is a special 'Call Channel MemOlY't~ which can be instantly recalled from any mode just by pressing the • key. Press D/MR when

flnished to rerum to the preYl"Ously selected mode.



The scanner pause son ~ny channel where a signal is, found strong enou gh to open the squelch, and resu rues about 'two seconds after the channel. becomes clear, To Stop the scanner, press W1:y one of &~.'~ 1l/lMIR.keys, Of the ,PTT' sw],reh. scan only certain memones, To ruse '[his, feature, you Call. 'hide' amy memory :fTom. the SC,DIUlet' (except Me~mol}' 0) WithO'l!l:[ erasing i.t altogether, To hide ttl, memory, ptess F' + D/MR~ select 'the memory U) hW.dile.~,and press F + DI.llMIR again while the memory number' is blinking, The dis:pla,y reverts to me.mary 0, and. the hidden memory can no longer be ~e·kcwd lor scanned.
8, [0

.··,gTo. S-'·q··~·,:o:',p.h·-· Oneraiio (.Ll ," E' !1!4-'"
. : ,'.', Lj I;i' .







:1'1 2 .'''''1-

For memory scanmng, it ~s sometime

useful to be able

'The Fr-23R. can be 'USiOO 'VOl 'silently monitor for calls on busy channels when S- Ich U ~ ... 1].FI1 A' g .... '~ d lne opnonal 1 '1IJ11TfI'C'i 11 ~ TI r~'~'-J~ '.'one Squetc i umt ts mstaued. ..... eneral descnpuon an installation, instsuctions U~ on pag'€'; 2. W '.
'Ji,.., ,. ,.;:I..,. ".

TD unmask a lridd,en memory, just repeat ~he s ame steps you tool' to' bwd,eit: p'tess iF + 11MIt select the memory number to unmask" and press f + D/MIA:again.

To check and o:puonlily set the tone frequency, prees F + rSET. The tone frequency w~nbe dlis'p~ayed(in Hz), 'wi~ha leadingzero if that lone selectinn is ,R hi,gh-'Q type. To change dIe selected tone frequency, rotatetae DllAIL selector 0(' press ,.& or ... until the shows the tnne frequency you :[1equire (the. display will step tfuIougb the stmdard. EIA, tone s'~Iisred in '[hie table belo w)., Press r to return ~othe operanng frequency disp:~ay when the' tone, frequency is selected ..

Priority Channe Mo.nito'ri',ng
The Priority funcdon allow's. periodic checking for aeti vi ty on a "priority channel" ~yihile operating on anomer frequenc Y in the Dial mode" or other memories, When ~he receiver sens es a signal 'Ont.hb; priori.ty channel; operation wiH automatlcally shift UJ that frequency, for as long as a. carrier ]s;received. 'If you transmit while tlle sque.~c,h~.s ope~non the pri.oril}" channel ~pdority moei torlng is cancelled and operation stays on '[he priority' channel, The squelch. must first. be set se the receiver is :sHe'rail on ,3 clear channel, and the priority channel frequency must he stored in a.memory (this mus: be 'Memory' 1 if you plan to operate on.o~hermemories w'bile priority monltoring). Pr-eS:S~1/"1, 1 if' necessary, to select the desired Dial 0[' Memory mode, and UIOf!; to the frequency or select ~he me mory you want to operate on. while priority ·mo.oho:ting,. Priess F + PII to aetlvate ·prlori'~.y channel monitoring, A, lpj wDllli appear in, t'h~ memory 'window at ;00 upper left corner of the display:! ,and about e:vlMY five seconds the displayed frequency will ,sh~.ft ~o the ,pri.ori:~.yClUUltU~1 briefly' whHe '~he receiver checks for a sill,gnru. As ion,S ~S' no signal appears on the JJriori.ty channel to open tbe squelch" you can tune, transmh and reeei ve on the Dial, or 'select and operate on other
memories (although the m,emcuy number is not dj.spla.~ed)" ]f a stauon you. wish te 'tamt 'wim appears on '~lhepriority channel, press the ,p, " swi~ch. momentarily

To ac:tiva te the tone squelch func tion s pre 88 the 1key ~Wi th one press, EIiIC" (encode) 'will be dm,s,pl~yed'and. the tone generator wiU be activated for trans '"

and both 1"lNC/ aJnd ~'ID£"~ (decod,e) w~H be dis,p:~.ayed together as the tone squ elch system is, act! vated for both tran smission and, reception (I()nly signals: sending the ttI.atcbrntl,g tone freq ~ueDcy will open the

mission, Press

r again

sq,ue:~ch),. Pressing T once more disable 5, cone sq uelch feannes.
Once you have the tone' squelch set up 'the way you want it; you can store it in mern,ory (or the c all c.baJ][lle~~.) bypresslng f'. M, select Hte memory' to store, land M again. Afterwards, to change a setdng stored in memory, j U8t recall 'the memory reset the tone freq uency 1M fun,ctill.on~. press If + M'i and, then. M alone, and.

FTS.. ~Tone FlJ'!qqencles (~) 1 1 .~., 141.3 '00 d 67.0 203.5




210 .. 7



1;14.8 118.8

15~.4 168.7

218 .. 1



173.8 179 .. 9

:241 .a


91~5 94.8

while mcei"Yi.n,g his si,gfial~, to .s:bOp priority 'monitoring

on. diat freq ue]"IDCY.'



other wi se",'~O cancel 16

priority monitoring, presS! ,o/Mlt




page 17

c I Dc'ase

0-' f" ,-p-.. b~,I],ems ,".. "rIO,_ll _
How ,~ongthe baneries last between charges or replacement depends largely 0,]1 your operadng habits, and how Y"()U 'CM-e, for ~heba nery pack {if u sing' a N i-Cd pack), The :PT=- 23R offers, a variety of way:s, to conserve. battery power, and thu s to extend the life of each charge, Knewing htlW to use ~hese featu res, can be cri tical ~fDJ emergencie s, Obviously" turning the set. off when not in use saves ba.tJtte:ry hIe, and CM also prevent damage that mlght resul: '[0 'the,lla.toori,es if ~hey are over-discharged, Keeping the receiver :squmch~d,af[uom.aticaUy acnvaes '![lwe power saver funetion, requidng onl,y about 15'% of the power needed, when listening to a.signa] or noise, So when liste,:mng for a call, choose a ,quiet .freq[uene y and close the squelch. onb ackground noise. The FrS ...12Tone Squelch option 'is u.sefuru. or creating your . f own. qule; channel if ~he 'entire 'band is crowded, Also, use the lowe st p cssible volume seuing 'when llstening to signals, In noi sy envlrenments, use an earphone or the YH:,,.·lheadset so YOIl CM keep the volume low", Keeping the LOI' 'power s "vi ~(;llilon the, top pane] depressed req uires ab eu t 60% less current 'when transmitting, so it is, a good idea to develop the habit: of always keeping this switch depressed) swhcb.~n.g'[0 hi.g:h power only if :low power fail S to get through, H you live ~n a tocadon where high power is almost always needed; consider replacing the antenna w i~h a higher gain type in 8-00 ad of opting for high. power (dle effect on transmi ssi ons is the same). Make sur-e that any external antenna, is, designed for 50=ohmSi impedance at the operating frequency,
.A.~, battery discharges, rhe voltage drop 'when.rransmi tdng Increases. When the b anery voltage drops to am und 6.,,:)V t the be-eper 'win begin to sou rid con tin'tu)u sly~ind'lliclii!ing dle batteries 'should be-reptaced or recharged as soon as possible,

FT,-23R operation is nut: tOlnpU,camed~ bur it, is' ISuU poss:ib~e,to get losr, at least

until yau have had the chance to learn the variou s func ti'OfIDS of the keypad and display. ][f tffil,e,display shows northing alU all, check the power s'y,~tch (VOll control); .. and if nece ssary ~remove the battery pack and check that ~hecon tacts are clean, If' all appears to be physically in order ~recharge or replace the, batteries. Fortunately, the display itself inclades enough symbols and, function indicarors to let you know what is going 1()t:O as long' as power is applied, so It is well worthwhite to stud y die displallY diagram on page 5. caIefuny·,. For example, if the frequency display changes unexpectedly when you. transmit (or if "trr" appears), chock. fat ,3., small "'+ Ot' '~..... at the upper rlght-hand corner .. Also, if on 1y a few seemingly non-senslcal digits. appear, press r to disable. the tone squelch setting feature.
j~ J~'

Attempting an. illegal command (such. as activating the '[one squelch when the ,FrS -12, is not ins taUed)" will cause '[W'OI beeps to sound. If pre ssing a key appears 'to do .nothing~first c heck ~O(f' a small l ,I. ~t the lower left, which indicates if the keypad is locked, IT you see 'fbis, press F + LOC',K 1}0 unlock the keys, if the ,'~ ].9, 1 not there, press D1lMR,~,w mch 'wiU. terminate :my parti,alWy entered c ommands, If you. sdH c annat enter data, check the D:N11l:lRmdieator to SlOO if it Is red, iIld1icating that the transcei ver i,s,tran sImItting " Releasing die PIT switch should return the se t to reeel ve, If still happens, swi tch dle transeei ver off ~(lJJJdthen. back, on,


To a void confusion resulting frem inadvertent key' presse 3~ser the. keypad lock on (press f' + L--OCK) if you set the transcefver down while i&' is (}O, and then remember to set the lock back off when. you wish to enter data
If none of these measures helps, contact yOiUI" Yae StU De aler for assistance.

'If using- rechargeable batteries, do not keep operating once the beeper has come OU~ as ~hB could cause over-discharge of ~he cells and destroy the paek, However, 'rechaIgj'~g Nl-Cd batteries often with liltle use in between charges, can also shorten the useful life of the, cell s. Theref ore the best way 'to gel the me S;~ out of 'Your Ni -Cds is to- 'use dle banery pack just UJlJtU,the beeper come s on land then lln'lDediately-'the pack a fuU recharge, U,nfonunareJ.:y' this is 1'0'[ always, convendent" :s:WJ11Cet can be hard to 'tel]. exac tly when the charge will run out, One i 8oludon. to this .pmb~em,s to carry an extta~ 'funy charged pack 'vndlyou if :yau i


D.: d·.

'n.u ,-

ot ",:::~sh WloJiU

·tJ~ 1.11;:.;11

have operanon·I.'-m?!t~,..4:_, u .... u., ."'" ~ ~~. ,.~\o01U!•
__ i1i4 """

memories stored, in one transceiver eo be transferred to another set' without re-entering data from the keypad, Thls function requ ires auser-con structed cable to con nect the EAI,Jack on ~]];esource transceiver to the M:['Cj aek on, the rranscefver to be programmed, and. the Clone swl teh hu~j_dJe fublbe,r PII' ~;wi c.hcever \)0 be se ~ to ON,;. M shown below, the ~

A, special function of

me FT-23 R allows

.FTS' 12' Tone Sqnelch, U·ni't'.lns'tallation
Tone-Controlled S'quelc:h System) which offers plogramm:abW,,~selection of 31' t:one-s, :for transmission and :filte:r/detecool"s for reception. Transmit-only (encode) and transmit/Jece:~'ve;(encode/decode) modes, are selectable, fiom keys on the transcefver. Installarion is, described here, while Tene Sque.~ch operation is described on page m 7.'
Make sure 'the transceiver is off. Remove the h~rd.or soft' case" if 'used; and, the banery pack as described on page Ig"If 'the Frf -4 D'ThtF' keypad is ins talled, follow the procedure on tbe nex t. page, If the, FT1\4 "isnot in8~alled,it)] low 'the
The :PTS-12 is a subaudible

cress (Conrinnous

CJ Turn, ~hepower

switch ,~)ff,.and carefully pry out the, ru bber cover over

~he PTI switch. Locat-e. the Clone miniature slide switch in the lower 'part of the opening, and set this, switch to ii3 alternate position. Repeat 'wild} the other eanscelver.
[]I Connect the [IIR; Jack. of me, sour-ce ttoosce]vler to the M:E:C jack O'f the ~atr~et . tt fimlsce,]lver uSIng a 2" Dond uc.[or So hi Id e d'. ca rbl' . ue ..
_. -': :', ...

procedure below in8~,ead.

.If.F1T4 is' ,not Install ed

,,1) Remove the four SCmJ6WS affixing the b attery spring plate an the bottom of the ttanscei ver and ,carefuUy' remove the plate,


I. '. _


ra ~ -'





~ ........

' -"1













(2), 'Locate, 'and remove the small '~Dummy Unit" circuit board connected. to the IO-:pin connector fn the compartmenr on me bottom of th"e transceiver. It is not needed. when the FrS ..12,ls irnlstal1Jed+.
(3) Connect 'tthe·p~ug in 'the transcei ver to the FTS -12 . (4.) Locate the double-sided adhesive tape that is, already' installed inside the compartment QU. the. 'b ottom of ~he transcei ver, and remove the paper covet. from. the tape, Then mount the FrS~! 2; by pressing the tl~u surface of the, Ie (on the )FT"S-l'2) atg;ains;~ the tape (see below),


3... ·[jjj mil m ~rU phone plug 5

2. $iiII1Im




,E",\ R


tb!i! MIC. J :'II;iJk

!!if. ~:hil!' 'tfj·iillJei:.

T [toll 1J:j~G.i


10 Turn on, the transceivers, All display diglts should be bUnking.

o 'Press

the 'yo :key on H~e target transcei ver, The cUsp] a.y should stop blinking, and remain either on or' off (either w.s, acceptable),

LJ Press the ... .key on the source transeeiver The data from Memory to in die
source transceiver should IlJOW' appear au, the display of the target transceiver, as all other memory data. is being transferred. I(If not, check your cable ..)

Cli If

disph!lyed on me taI,i1et transceiver, switch the, power off laud on, and repeat the W,RS!: two steps,

DoubJe- sided
:adm.eslv'ft: tape:

D, A fre.r the data has boon transferred (:a fe,w seconds) 'turn the radios off reset tbe Clone :swj.~hes to their original posidons, and replace ~heru boor covers.

'page .20


If the FrS ...l2 is later 'removed; the Dummy Unit . l~pin connector to allow norma! OPel1ltio~

FTT~4 DTMF ,KeJPlld'.Installation
The FrT-4 is a, 1.6~key 'DTMF (Dual Tone Multi Frequency) keypad which generates EIA -standard DTMF tone pairs 'when the ke ys are; pressed during transmission (while tbe IPTT switch is held). The ,audihie tones are used tor ,ailll~:opatc,hing(remote radle access; to the public telephone network), and for remote conjtt'o~ o:f other DFfM:P ... decoder-equipped 00 vices . The FIT ~,4 may be insullled on all viers ion s of ~heFr-23R (but not with me FBA-lFNB=9~ which are too short). Special soft cases are designed for 'use with the FI T,-4; check 'wi th your y aesu dea~erabout at'v ailability .

'must be.replaced in the

(5) Apply the (supplled) lnsuladng adhesive 'tape to the, battery spring plate.

"6) 'Replace the banery spring plate and it s four screws and. Ihe battery pack,


is Installed

[] Mike sure

(1) Remove the four long screw $ at. the corners on the bottom of the FIT =4. U sing 'C,[I)~ not to stres s interconnecting; wires, separate the. FIT =4 from the tr,m seel ver jus ~enou gh t:o. gain access to. 'the companment in the bottom of

remove ~hebattery pack as de scribed. on page '9..

me ttan sceiver is off'. Rem ave the hard
plate. These four

Orrsoft case, if u sed, and

o Remove

~he four screws afflx ing the battery spring plate on the bottom of the


transceiver, and, remove the f"r j,"'-4 ],S, in stalled

screws are not used

when the

(2) Perform steps 2~ '3 &, 4 of the prevlou s prccedure, The in SU] adng (ape supplied with, the FrS;-12 is not used 'when the 'Ff S-12 is in,st:aUed widmJ ~h~

(] Remove 'the four screws affixing the top panel, and callefu11y re move the

(3) Replace tbe _P+ET and four screws removed in, step 1. of -4
rhe iA rep ;~I the."_ ba ttery pack ?i!!"l'~ ,W$A,,-,",'i. .... ~~v. _ _,'. .
~ ~IUIi, .lIjl'~

this procedure, and,

o Remove
- 01 Locate

the two screws affixing '~hefront and rear halves (]f the case ~and gently separate the halves ~using care not to sittess the in~ercon]]ec~ing wiles.
tile lemp£y 4= pi])


1""0' nnector · - r;li "~I~ !LW~!j;; re 1i!I,'P ~:~,~.!!,W~!I;;.,.t~. ; Uil!iiJII,UJ~ ,til!,.,. ~ '~ .. w

,'10- pln connector
. Dum my Urfrt

. FlS-12

half of the case (as a hewn in tbe photo)" and route the wire mom the FI]'-4 'through. the bonum of "the

rear half of the case to mate 'widl this connector .


'-......_ DOl!!ble- SId Bd adhesive t8JpC

", '"

., ",., ''-

o Replace


ttwo screws

affixing the mo,[],~ rear and halves of the case, and then the 'top panel and its four screws,

Iln,S1alllingllhe fTS-12, with the FTT-4
page .22



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