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Oracles Against Nations (Chapters 25-32) Jerusalem Falls; Oracles Of Salvation (Chapters 33-39) Vision Of A Renewed City, Temple And Land

(Chapters 40-48)
25 God¶s judgment against the Ammonites, Moabites, Edomites and Philistines, because they showed hatred for His people, and insulted them in their distress. I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall lay my vengeance upon them.

26 Tyre has gloated at Jerusalem. Tyre¶s walls and towers will be destroyed, and the city and its inhabitants laid waste to at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar. The princes will be clothed with trembling. Desolation is promised.

27 Tyre¶s beauty and commercial prosperity is described, before a day of ruin is prophesied.

28 Tyre has said, µI am a god¶. Strangers will be brought against it. The corrupting influence of its material wealth and beauty is described. It will be devoured in fire. Sidon will be destroyed, so it is no longer a pricking briar to Israel. The Jews will be restored after the Babylonian captivity.

29 The Lord will put a hook in the jaws of the Pharaoh, like a fish in the river. The river (ie the Nile) is the Lord¶s, not Pharaoh¶s. The Egyptians will be scattered. Egypt will be restored after captivity, but merely as a base kingdom of no importance. God

however. and do not feed the flock. caught. Egypt will be left so desolate. such as a lion or a whale. 31 The Assyrian empire was like a tall and strong cedar tree ± the very trees of Eden envied it. The Pharaoh¶s particular region is for those who have been slain by the sword. The principal cities are referred to specifically. The sky will be darkened. that do feed themselves. The Pharaoh will share these regions with uncircumcised tyrants and oppressors. 35 . Lord will recall the scattered sheep. God orders the slain Pharaoh and his host to be dragged down to the lower regions of the earth. The righteous who turn from righteousness shall die. they will know that a prophet has been among them. 32 Egypt is imagined as a large threatening animal. slain and left exposed to the elements. that its rivers shall run as smooth as oil. with nobody to disturb them. Ezekiel receives news of the destruction of Jerusalem at the hands of the Chaldeans. When the Lord is destroying these hypocrites. 30 Ezekiel prohesies the ruin of Egypt and her allies. The tree was brought down. 33 The duty of the watchman is reiterated. 34 Woe to the shepherds (Levites?) of Israel. at the hands of the Chaldeans. and surrounding nations terrified. including the Ethiopians. David shall be their shepherd. and the wicked to turn from iniquity shall live. just as Egypt shall be. The hypocrisy and abominations of the people are recounted.promises Nebuchadnezzar Egypt after the long (and disappointing) siege of Tyre.

Ezekiel is commanded to write µJudah¶ on one stick. In the same way. which will become joined into one stick in his hand. the bones are joined together. 36 The mountains of Judah. 39 The slaughter and burial of the forces of Gog are described. there shall be no more idolatry. Birds and beasts of pretty feast on the slain. and covered with flesh. The Israelites will be restored after the Babylonian captivity. At the restoration. Ezekiel has a vision of a man with an appearance of brass. The Lord will be known in the eyes of many nations. will be rid of their alien occupants and their idolatries. David shall reign. The idolatries and other sins of the Jews are the cause of their dispersion and captivity. with a a line of flax in his hand and a measuring .¶ As Ezekiel prophesies. saying µHear the word of the Lord. 38 The Lord will intervene and execute furious judgment against Gog (a Scythian prince) when he seems about to defeat Israel. Israel shall be brought up from its grave. and µEphraim¶ on another stick.Mount Seir of Idumea (=Edom) will be filled with the bodies of slain men. and God shall be in his sanctuary. All creation will shake at the presence of the Lord. Ezekiel is told to prophesy to the dry bones. 37 Ezekiel is set in the midst of a valley full of dry bones. because of the blasphemies spoken against Israel. no longer hiding His face from them. and restore it to blessedness. occupied by the Idumeans. 40 In the fourteenth year after the destruction of Jerusalem. The Lord will have mercy on the whole house of Israel.

Stipulations given for seven days of sin offerings when the altar is made ± precise cultic instructions in the manner of Leviticus. Strangers uncircumcised in heart or flesh are not to be admitted to the sanctuary. no marrying of widows. 44 The east gate is to be kept permanently shut. A temple is described: the exact dimensions of the east. along with the dimensions of the holy mount on which the temple stood. which might make them sweat). 43 The glory of the Lord fills the temple. There is further description of the eight tables for the preparation of sacrifices. The Levites will teach the people the difference between the clean and the unclean. no wearing of the garments they ministered in in the outer courts. north and south gates are given. and that Levites were in fact full priests in preexilic times. no drinking of wine in the inner courts. Regulations for Levites ± they must be clothed in linen while in the inner courts (not wool. The Lord will be their portion. No awareness of the idea of a distinction between a hereditary Aaronide priesthood and the rest of the Levites ± suggesting that this is a postexilic addition to the Pentateuch. All measurements are given precisely in cubits. 41 The chambers and ornaments of palm trees and cherubims are described. The Levites will minister in the sanctuary. for the Lord has entered through it into the temple.reed. the chambers. Only the priests at the Temple in Jerusalem could fully carry out priestly duties. The prince shall enter and leave via the proch of that gate. . and the porch. 42 The priests¶ chambers are described. The Levites who worked at the high places would be punished by becoming mere temple servants. The measurements of the altar are given in cubits.

. Stipulations for princely peace offerings given. city. Measurements of the courts appointed for boiling or baking of the holy oblations. and the prince. 48 A description of the several portions of the land belonging to each tribe. together with the portion allotted to the sanctuary. The river travels east until it reaches a sea which will teem with fish. Only the marshy ground will still be salty. but at the big feasts. Stipulations for daily offerings given. the people will leave by the opposite gate to the one they came in by. 46 Gate of the inner court facing eastwards is only opened on sabbaths and new moons.45 Portions of land appointed for the sanctuary. Regulations concerning weights and measures. The measurement of the gates of the new city ± three facing north. suburb. Ordinances regarding provisions for the ordinary and extraordinary sacrifices (ie for the major feasts). Further stipulations for new moon offerings. The city will be named µThe Lord is there¶. Fruitful banks will gro on the banks of the river. then getting deeper and fuller until it is over a man¶s head. three east and three west. The prince shall offer six lambs and a ram on the sabbath. the city. and prince. A description of the division of the land shared between Jews and proselytes. starting as a shallow stream. three south. 47 The vision of the holy waters issuing out of the temple. The prince will leave by the gate he eneterd. Ordinances prescribed for the gifts a prince may bestow on his sons and servants ± a servant¶s gift must be returned if the servant is set at liberty. each named after a tribe.