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Agamemnon

Nemesis follows hubris is this statement applicable to Agamemnon?

The orestian trilogy is the only surviving trilogy by Aeschylus, the greatest of the three ancient Greek dramatists. The orestian trilogy is made up of three grim tragedies Agamemnon . The choephori and the Eumenides . The themes of these three plays are vengeance, pride, retribution and divine justice. The orestian trilogy is concerned with some basic question about morality and justice and human fate what is justice? What is the relation of justice to vengeance? can justice be reconciled with the demands of religion, the force of human feeling, the intractability of fate? Therefore justice, revenge and fate are the three major dimension of the plot.

Aeschylus was the legend of the family of atreus as raw material for examining the different aspects of these things, such as the nature of justice, methods of establishing and maintaining the justice on earth, the relationship of justice to revenge, mercy, the goals, fate and the special order. It also deals with the doctrines that wisdom is gained only through suffering and experiences that one crime invariably leads to another if the criminal is not punished and that authority is the foundation of civilization. The Greeks believes in many Gods and Goddesses constantly fighting each other. Who were concerned with human affairs and all of them were actuated by human passion. (Behind these God and Goddesses was fate determining the destiny of man and Gods alike) It was useless to fight against fight. It is fate who sends downs, sorrows and sufferings on those who commit hubris as sin against the divine laws. These were three major sins which if committed brought down the wrath of Gods and thus punishment. These three major sins are blasphemy against God, treachery to a host or guest and the shedding of kindred s blood Hubris is the short coming or defect in the Greek

his destruction. the secret obligation to his army and family were more important than the feelings of the strong internal thirst for revenge on the man who betrayed his brother Menelaus. In the beginning of Agamemnon the chorus account of the events before expedition to troy is a reminder of the curse on the house of atreus. Hubris brings about downfall and nemesis is the personification of the Gods resentment and anger at man s insolence towards themselves. The sacrifice of Iphigenia is an example of how one crime breeds another and provides history of simple ness for which Agamemnon must eventually be punished. In Agamemnon. When Thyestes learned this he cursed Atreus and all his descendants and fled from argos with his remaining son Aegisthus who later on becomes an agent of revenge on Atreus s son Agamemnon. But the sin of killing a daughter arouses the severe motive of revenge. Agamemnon deals with the downfall of king Agamemnon. The scale of justice falls in equity. The fate of Agamemnon is interpreted by Aeschylus as an example of the fatal progression from worldly success to over wining pride that is Hubris and its resultant Nemesis. He is destroyed by faith not only because he himself was a sinner but also because he inherited a family guilt. In Aeschylus s tragedy crime and sin travels downward through generations and a son has to suffer for a guilt committed by a father. Agamemnon s father atreus killed two innocent boys of his brother Thyestes and served the meat of the killed sons in a banquet given in Thyestes s honor. This was atreus s revenge on his brother for seolucing his wife. Fate selects Agamemnon as the agent of justice on Paris because Paris sinned against the holy law which commands mutual trust between host and guest. . a killer must be killed .tragic hero which leads him to ignore the warnings of the Gods and transgress their laws and commands eventually.

Zeus fulfiller! Now fulfill these prayers of mind. nor with good your spread cloths envy of Gods. She is not merely murderess. Clytemntra knows her husband s pride well and she decided to manipulate him very dexterously. In his first dialogue Agamemnon displays his Hubris. She spread a red carpet at the palace door. First she demonstrates her supremacy over husband. receive the conquers greeting on my safe return. First Argos and her native Gods. for honours due to Gods alone Agamemnon s resolution of not walking over the red carpet vanishes from his mind as soon as Clytemntra describes him as a victor. Clytemntra achieves three things. The pride of victory makes Agamemnon yield to the persuasion of his wife. A mortal cannot walk over a red carpet your loud address says Agamemnon. the horrifying instrument of pitiless justice. At the end of this same dialog Agamemnon says My victory. She is also the mother of Iphigenia and in that character a symbol of all wives and mothers who suffers from the inferior status of the women in marriage . This is revealed in her word: Zeus. Here Agamemnon proudly places Argos over Gods. secondly she planned the consciousness of guilt in his heart thirdly this action demonstrates to Argos and to the audience that the man whose fall is to come in self doomed and whom the just Gods must inevitable destroy.Agamemnon returned home as a victorious leader. Agamemnon clearly knows that the red carpet reception is due only for Gods. The sinner Agamemnon is punished by his wife clytemntra. In order to succeed in revenge. He was swelling with the pride of victory. She persuades Agamemnon to walk into the palace over the carpet. she planned everything in shrewd manner. My guardian hitherto walk constant at my side The victory in the war swells Agamemnon s pride more than it was before. Clytemntra wants to have the favor of Gods on her side and so she will do something that will make Gods angry with Agamemnon. His dormant Hubris is fired .

Agamemnon was thoroughly conscious of what he was doing.by the word victor . Agamemnon whose humility was a mere show. . But the chain of revenge. while mochtheria is a conscious act. agreed to walk upon the carpet. Pride was in his blood and that was at once his hamartia and mochtheria. . Hamartia is an unintentional error. He was so long hesitant only because he did not like to spoil the rich carpet that is why he said: If you must have it so let someone loose The shoe that like a stave support my tread Agamemnon was killed by his wife Clytemntra. Through her revenge she believes justice has been done. He walks over the carpet into the palace and thus invites the wrath of Gods. Aeschylus presents a view of the world in which crime and punishment are inseparably interlinked. justice and fate will go on because it is the law of fate that the sinner dies So Clytemntra and Agsthus will be punished later on by Agamemnon s son orestes. Agamemnon has spoken eloquently about modesty and humility but has not practiced them. He had a temporary aberration and felt that he had a temporary aberration and felt that he was as great as an Olympian God. The main doctrine of the play is that crime committed out of Hubris will be punished and contempt of divine law will be followed by certain and inevitable Nemesis.