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Construction material

Commercial forms of steel & its uses

Submitted to
Sir eng. Imran khan

Submitted by
Mubashar amin (2011-civ-164)


Date of submission

and tungsten. chromium. vanadium. SS400/S235JR. Channel Steel Bar Standard: GB707-88 Size: 50*37*4.2% and 2.1% by weight. S355JR/ST37.Commercial forms of steel And Its Uses Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has a carbon content between 0.steel have following forms.5-400*104*14. Q345/SS330.5 Material: Q235. such as manganese. ST52 . On depending types of different materials which are to be added . Carbon is the most common alloying material for iron. but various other alloying elements are used. depending on the grade.

66 12.0 100*50*3.4 14.5 5 3.2 5.92 7.2 125*65*5.5 100*50*5 125*65*5.17 12.8 4 4.0 75*40*4.66 16.5 5.71 Theoretical Weight .3 5.85 6.5 150*75*5.8 100*50*4.5 125*65*6 125*65*5.91 13.2 100*50*4.03 8.8 4.5 75*40*5.2 4.5 5 5.6 5.8 75*40*4.97 9.3 125*65*5.3 5.U CHANNEL BEAMS(JIS) MATERIAL:Q235/SS400/ST37-2 and Q345/ST52 Size/mm Size h 75*40*3.7 kg/m 5.5 6 5.36 11.3 8.7 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 125 150 150 b 40 40 40 40 50 50 50 50 65 65 65 65 75 75 d 3.

9 18. etc.80m once-folded into 20 DC container. food industry. power station. Deformed Reinforcing Steel Bar For Construction Quality: ASTM A615 Gr40-60. environment protection. Upon request. . shipping military. chemical industry. Packaging: 2 MT bundles. we can load 11. They are produced by hot rolling process with subsequent superficial hardening by heat treatment.150*75*6 150*75*6. traffic. BS4449:97 Grade 460B. Length: 6-12m.5 150 150 75 75 6 6.5 17.6 Reinforcing Bar Reinforcing steel bars are used for reinforcement of concrete structures. DIN488 BST 500S. Round Steel Bar Round steel bar is widely used in boiler. Reinforcing bars (rebars) can be either smooth or deformed. manufacture of anchor bolts. medical equipment and so on. CA-50 Size:8-32mm.

JIS. stainless.Surface Finished: black . -Iron Processing Specification: Grade: Q195.AISI. Length 6m-12m 3.BS Square Steel Bar Square steel bar.DIN. Length 6 m . is a kind of steel product with square section.5mm-250mm Technics :hot rolled /cold drawn 1. Size Φ16-Φ260 4.Specifications: Dia:5. Application: -Machinery structure. It is divided into two kinds---hotrolled and cold-drawn and the specification can be described by the unit of the side length "mm". galvanized.ASTM. welded and seamless 2. Q235 Size: 8-40mm. Standard GB.

H Beam Steel .Permisiible tensile stress in these bars is about 50 per cent more than in MS bars.Deformed Steel Bar These bars have projection on their surfaces that increase their bond with concrete in RCC. ASTM A615 Grade40-60 GB1449.420.303. AISI 410.316. 2)Size:8-40mm.431.310S.HRB400.304. Length: 6 ~ 12m 3)Packing: in bundles 4)Shipment:in containers or in bulk Material grade: AISI 316L.430F.Y201Cu.HRB335.202.310.317.321.430. Deformed steel bar we offer as follows: 1)Standard: BS4449 Grade460B.416 AISI 201.HRB500.

Length:6m--12m 4. ITS.SS400. The web plates and the flanges are in plumb.Material:Q235.S355JR/ST37.Types: equal and unegual sizes.Quality control: test products' mechanical and chemical properties in every procedure (third party inspection institution: CIQ. Q345B.6/12m 4) Length: 6/12m Grade: Q235B. especially named by the similarity between the section shape and the letter "H". SM490B Welding H beam steel Description: H beam is developed and optimized from I beam.Welded H-Beam Steel 1) Steel grade:Q235B.Q345B 2) Standard: GB/T 11263-1998 3) Size: 100x100-900x300.Size: 25mm--200mm 3.Specifications: a) We can supply various models. Its flanges are very straight and the edges are clear. SGS. Angle Steel Bar Features: 1. 2.Q345/SS330.ST52 5. specifications. The inner flange runs parallel to the outer one. which conform to the national standards . and varieties of steel equal or unequal angle bar. BV) 6. a kind of economical profiled steel with a better mechanics capabilities.SS400/S235JR.

18. 3.12.4. 3.4. 7..14.5.4 3..10. 6.4.7. 3. 4.16. 3. b) The surface can be painted or galvanized equilateral B*bmm 20x20 25*25 30*30 36*36 40*40 45*45 50*50 56*56 63*63 70*70 75*75 80*80 90*90 100*100 110*110 125*125 140*140 160*160 180*180 200*200 angle steel thickness d mm 3mm or 4mm 3.20. 10.4. unequilateral B*bmm 25x16 dmm 3mm or 4mm .

10.12.7. 4.12. This section has two legs one vertical and the other horizontal. It is described by border width*width*thickness.14. The kind one border longer than another is unequal angle.16 12. 5. 4.10. 3. It could be divided into equal and unequal shape.10.4. 3.8.7. 5. Equal angles are f . 10.8.8. 6.14. The kind which have two same uprightness border is equal angle.7. 7. 3.16. 8.7. 3.16. If both the legs are of same length then it is termed as Equal angle and if the lengths of each of the two legs differ then it is termed as Unequal angle. 5.4.18 Top of Form Angle Section Angle steel is a kind of steel which have two sides uprightness right angles section.10.32*20 40*25 45*28 50*32 56*36 63*40 70*45 75*50 80*50 90*56 100*63 100*80 110*70 125*80 140*90 160*100 180*110 200*125 3.8. Both the legs are of same thickness. 6.5.

375 x .266 .625 x .641 . W-beam (for "wide flange").000 x . also known as H-beam. or double-T (especially in Polish.188 . while the vertical element is the web.375 x .188 Weight (lb/Ft) . Beam theory shows that the I-shaped section is a . Universal Beam (UB). Rolled Steel Joist (RSJ). is a beam with an I. Spanish and German).000 x .875 x . The horizontal elements of the "I" are flanges.322 Area (in2) .907 1.125 1. The web resists shear forces while the flanges resist most of the bending moment experienced by the beam.Structural Shape Angle.125 1.694 .or H-shaped cross-section.389 I-Section An I-beam. Unequal Steel Size & Thickness 1.204 .750 x .875 x .125 1.

UCs have equal or nearequal width and depth and are more suited to being orientated vertically to carry axial load such as columns in multi-storey construction. Plate girder. cold rolling or extrusion (depending on material). formed by welding (or occasionally bolting or riveting) plates. I-beams engineered from wood with fiberboard and/or laminated veneer lumber are also becoming increasingly popular in construction. There are two standard I-beam forms: • • Rolled I-beam. for which hollow structural sections are often preferred. formed by hot rolling. I-beams are commonly made of structural steel but may also be formed from aluminium or other materials. T Beam .very efficient form for carrying both bending and shear loads in the plane of the web. and is also inefficient in carrying torsion. as opposed to the varying thickness of RSJ flanges which are seldom now rolled in the UK. especially residential. However there has been some concern as to their rapid loss of strength in a fire if unprotected. as they are both lighter and less prone to warping than solid wooden joists. the cross-section has a reduced capacity in the transverse direction. Parallel flanges are easier to connect to and do away with the need for tapering washers. • Typical cross-sections of I-beams. British and European standards also specify Universal Beams (UBs) and Universal Columns (UCs). A common type of I-beam is the rolled steel joist (RSJ)—sometimes incorrectly rendered as reinforced steel joist. These sections have parallel flanges. On the other hand. while UBs are significantly deeper than they are wide are more suited to carrying bending load such as beam elements in floors.

with a t-shaped cross section. One way to make a T-beam more efficient structurally is to use an inverted T-beam with a floor slab or bridge deck joining the tops of the beams. used in construction. The web of the beam below the compression flange serves to resist shear stress and to provide greater separation for the coupled forces of bending. Done properly.A T-beam. The top of the t-shaped cross section serves as a flange or compression member in resisting compressive stresses. the slab acts as the compression flange American Standard Steel Channels . wood or metal. is a load-bearing structure of reinforced concrete. [1] The T-beam has a big disadvantage compared to an I-beam because it has no bottom flange with which to deal with tensile forces.

ISMB 600X210) PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS .Indian Standard Medium Weight Beams 4. ISLB . ISJB .25 C7 × 9.8 C6 × ___ C6 × 13 C6 × 10.2 C5 × ___ C5 × 9 C5 × 6.4 C8 × ___ C8 × 13. Top of Form Check all the channels you would like to see properties for and then click GET.Indian Standard Heavy Weight Beams Beams will be designated by Type .7 C4 × ___ C4 × 7.3 C7 × ___ C7 × 14.7 C10 × ___ C10 × 30 C10 × 25 C10 × 20 C10 × 15.Indian Standard Light Weight Beams 3.9 C12 × ___ C12 × 30 C12 × 25 C12 × 20.The Channels are identified by: C DEPTH (inches) × WEIGHT PER UNIT LENGTH (pound force per foot) For Example: C12 × 30 is a Channel with a Depth of 12 inches and having a Nominal Weight per Foot of 30 lbf/ft. ISHB . ISWB . ALL C15 × ___ C15 × 50 C15 × 40 C15 × 33.75 C8 × 11.4 C3 × ___ C3 × 6 C3 × 5 C3 × 4.5 BEAM SECTIONS 1.1 C9 × ___ C9 × 20 C9 × 15 C9 × 13. ISMB .Web size X Flange size (Eg.Indian Standard Wide Flange Beams 5.25 C4 × 5.5 C6 × 8.75 C7 × 12.Indian Standard Junior Beams 2.

UB . NPB .Universal Columns Parallel Flange Beams will be designated by Type . ISJC Indian Standard Junior Channel 2. ISA 100X100X6) CHANNELS 1. ISA Indian Standard Equal Angle 2. 2.1.Universal Beams4. ISMC 100X50) RAILS . WPB .Indian Standard Wide Parallel Flange Beams 3. ISLC Indian Standard Light Weight Channel 3. ISUA Indian Standard Un Equal Angle Angles will be designated by Type – Face1 size X Face2 size X Thickness (Eg.Indian Standard Narrow Parallel Flange Beams. ISMC Indian Standard Medium Weight Channel Channels will be designated by Type –Web size X Flange size (Eg.Web size X Flange size X Unit Weight (Eg. UC . UB 610X229X125) ANGLES 1.

ISCR Indian Standard Crane Rail 2.1. ISCR 100) PLATES Plates will be designated by Thickness (Eg. Hex. Bar 50) . ISHR Indian Standard Heavy Rail Rails will be designated by Type –Head size (Eg.Bar will be designated by one side size (Eg. Plate 10) FLATS Flats will be designated by Width X Thickness (Eg. Flat 100X6) HEXAGON BAR Hex.

Sq.Bar 100X50X2) Bottom of Form . Sq.Bar 50X50X2) RECTANGULAR HOLLOW SECTION Rectangular Hollow bar will be designated by Rect.SQUARE HOLLOW BAR Square Hollow bar will be designated by Sq.Rect.Bar– Face1 size X Face size2 X Thickness (Eg. Bar– Face1 size X Face size2 X Thickness (Eg.