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Interfacing of DTMF decoder with microcontroller

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MT8870 IS DTMF DECODER.IT IS USED IN TELEPHONES. The M-8870 decoder uses a digital counting technique to determine the frequencies of the limited tones and to verify that they correspond to standard DTMF frequencies.

DTMF TRANSMITTER

1. DTMF ENCODER: The code generator part employs a keyboard, IC UM 91215B and few other components. The IC UM 91215B is a ‘DUAL TONE MULTI FREQUENCY’ i.e. DTMF generator. Whenever a no. on the keyboard is pressed corresponding multiplexed frequency consisting of a lower band frequency and an upper band frequency is generated. 2. FM TRANSMITTER: The DTMF code signals from UM 91215B is then frequency modulated and transmitted in air using FM transmitter. The carrier frequency is determined by coil L1 and trimmer capacitor C1 (they can be adjusted to change the frequency of the transmission). An antenna of 10 to 15cm length is used for satisfactory range. The antenna is necessary because the transmitter unit has to be housed in metallic cabinet to protect the frequency drift caused due to stray EM.

DTMF RECEIVER

The antenna connected to FM receiver receives FM signals from remote control and demodulates them. Output of FM receiver is replica of the DTMF coded signal given

So on every press switch there is a different signal. In this project we use IC 89c51 as a main processor. These DTMF coded signals are given to MT 8870 DTMF decoder. This part is very much necessary. Microcontroller senses the signal and drives the motor of the robotic vehicle. . Concept-: In this project we use smart logic and control system of embedded system by using microcontroller. Signal from the mobile phone is decoded by the DTMF decoder IC. One 9 volt battery for the microcontroller circuit. without using this part is not possible to interact with the mobile phone or DTMF based any phone. So our 1st circuit in this project IC 8870. IC 8870 is a BCD to DTMF decoder. IC MT 8870 decodes the DTMF signals and gives 4 bit BCD output. Second 9 volt battery drives the motor driver circuit. Whenever we press any switch from the transmitter phone then transmitter transmit some signal as per the switch press. Output of the 9 volt dc is converted into 5 volt dc by using 7805 regulator circuit. phone is automatic on and waits for the signal. First of all we attach one mobile phone with the circuit. Here in the project we one 5 volt regulator circuit.to FM transmitter section. IC 7805 regulator converts the 9 volt dc into 5 volt dc with the help of the 5 volt regulator 7805. So our first part of the circuit is our DTMF TECHNOLOGY. In this project we use DTMF decoding technology. Power supply circuit-: In this project we use 9 volt battery to drive the vehicle.

As there are many coils in the motors we need to energize the coils in a specific sequence for the rotation of the motor. The great ability of an H-bridge circuit is that the motor can be driven forward or backward at any speed. and thus the rotational direction of the motor. connected between two pairs of intersecting lines. optionally using a completely independent power source. It's called that because it looks like the capital letter 'H' on classic schematics. These motors are mostly used in heavy machines." The load is the horizontal line. A very popular circuit for driving DC motors (ordinary or gear head) is called an H-bridge. H-bridge circuits-: A circuit diagram which resembles the letter "H.Stepper motors-: Stepper motors are special kind of heavy duty motors having 2 or 4 coils. The figure shown below consists of a 4 coil stepper motor and the arrow mark will rotate when the coils are energized in the sequence. . It is very common in DC motor-drive applications where switches are used in the "vertical" branches of the "H" to control the direction of current flow. The motors will be stepping each time when it get the pulse.

the information is simply grabbed from 8-bit data-bus and presented to the 8-bit data bus of the printer. In some cases such as printer. . it provides the data in byte-sized chunks.8051 serial port programming in -: When a microprocessor communicates with the outside world.