The Gift of a Cow

Author(s) Munshi Premchand

Original title

Godaan (



Gordon C. Roadarmel








Lokamaya Press (Eng. trans.)

Publication date


Published in English

15 July 1987

25 Rupees) and made Hori pay to the priest on behalf of (Godaan) (cow donation). Panchayat issued a penalty on Hori.The Gift of a Cow is a Hindi novel by Munshi Premchand. by Gordon C. It was first published in 1936 and is considered the greatest Hindi novel of modern Indian literature. his wife Dhania took out all the money she have (1. directed by Gulzar and produced by Doordarshan. Godaan was part of the 26-episode TV series. Its English translation first published in 1968. This eventually fulfils the traditional dream of Hori but still his desire to pay back the rupees 200 to his son in law and to have a cow to feed the milk to his grandson remain unfulfilled.. Godaan was made into a Hindi film in 1963. Because of the fear of the action from villagers Gobar also run away. although originally written in Urdu. 'Tehreer.[5] The Story starts from a point where Hori has a deep desire of having a cow as other millions of poor peasant.Godaan . his younger brother Heera poisoned the cow and run away because of the fear of police action. . the novel was the last complete novel of Premchand. Hori tried to cheat his brothers for 10 rupees. He purchased one cow by taking debt. When he is about to die. . Hori again took the loan from local money lenders to save his ancestors land from being auctioned. Jhunia was widow and eloped with Gobar after she got pregnant by him. Roadarmel. based on the writing of Premchand. Jealous on this. Hori took the loan and paid the bribe to the police and was able to clear off his younger brother s name. Munshi Premchand Ki. starring Pankaj Kapur and Surekha Sikri.. He married his daughter Rupa for mere 200 rupees. Themed around the socio economic deprivation as well as the exploitation of the village poor. Mehmood and Shashikala.[4] In 2004. starring Rajkumar.. But he wanted to pay those 200 rupees and to have a cow to provide milk to his grand son. This in turn led to a fight between his wife and his younger brother Heera s wife.

his son refused that. Mr. Mr. Khanna is married but is in love with Malati. she refused his marriage proposal. Mirza(social worker). But when he planned to get his son married to the daughter of Raja Suryankant for his family s prestige. Khanna eventually started loving his wife and stop taking interest in Malati devi. She is mostly involved in levish lifestyle with many men around her. Rai Sahib(Zamindar). His son claimed and won the entire property Rai sahib won from in-laws leaving Rai sahib in huge debt. Mehta falls in love with Malati. After seeing the change in Malati. His daughter got divorced. For purity of sin. Mehta( Lecturer and philosopher). Mehta.Hori is shown as a typical poor peasant who is facing many social problems. She keeps interacted most of them but do not love any of these me. Mehta because of his ideology. Mr. widow and big zamindar. duties and judgement when time requires. He married his daughter to another rich. she explored herself. Mr Tankha( Broker) and Mr. Connection with Hinduism The act of donating a cow in charity. or Godaan. On the other hand the urban society is represented by Malati devi( Doctor). Malati in turn fall in loves with Mr. Mr. He is in love with Saroj. It is nevertheless. He is shown died partially satisfied and partially unsatisfied. Matadin. After this. Rai sahib is two times local election winner. She now wants to serve the poor and needy people together. He won the election and became the municipal minister. He wanted to marry his daughter to another rich family. Khanna (Banker). He claimed and won the zamindari of his in-laws. Bateswari etc. But though Malati loves Mr. Bhola. Mr. Malati devi is the only character shown as satisfied at the end because of her self confidence. is considered to be an important Hindu ritual. Rai sahib was too unsatisfied and was fully depressed. Other rural characters includes Datadin(priest). he stand by his honesty. They both married and went to London. On a trip to the village of Hori. Malati devi is a beautiful lady. She started serving poor and got involved in many social activities. not essential . the younger sister of Malati devi.

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