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Pre-Snap Coverage Read

Part 1: Introduction
Having the ability to identify and react to varying coverage and fronts is critical to offensive success. Especially in a Pro Style offense like the one we employ. We must have the ability to determine coverage pre snap and confirm post snap in order to make correct sight adjustments in routes, understanding who we are stretching in the passing game, and so our Quarterback knows where he is initially starting his progression and what routes have the best chance of getting open. We also have to make proper coverage and front identifications pre-snap in order to put ourselves in a good running play or take us out of a bad one. We believe this is done most effectively by the Quarterback at the line of scrimmage. In order to further understand the importance of pre-snap reads by the Quarterback especially we must discuss the two types of reads that exist in our offense. 1. Movement Key A movement key is run when we have a packaged route combination called in which we have only 2 routes to a side and a check down operating in the middle of the field or the flat. Movement keys involve reading one defensive player and his reaction to the route distribution while being cognizant of a Danger defender (the next defender inside the movement defender). This kind of read is best described as playing monkey in the middle.

A. Within the movement key family of reads we have three passing concepts I. Vertical Stretches Putting One Defender On Top, and Below A Movement Key Defender (I.E. 62 Smash, Level, Etc). II. Horizontal Stretches Putting One Defender On Either Side Of A Movement Key Defender (I.E. 61 Choice, 63 Dagger, 69 All GO). III. Flood Putting 3 Defenders in 2 zones still reading a Movement key 2. R4 Progressions R4 Progressions are used in our full field read concepts (Mesh, 4 Verts, Smash, Etc), along with tagged routes in our base package. Our R4 progressions still involve the three passing concepts as mentioned before but are instead taught to be read in a progression rather than a movement key read. R4 ties the QB s eyes and feet together into a drop back progression 1. Rhythm Single Breaking routes breaking at depth of 7-10 yards, thrown off the last step in the QB s drop 2. Read Longer developing route thrown off QB s first Gather Step

thrown off QB s second gather step or last step Vs. 3 Deep Zone Coverage Middle Open: Cover 2: 5 Under. The three classifications we use are: 1. Once we identify the safeties we narrow down the possibilities of the coverage by evaluating the depth eyes and leverage or the corners (explained later).Rush Quick breaking routes that break open if the read route is covered. Release When the Rhythm. Post snap we confirm our coverage by peeking at the rotation of the safeties. pressure 4. 3. Types Of Coverage: No Deep: Cover 0 Middle Closed: Cover 1: Man With 1 Deep Safety Cover 3: 3 Deep. 2 Deep Zone Coverage Cover 4: 3 Under. 2. 1/2 2 Deep Man Under: Man Under With Two Deep Safeties Part 3: Evaluating Corner Technique- . By piecing these two keys together we can narrow down the possibilities of coverage pre-snap. ¼. 4 Deep Zone Coverage Cover 7: Inverted Cover 2 Cover 10: ¼. or tuck it and run. 3. Part 2: Coverage s We talk about 3 classifications of coverage s. 4 Under Zone Coverage Cover 6: 3 Under. Read. and Rush Routes are all covered the QB must release from the concept and look to either check the football down. No Deep No deep defender beyond 10 yards Closed Middle Single High Coverage with Safety Aligned in the middle of the formation Middle Open Two High Defenders at or beyond 10 yards. In order to determine the coverage we first look to classify the defense by identifying safeties. and multiple coverage s within each classification.

After determining the classification of the coverage through the number of deep safeties we now must piece together what coverage we are actually facing by evaluating the technique of the corners. Putting It Together: 1. and Cover 3 all with off corners. Defenses can play quarters. Press Corner y 0 2 ½ Yards Off #1 Receiver B. eyes. y Typically means the corner does have inside help (Cover 1. He Has Outside leverage It is safe to say that you are facing Cover 3 . His Eyes are turned into the backfield C. A defense would not play cover 2 with an off corner because they can t reroute the #1). 3) D. Inside Leverage y Corner Is Aligned on #1 Receiver s Inside #. Evaluate The Eyes Of The Corner Evaluating the eyes of a defender is critical to the QB and Receiver. 2. He is in an off alignment B. y Typically means the Corner does not have inside help (Cover 0/Cover 4) 2. Evaluating The Corners Depth The Depth of A Corner Is Critical because certain defensive coverages require certain depths of their corners (EX. A.. however their eyes will tell you if they are in man or zone which now will tell you what coverage it is. You are facing a middle closed defense. Outside Leverage y Corner Is Aligned On #1 Receivers Outside #. 1. 1. We Say There are 3 Types of Corners: 1. and leverage. Off Corner y 7-8 Yards Off #1 Receiver 2. A. Cover 10). The leverage is important because it will tell you where the DB s help is coming from which in turn will help narrow down coverage possibilities. It is important that we check out both corners technique in order to identify if we are facing some sort of combination coverage (I. cover 1. Eyes On #1 y Man Coverage C. Evaluate Leverage Of Corner The leverage of the corner will be your final clue as to what coverage he is playing.E. Eyes In Back Field y Zone Coverage Corner Is Keying QB 2. you come to evaluate the corner. Squat Corner y 5 7 Yards Off #1 Receiver 3. We determine what technique the corner is by evaluating his depth.

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