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Technical specification

DAU 16 or 32 analogue channels 32 or 64 event channels Relay outputs for alarms Data acquisition scan rates up to 7.68kHz DSM scan rates at 10 & 50 Hz (50Hz power frequency) or 12Hz & 60Hz (60 Hz power frequency) Built in self-checking functions Analogue resolution 16-bits 16Mb of DRAM (optional mass storage 16 GB) Power Supply 80 - 300Vdc and 110V or 220Vac Analogue Channels Each DAU is equipped with AC channels as standard with optional DC response available on all channels. Currents:- 1A, 2A, 5A or 10A (nominal). Voltage:- 80V or 150V. Accuracy:- Better than 0.5%, CMRR >85db, Phase angle error:- 0.5 degrees Frequency response:- 3db @3000Hz Transducer inputs:- 0 - 10mA, 0 – 1V, 0 – 10V. (other inputs available on request) Event Channels 32 or 64 event channels: Input rating:- 24/48V, 125V or 250V. Event circuits isolated in groups of eight (wet or dry), bipolar common (i.e. common +ve or -ve). Relay Outputs Two alarm outputs with Form C contacts for failure alarm and operate signal.

Triggering: Level (over and/or under) and rate triggers on all calculated quantities. Settings from 5% to 95% of channel full scale. Analogue triggering accuracy shall in all cases be better than 0.5% of channel full scale. Level triggers are equipped with hysteresis to prevent unwanted triggering. Event triggers on open, close, both or none. User selectable debounce (0-10ms) is provided. Negative sequence triggering, zero sequence triggering, frequency level and rate of change triggering are also provided. Frequency level triggering is under and over (i.e. Window). Settings in steps of 0.1Hz up to ±2 Hz. Level triggers will also be provided on calculated quantities such as MW, Mvar, etc. Power Oscillation Trigger – settings of oscillation magnitude and duration

IDM / DSM Dynamic System Monitor

Fault Recording (DFR)
Pre-fault time:Fault time:Post-fault time:Sample rate: 50ms - 10s. 100ms - 5s (controlled by op limiter). 100ms - 30s. 128 samples per cycle. (50 cycles:- 6.4kHz; 60 cycles:- 7.68kHz) see Triggering above

Triggering: -

Communication Ethernet network. TCP/IP protocol. Integral twisted pair and fibre interfaces. Real Time Clock IRIGB:GPS:Modulated 1kHz sine wave or TTL Internal GPS clock (optional)

Dynamic System Monitoring Function
Calculated Quantities for DSM recording RMS Voltage and Current – for each voltage and current input Sequence Components (+ve, -ve, zero) for each three phase group of voltages and currents Real and reactive power for each feeder (single phase and three phase) Frequency – resolution 0.001Hz Harmonics:- up to the 50th Triggered Slow Scan Recording (TSS) Record lengths: Pre-fault time:5s - 600s. Post-fault time:5s - 1200s. Sample rate: 10 Hz or 50Hz No. of Channels:up to 32 channels (per DAU) (independent of CSS recorded channels) Continuous Slow Scan Recording (CSS) Recording length: - Up to 30 days of continuously recorded data. Individual segments can be selected for remote retrieval and analysis Sample rate: 10 Hz or 50Hz No. of Channels:up to 32 channels (per DAU) (independent of TSS recorded channels)

Standard Compliance Noise Immunity IEC 61000-4-4, 4-5,4-6, 4-12 Electrostatic discharge IEC 61000-4-2) 4:- class 4 Radiated electromagnetic field EC 61000-4-3: class 3 Environmental Operating: 5 to 55 degrees °C without disk 5 to 45 degrees °C with disk 5 to 40 degrees °C with battery option Storage: -10 to 65 degrees °C Humidity: 10 to 90% non-condensing Vibration IEC 60068-2-6: Class 1 (1g acc) User Interface 2 row x 16 character LCD display. Ten status LEDs. Membrane keypad. Enclosure 19”x 6U x 287mm

Qualitol Instruments
15 Wildflower Way Belfast BT12 6TA Northern Ireland UK E-mail: Phone: Fax +44 28 9022 5200 +44 28 9022 5225 info@qualitrolcorp.com www.qualitrolcorp.com

© Qualitrol 2008 Qualitrol Company LLC is an ISO 9001 certified company. Information subject to change without notice

The IDM/DSM is equipped with two dynamic monitoring recording modes. The triggered recording mode can be used to capture data associated with power system incidents by triggering on excursions of frequency. This data can be retrieved in real-time using any third party application software that supports the Modbus RTU protocol. When major faults occur on the power system they can result in large disturbances that cause major changes to machine rotor angles and result in large oscillations in power flow. The IDM/DSM can be equipped with low voltage isolated transducer inputs for those applications where transducer inputs are required.g. current or power flow.g. Fault Recording In addition to recording of the triggered and continuous slow scan data the IDM/DSM is also equipped with a fully featured fault recording function. e. Dynamic System Monitoring Power System Stability . The power system operates at or about its nominal frequency at all times and all synchronous rotating machines connected to the grid operate at the same speed. high performance power system data acquisition system that is ideally suited to addressing the Dynamic System Monitoring needs of a modern power transmission utility. Tools are also provided to export the data in common industry formats (e. There is a comprehensive range of user settable triggers and in addition record length and pre-trigger time are fully user configurable.is the overriding concern in power system operation.The leading Dynamic System Monitoring system from the number one supplier of Fault Recording equipment to the worldwide power industry High Precision Data Acquisition System Provides the highest accuracy for precise measurement of voltage. In a typical application three phase voltage and current signals are required for each feeder to be monitored although in many cases one set of voltage inputs can be used for multiple feeders. Synchronised Recording To enable DSM measurements to be of even more value the IDM/DSM has been designed with the ability to make synchronised phasor measurements.5 degrees. sequence components. For continuous monitoring of power system quantities or in the event that user triggers are not configured to capture a specific incident of interest then the continuous recording mode can be used (concurrently with the triggered recording mode) to capture the required data. Comtrade) for further analysis in other packages such as Excel and Matlab. While much work is done to predict the dynamic response and hence stability of the power system using simulation and models it is also essential to gather real data from the power system during disturbances to determine the actual response of the power system and hence validate the assumptions made and conclusions drawn from the modelling activity. Existing analogue transducers can be used together with VT & CT signals. These records can be used to carry out in depth analysis of transient faults and other power system incidents. This also eliminates the additional analogue transducer capital and installation costs. This ensures that the data is recorded with the maximum resolution and that the detail of all power system dynamics is faithfully recorded by the IDM/DSM and is not subjected to any of the limitations encountered when using traditional transducers. voltage and current phasors. frequency and harmonics. real and reactive power. This enables the IDM/DSM to be used to make precise system wide phase angle measurements to an accuracy of up to 0. Real time phasors can also be provided by the IDM / DSM You’ in the safest possible hands with the Hathaway IDM/DSM. data can be easily retrieved from equipment in the field and is archived in a local database where it can be readily accessed for analysis and reporting. One mass storage unit (LSU) can be used by all of the DAUs and it also provides an internal modem that can also provide dial-up access to all of the DAUs on the LAN segment. In addition to the use of recorded data from the power system to validate predictions of the power system’ dynamic res sponse it is also essential to ensure that data is recorded from sufficient key nodes across the power system such that in the event of major system incidents there is sufficient data available to perform a comprehensive root cause analysis. The disturbances and oscillations that occur on a power system are normally in the range of 0. Flexible Triggered DSM combined with Continuous Recording Continuous recording guarantees that no data is lost even in cases of incorrect trigger settings IDM / DSM Recording Modes The IDM/DSM is a scalable.1 degrees. The dynamic performance of loads is also recognized as having a significant influence on the power system stability. Data Storage For those applications where the CSS function is being used and large mass storage is required then an industrial file server (LSU) is used to store the recorded data. . frequency and phase angles. With user friendly menus.1 – 2Hz and so to ensure that the IDM/ DSM captures all data of interest it is equipped with two user configurable scan rates of 10Hz and 50Hz (or 12Hz and 60 Hz for a 60Hz power system). Generator speed governors maintain the power system frequency at the nominal frequency and accommodate changes in load and network configuration. Data Acquisition Units (DAU) The IDM/DSM is available as 16 or 32 channel DAUs and multiple DAUs can be combined on a single LAN segment to create a DSM system with hundreds of analogue channels. This function can be used in conjunction with the slow scan recording to capture triggered point-on-wave records of up to 30 seconds duration. The IDM was the first Dynamic System Monitor to provide continuous recording. (e. re Qualitrol is the number one worldwide supplier of Fault Recording and Dynamic System Monitoring equipment with products installed in all major markets. ripple. When used in this mode a 30-day buffer of power system quantities is available for user analysis and archiving. This device is equipped with up to 16GB of mass storage and this can be provided in a conventional ‘ server grade’ hard drive or on a solid state flash memory device.g. the one second pulse (1 PPS) from an internal GPS clock. excitation system and in many cases power system stabilizer). voltage.or its loss . The response of the power system in these circumstances is extremely complex but is largely influenced by the dynamic performance of the generators and their associated control equipment (speed governor. Recorded data is automatically transferred to the LSU and the data can be retrieved from a remote location using the Replay™ Plus Master Station software High Speed Ethernet communication for fast data transfer Permits rapid transfer of recorded data for faster analysis. Master Station Software The IDM/DSM is supported by a state of the art master station software package Replay™ Plus that provides an advanced suite of tools for managing a fleet of field installed equipment and the associated data. An internal digital signal processor (DSP) then processes the recorded sample data to derive the required power system quantities. Calculating the Recorded Quantities The recording system of the IDM/DSM is based on a high speed front end data acquisition system that records primary ac power system quantities at a sample rate of 128 samples per power frequency cycle and with an analogue resolution of 16 bits. With more than 20 years experience in Dynamic System Monitoring and an unrivalled commitment to worldwide customer service the IDM/DSM will meet all your system monitoring needs. This approach ensures that even though DSM installations are distributed across a large power transmission systems their data acquisition systems are fully synchronised and there is no time skew between data acquisition on any channel of any of the distributed data acquisition systems. current. Provides a full compliment of internally calculated power system quantities No additional transducers are required as all power system quantities can be derived from the voltage and current inputs. phasor measurement and fault recording in a single platform. Furthermore. For efficient remote communication of the recorded the IDM/DSM is equipped with a Ethernet interface that can be used over a LAN. In a multiple DAU installation one DAU is configured as the Time Master and synchronizes the remaining DAUs. This data can be used for many applications. Triggered DSM data can be automatically transferred to a central Master Station GPS synchronised data acquisition System wide phase angle measurements can be made to an accuracy of better than 0. for real-time display or archiving in a third party historian or database. Uses direct VT & CT inputs or transducer signals Calculating power system quantities from high speed voltage and current signals eliminates the errors associated with analogue transducers. triggered recording (TSS) and continuous recording (CSS) that can be used to meet all the recording requirements for model validation or incident analysis. This device is installed in the substation and can be connected to the IDM/DSM LAN. synchronised sampling.118. WAN or even the Internet. phase shift and time delays) The quantities available for recording include RMS voltage and current. an option is available for the IDM/DSM that enables it to provide real time phasor data that is compliant with the international Synchrophasor standard C37. To achieve this the data acquisition front end is synchronised to a time reference signal. Real Time Database In addition to being made available for slow scan recording all of the calculated quantities (100 per DAU) are available in a real-time database.