You are on page 1of 87

Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy Cambodia Ministry for Foreign Affairs Finland

Capacity Development for Energy Balance Construction and Sustainable Energy Planning in Cambodia

Project Document April 27, 2011

Table of Contents PROJECT FACT SHEET EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 2
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6.1 2.6.2 2.6.3 2.6.4

6 7 11 13
13 14 16 17 17 18 19 20 21 22

BACKGROUND DEFINITION OF INTERVENTION
Problem Analysis Project Approach Overall Objectives Project Purpose Project Components Results, Achievement Indicators and Activities Component 0: Project Management Component 1: Establishment of Energy Information System and Database Component 2: Capacity Building for Energy Modelling Component 3: Capacity Building for Energy Planning

3 4
4.1 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3 4.2

ASSUMPTIONS AND RISKS COMPATIBILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY
Compatibility Finnish Development Policy National Strategic Development Plan and Energy Sector Development Statistics Law Sustainability

24 26
26 26 28 29 30

5
5.1 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.3 5.4 5.4.1 5.4.2 5.4.3 5.4.4 5.5
April 2011

IMPLEMENTATION
Implementation Strategy Data Collection Demand side data collection Supply side data collection and energy import statistics Capacity Development and Training Project Organization Energy Statistics Office, Energy Modelling Unit and Project Management Unit Steering Committee Technical Assistance National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners Data Collection Working Group
- Page 2 / 87 -

31
31 31 31 34 36 38 38 40 41 42 43

5.5.1 5.5.2

Time Schedule Budget

43 45

6
6.1 6.2

MONITORING AND EVALUATION
Monitoring Evaluation

46
47 47

ANNEX 1: PRESENT SITUATION: ENERGY SECTOR IN CAMBODIA ANNEX 2: TERMS OF REFERENCE OF EXPERTS ANNEX 3: JOB DESCRIPTIONS ANNEX 4: LOGICAL FRAMEWORK ANNEX 5: PROJECT ACTIVITIES ANNEX 6: PROJECT TIME SCHEDULE

49 63 66 71 78 85

April 2011

- Page 3 / 87 -

List of Abbreviations
ADB ACE ASEAN CDC CDI CNPA CTA DEDE DIME EAC EBC EdC EIS EMU EPPO ESO FAO GDP GERES HEI ICI ICT IEA ITC IPP JICA MAFF MEF MFA MIME MoP MRD MPWT NCDD NIS Asian Development Bank ASEAN Center for Energy Association of Southeast Asian Nations Council of Development of Cambodia Cambodian Development Institute Cambodian National Petroleum Authority Chief Technical Advisor Department for Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency of Thailand Provincial Departments of Industry, Mines and Energy Electricity Authority of Cambodia Energy Balance of Cambodia Electricity du Cambodge Energy information system Energy Modeling Unit Energy Policy and Planning Office of Thailand Energy Statistics Office Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Gross Domestic Product Groupe Energies Renouvelables, Environnement et Solidarités (French non-profit NGO) Higher Education Institutions Institutional Cooperation Instrument Information and Communication Technology International Energy Agency Institute of Technology Cambodia Independent power producer Japan International Cooperation Agency Ministry of Agriculture, Fishery and Forestry Ministry of Economy and Finance Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy Ministry of Planning Ministry of Rural Development Ministry of Public Works and Transport National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development National Institute of Statistics

April 2011

- Page 4 / 87 -

ONEBC Overall National Energy Balance of Cambodia PMU PO RGC REE SC SIDA TA TOR UNFCCC UNDP WB Project Management Unit Project officer Royal Government of Cambodia Rural Electricity Enterprise Steering Committee Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency Technical Assistance Terms of Reference United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change United Nations Development Program The World Bank April 2011 .Page 5 / 87 - .

Cambodia (national level) 2011 . electricity and water) Government of Finland EUR 2.3million 1 EUR = 5. Mines and Energy General Department of Energy Steering Committee Project Management Unit embedded in General Department of Energy.683 Cambodia Riels KHR (25 March.Project Fact Sheet Project Title Sector Sub-Sectors Geographical Coverage Duration: Project Financing Capacity Building for the Energy Balance Construction and Sustainable Energy Planning in Cambodia Energy Energy Statistics.2015 (four years) Total Royal Government of Cambodia in kind contribution. methodologies and modeling tools in: establishing and managing energy information system drawing up plans for energy sector development and climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions prioritizing energy sector and climate change mitigation investments mainstreaming of gender and poverty in energy planning.Page 6 / 87 - . approximately 10% of the total budget (salary of staff.. Renewable Energy. 2011) Competent Authorities Institutional Framework Ministry of Industry. Energy Planning. Power Sector Planning. MIME Overall Objective The overall objective is to contribute to planning and implementing of Cambodian climate change policy and programmes through development of sustainable energy data and planning system which promotes inclusive growth and responds to poverty reduction and sustainable development goals of Cambodia To strengthen MIME to be sustainable and capable of employing advanced techniques. Purpose April 2011 . office. Climate Change Mitigation.

Project is based on the assumption that energy planning should serve the overall socioeconomic development planning and not function as a separate entity. The lack of energy services particularly those in rural areas and unaffordable energy services in urban areas could undermine economic growth and sustainable development of the country..Page 7 / 87 - . and therefore it is essential to recognize the contribution of wood energy in the energy balance and to plan for a continued and sustainable supply. The project purpose is to strengthen MIME to be sustainable and capable of employing advanced techniques. and second. Problem to be addressed Biomass will be the dominant energy resource in Cambodia for the short and medium term. For energy balance construction both supply and demand side data is needed. Also overall energy and electricity services in Cambodia are inadequate and expensive with supply systems highly vulnerable to external disruptions and fluctuations of international energy prices and increasingly contributing to local environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. energy balance and planning. These are the results of an electricity supply system which is highly fragmented. are identified as the main contributing factors to the current circumstances of the energy sector in Cambodia.Executive Summary Background Energy services in Cambodia are inadequate and costly (electricity tariff rates are one of the highest in Southeast Asia) with electricity supply systems dominantly fossil fuelbased which contributes to the emissions of local pollutants and greenhouse gases. and data collection methods will cover both bottom-up and top-down approaches. The Ministry of Industry. less extensive (mainly providing services in large urban centres) and highly dependent on imported fossil fuels. methodologies and modeling tools in: April 2011 . These are symptomatic to the existence of significant barriers that hinder the development of sustainable energy supply systems in the country. The lack of adequate training and capacity building to carry out comprehensive planning. This is particularly pertinent given the disparity in fuel wood resources within and between provinces. as well as lack of information. on the role of MIME in the National Energy Planning by strengthening the capacity of MIME’s Energy Modelling Unit. and the significant impact that the lack of access to biomass has on the poor. Objectives and components The overall project objective is to contribute to planning and implementing of Cambodian climate change policy and programmes through development of sustainable energy data and planning system which promotes inclusive growth and responds to poverty reduction and sustainable development goals of Cambodia. The inclusion of socio-economic and environmental aspects in the energy planning requires information of the interlinkages of these activities and sectors. Project approach The overall project approach can be described as follows: first the project focuses on the role of MIME in the National Statistics System by strengthening the capacity of MIME’s Energy Statistics Office. Mines and Energy (MIME) requested the Finnish Government for support in developing its capacity on energy statistics.

the project is not only compatible with the development principles of RGC but also complements and supports the achievement of the energy sector policy and rural electrification strategies contributing to the overall developmental goals of the National Strategic Development Plan. Drawing up scenarios and plans for energy sector development. Thus the project fulfils the mandate of the Statistical Law and the SubDecree on the Organization and Functioning of the National Statistical System. Prioritizing energy sector and climate change mitigation activities.Establishing and managing energy information system. and Mainstreaming of gender and poverty in energy planning. the overarching goal of the project is the development of a sustainable energy supply system which is sensitive to developmental. Energy Modelling Unit enables long-term energy planning. In addition. and for climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions. Similarly. climate change and energy access goals of the country. mitigate climate change and fuel economic development of the country. These are the following: Component 0: Project Management Component 1: Establishment of Energy Information System and Database Component 2: Capacity-building for Energy Modelling Component 3: Capacity-building for Energy Planning Coherence. To achieve the objectives and purpose. compatibility and sustainability This project is consistent and compatible with the principles pursued by the Finnish Development Cooperation. RGC can make decisions and prioritized investments on sustainable energy systems that enhance energy access. With detailed energy sector information. the project further satisfies the requirement of the Law ensuring coordination between the designated statistical unit and NIS. The Energy Statistics Office will be created from the April 2011 . by placing the National Institute of Statistics (NIS) as member of the Steering Committee. The project also supports the creation of the Energy Statistics Office from the existing Secretariat of General Department of Energy of MIME. the project’s activities and outputs are organized into four project components. Energy information and plans will be used by RGC to prioritize energy investments that achieve and optimize developmental benefits from improving energy access to stimulating rural development. energy security.Page 8 / 87 - . and strengthens its capacity in order to meet its responsibilities and be able to perform its tasks as a designated statistical unit. With the energy information and energy sector development plans. The project design ensures long-term sustainability of the project: Pre-conditions related to the creation and staffing of the Energy Statistics Office and Energy Modelling Unit. energy sector information and plans will provide the private sector the basis for making decisions to invest in energy sector development. While project activities are very specific and related to energy information and planning. protecting the environment and promoting gender equality. RGC could also prioritize energy sector investments and development that promotes gender and social cohesion and equality as well as mainstream gender in the energy sector. In addition.

In general.Page 9 / 87 - . which also increases information flow between Ministries. The project builds capacity to respond constant demand for information and planning services. The overall project design emphasises capacity development in data collection. energy modelling and policy planning. Particular attention is April 2011 . The PMU will be supervised by a Steering Committee. and National Poverty Reduction Strategy).g. Electricity Authority of Cambodia. The entities to be strengthened by the project will be providing services to the public and private sectors.existing Secretariat Office of the General Department of Energy by strengthening and redirecting its activities This project makes sure that MIME will own the project and take the lead in the implementation of activities through leadership of the Project Management Unit (PMU). National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners presents project activities and results as well as action plan to the high level actors in line Ministries and other organizations. Data Collection Working Group enhances the practical data collection and cooperation between relevant data producing Ministries. MIME will also get the data needed for national energy policy planning and for international reporting (e. and the Energy Development Department shall create the Energy Modelling Unit within Planning Office as necessary entities for project implementation. The information services are required by government agencies.g. Project implementation Project activities’ implementation will be integrated within the General Department of Energy which is the main counterpart of the project. The Head of the Energy Statistics Office (ESO) will become the Project Director. The General Department of Energy shall create the Energy Statistics Office from existing Secretariat Office. the Cambodian society will benefit from better targeted energy infrastructure planning and from private sector investments on energy services. Mines and Energy DIMEs) whose staff will receive technical support.Ministry of Planning receives information on middle and long term energy development for the basis of national policy planning (e. and others that will use the project results as input for their activities. The CTA and PO will be engaged by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. This Team will be supported by the project’s Chief Technical Advisor (CTA) who will be the Project Co-Director and by the Project Officer (PO) who will be responsible for project administrative tasks. Project also ensures learning by doing approach for the above-mentioned MIME units. Private entities and investors will also benefit from the use of energy information which serves as basis for their investment decisions. This group will constitute as the Project Management Unit (PMU). for ACE and IEA) ii) Ministry of Environment which can use the energy data for national communication in reporting for UNFCCC. Government agencies that benefit from the results generated by project include Electricité du Cambodge. Primary data collection is organised in cooperation with other Ministries and other organisations through Data Collection Working Group. iii) . The project is tabled for financing in 2011. National Strategic Development Plan. Project beneficiaries The project beneficiaries are i) MIME (including Provincial Departments of Industry. private sector and non-profit organizations for various activities for planning. research and investment decisions.

April 2011 .Page 10 / 87 - . emphasizing productive uses of energy.paid to increasing energy access and affordability of energy services to population groups that are easily marginalized.

Create basis for effective climate policy planning by providing needed database and providing capacity building. 2008 stated the following needs to develop strategic energy planning work in Cambodia: Create a network. Specific information on electricity demand and generation capacities are however compiled and published yearly by the regulatory agency. Develop duration programme and facilitate collaborative research for energy balance construction and energy planning. April 2011 . yields and cost.1 Background Energy services in Cambodia are inadequate and expensive which are symptomatic to the existence of significant barriers that hinder the development of sustainable energy supply systems in the country. dated January 5. Yet the potential role of MIME in supporting the RGC’s economic growth. the Electricity Authority of Cambodia (EAC). The current energy balance available at MIME does not provide a reliable national picture since data and information from several institutions and line ministries were collected on secondary data. the National Institute of Statistics (NIS) of the Ministry of Planning for example. through strong donor support. MIME requested the Finnish Government for support in developing the capacity on energy statistics. Compared with other agencies. the Ministry of Industry. Develop the energy planning activities in Cambodia through capacity building. Construct energy models for planning purposes in order to enhance capabilities for long term scenario building for future energy planning in Cambodia. which coordinates the data collection and construction of annual energy balance together with local government agencies and industries in Cambodia. The Statistics Unit of Industry and Mines departments of MIME also publish statistics and information concerning industry and mining in the country. Mines and Energy (MIME) is one of those institutions with limited information concerning the sector and lack of adequate training and capacity building (both physical and financial) to establish energy information system and energy supply planning. and. the Ministry of Agriculture. environmental and climate change protection and development goals is enormous. Similarly. On the other hand MIME does not have the financial resources or capacity to carry primary data gathering. Among the government agencies and ministries in Cambodia.Page 11 / 87 - . balance and energy planning. is able to carry out routinely (every 4 years since 1993 and annually since 2007) Cambodian Socio-Economic Survey (CSES) which provides excellent data on household expenditure and living conditions whose trends over the past two decades offer an insight on the development of different income groups in the country. MIME requested support to build capacity to develop a reliable energy balance for which energy development planning could be built upon.The letter sent by MIME to MFA. Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) publishes yearly reports about the state of the Cambodian agriculture including data on produce. The lack of information and adequate capacity building to carry out comprehensive planning are identified as the main contributing factors to the current circumstances of the energy sector in Cambodia. The Ministry of Transportation publishes statistics of vehicles and estimates on fuel consumption.

This project document details the response of the Finnish Government to the abovementioned request.Page 12 / 87 - . April 2011 .

flooding and drought and therefore impact food production. Due to high dependence on biomass and to the significant role of the households in total energy consumption. Household energy consumption data relates to many socio-economic and environmental issues that can be used in policy planning. Households consume 87 % of all energy in Cambodia. Still more than 90% of the rural households depend on firewood (See Annex 1). the changes in the access to fuel wood (how rapid deforestation. Deforestation increases climate change and locally can create e.g. brick and garment industry. including agricultural waste such as rice husk. The role of renewable energy in energy planning is crucial. Wood fuel energy is also used in e. The lack of energy April 2011 . At the moment most electricity in Cambodia is produced by fossil fuels that cause local pollutants as well as greenhouse gases. especially in the areas where deforestation is severe. the use of energy in different socio-economic groups.Page 13 / 87 - .). At the moment 70-75% of total energy consumption is based on biomass.g. gender disaggregated energy data is also needed. this will cause increase in food prices as well as problems in balance of payments.g. the impact of increases in energy price on the food security. in the energy balance construction the central issues are (i) collection of gender disaggregated household level data on energy consumption from different provinces. (ii) data collection of both supply and utilization of biomass for energy. In some areas it is difficult to find wood for cooking. Fuel wood is by far the main source of energy for cooking with urban areas shifting to charcoal.1 Problem Analysis Biomass is the most important source of energy in Cambodia and it will continue to be the dominant energy resource in Cambodia for the short and medium term. e. and the significant impact that the lack of access to biomass has on the poor. reasons for deforestation etc. As the oil prices are expected to rise rather than decline. Fuelwood for cooking is mostly (but not only) collected by women who often spent significant amount of time in collecting wood. Deforestation is severe in Cambodia. Therefore it is essential to recognize the contribution of wood energy in the energy balance and to plan for a continued and sustainable supply of wood. These are the results of an electricity supply system which is highly fragmented. Besides biomass emphasis should be given to different factual and potential renewable energy sources. Therefore. the time allocated to wood collection. There are differences how men and women use energy. These include. This is particularly pertinent given the disparity in fuel wood resources within and between provinces. less extensive (mainly providing services in large urban centres) and highly dependent on imported fossil fuels. Currently energy and electricity services in Cambodia are inadequate and less affordable with supply systems highly vulnerable to external disruptions and fluctuations in international energy prices and increasingly contributing to local environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. mainly fuel wood and charcoal. Women and children are also often the victims of indoor air pollution caused by wood fuel burning. which mostly relate to their different social roles in the society. money spent on energy in different socioeconomic groups. Also problems and priorities relating to energy can be different.2 DEFINITION OF INTERVENTION 2. It is essential to establish good co-operation between the relevant ministries responsible for energy and forestry (especially MIME and MAFF).

This means e. on the role of MIME in the National Energy Planning by strengthening the capacity of MIME’s Energy Modeling Unit. Mines and Energy in the field of i) energy statistics and information system. Various types of trainings will be conducted related to energy database and information systems for the national statistics system. The inclusion of socio-economic and environmental aspects in the energy planning requires information of the interlinkages of these activities and sectors.2 Project Approach The overall project approach can be described as follows: first the project focuses on the role of MIME in the National Statistics System by strengthening the capacity of MIME’s Energy Statistics Office (created from Secretariat Office). respond and strategically plan and develop energy supply systems. and demand analysis and forecasting.services particularly those in rural areas and unaffordable energy services in urban areas could undermine economic growth and sustainable development of the country. The formulation of energy statistics should take into account the present statistical systems in order to enable the use of them together. and second. but it is not connected to the energy statistical information. The Cambodian national statistic system contains lot of socio-economic information from different surveys.Page 14 / 87 - . and energy demand-supply balancing analysis for energy planning system. In addressing these issues. the project provides assistance in the establishment of the respective units. Various underlying causes to generate these issues were identified such as the following: i) lack of information and knowledge on the real needs of the diversified segments of the society. The National Accounting uses sectoral division indicated in the Box 1: Sectoral allocation of GDP in National Accounting in Cambodia AGRICULTURE. ii) lack of information and awareness of the available sustainable indigenous resources. FISHERIES & FORESTRY Crops Paddy Other crops Livestock & Poultry Fisheries Forestry & Logging 1 INDUSTRY April 2011 . and iv) lack of adequate training to critically analyze. Project is based on the assumption that energy planning should serve the overall socioeconomic development planning and not function as a separate entity. In both approaches. iii) lack of knowledge on alternative approaches and mechanisms in energy service provisions. the project will focus on removing these barriers through strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Industry. The possibilities to utilise synergies and avoid trade-offs in the development of different sectors should be taken into account in the planning by combining indicators from different fields into a coherent planning framework. that the sectoral divisions of the statistical information should follow similar sectors in order to enable the use of different energy-economic models. in defining the functions and in identifying the expertise needed to fulfil their mandates. and ii) energy and electricity planning.g. 2.

meet the needs of the energy community (both producers and users) and provide a solid foundation for integration of energy statistics into a broader accounting framework. However. including the Energy Statistics Compilers Manual. Gas & Water Construction SERVICES Trade Hotel & Restaurants Transport & Communications Finance Public Administration Real Estate & Business Other services Box 1: Sectoral division in National Accounting in Cambodia For modelling purposes it would be advantageous to use similar sectoral division in energy data collection in order to be able to link the energy use in different sector to the value added produced in these sectors. The IRES guidelines does not support so detailed division of sectors. IRES and the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Energy system of UN (SEEA-E) are two complementary and fully coordinated documents. in some cases.g. Data should be collected annually. Members of this working group are those who are involved in actual implementation of data collection. Both demand side and supply side energy data is needed for energy balance construction. Both bottom-up and top-down approaches are used in energy data collection and planning. the costs of extra data collection and organisation may exceed the benefits obtained. This is crucial in April 2011 . The top-down approach in energy data collection and planning makes it possible to link the energy development to macro-economic and sectoral development planning.Page 15 / 87 - . should be followed to the maximum extent within the project. Primary data collection is organised in cooperation with Ministries and other organisations in the most efficient and sustainable manner through Data Collection Working Group.Mining Manufacturing Food. This makes it possible to use e. but for modelling purposes it would create crucial benefits. Wearing Apparel & Footwear Wood. The revised International Recommendations for Energy Statistics (IRES) that are being developed by UN Statistics Division. it has to be taken into account that. gender or income specific analysis for supporting energy planning. The IRES principles acknowledge that needs of major user groups should be considered as a starting point and be taken into account to the maximum extent possible to ensure that the compiled data are policy relevant. Also the household level and gender specific information of health aspects and environmental issues can be taken into account in the data analysis. In the bottom-up approach it is possible to combine socio-economic and environmental household level data to the energy use in these households. Beverages & Tobacco Textile. Paper & Publishing Rubber Manufacturing Other Manufacturing Non-Metallic Manufacturing Basic Metal and Metal Products Other manufacturing Electricity.

analysis. energy statistics. methodologies and models will be provided related to surveys. methodologies. The project will also adopt a learning-by-doing approach in capacity building. demand simulation. analytical frameworks. analysis and information system management for the national statistics system. and energy demand-supply balancing analysis for energy planning system. energy and power statistics and other relevant energy sector information as well as publication of energy plans. April 2011 . In order to guarantee the flow of information at the high level authorities (director and vice-directors).making scenarios for future demand and assessing the needs for larger scale energy production and transmission investments. The staff of the Energy Statistics Office and Energy Modelling Unit will carry out the programmed project activities such as actual surveys. and demand analysis and forecasting. and preparation of energy plans. and demand-supply optimization for national energy planning system.3 Overall Objectives The overall objective is to contribute to planning and implementing of Cambodian climate change policy and programmes through development of sustainable energy data and planning system which promotes inclusive growth and responds to poverty reduction and sustainable development goals of Cambodia Specific indicators for monitoring the project objectives are the following: Increase investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency Improved access to energy services Enhanced energy security Reduction of local environmental and greenhouse gas emissions These indicators will be verified through the national and regional energy sector and environmental development reports.Page 16 / 87 - . demand-supply analyses. tools and models. in defining the functions and in identifying the expertise needed to fulfil their mandates. on the role of MIME in the National Energy Planning by strengthening the capacity of MIME’s Energy Modelling Unit. The role of the consultants will be to provide training on the concepts. The project approach can be described as follows: first the project focuses on the role of MIME in the National Statistics System by strengthening the capacity of MIME’s Statistical Office. and demand analysis. Various types of trainings will be conducted related to energy database and information systems for the national statistics system. 2. and second. In strengthening the role of MIME in both the national statistical system and energy planning. preparation of energy balances. Vital tools. National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners is organised every year in order to present the project activities and results as well as work plan for the following year. The project provides assistance in the establishment of the respective units. the project will be involved in the publications of annual energy balance.

4 Project Purpose The project purpose is to strengthen MIME to be sustainable and capable of employing advanced techniques. statistical yearbooks. and drawing up plans for energy sector development. project evaluation of MIME’s statistical office and energy modelling unit. and for climate change mitigation and adaptation prioritizing energy sector and climate change mitigation interventions mainstreaming of gender and poverty in energy planning. publications of official documents (energy balance. energy and power strategy plans) and through MIME’s website.2. methodologies and modeling tools in: establishing and managing energy information system. and steering committee reviews. Specific indicators for monitoring the project purpose are the following: establishment energy information system disaggregated statistics where appropriate in Cambodia with gender- MIME’s contribution to the national economic and development planning as well as to climate change intervention planning process and international reporting Achievements of Energy Statistics Office and Energy Modelling Unit action plans These indicators will be verified through the evaluation study on energy information and planning.Page 17 / 87 - . April 2011 . 2.5 Project Components To achieve the objectives and purpose. the project’s activities and outputs are organized into four overlapping components: Component 0: Project Management Component 1: Establishment of Energy Information System and Database Component 2: Capacity Building for Energy Modelling Component 3: Capacity Building for Energy Planning Components are represented in Figure 1 below.

An important feature of the system is that there is a regular production and dissemination of information on energy statistics. etc. April 2011 . balances and various plans to stakeholders through publications. Achievement Indicators and Activities One of the expected results of the project is to develop an Energy Information System. The structure of the information system is shown in Figure 2. The results.Component 0: Project Management Establishment Establishment Establishment Establishment of Project Management Unit (PMU) of Energy Statistics Office (ESO) of the Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) of National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners Component 1: Establishment of Energy Information System and Database Capacity building for data collection Establishment of National Energy Statistics for Cambodia Establishment of Energy Balance for Cambodia Component 2: Capacity Building for Energy Modelling Capacity building for long term energy modelling and planning Capacity building for power sector modelling and planning Component 3: Capacity Building for Energy Planning Capacity Building for Energy Planning Preparation Energy Supply/Demand Balancing scenarios and energy strategy plan Capacity building for electricity demand load scenarios and power strategy plan Figure 1: Project components 2. workshops. achievement indicators and activities for each specific component are discussed in the following sections. private sector and international agencies. NGOs. presentations. Such information can also be uploaded in MIME’s website and hard copies will be available in both English and Khmer to line ministries.Page 18 / 87 - .6 Results.

tendering the staff positions and furnishing the ESO.1 Component 0: Project Management The objective of this component is to create the central units. Results Established Project Management Unit Established Energy Statistics Office (created from existing Secretariat Office) Achievement Indicators Adequately staffed PMU established and active Adequately staffed ESO established and active Activities Assigning the space for.e. Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) and National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners.6. i. tendering the staff positions and furnishing the EMU. Nomination and appointment of 4-6 people to be trained as statistics experts Assigning the space for. tendering the staff positions and furnishing the PMU Assigning the space for. Energy Statistics Office (ESO).Page 19 / 87 - .Policy Planners MoP Figure 2: Energy Information System Structure 2. Nomination and appointment of 3-5 people to be trained as modelling Established Energy Modelling Unit Adequately staffed EMU established and active April 2011 . Project Management Unit (PMU).

if needed . The establishment of energy information system will require the analysis of the energy data needs of different Ministries and other organisations (including Ministry of Environment). 2.) for obtaining the required primary data from different sources are in place .experts Annually organised Workshop for Policy Planners Project activities. national policy planning. The specific indicator of this phase is that adequately staffed Project Management Unit. firstly.e. International Energy Agency (IEA) and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). i.2 Component 1: Establishment of Energy Information System and Database The objective of this component is to establish the Energy Information System and database to serve. annual data collection and analysis is able to continue also after the project has ended. Table 1: Results. and clarification of the availability of already existing primary data. results and action plans are presented and discussed in the workshop Inviting the members to the National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners Organisation of National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners. not only for energy sector but also to benefit economic planning (including National Strategic Development Plan) and environmental sector. From the beginning the data collection is planned in such manner that it is costeffective and sustainable. the energy information system and database will also help to fulfil Cambodia’s international reporting obligations defined e. Energy Statistics Office and Energy Modelling Unit within MIME are operational. The results. Data collection is done in collaboration with line Ministries and other institutions through Data Collection Working Group. More detailed activities are shown in Annex 4. More detailed activities are shown in Annex 4.6. The results. Results Institutional cooperation arrangements and quality control measures for obtaining required data in costeffective and sustainably way are in place Report on elaborated data April 2011 Achievement Indicators Data Collection Working Group is established and is meeting regularly Energy data collection plan agreed by key stakeholders is adopted Signed institutional agreements (etc.g. by ASEAN Center for Energy (ACE). achievement indicators and activities of this phase are shown in Table 1. achievement indicators and activities of this component are shown in Table 2. After the assessment of data needs and existing data the complementary surveys will be will be made. Achievement Indicators and Activities of Component 0.Page 20 / 87 - Activities Analysing the type and level of detail of required primary data to serve different planning and international reporting needs Clarifying of already existing data and plan for complementary data collection and utilization Revision of existing survey questionnaires and samples. Secondly.

.Page 21 / 87 - Activities Different trainings on energy demand analysis methodologies and models Finalising the basic structure and deciding on . data processing quality control. The scenarios will be made available for other stakeholders. Data collection. implementation. maintenance etc. Results Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) Staff is trained to conduct analysis The Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) equipped with state-of-the art software for April 2011 Achievement Indicators Model(s) have been selected to prepare long term scenarios Energy planning models are used for demand and supply scenario construction for . Data collection is repeated annually Energy Balance is prepared Stakeholders are consulted Data is published Proposal of modification of the Statistic Law to improve the collection of data on a permanent basis Negotiations with cooperating entities to obtain the required primary data in most cost efficient and sustainable way. Achievement Indicators and Activities of Component 1 2. The results. private companies. More detailed activities are shown in Annex 4. national and international organizations.3 Component 2: Capacity Building for Energy Modelling The objective is to train the staff in the Energy Modelling Unit in energy modelling. achievement indicators and activities of this phase are shown in Table 3. design. Selecting the software for and designing the structure of database Trainings on methodology. 10 experts from MIME and other organizations are trained.needs (living document) Trained staff of the Energy Statistics Office and its collaborating agencies to manage. collect and submit data Establishment of Energy Information System Energy Balance completed Information can be obtained in flexible and user friendly manner Software selected Trainings organised Preparation of survey questionnaires. and donor agencies. and as input to Cambodia’s National Strategic Development Plan. They are able to assess energy resource requirements and development of long-term sustainable supply options based on RGC’s economic development scenarios to be used for energy sector and climate change policy planning.6. At the end of the project Energy Modelling Unit will be able to scenarios that will benefit policy planning. checking the existing questionnaires At the end of the project staff of ESO and its partner institutions are capable of updating and checking the quality of the data Surveys and other data collection methods are implemented. compilation and analysis Organisation of National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners Publication of data Statistic Law is modified Preparation of the proposal to modify the Statistic Law Table 2: Results.

Achievement Indicators and Activities of Component 2. National Annual Workshop for Policy planners of high level decision makers from various energy entities will discuss about long term energy development. achievement indicators and activities of this phase are shown in Table 4. the factors (including socio-economic and environmental) to be taken into account in the modelling and shown in the energy supplydemand scenarios and. More detailed activities are shown in Annex 4. different sectors. Energy and electricity scenarios will be made.Page 22 / 87 - . etc.energy modelling taking into account the specifics of the Cambodian energy sector and its socioeconomic and environmental considerations. The energy supply and demand scenarios including socio-economic and environmental considerations are finalized and the results published. The results. as well as socio-economic and environmental linkages related to energy planning. It includes training of Energy Modelling Unit experts on energy planning methodologies and models. Finalisation of the analysis in co-operation with local and international experts (with simultaneous on-thejob training) and publishing of its results (including feedback from National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners) together with related presentations in workshops. Based on the scenarios and discussions within the Workshop policy plans and interventions will be planned and published in the form of energy strategy plan. Revision of annual survey questionnaires if needed Research of additional data needed for power sector modelling Checking the consistency of input data sets for selected models Recommendations addressing the identified data gaps and suggestion for improving the Energy Information System to better serve the energy modelling and planning. studies and surveys to serve the analysis.4 Component 3: Capacity Building for Energy Planning The Component 3 focuses on capacity building for energy planning.6. Similarly power sector scenarios will be constructed and discussed in the Workshop. 2. Long-term energy supply/demand balancing scenarios will be prepared and published. April 2011 . and after formulation of policy plans and interventions a power sector development strategy will be published. integrating the socio-economic and environmental impact assessment in the planning. as needed. Finalized scenarios for both energy and electricity supply and demand in different economic sectors corresponding with the environmental targets and general socio-economic development plans. conducting additional data gathering. Recommendations addressing the identified data caps provided Table 3: Results. Trained staff to conduct the analysis.

as needed. as needed. Various long term energy demand scenarios have been prepared with detailed explanation of hypothesis. April 2011 Cambodia's long term power demand load forecasts and production scenarios are published Power sector development plan is prepared and reports . Training of the staff of the EMU on i) energy supply and policy planning and how to combine it with energy modelling in general and by using the selected software packages. selection and. conducting additional data gathering. results and potential consequences Establishment of National Annual Working Group for Policy Planners (high level decision makers) Finalising the basic structure and factors to be taken into account in energy strategy plan Finalisation of the analysis in co-operation with local and international experts.Results The Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) equipped with stateof-the art software for energy supply and policy planning taking into account the specifics of the Cambodian energy sector. ii) the integration of the socio-economic and environmental targets and impact assessment with energy planning. Activities Evaluation. socioeconomic and environmental impact assessment as well as climate change mitigation and adaptation analysis and scenarios are being prepared by EMU by using the selected software. and iii) management of the uncertainties and complementary data gathering. Finalizing the supply-demand scenarios and related policy and intervention plans based on the workshop feedback Finalising the basic structure of power sector modelling and deciding on the factors to be taken into account and. National Annual Working Group for Policy Planners discusses the targets and long term scenarios Long term energy strategy plan is completed Results have been disseminated and commented The working group is established and meetings are organised Scenario results are published Results are commented by the Working Group and finalized Power strategy plan is completed Results have been disseminated and commented.Page 23 / 87 - . modification of the energy supply and policy planning software or software package to cover the identified energy sector planning and intervention prioritization needs within the set socio-economic and environmental targets. the environmental and socioeconomic aspects Trained experts are able to take into account socioeconomic and environmental linkages of energy issues Achievement Indicators Energy supply.

Capacity The lack of experience in energy statistics and planning as well as the lack of multidisciplinary skills in MIME and the Provincial Departments of Industry. and agrees to the transformation of the Secretariat Office into Energy Statistics Office (ESO) and the establishment of the Energy Modeling Unit (EMU) under the Energy Planning Office. Table 4: Results. studies and surveys to serve the analysis. Power sector supplydemand balancing scenarios including socioeconomic and environmental impacts are discussed in the Working Group. The procedures specified and the rules stipulated in the Statistics Law should be enforced. Confidentiality agreement should be used and penalties stipulated under the Law should be enforced. Existing Secretariat Office will be reorganised to accommodate the Energy Statistics Office in MIME. There is also a risk that the project office will be attached to a lower unit in MIME’s hierarchy which may limit inter-ministerial coordination. This avoids the risk of creating an additional department in MIME where a moratorium in establishing new departments in government agencies is currently imposed. Statistics Law should be modified accordingly.Page 24 / 87 - . Finalizing the power sector supply-demand scenarios and related policy and intervention plans based on the workshop feedback. If the “training of the trainers“ method is used to increase the capacity of DIME staff. The Law and the Sub-decree strengthens the case for this project. the project design also assumes full participation and cooperation from other government agencies and provincial authorities. Mines and Energy (DIME) may undermine the project.are published. energy data collection on a permanent basis. Also the quality of the teaching provided by newly trained trainers should be followed. Several persons from each province should be trained to increase the April 2011 . In addition. Another key assumption is that the National Institute of Statistics (NIS) of Ministry of Planning supports the establishment of the Energy Statistics Office of the General Department of Energy as one of the designated statistical units of MIME under the Statistics Law and Sub-decree on the Organization and Functioning of the National Statistical System. Achievement Indicators and Activities of Component 3 3 ASSUMPTIONS AND RISKS Institutional One of the main assumptions in the design of the project is that the Secretary of State is supportive of the project. transmission and distribution of electricity. The technical assistance therefore will focus on developing the required specialized skills. The level of the Secretariat turned Statistical Office however is already high in the MIME hierarchy and the Office reports directly to the Director General.It is also assumed that the Electricité du Cambodge (EDC) supports this initiative and will provide necessary information and inputs related to the generation. sufficient amount of time should be allocated for learning and actual use of new methods before the new trainers train others. in collaboration with different energy data producing organizations should be guaranteed by legislation. However. scenarios are finalized and published. Finalisation of the analysis in co-operation with local and international experts.

However.g. and transportation and per diem (for field work). This requires commitment also from other Ministries. Data Collection Working Group and Steering Committee will be established to enhance collaboration between the data producing (and using) organisations. Furthermore. Ministry of Commerce. Continuous collaboration in data collection is necessary not only at the beginning but also in the future. statistics. The trainings should be conducted by different short-term experts with good knowledge in both the substance of the trainings as well as training methods. The project will further provide incentives for learning such as opportunities to participate in regional trainings and workshops. The project will however provide support in project operating costs. Careful planning of the trainings will increase the sustainability of the project. office equipment. even though the capacity-building in DIMEs would focus mostly on those who will be collecting the data. (See Annexes 2 and 3) The technical assistance focusing mainly for MIME and DIME may also create a risk that there may be only limited specialized skills being developed by the project.) The project is based on increasing the capacity and therefore resources and time should be allocated to this purpose. However. not only MIME.sustainability (in case trained personnel migrate from the province etc. Financing It is assumed in the project design that MIME will provide the salary of the staff and will provide office space including basic utilities such as electricity and water use. April 2011 . Even if the capacity development would be successful. social and environmental impact assessment. as well as to receive their input and support. objectives and methods of energy data collection. the Institute of Technology of Cambodia needs additional capacity building in the field of energy modelling and policy planning. workshop(s) should also be organized for high level provincial authorities to inform about the rational of the project. The project design also assumes that MIME staff is motivated to learn in energy statistics and planning. Universities and Institutes are being involved in the project in such a way that specific skills required in energy statistic analysis and planning be taught in these institutions. Energy Data Another assumption made in the project design is that there is a free flow of energy data from other Ministries. MAFF and MoE. MIME will need to collaborate closely with e. Ministry of Public Works and Transport to get data – without extra payment. There is a risk relating to the continuous collaboration between MIME and other energy data producing Government agencies. one of the most severe risks relates to the financing of the data collection and other activities after the ending of the project. NIS. information systems. Experts should cover wide range of issue areas including energy and power planning. private sector or from other agencies to MIME. Trainings and capacity building activities within the country and abroad will also be financed by the project. at the moment. This would increase the sustainability of the activities also after the project funding ends. renewable energy and gender issues. Also National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners will be organised every year for the high level officials.Page 25 / 87 - . the data collection still requires annual funding. thus increasing the available qualified staff in the country and increasing the impact of the project on human capacity development.

Therefore the collection of socio-economic and environment related energy data both on different levels (including household and provincial levels) is important. soil exhaustion and desertification and to protect living conditions. prevent climate change.f.Sustainability There is a risk that the once the support from the Government of Finland will culminate project activities will not be sustained.g. This. More specifically. however. socially and economically sustainable. Since MIME is the only agency undertaking energy and power sector planning. once the capacity of these units are strengthened. the demand for energy and power plans from government agencies and the private sector will ensure that the modeling unit will be needed and supported.1 Compatibility 4. The sufficiently resourced trainings of the trainers and learning-by-doing approach also ensures that MIME staff are trained on their required skills. The Finnish Development Policy issued in 2007 promotes actions that are environmentally. The project design ensures that the information system and energy planning will be supported in the long term: The establishment of the Energy Statistics Office under MIME should be undertaken within the framework of Statistics Law which requires Ministries and agencies to create designated statistical units. in coherence with the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals. the Finnish Development Cooperation aims to build on the partner countries’ own poverty reduction and development strategies.1. aims to support activities that eradicate poverty and promote sustainable development. and effectiveness.Page 26 / 87 - . in DIME) should be guaranteed. The energy planning benefits also environmental planning and reporting. The Government Decision-in-Principle 2007 emphasises coherence. April 2011 . the government aims to promote sustainable use of natural resources. and that project activities are designed to be the routine activities for both Statistics Office and Energy Modeling Unit. complementarity. SIDA funding for NIS). 4 COMPATIBILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY 4.1 Finnish Development Policy Finland’s Development Cooperation Policy. In general it can be said that long commitment to capacity development creates best results (c. The quality of the training provided by newly trained trainers (e. In addition. requires good cooperation and information exchange between different Government agencies. to maintain the biodiversity. in addition the annual publications of energy information and statistics will also create demand for such units. The structure of the project management unit in the project design making the Head of the Energy Statistics Office as Project Director and the Chief Technical Advisor as Project Co-Director will also ensure that MIME owns the project at the inception stage. as well as poverty alleviation measures and policy planning.

International Labour Organisation (ILO).jica. Following issues could be used to improve the gender mainstreaming: 1) A gender advisor should be hired as a short term expert. (iii) different participation in the maintenance and management system. Gender equality is also a priority concept on Cambodia’s ‘Rectangular Strategy for Growth. 2 ENERGIA is a international network on gender and sustainable energy (founded in 1996). Therefore. ENERGIA Network should be consulted if necessary. Promotion of the rights and the status of women and girls. Data Collection Working Group and National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners.energia-asia.Policy coherence for development requires that strategies and actions in all policy areas support the goals of development policy in eradicating poverty and in sustainable development. mostly due to their different roles in the society. Equity. the gender differences in the serious health impacts of energy use. cost and convenience.Page 27 / 87 - . Gender audit is recommended. Employment.1 According to the Ministry of Women’s Affairs.pdf and http://jica-net.3 3) Representative of Ministry for Women’s Affairs should be a member in Steering Committee. and Efficiency’. 2) Cooperation with JICA’s Project on Gender Mainstreaming (PGM.go. Gender mainstreaming needs to be addressed in all policies.org/home/) but they provide regional gender and energy workshops. These aspects could be taken into account in energy data collection.go. 3 Sources given by JICA on gender mainstreaming: http://www. Phase 2) is recommended. Geneva. The audit could follow ILO’s guidelines for participatory Gender Audit. JICA has in this project also developed methods in gender mainstreaming. 2007. In developing alternatives for domestic energy. should be taken into account in planning.jp/dspace/handle/10410/697 April 2011 .jica. Also problems and priorities relating to energy can be different for women and men. Important part of her/his job would be to comment draft data collection questionnaires and to plan household data collection as well as other surveys.jp/project/cambodia/0211055E0/04/pdf/01_eng. In PGM project the main counterpart is Ministry of Women’s Affairs but also MIME and five other line ministries are partners. and promotion of gender and social equality is one of the cross-cutting themes supported by the Finnish Development Policy. gender aspect should be taken into account at least in following issues: (i) different energy needs and energy related problems determined by social roles and gender. especially from firewood use for cooking. Men and women use energy differently. also local experts are available to work as gender advisors. 1 A Manual for Gender Audit Facilitators. In addition. (ii) different rights of decision-making in the selection of energy sources and equipment. The ILO Participatory Gender Audit Methodology. attention is to be paid to health and safety as well as efficiency. ENERGIA does gender mainstreaming and capacity-building in Africa and Asia but they don’t have a focal point in Cambodia (according to their web pages http://www.2The gender expert should be hired during the first phase of the project.

and Combating HIV/AIDS. Furthermore the overarching goal of the project is the development of a sustainable energy supply system which is sensitive to developmental. the Government of Cambodia could also prioritize energy sector policies and plans that promote poverty alleviation. with subsidies) of fuel wood saving cook stoves in the rural areas.2 National Strategic Development Plan and Energy Sector Development The National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) embodies the overarching development policy and strategy of RGC to meet the Millennium Development Goals particularly the goal of eradicating poverty and human development.4) In planning questionnaires and selecting respondents gender issues should be taken into account 5) Socio-economic issues should be taken into account in energy data collection. These groups should also be taken into account when planning the sample and selecting the respondents to the questionnaires. RGC adopted a ‘Rectangular Strategy for Growth. the Government of Cambodia can make decisions and prioritized interventions on sustainable energy systems that enhance energy access and fuel economic development of the country. and Efficiency’ with Good Governance as the core and i) enhancement of the agriculture sector. In the Energy Balance project and in energy projects more generally. Employment. Equity. iii) private sector development and employment generation. Besides gender. ii) rehabilitation and construction of physical infrastructure. other cross-cutting themes supported by the Finnish Development Policy are the following. With the energy information and energy sector development plans. people with disabilities. ensure equity and April 2011 . With detailed energy sector information. generate employment for Cambodian workers.Page 28 / 87 - . promotion of equal opportunities for participation. the relevant but easily excluded groups (besides women) are the poorest communities. which would have positive impacts on deforestation. time and/or money spent in fuel wood collection. Data collection questionnaires and energy policy planning should be formulated in such way that they would also take into the account the respondents from the poor communities and other easily excluded groups. The efficient cook stoves would reduce the consumption of wood. a program that would focus on promotion and support (e. The role of children as workforce for energy production (firewood collection) and their health impacts from the indoor air pollution from cooking stoves should also be seriously taken into account in the project. less respiratory illnesses etc. 4. where large number of migrant workers can create conditions favourable for spreading of HIV/AIDS. particularly children. and equity. climate change mitigation.g. except possibly in the cases related to the construction of large power plants. and iv) capacity building and human resources development as the four main pillars. Promotion of the rights of groups that are easily excluded. for example. In practise this could mean. climate change mitigation. Now the efficient cook stoves are mainly used in the cities. and energy access goals of the country. energy security.1. The support of improved cook stoves program targeted on rural areas would benefit especially women (and children) and it would also reduce CO2 emissions. HIV/AIDS as a health problem and as a social problem. Combating HIV/AIDS is not very relevant issue in energy data collection and energy planning. The main aim of the Rectangular Strategy is to promote economic growth. indigenous people and ethnic minorities.

etc). the project further satisfies the requirement of the Law ensuring coordination between the designated statistical unit and NIS. protecting the environment and promoting gender equality. and enhance efficiency of the public sector through the implementation of the Governance Action Plan and in-depth reforms that are coordinated and consistent across all levels and sectors. Similarly. compilation. Finance and Economy. the Law also required the Ministries and institutions of RGC to collect sectoral data either independently or in cooperation with the National Institute of Statistics (NIS). RGC’s energy sector policy aims to i) provide adequate supply at reasonable prices. In addition. Energy information and plans will be used by RGC to prioritize energy investments that achieve and optimize developmental benefits from improving energy access to stimulating rural development. processing. publication and dissemination of statistical data in the country. Environment.social justice. commercial consumers. However. as well for other line Ministries (Agriculture. Providing energy and other data to MIME on regular basis should be rendered compulsory for main energy actors (supply and demand industries.1. In addition. and iv) encourage efficient use of energy. iii) encourage exploration of environmentally and socially acceptable development of energy resources. This project supports the establishment of the Energy Statistics Office (ESO) of General Department of Energy of MIME and strengthens its capacity in order to meet its responsibilities and be able to perform its tasks as designated in the Sub-Decree. energy sector information and plans will provide the private sector the basis for making decisions to invest in energy sector development. This project is not only compatible with the development principles of RGC but also complements and supports the achievement of the energy sector policy and rural electrification strategies contributing to the overall developmental goals of the National Strategic Development Plan. utilities. 4. by placing NIS as member of the Steering Committee. etc. In addition.Page 29 / 87 - . Public Works and Transport.) April 2011 . Energy sector development plans are defined under the second pillar on physical infrastructure. RGC also developed a rural electrification strategy which aimed at increasing access to energy services particularly those in rural areas improving living standards and promoting agricultural and small-scale industrial development. ii) ensure a reliable and secure electricity supply. Statistics Law should be modified to improve the energy data collection on permanent basis.3 Statistics Law The Statistics Law was issued by RGC in 2005 governing the collection. The Law assigns the National Institute of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning as the overarching body responsible for making official statistical policies in establishing an integrated National Statistical System. A sub-decree on the organization and functioning of the National Statistical System was issued in 2007 detailing the main functions of NIS and the designated statistical unit within each Ministry or government institution. Thus the project fulfils the mandate of the Statistical Law and the Sub-Decree. analysis.

Statistics Law should be modified to improve the collection of energy data on a permanent basis. In this case. thus sustainability is one of the key considerations in project design. This guarantees learning and that the activities carried out in the first year will be routinely replicated in the following years. Ministry of Public Works and Transport to get data – without extra payment.4. and therefore Data Collection Working Group is established to enhance information exchange. under the supervision of experts.g. MAFF and MoE. Continuous collaboration between MIME and several other Government agencies is needed. This technical assistance project makes sure that MIME will own the project and take the lead in the implementation of activities. Demand for services. the project will not create a new entity but strengthen the capacity of the existing units of MIME. control and technical assistance. Design of the Project Management Unit (PMU). training.This ensures hands-on project implementation experience for the Energy Statistics Office and Energy Modelling Units. not only MIME. It is crucial that the project is sustainable and that the annual data collection continues also after the project ends. The role of the Chief Technical Adviser as Project Co-Director and other short-term international experts will mainly provide capacity development. and to enable the continuous collaboration between different Government agencies producing energy and other relevant data. NIS. The overall project design ensures learning by doing approach for the above-mentioned MIME units. The Head of the Energy Statistics Office will be designated as the Project Director and will be responsible for the execution of the project activities and at the same time take the lead in undertaking routine activities for the provision of energy information and preparation of energy plans. The establishment of the Energy Statistics Office will be undertaken within the context of the Statistics Law which requires Ministries and Government agencies to establish designated statistics units. MIME will need to collaborate closely with e. The Statistics Office will be April 2011 . and of Energy Modelling Unit. This requires commitment also from these Ministries. There are features embedded in the project design that ensure long-term sustainability and these are the following: Pre-conditions related to the creation and staffing of the Energy Statistics Office from the already existing Secretariat Office. Also funding of annual data collection activities should be guaranteed also after the project is completed. One of the pre-conditions set by the project is that MIME should establish and nominate staff of the Energy Statistics Office and Energy Modelling Unit to be funded from its internal financial resources. The entities to be strengthened by the project will be providing services to the public and private sectors. Ministry of Commerce.2 Sustainability The issue of sustainability has been raised in various discussions during the project preparation phases. This ensures sustainability with respect to financial support of the said units. Organised trainings and learning by doing approach. Statistics Law.Page 30 / 87 - . International experts will provide specific trainings to MIME staff but the actual preparation of energy balance and statistical publications as well as the preparation of energy plans will be carried out by the staff themselves.

research and investment decisions ensuring constant demand for information and planning services. Due to the decentralized system. the project document will be reviewed and revised if necessary. energy balance and planning requires at least 2 dedicated units responsible for energy information system and energy planning.2. The most feasible way to organize the data collection is to use the data collected by MIME and other Ministries and to improve the quality of data collection methods and analysis. etc. a monitoring plan will be prepared by the project management unit (PMU) in order to guarantee timely implementation and achievement of results. private sector and non-profit organizations for various planning. 5 IMPLEMENTATION 5. The project strategy is to support MIME create these units under the General Department of Energy. The first 4 months of the project will be the Inception Phase.1 Implementation Strategy MIME’s request to the Government of Finland for support and development of the capacity on energy statistics. During this period. Table 5 at the end of this section summarizes the energy data collection recommendations. In this section is listed the energy data that is collected by MIME or other Ministries. and build their capacities through learning-by-doing approach.generating publications such as energy balance and energy statistical yearbooks. the Energy Modelling Unit will be generating energy strategy plans. and the recommendations on how demand side energy data collection should be organized. power strategy plans and other long term energy demand supply information. the logical framework will also be reviewed and amended if needed to add more detail to the proposed achievement indicators and quantify some of the outputs if possible.Page 31 / 87 - . On the other hand. In addition. ). and Energy Modelling Unit (EMU). These units are the Energy Statistics Office (ESO).1 Demand side data collection Both demand side and supply side energy data is needed for energy balance construction. Agricultural sector April 2011 . without changing the agreed project scope and purpose. which will be created from the existing Secretariat Office. and the first annual plan will be prepared with the annual budget and staffing revised if needed. This information is required by government agencies. During the inception phase.2 Data Collection 5. 5. many Ministries collect data that can either directly or as bases of evaluation used in energy statistics and energy balance construction.

possibly after revisions on questionnaire and sampling. Energy use of agricultural vehicles must be removed from the statistics as it is calculated in agricultural sector. Small and medium size industry companies report to MIME once a year. Custom office and Min. Statistics concerning the fuel imports are available from CAMCONTROL (under Min. if possible. Solution for agricultural sector energy demand data collection: DIMEs could do surveys about the energy consumption in the agricultural sector and cooperate with Provincial Departments of MAFF. Five star hotels are part of the industrial sector. so it must be estimated (especially for passanger cars). For evaluation of bus and freight transport fuel consumption MIME uses survey. There is no data on fuel consumption. Solution for service sector energy demand data collection: Statistics from CAMCONTROL (under Ministry of Commerce). There are no statistics available on the use of wood for energy in industrial sector (e. but not energy use. Service sector: MIME has a questionnaire for all energy consumption and uses random sampling methods for the commercial sector (restaurants. Large industry (capital more than 500 000 USD) report every month by using MIME’s reporting format. In Phnom Penh MIME collects information and in the provinces DIMEs collect the data. of Commerce) and Customs office. in brick and garment industry). Solution for service sector energy demand data collection: This questionnaire used by MIME can be used also in the future. Data should be collected annually. April 2011 .Page 32 / 87 - . Solutions for industry energy demand data collection: 1) Energy questions could be added on the MIME questionnaire sent for companies 2) Also questions on fuel wood and other biomass use should be included 3) The use of wood as raw material should also studied in addition to energy use in order to obtain information of the total demand of wood 4) Electricity consumption in the industrial sector data can be obtained from Electricite du Cambodge. of Public works and Transport can be used for fuel imports and number of vehicles registered. guest houses. hotels.). tractors and other machines used in agriculture.At the moment there are no statistics available on energy used in pumping. Statistics concerning the number of vehicles are available from Ministry of Public Works and Transport. Electricity Authority of Cambodia and Rural Energy Enterprises. Industrial sector: Industries provide MIME reports of the production value. Transport sector: The fuel used in transport sector is imported (except possible future production of biofuels). shops etc. Last time this was made was in 2009.g.

capacity and the decisions how the survey is compiled in the future. Household energy consumption: Household energy consumption data should be important part of the energy statistics and energy balance construction due to the significant role of biomass (fuel wood and charcoal) in total energy consumption. Incorporation of energy questions to NIS or NCDD socio-economic survey would enable the linking of socio-economic issues in energy analysis.Questionnaire used by MIME for the evaluation of transport fuel consumption can be used also in the future (possibly after revisions on questionnaire and sampling). In principle the measurement of household wood consumption in NIS socio-economic data is possible. Information of annual kilometres driven by cars could be estimated from possible future collection of data during the technical car inspection. and electricity consumption. 2) Second option is that DIMEs would conduct (all or part of) surveys on household energy consumption. In any case NIS’ expertise should be used to the extent possible in household energy data collection. Collected wood fuel consumption is estimated in “bunch” (handful). The “bunch” (handful) varies according to the quality of wood. Socio-economic (especially concerning household data collection) and environment data should be included to energy data collection. If DIMEs will collect the data. if possible. it depends on funding. 5 In the NIS socio-economic survey 2009 (published in December 2010) the sample was 12 000 households which divided into 12 monthly samples of 1000 households in 60 villages. Also a survey questionnaire format has to be defined as DIMEs have not collected this kind of 4 There are few energy related questions in the NIS’ socio-economic survey such as the type of fuel used for cooking. However. LPG (etc). This would require capacity building and other assistance. Household energy data collection should cover all forms of energy. and the fact that households consume almost 90% of all energy. April 2011 .4 The household energy data collection should preferably be incorporated to NIS’ socio-economic surveys.Page 33 / 87 - . and statistics should be gender dissaggregated. they need capacity-building and other support. money spent on electricity. battery. At the moment there are no statistics on household energy consumption. firewood.5 Solutions for data collection on household energy consumption: 1) First option would be to add energy questions to socio-economic survey collected yearly by National Institute of Statistics (NIS) or to the survey of National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development (NCDD). This would enable the integration of the energy related socio-economic and environmental issues (especially regarding fuel wood) to the energy statistics. Negotiations considering this option should be carried out with NIS and/or with NCDD. including fuel wood and charcoal. charcoal. except what is collected in National Institute of Statistics’ (NIS) annual socio-economic survey.

8 Significant potential in e. Results from a Household Survey. wind. Ministry of Commerce (CAMCONTROL) collects data on fuel imports.fi/julkaisut/e-julkaisuja/eTutu_2011-1. Jenny et al. At the moment the fuel used in electricity production and in the transport sector is imported.kh/undp . In the future the crude oil and gas supply statistics will be collected by Cambodian National Petroleum Authority (CNPA)CO2 emissions and climate change mitigation are central issues in fossil fuel sector and should be taken into account in the energy planning. It is chaired by MIME and has 14 members. Fossil fuels: Cambodia has oil and gas reserves.utu. but the energy supply must be sustainable (cf. (2011) Livelihood Resilience and Food Security in Cambodia. In order to evaluate the use of biomass for energy. if the Wood Energy Working Group chaired by MIME becomes active. timber and wood residue exports). UNDP rural household survey questionnaire as well as Finland Futures Research Centre’s (FFRC) survey questionnaires could be taken as reference and modified. UNDP.data.pdf UNDP research covered two provinces. also information on the other uses for wood is needed (including industrial use of wood as raw material. reforestation would be needed but perhaps also plantations for fuel wood. Gender advisor is recommended in planning the household survey. An empirical study for Kampong Speu and Svay Rieng” www. Biofuel potential is also needed to be calculated for the supply side data. ISBN 978-952-249-062-9 http://ffrc. fuel wood and rapid deforestation). in rice husk.2. Other potential sources of energy supply include agricultural waste8. Furthermore. Also cooperation with JICA’s and Ministry of Women’s Affairs’ Project on Gender Mainstreaming project (Phase 2) is recommended. see Akgün et al 2011 April 2011 .7 5. collaboration with MAFF and MoE is recommended. and FFRC’s research covered 12 provinces.2 Supply side data collection and energy import statistics Biomass: Different options of supply side energy potentials must be evaluated. Due to the rapid deforestation. GERES (2008): “Residential Energy Demand in Rural Cambodia.6 Also methods used in Department for Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency of Thailand (DEDE) to calculate daily house hold wood fuel consumption could be used and developed further.g. FFRC eBooks 1/2011. collaboration is recommended in all issues relating to wood energy. In the evaluation of biomass supply side. Decision on how household data is collected should be made in the inception phase. Turunen. solar. if necessary. Biofuel strategy should be established in such manner that biofuel production would not threaten food production or natural forests. but has not been active.Page 34 / 87 - . and hydro. 81 p. Also data on the regeneration capacity of forest is required.org.un. However it should not compromise food production. 7 Wood Energy Working Group was established in 2006. 6 MIME. Collection of gender disaggregated statistics has to be organised.

Fuel imports Fossil supply fuel Capacity development needed also in CNPA. If DIMEs collect the data. agricultural residues (such as rice husk). of Public works and Transport are used for fuel imports and number of vehicles registered. Holistic approach needed: Sosio-economic and environmental issues relating to energy should be taken into account. and . Cooperation with JICA’s and Ministry of Women’s Affairs’ Project on Gender Mainstreaming is recommended. if suitable for Cambodia. The calculation and estimation of renewable energy supply is especially challenging. other organisations’ (e. Custom office and Min. hydro power. Vehicles used in the agricultural sector should be deducted Household At the moment there are no nationwide statistics on household energy demand. The fuel import statistics of CAMCONTROL (Ministry of Commerce) should be used Cambodian National Petroleum Authority (CNPA) will collected crude oil and gas supply statistics in the future Collaboration with MAFF.Page 35 / 87 - Service Transport Questionnaire and sampling should be revised if necessary Questionnaire and sampling should be revised if necessary. wind.The Table 5 below summarises the recommendations for data collection: Sector Agriculture Data collection Survey by DIMEs in cooperation with Provincial Departments of MAFF Comments At the moment energy demand data at the agricultural sector is not collected Questionnaire and sampling should be revised if necessary Industry Energy questions (incl. MoE and other partners needed to evaluate supply in biomass. biofuels. biomass) added to MIME’s survey. Studies on the use of wood as raw material. However. energy questions should be added to socio-economic survey collected by NIS or to the NCDD survey. Electricity data provided by Electricite du Cambodge. they should include questions relating to wood and other biomass. Another option is that DIMEs conduct surveys on household energy consumption. Survey conducted by MIME for the evaluation of transport fuel consumption can be used Information of annual kilometres driven by cars could be estimated from possible future collection of data during the technical car inspection If possible. Electricity Authority of Cambodia and Rural Electricity Enterprises Survey by MIME and DIMEs Statistics from CAMCONTROL (under Ministry of Commerce). UNDP and FFRC) survey formats could be used as a reference. Also methods used by DEDE in measuring household fuel wood consumption could be used. supply side data needed in energy balance Renewable energy supply April 2011 .g. When conducted.

for DIME staff could be organized together to reduce travelling expenses.3 Capacity Development and Training Based on the final decision on how the energy data from different sectors will be collected (see section 5. in order to get good quality data. The trainings should be conducted by different short-term experts with good knowledge in the substance of the trainings and preferably also pedagogical experience to conduct trainings. Trainings should be provided at least to Energy Statistics Office. if needed. The project is based on increasing the capacity and therefore resources and time should be allocated to this purpose.g. Careful planning of the trainings will increase the sustainability of the project. above). modeling and policy planning. information systems. gender issues. Energy Modelling Unit and DIME staff Energy Statistics Office.2. but also for other energy data producing organizations. social and environmental impact assessment. Trainings provided by short–term experts should cover wide range of issue areas including energy and power planning.Page 36 / 87 - . renewable energy. the capacity development should be planned and scheduled accordingly.solar energy construction and sustainable energy planning Table 5: Summary of the Data Collection Methods and Data Sources 5. Energy Modelling Unit and for DIMEs. Following trainings are recommended: Training Why energy data collection and energy balance construction are important? Survey methods and sampling Methodology of energy statistics and energy balances Energy supply and demand analysis methodologies and models for long term energy supply and demand planning Power planning modelling Energy planning methodologies and models Training on socio-economic and environmental linkages connected to energy planning Training on gender mainstreaming into energy planning Table 6: Trainings and capacity-building Target groups Higher level DIME staff (introduction of the project) Energy Statistics Office and DIME staff (technician level staff) Energy Statistics Office and DIME staff (technician level staff) Energy Modelling Unit staff Energy Modelling Unit staff Energy Modelling Unit staff Energy Statistics Office. Energy Modelling Unit and DIME staff April 2011 . (See Annexes 2 and 3) Several short term trainings targeted e. statistics.

is done in the Inception phase when the Training Schedule is defined. The role of research institutes and universities in capacity building should be planned in the inception phase of the project. it should be noted that final decisions on what trainings organized and which stakeholders should take part in the trainings. first international and national short term experts train DIME staff for example to use selected data collection method. In the training of DIME staff in data collection sufficient amount to time and resources should be allocated for both learning and training in practice how to use new data collection methods. Trainer Guidebooks in Khmer (and English) could be produced.Page 37 / 87 - . data entry exercises). they in turn train others.) Special emphasis should be given to the sustainability of the learning process. These two April 2011 . but workshop(s) should also be organized for high level provincial authorities to inform about the rational of the project. The target of this partnership project is the capacity development in ITC.g. the project will help ITC to respond the increasing needs of renewable energy education. These guidebooks could be used in the training sessions and distributed to the participants to be used as a reference material (including e. Capacity-building in DIMEs should focus mostly on those who will be collecting the data. as well as to receive their input and support. After training and fully mastering and using the method. In training of trainers.g. conducting surveys). However. The participants should be carefully selected in such a way that the staff attending to the trainings should be those who will actually do the data collection and analysis. Research and Development at Department of Electrical and Energy Engineering at ITC and Faculty of Engineering at National University of Lao. New trainers should have at least the opportunity to get support from experts (e. Training should include several trial tests on how methods are used (e. Several persons from each province should be trained to increase the sustainability (in case trained personnel migrate from the province etc. Also the quality of the teaching provided by newly trained trainers should be guaranteed. However.g. check-lists and step-by-step guidance). possibility to ask questions in the problematic situations from the experts). In order to guarantee the sustainability and further development of the data collection methods. otherwise the quality of the collected data will be low. So called “training of trainers“ method could be considered for increasing the capacity of DIME staff. The purpose of the HEI ICI project is to enhance and promote Sustainable Energy Education. Overall objective of the HEI ICI project is to contribute to sustainable energy planning through improved energy related knowledge and expertise at national level.However. Preferably two people from each DIME should attend to trainings to increase the project sustainability and efficient learning. Gender advisor specialized in energy issues should be consulted in planning the trainings as gender is a cross cutting theme. objectives and methods of energy data collection. Project laptops (one for each DIME) could be used in trainings when needed (e.g. if this training of trainers method is used it is very important that sufficient amount of time should be allocated for learning and actual use of new methods before the new trainers train others. together with discussions and feedback. ITC needs additional capacity building in the field of energy modelling and policy planning. MFA will support a new regional Institutional Cooperation Instrument for Higher Education project ”HEI ICI SEED” in Cambodia and Lao in 2011-2012. Furthermore. The Institute of Technology of Cambodia (ITC) is the main university in Cambodia teaching energy issues and its expertise should be utilized.

carry out surveys and mechanisms for regular data collection Prepare annual national energy balance table Prepare annual national energy statistics book Maintain and manage energy database At least 5 staff with specific expertise will be required to carry out the above activities and to fulfil the office’s mandate.1 Unit Energy Statistics Office.projects should work in close co-operation to map and exploit all possible synergies in energy statistics and planning sector training and education. Main tasks of the Energy Statistics Office include the following: Collect energy utilization information to identify and rank energy consuming sectors Prepare energy data survey methodology. The main tasks of the Energy Modelling Unit include the following: Develop methodology for simulating future energy demand and forecasting. Prepare national energy and power strategy plans with estimated capital requirements and overall economic. The Department. These are shown below while their TORs are summarized in Annex 2. 5. The provision of the staff under MIME’s budget is one of the pre-conditions of the implementation of the first phase of the project.. Energy Modelling Unit and Project Management Project activities’ implementation will be integrated within the General Department of Energy which is the main counterpart of the project. The Energy Statistics Office will be created from the already existing Secretariat Office by strengthening and redirecting its activities. as mentioned earlier. social and environmental impacts Prepare policy recommendations and prioritizations April 2011 . Energy Supply Expert Statistics Expert Information/database expert Energy End-Use Expert Rural Energy Expert Energy planning activities will be carried out in the second component of the project.Page 38 / 87 - . must create the two entities necessary for the project operation: the Energy Statistics Office and the Energy Modelling Unit. The Energy Modelling Unit will provide support to the Energy Statistics Office in project management. This Office will also take the lead in project execution and coordination.4 Project Organization 5.4.

The PMU will be housed in MIME and must meet regularly (at least once a week) to discuss weekly activities and achievements. the unit will require around 4 regular staff which will be integrated within MIME’s system funded by its budget allocation. finance. PMU’s tasks include the following: Prepare annual work and financial plans (budget) Prepare TORs and engage consultants Carry out procurement Project execution and coordination with different stakeholders Project monitoring and reporting of progress The project’s organizational arrangement is shown in Figure 3: April 2011 . MIME will provide office space and will shoulder water. develop and evaluate methods for regular revision of fuel prices in line with marketbased principles.Page 39 / 87 - . This Team will be supported by the project’s Chief Technical Advisor (CTA) who will be the Project Co-Director and by the Project Officer (PO) who will be responsible for administration. The CTA and the PO will be engaged by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland. accounting and secretarial work. To carry out these activities. supply technologies) Energy Planning Expert (renewable and other non-electricity supply systems) Environmental/Social Expert The Head of the Energy Statistics Office (HSO) will become the Project Director and will be assisted by the Head of the Modelling Unit (HMU). The CTA will be a full-time international expert.Develop and make computer programs operational for energy data storage and analysis Review energy policy for pricing and taxation of petroleum products. while the PO will be a full-time national expert As part of government commitment. electricity and telephone (land line) expenses for this technical assistance project. This group will constitute as the Project Management Unit (PMU). The staff will be trained to meet the unit’s required expertise: Energy Planning Expert (energy demand analysis and scenario building) Power Planning Expert (demand-supply analysis.

4. The SC will be composed of members from the following entities: Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland Ministry of Industry.Secretary of State General Department of Energy National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners Steering Committee Provincial DIME Department of Energy Secretariat/Energy Statiscics Office (ESO) Department of Energy Development Energy Planning Office Department of Hydropower Energy Modelling Unit Head of ESO Project Director Chief Technical Advisor Co-Project Director Project Officer Project Management Unit PMU Head of EMU Rural and Provincial Electricity Office Department of Technical Energy Cooperation Office Atomic Energy Technology Office Data Collection Working Group Figure 3: Project Organizational Arrangement 5.2 Steering Committee Oversight of the PMU will be carried out by the Steering Committee (SC). annual performance and financial plans make decisions concerning change in plans approve recruitment approve procurement April 2011 . Mines and Energy (chair) Electricite´du Cambodge National Institute of Statistics Ministry of Women’s Affairs The SC will convene at least 4 times a year (though additional meetings could be called for as the need arises) and will be responsible for the following: approval of annual work plans.Page 40 / 87 - .

The proposed allocated time would be 42 man-months (10. the CTA will act as Project Co-Director with the Head of the Statistics Office as Project Director.5 months per year x 4 years). full-time) International experts (short term consultants) National experts (short term consultants) Office equipment and supply including those needed by the Provincial Department of Industry.3 Technical Assistance This technical assistance will cover the following: Chief Technical Advisor (international. Mines and Energy (DIME). government agencies. Energy Modelling Unit Provide support and inputs to CTA Coordinate with the SC.4. all national agencies Take the lead in project implementation (based on annual work plans) . Chief Technical Advisor (CTA) The Chief Technical Advisor is an expert with international experience in energy planning. MIME and DIME. The CTA will be engaged by Finland’s Ministry for Foreign Affairs though his/her activities will be supervised by the Steering Committee. workshops and conferences. full-time) Project Officer (national. progress and annual reports. Tasks Reporting Chief Technical Advisor Responsible for the development of the annual work and financial plans. The CTA will be recruited full-time.Page 41 / 87 - . Energy Statistics Office Head.5. The main responsibilities of the CTA are shown in Table 7. Coordination Coordinate with MFA – Finland Coordinate with international consultants Support Head of ESO and EMU Implementation Support Head of ESO and EMU in implementation (provide guidance) Provide training according to expertise Supervise surveys and trainings Supervise publications April 2011 Head. Take the lead in preparing quarterly. As presented earlier. Survey and data collection costs (including transportation) Costs related to administrative and capacity building activities including a yearly participation of the project team and Steering Committee to regional meetings. The table also provides some of the main responsibilities of the heads of Statistical Office and Energy Modelling Unit.

results and following year’s action plan to policy planners. The workshop is organised once a year by MIME in cooperation with Project Management Unit and the aim is on the one hand to present project activities. as needed. The PO will be engaged full-time throughout the project implementation.Page 42 / 87 - . and on the April 2011 . 5. The proposed allocated time is 48 man-months (12 months/year x 4 years). PO will also assist in administrative functions such as the following: Assist the CTA in preparing the annual work and financial plans. Project Director and Deputy Director Program Officer (PO) The Program Officer is a national expert with experience in the energy sector. and in office coordination.Others Manage procurement Supervise engagement of national consultants Recruitment of international experts with home office coordination Provide inputs to procurement Assistance in selecting national consultants Table 7: Responsibilities of CTA. the PO will be mainly responsible for administration. analysis. accounting and secretarial work. National Experts may also be contracted for example for data collection.4 National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners is organised to increase the information flow between the Ministries and other energy data producing and using organisations also at the higher level. survey. finance. quarterly reports and progress and annual reports Assist the CTA in all the coordination tasks (international and national) Assist the CTA in procurement. These are the following: Information system specialist Energy planning specialist Gender planning specialist (gender advisor) Power planning expert Statistics expert Social and environmental impact assessment expert Others based on specific demand which may arise in the later stage of project implementation The experts’ TORs are specified in Annex 4.4. As also mentioned earlier. Short-term International and National Experts The Chief Technical Advisor (CTA) will be supported by short-term international and national experts. The PO will be recruited together with the CTA by Finland’s Ministry for Foreign Affairs. training etc. in the engagement of consultants.

The whole Data Collection Working Group meets when necessary but mostly the work is conducted in small and more efficient sub-groups. It will plan and organize the actual data collection and work in close cooperation with Project Management Unit. input and comments from them. Mines and Energy Ministry of Planning Ministry of Economy and Finance Ministry of Public Works and Transport Ministry of Environment Ministry of Women’s Affairs Ministry of Agriculture.g. After the first meeting.5. Forestry and Fisheries Ministry of Women’s Affairs Ministry of Environment Ministry of Rural Development Cambodian National Petroleum Authority Electricité du Cambodge National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development (Ministry of Interior) 5. household data collection).1 Time Schedule The project time schedule is shown below. and in Annex 6.Page 43 / 87 - . Members of the Data Collection Working Group will be the following: Ministry of Industry.5 Data Collection Working Group Data Collection Working Group will be the institutional cooperation body for all energy data producing organizations. Mines and Energy National Institute of Statistics Ministry of Planning Ministry of Commerce Ministry of Public Works and Transport Ministry of Agriculture.other hand get feedback. Project months 1-6: Inception Phase April 2011 . Data Collection Working Group will be organized to sub-groups focusing on specific issues (e. Forestry and Fisheries Cambodian National Petroleum Authority Ministry of Rural Development Institute of Technology of Cambodia 5. Members of the National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners are from the following organisations: Ministry of Industry.

g.g. methods and analysis Energy Information System is established Steering Committee meets 4 times per year (more if necessary) First short-term consultants begin trainings. to improve the collection of data on a permanent basis Second National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners is organised to discuss the results and following year’s action plan is presented April 2011 . Project months 7-18. Data needs. The methods (questionnaires. Energy supply side(resources) are discussed and analysed (esp. energy statistics.Project Management Unit. environmental and technological analysis based on EBC are made Proposal for change the Statistics Law is made. biomass). More trainings (e. e.g.g. with NIS) Logical Framework and Activities Table are elaborated and modified Database software is selected Annual work and financial plan is made. which also include the training schedule First National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners is organised in December 2011 where project and following year’s action plan are presented and discussed. Socio-economic.: Data Collection Working Group sub-groups meet regularly to discuss the data collection needs.Page 44 / 87 - . gaps in energy data are discussed as well as the training needed.) are revaluated and changed if necessary after the first round of data collection. Necessary agreements and other practical arrangements relating to these decisions are made (e. samples etc. on environmental and social impact analysis) is organised according to the training schedule First Energy Balance of Cambodia (EBC) is constructed. energy balance) according to the training schedule made in the inception phase Survey planning and testing is organised based on the decisions made in the inception phase First round of data is collected and analysed. sub-groups are formed. on data collection methods (survey implementation. After round(s) of comments EBC is published. household data). Decisions are made concerning how data will be collected and by which organisations (e. Existing energy data collection methods used are evaluated (including currently used survey questionnaires and samples) Gender advisor (gender energy planning expert) and socio-economic/environmental expert are consulted to help to plan how to collect genderdisaggregated energy data as well as socio-economic and environmental data. Energy Statistics Office and Modelling Unit are established and staffed Steering Committee meets twice during the Inception Phase First Data Collection Working Group meeting is organised.

Page 45 / 87 - . In the project anti-corruption measures should be taken into account. Any act of this kind constitutes sufficient ground to justify termination of the agreement. After round(s) of comments EBC is published. reported and disseminated. if necessary. Power strategy plan is prepared. if necessary. Final revisions for data collection and analysis are made 5.2 Budget The total budget estimated for the project is 2.Project months 19-30: Trainings are organised according to the training schedule (e.3million Euros. payment.5. The budget details are shown in Table 8 below. Second Energy Balance is constructed by the end of the year. More detailed budget is shown in Annex 7. Third Annual Workshop for Policy Planners is organised in to discuss the results and following year’s action plan is presented Project months 31-42: Steering Committee continues to meet 4 times per year (more if necessary) Data collection and analysis. on training on socioeconomic and environmental linkages connected to energy planning. Revisions to methods. April 2011 . reported and disseminated Project months 42-48: MIME prepares to take over all the activities. discussed. Financial plans for future are completed. power planning) Data Collection Working Group (sub-groups) meet when necessary Steering Committee continuous to meet 4 times per year (more if necessary) Data collection and analysis. remuneration or benefit of any kind should be made. Energy supply / demand model runs are made Cambodia's long term energy strategy plan is prepared. No offer. directly or indirectly to any person whomsoever in view of the award or execution of project activities. Revisions to methods. The consultant company selected through competitive bidding will be in charge of the financial management of the project including procurement. discussed.g. energy planning methodologies and models. gift.

2 persons per province to increase the project sustainability) and surveyors in 24 provinces. preferably laptop that could be used also in the training sessions.e. each DIME would get one computer. Surveys refer to budget estimated for primary data gathering for the project Component 1. for all 3 project components. This also covers softwares.Page 46 / 87 - April 2011 .Table 8: Project Budget (in Euros) The international consultant fees cover the fees for the Chief Technical Advisor (CTA). 10 computers would be placed in Energy Statistics Office and Energy Modelling Unit. For the IT system costs. this include 34 personal computers. Of the 34 computers mentioned above. The short term international experts will have a total of 632 days in the field spread over the project duration of 4 years. back-up devices. 6 MONITORING AND EVALUATION . Training includes those carried out by Cambodian training institutions for the staff of 48 DIMEs (i. laptop bags etc. Energy Modelling Unit and 24 offices of DIMEs. printer ink. anti-virus protection. 28 printers. 27 uninterruptible power systems for the Energy Statistics Office. and short term international experts.

if there is any. While these functions are assigned the PMU. Monitoring and Evaluation. The project’s progress and results with respect to its objectives will be measured against the indicators specified in the Logical Framework. April 2011 . it is a learning tool to improve future aid policy and interventions. project results will be compared with project objectives with clearly defined relevant and measurable indicators. possible project extension may be explored. a progress report will be submitted to SC. The emphasis for project evaluation is on what lessons can be learned from the project rather than whether the project succeeded or failed. and second it provides basis for accountability. plans and issues encountered to the Steering Committee. and propose modifications.1 Monitoring Project monitoring will be carried out according to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs’ Guidelines for Program Design. Necessary variations may be recommended in the project approach in order to achieve the target results. At the end of each year. annual and financial reports will be sent to the approving body. As mentioned in the previous section.6. Two evaluation missions will be carried out during the project lifetime. The work and financial plans will be submitted and presented to the Steering Committee (SC) for review and approval. At the middle of the project year. Every quarter.2 Evaluation Technical Evaluation MFA’s guidelines cite two functions of evaluation: first. and prepare annual work and financial plan. Final evaluation will be carried out in the first quarter of 2015 to analyze project results and achievements and to make recommendations concerning with possible project extension. during the inception phase the Project Management Unit (PMU) will review the Logical Framework. the project’s Chief Technical Advisor as Project Co-Director will be responsible for the overall project reporting system. Activities and indicators of the annual work plan must be derived from the Logical Framework. The reporting system is summarized as follow: Annual work and financial plan – at the beginning of each year Progress report – at the middle of the year Annual work and financial reports – at the end of the year Quarterly reports – quarterly 6. and project elements and focus areas could be identified. In technical evaluation. Midterm review will be carried out in mid-2013 to review the progress and difficulties encountered in achieving project objectives. the PMU will also submit briefing notes summarizing progress. The format of work and financial plans must be according to MFA’s guidelines.Page 47 / 87 - . During this mission.

A team of independent experts will be engaged by MFA to carry out mid-term review and final evaluation. Financial Auditing Financial auditing will be carried out based on the standard practices of MFA’s technically assisted projects. procedures will be based on MFA’s standard procurement procedures. Procurement April 2011 . Equipment procurement will follow the principles of transparency.Page 48 / 87 - .

is uncertain. The largest consumer. According to a debt-sustainability analysis conducted by the World Bank and IMF in mid-2007. Fuel wood plays an important role especially for rural households. fisheries. lack of access to finance. Government estimates put the overall budget deficit in 2007 at 3.2% of GDP.5% live in rural areas (Statistical Yearbook 2008). Despite strong expansion of the economy over the past decade. Figure 4: Total primary energy supply by source (left) and consumption by sector (right) in 2005 Source: IEA 2005 (International Energy Agency) April 2011 . Inflation accelerated to an average of 5.4%).4 million. Growth continued to rely on garments. external public debt is sustainable and the risk of debt distress is moderate.Page 49 / 87 - . The share of biomass fuels has decreased from some 85% of total energy consumption before year 1995 to 73% in 2005 whereas imported fossil fuels have taken up a larger portion.6% in 2007 while the average of 2004–2006 was 11%.Annex 1: Present Situation: Energy Sector in Cambodia General Cambodia has a population of 13. of which around 80. diversifying sources of growth and reducing poverty at a quicker rate require further efforts to develop agriculture. The rapid economic growth also demands increasing amounts of energy. Agriculture (2. the main engine of exports. It is a least developed country with the GDP per capita of USD 594 in 2007.1%) and commerce (0. which is narrower than the previous year. In ten years the energy consumption has almost doubled. Remaining constraints to faster. from 2460 ktoe in 1995 to 4534 ktoe in 2005 (MIME 1996). and forestry. construction.9% in 2007. it remains narrowly based. sustainable rural growth include poor rural infrastructure. With 80% of the population in rural areas. and tourism. the residential sector accounted for 87% of total energy use followed by the transport sector with 9.5%) account for relatively small share of energy use in Cambodia. and weak institutional capacity in rural areas.5%. The future of the clothing industry. Energy Sources and Consumption Biomass is a main fuel supplying energy in Cambodia. The economy grew by 9. industry (1.

4% from 2006). Hydropower has yet only a relatively small (5%) share of the total supply.Page 50 / 87 - .660 clients (SYB 2008). Thailand and Vietnam. of which about 80% was generated in Phnom Penh. the electricity consumption has doubled and the fast growth can be expected to continue as the national electrification programs proceed. Total electricity sales was 1. The development of electricity generation facilities is divided in three parts: a) solutions for Phnom Penh City. In 2005. Asian Development Bank. commercial sector 33% and industry 16%.223 GWh (up 25. in five years from 2002 to 2006. Figure 5: Electricity consumption by sector in 2005 Source: IEA 2005 Power generation capacity The total generation capacity (max. only about 23% of population has access to grid-electricity (NIS 2008). and c) other areas. to a total of 286. The first stage from 2007 to 2010 includes two power plant projects: 18 MW hydro power plant in Kirirom and 200 MW coal fired power plant in Sihanoukville (EAC). Total electricity generation in 2007 amounted to 1. However. Electric power facilities were seriously damaged during the years of strife and the government continues to restore the infrastructure with the support from World Bank. b) solutions for other cities. output) in 2007 was 358 MW (NIS 2008). the share of residential consumption was about half (51%). other donors. provincial towns and other significant towns. Electricity is also imported from neighboring countries. Import from Thailand and Vietnam amounted to 132 GWh. One reason is the low electrification rate. Electricity consumption is very low. and the private sector. April 2011 . Japan.Electricity Sector Generation and Consumption So far almost all electricity generation in Cambodia is based on diesel and heavy fuel oil engines (95%).378 GWh. The power supply development plan ranges from 2007 to 2020 divided in five stages.

Actual reserves may be much more significant. The Government has set a goal to achieve 100% level in village electrification by year 2020 including battery charging and 70% of the population connected to the power grid by year 2030. As an example. Kampot and Sihanoukville and the Western zone consisting of Banteay Meanchey. Consortiums of foreign oil companies have signed concessionary agreements with the Royal Government of Cambodia and began exploration in early 2003. the challenging rural electrification objective could be achieved by installing mini-grids powered by renewable energy sources and by solar home systems in scarcely populated areas. The transport sector depends on imported diesel.Transmission There are several high voltage transmission lines in Cambodia: 1-115kV line (23 km) around Phnom Penh and 2-115kV line (120 km) from Kirirom 1 hydropower plant to the Phnom Penh distribution system. According to the study. Since 2009. Battambang and Siem Reap. Commercial exploitation is scheduled to start in 2011 for oil. Kandal. from 30 MW in 1995 to 170 MW in 2006. Takeo. More importantly. in response to the request from the Government of Cambodia. yielding an estimated 10% of GDP and exceeding any other source of government revenues. the Southern zone consisting of Phnom Penh. According to development plans. Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom. Kampong Speu. electricity is imported from Vietnam to Phnom Penh through 230 kV transmission line. the backbone transmission grid would be developed in two economic zones. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has conducted a study “Master Plan on Rural Electrification by Renewable Energy in Cambodia” (2006). Rural electrification With the large majority of the population scattered in the rural areas and with the still low rate of industrialization the electrification ratio in Cambodia is remarkably low.Page 51 / 87 - . Cambodia has some coal deposits in the provinces of Stung Treng. Proven reserves have been estimated at 700 million barrels of oil and up to 5 trillion m3 of gas (World Bank 2007). Energy Resources Fossil Fuels Currently the country relies heavily on the importation of fossil fuels for electricity production and a growing share of electricity imported from Vietnam and Thailand. This has further increased the gap in living standards between rural and urban population. test drills have revealed the potential existence of presumably large offshore oil and gas fields in Cambodia’s portion of the Gulf of Thailand. kerosene and gasoline. After the turbulent decades the country has gained relative political stability and many foreign companies have invested on the commercial sector mainly within urban areas. the power demand has increased significantly in Phnom Penh. including the combined annual value of April 2011 .

firewood and charcoal production over the last decades. Biomass Biomass resources are abundant in Cambodia. Forests in Cambodia have been severely degraded due to widespread logging. mainly fuel wood and charcoal. The forest coverage in 1960 was 73% of the total land area of the country. It has decreased rapidly to 58% in 1998 (MOE 2002) and it is expected to decrease further to 50–56% in 2010 (FAO 1997). The construction of the plant was started in 2006 by Sinohydro and is expected to be completed in 2011.000 MW (Hundley 2003). Lately the Master Plan Study on Rural Electrification by Renewable Energy in the Kingdom of Cambodia (JICA 2006) estimated the hydropower potential of Cambodia at around 15. Additionally. 40% on tributaries to the Mekong.2 MW.Page 52 / 87 - . Still more than 90% of the rural households depend on firewood. The total household demand for firewood is estimated to decrease over the next decades.10 kWh/m2. Approximately 70-75% of total national energy consumption is based on biomass. Hydropower There are two commercial-size hydropower plants in Cambodia with a total installed capacity of 13. Fuel wood is by far the main source of energy for cooking with urban areas shifting to charcoal.600 MW of hydropower generation. with a monthly average deviation of 11%. and 10% is from the South-Western coastal areas. The total fuel wood consumption was estimated at about 6 million m3 while log production was estimated at 1.5 million m3 in 1995 (World Bank and others 1995). April 2011 . Cambodia has a large potential to generate energy from biomass and agricultural residues such as rice husk and corn cops as well as to use ethanol production and cogeneration in the sugar industry. social and environmental impacts on the country. (JICA MP). However. These revenues would have significant economic.000 MW. MIME has formulated a short term plan to develop 358 MW of hydropower. Approximately 50% of this potential capacity is located on the Mekong River. the use of charcoal will increase resulting in only a slight reduction of the total firewood demand by 2030 (UNDP 2007). Biomass gasification for example for ice plants also increases the demand for firewood. land clearing.international development aid. and the supply of rubber wood will dry up during the next years. Solar Power Cambodia receives a relatively high level of solar radiation throughout the year. the garment industry and brick works use large amounts of firewood for their boilers and kilns.800 MW of hydropower.37 MW. 193. NASA’s global solar radiation model estimates the daily average to be about 5. with Kamchay project at Kampot province as the biggest plant. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has estimated that Cambodia has the potential for an installed capacity of 8. while MIME has estimated it at 10. In the long-term MIME seeks further to develop an additional 2. The trend has been attributed mainly to commercial and illegal logging and economic land concessions.

Wind Power Appropriate wind monitoring data does not exist for Cambodia. for instance. another solar company has developed the Moonlight product. However.Page 53 / 87 - . More recently. however. Moonlight is produced in Cambodia. and therefore. Even though. lack of investors has slowed down the implementation process of this project. The atlas estimates that a total area of 345 km2. renewable energy (mainly solar and mini-hydro) resources can be the best option since they are local energy sources and can be of small size matching the scale of local villages and communities. community lighting. or else purchased by private households to charge batteries for rural houses with no grid access. village supply. Currently the only wind turbines installed in Cambodia are small scale turbines. However. has undertaken a feasibility study for a wind mill development project in Sihanoukville in cooperation with the technical energy department from MIME. A Belgium consortium of consultants.In remote areas that are sparsely populated it would take significant time and capital investment to realize electrification by grid extension. charge controllers and cables at regional markets that families can install by themselves and connect with their own battery. The Rural Electrification Fund supported by the World Bank is about to offer 12. More than 20 of such windmills have been installed. the wind resources of Cambodia are not considered substantial. some of Cambodia’s elevated plateaus and mountain ranges are highlighted as having areas with high potential wind energy. It found out that on the small mountains at the port of Sihanoukville the wind speed would be sufficient to make a windmill project economically feasible. Only in few cases they asked Khmer Solar to help to install the system. In such areas. Institutional Framework General Department of Energy. Between 1997 and 2002 over 200 kW of PV systems had been installed in Cambodia for a variety of applications including remote communication systems. The company. Khmer Solar. an NGO CDI (Cambodian Development Institute) developed a wind water pump with rope pump techniques that can replace diesel pumps for agricultural purposes. battery charging and individual home systems. it has recently started to offer ready sets of solar panels. has sold a few thousand mainly 80 W systems over the last years with interesting loan schemes. with finance from the EU. Kamworks. has a predicted annual average wind speed above 7 m/s and this corresponds to approximately 1380 MW of potential wind turbine capacity with an annual generation of 3627 GWh. Ministry of Industry. has found out that collecting money is not easy. The Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Southeast Asia (the World Bank) indicates that Cambodia in general has relatively low wind energy resources compared to some neighboring countries. Mines and Energy April 2011 . water pumping. would be useful to assess the country’s wind energy resources in locations where wind power could make sense locally.000 solar home systems covering both renting and owning schemes. Several solar energy companies have been active to offer solar home systems. a small LED light with solar panel that families can use instead of kerosene lighting.2% of Cambodia’s land area. which makes it slightly more expensive. or 0. which have either been donated as part of a multi-lateral demonstration project.

The General Department of Energy comprises three departments. has been set-up as the entity to develop the Cambodian National Wood Energy Statistics and to set-up & update the database to allow the preparation of Cambodia’s Wood Energy Policy.mime.gov. (ii) Technical Energy. and (iii) Energy Development. mainly focusing on renewable energy other than hydro.kh. In addition. lead by General Department of Energy of MIME.Page 54 / 87 - . However. (i) Hydropower. this Working Group has been rather passive due to lack of funding.MIME Source: www.Energy is one of three main activities of MIME employing some 100 staff out of 700 in total in MIME. Figure 6: Organization chart of Ministry of Industry Mines and Energy. the Wood Energy Working Group of Cambodia. 2009 April 2011 .

Page 55 / 87 - . April 2011 . Rural electrification in Cambodia is planned to be accomplished on one hand by government driven grid extension (on-grid) and on the other hand to a large extent by private/community driven electrification in the off-grid areas. There are already several hundred private small scale power production companies around the country. updated by information of Mr. Figure 8 below shows the actors involved. Kunleang in Nov.Figure 7: Organization chart of energy activities in MIME Source: JICA Overview on Power Sector in Cambodia. JICA June 2009. 2009 Power Sector Organizations The power generation and grids covering Phnom Penh City and other major cities are the responsibility of the public sector (MIME and EdC).

09/kWh to USD0. In addition. and the Ministry of Economy and Finance are co-owners of EDC.000 customers (Meritec Ltd 2001b. even when only comparing government rates in urban areas.000 battery charging businesses provide services to households and businesses.00/kWh (De Lopez. SME 2001).000 local households and businesses. The REEs are usually small locally-owned businesses with low voltage distribution lines which service from 30 to 2.53/kWh for EDC. Electricité du Cambodge (EDC). they only need a permit from the Provincial Department of Industry. Hundley 2003). and does not extend to the rest of the province itself.Page 56 / 87 - . was established in 1958 and re-established in 1996 as a state-owned limited liability company responsible for the generation. with tariffs sometimes higher than USD1. Mines and Energy. If the capacity is below 1 kW. Rural Electricity Enterprises (REE) An estimated 600 Rural Electricity Enterprises (REE) operate small diesel-powered mini-grids to sell power to an estimated 60. EAC has up-to now licensed about 200 REEs. Electricity costs in Cambodia range from USD0. transmission and distribution of electric power throughout Cambodia. At the national level. April 2011 . and are much higher for small private electricity providers in rural areas or battery charging services. EDC’s coverage is limited to the provincial capitals.Figure 8: Organizations of the Power Sector Electricité du Cambodge (EDC) The state owned electric utility. The Ministry of Mines and Energy. The REEs have to obtain a license from EAC if the capacity exceeds 1 kW. Praing & Toch 2003. Cambodia has the highest electricity costs of any ASEAN country. an estimated 8. EDC accounts for more than 50% of the installed generating capacity while the IPPs contribute almost 50%.

responsible for collecting and compiling primary as well as secondary data on agriculture. The statistics personnel of ministries and institutions are about 150 staff. responsible for conducting censuses and surveys as well as data processing. responsible for collecting and compiling primary data on social affairs. NIS has now 300 staff at central level and 380 staff at local level. NIS is the main coordinating agency for statistics in Cambodia. education.National Institute of Statistics. forestry. Demographic Statistics. Classification.Page 57 / 87 - . tourism and environment. Census and Survey Department.nis. health. Figure 9: Organization chart of Ministry of Planning Source: www. transport. commerce. agricultural and economic censuses. April 2011 . the National Institute of Statistics (NIS) as the part of Ministry of Planning is the other key actors in energy statistics and energy planning. General Statistics Department. telecommunication. the Bureau of Consumer Price Indices. The NIS compiles and consolidates statistics provided by decentralized offices and also collects primary data through household and establishment surveys and population. Bureau of Administration and Bureau of Statistical Standards. Ministry of Planning In addition to General Department of Energy in MIME. information and culture. Cambodia has a decentralized statistical structure. It has four Departments: Social Statistics Department. Many development partners have financially and technically assisted NIS since 1993. statistical and demographic analysis and dissemination of results.kh. construction. Economic Statistics Department. 2009 The NIS is headed by a Director General who is assisted by Deputy Directors General. which comprises of the Bureau of National Accounts. There are statistics bureaus and sections within planning and statistics departments of various Ministries and in the planning and statistics units in the provinces and districts. Coordination and International Cooperation.gov. industry.

SNV has a biogas program. The NIS is working to prepare the Sub Decree on designated official statistic. ICT Department. However. There have not been any projects on wood fuel energy. GERES. JICA has April 2011 . SNV and UNDP. The new departments are: National Account Department. whereas the World Bank will focus more on energy sector. It was a joint project between MIME. and the increased capacity to serve the needs of data users have in the recent past greatly contributed to enhancing the role of NIS in the statistical system of Cambodia. In its development assistance in energy. JICA has also funded energy balance project in 2002 in Cambodia but very little information is available concerning the project. the establishment of in-house data processing capacity. World Bank has also prepared a rural electrification plan in 2010 (Rural Electrification and Transmission Interconnection Project (RETP). JICA. GERES is mainly working on improved cook stoves and sustainable charcoal and it has collected some energy statistics but only in few provinces.gov. P104470). ITC and EDC to develop a Master Plan for MIME. The NIS has now 7 departments. No comprehensive report was produced by the project. Statistical Standard and Analysis Department and Statistical Policies and Cooperation (Replacing General Statistics Department). These include ADB. World Bank. JICA has focused on increasing access to electricity. 2009 The NIS has recently reorganized itself to meet the increasing demand of wide range of statistics of good quality. ADB.Figure 10: Organization chart of National Institute of Statistics Source: www. JICA has conducted several energy projects and has several publications available (See JICA (2009) Overview on Power Sectors in Cambodia).Page 58 / 87 - . Energy projects and energy data collection by development assistance organizations Several development assistance organizations are conducting different energy related projects in Cambodia. ADB is shifting from energy to transportation. The upgrading of staff skills through training both in-country and in international institutions.nis. the collection of primary data through the 1998 Population Census and various surveys. The mechanism of coordination include Statistics Advisory Council (SAC) and Statistics Coordination Committee (SCC). The World Bank has had a project Cambodia Statistical Development (2005-2008). The 4th SCC meeting took place in May 2009 to look at the sub-decree on designated official statistics. World Bank and JICA are mostly working on increasing the access for electricity.kh.

SIDA has not funded energy projects but it has provided capacity development in NIS since 2006. The questionnaire used in the report is available. UNDP has conducted a research Residential Energy Demand in Rural Cambodia: An Empirical Study for Kampong Speu and Svay Rieng (2008) that analysed wood consumption in rural households in two provinces. April 2011 . The Law emphasizes private sector involvement following the principles of: (i) the protection of the rights of consumers to receive reliable and adequate supply of electric power services at reasonable cost. This expertise should be used to the extent possible in the Energy Balance project. UNDP is currently funding small pilot projects on cooking stoves and biogas but is shifting its orientation from energy to climate change. solar power. the Electricity Authority of Cambodia (EAC). promulgated in 2001. Every power service supplier is required to have a license issued by EAC.Page 59 / 87 - . The Electricity Law establishes an independent regulating and enforcement body for electric power services. especially relating to the household energy data and the different socioeconomic issues relating to energy. It covers micro hydro. being granted the right from the Royal Government of Cambodia to be an autonomous agency to regulate electricity services. and wind but not biomass. The EAC is a legal public entity. and (iii) the establishment of competition wherever feasible within the electric power sector. (ii) the promotion of private ownership of the facilities for providing electric power services. governs the operations of the electric power industry and the activities of licensees that provide electric power services. Legal Framework Electricity Law The Electricity Law of the Kingdom of Cambodia.done a Master Plan Study on Rural Electrification by Renewable Energy in the Kingdom of Cambodia (2006).

Figure11: Energy sector institutional framework Source: Report on Power Sector of the Kingdom of Cambodia for the Year 2007.Page 60 / 87 - . and the "Statistics Coordination Committee" shall assist the NIS in the technical coordination of the official statistics. analysis. The system in Phnom Penh has April 2011 . processing. Energy Planning and Policy Framework Cambodia's power sector was severely damaged by years of war and neglect. Cambodia’s public electricity supplies at present comprise 22 small isolated power systems. The largest system is in Phnom Penh. which has a population of around 1 million and 103. The NIS is responsible for making official statistical policies in establishing an integrated National Statistics System. encompassing all designated official statistics and statistical organizational units within ministries and institutions. Only 23% of households have access to electricity. compilation. which serve Phnom Penh and the capital towns of the provinces. Sub-Decree on Organization and Functioning of the National Statistics System The Sub-Decree on the Organization and Functioning of the National Statistical System defines in more detail the roles and tasks of different stakeholders in the National Statistics System. The "Statistics Advisory Council" shall provide advice to the Ministry of Planning in facilitating the development of the National Statistics System.000 customers. publication and dissemination of statistical data and pertains to the whole Kingdom of Cambodia. Compiled by EAC Statistics Law The purpose of the statistics law is to govern all matters relating to collection.

Rehabilitation of the distribution network in Phnom Penh. the unit cost of electricity is the highest in the region Power Sector Development Policy The RGC has formulated an energy sector development policy in October 1994. To encourage exploration and environmentally and socially acceptable development of energy resources needed for supply to all sectors of the Cambodian economy. Objectives of the Cambodian Power Sector Strategy Cambodia faces a major challenge to develop an adequate and reliable source of electric power in the years ahead. Siem Reap and Sihanoukville was completed in 1999. With the rehabilitation work undertaken. which facilitate investment in Cambodia and development of the national economy. Strengthen sector managerial and implementing capability. the power supply in Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville has improved considerably. To ensure a reliable. secure electricity supply at prices. its objectives are: To provide an adequate supply of energy throughout Cambodia at reasonable and affordable price. the government has undertaken sector reform measures and rehabilitation of the power sector with the support of multilateral and bilateral agencies which aims at: Re-establish an adequate supply of electricity Nationwide through direct support of donors and private participation in generation.a peak demand of 70 MW and a power generation capacity of 110 MW. A second IPP is scheduled to come on line by year 2001 to provide an additional capacity of 60 MW. the Royal Government has developed a April 2011 . The total installed capacity for provincial capitals are estimated 37 MW with sizes range from 300 kW to 5 MW. open to competition and private participation Extending its power sector objectives to Rural Areas Sector reform and rehabilitation of the power sector have been in progress since 1994. As a result of the small size of generation units. Create the environment required for sustained and efficient development of the power sector. Based on intensive studies of the best means of providing a national electricity supply network.Page 61 / 87 - . out of which 50 MW is provided by one IPP and another short term IPP. To encourage efficient use of energy and to minimize detrimental environmental effects resulting from energy supply and use Sector Reforms and Rehabilitation of Power Sector To achieve the above objectives. The reviewing study of electrification of provincial towns under ADB assistance has been completed and a Power Transmission Master Plan of Cambodia and Rural Electrification Strategy under World Bank sponsorship. dependence on oil-based generation and large losses in distribution.

provision of electricity to a certain amount of villages in each province. the elaboration of these plans and the development of specific interventions require reliable energy statistics and information. The provision of rural energy is a key factor in the rehabilitation and development of Cambodia. and an important infrastructure requirement for agricultural and small-scale industrial development in rural areas The RGC has formulated a rural electrification strategy to provide the best supply option for rural areas. Rural electrification schemes will be selected on the basis of the following criteria to ensure equity in access to supplies: balanced development in the provinces at different levels of economic growth.Page 62 / 87 - . The strategy establishes the sector’s policy and action plans for: Investment in the power sector Priorities for generation and transmission. Rural Electrification Strategy Eighty percent of the population of Cambodia is located in rural areas and only a small percentage of the rural population have access to electricity. Similarly. effective rural electrification interventions from RGC requires careful planning and reliable energy sector information.long-term power sector strategy for Cambodia to meet the growing demand for electric power over the next 20 years. Establishment of the power sector's Regulatory Framework Commercialization of EDC. choice of the scheme having the highest cost/benefit ratio and economic rate of return. Electricity is very important for the improvement of living standards. Private sector participation Provincial and Rural Electrification While the broad outline for the power sector strategy and action plan are spelled out. April 2011 .

MIME Energy Statistics Office 1. commercial. internal consistency checks of data. Experience and skills: Minimum 2 years of experience in statistical analysis and data surveys 3. preferably in database design and construction. Information System-cum-DataBase Expert Task: Responsible for the design and construction of energy databases with input and output routines. residential. costs. technologies. Experience and skills: Minimum 2 years of experience in energy end-uses analysis and services. 6. Experience and skills: Minimum 2 years of experience in dealing with rural households and small industries. Director of Statistics Office The Director is an expert in any of the above expertise with at least five years of experience in middle level management of MIME April 2011 . End-use Energy Expert Task: Responsible for energy end-uses (technologies. 5. and more importantly to establish an Energy Information System. Energy Supply Expert Task: Responsible for energy supply analysis (resources.Annex 2: Terms of Reference of Experts A. forestry and agriculture sector and assistance in related surveys as may be needed. Energy Statistics Expert Task: Responsible for data surveys. Experience and skills: Minimum 2 years of experience in IT. economic and financial analysis) in end-use sectors (industry. University degree is required. transport. possibilities of database extension as may be needed in the future. costs. with links and agreements with all stakeholders to ensure a steady and regular two-way flow of data and information in the system. etc) and assistance in the design and implementation of surveys. analysis of results and linking the energy statistics system with the National Statistics System of NIS. Rural Energy Expert Task: Responsible for energy data of rural households. 4.Page 63 / 87 - . Experience and skills: Minimum 2 years of experience of energy sector 2. financial and economic analysis) as well as to oversee the overall structure and data content of the energy balances and other energy statistics publications. small and medium size industries.

12. biogas. Experience in energy statistics and balance construction. Planning Expert (Demand) Task: Responsible for undertaking energy demand analysis and forecasts. Environmental/Social Expert Task: Responsible for the undertaking assessments of economic. Energy planning specialist Task: Responsible for capacity development related to i) sectoral energy demand analysis and forecasting and ii) preparation of energy balance Master’s degree in energy planning and economics or relevant discipline.g. fuelwood collection) April 2011 . Experience and skills: University degree/special training in computer science/information technology and having at least 3 years experience in implementing national energy database management systems. creation and maintenance of comprehensive and flexible energy database. especially in household level energy planning and prioritization b. charcoal. as well as environmental and social impacts. 9. 8. Task: responsible of integrating the gender perspective in energy planning.B. Information System Specialist Task: Responsible for capacity building activities related to design. Experience and skills: University degree in Engineering or Economics. Experience and skills: University degree in economics. Power Planning Expert (Demand-Supply Planning) Task: Responsible for carrying out supply-demand analysis in national and minigrid systems and the preparation of the power strategy plan. economics or engineering. Take the lead in preparing the national energy plan for Cambodia. Gender planning specialist (Gender Advisor) a. 13. Energy Planning Expert (Non Electrical Systems) Task: Responsible for undertaking analysis of non-electricity energy supply systems such as primary energy resources (wood. MIME Energy Modeling Unit 7. agricultural residues. engineering or social sciences. with knowledge and experience of at least 3 years in energy demand modelling and planning. is an advantage. Experience in energy demand analysis and forecasting is an advantage. social and environmental impacts of energy systems and technologies.Page 64 / 87 - . Experience in renewable energy resources is an advantage. C. Experience and skills: University degree in Engineering. Experience and skills: University degree in social sciences. Experience and skills: University degree in social science and experience in analysing the gender aspects of energy production (e. Experience in electricity system planning and renewable energy is an advantage. Short-term International and National Experts 11. etc) and non electricity use in energy consuming sectors. Experience social and environmental impact assessment is an advantage. 10.

Experience and skills: University degree in social sciences or economics. Experience and skills: Master’s degree in power planning and economics or relevant field with experience in electricity load analysis and forecasting. economic and financial analysis. Power planning specialist Task: Responsible for capacity development related to power planning and in preparation of national power strategy plans. econometrics or social science. and data analysis. Statistics expert Task: responsible for capacity building related to energy survey. etc. Experience and skills: Master’s degree in statistics.Page 65 / 87 - . 14. 16.and energy use (especially at household level). 15. costs. planning the sample. Social and environmental impact expert a. Experience in carrying out social and/or environmental impact assessments. costs. Experience in integrating poverty aspects in energy planning is an advantage. with knowledge and experience in undertaking primary surveys. Tasks: Responsible for capacity building in social and environmental impact assessment of energy planning and projects b. Expertise needed may be related to renewable energies and energy efficiency in the areas of resource assessment and measurement. Others Other short term experts may be engaged to support the activities of the Energy Statistics Office and Energy Modelling Unit. market. Experience in integrating the gender and health aspects in energy planning is an advantage. technologies. preparation of survey questionnaires and data analysis. April 2011 . and in power strategy plan preparation using different models and knowledge on energy technologies. energy savings potential assessment. preparation of questionnaires. environmental and social impacts. 17.

Chief Technical Advisor (CTA).2. or may take the lead of one of the main tasks of either the Energy Planning Specialist or the Power Planning Specialist. coordinating of all project activities Is responsible for annual and short term budgeting Is accountable for the management of budget for international and regional consultancy and the running costs for international and regional technical assistance Is responsible for reporting on the Project according to the guidelines of the Government of Finland . motivation and good interpersonal skills Fluency in written and spoken English. The division of tasks between the two Project Co-Directors are spelled out in Section 6. knowledge of other languages is an asset Ability to work and communicate in a multi-sector team and across cultural and gender divides Facilitation and good communication skills Good reporting skills Familiarity with Finnish Development Cooperation Guidelines is an advantage The following duties are to be implemented jointly by the Chief Technical Advisor (CTA) and the Project Director (Head of Statistics Office). especially in energy policy. Is responsible for the planning. Cambodia. Head of Statistics Office. long-term Project Director. industry or energy sector administration Minimum 5 years of experience in project management/team leader of multidisciplinary project teams in developing countries. MIME At least Masters Degree in Social Science.Page 66 / 87 - Other Required Skills Duties April 2011 . 42 man-months The Chief Technical Advisor should be an Energy Planning Specialist or a Power Planning Specialist.Annex 3: Job Descriptions 1. Economics or Engineering Minimum 10 years of relevant work experience in consulting. Duty Station Counterpart Academic Qualifications Professional experience Phnom Penh. renewable energy and energy efficiency planning Excellent human resource management skills Leadership. experience in Asia and particularly in Cambodia is an advantage Experience in energy planning.3.

Cambodia.Page 67 / 87 - Other Required Skills Duties April 2011 .Is responsible for personnel management of project staff Is in-charge of preparing the TORs for short term consultants and the overall supervision of consultant outputs Will be responsible and coordinate the institutional capacity building and human resources development activities of the Project Will be responsible for the procurement of equipment based on Finnish Development Cooperation Guidelines Is in-charge of coordination with different project stakeholders Will liaise with the coordination committee members as required 2. Excellent human resource management skills Leadership. MIME At least Masters Degree in Social Science or Engineering Minimum 10 years of relevant work experience in consulting. industry or energy agencies on energy planning particularly in the fields of energy policy planning. experience in Asia and particularly in Cambodia is an advantage. intermittent Head of Energy Statistics Office and Head of Energy Planning Unit. motivation and good interpersonal skills Fluency in written and spoken English. Energy Planning Specialist. energy balance preparation. knowledge of other languages is an asset Ability to work and communicate in a multi-sector team and across cultural and gender divides Facilitation and good communication skills Good reporting skills Familiarity with Finnish Development Cooperation Guidelines The energy planning specialist will be responsible for capacity building activities related to energy balance preparation. 10 man-months Duty Station Counterpart Academic Qualifications Professional experience Phnom Penh. energy modelling and energy policy . and sectoral energy demand analysis and forecasting Minimum 5 years of experience in international projects in developing countries.

tools and methodologies. Supervise the preparation of energy yearbook and power statistical yearbook Participate as resource person in other trainings and capacity building activities when need arises.Page 68 / 87 - April 2011 . provide training on energy surveys. electricity load analysis and forecasting and power strategy plan Minimum 5 years of experience in international projects in developing countries. industry or power utilities on. Specific duties include the following: Conduct training on tools and methodologies including socio-economic and techno-economic analysis. provide guidance and supervise the preparation of energy balances. provide guidance and supervise the preparation of energy supply and demand forecasts and scenarios. intermittent Head of Energy Planning Unit. 7 man-months Duty Station Counterpart Academic Qualifications Professional experience Phnom Penh. provide training and assist in the establishment of the energy information system Provide training on energy supply and demand forecasting concepts. Power Planning Specialist. carry out workshops with stakeholders to present energy supply and demand scenarios and their assumptions. . supervise primary surveys including preparation of questionnaires in establishing baseline techno-economic data. and prepare questionnaires for energy survey Together with the information technology expert. supervise the preparation of energy supply-demand scenario report. recommend appropriate supply and demand forecast models. Together with energy statistics expert (short term). experience in Asia and particularly in Cambodia is an advantage. sampling and statistical methods. and for ensuring delivery of target indicators. 3. Assist the Power Planning Expert or short term consultant in undertaking training and supervising the preparation of electricity load analysis and forecasting.planning. Cambodia. MIME At least Masters Degree in Science or Engineering Minimum 10 years of relevant work experience in consulting.

supervise primary surveys including preparation of questionnaires in establishing baseline data. tools and methodologies. tools and methodologies. preparation of and implementation of power strategy plan. carry out workshops with stakeholders to present load forecast scenario assumptions. supervise the preparation of the power strategy plan.Page 69 / 87 - . supervise primary survey including preparation of questionnaires in establishing baseline techno-economic data. Specific duties include the following: Provide training on electricity load analysis and forecasting concepts. knowledge of other languages is an asset Ability to work and communicate in a multi-sector team and across cultural and gender divides Facilitation and good communication skills Good reporting skills Familiarity with Finnish Development Cooperation Guidelines The energy planning specialist will be responsible for capacity building activities related to electricity load analysis and forecasting. provide guidance and supervise the preparation of electricity load forecast. and for ensuring delivery of target indicators. provide guidance and supervise the preparation of long term power strategy plan. recommend appropriate load forecast model. carry out workshops with stakeholders to present power strategy plan scenarios and their assumptions. supervise the preparation of electricity load forecast report. Duties April 2011 . Provide training on power strategy planning concepts.Other Required Skills Excellent human resource management skills Leadership. motivation and good interpersonal skills Fluency in written and spoken English. recommend appropriate models.

Page 70 / 87 - . 48 man-months (national position) Duty Station Counterpart Academic Qualifications Bachelor Degree in Social Sciences or Engineering with specialization related to Project Management. national position Professional experience Other Required Skills Duties April 2011 . Cambodia.4. government agency or power utilities Experience working with international organizations in Cambodia is an advantage. Specific duties include the following: administration finance accounting secretarial activities Phnom Penh. knowledge of other languages is an asset Ability to work and communicate in a multi-sector team and across cultural and gender divides Facilitation and good communication skills Good reporting skills Familiarity with Finnish Development Cooperation Policy and Practices is an advantage. industry. The Project Officer will provide administrative support to the Project Director and CTA. Public Administration or Economics Minimum 5 years of relevant work experience in consulting. Project Officer. full-time. motivation and good interpersonal skills Fluency in written and spoken English. Excellent human resource management skills Leadership.

Annex 4: Logical Framework Intervention Logic Overall Development Objective To contribute to planning and implementing of Cambodian climate change policy and programmes through development of sustainable energy data and planning system which promotes inclusive growth and responds to poverty reduction and sustainable development goals of Cambodia. Assumptions MIME allocates the required space and financial resources for the establishment of the proposed units and for continuing the operation of ESO and EMU also after the project.g. Government’s ability to leverage adequate financing for the required investments and capacity to provide policy interventions. Component 0: Project Management Objectives Sustainable organisational arrangements in MIME for project implementation and its follow-up in place. Indicators and Targets Sources of Verification Assumptions . Human development reports and national energy statistics. Energy Statistic Office (ESO) and Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) within the MIME in operation (taking also into account proper gender balance). reduced negative heath impacts from burning fuel wood and less time spent daily to gain access to energy (e. including: i) a comprehensive assessment of the current energy balance. Reports published by MIME after the project (post-project monitoring). is prepared and published by MIME. Gender and poverty issues mainstreamed into energy planning MIME able to update the analysis and produce policy plans at regular intervals on a selfsustaining basis. Indicators and Targets Adequately staffed Project Management Unit. Improved socioeconomic conditions of the population with due emphasis on gender related aspects. and iv) the capacity of the staff of MIME to update the analysis and produce policy plans on a selfsustaining basis after the project. Access to sustainable and reliable energy sources of the Cambodian population and different actors is secured in a cost efficient way. of which ESO and EMU have the required financial resources and trained staff to continue to operate also after the Sources of Verification Project monitoring reports and final evaluation. collection of fuel wood) Project Purpose Enhanced capacity of MIME to analyze and prepare energy sector intervention policies and plans and related climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions and to analyse and monitor the impacts of the implementation of these plans. Availability of adequate and reliable primary data and enhanced capacity of the staff of the statistical office and the energy planning unit of MIME to conduct the analysis. and iii) an intervention and policy plan to balance supply and demand within the set environmental (including climate change mitigation and adaptation) and socioeconomic targets. ii) scenarios for future energy demand and supply. prepared with due emphasis on i) the environmental and social sustainability and contribution to meeting Cambodia’s socioeconomic and environmental targets. iii) the credibility of the assumptions made. The minimum energy needs of the Cambodian population met in a sustainable way. including reduced poverty. ii) the reliability of the data used. A national energy sector strategy plan. Share of sustainably produced renewable energy in the overall energy balance of Cambodia. Qualified and motivated staff to work in the An independent evaluation of the Strategy plan.

modelling and planning needs. prepare annual national energy statistics book. Adequately staffed EMU established and active Finalising the ToR for the EMU and its staff expected to consist of 3-5 modelling experts to operate the energy models and tools (such as socio-economic models. Assigning the space for.). Approval at MIME's level (Ministers and ViceMinisters) of the creation of the Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) under the Department of Energy Modelling and assignment of the required space and financial resources for it. tendering the staff positions and furnishing the PMU units can be found. Assigning the space for. Assumptions MIME allocates the required space and financial resources for the establishment of the proposed units. Annually published statistical reports by MIME for an energy and energy sector related “environmental” balance. Gender disaggregated household energy data collected and published. results and action plans are presented and discussed in the workshop Inviting the members to and organising of the National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners. Activities Assigning the space for. Other publications referring to the database as the main source of consolidated energy related information in Cambodia. Adequately staffed ESO established and active Finalising the ToR for the Energy Statistics Office and its staff expected to consist of 4-6 experts to collect energy information. Assumptions Participation and cooperation of other government agencies and provincial authorities to facilitate the collection of the required primary data and its regular updating. etc. Component 1: Establishment of an Energy Information System (EIS) and Database Objectives Making detailed and quality controlled energy consumption and energy resource data available. energy demand. Main Results Established Project Management Unit (PMU) Achievements Indicators Adequately staffed PMU established and active. prepare energy balance table. Qualified and motivated staff to work in the units can be found. selecting and appointing the staff and furnishing the ESO. electricity load forecasts. energy economic models. carry out surveys.project. Indicators and Targets The required primary data regularly received by MIME on the basis of the agreements and data collection mechanisms established by the project. Information from the EIS is accepted and used as the main source of information for the Sources of Verification Published energy plans and annual statistical reports of MIME. selecting and appointing the staff and furnishing the EMU Annually organised National Workshop for Policy Planners Project activities. energy sector analysis. Adequate. Approval at MIME's level (Ministers and ViceMinisters) of the creation of a Statistics Office within the General Department of Energy and assignment of the required space and financial resources for it. and maintain the energy database. Established Energy Statistics Office (ESO) to the already existing Secretariat Office of the General Department of Energy. Approval of the National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners by different participating organisations Established Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) under the Department of Energy Modelling. April 2011 . Qualified and motivated staff to work in the units can be found. Qualified and motivated staff to work in the units can be found.Page 72 / 87 - . which is linked to socio-economic and environmental data and which can be analysed and aggregated by user defined queries through an easy-to-use interface to serve the different reporting. continuing funding of the public authorities to facilitate the collection of the required primary data at agreed intervals.

iii) energy supply and demand analysis methodologies and models. Main Results Institutional co-operation arrangements together with adequate quality control measures for obtaining the required primary data in a cost-effective and sustainable way in place Achievement Indicators The Data Collection Working Group is established and is meeting regularly at the agreed intervals. Trained staff of the Energy Statistics Office (ESO) in MIME and its collaborating agencies to manage. MIME’s staff and partners are committed to project’s goals and objectives. vi) gender mainstreaming into energy planning. Elaborating the most cost-effective and sustainable data collection methods and related institutional co-operation arrangements for obtaining the required data. Training Guidebooks are prepared in Khmer (and English) by the experts based on the training material. Signed institutional agreements and/or eventual new legal/administrative orders for obtaining the required primary data from different sources. the staff of ESO and its partner institutions are capable of updating. socioeconomic and environmental linkages to energy planning.agreed energy planning models and for meeting the international reporting obligations of the Government to the ACE. drafting required new legal and/or administrative orders and submitting them for final Government approval. Selecting the software for and designing the structure of the database. iv) power planning modelling. Finalizing the institutional negotiations for obtaining the required data and identifying and finalising a plan for the required complementary surveys to be conducted by MIME. See above Assumptions April 2011 . As applicable. The first energy balance of Cambodia and a finalized Energy Information System (EIS) at the level of detail able to serve as input data Publication of the first Energy Balance of Cambodia. checking the quality of and processing the data of the EIS without external donor support. and by gender) At the end of the project. Qualified and motivated staff in the Energy Statistics Office to learn during the project and independently manage and process the data from the EIS after the project. one to two trainings on each topic is organised: i) survey methods and sampling. Based on the training schedule. v) energy planning methodologies and models. Energy data collection plan agreed by the key stakeholders. IEA and the UNFCCC Secretariat.Page 73 / 87 - . Training Guidebooks are used for reference material and to train new staff. Number of Training Guidebooks available in Khmer (and in English) Number of trainings organised Number of attendants in each training (listed also by province. Finalising the programming for and establishing the database with a user friendly interface and incorporated. Activities Analysing the type and the level of detail of the required primary data for a consistent and reliable energy information system (EIS) to serve the different regional. national and international energy sector planning and reporting needs of the Government. collect and submit data to the EIS. ii) energy statistics and energy balances.

process heat. rural poor) and gender specific analysis and scenarios. modification of the energy planning software or software package suitable for Cambodia to cover both electricity and other energy sector scenario formulation. integrating the socio-economic and environmental aspects in the planning. See above. ii) available energy resources. . Demand and use of MIME’s energy supply and demand scenario studies by national and international organizations. See above April 2011 .to the energy modelling and planning software as well as to meet the reporting needs of the Government to the ACE. Assumptions Trained staff to conduct the analysis. integrating the socio-economic and environmental impact assessment in the planning. and donor agencies Achievement Indicators Energy planning models are used for demand and supply scenario construction for both energy and electricity for different sectors by EMU of MIME. Main Results The Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) of MIME equipped with state-of-the art software for energy modelling taking into account the specifics of the Cambodian energy sector and its socio-economic and environmental considerations.) on the basis of the country’s demographic and economic projections and its socio-economic development plans. etc. Compiling the primary data from the agreed co-operating agencies. Sources of Verification Published reports. Assumptions The information from the Energy Information System (EIS) established during the Component 1 able to effectively serve the energy demand modelling. Post project monitoring. Activities Evaluation. Cooperation with other government agencies and private sector in data collection. Component 2: Capacity Building for Energy Demand Modelling Objectives At the end of the project. and by gender) Training of the staff of the EMU on energy demand and supply analysis methodologies. socio-economic and health impacts. including socio-economic group (e. electricity. Frequency of updating based on the forecasted demographic and socio-economic development of Cambodia. IEA and the UNFCCC Secretariat. Qualified and motivated staff in the Energy Modelling Unit of MIME to learn during the project and independently conduct the analysis after the project. Indicators Number of published analysis and scenarios of energy supply and demand. existing long term energy planning models.Page 74 / 87 - . the management of the uncertainties and complementary data gathering as well as on combining the energy planning modelling with socio-economic and environmental impact assessment.g. Number of trainings organised Number of attendants in each training (listed also by province. private companies. and iii) their environmental. as needed. Information from the EIS can be obtained in a flexible and user friendly manner by user defined queries and level of aggregation on i) energy supply and use in Cambodia. selection and. automatic quality control tools. conducting the required complementary surveys and other data collection measures and finalising the statistical analysis producing an annual energy balance. the Energy Modelling Unit of MIME will be able on a selfsustaining basis to carry out studies and construct scenarios on the development of the energy supply and demand in Cambodia for different economic sectors and for different types of energy (domestic energy use for cooking and lighting.

private companies. selection and. Indicators Published energy strategy plan. April 2011 . further recommendations addressing the identified data gaps and suggestion for improving the Energy Information System to better serve the energy modelling and planning. Finalising the basic structure and deciding on the factors (including socio-economic and environmental) to be taken into account in the modelling and shown in the energy supply-demand scenarios and. as needed. including intervention and action plans and their regular updating at agreed intervals to guide the energy sector development in Cambodia to meet the sustainable supply and projected demand targets as well as integrating environmental. See above. environmental (including climate change mitigation and adaption) and socio-economic considerations. modification of the energy supply and policy planning software or software package suitable for Cambodia to cover the identified energy sector planning and intervention See above Assumptions Sources of Verification Published reports. studies and surveys to serve the analysis. the environmental and socioAchievement Indicators Energy supply. Post project monitoring Assumptions The information from the Energy Information System (EIS) and the energy modelling able to effectively serve the energy planning. and donor agencies in their work and investment plans.Finalized scenarios for both energy and electricity supply and demand in different economic sectors corresponding with the environmental targets and general socioeconomic development plans of Cambodia. Number of publications. Checking the consistency of input data sets for selected models. conducting additional data gathering.Page 75 / 87 - . Results The Energy Modelling Unit (EMU) of MIME equipped with state-of-the art software for energy supply and policy planning taking into account the specifics of the Cambodian energy sector. Component 3: Capacity Building for Energy Planning Objectives At the end of the project. As applicable. Revision of annual survey questionnaires if needed. the Energy Modelling Unit of MIME will be able on a selfsustaining basis to carry out studies and develop realistic energy sector policy and intervention plans integrating them into the country’s development needs. Recommendations addressing the identified data caps provided. Finalisation of the analysis in co-operation with local and international experts (with simultaneous on-the-job training) and publishing of its results (including feedback from National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners) together with related presentations in workshops. as needed. Demand and use of the adopted policy papers by national and international organizations. socio-economic and gender specific targets into the planning. etc. socio-economic and environmental impact assessment as well as climate change mitigation and adaptation analysis and scenarios are being prepared by Activities Evaluation. The energy supply and demand scenarios including socio-economic and environmental considerations are finalized and the results published. Research of additional data needed for power sector modelling. Qualified and motivated staff in the Energy Modelling Unit of MIME to learn during the project and independently conduct the analysis after the project.

As applicable. EMU by using the selected software.economic aspects. Finalisation of the analysis in co-operation with local and international experts (with simultaneous on-the-job training) and publishing of its results together with related presentations in Working Group workshops to obtain feedback from policy planners. Training of the staff of the EMU on i) energy supply and policy planning and how to combine it with energy modelling in general and by using the selected software packages. and iii) management of the uncertainties and complementary data gathering.. The working group established and meeting at least annually to discuss the different options for sustainable energy supply and demand and to decide on the concrete socio-economic and environmental targets set for the energy sector development. Qualified and motivated staff in the Energy Modelling Unit of MIME to learn during the project and independently conduct the analysis after the project. Finalising the basic structure and deciding on the factors (including socio-economic and environmental) to be taken into account and shown in the energy modelling and. Energy supply-demand balancing scenarios including socio-economic and environmental impacts are discussed in the Working Group. Participation and cooperation of other government agencies and other key stakeholders to jointly discuss the energy sector development in Cambodia. Finalized Power Development Plan including intervention and action plans to guide the power sector development in Cambodia to meet the sustainable supply and projected demand targets as well as integrating the environmental and socio-economic targets in Cambodia's long term power demand load forecasts and production scenarios are published Power sector development plan is prepared and reports are published. scenarios are finalized and published. Finalising the basic structure of power sector modelling and deciding on the factors (including socio-economic and environmental) to be taken into account and shown in the electricity scenarios and. Trained staff to conduct the analysis. Finalizing the supply-demand scenarios and related policy and intervention plans based on the workshop feedback. The information from the Energy Information April 2011 . thereby providing the framework for the energy supply and policy planning of the EMU in MIME. as needed. further recommendations addressing the identified data gaps and suggestions for improving the Energy Information System and energy modelling to better serve the energy policy planning. ii) the integration of the socioeconomic and environmental targets and impact assessment with energy planning. conducting additional data Concrete socio-economic and environmental targets (including climate change mitigation and adaption to it) set by the Government providing the framework for energy planning. studies and surveys to serve the analysis. as needed.Page 76 / 87 - . National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners discusses the targets and long term scenarios for the energy sector development in Cambodia established and active. The energy demand scenarios including socioeconomic and environmental impacts are finalized and the results published. The information from the Energy Information System (EIS) and the energy modelling able to effectively serve the energy planning. Finalized energy strategy plan. Establishment of the working group Organisation of seminars. conducting additional data gathering. workshops and working meetings to present the updated results of the project and to discuss the targets and related complementary actions to be taken. prioritization needs within the set socioeconomic and environmental targets. including intervention and action plans to guide the energy sector development in Cambodia to meet the sustainable supply and projected demand targets as well as integrating the environmental and socio-economic targets in the planning. Concrete socio-economic and environmental targets (including climate change mitigation and adaption to it) set by the Government providing the framework for energy planning.

Qualified and motivated staff in the Energy Modelling Unit of MIME to learn during the project and independently conduct the analysis after the project.the planning. gathering.Page 77 / 87 - . Power sector supply-demand balancing scenarios including socio-economic and environmental impacts are discussed in the Working Group. April 2011 . System (EIS) and the energy modelling able to effectively serve the energy planning. Finalizing the power sector supply-demand scenarios and related policy and intervention plans based on the workshop feedback. studies and surveys to serve the analysis. scenarios are finalized and published. Finalisation of the analysis in co-operation with local and international experts (with simultaneous on-the-job training) and publishing of its results together with related presentations in Working Group workshops to obtain feedback from policy planners.

Annex 5: Project Activities The project activities listed below are indicative.1. 0-2. energy demand. etc.2 0-3 Establishment of the Energy Modelling Unit under the Department of Energy Development Approval at MIME's level (Ministers and Vice-Ministers) of the Creation of an Energy Modelling Unit within the Department of Energy Development Nomination of 3-5 staff members (Cambodian) to be trained to be Modelling Expert at the Energy Modelling Unit of The Department of Energy development .Energy Modelling Unit Officially created within the Department of Energy Development -TORs of Energy Modelling Unit at the Department of Energy Development and of Cambodian Experts prepared . prepare energy balance table. The Consultant should further elaborate some of the activities. maintain energy database. Component 0: Project Management Activities 0-1 0-1.Nomination and appointment of 3-5 modelling experts to operate the energy models and tools. (socio-economic models. Outputs Expected Establishment of Energy Statistics Office to the already existing Secretariat Office Approval at MIME's level (Ministers and Vice-Ministers) of the creation of an Energy Statistics Office within the General Department of Energy Nomination of 4-6 staff members (Cambodian) to be trained to be statistics experts at the Energy Statistics Office of the General Department of Energy .1. electricity load forecasts. Establishment of National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners Establishment of National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners is organised annually to discuss the energy policy plans Component 1: Establishment of Energy Information System and Database Activities April 2011 Outputs Expected .Statistics Office created within the General Department of Energy -TORs of Statistics Office at the General Department of Energy and of Cambodian experts prepared .) 0-3.Page 78 / 87 - . prepare annual national energy statistics book.2 0-4 0-4.1. Establishment of Project Management Unit (PMU) Establishment of Project Management Unit (PMU) PMU established and active.1 0-3. 0-2 0-2. carry out surveys. energy economic models.Nomination and appointment of 4-6 statistics experts to collect energy information.

possible agricultural census. national regional and international planning process by the taking into account Government’s international reporting obligations to ACE. production and use data by taking into account planned future surveys conducted by other Government entities (such as national socio-economic surveys.5 April 2011 Signed co-operation agreements and eventually required new administrative orders .2 Analysis of the coverage and quality of the already available data and relevant existing data collected. together with an assessment of the credibility of this data Analyzing the potential different energy resources and the available data on them Elaborating the required complementary gender sensitive surveys and statistical analysis for energy resource.1 Report on elaborated data needs (living document) 1-2.g. 1-2.4 Finalized proposal for required complementary surveys and analysis 1-2.3 Plan for energy resource data collection and utilization 1-2.1-1 1-1.1 1-1. into which complementary energy related questions can be added or from which data can be used as proxies to indicate or control the quality of the energy data (e. Gender advisor (specialized in gender mainstreaming in energy issues) is consulted.Page 79 / 87 - 1-2.). by combining a bottom-up and a top-down analysis) Finalising the negotiations with the proposal public and private co-operating entities to obtain the required primary data that can be obtained in a more cost-effective and sustainable way . Clarifying the availability and collection of the already existing primary data from different energy sources and end user categories from different public and private entities. environmental and health impacts. Integrating the Energy Information System to the provincial. forestry inventories. IEA and UNFCCC.2 Planning capacity building Establishment of Data Collection Working Group meetings Planning the training for data collection together with Data Collection Working Group Data Collection Working Group meetings are organized regularly 1-2 Establishment of National Energy Statistics for Cambodia Analyzing the data needs and the required level of detail on the basis of the required inputs for a consistent and reliable information system concerning the utilization and supply of energy and related socio-economic. import-export statistics etc.

. etc…). as well from other line Ministries (Agriculture.MIME's and DIMEs’ experts trained on survey techniques and questionnaire preparation 1-2. Establishment of the Energy Information System. Training of experts utilising the Energy Information System. .12. . agreements with main stakeholders signed .7 1-2.) Finalised plan for required surveys. and final energy sectors and subsectors and related socio-economic and environmental data. Finance & economy. 1-. . etc. 1-2. utilities. Selection of primary/secondary energy sources and processes and other data to be included in the Energy Information System. Selecting the software for and designing the structure of the database to store and process the “raw” energy data and other related gender disaggregated socio-economic.6 Decision on required complementary surveys to be conducted by MIME and by other organizations providing energy statistics.The database to store and process the initial energy data established with built-in quality control tools and a user friendly interface to allow easy feedin of the data and from which information can be obtained by flexible user defined queries to meet the different reporting and data aggregation needs.Data users trained in different data-using organizations utilizing also gender and socio-economic/environmental experts. 1-2.Experts from MIME's Statistical Office and DIMEs trained on energy statistics and balance construction. Training for energy balance construction. automatic quality control tools.. and environmental data. secondary energy sources and processes (transformation sector).Energy Information system established and operating. Transport. Preparation and signature of exchange agreements between MIME and the major stakeholders. Environment.2.All required questionnaires finalised and surveys initiated. .Overall format of the Energy Information System .10 1-2. commercial consumers.11 .. Capacity-building in software applications and in establishing the database with a user friendly interface and incorporated.9 . .Proposal of a modification of the Statistic Law to improve the collection of data on a permanent basis April 2011 . Preparation of survey questionnaires for gathering information on primary energy sources and processes (primary sector).from them.Page 80 / 87 - . Selection of final energy sectors and sub-sectors for energy balance construction.All experts from MIME's Statistic Office and other Energy Information System users trained. Preparation of a proposal to modify the Statistic Law of Cambodia to render compulsory the sending of energy and other relevant information and data to MIME on a regular basis by main energy actors (Supply and demand industries. 1-2.8 .

and after correction/improvement of the survey questionnaires. .1st draft publication of the Energy Balance of Cambodia .2 1-3. and to be included in the publication of the Energy Balance of Cambodia Preparation of the 1st Draft publication of EBC National consultation process with all stakeholders associated with the MIME Energy Information System Revision. and from demand consumers from all sectors of the economy .Analyses on energy situation and development in Cambodia and related socio-economic development .National conversion coefficients are selected in Cambodia for the preparation of the 1st Energy Balance of Cambodia (EBC) as well as for other studies such as Climate Change (National Communication. preparation.15 .Surveys carried out and repeated annually 1-2.International expert . publication and dissemination of the first EBC . consistency checks. Collection and input of all survey data on computers (at provincial level). etc…) . environmental and technoeconomic analyses based on the EBC.by MIME trained experts and Cambodian trainers . analyzing and registration of data in the database 1-3 1-3.Publication of the first Energy Balance of Cambodia 1-3.10 experts from MIME and other organisations trained. Surveys will be carried out annually.3 1-3.13 Training on survey implementation by: .MIME's Statistics Office trained on statistical methods for data cleaning.Survey data from all supply energy sources.4 1-3.1 .7 April 2011 .1st Energy Balance of Cambodia . Data sent to MIME in Phnom Penh for analysis.Many provincial surveyors trained by MIME and by trainers institutions (selected universities) 1-2. checking.6 1-3. and/or direct consultation with associated stakeholders concerning Energy Balance of Cambodia .National workshop.5 1-3. apply in all provinces).24-48 trainees from DIMEs trained by MIME and by trainers from universities and training institutions .Page 81 / 87 - .10-15 trainees from MIME and from selected university(s) trained by international experts .by MIME trained experts and Cambodian trainers Application of surveys (first test in Phnom Penh and selected rural area. aggregation and dissemination to potential users.1-2. Establishment of Energy Balance for Cambodia Training on methodology of energy statistics and energy balances Selection of calorific values of all primary and secondary sources of energy in Cambodia (measured or estimated) Preparation of the Energy Balance of Cambodia (EBC) Carry out socio-economic.14 .

Component 2: Capacity Building for Energy Modelling Activities 2-1 2-1.1 Capacity building for Long-Term Energy Demand planning in Cambodia Training on energy demand analysis methodologies and models for long term energy demand planning Design of factors affecting energy demand to be taken into account in modelling. Selection of specific model(s) to prepare long term energy demand planning. Design of the end-use sectors, sub-sectors and socioeconomic and environmental processes to be described with the selected demand model Revision of annual survey questionnaires, if needed, to gather additional end-use sectoral energy, socio-economic and environmental data to feed the energy demand analyses, as well as the long term energy demand planning model Implementation by MIME's Statistics Office of the annual revised surveys Selection of specific model(s) to prepare long term energy supply / demand scenarios Design of the overall energy sector, sub-sectors and processes to be described with the selected supply/demand model Identify data necessary to feed the energy supply / demand analyses, as well as the long term energy supply / demand planning model Analyse data available of different energy resources in Cambodia and decide of additional data needs Gather necessary data on energy resources supply and consumption from ministries, institutions and energy utilities (MIME, MoP, MoC, EDC, Petroleum Companies, EAC, REE, - Page 82 / 87 - Energy modelling unit experts trained on energy demand analysis methodologies and on existing long term energy demand planning models - Criteria for long term energy demand model are available at the Department of Energy Development of MIME - A long term energy demand model is available and operational at the Department of Energy Development of MIME Outputs Expected

2-1.2

2-1.3

2-1.4

- Revised annual survey questionnaire if additional data is needed

2-1.5

- Additional End-use data is collected, if needed, for the implementation of Sectoral Energy Demand Analyses, and also to run the Long term Energy Demand Model for Cambodia - A long term energy demand model software is available at the Department of Energy Development of MIME - A Long Term Energy Demand Model is operational at the Directorate of Energy Development of MIME - Additional Survey Questionnaires on the Overall Energy System are prepared - Information of energy resource data is available in MIME - Additional End-use data is collected for the implementation of Sectoral Energy Demand Analyses, and also to run the Long term Energy Demand Model for Cambodia

2-1.6

2-1.7

2-1.8

2-1.9

2-1.10
April 2011

etc…) 2-2 2-2.1 2-2.2 2-2.3 Capacity building for power strategy planning Training of power planning modelling Selection of the model to prepare long term power development forecasts and plans Research of additional data needed for the power sector modelling (EDC, EAC, REE, etc…) Collection of additional needed data for the power sector planning model and related socio-economic and environmental processes - Energy modelling unit experts trained on power analysis methodologies and on existing power planning models -Power development planning model is selected and in use in MIME - Consistency of the input data sets for the selected model is checked - Additional power sector data is collected together with related socioeconomic and environmental data for the implementation of power sector scenario building.

2-2.4

Component 3: Capacity Building for Energy Planning Activities 3-1 3-1.1 3-1.2 3-2 3-2.1 Training on Energy Planning Training on energy planning methodologies and models Training on socio-economic and environmental linkages connected to energy planning - Energy Modelling Unit experts trained on energy planning methodologies -Energy Modelling Unit experts trained on energy planning linkages Outputs Expected

Preparation and Publication of the Long-Term Energy Supply/Demand Balancing scenarios (Energy strategy plan) National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners discusses about the long term energy development scenarios of Cambodia Organization of a stakeholders high level meeting/workshop (Strategic Group) to discuss with the energy modellers about the scenarios to be designed for the long term energy supply / demand planning Energy supply / demand model runs: Preparation of Cambodia's long term energy strategy plan, and corresponding reports - Page 83 / 87 - The National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners meet once a year to discuss about energy developments and up-date the energy scenarios needed by the energy planners - Cambodian energy scenarios have been discussed and agreed upon with high level decision makers, and some alternatives have been selected - Various long term energy demand scenarios have been prepared, which will support the long term energy supply/demand planning models - Long term energy demand scenarios are prepared with detailed

3-2.2

3-2.3

April 2011

explanation of hypothesis and results, and potential consequences and impacts on the development of the energy sector and other sectors as well as socio-economic and environmental impacts in Cambodia 3-2.4 3-2.5 Dissemination of the main results to the high level stakeholders for comments Finalisation of Cambodia's energy strategy plan, and of corresponding reports Publication and Dissemination - Comments are done by high level stakeholders to improve the long term energy supply / demand balancing scenarios - Final long term energy demand scenarios of Cambodia - Energy strategy plan is prepared - Final long term energy demand scenarios of Cambodia published and disseminated - Energy strategy plan is published 3-3 3-3.1 Capacity building for long term electricity demand load scenarios and Power strategy plan Organization of a stakeholders high level meeting/workshop to discuss with the energy modellers about the scenarios to be designed for the power sector planning - Cambodian energy and electricity scenarios have been discussed and agreed upon with high level decision makers, and some basic approaches have been selected - Various long term scenarios of the power strategy plan have been prepared, with detailed explanation on hypothesis and results, and potential consequences and impacts of the development of the power sector on the development of Cambodia (amount of investment needed, technologies (e.g. hydro vs. thermal), potential environmental and socio-economic impacts, etc.) - Comments are done by different stakeholders,(e.g. EDC, EAC and REEs) to improve the various Scenarios - Final long term power strategy plan for Cambodia - Final long term power strategy plan for Cambodia published and disseminated

3-2.6

3-3.2

Power sector model runs: Preparation of Cambodia long term power demand load forecasts, and corresponding reports

3-3.3 3-3.4 3-3.5

Dissemination of the main results to different stakeholders (e.g. EDC, EAC and REE) Finalisation of Cambodia's long term power demand load forecasts, Power strategy plan and of corresponding reports Publication and Dissemination

April 2011

- Page 84 / 87 -

Annex 6: Project Time Schedule
Project schedule should be modified, if necessary, in the inception phase. Stars mark Steering Committee meetings.
1
Office organised PMU organised ESO establishment EMU establishment LogFrame planning Data Collection Working Group National Workshop for Policy Planners

6
Inception phase
Annual work and financial plan Procurement Preparing ToRs, engaging consults National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners Reporting

18

24

Component 0
Monitoring and reporting Monitoring and reporting

SC meeting

Data Collection Working Group

Training for data collection

Data Collection Working Group, sub-groups

Component 1

Socio-economic, environmental and technological training and analysis based on EBC

Data need analysis, gap identification, gender and socioeconomic/ environmental data Energy resource analysis Database software selection

Survey planning and testing

First energy balance construction for Cambodia (EBC)
Publication of the Energy balance EBC

Data Collection Working Group, sub-groups

Analysis of the data quality and planning for improvements

First data collection
Energy Information System Training on statistics and balance construction, data analysis

Statistics Law modification

Selectionof energy modelling softwares Training for energy modelling Modelling data needs analysis

Component 2

Input of data for energy modelling Energy model runs for scenario building Training for energy modelling

Component 3
Training for energy planning Training on socio-economic and environmental linkages connectedto energy planning

Steering Committee meeting
April 2011

- Page 85 / 87 -

environmental and technological analysis based on EBC Additional data need analysis. socio-economic and environmental modelling Modelling data needs analysis Component 2 Input of data for energy modelling Energy model runs for scenario building Training for energy planning Training on socio-economic and environmental linkages connected to energy planning Energy and electricity supply-demandmodel runs for scenarios Component 3 National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners. sub-groups Component 1 Publication of the Energy balance EBC Data Collection Working Group.Page 86 / 87 - . sub-groups Energy balance construction for Cambodia (EBC) Additional data need analysis. feedback for policy formulation Scenario construction and policy plan formulation Energy supply-demand model runs for scenarios National Annual Workshop for Policy Planners. sub-groups Socio-economic. gap identification Data Collection Working Group. Master Plan and Power Development Plan formulation April 2011 . gap identification Energy balance construction for Cambodia (EBC) Data collection Data collection Additional training for energy.25 Annual work and financial plan Reporting National Workshop for Policy Planners 36 48 Monitoring and reporting National Workshop for Policy Planners Component 0 Annual work and financial plan Reporting SC meeting Data Collection Working Group Additinal training for data collection Additional survey planning and testing Data Collection Working Group. feedback for policy formulation Scenario construction.